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C1/SFB (27) Hh2

AUGUST 2009

www.hi-span.com

cold rolled products technical manual

INTRODUCTION
cold Rolled pRoducts
have been specifically designed for use within most types of buildings as secondary supports for cladding materials. Hi-span offers a comprehensive range of purlins, Rails, c-channels, eaves Beams and associated accessories. Recent installation of the very latest cutting edge cold rolling plant has enhanced Hi-span’s position as one of the uK’s leading suppliers of cold rolled products to the construction industry. design With over 40 years experience within the construction industry Hi-span has been at the forefront of design and development of cold rolled products. An established Research and develpment committee continually strive to improve and update the Hi-span range of products and services. this together with a fully comprehensive technical Helpdesk of four experienced designers on hand to answer your queries, gives our clients the most economic solutions to cold rolled design. contact technical@hi-span.com or telephone 01953 603081 to order your free design suite or for further information from the technical Helpdesk. Bespoke sections For the past seven years Hi-span as well as enhancing our existing product range has introduced a Bespoke section service. ‘Z’ ‘c’ and eaves sections can be produced (within certain guidelines) to customer’s specific dimensions. In addition we have the capability of blanking and punching wide coil (1.00 – 3.2mm gauges) and press-braking profiles up to 4.000m in length to specific customer orders. on all sections, hole patterns can be punched to order and can be of varying sizes depending on the specification. Blanking cut lengths from wide coil is a very cost effective method of production and as a result we can offer very competitive prices on these products. please contact the sales team on sales@hi-span.com or telephone 01953 603081 for further information. detailing and ordering our own Hi-detail software is now available free of charge and is specifically aimed at clients who do not use the 3-d cAd detailing packages. Hi-detail has been designed to be exceptionally user friendly and allows the user to detail our complete range of sections, which can then be emailed directly to us. A cam data file is then generated and fed directly into the manufacturing system to further reduce customers’ lead times. Hi-span cold rolled sections are also available through the 3-d detailing packages strucad, tekla and cAdds. please contact the sales team on sales@hi-span. com or telephone 01953 603081 for further information. Quality and service Hi-span has earned a deserved reputation within the industry for its excellent personal service. All products are manufactured in accordance with our Quality Assurance system that apply the principals of BseN Iso 9001; 2000 ensuring that our customers receive a competitive cold rolled package, which is welcomed by our clients all over the uK and abroad. cpd Hi-span have gained cpd status for its seminar ‘A guide to Bs 6399-2 wind code calculator’. the construction cpd service has awarded a certificate for the seminar which gives a step by step guide to using the wind code calculator software. developed in accordance with Bs 6399-2 it enables the easy and economic creation of wind loads for the design of Hi-span cold rolled sections. the online seminar can be accessed via our website www.hi-span.com. sustainability As members of the BcsA sustainability charter, Hi span is committed to supporting and furthering it’s sustainable development throughout all departments and business activities. steel is 100% recyclable. use of recycled steel does not compromise the quality of new steel produced from it. By addressing key issues such as co2 emissions, product design, recycling of unwanted or waste materials, and prudent use of all resources, we intend to remain committed to effectively and responsibly managing our environmental and health and safety arrangements.

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CONTENTS

PURLIN SYSTEMS sleeved purlin system Butted purlin system Heavy end Bay purlin system unrestrained purlin system Monopitch, Flat & curved Roof systems tiled, steep & Green Roof systems Anti-sag systems Additional details Brickwork straps and service clips Material Weight Guide RAIL SYSTEMS sleeved Rail system Butted Rail system Horizontal cladding VcR & Wcp system Horizontal cladding top Hat system Firewall system Window trimmers Anti-sag systems EAVES BEAM SYSTEMS Fixing details Hanger details eaves Brace sets Restraint Requirements & cleats CHANNEL SYSTEMS Mezzanine Floor system ceiling channel system door & Window trimmers Hi-WALL SYSTEMS stud system Grid system CLEATS & SECTION PROPERTIES cleat details section properties 47 - 48 49 - 51 2 43 - 44 45 - 46 37 38 40 31 32 33 34 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 - 28 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 - 14 15 - 16 17 18

Brickwork Restraints & compound sections 39

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS EAVES BEAM SYSTEMS
A versatile structural element combining the functions of an eaves beam and a side sheeting rail
pages 31-34

PURLIN SYSTEMS
A complete range of roof cladding support systems including sleeved, butted, heavy end bay and unrestrained
pages 7-18

CHANNEL SYSTEMS
c-channels are used in a multitude of ways including floor beams, ceiling supports and window trimmers
pages 37-40

3

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS Hi-WALL SYSTEMS
Introducing a new range of systems which quickly and efficiently create external walls and partition walls
pages 43-46

HORIZONTAL CLADDING
A variety of sections needed to support the ever increasing requirements of horizontal cladding systems
pages 23-24

RAIL SYSTEMS
A complete range of wall cladding support systems including all anti-sag requirements
pages 21-28

4

Sleeved Purlin System Butted Purlin System Heavy End Bay Purlin System Unrestrained Purlin System Monopitch, Flat & Curved Roof Systems Tiled, Steep & Green Roof Systems Anti-Sag Systems Additional Details Brickwork Straps and Service Clips Material Weight Guide

7 8 9 10 11 12 13-14 15-16 17 18

5

PURLIN SYSTEMS

6

PURLINS Sleeved System
the sleeved purlin system is by far the most popular of the three zed purlin systems available from Hi-span. purlins achieve a high degree of continuity over the supports by employing connecting sleeves over the joints. this means that design bending moments are distributed evenly along the building length, resulting in smaller section sizes and valuable economies achieved. In the various possible arrangements of single and double span purlins, the Hi-span sleeved system offers the customer low material costs, practical on-site advantages during erection, and excellent building performance thereafter.

double span Joint Arrangement
this system combines single and double span purlins with their joints staggered and sleeved. the provision of a sleeve at the unjointed connections over the penultimate support is required.

single span Joint Arrangement
Apart from the penultimate support this system has sleeves at alternate joint positions. purlins must be continuous over a minimum of two spans using a sleeve, in order to create an end bay situation. (sleeve arrangement as shown, using single span purlins).

Non standard punching patterns standard punching patterns
these layouts do not imply that all sections are suitable. Additional holes on the standard punchlines will be made as detailed. Non standard punchlines can be incorporated at no extra charge.

Purlin Overhang

Spans up to 7.5m (single span)
C of Rafters L Purlin Length 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance 70 Sag Bar Holes @ Mid-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32 Dim r

• Holes f ties are

DETAIL
14Ø, a or threa

• Ther e is purlin &

p betwee the raft n the er line. • Sleev es are i nverted • Betw purlin een two section separate s. 6m purlin m gap. s there is alwa ys a

a stan

dard 10

ll other

ded end

ERS N
s are 18 mm ga

sag ba

OTES:
rs, stru ts & ap ex

Ø.

Spans up to 7.5m (double span)
Purlin Overhang C of Rafters L Purlin Length Sleeve Required In Penultimate Bay C of Rafters L 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance Sag Bar Holes @ Mid-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32 Dim r

70

Spans up to 9.5m (single span)
Purlin Overhang C of Rafters L Purlin Length 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance Sag Bar Holes @ Third-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø Dim X 32 Dim r

70

32 Dim X

70

For Anti Sag Details See Page 13 - 14 For Sleeve Details See Page 49 - 51

7

Butted System

PURLINS

the Butted purlin system requires no sleeves at the joints between the purlins and is the simplest form of purlin construction. utilising, in the main, single span purlins, this system is employed principally on agricultural buildings where design criteria, particularly with regard to deflection, are less onerous. In other classes of building when this form of construction cannot be avoided, appropriate consideraition should be given to this aspect at the design stage.

Butted Joint Arrangement
this system can occasionally involve notched end connections to the purlins due to height restrictions imposed by the Architect. Non-standard cleats are therefore required. Hi-span are capable of incorporating notched ends to both Z sections and c channels, on receipt of details.

standard punching patterns
these layouts do not imply that all sections are suitable.

Spans up to 4.6m
C of Rafters L Purlin Length Dim b Dim c Dim r

TES: • Butt ed desig ns do n thro ot requ ugh sle ire conti eves . nuity • Clea ts for b utted p urlins a and therefor re non-s e produ tandard fabri ced by t cator. he • Max imum p urlin l ength = 15m

DETAIL

ERS N

O

NO SAG BAR HOLES

Spans Over 4.6m up to 7.6m
C of Rafters L Purlin Length Dim b Dim c Dim r

Sag Bar Holes @ Mid-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø

Spans Over 7.6m up to 10.0m
C of Rafters L Purlin Length

For Gauge Line Details See Page 49 - 51 For Cleat Details See Page 47 - 48

Dim b Dim c Dim r

Sag Bar Holes @ Third-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø

8

PURLINS Heavy End Bay System
the Heavy end Bay system is the most recent purlin system to be made available from Hi-span. A minimum of five equal bays is required for the system to perform economically with the use of heavier end bay sections. sleeves are required at every purlin/rafter connection, no double span purlins. the system offers a very economical solution to the user in long span multi-bay buildings, because considerable savings can be made in using lighter inner bay purlins, with the added advantage of simple erection procedure.

single span Joint Arrangement
end bay purlins and the penultimate sleeves are manufactured from heavier gauge material as shown. Greater end bay moments are then accommodated by the larger section sizes, allowing lighter gauge sections to be designed for the inner bays.

Non standard punching patterns
Additional holes on the standard punchlines will be made as detailed. Non standard punchlines can be incorporated at no extra charge.

DETAIL

ERS N

standard punching patterns
these layouts do not imply that all sections are suitable.

Purlin Overhang

• A H eav every joi

OTES:
uires sle eves at

• The sle

Spans up to 7.5m (single span)
C of Rafters L Purlin Length Heavier Gauge Section & Sleeve in End Bay 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance 70 Sag Bar Holes @ Mid-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø Dim r

be the la

eve at th

nt.

y End B

ay sys

tem req

rgest sec

e penult

tion siz

imate b e.

ay mu

st alwa

ys

32 Dim X

70

Dim X 32

Spans up to 7.5m (single span)
Purlin Overhang C of Rafters L Purlin Length Heavier Gauge Section & Sleeve in End Bay 3 3 Sleeve Required At every joint C of Rafters L 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance Sag Bar Holes @ Mid-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø Dim r

70

32 Dim X

70

Dim X 32

32 Dim X

70

Dim X 32

Spans up to 9.5m (single span)
Purlin Overhang C of Rafters L Purlin Length Heavier Gauge Section & Sleeve in End Bay 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance 70 Sag Bar Holes @ Third-Span Threaded = 14 Ø Quick-Fix = 18 Ø 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32 Dim r

For Anti-Sag Details See Page 13 - 14 For Sleeve Details See Page 49 - 51

9

Unrestrained System

PURLINS

the unrestrained purlin system caters for the wide range of standing-seam and secret-fix cladding systems now available that do not provide adequate lateral restraint to the top flange of the purlins, it is therefore necessary to replace standard sag bars with angle strut braces. used in conjunction with rigid apex ties in duo-pitched roofs and appropriate diagonal bracing in mono-pitch roofs, allowable loads for all purlin systems are given in the load tables which are available on the Hi-span design suite. Where a liner tray capable of providing adequate lateral restraint to the purlin top flange is used in conjunction with standing-seam cladding the standard sleeved system can be used.

