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History invention timeline detailing in chronological order inventions and their corresponding patent dates.

Offering information on famous inventors and inventions and gadgets ideas which have proved ground breaking. We provide both the date the invention offically was developed, plus the era whi ch it was invented indicated on our inventions timeline. Our Timeline of inventions also includes a technology timeline for all technolog ical inventions created through the centuries. Timeline of Inventions Paleolithic Era + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Indeterminate: Language 2.4 mya: Olduwan - struck stone tools, in East Africa 1.65 mya: Acheulean - struck and reworked stone tools, in Kenya 1 mya: Controlled fire and cooking in East Africa 500 tya: Shelter construction 100-500 tya: Clothing 400 tya: Pigments in Zambia 400 tya: Spears in Germany 100 tya: Lithic blades in Africa and the Near East 60 tya: Ships probably used by settlers of New Guinea 50 tya: Flute in Slovenia 50 tya: Bow in Tunisia 43 tya: Mining in Swaziland and Hungary 37 tya: Tally sticks in Swaziland 30 tya: Sewing needles 26 tya: Ceramics in Moravia 25 tya: Atlatl in Northwest Africa 12 tya: Pottery in Japan

10th millennium BC + Agriculture and Alcoholic beverages in the Fertile Crescent + Adobe in the Near East + 9500 BC: Granary in the Jordan Valley 9th millennium BC + 8700 BC: Metalworking (copper pendant) in Iraq 8th millennium BC + Animal husbandry in the Near East + Plaster in Jericho 7th millennium BC + 6200 BC: Map in Çatalhöyük + Cloth woven from flax fiber 6th millennium BC + Irrigation in the Fertile Crescent + Ploughs in Mesopotamia 5th millennium BC

+ Beer and bread in Sumer + Wheel and axle combination in Mesopotamia 4th millennium BC + + + + + + + + + + + 4000 BC: Canal in Mesopotamia 3800s BC: Engineered roadway in England 3500 BC: Plywood in Egypt 3500 BC: Writing in Sumer 3500 BC: Carts in Sumer 3100 BC: Drainage in the Indus Valley Civilization (India/Pakistan) Dental surgery in Mehrgarh (Indus Valley Civilization) Bronze: Susa Silk in China Cement in Egypt River boats in Egypt

3rd millennium BC + + + + + + + + + 2800 BC: Soap in Mesopotamia 2800 BC: Button in the Indus Valley Civilization 2600 BC: Artificial sewage systems in the Indus Valley Civilization 2500 BC: Flush toilets in the Indus Valley Civilization 2400 BC: Shipyard in Lothal (Indus Valley Civilization) 2000 BC: Currency Sledges in Scandinavia Alphabet in Egypt Candles in Egypt

2nd millennium BC + + + + + Glass in Egypt Rubber in Mesoamerica Spoked wheel chariot in the Near East Water clock in Egypt Bells in China

1st millennium BC + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Catapult in Near East 600s BC: Coins in Lydia 500s BC: Sugar in India 500s BC: Dental bridge in Etruria 500s BC: Trebuchet in China 400s BC: Plastic surgery: Sushruta 300s BC: Compass in China. 300s BC: Screw: Archytas 200s BC: Crossbow in China 200s BC: Compound pulley: Archimedes 200s BC: Odometer: Archimedes? 150s BC: Clockwork (the Antikythera mechanism) 150s BC: Astrolabe: Hipparchus 100s BC: Parchment in Pergamon 1st century BC: Glassblowing in Syria 40 BC: earliest known rolling-element bearing in Roman ship

1st millennium + 50: Mouldboard plough in Gaul

+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

100s: Aeolipile : Egypt by Hero of Alexandria 100s: Stern mounted rudder in China 105: Paper: Cai Lun 132: Rudimentary Seismometer: Zhang Heng 200s: Wheelbarrow: Zhuge Liang 200s: Horseshoes in Germany 300: Wootz steel in India 300s: Stirrup in China 300s: Toothpaste in Egypt 600s: Windmill in Persia 673: Greek fire: Kallinikos of Heliopolis 700: Quill pen 800s: Gunpowder in China 852: Parachute: Armen Firman 900: Horse collar in Europe 900s: Solid rocket in China Woodblock printing in China Porcelain in China Spinning wheel in China or India

