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JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 1

JpB hymJym\w
kwibfpw adp]Snbpw
} {
[ Malayalam aebmfw ]


XmdmnbXv:
aplZv \mkzndpo A_m\n()



aplZv knbmZv Iq
:
Daawa books
P.B. No: 1981
Vyttila, Kochi
Ph: 0091-484-2301275
Email: info@dawabooks.org



2012 - 1433

JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 2

XmfpIfn




{]km-[-I-p-dnv (-3)

01. Jp-B-\n \npw \o Dt-in-p-Xv Dt-in-p-n-Sv \npw kzoI-
cn-p-sIm-pI? (4)

02. ""HmtcmImcyhpw \mw \-hw hni-Zo-I-cn-n-cn-pp''hni-Zo-I-cWw(7)

03. lZoYv Jp-B hN-\-n\v FXn-cm-bm!? (11)

04. tSv sdtmUdn Jp-B Xpdv sh (19)

05. .... Amlp X{w {]tbm-Knp ? (21)

06. kqd Bep-Cw-dm : 85, kqd amCZ : 69 Fs\ tbmPnnpw? (24)

07. Ah {Kln-m--hn-[w.....- A-Sv shp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-pp (27)

08. apkvl^v Npw_n-p--Xn-s\-p-dn-p hn[n-sb-mWv (33)

09. hnip Jp-B \mw F-s\-bmWv hymJym-\n- t-Xv ? (41)




{]km-[-I-pdnv -

Am-cmjv{S \ne-hm-c-n ae-bmf ]pkvX-I- ]pdn-dp
Ibpw {]k--amb hnhn[ `mjm-{K-- aebmf-n-tev samgn-
amw \Sn {]kn-o-I-cn-p-Ibpw Am-cmjv{S kaqln\v ]cn-N
bsSp-t ae-bmf auenI IrXn-I ap `mjI-fn-tev ]cn-`m-j-
s-Spn {]kn-o-I-cnp-Ibpw sNp-I-sb ey-tmsS XpSw
Ipdn "ZAvhm _pIvkv' {it-bhpw hyXn-cn--hp-amb ]pkvX-I-
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 3

]pd-n-d-n-smv CXn-\IwXs ]pkvXI {]km-[\ cwKv n
c -{]-XnjvT t\Sn--gn-n-p-v, .

hnip Jp-B\pw Xncp- kp--p-am-Ip Ckvem-ans ASn-
m\ {]am-W--sf, {]hm-N-Is() {]tXy-I-amb AwKoIm-c-n\v
hnt[-b-amb BZna Xe-ap-d-m a\-n-em-n-b-Xp-t]mse a\-n-em-
-W-sa Alvep-kp-n h Pam-A-ns coXn imkv{X-n
{K-c-N\ \S-n-bn-p ]n-Xam-cpsS ]pkvX-I--fmWv {][m-\-
ambpw ZAvh _pIvkv ]pd-n-d-p--Xv.{K-Im--fpsS kz-am
b A`n-{]m-b--fn-tev Wn-p-Ibn-, {]am-W-_--ambn Imcy-
sf hne-bn-cp-p-Ibpw a\-n-em-p-Ibpw sNp- -Xn-tev \bn-p-I-
bmWv Ccw {K- ]pdn-d-p-tm "ZAvh _pIvkv' Dt-in-
p--Xv. {K-Im--fpsS kz-amb A`n-{]m-b- ZAvhm _p
Ivkns A`n-{]mb--f-sw.

a\p-jy-p amK-Zi-\-amb Jp-B-\ns\, Fs\ hym
Jym-\n--W-sapw a\-n-em--W-sapw kwn-]vXhp- ambn AhX-cn-
n-p ssiJv \mkzn-dp-o A_m-\n-bpsS "ssI^ bPn_p A
sse\m en A \p^-ndp JpB\ Icow' F IrXn-bpsS a
e-bmf `mjm-c-amWn-Xv. apl- Zv knbmZv Iq BWv ]cn-`mj \n
hlnncn- p--Xv.

\mYm. . . . \o CsXmcp {]Xn-^-eml-amb {]h-\-ambn
kzoI-cn-t-Wta (Bao)
amt\P

JpB hymJym\w
kwibfpw adp]Snbpw

tNmZyw (1) : _lpam\y\mb ssiJv. Hcp sNdnb ]pkvXI
n Rm Hcp lZoYv Ip. AXv ]dbpXv: ""
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 4

''. ""JpB\n \npw \o Dtin
pXv DtinpnSv \npw kzoIcnpsImp
I.''
(1)

Cu lZoYv kzlolmtWm? Rsf
klmbn pI. Amlp Xmv {]Xn^ew
\Is.

adp]Sn (1) : ""JpB\n \npw \o DtinpXv Dtin
pnSv \npw kzoIcnpsImpI'' F lZo
Yv NnecpsSbnSbn hym]Iamb lZoYmWv. Fm
tJZIcsap ]dbs,kpn bmsXmcSnm
\hpanm lZoYpIfn s] HmWnXv.AXpsIm
p Xs, CXv dntmv sNpXpw \_n()bnte
v tNp ]dbpXpw A\phZ\oba.

IqSmsX, ka{Khpw hnimehpamb Cu Bibw km[pX
bnmXpw CkvemanI icoAn Xosc m]ns
SmXpamWv. ""JpB\n \npw \o DtinpXv Dt
inpnSv \npw kzoIcnp sImpI.'' (F lZoYn
se Bibw) DZmlcWn\v,(Cu lZoYv kqNnnp {]
Imcw) F\nv sXmgnet\zjnv ]pdsmpw t]mImsX,
hon\Ip Xsbncpv, Fs \mY\n \npwAh
hm\temIp \npw Cdncpsa \nev D]Poh
\w tXSmw. ImcWw JpB\n \npw F\nnjvSapXv
Rm kzoIcnpp! BcmWv Cs\sbmcp Imcyw ]dbp
Xv?!


(1)
knknep AloZoYpCu^ (557)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 5

AXn\m, CXv \ncIamsbmcp {]kvXmh\bmWv. H
cp ]t, "cn_mmXv' (hn{iaktX) Fv kzbw
t] \In B efn CcnpXpw XmaknpXpw
]Xnhmnb aSnbmcmb kq^nI \nn Hcp sIpI
YbmImw CXv. Cu efn Ah Hcpanp IqSn Bfp
I Ahv sImphcp Amlphns D]Poh\n
mbn Ah Imncnpw. CXv Hcp apkvenans kz`mha
s Imcyw Ahdnbmw. ImcWw DXvItjtbmsS
bpw AtmsSbpw Pohnm\mWv \_n() Fmhscbpw
]TnnXv. \_n() ]dp:

""tase ssIbmWv Xmsg ssItbm Daw. tase ssI
sNehgnph\pw Xmsg ssI tNmZnph\pamWv. (A
XmbXv, bmNnph).''
(

)


Cu hnjbIambn Fs ApXsSppXv Xm]k
cpw kq^nIfpamb Nnescpdnv Rm hmbn Hcp IY
bmWv. Rm AXv \opn. AhcpsS IYI \nch[nbp
v. Ahsbmw hnNn{XfmWv.

Ah hmZnpp. AhcpsS Iqnep Hcm `
W hn`hsfmpw IcpXmsX `qanbn kcnm B
cw`np.As\ hniv sImv acnpsa Ahbnse
nbtm AIse Hcp {Kmaw AbmfpsS {ibns
p. Abm AhntSv sNp. Av shnbmgvNbmbncp
p.AbmfpsS hmZ{]Imcw Abm Fmw Amlphn `

(

)
_pJmcn (1429) Cu ]Z AtlntXmWv. (apkvenw :1033)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 6

cta]np(Xh)sImmWv ]pdsXv.As\, Abm
fpsS hmZ{]Imcap B "Xhen'\v tImw hcmXncnp
Xn\v thn, ]nbn HcpanpIqSnbhcpsS apn A
bm {]Xysn.{]XypX Bcpw ImWmXncnpXn\p
thn Abm andn\v Iogn Hfnncpp. Fm, B
scnepw Xs Ip]nSnpsav AbmfpsS a\v a{n
p sImncpp.As\, JXzo_v JpXp_ \nhlnp. C
bm B PamAns\mw \akvIcnn! Camans JpXp
_bpw \akvImchpw Igntm P\ ]nhmS
neqsS Hpw Iqmbpw CdntmIm XpSn.
P\sfmw t]mbnv ]n Hgnsv t_m[yambtm
Abm hmXnepI Ipnbnp. tijw
Blmc]m\obfnmsX Abm ]nbn Hv
IgnpIqn. AhnsSbphv Xs kmn[yadnbnm
sXm icnbmpXv t]mse bp
i_vZapmm\msX, asmn\pw Abmv Ign
n. Nne AXv a\nemn AbmfpsSbSptev sN
tm IXv hnipw Zmlhpw \nanw An am{Xam
bn amdnb Hcp cq]sbmWv. Ah Abmsf FSppsIm
v klmbnm ]pdsp.

Ah AbmtfmSv tNmZnp: ""\nfmcmWv?'' Abm ]
dp: ""Amlphn Fmw Xhpemnb Hcp Xm]k
\mWv (kmlnZv) Rm.'' Ah tNmZnp: ""acWns h
snb \nss\ "Rm Amlphn `c
ta]nph\msW'v ]dbm km[npw?! \n A
mlphn `cta]npbmfmsWn(klmbw) tNmZn
pItbm, sXm icnbmp i_vZapmn \nfpsS
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 7

kmn[yw P\sf AdnbnpItbm sNnmbncpp. \n
fpsS ]m]hpambn \n acnpt]mIpambncpp!''

CXpt]mep lZoYpI kzoIcnpXv \nanw F
nsSp Ahp Hcp DZmlcWamWnXv: ""JpB
\n \npw \o DtinpXv DtinpnSv \npw
kzoIcnpsImpI.''Npcpn Cu lZoYn\v ASnm
\sampan.

tNmZyw (2) : _lpam\y\mb ssiJv! "JpB\nq'(3) ]
dbpp. Amlp ]dp:
...

) : (
""Hmtcm Imcyhpw \mw \hw hniZoIcnncnpp.'' (kqd: C
{kmAv:12)
...