Restraints
With non-restraining cladding sag bars must be replaced with rigid fix struts in order to restrain the top and bottom flange.

standard punching patterns
these layouts do not imply that all sections are suitable.

Purlin Overhang

Spans up to 7.5m (single span)
C of Rafters L Purlin Length 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance Dim r

DETAIL
• The Un

ERS N

OTES:

restrain ed purl rigid-fi in syste x struts m requ in place ires • Holes of all s for str ag bars uts and . apex tie s are 14 Ø.

70

Strut Holes @ Mid-Span = 14 Ø

32 Dim X

70

Dim X 32

Spans up to 7.5m (double span)
Purlin Overhang C of Rafters L Purlin Length Sleeve Required In Penultimate Bay Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance Dim r C of Rafters L

70

Strut Holes @ Mid-Span = 14 Ø

32 Dim X

70

Dim X 32

32 Dim X

70

Dim X 32

Spans up to 9.5m (single span)
Purlin Overhang C of Rafters L Purlin Length 3 3 Dim b Dim c 10mm Clearance Dim r

70

Strut Holes @ Third-Span = 14 Ø

32 Dim X

70

Dim X 32

For Gauge Line Details See Page 49 - 51 For Cleat Details See Page 47 - 48

10

PURLINS Monopitch, Flat & Curved Roof Systems
Monopitch Roof system 5 - 25°
If no support can be provided by connection between the uppermost purlin and the main steelwork at mid-span or third points (according to span), we recommend our standard diagonal tie wires are used, fixed at both ends with bracing brackets and a rigid-fix strut, between the top two purlins. If a purlin spans greater than 3.50m on a monopitch roof system then restraints are necessary. Additional diagonal bracing may be required depending upon the length of the roof slope. please see page 14 for further details.

positive-Fix detail
Where there is an adequate hot rolled member at the eaves, Hi-span strut members can be used utilising the flexibility of both FB and AC cleats, as shown. this alleviates the necessity for diagonal bracing.
strut Member

FB cleat

Flat Roof system 0 - 5°
When a roof pitch is less than 5 degrees, rigid fix struts are used in place of sag bars as the more robust restraint is capable of resisting a small compressive force that may occur with this system. As a further precaution we recommend an additional set of diagonal braces with a reversed orientation as shown in the diagram above.

Ac cleat

purlins spaced evenly About the Ridge

purlins spaced unevenly About the Ridge

curved Roofs
the bracing system required for a curved roof depends upon the purlin arrangement. Where the purlins are equally spaced about the ridge the standard bracing for a duo-pitch roof can be used. If the purlins are spaced unevenly, then the roof should be treated as two seperate mono-pitch systems. therefore each side of the roof has its own set of struts and diagonals.

To Be Read In Conjunction With Anti-Sag Table on page 14

11

Tiled, Steep & Green Roof Systems PURLINS tiled / Mansard / Green Roof systems
due to increased bi-axial bending caused by the weight of these finishes, we recommend using our rigid fix strut members in place of sag bars. The apex purlins should be tied using the rigid fix apex tie (see page 14). the top two purlins require diagonal tie wires and brackets. Additional bracing will be required for every 6.0m of roof. each timber rafter must be positively secured to each line of purlins by a bolted or screwed fixing detail capable of transmitting the appropriate inplane shear load. At the ridge, timber rafters should be joined across the apex or securely fixed to a suitable ridge board.

Rigid Apex tie

stiffened cleat connection

steep Roof system + 25°
For roof pitches greater than 25° diagonal bracing members are mandatory. these are capable of transmitting the in-plane component of the load. All sag bars are to be replaced with rigid fix struts. standard purlin cleats may need to be stiffened or replaced by purpose-made cleats (by others) capable of supporting the in-plane shear load. In addition attention must be paid to the presence of adequate shear strength in the fixing between all the timber rafters and the supporting zed purlins. Again rigid fix apex ties are required across the apex.

12

PURLINS Anti-Sag Systems
tubular sag Bars
Sag bars are used to restrain the bottom flange of a purlin in order to reduce its effective length when exposed to uplift conditions. Where download is critical, with a relatively small uplift the sag bars contribute very little to the structural integrity of the roof. In these situations it is possible to design the section without sag bars. When doing this, care should be taken during the erection of the cladding panels as the purlins are untied between supports, temporary bracing may then be necessary. this addition is left to the cladders discretion.

spring-Fix
Quick fit spring-fix sag bars can be fitted through a standard 18mm dia. hole on the standard punch line. For use with zed purlins up to and including 205mm deep and on roof pitches of up to 25°, these sag bars offer a simple one-handed push fit facility for speedier and safer erection procedures.

threaded sag Bars
These 19mm diameter flow-coat galvanised and lacquered seamless tubular sag bars are preferred by many consultants and structural engineers: not only for visual effect, but also from a structural point of view. For use with zed purlins up to and including 250mm deep and on roof pitches of up to 25°. they are sturdy (0.9mm thick) and the zinc plated 12mm dia. threaded end spigots with nut and washer provide a positive fixing. (They are available in three standard lengths 20mm, 32mm and 100mm).

spring clip X

Dim X 20 mm 32 mm
Galvanised tube

100 mm

16mm dia (Requires 18 Ø Holes)

19mm dia

Rigid Fix struts
Manufactured from sturdy 50 x 50 x 2mm thk angle sections with rivetted end cleats, the rigid fix struts can be used where additional lateral and torsional restraint to purlins and rails is necessary. It is mandatory to employ the rigid fix strut in place of tubular sag bars in a variety of situations. • • • • • • • Roof pitches less than 5 degrees tiled or Green roof constuction Roof pitches above 25 degrees unrestrained roofs diagonally braced purlins Where purlin centres exceed 2.350m section sizes above 250mm deep
st 15 cleat end View 2 2 end View

dim A o/All 2

For sections 176 206 238 258 309 359

st17, 20, 23, 25, 30, 35 cleat

50x50x2 thk l

st17, 20, 23, 25, 30, 35 cleat

dim A o/All 2

For sections 156

50x50x2 thk l

st 15 cleat

For Gauge Line Details See Page 49 - 51 For Cleat Details See Page 47 - 48

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Anti-Sag Systems Rigid Apex tie
the rigid apex tie is made from a thicker angle than the struts for added strength. Ac cleats are used either end allowing for roof pitches up to 30°. For steeper roof slopes please contact our technical department. please note, the rigid apex tie should always be used for the 309 and 359 purlin series.

PURLINS

tubular Apex tie
these are made from the same material as our standard sag bars and are manufactured to suit the configuration of the ridge purlins. Please note that the minimum distance to a bend is 113mm, and that the maximum angle of bend is 25°.

up to 5° straight

50x50x3 thk l

Require14 Ø Holes

over 5° Angled Ac cleat Ac cleat
m 113m ard d stan

25° Max

Require14 Ø Holes

Sag Bar Configuration

Apex tie In lower Holes slopes <15°

Apex tie In upper Holes slopes >15°

Anti-sag Requirements
Where wind analysis is not available and therefore restraint numbers cannot be calculated we recommend using the simplified rules from BS 5950 Part 5, shown in table opposite.

These Simplified Rules Apply Where the top Flange Is FullY Restrained

For Duopitch Roofs Only B = 0-4.6m B = 4.6-7.6m B = 7.6-10m 2 diags N/A N/A 3 strut sag Bar strut N/A Mid span 1/3 points
2

Ridge

1 3 3
strut

2
A Metres

Roof Type Flat duopitch 5 - 25° unrestrained 5 - 25° Monopitch 5 - 25° steep slope 25°+ tiled & Green Roofs

1 strut sag Bar strut strut strut strut

A metres Apex 18 18 18 18 14 6 N/A tubular Rigid N/A Rigid Rigid

3

3

diags sag Bar diags diags strut strut

eaves Brace set eaves

B Metres - duopitch Roofs

For Anti-Sag Requirements Per Span Please Contact Our Technical Department

14

PURLINS Additional Details
Rafter stays
our standard 50 x 50 x 2mm thick angles are ideal for use as rafter stays in most situations and can be cut to any length up to a maximum of 3m. standard sleeve holes should be used when fixing the stay to the purlin; however non-standard fixing holes can be added where necessary in order to achieve an optimum rafter stay angle of approximately 45°. In situations where stays are used to restrain lattice girders or deep uB sections, it may be necessary to use larger angle sections. please consult our technical department.
dim A o/All 27 50x50x2 thk l 25 50 27 45º optimum Angle

18 0 Holes 50

typical Rafter stay Application

diagonal Bracing
Diagonal braces are manufactured from seven separate strands of wire rope with an adjustable threaded end, and a fixed ‘ball type’end swaged to the wires. For purlin systems diagonal braces are required for monopitch roof systems, tiled roof systems, and steep roof slopes. Where diagonal tie wires are needed struts must be used in place of sag bars to resist any compressive forces, should they occur. As an alternative to the wire rope brace system, we can also offer a tubular diagonal brace system. The bracing bracket fixed to the cleat attached to the rafter must use the holes closest to the rafter, whereas the bracket that fixes to the centre of the purlin should fix to the outer holes closest to the cladding.

27½º - 47½º Adjustable end

Fixed end

78

mm

detailers should note that where a sag bar connects through a bracing bracket, allowance should be made for the thickness of the bracket (5mm). Bracing bracket is 40mm wide.

70

70

5

22 .5

Bracing Bracket
Bracing brackets are manufactured to suit standard slopes of 37½°. When using the ‘ball type’ washer as per the above detail, the angle can be decreased to a minimum of 27½° or increased to a maximum of 47½°.
.5 35 30

8

Rigid Bracing Bracket
Where there are excessive down slope loads due to high dead loads and steep pitches, 8mm thick material is used. Also where the diagonal angles exceed or are less than the specified max/min slope, rigid bracing brackets should be used.

35

18 Ø Holes

18 Ø Holes

70
45 22.5

70
46 22.5

15

Additional Details

PURLINS

cleader Rail
Manufactured from 2.0mm pre-galvanised material in 3050mm lengths, these are cut and punched to your requirements. simple jointing sleeves complete with bolts are provided. All the holes are 18 diameter and are slotted for ease of erection.
dim A o/All 35 70x70x2 thk l 18 Ø x 28lg slots 38 70 18 Ø x 28lg slots 35

70

25

130 80

25

18 Ø Holes 20

Jointing sleeve cleader Rail Joint detail

25 50

cantilever details
cantilevered purlins can be used to create small canopies to gable end elevations. Where these are encountered the purlin member must be continuous over the backing span and the cantilever. This helps to minimise deflections to the recommended l/180. For overhangs greater than 500mm please contact our technical department.

Gable end detail

cantilever

Backing span

16

PURLINS Brickwork Straps & Service Clips
Brick Built structures
Where purlins are to be supported directly on brick walls, particular care must be taken with regard to positioning and alignment of the purlins prior to being built-in. The use of false rafters, fitted with standard purlin cleats, is of considerable assistance in this respect. sleeved joints should be used where purlins are continuous over intermediate walls. When single span purlins cannot be avoided, please consult our technical department. provision shoud be made at all supports to restrain purlins against wind uplift by the use of rod or flat anchor straps. particular attention should be given to gable verges, where ‘local zone’ values for wind uplift loading should be used for anchor strap design.

