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# SYLLABUS OF ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT 3rd Semester 5th Semester 7th Semester 4th Semester 6th Semester 8th Semester

Course Syllabus for 3rd Semester Subjects ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING L-3 T-1 P-2

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Polyphase Circuits:Polyphase source and circuits; balanced three phase source wi th balanced and unbalanced loads in Y and ? connections; relationship between ph ase and line voltages and currents; phasor diagrams; power relations in three ph ase loads; measurement of three phase power by two wattmeter method. Measurement: Induction type single phase energy meter- construction, torque equa tion, errors, adjustments and compensation. Electrical machines : (a) D.C. Generators:Construction and principle of operation, armature winding , armature reaction and commutation, interpoles and compensating winding, E.M.F. equation, classifications, characteristics and uses, losses and efficiencies, c ondition for maximum efficiency. (b) D.C. Motors :Principle of operation, classification, characteristics and uses, losses and efficiency, condition for maximum power output, starting and sp eed control. (c) Transformer :Construction of core type, shell type and berry type transfo rmers, classification, wor ing principle, e.m.f. equation, phasor diagram, lea a ge reactance, equivalent circuits, voltage regulation, losses and efficiency, op en circuit and short circuit tests, all day efficiency. (d) Polyphase induction motors :Construction, types of induction motor, princ iple of operation, equivalent circuit, torque equation, slip torque curves, loss es and efficiency, condition for maximum torque, no load and bloc ed rotor tests , methods of starting and speed control. (e) Altenators :Construction, classification, wor ing principle, armature win ding and winding factors, e.m.f. equation, armature reaction, synchronous reacta nce and impedance, phasor diagram, open-circuit and short circuit tests, voltage regulation by synchronous impendence method. (f) Single phase induction motors :Construction, principle of operation on th e basis of double revolving field theory, characteristics, types and starting me thods.

## TOP BASIC ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING L-3 T-1 P-2

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Polyphase Circuits:Polyphase source and circuits; balanced three phase source wi th balanced and unbalanced loads in Y and ? connections; relationship between ph ase and line voltages and currents; phasor diagrams; power relations in three ph ase loads; measurement of three phase power by two wattmeter method. Energymeter: Construction, wor ing principle and torque equation of 1-ph inducti on type energy meter; 3-ph energymeter. Electrical machines : (a) Transformer :Construction of core type, shell type and berry type transfo rmers, classification, wor ing principle, e.m.f. equation, phasor diagram, lea a ge reactance, equivalent circuits, voltage regulation, losses and efficiency, op en circuit and short circuit tests, all day efficiency. (b) Polyphase induction motors :Construction, types of induction motor, princ iple of operation, equivalent circuit, torque equation, slip torque curves, loss es and efficiency, condition for maximum torque, no load and bloc ed rotor tests , methods of starting and speed control. (c) D.C.Motor :Construction, wor ing principle, characteristics, starting, sp eed control and applications of d.c series and shunt motors. Electronics : (a) The P-N junction:Rectifiers- H.W & F.W rectifiers; 3-ph rectifiers; Filte rs; Zener diode voltage regulators. (b) The B.J.T:BJT as amplifier; Biasing circuits; Load line equations; Stabil ity; Small signal r-parameter model; Analysis of single stage & multi stage RC c oupled amplifiers; Class A & B power amplifiers. (c) The JFET :Biasing circuits of JFET; Small signal transconductance model o f JFET; Analysis of JFET amplifiers. (d) Introduction to SCR:Thyristorised power supplies, Converters, Inverters a nd Choppers.

TOP TRANSDUCERS

L-3

T-1

P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s 1. Classification of Transducers; Their characteristics rs and Uncertainity.

2. Statistical analysis of errors: Probability distribution function; Gaussian d istribution; Chi-square test; Regression analysis; Best fit curve; Pultering; Av eraging and Correlation techniques; Application to improve signal-to-noise ratio . 3. Resistance transducers:Principle of potentiometers; RTD and Thermistors; Stra in Gauge application in measurement of pressure, force, torque and vibration. 4. Capacitive transducers:Air gap and dielectric types and their applications. 5. Piezoelectric transducers:Piezoelectric crystal and its properties; Sensitive coefficients; Materials, Application. 6. Optical Transducers:LDR, LED, Photo detector, Radiation pyrometer. 7. Thermo couple:Characteristics, Installation and compensation, IC temperature sensors. 8. Combination of Elastic and Electrical transducers:Hall effect transducers; Ma gnetostrictive transducers; Feed bac transducers.

## An introduction to their performance and design Doeblin E.O., McGraw Hill.

2. Measurement Systems: Application and Design 3. Transducers and Instrumentation 4. Sensors and Transducers

Neuber

## EE - 332 L-3 T-1

P-2

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Bond model of Silicon crystal:Intrinsic carrier concentration, Effect of doping on carrier concentration, Holes and electrons, Majority and minority carriers, M obility and diffusion constants, Passage of current through semiconductor materi als, Drift and diffusion processes, Recombination and carrier life-time, Effect of temperature. The p-n junction: Basic construction, Abrupt junction and graded junctions, Symm etrically and asymmetrically doped devices, Built-in field and depletion region approximation, Analysis of the capacitance associated with a diode devices, Effe ct of temperature on the current flow. Circuit models of a diode:Piece-wise linear static model and dynamic incremental model; Practical circuits employing diode; Voltage multiplier, Clipper and clam per; Power rectifying circuits; Power filters; Special purpose diodes LED, Photo diode, Schott y diode. Bipolar junction transistor (BJT):Basic construction and the physical behaviour of the device; Low level injection condition; Forward active region (FAR) and th e study of the flow of carriers through the BJT; Control valve action; Volt-amp curves; Base width modulation and early effect; Static circuit models; Ebers Mol l equations for the current of BJT forward bias conditions; A simple amplifier c ircuit; Bias stability, compensation and biasing methods; The common base (CB), common emitter (CE) and common collector (CC) configurations. Small signal operation of the BJT amplifier:Incremental models for the BJT; Hybr id-? model; Analysis of amplifiers with the help of incremental models; Simplifi ed low frequency operation; Gains, input and output impedances of the amplifiers ; Some ideas about high frequency analysis such as Miller effect and Dominant po le approximation; Determination of the Hybrid-? parameters; Details about Two po rt ?- and h-parameter analysis. Multiple stage BJT amplifiers:PNP and NPN combinations; Voltage and current bias ing methods; Gains; Frequency response of the amplifiers; High power circuits (C lass A, B & B-Push-Pull, AB and C operations) and their efficiencies; Distortion ; Introduction to negative feedbac amplifier. Field effect transistor (FET):Construction and characteristics of Junction FET ( JFET); Principle of operation; Characteristic parameters of JFET; Effect of temp erature on JFET parameters; Biasing of JFETs; Common drain (CD), Common source ( CS) and Common gate (CG) configurations; Frequency response of JFET amplifiers; Metal oxide semiconductor FET (MOSFET); Enhancement MOSFET (EMOSFET) and Depleti on MOSFET (DMOSFET); Differences between JFETs and MOSFETs; Biasing of EMOSFET a nd DMOSFET; Applications of MOSFETs; Complementary MOSFET (CMOS).

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1.Electronic Principles Physics Models and Circuits Scarls, Wiley Eastern Ltd 2. Electronics Devices and Circuits 3. Electronic Principles 4. Integrated Electronics

## TOP ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT ANALYSIS EE - 332 L-3 T-1

P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Sinusoidal Steady State Analysis:Phasor representation of sinusoidal functions; Frequency domain diagram; Phasor diagram; Node and Loop analysis methods; Steady state response using networ theorems Thevenin s, Norton s, Superposition, Reciproc ity and Maximum power transfer theorems; Magnetically coupled circuits; Duality of networ s. Resonance circuits: Resonance in series and parallel R-L-C circuits; Resonant fr equency; Selectivity; Bandwidth; Q-factor and their relationship for series & pa rallel resonance circuits. Three phase circuits:Three phase source; Phase sequence; Balanced 3-? source wit h balanced and unbalanced load; Relation between phase voltage & line voltage an d phase current & line current for star and delta connected load; Power relation in 3-? loads; Measurement of power and power factor (pf) by 2-wattmeters method ; Single line equivalent of balanced 3-? systems. Circuit Transients:Concept of circuit transient; Transient response & steady sta te response; Laplace Transform method and solution of networ problems due sudde n application of step, sinusoidal and exponential forcing functions. Networ Functions:Driving point impedance and admittance; Transfer functions; Po les & zeroes of networ functions. Two port networ s:Impedance; Admittance; Transmission (T) and hybrid (h) paramet ers of two port networ ; Condition for reciprocity & symmetry; Relation between the parameter sets; Equivalent T & ? section representation. Non-sinusoidal periodic waves:Periodic waves; Fourier analysis of non-sinusoidal periodic waves; Waveform symmetry; Frequency spectrum; Average value; Root mean square (RMS) value; Average power of non-sinusoidal periodic functions.

## ops; Tie-set; Cut-set matrix; Incidence matrices; Networ equilibrium equations.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Electric Circuits E.J Edminister (McGrow Hill)

2. Engineering Circuit Analysis- Hayt ,Kemmerly&Durbin (TMH) 3. Networ & Systems- D.Roy Choudhury (Wily Eastern) 4. Networ Analysis and Synthesis- C.L.Wadhwa (New Age International) 5. Circuit Theory- A.Cha raborty (Dhanpat Rai)

TOP

Course Syllabus for 4th Semester Subjects DIGITAL SYSTEMS AND LOGIC DESIGN EE - 432 L-3 T-1

P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Introduction:Switching circuits & devices ; Characteristics of ICs and logical l evel; Positive & negative logic levels. Realization of Logic Gates : Elementary idea of TTL & MOS technology for logic g ates ; Important Characteristics of logic gate families. Representation of Informations :General number Systems decimal, binary , octal & hexadecimal numbers ; Conversion from one system to another ; Codes & code conv ersion ; BCD, Gray, Natural BCD & Extended code ; Negative, positive & floating point numbers ; Sign magnitude ; 1 s compliment and 2 s compliment representation ; Arithmetic operations ; Representation of textual informations in ASCII & EBCDIC codes. Boolean Algebra & Logic Functions :Concept of Boolean algebra ; Theorems & laws; Boolean expressions; Canonical & standard forms of logic functions & their prop erties; Truth table representation ; Minimization of logic functions in Canonica l forms of Sum-of-Products (SOP) and Product-of-Sums (POS) by Karnaugh Map, Quin e Mclus y and Iterative methods. Combinational Logic Circuits :AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR & XNOR gates and thei

## Sudha ar, Shyammohan (TMH)

r truth tables; Implementation of Boolean functions using logic gates; Multiplex er; Decoder; Encoder; Code converters; Half and full adder; Parity generator & p arity chec er; Design of above logic circuits and simple combinatorial logic pro blems. Sequantial Logic Circuits :Concept of sequential circuits ; Flip-flop and its di fferent types cloc ed R-S , J-K, J-K Master Slave, D & T; Shift Registers Buffer s, Serial-in-Parallel-out (SIPO), Parallel-in-Serial-out (PISO), Serial-in-Seria l-out (SISO) and Parallel-in-Parallel-out (PIPO); Hazards of sequential circuits ; Sequence generator; State diagram; Design of Counters Synchronous & Asynchrono us, Up & down; Presettable counters.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Digital Principles and Applications 2) Logic Design and Switching Circuits 3) Digital Circuits and Logic Design 4) Digital Electronics and Logic Design TOP ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT - I EE - 433 L-3 T-1

P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Ammeter, Voltmeter & Ohmmeters : a) Review of PMMC & MI type instruments ; Construction and wor ing principle of Megger. b) Construction , operating principle & torque equation for Electrodynamic, Electrostatic & Induction type instruments. c) Relative comparison among PMMC, MI, Electrodynamic, Electrostatic & Induc tion type instruments. Wattmeter & Energymeters : Principle of measuring power by using Dynamometer and Induction type wattmeters ; Errors and compensation ; low power factor polyphas e wattmeters ; Energymeter difference between wattmeter & energymeter ; Principl e of construction of Induction type energymeter ; Error compensation and adjustm ents in energymeter. Special Type Meters :Construction and wor ing principle of Frequency meter, Sync hroscope, Power factor meter, Flux meter, Maximum demand meter.

