DEMOGRAPHIC FEATURES IN DISTRICTS OF EASTERN UTTAR PRADESH Dr. V.K.Upadhyay* and Dr. S.P.

Upadhyay**

The state of Uttar Pradesh has been divided into four regions – Western, Central, Southern and Eastern. The region of eastern Uttar Pradesh comprises Bahraich, Gonda, Basti, Gorakhpur, Deoria, Ballia, Azamgarh, Faizabad, Sultanpur, Jaunpur, Ghazipur, Varanasi, Mirzapur, Allahabad and Pratapgarh districts. It covers in area of 85,803 sq/km. The region of Eastern Uttar Pradesh is located between 23050` N to 28025`N and 81010`E to 84040`E. Some of the districts comprising the region in recent past have been bifurcated into separate administrative units by creation of new districts for example: Sidharthnagar, Mau, Sonbhadra etc. The region of eastern Uttar Pradesh districts demographic profile presents features and characteristics of population of the districts. It is focuses at analysis of inter and intra districts comparisons. It presents rural and urban segments of the population also. The share of schedule caste and schedule tribe population in total population, analysis of the population according to sex, literacy among male and female etc. Demographic profile also presents workers and non workers. Occupational profile cultivators agricultural labourers and other workers, sex ratio, etc. The data source is census 2001 Government of India. Demographic Profile: The characteristics of population of the districts included with study. The percentage of the male population is higher in comparison to female population ranging between 53.6% in Bahraich to 50.5% in Sultanpur districts. Female population is higher than male population in Azamgarh, Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh districts. The percentage of rural population ranges between 95.3% in Sultanpur and 59.8% in Varanasi. The composition of male and female population in villages differ from district to district ranging between 53.62% in Bahraich and 49.32% in Azamgarh is significant to note that male population in urban centers is more the 51% in all districts and it ranges between 55.02% in Allahabad, to 51.76% in Azamgarh districts. The percentage of pre – school children ranges between 20.2% in Azamgarh to 18.2% in Allahabad in all districts under consideration is more than 50%, it range between 51.6% in Allahabad to 50.77% in Bahraich. The share of schedule caste population ranges between26.8% in Mirzapur to 13.9% in Varanasi. The share of male population among schedule castes is more than 50% in all districts, except Azamgarh, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh. In Uttar Pradesh the percentage of schedule tribes is substantially
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NISTADS (CSIR), Dr.K.S.Krishnan Marg , Pusa Gate, New Delhi-12 DST research Project (PI), Near Purvanchal Cinema, Bhirguashram, Ballia, U.P.-277001

Population Districts Total 4936105 Allahabad 100 3939916 Azamgarh 100 2381072 Bahraich 100 2761620 Ballia 100 2084814 Basti 100 2712650 Deoria 100 2088928 Faizabad 100 3037582 Ghazipur 100 2765586 Gonda 100 3769456 Gorakhpur 100 3911679 Jaunpur 100 2116042 Mirzapur 100 2731174 Pratapgarh 100 3214832 Sultanpur 100 3138671 Varanasi 100 Male 2626448 53.2 1950415 49.5 1275351 53.6 1413774 51.2 1075765 51.6 1355023 50 1077472 51.6 1537141 50.6 1451101 52.5 1923197 51 1941903 49.6 1115249 52.7 1362948 49.9 1623819 50.5 1649187 52.5 Female 2309657 46.8 1989501 50.5 1105721 46.4 1347846 48.8 1009049 48.4 1357627 50 1011456 48.4 1500441 49.4 1314485 47.5 1846259 49 1969776 50.4 1000793 47.3 1368226 50.1 1591013 49.5 1489484 47.5 Total 3729320 75.6 3642615 92.5 2143074 90 2491676 90.2 1968829 94.4 2444345 90.1 1807655 86.5 2804212 92.3 2571267 93 3030865 80.4 3622268 92.6 1829536 86.5 2586619 94.7 3062574 95.3 1878100 59.8

Rural Male 1962425 52.62 1796544 49.32 1149080 53.62 1272108 51.05 1014325 51.52 1215257 49.72 925443 51.2 1414994 50.46 1346004 52.35 1532750 50.57 1790619 49.43 962560 52.61 1287741 49.78 1543351 50.39 976055 51.97 Female 1766895 47.38 1846071 50.68 993994 46.38 1219568 48.95 954504 48.48 1229088 50.28 882212 48.8 1389218 49.54 1225263 47.65 1498115 49.43 1831649 50.57 866976 47.39 1298878 50.22 1519223 49.61 902045 48.03 Total 1206785 24.4 297301 7.5 237998 10 269944 9.8 115985 5.6 268305 9.9 281273 13.5 233370 7.7 194319 7 738591 19.6 289411 7.4 286506 13.5 144555 5.3 152258 4.7 1260571 40.2