Bent flat supplied by others fixed to standard holes and either shotfired or built into blockwork by others. Straps need to be of adequate length with sufficient fixings to resist wind uplift.

service clips
Services are often hung from the secondary steelwork in a variety of ways. Hi-Span would recommend web fixings or wrap around fixings for loads in excess of 15kg for our sections ranging up to 1.8mm thk, and in excess of 30 kg for our heavier gauge range. When lighter loads require support various forms of clip are available, as shown below. Confirmation of the purlin capacity in a point load condition is always required.

Web Fix (Recommended)

Wraparound Fix

Flange Fix

lip Fix

Hi-span recommend contacting the following manufacturers for further advice on clip installation and loading capabilities.

Zed duct systems unit 5, Hill street Kidderminster Worcestershire dY11 6td
t 01274 595783

thomas & Betts Wilford Road Nottingham NG2 1eB

Archerdale ltd Hirstwood Works Hirstwood Road shipley West Yorkshire Bd18 4Bu
t 01274 595783 www.archerdale.com

t 0115 964 3700 www.tnb.com

Please note clip load capacities publishd by the manufacturers may exceed the load capabilities of the section. Please contact our Technical Department for further information.

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Material Weight Guide
Material Thickness mm Steel Cladding solid (Mild steel) 1.00 0.30 0.40 0.45 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.70 Weight kg/m² 7.90 3.00 4.00 4.0 5.00 5.50 6.0 7.0 12.2 1.60 2.60 3.50 4.10 6.10 16.00 24.00 30.00 12.50 9.50 12.50 9.50 30 60 80 100 50 75 25 25 12 25 4.40 8.30 11.20 7.90 1.00 8.40 11.20 14.00 30.00 45.00 59.10 12.20 26.53 55.26 3.50 29.60 20.00 7.10 7.10 8.90 14.00 71.40 56.10 30.60 17.30 25 25 25 55.00 34.70 15.00 24.16 4.50 35.00 4.50 40.00 44.00 30.00

PURLINS
Weight kN/m² 0.077 0.029 0.039 0.044 0.049 0.054 0.059 0.069 0.120 0.016 0.026 0.034 0.040 0.060 0.157 0.235 0.294 0.043 0.081 0.110 0.077 0.010 0.082 0.110 0.137 0.294 0.441 0.580 0.120 0.260 0.542 0.034 0.290 0.196 0.070 0.070 0.090 0.110 0.700 0.550 0.300 0.170 0.540 0.340 0.147 0.237 0.044 0.343 0.044 0.392 0.432 0.294

double skin steel With Insulation core Aluminium Cladding 0.50 0.70 0.90 1.20 double skin Aluminium With Insulation core Fibre-Cement Cladding single skin 9mm Insulated double cladding With Battens Over Purlin Linings Insulated Fibre Board on steel toes plasterboard on steel toes Mineral Insulation Board on steel toes polyurethane Foam Glass Fibre

Woodwool Deck channel Reinforcement Screed sand / cement Vermiculite Asphalt Bitumen Roofing Felts Mineral sufaced Bitumen 3 layers Including chippings Chippings Timber Boarding Chipboard Plywood Tile Weights plain tiles (concrete or clay) Interlocking Natural slate cambrane (Resin) Blockwork concrete, solid (stone Aggregates) concrete, Hollow Aerated Sedum / Green Roof decking Waterproof Membrane Insulation Roof Barrier drainage layer sedum / Green Mat Lead

12 12 12.70 20.00

2.5

Timber Joists, Rafters & Battens Size of Timber mm 400mm 38 x 50 0.03 38 x 100 0.05 38 x 150 0.08 50 x 75 0.05 50 x 100 0.07 50 x 150 0.10 50 x 200 0.13 75 x 200 0.20 75 x 225 0.22 75 x 250 0.25

Assumed density 540kg/m³ Spacing 450mm 600mm 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.09 0.07 0.12 0.09 0.18 0.13 0.20 0.15 0.22 0.17

The above information is for general guidance only and Hi-Span accept no liability for the accuracy of the figures. Where exact weights are required, reference to manufacturers’ own data should be sought.

18

Sleeved Rail System Butted Rail System Horizontal Cladding VCR & WCP System Horizontal Cladding Top Hat System Firewall System Window Trimmers Anti-Sag Systems

21 22 23 24 25 26 27-28

19

RAIL SYSTEMS

20

RAILS Sleeved System
In the Sleeved Rail System the rails run past the faces of the columns. The section depth of the rail plus the clearance required for a standard fixing cleat determine the minimum dimension from the column face to the inside of the vertical cladding. Joints in the rails are sleeved to give continuity, allowing the use of more economical sections and giving an improved deflection performance.

Double Span Joint Arrangement
This system combines single and double span rails with their joints staggered and sleeved. The provision of a sleeve at the un-jointed connections over the penultimate support is required.

Single Span Joint Arrangement
Apart from the penultimate support this system has sleeves at alternate joint positions. Rails must be continuous over a minimum of two spans using a sleeve in order to create an end bay situation. (Sleeve arrangement as shown, using single span rails).

Non Standard Punching Patterns
Additional holes on the standard punch lines will be made as detailed. Non standard punch lines can be incorporated at no extra charge.

Standard Punching Patterns
These layouts do not imply that all sections are suitable.

Spans up to 6.5m (single span)
70 Strut Holes @ Mid-Span = 14 Ø 10mm Clearance 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32

• Holes f are 18Ø

DETAIL
. or struts

& apex

ERS N
mm ga

• Ther e is rail & t

ties are

OTES:
14Ø, a ll other s

Dim r Dim c Dim b

Rail Length Rail Overhang C of Columns L

p betwee line. n the • Sleev es are i nverted • Betw rail sec een two tions. separate 6m rails th m gap. ere is a lways a

he rafter

a stan

dard 10

3 3

Spans up to 7.5m (double span)
70 Strut Holes @ Third-Span = 14 Ø 10mm Clearance 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32

Dim r Dim c Dim b Sleeve Required In Penultimate Bay 3 3 C of Columns L

Rail Length Rail Overhang C of Columns L

Spans up to 8.5m (single span)
70 Strut Holes @ Third-Span = 14 Ø 10mm Clearance 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32

Dim r Dim c Dim b Rail Length

3 3

Rail Overhang

C of Columns L

All The Above Details Are Applicable To The C-Channel Sleeved Rail System

For Anti Sag Details See Page 27 - 28 For Sleeve Details See Page 49 - 51

21

Butted System RAILS
The Butted Rail System gives the engineer more freedom to specify the line of the vertical cladding in relation to the column face, regardless of the depth of the side rail. As the rails are single spans, simply supported between the columns, they can be positioned to suit architectural details, rather than be governed by the section depth of continuous rail systems that must pass across the column faces. Note: Where damage to finishes might arise from the effects of deflection in side rails, or where rails are intended to provide lateral restraint to the tops of brick walls, deflection design checks should be carried out, with the use of the Hi-Span Design Suite.

Butted Joint Arrangement
This system can occasionally involve notched end connections to the rails due to width restrictions imposed by the Architect. Non standard cleats are therefore required. Alternatively an angle filler can be used to bridge the gap between the rails, as shown.

Angle Filler By Hi-Span

Standard Punching Patterns
These layouts do not imply that all sections are suitable.

Spans up to 6.5m
Strut Holes @ Mid-Span = 14 Ø

Dim r Dim c Dim b Rail Length C of Columns L

TES: • Butt ed desig ns do n thro ot requ ugh sle ire conti eves . nuity • Clea ts for b utted r ails are and non-sta therefor e produ ndard fabri ced by t cator. he

DETAIL

ERS N

O

Spans over 6.5m up to 8.5m
Strut Holes @ Third-Span = 14 Ø

Dim r Dim c Dim b Rail Length C of Columns L

Spans over 8.5m up to 9.5m
Strut Holes @ Quarter-Span = 14 Ø

For Gauge Line Details See Page 49 - 51 For Cleat Details See Page 47 - 48
70

Dim r Dim c Dim b Rail Length C of Columns L
All The Above Details Are Applicable To The C-Channel Butted Rail System

22

HORIZONTAL CLADDING VCR & WCP System
Vertical Cladding Rails
The Vertical Cladding Rail section used in conjunction with the Window Channel Pressing provide a suitable solution to the increasing need for horizontal cladding support. Whilst the WCP section acts as an intermediate support, the VCR has a larger 140mm fixing face to accommodate two panels at joint positions. These joints usually occur at column positions, where the VCR can be fixed directly to the column using hot rolled cleats, by others. Alternatively the following cleats can be arranged to suit any Hi-Span rail configuration. These are also used when the joint line falls within the span.
Specify Opp. Hand Where Required.

E

3 th
25 D

k

25

55

14 Ø Holes

18 Ø les Ho

C

B

A

38 32

Cleat VR15 VR17
Please Note: Where panel joints are situated within the rail span, careful consideration must be made to the bracing system. Please contact the Technical Department for further details

DIM A 20 20 18 20 22 22 22
140

DIM B 67 87 116 146 146 196 241

DIM C 18 18 21 19 32 32 32

DIM D 100 100 100 120 120 140 140

DIM E 25 45 75 105 120 170 215
65 2.0 THK 30 25

VR20 VR23

WCP Formed End

VR25 VR30 VR35

Notch Details
The details shown are our standard notch dimensions required when installing WCP’s into any of the Hi-Span range of section sizes. Variations to these standard notches can also be manufactured upon receipt of details.

VCR
1.6 THK 50 22 130

WCP
150 50 14 Ø Holes 50 35 50

70

70mm Notch For 156, 176 & 206 Zed Sections

90

90mm Notch For 238 & 258 Zed Sections

Window Channel Pressings
100 6mm Standard Clearance where No Notch Is Required 6

100mm Notch For 309 & 359 Zed Sections

Maximum Span
The WCP and VCR section sizes have been designed to suit standard 1.8m rails centres. They have the capacity to span up to 2.0m but beyond this we recommend you consult our Technical Department.

The Window Channel Pressing has been introduced to provide an economic alternative to vertical channel sections with cleats. The WCP is used to trim window openings, and also as an intermediate fixing face where vertical members have to remain within the rail zone for architects’ requirements. Previously a standard vertical channel section with its respective cleats has been used in these situations. The WCP’s autoformed end removes the need for on-site assembly of cleats. The section also utilises a thicker material gauge, therefore removing the need for lips, which reduces manufacturing costs.

Non-Standard VCR’s & WCP’s are available upon request, please contact our Technical Department

23

25

55

Top Hat System HORIZONTAL Top Hat Sections

CLADDING

Strut Member Behind Top Hat Section

Top Hat Sleeve Section

The Top Hat section offers a more economical solution for secondary supports to horizontal cladding. This is achieved by using a trapezoidal profiled section to span across multiple rails, to a maximum of 4.0m. After this an introduction of a sleeve is required. Savings are made through reduction in cleats as the section bolts directly to the outer flange of the rails; cost effective profile with low manufacturing costs; and quicker erection procedures because of reduced member numbers. The Top Hat section is available in two sizes, TH70 and TH140. The TH70 has a 70mm fixing face and is used for intermediate support to the cladding panels between joints. The TH140 has a 140mm fixing face as recommended by cladding manufacturers for panel joint connections.

Top Hat
A B C C B

D

1.4 THK

14 Ø Holes

W

Section

DIM D
65 65 65 65

DIM W
70 140 64 134

Standard Punching Lines A
130 200 130 200

Top Hat Sleeves
210 30 40 70 40 30

Ref.
TH70 TH140 THSL70 THSL140

B
22 25 22 25

=

Additional Restraint
In order to provide restraint to the inner flange of the rail section strut members must be placed directly behind the Top Hat section. These are only required within the span.