Malvino & Leach Doglas Lewin Samual & Lee Gothman, PHI

Instrument Transformers :Uses of instrument transformers ; Theory of CT & PT ; R atio & phase angle errors ; Errors compensations ; Testing of CT & PT. Oscilloscope:Bloc diagram representation ; Cathode ray tube ; Vertical and Hori zontal deflection systems ; Delay line ; Multiple trace ; CRO probe & transducer s ; Measurement of voltage, current, phase & frequency by CRO ; Storage Oscillos cope. Electronic Instruments :(a) Electronic Voltmeters : Advantage & disadvantages of using electronic voltmeters ; Different stages in AC & DC electronic voltmeters ; Balanced bridge voltmeter ; Principle and circuit diagrams for average respon ding ; pea responding & RMS responding voltmeters.(b) Digital voltmeters : Clas sification of digital voltmeters ; Principle, bloc diagram and signal wave form of ramp type, stair case ramp type and integrating type digital voltmeters. (c) Electronic Multimeters & Q-meters. Recorders:Different types of recorders ; Construction, wor ing principle and cir cuit diagrams of Strip- chart & X-Y recorders.

## Electrical Measurement and Measuring Instruments.

2) William D. Cooper -Electronic Instrumentation & Measurement Techniques. 3) A.K. Sawhney TOP POWER SYSTEM - I EE - 434 L-3 T-1 A Course in Electrical Measurement and Measuring Instruments.

P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s General Bac ground :Function & growth of electric power systems ; Transmission o f electrical energy; Comparison of D.C & A.C systems ; Comparison of overhead & underground systems. Overhead Line Transmission : a) Choice of transmission voltage & its effect on transmission efficiency ; Type of conductors and selection criterion of different sizes. b) Line Parameters : Calculation of inductors and capacitors of 1-ph & 3-ph single and double circuit transmission lines ; Stranded & boundle conductors ; T ransposition ; Effect of earth in 1-ph and 3-ph lines ; Internal impedance and c urrent density in a hollow conductors ; S in & proximity effects ; Use of tables for conductors.

c) Performance of Short, Medium & Long Transmission Lines : Nominal T & ? me thods ; Rigorous solutions for long transmission line ; Ferranti effect ; Regula tion & efficiency ; ABCD constants. d) Voltage Control : Sending end & receiving end voltage ; Methods of voltag e control Synchronous machines , shunt capacitor & reactors, series capacitors, tape-changing transformers, booster transformers. e) Circle Diagrams : Receiving end power circle diagram ; Calculation of syn chronous phase modifier capacity ; Percentage regulation & efficiency ; Sending end power circle diagram ; Lossy line & loss circle diagram. f) Overhead Line Insulators : Types of insulators ; Voltage distribution on an insulator string ; Stringing efficiency ; Methods of grading of insulators an d static shielding ; Testing of insulators. g) Mechanical Design : Calculation of sag & tension effect of wind and ice l oading ; Support at different levels ; Sag templates ; Stringing chart ; Spacing between conductors ; Type of supporting structures ; Conductor vibration and vi bration damper. h) Corona : Electric stress at surface of overhead line conductors ; Disrupt ive critical voltage ; Visual critical voltage ; Corona loss ; Factors effecting corona loss ; Method of reducing loss ; Radio interference electrostatic and el ectromagnetic interference with communication lines. Underground Cable:Different types ; Insulating materials ; Insulation resistance ; Brea down of cable insulation ; High voltage cables Internal & external gas p ressure cables , Gas filled cables ; Capacitance of single and multi core cables ; Grading of cables ; Insulation ; Sheath losses ; Dielectric losses ; Thermal ratings ; Testing of cables ; Method of cable laying and cable joining. A.C & D.C Distribution :Copper efficiency of d.c 2-wire, d.c 3-wire, a.c 1-ph 2wire, a.c 3-ph 3-wire & a.c 3-ph 4-wire systems ; Radial system- distributed & c oncentrated loads on feeders ; Feeders feed at one end and both ends with equal & unequal voltages; Ring mains, sub-mains and tapperd mains; Choice of feeding p oints ; Sectionalization of networ s ; Electricity regulations.

## I.J Nagrath & D.P Kothari Stevension Jr.

5) Elements of Power System Analysis TOP ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD THEORY EE - 431 L-3 T-1

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Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Vector Analysis :Scalar & vector field; Vector algebra; Vector calculus gradient , divergence and curl of a vector; Cartesian , Cylindrical and Spherical systems of vectors; Transformation between vectors; Line & surface integral; Divergence theorem; Sto es theorem and Green s theorem. Electrostatics in Vacuum & Dielectrics : Coulomb s law ; Principles of superpositi on of forces ; Electric field intensity ; Field due to point charges , line char ges and sheet of charges ; Electric flux & flux density ; Gauss s law ( Integral & differential form) ; Applications of Gauss s law ; Laplace s & Poisson s equations; M axwell s first equation (Electrostatics) ; Electric potential & potential differen ce ; Relation between field & potential ; Equipotential surface ; Potential grad ient ; Electric dipole ; Electrostatic energy ; Energy & field in presence of di electrics ; Boundary equations. Boundary Value Problems :Poisson s & Laplace s equations; Uniqueness theorem and bou ndary conditions; Solution of Laplace s equation in different co-ordinate systems; Solution of Poisson s equation; Method of images. Magnetostatic Field :Magnetic field ; Biot-savart law; Ampere s circuital law; Law s of magnetostatic in vector form; Magnetic scalar & vector potential; Magnetic dipole moment of current loop. Electromagnetic Field :Faraday s laws in integral & differential form; Energy in m agnetic field; Force & Torque on current loop; Magnetic boundary conditions. Time Varying Fields :Maxwell s equations in differential & integral form; Retarded potential; Poynting vector; Power & energy consideration; Poynting theorems. Plane Electromagnetic Waves :Wave equation in free space; Wave equation in perfe ct dielectrics; Plane wave in lossy dielectrics; Propagation in good conductors; Polarization of plane electromagnetic waves; Retarded potential; Standing wave ratio; Reflections of uniform plane waves.

## 2) Elements of Electromagnetic Fields 3) Electromagnetics

Joseph A Edminister ( Schaum s Series) N.N.Rao (PHI) Dale Carson & Paul P.V Gupta (Wheeler)

## W.H.Hayt (TMH) S.P Seth (Dhan Pat Rai)

7) Electromagnetic Fields-R.Meena umari & C.R Subasni (New Age) TOP INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN - 451 L-3 T-1

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Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s Inductive Transducers :Types and there principles of measurements ; LVDT and its phase sensitive detector ; Synchros- principle , constructions and applications . Stepper Motors : Construction ; Method of operation ; Torque equation ; Driver c ircuits ; Logic translator ; applications. D.C. & A.C ( 2-phase) Servo Motors :Construction ; wor ing principle ; Torque eq uation ; Transfer functions ; Effect of load variation. Ultrasonic Devices :Principle and applications. Special Transducers :D.C & A.C Techogenerators ; Digital transducers ; Pneumatic and Hydraulic components Flapper Nozzle , Jet valves and their applications. P-D, P-I & P-I-D Controllers :Principle , Transfer functions , Physical realizat ion and applications.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Neubert H.K.P Instrument Transducers: An Introduction to their Performance & Deign ( Clarendon Press) 2. Murthy D.V.S 3. Lipta V.G Transducers & Instrumentation ( PHI) Instrument Engineer s Hand Boo (Vol-I & II )

4. Doebelin E.O- Measurement Systems : Applications & Design (McGrow Hill) 5. Armens y E.V & Fal G.B Fractional H.P Electrical Machines (Mir Publishers)

6. Gibson J.E & Tuteur F.B- control System components (Mc Grow Hill) TOP MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTS

## IN - 452 L-3 T-1

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Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s 1. Introduction to Metrology 2. Measurement of thic ness, angle, slope, diameter, taper, screw parameters, Ga uge etc. 3. Pressure Measurement - Manometers ; Bellows ; Bourdon tubes design features, calibration and dynamic measurement ; Vacuum measurement Mcleod gauge, Pirani ga uge , Knudsen gauge , Ionization gauge etc. 4. Flow Measurement - Head type, Area type , Mass flow meter, Electrical type El ectromagnetic, Ultrasonic, Hotwire, Anemometers and Digital type- operating prin ciple & design features; Flowmeters for solid materials. 5. Level, Humidity, Viscosity and Density Measurement - Basic principles 6. Measurement of Force, Velocity , Displacement , Acceleration, Torque, Vibrati on, Revolution counters, Seismic accelerometers and Vibrometers. 7. Pneumatic Instrumentation - Introduction, Power supply, Air filter, Pressure regulator, Servo valve, Relay, Amplifier, Controller & Recorders, Introduction t o Fluidic devices.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Doebelin E.O 2. Patranibis D 3. Jones B.E Measurement Systems : Applications and Design (McGrow Hill) Principles of Industrial Instrumentation