... ) : (
""{Kn \mw bmsXmpw hogvNhcpnbnn.'' (kqd. A
Bw 38)

dkq() ]dp:


""\nbambpw Cu JpBAXns Hcp `mKw Amlphns
ssIbnepw Hcp `mKw \nfpsS ssIIfnepamWv. AXn\m \n
fXv apdpsI ]nSnpI. Fm AXn\ptijw \nsfmcnepw

(
3
)
Ckveman {]amWambn JpB am{Xw aXn, lZoYns Bhiyan Fv hmZn
phscbmWv "JpB\nq' Fv hnfnpXv. lZoYns\ HmsI \ntj[n
phcpw, `mKnIambn \ntj[nphcpw AXns]Spw. hnh:
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 8

hgn]ngp t]mItbm \inpt]mItbm sNpIbn.''
(4)

CXn
Xm fpsS hniZoIcWw R {]Xonpp.

adp]Sn 2: ""{Kn \mw bmsXmpw hogvN hcpnbnn
'' F hN\s kw_nv: CXn "{Kw' (In
Xm_v) F ]Zw sImp Dtiyw "kwcnX^
eIw'(eulp alv^qfv) BWv. hnipJpB
A.

Fm ""Hmtcm Imcyhpw \mw \hw hniZoIcnn
cnpp' F Amlphns hN\s CXn\v apv \mw
hniZoIcn hnipJpB\nse hN\hpambn _nnm
, Amlp Fm Imcyhpw hniZoIcnncnpp Fv
t_m[yamIpw. AtXmsSmw A\p_ambn asmpIqSn
bpv Fpam{Xw.\ndnbmhpXv t]mse hniZoIc
Ww Nnetm hym]Imnembncnpw. Hcm Hcp s]m
Xp\nbaw shptm, AXn hniZmwifpw Dsm
pw.AXns B[nIyw ImcWw AXns\ ]cnanXsSpm
km[npIbn.Atm, XXzm\nbmb B \nba \n
mXmhv [mcmfw hniZmwi DsmnpXnv
thn {]knamb Hcp s]mXp\nbaapmnbm, B hn
iphmIyns Bibw hyamIpw. Nnetm hniZo
IcWw ka{Kambncnpw. AXmWv Cu hN\n \npw
hyamIpXv. \_n() ]dXp t]mse
"
"

(
4
)
kzlolpKo_v hlo_v (1/93/35)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 9

""Amlp \ntfmSv I]nm Bhiys Hcp Imcy
hpw \ntfmSv I]nmsX Rm Dt]nnn.Amlp
hntcm[nm Bhiys Hcp Imcyhpw \ntfmSv hntcm
[nmsXbpw Rm Dt]nnn.''
(

)


Nnetm hniZoIcWw [mcmfw hniZmwi D
smp \nbafmbncnpw. ap Nnetm hniZoIc
Ww Bcm[\IfpsSbpw \nbafpsSbpw ]Zmhenbmbncn
pw.B \nbafntesmpw kqN\ \tI Bhiy
an.

At\Iw imJIfpsmpXpw \nba\namW hnj
bn Ckvemans alXzhpw hnimeXbpw shfnhmp
Xpamb \nbafnsXmWv. Xmsg hcp \_nhN\
fpsS DZmlcW:
" "
""(kzbw) D]{Zhnepw aphsc D]{Zhnepw C.''
(6)

" "
""Fm elcnbpw aZyamWv.Fm aZyhpw
\njnhpamWv.''
(7)

" "
""Fm A\mNmcfpw hgntISmWv.Fm hgntISpw \cIm
nbnepamWv.''
(8)


(
5
)
knknep AlmZoYpzlol: 1803
(
6
)
kzlolp PmanDzKo (7517)
(
7
)
ChmD Keo (8/40/2373)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 10


CXv \nbafpw kmam\yhn[nIfpamWv. Hmas l
ZoYn kzs D]{Zhnp hnjbtam aphcpsS
apXepI D]{Zhnp hnjbtam Hgnhmnbnn.C\n c
mas lZoYn elcnbpambn _s Hns\bpw
(Hgnhmnbnn) AXp apncnbn \npw e`npXm
bmepw CXv hym]IamWtm tNmfn \npXmbm
epw, atXv hkvXpfn \npXmbmepw kaamWvAXv
elcnbmbncnpnStmfw AXv \njnamWv.

A{]Imcw XsbmWv aqmas lZoYpw; _nZvAp
IfpsS B[nIyw \nanw AXv ]cnanXsSpm km[n
pIbn. AXns\ FnnsSpm\pw km[ya. F
m,AtXmsSmw Cu lZoYv, kwn]vXamsWnepw hy
XtbmsS {]kvXmhnpp. ""Fm A\mNmcfpw hgn
tISmWv. Fm hgntISpw \cImnbnemWv.''

CsXmcp hniZamb {]kvXmh\bmWv. ]t, \nba
tfmSv IqSnbmsWv am{Xw.

Fm \ndnbpXpt]mse (Nne) hn[nI ]e
tmgpw kpnse ]Z sImv hniZoIcnncnpw.
Nnetm hnipJpB\n Xs kqNnnnpmIpw.
A\cmhImi \nba AXnpZmlcWamWv.

"tNmZyn kqNnn lZoYv kzlolmWv. AX\pk
cnv {]hnWw. Fm, AXv kzoIcntXv (a
smcp) lZoYn h cq]nemWv. \nv Rm cv
Imcy hntpt]mIpp.Ah apdpsI ]nSnpIbmsW

(
8
)
kzlolpKo_v hlo_v (1/92/34) kzempdmholv (t]Pv 75)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 11

n \n hgn]ngp t]mIpIbn. Amlphns {K
hpw, Ahs ZqXcpsS Ncybpw (BWv Ah)''
(9)


Atm, \psS ssIIfnep Amlphns ]miw
apdpsI ]nSntXv hnipJpB\ns\ hniZoIcnp
kp\pkcnv {]hnpsImmWv.

tNmZyw 3 : ChnsS Nnecpv. Ah ]dbpp: Hcp lZoYv
JpB hN\n\v FXncmbm, B[nImcnIXbp
sS hnjbn AXv GXv ]Zhnbnembmepw AXn
s\ XnfbWw. tijw,Ah DZmlcWambn Cu
lZoYv Dcnmw:
" "
""acn hyn, Xs hopImcpsS hnem]w ImcWambn
innsSpw.''
(10)

Cu lZoYns\ \ncmIcnpXn\p th
n Ah BCi() hmNIw. Amlphns Cu hN\
amWp]tbmKnXns\ sXfnhv ]nSnpp.

... ) : (
""]m]`mcw hlnp bmsXmcmfpw asmcmfpsS ]m]`mcw
GsSpbn''(kqd:^mXzn 18). CXv ]dbphv F
s\bmWv adp]Sn sImSppI?

adp]Sn (3): Cu lZoYv \ncmIcnpXv JpB sImv
lZoYv \ntj[np {]hWXbnemWv DsSpI.C
Xv ChcpsS hyXnbm\sbmWv kqNnnpXv.

(
9
)
anivImp akm_olv (1/66/186)
(
10
)
kzlolpPmanAv (1970)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 12


Cu lZoYns\ Ipdnp adp]Snhninjy BCi()bp
sS lZoYns\ kzoIcnphscbmWv Rm ]cmainp
XvAXv C{]ImcamWv.

Hv: lZoYns ImgvNmSneqsS: Hcp lZoYns ImgvN
mSneqsS t\mptm Cu lZoYv \ncmIcnm bmsXm
cp amKhpan. AXnv cv ImcWfmWpXv.

(1) AXv C_v\pDadn()s kzlolmb ]ccbneqsS
DcnsXmWv.

(2) CXv dntmv sNpXn C_v\pDa Hsnn.
{]XypX, AXn Da() Atls ]npSnpv.C\n,
Atlhpw aI\pw am{Xa CXv dntmv sNbvXXv. Ah
cv t]scbpw ]npSpsImv apKodp_v\p ipAv_
bpapv. CXmWv Cu kabv Fs Hmabn hcpXv.
ImcWw Cu aqv kzlm_namcpsSbpw dntmpI Ccp
kzlolpIfn ImWmw.

C\n, Cu lZoYns\pdnv am{Xambn Hcm KthjWw
\SpIbmsWn,Ah\v av ]ccI IqSn Ism
km[npw.Cu aqv lZoYpIfpsSbpw ]cc kzlolm
Wv. AXn\m, ]cnipJpB\nv FXncmsWv hmZnp
sImv AXns\ \ncmIcnmhX.

cv: X^vkodns ImgvNmSneqsS: Cu lZoYns\ ]
nXm cv \nemWv hymJym\nXv:

(1) Cu lZoYv _m[IamIpXv, acnv t]mb Hcp hy
nbpsS taemWv.Abm,Xm acnv Ignm Xs ho
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 13

pIm aXhncp {]hnI sNpsav Xs PohnX
Imev Xs Adnbmhp HcmfmWv. Fnpw Av A
bm Xs IpSpw_s D]tZinn.Xs acWtijw C
hcpsS Icn ImcWambn Xm J_dn innsSpw
FXv sImv \n IcbcpsXv Abm XmoXv sN
bvXnpan.

"acn hyn' (Aanv) Fv ]Zn D]tbmKn
"A' FXns Dtiw apgph (acn BfpIfpw) D
smpIbn FmWv. AXmbXv acn Fm hynI
fpw XfpsS hopImcpsS hnem]w ImcWambn inn
sSpsa. adnv ChnsSbp]tbmKn "A'F ]Zw \n
nXsSpm\pXmWv. AXmbXv Xs acWtijw aX
hncp {]h\ Bcpw sNcpsXv D]tZinm
HcmfmWv ChnsS Dtiw. Atm Ccw hynIfm
Wv XfpsS hopImcpsS Icn ImcWambn inn
sSpXv. Fm A\nhmcyamb D]tZi \IpI
bpw Xs ta hne]ncpsXpw Cu ImeLn I
phcp \njnamb {]h\fn GsScpsXp
ap aX]camb \ntZi \IpIbpw sNph
innsSpIbn. Fm Ah D]tZi\ntZi
\Inbnsn innsSpw.

