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2005 BT Technology Timeline August 2005 Edited by Ian Neild & Ian Pearson

Welcome to the 2005 edition of the BT Technology Timeline As usual the timeline comes with the same caveats. The authors (Ian Neild and Ian Pearson) and BT (http://www.bt.com) are not involved in all of the research described in the timeline. We also do not necessarily approve or condone what we are predicting will happen. We are just saying they are possible, and listing some obvious implications. The timeline has often been used by various people and companies around the world to start off workshops and brainstorms. Look at each entry and think "is it likely?" You may agree or disagree with the prediction. If you disagree, is the date too soon or too late, is the idea just too ludicrous or does it scare you? Go back 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 or more years and imagine explaining what we do today. Then debate how it will affect you, your life and your business. Many of the items may seem like science fiction, but as the great scientist Arthur C Clarke said: "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic." - Profiles of The Future, 1961 (Clarke's third law). The majority of the feedback we receive on the timeline is positive, but we do receive some criticism. But just because you don't agree with us now, don't worry, in 10 years time you may change your mind. Human technology has moved from the first flight to flying to the moon in around 60 years - which was a remarkable achievement. In the past 60 years we have gone from Colossus - a machine the size of a room used to crack supposedly unbreakable codes during a war - to the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 - machines that bring virtual war into a room. These games machines have the processing power of super computers just 10 years ago yet are now used for entertainment. In the next 60 years we will see nanotechnology and biotechnology making impacts on our life that might seem like magic to us but will be quite normal to our children's children. The world is speeding up as each generation learns from their kids, and through knowledge sharing via the Internet, so who knows what the next 60 years will bring? Our timeline can only cover a small sample of what is coming.

I look at the world in which my one-year-old will grow up, and cant help comparing it to my world, or my parents or grandparents worlds. We still do the same basic things in life but in terms of how we do them, we may as well be on different planets as different timelines. The sources for the timeline include the preceding BT technology timeline, the web, magazines, chats with world experts and from interesting newsletters such as the Harrow report (http://www.theharrowgroup.com/) and Peter Cochrane (http://www.cochrane.org.uk/). The future comes to us all at 60 minutes an hour but the timeline allows us to look a bit further up the road and see what could be happening. It is up to you decide what to do about it, or even to ignore it, but we certainly hope you will enjoy thinking about the future and the impact it will have on you in work, life and play.

Ian Neild
ian.neild@btopenworld.com

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE & ARTIFICIAL LIFE BIOTECHNOLOGY, HEALTH & MEDICAL BUSINESS & EDUCATION ................. DEMOGRAPHICS ................................. ENERGY ................................................ ENVIRONMENT & COUNTRYSIDE.. HOME AND OFFICE INFRASTRUCTURE LIFE & LEISURE IN A CYBERSPACE WORLD MACHINE INPUT/OUTPUT ................ MATERIALS & ELECTRONIC DEVICES PROCESSING, MEMORY AND STORAGE ROBOTICS............................................. SECURITY, MILITARY, LAW ............ SHOPPING & MONEY ......................... SPACE .................................................... TELECOMMUNICATIONS.................. TRANSPORT & TRAVEL .................... WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY .............. ADDENDUM: WILD CARDS (THAT COULD HAPPEN ALMOST ANYTIME)

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2005 BT Technology Timeline ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE & ARTIFICIAL LIFE


Synthetic voices pop band gets in top 20 Emotionally responsive toys and robots Odour and flavour sensors comparable to dog Virus aimed at toys released Computer agent personal shoppers Toys with network based intelligence AI chatbots indistinguishable from people by 95 % of population First artificial electronic life First species brought back from extinction Domestic appliances with personality AI pop group gets top 10 hit AI Entity passes GCSE AI used as classroom assistants Action man toys engage in war games over networks Toys with built in tracking technology People have some virtual friends but don't know which ones Mood-sensitive home dcor Location devices implanted into pets First divorce due to virtual affair with computer game character Addiction to on-line games seen as a national problem DNA used to assemble electronic circuits First bacterium assembled from scratch Many drugs delivered via fruit AI football manager AI football teams as TV entertainment AI Entity passes A Level AI companies illegally cloned Highest earning celebrity is synthetic Dolls with personality chip and full sensory input 25 % of TV celebrities synthetic Expert systems surpass average human learning and logic abilities Computer agents start being thought of as colleagues instead of tools Autonomous AI sales staff become AI stalkers Smart jelly babies Smart mammary memory First multi-celled organism assembled from scratch Drugs delivered in carbon buckyballs (burst open at destination under laser light) AI technology imitating thinking processes of the brain AI teachers get better results than most human teachers AI starts being noticed as a source of redundancy AI Entity gains Degree Computers that write most of their own software AI students Most software written by machine AI Entity gains Masters Degree Human knowledge exceeded by machine knowledge Electronic pets outnumber organic pets Electronic life form given basic rights Artificial insects and small animals with artificial brains AI Member of parliament Smart bacteria, contains electronics and linked to net AI brings chimpanzee or dolphin up to human level intelligence AI Entity gains PhD AI Entity awarded Nobel Prize Remote control devices built into pets Virus wipes out half of the electronic pet population AI entities given vote Smart yoghurt, colony of smart bacteria linked together, IQ = human Brain 'add-ons' AI Entity sets up higher level prize Learning superseded by transparent interface to smart computer Robots physically and mentally superior to humans Emulation of bio life form inside the computer using protein emulation Living genetically engineered teddy bear Primate given brain implant to increase intelligence to human level Humanoid robots beat England football team 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2040s 2040s 2050s

