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IIIIIIIIIIII

IR34781

B.E.fB.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBERIDECEMBER Seventh Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1401 INTRODUCTION OF FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS and Mechatronics Engineering) 2007.

(Common to Automobile Engineering

(Regulations 2004) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. (10 x 2 Maximum: 100 marks

= 20 marks)

State the principle of minimum potential energy. Define shape functions. What do you mean by Constitutive Differentiate Law?

CST and LST elements. of natural coordinates?

What are the advantages

How thermal loads are input in finite element analysis? Why polynomial type trigonometric functions? of interpolation functions are preferred over

8. 9. 10.

Write short notes on ¥symmetric What do you mean by isoparametric What are the types of non linearity?

problems. formulation?

to

**PART B 11. (a) Compute the (a sin 7Z" x)
**

y=----

(5 x 16

= 80 marks)

deflection (Figure 1) by assummg

value

of central

L and carries a central point load P.

The beam is uniform throughout

L

EI

Figure 1

Or

(b)

(i) (ii)

Write short note on Galerkin's method. Write briefly about Gaussian Elimination. Derive the shape functions for a 2D beam element. Derive the shape functions for 2D truss element.

(8) (8~ (8)

12.

(a)

(i) (ii)

(8)

Or

(b) Why higher order elements are needed? Determine the shape functions of an eight noded rectangular element. For the constant Strain Triangular strain-displacement y matrix. Take t element shown in Figure 2, assemble

13.

(a)

=

20 mm and E

=

2x105N/mm2.

1(100.100)

6

K(20Q,400)

1(400, 100)

x

Figure 2

Or

(b) The temperature at the four corners of a four-noded rectangle are T1, T2, T3 and T4. Determine the consistent load vector for a 2-D analysis, aimed to determine the thermal stresses.

2

R3478

14.

(a)

Derive the expression for axisymmetric shell element.

the

element

stiffness

matrix

for

an

Or

(b)

(i)

Explain the terms "Plane stress" and "Plane strain" problems. Give constitutive laws for these cases. (8)

(b)

Derive element stiffness matrix for a Linear Isoparametric element.

Quadrilateral

3

R3478

B.E.IB.Tech.

DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBERJDECEMBER Seventh Semester Mechanical Engineering

2008.

ME 1401 -

INTRODUCTION OF FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS and Mechatronics Engineering)

(Common to Automobile Engineering

(Regulation 2004) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A 1. (10 x 2 Maximum: 100 marks

= 20 marks)

at ends,

Write the potential energy for beam of span 'L' simply supported subjected to a concentrated load 'P' at mid span. Assume EI constant. What do you mean by higher order elements? What is Constitutive problems? Explain the important Law and give constitutive

2. 3.

law for axi-symmetric

4. 5. 6.

properties of CST element.

Give one example each for plane stress and plane strain problems. Write the stiffness matrix for the simple beam element given below.

7. 8.

Write the Lagrangean

shape functions for aID,

2 noded element

What are the advantages

of natural coordinates over global co-ordinates?

7

9. 10.

Define Isoparametric

elements? element. The

Write the natural co-ordinates for the point 'P'<of' the triangular point 'P' is the C.G. of the triangle. PART B (5 x 16 = 80 marks) .

11.

(a)

Determine the expression for deflection and bending moment in a simply supported beam subjected to uniformly distributed load over entire span. Find the deflection and moment at midspan and compare with exact solution using Rayleigh-Ritz method. Use y

**= a1 sinffl xiI) +a2 sin (3I1 xiI).
**

Or

(b)

Derive the equation of equilibrium in case of a three dimensional stress system. Derive the shape function for a 2 noded beam element and a 3 noded bar element.

12.

(a)

Or

(b) Write the mathematical formulation for a steady state heat transfer conduction problem and derive the stiffness and force matrices for the same. Find the expression for nodal vector in a CST element Fig. 13 (a) subject to pressures Px1 on side 1. shown

in

13.

(a)

y

x Fig. 13 (a) Or (b) Determine the shape functions for a constant element in terms of natural coordinate system. 2 strain triangular (CST)

C 3387

14.

(a)

For the CST element given below Fig. 14. (a) assemble displacement matrix. Take t = 20 rom, E = 2 X 105 Nzmm''.

I\..

strain-

(200,400)

-,

.

(100,100)

(400,100)

Fig 14 (a)

Or

(b) Derive the expression for constitutive stress-strain relationship reduce it to the problem of plane stress and plane strain. Write short notes on

(i)

and also

15.

(a)

Uniqueness of mapping of isoparametric Jacobian matrix. Gaussian Quadrature

elements.

(6) (5)

(ii) (iii)

integration technique.

(5)

Or

(b)

(i)

<,

Use

ba

Gauss

quadrature

rule

(n

=

2) to numerically

integrate (10)

fo f xydxdy.