## 4. Bac with T. G , Buch N. L and Marangoni R.D

5. K.Krishnaswamy- Industrial Instrumentation (New Age) 6. Ec man D.P TOP Industrial Instrumentation (WE)

## Course Syllabus for 5th Semester Subjects Electrical Measurement-II

L-3

T-1

P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Introduction: D.C POTENTIOMETER, BASIC D.C POTENIOMETER CKT, CROMTONN S POTENTIOME TER, MULTIRANGE POTENTIOMETER, STANDARD CELL DIAL, VOLT-RATIO BOX, APPLICATION F OR THE MEASUREMENT OF VOLTAGE, RESISTANCE AND POWER, CALIBRATION OF VOLTMETER, A MMETER AND WATTMETER, SELF BALANCING POTENTIOMETER, A.C POTENTIOMETER PRINCIPLE AN D CLASSIFICATION, GALL-TINSLAY A.C POTENTIOMETER, (CO-ORDINATE TYPE ), DRYSTAL P OLAR POTENTIOMETER, STANDARISATION, ERRORS AND APPLICATIONS. MEASUREMENT OF RESISTANCE: IDEA OF LOW, MEDIUM& HIGH RESISTANCE, MEASUREMENT OF MEDIUM RESISTANCE BY AMMETER-VOLTMETER METHOD, SUBSTITUTION METHOD, WHEATSTONE B RIDGE METHOD, MEASUREMENT OF LOW RESISTANCE BY KELVIN DOUBLE BRIDGE METHOD, DIFF ICULTIES OF MEASUREMENT HIGH RESISTANCES, USE OF GUARD CKT, LOSS OF CHARGE METHO D, MEASUREMENT OF INSULATION RESISTANCE WITH POWER ON, FACTORS EFFECTING EARTH R ESISTANCE, METHODS OF MEASURING EARTH RESISTANCE. A.C BRIDGES:GENERAL FORM OF A.C BRIDGE, MAXWELL S INDUCTANCE BRIDGE, MAXWELL S INDUC TANCE/CAPACITANCE BRIDGE, HAY S BRIDGE, ANDERSON S BRIDGE, OWEN S BRIDGE, HIGH VOLTAGE SCHERING BRIDGE, HEAVISIDE MUTUAL INDUCTANCE BRIDGE, CAMPBELL S MODIFICATION OF H EAVISIDE BRIDGE, HEAVISIDE CAMPBELL EQUAL RATIO BRIDGE, CARY-FOSTER BRIDGE, WIEN S BRIDGE, SOURCES OF ERRORS IN BRIDGE CKTS, SHIELDING OF BRIDGE ELEMENTS, WAGER EA RTHING DEVICE. MAGNETIC MEASUREMENT :DIFFERENT MAGNETIC MEASURING QUANTITIES, FLUX MEASUREMENT BY FLUXMETER, PRINCIPLE OF MAGNETIC POTENTIOMETER, EWING DOUBLE BAR & ILLIOVICI PERMEAMETER, DETERMINATION OF B-H CURVE AND THE B-H LOOP BY THE METHOD OF REVERS AL AND STEP BY STEP METHOD, HYSTERESIS LOSS MEASUREMENT BY WATTMETER METHOD, BRI DGE METHOD AND POTENTIOMETER METHOD. TRANSDUCERS:CLASSIFICATION AND SELECTION OF TRANSDUCERS, CONSTRUCTION PRINCIPLE AND APPLICATIONS OF DIAPHRAGMS, BELLOWS, BOUDEN TUBES, SPRINGS, CAPACITIVE, PIZE OELECTRIC AND PHOTOELECTRIC TRANDUCERS. HIGH VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS AND TESTING:TYPES OF TESTS, HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSFORMERS, VOLTAGE CONTROL BY VARIATION OF ALTERNATOR FIELD CURRENT, TAPPED TRASFOMERS, IN DUCTION REGULATORS, CONTROL GEAR AND PROTECTIVE DEVICES, EQUIPMENT FOR VOLTAGE M EASUREMENT, MEASUREMENT OF R.M.S, PEAK, INSTANTANIOUS VALUES OF VOLTAGES, LOW FR EQUENCY HIGH VOLTAGE TESTS, HIGH VOLTAGE D.C TESTING, HIGH VOLTAGE D.C TESTING O F CABLES, LOCALISATION OF FAULTS IN H.V CABLES, HIGH FREQUENCY H.V TESTING, SURG E TESTING, BASIC IMPULSE GENERATOR, TESTING OF INSULATING MATERIAL, IMPULSE TEST ING OF TRANSFORMER, H.V TESTING OF CABLES, TESTING OF STRENGTH OF INSULATING OIL S, H.V TESTING OF PORCELAIN INSULATORS.

## TOP OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING WITH C++ L-3 T-1 P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Fundamental Notating:Primitive and composite data types, Dependence of algorithm s on data structure. Data structures: Linear lists, sta es, queues, arrays, lin -lists, spose matrice s (transpose and multiplication algorithms), trees and graphs (binary tree trave rsing, dfs and bfs algorithm, connected components algorithms, spanning tree alg orithm) --- their representation in sequential storage and lin lists and algori thms for manipulation operation. Concept of object-oriented programming:Object-oriented language features- object , classes, instances, inheritance, class library, abstraction, polymorphism, enc apsulation, dynamic binding, operator overloading. Study of following features of c++ :Review of C language, class, objects, operat or overloading, inheritance, containership, arrays and strings; virtual, friend and static functions, abstract classes, pointer in c++, files and streams, featu res of graphic functions in c++.

## Horowits and Sahni.

2. Object- oriented programming with C++ -- E. Balaguruswami.(TMH) 3. Programming with C++ - John R. Hubbard, Ph.D ( Schum s Series)McGraw Hill Inter national Editions TOP INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL PROCESS: L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s CHEMICAL AND PHYSICALES PRINCIPLES:Chemical formulas, chemical equations, Temper ature, pressure and Gas laws.

UNIT OPERATION: The scientific foundation of unit operation, basic laws, materia l and energy balance. Dimensional and dimensionless equation, dimensional analys is. Classification of units operation e.g. fluid flow, heat transmission, blendi ng operation, separation process, solid handling etc. Classification of chemical process e.g. combustion, oxidation, halogenation, hydrogenation, fermentation e tc. FLUID MECHANICS:Energy and momentum relationships, nature and type of fluid, ide al and non-ideal gas. Compressible and incompressible fluid, basic equation of f luid flow, flow through pipe, fittings and valves, pumps, compressors and blower s, calculation of power and size of agitated vessel. HEAT TRANSFER:Mode of heat transfer, steady and unsteady conduction-Fourier s law, introduction to convection, individual and overall heat transfer co-efficient, nature and force convection with and without phase change, viscous, transition a nd turbulent region. Design of heat transfer equipment e.g. heat exchanger, cond enser, furnace and evaporators. Radiant heat transmission, energy emitted by bla c body, laws of blac body radiation. MASS TRANSFER:Fundamental, theory of diffusion, comparison of diffusion and heat transfer, fic s law, equimolal diffusion, diffusivity of gases and liquid, turbu lent diffusion, mass transfer co-efficient and film theory, penetration theory. Experimental measurement of mass transfer and design of mass transfer equipment e.g. absorbers, plate and pac ed column. Separation process by membrane. Flash distillation of binary mixture, continuous distillation with reflux. E quilibrium stage calculation, no of ideal plate, McCabe-Thiele method. Definition of rate reaction, the general balance equation, batch reactors co ntinuous flow reactors both isothermal and non-isothermal operations, Industrial reactors, Stoichimetric relationship and reactor T

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1.McCabe W L, Smith J.C.; Peter harriott. H- Unit Operation of chemical Engg McG raw Hill 2.Levenspiel O Chemical Reaction Engg Wiley Eastern Pvt Ltd. New Delhi. 3.Himmelban D.H: of India TOP Advanced Electronics L-3 T-1 P-3 Basic Principles and Calculation in Chemical Engg. Prentice Hall

## Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s

Transistor High Input Impedance and Power Amplifier:Need for High input impedanc e amplifier, Emitter follower; Darlington amplifier; Tuned amplifier; Class-A, C lass-B, Class-AB and Class-C amplifiers; Distortions in power amplifiers. Transistor Oscillators: Positive feedbac and Bar hausen criterion for sustained oscillations; Classification of oscillators, Tuned collector oscillator; Hartle y oscillator; Colpitt s oscillator, RC oscillators, Crystal oscillator. Linear Integrated Circuits:Classification and fabrication of ICs, Integrated dif ference amplifiers; Biasing techniques; Operational amplifier; Characteristics a nd specification of OPAMPs; OFFSET compensation; FET OPAMPs. Linear Applications of OPAMPs:Open loop operation of OPAMPs; Voltage-series and current-series feedbac ; Non-inverting and inverting configurations of OPAMP cir cuits; Instrumentation amplifiers; V to I and I to V converters; Summing scaling and averaging amplifiers; Log and antilog amplifiers; Integrators and different iators; Electronic analog and computation. Non Linear Applications of OPAMPs:Comparators; Schimitt trigger; Voltage limiter ; F to V and V to F converters; OPAMP oscillators; OPAMP multivibrators; Triangu lar and sawtooth wave generator; Clipper, clamper, pea detector; Sample and hol d circuit. Active Filters:Classification of filters; Butterworth RC filters of various type s and orders using OPAMP; High Q band pass and band stop filter; All pass filter s; Universal active filter; Switched capacitor filter. Specialized IC Applications:The 555 timer IC; PLL ,voltage regulator ICs; DAC, A DC ICs.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Integrated Circuit Electronics - Millman and Hal ins 2. Microelectronics- Millman 3. OPAMP and Linear IC Applications - Rama ant and Gaya wad 4. Linear Integrated Circuit--Roy Chowdhury and Jain TOP Electrical Engineering Materials L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Crystal Structure:Unit cell and Bravais lattice; Bravais lattice in tow-dimensio

nal and three-dimensional crystal structures; Direction and planes in a crystal lattice: Miller indices; Crystal structures of solids-LCC, FCC, BCC, simple cubi c and diamond structures; X-ray diffraction and Bragg s law. Conductor Materials: Free electron theory of metals-conductivity, drift velocity , relaxation time, collision time and mean free path; Fermi-Direc distribution; Temperature and impurity effect; Frequency effect; Effect of magnetic fields-Hal l effect and megnetoresistance; Heat developed in current carrying conductors; T hermal conductivity; Conductor materials-choice of conductor materials, high con ductive materials, materials of high resistivity, materials for fuse and soldier s, materials for lamp filaments, thermoionic materials; Superconductivity-basic theory and application. Semiconductor Materials:Intrinsic semiconductors- chemical bond in ST and Ge, En ergy band in semiconductors, Density of charge carriers, Conductivity of intrins ic semiconductors; Extrinsic semiconductors; Doping in semiconductors, Effect of doping in electrical conductivity, p-type semiconductors, density and mobility of charge carriers; Hall effect; Drift current and defusion currents; Einstein r elation; Fabrication of PN junction, PNP junctions and integrated circuits; Soci al applications of semiconductors-nonlinear resistors(Varistors), themistors, al loy semiconductors- li e Ga-As, Ga-I-As, Ga-I-Al , etc. used in optoelectronic d evices. Magnetic Materials:Magnetic parameters-permeability and magnetic susceptibility; Magnetic dipole moment and angular momentum; Classification of magnetic materia ls; Diamagnetism; Paramagnetism; Ferromagnetism and Curie-Wiess law; Ferrimagnet ism; Magnetic domain; Magnetic anisotrophy and magnetostriction; Ferrimagnetic m aterials. Dielectric Materials:Dielectric parameters-Dielectric constant, dipole moment, p olarization and polarizability, Clausius-Mosotti equation; Mechanism of polariza tion-electronic polarization, ionicpolarization and dipolar polarization; Freque ncy dependence of polarizability; Dielectric losses; Ferroelectric materials the ir properties and classification; Piezoelectricity; Mechanism of dielectric brea down of gases; Liquids and solids; Factors influencing dielectric strength; Ins ulating materials; Properties of common insulating materials used in electrical apparatus li e mica, asbestos, glass, ba elite, porcelain, rubber, paper, cotton , sil fiber, wood, plastics, PVC resins, varnishes, insulating oil and liquids, gaseous insulator etc.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Electrical Engineering Materials----A. J. De er (Prentice Hall, India) 2. Science of Engineering Materials---C. M. Srivastava and C. Srinivasan (WE) 3. An Introduction to Engineering Materials---C. Indul ar (S. Chand & Company) 4. Electrical Engineering Materials---G. P. Chalotra & B. K. Bhatt. TOP Electrical Machines-I