Sleeves Fit Inside The Top Hat Section To Ensure A Flush Outside Face.

Maximum Span
The Top Hat sections have been designed to suit standard 1.8m rails centres. They have the capacity to span up to 2.0m but beyond this we recommend you consult our technical department.

Sleeve Configuration

Non-Standard Top Hat’s are available upon request, please contact our Technical Department

Rail Centres

Sleeves Can Sit 210mm Above or Below The Rail

210

C L Sleeve

=

C
20 20 23 23

24

RAILS Firewall System
Firewall Sleeves
To conform to the Building Regulations it is sometimes necessary to provide a fire resistant wall construction. A number of wall cladding systems are available for use in this context, which can be used in conjunction with unprotected cold rolled side rails. In order to minimise the effect of expansion of the rails on the integrity of the wall construction single span butted rails can be used with slotted cleat connections. Alternatively slots can be punched into the rail sections themselves with increased end clearance. By using this method savings are made on the cleat manufacture without compromising the effectiveness of the expansion mode. To assist the expansion movement of the rail under fire conditions, thermoplastic washers should be fitted between the bolt head and the rail interface. The wall cladding construction employed will determine the period of fire resistance. This information should be obtained from the appropriate cladding manufacturers.

Eaves Beam Fire Protection

Where rails are affixed to the eaves beam the eaves member will require fire protection.

Where eaves beams do not provide support to the rails no further steps need to be taken.

For Gauge Line Details See Page 49 - 51 For Cleat Details See Page 47 - 48

Uneven Bay Layout
In situations where there is an uneven number of bays a single line of Hi-Span firewall sleeves will be required in order to achieve continuity and avoid expensive single span end bay rails. Even bays can adopt a standard single span sleeved system, with a slotted connection to the non-sleeved end.

A

B

C

D

C

E

DETAIL A

Note: Hi-Span Firewall Sleeve used to Achieve Continuity

DETAIL B

DETAIL C

DETAIL D

DETAIL E

Standard side rail cleat, M16 bolts and steel washers

Slotted connection required at this joint to allow expansion in one end of each rail.

Standard sleeve to suit section size at rails, no slots are required at this joint

Slotted holes in Hi-Span rail

Slotted holes in Hi-Span rail

Slotted Connection
18mm x 38mm Lg Slot In Cold Rolled Rail

M16 BOLT

Firewall Sleeve
Slots In Rail Only Standard Gauge Lines

18 X 38 Long Slots In Rail

50 Gap To Allow For Expansion

Steel Washer Hi-Span Side Rail Expansion Hi-Span Sleeve Hot Rolled Plate Steel Washer Nut Thermoplastic Washer

25 30 55 32 DIM Y 110 22 DIM Y 32

For Firewall Sleeve Dimensions See Page 49 - 51

25

Window Trimmers RAILS Window Openings
When windows are called for in side and gable cladding, Hi-Span C-Channels provide an ideal solution for window headers, sills and trimmers. Standard strut braces and diagonal ties form the load bearing system (above and below the window opening where necessary) and the use of special packing plates with countersunk holes at the strut/rail connections, and M12 countersunk fixing bolts, provides a flush finish and a clear dimension between rails. Fixing cleats for vertical trimmers using our range of TC cleats, are countersunk similarly to also maintain a clear opening width.

Series 156 176 206 238 258 309 359

A 130 150 180 210 210 260 304

B 590 590 740 740 940 1340 1530

C 35 35 35 35 35 35 35

D 225 225 300 300 400 600 695

E 70 70 70 70 70 70 70

Counter Formed Plate Detail
In order to avoid countersunk cleats to strut members above or below windows, CFP plates can be used. These plates have oversized 32mm diameter holes which accommodate a standard 18mm diameter counter formed hole in the channel section. The bolt thread continues through the plate to the strut cleat, where it is fixed.
A

Standard Gauge Line

C Clear Structural Opening

D

E B

D

C

Cill Head Plate Detail Window Channel Pressings
For window jambs and headers. The Hi-Span WCP section is an ideal member. If rail centres exceed the height of the window, a WCP can be used to form a header or sill. In situations where a window head/sill continues past the column face a standard channel sleeve cannot be used as the fixings will protrude into the clear opening. Continuity is still required across the face of the column, in order to distribute moments about the joints. This is achieved by introducing a hot rolled ‘A’ x 8mm FLT x ‘B’ long. The hot rolled plate can achieve the same moment capacity as the cold rolled C-Channel assuring no failure will occur. It requires 8 No. 18 dia countersunk holes to continue the flush finish across the head/sill of the window. The detail shown is a recommended solution to overcome this particular situation; the dimensions are to suit standard punching holes. Final details and fabrication are not the responsibility of Hi-Span.

26

RAILS Anti-Sag Systems
Anti-Sag Systems
These are necessary to ensure that the rails line level along the length of the building and also provide torsional restraint to the unrestrained flange. The system consists of a continuous line of struts at either mid, third or quarter points along the rail span. In order to support the rails against vertical deflection diagonal tie wires are required. Where a hot rolled structural member of adequate strength is used as an eaves beam, the anti-sag system can be suspended from it therefore removing the necessity of the wires.

Dim H

CL o. s 2 N Hole 4Ø 1

Rigid Fix Struts
End View 2 End View

Rigid Fix Strut System Additional Diagonals
Further sets of diagonal bracings are required at the following dimensions. Dim H = 10m for metal cladding and 7.5m for fibre cement.

2

For Gauge Line Details See Page 49 - 51 For Cleat Details See Page 47 - 48

25 50

ST 15 Cleat For Sections 156 50x50x2 Thk L ST 15 Cleat 50 2 45º Optimum Angle Dim A O/All

Typical Column Stay Application
27

ST17, 20, 23, 25, 30, 35 Cleat For Sections 176 206 238 258 309 359 27 50x50x2 Thk L 18 Ø Holes 50x50x2 Thk L ST17, 20, 23, 25, 30, 35 Cleat Dim A O/All 2 Dim A O/All

Rigid Fix Struts
Rigid-fix struts are manufactured from 2.0mm pre-galvanised material, which is riveted either end to ST cleats. These must be used in cladding rails where diagonal braces occur. The angle member, unlike sag bars, has the capacity to resist compressive forces that are generated.

Anti-Sag Requirements
Restraints should be provided to suit the various span and sheeting conditions shown in the table below. For other forms of cladding please consult our Technical Department

Spans Up To 3.0m 4.5m 6.5m 8.0m 10.0m

Metal Sheeting N/A Mid-Span Mid-Span ¹⁄3 span points ¼ span points

Fibre Cement Sheeting N/A Mid-Span ¹⁄3 span points ¹⁄3 span points N/A

Column Stays
Our standard 50 x 50 x 2mm thick angles are ideal for use as column stays in most situations, and can be cut to any length up to a maximum of 3m. Standard sleeve holes should be used when fixing the stay to the rail; however non-standard fixing holes can be added where necessary in order to achieve an optimum column stay angle of about 45°. In situations where stays are used to restrain deep UB sections, it may be necessary to use larger angle sections. Please consult our Technical Department.
27 Diagram 1 For metal sheeting fixed with self-tapping screws.

Diagram 2 For fibre cement or similar cladding using cranked or close bent hook bolts

Rail Configuration
Metal sheeting is normally fixed using self tapping screws, as shown. Where fibre cement sheeting is specified, rails should always be fixed with the external flange facing upwards, in order for the hook bolts to wrap around the inner flange.

Anti-Sag Systems RAILS

Diagonal Bracing
Diagonal braces are manufactured from seven separate strands of wire rope with an adjustable threaded end and a fixed ‘ball type’ end swaged to the wires. For all rail systems diagonal braces are required to support the rails against sagging under their own self-weight about the minor axis. Where struts can be fixed back to an adequate hot rolled eaves member, the diagonal braces are not required. With a strut anti sag system the diagonals can be placed anywhere in the bay, but we recommend between the bottom lines of rails as this will aid erection. Additional sets of diagonal braces are needed according to the meterage of cladding they must support. As a rule each set can support up to 10m of metal cladding, or 7.5m of fibre cement sheeting. After this further braces are required. (As an alternative to the wire rope brace system , we can also offer a tubular diagonal brace system). The bracing bracket fixed to the cleat attached to the column must use the holes closest to the column, whereas the bracket that fixes to the centre of the rail should fix to the outer holes closest to the cladding.

Fixed End

Adjustable End

27½º - 47½º

78

mm

Detailers should note that where a strut connects through a bracing bracket, allowance should be made for the thickness of the bracket (5mm). Bracing bracket is 40mm wide.

70

70

5

.5

18 Ø Holes

70
45 22.5.

Bracing brackets are manufactured to suit standard slopes of 37½°. When using the ‘ball type’ washer as per the above detail, the angle can be decreased to a minimum of 27½° or increased to a maximum of 47½°.

.5

Bracing Bracket
35

8

Rigid Bracing Bracket
Where thicker/heavier cladding is required in order to alleviate overstressing the bracing bracket 8mm thick material is used. Also where the diagonal angles exceed or are less than the specified max/min slope, rigid bracing should be used.

22

35

30

18 Ø Holes

70
46 22.5

28

Fixing Details Hanger Details Eaves Brace Sets Restraint Requirements & Cleats

31 32 33 34

29

EAVES BEAM SYSTEMS

30

EAVES BEAMS Fixing Details
Eaves Beams
The Hi-Span Eaves Beam is a versatile structural element combining the functions of an eaves purlin and a side sheeting rail, column tie and gutter support. Designed to cater for spans up to 12.0m, it is available in four depths of varying thicknesses with an angled top flange giving a choice of roof slopes 0°, 5°, 10°, 15°, 22.5°, and 30°. All design calculations are based on a single span condition therefore removing any need for continuity between spans. Loading combinations and section properties are all calculated in accordance with BS 5950: Part 5: 1998. Web and flange holes can be manufactured with counter formed holes in order to suit flush face details.

Flush Face Detail
A

M16 CSK Fixing Bolts

Eaves Beam

ES Cleat

A View A - A

Outstand Detail
B

M16 CSK Fixing Bolts

Eaves Beam

ED Cleat

B View B - B

Standard Punching Patterns
These layouts do not imply that all sections are suitable

C of Columns L 3 3 Eaves Beam Length Web Holes Where Stiffening Cleats Are Required 3 3

18 Ø Flange Holes In Centre Of Bottom Flange 70 N.B Eaves Tie Holes Are Shown For A Typical Arrangement, Either Mid-Span Or Third Points 70

31

Hanger Details EAVES Eaves Hanger Struts

BEAMS

Side rail systems are normally supported on their weak axis by the inclusion of diagonal tie wires. Occasionally it is possible to hang side rails from the bottom flange of the eaves beam, therefore removing the necessity for the wires. For this reason a stiffening cleat is incorporated in the Eaves Brace Set, see page 34. When an eaves beam is used to support the side rail system, it becomes an essential part of the wall system, and therefore will require fire protection in a fire boundary wall situation. Typically the hanger strut is used where there is only one number side rail below the eaves beam, and it is not possible to incorporate the diagonal tie wire system.