BIOTECHNOLOGY, HEALTH & MEDICAL


Electronic prescriptions reduce fraud and improve speed Quiz shows screen for implant technologies 24/7 blood chemistry monitoring Laser activated drug capsules Ultrasound or radio activated capsules Blood analysis chips Supermarkets used as major source of medical alerts Remote control of insects by neural implants Emotion detection used in businesses to select front line staff e-Baybies electronic conception Instant electronic identification of pathogens Expert systems used extensively in GP surgeries Hospitals use virtual queuing systems Neural networks used for patient appointment management Multimedia patient records Lifestyle monitoring and insurance linked to medical records Online surgeries dominate first line medical care Active skin Video tattoos Cyber-drugs (electronically activated drugs) Automated pain relief for soldiers Bacteria in toothpaste to attack plaque e-Baybies, binary conception Antibacterial coatings on domestic appliances, phones etc, especially in hospitals Smells embedded in ordinary household objects Flexible displays used for body monitoring and alerts Emotional jewellery Emotion alerts Rich world badly infected by third world disease Hand-held scanner to detect tumours using tissue resonance interferometer Broadcasters become major source of funding for medical research Smart pill bottles remotely monitor medication taking and use alarms Drug shortages caused by internet diagnostics MRSA detection chips on sale in high street Diabetes cure via stem cell research Hotels offer some hospital services Devices roaming within blood vessels under own power Operations videoed and stored as part of medical record Use of human's own tissues to grow replacement organs Direct electronic pleasure production Orgasm by email Artificial senses, sensors directly stimulating nerves Smart membranes for remote control of drug injection Context sensitive cyber-drugs Electronic stimulation of brain sensations as recreational substitute for drugs Some implants seen as status symbols Custom (GM) foods for particular medical conditions will exist. Gene-gel stimulation of re-growth of natural teeth on demand Retina regeneration using foetal retinal cell injection Tooth regeneration Domestic bacterial detection devices Plastic bones Emotion logging and recording Emotionally specific drugs Micro-fluidic chips used for gene sequencing in every GP surgery Self certification for prescriptions using electronic diagnostics Visitor sanitising in hospitals Insects that can be controlled by artificial positioning systems Outpatients at home - remote tele-medical consultations Genetic links of all 90% of diseases identified Individual's genome part of their medical record Synthetic organs by printing layers of cells Synthetic viruses Portable bactericidal devices Bactericidal saws incorporated onto materials in hospitals Sensory augmentation using sensory implants, nanoparticles etc Use of stem cells in brain after strokes or accidents Gene therapy generates new hair cells in humans Sensory implants allows direct sensing of cyberspace entities Robotic cleaners in hospitals Biometrics and medical tests linked to benefits and disability allowance 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017

Nanotech based organism colonies Synthetic bacteria Artificial sensors used in cosmetic upgrade surgery Smart makeup Listing of individual's DNA for $1 (10M key base pairs) Brief human suspended animation Electronic memory enhancement Many new forms of plants and animals from genetic engineering Nanobots in toothpaste attack plaque Fully functioning artificial eyes Electronic brain implants Genetic, chemical and physiological bases of human behaviour understood Intelligence or memory enhancement by external means First Bionic Olympics e-Baybies, genetic conception DNA compression used to create optimal organisms Virus crosses over from machine to human Synthetic immune system Artificial peripheral nerves e-Baybies, digital emulation conception Sims game using real genetics Artificial brain Brain in jar