L-3

T-1

P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s D.C. Generators:Construction and wor ing principle of D.C. generator; Armature w inding-different types of windings; Dummy coil; Equaliser rings; e.m.f equation; Armature reaction and commutation; Solution of commutation problems; Compensati on winding; Types of D.C. generators; Voltage build up in self excited generator s; Characteristics of separately excited and self exited generators; Parallel op erations of d.c generators; Losses and efficiencies; Applications. D.C. Motors: Principle of D.C. motor; bac e.m.f; Torque equation; Condition for maximum torque; Armature reaction and commutation; Types of d.c motors; Charact eristics and applications of series, shunt and compound motors; Method of speed control; Starters for different D.C. motors; Electric bra ing; Losses and effici ency; Testing of D.C. machines-bra e test; swinburn test; Hop inson test; retard ation test. Transformers:Types and construction; Wor ing principle; e.m.f equation; Transfor mation ratio; Ideal transformer; Winding resistance and magnetic lea age; Phasor diagrams; Equivalent circuit; Losses and efficiency; Condition for maximum effi ciency; All-day efficiency; Voltage regulation; Testing of transformers- polarit y test, O.C and S.C tests; Sumpner test; Principle of autotransformer; Saving in copper; Phasor diagram; Equivalent circuit; Advantages and disadvantages; 3 pha se transformer- Y-Y, D-D,Y-D, D-Y and V-V connections; Scott connections; 3-ph t o 6-ph conversion- double star, double delta and diametral connections; Parallel operation-conditions for parallel operations and load sharing; Transformer cool ing and transformer oil; Pulse transformer. 3-Phase Induction Machines:Construction of squirrel-cage and phase-wound motor; Principle of operation; Slip and frequency of rotor current; Torque equation; St arting torque; Condition for maximum torque; Full-load torque; Power flow diagra m; Torque-slip curve; Starting methods; No-load and bloc rotor tests; Circle di agram; Speed control; Double cage induction motor; Induction generator; Inductio n regulator; Cogging and crawling; Applications; Advantages and disadvantages.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Theory of A.C Machinery- A.S Langsdrof (TMH) 2) Elect. Machines-Nagrath & Kothari (TMH) 3) Performance & Design of A.C Machines- M. G Say 4) Advanced Elect. Technology- H. Cotton 5) Fundamentals Of Elect. Machines B.R Gupta & V. Singhal (New Age)

## 6) Prblems in Elect. Engg.- N.N Par er Smith.

TOP

Course Syllabus for 6th Semester Subjects COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING L-3 T-1 P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Introduction:An over view of communication process-electronic communication (1) Signals and spectra: Classification of signals,spectrum of signal,Fourier se ries and Fourier transform,Convolution,singularity function,Fourier transform of periodic signals,Hilbert transform,normalised power,Parseval s theorem,Raligh s the orm,spectral density,correlation between wave forms-cross correlation and autocorrelation,signal transmission through a linear time invarient system,transfer function,impulse response,ideal filter-LPF&BPF,causality,practical filters,typic al communication channels,distortion less transmission,signal transmission throu gh BPF-pre envelope and complex envelope. (2) Random signals and noise:Review of probability theory,random variables,proba bility distribution functions&probability density function,joint probablity,Gaus sian distribution,Raleigh s distribution and exponential distribution,error functi on,random processes,average and variance of random processes,source of noise,noi se as a random process,white noise,noise transmission through LTI system,SNR,noi se temperature,available power of a noise source,calculation of rms noise voltag e,noise equivalent resistance of an amplifier,noise figure. (3) C.W modulation and detection:Need for modulation,amplitude modulation,AM mod ulators-low level and high level modulation techniques,AM detectors,superheterod yne reciever princples,ICIC reciver for AM,frequency modulation-NBFM&WBFM,FM mod ulators,FM detectors,noise in FM systems,phase modulation,supressed carrier modu lation-DSB-SC&SSB-SC,generation and detection of SC modulation system,phase and frequency error in SC modulation system,FDM. (4) Pulse modulation:Nyquist sampling theorem,pulse modulation system-PAM,PWM,PP M,aliasing,natural sampling and flat top sampling,quantization,quantization erro r,PCM,companding,TDM,cross top,differential PCM,delta modulation,adaptive DM. (5) Electromagnetic wave propagation:Electromagnetic radiation,propagation modes of EM waves-ground wave,s y wave,space wave,tropospheric scatter,extra terrestr ial communication,dipole antenna,resonant antenna ,non resonant antenna,Marconi and Hartz antenna, antenna coupling at medium frequencies,directional high frequ ency antenna,microwave antenna,wide band antenna.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: (1) Principles of Communication Systems-Taub & Schilling.

(2) Communication Principles-Simon Hay in. (3) Analog and Digital Communication Systems-Martin Roden. (4) Electronic Communication Systems-George Kennedy. TOP Drawing and Design of Electrical Systems L-0 T-0 P-4

Theory:: 100 Mar s 1) Drawing:Sign and symbols as per IS code; Lap and wave winding diagrams of D.C machines; A.C. machine windings; parts of d.c machines ,synchronous machines; t ransformers and induction machines ; transformer bushings; transmission line ins ulators; cable and conductors; transmission line towers and poles; D.C. and A.C motor starters; earthing systems as per ISI recommendation; different types of m easuring instruments; connection diagram of fluorescent lamp; sodium vapour lamp s and mercury vapour lamps. Design: Classification of signals,spectrum of signal,Fourier series and Fourier transform,Convolution,singularity function,Fourier transform of periodic signals ,Hilbert transform,normalised power,Parseval s theorem,Raligh s theorm,spectral dens ity,correlation between wave forms-cross correlation and auto- correlation,signa l transmission through a linear time invarient system,transfer function,impulse response,ideal filter-LPF&BPF,causality,practical filters,typical communication channels,distortion less transmission,signal transmission through BPF-pre envelo pe and complex envelope.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: Elect. Engg. Drawing S. K Bhattacharyya (WE) K.L. Narang ( Satya pra ash: New Delhi) Shawney. Surjit singh Arora and Chand ( New Height, Delhi)

## 4) Elect. Drawing and Design 5) General electrical drawing

6)Sub-station Design & Equipments- Gupta & Stnam 7)Performance & Design of A.C Machines TOP POWER SYSTEM-II M. G Say.

## 2) Electrical Engg. Drawing

L-3

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P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1. General inroduction:Typical power system networ , signal time diagram, per un it system, calculation based on per unit values for steady state condition. 2. Symmetrical components and fault calculation: Fortesque theorem, symmetrical components of an unbalanced three phase system, average power in terms of symmet rical components, sequence impedance, methods of determining sequence components , fault calculation, sequence networ equation, line to ground fault, line to li ne fault, and double line to ground fault, effect of fault impedances and ground ing impedance on fault current, sequence networ . 3. Stability studies:Power limits of transmission line, steady state stability, transient stability, the swing equation, equal area criteria, calculation of cri tical clearing angle, calculation of power angle curves for fault and post fault conditions, for various types of faults, effect of reclosing, step-by-step meth od of the solution of the swing equation, dynamic stability, factors effecting s tability, phase shifting transformers. 4. Transient in power system:Lightening phenomena, switching surges, travelling wave shapes and specifications, attenuation and distortion of travelling waves, attenuation due to corona, behaviour of travelling waves of a transmission lines , construction of Beully-Lattice diagram. 5. Economics of power system:Economics of power plants, load curves, load factor s, diversity factors. Utilization factor, tariffs and tariff structure, economic s of power factor improvement, definitions and characteristics of base load and pea load plant. 6. Economic operation of power system:Introduction to the problems of economic o peration, graphical description of equal incremental cost, cost curves, linear a nd quadratic, effect of inequality constrains because of generator ratings, opti mum generation allocations including the effect of transmission loss, loss formu la elements of hydro-thermal co-ordination.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. ELECTRICAL POER SYSTEM- C.L WADHWA. 2. E;ECTRICAL POWER S.L. UPPAL

3. A COURSE IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM SONI, GUPTA, BHATNAGAR. 4. ELEMENTS OF POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS- STEVENSON, Jr. 5. MODERN POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS I.J. NAGRATH & KOTHARI. TOP

## ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1. Introduction:Difference between analytical and other instruments , on line in strumentation and laboratory techniques for liquid and gases for analysis purpos e. 2. Gas analysis: Gas chromatography, thermal conductivity method, heat of reacti on method, estimation of oxygen, hydrogen methane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxi de etc. in binary and complex gas mixtures. 3. Humidity and moisture measurement techniques: 4. Chemical composition analysis, measurement of viscosity, consistency, PH, ele ctrical conductivity. 5. Techniques of density measurement:solid, liquid and gases. 6. Spectro chemical analysis:MSS, emission and absorption spectrometry, dispersi ve and non dispersive techniques.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. PATRANABIS.D.- PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATON. 2. JONES.E.B. INSTRUMENT TECHNOLOGY, VOL II

3. ANALYSIS INSTRUMENTS: BUTTER-WORTHS SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATION, LONDON. 4. O HIGGINS.P.S - BASIC INSTRUMENTATION IN INDUSTRIAL MEASUREMENT-MC- GRAW HILL B OOK CO. 5. HAND BOOKS OF ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION. TOP DRAWING AND DESIGN OF INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEM COMPONENTS L-0 T-0 P-4

Sessional:: 100 Mar s 1. Design and drawing of mechanical components- lin ages, gears, pivots, bearing s, springs dampers etc.

