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Volume 4 Issue 6 First in Time, First in Right June 2012
JUNE 8 FREEDOM RALLIES: With 145 cities tallied so far, it is 63,945 in counting!
When government expands, freedom contracts
US Catholics celebrate Fortnight for Freedom
2 Page June 2012
Two weeks of prayer, education, public action
by Sarah Kliff and Ezra Klein 03/27/2012 Washington D.C., May 20, 2012 / 05:45 pm (CNA/ EWTN News).- Various initiatives are planned throughout the country in response to the U.S. bishops’ call for a “Fortnight for Freedom” June 21-July 4 to encourage prayer, education and public action about religious freedom. The initiative was created in response to several moves by the Obama administration that are threatening the Church’s religious freedom. The most well-known action is the Health and Human Services mandate that requires employers to cover birth control and other services that Catholics and other believers find morally objectionable. At Baltimore’s Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Archbishop William E. Lori will offer a special June 21 Mass at 7 p.m. to open the fortnight. June 21 is the vigil Mass for the feast of Saints John Fisher and Thomas More. The close of the two-week observance will feature a July 4 Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, which will be concelebrated by Cardinal Don-
ald Wuerl of Washington and Archbishop Charles Chaput of Philadelphia. Archbishop Chaput will serve as the homilist at the 12:10 p.m. liturgy. Bishop Richard Malone of Portland, Maine will celebrate a July 2 Mass at Portland’s Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. “Religious liberty is not only about our ability to go to Mass on Sunday or to pray the Rosary at home. It is about whether we can continue to make our contribution to the common good of all Americans without violating our deeply-held moral beliefs,” Bishop Malone said. “This issue affects all Americans — it is not a Catholic issue, a Jewish issue, an Orthodox, Mormon, or Muslim issue. It is an American issue.” In Arlington, Va. Bishop Paul S. Loverde will celebrate a Holy Hour for Religious Freedom at the Cathedral of St. Thomas More on June 21 at 7:30 p.m. “In many ways, this struggle is more a marathon than a sprint. I ask you to join me and prayerfully embrace this challenge not only as a vital struggle over Catholics’ right to full citizenship in this great country but as a teaching moment for us all,” Bishop Loverde said in a May 2 letter to his diocese’s priests. Bishop Loverde has encouraged Arlington priests to host talks on religious freedom, educate the faithful on the issues at stake, and urge them to pray a Novena for religious freedom. Priests should provide a “tangible focal point” for the faithful to learn about religious freedom, he said. He advised a place near the sanctuary entrance where parishioners can obtain prayer cards and educational materials. “With God’s grace, much good will come of this,” the bishop said. In the Archdiocese of Denver, archdiocesan administrator Bishop James D. Conley will ask Catholics to fast and pray on each of the fortnight’s two Fridays. Parishes have been in-
vited to hold Holy Hours for religious liberty. “The most important thing is the invitation to Catholics to pray and fast for religious liberty,” archdiocesan chancellor J.D. Flynn told CNA May 18. The archdiocese has invited political science professor Robert Kraynak of Colgate University to speak about religious liberty on June 21 and 22. An essay contest on religious liberty for high school students, with a scholarship as a prize, is also in the works. Other events in the Denver archdiocese include gatherings for college-age students at St. Thomas Aquinas University Parish in Boulder and Bl. John XXIII Parish in Fort Collins, and an event for Hispanic Catholics at the archdiocese’s Centro Juan Diego. The Archdiocese of Louisville has encouraged parishes to incorporate a prayer for religious liberty at “liturgically appropriate” times on the weekends of the fortnight. The archdiocese is planning a package of electronic resources for parishes to publish on their websites. In an April 12 statement, the U.S. bishops’ ad hoc committee for religious liberty called for a “fortnight of freedom” from June 21 to July 4. The period includes a series of feasts of “great martyrs” who faced political oppression. Their statement was an “urgent summons” to U.S. Catholics, stressing the need for prayer, fasting, and public action for religious freedom.
Stand Up for Religious Freedom rallies draw thousands nationwide
women’s rights, but the freedom to practice religion without government Washington Post, June 8, 2012 WASHINGTON — Hun- involvement. “This is about, at its heart and dreds gathered on Capitol Hill soul, religious liberty first and reliand at rallies across the nation gious liberty always,” she said. “We on Friday (June 8) in a double- will fight this and we will win.” The rally comes on the heels of barreled attack on President 12 lawsuits filed by 43 Catholic Obama’s health care law and a groups against the Department of mandate to require employers Health and Human Services in May to provide insurance coverage over the insurance mandate. Meanof birth control. while, the Supreme Court is expected Speakers such as Rep. to rule this month on Obama’s landmark 2010 health care law. Michele Bachmann, R-Minn., Rose, who’s been criticized for and anti-abortion activist Lila her undercover tactics against aborRose rallied conservatives in tion providers, said opposing the one of 160 coordinated noon- HHS mandate is not part of the “war time rallies across the country. on women,” but instead, “The real Bachmann, a former GOP war on women is what’s happening presidential candidate, emphasized every day in abortion clinics across that the fight over the insurance the country.” mandate is not about birth control or “The women of my generation know better. We know that these kinds of activities do not liberate us, but can enslave us,” she said. “It is a war against us.” The twin fights over religious liberty and abortion dominated the Religious Freedom Rally. Activists cheered as pastors and priests fiercely defended the importance of religious autonomy, the sanctity of life, and their support of fighting the health care legislation. Diane Sachs of Chantilly, Va., said her Catholic faith requires her to take a stand against the birth control mandate. “We have the admonition,
By Chris Lisee
Lila Rose, LiveAction
‘Don’t be cafeteria Catholics.’ Well we’re not cafeteria constitutionalists. It’s all a very important package,” she said. “Religious freedom, like the Holy Father says, is a gift of God. It’s not negotiable. It is a requirement of being of God’s creation, especially in this country because we all have freedom of religion, at least for now. We need to speak up for everyone.”
Michele Bachmann, MN
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, (LifeSiteNews.com) June 7, 2012, – The second wave of religious freedom rallies took place on Friday, filling courthouse squares, federal buildings, and university centers from New York to Los Angeles with the Founding Fathers’ views of liberty
and conscience. Tens of thousands participated in the more than 150 events organized by the ProLife Action League and Citizens for a Pro-Life Society. Early media coverage showed hundreds of people attended each major rally, holding yellow balloons that say “Religious Liberty” and waving signs that read, “Stop the HHS Mandate.”
June 2012 Page 5
With 145 cities so far tallied the count is 63,945!
“We must fight, I repeat it sir, we must fight!” Nick Thomm, the proprietor of StopHHS.com and an organizer of the local rally in Ann Arbor, noted the media blackout. “We cannot rely on the secular media to keep this issue alive before the American people in a way we would recognize as fair and accurate,” he said. Johnson assured that LifeSiteNews.com will continue to provide accurate coverage. Scores of rallies across the nation occurred on this date, because it marked the 223rd anniversary of James Madison’s introduction of the Bill of Rights. Constitutional limits on government power figured heavily in the observance. Rev. Sammie Maletta, pastor of St. John the Evangelist Church
Jill Stanek spoke in Chicago. The San Francisco rally was emceed by Dana Cody of the Life Legal Defense Foundation. In Montana, a crowd gathered outside the officers of U.S. Senator Max Baucus, a Democrat who supports the mandate. Attendees in Miami heard Archbishop Thomas Wenski say the HHS accommodation is no compromise, because “compromises are not usually arrived at unilaterally.” He said a fundamental principle of health care is that it “shouldn’t kill anybody.” LifeSiteNews.com U.S. Bureau Chief Ben Johnson told a crowd of hundreds he was “astounded” as a journalist when he saw that “the best and brightest minds of Washington” decided “the most important aspect of the health care bill… was that every American, including post-menopausal women and gay men, needed access to birth control.” Citing the history of Eastern Europe he said “light and transient offenses against our religious liberty never remain light and transient offenses,” but are usually the opening salvos of a greater war “to deny all our religious liberties. “It’s a test of our strength and our resolve, an attempt to set a binding precedent,
Ambassador Alan Keyes Keynote Speaker
and it’s an attempt to weaken our resources against the more serious assaults that are to come,” he said. “We know that nature abhors a vacuum and that every inch that is yielded by the Church will be filled by a rushing, virulent secularism.” Quoting Patrick Henry’s “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” speech, he said,
They came, not too disabled so as not to be counted.