C L
A B

C L

Stiffening Cleat Type ES17, ES20, ES24 Or ES28

Stiffening Cleat Type ES17, ES20, ES24 Or ES28

RH2 Cleat 50x50x2 THK L Toe To View

Eaves Beam

RH1 Cleat 50x50x2 THK L Toe To View

Eaves Beam

ST15 Cleat

ST17, 20, 23, 25, 30 Or 35 Cleat

A B View A - A View B - B

Eaves Soffit Detail Eaves Soffit
When a situtuaiton arises that requires a flush finish to the soffit it may be necessary to omit the bolt in the bottom flange hole. The stiffening cleat provides additional strength to the eaves member when supporting vertical loads as explained above. If the soffit detail is flush with the bottom flange of the eaves beam there is no longer a vertical load to support and therefore the fixing is no longer required.

ES/ED Fully CSK Cleat For Soffit Detail. Please Specify As Required

For Gauge Line Details See Page 51 For Cleat Details See Page 34

32

EAVES BEAMS Eaves Brace Sets
Eaves Brace Sets
Restraint to the eaves beam is required within the span, either at mid-span or third points according to design requirements. This can be evaluated using the Hi-Span Design Suite. With each brace set a stiffening cleat is needed to provide rigidity to the web of the member. The eaves brace member is fixed back to the first purlin up the slope, this construction reduces the effective span of the eaves member against horizontal wind forces. The inclusion of the brace set also helps to resist torsion on the eaves beam when the gutter is positioned outside of the building envelope. Section sizes calculated using the Hi-Span Design Suite assume that the compression flange of the eaves beam is fully restrained by the sheeting or gutter member.

Eaves Tie Type BW1 Eaves Tie Type BW1
The eaves tie type BW1 is suitable where there is a boundary wall gutter directly on top of the eaves beam. Due to the nature of this construction the standard restraint between the eaves beam and the purlin is no longer possible. An additional angle cleat is required in order to offset the restraint member below the gutter sole. This particular detail can vary greatly between jobs and it is ultimately the detailers responsibilty to ensure that the sole of the gutter does not clash with the restraint member.

Hi-Span Angle Cleat To Suit purlin i.e: A15, A17, A20, A23, A25, A30 Or A35

Stiffening Cleat Type ES17, ES20, ES24 Or ES28

L THK 0x3 50x5e To View To

EB17, EB20, EB24 Or EB28 Cleat Fixed By M10 Bolts

Eaves Tie Type EG1
The eaves gutter 1 restraint is a suitable eaves beam restaint where the gutter sits on the outer face of the building envelope. This particular restraint is suitable for roof pitches up to and including 15°.
L THK 0x3 w 50x5e To Vie To

Eaves Tie Type EG1 0°-15°
Stiffening Cleat Type ES17, ES20, ES24 Or ES28 ES17, EB20, EB24 Or EB28 Cleat Fixed By M10 Bolts

Eaves Tie Type EG2
Where the roof pitch exceeds 15° the eaves gutter 2 restraint is required. This suits the sag bar configuration as shown on page 14, where the sags bars are positioned from the top gauge line holes to the bottom.

KL TH 0x3 iew 0x5 e To V 5 o T

Eaves Tie Type EG2 > 15°
Stiffening Cleat Type ES17, ES20, ES24 Or ES28 EB17, EB20, EB24 Or EB28 Cleat Fixed By M10 Bolts

For further Eaves Beam details please contact the Hi-Span Technical Department

33

Restraint Requirements & Cleats EAVES Eaves Beam Restraint Requirement

BEAMS

The restraint requirement for each eaves beam situation is displayed on the calculation sheet provided by the Hi-Span Design Suite. If this information is not available the following recommendations should be adhered to.

Up to 6.100m

1 No. Restraint

6.100m - 8.500m

2 No. Restraints

Over 8.500m

3 No. Restraints

Eaves Beam Brace Set Cleats
The following cleats used in various combinations can develop the strut systems shown on the opposite page. These are capable of restraining roof slopes up to 30°, beyond this please consult our Technical Department.

D C

Cleat A
3 th
D

25

C

Cleat EB
12 Ø Holes

2 th

B

k

k

18 Ø les Ho
25 25 25

37
30°

E 25
2 th
5

k

25

25

43

Cleat FB
25

18 Ø les Ho
35

Cleat DIM B DIM C DIM D DIM E A15 A17 A20 A23 A25 A30 A35 100 100 103 100 112 112 112 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 33 33 31 34 32 32 32 175

8 th

2

20

B

20

2 5 2 0

50

195 225 255 265 315 360

18 Ø les Ho

Cleat DIM B DIM C DIM D EB17 EB20 EB24 EB28 84 100 115 146 62 70 78 93 37 45 53 68

2 5

25
Cleat FB

25

2 5

130

k

Cleat ED Cleat DIM A DIM B

8 th

80

k

Cleat ES Cleat DIM A DIM B ES17 ES20 ES24 ES28 84 100 116 146 42 53 53 53

27

27
18 Ø Holes Fully nk C/Su

ED17 ED20 ED24 ED28

84 100 116 146

42 53 53 53
A

18 Ø Holes Fully nk C/Su

A

18 Ø les Ho

18 Ø les Ho

B
4 8 2 7

B

30

70

30

4 8

40

40

2 7

34

Mezzanine Floor System Ceiling Channel System Brickwork Restraints, Parapets & Compound Sections Door & Window Trimmers

37 38 39 40

35

CHANNELS SYSTEMS

36

CHANNELS Mezzanine Floor System
Mezzanine Floor Beams
Hi-Span C-Channels are a comprehensive range of channels for a diversity of applications. Primarily for use within mezzanine floors, C-Channel sections can also be applied in many other circumstances such as door framing, roof trimming, window trimming, brickwork restraints, parapet rails and side rails. The mezzanine floor beam depths of 127, 220, 270, and 290mm are all catered for within the range, together with C-Channel depths of 150, 170, 205, 230, 305 and 350mm, which are fully compatible with our ‘Z’ purlin and rail sections. While the mezzanine floor beams are normally punched with 18 diameter holes as standard, 14 diameter holes are also available in these sections, together with the option of counter formed holes.

Restraint Requirements
As the bottom flange of the C-Channel is usually unrestrained we recommend that a Hi-Span tubular sag rod is fitted. Where possible the channels should face toe to toe with the restraint situated in the lower gauge line holes. (Typically spans less than 3.50m do not require restraints).

Single Span Design
The single span design is more commonly used than the double span design due to floor depth restrictions. Please ensure that the holes in the standard MFB cleat project far enough beyond the flange of the hot rolled member to provide an adequate fixing to the C-Channel. Non standard cleats are available.

Double Span Design
The double span design is used when there is no depth restrictions within the floor zone. The benefit of a continous member is reduced deflections, which in turn can reduce the section size and therefore cost. Standard purlin cleats can be used for this system, please see page 4748 for details.

MFB Floor Cleats
When Hi-Span C-Channels are used as mezzanine floor beams the MFB cleats should be used at the supports. The cleats are manufactured from a thicker material than the trimmer cleats to support the higher shear loads associated with floors. When a double span system is used, hot rolled cleats are needed in order to support the web of the channel. Fixings directly through the bottom flange of the channel to the supporting member is not recommended.
C

5 th

k

Threaded Sag Bars
These 19mm diameter flow-coat galvanised and lacquered seamless tubular sag bars are preferred by many consultants and structural engineers: not only for visual effect, but also from a structural point of view. They are sturdy (0.9mm thick) and the zinc plated 12mm dia. threaded end spigots with nut and washer provide a positive fixing. (They are available in three standard lengths 20mm, 32mm and 100mm).
Dim G 32 mm Standard

18 Ø les Ho
D E

Please Note: The MFB50 cleat can be used to suit the gauge lines of a WCP

25 G
30 30

E

Cleat MFB50 MFB67 MFB87 MFB116 MFB146 MFB196

DIM C 94 111 131 160 190 240 285

DIM D 50 67 87 116 146 196 241

DIM E 22 22 22 22 22 22 22

DIM G 110 110 110 120 120 130 130

Please ensure Dim G less 32mm clears the flange of the primary beam

MFB241

37

Ceiling Channel System CHANNELS
Angle strut braces must fix back to the perimeter wall to avoid lateral movement of the ceiling grid

Ceiling Channels
In response to the frequent use of Hi-Span channels as part of the ceiling support grid, load tables have been prepared for single span ceiling channels (available on the Hi-Span Design Suite). These provide maximum allowable loads (based on a load factor of 1.6) restricted to the deflection limits indicated. As with non-restraining cladding systems, the top flanges of ceiling channels are unrestrained, and lateral restraint must be provided by the use of angle strut braces. (See page 13 for details). Where ceiling channels can be continuous, i.e. fixed to the underside of the supporting steelwork, the sleeved system may be adopted, and allowable loads taken from the values given in the load tables for purlins carrying non-restraining cladding. If channels are to be used in ceiling support grids suspended from pitched roof portal frames, or other high level steelwork by means of hangers, please consult our Technical Department.

Restraint Requirements
As neither the top flange or the bottom flange of a ceiling support channel is restrained, we recommend using a rigid fix strut between members. These are situated at either midspan or third points, according to bay size.

Trimming Cleats
When additional trimming channels are needed Hi-Span TC cleats can be used at supports. They are referenced by the standard gauge line of the section size being used.
C

3 th

k

18 Ø les Ho
D E

Please Note: The C127 series require off-gauge punching and the TC50 cleat when used as trimmers

25 G
30 30

E

Cleat TC50 TC67 TC87 TC116 TC146 TC196 TC241

DIM C 94 111 131 160 190 240 285

DIM D 50 67 87 116 146 196 241

DIM E 22 22 22 22 22 22 22

DIM G 110 110 110 110 130 130 130

38

CHANNELS Brickwork Restraints, Parapet Channels & Compound Sections
Brickwork Restraints
Hi-Span C-Channels can be used to restrain small block/brickwork walls. The channels sit directly on top of the wall and are connected using sliding anchors. The wall will provide support to the channel about its weak axis, and the channel will restrain the wall against horizontal wind forces. Where walls are erected after the channels, temporary propping will be needed until the wall is in place. When designing brickwork restraints, using the HiSpan Design Suite, consideration must be made to the higher deflection limits required by both block and brickwork walls. Restraint must be provided to the outer flange of the channel by a positive fixing to the overlapping cladding.

Parapet Channels
Many buildings are designed to incorporate a parapet to the perimeter to hide the ridge from view. The parapet has a horizontal coping which can require fixing to the internal face, external face and over the top of the parapet. Hi-Span C-Channels are capable of fulfilling all of this criteria. They come in a range of depths to suit practically all parapet dimensions. Horizontal C-Channels can be designed and detailed using the Hi-Span Design and Detailing Suite. To order your free copy please contact the Hi-Span sales desk.
Sin gle

Back to Back C-Channel compression members

C-

Ch

an

ne

l te

ns

ion

me

mb

Compound Sections
Back to back channels can be used in a variety of applications. For example eaves ties, bracing members and posts. Valuable cost and weight savings can be made when utilising these light weight members. The entire C-Channel range can be used for any of these purposes offering a variety of solutions, please contact our Technical Department for further information.