2nd millennium 11th century + 1100(circa): Framed Bead Abacus in China + 1041: Movable type printing press: Bi Sheng 12th century + 1128: Cannon in China 13th century + 1280s: Eyeglasses in Northern Italy + Mechanical clocks in Northern Italy + Sandpaper in China 14th century + 1350: Suspension bridges in Peru 15th century + + + + + + Arquebus and Rifle in Europe 1441: Rain gauge: Jang Yeong-sil 1450s: Alphabetic, movable type printing press: Johann Gutenberg 1451: Concave lens for eyeglasses: Nicholas of Cusa 1490 - 1492: Globe "Nürnberg Terrestrial Globe" by German mapmaker Martin Behaim 1498: Toothbrush in China

16th century + + + + + + + + 1500(circa): Ball bearing: Leonardo Da Vinci 1500(circa): Scissors: Leonardo Da Vinci 1510: Pocket watch: Peter Henlein 1540: Ether: Valerius Cordus 1576: Ironclad warship: Oda Nobunaga 1581: Pendulum: Galileo Galilei 1582: Gregorian calendar: multiple inventors 1589: Stocking frame: William Lee

+ 1593: Thermometer: Galileo Galilei + Musket in Europe + Pencil in England 17th century + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1608: 1609: 1620: 1623: 1631: 1642: 1643: 1645: 1657: 1672: 1679: 1698: 1700: Telescope: Hans Lippershey Microscope: Galileo Galilei Slide rule: William Oughtred Automatic calculator: Wilhelm Schickard Vernier scale: Pierre Vernier Adding machine: Blaise Pascal Barometer: Evangelista Torricelli Vacuum pump: Otto von Guericke Pendulum clock: Christiaan Huygens Steam car: Ferdinand Verbiest Pressure cooker: Denis Papin Steam engine: Thomas Savery Piano: Bartolomeo Cristofori

18th century + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1701: Seed drill: Jethro Tull 1709: Iron smelting using coke: Abraham Darby I 1712: Steam piston engine: Thomas Newcomen 1710: Thermometer: René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur 1711: Tuning fork: John Shore 1714: Mercury thermometer: Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit 1730: Mariner's quadrant: Thomas Godfrey 1731: Sextant: John Hadley 1733: Flying shuttle: John Kay 1742: Franklin stove: Benjamin Franklin 1750: Flatboat: Jacob Yoder 1752: Lightning rod: Benjamin Franklin 1764: Spinning jenny: James Hargreaves/Thomas Highs 1767: Carbonated water: Joseph Priestley 1769: Steam engine: James Watt 1769: Water frame: Richard Arkwright/Thomas Highs 1769: Steam car: Nicolas Cugnot 1775: Submarine Turtle: David Bushnell 1775: new kind of Boring machine: John Wilkinson 1776: Steamboat: Claude de Jouffroy 1777: Card teeth making machine: Oliver Evans 1777: Circular saw: Samuel Miller 1779: Spinning mule: Samuel Crompton 1780s: Iron rocket: Tipu Sultan in India 1783: Multitubular boiler engine: John Stevens 1783: Parachute: Jean Pierre Blanchard 1783: Hot air balloon: Montgolfier brothers 1784: Bifocals: Benjamin Franklin 1784: Argand lamp: Ami Argand 1784: Shrapnel shell: Henry Shrapnel 1785: Power loom: Edmund Cartwright 1785: Automatic flour mill: Oliver Evans 1786: Threshing machine: Andrew Meikle 1787: Non-condensing high pressure Engine: Oliver Evans 1790: Cut and head nail machine: Jacob Perkins 1791: Artificial teeth: Nicholas Dubois De Chemant 1793: Cotton gin: Eli Whitney 1793: Optical telegraph: Claude Chappe

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1797: 1798: 1798: 1799:

Cast iron plow: Charles Newbold Vaccination: Edward Jenner Lithography: Alois Senefelder Seeding machine: Eliakim Spooner

19th century 1800s + + + + + + + + + 1800: 1801: 1802: 1802: 1804: 1805: 1807: 1808: 1809: Electric battery: Alessandro Volta Jacquard loom: Joseph Marie Jacquard Screw propeller steamboat Phoenix: John Stevens Gas stove: Zachäus Andreas Winzler Locomotive: Richard Trevithick Submarine Nautilus: Robert Fulton Steamboat Clermont: Robert Fulton Band saw: William Newberry Arc lamp: Humphry Davy