2. Design of electrical components-permanent magnets, electromagnets, small tran sformers, relays, LVDT, variable capacitance transducers, variable resistance tr ansducers, strain gauges, display and recording devices. 3. Instrumentation amplifiers. 4. Design of transducers with associated circuitry, interface of primary element s with end devices, design of bridge circuits for thermocouples and thermistors. 5. Design of pneumatic and electronic controllers.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. NEUBERT H K P- INSTRUMENT TRANSDUCERS- AN INTRODUCTION TO THEIR PERFORMANCE A ND DESIGN-CLAREDON PRESS, OXFORD. 2.TRYLINSKY W -FINE MECHANISM AND PRECISION INSTRUMENTS: PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN, P ERGAMAN PRESS, OXFORD TOP Electrical Machines and Application L-3 T-1 P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s 1. D.C generator:Construction and principle of operation; Armature windings- Lap and Wave windings, Equaliser rings, dummy coils; E.M.F equations, Types of d.c. generators, Armature reaction; Compensation windings, Commutations and methods of improving commutation; Characteristic of separately excited self excited gene rators; Applications of d.c. generators; Losses and efficiency. 2. D.C Motor: Construction and principle of operation; Bac e.m.f; Torque equati on; Condition for maximum torque; Losses and efficiency; Type of d.c. motor; Spe ed regulation; characteristic of shunt, Series and compound motors; Application of d.c. motors; Starting of d.c. motors; Speed control of d.c. motors. 3. Transformer:Wor ing principle; Construction of core type and shell type trans former; e.m.f equation; Transformation ratio; Resistance and magnetic le age rea ctance; No-load and on-load phasor diagrams; Equivalent circuits; Losses and eff iciency; Open circuit and S.C testes; Voltage regulation; Condition for maximum efficiency; All-day efficiency; Autotransformer. 4. Three-phase induction motor:Classification of a.c. motors; General principle; Construction and classification; Theory of operation, slip and frequency of rot or current; Torque and torque-slip characteristic; Starting torque; Condition fo

r maximum torque; Losses and efficiency; Starting of induction motor. 5. Single phase motor:Type of single phase motors- Single phase induction motordouble revolving field theory; Torque-speed characteristics; Split phase motors -resistance start; Capacitor start, permanent capacitor and capacitor start-capa citor run motors; Shaded pole motors; Single phase commutator motors-repulsion m otor, repulsion start induction motor; repulsion induction motor; A.C. series mo tor- universal motor; Reluctance motor and hysteresis motor. 6. Alternator:Classification; Construction of cylindrical and salient pole alter nator; Armature winding and winding factors; e.m.f equation; Armature reaction, armature reaction and impedance; Phasor diagram; Voltage regulation; O.C and S.C tests; Determination of voltage regulation by synchronous impedance method and AT method.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Theory of A.C Machinery- A.S Langsdrof (TMH) 2) Elect. Machines-Nagrath & Kothari (TMH) 3) Performance & Design of A.C Machines- M. G Say 4) Advanced Elect. Technology- H. Cotton 5) Fundamentals Of Elect. Machines B.R Gupta & V. Singhal (New Age)

6) Prblems in Elect. Engg.- N.N Par er Smith) TOP Electrical Machines-II L-3 T-1 P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Practical:: 50 Mar s 1. Synchronous Generators:General principle; Construction of cylindrical and sal ient pole machines; Armature winding and winding factors; e.m.f equation; Armatu re reaction; Lea age reactance; Synchronous reactance and impedance; Phasor diag rams; Power angle characteristics of cylindrical machine; Voltage regulation by synchronous impedance method; Ampere-turn method and zero-p.f / Potier methods; Synchronizing and parallel operation. 2. Synchronous Motor: Principle of operation; Equivalent circuit and phasor diag ram; Power output and torque; Effect of variation of excitation and load; V-curv e and O-curve; Hunting; Damper winding; Synchronous condenser; Starting methods; Synchronous induction motor.

3. Tow-reaction Analysis of Salient Pole Machines:Blondel tow-reaction theory an d phasor diagram of salient pole machines; Modified phasor diagram; Power angle characteristics; Voltage regulation; Slip test. 4. Sudden Short circuit of Synchronous Generators:Transient and sub transient re actances; Equivalent circuits at transient conditions; Current variation during symmetrical short circuit; Measurement of d-axis sub transient reactance; Unsymm etrical short circuit of 3-ph. Alternator; Measurement of negative and zero sequ ence impedances. 5. Synchronous Converter:Construction and principle of operation; Voltage and cu rrent ratios; Armature current waves and heating; Effect of power factor; Armatu re reaction; Voltage control; Starting methods; Inverted operation; Parallel ope ration. 6. Single phase Induction Motor:Construction; Principle of operation- double rev olving field theory and cross-field theory; Torque slip characteristics; Equival ent circuits; Determination of parameters by no-load and bloc ed rotor tests; St arting methods- split phase motors and shaded pole motor; Speed control. 7. A.C. commutator motors:AC series motor-construction, phasor diagram and chara cteristics; Universal motor; Repulsion motor; Repulsion-start induction motor an d repulsion-induction motor; Schrage motor-construction, wor ing principle; Spee d control and p.f improvement; applications.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Theory of A.C Machinery- A.S Langsdrof (TMH) 2) Elect. Machines-Nagrath & Kothari (TMH) 3) Performance & Design of A.C Machines- M. G Say 4) Advanced Elect. Technology- H. Cotton 5) A. C Machines- R.K. Rajput (La hmi Publishers). 6) Prblems in Elect. Engg.- N.N Par er Smith 7) Fundamentals of Electrical Machines-B.R Gupta & V. Singhal (NewAge) TOP MICROPROCESSORS -I L-3 T-1 P-3

## Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s

Practical:: 50 Mar s 1. INTEL 8085 Microprocessor:Introduction; 8085 Microprocessor pins and associat ed signals; 8085 Architecture and functional bloc diagram; Address and Data Bus es; Memory and IO operations; Processor memory primary, secondary and cache memo ry; Memory interfacing General memory interfacing technique with address decoder chips and circuits (Address expansion and Word Expansion), Interfacing 2732 (4K X 8) EPROM and 6116 (2K X 8) CMOS RAM chips using 74LS138 and 8205 decoder chip s. Instruction format; Addressing modes; Instruction types; Instruction sets; Micro processor Cloc , T-state, Machine cycle and Instruction cycle; Instruction timin g and execution Opcode fetch, Memory read, Memory write, IO read, IO write, INTR ac nowledge and Bus idle (DAD, RST/TRAP interrupt ac nowledge, Hold and Halt) c ycles, Instruction Timing diagrams, Power ON and Reset IN; Interrupt systems - I nterrupt types, Interrupt address vector, Priority Interrupt Controller, Interru pt Polling, Daisy chain interrupt; Parallel Input/Output Programmed I/O, Interru pt I/O, Handsha ing signals, Standard I/O or I/O mapped I/O, Memory mapped I/O; DMA operations Microprocessor-Halt DMA (Bloc transfer and Cycle stealing techni ques), Interleaved DMA; Serial input/output - SID & SOD lines.

3. Peripheral Interfacing:Parallel and serial data transfer; 8-bit I/O port 8212 ; 8155 Multipurpose programmable device; 8279 programmable ey-board/display int erface; Key debounce; General purpose programmable peripheral devices; 8255 prog rammable peripheral interfaces; 8253/8254 programmable interval timer; 8259 prog rammable interrupt controller; ADC & DAC interfacing; Synchronous and Asynchrono us serial data transmission; RS 232C serial interface standard; Universal Synchr onous/Asynchronous Receivers/Transmitters (USART) & Universal Asynchronous Recei vers/Transmitters (UART); 8251 Programmable communication interface; Simple inte rfacing and programming examples. 4. Introduction to Architecture and programming of Intel 8051 Microcontroller. 5. Microprocessor Based Applications:Digital cloc , Traffic light controller, Li near and Matrix ey-board interface, Seven segment display interface, Stepper mo tor control, Measurement of electrical quantities (Voltage, Current, resistance, reactance, frequency, KVA, KW, KWH, KVAR), Measurement & control of non-electri cal quantities (Temperature, Strain, Deflection of beam, water level indicator, speed of a motor).

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Microprocessor theory and Applications - M. Rafiquzzaman, Prentice Hall of In dia

## B. Ram, Dhanpat Rai Publicati

2. Microprocessor Architecture , Programming & Applications International Publishing (India) Pvt. Ltd.

## R.S. Gaon ar, Penram

2. INTEL 8085 Programming: Flow chart and Writing ALPs i.e. Assembly Language Pr ograms; Debugging of Program; looping, counting and indexing, time delays, stac and subroutines, Code conversion, Binary and BCD arithmetic (addition, subtract ion, multilplication and division) and 16-bit data operations, bloc of data tra nsfer, bubble sorting and binary searching.

ons 4. Microprocessors Comprehensive Studies Architecture, Programming and Interfaci ng Naresh Grover, Dhanpat Rai & Co. TOP

Course Syllabus for 7th Semester Subjects HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING(ELECTIVE-1) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Introduction:An over view of communication process-electronic communication 1) Brea down of gasses: Basic processes in gas brea down, generation of electron avalanche, Townsend mechanism, secondary processes, criterion for spar brea do wn, Streamer mechanism, time lag for spar brea down, brea down in electro negat ive gasses . 2) Brea down in liquid dielectrics:Liquid dielectric, origin, electrical conduct ion and brea down phenomena of pure liquids, test cells, natural and induced con duction, Transformer oil; properties, purification. 3) Brea down in solid dielectrics:Intrinsic and related forms of brea down in so lids, measurement of intrinsic strength- preparation of the specimen, surface di scharge phenomenon, positive and negative Lichtenbury patterns, discharge detect ion, brea down of solid insulation by Trac ing, Lightening phenomena-nature and characteristic of lightening induced voltage, measuring instruments and devices, lightening protection. 4) Generation of high voltage:High voltage testing transformers, cascaded transf ormers, high frequency transformers, tesla coil, cascaded rectifier for d.c. hig h voltage, electrostatic generators, impulse generator; analysis of the basic ci rcuit, multi-stage circuits, factors influencing design, general construction, t riggering, synchronization of operation, delay cables. 5) High voltage testing:Low frequency direct current, high frequency and impulse tests, terminology; disruptive discharge, flashover and puncture, withstand vol tage, 50% disruptive discharge voltage, impulse wave, full and chopped wave, imp ulse ratio, volt-time curve; testing of overhead insulators, bushings, cables, a rrangement of the test object, various tests and test conditions. 6) Measurement of high voltage:Electrostatic voltmeters, potential dividers; res istive, capacitive and mixed resistive dividers, pea voltage measuring device, oscillographic measurements, Schering bridge, sphere and rod gaps. 7) Insulation design principle:Classification of insulating materials, material of dielectric in parallel, dielectric hysteresis, high voltage cables, thermal a nd electrical cables, requirements of cable design, materials used, high voltage bushing types, basic applications, insulation of high voltage transformers. 8) High voltage laboratory:HV plants and apparatus, HV connections, laboratory e

