aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

ssi-Jv- ap-l-Ω-Zv-_v-\p- A-_v-Zn¬- h-lm-_v-( )

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

hn-h¿-Ø-I≥-:sI-.-sI.- k-I-cn-ø- kzem-lnDA'WA BOOKS

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

DA'WA BOOKS
Malayalam | Study | Moonnu Adisthana Thathwangal

aq-∂v- A-Sn-ÿm-\- XX-z-߃Original Title: Usoolu Salasa
Author: Shaik Muhammed Ibn Abdul Wahab ( )
Translator: K.K. Zakariya Swalahi
First Edition: February 2006

Price: Rs. 25.00

Publishers | Distribution:
Da'wa Books | Salafi Cultural Complex | Vyttila | Kochi-19 | Kerala | India
Email: dawabooks@nicheoftruth.org
Cover: Yoonus K.K.
Type Setting: Creative Media
Printing: Screen Offset, Kochi-18
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means
without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Z-Av-hm- _p-Iv-kv˛
]p-kv-X-I- {]-km-[-\-cw-K-sØ- \-hm-K-X-\m-Wv.A-¥m-cm-jv-{S-\n-e-hm-c-Øn¬a-e-bm-f- ]p-kv-X-I-߃- ]p-d-Øn-d-°p-I-bpw{]-k-Iv-X-am-b- hn-hn-[- `m-jm-{K-\v-Y-߃a-e-bm-f-Øn-te-°v- sam-gn-am-‰w- \-S-Øn{]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-I-bpwA-¥m-cm-jv-{S- k-aq-l-Øn-\v- ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠a-e-bm-f- ]p-kv-X-I-߃a-‰p-- `m-j-I-fn-te-°v- ]-cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Øn]p-d-Øn-d-°p-I-bp-sa-√m-am-Wv- e-£yw.Z-Av-hm- _p-Iv-kn-s≥-d- B-dm-a-sØ- ]p-kv-X-I-am-Wn-Xv.ssi-Jv- a-l-Ω-Zv-_v-\p- A-_v-Z-n-¬- h-lm-_n-( )-s‚F-∂- e-Lp- Ir-Xn-bp-sSa-e-bm-f- hn-h¿-Ø-\-a-m-Wn-Xv.Hm-tcm- ap-kv-en-apw- \n¿-_-‘-am-bpw- A-dn-™n-cn-t°-≠aq-∂v- A-Sn-ÿm-\- X-X-z-߃k-c-f-am-bn- hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂- Ir-Xn-bm-Wn-Xv.sI.-sI.- k-I-cn-ø- kz-em-ln-bm-Wv- hn-h¿-Ø-I≥-.hn-e-bn-cp-Øp-I-; \n¿-tZ-i-ß-fpw- hn-a¿-i-\-ßfp-ap-≠m-hpw-.A-h-bv-s°-√mw- kzm-K-Xw-;A-h-bm-W-t√m- \-sΩ- t\-sc- \-S-Øp-∂-X-v.{]m¿-Y-n-°p-I,- Cu- in-ip-hn-s≥-d- h-f¿-®-°p-th-≠n-.
A-√m-lp-th....- \o- R-ß-fp-sS- I¿-a-߃- kzo-I-cn-°p-I-bpwkz¿-K-Øn¬- kv-Ym-\w- \¬-In- A-\p-{K-ln-°p-I-bpwsN-tø-Wta....-(B-ao≥-)-

a-mt\P¿-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

hn-h¿-Ø-\-°p-dn∏-v-

k-¿-h-kv-Xp-Xn-bpw- A-√m-lp-hn-∂m-Ip-∂p.- ap-l-Ω-Zv- \-_n-()bnepw- Ip-Spw-_-m-Zn-I-fn-epw- A-hn-Sp-sØ- A-\p-Nc-∑m-cn-epw- A-√mlphn-s‚- Im-cp-Wy-hpw- k-am-[m-\-hpw- k-Zm- h¿-jn-°p-am-dm-I-s´.lnPv-d- 12˛mw- \q-‰m-≠n-se- ap-P-±n-Zv- (]-cn-jv-I¿-Øm-hv)- F-∂pwc-≠mw- ssi-Jp¬- C-kve
- mw- (C-kve
- m-an-s‚- Kp-cp-)- F-∂p-w- A-dnbs∏Sp-∂- ssi-Jv- ap-l-Ω-Zv-_v-\p- A-_v-Zn¬- h-lm-_n-( )-s‚- "aq-∂vA-Sn-kvY
- m-\- X-Xz-߃'- F-∂¿-∞a
- p-≈- "
'- F-∂- temI{]-ik
- X
v- - Ir-Xn-bp-sS- hn-h¿-Øa
- m-Wv- hm-b\
- °
- m-cp-sS- ssI-If
- nencn°p-∂X
- v.- k-uZ- n- A-td-_y-bn¬-\n-∂pw- ]-Xn-\m-bn-c°
- W
- °
- n-\v- tIm∏n-Iƒ- {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bpw- tem-I-sØ-ºm-Sp-ap-≈- k-e-^nIƒ I-em-eb
- ß
- f
- n-ep-w- A-√m-sX-bpw- ]-Tn-°p-Ib
- pw- ]-Tn-∏n-°p-IbpwsN-øp-∂- Cu- e-Lp-Ir-Xn-bp-sS- a-e-bm-f- ]-cn`m-j- tI-c-f-Øn¬-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃
C-Xp-h-sc- {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xm-bn- A-dn-™n-´n-√.- "Zp-ss_- Ckvem-an-Iv- C≥-^¿-ta-j≥- sk‚¿'- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-b- "ssZ-hw,- a-Xw,Zq-X≥'- F-∂- hn-h¿-Ø-\w- a-e-bm-f- hm-b-\-°m-cn¬- sN-dn-b- H-cpi-X-am-\w- B-fp-Iƒ-°p-t]m-epw- e-`y-a-√.- ku-Zn- A-td-_y-bn-seNn-e- Z-Avh
- m- sk‚-dp-Iƒ- (Pm-en-bm-Øp-Iƒ)- ]p-dØ
- n-d°
- n-b- hnh¿Ø-\-ß-fp-sS- kv-Yn-Xn-bpw- `n-∂-a-√.- Cu- hn-S-hv- \n-I-Øp-I-bm-WvCu- hn-h¿-Ø-\-Øn-s‚- D-t±-iyw.Hm-tcm- ap-kv-enapw- A-\n-hm-cy-am-bpw- A-dn-™n-cn-t°-≠- Nn-eA-Sn-kv-Ym-\- hn-j-b-ß-fm-Wv- Cu- sIm-®p-Ir-Xn-bp-sS- {]-Xn-]m-Zyw.X-s∂- kr-jv-Sn-°p-I-bpw- t]m-‰n- h-f¿-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bpw- sNøp-∂- c-£n-Xm-hv- (d-∫v)- B-cm-Wv?- A-h\
- v- C-jvS- s
- ∏-´- a-Xt- a-XmWv?B- a-Xw- ]-Tn-∏n-°m-\pw- A-X-\p-k-cn-®v- am-Xr-I- Im-Wn-°m-\pwA-h≥- A-b-®- Zq-X≥- B-cm-Wv?- kp-{]-[m-\-am-b- Cu- aq-∂v- hnjbß-fm-Wv- ssi-Jp¬- C-kv-emw- A-Xn¬- hn-i-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p-≈-Xv-.- in¿°pw- _n-Zv-A-Øpw- X-\n-°v- Np-‰p-ap-≈- ap-kv-enw- k-ap-Zm-b-Øn¬Iq-cn-cp-´v- ]-c-Øn-b- Im-e-L-´-Øn-em-Wv- {K-\v-Y-I¿-Øm-hv- Po-hn-®Xv.Xu-lo-Zpw- in¿-°pw- h-I-Xn-cn-®-dn-bm-Ø-,- kp-∂-Øpw- _n-Zv-A-Øpwhy-h-tO-Zn-®-dn-bm-Ø- ap-kv-enw- _-lp-P-\-ß-sf- hnip-≤- Jp¿-B\ns‚-bpw- \-_n-N-cy-bp-sS-bpw- sh-fn-®-Øn¬- D-≤-cn-°m-\m-Wv- A-t±lw- X-s‚- Po-hn-Xw- D-gn-™p-sh-®-Xv.- A-Xn-\v- h-ºn-®- ^-e-ß-fpap≠mbn.- ku-Zn- A-td-_y- k-e-^n-Iƒ-°v- h-f-°q-dp-≈- a-Æm-b-XvX-s∂- A-Xn-s‚- {]-Xy-£-^-e-ß-fn¬- H-∂m-Wv.Zp-ss_-bn¬- \n-∂pw- P.- ap-l-Ω-Zv- sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿- hn-h¿-Ø-\wsN-bv-Xv- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-b- ta¬-kq-Nn-∏n-®- Ir-Xn-bm-Wv- C-Xn-s‚- ]cn`m-j-bn¬- {]-[m-\-am-bpw- A-h-ew-_n-®n-´p-≈-Xv.- F-∂m¬- l-Zo-kpI-fp-sS- \-ºd
- pw- D-≤c
- n- ®
- - Nn-e- {K-\Y
v- ß
- fpw- _-em-_e
- ß
- f
- pw- hnhcn®n-´p-≠v- F-∂-Xm-Wv- Cu- hn-h¿-Ø-\-Øn-s‚- {]-tXy-I-X.- hm-b\
°m-cp-sS- ]-T-\- ku-I-cym¿-∞w- aq-e-Ir-Xn-bn¬- C-√m-Ø- Nn-e- "Xes°-´p-Iƒ'- ]p-Xp-Xm-bn- sIm-Sp-Øn-´p-ap-≠v.- ]-db
- m≥-t]m-Ip-∂- hnjb-ßs
- f- C-\w-Xn-cn-®v- {K-ln-°m≥- Cu- co-Xn- D-]I
- c
- n-°pw;- A-Xpt]mse- ]-e- k-a-b-ß-fn-em-bn- hm-bn-®v- {K-ln-°p-∂-h¿-°pw.--