1810s + + + + + + + + + + 1811: 1812: 1814: 1816: 1816: 1816: 1816: 1817: 1817: 1819: Gun Breechloader: Thornton Metronome: Dietrich Nikolaus Winkel Steam Locomotive (Blücher): George Stephenson Miner's safety lamp: Humphry Davy Metronome: Johann Nepomuk Maelzel (reputed) Stirling engine: Robert Stirling Stethoscope: Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec Draisine or velocipede (two-wheeled): Karl Drais Kaleidoscope: David Brewster Breech loading flintlock: John Hall

1820s + + + + + + + 1821: 1823: 1826: 1826: 1827: 1827: 1827: Electric motor: Michael Faraday Electromagnet: William Sturgeon Photography: Joseph Nicéphore Niépce Internal combustion engine: Samuel Morey Insulated wire: Joseph Henry Screw propeller: Josef Ressel Friction match: John Walker

1830s + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1830: 1830: 1831: 1831: 1831: 1831: 1834: 1834: 1834: 1834: 1835: 1835: 1835: 1835: 1835: 1836: Lawn mower: Edwin Beard Budding Stenotype on punched paper strip: Karl Drais Multiple coil magnet: Joseph Henry Magnetic acoustic telegraph: Joseph Henry (patented 1837) Reaper: Cyrus McCormick Electrical generator: Michael Faraday, Ányos Jedlik The Hansom cab is patented Louis Braille perfects his Braille system Refrigerator: Jacob Perkins Combine harvester: Hiram Moore Photogenic Drawing: William Henry Fox Talbot Revolver: Samuel Colt Morse code: Samuel Morse Electromechanical Relay: Joseph Henry Incandescent light bulb: James Bowman Lindsay Samuel Colt receives a patent for the Colt revolver (February 24)

+ 1836: + 1836: + 1837: + 1837: 25) + 1837: + 1837: + 1837: + 1838: + 1838: + 1838: + 1839: 1840s + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1840: 1840: 1842: 1843: 1843: 1843: 1845: 1845: 1846: 1846: 1849: 1849: 1849:

Improved screw propeller: John Ericsson Sewing machine: Josef Madersberger Photography: Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre First US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport (February Steel plow: John Deere Standard diving dress: Augustus Siebe Camera Zoom Lens: Jozef Maximilián Petzval Electric telegraph: Charles Wheatstone (also Samuel Morse) Forerunner of Morse code: Alfred Vail closed diving suit with a helmet: Augustus Siebe Vulcanization of rubber: Charles Goodyear

Screw-propelled frigate, USS Princeton: John Ericsson artificial fertilizer: Justus von Liebig Anaesthesia: Crawford Long Typewriter: Charles Thurber Fax machine: Alexander Bain Ice cream maker: Nancy Johnson Portland cement: William Aspdin Double tube tire: Robert Thomson (inventor) Sewing machine: Elias Howe Rotary printing press: Richard M. Hoe Safety pin: Walter Hunt Francis turbine: James B. Francis Telephone: Antonio Meucci

1850s + + + + + + + + + + 1852: 1852: 1852: 1855: 1855: 1856: 1858: 1858: 1858: 1859: Airship: Henri Giffard Passenger elevator: Elisha Otis Gyroscope: Léon Foucault Bunsen burner: Robert Bunsen Bessemer process: Henry Bessemer First celluloids: Alexander Parkes Undersea telegraph cable: Fredrick Newton Gisborne Shoe sole sewing machine: Lyman R. Blake Mason jar: John L. Mason Oil drill: Edwin L. Drake

1860s + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + l 1860: Linoleum: Fredrick Walton 1860: Repeating rifle: Oliver F. Winchester, Christopher Spencer 1860: Self-propelled torpedo: Giovanni Luppis 1861: Ironclad USS Monitor: John Ericsson 1861: Siemens regenerative furnace: Carl Wilhelm Siemens 1862: Revolving machine gun: Richard J. Gatling 1862: Mechanical submarine: Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol 1862: Pasteurization: Louis Pasteur, Claude Bernard 1863: Player piano: Henri Fourneaux 1864: First concept typewriter: Peter Mitterhofer 1865: Compression ice machine: Thaddeus Lowe 1865: Roller Coaster: LaMarcus Adna Thompson 1865: Barbed wire: Louis Jannin 1866: Dynamite: Alfred Nobel 1868: First practical typewriter: Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samue W. Soule, with assistance from James Densmore

