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Dynamic Internal table

This Tutorial details about creation of dynamic internal table with different scenarios Internal Tables are local tables within a program containing a series of lines having same data type. TM ABAP Open SQL allows single field, range of fields, entire database table or view into an internal table.

In technical terms Internal table is a dynamic sequential dataset in which all records have the same data structure and a key. A static internal table can be declared in an ABAPTM program initially, when the structure of the internal table is fixed and known to the user. Dynamic internal table is an extension to internal table concept, used when the number of fields is not known at the design time or until the compile time. Scenario 1: Display the table of contents in grid format using the dynamic internal table. Creating Dynamic internal table PARAMETERS : p_table(10) TYPE C. DATA: w_tabname TYPE w_tabname, w_dref TYPE REF TO data, w_grid TYPE REF TO cl_gui_alv_grid. FIELD-SYMBOLS: <t_itab> TYPE ANY TABLE. w_tabname = p_table. CREATE DATA w_dref TYPE TABLE OF (w_tabname). ASSIGN w_dref->* TO <t_itab>. Populating Dynamic internal table SELECT * FROM (w_tabname) UP TO 20 ROWS

INTO TABLE <t_itab>. Displaying dynamic internal table using Grid. CREATE OBJECT w_grid EXPORTING i_parent = cl_gui_container=>screen0. CALL METHOD w_grid->set_table_for_first_display EXPORTING i_structure_name = w_tabname CHANGING it_outtab = <t_itab>.

CALL SCREEN 100. Scenario 2: Create a dynamic internal table with the specified number of columns. Creating Dynamic internal table TYPE-POOLS: slis. FIELD-SYMBOLS: <t_dyntable> TYPE STANDARD TABLE, Dynamic internal table name <fs_dyntable>, <fs_fldval> type any. PARAMETERS: p_cols(5) TYPE c. DATA: t_newtable TYPE REF TO data, t_newline TYPE REF TO data, t_fldcat TYPE slis_t_fldcat_alv, t_fldcat TYPE lvc_t_fcat, wa_it_fldcat TYPE lvc_s_fcat, Field symbol to create work area Field symbol to assign values Input number of columns

wa_colno(2) TYPE n, wa_flname(5) TYPE c. * Create fields . DO p_cols TIMES. CLEAR wa_it_fldcat. move sy-index to wa_colno. concatenate 'COL' wa_colno into wa_flname. wa_it_fldcat-fieldname = wa_flname. wa_it_fldcat-datatype = 'CHAR'. wa_it_fldcat-intlen = 10. APPEND wa_it_fldcat TO t_fldcat. ENDDO. * Create dynamic internal table and assign to FS CALL METHOD cl_alv_table_create=>create_dynamic_table EXPORTING it_fieldcatalog = t_fldcat IMPORTING ep_table = t_newtable.

ASSIGN t_newtable->* TO <t_dyntable>. * Create dynamic work area and assign to FS CREATE DATA t_newline LIKE LINE OF <t_dyntable>.

ASSIGN t_newline->* TO <fs_dyntable>. Populating Dynamic internal table DATA: fieldname(20) TYPE c. DATA: fieldvalue(10) TYPE c. DATA: index(3) TYPE c. DO p_cols TIMES. index = sy-index. MOVE sy-index TO wa_colno. CONCATENATE 'COL' wa_colno INTO wa_flname. * Set up fieldvalue CONCATENATE 'VALUE' index INTO fieldvalue. CONDENSE fieldvalue NO-GAPS.

ASSIGN COMPONENT wa_flname OF STRUCTURE <fs_dyntable> TO <fs_fldval>. <fs_fldval> = fieldvalue. ENDDO. * Append to the dynamic internal table APPEND <fs_dyntable> TO <t_dyntable>. Displaying dynamic internal table using Grid. DATA: wa_cat LIKE LINE OF fs_fldcat.

DO p_cols TIMES. CLEAR wa_cat. MOVE sy-index TO wa_colno. CONCATENATE 'COL' wa_colno INTO wa_flname. wa_cat-fieldname = wa_flname. wa_cat-seltext_s = wa_flname. wa_cat-outputlen = '10'. APPEND wa_cat TO fs_fldcat. ENDDO. * Call ABAP List Viewer (ALV) CALL FUNCTION 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY' EXPORTING it_fieldcat = fs_fldcat TABLES t_outtab = <t_dyntable>.