{]-tX-y-I-{i-≤-°v-:- Cu- Ir-Xn-bn¬- {K-\v-Y-I¿-Øm-hv- D≤-cn-®Nn-e- l-Zo-kp-Iƒ- ssi-Jv- A¬-_m-\n- ( )-bp-sSbpw- a-‰v- Nn-e- ap
l-±n-kp-I-fp-sS-bpw- \n-cq-]-W-Øn¬- Zp¿-_-e-am-sW-∂v- sX-fn-™hbm-Wv.- A-Sn-°p-dn-∏n¬- A-°m-cyw- \mw- tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-ap-≠v.F-∂m¬- Nn-e- hm-b-\-°m¿-°v- C-hn-sS- H-cp- kw-i-bw- tXm-∂mw.A-Xm-b-Xv- h-en-b- ]-cn-jv-I¿-Øm-hpw- k-e-^o- ]-Wv-Un-X-\p-am-bncp∂- ssiJn-s‚- Ir-Xn-bn¬- F-ß-s\-bm-Wv- Zp¿-_-e- l-Zo-kp-IƒI-S-∂p-Iq-Sn-b-Xv F-∂v.- A-Xn-\p-≈- a-dp-]-Sn- ssi-Jv- A¬-_m-\n
Xs∂- "A-±-Av-h-Øp-k-e-^n-ø....'- F-∂- "ap-l-Ω-Zv- Cu-Zv- A-∫mkn'
bp-sS- Ir-Xn-s°-gp-Xn-b- A-Sn-°p-dn-∏n¬- hn-h-cn-®n-´p-≠v.- A-Xn-s‚Npcp-°w- Xm-sg- sIm-Sp-°p-∂p:""ssi-Jv- ap-l-Ω-Zv-_v-\p- A-_v-Zn¬- h-lm-_v- k-e-^o- A-Jo-ZbpsS- {]-t_m-[-I-\pw- ap-kv-enw- ]-cn-jv-I¿-Øm-hp-am-sW-∂-Im-cyw- Ahn-X¿-°n-Xa
- m-Wv.- ssi-Jp¬- C-kve
- mw- C-_v\
- p- ssX-an-b°
- p-tijwC-kve
- m-an-I- tem-IØ
- v- in¿-°v- I-ec
- m-Ø- Xu-lo-Zv- {]-Nc
- n-∏n-®Xn¬A-t±-l-Øn-\v- ap-Jy-am-b- ]-¶m-Wp-≈-Xv.- hn-ti-jn-®pw- B-[p-\n-Iku-Zn- A-td-_y-bp-sS- `m-Ka
- m-bn- am-dn-b- ln-Pm-kv,- \-PvZ- v- {]-tZißfn¬.]-t£,- Cu- Z-Av-h-Øn-s‚- `m-c-ta-dn-b-Xpw- Xn-c-°p-]n-Sn-®-Xp-amb{]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬- hym-]r-X-\m-b-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww- A-t±-lØn-\v- k-e-^o- Z-Av-h-Øn-s‚- ]q¿-Øo-I-c-W-Øn-\v- km-[n-°m-sXt]m-b-Xv.- A-Xm-b-Xv- a-Zv-l-_n-\pw- X-Jv-eo-Zn-\p-sa-Xn-cn-epw- Zp¿-_el-Zo-kp-Iƒ-s°-Xn-cn-ep-ap-≈- k-a-cw-Iq-Sn- X-s‚- Z-Av-h-Øn-s‚- `mKam-°m≥- A-t±-l-Øn-\v- km-[n-®n-√.- F-∂p-am-{X-a-√,- I¿-a-im-kv{XIm-cy-ßf
- n¬- A-t±-lw- kz-bw-Xs
- ∂- l-ºe
- o- a-Zvl
- _
- v- ]n-¥p-Scp∂hy-Iv-Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p-Xm-\pw.- l-Zo-kp-I-fp-sS- Im-cy-Øn-em-I-s´- a‰p]-e- {]-t_m-[I
- s
- c-bpwt]m-se- ap-l±- n-kp-If
- p-sS- \n-ba
- \
- p-kcn®p≈l-Zo-kn-s‚- X-cw-Xncn-hn¬- (kz-lo-lv,- Z-Cu-^v....)- A-±-l-Øn-\vth-≠- ]-cn-Pv-Rm-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√- F-∂p-th-Ww- I-cp-Xm≥.- ImcWw- "B-Zm-_p¬- a-ivb
- n- C-e 
- z-em-Xn'- F-∂- ssi-Jn-s‚- {]-kn≤amb- Ir-Xn-bp-sS- B-Zy-Øn¬-X-s∂- c-≠v- {]-[m-\- \yq-\-X-I-fp-≈"A-√m-lp-Ω- C-∂o- A-kvA
- e
- p-I_
- n-lJ
- n-  m-Ce
- u-\- A-sse-I....''-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃
F-∂v- Xp-S-ßp-∂- Zp¿-_-e-am-b- l-Zo-km-Wv- sIm-Sp-Øn-´p-≈-Xv.Cu- l-Zo-kn-s‚- A-Sn-kvY
- m-\Ø
- n¬- ]-≈n-bn-te-°v- \-S∂
- p-]m-Ip∂B
- ƒ- Cu- l-Zo-kn¬- ]-d™
- l-Jv- sIm-≠p-≈- {]m¿-∞\
- - sNm√¬H-cp- C-kv-em-an-I- a-cym-Z-bm-bn-´m-Wv- A-Xn¬- A-t±-lw- hn-i-Zo-I-cn®n-´p-≈-Xv-!- F-∂m¬- C-_v-\p-ssX-an-b-( )- C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.A-t±-lw- k-e-^o- Z-Av-h-Øn-s‚- F-√m- h-i-ß-fpw- Dƒ-s°m-≠alm-]-Wv-Un-X-\m-bn-cp-∂p.- Zp¿-_-e- l-Zo-kp-Iƒ-s°-Xn-cn¬kapZm-b-sØ- Ku-c-h-]q¿-hw- D-W¿-Øn-b- ]-cn-jv-I¿-Øm-hm-WvAt±-lw- (X-s‚- Nn-e- Ir-Xn-I-fn¬- A-_-≤-h-im¬- A-]q¿-hw- NneZp¿-_e- l-Zo-kp-Iƒ- h-∂p-t]m-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw).C-Xv- \mw- ]-db
- p-∂X
- v- ssi-Jv- ap-lΩ
- Z- v_
- v\
- p- A-_vZ- n¬- h-lm_ns‚- kv-Ym-\-hpw a-l-Xz-hpw- Ip-d-®v- Im-Wn-°m-\-√.- a-dn-®v- k-e-^o]-fi-n-X-cn¬- Hm-tcm-cp-Ø¿-°pw- A-h-c-h¿-°v- A¿-l-X-s∏-´- kvYm\w- \¬-Ip-I- F-∂X
- m-Wt- √m- \o-Xn- F-∂- \n-e°
- m-Wv.- Xu-loZns‚i-{Xp-°ƒ- ssi-Jn-s\-Xn-cn¬- D-∂-bn-°p-∂- B-t£-]-ß-sf-bpwB-tcm-]-W-ß-sf-bpw- \mw- H-cn-°-epw- C-j-vS-s∏-Sp-∂n-√.- {]-Xyp-XI-gn-hn≥-]S- n- A-Xn-s\- {]-Xn-tcm-[n-°p-∂X
- p-am-Wv- Xm-\pw.- F-∂m¬,\mw- \¬-Ip-∂- Cu- _-lp-am-\w- A-t±-lØ
- n-s‚- Im-cy-Øn¬- AXn
cv- I-hn-bm≥- \-Ω-sf- t{]-cn-∏n-°m≥-]m-Sn-√.- A-Xn-\m¬- C-_v-\pssXan-b-( )-bpw- C-_v-\p- A-_v-Zn¬- h-lm-_pw-( )- X-Ωn-ep-≈ssh-Pv-Rm-\n-Iam-b- Cu- A-¥-cw- \mw- Hm¿-Øn-cn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v''.("Zm-dp¬- Cu-am≥'- ]p-d-Øn-d-°n-b- "A-±-Av-h-Øp- -e-^n-ø-:- h- auJn-^p-lm- an-\¬- l-dIm-Xn¬- D-Jv-dm'- Im-Wp-I)-.Cu- Ir-Xn- ]-cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Øn- ]p-d-Øn-d-°m≥- Cu-bp-≈-h-s\t{]-cn-∏n-®- ]-e-cp-ap-≠v.- A-Xn¬- {]-[m-\n-bm-Wv- Pn-±-bn¬- tPm-ensN-øp-∂- k-tlm-Z-c≥- k-°o¿- lp-ssk≥ (tIm-gn-t°m-Sv).- At±l-Øn-s‚- kvt- \-l]
- q¿-ha
- m-b- \n¿-_\
- v[
- n-°¬- F-\n-°v- h-en-b- {]tNm-Z\
- a
- m-bn.- A-tXm-sSm-∏w- k-tlm-Z-c≥- Fw.-Fw.- A-Iv-_-dn-s‚t{]m-Xv-km-l-\-hpw.- A-√m-lp- G-h¿-°pw- {]-Xn-^-ew- \¬-I-s´.B-ao≥.{K-\v-YI¿-Øm-hn-s‚- F-√m- B-i-b-ß-fpw- A-tX- ssi-en-bn¬X-s∂- a-e-bm-f-Øn-se-∂-√- H-cp- `m-j-bn-epw- hn-h¿-Ø-\w- sN-bvXv-

^-en-∏n-°m≥- I-gn-bn-√- F-∂- Im-cyw- kp-hn-Zn-Xa
- m-Wt- √m.- A-XmWt√m- hn-h¿-Ø-\- Ir-Xn-I-fpsS- ]-cn-an-Xn-bpw.- F-¶n-epw- I-gn-h-Xpw{i-an-®n-´p-≠v.- P.- ap-l-Ω-Zv- sIm-Sn-b-Øq-cn-s‚- ]-cn-`m-j- tPm-en- hfsc- F-fp-∏-am-°n.- A-√m-lp- A-t±-l-Øn-\pw- A¿-l-am-b- Iq-en- \¬I-s´.- B-ao≥.- A-_-≤-߃- kv-t\-l-_p-≤ym- Nq-≠n-°m-Wn-°Wsa-∂v- D-W¿-Øn-s°m-≠v- \n¿-Ø-s´.\m-Ym-!- C-sXm-cp- k¬-I¿-a-am-bn- kzo-I-cn-t°-W-ta-!- B-ao≥.hn-\-b-]q¿-hw-,sI.-sI.- k-I-cn-ø-- kz-em-ln
]n.-H.- I-S-h-Øq¿
I-Æq¿- Pn-√ ˛- 670 676

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

Ba-pJ-w-

H∂m-asØ XXzw

A-dn-b-pI-b-pw- A-X-p{]-Im-cw- {]-hr-Ø-n-°-pI-b-pw- sN-tø-≠- \-n¿-_-‘-am-b- Im-cy-߃-

{kjvSm-hn-s\-∏-‰n-bp≈ ASn-a-bpsS Adnhv (d-∫v)

\m-e-v Im-cy-߃- ]Tn-®n-c-n-°¬- \n¿-_-‘-am-Wv1. A-dn-hv- t\-S-pI.--

2.- A-X-p{]-Im-cw{]-hr-Øn-°-pI-.

k-pd-:- A-kv-d-v

-3.- A-Xn-te-°v£-Wn-°-pI--.

Camw- im^n- ()b-psS- {]-kv-Xm-h-\-

4.- A-Xn¬- h-c-p∂{]-bm-k-ßfn¬
£-a-n-°-pI-.-

C-amw- _-pJm-cn]-d-™-Xv- 47:-19

aq-∂v- Im-cy-߃- ]-Tn-°-e-pw- A-X-\-pk-cn-®-v {]-h¿-Øn-°-e-pw- Hm-tcm- a-pk-v-enwkv-{Xo-˛]-pc-pj≥-am¿-°-pw- \-n¿-_-‘-am-Wv.1.- \-sΩ- kr-jv-Sn-®-X-pw \ap°v `-£-Ww\¬-I-p∂-X-pw
A-√m-l-phm-Wv-.73:-15.-16

2.-A-√m-l-phn-\-p≈
C-_-m-Z-Øn¬
B-sc-b-pw- ]-¶-ptN¿°-p∂-Xv A-h-\n-jv-Ss∏-S-pI-bn--√.72:-16

-3. A-√m-lp- hns‚- G-IX
- zwAw-Ko-I-cn-°-pI-b-pwd-kq-en-s\- A-\-pk-cn°-pI-b-pw- sN-bv-XH-cmƒ°v- A-√m-l-phn
-s‚-b-pw d-kq-e-n-s‚-b-pw
i-{X-phn-t\m-Sv- _-‘wÿm-]n-°p-- ∂-Xv
A-\-ph-Z-\o-b-a-√.58:-22

A√mlp A√mØ-h¿°v
A¿∏n-°p-∂XmWv in¿°v

C_m-Z-Øns‚
C\-߃

d∫v BcmtWm
Ah-\mWv
bYm¿∞
Bcm-[y≥

BcmWv
\o \ns‚
c£n-Xmhns\ Bcm-[y≥
Fßs\ a\ n-em°n

C_m-Z-Øn¬
\n∂v A√mlp
A√m-Ø-h-¿°v
h√Xpw A¿∏n®m¬ Ah≥
Im^n-dpw,
apivcn°pw BbnØo-cpw (23:117)
{]m¿∞-\ A-X-p
X-s∂-bm-WvC_m-Z-Øv-.
(Xp¿ap-Zn)

ZpB
72:18
{]m¿∞-\
Bcm-[-\-bmIp-∂p.

2:21˛22

Ahs‚
1) Zr-jvSm-¥-ß
fn-eqsS.
2) krjvSn-I-fn
eq-sS.

Ju^v (`-bw)
7:185
dPm-Av ({]-Xo£) 18:110
Xh-°p¬
(`cta¬∏n°¬) 6:53,5:23
dlv_Øv (t]Sn) 21:90
Jpiq-Av (`b`‡n) 21:90
JivbØv (`oXn) 2:150

C-{_m-lnw- \-_n-()bpsS- l-\-o-^nøm-b- (t\-cm-b)- a-Xw-.l\o-^nømx- Iogv-h-W-°w- A-√m-l-ph-n-\v- am-{X-am-°-n-s°m-≠v
A-√m-l-phn-s\- B-cm-[n-°-pIF-\n-°v- am-{Xw- C-_m-Z-Ø-v sN-øm-≥- th-≠n-b-√m-sX- a-\-pjy-sc-b-pw- P-n-∂-pI-sfb-pwRm-≥ kr-jv-Sn-®-n-´n-√. (51:56)
A√mlp I¬∏n-®-Xn¬ G‰hpw
al-ØmbXv XuloZv BIp∂p.
AXm-bXv C_m-ZØv (B-cm-[-\)
A√m-lp-hn\v am{X-ambn
]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-ج.

A√mlp hntcm-[n-®-Xn¬ G‰hpw
Kuc-h-ta-dn-bXv in¿°mWv. AYhm
A√m-lphnt\m-sSm∏w Ah-\-√m
-Ø-hsc hnfn®v {]m¿∞n-°¬ (4:36)

C\m-_Øv
(Xm-gva) 39:54
CkvXn-B\Øv
(k-lm-bw)
1:5
CkvXn-BZØv(A-`bw
tXS¬)
113:1˛114:1
CkvXn-KmY
(km-lm-bm`y¿∞-\) 8:9
Z_vlv (_-en)
6:162˛163
\Zv¿ (t\¿®)
76:7

41:37
7:54

1:1
Fs∂bpw
k¿ΔtemIscbpw
Xs‚ A\p{K-l-߃
sIm≠v
t]m‰n
hf¿Øp-∂h≥. Ah\m-Ip∂p
Bcm-[y≥.
Ah-\√m
sX F\ns°mcp
Bcm-[y\n√.
A√mlp
A√m-ØsX√mw
(B-ew)
AYhm
Ahs‚
{kjvSnI-fn¬
s]-Sp∂p.

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

c≠m-asØ XXzw

aq∂m-asØ XXzw

sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ]n≥_-e-tØmsS Ckvemans\ a\- n-em-°p-I.

apl-ΩZv \_n (
) sb a\- n-em-°p-I.

Ckvemw aq∂v XXz-߃ Dƒs°m-≈p∂p

apl-ΩZv \_n (
)

1. A√m-lp-hns‚ GI
Xzw AwKo-I-cn-®psIm≠v Ah\v
kzbw ka¿∏n-°p-I.

2. ]pWy-I¿a-߃
{]h¿--Øn-®psIm≠v
Ah\v Iogvs∏-SpI.

3. in¿°n-t\mSpw in¿
°ns‚ Bfp-Itfm
Spw _‘-hn-tOZw
\S-Øp-I.

\∑-˛-Xn-∑Iƒ
°-\p-kr-X-ambn
{]Xn^ew
52:31

Ckveman\v aq∂v ]Z-hn-I-fp≠v.

Clvkm≥

Cuam≥

Ckvemw

(ssZh `b-tØm-sS
bp≈ kpIr-Xw)

(k-Xy-hn-izm-kw)

(k-a¿∏-Ww)

A√m-lp-hns\ ImWp- 16:128
∂Xvt]mse Ahs\ 26:217˛220
10:61
Bcm-[n-°p-I.

\o A√m-lp-hns\ ImWp∂n-s√-¶nepw Ah≥ \ns∂
ImWp-∂p-≠v.