asked the crowd CFCFFL with David and Mrs.Bereit in northwest Indiana, “If this government can wipe out 200 years of constitutional practice by this illegal mandate, how safe will you be from this government’s abuse when their extreme agenda tells you how to live?” “There is a reason that tyrants (and) dictators…always go after religious freedom first. They know that faith in God sets men free,” said Jerry Some made it a Cox, the president of the Family Council at family affair. a rally in Little Rock, Arkansas. Elder Levon Yuille of Ypsilanti based institutions and private busiBible Church in Michigan and direc- nesses affected by the HHS Mandate simply will not comply with it. tor of the National Pro-Life ConBishop Angress told LifeSiteNews.com he got thony Taylor of involved, because “the HHS manLittle Rock date and the hate crimes speech” made perhaps represent “a direct attack on the the most pithy religious faith of America.” He said the Stand Up for Reli- explanation of today’s protests. gious Freedom Rally was “one of “Civil law must the best grassroots gatherings I’ve never require seen in 30 years in… the pro-life what conscience field.” forbids, nor forStand Up Rally national codirector Monica Miller said, “If ObamaCare is not struck down, we’ll be sending the federal authorities a clear message that the faith
bid what conscience requires,” he said.
Anti-religious antagonism of socialist nations, cited
By Daniel Linskey,
Catholic News Service
Set against the backdrop of the U.S. Capitol, a Stand Up for Religious Freedom rally event drew hundreds of participants to a park in Washington June 8. People gathered to show their support for religious freedom and to protest a federal Health and Human Services mandate they say violates that freedom by requiring most religious employers to provide no-cost contraceptive coverage even it is contrary to their beliefs. About 63,000 people rallied in an
Human Life International Fr. Bouquet, St. Michael Parish pastor Fr. Porkosky invocator, Washington Archdiocese Life Issues Christa Lopiccolo, Priests for Life Fr. Peter West, EWTN Michelle Baumman. Rallyists leave Senate Park en‐ route to Supreme Court.
Robert Dornan, CA
June 2012 Page 7
volved in sterilization and abortion causing pills" said U.S. Rep. Michele Bachmann, R-Minn. The former presidential candidate was the first of a host of speakers to address the crowd. She called attention to the special place religious freedom has in America's roots. Bachmann told the crowd, "In the rotunda of the Capitol, I gazed upon my favorite painting, the 'Embarkation of the Pilgrims.' The pilgrims have their hands in prayer and there is an open Bible in the center of the painting." She pointed to the central role religious freedom played in the pilgrim's plight and journey to America. "Written on their sail is 'God With Us,'" she continued, "and God is with us today in 2012." Other speakers drew comparisons between the HHS mandate and the estimated 160 cities. anti-religious antagonism of former Officials said the new round of rallies was an attempt to continue the socialist nations. Rep. Andy Harris, RMd., son of Hungarian and Polish momentum they say was generated immigrants, said: "The government by similar rallies held March 23 in front of U.S. courthouses, state capi- burned down my parents' church. This government is burning down tols and historic sites. the churches not with a torch but At the Washington rally, the with a pen." mood was energetic and seemed to Speaking in Spanish, Father Jose take on a political tone. "Never before has the government forced tax- Hoyos of the Diocese of Arlington, Va., talked about the Hispanic compayers to buy products directly in-
munity's need for love and compassion and its support for pro-life issues. The next group of speakers took on a decidedly partisan tone, calling for a change in administration in the White House. Rep. Alan Nunnelee, R-Miss., said, "When government expands, freedom contracts. We ask you in November to send us help and replace a president." "We have approached dependence because of our great abundance," said Robert Dornan, former U.S. representative from California who was a prominent prolife voice when he served in Congress. As a result, he said, he believes Americans were willing to lose their freedoms to be reliant on the government. "We have to change presidents because everything we love is at stake in this election."
The real war on women begins in the womb
Lila Grace Rose
Youth reveille in Philadelphia
ack in take the country b We don’t wish to ard, be‐ re to move it forw e; rather, we aspi tim d as objects omen are treate nd a time when w yo their reli‐ eir children and d pitted against th an a time when — and toward s institutions — giou eir intrinsic omen embrace th . y emancipated w trul omanhood. heir authentic w ity and, with it, t dign
Mother Teresa won’t qualify as ‘religious’ under Obama Care
AIDS. May 21, 2012 The administration’s new (CNSNews.com) - Cardinal regulation includes a “religious” Donald Wuerl, the archbishop exemption, but that exemption of Washington, D.C., said in is narrowly drawn and does not an open letter on Monday and extend to Catholic lay persons in a videotaped message that or to Catholic hospitals, the Obama administration schools or charities. would not have considered the In his open letter, Cardinal work of Mother Teresa as Wuerl said that this narrow ex"religious" and thus would not emption would not only exhave exempted her charitable clude Mother Teresa's work organizations from a new fed- from what the federal governeral regulation, issued under ment defined as "religious" but Obamacare, that will force would also say that Catholic Catholics to act against their schools were not "religious." faith. “The First Amendment’s "Under the mandate, even guarantee of religious freedom, the work of Mother Teresa however, was not meant to prowouldn't be qualified as relitect merely the right to worgious," said Cardinal Wuerl in ship, but also the right to conthe video. tribute the fruits of our faith to "Contrary to America's the common good,” said Cardigreat tradition of religious nal Wuerl. “And until now, our freedom, embodied in the First government had chosen to Amendment, Catholic institu- honor that guarantee. Never tions will now be forced to act before has the government against their conscience and contested that institutions like provide coverage for drugs and Archbishop Carroll High procedures they believe are School or Catholic University morally wrong, simply because are religious. Who would? But they serve people of all faiths HHS’s conception of what or no faith equally," said Cardi- constitutes the practice of renal Wuerl. ligion is so narrow that even Mother Teresa founded a Mother Teresa would not have hospice in Washington, D.C., qualified.” where members of her order, Health and Human Services the Missionaries of Charity, Secretary Kathleen Sebelius care for people with advanced first announced the new healthBy Terence P. Jeffrey care regulation—part of the implementation of Obamacare— last August. She finalized the regulation in January. The regulation exempts “religious” organizations only if they meet four criteria: 1) their primary purpose is the inculcation of religious values, 2) they primarily employ people who share their religious tenets, 3) they primarily serve people who share their religious tenets, and 4) it they are organized under the section of the Internal Revenue Code used by churches per se. On Monday, Cardinal Wuerl announced that the Archdiocese of Washington -along with 42 other Catholic dioceses and organizations (including the Archdiocese of New York and the University of Notre Dame) - suing the administration in federal court arguing that the HHS regulation is a violation of the First Amendment right to freedom of religion. Twelve different suits are being filed around the country with different combinations of plaintiffs. The Archdiocese of Washington is joined in its particular suit
by Archbishop Carroll High School, Catholic Univesity of America, Catholic Charities of Washington, D.C., and a consortium that includes four local parochial schools.
In November 1986, Mother Teresa opened a hospice for AIDS victims in Northeast Washington. "Let us thank God for giving us this beautiful gift, this home," the Associated Press reported her as saying at the Mass celebrating the opening of the hospice. Archbishop James A. Hickey, who then led the Archdiocese of Washington, said that the hospice would be "a loving home for out brothers and sisters who face this dreaded disease alone." "The Missionaries of Charity will offer love and peace to those who have been forgotten as they face death," said Archbishop Hickey. "Here they will find peace." Mother Teresa said at the time: “The greatest disease today is being unwanted, unloved.”
June 2012 Page 9 The Missionaries of Charity's Washington, D.C. hospice serves people regardless of their faith. As The Washington Post reported two months after it opened: "Not all residents, whom the nuns call 'guests,' are Catholic." Cardinal Wuerl said that the administration's defintion of what is and is not "religious" runs contary to 2,000 years of Catholic practice. “Thus, for two millennia, Roman Catholic entities have been engaged in charitable works--serving not just Catholics, but non-Catholics as well, with the understanding that these works are an essential part of Christian love and the practice of the Christian faith,” Cardinal Wuerl said in his letter today. “As our Holy Father, Pope Benedict XVI, has recently put it, ‘love for widows and orphans, prisoners, and the sick and needy of every kind, is as essential to [the Catholic Church] as the ministry of the sacraments and preaching of the Gospel. The Church cannot neglect the service of charity any more than she can neglect the Sacraments and the Word,” said Cardinal Wuerl. “Considering the dedicated efforts put into these good works, it is understandable to feel somewhat disheartened to see our government attempt to force the Church out of the public square,” Cardinal Wuerl said. “To be clear, that is the message that the HHS mandate conveys: our beliefs are not welcome. Those who have the temerity to hold onto their convictions will be fined.” Mother Teresa and a baby girl.
(AP Photo/Eddie Adams)
Vivien Thomas, a non‐doctor, ends the ‘blue‐baby’ syndrome, becoming a champion for life!
Edited frfom the Wikipedia Vivien Theodore Thomas (August 29, 1910 – November 26, 1985) was an African-American surgical technician who developed the procedures used to treat blue baby syndrome in the 1940s. He was an assistant to surgeon Alfred Blalock in Blalock's experimental animal laboratory at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee and later at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Without any education past high school, Thomas rose above poverty and racism to become a cardiac surgery pioneer and a teacher of operative techniques to many of the country's most prominent surgeons. Vivien Thomas was the first African American without a doctorate degree to perform open heart surgery on a white patient in the United States. Thomas was born in New Iberia, Louisiana. The grandson of a slave, he attended Pearl High School (named for a Union sympathizer Joshua Fenton Pearl and now known as Pearl Cohn Comprehensive High School) in Nashville in the 1920s.
A Beautiful Story
The Portrait of Vivien Thomas now enshrined in the hall of John Hop‐ kins Hospital in Baltimore, MD.
June 2012 Page 1 1
Thomas had hoped to attend college and become a doctor, but the Great Depression derailed his plans. He worked at Fisk University in the summer of 1929 doing carpentry but was laid off in the fall. In the wake of the stock market crash in October, Thomas put his educational plans on hold, and, through a friend, in February 1930 secured a job as surgical research technician with Dr. Alfred Blalock at Vanderbilt University. On his first day of work, Thomas assisted Blalock with a surgical experiment on a dog. At the end of Thomas' first day, Blalock told Thomas they would do another experiment the next morning. Blalock told Thomas to "come in and put the animal to sleep and get it set up". Within a few weeks, Thomas was starting surgery on his own. Thomas was classified and paid as a janitor, despite the fact that by the mid 1930s, he was doing the work of a postdoctoral researcher in the lab. Before meeting Blalock, Thomas married Clara and had two daughters. When Nashville's banks failed nine months after starting his job with Blalock and Thomas' savings were wiped out, he abandoned his plans for college and medical school, relieved to have even a low-paying job as the Great Depression deepened.
Pioneers of Trauma Medicine
Thomas and Blalock did groundbreaking research into the causes of hemorrhagic and traumatic shock. This work later evolved into research on Crush syndrome and saved the lives of thousands of soldiers on the battlefields of World War II. In hundreds of flawlessly executed experiments, the two disproved traditional theories which held that shock was caused by toxins in the blood. Blalock, a highly original scientific thinker and something of an iconoclast, had theorized that shock resulted from fluid loss outside the vascular bed and that the condition could be effectively treated by fluid replacement. Assisted by Thomas, he was able to provide incontrovertible proof of this theory, and in so doing, he gained wide recognition in the medical community by the mid 1930s. At this same time, Blalock and Thomas began experimental work in vascular and cardiac surgery, defying medical taboos against operating upon the heart. It was this work that laid the foundation for the revolutionary lifesaving surgery they were to perform at Johns Hopkins a decade later.
The young technician in a non‐ traditional career.
cism worse than they had endured in Nashville. Hopkins, like the rest of Baltimore, was rigidly segregated, and the only black employees at the institution were janitors. When Thomas walked the halls in his white lab coat, many heads turned.
In 1943, while pursuing his shock research, Blalock was approached by renowned pediatric cardiologist Dr. Helen Taussig, who was seeking a surgical solution to a complex and fatal four-part heart anomaly called Tetralogy of Fallot (also known as blue baby syndrome, although other cardiac anomalies produce blueness, or cyanosis). In infants born with this defect, blood is shunted past the lungs, thus creating oxygen deprivation and a blue pallor. Having treated many such patients in her work in Hopkins' Harriet Lane Home, Taussig was desperate to find a surgical cure. According to the accounts in Thomas' 1985 autobiography and in a 1967 interview with medical historian Peter Olch, Taussig suggested only that it might be possible to "reconnect the pipes" in some way to increase the level of
Moving to Baltimore
By 1940, the work Blalock had done with Thomas placed him at the forefront of American surgery, and when he was offered the position of Chief of Surgery at his alma mater Johns Hopkins in 1941, he requested that Thomas accompany him. Thomas arrived in Baltimore with his family in June of that year, confronting a severe housing shortage and a level of ra-
1 2 Page June 2012 blood flow to the lungs but did not suggest how this could be accomplished. Blalock and Thomas realized immediately that the answer lay in a procedure they had perfected for a different purpose in their Vanderbilt work, involving the anastomosis, or joining, of the subclavian to the pulmonary artery, which had the effect of increasing blood flow to the lungs.
the surgery. Next, they operated upon a six-year-old boy, who dramatically regained his color at the end of the surgery. The three cases formed the basis for the article that was published in the May 1945 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, giving credit to Blalock and Taussig for the procedure. Thomas received no mention.
Beginning with Dogs
Thomas was charged with the task of first creating a blue baby-like condition in a dog, and then correcting the condition by means of the pulmonary-tosubclavian anastomosis. Among the dogs on whom Thomas operated was one named Anna, who became the first long-term survivor of the operation and the only animal to have her portrait hung on the walls of Johns Hopkins. In nearly two years of laboratory work, involving some 200 dogs, Thomas was ultimately able to replicate only two of the four cardiac anomalies involved in Tetralogy of Fallot. He did demonstrate that the corrective procedure was not lethal, thus persuading Blalock that the operation could be safely attempted on a human patient. Even though Thomas knew he was not allowed to operate on patients at that time, he still followed Blalock's rules and assisted him during surgery.
News of this groundbreaking story circulated around the world via the Associated Press. Newsreels touted the event, greatly enhancing the status of Johns Hopkins and solidifying the reputation of Blalock, who had been regarded as a maverick up until that point by some in the Hopkins old guard. Thomas' contribution remained unacknowledged, both by Blalock and by Hopkins. Within a year, the operation known as the BlalockTaussig shunt had been performed on more than 200 patients at Hopkins, with parents bringing their suffering children from thousands of miles away. Thomas' surgical techniques included one he developed in 1946 for improving circulation in patients whose great vessels (the aorta and the pulmonary artery) were transposed. A complex operation called an atrial septectomy, the procedure was executed so flawlessly by Thomas that Blalock, upon examining the nearly undetectable suture line, was prompted to remark, "Vivien, this looks like something the Lord made."
First Attempts on Human Babies
On November 29, 1944, the procedure was first tried on an eighteen-month-old infant named Eileen Saxon. The blue baby syndrome had made her lips and fingers turn blue, with the rest of her skin having a very faint blue tinge. She could only take a few steps before beginning to breathe heavily. Because no instruments for cardiac surgery then existed, Thomas adapted the needles and clamps for the procedure from those in use in the animal lab. During the surgery itself, at Blalock's request, Thomas stood on a step stool at Blalock's shoulder and coached him step by step through the procedure, Thomas having performed the operation hundreds of times on a dog, Blalock only once, as Thomas' assistant. The surgery was not completely successful, though it did prolong the infant's life for several more months. Blalock and his team operated again on an 11-yearold girl, this time with complete success, and the patient was able to leave the hospital three weeks after
Thomas becomes a Legend
To the host of young surgeons Thomas trained during the 1940s, he became a figure of legend, the model of a dexterous and efficient cutting surgeon. "Even if you'd never seen surgery before, you could do it because Vivien made it look so simple," the renowned surgeon Denton Cooley told Washingtonian magazine in 1989. "There wasn't a false move, not a wasted motion, when he operated." Surgeons like Cooley, along with Alex Haller, Frank Spencer, Rowena Spencer, and others credited Thomas with teaching them the surgical technique that placed them at the forefront of medicine in the United States.
Earning Recognition was Tougher
Despite the deep respect Thomas was accorded by these surgeons and by the many black lab technicians he trained at Hopkins, he was not well paid. He sometimes resorted to working as a bartender, often at Blalock's parties. This led to the peculiar circumstance of his serving drinks to people he had been teaching earlier in the day.
Eventually, after negotiations on his behalf by Blalock, he became the highest paid technician at Johns Hopkins by 1946, and by far the highest paid AfricanAmerican on the institution's rolls. Although Thomas never wrote or spoke publicly about his ongoing desire to return to college and obtain a medical degree, his widow, the late Clara Flanders Thomas, revealed in a 1987 interview with Washingtonian writer Katie McCabe that her husband had clung to the possibility of further education throughout the Blue Baby period and had only abandoned the idea with great reluctance. Mrs. Thomas stated that in 1947, Thomas had investigated the possibility of enrolling in college and pursuing his dream of becoming a doctor, but had been deterred by the inflexibility of Morgan State University, which refused to grant him credit for life experience and insisted that he fulfill the standard freshman requirements. Realizing that he would be 50 years old by the time he completed college and medical school, Thomas decided to give up the idea of further education. Blalock's approach to the issue of Thomas' race was complicated and contradictory throughout their 34-year partnership. On the one hand, he defended his choice of Thomas to his superiors at Vanderbilt and to Hopkins colleagues, and he insisted that Thomas accompany him in the operating room during the first series of tetralogy
operations. On the other hand, there were limits to his tolerance, especially when it came to issues of pay, academic acknowledgment, and his social interaction outside of work.
After Blalock's death from cancer in 1964 at the age of 65, Thomas stayed at Hopkins for 15 more years. In his role as director of Surgical Research Laboratories, he mentored a number of African-American lab technicians as well as Hopkins' first black cardiac resident, Dr. Levi Watkins, Jr., whom Thomas assisted with his groundbreaking work in the use of the Automatic Implantable Defibrillator. Thomas' nephew, Koco Eaton, graduated from the Johns Hopkins Medical School, trained by many of the same physicians his uncle had trained. Eaton trained in orthopedics and is now the team doctor for the Tampa Bay Rays.
Recognition at last!
In 1968, the surgeons Thomas trained — who had then become chiefs of surgical departments throughout America — commissioned the painting of his portrait (by Bob Gee, oil on canvas, 1969, The Johns Hopkins Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives) and arranged to have it hung next to Blalock's in the lobby of the Alfred Blalock Clinical Sciences Building. In 1976, Johns Hopkins University presented Thomas with an honorary doctorate. However, because of certain restrictions, he received an Honorary Doctor of Laws, rather than a medical doctorate, but it did allow the staff and students of Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Medical School to call him doctor. Thomas was also appointed to the faculty of Johns Hopkins Medical School as Instructor of Surgery. Following his retirement in 1979, Thomas began work on an autobiography, Partners of the Heart: Vivien Thomas and his Work with Alfred Blalock, ISBN 0-8122-1634-2.
Thomas dies, Word breaks out
He died on November 26, 1985 of pancreatic cancer, at age 75, and the book was published just days later. Having learned about Thomas on the day of his death, Washingtonian writer Katie McCabe brought his story to public attention for the first time in a 1989 article entitled "Like Something the Lord Made", which won the 1990 National Magazine Award for Feature Writing and inspired filmmaker Andrea Kalin to make the PBS documentary Partners of the Heart", [which was broadcast in 2003 on PBS' American Experience and won the Organization of American Historians' Erik Barnouw Award for Best History Documentary in
Honorary doctorate awardee Thom‐ nas, Dr. Helen Taussig, John Hopkins Hospital president Steven Muller. Tho‐ mas was also appointed to the faculty of Johns Hopkins Medical School as In‐ structor of Surgery.
the vote as close as possible to the 2013 elections in order to make pro-RH legislators waver in the face of the Church hierarchy's threat to turn voters against them at the polls. Some say this strategy is effective, and the reason is that while the number of voters that might be influenced by the Church is not sizeable-perhaps coming to only 5 to 10 per cent of the electorate-it might nevertheless constitute the critical swing vote in close electoral contests. Some RH proponents think this is just bluff, that there is no such thing as a "Catholic vote" like the "Iglesia ni Cristo vote." But bluff or not, the threat is perceived as real by many members of Congress. Church opposition The Roman Catholic hierarchy has waged a massive campaign against the bill. This has included threats to block the election of members of Congress voting for the bill, the mobilization of parish priests to inveigh against the bill in their weekend sermons, and the spread of disinformation about RH. The main thrust of the Church's propaganda has been to paint contraception as a vital step on the slippery slope towards abortion, indeed to make contraception indistinguishable from abortion. With no supporting evidence at all, contraceptive pills have been rhetorically denounced as "abortifacients." Another debating strategy is to deny that a high fertility rate and a high population growth rate in a low-growth economy like the Philippines constitute obstacles to development. The fast and loose use of statistics marks the arguments of antiRH advocates, along with really outrageous claims, like the asser-
tion that condom use in Thailand has caused the spread of AIDs. Or that the RH bill is part of a US plot "to keep down the population of developing countries"-the so-called "Kissinger Doctrine." Or that it is all part of a conspiracy of the big foreign pharmaceutical companies to expand the local market for artificial contraceptives. When it is pointed out that most other religions and religious denominations in the country either favor or do not oppose the bill, the argument is simply brushed aside with the claim that 80 per cent of the population owes fealty to Rome. Public information campaign That these arguments have not cut any ice in both chambers is due to the fact that the pro-RH forces have done a good job of shooting them down and mustering strong arguments in support of the bill. Particularly effective in the floor debates have been the following arguments: - The RH bill is built on the basic democratic principle of freedom of choice; - Access to family planning is essential to maternal and child health; - Survey after survey has shown a significant majority of respondents favoring family planning, including artificial contraception; - Poor respondents, by a large majority, favor access to government-provided or facilitated family planning methods, including condoms, pills, and other methods of contraception; - The 450,000 abortions that take place yearly can be significantly cut down by access to contraceptives; - Income level is negatively correlated with family size, meaning the bigger the family,
the poorer it is; - Effective family planning is a central element in any strategy to promote development and reduce poverty. This legislator's contribution to the debate consisted of a four-part series of articles published in the Philippine Daily Inquirer, the leading daily newspaper, showing the strong correlation between family planning and successful development efforts in Vietnam, Thailand, and Indonesia, and the correlation between uncontrolled population growth and failed development in the Philippines. Based on field research in the four countries, I argued: "What accounts for the difference in the performance of the four economies? "Economic policy? Hardly, since all four countries followed export-oriented economic strategies over the last four decades. "Structural adjustment? Not really, since all four economies were subjected to some variety of market-oriented reform, though it is arguable that adjustment was milder in our neighbors than in our country. "Asset and income redistribution? No, since as in the Philippines, state-promoted asset and income redistribution programs in Thailand and Indonesia were either weak or nonexistent. "Corruption? Again, all four countries have been marked by high levels of corruption, with Indonesia being a consistent topnotcher in annual surveys. "There is, in fact, one very distinctive feature that separates the Philippines from its neighbors: unlike our country, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Thailand managed to rein in the growth of their populations through effective statesponsored family planning pro-
grams. And while successful family planning is not the whole story, economists and demographers have a consensus that it is an essential element in the narrative of economic advance in our neighboring countries." Unexpected development Exasperated with the anti-RH forces' delaying tactics, the pro-RH forces have recently intensified their effort to the Speaker for a vote before the sine die adjournment of the second session in early June. Unfortunately, something completely unexpected occurred that contributed to rolling back the pro-RH timetable. This was the impeachment trial of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, which is reaching its climax. Since the RH bill and the trial of the Chief Justice (a move pushed by the House of Representatives and supported by the President) are the two most controversial issues in the country, the final resolution of both coming at almost the same time has apparently worried some quarters of the ruling establishment as overloading the political system. In the view of some RH proponents, however, this danger is overstated and simply serves as an excuse for the House and Senate leaderships to postpone a contentious but necessary reckoning before the adjournment of the second session of the 15th Congress. Higher stakes? As the second session draws to a close, my sense is that while the RH congressional advocates and civil society supporters have done a superb job in pushing the issue, in terms of legislative strategy, public information, and mass mobilizations, they have come up against determined and fanatical opposition from the Church hierarchy,
June 2012 Page 1 5 which has made stopping the bill a top priority. Why is the Church so uncompromising? Perhaps revealing in this regard was a recent remark by former Novaliches Bishop Teodoro Bacani, one of the most aggressive opponents of the bill: "One...argument submitted by the proponents of the RH bill is the fact that other countries with a Catholic majority have already accepted what is being proposed by the present RH bill. The answer to that is a simple: 'If they have gone the wrong way, why should we follow them?' The Popes have been lamenting this slide of many Catholic countries to secularism. We should be proud that we have bucked the trend to a great extent." In other words, the battle over RH, from the point of view of the Church hierarchy, is not just about RH. It is about a historic, nay cosmic, struggle to maintain the Church's ideological hold on the minds of Filipinos. It is a last ditch stand against that great foe, the secular Enlightenment, which has triumphed in most other countries with a Christian religious heritage. Three key hard-won principles of the Enlightenment are present in the RH bill: the freedom of choice, the use of reason and science to ameliorate people's lives, and the separation of Church and state. The Catholic Church hierarchy is desperately seeking to remain relevant to Filipinos, but it has chosen the wrong battle to fight, for most Filipinos have already left it behind when it comes to reproductive health, and the bishops and their congressional allies are now a small embattled minority. As in many other countries, most people in this country-myself includedremain broadly respectful of the Church, but they want it out of the bedroom and are dismayed at its attempt at totalitarian doctrinal control. As in many other countries, "bucking the trend," as Msgr. Bacani puts it, will result not in transformative redemption but in painful isolation. Whether in Ireland, Germany, Southern Europe, or the United States, the hierarchy's wrongheaded stand on contraception combined with the awful revelations of numerous cases of sexual abuse of children and sexual abuse and harassment of women by priests that Rome and Church hierarchies have tolerated all over the Catholic world has been the perfect formula for the descent into disrepute and irrelevance. Our problem, though, is that the Church hierarchy's suicidal stand against reason threatens to bring down the country along with it in Gotterdamerung style. It has been almost 14 years since the reproductive health bill was first introduced in Congress. Since it then, the population of the country has grown from 75 million to over 94 million. The scorched-earth rearguard action of the Catholic Church hierarchy against rationality and collective responsibility has unfortunately condemned millions of those children who joined our country in the last 14 years to grinding poverty and a precarious existence. Despite setbacks in schedule, I am confident that, whatever their personal stance on the issue, the leaders of the House and Senate will be able to gather the courage to bring the RH Bill to a vote sooner rather than later. There is no doubt that
When government expands, freedom contracts ty The Majori
It’s really all that simple – Are we ready to convert to a socialist republic? Are we going to allow a minority to transform our way of life from democracy to communism? Addressing the religious freedom rally at the Senate Park in Washington DC, Alan Nunnelee, the congressman from Mississippi, in five words: When government expands, freedom contracts? Are we willing to surrender to government our God-given inalienable rights and replace it with an ideology foreign to our culture? This question is as true to the United States as it is true to the Philippines. The issues are basically the same - the emphasis however of those who are opposed to Obamacare just focuses on religious freedoms while those who are opposed to the Reproductive Health Bill in the Philippines weighs more on the intrusion of the contraceptive mentality into its society. But substantially the issues are enjoined in the
of Ju very first and fundamental is In necessari in right to life. unitas, How can there opinabilibus libertas, in be liberty when omnibus there is no life, caritas. how can there LINAWAN ADO PAG be pursuit of happiness when there is no liberty?
Sacrosanct principles that are etched in our respective Constitutions are never taken into consideration by these communists. How many amendments did the founding fathers and those heroic statesmen following them, precisely took to be able to frame a written document that protects the very basic rights of any American citizen? The framers of the Philippine Constitution of 1987 also had a parallel vision of ensuring a rule of law based on the very fabric of the history of the Filipino people, the very development of their culture, and the very nature of their aspirations. Walden Bello, just like the many extreme liberal ideologues pushing their agenda has no care whatsoever even to the very written organics laws of the land, otherwise know as the Constitution. when the RH Bill does come to a vote, it will be Just as the Obamacare for instance obviously vioa transcendental event in our country's painful pro- lated the principle of equal protection of the law in that gress away from ignorance and blind tradition that it precisely mandates citizens against their religious freebegan with the movement for secular reform prodoms and make them violate their conscience, Nancy moted by the ilustrados, the Reform Movement, Pelosi and the Democratic majority of the US Congress and the Revolutionary Movement in the late 19th at that time of its passing, gave more weight to the excentury but which remains incomplete. pansion government over and above Constitutionally The challenge to members of Congress will be to guaranteed rights and freedoms. abandon narrow electoral self-interests and vote on the Bello quoted Bishop Teodoro Bacani who openly following choice: an irrational obscurantist stance that criticized the pied-pier argument of the RH proponents would keep the country in prolonged darkness and pov- “'If they have gone the wrong way, why should we folerty, or a future marked by vigorous development, pros- low them?' The Popes have been lamenting this slide of perity, and a democratic politics that is truly free of cleri- many Catholic countries to secularism.” cal interference, marked by a genuine separation of But he dismissed the insight of the prelate and its Church and State, and enjoying real religious tolerance. consistency with the Filipino people’s long standing Rep. Walden Bello, who represents Akbayan Party in the mores and tradition, with an irreverent ridicule saying House of Representatives, is one of the main sponsors of the Repro- “In other words, the battle over RH, from the point of ductive Health Bill. view of the Church hierarchy, is not just about RH. It is
June 2012 Page 1 7 is the sanctity of marriage and the nature of acceptable unions. That is why President Obama through his AttorneyGeneral Eric Holder has also been chipping away the Defense of Marriage Act or DOMA, the federal law enacted in 1996 that defines marriage as the legal union between one man and one woman. The first legal assault on marriage actually made its fruition in 2003 when sodomy was legalized through judicial activism in the case Lawrence v Texas. If homosexual acts are largely tolerated under what Walden Bello holds sacred as the freedom of choice, then what is there no longer to allow when the dildo for the female vagina now plays second fiddle to insertion of any male organ into the human anus? Scandalized by this language? Well how far back did “fuck” become part of ordinary pop music, Hollywood movies and free television? Since when did fathers become “mother fuckers”? How come getting confused is now expressed as “getting fucked up”. How did “shut up” got replaced by “fuck your face”? See you cringed on your seat, but our youth applaud when Lady Gaga says “I’m all fucked up.” This is how eschewed the arguments of those who are forcing Obamacare and Reproductive Health down our throats have downgraded the debate. There is no compunction to allocating even up to P6 billion to fund the Reproductive Health bill in the Philippines, but hardly is there money to save 26 government hospitals from closing nationwide. And did you ever think in your lifetime that a Congressman will have the temerity to introduce banning religion in public places in the Philippines? We lost it, man. We lost it when we stopped talking about God to our children. We lost it when we abandoned them to the public school system, replaced our primal presence in their lives with television and video games. We lost it when we allowed the world out there to replace Jesus in our lives and Mary in our hearts. Well the liberals, the communists and the homosexualists have taken over. Those who have other ideas than what are in the Bible have been given added bite by secularists in the media world, furnished wings by the internet. Obama’s recent Newsweek cover story declared that he was the first US gay president. Ambassador Harry K. Thomas’s first official function in the US Embassy is celebrating gay-pride night. Rumor has it that BS Aquino is not too far behind. So what skeletons are still in his closet?
about a historic, nay cosmic, struggle to maintain the Church's ideological hold on the minds of Filipinos. It is a last ditch stand against that great foe, the secular Enlightenment, which has triumphed in most other countries with a Christian religious heritage.” What conveniently dismissed by insulting a man of the cloak is that the Reproductive Health bill that they have filed in Congress is neither about reproductive health in the first place. They argue that their immediate intention is to prevent maternal deaths related to child-bearing. But to prevent maternal deaths their simplistic formula, is less pregnancies, ergo less prospects of mother dying while birthing a baby. Thus their solution is birth control. This carries with it the promotion of free and widespread distribution of artificial birth control devices including contraceptive pills and IUDs that are accepted agents of breast and cervical cancer respectively. Where is reproductive health there? Where is the protection of women of child-bearing ages there? Reduce maternal deaths by introducing to their bodies some other diseases? Use science to depopulate, is that it? What about the Gods-given right of human beings to procreate and share that Godly love with the family that is the very basic units of any society? Surely, replacing that with values where the human power over natural law becomes invasive has never been known or have proven to bring harmony and peace in any society. Artificial contraception by itself through the introduction of temporary sterilization of the female through invasive hormones or invasive devices, is by itself a violation of the human body. And when introduced after ovulation, the same becomes an abortifacient endangering the human life that would have already been formed. This is where the slippery slope begins and ends with a growing acceptance of abortion, for indeed if a human life can be taken at that early stage, what is to prevent taking the life of an unborn child even during the last trimester? The statistics in the United Stated alone sp-eaks for itself - 56 million babies killed since the passing of Roe v Wade in 1973. Did the slide stopped there? No, because when you fiddle on the procreative aspect of a marital union between man and woman, you also fool around with sex-differentiation. Thus the promotion of lesbianism, gays, bi-sexual and transgenders or the LGBT community. The aberration of society now becomes the norm. The next target
Trade Tripper by Jemy Gatdula
June 7, 2012—Last week, a couple of friends of mine had the opportunity (or misfortune) to attend a workshop at the University of the Philippines on "Religion, Gender & Sexuality." I say misfortune because - as that line in Platoon goes: "hell is the impossibility of reason" -- nobody should be subjected to hour after hour of reason’s absence. Or, as the late New York senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan once, quite correctly, exclaimed: "Everyone is entitled to his own opinion but not to his own facts." The workshop’s major flaw is that, rather than providing a venue for honest intellectual engagement, it presumptively made a judgment call at the onset framing the entire discussion, thus advocating for a particular view. And that particular view (as the workshop’s program declares) is that "the Roman Catholic Church poses as a major block in population and reproductive health work." While it proceeded to ostensibly assist participants to discern and "make informed decisions about gender and sexuality-related issues, including family planning, abortion, and homosexuality;" it also made clear that workshop’s intent is to "serve as venue for RH advocates to be able to reconcile their personal faith with their work." The manner in which that is to be achieved is by portraying religions as not "monolithic, that there are varying views and positions among officials, clergy and laity"; and that rather than faith, there are "social and historical circumstances that shape official Catholic Church policies around gender and sexuality." In short, the tired old argument that Church teachings "evolved," came about due to existing social norms, or that "elievers" are licensed to interpret Scriptures that will accommodate their particular thinking and allow them to "follow their conscience." There is nothing radical, new, or modern about such stale positions. And the reply to that is simply to repeat the same answers given so effectively by far better teachers than the pro-RH academe can ever produce. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI), in his famous Erasmus lecture of 27 January 1988, tells us the proper way to approach Scripture (and, consequently, our faith): one who studies the Bible "must realize that he does not stand in some neutral area, above or outside history and the Church. Such a presumed immediacy regarding the purely historical can only lead to dead ends." But even way before that, Thomas a Kempis, in his classic The Imitation of Christ (written circa 1418-1427ad), wrote: "Mankind is always changing; God’s truth stands forever. And he has many ways of speaking to us, regardless of the human instruments he uses. Often enough, our reading of Holy Scripture is distracted by mere curiosity; we want to seize upon a point and argue about it, when we ought to be quietly passing on. You will get most out of it if you read it with humility, and simplicity, and faith, not concerned to make a name for yourself as a scholar. By all means ask questions, but listen to what holy writers have to tell you; do not find fault with the hard sayings of antiquity, their authors had good reason for writing as they did." And then even way before a
Kempis, St. Paul warns us that "the time will come when people will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear. They will turn their ears away from the truth and turn aside to myths. But you, keep your head in all situations." (2 Tm 4:2) The simple fact is this: while the Church as an organization and with regard to its externalities may have evolved through time, and while the manner with which it preached its message may have adapted to sociological circumstances (i.e., pastoral references to a people whose life revolved around agriculture and sheep herding), its doctrine, its message, its teachings have not. The Catholic Church’s position on contraception and homosexuality, from Scripture, to the Church fathers, to Sts. Augustine and Aquinas, to Popes Pius XI and John Paul II, and now Pope Benedict XVI, has been unflinchingly constant. It must also be emphasized that, contrary to what most people think, the Church’s position on those issues is based heavily on natural law, an expression of right reason universally applicable to everyone regardless of belief or culture. The Church compromising on contraception or homosexuality, considering both violate natural law? It will never happen. In the same way that the Church will not agree that 2 plus 2 equals 5. So, again, I repeat this urging: Considering the incredibly smarter people who’ve defended the Church and the fact that the Church has always been proven right, one would be wise to take this piece of advice from Archbishop Charles Chaput: "If you’re Catholic and you disagree with your Church, what do you do? You change your mind."
June 2012 Page 1 9
Lawmaker withdraws 'ban God' bill
MANILA, Philippines, June 24, 2012 - Rep. Raymond Palatino of the party-list group Kabataan has withdrawn his controversial bill, which seeks to ban religious activities and symbols in government offices. Palatino said he was offering his “sincere apologies” for any offense the measure has caused. “We are sad that we hurt the religious sentiments of many, when our desire was to uphold and promote religious sensitivity and harmony,” he said.
He said he was withdrawing House Bill 6330 “in response to the appeal and clamor of some of our members, constituents and supporters, various groups, institutions, and the general public to reconsider the filing of such measure.” Palatino, who is a Catholic, said he had no intention to “ban God,” suppress any religion or belief and prevent government employees from practicing their faith. “The purpose of the bill is to ensure that government offices do the bill while many Filipinos live in poverty. “It’s a good advertisement if you really want to run for higher office. People will talk about you and, before you know it, you’ll become better known. In that regard, I admire him. I think it is a very good strategy,” he said.) [But] several Catholic bishops lauded Palatino for withdrawing the bill. not favor one religion over the Catholic Bishops’ Conference other, or discriminate one against of the Philippines-Episcopal Comthe other,” he added. mission on Biblical Apostolate HB 6330, “An Act Empowerchairman Pampanga Auxiliary ing Heads of Offices and DepartBishop Pablo Virgilio David told ments to Strictly Implement the Radio Veritas that he praised PalaConstitutional Provisions on Relitino for “having the maturity and gious Freedom in Government Of- humility to accept correction and fices,” seeks to ban religious activi- listen to the people he represents.” ties including Masses, prayers, He said banning the expression of Christmas parties, and blessings, faith in a public space “actually and mandates the removal of relismacks of religious intolerance.” gious symbols like the crucifix, Bible Incoming San Jose, Nueva and Koran in public offices. Ecija Bishop Roberto Mallari said Palatino said he filed the bill he is grateful for the development, after receiving many complaints noting that the bill “is deceiving befrom government employees claim- cause we have religious freedom yet ing they are being “forced” by their they are preventing the expression superiors to attend Mass or other of religious beliefs.” religious activities even during office Antipolo Auxiliary Bishop hours. Francis de Leon said it would be He criticized some government better if Palatino would just think of offices that stop rendering service crafting good laws. to the public during lunch break For Marbel, South Cotabato because their employees have to Bishop Dinualdo Gutierrez, he beattend Mass. He said these public lieves that while Palatino withdrew offices should assign some person- the bill, the public should remain nel to serve the people even if other vigilant to this kind of thinking. employees have to attend Mass. “Satan is always busy,” he said. – (Archbishop Emeritus Oscar Cruz By Jess Diaz and Danny Dangca‐ earlier criticized Palatino for filing lan (www.philstar.com)
Abp Emeritus Oscar Orbos has a big dif‐ ficulty with a gov‐ ernment who is a busy‐body but doesn’t have a preferential option for the country’s poor.
“If you’re Catho‐ lic and you disagree with your Church, what do you do? “You change your mind."‐ ARCHBISHOP
Partners of the Heart
Vivien Thomas and His Work with Alfred Blalock by Vivien T. Thomas
"The fascinating tale of an extraordinary black man's involvement, growth, and final recognition in a white man's world of surgical research and medical practice. . .
At the same time, an insightful firsthand account of the genesis of some of the pioneering research into the nature of shock and some of the early procedures in cardiovascular surgery."—Journal of the History of Medicine Visitors to the Blalock Building at the Johns Hopkins University Medical Center are greeted by portraits of two great men. One, of renowned heart surgeon Alfred Blalock, speaks for itself. The other, of high school graduate Vivien Thomas, is testimony to the incredible genius and determination of the first black man to hold a professional position at one of America's premier medical institutions. Thomas's dreams of attending medical school were dashed when the Depression hit. After spending some time as a carpenter's apprentice, Thomas took what he expected to be a temporary job as a technician in Blalock's lab. The two men soon became partners and together invented the field of cardiac surgery. Partners of the Heart is Thomas's extraordinary autobiography. Trained in laboratory techniques by Alfred Blalock and Joseph W. Beard, Thomas remained Blalock's principal technician and laboratory chief for the rest of Blalock's distinguished career. Thomas very rapidly learned to perform surgery, to do chemical determinations, and to carry out physiologic studies. He became a phenomenal technician and was able to carry out complicated experimental cardiac operations totally unassisted and to devise new ones. In addition to telling Thomas's life story, Partners of the Heart traces the beginnings of modern cardiac surgery, crucial investigations into the nature of shock, and Blalock's methods of training surgeons. Vivien T. Thomas, a high school graduate, was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Johns Hopkins University and was made a member of the medical school faculty in recognition of his contributions to the practice of cardiovascular surgery and to the education of young surgeons. Partners of the Heart is the autobiography of this extraordinary man who struggled against overwhelming odds and achieved international recognition.
2004. McCabe's article, brought to Hollywood by Washington, D.C. dentist Irving Sorkin,formed the basis for the Emmy and Peabody Award-winning 2004 HBO film Something the Lord Made. Thomas' legacy as an educator and scientist continued with the institution of the Vivien Thomas Young Investigator Awards, given by the Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesiology beginning in 1996. In 1993, the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation instituted the Vivien Thomas Scholarship for Medical Science and Research sponsored by GlaxoSmithKline. In Fall 2004, the Baltimore City Public School System opened the Vivien T. Thomas Medical Arts Academy, and on January 29, 2008, MedStar Health unveiled the first "Rx for Success" program at the Academy, joining the conventional curriculum with specialized coursework geared to the health care professions. In the halls of the school hangs a replica of Thomas' portrait commissioned by his surgeon-trainees in 1968. The Journal Of Surgical Case Reports (JSCR) announced in January 2010 that their annual prizes for the best case report written by a doctor and best case report written by a medical student would be named after Thomas.
RH proponent doesn’t hide communist agenda
Reproductive Health: Sidelined but irrepressible
By Walden Bello
Phil Daily Inquirer |May 22, 2012
When the Reproductive Health (RH) Bill (House Bill 4244) made it past Committee on Population in the Philippines early in 2011, legislators and civil society organizations supporting RH were ecstatic. They had reason to be, for after 14 years of being bottled up in committee, the RH bill had blasted its way to the plenary and appeared to have the momentum. The Pro‐RH Legislative Strategy Riding on this momentum, the strategy of the pro-RH forces centered on two moves: 1) getting the President of the Republic of the Philippines to declare himself for the RH bill; and 2) getting the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate to call for an early vote on the measure. The pro-RH forces were successful in getting the President to declare himself in favor of the bill. After initially toying with the idea of crafting an RH bill that would be "more sensitive" to the concerns of the Roman Catholic Church, President Benigno Aquino III, perhaps realizing there was no appeasing the Church hierarchy on the issue, finally decided to support the bill drafted by Senate and House proponents of RH. This
was a major victory. However, the RH forces' attempt to follow up on this major step forward by extracting a commitment from the President to actively push the pro-administration coalition in the House to take a vote on the issue was less successful. The president's reluctance appeared to stem from a combination of a desire not to infringe on the independence of the legislature and a sense that the administration's parliamentary contingent was deeply divided on the issue. Getting the Speaker of the House of Representatives to call for an early vote has been more difficult than persuading the president to publicly support the bill. Rep. Feliciano "Sonny" Belmonte is proRH. Indeed, he is frank in telling people how he cannot understand "why any legislator would be against this bill." But he remains hesitant to call for a vote. According to some pro-RH advocates, his reluctance might stem from a number of factors, among them, the desire of someone oriented toward compromise to avoid confrontation with the hierarchy of the Catholic Church, an unwillingness to trigger division in the majority coalition that he leads, and lack of confidence that the numbers are there to "decisively" pass the bill. Some observers say he fears that a defeat or narrow victory might be viewed as a major blow to his leadership, leading to its being contested
by other forces. Others say, however, that the Speaker, a careful strategist, is simply waiting for the right opportunity to strike and clinch the bill. As for the situation in the Senate, it has turned out to be more precarious than that in the House. Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile and the Majority Leader Tito Sotto have emerged as vociferous foes of the measure. While Sotto's demagogical opposition had been expected, Enrile's uncompromising stance had not been. And whereas defense of the bill in the House has been handled by a wide range of proponents, the task has been left in the Senate to two women, Senators Miriam Santiago and Pia Cayetano, the pro-RH men of the chamber apparently unwilling to stick their heads above the foxhole. Delaying Tactics In any event, a year and a half after it fought its way out of the committee, the RH bill is marooned in the parliamentary doldrums. The numbers continue to favor it in both the House and the Senate, though every session day that passes endangers that edge. With the provisional vote count favoring the bill, the strategy of the opponents of the measure in the House has been to use repeated long interpellations or the threat of a quorum call to prevent the bill from coming to a vote or, failing that, to push
2 2 Page June 2012
Abp Tagle to Fil‐Ams: Share your faith with Americans
“They are everywhere. Filipinos find it easy compared to other peoWASHINGTON D.C. - Filipino ple to blend and harmonize with Tagle suggested this trait is ingrained expatriates can recapture a sense of their receiving culture,” Tagle in all Filipinos. He pointed to the Vatican the old country by rekindling their averred. II that emphasized the importance of the Catholic roots and fulfilling a misHe recounted the words of Jesuit nuclear family. “The family is a domestic sionary role in their adopted homes. priest Horacio dela Costa who said church, meaning the family is the church in the home. Family is the first experience “When you move to another cul- “the true wealth of Filipinos are of church for all of us,” he explained. ture, you experience necessarily music and faith.” Filipino-Americans, Tagle said, could some sort of disconnect,” said “Filipinos may be poor but intensify the feeling of church primarily in Archbishop Luis Antonio “Chito” somehow in their poverty comes the homes. “When your children attend Tagle, shepherd to about 3 million some kind of musicality. When we the masses, they can get a taste of the FiliCatholics in the Archdiocese of Ma- are sad, we hum a tune; when we pino,” he expounded. nila. are happy, we sing. We don’t need But Filipino Catholics also have the He officiated masses here last to rehearse, we just sing and there is opportunity to carry out another mandate month on his first pastoral visit to harmony,” Tagle declared, drawing from the church. “I know American parishes are very the United States, including one at laughter from his audience. open to inter cultural realities so if Filipithe historic St. Matthews CatheHe dismissed the notion that dral that was followed by a diaFilipinos remain poor because they nos could be actively involved in the parlogue organized by the Couples are lazy or lack initiative. “We have ishes then you could share the gift of the Filipino culture and Filipino faith expresfor Christ Foundation for Family seen so many difficult times as a sions,” the Manila prelate said. & Life (CFCFFL). people. Filipinos have suffered un“Share with the US Church,” he ap“The Catholic faith is not contold disasters even up to now. They pealed to Fil-Ams, reminding them about fined to only one culture. It can take plant and a typhoon comes to wipe their strengths. Like the resolute farmer shape in different cultures, taking out their crops. They have to start after a storm, Filipino Catholics can share into itself the beauty and even weak- over and over again – but instead of their unbounded belief that “We are not nesses of the different cultures,” he despairing, they plant with a smile alone and God will lead us to a brighter tomorrow.” explained. and hope the sun will rise again.” “The Filipino Catholic way is just one expression. Parents grew up as Catholics with our values, sentiments, mind-sets very much intertwined with the Catholic Church,” the prelate said. Tagle said it was “normal” for Filipinos, especially the estimated 13 million-strong Filipino Diaspora, to feel alienated in their new environment. And yet the overseas Filipino Abp Tagle shares a Kodak moment with “Team Tagle” ‐ Ben Manalaysay, Jeff Bedia, and Margi and Ado Paglinawan. Not in the photo is Vicky Cuisia. has become the “face of globalization”. By Rodney Jaleco, June 18, 2012
ABS‐CBN North America News Bureau
Melinda Gates attacks Catholic Confusion WH E PHILANTROPHN teaching on Birth Control Y DECID
By Timothy Herrmann NEW YORK, April 20 (CFAM) Melinda Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and a selfproclaimed practicing Catholic, is telling governments to dismiss the controversial link between contraception and population control and explicitly rejects Catholic social teaching along the way. Her rhetoric is part of her multi-billion dollar foundation’s new “NoControversy” campaign to reinforce universal access to birth control as a priority in the developing world.
out their knowledge” as recently as the 1990s. Though these coercive practices may have fallen out of favor, it may be far harder for organizations like the Gates Foundation to separate their own promotion of contraception entirely from population control. In their Annual Letter for 2012, the Gates Foundation draws a direct connection between “unsustainable” population growth and poverty and posits contraception as an essential tool to ensuring that “populations in countries like Nigeria will grow significantly less than projected.” Even recent history shows that governments that make fertility reduction a priority can easily slip into coercive modes such as what Gates recognized happened in Peru not long ago. The US government has said that even goals and timetables for contraceptive use are inherently coercive. Gates was particularly critical of the Catholic Church. She singled out Catholic social teaching as an obstacle to access to contraception throughout the world, stating that “as a practicing Catholic,” and “in the tradition of the great Catholic scholars,” it is “important to question received teachings,” in particular “the one saying that birth control is a sin.” Along with the Gates Foundation, organizations like UNFPA blame religious beliefs and contraception’s association with
CIDES TO TAKE OVER MORALITY
Speaking at a TedxChange conference in Berlin, Germany, Gates argued that contraception has been mistakenly associated with population control, abortion, forced sterilization, and mortal sin and insisted they are “side issues” that “have attached themselves to the core idea that men and women should be able to decide when to have a child.” Yet even Gates herself admitted that for years population control and contraception have become synonymous in the developing world, with countries like India “adopt[ing] unfortunate incentives [and] coercive methods as part of their family planning programs” in the 1960s and indigenous women in Peru being “anesthetized and sterilized with-
population control for creating a situation in which over 215 million women in the developing world experience what they call an “unmet need” for contraception. They define “unmet need” as “women and men who say they want no more children or want to delay their next birth by more than two years, but are not practicing contraception.” However, claiming that women who do not want children immediately and who report not using contraception as in “need” of contraception is misleading, as was shown in a landmark study by economist Lant H. Pritchet, currently professor of the Practice of International Development at Harvard. The study finds that access to contraception has little effect on fertility and that women will have the number of children they choose whether they have access to contraception or not. The study also explains that factors such as dislike for the side effects of contraception and religious objections are just as important as the cost and availability of contraception.
Say ‘NO’ to Melinda Gates:
SIGN THE INT’L PETITION
In just a few weeks billionaire Melinda Gates is hosting a Family Planning Summit in London. She is doing this with the largest abortion providers and promoters in the world, the UN Population Fund and International Planned Parenthood Federation. They say they want to raise $4 billion to promote contraception among poor women. This is population control plain
and simple, population control aimed at poor dark-skinned women. We have tried to get pro-lifers registered for this summit so there can be a counter voice….. We are being shut out by Planned Parnethood! but we will not be silenced. Please read the OPEN LETTER TO MELINDA GATES and if you agree
DEFY THE DEMONIC LIES AND VICIOUS USE OF PHILANTROPY
An Open Letter to Melinda Gates
Dear Ms. Gates, We are writing to you from all over the world. We are mothers and fathers, sisters and brothers, cous‐ ins, aunts, uncles and grandparents. We are students, teachers, doctors, lawyers, farmers, laborers, parliamentarians and policy makers, rich, poor and middle class. We are people from all walks of life. We are deeply concerned with your upcoming Family Planning Summit. The Gates Foundation’s pri‐ mary partners are NGOs and governments that engage in abortion and population control campaigns. The Summit’s purpose is to launch a global campaign to pressure governments to encourage women to view children as burdens and expendable. First, we understand that participation in the summit is limited only to those who agitate for more funding for family planning. We wonder if you will dialogue with those who may have another vision? You say women around the world tell you they want contraception. Perhaps that is because the peo‐ ple surrounding you are devoted to contraception and abortion. Your summit is organized by – and limited to – pro‐abortion and population control advocates. Second, we understand that the International Planned Parenthood Federation is mobilizing civil soci‐ ety participation. You said specifically in your TED speech that this initiative would have nothing to do with abortion. We wonder how this can be when your main partner is the world’s biggest abortion pro‐ vider? Third, we fear that such a global effort will inevitably lead to abuses. Whenever governments and NGOs get together to encourage poor women to use contraceptives, the result is often coercion and abuse. In fact, your partners for theSummit – the United Kingdom’s DFID, IPPF and UNFPA – have all been implicated in abuses against women related to family planning. Will you hear the voices of women and men who love and want children, or those who have been victims of contraception, abortion and population control campaigns? Will you invite discussion on the consequences of not having, or having too few children? Will you equal or surpass this Summit with sup‐ port for healthy child‐birth programs? We urge you to re‐consider the Family Planning Summit. We urge you to consider that this mission is fraught with danger and may not be what the women of the world really need. We urge you to listen to the voices of we hundreds of thousands!
that this is a dangerous conference and if you agree that pro-lifers should not be shut out, sign the letter! You can do this by login into http://2melinda-gates.org/ We hope to gather 100,000 signatures from all over the world and we will hand deliver them to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation headquarters in Seattle, Washington and/or directly on the steps of the Family Planning Summit in London on July 11th! But we have only two weeks to do it. Please read the OPEN LETTER TO MELINDA GATES, sign it, and then send this email to everyone in your address book. The only way this will be effective is if this email and this petition go viral all over the Internet. So, help us say NO to Melinda Gates. No abortion. No abortion groups. No coerced family planning. Send this message to all of your family and friends, TO YOUR ENTIRE ADDRESS BOOK. We will deliver all signatures to Melinda Gates office in two weeks!
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