39

Back to Back C-C hannel compound

post member

ers

Door & Window Trimmers CHANNELS

C-Channel Header

WCP’s

C-Channel Posts

C-Channel Header

CFP Plate with 32 Ø holes to accomodate the counter-sunk holes

TC Cleat

CFP Plate with 32 Ø holes to accomodate the counter-sunk holes

TC Cleat

Counter-formed holes to achieve a flush face

Door Post to Header Connection
Counter-formed holes to achieve a flush face CFP Plate with 32 Ø holes to accomodate the counter-sunk holes

Counter-formed holes to achieve a flush face

C-Channel Post

Rail to Post Connection Door & Window Trimmers
C-Channel sections are ideal members for framing both doors & windows. With the web orientated towards the opening a flush clean surface is available to affix the door and window frames. By using standard trimmer cleats that suit the C-Channel gauge lines, accompanied by CFP plates to accomodate the counter-sunk holes, various arrangements are achievable.

C-Channel Post TC Cleat chemically anchored to concrete slab

Door Post to Slab Connection
40

Hi-Wall Stud System Hi-Wall Grid System

43-44 45-46

41

HI-WALL SYSTEMS

42

HI-WALL Stud System
External Walls
The Hi-Wall stud framing system utilises the strength and versatility of the C-Channel section. The system comprises of a series of vertical ‘stud’ members, which are encapsulated by a series of ‘header rail’ and ‘base rail’ members. In combination these sections can rapidly create an external wall envelope that allows early construction of the internal liner, creating a weathertight environment. There are two main methods of application for the stud system, firstly there is the infill wall panel system that sits directly between the structural frame and secondly studs are fixed continuously to the outside of the structural frame. Both methods are quick and easy to install offering further advantages over traditional timber construction. Typically the infill panel and the continuous panel are designed as non load bearing structures resisting only lateral wind forces which are transferred back to the structural frame. A variety of external cladding systems can be fixed to and restrained by either framing system. Brickwork, blockwork, metal insulated cladding panels and timber weatherboarding are to name but a few systems that benefit from being fixed to Hi-Wall panels. Studs and Header sections can be ordered as blank lengths and sent to site for cutting and fitting. Alternatively clients can send drawings detailing their requirements to Hi-Span for manufacture. Sections will then be cut, punched and marked with an individual panel reference prior to delivery to site. This method has the advantage of reducing time spent on site and allows the inclusion of additional works such as service holes.
Vertical Studs Header Rail Compound Member

Infill Panel System
The Infill Panel System is designed to sit between the structural frame. Header rails and base rails are fixed directly to the frame with vertical studs spanning between them. Header and base rails are pressed members and are available in up to 4.00m lengths. Stud members are predominantely rolled sectons and are available in up to 15.0m lengths. With non-load bearing panels a slotted deflection rail is required in place of the header rail. This member has vertical slots along its length which allow movement of the rail about the stud fixing when the structural frame deflects. Slotted deflection headers are only available in 105mm, 155mm and 210mm widths. This should be taken into consideration when assessing vertical stud sections for non-load bearing panels. Where openings occur in a panel it may be necessary to stiffen the framing members. Compound members can be manufactured by fitting a stud member inside a header rail. For further details please contact the Technical Department.

Base Rail

Infill Panel System Continuous Panel System
The Continuous Panel System requires vertical suds fixed to cleats on the outside of the structural frame. As with the infill panels the studs are designed to carry lateral wind loads only. Deflection of the structural frame is not transferred to the studs by the inclusion of vertical slots on the hot rolled cleats (by others). This system offers greater speed of erection as the studs can be supplied in up to 15m lengths. Header and base rail sections can also be supplied as necessary to form a capping to the studs which may be needed as an additional fixing face for the cladding system. Hi-Span recommend indicating positions of service holes on detailed drawings to be included in stud manufacture. Holes of up to 23mm dia can be incorporated on the mill line, other sizes are available, please contact the sales office for further information. Where openings occur compound sections can be used to construct the framework. Additional cold rolled cleats may be required to fix the studs to the flush face of the compound member.

Vertical Studs

Compound Member

Slotted Cleats (By Others)

Continuous Panel System

Internal Partitions
The above panel systems can both be used to create lightweight internal partitions. The system is quick to erect and both load bearing and non-load bearing partitions can be designed. By ordering pre-fabricated sections delivered directly to site, essential time savings are made compared to the more traditional timber stud wall. For further information on Hi-Wall stud systems and recommended installers please contact the Hi-Span Technical Department.

43

Stud System Modular Construction
The Hi-Wall panel systems can be used to completely frame an entire low rise buiding. By employing similar principles laid out in the panel systems, load bearing wall panels and floor panels can be designed and constructed. Single storey load bearing walls create the external framework of the structure. A series of non load bearing and load bearing internal wall panels are positioned to form the inner framework. By applying flat bracing along the walls lateral stability is provided. Non-lipped hanger members are fixed to the load bearing internal and external walls allowing construction of floor panels. These are manufactured to very high tolerances to ensure load transfer between floor panels and wall panels does not create any eccentric loading. Details of all door and window openings should be provided prior to manufacture to ensure compound sections can be designed and positoned. At this stage it is good practice to include for all service holes as the stud sections can be pre-punched prior to delivery. Site construction must be performed by competent erection sub contractors who are familiar with this type of construction. Hi-Span are happy to recommend suitable companies to carry out this work.

HI-WALL

Service Holes

Noggins

Flat Bracing

Pre-Formed Panel

Hi-Wall Sections

Please Note: Hi-Span recommend using quality fasteners to construct all Hi-Wall systems. Please visit www.ejot.co.uk for further information.

A specific range of lipped channels has been created to accomodate the varying wall thicknesses needed to suit architects requirements.To accompany this range a series of lipless header and base rails are available which contain the vertical stud members.

Flange y Lip t x

Stud Manufacture Details
Section Pressed or Series Rolled Pressed Pressed Rolled Rolled Rolled Rolled 70 100 150 205 255 305 Max. Length m 4.00 4.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00
D x t

Flange y

Header Manufacture Details
Section Pressed or Series
x

Max. Length m 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00 4.00

Rolled Pressed Pressed Pressed Pressed Pressed Pressed

D

x

x

x

y y Flange Lip

y y Flange

70 100 150 205 255 305

Section Dimensions
Section Depth Flange Lip Ref. S7015 S10012 S10015 S10020 S15012 S15015 S15020 S20512 S20515 S20520 S25516 S25520 S30520 S30529 mm 70 100 100 100 150 150 150 205 205 205 255 255 305 305 mm 35 47 47 47 66 66 66 66 66 66 80 80 90 90 mm 10 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 18 18 21 21 t mm 1.5 1.2 1.5 2.0 1.2 1.5 2.0 1.2 1.5 2.0 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.9 Weight Area kg/m 1.74 2.02 2.50 3.27 2.85 3.53 4.65 3.37 4.18 5.51 5.50 6.83 8.02 11.47 cm2 2.22 2.57 3.18 4.16 3.63 4.50 5.92 x bar mm 35.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 75.00 75.00 75.00 y bar mm 22.94 30.81 30.81 30.79 45.66 45.65 45.63

Section Dimensions
Section Depth Flange Ref. H7412 H10512 H10515 H15512 H21012 H26012 H31016 mm 74 105 105 155 210 260 310 mm 40 56 56 75 75 90 100 t mm 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 Weight Area kg/m 1.41 2.00 2.49 2.83 3.35 4.10 6.33 cm2 1.82 2.58 3.21 3.63 4.29 5.25 8.11 x bar mm 37.00 52.50 52.50 77.50 y bar mm 29.32 41.25 41.18 56.25

105.00 59.05 130.00 71.26 155.00 79.94

4.29 102.50 48.65 5.33 102.50 48.63 7.02 102.50 48.60 7.01 127.50 59.31 8.70 127.50 59.28 10.22 152.50 67.30 14.61 152.50 67.22
D t

Brace Section Dimensions
Section Series B50 B100 Depth mm 50 100 t mm 1.00 1.00

Flat strip sections are used as lateral and diagonal bracing, for further information please contact the Hi-Span Technical Department

44

HI-WALL Grid System
Partition Walls
A simple and effective way to patition a warehouse can be achieved using the Hi-Wall range of section sizes. A large variety of section depths means limitless possibilities for even the largest spans. This system, as with a typical Hi-Wall system, makes the use of a header and runner section. This section consists of a lipless C-Section used as a guide for the vertical members. The runner is normally fixed to the concrete slab using pairs of Tapcon screws at regular intervals. Seperate lipped sleeve sections can be used to achieve continuity as the runner and header sections are only available at a maximum of 4.00m in length. The header member is tek-screwed directly to the intersection with the existing purlin member or to the structural frame itself, depending upon the position of the partition. Again sleeves are used to achieve continuity for the header member. Unlike the previous Hi-Wall stud system, warehouse partitions are usually clad with horizontal/vertical spanning composite/trapezoidal cladding. Due to their inherent spanning capabilities (please confirm the maximum span using manufacturers guidance) it is possible to open up the vertical posts, reducing the overall number of members required, these are tek-screwed to the header and runner members already positioned. Typically the posts are positioned back to back or toe to toe, whichever suits the draughtsmens details. Horizontal members are fitted between the posts. These serve as fixing positions for vertically spanning cladding, and laterally restrain the posts. The horizontal members can be constructed from standard C-Channel sections using TC cleats either bolted or tek-screwed on site. An alternative to this would be using the WCP section, which is ideal as their is no need to seperately fix the cleats to the end of the member although this is reflected in the price. Please contact the Technical Department for further information on the use of WCP’s in walls. Hi-Span will provide these sections as blank lengths to be cut and fixed on-site. As an alternative we have the capability to fully detail all of the members required, and provide you with a general arrangement drawing for ease of erection on site. We recommend that the client sources their own fixings.

Typical Warehouse Partition
Any number of variations can be incorporated depending on client requirements. For example personnel or roller shutter door frames may be needed for access to either side of the partition.

45

Grid System

HI-WALL

Toe to Toe Posts

Posts in Runner

In-House Detailing WCP Connection Concrete Fixings
Hi-Span has the resources available to design and detail any partition wall system. Where necessary a site survey can be performed to gather the initial information needed to construct a full set of detail drawings accompanied by a general arrangement drawing to aid site erection

DETAIL 1

Sleeve Connection
DETAIL 4

DETAIL 2

DETAIL 3

D
DETAIL 6

DETAIL 1 OPP HAND

C

DETAIL 5

B

A

DETAIL 6

DETAIL 1

DETAIL 2

DETAIL 3

DETAIL 4

DETAIL 5

Details shown are indicative only, please contact the Technical Department for further information

46

CLEAT DETAILS
Cleat ST
2 th k
20 B 20

Cleat DIM A DIM B ST15 ST17 107 127 156 186 186 236 281 67 87 116 146 146 196 241
40

3 th

C

25

D

Cleat AC
12 Ø Holes

k

30

14 Ø les Ho

ST20 ST23 ST25 ST30 ST35

25 25

50

14 Ø s Hole
20 B 20

A

35

MFB116 MFB146 MFB196 MFB241

50
111

25 20

Cleat DIM B DIM C DIM D AC15 AC17 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 41 51 65 80 80 105 128 41 51 66 81 81 106 128

2 th
25 25

k

29

2 th

40

k

18 Ø les Ho
140
Cleat RH1
105

25 25
50

18 Ø les Ho
80
Cleat RH2

AC20 AC23 AC25 AC30 AC35

3 th

50

k

E

Cleat VRT
18 Ø Holes

3 th
25

25

55

Cleat VR
14 Ø Holes

Cleat DIM A DIM B DIM C DIM D DIM E VR15 VR17 VR20 VR23 20 20 18 20 22 22 22 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 18 18 21 19 32 32 32 100 100 100 120 120 140 140 25 45 75 105 120 170 215

k

25 70 38

14 Ø les Ho

18 Ø les Ho

D

VR25 VR30 VR35

25

55

25

C

B

A

MFB50 MFB67 MFB87

45 28
C

5 th
25 G
30

k

Please Note: The MFB50 cleat can be used to suit the gauge lines of a WCP

38 32

C

3 th

k

Please Note: The C127 series require off-gauge punching and the TC50 cleat when used as trimmers