+ 1868: Air brake (rail): George Westinghouse + 1868: Oleomargarine: Mege Mouries + 1869: Vacuum cleaner: I.W. McGaffers 1870s + 1870: Magic Lantern projector: Henry R. Heyl + 1870: Stock ticker: Thomas Alva Edison + 1870: Mobile Gasoline Engine, fitted to a cart precursor to 1888 automobile: S iegfried Marcus + 1871: Cable car (railway): Andrew S. Hallidie + 1871: Compressed air rock drill: Simon Ingersoll + 1872: Celluloid (later development): John W. Hyatt + 1872: Adding machine: Edmund D. Barbour + 1873: Railway knuckle coupler: Eli H. Janney + 1873: Modern direct current electric motor: Zénobe Gramme + 1874: Electric street car: Stephen Dudle Field + 1875: Dynamo: William A. Anthony + 1875: Magazine (firearm): Benjamin B. Hotchkiss + 1876: Carpet sweeper: Melville Bissell + 1876: Gasoline carburettor: Daimler + 1876: Loudspeaker: Alexander Graham Bell + 1877: Stapler: Henry R. Heyl + 1877: Induction motor: Nikola Tesla + 1877: Phonograph: Thomas Alva Edison + 1877: Electric welding: Elihu Thomson + 1877: Twine Knotter: John Appleby + 1877: Microphone: Emile Berliner + 1878: Cathode ray tube: William Crookes + 1878: Transparent film: Eastman Goodwin + 1878: Rebreather: Henry Fleuss + 1879: Pelton turbine: Lester Pelton + 1879: Automobile engine: Karl Benz + 1879: Cash register: James Ritty + 1879: Automobile (Patent): George B. Seldon 1880s + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + z + + + + + + 1880: 1880: 1880: 1880: 1881: 1881: 1882: 1882: 1883: 1883: 1884: 1884: 1884: 1884: 1885: first 1885: 1885: 1885: 1885: 1886: 1886: Photophone: Alexander Graham Bell Roll film: George Eastman Safety razor: Kampfe Brothers Seismograph: John Milne Electric welding machine: Elihu Thomson Metal detector: Alexander Graham Bell Electric fan: Schuyler Skatts Wheeler Electric flat iron: Henry W. Seely Auto engine - compression ignition: Gottlieb Daimler two-phase (alternating current) induction motor: Nikola Tesla Linotype machine: Ottmar Mergenthaler Fountain pen: Lewis Waterman Punched card accounting: Herman Hollerith Trolley car, (electric): Frank Sprague, Charles Van Depoele Automobile patent granted (internal combustion engine powered): Karl Ben automobile put into production Automobile, differential gear: Karl Benz Maxim gun: Hiram Stevens Maxim Motor cycle: Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach Alternating current transformer: William Stanley Dishwasher: Josephine Cochrane Gasoline engine: Gottlieb Daimler

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1886: 1887: 1887: 1887: 1888: 1888: 1888: 1888: 1888: 1888: 1888: 1889: 1889:

Improved phonograph cylinder: Tainter & Bell Monotype machine: Tolbert Lanston Contact lens: Adolf E. Fick, Eugène Kalt and August Muller Gramophone record: Emile Berliner Polyphase AC Electric power system: Nikola Tesla (30 related patents.) Kodak hand camera: George Eastman Ballpoint pen: John Loud Pneumatic tube tire: John Boyd Dunlop Harvester-thresher: Matteson (?) Kinematograph: Augustin Le Prince Automobile Mobile Gasoline Engine: Siegfried Marcus Automobile, (steam): Sylvester Roper Automobile, (gasoline): Gottlieb Daimler