## arthing and safety measures.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) High Voltage Technology- L L Alston. 2) Electrical Brea down Of Gases- J D Craggs. 3) High Voltage Engineering -Naidu, Abdullah. 4) A Course In High Voltage Engg- R S Jha. 5) An Introduction to High Voltage Experimental Techniques- Kind TOP DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING(ELECTIVE-1) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Introduction:An over view of communication process-electronic communication 1) Introduction: Digital image representation, fundamental steps in image proces sing, elements of image processing systems, geometry of image formation, image a cqusition, color image sensing, stereo imaging, range sensing, tesselation, samp ling and quantization. 2) Image tranforms:Fourier, Walsh, Hadamard, Discrete Cosine, Hotelling, Discret e Wavelet Transforms and their properties. 3) Image enhancement and restoration:Spatial and frequency domain enhancement Te chniques (Histogram based techniques, smoothing, filtering, sharpening, Homomorp hic filtering), Unconstrained and Constrained Restoration, Inverse filtering, Wi ener filter. 4) Image compression:Coding, Interpixel and Psychovisual Redundancy; Image compr ession models; Error free compression Huffman, Arithmetic and LZW, Bit-Plane cod ing ( Constant Area coding, 1-D & 2-D Run length coding ), Lossless predictive c oding; Lossy compression Lossy predictive coding ( Delta modulation, Optimal pre dictors Differential Pulse Code Modulation), Transform coding ( Discrete Fourier Transform, Walsh-Hadamard Transform, Discrete Cosine Transform, and Discrete Wa velet Transform methods ), Sub-image size selection, Bit Allocation, Zonal & Thr eshold coding, Image compression standards CCITT Group 3 & 4 Binary Image 1-D & 2-D Compression standards, JPEG using DCT & DWT Continuous Tone Still Image Comp ression standard, Basics of MPEG Video Compression standard. 5) Digital geometry and its application in image processing:Neighbourhood, conne ctedness, path, holes and surroundness, Borders, distances, Medial axis transfor

mation, shrin ing and expanding, thinning, Morphological operations- Erosion, Di lation, Opening, Closing, Parallel implementation, Smoothing, Component labellin g, Thinning. 6) Image segmentation:Edge detection Roberts, Prewitt, Sobel & Laplacian Operato rs, Edge lin ing and Boundary Detection Local Processing, Global Processing via the Hough Transform to detect straight lines and parameterised curves, Global Pr ocessing via Graph-Theoretic Techniques; Pixel Classification via Grey Level Thr esholding Optimal Global and Adaptive Thresholding, Multispectral Thresholding; Region based segmentation- Region growing, Region splitting & merging; Segmentat ion by Morphological Watersheds; Use of motion in segmentation; Frequency domain techniques. 7) Representation and Description:Representation Chain codes, Polygonal Approxim ations, Signatures, Boundary Segments, S eletons; Boundary Descriptors length, d iameter, major axis, minor axis, basic rectangle, eccentricity, curvature, shape numbers; Fourier Descriptors; Statistical Moments; Regional Descriptors area, p erimeter, compactness, etc.; Topological Descriptors- number of holes, connected component, Euler number, Euler formula; Texture statistical, structural and spe ctral description; Moments of Two dimensional functions; Use of Principal Compon ents for Description; Relational Descriptors.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Digital Image Processing- R C Gonzales and R E Woods. 2) Fundamental Of Digital Image Procassing- Anil K Jain,PHI. 3) Computer Vision- D H Ballard and C M Brown.PHI. TOP COMPUTER AIDED POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s (1) Formation of the Y- BUS by graph theory approach, algorithm for the formatio n of Z-BUS and its modification, formation of Y-BUS by inspection, networ reduc tion by matrix algebra(i.e node elimination). (2) Three phase power system elements: Definition and matrix representation of r otating and stationary elements, symmetrical components, Clar s components and Pa r s components transformation matrices and their applications. (3) Algorithm for the formation and modification of Z- BUS for a three phase sys tem. (4) Short circuit studies using Z-BUS: Short circuit studies for balanced three

phase networ s for all types of shunt faults. (5) Load flow studies: Power system equations, solution techniques, Gauss and Ga uss-Sidel iterative method, Relaxation method, Newton-Raphson (polar and rectang ular co-ordinates) method, acceleration of convergence, comparison of methods, v oltage control, representation of transformer, tie line control. (6) Transient stability studies: Swing equation, machine equation for synchronou s and induction machines, power system equations, solution techniques (Modified Euler and Runge-Kutta method and their comparison) effect of exciter and governo r on transient stability.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: (1) Computer Methods In Power System Analysis-G.W Stagg & El-Abiad, McGraw Hill. (2) Advanced Power System Analysis & Dynamics-L.P Singh , Willey Eastern. (3) Modern Power System Analysis--- I.J Nagrath & D.P Kothari, Tata McGraw Hill. TOP POWER SYSTEM INTERCONNECTION AND CONTROL(ELECTIVE-1) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s (1) Economic Dispatch of Thermal Units and Methods of Solution: Economic despatc h problem and system constrains,Lamda iteration method,first order gradient meth od,second order gradient method,base point and participation factors,transmissio n loss co-ordination,pnalty factors,B-matrix loss formula and its derivation,cal culation of B coeffecients by approximate method,exact transmision loss formula, reference bus and load centre penalty factor,relation between loss matix penalty factor and refrence bus penalty factors,optimal unit commitment by dynamic prog ramming,reliability considerations,Patton s security function,security constrained optimal unit commitment,start-up considerations,optimal load flow solution by D ommel and Tinney s method. (2) Hydro Thermal Co-ordination:Long range and short range Hydro scheduling,hydr o Electric plant models,scheduling energy,short term hydro thermal scheduling pr oblem,Lamda-Gamma iteration method,short term hydro thermal scheduling problem b y a gradient approach,hydro units in series i.e hydraulically coupled units,pump ed storage hydro plants,scheduling of pumped storage hydro thermaal plants by La mda-Gamma iteration method and by a gradient method,Dynamic programming solution to multiple hydro plant problem. (3) System Interconnection and Control:Types of inter connection,advantages of i nterconnection,plilosophy of real and reactive power control,control area concep t,single area load frequency control systeem,integral or supplementary control,t

wo areas connected by a tie line and load frequency control,power frequency cont rol of the tie line, types of automatic load frequency control for inter connect ed power systems,load frequency and economic load despatch control,automatic vol tage regulators, automatic excitation control.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Power System Operation & Control 2) Power System Analysis & Stability 3) Modern Power System Analysis TOP ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION(ELECTIVE-1) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Instrumentation amplifiers and their applications; Active filter & their design consideration ; Transducer oscillators; Function generators; Regulated power sup ply; DAC & ADC different types ,quantization error, resolution & accuracy of DAC & ADC ; DAC & ADC chips; Multiplexing & demultiplexing; PLL & V-F converters; L oc -in amplifier & its applications; Automated voltmeter; Digital frequency mete r; R.M.S detector, Digital multimeter; Wave & spectrum analyser; Harmonic distor tion analyser; Hetrodyne frequency meter; Recorders of different types.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Modern Electronic Instrumentation & Measurement Techniques- Helfric A D & Coo per W.D (PHI) 2) Digital Measurement Techniques Rathore T. S (Narosa) 3) Microelectronics: Digital & Analog Circuit & Systems TOP MICROPROCESSOR-II Millman (Mc Grow Hill)

## Nagrath & Kothari (TMH)

L-3

T-1

P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Peripheral Interfacing: : Parallel versus serial transmission; Synchronous an d Asynchronous serial data transmission; Universal Synchronous / Asynchronous Re ceivers / Transmitters (USART) & Universal Asynchronous Receivers / Transmitters (UART) ; 8251 Programmable communication interface.General purpose programmable peripheral devices; 8155 & 8255 programmable peripheral interfaces; 8253 progra mmable interval timer; 8259 programmable interrupt controller; 8257 DMA controll er; 8279 programmable ey-board/ display controller; Key debounce; 8-bit input/o ut-put port 8212; ADC & DAC interfacing; Interfacing standard; IEEE 488 parallel interface bus; RS 232C serial interface. 2) Advanced Microprocessor & Microcontrollers:Intel 8086 microprocessor; Archite cture of 8086 ; 8086 addressing mode; 8086 instruction sets; Brief discussion & comparison of INTEL 8088 , 80186, 80188, 80286, 80386, 80486 & Pentium processor s; Other 8-bit microprocessors- Z 80 & Motorola 6800 ; 8-bit microcontroller; Arc hitecture and programming of 8031/8051. 3) Microprocessor Based Applications:Digital cloc , Traffic light controller, He x ey-board interface, Seven segment display interface, Stepper motor control, W ashing machine controller, Microprocessor based protective relays, Measurement o f electrical quantities, Measurement & control of non-electrical quantities.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1)Microprocessors & Interfacing- Douglas V Hall. 2) Microprocessors (Theory & Applications) : - M. Rafiqzzaman 3) Microprocessor Architecture Programming & Applications- Goan or 4) Fundamentals of Microprocessor & Microcomputers TOP POWER ELECTRONICS L-3 T-1 P-3 B. Ram.

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Semiconductor Power Devices : : Characteristics of power devices diode, power transistor, thyristor and triac; Firing circuits for thyristor & triac; Rating , cooling & mounting of thyristor; Series & parallel connection of thyristor ; P rotection of Thyristor; Gate trigger & commutation circuits; Gate turn-off thyri stor (GTO) ; Power MOSFET; UJT ; Diac & IGBT.

2) Rectfying Circuits:Circuit nomenclature, commutating diode, Single-phase half wave; bi-phase half wave; single phase bridge uncontrolled, fully control & hal f controlled rectifiers; 3-ph half wave, 6-ph half wave 3-ph bridge & 12-ph circ uits; Transformer rating; Rectified with R-L & R-C loads; power factor improveme nt; Excitation angle control; Symmetrical angle control; PWM & sinusoidal PWM. 3) Inverter:Principle of operation of inverter; voltage driven inverter; current driven inverter; Forced-commutated inverter; Classification of circuits for for ced commutation; parallel inverter; poly-phase inverter; self commutated inverte r; Bridge inverter; Mc Murray Bedford commutation; Bridge circuit using Mc Murray Bedford commutation ; 3-ph bridge inverter; current source inverter; PWM inverte r; voltage control of 3-ph inverter; Harmonics reduction; inverter applications. 4) Chopper:Principle of operation of chopper; constant frequency operation; vari able frequency operation; Classification- class A, class B, class C , class D & class E operation; Series turn-off chopper; Parallel capacitor turn-off chopper; Morgan chopper; Jones chopper. 5) Cycloconverters:: Mathematical analysis; Bridge configuration; control circui ts; improved cycloconverter circuits; Harmonic analysis; input characteristics ; circulating current mode; control; Envelope cycloconverter. 6) A.C Voltage Controllers:Introduction ; ON-OFF control ; phase angle control;S ingle phase bi-directional controller with resistive load. 7) Power Supplies:D.C power supply; SMPS d.c power supply; Resonant d.c power su pply; Bi-directional power supplies; A.C power supplies; UPS configuration; SMPS a..c power supplies; Power factor conditioning.

## Test Boo s/Reference Boo s:

2) Power Electronics- C.L Lander 3) Power Electronics TOP ADVANCED COMMUNICATION(ELECTIVE-1) L-3 T-1 P-0 P.C Sen

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s DIGITAL DATA TRANSMISSION : : Review of sampling & quantization, Timing & synchr onization ,.Base band data transmission & reception, Binary matched filter , ASK ,FSK,PSK,QASK,QPSK,MSK. Error probability . Digital system design consideration .

1) Integrated Electronics

## J. Millman & C.C Hal ias

INFORMATION THEORY:Information content of a signal, Information rate, Shannon s Ca pacity theorem, Channel capacity, Shannon Limit , Coding , Entropy coding , Erro r detection & correction coding, Parity chec coding , Bloc code , Algebraic co des, convolutional codes, ARQ, Optimum modulation system. TELEPHONE SYSTEM:Telephone exchange , automatic strowger dialing , Hierarchy of switching offices , Cross bar switch , switching matrices, Multiple Stage switch ing , TDM in telephone, time slot interchanging , Space array for digital signal s, combined space & time switching , mobile phone, cellular phone , pager , glob al positioning satellites, fax, videotext.

