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IslandOfCivilServices

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IslandOfCivilServices ADJECTIVE
i. ii. iii. iv.

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Rachna is an intelligent girl. I dont like that lady. Ramesh gave me ten pens. I have little time for preparation.

Note: to find out the adjective in the sentences make a question from the sentences and answer you get is adjective. In sentence (i) What kind of girl Rachna is? Answer is intelligent. (ii) Which lady? Answer is that lady. (iii) How many pens Ramesh gave me? Answer is ten pens. (iv) How much time there is for preparation? Answer is little time. In above sentences intelligent, that, ten, & little are adjectives. ADJECTIVE Adjective can be defined as a word used with a noun to add something for its meaning or A word used with a noun to describe the person, animal, place or thing which the noun names, or to tell the number or the quantity. KINDS OF ADJECTIVES 1. Descriptive or Qualitative adjective: It shows the kind or quality of a person, place or things. Examples: Mumbai is a large city. He is an honest man. 2. Quantitative Adjective: How much of a thing is meant. Examples: I ate some bread. Ravi showed much patience. You have no sense.
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IslandOfCivilServices

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3. Numeral Adjectives (Adjective of Number): It shows the number. Examples: The leg has five fingers. Sunday is the first day of the week. Definite numeral adjectives denotes an exact numbers like one, two, three, etc. these are called cardinals. First, second, third, etc these are called ordinals. Indefinite numeral adjectives do not denote an exact number like all, no, many, few, some, any, several, etc. Distributive numeral adjectives refer to each one of a number like each, every, either, neither, etc. 4. Demonstrative Adjectives: point out which person or thing is meant. Examples: This boy is stronger than Shyam. Those rascals must be punished. 5. Interrogative Adjectives: What, which, when are used with nouns to ask question, called interrogative adjectives. Examples: Whose pen is this? What is your name? HOW ADJECTIVES ARE FORMED Adjectives formed from noun Adjective Noun boyish Play senseless Gold kingly Man Adjectives formed from Verb Adjective Verb moveable Talk tireless Cease

Noun Boy Sense King Verb Move Tire

Adjective playful golden manly Adjective talkative ceaseless

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IslandOfCivilServices
Adjective Five Magic

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Adjectives formed from adjective Adjective Adjective Adjective fivefold Pink Pinkish magical Whole wholesome

RULES TO BE REMEMBERED 1. Adjectives with one syllable generally form their comparative and superlative by adding er and est. Adjectives with more than one syllable take more & most. 2. Elder and eldest are used for comparing the member of a family or students of the same class. Older & oldest are used with regard to age. 3. If comparative degree is used in place of the superlative, the word of comparison must be followed by any other. E.g:- He is better than any student (incorrect) He is better than any other student (correct) 4. All the words in the comparative degree and ending with ior must take to instead of than. E.g:- He is senior than me (incorrect) He is senior to me. (Correct) 5. When then or as is followed by third person pronoun the verb should be repeated but not in the case of first and second person. E.g.:- His brother is as intelligent as he. (Incorrect) His brother is as intelligent as he is. (Correct) 6. Whenever an adjective refers to a class of people or, article the must come before it. E.g:- Rich are happy. (Incorrect) The rich are happy. (Correct) 7. In comparative and superlative degree the same thing should be compared. E.g.: My house is better than Shyam. (Incorrect) My house is better than Shyams. (Correct) 8. Double comparative and superlative are not used in the modern English. E.g.: more preferable, most best, more better are incorrect.
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LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION (LC) - 1 Instruction: Each of the following sentences may have an error. The possible errors have been underlined as options a, b, c & d. If there is No Error candidate is supposed to choose option e. Select the right answer. 1. In this library there are less books. No Error. a b c d e 2. I fear that he will not be able to secure even passing a b c d marks. No Error. e 3. The tallest of the two was called by the principal. a b c d No Error. e 4. The speed of this engine is greater than the old one. a b c d No Error. e 5. The number of the person was fewer than expected. a b c d No Error. e 6. You can get this information from the concerned man. a b c d e No Error. e 7. These lines are more parallel than others. No Error. a b c d e 8. He is more intelligent than any student in this. No Error. a b c d e 9. He is decidedly superior than other boys of his class. A b c d No Error. E 10. The three first competitors got first, second and third a b c prize. No Error. d e
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ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. d - for countable things use fewer d - It could be pass not passing. b - It should be taller not tallest. c - It should be than that of. c - Replace by less because the number is already there. d - Put the word concerned after man i.e man concerned b - parallel is an absolute word and cannot take comparative. 8. c - It should be any other because comparative degree is used in superlative sense. 9. c - Words ending with ior and in the comparative degree take to and not than 10. b - it should be first three

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