1890s + + + + + + 1890: Pneumatic Hammer: Charles B. King 1891: Automobile Storage Battery: William Morrison 1891: Zipper: Whitcomb L. Judson 1891: Carborundum: Edward G. Acheson 1892: Color photography: Frederic E. Ives 1892: Automatic telephone exchange (electromechanical): Almon Strowger - First in commercial service. + 1893: Photographic gun: E.J. Marcy + 1893: Carburetor: Donát Bánki and János Csonka + 1893: Half tone engraving: Frederic E. Ives + 1893: Wireless communication: Nikola Tesla + 1893: Radio: Nikola Tesla + 1894: Radio transmission: Jagdish Chandra Bose + 1895: Phatoptiken projector: Woodville Latham + 1895: Phantascope: C. Francis Jenkins + 1895: Diesel engine: Rudolf Diesel + 1895: Radio signals: Guglielmo Marconi + 1895: Shredded Wheat: Henry Perky + 1896: Vitascope: Thomas Armat + 1896: Steam turbine: Charles Curtis + 1896: Electric stove: William S. Hadaway + 1897: Automobile, magneto: Robert Bosch + 1897: Modern escalator: Jesse W. Reno + 1898: tapered roller bearing: Henry Timken + 1898: Remote control: Nikola Tesla + 1899: Iron-Mercury coherer with telephone detector: Jagdish Chandra Bose + 1899: Automobile self starter: Clyde J. Coleman + 1899: Magnetic tape recorder: Valdemar Poulsen + 1899: Gas turbine: Charles Curtis 20th century 1900s + + + + + + + + + + 1900: Rigid dirigible airship: Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin 1900: Self-heating can 1900s: Microwave optics: Jagdish Chandra Bose 1901: Improved wireless transmitter: Reginald Fessenden 1901: Instant coffee by Sartori Kato 1901: Mercury vapor lamp: Peter C. Hewitt 1901: Disposable razor blade: King C. Gillette 1901: Vacuum cleaner: Hubert Booth 1902: Ostwald process: Wilhelm Ostwald 1902: Radio magnetic detector: Guglielmo Marconi

+ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

1902: 1902: 1902: 1902: 1903: 1903: 1903: 1903: 1903: 1904: 1904: 1904: 1905: 1906: 1906: 1907: 1907: 1907: 1907: 1907: 1907: 1908: 1908: 1908: 1908: 1908: 1909: 1909: 1909:

Air Conditioner: Willis Carrier Neon lamp: Georges Claude Radio telephone: Poulsen Reginald Fessenden Rayon cellulose ester: Arthur D. Little Electrocardiograph (EKG): Willem Einthoven Powered Monoplane: Richard Pearse Powered airplane: Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright Bottle machine: Michael Owens Windshield wiper: Mary Anderson Thermionic valve: John Ambrose Fleming Separable Attachment Plug: Harvey Hubbell Tractor: Benjamin Holt Radio tube diode: John Ambrose Fleming Sonar (first device): Lewis Nixon Triode amplifier: Lee DeForest Color photography: Auguste and Louis Lumiere Helicopter: Paul Cornu Radio amplifier: Lee DeForest Radio tube triode: Lee DeForest Vacuum cleaner, (electric): James Spangler Washing machine, (electric): Alva Fisher (Hurley Corporation) Cellophane: Jacques E. Brandenberger Geiger counter: Hans Geiger and Ernest Rutherford Gyrocompass: Hermann Anschütz-Kaempfe Haber process: Fritz Haber Tea bag: Thomas Sullivan Monoplane: Henry W. Walden Bakelite: Leo Baekeland Gun silencer: Hiram Percy Maxim

1910s + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1910: 1911: 1911: 1911: 1911: 1911: 1912: 1912: 1912: 1913: 1913: 1913: 1913: 1913: 1913: 1913: 1913: 1914: 1914: 1914: 1915: 1915: 1915: 1915: 1916: 1916: 1916: 1917: Thermojet engine: Henri Coanda Gyrocompass: Elmer A. Sperry Automobile self starter (perfected): Charles F. Kettering Air conditioner: Willis Haviland Carrier Cellophane: Jacques Brandenburger Hydroplane: Glenn Curtiss Ecstasy: Merck Photography ;Lapse-time camera for use with plants:Arthur C. Pillsbury Regenerative radio circuit: Edwin H. Armstrong Cracking process for Gasoline: William M. Burten Crossword: Arthur Wynne Double acting wrench: Robert Owen Gyroscope stabilizer: Elmer A. Sperry Radio receiver, cascade tuning: Ernst Alexanderson Radio receiver, heterodyne: Reginald Fessenden Stainless steel: Harry Brearley X-Ray (improved): William D. Coolidge Radio transmitter triode mod.: Ernst Alexanderson Liquid fuel rocket: Robert Goddard Tank, military: Ernest Dunlop Swinton Tungsten Filament: Irving Langmuir Searchlight arc: Elmer A. Sperry Radio tube oscillator: Lee DeForest Pyrex: Corning Inc. Browning Gun: John Browning Thompson submachine gun: John T. Thompson Incandescent gas lamp: Irving Langmuir Sonar echolocation: Paul Langevin