2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2040s 2040s

BUSINESS & EDUCATION


Professional paid-for email Lifestyle brands dominate Network based learning causes polarisation in classes - streaming is essential Global classes used for multicultural immersion Instant voice mail Nomadic information companies paying no corporation tax Business offer individual deals to customers British retirement age rose to 70 25% of UK workforce teleworking at least 2 days a week Human free companies All government services delivered electronically Universal monitoring of business transactions "Made in China" seen as a sign of status Most advertising is personalised to viewer e-money, e-vouchers, celebrity cash Smart stickers for the home Biometrics compulsory for claimants Electronic communications compulsory for claimants Email used to communicate with most social service claimants Inter-business financial transactions all electronic Virtual companies and virtual co-operatives dominate Superstar teachers use telepresence to lecture to dispersed classes Personalised degrees quantised to individual lectures Purely electronic companies exist - minimal human involvement Augmented reality key part of high street Mass internet blockade of business, brand, country Return to the high street as personal service matters again Printers good enough to make reasonable quality forged banknotes Paper money replaced by smart media Spread of nomadic information companies leads to global taxation New tax forms, e.g. compulsory servants Academic learning is argued to be unnecessary in the age of smart machines Integrated taxation in all transactions Return to sender viruses, corporate counterattacks Retirement age raised to 75 Major pensions crisis More people using telework centres than home working Telework centres double as community resources Police force privatised in many nations Less than 10% of UK workforce in manufacturing Autonomous production plants make everything, Asia unemployment increases Pension crisis, collapse of stock market due to share sales to pay pensions Retirement age linked to medical history Language teaching decline due to machine translation services Learning superseded by transparent interface to smart computers 95% of people in advanced nation computer literate 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2030s 2030s

DEMOGRAPHICS
Less than 20% of UK workforce in manufacturing World population reaches 7 billion India population hits 1.2 billion Population growth slows to 1% (1.3% today) Asia-Pacific overtakes US in internet users Worldwide deaths due to HIV/AIDS peak at 1.7 million 60% of the world's population living in cities China GDP overtakes EU GDP 400M people live in mega cities of over 10M inhabitants 50% of world population have internet access and processing capability Androids form 10% of population 70 million over 65s in USA (20%) with 9 million over 85s 3Bn people water stressed (<1700 cu m per capita per year) First e-Baybies genetically assembled Chinese graduates exceed American and European graduates 3.5 Bn people water stressed (400M in 2001) e-Baybies form virtual population of 1 Bn First e-Baybies electronically emulated World population peaks at 10 billion 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2040s

ENERGY
Button sized gas turbine generators for portable device power Return to nuclear power in UK (decision made) Power save mode on appliances linked to grid demands Power rationing enforced due to grid shortage Home fuel cell based 7kW generator Solar chimney power station (1.5km tall) Most portables powered by fuel cells Multi layer solar cells with efficiency over 50% Solar reflector satellites bringing sunlight to major Northern cities Nuclear power plants supply 16% of energy in Russia and Eastern Europe Worldwide energy consumption 50% greater than 1993 Renewable power in UK at 5 % Hydrogen production by bacteria Commercial magma power stations Hydrogen fuel available on UK forecourts Active transmission/distribution grid - energy web Widespread use of carbon fixing/burying Extremely insulated buildings Catalytic water decomposition by sunlight Seabed gas hydrate crystals used as fuel source Worldwide oil consumption is 100M barrels of oil per day 10% of UK energy produced by renewables Nuclear power in UK up to 25 % Oil consumption peaks Systems based on biochemical storage of solar energy Widespread use of micro CHP stations (in 50% of premises) Space solar power stations Wave energy providing up to 50% of UK requirements Use of nuclear fusion as power source 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2040s

ENVIRONMENT & COUNTRYSIDE


Complete list of 1.5 million known species available on web Virtual farming co-operatives GM crops infect neighbouring fields Between 15 and 95cm rise in sea level Extensive remote sensing use in environmental management Effective prediction of most natural disasters Out-sourced vegetable plots Poor countries charge for bio-prospecting Genetic solutions in one area become environmental problems for other areas Green groups endorse products Killer bug resistant to all known antibiotics Nuclear power generally accepted by green groups Growth of scientific environmentalism Landfills in London and surrounding region full Insect-like robots used for crop pollination Large areas of countryside used for biomass production New environmental groups focused on visual environment protection Ecotourism one of biggest environmental problems Green groups use defensive patenting of damaging technologies Waste sludge used to create energy using bacteria in fuel cells Increased use of GM crops on saline contaminated soils 30% of world's arable land will be salty Widespread use of sensors in the countryside 70% of landfills in USA full Carbon dioxide fixation technologies for environment protection Artificial precipitation induction & control Global environmental management corporations 50% of world's arable land will be salty Ozone hole disappears 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2030s 2040s 2050s 2050s