25 G

18 Ø les Ho
D E
30

Cleat MFB

18 Ø les Ho
D E

Cleat TC

30 30

E

E

Cleat

DIM C 94 111 131 160 190 240 285

DIM D 50 67 87 116 146 196 241

DIM E 22 22 22 22 22 22 22

DIM G 110 110 110 120 120 130 130

Cleat TC50 TC67 TC87 TC116 TC146 TC196 TC241

DIM C 94 111 131 160 190 240 285

DIM D 50 67 87 116 146 196 241

DIM E 22 22 22 22 22 22 22

DIM G 110 110 110 110 130 130 130

47

CLEAT DETAILS
Cleat A
2 th k
C B D
25 C

3 th

D

Cleat EB
12 Ø Holes

k

18 Ø les Ho
25 25 25

37
30°

E 25
100 100 103 100 112 112 112 67 87 116 146 146 196 241
130

2 th

k

25

25

43

Cleat DIM B DIM C DIM D DIM E
25

Cleat FB

18 Ø les Ho
35

A15 A17 A20 A23 A25 A30 A35

thk

5 2

33 33 31 34 32 32 32

175 195
50

20

B

20

5 2 0 2

225 255 265 315 360

18 Ø les Ho

Cleat DIM B DIM C DIM D EB17 84 100 116 146 62 70 78 93 37 45 53 68

5 2

25
Cleat FB
8 th

25

5 2

EB20 EB24 EB28
80

Cleat PC Cleat DIM C DIM R PC15 PC17
18 Ø Holes

k

Cleat ES Cleat DIM B DIM C ES17 ES20 ES24 ES28 84 100 116 146 42 53 53 53

THK 6mm 6mm 8mm 8mm 8mm

27

67 87 116 146 146 196 241

50 50 53 50 62 62 62

PC20 PC23 PC25 PC30

18 Ø Holes Fully nk C/Su

25 C R
30 70
130

B

10mm
4

18 Ø les Ho

C

30

PC35

10mm

thk

Cleat C

Cleat DIM A DIM B C15 C17 C20 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 50 50 53 50 62 62 62

THK 6mm

8 th

8

40
130

40

2 7

k

Cleat ED
18 Ø Holes Fully nk C/Su

Cleat DIM A DIM B ED17 ED20 ED24 ED28 84 100 116 146 42 53 53 53

27

6mm 8mm 8mm 8mm 10mm
B A

25
18 Ø Holes

C23 C25 C30

A B
30 70
10
45

C35
30
25

10mm

18 Ø les Ho

Cleat CFP50
A

DIM A DIM B 100 117 137 166 196 246 291 50 67 87 116 146 196 241
6 th k

30

70

30
Cleat CP156 DIM B DIM C 36 36 40 34 47 44 44 67 87 116 146 146 196 241

4 8 2 7

Cleat CFP
thk

CFP67 CFP87 CFP116

Cleat CP

14 Ø Holes

CP176 CP206 CP238
B

30
25 B 25

CFP146 CFP196 CFP241

CP258 CP309 CP359

C B

30

32 Ø les Ho

48

SECTION PROPERTIES Z Section
Top Flange y F t x b

Gauge Line Details
Section Dim b Dim c Series 156 176 206 238 258 309 359 mm 43 43 46 44 57 57 57 mm 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 Dim r mm 40 40 43 40 52 52 52

Lip Dimensions
Section Dim F Dim E Series 156 176 206 238 258 309 359 mm 17 17 17 17 17 20 20 mm 19 19 19 19 19 22 22

D

x

x

c

r E y Btm Flange y

Section Dimensions
Section Depth Ref. Z15614 Z15615 Z15616 Z15618 Z15620 Z17614 Z17615 Z17616 Z17618 Z17620 Z17624 Z20614 Z20615 Z20616 Z20618 Z20620 Z20624 Z23815 Z23816 Z23818 Z23820 Z23824 Z23832 Z25816 Z25818 Z25820 Z25824 Z25830 Z25832 Z30920 Z30925 Z30929 Z35925 Z35929 150 150 150 150 150 170 170 170 170 170 170 205 205 205 205 205 205 230 230 230 230 230 230 255 255 255 255 255 255 305 305 305 350 350 Top 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 94 94 94 94 94 Bottom 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 86 86 86 86 86 t 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 3.2 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 3.0 3.2 2.0 2.5 2.9 2.5 2.9
Dim L

Section Properties
Weight Area kg/m 3.24 3.47 3.71 4.17 4.63 3.48 3.73 3.98 4.48 4.98 5.92 3.87 4.14 4.42 4.97 5.53 6.58 4.83 5.15 5.79 6.44 7.63 10.05 5.46 6.15 6.83 8.10 10.01 10.68 8.02 9.91 11.50 10.79 12.52 cm2 4.13 4.43 4.72 5.31 5.90 4.44 4.76 5.07 5.71 6.34 7.54 4.93 5.28 5.63 6.34 7.04 8.38 6.15 6.56 7.38 8.20 9.72 12.80 6.96 7.83 8.70 10.32 12.75 13.60 10.22 12.63 14.65 13.75 15.95 Ixx cm4 154.43 165.00 175.50 196.32 216.90 206.25 220.41 234.48 262.40 290.02 344.34 319.27 341.26 363.15 406.61 449.64 534.44 510.27 543.17 608.55 673.39 801.41 1050.92 691.19 774.58 857.30 1020.77 1261.05 1431.61 Zxx cm3 20.30 21.69 23.07 25.80 28.51 23.94 25.59 27.22 30.46 33.67 39.97 30.78 32.90 35.01 39.20 43.35 51.52 43.72 46.53 52.14 57.69 68.66 90.03 53.46 59.91 66.30 78.95 97.52 92.76 Iyy cm4 40.24 42.88 45.49 50.62 55.63 40.24 42.89 45.50 50.63 55.64 65.32 40.25 42.89 45.50 50.64 55.65 65.33 77.78 82.59 92.08 101.39 119.48 153.58 Zyy cm3 6.27 6.69 7.10 7.91 8.71 6.27 6.68 7.09 7.91 8.70 6.26 6.67 7.08 Rxx Ryy cm cm x bar mm y bar mm 64.16 64.11 64.06 63.96 63.86 64.23 64.18 64.13 64.03 63.93 63.74 Zxc cm3 19.04 20.72 22.40 25.69 28.82 22.60 24.57 26.53 30.36 34.03 40.90 29.36 31.85 34.33 39.17 43.82 52.60 39.90 43.18 49.82 56.48 69.32 92.59 49.99 57.57 65.13 79.74 99.98 88.78 Mcxx kNm 6.695 7.425 8.158 9.607 11.013 7.657 8.507 9.359 11.048 12.690 15.822 9.289 10.359 11.431 13.558 15.636 19.633 12.368 13.757 16.600 19.481 25.155 35.762 15.230 18.461 21.730 28.176 37.358 27.603

mm Flange Flange mm

6.00 3.06 73.92 6.00 3.06 73.92 5.99 3.05 73.92 5.98 3.04 73.92 5.97 3.02 73.91 6.72 2.97 83.86 6.71 2.96 83.86 6.71 2.96 83.86 6.70 2.94 83.86 6.69 2.93 83.86

10.25 6.67 2.91 83.86

7.94 2.82 101.28 64.33 7.94 2.81 101.28 64.28 7.93 2.81 101.28 64.23

7.90 7.92 2.80 101.28 64.13 8.69 7.91 2.78 101.27 64.04 10.23 7.89 2.76 101.27 63.84 9.62 10.23 11.42 12.59 14.87 19.20 9.02 9.02 9.01 9.00 8.98 8.94 3.52 3.52 3.50 3.49 3.47 3.42 113.28 113.28 113.28 113.27 113.27 113.27 80.81 80.76 80.66 80.56 80.37 79.97

82.60 10.22 9.88 3.42 125.70 80.84 92.09 11.41 9.87 3.40 125.70 80.74 101.40 12.57 9.86 3.39 125.70 80.64 119.49 14.85 9.84 3.37 125.70 80.45 145.33 18.13 9.81 3.33 125.69 80.15 153.06 16.70 11.74 3.84 150.67 91.67

1339.84 103.62 153.60 19.19 9.80 3.32 125.69 80.06 106.39 40.314 1774.74 115.00 187.59 20.52 11.72 3.81 150.67 91.43 114.63 38.837 2045.05 132.51 214.17 23.47 11.70 3.79 150.67 91.23 134.22 47.581 2459.94 139.04 187.61 20.50 13.23 3.65 173.07 91.53 138.97 44.823 2836.03 160.29 214.20 23.45 13.21 3.63 173.07 91.34 162.36 55.259

Dim A Dim B Dim C 18 Ø Holes Firewall Sleeves 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32

Z Sleeve Gauge Line Details
Section Dim L Dim X Dim A Dim B Dim C Series 156 176 206 238 258 309 359 mm 584 584 734 734 934 1334 1524 mm 225 225 300 300 400 600 695 mm 40 40 43 40 52 52 52 mm 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 mm 43 43 46 44 57 57 57 Dim Y mm 205 205 280 280 380 580 675

32

Dim Y

110

Dim Y

32

49

SECTION PROPERTIES C Section
Top Flange y F t x b

Additional Details Gauge Line Details
Section Dim b Dim c Dim d Series 156 176 206 238 258 309 359 mm 42 42 45 42 55 55 55 mm 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 h 41 41 44 42 54 54 54

HI-WALL

Lip Dimensions
Section Dim F Dim E Series 156 176 206 238 258 309 359 mm 15 15 15 18 18 21 21 mm 15 15 15 18 18 21 21

D

x

x

c

y y Btm Flange E

d

Section Dimensions
Section Depth Ref. C15614 C15615 C15616 C15618 C15620 C17614 C17615 C17616 C17618 C17620 C17624 C20614 C20615 C20616 C20618 C20620 C20624 C23815 C23816 C23818 C23820 C23824 C23832 C25816 C25818 C25820 C25824 C25830 C25832 C30920 C30925 C30929 C35925 C35929 150 150 150 150 150 170 170 170 170 170 170 205 205 205 205 205 205 230 230 230 230 230 230 255 255 255 255 255 255 305 305 305 350 350 Top 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 90 90 90 90 90 Bottom 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 90 90 90 90 90 t 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 3.2 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 3.0 3.2 2.0 2.5 2.9 2.5 2.9
Dim L