A√p-lp-hn-ep≈
hnizmkw

2:177

ae-°p-I-fn-ep≈
hnizmkw

2:177

ilm-Z-Øv 3:18
43:26˛28(-km-£y-h-N\w) 3:26
9:128

]p\-cp-∞m\
sØ \ntj-[n
°pI F∂Xv
Ahn-izmk
amWv
64:7

98:5

\a-kv°mcw

thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-ep≈
2:177
hnizmkw
ZqX≥am-cp-ep≈
hnizmkw

2:177

A¥y-\m-fn-ep≈
hnizmkw

2:177

hn[n-bn-ep≈
hnizmkw

]p\-cp-∞m\w
20:55
71:17˛18

98:5

kImØv
2:183

t\mºv

3:97

l÷v

54:49

‘lZokv Pn_vco¬’

Xm°oXv \¬
Ip-∂-h-cm-bn
s°m≠pw
kt¥m-j- hm¿
Ø Adn-bn-°p∂-h-cm-bn-s°m≠p-amWv A√m
lp {]hm-N-I≥
amsc Ab-®-Xv.
A√m-lp-hns\
Bcm-[n-°p-∂Xn-te°v £Wn°p∂-Xn\pw
XmKq-Øns\
Bcm-[n-°p-∂Xv
XS-bm\pw
4:65, 4:163, 16:36

aZo-\-bn-te-°p≈
]emb\w
4:97˛99
29:56
apgp-h≥ P\-ß-fnte-°p-ambn \_n
() \ntbm-Kn°
s∏´ncn°p∂p.
At±-lsØ
A\p-k-cn-°¬
\n¿_‘amWv
7:158

{]mhm-N-IXzw
kpd:ap± n¿

PohnX
Imew

Fgp-t∂‰v
Xm°oXv sNøpI

hwi-]-c-ºc

A_vZp-√mlv
A_vZp¬
apØ-en_v

c£n-Xm-hns\
al-Xz-s∏-Sp-ØpI

lminw
hkv{X-߃
ip≤n-bm-°pI

Jpssdiv

hn{K-l-ßsf
shSn-bpI

Ad_v
Ckvam-Cu¬

{]hm-NIs\
s°m≠v A√m
lp Zo\ns\ ]q¿
Øo-I-cn®p
5:3

C{_mlow

40

{]hm-NIXz
e_v[n
96:1

50

Ckvdm-Av
anAvdmPv

53

lnPvd

63

acWw

{]hm-N-Is‚
acWw
39:30,31

Hcp ASna Xs‚ ]cn[n ewLn-®p-sIm≠v
GsXm-∂ns\ Bcm-[y-\mtbm ]n¥p-S-c-s∏
Sp-∂-h\mtbm A\p-k-cn-°p-∂-h-\mtbm
IcpXp-∂pthm AXv Xz-mKq-Øm-Wv.
Ah-bpsS t\Xm-°ƒ 5 BWv.
1. i]n-°-s∏´ C_veokv.
2. Xs‚ CjvSsØ Bcm-[n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥.
3. Xs∂ Bcm-[n-°m≥ th≠n P\-ßsf
£Wn-°p-∂-h≥.

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

14

A-dn-bp-I-!-˛ A-√m-lp- Xm-¶-sf- A-\p-{K-ln-°-s´.\m-ev- Im-cy-߃- ]-Tn-®n-cn-°¬- \-ap-°v- \n¿-_-\v-[-am-Wv.1.- A-dn-hv- t\-Sp-I-˛A-Xm-b-Xv- A-√m-lp-hn-s\-bpw- A-h-s‚- {]hm
N-I-s\-bpw- C-kv-emw- a-X-sØ-bpw- sX-fnhp-Iƒ- k-ln-Xw- a\
 nem-°p-I.2.- a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xp -{]-Im-cw- {]-h¿-Øn-°p-I.3.- A-Xn-te-°v- £-Wn-°p-I- ({]-t_m-[-\w- sN-øp-I-)-.4.- A-Xn-s‚- t]-cn¬- A-\p-`-hn-t°-≠n-h-cp-∂- {]-bm-k-ß-fn¬£-an-°p-I.C-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- h-N-\-ß-fm-Wv.-

""Im-ew- X-s∂-bm-Wv- k-Xyw-;- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- a-\p-jy≥- \-jv-SØn¬- X-s∂-bm-Ip-∂p-;- hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bpw- k¬-I¿-a-߃- {]h¿
Øn-°p-Ibpw- k-Xyw-sIm-≠pw- £-a-sIm-≠pw- A-t\ym-\yw- D-]tZin°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-X-h-scm-gn-sI''- (A¬- A-kzv¿:-1˛3)-.-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃
C-amw- im-^n- (

20

21

)- C-{]-Im-cw- ]-d-™n-´p-≠v.-

""A-√m-lp- X-s‚- kr-jv-Sn-Iƒ-°p-≈- \ym-b-{]-am-W-am-bn- CuA-[ym-ba
- √
- m-sX- (a-s‰m-∂pw)- A-hX
- c
- n-∏n-®n-√- F-∂v- k-¶¬-]n°pI.F-∂m¬- t]m-epw- A-h¿-°n-Xv- a-Xn-bm-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p''.""D-]-tZ-i-Øn-\pw- I¿-a-Øn-\pw- ap-ºm-bn- A-dn-hp-t\-S¬''- F-∂H-cp- X-e-s°-´v- X-s∂- C-amw- _p-Jm-cn- X-s‚- kz-lo-ln¬- H-cp- A
[ym-b-Øn-\v- \¬-In-bn-´p-≠v.- A-Xn-\p-≈- A-t±-l-Øn-s‚- A-h-ew_w- Xm-sg- Im-Wp-∂- Jp¿-B≥- h-N-\-am-Wv.-

""B-I-bm¬- A-√m-lp-h-√m-sX- B-cm-[-\-°¿-l-\m-bn- a-‰m-cpans√-∂v- \o- a-\- n-em-°p-I.- \n-s‚- ]m-]-Øn-\v- \o- ]-m-]-tam-N-\wtX-Sp-I-bpw sN-øp-I''- (ap-l-Ω-Zv-:19).-

""C-hn-sS- I¿-aØ
- n-\pw- D-]t- Z-iØ
- n-\pw- ap-ºm-bn- A-dn-hv- t\Sp∂Xn-s\-bm-Wv- A-√m-lp- a-p¥n-®-Xv''- (kz-lo-lp¬- _p-Jm-cn,- hm:1,In-Xm-_p¬- C¬av,- _m-_v- ˛11)-.(A-dn-bp-I-)-˛A-√m-lp- Xm-¶ƒ-°v- A-\p-{K-lw- sN-ø-s´-˛ Xm-sg]-d-bp-∂- aq-∂v- (kp-{]-[m-\)- Im-cy-߃- ]-Tn-°-epw- A-X-\pk-cn®v{]-h¿-Øn-°-epw- Hm-tcm- ap-kv-enw- kv-{Xo-˛]p-cp-j-∑m-°pw- \n¿-_\v[-am-Wv.(H-∂v-)- \-sΩ- kr-jv-Sn-®-Xpw- \-ap-°v- `-£-Ww- \¬-Ip-∂-XpwA-√m-lp-hm-Wv.- A-h≥- \-sΩ- (A-h-K-Wn-®n-´n-√)- X-≈n-°-f-™n´n√.- \-Ωn-te-°v- A-h≥- Zq-X-s\- \n-tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≠v.- B- Zq-X-s\- A\pk-cn-®-h¿- kz¿-K-Øn¬- {]-th-in-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.- A-t±-l-sØ- [n°cn-®-h≥- \-c-I-Øn-epw.Xm-sg- ]-d-bp-∂- Jp¿-B≥- h-N-\-am-Wv- A-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv.-

""Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- \n-ß-fn-te-°v- \n-ß-fp-sS- Im-c-y-Øn-\v- km-£nbm-bn-´p-≈ H-cp- Zq-X-s\- \mw- \n-tbm-Kn-®ncn-°p-∂p.- ^n¿-H-u-s‚A-Sp-tØ-°-v \mw- H-cp- Zq-Xs
- \- \n-tbm-Kn-®X
- -v t]m-se-Øs
- ∂.- F∂n´v^n-¿H
- u≥- B- Zq-Xt- \m-Sv- [n-°m-cw- Im-Wn-®p.- A-t∏mƒ- \mw- Ahs\I-Sp-Ø- H-cp- ]n-Sp-Øw- ]n-Sn-°p-Ib
- p-≠m-bn''- (A¬- ap- Ω
- n- ¬:15,16).(c-≠v)- A-√m-lp-hn∂p-≈- C-_m-ZØ
- n¬- B-sc-bpw- ]-¶p-tN¿°p∂-Xv- A-h≥- C-jv-S-s∏-Sp-I-bn-√.- A-Xv- A-h-¶¬- km-ao-]yw- t\Snba-e-°p-I-tfm- A-h≥- \n-tbm-Kn-®- Zq-X-∑m-tcm- B-sW-¶n¬- t]mepwA-√m-lp-hn-s‚- h-N-\-am-Wv- A-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv.-

""]-≈n-Iƒ- A-√m-lp-hn-∂p-≈X
- m-Ip-∂p.- A-Xn-\m¬- \n-߃- A√m
l
- p-thm-sSm-∏w- B-sc-bp-w- hn-fn-®v- {]m¿-∞n-°c
- p-Xv'- '- (A¬ Pn-∂v:18).(aq-∂v)- d-kq-en-s\- A-\p-k-cn-°p-I-bpw- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- G-IXzwAw-Ko-I-cn-°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-X- H-cmƒ-°v- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚-bpw- d-kqens‚-bpw- i-{Xp-hn-t\m-Sv- _-\v-[w- kv-Ym-]n-°p-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-ba√.A-h≥- F-{X- A-Sp-Ø- _-\v-[p-hm-bm¬- t]m-epw.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp∂-Xv- t\m-°p-I-:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

22

""A-√m-lp-hn-epw- A-¥y-Zn-\-Øn-epw- hn-iz-kn-°p-∂- H-cp- P-\X
A-√m-lp-th-Spw- A-h-s‚- d-kq-en-t\m-Spw- F-Xn¿-Øp- \-n¬-°p-∂hcp-am-bn- kv-t\-l-_-‘w- ]p-e¿-Øp-∂-Xv- \o- I-s≠-Øp-I-bn-√.- Ah¿- (F-Xn-¿-∏p-Im¿)- A-h-c-p-sS- ]n-Xm-°-tfm- ]p-{X-∑m-tcm -k-tlmZc-∑m-tcm- _-‘p-°-tfm- B-bn-cp-∂m¬- t]m-epw-.- A-Ø-c-°m-cp-sSlr-Z-b-ß-fn¬- A-√m-lp- hn-izm-kw- tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bpw- A-hs‚]-°¬- \n-∂p-≈- H-cm-fls
- sN-X\
- yw- sIm-≠v- A-h≥- A-h¿-°v- ]n≥_-ew- \¬-Ip-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xn-cn-°p-∂p-.- Xm-gv-`m-K-Øp-Iq-Sn- A-cp-hnIƒ- H-gp-Ip-∂- kz¿-Kt- Øm-∏p-If
- n-¬- A-hs
- c- A-h≥- {]-th-in-∏n°pI-bpw- sN-øpw.- A-h-c-Xn¬- \n-Xy-hm-kn-I-fm-bn-cn-°pw.- A-√m-lpA-h-sc-∏-‰n- Xr-]v-Xn-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.- A-h¿- A-h-s\-∏-‰n-bpw- Xr-]vXns∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.- A-Ø-c-°m-cm-Ip-∂p- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- I-£n.- A-dnbp-I-:- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- I-£n-bm-Ip-∂p- hn-P-bw- {]m]n-°p-∂-h¿-''- (A¬ ap-Pm-Zn-e-:22).(A-dn-bp-I-:- A-√m-lp-hn-s\- A-\p-k-cn-°p-hm≥- A-h≥- \n-\-°vhn-th-Iw- \¬-I-s´-)-."Io-gh
v- W
- °
- w- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- am-{X-am-°n-s°m-≠v- \o- A-√m-lphns\- B-cm-[n-°p-I'- F-∂-Xm-Wv- C-_v-d-m-lnw- \-_n-()-bp-sS- an√
Øm-b- l-\o-^n-øm- (t\-cm-b)- - a-Xw.- A-√m-lp- F-√m- a-\p-jy-tcmSpwI¬-]n-®-Xv- A-Xm-Wv.- A-Xn-\p-th-≠n-X-s∂-bm-Wv- A-h-sc-sb-√mwA-h≥- kr-jv-Sn-®-Xpw.- A-√-m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p:-

""F-\n-°v- am-{Xw- C-_m-Z-Øv- (B-cm-[-\)- sN-øm≥- th-≠n-b√msX- a-\p-jy-scbpw- Pn-∂p-I-sf-bpw- Rm≥- kr-jv-Sn-®n-´n-√''- (A-±mcn
bm-Øv-:56).""b-A_
v- p-Zq- \
- n''- (F-\n-°v- C-_m-ZØ
- v- sN-øm≥)- F-∂v- ]-d™
m¬""bp-h-lv-ln-Zq-\n''- (F-s‚- G-I-Xzw- Aw-Ko-I-cn-°m≥)- F-∂m-W¿∞w.-

23
A-√m-lp- I¬-]n-®-Xn¬- G-‰-hpw- a-l-Øm-b-Xv- "Xu-lo-Zv'- BIp∂p.- A-Xm-b-Xv- C-_m-Z-Øv- (B-cm-[-\)- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- am-{X-am-bn]-cn-an-X-s]-Sp-ج.- A-√m-lp- hn-tc-m-[n-®-Xn¬- G-‰-hpw- Ku-c-htadn-b-Xv- in¿-°m-Wv.- A-Y-hm- A-√m-lp-hn-t\m-sSm-∏w- A-h-\-√m-Øh-sc- hn-fn-®v- {]m¿-∞n-°¬.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv- t\m-°q:-

""\n-߃- A-√m-lp-hn-\-v C-_m-ZØ
- -v sN-øp-Ib
- pw- A-ht- \m-S-v bmsXm∂n-s\-bpw- ]-¶p-tN¿-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-I''- (A-∂-nk
- mDv :36).a-\p-jy≥- A-\n-hm-cy-am-bpw- a-\- n-em-°-n-bn-cn-t°-≠- aq-∂v- {][m-\- X-Xz-߃- G-Xm-sW-∂v- \n-t∂m-Sv- tNm-Zn-°-s∏-´m¬- \o- ]-dtb-≠-Xv- C-Xm-Wv-:1.- A-Sn-a- X-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-s\- a-\- n-em-°p-I.2.- X-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-s‚- (C-jv-S)-a-X-sØ- a-\- n-em-°p-I.3.- X-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-s‚- Zq-Xs
- \- (d-kq-en-s\)- a-\ 
- n-em-°pI.A-√m-lp\n-s‚- d-∫v- (c-£n-Xm-hv)- B-cm-sW-∂v- tNm-Zn-°-s∏-´m¬- \o- ]d-bp-I-:- ""F-s‚- d-∫v- A-√m-lp-hm-Ip-∂p.- A-Xm-b-Xv- F-s∂-bpwk¿-Δ-tem-I-sc-bpw- X-s‚- A-\p-{K-l-߃-sIm-≠v- t]m-‰n-h-f¿-Øp∂-h≥.- A-h-\m-Ip-∂p- F-s‚- B-cm-[y≥-;- A-h-\-√m-sX- F-\n-°vbm-sXm-cp- B-cm-[y-\p-an-√''.- C-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv,-

