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I.

Laboratory Apparatus Name Description Picture

Beaker

Used to hold and heat liquids.

Bottle

Bottles can be used for storage, for mixing and for displaying.

Burette

The burette is used in titrations to measure precisely how much liquid is used.

Crucible

Crucibles are used to heat small quantities to very high temperatures. The Erlenmeyer Flask is used to heat and store liquids. The advantage to the Erlenmeyer Flask is that the bottom is wider than the top so it will heat quicker because of the greater surface area exposed to the heat. The Evaporating Dish is used to heat and evaporate liquids.

Erlenmeyer Flask

Evaporating Dish

Florence Flask

The Florence Flask is used for heating substances that need to be heated evenly. The bulbed bottom allows the heat to distribute through the liquid

Funnel

more evenly. The Florence Flask is mostly used in distillation experiments. The Funnel is a piece of equipment that is used in the lab but is not confined to the lab. The funnel can be used to target liquids into any container so they will not be lost or spilled. The Mortar and Pestle are used to crush solids into powders for experiments, usually to better dissolve the solids. The pipet is used for moving small amounts of liquid from place to place. They are usually made of plastic and are disposable Ring stands are used to hold items being heated. Clamps or rings can be used so that items may be placed above the lab table for heating by bunsen burners or other items. The stir rods are used to stir things. They are usually made of glass. Stir Rods are very useful in the lab setting. Stoppers come in many different sizes. The sizes are from 0 to 8. Stoppers can have holes for thermometers and for other probes that may be used. The test tube brush is used to easily clean the inside of a test tube.

Mortar and Pestle

Pipet

Ring Stand

Stirring Rod

Stopper

Test tube Brush

Test tube Holder

The holder is used to hold test tubes when they are hot and untouchable.

Test tube Rack

The test tube rack is used to hold test tubes while reactions happen in them or while they are not needed. The thermometer is used to take temperature of solids, liquids, and gases. They are usually in oC, but can also be in oF Tongs are used to hold many different things such as flasks, crucibles, and evaporating dishes when they are hot. The triangle is used to hold crucibles when they are being heated. They usually sit on a ring stand The Volumetric flask is used to measure one specific volume. They are mostly used in mixing solutions where a one liter or one half a liter is needed. The watch glass is used to hold solids when being weighed or transported. They should never be heated.

Thermometer

Tongs

Triangular Clay

Volumetric Flask

Watch Glass

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II. a. Bunsen Burner

Bunsen Burners are used for heating and exposing samples to flame. http://weihan24eportfolio.blogspot.com/p/science-practicals.html

Parts of the Bunsen Burner   Barrel Helps to raise the flame for a suitable height for burning. Air Control Vent/ Air Holes The air control vent is a short hollow cylinder with small holes on its surface that encircles the lower part of the metal burner tube, just above the hose connection. The burner tube has similar holes in it. The air control vent cylinder can be twisted back and forth to control the amount of air that enters the burner tube. When the air holes are closed, the flame is more visible than when they are opened. Half-open and open air-holes produce a nearly invisible, blue-colored flame. Gas Adjustment The gas adjustment is a small disk at the bottom of the burn tube that can be turned back and forth. The gas adjustment regulates the amount of methane gas passing through the burner tube. Base The base supports the burner so that it will not topple over.

http://www.ehow.com/facts_7172302_parts-bunsen-burner-functions.html

b. Platform Balance

Parts of the Platform Balance  Beam Left Pan Right Pan Pan Holders- Holds the pan in place.  Vertical Rods Degree Plate Pointer Rulerhttp://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_parts_of_a_platform_balance c. Thermometer

Parts of the Thermometer  Bulb- the part where the mercury is. https://encrypted-tbn2.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRYrG5bUF54mkOR 6Te45475HqRv4dMB6S_3nWpyEomcOIJpXwdlg

III. Safety Rules 1. Do not perform unauthorized experiments. 2. Never work in the lab alone. 3. Report all accidents immediately to your teacher. 4. Tie back long hair. 5. Do not wear loose sleeves. 6. Do not wear shorts. 7. Do not wear sandals. 8. Do not wear contact lenses. 9. No food or beverages. 10. No gum chewing. 11. Do not leave experiments unattended. 12. Know the location of all of the science lab safety equipment, exits and telephone. 13. (safety showers, eye wash, fire blankets, fire extinguishers) 14. No running. 15. Keep aisles clear. 16. Extinguish burners when away from desk. http://www.edquest.ca/component/content/article/109/