0

(ii)

Using natural coordinates derive the shape function for a linear quadrilateral element. (6)

3

C 3387

Reg. No.:

IIIIIIIIIIII

Iv 42401

B.E.lB.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIUMAY 2008. Seventh Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1401INTRODUCTION OF FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS and Mechatronics Engineering)

(Common to Automobile Engineering

(Regulations 2004) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A 1. List any four advantages (10 x 2 Maximum: 100 marks

= 20 marks)

of finite element method. at ends,

Write the potential energy for beam of span 'L' simply supported subjected to a concentrated load 'P' at mid span. Assume EI constant. What are called higher order elements? Write briefly about CST element. What is the governing transfer? 6. 7. 8. 9. Differentiate: differential

l~'jr

;?

r

V3

\lt~.3

l'

I

(.it.;

equation

yo

'?>

u..i

**'s::+ has ~I;;{_ tAniLoa ... m ?> ~: ck pi~04"Yti n:t cWg ;rEf>? Dj1'2.---7'-u.2- fi€.(c_d,.._""Y>') r It- ho.a ,
**

If

(:X'_~2-)

for a one dimensional'

C~l::a~ Sh-'CV t1 ~ CC),I~J.. .oj .,s·Fffm_.ts 1<1 cJ,1-;{ 1'7

hear

~OI?iVJ.

**Local axis and Global axis. nodal force?
**

\tn ~~~. i,\-,\\et

\},),'I(,

What is an equivalent

Give one example each for plane stress and plane strain .> problems. What do you mean by Constitutive axi-symmetric problems?

.......r"

~)~G0

~Ov"''\.S $or

'()\~

\}l\~

Law and give Constitutive

Law for

10.

State the basic laws on which isoparametric

concept is developed.

PART B 11. (a)

(5 x 16

=

80 marks)

Explain the Gaussian elimination method for solving of simultaneous linear algebraic equations with an example.

Or

(b) A cantilever beam oflength L is loaded with a point load at the free end. Find the maximum deflection and maximum bending moment using Rayleigh- Ritz method using the function Y = A {I - COS(7IX / 2L)}. Given : EI is constant. 12. (a)

(i) (ii)

Derive the shape functions for a 2D beam element. Derive the shape functions for 2D truss element.

(8) (8)

Or

(b) Each of the five bars of the pin jointed truss shown in Figure 12 (b) has a cross sectional area 20 sq.cm. and E = 200 GPa.

1m

Figure 12 (b) , (i)

(ii)

Form the equation F matrix of the structure.

=

KU where K is the assembled

stiffness (10)

Find the forces in all the five members.

(6)

13.

(a)

Find the temperature at a point P (1, 1.5) inside the triangular element shown with the nodal temperatures given as T[ = 40°0, TJ = 34°0, and Tk = 46°0. Also determine the location of the 42°0 contour line for the triangular element shown in Figure 13 (a). (16)

\-

1(0,0)

6

Or

2

K(J,3)

J(2,0)

Figure 13 (a)

/

,,'y

\0

Iv

\

~

\"

V 4240

_.

9

(b)

Calculate the element stiffness matrix and thermal force vector for the plane 'stress element shown in Figure 13 (b). The element experiences a rise of lODe. (16)

y

(1.3)

[\i_] ~ (BJ':[1)J. [S].A :t

t==Smm E: ee 15 x 104 NJmm2 u= 0.15

0:=

A -':2:

~ -::-_L

_\

\

\ ,tl-

'X.\ ~ 1

\j2....

I

, ::;__::,'J3>

6 x 10"r,

x

(0,0) (2,0)

[1-) ~

C

'0\

cb.. ()

0

'0 J....

'\3

0]

:;2A

'0'1- 0

'03

·cr 1 0Vj

't/l- 'r')

9.-3

Figure 13 (b)

14.

(a)

'"Q-

~.\'~

Derive the constant-strain equations.

triangular

element's

stiffness matrix

and

(16)

Or

(b)

Derive the equations. Integrate (6x5/10000)

Linear-Strain

triangular

element's

stiffness

matrix

and

(16)

15.. (a)

f(x)=10+(20x)-(3x2/10)+(4x3/100)-(-5x4/1000)+ between 8 and 12. Use Gaussian Quadrature Rule. Or (16)

(b)

Derive element stiffness matrix for a Linear Isoparametric Quadrilateral element. (16)

[\<) ~ t-

5J [(?,J\ CrD[g]

-)

,'dx.O_3

[r-]

-c

hi

~I

J 's ~JTCDJL\3J x l'J) ""8t- v: d p

ill~5l"''JT

~

[_P

J [sJ d\l

3

V 4240

Reg. No. :

L-I--,---,---,---,---,-_IL-' --'-~--'---'-----'

P 1421

Question Paper Code:

**B.E.IB.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION,NOVEMBERJDECEMBER2009. Seventh Semester Mechanical Engineering
**

~

ME 1401-

INTRODUCTION OF FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (Regulation 2004)

p

jp

~

'" ~

(Common to Automobile Engineering and Mechatronics Engineering) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A- (10Jx 2 = 20 marks) a )Uc..{l Q£,fo~ «...t; I:)"(') Distinguish between 1D bar element and 1D beam element. What is Galerkin method of approximation? What are CST & LST elements?

lI(1tem ~

\

I

I.