""k¿-Δ-kv-Xp-Xn-bpw- k¿-Δ-tem-I- c-£n-Xm-hm-b- A-√m-lp-hn-∂mIp-∂p''- F-∂- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- h-N-\-am-Ip-∂p-''- (A¬ ^m-Xn-l-:1).A-√m-lp-h√
- m-Øs
- X-√mw- "B-ew'- (tem-Iw)- F-∂X
- n¬-s]-Sp∂p.(A-Y-hm- A-h-s‚- krjv-Sn-I-fm-Ip-∂p).- Rm-\pw- B- kr-jv-Sn-Ifn¬H-cp-h-\m-Ip-∂p.""\o- \n-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-s\- F-ßs
- \- a-\ 
- n-em-°n''- F-∂v- \nt∂mSv- tNm-Zn-°-s∏-´m¬- \o- C-{]-Im-cw- a-dp-]-Sn- ]-d-bp-I-:- ""B- c£nXmhn-s‚- kr-jv-Sn-I-fn-eq-sS-bpw- Zr-jv-Sm-¥-ß-fn-eq-sS-bp-am-Wv- (Rm≥-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

24

A-h-s\- a-\- n-em-°n-b-Xv)-.- cm-{Xn-bpw- ]-I-epw- kq-cy-\pw- N-{μ\pwA-h-s‚- Zr-jv-Sm-¥-ß-fn¬- s]-´-Xm-Wv.- G-gv- B-Im-i-ß-fpw- G-gv`q-an-I-fpw- A-h-bv-°n-S-bn-ep-≈-Xp-a-s√mw- A-h-s‚- kr-jv-Sn-I-fn¬s]-´X
- s
- {X-!- Xm-sg- ]-db
- p-∂- Jp¿-B≥- kq-IvX
- ß
- f
- m- W
- v- A-Xn-\p≈sX-fn-hv-:-

""A-hs
- ‚- Zr-jvS- m-¥ß
- f
- n¬-s∏-´X
- s
- {X cm-hpw- ]-Ie
- pw- kq-cy\pwN-{μ-\p-w.- - kq-cy-t∂-m- N-{μ-t∂m- \n-߃- {]-Wm-aw- sN-øc
- p-X.v - Ahsbkr-jSv- n-®h
- \
- m-b- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- \n-߃- {]-Wm-aw- sN-øp-I;- - \n߃A-h-s\-bm-Wv- B-cm-[n-°p-∂-sX-¶n¬.''-- (A¬ ^p- zn-e-Xv-:37).-

""X-o¿-®-bm-bpw- \n-ß-fp-sS- c-£n-Xm-hv- B-dpZn-h-k-ß-fn-em-bn
B-Im-iß
- f
- pw- `q-an-bpw- kr-jSv- n-®h
- \
- m-b- A-√m-lp-hm-Ip-∂p.- F∂n´-h≥- knw-lm-k\
- k
- Y
v- \
- m-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- cm-{Xn-sb- sIm-≠h
- ≥- ]Iens\- aq-Sp-∂p.- {Zp-X-K-Xn-bn¬- A-Xv- ]-I-en-s\- tXSn-sN-√-p-∂p. kqcys\-bpw- N-{μ-s\-bpw- \-£{- X-ßs
- f-bpw- X-s‚- I¬-]\
- °
- v- hn-t[bam°-s∏-´- \n-e-bn¬- (A-h≥- kr-jv-Sn-®n-cn-°p-∂p)- A-dnbpI:- kr-jv
Sn-∏pw- im-k\
- m-[n-Im-ch
- p-w- A-h∂
- p- X-s∂-bm-Wv.- temI-c£n-Xmhmb- A-√m-lp- a-l-Xz-]q¿-Æ-\m-bn-cn-°p-∂p.''-- (A¬ A-Av-dm-^v-:54).c-£n-Xm-hv- (d-∫v)- B-cm-tWm- A-h-\m-Wv- b-Ym¿-∞- B-cm-[y≥

25
A-Y-hm- "A¬- a-Av-_-Zv'-.- A-√m-lp-X-s∂- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""P-\-ß-tf-!- \n-ß-sf-bpw- \n-ß-fp-sS- ap≥-Km-an-I-sf-bpw- kr-jvSn® \n-ß-fp-sS- \m-Y-s\- \n-߃- B-cm-[n-°p-hn≥.- \n-߃- tZm-j
_m-[s
- b- kq-£n-(®v- Po-hn)-°p-hm≥- th-≠n-bs
- {X- A-Xv.- \n-߃°vth-≠n- `q-an-sb- sa-Ø-bpw- B-Im-i-sØ- ta¬-]p-c-bp-am-°n-Ø-cnIbpw- B-Im-i-Øp- \n-∂v- sh-≈w- sNm-cn-™p X-∂n-´v- A-Xp-ap-tJ\\n-߃-°p- `-£n-°p-hm-\p-≈- Im-bv-I-\n-Iƒ- D¬-]m-Zn-∏n-®p- X-cnIbpw- sN-bv-X- (\m-Y-s\)-.- A-Xn-\m¬- (C-sX-√mw)- A-dn-™p- sIm≠v\n-߃- A-√m-lp-hn\v- k-a∑
- m-sc- D-≠m-°c
- p-Xv'- '- (A¬-_J
- d
- :- 21,22).C-_v-\p-I-ko¿-( -) -]-d-bp-∂p-:- ""Cu- h-kv-Xp-°-fp-sS-sb-√mw- {kjv-Sm-hv- B-cm-tWm- A-h\m-Wv- b-Ym¿-∞-Øn¬- C-_m-Z-Øn-\v- (Bcm-[-\-°v)- A¿-l≥.C-_m-Z-Øn-s‚- C-\-߃"C-ke
-v mw'-- (k-a¿∏-Ww),- "Cu-am≥'-- (k-Xy-hn-izm-kw),- "C-lk
v m≥'(ssZ-h-`-b-tØm-sS-bp-≈- kp-IrXw-),- "Zp-B' -({]m¿-∞-\),- "Ju^v'(`-bw-),- "dPm-Dv'-- ({]-Xo-£-),- "X-h-°p¬'-- (`-c-ta¬-]n-°¬),- "d-Kv-_Xv'(B-{K-lw),- "d-lv-_-Xv-'- (t]-Sn-),- "Jp-iq-Dv- (`-Iv-Xn),- "J-iv-b-Xv'-- (`oXn),"C-\m-_-Xv'- (Xm-gv-a),- "C-kv-Xn-B-\'-- (k-lm-bw),- "C-kv-Xn-B-Z-Xv-'(A`-bw- - tXS¬-),- "C-kX
-v n-Km-Y'-- (k-lm-bm-`y¿-∞\
- )- ,- "Z-_l
-v 'v -- (_en),"\-Zv¿'- - (t\¿-®)....- Xp-Sß
- n- - A-√m-lp- I¬-]n-®- C-_m-ZØ
- n-s‚- F√mC-\-ß-fpw- A-√m-lp-hn-∂p-≈-Xm-Wv.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""\n-iN
-v b
- w,- ]-≈n-Iƒ A-√m-lp-hn-\p- ≈
- X
- m-W.v A-Xn-\m¬- \n߃-

26

27

A-√m-lp-th-sSm-∏w- B-sc-bpw- hn-fn-®p- {]m¿-∞n-°-cp-Xv-''- (A¬
Pn∂v-:-18).C-_m-Z-Øn¬-\n-∂v- h-√-Xpw- A-√m-lp-h-√m-Ø-h¿-°v- A-¿∏n®m
¬- A-h≥- "Im-^n-dpw'- (k-Xy-\-n-tj-[n)- "apiv-cn-°pw'- (_-lp-ssZhmcm-[-I≥)- B-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xm-Wv.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂Xv- t\m-°p-I:-

Ip-dn-®v- X-s∂-bm-Wv- ]n-∂o-Sv- "F-s∂- B-cm-[n-°p-∂-Xn¬- \n-∂v'F-∂v- ]-d-™-Xv-˛hn-h¿-Ø-I≥-.)- ta¬-]-d-™-h- (`-bw,- {]-Xo-£,`-c-ta¬]n-°¬....)-sb-√mw- C-_m-Z-Øn¬- s]-´-Xm-Wv- F-∂-Xn-s‚sX-fn-hpIƒ- C-\n- ]-d-bp-∂- Jp¿-B≥- h-N-\-ß-f-s{X:--

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

""....-\n-߃ A-h-sc- `-b-s∏-Sm-sX- F-s∂- `-b-s∏-Sp-I.- \n-߃k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-I-fm-sW-¶n¬''- (B-ep-Cw-dm≥-:175).{]-Xo-£
""h-√h
- \
- pw- A-√m-lp-thm-sSm-∏w- a-‰p-h√
- - ssZ-hs
- Ø-bpw- hnfn®v
{]m¿-∞n-°p-∂- ]-£w-˛ A-Xn-\v- A-hs
- ‚- ]-°¬- bm-sXm-cp- {]amWhpw- C-√- X-s∂-˛ A-h-s‚- hn-Nm-c-W- A-h-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-s‚- ASp°¬- sh-®p- X-s∂-bm-bn-cn-°pw.- k-Xy-\n-tj-[n-Iƒ- hn-Pb
- w- {]m]n°p-I-b-n-√;- Xo¿-®'-- '- (A¬ ap-Av-an-\q≥-:117).H-cp- \-_n-h-N-\-Øn¬- C-{]-Im-cw- Im-Wmw-:-

""{]m¿-∞-\- C-_mZ-Øn-s‚- a-Pv-P-bm-Ip-∂p''-(1)- (Xn¿-an-Zn-)-C-Xn\p≈- {]m¿-∞\
- - B-cm[-\b
- m-sW-∂p-≈X
- n-\p-≈)- - sX-fn-h-v C-XmIp∂p.-

""\n-ß-fp-sS- c-£n-Xm-hv- ]-d-™n-cn-°p-∂p-:- \n߃- F-t∂m-Sv{]m¿-∞n-°q. Rm≥- \n-߃-°p D-Øc
- w- \¬-Imw.- F-s∂- Bcm[n°m
-sX- A-l-¶m-cw- \-Sn-°p-∂-hcm-tcm- A-h¿- h-gn-sb- \n-μy-cm-bn-s°m≠v- \-c-I-Øn¬- {]-th-in-°p-∂-Xm-Wv-;- Xo¿®''-- -(A¬ Km-^n¿:60)(C-hn-sS- B-Zyw- ]-d-™- "F-t∂m-Sv- {]m¿-∞n-°q-'- F-∂-Xn-s\1.- Cu- l-Zo-kn-s‚- ]-c-º-c- (k-\-Zv)- Zp¿-_-e-am-sW-∂pw- ]-c-º-c-bn¬- "C-_v-\pe-lo-A'- F-∂- a-\-]m-T-i-Iv-Xn- tam-i-am-b- dn-t∏m¿-´-dp-s≠-∂pw- {]-ap-J- ap-l
±n-km-b- A¬-_m-\n- hy-Iv-X-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- F-∂m¬- "{]m¿-∞-\- A-Xp-X-s∂
bm-Wv- B-cm-[-\'- (A-±p-B-D- l-h¬- C-_m-Zx)- F-∂- dn-t∏m¿-´v- {]-_-e-am-b
Xm-Wv- (an-iv-Im-Xv- 2230,- 2231)- 2:-693)- t\m-°-p-I.-

"".....--BI
- b
- m¬- h-√h
- \
- pw- X-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hp-am-bn I-≠p-ap-´W
- sa∂v B-{K-ln-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬- A-h≥- k¬-I¿-Ωw- {]-h¿Øn°pIbpw,X-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-\p-≈- B-cm-[-\-bn¬- bm-sXm-∂n-s\-bpw- ]-¶ptNm¿-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp-sIm-≈-s´.''-- (A¬-I-lv-^v-:-110).`-c-ta¬-]n-°¬
"X-h-°p-en'-s‚- sX-fn-hv- C-Xm-Wv:-

""....-\n-߃- k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-If
- m-sW-¶n¬- A-√m-lp-hn¬- \n-߃`-c-ta¬-]n-°p-I''- (am-C-Z-:-23).a-s‰m-cn-S-Øv- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv- C-ß-s\-bm-Wv-:-

""B-sc-¶n-epw- A-√m-lp-hn¬- `-c-ta¬-∏n-°p-∂- ]-£w- A-h-∂vA-√m-lp- X-s∂- a-Xnbm-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv-''- (A-Ø-z-em-Jv-:3).B-{K-lw-,- `-Iv-Xn
C-sX-√mw- B-cm-[-\-bn-epƒ-s∏-´-Xm-Wv- F-∂-Xn-s‚- sX-fn-hvXmsg- ]-d-bp-∂- h-N-\-am-Wv.-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

28

29
bw- tX-Sp-I-''-(1)-.A-`-bw- tX-S¬Xm-sg- sIm-Sp-°p-∂- h-N-\-ß-fm-Ip-∂p- C-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv:-

"".....- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- A-h¿- ({]-hm-N-I-∑m¿)- D-Ø-a- Im-cy-߃°v[r-Xn-Im-Wn-°p-Ib
- pw,- B-in- ®
- p-sIm-≠pw- t]-Sn-®p-sIm-≠pw- \-tΩmSv{]m¿-∞n-°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂-h-cm-bn-cp∂p.- A-h¿- \-tΩm-Sv- Xm-gv-aIm-Wn-°p-∂-h-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p-'-'- (A¬ A-ºn-Av-:90).`o-Xn
A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""....-F-∂m¬- \n-߃- A-h-sc- `-b-s∏-Sm-sX- F-s∂ `-b-s∏SpI.....''- (A¬-_-J-d-:-150).X-m-gv-a-

""\n-߃-°v- in-£- h-s∂-Øp-∂-Xn-\v- ap-ºm-bn- \n-߃- \n-ßfpsS- c-£n-Xm-hn-¶t- e-°v Xm-ga
v- t- bm-sS- a-Sß
- p-Ib
- pw,- A-h∂
- p- Iogvs∏Sp-I-bpw- sN-øp-hn≥.- ]n-s∂- (A-Xv- h-∂-Xn-\v- ti-jw)- \n-߃klm-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-X-√''- (A- p-a¿-:54).k-lm-bw- tX-S¬-