Microwave SYSTEMS:: Rectangular and circular wave guide, wave guide coupling, Ca vity resonators, Directional couplers, Isolators, Circulators, Mixers, Detectors switches, Microwave tubes- microwave triodes, Klystron, Magnetron, Travelling w ave tube, Cross field amplifier, Bac ward wave oscillators; Semiconductor microw ave devices- Passive microwave components, microwave transistors, microwave IC s, varactor diodes, step recovery diodes, Parametric amplifier, Tunnel diode, Gunn effect diode, TRAPATT diodes, PIN diodes, Shott ey barrier diode, Bac ward diode , MASERS & LASERS , Introduction to optical communication. RADAR SYSTEMS : Introduction , Pulsed RADAR, MTI, RADAR beacons, CW doppler RADA R, FM RADAR, Phased array RADAR, Planar array RADAR. TELEVISION FUNDAMENTALS:TV systems and standards , B/W TV transmission and recep tion, Colour TV.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Principles of Communication Systems- Taub & Schilling 2) Analog and Digital Communication Systems Martin S Roden

## TOP BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION(ELECTIVE-1) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1. INTRODUCTION: : Introduction to the physiology of cardiac, nervous , mascular

Meril S olni

COMPUTER COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS:Design features of computer communication networ s , LAN , pac et radio & satellite , TDMA, FDMA , ALOHA , CSMA, computer communi cation protocols, the various layers.

& respiratory systems. 2. TRANSDUCERS & ELECTRODES :Different types of transducers and their selections for biomedical applications ; Electrode theory ; Different types of electrodes Hydrogen , Colomel, Ag-Agcl , pH , PO2 , PCO2 electrodes ; Selection of electrod es. 3. CARDIOVASCULAR MEASUREMENT :The heart and other cardiovascular systems ; Meas urement of blood pressure ; Blood flow cardiac output and cardiac rate ; Electro cardiography ; Phonocardiography ; Ballistocardiography ; Plethysmography ; Magn eto-cardiography ; Cardiac pacema er ; Computer applications. 4. MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRICAL ACTIVITIES IN MUSCLES & BRAIN:Electromyography ; El ectroencephalograph & their interpretation ; Respiratory system measurement ; Re spiratory mechanism ; Measurement of gas volume & Flow rate ; Carbon dioxide & O xygen concentration in inhaled air ; Respiratory controller. 5. INSTRUMENTATION FOR CLINICAL LABORATORY :: Measurement of pH values of blood ; ESR measurement ; Haemoglobin measurement ; Measurement of oxygen & carbon dio xide concentration in blood ; GSR measurement ; Polarographic measurements ; Com puter applications. 6. MEDICAL IMAGING :Ultra sound imaging ; Radiography & applications . 7. BIOTELEMETRY :Transmission & reception aspects of biological signals via long distance ; Aspect of patient care monitoring.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Webster JS 2. Cromwell L 3. Khandpur RS 4. Astor BR ) TOP Medical Instrumentation Applications & Design Biomedical Instrumentation (PHI)

## Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation & Measurement (Mc Millan

Course Syllabus for 8th Semester Subjects Process Modelling and Control L-3 T-3 P-3

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Introduction:Definition of process & process control systems; Objectives & re

Hand Boo

## of Biomedical Instrumentation (TMH)

quirements; Classification & selection of process variables; Sources &nature of disturbances; hardware elements of process control systems. 2) Modelling of physical systems: Mathematical model of physical systems-liquid level system, thermal system, mixing process, CSTR, pressure system, flow system etc; interacting and non interacting systems, RLC elements in process, lineriza tion of non linear systems. 3) Transient response analysis:Response of first and second systems due to load change at arbitrary points with P,I,P-I and P-I-D controllers; transient respons e specifications, effect of time delay and measurement lag on system response. 4) Controllability and stability:Concept of controllability, DRF &SR, stability analysis using Routh s criteria, Root locus, Bode plot, GM &PM, system controllabi lity using Bode plot. 5) Control action and controllers:On-Off,P,I,D,PI,PD and PID control actions; pn eumatic, hydraulic and electronic controllers; programmable controller. 6)Design of feed bac controllers:Selection criterion for type of controllers, c ontroller tuning-process reaction curve, Zeigler-Nichol s method, Cohen and Coon m ethod and frequency domain method. 7) Multi loop control systems:Cascade control, override control, split-range con trol, feed-forward control and ratio control systems. 8) Control valve:Construction and wor ing principle, valve sizing, valve plug, v alve characteristics, selection of control valve, valve positioners. 9) Computer control of processes:Control computer-Basic functions and specificat ions, hardware elements, data acquisition and control, direct digital control, s upervisory control, distributed control systems.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Stephinopoulos G- Chemical process control (PHI). 2) Pollard A Process control. 3) Coughanowr Process System Analysis and Control (MH).

4) Hariot P-Process Control (TMH). 5) Johnson-Process Control Instrumentation Technology (JW). TOP AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEMS L-3 T-3 P-3

## Theory:: 100 Mar s

Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Introduction:Concept of automatic control systems; classifications- open loop and closed loop systems, linear and non linear systems, continuous and discrete time systems, SISO and MIMO systems, time-invariant and time varying systems, s ervo systems and automatic regulating systems, adaptive control systems. 2) Bloc diagram and signal flow graphs: Bloc diagram representation of physica lsystems,BDreductiontechniques;signalflowgraph(SFG):defination,terminoloy,SFG re presentation of physical systems, Mason s Gain formula, BD reduction using SFG tec hniques. 3) Mathematical modelling of physical systems:Differential equations and transfe r function form of model, mathematical model of electrical, mechanical and elect ro mechanical systems, analogous systems, 4) Transient response analysis:Type and order of systems, standard test signal, steady state error and error constants, generalized error series, sensitivity, c haracteristic equation, transient response of 1st, 2nd and higher order systems, transient response specifications, definition of absolute and relative stabilit y, Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion. 5) Root locus method:Introduction, angle and magnitude conditions, construction of complete root locus, stability analysis, effect of addition of poles and zero es. 6) Frequency response analysis:Frequency response of systems, frequency domain s pecifications, correlation between time domain and frequency domain specificatio n, Polar plot, Nyquist plot and Nyquist stability criterion, construction of Bod e plot, Gain margin & Phase margin, minimum and non-minimum phase transfer funct ion, determination of transfer function from Bode plot, magnitude vs phase angle plot, constant-M& constant-N circles, Nichol s chart. 7) Designandcompensationtechniques:Preliminary design considerations, lead, lag, & lag-lead compensation techniques based on Root locus and Bode plot method. 8) State space method of system analysis:Concept of state and state variables, s tate model, state-space representation of physical systems, BD representation, s tate transition matrix and its properties, relation between state equation and t ransfer function, solution of state equation, characteristic equation, eigen val ues & eigen vectors, concept of controllability and observability of linear syst ems, Liapunov stability analysis of time invariant systems. 9) Control system components:Potentiometer, Synchros, DC and AC servomotors, rot ating amplifier, stepper motor, tachogenerators.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Ogata K-Modern Control Engg(PHI). 2) Nagrath I J&Gopal M-Control System Engg. 3) Kuo B C-Automatic Control Systems(PHI).

4) Distefano-Feedbac and Control Systems(Schaum Series). 5) Su la R C 6) M.Gopal TOP POWER SYTEM- III. L-3 T-1 P-0 Control Systems(Dhanpat Rai&Sons). Control Systems Principles & Design (TMH)

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Nuetral grounding:Effectively grounded system,ungrounded system,arching groun d,resonant grounding(Peterson coil),method of nuetral grounding,genrator nuetral brea er,grounding practice. 2) Circuit Brea ers: Functions of switch gears,arc in oil,arc interruption theor ies and processes,current chopping,oil CB,air CB,vaccum CB,SF6 CB,Restri ing and Recovery voltage,rating of CB,testing of CB. 3) Protective Relays:Operating principle and functional characteristic of protec tive relays,universal relay torque equation,over current relays,differential rel ays;feeder,generator and transformer protection,distance relays,translay relays, carrier current protection,comparators,static relays,fuses and HRC fuses. 4) Substations:Types of substations,necessity,function and arrangement of substa tion equipments, including reactors and bus tie brea ers,substation grounding,su rge protection,different types of lightening arresters and surge absorbers. 5) Layout diagram of different generating stations:Hydrel and thermal generating stations.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Electrical Power System-C L Wadhwa. 2) Switchgear And Protection-S S Rao. 3) Art And Science Of Protective Relaying-C R Mason. TOP EHV A.C & D.C TRANSMISSION(ELECTIVE-II) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Zero sequence impedance of transmission lines:Inductance of one or more condu ctors with ground return,self and mutual impedance,zero sequence impedance of a three phase line without ground wire,zero seuence inductance and impedance for d ifferent conductor groups with different number of earth wires,zero sequence shu nt capacitive reactance of single and double circuit lines with and without grou nd wires. Zero sequence equipment circuit of three winding and zig-zag transform ers,equivalent circuit of two winding transormer,derivation of zero sequence equ ivalent circuit of three winding,three phase,two winding and zig-zag connected t ransformers,zero sequence exciting impedance of core type and shell type three p hase transformers.. 2) Corona and R.I characteristic: General review of Corona, electrostatic stress in the vicinity of a group of conductors, corona loss in bundled conductors. R. I characteristic, Extra long distance transmission: SIL and power limits of a.c transmission line(50Hz,600Km long),voltage distribution with SIL,ABCD constants of loss line in terms of wave length, variation of no load receiving end voltage with full compensating reactance, variation of mid point voltage for a fully co mpensated line, increasing the apparent length of a line by tuning, half wave le ngth transmission, maximum power limits of tuned lines. 3) HVDC transmission:Brief history, Basic requirements, economics, advantages of a.c transmission,1-phase and 2-phase half wave bridge rectifier, relative perfo rmances, operation, current and voltage wave forms, delay timing, conversion eff iciency, waveform commutation margin, reactive KVAR requirement, constant curren t control, constant excitation angle control of inverter, combined characteristi cs of converter and inverter, tap changing control, brief description of equipme nts at d.c terminal station, gain in transient stability limits.

## Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Symmetrical Components

2. Westing House Engineers T & D Ref. Boo - Oxford Boo Company 3. Elements of Power System Analysis W.D.Stevenson,Jr. 4. Power System Analysis Roshe, John Wiley and Sons. 5. Power System Stability- (Vol-1)- S.B.Crary, John Wiley and Sons.

7. D,C, Transmission

## COMPUTER CONTROL SYSTEMS(ELECTIVE-II) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Introduction to Computer Control Theory; Sampling of continuous time signals;Sam pling mechanism and Sampling theorems; Reconstruction of sampling waves;Choice o f sampling period; Computer oriented mathematical models- Difference Equations,Z -transform, Pulse transfer function, inverse Z-transform, Sampling of Continuous time state-space model; Response of linear discrete time systems;Analysis of si mple feed bac systems; Stability analysis; Design and compensation Techniques o f discrete time systems.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Digital Control Engineering- Modon Gopal.(WI) 2) Digital Control System B.C Kuo. (PHI)

4) Digital and Sampled Data Control Systems TOP NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING(ELECTIVE-II) L-3 T-1 P-0

J.T Tou.

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s Introduction and importance of NDT; General principle and basic elements of NDT; Liquid penitrant method ;Optical method (Laser Holography) ; Thermography ; Ult rasonic testing method ; Radiological methods- X-ray, Gamma ray , Tomography.