Urban Male 664023 55.02 153871 51.76 126271 53.06 141666 52.48 61440 52.97 139766 52.09 152029 54.05 122147 52.34 105097 54.08 390447 52.86 151284 52.27 152689 53.29 75207 52.03 80468 52.85 673132 53.4 Female 542762 44.98 143430 48.24 111727 46.94 128278 47.52 54545 47.03 128539 47.91 129244 45.95 111223 47.66 89222 45.92 348144 47.14 138127 47.73 133817 46.71 69348 47.97 71790 47.15 587439 46.6 Total 899583 18.2 796410 20.2 487118 20.5 516976 18.7 406881 19.5 515597 19 382447 18.3 611330 20.1 536566 19.4 694213 18.4 783771 20 425405 20.1 512097 18.8 616861 19.2 575882 18.3

0-6 years Male 469206 52.16 408617 51.31 247308 50.77 266207 51.49 209904 51.59 264694 51.34 196635 51.41 316034 51.7 274891 51.23 358952 51.71 406084 51.81 220577 51.85 264552 51.66 317884 51.53 300040 52.1 Female 430377 47.8 387793 48.7 239810 49.2 250769 48.5 196977 48.4 250903 48.7 185812 48.6 295296 48.3 261675 48.8 335261 48.3 377687 48.2 204828 48.2 247545 48.3 298977 48.5 275842 47.9 Total 1065097 21.6 1013801 25.7 342747 14.4 454647 16.5 435082 20.9 493344 18.2 471839 22.6 649510 21.4 433491 15.7 831070 22 857883 21.9 566160 26.8 601043 22 715297 22.2 435545 13.9

SC Male 561115 52.7 497014 49 184717 53.9 233722 51.4 224685 51.6 246895 50.1 241212 51.1 330028 50.8 227851 52.6 421449 50.7 426592 49.7 298714 52.8 295359 49.1 362641 50.7 228734 52.5 Female 503982 47.3 516787 51 158030 46.1 220925 48.6 210397 48.4 246449 50 230627 48.9 319482 49.2 205640 47.4 409621 49.3 431291 50.3 267446 47.2 305684 50.9 352656 49.3 206811 47.5 Total 4273 0.09 700 0.02 8558 0.36 273 0.01 235 0.01 533 0.02 190 0.01 282 0.01 182 0.01 898 0.02 376 0.01 1302 0.06 159 0.01 466 0.01 769 0.02

ST Male 2337 54.69 359 51.29 4220 49.31 136 49.82 122 51.91 270 50.66 88 46.32 149 52.84 104 57.14 472 52.56 200 53.19 667 51.23 77 48.43 235 50.43 422 54.88 Female 1936 45.31 341 48.71 4338 50.69 137 50.18 113 48.09 263 49.34 102 53.68 133 47.16 78 42.86 426 47.44 176 46.81 635 48.77 82 51.57 231 49.57 347 45.12

low and it ranges between 0.3% in Bahraich to 0.01% in Pratapgarh, Gonda, Faizabad, Ballia etc. The share of male population among schedule castes is higher than the female population in all districts except Bahraich, Faizabad Pratapgarh and Ballia, and it ranges between 54.88% in Varanasi to 46.32% in Faizabad district. Sex Ratio: Sex ratio in demographic analysis is number of female per 1000 males. Sex ratio for the districts range between 1020 in Azamgarh to 867 in Bahraich districts. In Azamgarh, Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh districts the sex ratio is more than 1000 indicating number of female is more than number of male. Sex ratio of 0-6 years population ranges