""\n-s∂- am-{Xw R-߃- B-cm-[n-°p-∂p-.- \n-t∂m-Sv- am-{XwR߃- k-lm-bw- tX-S-p-∂p''- (A¬ ^m-Xn-l-:-5).H-cp- l-Zo-kn¬- C-{]-Im-cw- h-∂n-´p-≠v.""\o- k-lm-bw- tX-Sp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬- A-√m-lp-hn-t\m-Sv- k-lm-

""\-_n-tb-!- Xm-¶ƒ- ]-d-bp-I-:- ]p-e-cn-bp-sS- c-£n-Xm-hn¬- Rm≥A-`-bw- tX-Sp-∂p''- (A¬ ^-e-Jv-:1).-

""\-_n-tb-!- ]-db
- p-I:- - P-\ß
- f
- p-sS- c-£n-Xm-hn-t\m-Sv- Rm≥- A`bwtX-Sp-∂p''- (A-∂m-kv-:1)-.C-kv-Xn-Km-YA-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""\n-߃- \n-ßfp-sS- c-£n-Xm-hn-\m-Sv- k-lm-bw- tX-Sn-bn-cp-∂k-μ¿-`w- (Hm¿-°p-I)- Xp-S-sc-Øp-S-sc-bm-bn- B-bn-cw- a-e-°p-I-sfA-b®
- p-sIm-≠v- Rm≥- \n-߃-°v- k-lm-bw- \¬-Ip-∂X
- m-Wv- F∂vA-h≥- A-t∏mƒ- \n-߃-°v- a-dp-]-Sn- \¬-In''- (A¬ A≥-^m¬:9)._-en-I¿-awA-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""]-d-bp-I-:- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- F-s‚- {]m¿-∞-\-bpw- F-s‚- B-cm-[\m-I¿-Ωß
- f
- pw-,- F-s‚- Po-hn-Xh
- pw,- F-s‚- a-cW
- h
- pw- tem-Ic
- £
- nXm1.- Xn¿-an-Xn- (2516)- A-lv-a-Zv- (2537),- kz-lo-lp¬- Pm-an-Av-(7957)

30

31

hm-b- A-√m-lp-hn-\p-≈X
- m-Ip-∂p.- A-h∂
- v- ]-¶p-Im-tc-bn-√.- A-{]Imc-am-Wv- Rm≥- I¬-]n-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.- (A-h-∂v)- Io-gv-s]-Sp-∂hcn¬- Rm≥- H-∂m-a-\m-Wv.-''- (A¬ A≥-Bw-:162:-163).-\-_n-()- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

\_n( )- A- √ m- l p- h n- s ‚- Zq- X - \ m- s W- ∂ p- a p- ≈ - k- X ykm£yw.2.- A-©p-t\-c-sØ- \-a-kv-Im-cw- Ir-Xy-ambn- \n¿-h-l-n-°¬-.3.- k-Im-Øv- \¬-I¬- ([-\-ap-≈-h¿)-.4.- "d-a-Zm≥'- am-k-Øn¬- t\m-ºv- ({h-Xw)- A\p-jv-Tn-°¬-.5.- I-gn-hp-≈≥- hn-ip-≤- I-Av-_-Øn-¶¬- t]m-bn- l÷-v- \n¿hln°¬.C-\n,- C-h- Hm-tcm-∂n-\p-ap-≈- sX-fn-hp-Iƒ- {i-≤n-°p-I:H-∂m-a-sØ- k-m£y-hm-Iyw- (em- C-em-l- C-√-√m-lv)-.A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

""A-√m-lp- A-√m- Ø
- h
- ¿-°v- th-≠n- _-en- A-dp-Øh
- s
- \- A-√mlp(1)
i-]n-®n-cn-°p-∂p''- -.t\¿-®A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""A-h≥- t\¿-®- \n-d-th-‰p-I-bpw- B-]-Øv- ]-S¿-∂p-]n-Sn-°p-∂H-cp- Zn-hk
- s
- Ø-- `-bs
- ∏-Sp-Ib
- pw- sN-øp-∂X
- m-Wv''- (A¬ C≥km≥:7).2. C-kv-emwsX-fn-hp-If
- p-sS- ]n≥-_e
- t- Øm-sS- C-kve
- m-an-s\- a-\ 
- n-em-°pIF-∂-Xm-Wv- c-≠m-a-sØ- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xzw.A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- G-I-Xzw- Aw-Ko-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠v- A-h-∂v- kz-bwk-a¿-∏n-°p-I-bpw- ]p-Wy-I¿-a-߃- {]-h¿-Øn-®p-sIm-≠v- A-h-∂vIo-gv-s∏-Sp-I-bpw- in¿-°n-t\m-Spw- in¿-°n-s‚- B-fp-I-tfm-Spw- _-\v[hn-tO-Zw- \-S-Øp-I-bpw- sN-øp-I- F-∂-Xm-Wv-.- A-Xn-\v- aq-∂v- ]ZhnI-fp-≠v-:1.- C-kv-emw- (k-a¿-∏-Ww).2.- Cu-am≥- (k-Xy-hn-izm-kw).3.- Clv-km≥- (ssZ-h- `-b-tØm-sS-bp-≈- kp-Ir-Xw).C-h- Hm-tcm-∂n-\pw- Nn-e- "dp-Iv-\p-Iƒ'- (kvXw-`-߃)- D-≠v.C-kv-emw- Im-cy-߃C-kv-em-an-s‚- A-Sn-kvYm-\- kv-Xw-`-߃- A-©m-Ip-∂p-:
1.- A-√m-lp-h-√m-sX- Bcm-[-\-°¿-l-\n-s√-∂pw- ap-l-Ω-Zv1. ap-kv-enw-˛(1978)- (In-Xm-_p¬- A-Zm-lo)-,- an-iv-Im-Xv- (4070)-.-

""Xm-\-√m-sX- H-cp- ssZ-h-hp-an-s√-∂-Xn-\v- A-√m-lp- km-£ywh-ln-®n-cn-°p-∂p.- a-e-°p-I-fpw A-dn-hp-≈-h-cpw- (A-Xn-\-v km-£nIfm-Ip-∂p)- A-h≥- \o-Xn- \n¿-hl
- n-°p-∂h
- \
- s
- {X-.- A-h\
- √
- m-sX- ssZh-an-√.- {]-Xm-]n-bpw- bp-Iv-Xn-am-\p-a-s{X- A-h≥''- (B-ep-Cw-dm≥-:18).
""em- C-em-l- C-√-√m-lv'- F-∂- km-£y-hm-Iy-Øn-s‚- A¿-∞w""em- a-Av-_q-Z-_n- l-Izn≥- C-√-√m-lv'- (b-Ym¿-∞- B-cm-[y-\m-bnA-√m-lp-h-√m-sX- a‰m-cp-an-√)- F-∂m-Ip-∂p."em- C-em-l-'- (bm-sXm-cp- B-cm-[y-\p-an-√)- F-∂- hm-Iyw- A√m
lp-hn-\v- ]p-ds
- a- B-cm-[n-°s
- ∏-Sp-∂- F-√m-‰n-s\-bpw- \n-tj-[n-°p∂hm-Iy-am-Wv.- ]n-∂o-Sv- ]-db
- p-∂- "C-√√
- m- l
- v'- - (A-√m-lp- H-gn-sI)- F∂kvY
- n-coI-cW
- - hm-Iy-am-Is
- ´- bm-sXm-cp- ]-¶pIm-cp-an-√m- s
- X- "C-_mZØn-s\'- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- am-{X-am-°n- ]-cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bpw- sNøp∂p.- cm-Pm-[n-]-Xy-Øn¬- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- bm-sXm-cp- ]-¶p-Im-cp-an√m
Ø-t]m-se-X-s∂- B-cm-[-\-bn-epw- A-h-∂v- bm-sXm-cp- ]-¶p-Imcpan√.Cu- km-£y-hm-Iy-Øn-s‚- hym-Jym-\w- hy-Iv-X-am-°p-∂- Nn-eJp¿-B≥- h-N-\-߃- {i-≤n-°p-I.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

32

33
c-≠m-a-sØ- km-£-y-hm-Iyw- (ap-l-a-Zp¿-d-d-kq-ep-√m-lv)"ap-l-Ω-Zv-\-_n-()- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- Zq-X-\m-sW-∂'- c-≠mw- km
£y-hm-Iy-Øn-s‚- sX-fn-hv- X-m-sg- ]-d-bp-∂- Jp¿-B≥- h-N-\-amWv.-

""C-_v-dm-low- X-s‚- ]n-Xm-hn-t\m-Spw P-\-ß-tfm-Spw- C-{]-Im-cw]-d-™- k-μ¿-`w- ({i-t≤-b-am-Ip-∂p)-:- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- Rm≥- \n-߃B-cm-[n-°p-∂-Xn¬- \n-∂v- H-gn-™v- \n¬-°p-∂-h-\m-Ip-∂p.- F-s∂kr-jv-Sn-®-h-s\m-gn-sI-.- Im-c-Ww Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- A-h-s\-\n-°v- am¿KZ¿-i\
- w- \-¬I
- p-∂X
- m-Wv.- A-t±-lØ
- n-s‚- ]n≥-Km-an-Iƒ- (k-XyØnte-°)v- - a-St- ß-≠X
- n-\m-bn- A-Xn-s\- (B- {]-Jym-]\
- s
- Ø)- A-t±lwA-h¿-°n-S-bn¬- \n-e-\n¬-°p-∂- H-cp- h-N-\-a-m-°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp''(A- -p-Jv-dp-^v-:- 26˛28).B-epCw-dm-\n¬- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv- t\m-°q-:-

""Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- \n-߃-°n-Xm- \n-ß-fn¬-\n-∂p-X-s∂-bp-≈- HcpZq-X≥- h-∂n-cn-°p-∂p.- \n-߃- I-jv-S-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv- k-ln-°m≥- I-gn
bm-Øh
- \
- pw,- \n-ßf
- p-sS- Im-cy-Øn¬- A-Xo-h- Xm¬-]c
- y-ap-≈h
- \pw,k-Xy-hn-izm-k-n-I-tfm-Sv- A-Xy-¥w- Z-bm-ep-hpw- Im-cp-Wy-hm-\p-amWvA-t±-lw''- (A-Ø-u-_-:-128)."ap-l-Ω-Zv-\-_n-()- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- Zq-X-\m-sW-∂- km-£yw- h
ln-°p-I'- F-∂X
- n-s‚- A¿-∞w,- A-hn-Sp-∂v- I¬-]n-®s
- Xm-s°- A\pk-cn-°p-I-;- A-hn-Sp-∂v- hn-tcm-[n-®-sX-√mw- sh-Sn-bp-I-;- A-hn-Sp-∂v]-Tn-∏n-®- co-Xn-bn-eq-sS-b√
- m-sX- A-√m-lp-hn-s\- B-cm-[n-°m-Xn-cn°pI- F-s∂-√m-am-Wv.\-a-kv-Im-cw,- k-Im-Ø-v
\-a-kv-Im-cw,- k-Im-Ø-v F-∂n-h-bp-sS- sXfn-hpw- Xu-lo-Zn-s‚hym-Jym-\h
- pw- Dƒ-s°m-≈p-∂- H-cp- Jp¿-B≥- kq-IvX
- w- {i-≤n-°pI:-

""\-_n-tb-!- ]-d-bp-I-:- th-Z-°m-tc-;- R-߃-°pw- \n-߃-°p-an-Sbn¬- k-aa
- m-bp-≈ H-cp- hm-Iy- Ø
- n-te-°v- \n-߃- h-cp-hn¬-.- AXmbXv- A-√m-lp-sh- A-√m-sX- \mw- B-cm-[n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw-,- Aht\m-Sv- bm-sXm-∂-n-s\-bpw- ]-¶p- tN¿-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw- \-Ω-fn¬Nn-e¿- Nn-e-sc- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- ]p-d-sa- c-£n-Xm-°fm-°m-Xn-cn-°pIbpw- sN-øp-I (F-∂ X-Xz-Øn-te-°v)-.- F-∂n-´v- A-h¿- ]n-¥n-cn™pI-fb
- p-∂- ]-£w- \n-߃- ]-db
- p-I:- - R-߃- (A-√m-lp-hn-\)v- - Iogvs∏´-h-cm-Wv- F-∂-Xn-∂v- \n-߃- km-£yw- h-ln-®p-sIm-≈p-I''- (BepCw-dm≥-:- 64).-

""Iogv-h-W-°w- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- am-{X-am-°n-s°m-≠v- E-Pp-a-\-kvIcm-b- \n-e-bn¬- A-h-s\- B-cm-[n-°p-hm-\pw-,- \-a-kv-Im-cw- \n-e-\n¿Øp-hm-\pw-,- k-Im-Øv- \¬-Ip-hm-\pw- A-√m-sX- A-h-tcm-Sv- I¬-]n°-s∏-´n-´n-√.- A-X-s{X- h-{I-X-bn-√m-Ø- a-Xw''- (A¬-_øn-\-:-5).t\m-ºv- ({h-Xm-\p-jv-Tm-\w)t\m-ºn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv- Xm-sg- ]-d-bp-∂- h-N-\-am-Wv-:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

34

""k-Xy-hn-izm-kn-It- f,- \n-ßf
- p-sS- ap-ºp-≈h
- t- cm-Sv- I¬-]n-°s
- ∏´Xp-t]m-seØ-s∂- \n-߃-°pw- t\m-ºv- \n¿-_-‘-am-bn- I¬-]n°s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.- \n-߃- tZm-j-_m-[-sb- kq-£n-°p-hm≥- th-≠nbs{X- A-Xv-''- (A¬-_-J-d:183).
l÷-v- (a-°-bn-te-°p-≈- Xo¿-∞m-S-\w)l-÷-n-s\-°-p-dn-®v- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