Hmas hymJym\n \npw \mw A\nhmcyam
bpw a\nemt hniZoIcWamWnXv. CXmWv (Camw)
\hhnbpsSbpw AXpt]msebp {]ikvXcpw AdnbsSp
hcpamb `qcn`mKw ]nXmcpsSbpw \ne]mSv. Cu hn
iZoIcWw \apv a\nembngnm ]ns Cu lZo
Ypw
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 14

"

"
""]m]`mcw hlnp bmsXmcmfpw asmcmfpsS ]m]`mcw
GsSpbn''(ABw:164)F Amlphns hN\hpw
Xn sshcp[ysampw Csv hyamIpw. Fm
"Aanv' F ]Znse "A' FXn Fmhcpw
DsSpw Fv a\nemnbmemWv sshcp[yapsv tXm
pI. AXmbXv, Fm acnhcpw innsSpw Fv. A
s\bmIptm lZoYv AhyamIpIbpw JpB h
N\n\v hncpamIpIbpw sNpw.Fm, \mw apv kq
Nnn coXnbn AXns Bibs a\nemnbm, H
cp sshcp[yhpw AhyXbpan. ImcWw, Abm (J_
dn shv) innsSpXv th D]tZi\ntZi
\ImXv sImmWv (Fv a\nemIpw). sshcp[yap
sv hmZnphp J\ambn Cu lZoYns\
hymJym\n Hmas coXnbmWnXv.

(2) cmas hymJym\w ssiJp Ckvemw C_v\p
ssXan()bptSXmWv. Atlw Xs Nne cN\Ifn kq
Nnnp. ChnsS in FXv sImptinpXv J_
intbm, ]ctemIs intbm A. adnv, thZ\bpw,
ZpxJhpw F DtinemWv. AXmbXv, acn hyn X
s hopImcpsS Icn tIm AXn tJZnpIbpw
ZpxJnpIbpw sNpw.

C{]ImcamWv ssiJp Ckvemw C_v\p ssXan ]d
Xv. CXv icnbmsWn B sXnmcWsb thtcmsS
]ngpsXdnbsSpw.

JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 15

Fm Rm ]dbpp: Cu hymJym\w cv bmYm
yv FXncmWv. AXv sImv lZoYns Hmas
hymJym\s B{ibnpIbmsX \nhnbn.

HmaXmbn: apsmcn Rm kqNnn apKod C_v
\p ipAv_()bpsS lZoYn, Cu in thZ\bpw ZpxJ
hpa, adnv bYm in XsbmWv Fv kqNnnp
Hcp A\p_apv. AXmbXv, Amlp Ahv s]mdp
v sImSpnsn Ahv \cIin e`npw. CXv A
mlphns hN\n \npw hyamIppv.

) : (
"XtmSv ]v tNsSpXv Amlp Hcnepw s]mdp
pIbn. AsXmgnpsXmw Ah Dtinphv
Ah s]mdppsImSppXmWv.''(kqd. AnkmAv: 48)
apKod()bpsS dntmn C{]Imcw ]dbpp: ""\nbw,
acn hyn, Xs hopImcpsS hnem]w ImcWw Ay
\mfn innsSpw.'' Xs hopImcpsS Icn Imc
Wambn acn hyn Ay\mfnemWv innsSpI F
v Cu dntmv hyampp. CXmWv thZ\bpw ZpxJ
hpsa C_v\pssXan hymJym\nXv.

cmaXmbn: Hcm acnm Abmv Nppw \Sp
Hpw Abm AdnbpIbn.AXv \bmbmepw Xnbmbm
epw kaamWv. CXv Jp-B\pw kppw Adn- bnpXcp
Imcy-am-Wv. Fm Nne Ahkcfn CXn]hmZap
v. AXv Nne lZoYpIfn ]cmainsnpv. Ah H
pIn Fm acnhpap \nbasa \nev; As
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 16

n thZ\ AdnbnpXn\pthn Imcy Nnev
Amlp tInpsa \nev.

Hmas ]cmainv _pJmcn Xs "kzloln'
epcn A\kp_v\pamenns lZoYmWv sXfnhv. A\
kv \nthZ\w: dkq() ]dp:
- -

""(Amlphns) HcSnasb Ahs J_dntev sh ti
jw Ahs BfpIsfmw ]ncnpt]mbmAhcpsS sN
cpns i_vZw Ah tIp B kabv Xs c
v aepI AhsbSptev hcpw.''
(1)

adamSngn
v P\ ]ncnpt]mIp kabv acn hynv
Hcp {]tXyIXcw tIhnbpsv Cu kzlolmb lZoYv
ncsSppp. AXmbXv, cv aepI Ahsbcn
In hv Ccnptm, Ahs Bmhns\ Ahs i
cocntev aSpw. Cu Ahbn Ah sNcpns
i_vZw tIpw. Atm, Cu acn hynbpw Fm a
cnhcpw XfpsS Bm Xfntev aSs ti
jw Dbnsgptns \m htcpw J_dncnIneq
sS \Spt]mIphcpsS sNcpSn i_vZw tIpsImt
bncnpw F Bibw Cu lZoYn\n! As\b X
s.


(
11
)
kzlolp PmanDzKo (1675)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 17

CsXmcp {]tXyI kmlNcyamWv. acnhtXv {]tXyI
Xcw tIhnbpamWv, ImcWw Ahs Bmhv Ah\nte
v aSsnpv. Cu Ahkcn \mw C_v\pssXan
bpsS hymJym\w kzoIcnpIbmsWn, acn hyn
bpsS C{nb IqSpX hnimeamm \mw \n_n
XcmIpw.F{Xtmfsam, Ahs Nppw \SpXv ap
gph AXnepsSptnhcpw. AXv adamSpXn\v ap
v J_dntev sImpt]mIptmtgm, J_dn sh ti
jtam Bbmepw kaamWv AXmbXv Pohnncnp Xs
_p Ahv thn IcbpXv Ah tIpw. C
Xn\v ({]mamWnIamb)sXfnhv BhiyamWv.AXn. AXmWv
BZyw thXv.

cmaXmbn, JpB\nsebpw kzlolmb lZoYpIfn
sebpw Nne hmIy acnh tIpIbn Fv kq
NnnpXmWv. CsXmcp henb hnjbamWv.Fm Rm
Hcp lZoYpcnmw. AXv kwibn\p adp]Snbm
tbpw. \_n()bpsS hmv:
" "
""\nbw, Amlphn\v `qanbneqsS kcnp Nne ae
pIfpv.Ah Fs kapZmbns A`nhmZy(k
emw) F\nsnpXcpw.''
(12)

"kcnpw'FXv sImp
Dtiw ]Xnhmb HcpanpIqSepIfmWv. Atm, Hcp
apkvenw \_n()bpsS ta kzemv sNptmsgmw, \n
njvS aev B apkvenan \npw B "kemw' \_n()

(
12
)
kzlolp PmanDzKo (2174)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 18

bntev Fnpw. Atm, acnh tIpambncpp
shn, acnhcpsS Iqn tIphm Ghpw A
l\mbh \psS \_n()bmbncpp. ImcWw Amlp
Atls alXzsSppIbpwapgph \_namtcmfpw
ZqXmtcmfpw ap P\tfmsfmw khntijXI
Atlnv \IpIbpw sNbvXnpv.Atm, Bs
nepw AXv tIm km[npambncpsn AXv Xo
bmbpw dkqen()\mIpambncpp. IqSmsX, {]hmNIs
() acWtijw Fsnepw tIm km[npambncp
sn Xs kapZmbns kzemv tIWambn
cpp.

Atm ChnsS \npw \apv AhcpsS B A_w
AYhm hgntISva\nemIpp. Ah \_n()tbmS A
Xnt\m XmsgbphtcmSmWv hnfnptXSpXvHpIn
(ap) ZqXm, Asn (ap) \_nam, AXpasn
kcnXcmb BfpI Ah dkqen()t\mSv hnfnp tX
SpIbmsWnepw Atlw AhcpsS B hnfn tIpIbn
. AXmWv JpB hyamnbXv:

) : (
""Xobmbpw Amlphn\v ]pdta \n hnfnp {]m
np sImncnphscmw \nsf t]mep Zmkm
am{XamWv.'' (kqd. AAvdm^v: 194)

) : (
""\n AhtcmSv {]mnp ]w Ah \nfpsS
{]m\ tIpIbn.'' (kqd. ^mXzn: 14)

JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 19

Atm, acntijw B hyn tIpIbn. {]tXy
I k`fn _m[IamIp sXfnhpIfpsv am{Xw.
AXmWv Rm apsmcn kqNnn sNcpns i_vZw
tIpsaXv. AXn\m, Cu tNmZyn\p Ccw C
hnsS Ahkm\npp.

tNmZyw (4): tSv sdtmU Xpdv shv AXn Jp
B ]mcmbWw \SpsImncns, AhnsS IqSn
bncnp BfpI (av) kwkmcfn apgpInb
Xv ImcWw AXv {inmXncnpIbmsWn, A
h B JpB {inmXncpXv kw_n hn
[nsbmWv? AhnsS IqSnbncnphcmtWm,AX
tSv sdmU Xpdh\mtWm Ipmc\mhpI?

adp]Sn(4) : Cu hnjbn\p adp]Sn tSn \npw Jp
B ]mcmbWw sNsSp B kZns hy
Xymkn\\pkcnv hyXymksSpw. B kZv hn
m\nstbm, ZnIvdnstbm, JpB ]mcmb
Wnstbm kZmsWn, B kmlNcyn
AXn ]qWamb {isImSp A\nhmcyamWv.
As\bmscnepw sNbvXnnsn Ah Ip
mc\mWv. ImcWw AXv Amlp JpB\n ]d
Xnt\mSp [nmcamWv:

) : (
""JpB ]mcmbWw sNsm \nfXv {inptI
pIbpw \n_vZX ]menpIbpw sNpI.'' (kqd: AAv
dm^v: 204)

JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 20

Fm,B kZv hnm\nstbm, ZnIvdnstbm,
JpB ]mcmbWnstbm kZ. adnv Hcp hon
tPmenbn GspsImncnpItbm, ]TnpItbm hm
bnpItbm sNp Hcp km[mcW kZmsWn, A
cw k`fn tSv XpdpIbpw hontem kZn
tem DcpsS ImXpIfnsepw hn[w ]mcmbWns i
_vZw DbpIbpw sNcpXv. Fsm, Cusbmcp km
lNcyn CubmfpI (JpB ]mcmbWw) {in
m _m[yc. ImcWw, Ah AXn\pthn Hp
IqSnbX. CXns t]cn tNmZyw sNsSpXv tSns
i_vZw Dbn aphsc B i_vZw tInh\mbncn
pw. ImcWw,Ah\mWtm P\v _pnappmp
Ibpw, Ah JpB {inm Xmdnm Ahkc
n AhcpsS ta B _m[yX sIntbnXv?