Sex Ratio of Eastern U.P. Sex ratio( females per 1000 males) 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0
a Ba st i D eo ria Fa iz ab ad G ha zi pu r G on da G or ak hp u Ja r un pu r M i rz ap Pr ur at ap ga rh Su l ta np Va ur ra na si Al la ha ba Az d am ga rh Ba hr ai ch Ba l li
Sex ratio (Females per 1 000 males) Sex ratio (0-6 Years) Sex ratio (SC) Sex ratio (ST)

between 970 in Bahraich to 917 Allahabad districts. It indicates that number of girl child is 0-6 years is has declined and in none of the districts it crosses more than one thousand. Sex ratio amongst schedule of the total population and is ranges between 856 in Bahraich to 1040 in Azamgarh districts. Sex ratio amongst schedule tribe is different than sex ratio of the general population and it is 1028 in Bahraich, 1159 in Faizabad and 1065 in Pratapgarh, and it ranges between 750 in Gonda to 1159 in Faizabad districts. Literacy Demographic profile: Literacy in region eastern Uttar Pradesh districts ranges between 66.1% in Varanasi to 35.2% in Bahraich districts. Literacy in Gonda and Bahraich districts are on the lower side. The literacy amongst male population ranges between 77.9% in Varanasi to 45.6% in Bahraich districts. Literacy amongst male is more than 70% in Allahabad, Azamgarh,

Ballia, Deoria, Ghazipur, Gorakhpur, Jaunpur, Pratapgarh, Sultanpur and Varanasi districts. Female literacy is generally lower than male literacy in all districts of Eastern
90 80

Numbe r of lite rate s in Eas te rn U.P.

Total

Male

Female

P ercentage of literates

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Uttar Pradesh and it ranges between 53%in Varanasi to 22.8% in Bahraich districts. Working and Occupational Demographic profile: Workers are most important component of population. In demographic analysis population is classified under workers and non workers. The share of workers in region eastern Uttar Pradesh districts range between 28.5% in Deoria to 39.4% in Faizabad. The total workers are engaged different occupation. The occupation based on classification is cultivators(Cult), agricultural laboureres(Ag.L), worker in household industry(WHI) and other workers(OW). The share of cultivator varies between 59.7% in Gonda to 21.1% in Varanasi districts. It is more than 50% in Bahraich, Gonda and Jaunpur. The share of agricultural labourers ranges between 40.1% in Ballia to 10.4% in Varanasi districts.
Percentage of workers category Al la ha ba Az d am ga rh Ba hr ai ch 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Workers profile in Eastern U.P.

W Total

The share of agricultural labourers is more than 35% in Gorakhpur and Ballia districts. Workers in households industry range between 22.6 % in Varanasi to 2.2 % in Bahraich

Ba st i D eo ria Fa iz ab ad G ha zi pu r G on G da or ak hp ur Ja un pu r M irz ap Pr ur at ap ga rh Su lta np ur Va ra na si
W Male W Female MW Total Marg.W Total NW Total

Ba lli

a

Ja un pu r M irz ap ur P ra ta pg ar h S ul ta np ur V ar an a si

A lla ha ba d A za m ga rh B ah ra ic h

D eo ria F ai za ba d G ha zi pu r G on da G or a kh pu r

a B al li

B as ti

70 Percentage of Occupational category Al la ha ba d Az am ga rh Ba hr ai ch 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Occupational profile in Eastern U.P.

Cult. T

Cult. M

Cult. F

A g. L T

A g. L M

A g. L F

districts. It is indicative of cottage and household industry based economic activity. It is more than 10% in Varanasi and Mirzapur districts. The other worker ranges between 45.8% in Varanasi to 13.7% in Gonda districts. Conclusion: The male population is higher in comparison to female population in all districts except Azamgarh, Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh districts. In eastern Uttar Pradesh districts substantial population resides in villages. In Azamgarh, Deoria, Jaunpur and Pratapgarh districts the female sex ratio is greater than rest of other districts of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Female literacy is generally lower than male literacy in all districts of Eastern Uttar Pradesh only for more than 50% Varanasi. Lastly conclude that the demographic features are presents quality of life in under study area. References: 1. Bhattacharya, Bishwanath; Singh, Kushlendra K; Singh Uttam (1995): Proximate determinants of fertility in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Human Biology, Vol. 67, No.6. 2. Karuppayan, E.(2002): Rural development programmes and externalities: A study of seven villages on Tamilnadu. 3. Mathur, R. N. (1986): Population – Analysis and studies, Vol. I,pp.15-90. 4. Mehta, B.C. (1978): Regional population growth – A case study of Rajasthan, Research Book, Jaipur. 5. Singh, Arvind Kumar and Narendra Kumar (2008): Demographic features and occupational pattern in village-Murhuwa of Chakia block Chandauli,

ANVIKSHIKI, Vol.-6, Part-2, pp.268-276.

G on da G or ak hp ur Ja un pu r M irz ap ur Pr at ap ga rh Su lta np ur Va ra na si
WHI T WHI M WHI F OW T OW M OW F

a

Fa iz ab ad G ha zi pu r

D eo ria

Ba st i

Ba lli