"".....- B- a-μn-c-Øn-¶¬- (I-Av-_-Øn-¶¬)- F-Øn-t®-cm≥- I-gnhp-≈- a-\p-jy¿ A-Xn-te-°v- Xo¿-∞m-S\
- w- \-SØ
- ¬- A-h¿-°v- A√mlp-th-m-Sp-≈- _m-≤-y-X-bm-Ip-∂p.- h√-h-\pw- A-hn-iz-kn-°p-∂- ]
£w- A-√m-lp- tem-I-cp-sS- B-{i-bw- C-√m-Ø-h-\m-Ip∂p''- (BepCw-dm≥-:-97).Cuam≥- (hn-izm-k)-Im-cy-߃-

(a-X-Øn-s‚- c-≠m-a-sØ- hn-`m-K-am-b)- ""Cu-am≥''- (hn-izm-kw)F-gp-]X
- n¬-]c
- w- im-JI
- f
- p-≈X
- m-Wv.- A-Xn¬- G-‰h
- pw- D-∂X
- a
- mbXv"em- C-em-l- C-√-√m-lv'- F-∂- h-N-\-hpw,- G-‰-hpw- Xm-gv-∂- ]-Zhnbnep-≈X
- v- h-gn-bn¬-\n-∂v- D-]{- Z-hß
- ƒ- \o-°w- sN-øp-I- F-∂X
- p-amWv.e-Pv-P- Cu-am-\n-s‚- H-cp- im-J-bm-Wp-Xm-\pw''.--(1)- ("A-dp-]-Xn¬-]-cwim-J-Iƒ'- F-∂- dn-t∏m¿-´pw- kz-lo-lm-Wv).- F-¶n-epw- H-cp- lZokn\v- hy-Xy-kv-X-am-b- c-≠v- dn-t∏mƒ-´p-Iƒ- h-∂m¬- c-≠pw- tbm-Pn∏n
1. ap-kv-enw- ˛ (58)- In-Xm-_p¬- Cu-am≥.-

35
°p-I-bm-Wv- th-≠-Xv.- H-∂n-en-√m-Ø- Im-cyw- a-t‰-Xn¬- h-∂m¬"h¿-≤-\-hv'- dn-t∏m¿-´v- sN-bv-Xbmƒ- {]-_-e-\m-sW-¶n¬- B- h¿≤\-hpw- kz-Io-cn-t°-≠X
- m-Wv.- A-Xn-\m¬- C-hn-sS- D-≤c
- n-®- F-gp]Xn
¬-∏-cw- F-∂- dn-t∏m¿-´n-\m-Wv- ap≥-K-W-\- I¬-]n-t°-≠-sX-∂v- A√m-am- A¬-_m-\n- Im-cy-Im-cW
- - k-ln-Xw- hn-iZ- o-Ic
- n-®n-´p-≠v (kn¬kn-e-Øp- z-lo-l-:-1769).Cu-am-\n-s‚- {]-[m-\- L-S-I-߃- B-dm-Ip-∂p-:1.- A-√m-lp-hn-ep-≈- hn-izm-kw.2.- A-h-s‚- a-e-°p-I-fn-ep-≈- hn-izm-kw-.3.- A-h-s‚- th-Z-{K-\v-Y-ß-fn-ep-≈- hn-izm-kw.4.- A-h-s‚- Zq-X-∑m-cn-ep-≈- hn-izm-kw.5.- A-¥y-\m-fn-ep-≈- hn-izm-kw.6.- \-∑-bpw- Xn-∑-bpw- A-√m-lp-hn¬- \n-∂m-sW-∂-˛hn-[n-bn-ep≈˛ hn-izm-kw.Xm-sg-bp-≈- Jp¿-B\
- n-I- kq-IvX
- a
- m-Wv- Cu- B-dv- L-SI
- ß
- ƒ°p≈- sX-fn-hv.A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""\n-ßf
- p-sS- ap-Jß
- ƒ- In-gt- °m-t´m ]-Sn-™m-tdm-t´m- Xn-cn-°pIF-∂-X-√- ]p-Wyw.- F-∂m¬- A-√m-lp-hn-epw,-- A-¥y-Zn-\-Øn-epwa-e-°p-I-fnepw,- th-Z-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-epw {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cn-epw- hn-iz-kn°p-I-bpw- .......- Ah-cm-Ip-∂p- ]p-W-y-hm-∑m¿''- (A¬-_-J-d-:177).
hn-[n-hn-izm-kwA-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

36

37

""Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- F-√m- h-kv-Xp-°-sf-bpw- \mw- kr-jv-Sn-®n-´p-≈XvH-cp- hy-h-kv-Y- {]-Im-c-am-Ip-∂p''- (A¬-J-_d-:-49).C-lv-km≥- (kp-Ir-Xw-)"C-lvk
- m≥'- F-∂m¬- ""\o- A-√m-lp-hn-s\-- - (Im-Wp-∂X
- p-t]mse)\o- A-h-s\- B-cm-[n-°-em-Wv.- \o- A-√m-lp-hn-s\- Im-Wp-∂n-s√¶nepw- A-√m-lp- \n-s∂- Im-Wp-∂p-≠v''.- C-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv- Xm-sg]-d-bp-∂- Jp¿-B≥- kq-Iv-X-am-Wv.-

"kp-∂-Øn'¬-\n-∂p-≈- sX-fn-hv- D-a-dp-_v-\p¬- J-Xzm-_n-()¬\n-∂pw- D-≤-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xpw- "l-Zokv- Pn-_v-co¬'- F-∂- t-]cn¬{]-kn-≤a
- m-bX
- p-am-b- l-Zo-km-Wv.- {]-kX
v- p-X- l-Zo-kv- C-{]-Im-ca
- mWv:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

""Xo¿-®b
- m-bpw- A-√m-lp- kq-£a
v- X
- - ]m-en-®h
- tcm-sSm-∏a
- m-Ip∂p;k-Zv-hr-Ø-cm-bn-´p-≈-h-tcm-sSm-∏-hpw''-(A-∂-lv¬-:-128).a-s‰m-cn-S-Øv- A-√m-lp- C-ß-s\- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""-{]-Xm-]n-bpw- I-cp-Wm-\n-[n-bp-am-bn-´p-≈h
- s
- \- \o- `-ct- a¬-]n°pI-bpw- sN-øp-I-; \o- \n-∂v- {]m¿-∞n-°p-∂- k-a-b-Øv- \n-s∂- ImWp∂-h-\-s{X- A-h≥.- km-jv-Smw-Kw- sN-øp-∂-h-cp-sS- Iq-´-Øn-ep-≈\n-s‚- N-e-\-hpw- (Im-Wp-∂-h≥).-- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- A-h≥- F-√mwtIƒ-°p-∂-h-\pw- A-dn-bp-∂-h-\p-a-sX''- (A-»-p-A-dm-A-v:-217˛220).a-s‰m-cp- h-N-\-Øn¬- C-{]-Im-cw- Im-Wmw-:-

""\-_n-tb,- \o- \-√- Im-cy-Øn-epw- G¿-s∏-Sp-I-tbm,- A-Xn-s\]‰n- Jp¿-B-\n¬-\n-∂v- h-√-Xpw- Hm-Xn-t°ƒ-]n-°p-I-tbm,- \n߃G-sX-¶n-epw- {]-h¿-Ø\
- Ø
- n¬- G¿-s∏-Sp-It- bm- sN-øp-∂p-sh-¶n¬\n-ß-f-Xn¬- ap-gp-Ip-∂- k-a-b-Øv- \n-ß-fp-sS- ta¬- km-£n-bm-bn\mw- D-≠m-Im-Xn-cn-°p-I-bn-√....''- (bq-\p-kv-:-61).-

""D-a¿-()- ]-db
- p- ∂
- p-:- ""H-cn-°¬
- - \-_n-()-bp-sS- A-Sp-Øv- C-cn°ptºmƒ- \-√- sh-≈- \n-d-Øn-ep-≈- h-kv-{Xw- [-cn-®,- X-e-ap-Sn- \-√
t]m-se- I-dp-Ø- H-cmƒ- R-ßf
- p-sS- A-Sp-tØ-°v- I-S∂
- p-h∂
- p.- bm{Xbp-sS- H-cp- A-S-bm-f-hpw- A-bm-fn¬- Im-W-s∏-Sp-∂n-√-;- R-ß-fn¬H-cm-fpw-X-s∂- A-bm-sf- A-dn-bp-I-bp-an-√.- A-ß-s\- A-bƒ- \-_n
()-bp-sS- A-Sp-Øv- h-∂n-cp-∂p- \-_n-()-bp-sS- Im¬-ap-´p-I-tfm-SvA-bm-fp-sS- c-≠v- Im¬-ap-´p-I-fpw- tN¿-Øp-sh®-p.- A-bm-fp-sS- c≠v-

38

39

ssI-∏S- ß
- f
- pw- \-_n-()-bp-sS- c-≠v- Im¬-Xp-Sb
- n-epw- sh-®p.- F∂n´vA-bmƒ- ]-d-™p-:- ""ap-l-Ω-tZ-!- C-kv-em-an-s\-°p-dn-®v- F-\n-°v- ]-d™v- X-cn-I''.- A-t∏mƒ- \-_n-()- ]-d™
p-Xp-Sß
- n-:- (C-ke
v- mw- F∂m
¬)- "A-√m-lp-h-√m-sX- B-cm-[-\-°¿-l-\n-s√-∂pw- ap-l-Ω-Zv-()A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- Zq-X\
- m-sW-∂pw- \o- km-£yw- h-ln-°p-I;- - \o- \akvIm-cw- ap-d-t]m-se- \n¿-h-ln-°p-I,- k-Im-Xv- sIm-Sp-°p-I,- d-a-Zm-\n¬{h-Xw- A-\p-jv-Tn-°p-I,- \n-\-°v- km-[n-®m¬- \o- I-Av-_-Øn-¶¬t]m-bn- l-Pv- sN-øp-I''- F-∂o- Im-cy-ß-fm-Wv.A-t∏mƒ- A-bmƒ- ]-d™
p-:- ""Xm-¶ƒ- k-Xyw- ]-d™
n-cn-°p∂p''.C-bm-fp-sS- tNm-Zy-hpw- d-kq-en-s‚- a-dp-]-Sn-bpw- Xp-S¿-∂p-≈- A-bmfpsS- k-Xy-s∏-Sp-Ø-ep-sa-√mw- I-≠v- R-߃- A-Xn-i-bn-®p-t]m-bn.]n-∂o-Sv- A-bmƒ- tNm-Zn-®p-:- ""F-\n-°v- Cu-am-\n-s\-]-‰n- ]-d-™p-Xcn-I''.- A-t∏mƒ- \-_n-()- ]-d-™p-:- (Cu-am≥- F-∂m¬)- "\o- A√mlp-hn¬- hn-iz-kn-°p-I;- - A-hs
- ‚- a-e°
- p-If
- n¬- hn-iz-kn-°p-I;- - Ahs‚- th-Z-{K-\v-Y-ß-fn¬- hn-iz-kn-°p-I-;- A-h-s‚- Zq-X-∑m-cn¬- hnizkn-°p-I-;- A-¥y-Zn-\-Øn¬- hn-iz-kn-°p-I-;- hn-[n-bn¬- hn-iz-kn-°pI-;- A-Xm-b-Xv- \-∑-bpw- X-n-∑-bpw- A-√m-lp-hn¬- \n-∂m-sW-∂v- hnizkn-°p-I- F-∂o- Im-cy-ß-fm-Wv''-.- ]n-∂o-Sv- A-bmƒ- ]-d-™p-:- ""F\n°v- "C-lv-km-\ns\-'-Ip-dn-®v- ]-d-™p-X-∂m-epw''-.- A-t∏mƒ- \-_n()]-d™
p-:- ""(C-lvk
- m≥- F-∂m¬- \o- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- C-_m-ZØ
- v- sNøem-Wv;- \-o- A-h-s\- Im-Wp-∂p-s≠-∂-t]m-se-;- \o- A-h-s\- ImWp∂n-s√-¶n-epw- A-h≥- \n-s∂- Im-Wp-∂-p-≠v''.]n-∂o-Sv- A-bmƒ- tNm-Zn-®-Xv- A-¥y-k-a-b-sØ- Ip-dn-®m-bn-cp-∂p.A-t∏mƒ- \-_n-()- ]-d™
p-:- A-Xn-s\-°p- d
- n-®v- tNm-Zy-I¿-Øm-hns\°mƒ- Iq-Sp-Xe
- m-bn- tNm-Zn-°s
- ∏-Sp-∂- hy-IvX
- n-°v- bm-sXm-cp- Adnhpan-√.''-- A-t∏mƒ- A-bmƒ- ]-d™
p-:- ""F-¶n¬- A-Xn-s‚- Nn-e- ASbmfß-sf-¶n-epw- ]-d™
p-Xc
- n-I'-'.- A-t∏mƒ- \-_n-()- ]-d™
p-:- ""ASnakv-{Xo- A-h-fp-sS- b-P-am-\- kv-{Xo-sb- {]-k-hn-°p-I.- th-≠-{X- hkv{X-an-√m-Ø-h-cpw- ]m-Z-c-£-I-fn-√m-Ø-h-cpw- Z-cn-{Z-cpw- B-´n-S-b-∑mcpam-b- B-fp-Iƒ- h-en-b- sI-´n-Sß-fp-≠m-°p-∂n¬- ]-c-kv-]-cw- a-Xvkcn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I- F-∂n-h-bm-Wv- A-¥y-k-a-bw- A-S-p-Øp-h-cp∂Xn-s‚- A-S-bm-f-߃....''.D-a¿-()- ]-d-bp-∂p-:- ti-jw- A-bmƒ- kv-Y-ew- hn-´p.- A¬-]-t\cw-