CXn\pXpeyambnp HcpZmlcWw ]dbmw. \nsem
cm sXcphneqsS \Spt]mIpIbmWv. Atm, sh
hym]mcnIfpsSbpw apfIv IhSmcpsSbpw, Ccw tI
kv hnphcpsSbpw i_vZ tImw. AXns
^eambn sXcphnepS\ofw JpBs i_vZw \ndp\n
pw. \n FhnsS t]mbmepw B i_vZw tImw. A
tm sXcphneqsS \SphscmwHmtcmcpcpw Ah
chcpsS hgnv t]mhpIbmWv Am\v ]mcmbWw
sNsSp Cu JpB\nv thn \n_vZcmbncnm
_m[ycmtWm?! A. CXns t]cn tNmZyw sNs
SpXv JpB ]mcmbWns i_vZw tIm P\
fpsS ta _m[yX ASnt]nh\mWv. Abm AXv
kzw IhS Xm]cyn\pthntbm P\fpsS {i
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 21

bmIjnm thntbm, ap `uXnIt\v thn
tbm BImw sNpXv. Atm, Hcp hoWtImWneq
sS t\mptm Ah JpB\ns\ kwKotXm]IcW
sf \nemWv kzoIcnpXvAXv kw_ambn Nne
lZoYpIfn
(13)

hnpXv t]mse.tijw Ah Amlp
hns hN\sf Xpamb em`n\v hnpIbmWv. C
XmIs,PqXmcpsSbpw IrkvXym\nIfpsSbpw coXnpw F
XncmWv. AhscpdnmWv Amlp ]dXv.

... ) : (
""Ah Amlphns hN\sf Xpamb hnev hnp
Ifp.'' (kqd. Xu_:9)

tNmZyw (5) : Amlp Ahs\pdnv Xs ]dbpp:

) : (
""Ah (kXy\ntj[nI) X{w {]tbmKnp. A
mlphpw X{w {]tbmKnp. Amlp \mbn X
{w {]tbmKnph\mIpp.'' (kqd. BepCwdm
: 54)

Hcp ]t, NnebmfpIfpsS a\n, Cu hN\
spdnv _mlyamb Hcp [mcWam{XamWpm
hpI AXv Nnetm, hymJym\nt Bhiyap
mIpIbn. Fs\bmWv Amlp \mbn X
{w {]tbmKnph\mIpI?

adp]Sn (5): Amlphns A\p{Klm Cu tNmZyw F
fpamWv. ImcWw, \apdnbm km[npXv t]m

(
13
)
Azlol (979)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 22

se, X{saXv (aI) Fmbvtmgpw XnbmIW
san. AXpt]mses Fmbvtmgpw \bpw
BIWsapan. Hcp ]t, Hcp kXy\ntj[n Hcp
apkvenans\Xnsc X{w {]tbmKnsphcpw. B ap
kvenamIs _pnam\mWv. A{it\m, AhnthIn
tbm A. kXy\ntj[nbmb B FXncmfnbpsS X
{spdnv Ah t_m[hm\pamWv. As\,
kXy\ntj[nbpsS B X{s Ah th coXn
bn ssIImcyw sNpw. Ahkm\w Cu apkvenw \
smcp X{w {]tbmKnXns ^eambn B kXy\n
tj[nbpsS IpX{w Ah\ntev Xs Xncnp hnS
sSpw. B apkvenw kXy\ntj[nsXnsc X{w {]
tbmKntm, AXns\ \nbahncpamb Imcyam
sWv ]dbm km[nptam? Hcmfpw AXv ]dbpI
bn.

Cu bmYmYyw Hcp {]hmNIhN\n \npw Ffp
w a\nemIpw. ""bpw Hcp h\bmWv.''
(14)

Cu h\
sbpdnv ]dbsSmhpXv XsbmWv X{spdn
pw ]dbsSpXv. Hcp apkvenw Xs apkvenw ktlmZc
s\ hnpXv \njnamWv. Fm Hcp apkvenw A
mlphns i{Xphpw Ahs ZqXcpsS() i{Xphmb Hcp
\ntj[nsb hnpXv \njna. F AXv \n_
hpamWv. A{]Imcw XsbmWv, X\nsXnsc X{w {]
tbmKnm\ptin Hcp kXy\ntj[nsXncn X{w {]
tbmKnpXpw. B kXy\ntj[nbpsS X{w \njv^eam

(
14
)
_pJmcn (3030), apkvenw (1740)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 23

IpXn\p thn. CXv \ cq]nep X{amWv. CXpw
a\pjy\mWv. AXpw a\pjy\mWv. Fm Ignhph\pw
kh\pw bpn\pw khtemI\nbmhns\p
dnv Fv ]dbpw?

Ah Fm X{cpsSbpw X{sf \njv^eam
pp. AXmWv Amlp ]dXv. ""Amlp \mbn X
{w {]tbmKnph\mIpp.'' Atm Amlp kzbw
Cu hntijWw sImv hnhcnptm, \psS {i Xn
cntbXv, a\pjycpsS `mKv \npmIp X{w F
tmgpw Bt]mlamIWsan FXntemWv. Imc
Ww Ah ]dXv ""\mbn X{w {]tbmKnph\m
Wv'' FmWv. Atm X{w \v thnbpw Xnv
thnbpw Dv. \v thn Bscnepw X{w {]tbm
Knm AXns\ Bt]ntXn. Amlp ""\mbn
X{w {]tbmKnph\mWv'' FmWv Ah Xs ]d
Xv.

Npcpn, Rm ]dbs: Fsmw A]mbNnI
\nfpsS a\nepZnppthm AXns\mw hncpam
Wv Amlp. Amlphn\v tbmPnm Fsnepw Hcp
Imcyw Hcm hnNmcnm X\nv A_w ]nbXmsWv
DSs\ a\nemWw. AXn\m, Cu hN\w Amlphn
s\ ]pIgvpIbmWv sNpXv. Amlphntev tN
p ]dbm ]m Hpw AXn C.

tNmZyw (6) : Xmsg ImWp cv BbpIsf Xn
Fs\bmWv tbmPnnpI.

) : (
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 24

"" Ckvemw (ssZhn\p BXvamWw) Am
Xns\ Bscnepw aXambn B{Klnp ]w A
Xv Ah\n \nv Hcnepw kzoIcnsSpX.''
(kqd BepCwdm:85)

) : (
""kXyhnizmknItfm, blqZtcm, km_nItfm, ss{I
kvXhtcm BcmIs, Ahcn \nv Amlphnepw
AyZn\nepw hnizknpIbpw, kI
{]hnpIbpw sNbvXhv bmsXmpw `b
stSXn. Ah ZpxJntn hcnIbpan.''(kq
d amCZ:69)

adp]Sn (6): tNmZyw kqNnnpXv t]mse Cu cv hN\
Xn sshcp[ysampan. ImcWw cmaXv
]d Bbn ""Ahv bmsXmpw `bstS
Xn. Ah ZpxJntnhcnIbpan'' Fv Am
lp hntijnn BfpIv Ckvemans ktiw
Fnp sImSptijamWv Ckvemans\Ipdnp
hN\w (BepCwdm:85) hcpXv. AhcpsS Iqn
"km_nD'Isfpdnv Amlp kqNnnppv.
km_nDIsfpdn ]cmaiw ImWptm \psS
a\ntev HmSnhcpXv \{Xmcm[IcmWv. Fm
, bYmn, XuloZns BfpIfn Ds
Xn\v tijw inn B]Xn Fm BfpIfpw
(Cu kwbpsS ]cn[nbn s]Spw) km_nDI H
cn GIssZhhnizmknIfmbncpp. ]noSv Ah
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 25

inntepw \{Xcm[\bntepw Xncnp.
AXn\m Cu Bbn ]cmainshcn G
IssZhhnizmknIfmb kXyhnizmknIfpw Ds
Spw. CkvemanI {]t_m[\w hcpXn\v apv Ch
PqXmscbpw IrkvXym\nIsfbpw t]msebmbncp
p. km_nDIsf ]cmain AtX ev Xs
bmWv Ahscpdnpw ]cmainXv. Ame L
n XfpsS Zo\ns\ apdpsI ]nSnhcmWh.A
h kXyhnizmknIfnshcmWv. ""Ahv bm
sXmpw `bstSXn. Ah ZpxJntn hcnI
bpan.''

Fm, aplZv \_n()sb Ckvemw aXhpambn \n
tbmKn tijw Ckvemans Cu ktiw PqXmcpw Ir
kvXym\nIfpw km_nDIfpamb BfpIfn Fnp. C\n,
Ckvemam bmsXmw (aXambn) Ahcn \npw kzo
IcnsSpIbn.

Atm, ""Ckvemw AmXns\ Bscnepw aXambn
B{Klnp ]w'' F hN\ns Dtiyw dkqen
()s \mhneqsS Ckvemw hcnIbpw, CkvemanI {]t_m[
\w FpIbpw sNbvXtijw Ckvemam bmsXmpw
Ahcn \npw kzoIcnsSpIbn FmWv.

