t^mWnw-Knse

CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ
i-ao¿- a-Zo-\n-

i-ao¿- a-Zo-\n-

t^mWnw-Knse
CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

DA’WA BOOKS
P.B No: 1981, Vyttila, Cochin - 19

DA’WA BOOKS
Malayalam | Study | Phoningle Islamika Maryadakal

t^mWnw-Knse Ckvem-anI acym-ZI
- ƒ
Author: Shameer Madeeni
First Edition: January 2010

Price: Rs. 25.00

Publishing l Distribution
Da'wa Books | Salafi Cultural Complex | Vyttila | Kochi-19
Web: www.dawabooks.org l Email: dawabook@gmail.com
Cover: Primrose l Type Setting: Panacea Nasar l Printing: Screen Offset, Kochi
ISBN: 978-93-80442-09-9
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means
without the prior written permission of the author or publishers.

A¥m-cmjv{S \ne-hm-cØ
- n¬ ae-bmf ]pkvXI
- ß
- ƒ ]pd-Ønd-°p-Ibpw {]k-‡-amb hnhn[ `mjm-{K-Ÿ-߃ ae-bm-fØn-te°v samgn-am‰w \SØn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw A¥mcmjv{S kaq-lØ
- n\v ]cn-Nbs∏Sp-tØ≠ ae-bmf IrXn-Iƒ
a‰p `mj-I-fn-te°v ]cn-`m-j-s∏-SpØn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw
sNøp- I - s b∂ e£y- t ØmsS XpS°w Ipdn® "ZAv h m
_pIvkv' {it≤-bhpw hyXn-cn-‡-hp-amb ]pkvX-I-߃ ]pdØn-d-°n-s°m≠v CXn-\Iw Xs∂ ]pkvXI {]km-[\
cwKØv ÿnc-{]-XnjvT t\Sn-°-gn-™n-´p-≠v, ¬∏dG ~ª◊G.
hnip≤ Jp¿-B\pw Xncp-kp-∂Ø
- p-am-Ip∂ Ckvem-ans‚ ASnÿm\ {]am-W-ß-sf, {]hm-N-Is‚  {]tXy-I-amb AwKoIm-c-Øn\v hnt[-b-amb BZna Xe-ap-d-°m¿ a\- n-em-°n-bXp-t]mse a\- n-em-°-W-sa∂ Alvep-kp-∂Øn h¬ PamA-Øns‚ coXnimkv{X-Øn¬ {KŸ-c-N\ \S-Øn-bn-´p≈
]fin-X≥am-cpsS ]pkvX-I-ß-fmWv {][m-\-ambpw ZAvh
_pIvkv ]pd-Øn-d-°p-∂-Xv. {KŸ-I¿Øm-°-fpsS kz¥-amb
A`n-{]m-b-ß-fn-te°v £Wn-°p-I-b-√, {]am-W-_-≤-ambn
Imcy-ßsf hne-bn-cp-Øp-Ibpw a\- n-em-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xn-te°v \bn-°p-I-bmWv CØcw {KŸ-߃ ]pd-Øn-d-°ptºmƒ "ZAvh _pIvkv' Dt±-in-°p-∂X
- v. {KŸ-I¿Øm-°f
- psS
kz¥-amb A`n-{]m-b-߃ ZAvhm _pIvkns‚ A`n-{]m-bß-f-s√-∂¿∞w.
t^m¨ hnfn-If
- n¬ {i≤n-t°≠ CkvemanI acym-ZI
- ƒ hniZo-Ic
- n-°p∂ IrXn-bm-WnXv. kpDuZn Atd-_y-bnse {]kn≤
]finX-\m-bn-cp∂ _°¿ A_q sskZns‚ "BZm-_p¬
lmXn^v' F∂ IrXnsb Ah-ew-_a
- m°n iao¿ aZo-\n-bmWv
CXns‚ CXns‚ cN\ \n¿h-ln-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
\mYm. . . . \o CsXmcp {]Xn-^-em¿l-amb {]h¿Ø-\-ambn
kzoI-cn-t°-Wta (Bao≥)
amt\-P¿

Xmfp-I-fn¬
1. Ub¬ sNøp∂ \º¿ icn-bmtWm F∂v Dd-∏p-h-cp-ØpI ... 17
2. kabw ]cn-K-Wn-°p-I .................................................... 19
3. dnwKnßpw dnwKvtSmWpw .................................................. 24
4. kwkm-c-co-Xn .................................................................. 26
5. ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-ج ......................................................... 29
6. ssZ¿Lyw Ipd-°pI ...................................................... 30
7. i_vZw \nb-{¥n-°pI ..................................................... 31
8. kv{Xobpw t^mWpw ......................................................... 35
9. t^mWpw hoSpw.............................................................. 37
10. t^m¨ _n√v .................................................................. 40
11. t^mWpw Hm^okpw ........................................................ 41
12. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS t^m¨ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ ..................... 43
13. t^mWpw ^Xvhbpw ....................................................... 45
14. _‘-߃ ]pXp-°m≥ Hcp tImƒ ................................. 47
15. t^mWnw-Knse NXnbpw h©-\bpw ................................ 48
16. I_-fn-∏n-°¬ ................................................................53

hmb-\°p apºv
t^m¨ Cs∂mcp \ntXym-]-tbmK hkvXphmbn amdn-bn-´p-≠v. ]t£, A[n-It- ]cpw t^mWp]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xnse am\y-amb acym-Z-I-sf-Ip-dn®v
t_m[-hm-∑m-c-√. Adn™psImt≠m Adn-bmsXtbm ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ {]bm-k-ßfpw AXpap-tJ\ a‰p-≈h
- ¿°p-≠m-Ip∂p. Hcp hnizmkn a‰p≈- h ¿°v i√yhpw D]- { Z- h hpw Bbn- ° q- S m.
Ahs‚ BZ¿ihpw kwkv I m- c hpw CØcw
hy‡n-_-‘-ß-fnepw CS-]m-Sp-I-fnepw {]I-S-amI-Ww.
t^m¨ F∂ A\p-{Klw Fßs\ am\yambn D]-tbm-Kn°mw F∂v {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p∂ Hcp
sNdp-IrXnbmWv \nß-fpsS ssII-fn¬. kpDuZn
Atd-_y-bnse {]apJ ]fin-X-∑m-cnsemcmfm-bncp∂ _°¿ A_vZp√m A_q-sskZv bpsS
"AZ-_p¬ lmØn^v' F∂ {KŸw hmbn-®t- ∏mƒ

CXp-t]m-sem∂v ae-bmf `mj-bnepw thW-sa∂v
tXm∂n. AXns‚ t\¿]-cn-`m-jb
- √ CXv F¶nepw
apJy Ah- e w- _ - a mbpw Hcp hgn- I m- ´ n- b mbpw
{]kvXpX IrXn D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.
FgpXnh∂ `mK-߃ "kvt\l kwhmZw'
amkn-I-bn-eqsS ]e e°-ßfn-embn {]kn-≤o-Icn-®-Xm-Wv. ]ecpw Bh-iy-s∏-´Xv {]Imcw ˛ Nne
kwK-Xn-Iƒ IqSn tN¿Øv ˛ {KŸ cq]-Øn-em°n-bn-cn-°pIbm-Wv. CXns‚ ]n∂n¬ kl-I-cn®
]e-bm-fp-I-fp-ap-≠v. Bcp-sSbpw t]cv {]tXyIw
FSpØp ]d-bp-∂n-s√-¶nepw F√m-h¿°pw k¿hi-‡\
- mb A√mlp X°-Xmb {]Xn-^ew \¬In
A\p-{K-ln-°p-am-dm-I-s´, F∂v {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p.
kvJen-X-߃ h√Xpw {i≤-bn¬ s]Sp-∂-h¿
kvt\l-_p≤ym DW¿Ø-W-sa∂v A`y¿∞n-°p∂p.
A√m-lp-th, CXn¬ h√ hogvN-Ifpw h∂pt]m-bn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ \o s]mdp°W-ta, CsXmcp
k¬I¿a-ambn Rß-fn¬ \n∂v \o kzoI-cn-t°W-ta. Bao≥.
iao¿ aZo\n
{ioaq-e-\-Kcw

t^mWnw-Knse
CkvemanIacym-ZI
- ƒ
BZy-Im-eß-fn¬ t^mWpw samss_-ep-sams°
GXm\pw Nne D∂X h¿§-°m-cp-sS IpØ-I-bm-bn-cp∂p-sh-¶n¬ C∂v Ah-sbm-s° GsXmcp km[m-c-W°m-c-s‚bpw ssIhiw FØn-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. B[p-\nI
Ime-L-´-Øn¬ AsXmcp \n-tXym-]-tbmK km[-\-ambn
amdn-sb-∂¿Yw. ]s£, Ah-bpsS KpW-tZm-j-߃
th¿Xn-cn®v a\- n-em°n D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂h
- ¿ s]mXpsh
Ipd-hm-sW∂v Xs∂ ]d-bmw. Ah-bpsS Zqjy-߃
am{Xw FSp-Øp ]d™v ]msS Isømgn°p∂ coXn
KpW-]-c-a-√. Zqjy-h-i-ßfpw Zpcp-]-tbmK-ßfpw AwKoI-cn-®p-sIm≠v Xs∂ ]d-b-s´; Ah-bn¬ [mcmfw KpWß-fp-≠v. Xnc-°p-]n-Sn® B[p-\nI Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp
t^m¨tImƒ Nne-t∏mƒ aWn-°q-dp-Iƒ sNe-h-gn-®psIm-≠p≈ Zpcn-X-]q¿W-amb bm{X Hgn-hm-°m≥ klmbnt®°mw. B-bn-c-°-W-°n\v Intem-ao-‰-dp-Iƒ AI-e-

14 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

ß-fn-ep≈ Iq´p-Ip-Spw-_m-Zn-Is
- fbpw kplr-Øp-°s
- fbpw
Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc "ASpØp-\n¿Øm≥' t^m¨ tImfpIƒ klm-bn-°mdp-≠v. AXym-h-iy -Im-cy-߃ DS≥
ssIam-dm\pw t^mWnw-Kn-eqsS Ffp-∏-Øn¬ km[n-°p∂p. AI-e-߃ Npcp°n kuI-cy-߃ sa®-s∏-SpØn
Xcp∂ t^m¨ Zpcp-]-tbmKw sNø-s∏-Sp∂Xn-s\-°pdn®v \mw t_m[-hm-∑m-tc-I-≠-Xpap≠v.
t^m¨ F∂ Cu B[p-\nI A\p-{K-lsØ Fßs\ am\y-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°m-sa∂v CkvemanI A[ym]-\-ß-fpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ hni-I-e\w sNøp-hm-\mWv
ChnsS Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv. PohnXw k¿h-i-‡-\mb A√mlp-hn∂v ka¿∏n-°p∂psh∂pw Ahs‚ hn[n-hn-e-°pIƒ°v Iosgm-Xp-ßp-∂p-sh∂pw {]Xn-⁄-sb-SpØ
kXy-hn-izm-knsb (apkvenw F∂ hm°n\v Iosgm-Xpßn-b-h≥, ka¿∏n-®-h≥ Fs∂m-s°-bmWv A¿Yw)
kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw Xs‚ sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb
hmKvhnNm-c-I¿a-ß-fnepw CS-]m-Sp-I-fnepw ssZ-hnI
I¬]\Ifpw D]-tZ-i-ßfpw ]men-°m≥ Ah≥ _m[yÿ-\m-Wv. Pohn-X-e£yw Xncn-®-dn-™p-sIm≠v Ir-Xyamb ASp°pw Nn´-tbmSpw IqSn Pohn-°p∂ kXy-hnizmknbpw, Xm≥ F¥n\v th≠n Pohn-°p-∂p? F¥mWv
Xs‚ Pohn-Xe£yw? F∂p-t]mepw Btem-Nn-°p-Itbm
e£yw Xncn-®-dn-bp-Itbm sNømØ Ahn-izm-knbpw
Hcn-°epw ka-am-hp-I-bn-√. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p:

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

15

""hnizkn°pIbpw k¬I¿a߃ {]h¿Øn°pIbpw sNbvXhsc Xmgv`mKØp IqSn \ZnIƒ HgpIp∂
kz¿K-tØm∏pIfn¬ A√mlp {]thin∏n°p∂XmWv;
Xo¿®. kXy\ntj[nIfmIs´ (CltemIØv )
kpJa\p`hn°p- I bpw \m¬°menIƒ Xn∂p∂Xv
t]mse Xn∂psIm≠ncn-°pIbpw sNøp∂p. \cIamWv
Ah¿°p≈ hmkkvYew.'' (47:12)
]c- k v ] cw I≠p- a p- ´ p- t ºmgpw kwkm- c n- ° p- t ºmgpsams° hnizm-kn-Iƒ ]men-t°≠ H´-\-h[n acym-ZIƒ ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B\pw \_nbpsS kp∂Øpw ]Tn∏n®p Xcp-∂p-≠v. a‰p≈hsc kµ¿in-°p∂ kµ¿`ß-fnepw Ah-tcm-Sp≈ s]cp-am-‰-ß-fnep-sams° hnizmkn-Iƒ {i≤n-t°≠ acym-Z-Ifpw Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p-≠v. A\p-hmZw tNmZn-°epw am\y-amb kwkm-chpw
kuay-amb s]cp-am-‰-hp-amWv Ah-bn-se√mw ImWm≥
km[n-°p-∂Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p:

