Jeremy Keeshin. When In Rome.

Unit4- Renaissance Reformation Wars of Religion Secular -not religious Florence –big city with medici Medici- big family in Florence Machiavelli-political scientist, how to keep power, reality, end justifies means Dowry- financial part of marriage from wife to husband Humanism- individual potential, revival of classics, etc Christian humanism –humanism in a religious sense Castiglione- wrote book of courtier of conduct of nobles Petrarch- founder of humanism Gutenberg- printing press Vernacular- language of a place Michelangelo- Sistine chapel ceiling artist Brunelleschi – dome guy Van Eyck- invents oil paints Dürer- transitional artist- bridge of Italian to northern renaissance Luther- protestant guy ex german mo nk Indulgence- thing to lessen purgatory time Peace of Augsburg- ruler decides kingdoms religion Protestant- not catholic Zwingli- transubstantiation argument protestant minor Calvin- bigger protestant predestination Geneva Predestination – Calvinist idea of already determined Consistory- Geneva law body Acts of Supremacy – king is head of church Henry VIII- lots of wives England you know Anglicans- English protestant Anabaptists- most radical protestants, separation of church and state Elizabeth I- makes England officially protestant Jesuits- society of jesus for catholic reformation Council of Trenty- major church people for catholic reformation Huguenots- French Calvinists Edict of Nantes- from Henry of Navarre (IV) Catholic is official, Huguenots accepted Spanish Armada- Spain PhilipII s fleet of ships to invade England don’t work Thirty Years War- big war last of religios wars ends political on German soil Peace of Westphalia- ends 30 yers war, Frace is powerful, German states are free (No holy roman empire, reaffirms peace of augrsburg, indepencec of netherlnads Gentry – nobles Divine right of kings= mandate of heaven = explanation of y kings are in power Ultra-Catholic- really crazy catholic Philip II- Spain tries to invade engalnd Price revolution- prices go up population goes up increases demand

Jeremy Keeshin. When In Rome. Unit 3 Exchange and Encounter China Grand Canal- links rivers Chang’an-city capital Canton- major port Marco Polo- explorer Empress Wu- woman w/ lots of power Printing- invented by them Temujin- Ghengis Khan Khanate- territory Yuan Dynasty- Mongol Zhenge- Court official for voyages Khubilai Khan- establishes Yuan Ming Hongwu- founder of ming hes cool Yongle (not on the sheet but I like him) sponsors voyages NeoConfucianism- response to Buddhism and Taoism, humans are link Li Bo and Du Fu popular poets Landscape painting- Taoism nature yea Mughals Zamindars=Ottoman pasha=court official Akbar= super cool ruler=Ottoman Suleyman Shah Jahan – build taj mahal Aurangzeb strict islam Urdu language Purdah isolate women Motifs ideas Ottomans Devshirme- boy tax Ulema religious authority for schools and laws Minaret mosque tower Janissary- gotten in Devshirme military elite Mehmet II conquers Byzantine empire Pasha=zamindar Suleyman=Akbar Harem= place for sultan Nations=millets=separate groups Blue Mosque in Istanbul Sultan- head honcho Eastern Europe Cyril and Methodius brothers who convert people to Orthodox Kiev big city Russia Alexander Nevsky russian noble

Jeremy Keeshin. When In Rome. Vladimir convert to orthodox Byzantine Empire- sencond roman empire Justinian – He has a code emperor- simplifies law code Body of Civil law – see justinian Patriarch-head of church Hagia Sophia big church Constantinople=Byzantium=Istanbul Schism Catholic and Orthodox (1054)pope and patriacrch Infidel not your religon Pope Urban II help crusade Saladin Musilin leader Crusade Church mission Western Europe Wergeld fine Ordeal way to determine guilt Monasticsm monking Clovis guy with that story Charlemagne king of Frankish kingdom Carolingian “emperor of the Romans” Scriptoria monks rooms Feudalism lords offer protection for service Vassal- serves lord Fief- land Feudal contract yea Chivalry code of conduct Peace/Truce of g codes of conduct for knigs with church William the Conqueror of Normandy Common law with everyone Magna Carta gives kings power back to nobles Parliament English govt. Parlement Frech council Estases General French govt Manorialism economoy of feudalism Serfs- low on the food chain Tithe = 1/10 Money economy as stated Guilds groups of workers Lay investiture secular choose church position Interdict stop sacraments for pressuring ruler Heresy different ideas Pope Gregory VII reforms church conflict with Henry IV letters? Investiture Controversy Inquisition court for heretics Relics bones on saints Scholastism reconcile Classics with Christian Thomas Aquinas does scholastiscsm Vernacular language

Jeremy Keeshin. When In Rome. Gothic Cathedral tall extend up Black Death the plague Great Schism lots of popes Hundred Years War Not 100 Years (116) French v England Frace wins longbow and cannon Taille French income tax after war w/ nationalims Ferdinand and Isabella expel all not Christians Unit 2 Inventing Civs. China Dynasty Order shang zhou qin han sui tang song yuan ming silly zebras question how sun tan soothes young mice all right im tired