R-߃- A-hn-sS-Xs
- ∂- X-ßn.- A-t∏mƒ- \-_n-()- tNm-Zn-®p-:- ""Datd!B- tNm-Zy-I¿-Øm-hv- B-cm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v- \n-߃-°-dn-bp-tam?- R߃- ]-d-™p-:- ""A-√m-lp-hpw- A-h-s‚- d-kq-ep-am-Wv- G-‰-hpw- Adnbp-∂-h¿'-'.- A-t∏mƒ- \-_n-()- ]-d-™p-:- ""A-Xv- Pn-_v-co¬- ()F-∂- a-e-°m-bn-cp-∂p-;- \n-߃-°v- \n-ßp-sS- Zo-\n-s‚- Im-cy-߃]-Tn-∏n-°m-\m-Wv- A-t±-lw- \n-ßf
- p-sS- A-Sp-°¬- h-∂X
- v''- (ap-kvenw˛In-Xm-_p¬- Cu-am≥- 1).)ap-l-Ω-Zv-\-_n- (
ap-l-Ω-Zv- \-_n-()-sb- a-\- n-em-°p-I- F-∂-Xm-Wv- aq-∂m-a-sØIm-cyw.- C-_vd
- m- l
- nw- \-_n-()-bp-sS- a-I\
- pw- {]-hm-NI
- \
- p-am-bncp∂C-kva
- m-Cu¬- \-_n()-bp-sS- k-¥m-\- ]-cº
- c
- b
- n¬-s]-´- A-d_
- nIfn-se- Jp-ssd-io- tKm-{X-Øn-se- lm-inw- Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬- A-_v-Zp¬ap-Xz-en-_n-s‚- a-I≥- A-_v-Zp-√-bp-sS- a-I-\m-bn-´m-Wv- ap-l-Ω-Zv-()P-\n-®-Xv.A-t±-lw- 63 h-b-kp-h-sc- Po-hn-®p.- A-Xn¬- 40 h¿-jw- \-p-_p-ΔØn- ({]-hm-N-I-Xz-Øn)\v- ap-ºpw- A-Xn-\p-ti-jw- 23 h¿-jw- \-_nbpw- d-kq-epw- B-bn- \n-tbm-Kn-°s
- ∏-´t- i-jh
- p-am-Wv- Po-hn-®X
- v.- "CJvd-Av- _n-kv-an'- F-∂v- Xp-S-ßp-∂- Jp¿-B≥- h-N-\-tØm-sS- A-t±lØn-\v- \p-_p-ΔØ
- pw- ({]-hm-NI
- X
- zw)- "bm- A-øp-l¬- ap-±Y
- n¿'- F∂vXp-S-ßp-∂- (hn.-Jp.- 74˛mw- A-[ym-b-Øn-se)- B-Zy- h-N-\-ß-tfmsS"cn-km-eØ
- pw'- ({]-t_-m[
- \
- - Zu-Xy-_m-[y-Xb
- pw)- e-`n-®p.- a-°b
- mWvA-t±-l-Øn-s‚- P-∑-tZ-iw.- in¿-°n-s\-°-p-dn-®v- Xm-°o-Xv- \¬-Iphm\pw- Xu-lo-Zn-te-°v- £-Wn-°p-hm-\p-am-Wv- A-√m-lp- A-t±-l-sØ\n-tbm-Kn-®-Xv.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

""tl-!- ]p-X-®v- aq-Sn-b-h-t\,- F-gp-t∂‰p- (P-\-ß-sf)- Xm-°o-XpsN-øp-I.- \n-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-s\- a-l-Xz-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bpw- \n-s‚- hkv-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

40

{X-߃- ip-≤n-bm-°p-I-bpw- ]m-]w- sh-Sn-bp-I-bpw- sN-øp-I.- IqSpX
¬- t\-´w- sIm-Xn-®p-sIm-≠v- \o- Hu-Zm-cyw- sN-øcp-Xv. \n-s‚- c-£n
Xm-hn-\p- th-≠n- \o- £-a- ssI-s°m-≈p-I''- (A¬ ap-±-Yn¿-:-1˛7)."Jpw- ^- A≥-Zn¿'- (F-gp-t∂-‰v- Xm-°o-Xv- sN-øp-I- F-∂v- ]-d™Xv"in¿-°n'-s∂-Xn-cn¬- Xm-°o-Xv- sN-øp-hm-\m-Wv.- F-∂n-´v- P-\-ß-sfXu-lo-Zn-te-°v- £-Wn-°pI-.- "h-d∫
- I
- - ^- I-∫n¿'- (\n-s‚- c-£nXmhn-s\- a-l-Xz-s∏-Sp-Øp-I)- F-∂v- ]-d-™-Xpw- "X-u-lo-Zp-sIm-≠val-Xz-s∏-Sp-Øp-I- F-∂- A¿-∞-Øn-em-Wv.- "h-Yn-bm-_-I- ^-Xzlvln¿'- (\n-s‚- h-k-v{X-߃- ip≤n-bm-°p-I)- F-∂v- ]-d-™-Xn-s‚A-∞w- "\n-s‚- I¿-aß
- ƒ- in¿-°n¬-\n-∂v- ip-≤a
- m-°p-I'- F-∂mWv."h¿-dp-Pv-k- ^-lvPp¿'- (\o- ]m-]-sØ- sh-Sn-bp-I)- F-∂v- ]-d-™-Xv"hn-{K-l-ß-sf-bpw- A-Xn-s‚- h-Iv-Xm-°-sf-bpw- sh-Sn-bp-I'- F-∂A¿-∞-Øn-em-Wv.]-Øp-h¿-j°
- m-ew- C-{]-Im-cw- \-_n()- P-\ß
- s
- f- Xu-lo-Znte°v- £-Wn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.- ]-Øp-h¿-jØn-\p-ti-jw- A-√m-lpA-t±-l-sØ- B-Im-im-tcm-l-Ww- sN-øn-®p.- A-hn-sS-h-®v- A-©pt\-c-sØ- \-a-kv-Im-cw- \n¿-_-\-v[-am-°-s∏-´p.- aq-∂v- sIm-√w- A-t±
lw- a-°-bn¬-sh-®v- \-a-kv-Im-cw- \n¿-h-ln-®p.- A-Xn-\p-ti-jw- a-Zo\-bn-te-°v- ]-e-bm-\w- (l-n-Pv-d)- sN-øm≥- I-¬-]n-°-s∏-´p.- ln-Pv-dsN-øp-I- F-∂m¬- in¿-°n-s‚- \m-´n¬-\n-∂v- C-kv-em-an-s‚- (X-uloZn-s‚)- \m-´n-te-°v- am-dn- Xm-ak
- n-°p-I- F-∂m-Wp-t±-iyw.- Cu- "lnPvd'ap-kv-enw- k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v- A-¥y-\mƒ-h-sc- \n-e-\n¬-°p-∂- \n¿_\v-[- _-m-[y-X-b-s{X.- C-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- h-N-\wX-s∂-bm-Wv-.- A-Xv- C-{]-Imc-amWv-:-

41

""(A-hn-i-zm-kn-I-fp-sS- C-S-bn¬-X-s∂- Po-hn-®p-sIm-≠v)- kz¥
tØm-Sv- A-\ym-bw- sN-bv-X-h-sc- a-cn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ a-e-°p-Iƒ- Ahtcm-Sv- tNm-Zn-°pw-:- \n-ß-sf-s¥-m-cp \n-e-]m-Sn-em-bn-cp-∂p?- A-h¿]-d-bpw-:- R-߃- \m-´n¬- A-Sn-s®m-Xp-°-s∏-´-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p.- A-h¿(a-e-°p-Iƒ)- tNm-Zn-°pw-:- A-√m-lp-hns‚- `q-an- hn-im-e-am-bn-cp-∂nt√?- \n-߃-°-v kz-tZ-iw- hn-´v- A-Xn¬- F-hn-sS-sb-¶nepw- t]m-Imam-bn-cp-∂t- √m.- F-∂m¬- A-Øc
- °
- m-cp-sS- hm-kÿ
- e
- w- \-cI
- a
- s{X.A-sX-{X- No-Ø- k-t¶-Xw-!- F-∂m¬- bm-sX-m-cp-]m-b-hpw- kzo-I-cn°m≥- I-gn-hn-√m-sX-,- H-cp- c-£m-am¿-§-hpw- I-s≠-Øm-\m-Im-sXA-Sn-s®m-Xp-°-s∏-´-h-cm-bn- I-gn-bp-∂- ]p-cp-j-∑m-cpw- kv-{Xo-I-fpwIp-´n-I-fpw- C-Xn¬-\n-s∂-m-gn-hm-Ip-∂p. A-Ø-c-Im¿-°v A-√m-lpam∏v- \¬-In-tb-°mw.- A-√m-lp- A-Xy-[n-Iw- am-∏v- \¬-Ip-∂-h-\pwGsd- s]m-dp-°p-∂-h-\m-Ip-∂p-''- (A-∂n-kmA-v- 97˛99).a-s‰m-cp- kq-Iv-X-Øn¬- C-ß-s\- Im-Wmw-:-

""hn-iz-kn-®-h-cm-b- F-s‚- Zm-k-∑m-tc-;- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- F-s‚- `qanhn-im-e-am-Ip-∂p.- A-Xn-\m¬- F-s∂- am-{Xw- \n-߃- B-cm-[n-°phn≥''- (A¬- A-≥-I-_q-Xv-˛56).C-amw- _-Kvh
- n- ( )- ]-db
- p-∂p-:- ""(a-Zo-\m-bn-te-°v)- ln-Pvd
- - t]mhmXn-cp-∂- a-°-bn-se- ap-kv-enw-I-sf- Ip-dn-®m-Wv- Cu- kq-Iv-Xw- A-hX-cn-®Xv.- A-√m-lp- A-h-sc- "hn-iz-kn-®-h-tc'- F-∂m-Wv- A-`n-kwt_m-[-\- sN-bv-X-Xv''.C-\n,- ln-Pv-d-°v- \-_n- h-N-\-ß-fn-ep-≈- sX-fn-hv- {i-≤n-°p-I.\-_n-()- ]-d-™p-:-

42

43

""Xu-_-m-bp-sS- (]-iv-Nm-Ø-]-Øn-s‚)- k-a-bw- A-h-km-\n-°p∂Xp-h-sc- "ln-Pv-d'-bp-sS- ka-b-hpw- A-h-km-\n-°pI-bn-√.- kq-cy≥A-Xn-s‚- A-kvX
- a
- b
- k
- vY
- m-\Ø
- p-\n-∂pw- D-Zn-°p-∂X
- p-hs
- c- (A-YhmA-¥y-k-a-bw-h-sc)- "Xu-_'-bp-sS- k-a-bw- A-h-km-\n-°p-I-bn-√''.\-_n-()- a-Zo-\-bn¬- kv-Yn-c- Xm-a-k-am-°n-b- ti-j-am-Wv- kImXv,- t\m-º-v,- l-÷-v,- _m-¶v-hn-fn,- [¿-a-k-a-cw- (Pn-lm-Zv)-,- \-∑- I¬]n°¬,- Xn-∑- hn-tcm-[n-°¬- ap-Xm-em-b-- C-kve
- m-an-s‚- a-‰v- \n-ba
- \
- n¿tZi-߃- \-S-∏n-em-°m≥- I¬-]-\-bp-≠m-b-Xv.- C-{]-Im-cw- \-_n-()a-Zo-\b
- n¬- ]-Øp-sIm-√w- I-gn-®p-Iq-´n.- A-ßs
- \- \-_n-()- sIm≠ph-∂- Cu- a-Xw- C-hn-sS- \n-e\
- n¬-s°-Xs
- ∂- A-hn-Sp-∂v- h-^m-Ømbn.Cu- k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v- Kp-W-I-c-am-b- H-cp- Im-cy-hpw- \-_n()k-ap-Zm-bs
- Ø- A-dn-bn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-It- bm- tZm-jI
- c
- a
- m-b- h-√X
- ns\Ip-dn-®pw- ap-∂d
- n-bn-∏v- \¬-Im-Xn-cn-°p-It- bm- sN-bvX
- n-´n-√.- \-_n()k-ap-Zm-bØ
- n-\v- A-dn-bn-®p-X∂
- - Im-cy-ßf
- n¬- G-‰h
- pw- D-Øa
- a
- mbXvXu-lo-Zpw- A-√m-lp- C-jv-S-s∏-Sp-∂-Xpw- A-h-\v- Xr-]v-Xn-I-c-hp-ambIm-cy-ßf
- p-as
- {X.- A-Xp-t]m-se- \-_n-()- k-ap-Zm-bØ
- n-\v- ap-∂dnbn∏v- \¬-In-b- Im-cy-ßf
- n¬- G-‰h
- pw- tZm-jI
- c
- a
- m-bX
- v- in¿-°pw.- A√mlp- sh-dp-°p-I-bpw- F-Xn¿-°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂- Im-cy-ß-fp-a-s{X.\-_n-()-sb- A-√m-lp- ap-gp-h≥- P-\-ß-fn-te-°pam-bn- \n-tbmKn°p-I-bpw- Pn-∂p-Iƒ-°pw- a-\p-jy¿-°pw- A-t±-l-sØ- A-\p-k-cn°¬- \n¿-_-\v-[-am-°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp.- A-Xn-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv- A-√mlp-hn-s‚- h-N-\w- X-s∂-bm-Wv- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""C-∂v- Rm≥- \n-߃-°v- \n-ßf
- p-sS- a-Xw- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n-X∂
- ncp°p-∂p.- F-s‚- A-\p-{K-lw- \n-߃-°v- Rm≥- \n-d-th-‰n-Ø-cn-IbpwsN-bv-Xn-cn-°p-∂p.- a-X-am-bn- C-k-vem-an-s\- Rm≥- \n-߃-°v- Xr-]vXn-s]-´p-X-∂n-cn-°p-∂p.-...'-'- (A¬ am-C-Z-:-3).\-_n-()- a-cn-°p-sa-∂X
- n-s‚- sX-fn-hv- Xm-sg- ]-db
- p-∂- Jp¿-B≥h-N-\-am-Wv.-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

""Xo¿-®b
- m- b
- pw- \o- a-cn-°p∂-h\
- m-Ip-∂p.- A-hc
- pw- a-cn-°p-∂hcmIp∂p.- ]n-∂o-S-v \n-߃- D-b¿-sØ-gp-t∂¬-]n-s‚- \m-fn¬- \n-ßfpsS c£nXm-hn-s‚- A-Sp-°¬-sh-®-v h-g°
- p-Iq-Sp-∂p-Xm-W'v- '- (A- p- a
- ¿:30,31).a-c-W-s∏-´-h-sc-√mw- ]p-\-cp-∞m-\-Øn-\v- hn-t[-b-cm-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv.A-Xn-\p-≈-sX-fn-hp-Iƒ- C-h-bm-Wv-:A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""A-Xn¬- (`q-an-bn¬-)-\n-∂m-Wv- \n-ß-sf \mw- kr-jv-Sn-®-Xv-.- AXnte-°v- X-s∂- \n-ß-sf- \mw- a-S-°p-∂p.- A-Xn¬- \n-∂p- X-s∂- as‰mcp- {]m-h-iyw- \n-ß-sf- \mw- ]p-d-Øp-sIm-≠p-c-hn-I-bpw- sN-øpw-''(Xz-m-l-:-55).a-s‰m-cn-S-Øv- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- h-N-\-an-Xm-:-