""tl; kXyhnizmknItf, \nßfptSX√mØ
hoSpIfn¬ \n߃ IS°cpXv; \n߃ A\phmZw
tXSpIbpw B ho´pIm¿°v kemw ]dbpIbpw
sNbvXn´√msX. AXmWv \n߃°v KpWIcw. \n߃
BtemNn®p a\ nem°m≥ th≠nbs{X(CXp
]dbp∂Xv)'' (24:27)

16 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

am\y-Xbpw kuay-Xbpw GsXm-∂n-s‚bpw kuµcyw h¿[n-∏n-°p-Itb sNøp-I-bp-≈q. \_n ]d-bp∂p:

""G-sXm-cp Imcy-Øn¬ kuay-X-bpt≠m, AXv AXns\ `wKn-bp-≈-Xm-°pw. GXv Imcy-Øn¬ AXn-√m-sXbm- I p- ∂ pthm AXv hnIr- X - a m- h p- I bpw sNøpw.''
(apkvenw, A_q-Zm-hqZv)
Hcp H´-I-tØmSv tZjyw ]nSn®v AXns\ ASn®
Bbn-i tbmSv \_n  C{]-Imcw ]d-™p-sh-¶n¬
am\yhpw ku-ay-hp-amb s]cp-am-‰-Øns‚ hnime taJesb hy‡-am-°p-∂-XmWv B hm°p-Iƒ.
Cusbmcp t_m[w t^m¨ sNøp∂ Bƒ°pw FSp°p-∂ Bƒ°pw D≠m-tI-≠X
- p-≠v. hnfn® Bsf kw_‘n- t ®- S - t Ømfw t^m¨ FSp- ° p∂bm- s f- ° mƒ
Ipd®pIqSn Cu t_m[-ap-≠m-hp-Ibpw am\yhpw kuayhp-amb coXn ssIsIm-≈m≥ IgnbpIbpw sNøWw.
kvt\lhpw km-tlm-Z-cyhpw ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øm\pw \√
_‘- ß ƒ ImØp- k q- £ n- ° m\pw hnizm- k y- X bpw
\∑bpw hf¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-cm\pw CØcw am\y-amb
kao-]-\-ß-fn-eqsS am{Xta km-[n-°p-I-bp-≈q. Nne¿
\º¿ Ub¬ sNbvX tijw A∏p-d-Øp≈bmƒ t^msWSp-Ømepw H∂pw an≠msX \n¬°p-Ibpw "ltem']d-bp-tºm-tg°pw dko-h¿ sh®p If-bpIbpw sNømdp≠v. Xm≥ Dt±-in® Bf√ t^m¨ FSp-Ø-sX-¶n¬
t]mepw Cu coXn am\y-a-√. am\y-∑m¿°v tN¿∂tXm
acym-Z-°m¿ CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂tXm Bb Hcp \√ kao-]-\a√ AXv. t^m¨ sNøp-tºmƒ \mw {i≤n-t°≠ Nne

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

17

Imcy-ß-fp-≠v. Ah IWn-i-ambn \ap°v ]men-°m≥
km[n-®m¬ Ipd-sbms° {]iv\-߃ Hgn-hm-°m≥
km[n-°pw.
1. Ub¬ sNøp∂ \º¿ icn-bmtWm F∂v Dd-∏ph-cp-ØpI
A{i-≤-ambn \º¿ Ub¬ sNøp-∂-Xn-eqsS kabhpw ss]kbpw \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂-tXm-sSm∏w a‰p-≈-hsc
_p≤n-ap-´n-°-ep-am-Wv. Dd-ßp-∂-hsc hnfn-®p-W¿Øepw
tcmKn-Isf iey-s∏-Sp-Ø-ep-sams° AXn-eqsS kw`hn-t®°mw. AXn-\m¬ {i≤-tbmsS am{Xw \º¿ Ub¬
sNøp-I. Bh-iy-sa-¶n¬ Hcp IS-em-kn¬ \º¿ Ipdn®v
sh® tijw AXn¬ t\m°n Ub¬ sNøp-I. Hm¿abn¬ \n∂p-≈-Xm-sW-¶nepw Dt±-in® \º¿ Xs∂bmtWm Ub¬ sNbvX-sX-∂v Dd∏v hcp-Ø-Ww.
AYhm h√ hn[-Ønepw A_≤w ]‰n-bm¬ am\yamb coXn-bn¬ £am-]Ww \S-ØWw. Nne-t∏mƒ s\‰ph¿-°n-tem As√-¶n¬ t^mWnt\m D≈ XI-cm-dp-Iƒ
sIm≠pw Ub¬ sNbvX \º-dn-te-°-√msX tImƒ
amdn-t∏m-tb-°mw. tdmwKv tImfp-Iƒ h∂m¬ AXv kzoIcn-°p∂ hy‡n°pw hnIm-c-hn-t£m-`߃°-Sn-a-s∏SmsX A_-≤-߃ s]mdp-°m\pw am∏m-°m\pw Ign-bWw. A_≤w B¿°pw ]‰mw. At∏mƒ \√ coXnbn¬ {]Xn-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-h-\mWv am\y≥. a‰p-≈h¿ \tΩmSv Fßs\ s]cp-am-d-W-sa∂v \mw B{K-ln°p-∂pthm A{]-Imcw a‰p-≈-h-tcmSpw s]cp-am-dm≥
\ap°v km[n-°-Ww.

18 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

\_n ]d-bp∂p:

""X\n°v CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Xs‚ k-tlm-Z-c\pw CjvSs∏-Sp-∂-Xp-hsc \nß-fn-sem-cmfpw bYm¿Y hnizm-knbm-hp-I-bn-√.''(_pJm-cn, apkvenw)

""a‰p-≈-hsc Bt£-]n-°p-∂-h-t\m, im]-hm-°p-Iƒ
]d- b p- ∂ - h t\m A√ bYm¿Y hnizmkn''(Alv a Zv ,
Xn¿anZn)
a\x-]q¿hw sNbvX-Xm-sW-¶n¬ t]mepw am\y-amb
kao-]\
- w kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xn-eqsS \n߃°v H∂pw \jvSs∏-Sm\n-√. am\yX ssIsIm-≠-Xn\v \n߃°v A√mlp-hns‚ {]Xn-^-ehpw Hcmsf t_m[-]q¿hw ieyw
sNbvX-Xn\v as‰-bmƒ-°v in£bpw e`n-°pw. sNdpXpw
hep-Xp-amb H∂pw A√m-lp-hns‚ IW-°n¬ \n∂v hn´p
t]mIp-∂n-√.

""`qanbntem B-ImitØm D≈ Hcp AWpthmfap≈ bmsXm∂pw \ns‚ c£nXmhn(s‚ {i≤bn)¬
\n∂v hn´pt]mIpIbn√. AXn- s \°mƒ sNdptXm

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

19

heptXm Bbn´p≈ bmsXm∂pw kv]-jvSamb Hcp
tcJbn¬ Dƒs∏SmØXmbn C√.''(10:61)

""At∏mƒ B¿ Hcp AWphns‚ Xq°w \≥a sNbvXn-cp∂pthm Ah\Xv ImWpw. B¿ Hcp AWphns‚
Xq°w Xn≥- a sNbv X ncp∂pthm Ah≥ AXpw
ImWpw''(99:7-,8)
2. kabw ]cn-K-Wn-°p-I
\nß-fpsS Bh-iy-߃ t]mse \n߃ hnfn-°p∂
Bfp-If
- p-tSbpw tPmen-Ifpw Ah-ÿI
- fpw I≠-dn-bW
- w.
`£-Ww, \a-kvIm-cw, Dd°w XpSßn ]e-Xcw Bhiy-ß-fp-≈-h-cmWv Ahcpw F∂-Xn-\m¬ \nß-fpsS
tImƒ as‰m-cmƒ°v ieyhpw {]bm-kh
- p-am-Im-Xn-cn-°m≥
]c-am-h[n {i-≤n-°p-I. kµ¿i-Isc kzoI-cn-°m≥
km[n-°mØ kµ¿-`ßfn¬ am\y-ambn- Hgnhp ]d-bm≥
Ckvemw A\p-h-Zn-®n-´p≠v F∂-tXm¿°p-I.

""C\n \n߃ AhnsS Bscbpw Is≠Ønbns√¶n¬ \n߃°v kΩXw In´p∂Xv hsc \n߃ Ahn-

20 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

sS IS-°cpXv. \n߃ Xncn®pt]mIq F∂v \nß-tfmSv
]dbs∏-´m¬ \n߃ Xncn®pt]mIWw. AXmWv \n߃°v Gsd ]cnip≤ambn´p≈Xv. A√mlp \n߃
{]h¿Øn°p∂Xn-s\∏‰n Adnhp≈-h\mIp∂p.''(24:28)
cm{Xn 12 aWn°pw 1 aWn-°p-sams° a‰p-≈-hsc
Dd°n¬ \n∂v hnfn-®p-W¿Øn ieyw sNbvXv \nßfpsS Bh-iy-߃ t\Sp-∂Xv icn-bmb coXn-b-√. a‰p
ka-b-ß-fn-e-Xmhm-sa∂n-cns° A-hsc ieyw sNøp∂
coXn F¥p-am-{Xw {Iqc-am-Wv. Hcp apkvenan\v tN¿∂X-√ AXv. ]s£, Nne¿°v AsXms° Hcp "tlm_n'
bmWv. AØcw {Iqc-hn-t\m-Z-߃ Ckvemw A\p-h-Zn°p-∂n-√. \nß-fpsS AØ-csamcp tImƒ ImcWw
Dd°w \jvS-s∏´v B ktlm-Z-c≥ a\w s\m¥v \n߃s°-Xn-cn-sem∂v {]m¿Yn-®m¬ AXv Kpcp-X-am-bn-cn-°psa∂v Hm¿°p-I. \_n ]d-™p. ""a¿Zn-Xs‚ {]m¿Y\sb \n߃ kq£n-°Ww, AXns‚bpw A√m-lp-hns‚bpanS-bn¬ ad-bn-√.''(_pJm-cn, apkvenw) AXm-bXv, AXv Ffp-∏-Øn¬ DØcw sNøp-∂-Xm-Wv.
Ip´n-I-fpw the-°m-cp-a-S°w ho´n¬ kZm-k-abw
D≠m-Ip∂ Bfp-Iƒ t]mepw a‰p-≈-h-cpsS kzIm-cyX
\jvS-s∏-Sp∂ hn[-Øn¬ s]cp-am-dp-∂Xv Ckvemw A\ph-Zn-°p-∂n-√. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p:

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

21

""kXyhnizmknItf, \nßfpsS heXpssIIƒ
DSas∏SpØnbh(ASnaIƒ)cpw, \nßfn¬ {]mb]q¿Øn FØnbn´n√mØhcpw aq∂v kµ¿`ßfn¬
\nßtfmSv ({]thi\Øn\v) A\phmZw tXSns°m≈s´. {]`m-X\akvImcØn\p apºpw, D®kabØv
(Ddßphm≥) \nßfpsS hkv{X߃ am‰nsh°p∂
kabØpw, Cim \akvImcØn\v tijhpw. \nßfpsS
aq∂v kzImcy kµ-¿`ßfs{X CXv. Cu kµ¿`߃°v
tijw \n߃t°m Ah¿t°m (IqSn°e¿∂v
Pohn°p∂Xn\v) bmsXmcp Ip‰hpan√. Ah¿ \nßfpsS
ASpØv Np‰n \S°p∂h-cs{X. \n߃ At\ym\yw
CSIe¿∂v h¿Øn°p∂p. A{]-Imcw A√mlp \n߃°v sXfnhpIƒ hnhcn®pXcp∂p. A√mlp k¿∆-

22 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

PvR\pw bpIvXnam\pamIp∂p. \nßfn¬ \n∂p≈
Ip´nIƒ {]mb]q¿ØnsbØnbm¬ Ahcpw Ah¿°v
apºp≈h¿ kΩXw tNmZn®Xv t]mseØs∂ k-ΩXw
tNmZnt°≠XmWv. A{]Imcw A√mlp \nß-ƒ-°v
Ah-s‚ sXfnhpIƒ hnhcn®pXcp∂p. A√mlp k¿∆PvR\pw bpIvXnam\pamIp∂p''(24:58--˛59)
kz¥w ho´n-te°pw `mcy-am-cpsS ASptØ°p Xs∂bpw ap∂-dn-bn-∏n-√msX Ak-a-bØv sN∂v hnfn-®pW¿Øp-∂Xv icn-b-s√-∂mWv Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂-Xv.
Pm_n¿ ]dbp∂p:

""cm{Xn-bn¬ sN∂v Xs‚ ho´pIm-sc hnfn-®p-W¿Øp∂Xv \_nhne-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.'' (_pJm-cn, apkvenw)
Npcp-°-Øn¬ am\y-amb s]cp-am-‰-amWv hnizm-kn°p-≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠-Xv. DNn-X-amb ka-b-hpw kµ¿`hpw
t\m°n-bn-´m-bncn-°-Ww a‰p-≈-h-tcmSv kwkm-cn-t°-≠Xv. ]n∂oSv hnfn-°m≥ ]d-™p-sIm≠v Xnc°pw AkuI-cyhpw Adn-bn-®m¬ A-Xn¬ bmsXmcp hnjahpw
tXm∂msX Abm-fpsS Aku-I-cy-߃ ]cn-K-Wn-°m\p≈ lrZ-b-hn-im-eX kXy-hn-izm-kn-°p-≠m-tI-≠-Xp≠v. ""\n߃ Xncn®p t]mIq'' F∂v ]d-b-s∏-´m¬
\n߃ Xncn-®p-t]m-IWw AXmWv \n߃t°sd ]cnip-≤-am-bn-´p-≈Xv.(24:28) F∂ Jp¿-B-\n-Im-[ym-]\w
hnizm-kn-Iƒ ad-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I.
Nne-t∏mƒ "Hcp \nanjw ImØp \n¬°q' F∂m-hiy-s∏-´m¬ ImØp \n¬°m≥ km[n-°W
- w. As√-¶n¬

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

23

]n-∂oSv hnfn-°m-sa∂v ]d™v am\y-ambn ]ncn-bp-Ib
- mWv
th≠-Xv. AtXm-sSm∏w X-s∂ "Hcp \nanjw' F∂v ]d™v sse\n¬ \n¿Ønb Bsf {i≤n-°msX a‰p
tPmen-I-fn¬ G¿s∏-Sp∂ coX-n-bpw icn-b√. hm°p
]men-°m\pw hnizmk h©\ \S-Øm-Xn-cn-°m\pw
kXy-hn-izmkn _m[y-ÿ-\m-Wv.
\_n ]d-bp∂p:

""I]-S-hn-izm-kn-bpsS(ap\m-^n-Jns‚) e£-W-߃
aqs∂-Æ-am-Wv. kwkm-cn-®m¬ Ifhv ]d-bpw, hm°p-Iƒ
]d- ™ m¬ ewLn- ° pw, hniz- k n- ® m¬ NXn°pw.''
(_pJmcn, apkvenw)
F∂m-¬ 24 aWn-°qdpw {]h¿Øn-°p∂ tlm´¬,
tem-UvPv, tlmkv]n-‰¬ apX-emb ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬
CØcw Imcy-߃°v {]tXyIw kwhn-[m-\-ap-≈-Xn\m¬ AsXmcp iey-am-hp-I-bn√ F∂-Xp-sIm≠v Xs∂
"Ak-abw' F∂ {]iv\w AhnsS hcp-∂n-√. kzImcyX \jvSs
- ∏-Sp-Øtem ieyw sN-øtem C√mØ ÿeß-fn¬ IS∂p sN√p-hm≥ {]tXy-I \n_-‘\
- I
- s
- fm∂pw
sh°msX Xs∂ Ckvemw A\ph-Zn°p-∂p-sh-∂Xv Jp¿B-\nI hN-\-Øn¬ \n∂pw hy‡am-Wv.

""Bƒ]m¿∏n√mØXpw, \n߃°v Fs¥-¶nepw D]tbmKap≈Xpamb `h\ßfn¬ \n߃ {]thin°p-

24 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

∂Xn\v \n߃°v Ip‰an√. \n߃ shfns∏SpØp∂Xpw Hfn-®psh°p∂Xpw A√mlp Adnbp-∂p.''(24:29)
AXym-ln-X-߃ h√-Xpw kw`-hn-°p-Itbm acWw, A]-ISw t]mep≈ kml-N-cy-ß-ƒ Adn-bn-t°-≠n hcnItbm sNøp-tºmƒ GXv s]mXp-\n-b-a-Øn-\pw Nne
Hgn-hp-Iƒ D≠m-Ip-sa∂ hkvXpX a\- n-em°n kµ¿`Øn- \ - \ p- k - c n®v DNn- X - a mbn {]h¿Øn- ° p- I - b mWv
th≠Xv.
3. dnwKnßpw dnwKvtSmWpw
s_√-Sn-®n´pw FSp-°mØ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ ho≠pw
ho≠pw XpS¿®-bmbn ASn-°p-∂-Xn\v apºv Btem-Nn°pI. Hcp ]s£, Abmƒ samss_¬ t^m¨ ad-∂psh- ® n- c n- ° mw. As√- ¶ n¬ "sske‚n- ' em- b n- c n- ° mw;
AXpas√-¶n¬ {]Xn-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bmØ kml-N-cyØn-em-bn-cn-°mw. Bb-Xn-\m¬ Aan-X-ambn s_√-Sn∏n®v kzbw A£-a-\m-hp-Ibpw a‰p-≈-h¿°v iey-am-bnØo-cpIbpw sNøp-∂-Xn\pw ]Icw Btem-Nn-°p-I.
am\yhpw anX-hp-amb coXn-bn¬ ""dnwKv'' sNbvX tijw
as‰mcp ka-bØv ho≠pw hnfn-°m≥ {ian-°p-I. Nne¿
CØcw ieyw kln-bv°-h-ømsX dko-h¿ am‰n-sh°m-dp≠v. AXv icn-bmb \S-]-Sn-b-s√-¶nepw \mw AØcw {]hrØn-Iƒ°v \nanØamhm-Xn-cn-°m\pw {i≤n°-Ww. as‰m-cm-fpsS ho´n¬ {]th-in-°p-∂-Xn\v apºv
A\p-hmZw tNmZn-°-W-sa∂v ]Tn-∏n® apl-ΩZv \_n

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

25

""A\p-hmZw tNmZn-°¬ aq∂v Xh-W-bmWv, F∂n´pw
A\p-hmZw In´n--bn-s√-¶n¬ Xncn-®p-t]m-IWw''(_pJmcn, apkvenw) F∂pw DW¿Øn-bn-´p-≠v.
kzlm-_n-Iƒ \_nsb hmXn-en¬ ap´nhnfn-®n-cp∂p. ]s£, hfsc am\y-am-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p AXv. ASn®p
XI¿-°p∂ coXn-bne-√-; adn®v Ah-cpsS \Jw sIm≠mbn-cp-∂-s{X Ah¿ hmXn-en¬ ap´n-bn-cp-∂-Xv.
Camw AlvaZv_v\p lº¬ s‚ ASp-°¬ sN∂v
i‡-ambn hmXn-en¬ ap´n hnfn® Bsf At±lw XncpØnb kw`-h-ap-≠v. t]meo-kp-Im¿ AdÃv hmd-≠pambn ap´p-∂-Xp-t]mep≈ coXn am\y-a√ F∂mWv
At±lw D]-tZ-in-®-Xv. AXv t^mWnwKns‚ ImcyØnepw {i≤n-°m≥ \ap°v km[n-°-Ww.
A{]-Imcw Xs∂ "ankvUv' tImfp-Iƒ I≠m¬
Xncn®p hnfn-°p-Itbm Npcp-ßn-bXv B \º-dn-te°v
Hcp "ankv' tIm-sf-¶nepw ASn-°p-Itbm sNøp∂Xv
\∂m-bn-cn°pw. At∏m-ƒ Bh-iy-sa-¶n¬ Abmƒ°v
Xncn®p hnfn- ° m- a - t √m. sam- s s_¬ t^mWn¬
skeIvSp sNøp∂ B`m-k-I-c-amb Nne dnwKv tSmWpIƒ am\y-∑m¿°v tN¿∂-Xs
- √∂v a\- n-em-°p-I. kwKoXhpw ]m´p-I-t®-cn-bp-sam-s°-bmWv Nne¿ -sXc-s™Sp-°p-∂-sX-¶n¬ a‰p Nne¿°v s]m´n-®n-cnbpw B¿-Øv
A´-l-kn-°-ep-amWv {]nbw. thsd Nne¿°v a‰p-≈-hsc
t]Sn-∏n-°p∂ H®bpw _l-f-hp-amWv CjvSw. CsXm∂pw Hcp hnizmkn sXc-s™-Sp-t°-≠-h-b-√. Nne¿
samss_¬ t^m¨ kzn®v Hm^m-°p-Itbm sske‚nem-°p-Itbm t]m-epw sNømsX ]≈n-bn¬ \a-kvI-cn-

26 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

°m≥ \n¬°p-∂-XmWv AXn-t\-°mƒ IjvSw. F∂n´v
]nim-Nns‚ A´-lm-k-ßfpw i_vZ-tIm-emleßfpw
sIm≠v A√m-lp-hns‚ `h-\-Øn¬ Ahs\ Bcm-[n°m≥ Hcp-an®p IqSnb a‰p hnizm-kn-Isf iey-s∏-SpØpIbpw Bcm-[-\m-I¿a-ßsf Ipg-∏-Øn-em-°p-Ibpw
sNøp-∂Xv Hcp Xc-Ønepw \ymbo-I-cn-°m-\m-hp-∂-X√. \t∂ Npcp-ßn-bXv dnwKvv sNøp-tºmƒ t^msWSpØv Hm^m-°m-s\-¶nepw Xøm-dm-I-Ww. \a-kvI-cn-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶nepw AXp-sIm≠v \a-kvIm-cØn\v H∂pw kw`-hn-°p-I-bn-√. adn®v; Hm^m-°m-Xn-cp∂memWv \a-kvIm-c-Øn¬ \n∂v kzbw A{i-≤-\m-IpIbpw a‰p-≈-hsc A{i-≤-cm-°p-Ibpw kw`-hn-°p-I.
A√m-lp-hns‚ `h-\Ø
- n¬ A√m-lp-hn\v CjvSa
- n-√mØ
i_vZ-ß-fp-ambn Ahs‚ Zmk≥amsc iey-s∏-Sp-ج
A√m- l p- h n- t \- X m- b mepw Cjv S - a m- h p- I - b n√ F∂v
Hm¿°p-I. A√m-lp-hns‚ A\n-jvS-߃°pw im]-tIm]ß-ƒ°pw \nan-Ø-am-Ip∂ Imcy-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hn´p
\n¬°m≥ Hcp kXy-hn-izmkn ]c-am-h[n {ian-t°≠Xp-≠v.
4. kwkm-c-co-Xn
kemw ]d-™p-sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°Ww kwkmcw XpStß-≠-Xv, "A -em-ap Asse°pw' (Xm¶ƒ°v A√mlp-hns‚ c£-bp-≠m-Is´!) F∂ CkvemanI A`n-hmZ\ coXn am\y-hpw amXr-Im-]c
- h
- p-amWv. i{Xp-°ƒ Akqb-s∏´p t]mIp∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ Ckvemans‚ Hcp Nn”am-WXv. kvt\lhpw kmtlm-Zc
- yhpw Du´n-bp-d∏
- n-°m\pw
hnizmk ZrVo-Ic
- W
- Ø
- n\pw "kemw' klm-bI
- a
- m-sW-

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

27

∂mWv \_n DW¿-Øn-bX
- v. Ahn-Sp-∂v ]d-™p.

""hnizm-kn-I-fm-hmsX \n߃ kz¿-K-Øn¬ {]thin-°p-Ib
- n-√. ]c-kv]cw kvt\ln-°p∂-Xp h
- sc \n߃
hnizm-kn-I-fm-hp-I-bp-an-√. ]c-kv]cw kvt\l-ap-≠m-°p∂Xpw (AXphgn hnizmkZrVo-I-cWØn\pw kz¿K{]-th-i-\-Øn\pw km[y-am-°p∂) Hcp kwKXn Rm≥
\n߃°v Adn-bn®p Xc-s´tbm?'' kzlm-_n-Iƒ ]d™p. ""Adn-bn®p X∂mepw'' \_n {]Xn-h-Nn®p:
""\n߃°n-S-bn¬ "kemw' (c£-bpsS A`n-hmZyw)
hym]n-∏n°pI'' (apkvenw, A_q-Zm-hqZv)
Hcn-°¬ \_nbpsS hmXn¬°¬ h∂p-sIm≠v
Hcmƒ tNmZn-®p. Rm≥ IS-∂p-h-c-s´tbm? At∏mƒ
\_n {]th-i\
- m-\p-aXn \¬Ip-∂Xn\v apºv A\p-hmZw
tNmZn-t°-≠-sX-ßs\sb∂v ]Tn-∏n-®Xv C{]-ImcamWv.
""A - e map Asse°pw (A√m- l p- h ns‚ c£
\n߃°p-≠m-hs´!) F∂p]d-bp-I. tijw {]th-i\m-\p-aXn tXSp-I'' Aßs\ sNbvXt- ∏mƒ \_n At±l-Øn\v {]th-i-\m-\p-aXn \¬-In. (A_q-Zm-hq-Zv)
t^mWnw-Kns‚ Imcy-Ønepw Cu Ckv-emanI acymZ
]men-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.
]s£, B[p-\n-IX
- b
- psS t]cn¬ a‰p]e kwkvImcßfpw A\p-I-cn-®p-sIm≠v ]ecpw "KpUvtam-WnwKpw'
"KpUv Cuh-\nwKp'sams°-bmWv A`n-hm-Z\
- ß
- f
- mbn ]dbm-dp-≈-Xv. A\nkvemanI coXn F∂-tXm-sSm∏w ]et∏m-gpw AXv Atcm-NIhpw A\-h-k-c-Ønep≈-Xpw