Fm Ckvemapambn dkqen()s\ \ntbmKnpXn
\v apv acnhcpw Cv `qapJv PohnpIbpw Fm
CkvemanI{]t_m[\w Fntnnmhcpw, Ckvem
ans ktiw, AXns ASnm\fpw bmYmy
fpw hnIrXams \nebn ]Ip Innbhcpw. DZml
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 26

cWambn apv Nne k`fn kqNnn JmZnbm\nI
. Ah Cv bqtdmnepw Atacnbnepw CkvemanI {]
t_m[\hpambn cwKndnbnpv. Fm Ah {]
t_m[\w sNp B Ckvemw Hcp \nepw(bYm) C
kvema. ImcWw Ay{]hmNI\mb aplZv \_n()v
tijw {]hmNIm hcpsamWv Ah hmZnpXv. A
tm, JmZnbm\o cq]nep Ckvemantev Wn
s Cu Atacnmpw bqtdm]ympw bYm
CkvemanI ktiw Fnbnn. Ah cnsemcp hn`m
KnemWv s]SpI.

Hmas hn`mKw, Ah appmbncp aXnep
hcpw AXn Ddp \nhcpamWv. ""Ahv bmsXm
pw `bstSXn. Ah ZpxJntnhcnIbpan'' F
hN\s B \nemWv kzoIcntXv.

cmas hn`mKw Cu aXn \npw hyXnNenp
t]mbhcmWv. Cp apkvenwIfn ]ecpw Cu cq]n
ephcmWv. AhcpsS ta sXfnhv m]nsnpv.

Fm, CkvemanI{]t_m[\w Xosc Fnsnnm
h Ah Ckveman\v apphtcm tij-ap--htcm
Bbmepw Acw BfpIv ]ctemIv {]tXyI ]cn
KW\bpv. Ahsc ]conpXn\p thn Hcp ZqXs\
Amlp Ahcntev \ntbmKnpwCltemIv shv P
\sf ]con AtX cq]n Xs.Ay\mfn B
ZqXs Wn\v Dcw \IpIbpw Atls A
\pkcnpIbpw sNbvXh kzKn {]thinpw. A
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 27

tltmSv A\pkcWtSv ImWnh \cInepw {]
thinpw.
(15)


tNmZyw (7): Amlp ]d-bpp:

) : (
""Fm AXv Ah {Klnm hn[w AhcpsS
lrZbfnt \mw aqSnI CSpIbpw AhcpsS
ImXpIfn ASv shpIbpw sNbvXncnpp''
(kqd: ABw:25) Cu hN\n (Amlphns
`mKp\npw) Hcp _e{]tbmKns(Pk) kq
N\bpXmbn Nne a\nempp. AXn Xm
fpsS A`n{]mbsamWv?

adp]Sn (7) : (D]cyp hN\n ]cmain) "shpI'
CSpI FXv {]m]nI (Iu\o) cq]nep sh
emWv. CXv a\nemm, ssZhntImtins
(A CdmZXp Cemln) Aw hnZoIcnt
Xpv. ssZhntImtiw cmbn Xcw Xncnncnpp.

aX]camb Dtiw (CdmZpdCu) {]m]nI Dt
iyw ({]m]nI) (CdmZp Iu\n)

idCu (aX]cw) Bb Dtiyw FXv Amlp Xs
Zmkv \nbaamn \nbn Fm ImcyfpamWv. \n_
w, sFnIw F hyXymkanmsX Fm Bcm[\m I
afpw Bm\phnXzfpw AXnsSpw. Cu B
m\phnXzfpw Bcm[\mIafpw Amlp Dt
inpIbpw CjvSsSpIbpw sNpp.

(
15
)
Azlol (2468)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 28


{]m]nI Dtiyw FXv Nnetm Amlp \nbaam
mXmImw. Fm Ah IWmnbXmWXv. Cu
Dtiys (CdmZv) bmWv {]m]ntImtiw Fv ]d
bpXv. Cu kw DSseSpXv Xmsg ImWp Am
lphns hN\n \nmWv.

) : (
""Xm Hcp Imcyw Dtinm AXnt\mSv "DmIq' Fv
]dbpI am{XamIpp Ahs Imcyw. AtmgXm AXpm
Ipp.'' (kqd. bmko:82) ChnsS "Hcp Imcyw' (ssiA)
FXv A]cnanX \maamWv. Fm Imcyfpw AXnep
sSpw. AXv A\pkcWbmbmepw A\pkcWtSmbmepw
kaamWv. Acw Imcy \nehn hcpXv "DmIq'
Fv Amlp AXnt\mSv ]dbpXv sImmWv. AXmbXv
Ahs Dtiyhpw hyhbpw Xocpam\hpa\pkcnv. A
tm A\pkcWsatm, A\pkcWtsStm hyXym
kanmsX Fm Imcyfpw Dsmp Cu {]]n
tImtitmsS a\nemngnm, AXv JfmJZvdn
s hnjbntev \s A\nhmcyambpw sNsn
pw. ImcWw Amlp ]dp: ""Xm Hcp Imcyw Dtin
m AXnt\mSv "DmIq' Fv ]dbpI am{XamIpp. A
hs Imcyw AtmgXm AXpmIpp. AXnsbw
Ah "DmIq' Fv ]d hkvXp Ahs Xocpam\a
\pkcnv A\nhmcyambpw DmIpw. Fm Imcyfpw A
mlphns Xocpam\a\pkcnpXmWv. AXn \bpw
Xnbpw Fmw Dsmpp. Fm Amlphns I
]\Ipw \n__m[yXIpw hnt[bcmb a\p
jycpw PnpIfpaSp cv kaqlfpsS taep _m
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 29

[yX \mw \nesImpXns\pdnv NnnpI FXm
Wv. \mw \nesImpXv Hp-In ipamb \psS Dt
insbpw kzmX{ynsbpw ASnm\nembncn
pw. Asn \psS CI\pkcnmbncnpw. A
sn \psS CI\pkcnmbncnpw. Cu cma
s hn`mKw A\pkcWbpw A\pkcWtSpambn _
sX. AXns ]cyhkm\w kzK\cIfpa. aX]c
amb hn[nI apgph Cu Hmas hn`mKn\v Npn
epamWv. CXns ASnm\nemWv Hcmv kzKw e`n
pXpw \cIw e`npXpw. AXmbXv, Hcp a\pjy X
s Dtin\pkcnv {]hnpXpw, Xs Ign
hpw kzmX{yhpa\pkcnv AXntev ]cn{ianpXpam
b ImcymWv Ah IWv t_m[nntn hcn
I. AXv \bmsWn Ahv \bpmIpw. AXv Xn
bmsWn Ahv XnbpmIpw.

Hcp a\pjy\v Xs `qcn`mKw Iapw {]h\
kzmX{yapv FXv sImv aX]cambpw _pn]cam
bpw AXn Xnm AhImian FXmWv bmYm
yw.

aX]cambn I]nsXv sNm\pw hntcm[nsXv
shSnbm\pw Hcp a\pjy\v km[npsav hyamp
JpB\nsebpw kpnsebpw [mcmfw DcWnIfpv.
ChnsS ]cmainm km[nm{Xbpw IqSpXemWv A
Xv.

_pn]cambn Hcm kwkmcnptmgpw \Sptm
gpw Xnptmgpw IpSnptmgpw Xs kzmX{yn\\p
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 30

kcnp GsXmcp {]hrn sNptmgpw aphcpsS
_e{]tbmKanmsX Ah B Iaw kzbw sXcsSp
pXmWv. CIpw Nm]eypw ASnsnnm
GsXmcmpw hyamIp kwKXnbmWnXv. Rm
Ctm kwkmcnm DtinpIbmsWn kzm`mhnI
ambpw Fn AXv ASnt]nm Bcpan. Fnepw
(Fs) Cu kwkmcw (apIqn) hn[nsXmWv. ap
Iqn Xocpam\nsnpw Rm\nXv kwkmcnpp FXn
sbYw F\nv ]dbpIbpw kwkmcnpIbpw sNp
Xn\p kzmX{yhpw AtXmsSmw Xocpam\nsnpv
FmWv. Fm, Rm ]dbpXn kwibaphv
Cu kwkmcns hnjbn F\nv kzmX{yaps
v sXfnbnpXn\v thn \ni_vZ\mbncnphm\pw F
\nv km[npw.

AXn\m, GXv kabpw a\pjy\v sXcsSpm\p
kzmX{yaps hkvXpX FXnsSm\pw Xn
m\pw km[nm HmWv. Cu hkvXpXsXncn X
nph hnXhmZfpbnpbpw AwKoIrXXz
n ktlfpmph\pamWv. Hcm Cusbmch
bnsenbm Aht\mSp kwkmcw \nWw.

AXn\m a\pjycpsS Ia cmbn Xncnncnpp.

1. Ahs kzmX{yn\\pkcnv sNpXv.

2. \n_ns ^eambn sNpXv.

\n_ns ^eambn sNp Iasf Ipdnv
\apsmpw ]dbm\n. aX]camb `uXnI]camtbm kzm
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 31

X{yap taJesbpdnv am{XamWv aXn\v DXvIWvT
bpXv. CXmWv hkvXpX. CXv \psS a\n \p]nSnn
m apv ]d Bbv thKw a\nemm km[n
pw. ""AhcpsS lrZbfnt \mw Hcp aqSn CSpIbpw''
F Bbv. ChnsS "CSpI' FpXv {]m]nIamWv.
apv ]d Hcp hN\w \mw ]cmain A\nhmcyam
Wv.""Xm Hcp Imcyw Dtinm...'' ChnsSbp "Dtiyw'
{]m]nIamb DtiamWv. Fm Amlp lrZbfn
t aqSnbn BfpIfpsS CIv FXncmbn CXv
sNpXv.

`uXnI ImgvNmSneqsSbp HcpZmlcWw ImWpI. H
cp a\pjy krjvSnsSptm Ahs amwkw arZp
hpw _elo\hpamb AhbnemWv. ]noSv, {]mbamIp
tmdpw amwkw ISpXmhpIbpw FpI iamhpI
bpw sNpw. Fm Fm a\pjycpw CtX cq]ne. D
ZmlcWn\v, Hcp hyn imkv{Xntem Asn hn
m\ns GsXnepw Hcp imJbn apgpIm Xocp
am\np. Ah\n GXv `mKamWv insphcnI? Ah
s _pnbmWv insphcnI. Ah GXv taJebn
apgpIppthm B taJebn Ahs a\v insp
hcpw. Ahs ]cn{iaw apgph AXn\v thnbmpI
bpw sNpw. imcocnIambn t\mptm, Ahs icocw
insSpIbn. amwk t]inI ]pjvSnsSpIbpan.

CXns t\ hn]coXhpw kXyamWv. icocw \mbn
{inp Hcp hynbpmImw. Ah Fm Znhkhpw
hymbmafnepw imcocnI]cnioe\fnepw apgpIpw. Cv
\mw ]dbmdpXv t]mses. As\bp Hcphs
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 32

amwk t]inI ]pjvSnsSpIbpw icocw _ehmIpI
bpw sNpw. \manv Nnetmsgms ImWmdpXv t]mse
bp Hcp cq]emhWyw Ah\n BPnphcpw Nnetm
Nn{Xfn ImWmdpXv t]mse icocw apgph t]
inIfmbnocpw. Cu hynsb Cu cq]nemtWm kr
jvSnsXv? AX, amwkt]inI sImv \nd B
_ehmb icocw Ah ]noSv Ahs ]cn{ia^eam
bn BPnsSpXmtWm? CXv Ahv kzw ]cn{ian
sbpw {]h\ kzmX{ynsbpw ^eambn e`n H
cp ImcyamWv.

CXp XsbmWv hgntISnepw \ncmknepw Ahnizm
knepw \ntj[nepw AIs a\pjys DZmlcW
hpw Ahs lrZbfnt aqSn CtS Ah Ah
v hcpw. Amlp ASnt]nXv sImtm, _ew {]tbm
KnXv sImtm A. adnv, Ahs IafpsSbpw {]h
\ kzmX{ynsbpw ^eambn am{Xw.

Atm, CXmWv AhnizmknIfmb Cu BfpI k
mZn {]m]nIamb "sh' Ah kzbw Cu Ah
bnsenbXmWv. Ah ASnt]nsXmsWv
hnhcanmh [cnpp. Fm bYmn AXv
AhcpsS ta ASnt]nsX.adnv, AhcpsS ssI
I kmZnXv \nanamWv. Amlp ASnaItfmSv A\o
Xn ImWnph\.

tNmZyw (8) : apkvl^v Npw_npXns\pdnp hn[n
sbmWv?

JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 33

adp]Sn (8): \psS hnizmkn, Cu {]hrn Nne lZo
YpIfnse s]mXp BibnepsSpw. {]hmNI
() ]dp:
"
"
""\n ]pXp\nanXnIsf kqnpI. ImcWw Fm ]p
Xp \nnXnIfpw _nZvAmWv. Fm _nZvApw hgn]n
ghpamWv.''
(16)


asmcp dntmn " " ""Fm hgntISpw
\cInemWv.''
(17)


Cu hnjbIambn [mcmfw BfpI Hcp {]tXyI \ne
]mSv kzoIcnpXmbn ImWmw. Ah ]dbpw: ""AXnse
mWv sXv?! ]cnipJpB\nt\mSv kvt\lmZchpI {]
ISnnpXns Hcp cq]w am{XamWnXv.'' AhtcmSv \mw
]dbpw: ""icn, AXv kXyamWv. CXv JpB\nt\mSp kv
t\lhpw BZchpw am{XamWv ImWnpXv! Fm, A
mlphns ZqXcp()sS A\pNcm Dsmp BZn
a Xeapdv kvt\lmZchns Cu coXn Adnncpns
mtWm? AhcpsS ]nKmanIpw (Xm_nDI) Ahcp
sS ]nKmanIpw (Xm_nDm_nDI) AXv Adnn
smtWm?'' ChcpsS adp]Sn ke^pInse ]nXm
]d cq]nembncnpsa Imcyn kwiban.""A

(
16
)
kzlolpKo_v hlo_v (1/92/34)
(
17
)
kzempdmholv (t]Pv 75)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 34

Xv \bmbncpsn, Ah AXn \s apISpam
bncpp.''

CXv Hcp Imcyw. C\n asmv ""Fsnepw Hcp hkvXp
hns\ Npw_npXns ASnm\samWv AXv A\p
hZ\obamtWm AtXm \njntam?''

cp ssiJpam (_pJmcn, apkvenw) XfpsS kzlo
lpIfn Dcn Hcp lZoYv ChnsS ]cmain A\n
hmcyamWv.Hcp HmasSp F \nepw Cs ap
kvenwI kcnXcmb XfpsS apKmanIfn \npw
Adnhns hnjbnepw Hcp ]pXnb Imcyapmbm A
Xv ssIImcyw sNp coXnbnepw F{Xtmfw AIp
t]mbn Fv AdnbnpXn\v thnbpw.

CXmWv lZoYv: Amkv C_v\p d_oA \nthZ\w:
"
"
""Dadp_v\p JXzm_v() (Idp) Ins\ Npw_np sIm
v C{]Imcw ]dbpXv Rm Ip: ""\o shdpsamcp I
mWv; Hcp]{Zhpw D]Imchpw sNm \nssmv km
[npIbnsv F\ndnbmw. dkq() \ns Npw_np
Xv Inmbncppshn Rm \ns Npw_nnmbn
cpp.''
(18)



(
18
)
kzlolpKo_v hlo_v (1/94/41)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 35

^mdqJns Cu kwkmcns AsamWv? AXm
bXv ""dkq() \ns Npw_npXv Innmbncpp
shn Rm \ns Npw_npambncpn.''

Atm, Da() Fn\mWv lPdp AkvhZns\ Npw
_nXv? AXv kzlolmb lZoYn hXv t]mse "
" ""lPdp AkvhZv kzKn \npXm
Wv''
(19)

FmbXv sImmtWm?

Atlw Npw_nXv Atlns a\nepZn GsX
nepw XXzNnbpsS ASnm\nemtWm? Cu tNmZyap
bnh Cu hnjbn AhcpsS bpnbmWtm D]
tbmKnXv. Ah ]dbpw: ""CXv Amlphns "Iemw' B
Wv, \mw AXns\ Npw_npw!''

Da() Cs\ ]dpthm ""Cu Iv kzKn \n
p HchinjvSamWv. kqvaX ]menphtcmSv Am
lp hmKvZm\w sNbvXXmWXv. AXn\m Rm AXns\
Npw_npw.AXns\ Npw_npXv aX]cambn A\phZ\o
bamsWv sXfnbnpXn\v dkqen() \np hN\
sampw F\nmhiyan.'' (Fv Da ]dtm)?!

AX, Cv \mw {]t_m[\w sNpIbpw ke^o ap{Zm
hmIyambn AdnbsSpIbpw sNp "dkqen()s\bpw
Atlns amKn Ncnphscbpw Bm
ambn ]n]pI' F ap{ZmhmIyambn, Cv NnebmfpI
hnfnm\njvSsSpXv t]msebp "imJm]camb' Cu

(
19
)
kzlolp PmanDzKo (3174)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 36

Imcys IWmpIbmbncppthm? CXmWv Dadns
\ne]mSv. Atlw ]dbpp: ""dkq() \ns Npw_np
Xv Innmbncppshn Rm \ns Npw_npam
bncpn.''

Atm Ccw Npw_nepIfpsS ASnm\w ]q
hnINcyIfneptm Fv ]cntim[ntXmWv. \mw ap
v kqNnnXv t]mse \psS CI\pkcnv Xocpam
\ne \mw (Nnetm) tNmZnpw: ""CXv \XmWv. A
XnsemWv sXv?'' Fv!

A_q_dpw Dadpw IqSn JpB \jvSsp t]mIp
Xn \npw kwcnm AXv kamlcnpXn\pth
n sskZv C_v\pYm_nXns\ G]ntm, Atln
s {]XnIcWsambncppshv \nfpw FtmsSmw
kvacnpI.Atlw tNmZnp:""dkq()sNm Hcp Im
cyw \nsfn\mWv sNpXv?''
(20)


Cs apkvenwIfpsSbSp aXspdn C
s\sbmcp [mcW Xoscbn. ""dkq() sNm Hcp Im
cyw \nsfn\mWv sNpXv?'' Fv apkvl^v Npw_n
p HcmtfmSv tNmZnpIbmsWn hfsc hnNn{Xamb
adp]SnIfmbncnpw \nv e`npI. AXv (Nnetm)
""Fs tkmZcm! AXnsemWv sXv?! Rm JpB\n
t\mSv BZchv ImWnpI am{XamWv sNpXv!'' F a
dp]Snbmbncnpw. Atm Aht\mSv tNmZnpI. ""Fs
ktlmZcm! Cu hmpI \n\v Xs FXncmWv! Jp

(
20
)
kzlolp_pJmcn (Cwojv hnh: hmfyw 6 \:201)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 37

B\n-t\mSv BZ-chv ImWn-n-n-s? dkq() JpB\nt\m
Sv BZchv ImWnncppsh Imcyn kwiban. F
npw Atlw JpB\ns\ Npw_nnn.'' AXsn
Ah ]dbpw: ""\n JpB Npw_npXns\ \tm
Sv hnepp! Fm \n Imdn kcnpp, hn
am\n bm{X sNpp, CsXmw _nZvAt?!'' CXn
\p J\w \mw t\cs tIXpt]mse hgntISnemIp
_nZvAv aX]camb ImcynemWv kw`hnpI.

Fm `uXnIImcyfnep _nZvAv (]pXp\nn
Xn), \mw apv kqNnnXv t]mse NneXv A\phZ\obhpw
NneXv \njnhpamIpw. As\bmWv CXv AdnbnsSp
Hcp kwKXnbmWv. AXn\v DZmlcWsfmpw Bhiyan.

lv sNpXn\v thn Hcm Amlphns ]cnip
`h\ntev hnam\n bm{X sNpIbmWv. AXv
A\hZ\obamsW Imcyn kwiban. C\n, Hcm
]Snmd \mSpIfntev XomS\nmbn hnam\
n bm{X sNpIbmWv. AXv \njnamsW Imcy
n kwiban. As\ t]mIpp....

C\n, Bcm[\m hnjbfn, Bscnepw tNmZns
SpIbmsWn: ""\nsfn\mWv AXv sNpXv?'' Ah
s adp]Sn: ""Amlphns kmao]yw Icamm!''

Rm ]dbpp: Amlphns kmao]yw Icamm
\p amKw Amlp aX]ambn \nbnXneqsS am{Xam
Wv. Fm, F\nv Nne Imcy \nsf HmasSp
m\pv. ""Fm _nZvApIfpw hgntISmWv'' F XXz
s AwKoIcnpIbpw m]npIbpw sNpXn h
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 38

fsc {][m\sXmWv AsXv Rm hnizknpp. AXn
Fs bpnbpsS AwKoImcn\v bmsXmcp m\hp
an.

ke^pIfn Nne ]dbpw: ""Hcp kpns\ acnnn
nmsX Hcp _nZvApw ]pXpXmbpmIpn.''

ssIsImv sXmdnbpXv t]msebmWv Rm Cu h
kvXpXsb ssIImcyw sNpXv. (aX) Imcyfnse ]pXp
\nnXnv thnbp kqva ]cntim[\bnepw Ah d
kq() sImphXn\v FXncmIpsXs\b A
t\zjWnepw apgpInbXv sImmWXv.

bYmnep t{ijvTcpw m\nIfpamb BfpI
, ]mcmbWw sNpXn\mbn JpB FSpm Ah
AXns\ Npw_npXv \n ImWpIbn. AXnep
Xn\\pkrXambn {]hnpI am{XamWv Ah sNpI.
Fm, XfpsS hnImcsf \nb{nm IrXyamb
\nbafpw amKZi\sfmpanm km[mcW P\
fmIs, Ah tNmZnpw: ""AXnsemWv sXv?'' Fv.
(Fmepw) AXnepXn\\pkrXambn {]hnm A
h Xmd. AXpsImv \mw ]dbpp: Hcp kpns\
acnnp sImmsX Hcp _nZvApw ]pXpXmbpmIp
n''

Cu _nZvAn\v kam\amb asmcp _nZvAv IqSnbp
v. "apAn' (_mv hnfnpbm) _mv hnfnpXv
tIm NnebmfpI Cuam\ns sNdnsbmcwiw _mn
bp sXmSnIfmsWn t]mepw Fgptv \npw!
""Fn\mWv Fgptv \npXv?'' Fv AhtcmSv tNm
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 39

Znm Ah ]dbpw: ""AmlpthmSp BZchv sIm
v''!! AhcmIs, ]nbntev t]mIpIbn! Ah (B
kabv) NXpcwKnepw NqXnepw AXpt]mep IfnI
fnepw apgpInbncnpw. Fmepw Fgptv \nXv sImv
XfpsS dns\ BZcnembn Fh hnizknpp.
FhnsS \nmWv Cu cq]nep Fgptv \n h
Xv?! kzm`mhnIambpw AXv bmsXmcSnm\hpanm H
cp hymPlZoYn \npw hXmWv. AXv ""_mv hnfnp
Xv tIm, \n Fgptv \npI.''
(21)

(F lZo
YmWv)!

Cu lZoYn\v Hcp DdhnSapv. Fm, AXv Nne Zp
_e \nthZIcn \npw hymPhmZnIfn \npw hnIrX
ams \nev hXmWv. B lZoYn "Jpeq' (]dbp
I) FXn\v ]Icw "Jqaq' (Fgptv \npI) Fm
nbXmWv. tijw B kzlolmb lZoYns\ apdnv amn.
"_mv hnfnpXv tIm, Atlw ]dbpXv t]mse
\nfpw ]dbpI (Jqeq)tijw Fs ta kzemv sNm
pI....''
(22)

XpSn lZoYns HSpw hsc.

]nimNv Fs\bmWv a\pjyv _nZvAns\ Aem
camnbsXv t\mpI. Amlphns Nnsf BZcn
p apAvan\pIfmWv Fv Ah kzbw Xr]vXnsSpI
bpw sNpp. apkvl^v FSpm Npw_npXpw _m
v tIm Ggptv \npXpw AXn\p sXfnhmW
tm?!!


(
21
)
ACu^ (711)
(
22
)
apkvenw (384)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 40

Fm Ah JpB\\pkcnv {]hnptam? Jp
B\\pkcnv Ah {]hnpIbn! DZmlcWn
\v, Ah \akvIcnsv hcpw. Fm Ah \njnam
b ]eni XomXncnptam? ]eni XnmXncnptam? ]en
i XomXncnptam? P\nSbn AmlpthmSp
[nmcw hnnp hgnI {]NcnnmXncnptam?
AXv sNmXncnptam?CXv sNmXncnptam? Cs\ A
anm [mcmfw tNmZy. AXn\m, Amlp \apv
\nbaamnb Bcm[\Ifnepw Bm\phnXzfn
epw \mw Xr]vXnbSbpp. AXn Hccw t]mepw \mw h
nnpIbn. ImcWw {]hmNI() C{]ImcamWv ]d
Xv:
" "
""Amlp I]n Hpw \nv ]dp XcmsX Rm
hnpIfnn.''

Atm \n Cu sNp {]hrn Amlphnte
v ASpnpXmtWm? "AsX' FmWv Dcsan
AXpkw_ambn {]hmNI\n() \np sXfnhv sIm
p hcnI. "AXn\v sXfnshmpan' Fmbncnpw adp]
Sn. As\bmsWn AXv _nZvAmWv. Fm _nZvA
pw hgntISmWv. Fm hgntISpw \cInepamWv.

""CXv hfsc \nmcamb Hcp ImcyamWv. Fnpw AXv
hgntISpw AXv sNbvXh \cInepamIpw t]mepw?!''
Fv ]dbpht\mSv Bcpw {]XnIcnm t]mtIXn.

JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 41

Ccw hmZsf JnpsImv Camw imXzn_n ]d
p: ""apgph _nZvApIfpwAsX{X sNdpXmbmepw
hgntISv XsbmWv.'

hgntISmsW Cu hn[nbpsS Imcyn \n _nZv
Ante t\mtXv. adnv, Cu _nZvAv sImp
sh B m\amWv Cu hn[nbpsS Imcyn t\mt
Xv. GXmWv B m\w? B m\w CkvemanI icoA
mWv. AXmIs kqWhpw IpaXpamWv. AXn\m
_nZvAv sImv AXv sNdpXmIs, hepXmIst`ZKXn
hcpm Bpw AhImian. ChnsS \nmWv _nZvA
nse hgntISv hcpXv Hcm Hcp _nZvAv Ckveman
]pXpXmbpmn FXpsImv am{Xa AXv hgntISm
IpXv. adnv, CkvemanI icoAv t`ZKXn sNm A
mlphnt\mfpw \_n()tbmfpw AlX X\nv kz
bw ]Xnp \IpXv sImmWv.

tNmZyw (9) : ]cnip JpB \mw Fs\bmWv hym
Jym\ntXv?

adp]Sn (9): Amlp ]cnipJpB Xs ZqX\mb ap
lZn()s lrZbnemWv AhXcnnXv. Ahn
izmknsbpw AXbpsSbpw AImcn
\npw am\hIpes tamNnnm thnbmWXv.
Amlp ]dp:

) : (
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 42

"" Aen^v emw dm a\pjysc Ahs cnXmhns A
\paXn {]Imcw CcppIfn \nv shfnntev sImp
hcphm thn \n\v AhXcnnp Xnp {Kam
WnXv. AXmbXv, {]Xm]nbpw kvXpXyl\pw Bbnph
s amKntev.''(kqd C_vdmlow:1)

JpB\nepXv hniZoIcnm\pw hymJym\nm\pw
hyamnsmSpm\pw thn Ah Xs ZqXs\()
\nbnp. Amlp ]dbpp:

) : (
""hyIvXamb sXfnhpIfpw thZ{Kfpambn(Ahsc \mw
\ntbmKnp.) \n\v \mw Dt_m[\w AhXcnnv Xn
cnpp. P\mbn AhXcnnsXv \o Ahv
hnhcnp sImSpm thnbpw,Ah Nnnm thn
bpw.''(kqd: Alv:44)

JpB\nepXnv hniZoIcWhpw hymJym\hpambn
smmWv kpv hXv. Amlp ]dp:

) : (
""Atlw XnjvS {]Imcw kwkmcnppan.* AXv A
tln\v Znhyktiambn \IsSp Hcp Dt_m[
\w am{XamIpp.'' (kqd: APvav: 3,4)

IqSmsX, {]hmNI() ]dp:
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 43

" :

"
""AdnbpI! F\nv JpB\pw AXns IqsS AXpt]m
epXpw \Isp. Hcp Imew hcm\pv. A hbdv \n
dv Xs tkm^bn Nmcnbncpv sImv Hcp a\pjy
]dbpw: ""\n JpB apdpsI ]nSnpI. AXn l
em Bbn ImWpsXpw \n lemempI. AXn
ldmambn ImWpsXpw \n ldmampI!'' \nbw
Amlphns dkq() ldmamnbXv AXv Amlp l
dmamnbXv t]mse XsbmWv.''
(23)


Atm, JpB hymJym\nm BZyambn D]tbm
KntXv JpB\pw AtXmsSmw kppamWv. kp
v FXv \_n()bpsS hmv, {]hrn, au\m\phmZw
Fnh DsmpXmWv. AXn\v tijw ]nXmcp
sS "X^vko' (hymJym\w) sImv hymJym\nWw. Ah
cn Ghpw ap]nbn \nph \_n()bpsS kz
lm_nIfmWv. Ahcn Ghpw ap]nbn \np
Xv A_vZpmln_v\p akvDuZv() BWv.AXv \_n()bpsS
IqsS klhknhcn BZysbmfmbXpsImpw At
lw JpBs\ Ipdnv tNmZnpXnepw a\nempXn
epw hymJym\npXnepw IqSpX {isImSpncpXv
sImpamWv. tijw A_vZpmln_v\p Amkv()BWv.

(
23
)
anivImns XJvcoPv ImWpI (\ 163)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 44

C_v\p akvDuZv Atlspdnv ]dXv Cs\bm
Wv: ""\nbw, Atlw JpB hymJymXmhmWv. (XPp
am\p JpB).'' ]noSv, Hcmbns X^vko nc
sp h GsXmcp kzlm_nbpw
kzlm_nInSbn B hnjbn A`n{]mb
`nXsbmpan. \mw Atl n \npw ]qW
Xr]vXntbmsSbpw IogvhWtmsS bpw
hnizkvXXtbmSpw B X^vko kzoIcnpp.Hcp {]
tXyI hN\ns X^vko (Ahcn) Insn, \mw
AXns X^vko Xm_nDIfn \npw kzoIcnpw. hnin
jym kzlm_namcpsS Iogn \npw X^vko ]T\n
A{KKWycn \nv. DZmlcWn\v kCuZp_v\p Ppss_
, Xzmhqkv, AXpt]mse kzlm_nIfmb NnecpsS hnin
jym, apv kqNnnXpt]mse, C_v\p Amkns Iogn
\npw X^vko ]Tnv {]ikvXcmbh.

tJZIcsap ]dbs, kzw A`n{]mbfpsSbpw a
Zvl_pIfpsSbpw ASnm\n hymJym\ns Nne
hN\fpv. AhbvmIs, \_n()bn \np t\cnp
Hcp hniZoIcWw ImWm km[ya. AXv ImcWw,
Acw hN\sf,]nmemcmb NnebmfpI X
fpsS aZvl_n\\pkcnv hymJym\nm XpSn. CXv hf
sc A]ISIcamb Hcp hnjbamWv. XfpsS aZvl_ns\
insSpm BbpIsf hymJym\npIFm,
Cu aZvl_ns BfpI hymJym\nnXs\XncmbnmWv X
^vkodns ]nXm hymJym\nXv.

CXns\mcpZmlcWw ]cmainpXv DNnXambncnpw.
Amlp ]dp:
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 45

) : (
""BIbm \n JpB\n \nv kuIcysSpXv
HmXnsmv \akvIcnpI.'' (kqd. apn:20)

Nne aZvl_ns BfpI Cu hN\s hymJym\n
Xv CXv shdpw ]mcmbWs kw_nv am{XamsWm
Wv. AXmbXv Fm \akvImcfnepw JpB\n \npw
HmXm \n_amsXv Hcp \o Bbv Asn
aqv sNdnb BbpI am{XamWv! \_n()bn kz
lolmbn dntmv sNs Hcp lZoYpmbnpw Ah
CXv ]dpIfp. \_n() ]dp:
" "
""^mXznl HmXmh\v \akvImcan.''
(24)


asmcp lZoYn
"
"
""^mXnl HmXmsX Bscnepw \akvIcnm AXv A]
cym]vXamWv. AXv A]cym]vXamWv, AXv A]cym]vXamWv.
A]qWamWv.''
(25)

apv kqNnn Bbns X^vkod\pkcnv AXv
s]mXphmb ]mcmbWamsW hmZs Cu cv lZoYp
Ifnse sXfnhpI Jnpp.AhcpsS ZrjvSnbn Jp

(
24
)
kzlolp PmanDKo (7389)
(
25
)
kzn^pzemv (97)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 46

B\ns\ apXhmXndmb kpv
(26)
sImmsX hymJym
\npXv A\phZ\oba. AXmbXv apXhmXndns\ (Jp
B\ns\) apXhmXn sImmsX hymJym\nm ]mSn.
AXv ImcWw, Cu hN\ns hymJym\ambn kzw A
`n{]mbfpw aZvl_pw B{ibnv sImv cv D]cnkqNn
X lZoYpIsf Ah Xnfp.

Fm, apImemcpw ]nmemcpamb Fm
hymJymXmfpw ""JpB\n \npw \nv kuIcy
sXv...'' F hN\n\v hymJym\w \InbXv C{]Imc
amWv. ""cm{Xn \akvImcn (XlpZv) \nv ku
IcysXv \akvIcnpI.'' ImcWw, Cu hN\s Am
lp asmcp hN\hpambn _nnpsImmWv ]dXv.

) : (
""\obpw \ns IqsSbphcn Hcp hn`mKhpw cm{Xnbp
sS anhmdpw aqn cp `mKhpw (Nnetm) ]IpXn
bpw(Nnetm) aqnsempw \nv \akvIcnppv F
v Xobmbpw \ns cnXmhndnbmw. AmlphmWv
cm{Xnsbbpw ]Iens\bpw IWmpXv. \nv A
Xv n]vXsSpm\mhpIbnsv Ahdnbmw. AXn\m
Ah \nv Cfhv sNbvXncnpp. BIbm \n

(
26
)
apXhmXndmb lZoYv Fm IfhmIm km[yXbnms{Xbpw BfpIfn
eqsS dntmv sNs lZoYv
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 47

JpB\n \nv kuIcysXv HmXnsmv \akvIcn
pI.'' (kqd. apn: 20)

AXmbXv: ""cm{Xn \akvImcn \npw \nv
kuIcysXv \akvIcnpI.'' cm{Xn \akvImcn am
{Xambn Hcm HmX \n_ambXns\pdnv ]dbp
Hcp hN\a CXv. adnv apkvenwIv cm{Xn \akvImc
n \npw Ahv kuIcysXv \akvIcnm A
mlp kuIcyw \IpXmWv.\ndnbmhpXv t]m
se, dkq() \akvIcnp ]Xns\mv dIvAv \akv
Imcw Ahv \n_a (FmWptiw)

CXmWv, Cu Bbns Aw. ""Hcwiw am{Xw {]
tbmKnp sImv samambpXns\ DtinpI''sb
Ad_n coXnb\pkcnmWnXv. Atm "\n HmXpI' F
Amlphns hNns Aw ""\n \akvIcn
pI'' FmWv. \akvImcw FXv samnepXmWv.
AXnse HcwiamWv ]mcmbWw. samnepXneSn
bnp Cu Hcwins {]m[ym\w hyampXn\p
thnbmWv Cu coXn D]tbmKnpXv. AXn\v asmcpZm
lcWamWv Amlphns Cu hN\w:

)
: (
""kqcy (BImia[yn \nv) sXnbXp apX cm
{Xn CcppXv hsc (\nnX kabfn) \o \akvImcw
apd{]Imcw \nhlnpI. {]`mXnse JpB ]mcmb
Whpw.'' (kqd. CkvdmAv:78) ChnsS ""{]`mXnse JpB
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 48

]mcmbWw'' FXnsbw ""{]`mX\akvImcw'' F
mWv. Atm Cu k`nepw HcwiamWv {]tbmKn
Xv. Fm AXpsImp Dtiyw samnepXm
Wv. Ad_n `mjbnse AdnbsSp Hcp coXnbmWnXv.

AXn\m, apKmanIfpw ]nKmanIfpamb JpB
hymJymXm Cu hN\n\v \Inb hymJym\w hy
amngnm ]ns "BlmZv'
(27)
BWv, BlmZmb
lZoYv sImv JpB\ns\ hymJym\nm ]mSn Fs
mw hmZnpsImv Hmasbpw cmasbpw lZoYn
s\ XnfbpXv icnb! ImcWw, D]cyp hN\
s hymJym\nXv JpB\ns `mjsbpdnv \ Adn
hp ]nXmcpsS samgnb\pkcnmWv. AsXmv; C\n
cmaXv, \_n()bpsS hmpI Hcnepw JpB\nv
hncpamIn. {]XypX, AXns\ hniZoIcnpIbpw IqSpX
hyampIbpamWv sNpICXv \mw BZyn N
sNbvXnpv. CXmWv cmatXv. \n_ \akvImc
fnepw sFnI \akvImcfnepw Hcp apkvenw \n_
ambn HmtXXpambn Cu hN\n\v bmsXmcp _
hpansncns CsXs\ kw`hnpw?!

Fm kqdp ^mXznl HmXnbnnsn Hcmfp
sS \akvImcw km[phmIpIbn FmWv apv kqNnn
cv lZoYpIfn \npw hyamIpXv: "^mXznl HmXm
h\v \akvImcan'' F lZoYpw ""^mXznl HmXmsX
Bscnepw \akvIcnm AXv A]cym]vXamWv, AXv A

(
27
)
"BlmZmb lZoYv' Fm H dntmdp lZoYv FmWv `mjmsan
epw apXhmXndmb lZoYns hn]coXambnmWv lZoYv \nZm\imkv{Xn {]
tbmKnpXvhnh:
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 49

]cym]vXamWv, AXv A]cym]vXamWv, A]qWamWv'' F
lZoYpw AXmbXv, B \akvImcw \yq\XbpXmWv F
w. Atm,\yq\XtbmSpIqSn Bscnepw \akvIcnm
, Ah bYmn \akvIcnntbn. Atm A
hs \akvImcw \njv^eamIpw. Hmas lZoYn \n
pw AXmWv a\nemIpXv.

Cu Hcp hkvXpX hyambngnm, ]ns, Hm
aXmbn lZoYv {K dntmv sNpXneqsSbpw, c
maXmbn kzlolmb ]ccIfneqsSbpw \_n()bn
\npw \apv e`np lZoYpIfn \mw kam[m\w I
sWw. Cv \mw tIphcp lZoYpItfmSv bpnbn
e[njvTnXamb Hcp kao]\w thWsav hmZnpsImv
Ahbn kwibfpw A\nXXzfpw {]ISnnm
]mSn. (bpnbp]tbmKnWsav hmZnp) Nne ]d
bpw: ""hyhlmcfpsS hnjbfn am{Xta \mw Blm
Zmb lZoYpI kzoIcnpIbpq. hnizmkImcyfn
kzoIcnpIbn. ImcWw hnizmk Imcy BlmZmb
lZoYpI sImv ncsSpIbn.''

CXmWv Ah hmZnpXv! Fm, \_n() apBZn
s\ (ba\ntev) AbXv (AhnsSbp) thZmsc GI
ssZhhnizmkntev Wnm\mWv Fv \apdn
bmw. AtlamIs, Hcp hyn am{XamWtm.
(28)

Rm Cu hnjbIambn hniZoIcnm\ptinXn\v
Cu Hcp kwn]vX N Xs ]cym]vXamWv. AXmbXv

(
28
)
_pJmcn (1458), apkvenw 19)
JpB hymJym\w kwibfpw adp]Snbpw Page 50

""JpB hymJym\w Fs\bmWv \psS ta \n_
ambnpXv?'' F hnjbIambn.

Amlphns cbpw kam[m\hpw A\p{Klhpw ap
lZv \_nbpsSbpw AhnSps A\pNcmcpsSbpw A
y\m hsc \bn Ahsc ]npShcpsSbpw taep
mhs. khtemIcnXmhmb AmlphnmIpp kv
XpXnbJnehpw.

*****