Section Properties
Weight Area kg/m 3.24 3.47 3.71 4.17 4.63 3.48 3.73 3.98 4.48 4.98 5.92 3.87 4.14 4.42 4.97 5.53 6.58 4.83 5.15 5.79 6.44 7.63 10.05 5.46 6.15 6.83 8.10 10.01 10.68 8.02 9.91 11.50 10.79 12.52 cm2 4.13 4.43 4.72 5.31 5.90 4.44 4.76 5.07 5.71 6.34 7.54 4.93 5.28 5.63 6.34 7.04 8.38 6.15 6.56 7.38 8.20 9.72 12.80 6.96 7.83 8.70 10.32 12.75 13.60 10.22 12.63 14.65 13.75 15.95 Ixx cm4 156.26 166.95 177.58 198.64 219.45 208.36 222.65 236.87 265.07 292.96 347.83 321.86 344.03 366.09 409.90 453.27 538.74 514.40 547.57 613.50 678.87 807.97 1059.61 696.59 780.64 864.03 1028.82 1271.07 1432.01 Zxx cm3 20.84 22.26 23.68 26.49 29.26 24.51 26.19 27.87 31.18 34.47 40.92 31.40 33.56 35.72 39.99 44.22 52.56 44.73 47.61 53.35 59.03 70.26 92.14 54.63 61.23 67.77 80.69 99.69 93.90 Iyy cm4 25.31 26.99 28.64 31.90 35.09 26.33 28.07 29.79 33.18 36.50 42.93 27.83 29.67 31.50 35.08 38.59 45.39 52.17 55.42 61.84 68.15 80.44 103.75 57.10 63.71 70.21 82.87 Zyy cm3 5.54 5.91 6.27 6.99 7.69 5.62 5.99 6.36 7.08 7.80 9.17 5.72 6.10 6.48 7.22 7.94 9.35 8.97 9.53 10.64 11.73 13.85 17.88 Rxx Ryy cm cm x bar mm y bar mm 45.65 45.65 45.64 45.64 45.63 46.85 46.85 46.85 46.84 46.83 46.81 Zxc cm3 18.97 20.65 22.33 25.61 28.73 22.51 24.47 26.43 30.25 33.91 40.76 29.23 31.71 34.18 39.00 43.64 52.39 40.17 43.44 50.05 56.61 69.18 92.01 50.30 57.82 65.28 79.59 99.46 88.84 Mcxx kNm 6.670 7.399 8.130 9.576 10.978 7.625 8.472 9.323 11.007 12.643 15.764 9.246 10.312 11.381 13.501 15.570 19.550 12.450 13.841 16.675 19.527 25.102 35.542 15.324 18.543 21.780 28.123 37.166 27.624

mm Flange Flange mm

6.04 2.43 75.00 6.03 2.42 75.00 6.03 2.42 75.00 6.02 2.41 75.00 6.01 2.40 75.00 6.75 2.40 85.00 6.75 2.40 85.00 6.74 2.39 85.00 6.73 2.38 85.00 6.72 2.37 85.00 6.70 2.36 85.00

7.98 2.35 102.50 48.64 7.97 2.34 102.50 48.63 7.97 2.34 102.50 48.63 7.96 2.33 102.50 48.61 7.95 2.32 102.50 48.60 7.93 2.30 102.50 48.57 9.04 9.03 9.02 9.01 8.99 8.95 2.88 2.87 2.86 2.86 2.84 2.80 115.00 115.00 115.00 115.00 115.00 115.00 58.13 58.12 58.11 58.10 58.08 58.03

9.63 9.90 2.83 127.50 59.31 10.74 9.89 2.82 127.50 59.29 11.84 9.88 2.82 127.50 59.28 13.99 9.85 2.80 127.50 59.25

101.04 17.07 9.82 2.77 127.50 59.21 103.94 15.45 11.75 3.16 152.50 67.30

1350.51 105.92 106.88 18.06 9.81 2.76 127.50 59.19 105.79 40.088 1775.24 116.41 127.59 18.97 11.72 3.14 152.50 67.26 114.09 38.654 2045.63 134.14 145.86 21.70 11.70 3.12 152.50 67.22 133.11 47.191 2460.53 140.60 132.38 19.19 13.23 3.07 175.00 68.98 138.31 44.612 2836.72 162.10 151.33 21.95 13.21 3.05 175.00 68.94 161.09 54.831

Dim A Dim B Dim C 18 Ø Holes Firewall Sleeves 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32

C Sleeve Gauge Line Details <1.8mm
Section Dim L Dim X Dim A Dim B Dim C Series 156 176 206 238 258 mm 584 584 734 734 934 mm 225 225 300 300 400 mm 38 39 36 38 49 mm 67 87 116 146 146 mm 37 38 35 38 49 Dim Y mm 205 205 280 280 380

32

Dim Y

110

Dim Y

32

Lipped C-Channel Sleeves apply to channels up to and including 1.8mm gauge. Sleeves for thicker sections are shown on page 51.

50

E Section & C Section SECTION
Top Flange
y t x

PROPERTIES
Lip Dimensions
Section Dim F Dim E Depth 170 200 240 280 mm 16 20 20 20 mm 20 22 22 22

F
b

Gauge Line Details
Section Dim b Dim c Dim d Depth 170 200 240 280 mm 42 45 69 79 mm 84 100 116 146 mm 44 55 55 55

D

x

x

c

y E y 50 Btm Flange

d

Section Dimensions
Section Depth Ref. E17020 E20020 E20024 E24020 E24025 E28020 E28025 E28029 170 200 200 240 240 280 280 280
y F t x D x x

Section Properties
t 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.5 2.9 Weight Area kg/m 5.73 6.44 7.63 7.07 8.73 7.94 9.91 11.50 cm
2

Top 75 83 83 83 83 100 100 100

Bottom 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Ixx cm
4

Zxx cm
3

Iyy cm
4

Zyy cm
3

Rxx Ryy cm cm

x bar mm

y bar mm 71.05

Zxc cm
3

Mcxx kNm 13.762 17.393 22.388 21.159 28.936 26.009

mm Flange Flange mm

7.30 8.20 9.72 9.00 11.13 10.28 12.63 14.65

356.17 542.24 645.24 824.78 1021.26 1248.80

38.99 51.93 61.79 66.06 81.78 88.91

106.92 15.05 6.91 3.79 91.35

37.58 49.11 60.42 63.02 80.61 80.88

117.54 16.56 8.06 3.75 104.41 70.99 139.20 19.61 8.04 3.74 104.42 70.98 124.94 17.01 9.50 3.70 124.86 73.44 153.62 20.92 9.48 3.67 124.87 73.42 131.18 18.05 11.02 3.57 140.46 72.69

1547.98 110.20 161.27 22.20 11.00 3.55 140.46 72.66 105.54 36.654 1783.61 126.98 184.59 25.41 10.98 3.53 140.47 72.64 124.49 45.040

Top Flange

Gauge Line Details
b

Lip Dimensions
Section Dim F Dim E Series 127 220 270 290 mm 15 15 15 15 mm 15 15 15 15 mm 30 52 62 47

Section Dim b Dim c Dim d Series 127 220 270 290 mm 30 52 62 47 mm 67 116 146 196

c

y E y Btm Flange

d

Additional complimentary C-sections for use as mezzanine floor beams

Section Dimensions
Section Depth Ref. C12715 C12716 C12718 C12720 C22016 C22018 C22020 C22024 C27020 C27024 C27032 C29032 127 127 127 127 220 220 220 220 270 270 270 290 Top 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 75 Bottom 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 66 75 t 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.0 2.4 3.2 3.2
Dim L

Section Properties
Weight Area kg/m 3.20 3.42 3.84 4.27 4.58 5.16 5.73 6.88 6.44 7.72 10.25 11.40 cm2 4.08 4.35 4.90 5.44 5.84 6.57 7.30 8.76 8.20 9.84 13.06 14.53 Ixx cm4 114.20 121.44 135.76 149.90 432.09 483.88 535.19 636.34 870.91 1036.57 Zxx cm3 17.98 19.12 21.38 23.61 39.28 43.99 48.65 57.85 64.51 76.78 Iyy cm4 25.55 27.12 30.20 33.23 32.13 35.79 39.37 46.30 41.56 48.87 62.57 88.18 Zyy cm3 5.80 6.16 6.86 7.54 6.52 7.26 7.99 9.41 Rxx Ryy cm cm x bar mm y bar mm 44.05 44.05 44.05 44.05 Zxc cm3 16.54 17.91 20.58 23.13 37.72 43.00 48.07 57.68 63.94 76.62 Mcxx kNm 6.157 6.756 7.939 9.083 12.243 14.557 16.821 21.190 20.926 26.679

mm Flange Flange mm

5.19 2.45 63.50 5.18 2.45 63.50 5.17 2.44 63.50 5.16 2.43 63.50

8.48 2.31 110.00 49.29 8.47 2.30 110.00 49.27 8.46 2.29 110.00 49.26 8.44 2.28 110.00 49.22

8.13 10.13 2.21 135.00 51.11 9.57 10.11 2.20 135.00 51.07

1359.51 100.70 1734.44 119.62

12.27 10.07 2.16 135.00 50.98 100.70 37.985 15.23 10.89 2.46 145.00 57.92 119.57 44.120

Dim A Dim B Dim C 18 Ø Holes Firewall Sleeves 32 Dim X 70 Dim X 32

C Sleeve Gauge Line Details >1.8mm
Section Dim L Dim X Dim A Dim B Dim C Series 156 176 206 238 258 309 359 mm 584 584 734 734 934 1334 1524 mm 225 225 300 300 400 600 695 mm 36 38 37 40 49 51 51 mm 67 87 116 146 146 196 241 mm 35 37 37 39 48 51 50 Dim Y mm 205 205 280 280 380 580 675

32

Dim Y

110

Dim Y

32

Non-Lipped C-Channel Sleeves apply to channels greater than 1.8mm gauge. Sleeves for thinner sections are shown on page 50.

51

Hi-SPAN DESIGN & DETAILING SOFTWARE

Hi-Span Design & Detailing Software
The Hi-Span Design & Detailing software version 5.0 provides designers and draughtsmen alike the tools to specify and detail our entire range of cold rolled products. Purlins, Rails, Eaves Beams and Mezzanine Floor Beams are all available within the one software package. Snow drift loads to BS6399-3 are easily calculated and applied to the section design, giving the most economical solutions for each situation. Wind Loads to BS6399-2 can also be generated using the Wind Code Calculator. This powerful tool can calculate wind speeds in 12 directions around your site in a matter of seconds. Incorprating the latest BREVe software ensures accurate results every time. To compliment to the design capabilities Hi-Detail is included within the software package. Section sizes and accessories are detailed using sraightforward 2D software. The information is output as a .hsd file which is e-mailed directly to hi-span at sales@hi-span.com where the CAM data is forwarded to CNC mill line. Hi-Span section sizes can also be detailed on the following 3D software packages. For full details on how to export the CAM data files please contact our technical epartment.

How to install Hi-SPAN Design / Detailing Software • • • • Insert the HiSpan CD into your CD-Rom Drive Installation should start automatically If not, select START/RUN and type D:\SETUP. EXE where D is the drive letter of your CD drive, then click OK Follow the instructions to complete the installation

This software is provided free as a service to Hi-Span customers to assist in the detailing and design of the correct Hi-Span products Software written by Micron Data Soutions Limited Tel: 01603 721600 Website www.micronds.com Minimum System Requirements • • • • • • • Pentium ® processor or compatible 64MB of RAM 40MB of free hard disk space CD-ROM 32-bit graphics card (millions of colours) 800 x 600 px resolution monitor Microsoft Windows 98, ME, NT4, 2000, XP

Hi-SPAN Design / Detailing Software Version 5.00

Hi-Span Ltd, Ayton Road, Wymondhm, Norfolk, NR18 0RD. Tel: 01953 603081 Fax: 01953 607842 Website: www.hi-span.com
Hi-Span Ltd, in the interests of continuous improvement, reserve the right to change or alter the specifictions or details of products shown in this brochure without prior notification