## Test Boo s/Reference Boo s:

2) Non-Destructive Testing

## 3) Computer Control Systems- K.J Astrom & B. Wittenmar

TOP UTILIZATION OF ELECTRIC POWER AND MACHINE DRIVES L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Introduction:Concept of drives; factors influencing the selection of motors & their control; Classification of loads; Speed-torque characteristics of motors; Dynamics of load motor combination; Four quadrant operation of motor loads. 2) Starting & Bra ing: Electric bra ing methods-speed torque characteristics und er different bra ing conditions of d.c shunt, series and induction motors; Autom atic open-loop drives control with relay contactors; Automatic acceleration meth ods- current limit acceleration scheme for d.c shunt motor using series relays a nd voltage relays;Time limit acceleration with time limit relay/ contactors ; St arting of d.c motors with thyristors ; Automatic starter for IM relay with defin ite time and frequency; Transient conditions in a.c & d.c drives during starting and bra ing; Energy losses; Selection of ratings. 3) Solid State Controllers:Review of conventional speed control methods; 1-ph an d 3-ph semi and full converters d.c drives-waveform, torque-speed curve, firing and control circuits; Closed-loop control scheme with converter; speed and curre nt measurement; Chopper controlled d.c drives-various configurations, analysis a nd performances ; Thyristor a.c motor drives-comparison with d.c motor drives, s peed control methods of IM with thyristor, stator voltage control, variable freq uency operation of IM with constant flux and constant current; Voltage source in verter fed IM drives Cycloconverter fed IM and Synchronous motor. 4) Industrial Applications:Different types of steel mills and drives used in ste el mills; Requirements of paper mill drives-types paper mill drives; Comparison between line shaft and sectional drives; Cement factory, Textile mill, Sugar mil l and Coal mine drives; Machine Tools applications; Drives for numerically contr olled machines. 5) Electric Traction:Choice of traction systems in India ; Traction motors- gene ral features , starting and speed control, control gear; Tramway and Trolly buse s; Power transmission equipments;Type of services ; Speed-time curves & speed-di stance curves; Energy conversion ; Mechanics of train movements. 6) Electric Heating & Welding :Electric heating-relative cost, advantages , type s and applications; Transfer of heat ; Temperature control of resistance furnace ; Design of heater element; Resistance oven- construction, losses & efficiency; control equipments, radiant heating, salt bath heating; Induction heating- prin ciples, types of furnaces ; Indirect heating methods; High frequency eddy curren t heating; Electric welding- Classification- resistance ,arc , atomic hydrogen, electron beam, ultrasonic, LASER type; Power supply & Control methods.

## Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Utilization of Electric Power

2) A First Course on Electric Drives 3) Utilization of Electric Energy 4) Electric Traction A.T. Dover

5) Generation , Distribution and Utilization of Electric Energy TOP OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES(ELECTIVE-II) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Introduction:Concept of optimization; direct approach; indirect method; optim ization with constrains. 2) Indirect Methods: Maxima minima functions of several variables; necessary and sufficient conditions; equality constraints and solution of Lagrangian multipli ers. 3) Direct Optimum Search for Scalar Case:Unimodal functions; resolution; implici t and explicit functions; simultaneous search using even and odd no. of experime nts; Sequential search; Fibonacci & Golden section search; Searches using quadra tic & cubic interpolation. 4) Multivariable Optimization:Concept of hill climbing; method of steepest ascen t ; Newton-Raphson & D.F.P ; Direct search method gramming. 5) Multi-Stage Optimization:Introduction; principle of optimality; solution for simple multi-stage problems; discrete dynamic programming. 6) Optimization With Constrains:Formulation of optimization problems with equali ty and inequality constrains; Special case of linear constraints and linear obje ctive functions; Introduction to non-linear problems.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1) Optimization : Theory & Applications- S.S Rao (WE) 2) Operation Research ( Introduction to Optimization) J.C Pant (4th Ed) TOP

E.O. Taylor

## TESTING AND COMMISSIONING OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS(ELECTIVE-II) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Transformers: a) Installation:Location & site ; foundations; code of practice for terminal pla tes; polarity & phase sequence; Oil tan s; Drying of windings with & without oil ; General inspection. b) Commissioning Tests: Voltage ratio; Earthing resistance; Oil strength; Buchho lz & other relays; Tap changing gear; Fans & pumps: Insulation tests; Impulse te st; Load & temperature rise tests. c) Specific Tests:Determination of performance & efficiency. 2) Induction Motors: a) Installation:Location of motor & control apparatus; foundation & lavelling; S haft alignment for various coupling; Drying out of windings. b) Commissioning Tests:Mechanical tests for alignment ; air- gap symmetry; beari ngs; vibrations & balancing.Electrical tests- Insulation test; earthing; High vo ltage test; stating up; Ability to speed up and ta e load. c) Type & Routine Tests:In accordance with ISI Test code. d) Specific Tests:Performance & temperature rise tests; stray load losses; shaft currents. e) Maintenance Schedule: 3) Synchronous Machines:: a) Installation:Physical inspection & alignment chec ; excitation system; coolin g & control gear; Drying out. b) Commissioning Tests:Insulation resistance ; Resistance of armature & field wi ndings; Polarity & phase sequence; Shaft current; Waveform & telephone interfere nce factor; over speed test; Line charging capacity. c) Performance Tests:Various tests to estimate the performance for generator and motor operation; Sudden short circuit tests and transient and sub-transient par ameters; measurement of sequence impedances; separation of losses; Retardation t est; temperature rise test. d) Factory Tests:Gap length; Magnetic centrity ; Balancing; Vibration; Bearing c urrents; Electrical tests.

## 1) Design & Testing of Elect. Machines- M.V Deshpande (Wheeler)

3) Elect Installation Technology (Vol-1 &2 ) -F.G Thompson (ELBS) TOP ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND CONTROL (ELECTIVE-II) L-3 T-1 P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1) Air Pollution Monitor:Environment pollution monitoring classification- Air po llution & their effect on human beings and environment- methods of detecting & m onitoring using conductometry, coulometry, electrochemical cell method; piezo el ectric oscillation method; paper tape method; optical laser method; Air pollutio n monitoring instruments; Laser instruments for monitoring environment. 2) Water Pollution Monitoring: Water pollution & their effect on environment-Hea lth hazards; Basic technique of detection, monitoring ;spectrometric method Emiss ion spectrography, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, absorption photometry; m arine pollution monitoring; polarography; chromatographic method; Water pollutio n monitoring instruments. 3) Noise Pollution & Measurement:: The effect of noise on human beings and envir onment; various sources of noise; Methods to reduce the noise; Method of measure ment. 4) Solid Pollution & Measurement:Industrial solid pollution pesticides- their ef fect on agricultural product; methods for reduction ; methods of measurement; In dustrial pollution & their monitoring; Industrial pollutant; Industrial wastes; Health hazards; - monitoring, incineration ,ecological balance; Pollution abatem ent in core sector industries.

## T.G Francis & R.J Coo sley (ELBS)

L-3

T-1

P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1. Introduction:Introduction to signals, systems & signal processing ; Classific ation of signals ; Concept of frequency in continuous-time and discrete-time sig nals ; Analog to digital and digital to analog converters from signal processing view point ; Linear time-invariant systems. 2. Z-Transforms : Definitions & properties ; Inverse Z-transforms ; Transfer fun ctions ; Unit sample response ; Difference equations ; Basic networ structure f or IIR & FIR systems. 3. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) :: Fourier transform of discrete-time signal s ; Fourier series representation of discrete-time signal ; Sampling theorem ; D iscrete Fourier transform and its properties ; Filtering of long data sequences. 4. Coputational Methods of DFT :Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) ; Decimation in tim e and decimation in frequency radix-2 FFT algorithms ; In-place computations and bit-reversing rules ; Parallel & pipeline processing of FFT radix-2 algorithms ; Efficient computation of the DFT of two real sequences ; Efficient computation of DFT of the DFT of a 2N-point real sequence. 5. FIR Digital Filters :Properties , window, frequency sampling and computer aid ed design of filter design. 6. IIR Digital Filters :Properties, impulse invariance and bilinear and matched Z-transform methods og filter design. 7. Linear Prediction and Optimum Linear Filters :Representation of stationary ra ndom process ; Relation power spectra ; Relationship between the filter paramete rs and the Auto correlation sequence ; Forward and bac ward linear prediction ; Solution of normal equations by Levinson Durbin algorithm ; Properties of Linear prediction error filter ; AR lattice & ARMA lattice-ladder filters ; FIR & IIR Wiener filters ; Orthogonality principle in linear mean-square estimation ; Noncasual Wiener filter.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Digital Signal Processing-Principles, Algorithms & Applications a is ( PHI ) 2. Digital Signal Processing

## Alan V. Oppenheim & Ronald W. Schafer (PHI) Lawrence R. Rabiner & Be

3. Theory and Applications of Digital Signal Processing rnard Gold ( PHI ) TOP DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

John G. Manol

L-3

T-1

P-0

Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s 1. Introduction:Introduction to signals, systems & signal processing ; Classific ation of signals ; Concept of frequency in continuous-time and discrete-time sig nals ; Analog to digital and digital to analog converters from signal processing view point ; Linear time-invariant systems. 2. Z-Transforms : Definitions & properties ; Inverse Z-transforms ; Transfer fun ctions ; Unit sample response ; Difference equations ; Basic networ structure f or IIR & FIR systems. 3. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) :: Fourier transform of discrete-time signal s ; Fourier series representation of discrete-time signal ; Sampling theorem ; D iscrete Fourier transform and its properties ; Filtering of long data sequences. 4. Coputational Methods of DFT :Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) ; Decimation in tim e and decimation in frequency radix-2 FFT algorithms ; In-place computations and bit-reversing rules ; Parallel & pipeline processing of FFT radix-2 algorithms ; Efficient computation of the DFT of two real sequences ; Efficient computation of DFT of the DFT of a 2N-point real sequence. 5. FIR Digital Filters :Properties , window, frequency sampling and computer aid ed design of filter design. 6. IIR Digital Filters :Properties, impulse invariance and bilinear and matched Z-transform methods og filter design. 7. Linear Prediction and Optimum Linear Filters :Representation of stationary ra ndom process ; Relation power spectra ; Relationship between the filter paramete rs and the Auto correlation sequence ; Forward and bac ward linear prediction ; Solution of normal equations by Levinson Durbin algorithm ; Properties of Linear prediction error filter ; AR lattice & ARMA lattice-ladder filters ; FIR & IIR Wiener filters ; Orthogonality principle in linear mean-square estimation ; Noncasual Wiener filter.

Test Boo s/Reference Boo s: 1. Digital Signal Processing-Principles, Algorithms & Applications a is ( PHI ) 2. Digital Signal Processing

## Alan V. Oppenheim & Ronald W. Schafer (PHI) Lawrence R. Rabiner & Be

3. Theory and Applications of Digital Signal Processing rnard Gold ( PHI ) TOP DATA COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKS(ELECTIVE-II)

John G. Manol

L-3

T-1

P-0

## Theory:: 100 Mar s Sessional:: 50 Mar s TOP

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