28 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

Bbn- t ∏m- I mdp≠v . k¶- S - Ø nepw {]bm- k - Ø nepw
CØcw A`n-hm-Z-\-߃ A¿∏n-°p-tºm-gp-≠m-Ip∂
A\u- N nXyw H∂v Btem- N n®p t\m°q. F∂m¬
kt¥m-j-Ønepw k¥m-]-Øn-ep-sa-∂√ GXv Ah-kc-Ønepw Hcp-t]mse {]mtbm-Kn-Ihpw A\p-tbm-Py-hpamWv CkvemanI A`n-hmZyhN\w. ""Xm¶ƒ°v A√mlp-hn¬ \n∂p≈ c£bpw kam-[m-\hpw D≠m-hs´!''
F∂v Biw- k n- ° p- t ºmƒ {]Xy- ` n- h m- Z - \ - a mbn
\n߃°pw A√m-lp-hn¬ \n∂p≈ c£bpw ImcpWyhpw D≠m-h-s´, (h Asse-°p-ap- emw hdlvaØp≈mln h_-d-°m-Øp-lp) F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv F¥pam{Xw Bizm-khpw a\- n\v B\-µw \¬Ip-∂-Xpambn-cn-°pw. Cu hmIy-߃ a\- -dn™v Bibw {Kln®v
Bflm¿Y-ambn ]d-bp∂ hy‡n-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ Akqbbpw i{Xp-X-bp-a-√, kvt\lhpw kmtlm-Z-cy-hp-am-bncn°pw D≠m-hp-I. a\pjy \n¿anX Bi-bhpw {kjvSmhmb ssZh- Ø ns‚ am¿K- Z ¿i\hpw XΩn- e p- ≈
hyXymkw {Kln-°m≥ klm-bI
- a
- mbXmWv Cu Hscm‰
kwKXn Xs∂.
CXns‚ al- X zhpw \∑- b pw Adn- b m- Ø - X p- s Im≠mImw kemw ]d-bm\pw kemw aS-°m-\p-sams°
Nne¿°v h√m-Ø Hcp aSn. A-tßm´v kemw ]d-™m¬
Xs∂bpw Ft¥m A]-cn-Nn-XXzw t]mse "Mvtl,
F¥m?' Fs∂ms°∏d™v \∑-Iƒ \jvSs∏-SpØp∂
lX-`m-Kycpw hnc-f-a-√. A∏p-d-Øp t^m¨ FSp-°p∂
Bƒ kwkm-cn®p XpS-ß-s´, F∂v ImØp \n¬°p∂
coXnb√ DNn-X-am-bn-´p-≈-Xv. AhnsS t^m¨ A‰‚ v
sNbvXn-´p-s≠∂v t_m[y-am-bm¬ hnfn®-bmƒ Xs∂

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

29

kemw ]d™v kwkmcw XpS-ßp-I. kemw ]d-bepw
A\p-hmZw tNmZn-°epsams° BK-Xs‚ IS-ab
- pw acym ]Tn-∏n-®-Xv. hnfn® Bsf∂ \neZ-bp-am-bn-´m-Wv \_n
°pw ]d-bm-\p≈ Imcy-߃ ]d-tb-≠Xpw kwkm-cn®v
XpS-tß-≠Xpw Abmƒ Xs∂-bm-W-t√m. adp-h-iØv
t^m-sW-Sp-°p∂ BfpsS i_vZw tI´n´v Dt±-in® BfmsW- ¶ n- ¬ am{Xw kwkm- c n- ° p- I bpw As√- ¶ n¬
bmsXmcp ap∂-dn-bn-∏p-an-√msX s]s´∂v tImƒ I´p
sNøp∂ coXnbpw am\y-a-√. am{X-a√; ]e sX‰p-≤m-cW-Iƒ°pw Dulm-t]m-l-߃-°pw AXv hgn-sh-°pw.
]nim- N n\v IS∂p- h - c m\pw Ipg- ∏ - ß ƒ krjv S n°m\pambn AØcw hgn-Iƒ Xpd-∂p-sh-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥
\Ωƒ {i≤n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Xm≥ Dt±-in® Bƒ AhnsS-bp-t≠m F∂ tIhe ]cn-tim-[-\-°mbn am{Xw tImƒ sNbvXn´v i_vZw tI´nt´m at‰m Bf-hn-sS-bp-s≠∂v a\- n-em°n DSs\ dko-h¿ sh°p∂ coXnbpw
am\y-a√. ]c-am-h[n kpXm-cyhpw hy‡hpw am\y-hpam-bn-cn-°Ww ]c-kv]-c-ap≈ kwkm-c-ßfpw CS-]m-SpIfpw.
5. ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-ج
BcmWv kwkm-cn-°p-∂-sX∂v kzbw ]cn-N-b-s∏Sp-Ø-¬ \√-XmWv. AXv am\yhpw hy‡-hp-am-bn-cn°Ww. Nne-tcmSv "BcmWv kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv?' F∂v
Atßm´v tNmZn-®m¬ Xs∂ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bn-√.
Nne-t∏m-gp≈ adp-]Sn "Rm\mWv' F∂ A¿Y iq\yamb H∂m-bn-cn°pw. AXp-a-s√-¶n¬ IrXyhpw hy‡hp-a-√mØ a‰p h√ adp-]Snbpw ]dbpw. kmdm-Wv, aue-

30 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

hn-bmWv, kvt\ln-X-\mWv XpS-ßn IrXyhpw hy‡hp-a-√mØ adp-]-Sn-Iƒ \¬Ip-tºmƒ DØ-cw ]q¿W-amIp-∂ns√∂v am{X-a√ Bsf amdn kwkm-cn-°p-∂X
- neqsS
A{]-Xo-£n-X-amb ]eXpw tIƒt°≠n hcn-I-bpw
sNøpw. Aßs\ ]ecpw Cfn-`y-cmb kw`-h-߃ D≠mbn-´p-≠v. AXn-\m¬ am\yhpw hy‡hp-amb coXn-bn¬
]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-I.

Hcn- ° ¬ \_nbpsS A\p- N - c - \ mb Pm- _ n¿
\_nbpsS ASp-°¬ sN∂v kemw ]d™v {]th-in°m≥ A\p-aXn tNmZn-®p. \_n tNmZn-®p. "BcmWv?'
Pm-_n¿ ]d-™p: ""Rm\mWv.'' Pm_n¿ Xs∂ ]dbp∂p. At∏mƒ \_n shdp∏p {]I-Sn-∏n-®n-s´∂
t]mse Cßs\ tNmZn-®p. ""Rm≥, Rm≥ F∂p ]d™m¬ (BcmWv?)'' (_pJmcn, apkvenw)
AXm-bXv, Bsf a\- n-em-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv tNmZn°p-∂-sX∂v a\- n-em°n hy‡-amb adp-]Sn \¬IpI. AXn-\mbn t]mì A{U v apgp-h≥ ]d-bW
- s
- a∂v
AXn-\¿Y-an-√. AYhm Bsf a\- n-em-I-emWv Imcyw.
6. ssZ¿Lyw Ipd-°pI
Nnesc kw_-‘n®v ]ecpw Cßs\ ]d-bm-dp-≠v.
""A- b mƒ h√mØ IØn- b m- W v . t^msW- S p- Ø m¬
sh°n-√. t_md-Sn-∏n°pw'' a‰p-≈-h-cpsS ka-bhpw
ss]kbpw \in-∏n-°p∂ CØcw sh´p-IØnIfm-ImXn-cn-°m≥ ]c-am-h[n {i≤n-°p-I. Bh-iy-Øn-\mWv

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

31

kwkmcw. A\m-h-iy-ambn \o´n∏cØn kwkm-cn-°p∂
hmbm- S n- I sf am\y- X - b p≈h- c mcpw Cjv S - s ∏- S n- √ .
AØcw coXn am\y-∑m-cp-tS-X-√-Xm\pw. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS
CØcw "h['Øn\v kln-sI´v \n∂v sImSp-t°≠ Zpch-ÿbpw Gsd ]cn-Xm-]-I-c-am-Wv.
\_n ]d-bp-∂p:
""\n߃ a‰p-≈-h¿°v Ffp-∏-ap-≠m-°pI; sRcp-°ap-≠m-°-cp-Xv. \n߃ kt¥mjw ]I-cpI. a‰p-≈-hsc
shdp-∏n-°-cpXv'' (apkvenw)
7. i_vZw \nb-{¥n-°pI
anX-Xzhpw am\y-Xbpw t^mWn-eqsS kwkm-cn-°ptºmgpw Bh-iy-am-Wv. kwkmcw tIƒ°m≥ Ign-bmsX
A]-c≥ hnj-an-°p-∂{X Ipd™ i_vZhpw dko-h¿
Bh-iy-an-√m-Ø-hn[w sNhn-S-S-°p∂ i_vZhpw Hgn-hmt°-≠-Xm-Wv. c≠pw ieyhpw {]bm-k-hp-am-sW∂ Imcyw {]tXyIw ]d-tb-≠-Xn-√-t√m. Jp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂p:

""\ns‚ \SØØn¬ \o anXXzw ]men°pI. \ns‚
i_vZw \o HXp°pIbpw sNøpI. Xo¿®bmbpw i_vZßfpsS Iq´Øn¬ G‰hpw shdp-∏pfhm°p∂Xv IgpXbpsS i_vZa-s{X.'' (31:19)
Btcm-SmtWm kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv Ah-cpsS ÿm\hpw _‘hpw ]cn-KW
- n-®p-sIm-≠p-thWw kwkm-cn°m≥. amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ, Kpcp-\m-Y≥am¿, {]mbw sN∂-

32 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

h¿ XpS- ß n- b - h - t cmSv _lp- a m- \ - t ØmSpw hn\- b tØmSpw IqSn kwkm-cn-°m≥ km[n-°-Ww.
A√mlp ]d-bp∂p:

""Xs∂b√msX \n߃ Bcm[n°cpsX∂pw,
amXm]n-Xm°ƒ°v \≥asNøWsa∂pw \ns‚ c£nXmhv hn[n®ncn°p∂p. Ahcn¬ (amXm]nXm°fn¬)
Hcmtfm Ah¿ c≠p t]cpw Xs∂tbm \ns‚ ASp°¬
sh®v hm¿≤Iyw {]m]n°pIbmsW¶n¬ Ah-tcmSv \o
sO! F∂v ]dbpItbm, Ah-tcmSv Ib¿°pItbm
sNøcpXv. Ahtcm-Sv \o am\yamb hm°v ]dbpI. ImcpWy-tØmSv IqSn FfnabpsS NndIv \o Ah¿ Ccp-h¿°pw XmgvØnsImSp°pIbpw sNøpI. Fs‚ c£n-Xmth, sNdp∏Øn-¬ Ch¿ Ccphcpw Fs∂ t]m‰nhf¿ØnbXv t]mse ChtcmSv \o IcpW ImWn-°Wta
F∂v \o ]dbpIbpw sNøpI.'' (17:23,24)
Bfp-Iƒ°v am\y-amb ]cn-KW
- \ \¬Ip-hm\pw AhcpsS ÿm\-am-\-߃ AwKo-I-cn-°p-hm\pw \_n 

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

33

\n¿tZ-in®n--´p-≠v. Ahn-Sp∂v ]d™p:

""\n߃ P\-ßsf Ah-cpsS ÿm\-am-\-߃°-\pk-cn®v kao-]n-°pI'' (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv)
{]mbw Ipd-™-h-tcmSv kvt\l hm¬k-ey-tØmsS
s]cp-am-dm\pw kwkm-cn-°m\pw {i≤n-°Ww. \_n 
]d-bp∂p:

""hen-b-hsc _lp-am-\n-°m-Ø-hcpw sNdn-b-h-tcmSv
IcpW ImWn-°m-Ø-hcpw \Ωn¬s∏-´-h-c√'' (A-lvaZv)
A√mlp ]d-bp∂p:

""\o (Al¶mc-tØmsS) a\pjycpsS t\¿°v \ns‚
Ihnƒ Xncn®pIfbcpXv. `qanbneqsS \o s]mß®w
Im´n \S°pIbpw AcpXv. Zpc`nam\nbpw s]mß®-°mc\pamb bm-sXmcmsfbpw A√mlp CjvSs∏SpI-bn√.''
(31:18)
i_vZ-ap-J-cn-X-amb kml-N-cy-Øn¬ \n∂v amdn
t^m¨ sNøm≥ {i≤n-°W
- w. As√-¶n¬ ]e-t∏mgpw
AXv Bibhn\n-abw Zp-jvI-c-am-°pw. Nne¿ Ip´n-IfpsS Nncnbpw _l-fhpw Ic-®n-ep-sams° s]mSn-s]mSn-°p-∂n--SØp sh®v t^m¨ sNøm-dp-≠v. kz¥w hne-

34 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

bpw \nebpw CSn®p If-bp∂ H∂m-W-Xv F∂ Imcyw
]ecpw Hm¿°m-dn√. Ahsc im¥-am-°m-≥ Ign-bn-s√¶n¬ AØcw ÿe-ß-fn¬ \n∂v A¬∏w amdn \n¬°ms\¶nepw {i≤n-°-Ww.
t^msW-Sp-°p-∂-bm-fpsS kwkm-c-Øn¬ km[m-c-Wbn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvX-amb h√Xpw A\p-`-h-s∏-´m¬
Abm-fpsS Aku-I-cyhpw kml-N-cyhpw Xncn-®-dn-bm≥
Ign-bW
- w. AXn¬ Dulm-t]m-lß
- f
- pw tami-amb hnNmc-ßfpw sh®p-]p-e¿ØmsX \S-∏m-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-hcmWv D¬Ir-jvS¿. ]t£, ]e¿°p-aXv Akm-[y-sa∂
t]mse-bm-Wv. F√m ka-bØpw a\p-jy¿ Hcpt]msebmbn-cn-°-W-sa-∂n-√. Dulm-t]m-l-߃°-∏pdw sXfnhp-Iƒ ]n≥]-‰m\pw a‰p-≈-hsc Ipdn®v \√Xv hnNm-cn°p-hm\pw \ap°v Ign-b-Ww. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p:

""kXy-hn-izm-kn-Isf Dul-Øn¬ \n∂v an°-Xpw \n߃ shSn-bp-I. Xo¿®-bmbpw Du-l-Øn¬ NneXv Ip‰am-Ip-∂p.'' (49:12)
Abmƒ°v Xs‚ Cu tImƒ CjvS-s∏Sp-∂n-s√∂v
t_m[y-am-bm¬ am\y-am-bn Hgn-bp-IbmWv th≠-Xv. kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-fpsS D¬IrjvS kz`m-h-߃ ]cm-a¿in°th A√mlp ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWp-I:

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

35

""]caImcpWnIs‚ Zmk≥am¿ `qan-bn¬ IqSn hn\btØmsS \S°p∂-hcpw, AhnthInIƒ XßtfmSv kwkmcn®m¬ kam[m\]cambn adp]Sn \¬Ip∂hcpamIp∂p.'' (25:63)
A\m-hiy kwkmcßfpw hmKzm--Z-ßfpw Hgn-hm°n
_‘-߃ A‰p-t]m-Im-\n-S-bm-°p∂ \ne-]m-Sp-I-fn¬
\n∂pw AI∂v kwkmcw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°m≥ km[nt°-≠-Xp-≠v. C\nbpw hnfn-°m-hp∂ cq]-Øn¬ _‘߃°v t]md-te¬∏n-°mØ kwkm-c-amWv th≠sX∂p kmcw. kemw ]d-™p-sIm≠v kwkmcw Ahkm-\n-∏n-°-emWv Ckvem-anI acym-Z. \_n]d-bp∂p:

""\nß-fm--sc-¶nepw Hcp kZ- n-se-Øn-bm¬ kemw
]d-bp-I. AhnsS \n∂v Fgp-t∂‰v t]mIp-tºmgpw kemw
]d-b-Ww. BZy-sØ kemw Ah-km-\t-- Ø-Xn-t\-°mƒ
A¿l-s∏-´-sXm-∂p-a-√.'' (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv, Xn¿an-Zn) AXmbXv BZy-Ønepw Ah-km-\-Ønepw kemw ]d-b-Wsa-∂¿Yw.
8. kv{Xobpw t^mWpw
kv{XoI-fpsS sIm©n-°pgbepw A\p-\b kzc-Ønep≈ kwkm-c-hp-sams° ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ A]-I-S-ß-

36 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

fn-te°pw hen-®n-g-°p-sa-∂-Xn-\m¬ A\y-]p-cp-j≥amtcm-Sp≈ kwkm-c-Øn¬ \nb-{¥-W-ßfpw kq£vaXbpw ssI-sIm-t≈-≠-Xp-≠v. am\y-amb coXn-bn¬
AXym-h-iy-Øn\p am{Xw kwkm-cn®v aXn-bm-°p-I.
As√-¶n¬ ho≠pw ho-≠pw tImfp-Iƒ h∂p-sIm-≠ncn-°pw. ]n-∂oSv ImWen-te°pw clky kwK-a-Ønte°pw Hs° FØn-s∏-t´-°pw. AXn-\m¬ kq£n°p-I, kq£n-®m¬ ZpxJn-t°≠ F∂ hkvXpX ad°m-Xn-cn-°p-I.
\_nbpw DØ-a-cmb kzlm-_-Øpw Pohn-®n-cp∂
B DØaXe-ap-db
- nse ]Xn-{hX-If
- mb {]hm-NI]Xv\nam-tcmSv A√mlp \n¿t±-in-°p-∂Xv ImWp-I.

""{]hmNI ]Xv\namtc, kv{XoIfn¬ a‰p Bsct∏msebpa√ \n߃. \n߃ [¿Ω\njvT ]men°p∂psh¶n¬ \nß-ƒ (A\ytcmSv) A\p\b-kzcØn-¬
kwkmcn°cpXv. At∏mƒ lrZbØn¬ tcmKap≈h\v
tamlw tXm∂ntb°pw. \ymbamb hm°v \n߃ ]d™p sIm-≈pI.'' (33:32)
kv{XoI-tfmSv kwkm-cn-°p∂ ]pcp-j≥am¿ Ah-cpsS
i_vZ-am-kz-Zn-°p-Ibpw irwK-cn-°-ep-sams° ]m]-amsW-∂pw a‰p ]e Xn∑-I-fn-te°pw AXv \bn-°p-sa∂pw Adn-bp-I. CX-dn-™p-sIm-≠p-X-s∂-bm-bn-cn-°Ww

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

37

an° ÿm]-\-ß-fnepw Snhn, tdUntbm Nm\-ep-Ifnepw
t^msW-Sp-°m\pw sIm©n-Ip-g™v kwkm-cn-°m\pw
AXn¬ "anSp°v' sXfn-bn® s]Æp-ßsf {]tXyIw \nban-°p-∂Xv. kv{Xo ico-chpw kuµ-cyhpw Ah-cpsS
i_vZhpw t]mepw Itºmfh¬°-cn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂psh∂v kmcw. AØcw tPmen-I-fn¬ Xm¬°m-enI
em`hpw Bkzm- Z - \ hpw Is≠- Ø p- ∂ - h ¿ \nc- h [n
kmaqly {]iv\-߃ krjvSn-°p-∂p-s≠∂ Imcyw
A[n-I-amcpw {i≤n-°p-∂n-√.
hoSp-I-fn¬ BWp-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cns° HmSn-t∏mbn
kv{XoIƒ t^msW-Sp-°p∂ coXn Hgn-hm-°-Ww. Krl\m-Y≥am¿ A-Øcw Imcy-ß-fn¬ {i≤-bp-≈-h-cm-bn-cnt°-≠-Xp-≠v. BWp-ß-fn-√mØ kµ¿`-ß-fn¬ Xs∂
F√mw a‰p-≈-h-tcmSv hni-Z-am°n "Ctßm´v ht∂mfq
ChnsS Rm≥ X\n-®mWv' F∂v ktµiw \¬In kz¥w
kpc£ t]mepw A]-I-S-Øn-em-°p∂ _q≤niq\y-amb
coXn ssIsIm-≈-cp-Xv. AØcw Ah-k-c-߃°v X°w
]m¿Øn-cn-°p∂ Igp-I≥am¿ Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap-s≠∂ Imcyw
ad-∂p-t]m-I-cp-Xv.
9. t^mWpw hoSpw
IpSpw-_-\m-Y\pw ho´nse a‰w-K-ß-fp-sams° ]ckv]c kvt\l-hm¬k-ey-߃ ]¶p-sh®v sX‰p-Iƒ
XncpØn Hcp-a-tbmsS Ign-bp-∂Xv \b\m\µI-c-am-Wv.
\√ Krl-\m-Y\v Hcp k¥pjvS Ip-Spw-_-Øns‚ \n¿anXn-bn¬ Imcy-amb ]¶p-≠v. am\yhpw \oXn-bp-‡-hpamb s]cp-am-‰-Øn-eqsS Imcy-߃ ]d™v a\- n-em°p-Ibpw IpSpw_Imcy-Øn¬ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzt_m[hpw

38 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

{i≤-b-pa-p≈ Bfm-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw AØ-c-°m¿.
Aßs\ \≥a-bpsS \mb-IXzw hln-°p∂ Hcp \√
IpSpw-_-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ B{Kln-°p-Ibpw {]m¿∞n-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠-Xv. A√mlp
]d-bp∂p:

""RßfpsS c£n-Xmth, RßfpsS `mcyamcn¬
\n∂pw k¥XnIfn¬ \n∂pw R߃°v \o I¨-Ipfn¿a \¬IpIbpw [¿Ω\njvT ]men°p∂-h¿°v Rßsf \o amXr-Ibm°pIbpw sNtøWta F∂v ]dbp-∂hcpamIp∂p Ah¿'' (25:74)
H®bpw _l-f-hpw Ie-l-ßfpw Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬
kzÿX XI¿°p-Ibpw Aim¥n ]c-Øp-Ibpw sNøpw.
im¥n-bpw kam-[m-\-hp-an-√msX- `uXnI hn`-h-߃
th≠p-thmfaps≠-¶nepw AXv k¥pjvS IpSpw-_-amhn-√. `mcy-tbmSpw a°-tfmSpw ho´nse a‰p-≈-h-tcmSpw
Hs° am\y-amb s]cp-am-‰hpw icn-bmb am¿K-Z¿i\hp-sams° \¬Im≥ Hcp IpSpw-_-\m-Y\v Ign-b-Ww.
\_nbp-sS D]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ \n∂v a\- n-em-°mhp-∂Xp-t]mse IpSpw-_-Ønse Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Iq´p-Ø-chm-Zn-Xz-ap-≈-h-cmWv. IpSpw_w \c-I-Xp-ey-am-°m\pw
im¥n-bpw kam-[m-\hpw kt¥m-jhpw Ifn-bm-Sp∂
A\p-{K-loX `h-\-am-°n-am-‰p-hm-\pw {]Y-ahpw {][m-\ambpw {i≤n-t°-≠Xv AhnsS Ign-bp∂ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

39

cp-am-Wv. \_n ]d-bp∂p:

""\nß-tfm-tcm-cp-Øcpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-fmWv (AYhm DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ap-≈-h-cm-Wv) Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Xs‚
`c-Wo-bsc kw_-‘n®v tNm-Zyw sNø-s∏Spw. P\-ßfpsS t\Xm-hv Ah-cpsS DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw Gs‰-Sp-Ø-bmfm- W v . Xs‚ A\p- b m- b n- I sf Ipdn®v Abm- t fmSv
tNmZn°-s∏-Spw. Hcp ]pcp-j≥ Xs‚ IpSpw-_-Ønse
`c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-Wv. Abm-tfmSpw Xs‚ `c-Wo-bsc
Ip-dn®v tNmZy-ap-≠m-Ipw. kv{Xo Xs‚ `¿Øm-hns‚
ho´nse `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-Wv. Ahfpw Xs‚ `c-Wo-bsc-Ip-dn®v (A-Yhm a°sf Ipdn-®v) tNmZn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xm-Wv. Hcp tkh-I≥ Xs‚ bP-am-\s‚ [\-Øns‚
DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ap-≈-bm-fm-Wv. Abm-tfmSv Xs‚ DØ-chm-Zn-XzsØ Ipdn®pw tNmZy-ap-≠m-Ipw.'' (_p-Jm-cn,
apkvenw)
t^mWns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ CØcw IpSpw-_-߃ Nne
kwK-Xn-Iƒ {]tXy-Iw {i≤n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. IpSpw_\mY≥ Ah Xs‚ IpSpw-_-Øn¬ ]men-°-s∏-Sp-∂ps≠∂v Dd∏v hcp-Øp-Ibpw thWw.
1. ]c-am-h[n kv{XoIƒ t^msW-Sp-°p∂ coXn Hgnhm-°pI. AXym-hiy L-´ß
- fn¬ am{Xw kv{XoIƒ t^msW-Sp-°p-Ibpw Imcy-߃ ]d™v thKw kwkmcw

40 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

\n¿Øp-Ibpw sNøp∂ ]Xn-{h-XI
- f
- psS am\yamb ssien- hoSp-I-fn¬ \-S∏m°pI.
2. t^mWnw-Knse Ckvem-anI acym-Z-Isf Ipdn®v
ho´nse Hmtcm-cp-Ø-tcbpw t_m[-h¬°-cn-°p-I. AXneq-sS-bp≈ \∑bpw A√m-Xn-cp-∂m-ep≈ Zqjy-ßfpw
Ahsc ]d™v a\- n-em-°p-I.
3. t^mWn- e q- s S- b p≈ A\m- h iy kwkm- c hpw
t^mWns‚ Zpcp-]t- bm-Kh
- pw C√m-Xm-°p-hm≥ {]tXyIw
{i≤n-°p-I.
4. sNdnb Ip´n-Iƒ t^msW-Sp-°p∂ ÿnXn Hgnhm°p-I. AXym-h-iy-߃ h√Xpw kwkm-cn-°m-\m-bncn°pw hnfn-°p-∂-Xv, Xncn-®-dn-hn-√mØ sIm®pIp´n-Iƒ
t^m¨ FSp-Øm¬ Bib hn\n-abw ZpjvI-c-am-bn-cn°pw. kab \jvS-hpw kmº-ØnI \jvShpw am{X-a√
AXn-eq-sSbp≠m-hp-∂-Xv. Ah-cpsS BtcmKy {]iv\߃°p ]pdta t^m¨ D]-tbmKiq\y-am-Ip∂ ÿnXnbpa-p≠m-Ipw.
Nne hoSp-I-fn¬ t^m¨ Ip´n-I-fpsS Ifn-∏m´w
t]mse-bm-Wv. Ip´n-I-fpsS Ifnbpw hnt\m-Z-hp-sa√mw
AXp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. doko-h¿ am-‰n-sh-°p-Itbm
tISm-hp-Itbm Hs°-bm-hp-tºmƒ Bh-iy-߃°v AXv
D]-I-cn-°msX t]mIpw.
10. t^m¨ _n√v
IpSpw_ _P-‰ns\ Imcy-ambn ]nSn-®pe°p∂ XcØn-emWv Nne hoSp-I-fn-se t^m¨ _n√p-Iƒ. Nnet∏m-sgms° AXv A[n-Ir-X-cpsS A{i≤ sIm≠p-≠m-

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

41

Ip-∂-Xm-sW-¶nepw an°-t∏mgpw AXv t^mWns‚ Zpcp]-tbmKw sIm≠p-≠m-Ip-∂X
- m-Wv. aWn-°q-dp-Iƒ \o≠p\n¬°p∂ t^m¨ hnfnbpw amdn amdn-bp≈ \nc-¥c
t^mWnw-Kp-sams° Nne-cpsS Zp»o-eß
- f
- m-Wv. bm-sXmcp
D]-tbm-K-hp-an-√mØ AØcw t^mWnw-Kn-eqsS kz¥w
ka-bhpw ss]kbpw \jvS-s∏-Sp-ØpI am{X-a√ a‰p≈-h-sc- ieys∏Sp-Ø-pI -Iq-Sn-bm-Wv.
Nne Snhn, tdUntbm Nm\-ep-Iƒ C-Øcw k√m-]ß-fpsS \nc-¥c thZn-I-fm-Im-dp-≠v. hn⁄m-\-{]-Z-amb
t{]m{Km-ap-Isf Ipdn-®√ adn®v t{imXm-°ƒ Bh-iys∏´ CjvS Km\-ßfpw AXn\p apºp≈ ]pcmWw ]d®nepw Ipi-e-mt\z-j-W-ß-fp-sams°bmbn F{Xtbm
ka-b-amWv ]ecpw Xpe-°p-∂-Xv. kz¥w Po-hn-XsØ
tlman-°p∂ CØ-c-°m-cn¬ bph-Xn-˛-bp-hm-°-fpsS
]¶mWv Gsdbpw F∂-XmWv Gsd ]cn-Xm-]-Icw.
I¿Ω tijn-bp≈ bphXzw Cßs\ Xpe®p If-bp-∂h¿ Cu temI-Øn¬ As√-¶n¬ ]c-tem-IØv tJZnt°-≠n-h-cp-sa-∂-Xn¬ kwi-b-an-√. Hcp kXy-hn-izm-knsb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw ]mSn-√mØ ]eXpw AXnep-≠m-Ip∂p. ]cn-[n-hn´ kwkm-cß
- ƒ, kwKoXw, kab
\jvSw, kmº-ØnI \jvSw apX-em-bh Ah-bn-¬
NneXv am{Xw. KpW-tZm-j-߃ hne-bn-cpØn \∑
Dƒs°m-≈p-Ibpw Xn∑-Isf XyPn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂h- cmWv bYm¿Y _p≤n-am≥am¿. hnizm-k n-I - f mWv
k¬kz-`m-h-Øn\v G‰hpw IS-s∏-´-h¿.
11. t^mWpw Hm^okpw
Nne ÿm]-\ß
- f
- n-te°v t^m¨ sNbvXm¬ \ncmi
am{Xta D≠m-Imdp-≈q F∂Xv hmkvX-h-am-Wv. Bh-

42 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

iy-°m-sc I≠-dn™v _‘-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ kuIcyßfp-≠m-bncn°Ww. Xnc°pw Aku-I-cy-ß-fp-ap≈
ka-b-ß-fm-sW-¶n¬ DNn-X-amb as‰mcp kabw \n¿tZin-°p-Ibpw B ktµiw _‘-s∏-´-h¿°v ssIam-dpIbpw sNø-Ww. A\m-h-iy-amb Hu]-Nm-cn-I-X-bn¬
X´n- X - S - ™ v Bh- i y- ß ƒ \S- ° msX t]mIp∂
ÿnXnhnti-j-߃ D≠m-bn-°q-Sm. Hcp jo‰v IS-emkn\p t]mepw P\-d¬ amt\-Psd- hnfn®p tNmZn-t°≠p∂ ÿnXn KpW-]-c-a-√. ka-b-\-jvShpw iey-hp-amW-Xn-eqsSbp≠m-hp-∂-Xv. ka-bhpw kµ-¿`hpw a\- nem°n DNn-X-ambn {]h¿-Øn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Imcy-tijn-bp≈ dnk-]vj≥ Iu≠-dpsS Bh-iy-IX Ahn-sSbm-Wv. kao-]sØ dbn¬th tÃj-\nse s{Sbn≥ kab-a-dn-bm≥ ÿm]-\-Øns‚ D∂-Xm-[n-Im-cnsb Xs∂
sXc-bp∂ Nne Ahn-th-In-Isf Xncp-Øm\pw iey-samgn-hm°n Imcy-߃ ^e-{]-Z-ambn km[n-®p-sIm-Sp-°m\pw AØcw kwhn-[m-\-ß-fn-eqsS Ign-bpw. Bh-iyamb tImfp-Iƒ _‘-s∏-´-h¿°v ssIam-dp-∂-Xn\v aSn°-cp-Xv. Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cp-sSbpw "FIv-Ã≥j≥' \º¿
{]tXyIw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øepw D]-Im-c-{]-Z-am-bn-cn-°pw.
tImƒ sNbvXv sse\n¬ ImØp \n¬°p-∂-h¿°v
kwKo-X-am-kz-Zn-°m≥ kuI-cy-sam-cp-°p-∂Xv CkvemanI Zrjv-Sym sX‰m-Wv. cmK-ßfpw Xmf-ta-f-ßfpw Im]Syw hf¿Øp-Ibpw am\-knI ssN-X\yw \jvS-s∏-SpØp-Ibpw sNøp-sa-∂m-Wv Ckvem-an-I-[ym-]-\w. Nne¿
AXn-\p ]Icw Bb-Øp-Ifpw D]-tZ-i-ßfpw sk-‰v
sNøm-dp-≠v. AXpw A\p-Nn-X-am-sW-∂mWv ]WvUnX≥am¿ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

43

12. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS t^m¨ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ
]c-am-h[n a‰p-≈-hsc B{i-bn-°m-sXbpw _p≤n-ap´n-°m-sXbpw Ign-bm-\mWv Hcp bYm¿Y hnizmkn {iant°-≠X
- v. F¥n\pw GXn\pw a‰p-≈h
- sc B{i-bn-°p∂
coXn icn-b-√. \_n ]Tn-∏n® Hcp {]m¿Y\ Cu Bib-Øn-te°v hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂p-≠v.

""A√mlpth \o \njn-≤-am-°n-b-h-bn-√msX A\ph-Zn-®h-sIm≠v Xs∂ F\n°v aXnhcp-tØ-Wta, a‰p≈-hsc B{i-bn-t°-≠-Xn-√m-Ø-hn[w \ns‚ HuZmcyw
sIm≠v Fs∂ \o [\y-am-t°-Wta'' (A-l-Ω-Zv, Xn¿anZn, lm°nw)
Hcp Imcy-Ønepw a‰p-≈-hsc B{i-bn-®p-IqSm F∂v
CXn-\¿Y-an-√. a\p-jy¿ ]c-kv]c klm-bØ
- nepw klI-c-W-Ønepw Pohn-t°≠ Hcp kmaqly Pohn-bm-Wv.

""AXn-\m¬ \n߃ \∑-bnepw `‡n-bnepw ]c-kv]cw klm-bn-°p-I, ]m]-Ønepw i{Xp-X-bnepw \n߃
klm-bn-°-cpXv'' (5:2) F∂mWv Jp¿-B≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p∂-Xv. Nne kµ¿`-ß-fn¬ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS t^m¨ D]tbm-Kn-t°-≠n-h-t∂°mw. Ah¿°pw shdp∏pw _p≤nap-´p-ap-≠m-°mØ hn[-Øn¬ kuayhpw hn\-bhpw {]ISn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠p-≈ CS-]-S-ep-I-fmWv Ahn-sSbpw {i≤nt°-≠-Xv. A\p-hmZw tNmZn-®n´v am{Xw D]-tbm-Kn-°pI.

44 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

Bfp-I-fpsS Ahÿ ]cn-K-Wn-®p-sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°Ww
AXn\p Xp\n-tb-≠-Xv. kmº-ØnI ti-jn Ipd™
km[p-hmb h√-h-s‚-bpw t^m¨ FSp-Øp ISD tImƒ
sNøm≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv {Iqc-X-bm-sW∂ Im-cyw
{]tXyIw ]d-tb-≠-Xn-√-t√m. kmº-ØnI ÿnXn
t]mse Xs∂ am\-knI ÿnXnbpw ]cn-KW
- n-t°≠XmWv. Xcm-≥ aSn-bp≈ Hcm-fpsS t^m¨ tNmZn-°m-Xn-cn°m\pw kt¥m- j - t ØmsSb√ Xcp- ∂ sX- ¶ n¬
th≠∂p sh°m\pw \ap°v Ign-b-Ww. C∂v A√m-lphns‚ A\p-{K-l-Øm¬ sSen-t^m¨ _qØp-Ifpw
tImbn≥ t_mIvkp-I-fp-sams° btY-jvS-ap-≠v F∂Xp-sIm≠v Xs∂ t^m-¨ sNøm≥ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS kuP\y-Øn-\mbn ImØp \n¬t°≠ ÿnXn hfsc Ipdhm-bn-cn-°pw.
DS-aÿ
s‚ Adnhpw A\p-hm-Zh
- p-an-√msX Abm-fpsS
t^m¨ D]-tbm-Kn-°-¬ Ckvem-anIZrjvSym- Ip-‰a
- m-Wv.
ÿm]-\ß
- f
- psS t^m¨ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ ]ecpw
C°mcyw {i≤n-°m-dn-√. tae-[n-Im-cn-I-fpsS Adnthm
kΩ-X-tam IqSm-sX H^o-jy¬ t^mWp-Iƒ hy‡n-]c-amb Bh-iy-߃°p-]t- bm-Kn-°p-∂Xv sX‰m-Wv. Nne¿
kz¥w t]m°-‰ns\ _m[n-°p-∂-X-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v
CØcw t^mWp-I-fp-]-tbm-Kn®v "IØn-b-Sn-'°p∂ coXnbp-≠v. hniz-kn-t®¬∏n-® DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-Øn¬ hcpØp∂ hogvNbpw hnizmk h©-\-bp-amWXv. I]-S-hnizm-kn-I-fpsS {]I-S-amb e£-W-ß-fm-bn-´mWv CØcw
Imcy-ßsf \_n  ]Tn-∏n-®Xv. Ahn-Sp∂v ]d™p:

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

45

""Aam-\Øv (hn-iz-kvX-X) ]men-°m-Ø-h\v Cuam\n-√. Icm¿ ]men-°m-Ø-h\v Zo\p-an-√'' (Al-aZv)
13. t^mWpw ^Xvhbpw
aX-hn-[n-Iƒ°pw kwi-b-Zp-co-I-c-W-Øn\pw hnizkvX-cmb ]WvUn-X≥amsc t^mWn-eqsS hnfn-®v Imcy߃ tNmZn-®d
- n-bp-hm≥ km[n-°p∂p F∂Xv al-Ømb
Hc-\p-{K-l-am-Wv. Ahn-sSbpw Ckvem-anI acym-Z-Iƒ
]men-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. tNmZn-°p-∂-h¿ am\y-amb coXnbpw
ssienbpw D]-tbm-Kn-°Ww. kemw ]d-™v ]cn-N-bs∏-Sp-Ønb tijw kwi-btam tNmZytam D∂-bn-°pI.
Ad-_n-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ s]mXpsh ImW-s∏-Sp∂ coXn
A\p-I-c-W\o-b-am-Wv. ]WvUn-X≥am-tcmSv kvt\lm-Zch-pI
- ƒ {]I-Sn∏n-®p-sIm≠v kemw ]d-bp-∂X
- n\p ]pdta
""Alvk-\-√mlp Csse°'' (Xm-¶ƒ°-≈mlp \∑
sNøs´!) F∂pw ""Pkm-°-pap-√mlp ssJ¿'' (A-√mlp
\n߃°v \∑ {]Xn-^ew \¬Is´) F∂psams°bp≈ \∑-°mbn {]m¿Yn-°p∂ coXn acym-Z-bp-sSbpw
BZ-c-hn‚-bpw ssien-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ \ΩpsS \mSp-Ifn¬ Hcp ImeØv AXn-cp-hn´ kvt\lm-Zc
- h-pI
- ƒ tNmZn®p-hm-ßn-bn-cp∂ ]utcm-ln-Xy-am-bn-cp∂p \ne-hn-ep-≠mbn-cp-∂-sX-¶n¬ ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bn¬ ]men-°-s∏-tS≠
acym-ZI
- ƒ t]mepw ssItamiw h∂p-t]m-Ip∂ ImgvNbmWv ImWp-∂Xv. ]utcm-lnXyw Isøm-gn-t°-≠Xp
Xs∂ ]t£, A\nhmcy-ambpw D≠m-bn-cn-t°≠ BZchpw _lp-am-\-hp-sams° AXn-t\m-sSm∏w Isøm-gn®
ÿnXn-hnti-ja-- mWv D¬]-Xn-jvWp-°-fn¬ ]e-cnepw
C∂v ImWp-∂Xv. CXv kwK-X-a-√.

46 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

Imcy-߃ Npcp-°n-∏-d™v \√ coXn-bn¬ Ah-km\n-∏n-°-Ww. ka-bhpw a‰p-≈-h¿°v tNm-Zn-°m-\p≈
Ah-k-chpw ]mgm-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ tNmZy-I¿Øm-°ƒ
{]tXyIw {i≤n-°-Ww. Nne¿ ]WvUn-X-s‚ Adnhv
Af-°m≥ th≠n Nne Im¬-]-\nI tNmZy-ß-fp-∂-bn°p-Ibpw F∂n´v A\m-hiyambn X¿°-Ønepw JWvU\-Øn-ep-sams° G¿s∏-Sp-Ibpw Ah-km\w Abmƒ°v
Adn-hn√ F∂v hcpØn "kam-[m-\-a-S-bp∂' coXn H´pw
am\ytam Bim-h-ltam A√. am\yX ]pe¿tØ≠
hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v tN¿∂-X√ CØcw coXn-Iƒ. Abmƒ
GXv {Kq∏n¬s∏´ Bfm-sW∂v Adn-bm-\p≈ ]co-£W
X{¥-ambpw CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ t^m¨ tImfp-Iƒ D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂h
- c
- p-≠v. Aßs\ ]e Xc-Øn-ep≈ ^nXv\bpw CØ-c-°m-cpsS t^mWnw-Kn-eqsS Ac-tß-dp-∂p.
Nne¿ Xß-fm-{K-ln-°p∂ coXn-bn¬ aX-hn-[n-I-fn¬ Cfhp-Iƒ e`n-°p-hm-\mbn ]e-tcmSpw amdn amdn tNmZn-®v
\S- ° p∂ coXn- b p- a p≠v . CsXm- s °- b pw Isøm- g ntb≠hbm-Wv. A\m-h-iy-hpw A\-h-k-c-Øn-ep-≈-Xpamb \o≠ kwkm-c-߃ Hgn-hm-°p-Ibpw kabw ]cnK-Wn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I. tNmZy-ap-∂-bn-°p-Ibpw F∂n´v
adp-]Sn ]d-bp-tºm-ƒ AXv Abm-fpsS Adnthm kΩXtam IqSmsX "euUv kv]o°dn'enSp- ∂ Xpw
sdt°m¿Uv sNøp-∂Xpw ]n∂oSv AXv ÿm\Øpw
Aÿm-\-Øp-sams° {]N-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xpw icn-bmb
coXn-b-√. ]e-t∏mgpw AXv NXnbpw h©-\-bp-am-Im-\nS-bp-≠v.
A-Xp-t]mse Xs∂ t^mWn-eqsS kwkm-cn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-bmƒ B{K-ln-°mØ as‰m-cm-fpsS Iøn-

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

47

te°v t^m¨ ssIamdn kwkm-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xpw icn-b√. ""C∂-bmƒ°v t^m¨ ssIam-ds´?'' F∂v AbmtfmSp A\p-hmZw tNm-Zn® tijw A\p-hmZw \¬Ips∂-¶n¬ am{Xta Aßs\ sNøm-hq. Abmƒ°v Xm¬]-cy-an-s√-¶n¬ AXn-eqsS A{]-Xo-£n-X-ambn a‰p -]-eXp-am-bn-cn°pw kw-km-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
14. _‘-߃ ]pXp-°m≥ Hcp tImƒ
Ft∏mgpw F√m-scbpw kµ¿in-°m-≥ Ign-™p-sIm≈-W-sa-∂n-√. kµ¿in-°m≥ Ign-™n-s√-¶n¬IqSn
c‡-_-‘-hpw Iq´p-sI´pw BZ¿i-_-‘-hp-sams°
CW-°m\pw ]pXp-°m\pw sSe-t^m¨ tImfp-Iƒ D]I- c n- t ®- ° pw. hninjym ]nWßn \n¬°p- ∂ - h sc
XΩn¬ ASp-∏n-°p-hm\pw AIew Ipd-°p-hm\pw AXv
klm- b - I - a m- W v . s]cp- ∂ mƒ, hnhm- l w t]mep≈
kµ¿`-ß-fn-sems° AXv IqSp-X¬ ^e-s∏-Sp-Ibpw
sNøpw. h∂n-s√-¶nepw Ah¿ hnfn-®-t\z-jn-°p-I-sb¶nepw sNbvXt√m F∂v k≥a-\-kp-≈-h-cn¬ \√
Nn¥bpW¿Øm≥ AXp D]-I-cn-°pw. tcmKn-bmbn InS°p-∂-h-cp-s≠-¶n¬ Ah-cp-sSbpw {]mbw sN∂-h-cpsSbpw hnti-j-߃ {]tXy-Iw Xnc-°-Ww. B]Øpw
hnj-a-X-Ifpw t\cn-Sp∂ _‘p-°-tfmSpw kplr-Øp°tfmSpw a‰pap≈ IS-aI
- ƒ t^mWn-eqsSbp≈ tIhew
km¥z- \ - h m- ° p- I ƒ sIm≠v Xocp- ∂ - X √. Ahsc
kµ¿in-°p-∂-Xn\v AXv ]I-c-am-hp-I-bn-√. F¶n-epw
AXn- s \m∂pw km[n- ° msX hcp- t ºmƒ samØw
t\Sm≥ km[n-°mØ ^ehpw e£yhpw ]msS Dt]£n-°m-sX km[y-am-Ip-∂{X Ic-ÿ-am-°m≥ {ian-°-

48 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

W-sa∂ ASn-ÿm\ XXzhpw ChnsS {]k-‡-am-Wv.
km¥z-\-Øns‚ tImfp-Iƒ im]-Øn-s‚bpw iey-Øns‚bpw tImfp-I-fmbn amdm-Xn-cn-°m≥ {]tXyIw {i≤n°-Ww.
15. t^mWnw-Knse NXnbpw h©-\bpw
NXnbpw h©-\bpw kXy-hn-izm-kn-bpsS kz`m-ham-bn-°q-Sm. a‰p-≈-h-sc D]-{Zhn-°epw h©n-°epw Ip‰I-chpw ssZhnI in£-°p≈ \nan-Ø-hp-am-Wv. kz¥w
\∑-Iƒ t]mepw AØcw Xn∑-I-fn-eqsS \jvS-s∏-SpamWv \_n  ]Tn-∏n-®n-´p-≈-Xv. Xam-i-I-fpsS t]cn-emsW-¶nepw \∑-bpsS ]cn-[n-hn-´p-sIm-≠p≈ AØcw
{Iqc hnt\m-Z-ßsf Ckvemw A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂n-√. \_n
 ]d-bp∂p:

""B-cpsS \mhn¬ \n∂pw Iøn¬ \n∂pw a‰p-≈-h¿
c£-s∏-´pthm Ah-\mWv bYm¿Y apkvenw. A√mlp
hne-°n-bXv Hgn-hm-°n-b-h-\mWv bYm¿Y ]cn--XymKn
(ap-lm-Pn¿).'' (_p-Jm-cn)
clkyw ]d-™m¬ AXv a‰p-≈-h-tcm-Sv ]d-bepw
sdt°m¿Uv sNbvXv a‰p-≈-hsc tIƒ∏n°-ep-sams°
h©-\bpw Ip‰-hp-am-Wv. ""Btcm-Spw ]d-b-cpXv'' F∂v
]d-™-h-bm-sW-¶nepw As√-¶nepw A\ys‚ cl-kyßfpw \yq\-XI
- fpw ]c-ky-am-°p-∂Xv Ip‰-Ic
- a
- m-bn-´mWv
Ckvemw ImWp-∂-Xv. \_n(-k) ]d-bp∂p:

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

49

""Hcmƒ as‰m-cm-tfmSv (a-‰mcpw tIƒ°-cp-sX∂v IcpXn) kzIm-cy-ambn ]d™ Imcyw cl-ky-ambn kq£nt°≠ Aam-\Øv (D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Xzw) BWv.'' (A-l-a-Zv,
A_q-Zm-hq-Zv, Xn¿an-Zn)
kz¥w kzIm-cy-X-Iƒ ]c-ky-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-t\°mƒ tamihpw Ip‰-I-c-hp-amWv a‰p-≈-h-cpsS kzIm-cyX-Iƒ {]N-cn-∏n-°¬. hniz-kn®v ]d™ Imcy-ßfmsW¶n¬ AXv ]c-ky-am-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS hnizm-k-h©-\-bmWv \S-Øp∂-Xv. As√-¶nepw GjWn ]c-ZqjWw XpS-ßnb ]e Xn∑-I-fn-te-°p-am-bn-cn-°pw A-Xv
sNs∂-Øp-∂-Xv. AsXm-s°bpw Ckvemw hntcm[n®
Xn∑Ifm-Wv. AXn-\m-¬ cl-ky-ßfpw Ipd-hp-Ifpw {]Ncn-∏n-°msX ad-®p-sh-°m≥ Hcp kXy-hn-izmkn _m[yÿ-\m-Wv.
Camw dmKn-_v ]d-bp∂p: ""clkyw ]d-b¬ c≠v
hn[-ap≠v. H∂v, BtcmSpw ]d-bc
- p-sX∂v ]d™psIm≠v
Xs∂ ]d-bp∂ Imcy-߃. c≠v, kµ¿`hpw km-lN
- cyhpw hy‡-am-°p-∂X
- v. AXm-bXv i_vZw Ipd®v a‰mcpw
tIƒ°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ {i≤n-®p-sIm≠v As√-¶n¬ H‰°v
hnfn®v cl- k y- a mbn ]d- b p- ∂ - X v . '' (ssiJv _I¿
A_vZp√m A_q-ssk-Zns‚ "AZ-_p¬ lmØn^v' t]Pv
29) CXm-Wv apºv kqNn-∏n® lZo-Yn-s‚bpw Xm¬-]c
- yw.
Hcm-fpsS t^m¨ kw`mjWw Abm-fpsS Adnhpw
kΩ-X-hp-an-√msX sdt°m-¿Uv sNøp-∂Xv NXnbpw
h©-\-bp-am-Wv. F∂n-cns° AXv ]n∂oSv {]N-cn-∏n°p-IIqSn sNbvXmtem? AXns‚ Ip‰-hpw Kuc-hhpw
A[n-I-cn-°p-∂p. F∂m-¬ AXpw hn´v B kw`m-jWw

50 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

kµ-¿`-Øn¬ \n∂pw kml-N-cy-Øn¬ \n∂p-sams°
AS¿Øn-am‰n tIm´nam-´p-Ibpw Zpcp-]-tbmKw sNøp-Ibp-sam-s°-bm-sW-¶ntem? AXns‚ Ip‰hpw Kuc-h-hpw
H∂p-IqSn A[n-Ic
- n-°p-∂p. CØcw {Iqc-hn-t\mZ-ßf
- n¬
G¿s∏´v a‰p-≈-hsc D]-{Z-hn-°p-∂-h¿ A√m-lp-hns‚
Xm°oXv Hm¿°p-Ibpw Ahs‚ hnNm-c-Wsb `b-°pIbpw sNbvXp-sIm-≈p-I.

""A∂v \mw AhcpsS hmbIƒ°p ap{Zsh°p∂Xpw, AhcpsS ssIIƒ \tΩmSv kwkm-cn°p∂Xpw,
Ah¿ {]h¿Øn®ncp∂-Xn-s\∏‰n AhcpsS ImepIƒ
km£yw hln°p∂XpamWv.'' (36-:65)

""XßfpsS sXmenItfmSv Ah¿ ]d-bpw: \nßsf¥n\mWv R߃s°Xncm-bn km£yw hln®Xv?
Ah (sXmen-Iƒ) ]dbpw: F√m hkvXp°sfbpw kwkmcn∏n® A√mlp Rßsf kwkm-cn∏n®XmIp∂p.
BZyXhW \nßsf krjvSn®Xv Ah\mWt√m. Ah¶te-°pXs∂ \n߃ aS°s∏SpIbpw sN-øp∂p.

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

51

\nßfpsS ImtXm \nßfpsS IÆpItfm \nßfpsS
sXmenItfm \n߃°v FXncn¬ km£yw hln°psa∂v IcpXn \n߃ (Ahbn¬ \n∂pw) Hfn™n-cn°mdp≠mbncp∂n√t√m. F∂m¬ \n߃ hnNmcn®Xv
\n߃ {]h¿Øn°p∂Xn¬ an°Xpw A√mlp Adnbns√∂mWv.'' (41:21-˛22)
Hmtcm hy‡n- b psSbpw Ccp hi- ß - f n- e p- a mbn
Ahs‚ hmKvhnNm-c I¿Ω-߃ c≠p ae-°p-Iƒ tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p.

""heXp`mKØpw CSXp`mKØpw Ccp∂p sIm≠v
G‰phmßp∂ c≠pt]¿ G‰phmßp∂ kµ¿`w. Ah≥
GsXmcp hm°v D®cn°ptºmgpw Ahs‚ ASpØv
Xømdmbn \n¬°p∂ \nco£I≥ D≠mhmXncn-°pIbn√.'' (50:17-˛18)
Npcp-°-Øn¬ t^mWnw-Kn-eq-sStbm A√m-sXtbm
Bb kwkm-c-߃ A\p-hm-Z-an-√msX sdt°m¿Uv
sNøepw ZpjvSe
- m-t°msS {]N-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂Xv
Ip‰-I-c-am-Wv. NXnbpw h©-\bpw A[¿Ω-hp-sams°
AS-ßnb ]m]-ßf
- psS kwKaw F∂p ]d-be
- mhpw IqSpX¬ DNn-Xw. AXv am\y-∑m¿°v tN¿-∂-X-√. hnizm-knIsf Ah-sb-sXm-´v A√mlp hne-°n-bn-´p-≠v.

52 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

""kXyhnizmknItf, \n߃ A√m-lpthmSpw dkqent\mSpw h©\ ImWn-°cpXv. \n߃ hnizkn-t®¬]n°s∏´ Imcyßfn¬ Adn™v sIm≠v h©\ ImWn°pIbpw sNøcpXv.'' (8:27)
a‰p-≈-h-cpsS t^m¨ tNm¿Øn AXn-eqsS BkzmZ-\w Is≠-Øp∂ th-sd Nne-bm-fp-I-fp≠v. `mcy-`¿Øm°≥am-cpsS kw`m-jW
- ß
- f
- S- °
- a
- p≈ ]eXpw I´v tIƒ°p-Ibpw Bkz-Zn-°p-I-bp-sam-s° Nne-cpsS "tlm_n'bm-Wv. Dd-°-sam-gn®v hsc AØcw {Iqc hnt\m-Z-ß-fnte¿s∏-Sp-∂h
- c
- p-≠v. HcpXcw am\-kn-It- cm-Ka
- m-WX
- v. D]cnkqNnX Xm°o-Xp-Iƒ AØ-c°
- m¿ H∂p-IqSn Hm¿ØpsIm- ≈ s´. AtXm- s Sm∏w Xs∂ Cß- \ - s bm- s °
X\n°v Np‰pw \S-°p-∂p≠v F∂v Xncn-®d
- n™v t^mWneqsSbp≈ kwkm-cßfn¬ IqSp-X¬ {i≤bpw kqjvaXbpw ]men-°m≥ hnth-InIƒ {i≤n-t°-≠Xp≠v.
]t£ Nne¿°v Ah-bn-sem∂pw bmsXmcp {i≤-bp-an√. As√-¶n¬ a‰p-≈h
- ¿ Xß-fpsS In∂m-cß
- fpw irwKmc-ßfpw tIƒ°p-∂X
- n¬ C°q-´¿ kzbw B\µw Is≠Øp-I-bmtWm F∂-dn-bn-√. F¶n¬ AXv Gsd KpcpXcw Xs∂. kz¥w CW-tbm-sSmØv ibn-°p-Ibpw
F∂n´v AXv a‰p-≈-h-tcmSv ]¶p-sh-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xns\ \_n i‡-ambn Bt£-]n-®-Xm-Wv. Bfp-IfpsS kwkm-c-߃ I´p-tIƒ°p-∂-Xns\ Ipdn®pw
AXn\v ]c-tem-IØv In´m-\n-cn-°p∂ in£sb Ipdn®pw
\_nXm°oXv sNbvXn-´p-ap-≠v:

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

53

""a‰p-≈-h¿ tIƒ°m≥ Bfp-Iƒ CjvS-s∏-SmØ
kwkm-c-߃ I´v tIƒ°p-∂h-cpsS ImXp-I-fn¬ Db¿sØ-gp-t∂¬∏n-s‚ \mfn¬ Cubw Dcp°n Hgn-°p-∂Xm-Wv.'' (_p-Jm-cn)
16. I_-fn-∏n-°¬
i_vZw am‰n kwkm-cn-®p-sIm≠pw a‰pw Nne¿ a‰p≈-hsc t^m¨ sNbvXv I_-fn-∏n-°m-dp-≠v. At\z-jW
DtZym-K-ÿ-\m-sWt∂m t]meokv tÃj-\n¬ \n∂msWt∂m AXp- a - s √- ¶ n¬ Abmƒ {]Xo- £ n- ® psIm≠ncn-°p∂ h√ tImfp-I-fp-am-sWt∂m ]cn-N-bs∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠v t]Sn-∏n-°p-Ibpw I_-fn-∏n-°p-I-bpsams° sNø¬ Nne¿°v Hcp Xcw Ifn-bpw Xam-i-bpam-Wv. G{]n¬ H∂mw Xoø-Xn hnUvVn Zn\w F∂p
Hma-\-t]-cn´v A-√mlp hntcm-[n® CØcw {Iqc hnt\mZ-߃°v \ymbo-I-cWw \¬Ip-∂Xv Gsd Kpcp-X-c-amWv. A√mlp \njn-≤-am-°nb Hcp Imcyw kz¥w CjvS{]-Im-ctam As√-¶n¬ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS t{]c-W-bmtem
A\p-h-Z-\obambn ImW¬ Hcp hnizm-kn°v ]mSp-≈X-√. Pohn-X-Øns‚ GtXXv taJ-e-I-fnepw A√m-lphns‚ hn[n-hn-e-°p-Iƒ ]men-°m≥ _m[y-ÿ-\mWv
Hcp bYm¿Y apkvenw. AXn-\m¬ CØ-cØ
- n-ep≈ {Iqchn-t\m-Z-߃ hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°v tN¿∂-X-√. \_n ]dbp-∂p:

""Hcp apkven-ans\ `oXn-s∏-Sp-Øm-≥ Hcp apkven-an\v
]mSp-≈-X-√.'' (A-l-a-Zv, A_q-Zm-hq-Zv)

54 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

CØcw acym- Z - I fpw am\y- a mb s]cp- a m- ‰ - ß fpw
t^mWnw-Kns‚ Imcy-Ønepw ]men-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. arKob-amb s]cp-am-‰-ßfpw ImS≥ kz`m-h-ßfpw hnizm-knIƒ°v tN¿∂-X-√. \_n  ]d-bp∂p:
""\o GXv kµ¿`-Ønepw A√m-lp-hns\ kq£n-°p-I.
\√ kz`m-ht- ØmsS P\-ßt- fmSv s]cp-am-dpI'' (A-la
- Z- )v
hymP-t^m¨ ktµ-i-ß-fn-eqsS P\-ßsf IjvS-s∏Sp-Øp∂ t_mw_p `oj-Wn t]mep≈ hm¿Ø-Iƒ ]Xnhmbn amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Bfp-Isf _p≤n-ap-´n-°p-Ibpw
kzÿ-Xbpw kam-[m-\hpw \jvS-s∏-SpØn F√mw AhXm-f-Øn-em-°p∂ CØcw {Iqc-Ir-Xy-ß-fn¬ Hcp ImcW-hi
- mepw kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ ]¶p-tN-cm-hp-∂X
- √
- . a‰p≈-hcpsS hnj-a-ß-fn¬ B\µw Is≠-Øp∂ CØcw
"kmUn-Ãp-Iƒ' A√m-lp-hn-s‚bpw ae-°p-I-fp-sSbpw
a\p- j y- c p- s Sbpw im]- t Im- ] - ß ƒ°v A¿l- c m- W v .
\oNhpw \nIr-jvS-hp-amb CØcw {Iqc-X-Isf tIhew
A{I-a-sat∂m sXΩm-Sn-Ø-sat∂m ]d-™m¬ t]mcm.
AØc°msc ]nSn-IqSn amXr-Im-]c
- a
- mb in£ \¬I¬
\nb-a-]m-e-I-cp-sSbpw \oXn]oT-ß-fp-sSbpw IS-a-bm-Wv.
kaq-l-Øns‚ kpc-£°pw kam-[m-\-Øn\pw AXv
A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv Xm\pw. hgn-sX‰n k©-cn-°p∂ CØc-°m-cpsS sISp-Xn-I-fn¬ \n∂v F√m-h-scbpw A√mlp
ImØp-c-£n-°s´. A-Ø-c-°m¿°v A√mlp \√Xv
tXm∂n-∏n-°s´ F∂v \ap°v {]m¿∞n-°mw.
CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ t^m¨ ktµ-i-ß-ƒ In´n-bm¬
a\ v ]Xdn hn{`m¥cmIm-sX _p≤n-]q¿∆-amb Xocp-

t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

55

am-\-ß-fp-ambn sNtø-≠p∂ Imcy-߃ sNøp-I. AXns‚ A¿l-amb tI{µ-ß-fn¬ am{Xw hnh-cw \¬Ip-I.
F√m-h-cn-te°pw B hm¿-Ø ssIam-dn-bm¬ Acm-P-IXzhpw Ipg-∏-ß-fp-am-bn-cn°pw D≠m-hp-I. AXmWv
AXns‚ ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn-®-h-cpsSbpw e£yw F∂v
hcp-tºmƒ AXn\v \mw klm-bn-I-fm-h-cp-X-t√m. ]nimNp-°ƒ a\p-jy-cn-ep-ap-≠v. CØcw {]h¿Ø-\ß
- ƒ Ahcp-tS-Xm-sW∂v a\- n-em°n k¿∆i‡-\mb A√m-lphn¬ A`bw tXSp-I.

""]dbpI: ]pecnbpsS c£nXmhn-t\mSv Rm≥ icWw tXSp∂p. Ah≥ kr-jvSn®n´p≈hbpsS sISpXnbn¬ \n∂v. CcpfSbptºmgp≈ cm{XnbpsS sISpXnbn¬\n∂pw.'' (113:1˛3)

]dbpI: a\pjycpsS c£nXmhn-t\m-Sv Rm≥ icWw
tXSp∂p. a\pjycpsS cmPmhnt\mSv. a\pjycpsS ssZhtØm-Sv. Zp¿t_m[\w \SØn ]n≥amdn°fbp-∂hscs°m≠p≈ sISpXnbn¬ \n∂v. a\pjycpsS lrZbßfn¬ Zp¿t_m[\w \SØp∂h¿. a\pjy-cnepw Pn∂pIfn-epw s]´h¿. (114:1˛6)

56 t^mWnw-Knse CkvemanIacym-Z-Iƒ

t^m¨ F∂ A\p-{Klw Zpcp-]-tbm-Kw sNøp∂
as‰mcp coXn-bmWv Xs‚ t^mWns‚ kuI-cy-ßfpw
al-Xz-ßfpw a‰p-≈-h¿°v apºn¬ {]Z¿in-∏n®v ta\n-\Sn-°¬. Al-¥bpw s]cp-a-\-Sn-°epw Ckvemw hne°n-bn-´p-≠v. AØcw Zpjv{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-eqsS \∑bmbn H∂pw t\Sm-\n-√ F∂v Xncn-®-dn-bp-I. s]cp-a-\Sn-°pI F∂ Cu tcmKw a\p-jysc ]e e£y-ß-fn¬
\n∂pw \∑-I-fn¬ \n∂pw ]msS A{i-≤-cm-°n-bn-cn-°pI-bmWv F∂ Jp¿-B\
- nI Xm°oXv F¥p-am{Xw A¿Yh-Øm-Wv.

""\n߃ J_-dp-Iƒ kµ¿in-°p-∂X
- p-ht- c°pw (AYhm acWw htc-bpw) ]c-kv]cw s]cpa \Sn-°pI F∂
Imcyw \nßsf A{i-≤b
- n-em-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.'' (102:1˛2)
A\p-{K-l-߃ im]hpw A]-I-S-hp-ambn amdp∂
CØcw Ah-ÿ-I-fp-≠m-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ \mw {]tXyIw
{i≤n-°p-I. k¿∆i‡-\mb A√mlp AXn\v \-sΩ
A\p-{K-ln-°s´! A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p:

""A√mlphns‚ A\p{KlØn\v (\µn ImWnt°≠Xn\p) ]Icw \µn-tISv ImWn°pIbpw, XßfpsS
P\X-sb \miØns‚ `h\Øn¬ Cd°n°-fbpIbpw
sNbvX Hcp hn`mKsØ \o I≠nt√? AYhm \cIØn¬. AXn¬ Ah¿ Fcnbp∂XmWv. AXv F{X
tami-amb XmakkvYew!'' (14:28,29)

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