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QUESTIONS: Choose a correct answer for each question. 1. Answer (a) decreases.

For illustrate, Initial, We have only two resistors are connected in parallel. So the total resistance is

Rinitial =

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Then another resistor is added across an exiting parallel connection of resistors. Hence, The new to total resistance

Rfinal = 2. Answer (a) the same current.

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The resistors are connected in series attached to each other at a common node. Consider Kirchhoffs current law (KCL), the current flowing into node is equal to the one flowing out. Consequently, the current flowing through the first resistor will thorough flows through the second one and third one and so on. As a result, we know that the current flowing through each resistor is same.

Fill in the blanks with a correct answer. 1.Answer : Kirchhoffs voltage law (KVL) The Kirchhoffs voltage law said that the algebraic sum of all voltages around any loop is zero. 2. Answer : Parallel = 763.63 Series = 3.3 k Connected in parallel: 1 R = = 763.63 (1/1200) + (1/2100)

Connected in series: R = 1200 + 2100 = 3300

3. Answer : 0 (Zero) Because when we use the Ammeter, We connect the ammeter in series with the measured element(s). This mean that the current flowing into the ammeter all flows out with the same magnitude if therere too much internal resistance the ammeter will measure incorrect value of current . So a good ammeter should have zero internal resistance. 4. Answer : Parallel , Resistance As the voltmeter measures the voltage difference between two nodes across the element by connected in parallel. When we know the voltage and know resistance value of resistor we can determine the current using the Ohms law. The relationship is V = IR 5. Answer : Large As the voltmeter is connected in parallel with the element when measures the voltage difference between two nodes, theoretically, In order to not allow the current flow into the voltmeter. Apply the Ohms law V=IR so I = V/R The R (Volt meters internal resistance) should be as large as possible for the current approaches zero. True of False 1. True Accordingly to Ohms law- V=IR . Despite the load is varied, the voltage is still directly proportional to the current 2. False As a consequence that we know that when resistors are connect in parallel the total resistance is ! Rinitial = ! !
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Lets illustrate by using R1 = 1.2 k and R2 = 2.1 k Connected in parallel: 1 Rparallel = = 763.63 (1/1200) + (1/2100) Case R1 + R2 = 1200 + 2100 = 3300 So ( R1 + R2 ) is greater than Rparallel

Analyze the circuit. Ans : R1 = 50 and R2 = 50 Rload1 = 25 and Rlaod2 = 50 I = 0.7 A Solution : First we determine Rload1 and Rlaod2 by using the given data with Ohms law Find Rload1 I = 0.2 A V= 5 Volt Vload1 = Iload1 Rload1 5 = (0.2) Rload1 Rload1 = 25 Find Rload2 I = 0.4 A V= 20Volt Vload2 = Iload2 Rload2 20 = (0.4) Rload2 Rload2 = 50

From the diagram R1 is Parallel to Load1 Hence VR1 = VLoad1 = 5 V Then we know R1 because I1 is given and we know V1 as it parallel to Load1 Find R1 I = 0.1 A (Given) V= 5 Volt (parallel to Load1) V1 = IR1 RR1 5 = (0.1) R1 R1 = 50 And the current passing through R2 can be calculated using KCL IR2 = IR1 + ILoad1 IR2 = 0.1 +0.2 IR2 = 0.3 Applying KVL in R2-load1-load2 loop: -20 V + 5 V + V2 = 0 V2 = 15 V Find R2 I = 0.3 A (Using KCL) V= 15 Volt (Using KVL) V2 = IR2 RR2 15 = (0.3) R2 R2 = 50