C

Maximum: 100 marks

V

;LX 2.

~

~

9;.u.~\d.Y",HL

J N. R. dx =

. 8ha..n"

'. T~

'J

J

i

""....

A#

""

0

Vc\-rl",hO'l'1

L... ~ 'pU<...

'Y

hl,,'l1 'O-r

What is a shape function? desc:...'Yit}e

geof1'\A. "'::J

Q...I-nL

State the properties of stiffness matrix.

S'J '('t\ l't\Jl. m c.

fY1

deh:e.rmlnCAt\ ~ I~ I\;tt)'O

)

S~\"I\ olet(>(M..J-q

in

'YOW

~

r-: Y'O

/£O/<4Jrlf)

Write down the governing differential equation for a two dimensional. steadystate heat transfer problem. _Q_, ,_'aT ,:£I.) '=' 0 ax.. :>l ~~ 8'::) ~ '09

(k

')+'d ( k

i-C¥

7. 8. 9.

What is meant by axi-symetric field problem? Give an example. Distinguish between plantf~;r:i~ ::r;~e strain problems.

W -:::0 ) ~

O::l""Cr

'=

~0 6-z-:t..:-

r

What are the differences between 2 Dimensional scalar variable and vector variable elements? . do .... I. ~~--;71_ b\ .J-~~n~_.,J

m~.e-l1nJUM.

Vay\ ~

~X~

e.

~

I, D~

vc:<'YIc 6 ....b\e..

10.

Distinguish between essential boundary conditions and natural boundary conditions. Soli Sfied ,~ Q-PPw.t'sdn . ~ ----~. .: rvo\ Sn.t\ ~k eJ -\WL

$t::l \;,),

'1W)'O'j_·

e.CV(),

,

Ril-z.

~'1,

'wcMIe ~'\

Va-nCo\+; ~OJ

eCVfl

11.

(a)

(i)

What is constitutive for a linear elastic strain. Consider

to 3

PART B z:

(5 x 16

CC] ):E ~

= 80 marks) f l.j = [D] (a-],

(6)

relationship? Express the constitutive relations isotropic' material including initial stress and equation conditions (d yldx )+400x

2 2 2

(ii)

o ~ x ~ 1 subject

the

differential to boundary corresponding +400x2y}

=0

for is .}_,

(\~)l

yeO) = O;y(l) = O.

:J.,rl

~x

3

(-).t-

\:(.~

2..00

:(i--L)

**The functional given by. . I' 1= f{-0.5(dyldx)2
**

o

to this problem,

YL)l) ""

c..t»: (I-X) t2.

to be extremized

C;>).

)

-I

';:=

-L C2.. -_I (2..._

b' 15

T

i (C

I

i-20C,

2.

'+

410 C

3:'

2-

Find the solution of the problem using Rayleigh-Ritz method by considering a two-term solution as y(x) = cIx(I - x) + c2x2(1 - x). (10)

Or

(b)

:j4

b~x

-r

2<2

.-101 -~

(i) 2..

A physical (d wldx

2 2 )

phenomenon -IOx

2

is governed

by the differential

equation

**= 5 for O~x~1. are given by w( 0) = w(I) = 0 . By taking as
**

w(x)=CJI(x)+Cd2(X)

**The boundary two-term
**

fl(X)=X(x-1)

conditions and

f2(x)

a

trial

solution

**with of the (10) elimination
**

(6)

=

X2(X -1),

find

the

solution Gauss

**problem using the Galerkin method. Solve the following system of equations method. Xl + 3x2 + 2x3
**

-2Xl ~5Xl

using

= 13

+X2 -X3 =-3 +X2 +3X3 =6

::::t; ~ I :;(2- =- 2X3 -:: "3

r A • BJ

1-'

-;:.JC.] [

12.

(a)

The stepped bar shown in Fig, 1 is subjected to an increase in temperature, !!.T = 80°C. Determine the displacements, element stresses and support reactions, [~J '= E)A) Bronze aB=18.9xIO-6/0C

Aluminium Steel

aAI =23xlO-6/°C

as =11.7xIO- /°C PI = 60kN P2 = 75kN

6

4 ,-" Lt.~-;, 0·2. 21 2..l"r\tI\

U}1 ;::

0 (. 03 0

0

t;-SfYlM

LIlt ~

/).1'

Fig. 1. Aluminimum 1200 mm'' 70 GPa

= 80°C

A= E=

Bronze 2400 mm83 GPa

Steel

qOO mm-

200 GPa

Or

2

P 1421

1

I

(b)

Consider a two-bar truss supported bars have E

by a spring shown in Fig. 2. Both Bar one has a length of 5 m

= 210 GPa

and A =5.0x10-4m2.

and bar two has a length of 10 m. The spring stiffness is k = 2 kN/mp Determine the horizontal and vertical displacements at the joint 1 and stresses in each bar. 25kN

-:._ I' T2.'t-;'

_ -3'4tt~

,- '}

\0 rfl

,...3

)(\0 tYl

**0; .,,_ I·2.. p~ '3 6;_::- -36,2l'I\'fh.
**

k

tv'

=

2000 kN/m ~

Fig. 2. (i) The (x, y) co-ordinates of nodes, i, j, and k of a triangular element are given by (0, 0), (3, 0) and (1.5, 4) mm respectively. Evaluate the shape functions N'; ,N for the element. (ii) For the same triangular relation matrix B.

2

**and N 3 at an interior point P (2, 2.5) mm
**

(4)

element, obtain the strain-displacement

A ~'o"l""''(II'V

Or

(b)

[43) ~.J_

·1)..

/

\ - ~ .-~ 5""

L-,.s·

4o

b12)

4-

0

_\.5 0

-Lr _I'~

3

OJ . !

Compute element matrices and vectors for the element shown in Fig. 3, when the edge kj experiences convection heat loss.

Fig. 3.

3

P 1421

b

14.

(a)

The triangular element shown in Fig. 4 is subjected' to a constarit pressure 10 N/mm2 along the edge ij. Assume E = 200 GPa, Poisson's ratio f..l = 0.3 and thickness of the element = 2 mm. The coefficient of thermal expansion of the material is a = 2x10-6 fOC and D.T = 50°C. Determine the constitutive matrix (stress-strain relationship matrix D) and the nodal force vector for the element.

yem".)

Thickness

f..l

= 2 mm

E = 200GPa

= 0.3

a = 2x10-6 1°C

.D.T = 50°C

2

..3

4

S

Fig. 4.

X (mm)

Or

(b) The (x, y) co-ordinates of nodes, i, j, and k of ani axisymmetric triangular element are given by (3, 4), (6, 5) and (5,8) em respectively. The element displacement (in em) vector is given as q [0.002, 0.001, 0.001, 0.004, -0.003, 0.007JT. Determine the element" strains.

=

15.

(a)

(i)

i',}

"

o

h

0

i) 10

The Cartesian (global) coordinates of. the corner nodes of a quadrilateral element are given by (0, -1), (-2, 3), (2, 4) and (5, 3). Find the coordinate transformation between the global and local (natural) coordinates. Using this, determine the Cartesian coordinates of the point defined by (r, s) (0.5, 0.5) in the global coordinate system. (8)

=

I,) b

Ib 0) I b y 'j) If»

(ii)

Evaluate the integral

X, ~ ,>-3

~

'\

,),')...

i

...

_..l-

B

3-

. :::,

.

'fl I = (2 + x +

-I

W::Z_

\)J,-"

X2

)dx. and compare with exact results.

L,b \

bb b

(8)

'\\') p-

Or

(b) (i)

o

ib

\10 b) \\:)

The Cartesian (global) coordinates of the corner nodes of an isoparametric quadrilateral element are given by (1, 0), (2, 0), (2.5, 1.5) and (1.5, 1). Find its Jacobian matrix. (12) Distinguish between subparametric

/'

(ii)

and superparametric

elements.

(4)

(;1) \) g

\,) g

b)

Y) \),.

- \'J 1f .

4

P 1421

Reg. No. :

I I I I I I I II I I I

( G 0043 )

B.E.lB.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBERIDECEMBER SEVENTH SEMESTER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ME1401 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (REGULATION 2007) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A ~ (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1. 2. 3.

2010

Maximum: 100 marks

What are the basic approaches to improve a finite element model? What is a weighted residual method? Plot the variation of shape function for 1 -D beam element. State the properties of stiffness matrix. Distinguish plane stress and plane strain conditions. Why is a 3 noded triangular element element? State the applications What is a Jacobian? Define static oondensation. Distinguish subparametric and superparametric elements. ofaxi-symmetric called a constant elements. strain triangular

4. 5. 6. 7.

8.

9. 10.

PART B ~ (5 x 16:=80 marks) 11.

(a) (b)

Explain the step by step procedure of FEA. What are initial and boundary value problems? Explain. Or

(8) (8)

12.

(a)

Solve the following equation by Gaussian elimination method Xl -XZ +Xa = 1 -3Xl +2Xz -3Xa ==-6 2X1 - 5X2 + 4X15 == 5.

(10)

(b)

Define discretization.

Explain mesh refinement.

(6)

13,

(a)

A steel rod of length 1 m is subjected to an axial load of 5 kN as shown in Fig. 1. Area of cross section of the rod is 250 mm2, Using 1 . D element equation solve for the deflection of the bar, ,E = 2 X 105 N/mm 2• Use four

elements. (I2)

5kN

i

Fig,l

(b)

Ex-plain the Potential Energy approach. Or

(4)

14.

(a)

(b)

**What are the different types of clements? Explain the significance of each. . (12)
**

Compare FEM with other methods of analysis. (4

15.

(a)

Determine t.he temperature and the heal: fluxes at a location (2. 1) in a square plate shown in Fig. 2. Draw the Isothermal for 125°C. T, == 100°C, r, = 150 °C, T3 == 200 -c, 7~ := 50 -c, (12)

[0.6J !t.----,=l..... [5.S]

Fig. 2 (b)

What is dynamic anal rsis? Give examples. Or

(4)

2

16.

Consider a bar as shown in Fig. 3. Young's modulus E = 2 X 106 N/mmz, Al :::: emil, A2:::: 1 cm2 and a force of 100 N. Determine the nodal 2

displacement.

(16)

l~'

17.

(a)

~A_1.~_r_A_1.. _.....J.~--" _

10 en

toc..Y\

\00 N

**Fig. 3 For a axi-symmetric triangular constitutive matrix. element. obtain the [B]
**

matrix and

(10)

(b)

**For a thick cylinder subjected to internal and external pressure. indicate
**

the steps ·offinding the radial stress. (6)

**Or 18. Calculate the consistent and lumped load vector for the element
**

Fig. 4

hewn in

(16)

Fig. 4 19. (a)

(b)

**Derive the isoparametric representation for a triangular element.
**

What are higher order elements?

(12)

(4)

Or

20.

Consider the quadrilateral

sn, loy

at (£.,,). (0, 0) and

(t.t)

**element shown in Fig. 5. Evaluate aNi lox and using isoparametric formulation.
**

(16)

'Fig. 5

Reg. No.:

IIIIIIIIIIII

D 2308

Question Paper Code:

B.E.IB.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION,APRIUMAY 2010. Seventh Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1401INTRODUCTION OF FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

(Common to Automobile Engineering and Mechatronics Engineering) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A - (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1.

Maximum: 100 marks

What is the limitation of using a finite difference method? List the various methods of solving boundary value problems. Write down the interpolation function of a field variable for three-node triangular element. Highlight at least two rules to guide the placement of the nodes when obtaining approximate solution to a differential equation. List the properties of the global stiffness matrix. List the characteristics of shape functions. What do you mean by the terms: c", e1 and en continuity? Write down the nodal displacement equations for a two dimensional triangular elasticity element. List the required conditions for a problem assumed to be axisymmetric. Name a few boundary conditions involved in any heat transfer analysis.

2. 3.

4.

5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10.

PART B 11. (a)

(5 x 16

=

80 marks)

**Discuss the following methods to solve the given differential equation:
**

EI--M(x)=

d2y

dx2

0

**with the boundary conditions yt O) = 0 and y(H) (i)
**

(ii)

=0

Variational

method

Collocation method.

Or

(b) For the spring system shown in Figure 1, calculate the global stiffness matrix, displacements of nodes 2 and 3, the reaction forces at node 1and 4. Also calculate the forces in the spring 2. Assume, kl = k3 = 100 N/m,

h2

= 200 N/m,

u1

= u4

=

0 and P

= 500 N.

x

Figure 1 Spring System Assembly 12. (a) Determine the joint displacements, the joint reactions, and element stresses of the given truss elements.

3

element

forces

2

~======================~I---+

Figure 2 Truss with applied load E N/m2 6.ge10 20.7e10 20.7e10 L

ill

o

22.2kN

Table 1 : Element Property Data Element 1 2 3 A em32.2 38.7 25.8 Global Node Connection 2 to 3 2 to 1 1 to 3

a Degree

90

2.54 2.54 3.59

0 135

Or

2

D 2308

(b)

Derive the interpolation function for the one dimensional linear element with a length 'L' and two nodes, one at each end, designated as 'i' and 'j'. Assume the origin of the coordinate system is to the left of node 'i'.

qJ

tN, :1.

~-L~~

>;

L

J

~~~~~

Figure 3 the one-dimensional linear element 13. (a) Determine element three points on the 50°C contour line for the rectangular Figure 4. The nodal values are <Pi

shown in the

y

= 42'C,

cPj =54'C,

cP/, =56°C and <lJm =46°C.

(5.5)~(8.

i

I

5)

IL--JJ

(5,3) (8.3)

L_

~s

~x

Figure 4 Nodal coordinates of the rectangular Or (b)

element

The simply supported beam shown in Figure 5 is subjected to a uniform transverse load, as shown. Using two equal-length elements and workequivalent nodal loads obtain a finite element solution for the deflection at mid-span and compare it to the solution given by elementary beam theory.

Y't

l!~J--r. l--r::;.J-;~.J .----r-"l""J,-"'.,--· ~ .. t~;r-:ti

<i

~----------L----------~

Figure 5 uniformly loaded beam 3

D2308

14.

(a)

For the plane strain element shown in the nodal displacements are given as : U1 = 0.005 mm, u3

= 0.0

Figure 6, the u2 = 0.002 mm,

mm, u4

**= 0.0 mm, u5 = 0.004 mm, u6 = O.Omm. Determine the
**

Take E y

element stresses. plane strain.

=

200 Gpa and y = 0.3. Use unit thickness for

1 L(5, 5)

2 (25, 5)

-"

L_--------------------~x

Figure 6 Triangular Element

Or

(b) Determine the element stiffness matrix and the thermal load vector for the plane stress element shown in Figure 7. The element experiences 20°C increase in temperature. Take E = 15e6 Nzcm-, r = 0.25, t = 0.5 em and a

= 6e-6/oC.

,- 0.5 em E= 15(106) N/cm2 u 0.25 6 0' = 6(10- )1 C

=

0

(O.O)

(2.0)

Figure 7 Triangular 15. (a) Use Gaussian quadrature

elastic elements

to obtain an exact value of the integral.

1=

J J(r

11 -1-1

3

-1)(s-1)2drds. Or

(b)

**Define the following terms with suitable examples: (i)
**

(ii)

(iii) (iv)

Plane stress, Plane strain Node, Element and Shape functions Iso-parametric element Axisymmetric analysis.

4

D2308

Question Paper- Code:

66415

B.E.IB.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRILIMAY 2011. Seventh Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1401 INTRODUCTION OF FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS and Mechatronics Engineering)

I

(Common to Automobile Engineering

(Regulation 2004) Time: Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A L 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. (10 x 2 Maximum: 100 marks

= 20 marks)

for a three dimensional system? stress field.

Write down the stress strain relationship

How will you obtain total potential energy of a structural What are the properties of Global Stiffness Matrix?

. Sketch a typical truss element showing local global transformation. What is a CST element? ~ Write down the one dimensional heat conduction equation.

Explain plane stress problem with an example. What isan axisymmetric problem? element along with nodal degrees of freedom. for two' point formula of numerical

**Sketch a four node quadrilateral
**

t'

Write the Gauss integration.

points

and weights

PART B 11. (a)

(i)

(5 x 16

= 80 marks)

If a displacement

field is described by

u

V

= (- x

2

+ 2y2 + 6xy)1O-4

=.(2x + 5y - y2 )10-4

determine the direct strains in x and y directions as well the shear strain at the point x = 1, y~ 0 . (9) (ii) Describe the G~ussian elimination method of solving equations.

(7)

.o. (b)

Use Rayleigh-Ritz method to find the displacement rod shown in Fig. 1.

of the midpoint of the

Body force per- unit volume pg = 1 E =1' A=1

**Fig. 1 Note: All the quantities 12. (a) have units which must be taken suitably.
**

=:

Consider the bar shown in Fig. 2. Axial force P1 is applied as shown. Determine element and reaction forces.

AI =

20 kN and P2 = 15 kN stresses in each

the nodaL displacement,

E

=

2000 mm % 2xlOsJ'~/nmi

Al"", 1500 nHn4 Ez = 2xl OS N/mm2

AJ = 1000 mOl! E3;;;; 2x.lllsN/f(un'

J:-_·---17f--V ~-~

I

300 mm

300mm

Fig. 2

j

300mm

--f

66415

Or 2

(b)

Determine the force in the members of the truss shown in Fig. 3. ,~fqj

~~

__ ._50_0_~_.~ ~.~ __

E 70 Gpa} , A = 200mm2 For both members

=

·3w

",.",

I. I J ,

L

Fig. 3 13. (a) (i) Derive the

I

_

element strain

displacement

matrix

and

element (8)

**stiffness matrix of a CST element.
**

(ii)

Write the step by step procedure of solving a torsion problem by finite element meth·od. (8)

Or

(b) Consider K a brick wall as shown in Fig. 4 of thickness L

=

=

30 em,

0.7 W/m. °C. The inner surface is at 28°C and the outer surface is surfi~e is h

exposed to cold air at -15°C. The heat transfer coefficient associated with the outside temperature

=

40 W/m2

°C. Determine

the steady-state

distribution

withinthe

wall and also the heat flux through

. the wall. Use a two element model. Assume one dimensional flow.

Fig. 4

3.

66415

14.

(a)

For the configuration condition.

shown in Fig. 5, determine

the deflection at the

point of load application.

Use one element model. Assume plane stress

t = 10 mm E = 70 GPa

Poisson's ratio

= 0.3

/

Fig. 5

Or (b) An open ended steel cylinder has a length of 200 mn: and inner and outer diameters distribution ratio = 0.3. as 68 mm and 100 mrn respectively. pressure of principal of 2 MPa. Determine stresses. Take E

=

The 'cylinder is subjected the deformed shape and 200 GPa and Poisson's

to an internal

15.

(a)

(i)

Derive

the

shape element.

functions

of

a

nine

node

quadrilateral (8)

isoparametric (ii) Evaluate

the integral

f3ex

point Gauss quadrature

.

+X2 +_l_dx x+2

using one point and two

formula.

(8)

Or (b)

(i)

Derive the Gauss points and weights in case of one point formula and two point formula of'Gauss numerical integration. (8)

(ii)

Evaluate

ff~

11 -1-1

2

+ y2 + 2xy) dxdy using Gauss numerical integration. (8)

4

66415.

e-,

\i--

~-

\ 9:;\ '

\L

,-/

•.

\

\ ..

S, \\\'

( M565]

B.E.lB.TECH. DEGREE

EXAMINATIONS,

2()08

MAY/JUNE-2011

REGULATIONS SIXTH

SEMESTER

**ME 63 - FINITE ELEMENT
**

MECHANICAL (Common Time: Three Hours ANSWER

ANALYSIS

ENCHNEERING Engineering) Maximum: 100 marks

to Automobile

ALL QUESTIONS

**PART-A (lOX2=20 marks)
**

1. Distinguish element. Write between

1D

bar

element

and

ID

beam

2.

down the boundary distributed

conditions

of a cantilever the span.

**AB of a span L fixed at A and free at B subjected
**

uniformly 3.

4. 5.

beam to a

load of P throughout of shape function.

State the characteristics

What do you mean by natural Write a note on Constant Explain plane stress

coordinate Triangular

system? element.

Strain

6.

7.

conditions

with example. matrix for foul' noded

**Write down the stiffness quadrilateral elements. What do you mean by Lumped State
**

Ham ilton's pnnciple.

8.

9.

mass matrix?

ttl.

Write down the express ion of shape function and te m pe rat u re function for one dimensional heat conductiun.

PART-B (Bx 16=80 marks)

J 1. (a)

Find

the

approximate beam under

deflection a uniformly method.

of a simply distributed

(16)

supported

load 'p' throughout'

its span. using Galerkll1 and

Least squa!'e residual

Or

(b) A bar of uniform cross section is clamped end and left free at the other end. subjected to a uniform at one It is in (16)

axial load P as shown in and stress with polynomial following exact

fig. 1 Calculate Ritz method. solutions.

the displacement terms Compare

the bar using three

the results

p

\=() fig. 1

2 M565

!~.

In

the

fig.~

"hvvv

11

luau F - 60

i,j\j

IS

(~)

applied. stress Take

Determine and support

the displacement reactions

field,

in the body.

E

=

20 KN/mm~.

/

A~ 250 rrurf

fig.2 (ii)

Derive and sketch the quadratic function for bar element. Or

shape

(8)

(b) For the beam and loading shown in fig.3. (16) Determine the slopes at the two ends of the distributed load and the vertical deflection at the midpoint of the distributed load. Take E = 200 Gpa and I=4x lOG mm:

M565

.j

h--~

, ',j \_) .....

\ ..............

:

_}\) I....

~

l_m

~

"m

~

,

fig.:3 13. (a) Determine· element plate condition. comparison the nodal displacements and the (16)

stresses Body

for the two dimensional in figA. Assume force may t be plane

Loaded stress in

as shown

neglected

Gpa, 11 = 0.25. Thickness

to the external

=

forces. Take E 10 mm.

= 210

J

"N

..~ , .. I I(N ...

~._

'0 ~m

.•. - .•.

----!

figA

Or

(b) Derive element stiffness matrix for a linear (16)

Isopararnetric

quadrilateral

element.

4 ( M565

14.

(<:I)

Deterrnme

the

Eigen values

and Eigen vP('t.OI"S (J6)

for the stepped

bar shown in fig.5.

r

"

"

A::: 1 m

11../-

OSm

~:--.- ... ----+ -

01

l--·-·-···-··~;'---.--

r---(b) Derive dependent bar. 15. (a) the

10m

--ffig.5

1m

Or

finite stress equations analysis for the time(16) of one dimensional

A composrte wall consists shown 20$'·C. Convection the inner distribution surface

of three materials is

as

(16)

in fig.G. The outer temperature heat transfer of the wall with Too

To =

takes place on

=

800°C

and h=25 W/m2 "C. Determine in the wall.

the temperature

M565

h. T.

rtt

" - 20 \VIm"' k , = 30 \v/nt C .1:; = SOWim'C II ~ 25 W!mIT T; = HQ(Y'C

fig.6

Or

(b) Calculate A which element the value of temperature is

<1>2

at the point triangular Point A is is

(16)

inside

the

3 noded

<I> I

= 40°C,

as shown

=

in fig.7. The nodal values are :34"(; and <I>;J

= 46°C.

located linearly

at (2, 1.5). Assume varying

the temperature Also determine line.

in the element.

**the location of 42°C contour
**

y

3 (2. 5)

r \..

~

(2.

1.5)

~

__ ----I (0. 0)

2 (4. 0.5)

x

fig.7

G

M565

Reg. No.:

1q 101-+101 %1 14-14-1

0

1s-12.1

(M 0621)

B.E.lB.rrech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER SEVENTH SEMESTER AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING 2011

**ME1401 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (REGULATION Time : Three hours Answer ALL questions. PART A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
**

9.

2008) Maximum: 100 marks

(10 x 2 = 20 marks)

What is discretization? What is the use of Ritz method? Define a local co-ordinate State the properties system.

of stiffness matrix.

Define a plane stress condition. What are area co-ordinates? What is a rotating disc?

What are serend.ipity elements? Vv11Y numerical iso-parametriq integration clement? is required for evaluation of stiffness matrix of an

10.

What are higher order elements?

PART B 11.

(5 x 16

= 80 marks)

(16)

Explain the four weighted residual methods. Or

12.

(a) (b)

Explain the step by step procedure of FEM. State the importance oflocating nodes in finite element model.

(10)

(6)

13.

Axial load of 500 N is applied to a stepped shaft, at the interface of two bars. The ends are fixed. Obtain the nodal displacements and stresses when the element is subjected to all increase in temperature of 100 "C. The data are:

L1

= 200mm

L2 = 300mm

Or

(16)

14.

(a)

Explain the principle of minimization

of potential energy.

(8) (8)

noded (16)

(b) 15.

Derive the shape function of a quadratic

1- D element.

for the three

What are shape functions? triangular element.

Derive the shape function

Or 16. A composite wall is made of three different materials. The thermal conductivity of the various sections are k12W / em "C, k2 1 W / em "C, k3 0.2 W/cm "C. The thickness of the wall for each section is 1 em, 5 em and 4 em respectively. Determine the temperature values of nodal points within the wall. Assume the surface area to be unity. The left edge of the wall is subject to a temperature of 300e and the right edge ofthe wall is at lOoe. (16)

17.

Explain the modeling of cylinders subjected to internal using axisymmetry. Or

and external

pressure (16)

18.

Derive the material

property matrix for axisymmetric

elasticity.

(16)

2

(M 0621)

19.

A rectangular element has its nodes at the following points in a Cartesian coordinate system (0,0), (5,0), (5,5) and (0,5). Obtain- the expressions for the shape functions of the corresponding iso-parametric element. Using them, obtain the elements of the Jacobian matrix of transformation. (16) Or

20.

If the coordinates of the quadrilateral

are (1,2), (10,2), (8,6) and (2,10). Obtain the Jacobian and hence, find the area of the element. (16)

3

[ M573 )

B.E.lB.TE( 'H lJI~(; r{f<~E EXAMJNA TlONS .. ,\PRIUlVl/\ Y-20 11 I-tEGULATlONS 2007 SEVENTH SEMESTER MH 1003 - FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

(Common to Automobile Engineering) Time: Three Hours Maximum: 100 marks

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS PART-A (lOx2=20 marks)

1.

What are the applications of finite element analysis? What are the main steps involved in FEA? What do you understand by a natural coordinate system?

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

What do you mean by LSO parametric formulation'! Write down the strain-displacement relation.

What do you understand by area coordinates') State the situations where formulations can be applied. What is the need of Jacobian? What are the applications ofiso parametric elements? Briefly explain Gaussian quadrature. the axi symmetric

PART-B (5x 16=80 marks)

II.

(a)

Explain Gaussian solving equations.

elimination Or

method

of (16)

(b) 12.

Explain Ritz method, with an example. Obtain an expression for the shape function of a linear bar ~lement Or

(16) (16)

(a)

(b)

**Solve the following differential equation, using Galerkin's method, D=:z + Q = 0, 0:::;x :::;L dx subject to 4>(0)=4>0 and 4>(L)=4>L
**

d21jJ

(16)

13. (a)

(il

What is a CST element?

(2)

.

(ii) Obtain the fimte element equations for the following element. The thermal conductivity (k) of the material of the element is 2 W/mK The convective heat transfer coefficient (h) is 3 W/m2K The ambient temperature (Tr) is 25°C. The thickness (t) of the material is 1mm. Assume convection along the edge 'jk' alone.

(14)

2 M573

k (4,5)

J (6,3)

**Dimensions are in 'rnm'
**

i (3,2)

Or

(b)

Compute the elemental stress vectors for the (16) following element, assuming plane stress conditions. The nodal displacement in 'mm' {q]" is [ 0 1 1 0 1 1]. The temperature increase (L'1T) in the element is 5 ac. The Young's modulus (E) of the material of the element is 200 GPa. The Poison's ratio is 0.3. The coefficient of thermal expansion is 11 x 10.6 1°C. The thickness of the material is 1 min.

j (5,4)

i (2,3)

Dimensions are in 'rom'

14. (a)

**Derive an expression for the stiffness matrix of (16) an axi symmetric element. 3
**

M573

Or

(b) Compute the -strai n-d isp lace mo nt

rn at.rix

tor

(IG)

**the following ax i symmetric element. Also calculate the element stress vectors, if {q}~[3.484 and
**

27 12 12

0

3.3210

o

O)'x10

'CIll

[OJ 15. (a)

=

!2 27

[ 12.

o

0

(16)

Numerically evaluate the following integral and compare the result with the exact one.

f f (3x ~ + 4y2 )dxdy

II -1-1

Or

(b)

Determine the Jacobian for the following quadrilateral element at x = 4.35 mm and y = 3 mm. 3 (5,5)

(16)

4 (3,4)

**Dimensions are in 'rnm'
**

1 (3,2)

2 (5,2)

4 M573

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