+ + + + + + +

1917: 1918: 1918: 1918: 1918: 1919: 1919:

Cruise missile: Charles Kettering Superheterodyne receiver: Edwin H. Armstrong Interrupter gear: Anton Fokker Radio crystal oscillator: A.M. Nicolson Pop-up toaster: Charles Strite Flip-flop circuit: William Eccles and F. W. Jordan Theremin: Leon Theremin

1920s + 1921: Polygraph: John A. Larson + 1922: Radar: Robert Watson-Watt, A. H. Taylor, L. C. Young, Gregory Breit, Mer le Antony Tuve + 1922: Technicolor: Herbert T. Kalmus + 1922: Water skiing: Ralph Samuelson + 1922: Photography : First mass production photo machine:Arthur C. Pillsbury + 1922: Hornless rodeo saddle : Earl W. Bascom + 1923: Arc tube: Ernst Alexanderson + 1923: Sound film: Lee DeForest + 1923: Television Electronic: Philo Farnsworth + 1923: Wind tunnel: Max Munk + 1923: Autogyro: Juan de la Cierva + 1923: Xenon flash lamp: Harold Edgerton + 1925: Ultra-centrifuge: Theodor Svedberg - used to determine molecular weights + 1924: frozen food + 1924: Rodeo bareback rigging: Earl W. Bascom + 1925: Television Nipkow System: C. Francis Jenkins + 1925: Telephoto: C. Francis Jenkins + 1926: Television Mechanical Scanner: John Logie Baird + 1926: Aerosol spray: Rotheim + 1927: Mechanical cotton picker: John Rust + 1927: PEZ Candy: Eduard Haas III + 1927: Photography:First microscopic motion picture camera: Arthur C. Pillsbury + 1928: Sliced bread: Otto Frederick Rohwedder + 1928: Electric dry shaver: Jacob Schick + 1928: Antibiotics: Alexander Fleming (initial discovery of penicillin) + 1928: Preselector gearbox: Walter Gordon Wilson + 1929: Electroencephelograph (EEG): Hans Berger + 1929: Kinescope:Vladimir Zworykin + 1929: Photography:First X-Ray motion picture camera:Arthur C. Pillsbury + 1920s: Band aid: Earle Dickson + 1920s: Insulin + 1920s: Mechanical potato peeler: Herman Lay 1930s + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1930: 1930: 1930: 1931: 1931: 1932: 1935: 1935: 1935: 1935: 1935: 1936: 1937: 1937: Neoprene: Wallace Carothers Nylon: Wallace Carothers Photography: Underwater Motion Picture Camera: Arthur C. Pillsbury the Radio telescope: Karl Jansky Grote Reber Iconoscope: Vladimir Zworykin Polaroid glass: Edwin H. Land microwave radar: Robert Watson-Watt Trampoline: George Nissen and Larry Griswold Spectrophotometer: Arthur C. Hardy Casein fiber: Earl Whittier Stephen Hammond Organ: Laurens Hammond Pinsetter (bowling): Gottfried Schmidt Turboprop engine: György Jendrassik Jet engine: Frank Whittle and Hans von Ohain

+ + + + + + +

1937: 1938: 1938: 1939: 1939: 1939: 1939:

O-ring: Niels Christensen Ballpoint pen: Laszlo Biro Fiberglass: Russell Games Slayter John H. Thomas FM radio: Edwin H. Armstrong Helicopter: Igor Sikorsky View-master: William Gruber Automated teller machine: Luther George Simjian

1940s + + o + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1942: Bazooka Rocket Gun: Leslie A. Skinner C. N. Hickman 1942: Undersea oil pipeline: Hartley, Anglo-Iranian, Siemens in Operation Plut 1942: 1943: 1944: 1945: 1945: 1946: 1946: 1946: 1947: 1947: 1948: 1948: 1949: Frequency hopping: Hedy Lamarr and George Antheil Aqua-Lung: Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Emile Gagnan Electron spectrometer: Deutsch Elliot Evans Slinky: Richard James and Betty James Nuclear weapons (but note: chain reaction theory: 1933) Microwave oven: Percy Spencer Mobile Telephone Service: AT&T and Southwestern Bell Computer: John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert Transistor: William Shockley, Walter Brattain, John Bardeen Polaroid camera: Edwin Land Long Playing Record: Peter Carl Goldmark Holography: Dennis Gabor Atomic clocks

1950s + 1951: Liquid Paper: Bette Nesmith Graham + 1951: Nuclear power reactor: Walter Zinn + 1952: Fusion bomb: Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam + 1952: Hovercraft: Christopher Cockerell + 1953: Maser: Charles Townes + 1953: Medical ultrasonography + 1954: Transistor radio (dated from the from Regency TR1) (USA) + 1954: Geodesic dome: Buckminster Fuller + 1955: Velcro: George de Mestral + 1955: Hair spray Helene Curtis + 1955: Hard Drive: Reynold Johnson with IBM + 1956: Digital clock + 1956: Optical fiber: Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curt iss + 1956: Videocassette recorder: Ampex + 1957: Jet Boat: William Hamilton + 1957: Bubble Wrap: Alfred Fielding and Marc Chavannes + 1958: Integrated circuit: Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, Robert Noyce at Fai rchild Semiconductor + 1958: Communications satellite: Kenneth Masterman-Smith + 1959: Snowmobile: Joseph-Armand Bombardier 1960s + + + + + + + 1960: 1961: 1961: 1962: 1962: 1963: 1967: Laser: Theodore Harold Maiman Optical disc: David Paul Gregg Cochlear implant: William House Light-emitting diode: Nick Holonyak Space observatory: Ball Brothers Aerospace Corporation [8] Computer mouse: Douglas Engelbart Automatic Teller Machine: John Shepherd-Barron

+ 1967: Hypertext: Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson + 1968: Video game console: Ralph H. Baer + 1960s: Packet switching: Paul Baran and Donald Davies, independently + 1969: ARPANET (first wide-area packet switching network): United States Depart ment of Defense 1970s + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 1971: E-mail: Ray Tomlinson 1971: Liquid Crystal Display: James Fergason 1971: Microprocessor 1971: Pocket calculator: Sharp Corporation 1971: Magnetic resonance imaging: Raymond V. Damadian 1971: Floppy Disk: David Noble with IBM 1972: Computed tomography: Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield 1973: Ethernet: Bob Metcalfe and David Boggs 1973: Genetically modified organism: Stanley Norman Cohen and Herbert Boyer 1973: Personal computer: Xerox PARC 1974: Rubik's Cube: Erno Rubik 1974: Hybrid vehicle: Victor Wouk [9] 1975: Digital camera: Steven Sasson 1976: Gore-Tex fabric: W. L. Gore 1977: Personal stereo: Andreas Pavel 1977: Cellular mobile phone: Bell Labs [10] 1978: Spring loaded camming device: Ray Jardine 1978 : Spreadsheet: Dan Bricklin 1970s: Leaf blower in Japan

1980s + + + + + + + + + + + 1981: 1982: 1982: 1983: 1983: 1984: 1985: 1985: 1986: 1987: 1987: Scanning tunneling microscope: Gerd Karl Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer Insulated gate bipolar transistor: Hans Becke and Carl Wheatley RCA ACE inhibitor: John R. Vane Camcorder: Sony Internet: first TCP/IP network: Robert E. Kahn, Vint Cerf and others Lithotripsy: Claude Dornier Polymerase chain reaction: Kary Mullis DNA fingerprinting: Alec Jeffreys Breadmaker Statin: Carl Hoffman Digital Light Processing: Dr. Larry Hornbeck, Texas Instruments

1990s + + + + + + + 1990: 1993: 1993: 1997: 1997: 1997: 1998: World Wide Web: Tim Berners-Lee Global Positioning System: United States Department of Defense Blue LED: Shuji Nakamura Non-mechanical Digital Audio Player: SaeHan Information Systems DVD Wi-Fi: Alex Hills Viagra: Nicholas Terret, Peter Dunn (scientist) and Albert Wood

3rd millennium 21st century 2000s + 2001: Digital satellite radio + 2001: Self-contained Artificial heart

+ 2002: Scramjet: University of Queensland