""]-d-bp-I-!- a-\p-jy-tc-,- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- Rm≥- \n-ß-fn-te-s°-√m-ap-≈- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ Zq-X-\m-Ip-∂p....-''- (A¬ A-Av-dm-^v-:158).\-_n-()-sb-s°m-≠m-Wv- A-√m-lp- Cu- Zo-\n-s\- ]q¿-Øo-I-cn®n-´p-≈-Xv.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:""A-√m-lp- \n-ß-sf- `q-an-bn¬-\n-∂v- H-cp- ap-f-∏n-°¬- ap-f-∏n®ncn-°p-∂p.- ]n-s∂- A-Xn¬- X-s∂- \n-ß-sf- A-h≥- a-S-°p-I-bpw\n-ß-sf- H-cn-°¬- A-h≥- ]p-d-Øv- sIm-≠p-h-cn-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂XmWv'-'- (\q-lv-:17,-18).-

44

45

]p-\-cp-≤m-\-Øn-\p-ti-jw- A-h≥- hn-Nm-c-W-°v- hn-t[-b-cmhp∂-Xpw- A-h-c-h-cp-sS- I¿-a-ß-fp-sS- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\-Øn¬- {]-Xn-^-ew\¬-Is∏-Sp-∂-Xp-am-Wv.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv- t\m-°q-:-

am-b- Zq-X∑
- m-cm-bn-cp-∂p- A-h¿.- B- Zq-X∑
- m-¿°
- v- ti-jw- P-\ß
- ƒ°vA-√m-lp-hn-s\-Xn-cn¬- H-cp- \ym-bh
- pw- C-√m-Xn- c
- n-°m≥- th-≠n-bmWXv.- A-√m-lp- {]-Xm-]n-bpw- bp-Iv-Xn-am-\p-am-Ip-∂p''- (A-∂-n-km-Dv-:165).A-h-cn¬- B-Zy-sØ-bmƒ- \q-lv-\-_n-(-)-bpw- A-h-km-\-sØbmƒ- ap-l-Ω-Zv- \-_n()-bp-am-Wv.- ap-l-Ω-Zv- \-_n-()- "Jm-X-ap-∂_n-øo≥'- (\-_n-am-cn¬- A-¥n-a≥)- B-Ip-∂p.- \q-lv- \-_n-()-bm
Wv- {]-Ya
- - Zq-X≥- (A-Δe
- p¿-dk
- q¬)- F-∂X
- n-s‚- sX-fn-hv- Xm-sg- ]dbp-∂- h-N-\-am-Wv-:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

""A-√m-lp-hn-\p-≈-Xm-Wv- B-Im-i-ß-fn-ep-≈-Xpw-- `q-an-bn-ep-≈Xpw.- Xn-∑- {]-h¿-Øn-®h
- ¿-°v- A-h¿- sN-bX
- X
- n-\\
- p-kc
- n-®v- {]-Xn^ew- \¬-Ip-hm≥- th-≠n-b-s{X- A-Xv.- \-∑- {]-h¿-Øn-®-h¿-°v- G-‰hpw- \-√- {]-Xn^-ew- \¬-Ip-hm≥- th-≠n-bpw-''- (A-∂-Pv-av-:31).]p-\c
- p-∞m-\s
- Ø- \n-tj-[n-°p-∂h
- ≥- k-Xy-\n- t- j-[n-bm-Wv- (Im^n-dm-Wv).- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""X-ß-ƒ- D-b¿-sØ-gp-t∂¬-]n-°-s∏-Sp-I-bn-s√-∂v B- A-hn-izmkn-Iƒ- P¬-]n-®p.- (\-_n-tb)- ]-db
- p-I:- - A-sX- F-s‚- c-£n-Xm- hns\X-s∂-bm-W,- \n-߃- D-b¿-sØ-gp-t∂¬-]n-°s
- ∏-Spw-.- ]n-∂o-Sv- \nß
ƒ- {]-h¿-Øn-®-Xn-s\-∏-‰n- \n-߃-°v- hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-°-s-∏-Sp-I-bpwsN-øpw.- A-Xv- A-√m-lp-sh- kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw- F-fp-∏-ap-≈Xm-Ip-∂p''- (A-Ø-Km-_p≥-:-7).ap-∂-dn-bn-∏v- \¬-Ip-∂-h-cpw- k-t¥m-j-hm¿-Ø- A-dn-bn-°p-∂hcp-am-bn-´m-Wv- A-√m-lp- F-√m- Zq-X-∑m-scb-pw- \n-tbm-Kn-®-Xv.- A√m
lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""\-_n-tb,- \q-ln-\pw- A-t±-l-Øn-\v- ti-j-ap-≈- {]-hm-N-I-∑m¿°pw- \mw- k-tμ-iw- (h-lv-bv)- \¬-In-b-Xp-t]m-se- X-s∂- \n-\°pw\mw- k-tμ-iw- \¬-In-bn-cn-°p-∂p''- (A-∂-n-km-Dv-:-163)."Xzm-Kq-Xn'-\p-≈- C-_m-Z-Øn-s\- hn-tcm-[n-°p-∂-h-cpw- A-√mlphn-s\- am-{Xw- B-cm-[n-°m≥- I¬-]n-°p-∂-h-cp-am-bn- F-√m- P-\-Xbn-te-°pw- A-√m-lp- Zq-X-∑m-sc-˛\q-lv- \-_n-()- ap-X¬- ap-l-ΩZv\-_n()-h-sc-bp-≈-h-sc- \n-tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≠v.- A-√m-lp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- Hm-tcm- k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-epw \mw- Zq-X-s\- \n-tbmKn®n-´p-≠-v.- \n-ß-ƒ- A-√m-lp-sh- B-cm-[n-°p-I-bpw-,- Zp¿-aq¿-Øn-Isfsh-Sn-bp-I-bpw- sN-ø-Ww-.... (F-∂v- {]-t_-m-[-\w sN-øp-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n)'' (A-∂-lv¬-:- 36).(A-{]-Im-cw)- A-√m-lp-hn¬- hn-iz-kn-°p-I-;- Xzm-Kq-Xn-s\- \ntj[n-°p-I- F-∂-Xm-Wv- A-√m-lp- X-s‚- A-Sn-a-Iƒ-s°-√w- \n-¿-_-\v[-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.C-_-v\p¬- J-ønw-(

""k-t¥m-jh
- m¿-Ø- A-dn-bn-°p-∂h
- c
- pw,- Xm-°o-Xv- \¬-Ip-∂h
- cp-

)- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

46

47
_-ea
- p-≈- H-cp- I-bd
- n-em- Ip-∂p.- A-Xv- s]m-´n-t∏m-Ip-It- b- C-√.- A√mlp- (F-√m-w)- tI¿-°p-∂h
- \
- pw- A-dn-bp-∂h
- \
- m-Ip-∂p-''- (A¬- _Jd:-256).em- C-em-l- C-√-√mlp- F-∂-Xn-s‚- B-i-b-hpw- C-X-pXs∂-bmWv.- H-cp- l-Zo-kn¬- C{]-Im-cw- h-∂n-´p-≠v-:-

""H-cp- A-Sn-a- X-s‚- ]-cn-[n- ewLn-®p-sIm-≠v- G-sXm-∂n-s\- Bcm[y-\m-tbm- ]n-¥p-S-c-s∏-Sp∂-h-\m-tbm- A-\p-k-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h-\mtbm- I-cp-Xp-∂p-thm- A-Xv- Xzm-Kq-Xm-Wv''.- Xzm-Kq-Xp-Iƒ- [m-cm-f-ap≠v.- A-h-bp-sS- t\-Xm-°ƒ- A©v- hn-`m-K-am-Wv.1.- i-]n-°-s∏-´- C-_v-eo-kv-.2.- X-s‚- C-jv-S-tØm-sS- B-cm-[n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥-.3.- X-s∂- B-cm-[n-°m≥- th-≠n- P-\-ß-sf- £-Wn-°p-∂-h≥-.4.- A-Zr-iy-Pv-Rm-\-ap-s≠-∂-v hm-Zn-®-h≥-.5.- A-√m-lp- A-h-X-cn-∏n-®-X-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠v- hn-[n-°p-∂-h≥.(1)ta-¬]
- d
- ™
X
- n-\p-≈- sX-fn-hv- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- h-N\
- a
- m-Wv. A√mlp- ]-d-bp-∂p-:-

""Cu- a-X-Øn-s‚- in-c- v- C-kv-emw- (A-Y-hm- k-a¿-∏-Ww)- BIp∂p-;- \-ak
- vI
- m-cw- A-Xn-s‚- Xq-Wm-Ip-∂p-;- A-Xn-s‚- D-b¿-∂p-\n¬°p∂- `m-Kw- A-√m-l-p-hn-s‚- am¿-K-Øn-se- [¿-a-k-a-c-hp-am-Ip-∂p''- (Xz_v-dm-\n X-s‚- ap-Av-Pap¬- I-_o-dn¬- D-≤-cn-®-Xv)(1)-- -.Iq-Sp-X¬- A-dn-bp-∂-h≥- A-√m-lp-h-s{X.- ap-l-Ω-Zv- \-_-n-()bnepw- A-hn-Sp-sØ- Ip-Spw-_m-Zn-I-fn-epw- A-\p-N-c-∑m-cn-epw- A-√mlphn-s‚- c-£-bpw- k-am-[m-\-hpw- h¿-jn-°-s´.Bao≥.-

*****

""a-X-Øn-s‚- Im-cy-Øn¬- _-e-{]-tbm-K-ta- C-√.- k-∑m¿-Kw- Zp¿
am¿-K-Øn¬-\n-∂v- hy-Iv-X-am-bn- th¿-Xn-cn-™p- I-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p.B-I-bm¬- G-sXm-cmƒ- Zp¿-aq¿-Øn-I-sf- A-hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bpw- A√m-lp-hn¬- hniz-kn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂-thm- A-h≥- ]n-Sn-®n-´p-≈Xv1.- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- Zo-\n¬- A-\p-a-Xn-bp-≈- tI-he- `u-Xn-I-\n-b-a-ß-f-√- D-t±iyw.{]-Xyp-X,- a-X-\n-b-a-ß-fm-Wv- hn-h-£.-

1.- Cu- dn-t∏m¿-´v- Zp¿-_-e-am-sW-∂v- A-√m-am- A¬-_m-\n- X-s‚- "Z-Cu^p¬Pman- -Ko-dn¬- tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- (\-º¿-:- 3077).

aq-∂v- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\- X-Xz-߃

48

"Xzm-Kq-Øv-'- ˛ H-cp- hn-i-Zo-I-c-Ww"X-z-m-Kq-Øn'-s\- "]n-im-Nv' F-∂m-Wv- c-≠mw J-eo-^- D-a¿-()Xp-S-ßn-b- ]-e- a-lm-∑m-cpw- \n¿-h-Nn-®n-´p-≈-Xv.- "Ym-Kq-Øn'-s‚- G‰hpw- \-√-Xpw- i-cn-bpw- kzo-Im-cy-tbm-Ky-hp-am-b- \n¿-h-N-\-hpw- CXpX-s∂-bm-Ip-∂p.- k-pk
- Ω
- X
- c
- m-b- an-°- ap-^k
- k
v- n-dp-If
- pw- (Jp¿B≥hym-Jym-Xm-°-fpw)- C-Xn-\v- H-∂m-a-Xm-bn- D-≤-cn-®n-´p-≈- X-^v-kodpw(hym-Jym-\-hpw)- C-Xv- X-s∂-bm-Wv.- kp-{]-kn-≤- Jp¿-B≥- hymJymXm-hm-b- C-_v-\p- I-ko¿- Cu- hym-Jym-\-sØ- C-ß-s\- hn-e-bn-cpØp-∂p-:""Xz-m-Kq-Xv''- F-∂m¬- ]n-im-Nm-sW-∂v- A-t±-lw- (D-a¿-()\¬Inb- hym-Jym-\w- h-f-sc- _-e-s∏-´-Xm-Ip-∂p.- Im-c-Ww,- hn-{Kl-߃-°v- C-_m-Z-Øv- sN-øp-I.- A-h-tbm-Sv- hn-[n- B-h-iy-s∏-SpI,- k-lm-bw- tX-Sp-I- ap-X-em-b- Pm-ln-en-øm- Im-e-Øp-≠m-bn-cp∂k-I-e- "i¿dpw'- (Xn-∑-bpw)- C-Xn¬- s]-Sp-∂p''."]-cn-[n- ew-Ln-®h
- \
- m-b- I-Sp-Ø- A-Xn-{I-aI
- m-cn'- F-∂¿-∞a
- p≈"Xz-mK
- q-Øv'- - F-∂- ]-Zw- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- ]p-ds
- a- C-_m-ZØ
- v- sN-øs∏Sp∂- F-√m- a-Av-_q-Zpw- F-∂- A¿-∞-Øn¬- {]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-sa∂vNn-e- a-lm-∑m¿- ]-d-™n-´p-s≠-¶n-epw- A-Xn-s‚- ]q¿-W-am-b- hym]Im¿-∞w- A-h¿- D-t±-in-®n-cn-°m-\n-Sb
- n-√.- B- a-A_
v- q-Zp-Iƒ-°v- Xß
ƒ- B-cm-[n-°s
- ∏-Sp-∂X
- n¬-˛kw-Xr-]vX
- n-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°W
- s
- a-∂- Hcp\n-_-\v-[-\-sb-¶n-epw- A-Xn-∂-h¿- sh-®n-´p-≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww.- A-√mØ-]-£w- ssZ-h-Zq-X-∑m-cp-sS- Iq-´-Øn-se- A-Xn-{]-[m-\n-I-fpw- "Dep
¬A-kv-an'¬- s]-´-h-cp-am-b- C-_v-d-m-lnw- \-_n-(),- Cu-km-\-_n()- Xp-Sß
- n-bh
- ¿- t]m-epw- "Xz-mK
- q-Øp'-If
- m-sW-∂vh
- I
- s
- h-®p-sImSp-t°-≠n-h-cpw.

49

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful