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Dynamic Infrastructure - Virtualization

Service Oriented Finance Needs To Become More Efficient
Our lab is becoming a minefield of servers. The operational costs are consuming my budget. Virtualization and consolidation on POWER7 will cut your costs and reduce complexity!

Service Oriented Finance CIO
02 - Dynamic Infrastructure - Virtualization v1.0

IBM

2

Why Virtualize And Consolidate?
Increase utilization of hardware Reduce software licenses needed Reduce Complexity & Green initiatives Cut Costs! Control rising system administration costs

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Example: How Virtualization Reduces Complexity And Costs
Servers needed Servers needed Servers needed Servers needed Servers needed

Peak: 3 servers WL 2 WL 1 Peak: 3 servers WL 3

Workload 1

Peak: 3 servers

Workload 2

Workload 3

Peak: 3 servers

Workload 4

Peak: 3 servers

WL 4

WL 5

Workload 5

What is required: Virtualization and Intelligent Workload Management to accommodate shifting workloads. This is built into Power Systems!
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PowerVM Virtualization
The Virtual I/O server (VIOS) provides virtual storage and a bridge from the virtual networks to physical networks. The Integrated Virtual Ethernet enables high speed memory to memory networking between partitions.
WPAR

Logical Partitions (LPARs) are virtual machines that provide operating system and application isolation.

AIX 6 allocates resources to Workload Partitions (WPARs). Run 32-bit Linux x86 applications with no changes using PowerVM Lx86.

PowerVM Lx86

PowerVM Lx86

WPAR

VIOS

AIX 5.3

SUSE Linux

AIX 6.1

Red Hat Linux

IBM i

POWER Hypervisor TM Power Systems SMP Server

Shared access to disk storage and to external networks.

Shared Storage

The Power Hypervisor shares processing resources among LPARs with up to 1024 dispatchable threads on 256 processors.

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Manage Heterogeneous Environments Using IBM Systems Director With VMControl
Reduce TCO
Lower management costs Increase asset utilization

Align infrastructure resources with business goals Choose the version on VMControl that best suits your needs
VMControl Express Edition
− Basic virtual machine lifecycle management

VMControl Standard Edition
− Manage complete farms of virtual machines

VMControl Enterprise Edition
− Create and manage system pools by way of dynamic collections of computing resources
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Create And Manage Virtualized Environments With IBM Systems Director VMControl
1. Capture virtual server, sofhost1 2. Deploy virtual server, sofhost2
Virtual Appliances
AIX 6.1 Gold DB2 9.7.1 Software sofhost2 sofhost1
Software OS 2vCPU 4 GB RAM 20 BG vdisk

VMControl

Software OS Software OS 2vCPU OS 4 GB RAM 2vCPU 20 BG vdisk 4 GB 2vCPU RAM 20 BG vdisk 4 GB RAM 20 BG vdisk

Power Systems

Network Install Manager (Repository)

Power Systems 02 - Dynamic Infrastructure - Virtualization v1.0 8

Demo: IBM Systems Director With VMControl

Deploy virtual machine from image repository

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Power Processors And I/O Devices Are Virtualized And Shared
Physical processors are either
Dedicated to a specific LPAR, or Assigned to a pool for sharing by LPAR’s

The Power Hypervisor allocates shared processors to LPARs as needed
Ensures each LPAR receives its processor entitlement Restricts physical processor utilization to the number of virtual processors assigned to the LPAR

Dedicated processors can lend available processing units to the shared pool The Virtual I/O Server (VIOS) is a special purpose LPAR that virtualizes and shares I/O resources among the LPARs
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DEMO: PowerVM Allocates Processor Resources As Needed
1.0
Entitled
VIOS SUSE Linux Red Hat Linux AIX 6.1 AIX 5.3

Shared Pool
Entitlement Utilized

POWER Hypervisor and Virtualized Infrastructure Total CPU

0.0

2.0

System p SMP Server 60 %

Processing Units (Cores)

# of physical processor cores

Workload

Workload

Total CPU

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Power Memory Is Also Virtualized And Shared
Partitions with Dedicated Memory Partitions with Shared Memory

The Power Hypervisor allocates shared memory to LPARs as needed Run more LPAR workloads for the same amount of physical memory
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Power Active Memory Expansion
Increase the effective memory of overall system by shrinking in-memory data Active Memory Expansion is configurable on a per-logical partition (LPAR) basis Utilizing Active Memory Expansion can improve system utilization and increase a system’s throughput

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Power Active Memory Expansion – Increase Consolidation

Physical memory limitations can be overcome with Active Memory Expansion

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Live Partition Mobility
Move a running LPAR (Power System based Virtual Server) to a different physical server Eliminate the impact of planned downtime Simplify migration to new hardware Rebalance server utilization

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Service Oriented Finance Needs To Simplify Yet Maintain Accessibility
We need to minimize our downtime in this high stakes environment. Our clients need uninterrupted access to their accounts. How can I possibly manage that without a room full of servers?

Service Oriented Finance Data Center Manager
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DEMO: Live Partition Mobility Moves Running LPARs Between Machines
Move WebSphere LPARs to a different physical server without downtime

VIOS

AIX 6.1

Red Hat Linux

IBM i

VIOS

AIX 6.1 POWER Hypervisor TM Power Systems SMP Server

IBM i

POWER Hypervisor TM Power Systems SMP Server

Server 1

Server 2

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Metlife’s Hardware Refresh On Power System Reduces Billable Hours
Metlife efforts fundamentally change the environment
Relative to 2008, only 10% of the workforce (estimated) will be required to achieve the future 4-year savings of 69,900,000 USD

Dramatic reduction of billable hours needed to migrate one application to a new midrange server:

98 hours 1384 hours

VS.

769 hours

VS.
2011 Onward* “Partition Mobility”

2009-2010 “Manual Mobility” Pre-2009 “Traditional Migration”
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Labor Reductions Represent Tremendous Financial Savings
Cost For Hardware Refresh Per 1000 Partitions in $MM's
$30,000 $25,000 $20,000
$15,380 $15,380 $27,680 $27,680 $27,680

Total 4 Year Labor Save: 2011-2014: $98.1MM
20011: $19MM, 2012-14: $24.7MM / YR

$15,000 $10,000 $5,000
$1,960 $1,960 $1,960 $8,670

Total Cost

$2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011* 2012 2013 2014

Based on new infrastructure capabilities and changes being implemented in migration methodology during 2009-2011, labor cost per 1000 migrations will decrease by $25.7 MM relative to 2006-08. Thus, 90% of the resource dollars required to perform hardware refresh (relative to 2008) can be redeployed from value-sustaining initiatives to value-adding initiatives
*During 2011, Metlife expects to perform a mixture of Manual Mobility and Partition Mobility migrations. That mixture is reflected in the cost. 02 - Dynamic Infrastructure - Virtualization v1.0 19

Consolidate Old Sun And HP Workloads On a Virtualized Power Systems

Sun Workloads

Power Systems Server

HP Workloads
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Simplify Environment Reduce Complexity Reduce Costs Save Energy
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Consolidation Makes Sense
Any data center growth would have required multimillion dollar build out Consolidated 65 HP servers on 2 IBM Power Systems p5-595 servers (one primary and one backup)
Leveraged LPAR technology to manage capacity and plan for growth while lowering existing data center costs and eliminating build out requirement.

30 to 1 Production, development and test requirements meant significant underutilized capacity in the data center Using LPAR technology, consolidated 30 preexisting servers into 1 IBM Power 570 running AIX Additional capacity now available as well

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Power Virtualization Leads VMware In Management Flexibility
VMware ESX 3.5 (in VMware Infrastructure 3) VMware ESX 4.0 (in VMware vSphere 4)

Flexibility Factors

PowerVM

Can change virtual CPU without rebooting? Can adjust memory without rebooting? Can add or remove I/O device without rebooting?

Yes

No

Add (but not Remove)

Yes

No

Add (but not Remove)

Yes

No

No

Direct access to I/O devices from within virtual machine?

Yes

No

Some (with Nehalem)

How many virtual machines can be simultaneously migrated?

8

4

4

Source: http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/key_features_vsphere.pdf
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Power Virtualization Is Also Secure
Virtualized workloads are isolated from each other
Memory protection keys to guarantee isolation of data in a system The Power Hypervisor is designed to thwart hacking EAL 4+ Certified

Breeches of VMware have been demonstrated on YouTube

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Power Systems Virtualization Leads VMware And Intel In Scalability
Scalability Factors VMware ESX 3.5 (in VMware Infrastructure 3) VMware ESX 4.0 (in VMware vSphere 4) PowerVM

How many Virtual CPUs per Virtual Machine?

4

8

64 (256 on POWER7) 4096G (more on POWER7) 256/1024

How much memory per Virtual Machine? How many physical cores/threads? How many virtual NICs per Virtual Machine?

64G

255G

8/16

8/16

4

10

256

Large Scale Virtualization Platforms Drive Down Cost
Source: http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/key_features_vsphere.pdf 02 - Dynamic Infrastructure - Virtualization v1.0 24

Workload Deployment Exercise
Friendly Bank
Friendly Bank is the name of a fictitious online bank application that supports the typical banking operations of a Teller and a Customer. The bank operations include:
− − − − − Login Deposit Withdraw View Customer Profile Logout

What kinds of deployment choices must be made for a given 12% Friendly Bank Workload?

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Variability In Workloads
These benchmarks were run at a constant demand for workload, driving the machines to 100% utilization Real world workloads have variability in workload demand Variability in workload demand has an effect on what mean CPU utilization can be tolerated on the consolidation platform We would like to run utilization high enough to achieve the highest consolidation ratio, but still keep it less than 100% to allow for peaks caused by variance in the workload.

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Huge Scale Reduces Network Complexity And Cost
45 HP Nehalem Servers 1 64-core Power 770

98 Cables

10 Cables Backbone

Backbone

45 Servers 5 Switches 90 Adapters 1Gbps Connections

1 Server In Total 2 Switches In Total 4 Adapters In Total 10Gbps Connections
Internal Networking Reduces External Network Requirements
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Quiz: Which server size will deliver the lowest cost for a virtualized environment?
1. 2. 3.

Small Medium Large

Which server offers the largest scale?
1. 2.

Intel Nehalem Power Systems
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