HOME AND OFFICE INFRASTRUCTURE


Chips on food packaging tell when food is at its best Video tiles Emotional objects, switches etc around home Most homes have wireless networks Spoken caller number identity, with personal numbering SMS appliances IM appliances Electronic notebook with contrast as good as paper Smart paint available (contains chips) Digital bathroom mirror Magazine tablets Personalised response from household gadgets Mood sensitive light bulbs Consumer electronics devices plug straight into home net Smart responsive environments Domestic positioning systems Most homes use web cams for communication Virtual windows Dual architecture Anti-noise technology built into homes Active wallpaper responds to inhabitants' moods etc Chips in packaging control cooking Neighbourhood video surveillance networks Washing machine aware of contents and selects cycle Augmented reality offices used in telework centres Palm-top printing puts buttons on skin Glasses based displays dominate in the office Electronic response based on conversational inference Windows with coatings to re-direct sunlight Nanotechnology toys Traditional pubs using technology to enhance illusion of tradition Kaleidoscopic flowers using electronic inks Patio display panels and slabs to simulate beach Anti noise technology in gardens 3D home printers Nanotechnology plants 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s

LIFE & LEISURE IN A CYBERSPACE WORLD


Avatar cosmetic surgery Theatres gain extra revenue by allowing internet attendance Conferencing technology for remote socialising in public places 1Bn internet users Automatic video capture of personal events 24/7 audio recording Remind me devices Personal surveillance Social log Deep indexing creates greater bonds between people (i-Pod play lists etc create insight into another's personality) Electronically mediated tribes become major social structures Virtual car races as spectator sports Personal remote web servers Chips in footballs, players, etc to enhance data collection Viewers able to pick any angle or player view Augmented reality at sports grounds to enhance spectator experience Major social problem caused by email and texting in secret relationships Mobile email reduces productivity due to lack of concentration on task-in-hand Tourist information beacons Cyberspace make-up People have cyberspace wardrobe Frequent use of multiple Net identities causes personality disorders Cheap miniature cameras cause social backlash Toy soldiers with video camera eyes enrich play People reduce tax liability by being partially paid in information products On line voting in UK VR overlays on real world Loneliness in aged population greatly reduced by network communities National UK decisions influenced by electronic referenda Worldwide population of over 65s increases by 1 million monthly Cyber community with 100 million people 1st Extreme Olympics Personal black boxes record everyday life Mass customisation of toys Ability to digitally replace or enhance people in your field of view Digital x-ray glasses Xanadu, leisure city in cyberspace Kitchen rage caused by electronic gadgets Electronic implant equivalent to Botox Living area use of virtual reality scenes Replacement of people leads to anti-technology subculture Make-up by numbers Orgasmatron Most electronic toys hybrids with half on net Active skin makeup VR escapism is a major social problem Dual geo/cyber-nationality recognised internationally Most towns echoed in cyberspace Films where viewers can choose who acts in each role Emotion transmission and conversion (feel love or anger) Digital image overlays enhance relationships Global voting on some issues Network based telepathy Creation of The Matrix VR extensively used in retirement homes Restricted capability home genetic engineering kits Experience recording Real' toy soldiers using nanotechnology Running man' style TV programs using androids 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2030s

MACHINE INPUT/OUTPUT
e-ink screen advertising billboards Personalised adverts on Radio Head up displays for DVD watching Smelly television using chips with small reservoirs of chemicals Simple voice command interface for home appliances 3D 'Minority Report' style air display Virtual mouse 3d fingertip tracking Self destructing DVDs used for video hiring i-Pod style jog-wheel dialling for phones Holographic animated or video advertisements (few second video clips) Displays with image quality comparable to paper Separate volume controls for different people in room 3d air display Projected augmented reality Personalised TV & radio Use of storage based nets 3d personal glasses displays Full voice interaction with PC Voice synthesis quality up to human standard Data loss because of format changes becomes major business problem Self organising displays Active contact lens Augmented reality standard in towns and cities Dual architectures Active skin touch sensitive display on forearm or for adornment Holographic displays for continuous video Hamster ball with VR for pets Computer link to biological sensory organs Holodecks using box room lined completely with polymer screens Thought recognition as everyday input means Holographic TV Full direct brain link Virtual display 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2030s

MATERIALS & ELECTRONIC DEVICES


Spherical silicon integrated circuits Polymers with lower resistance than copper at room temperature Chips with 1 billion transistors Use of polymer gels for muscles Quantum effect interferometer for flux measurement Use of carbon fullerenes for on chip interconnect Chemical lab on a chip Self diagnosis using gene chips for domestic use Liquid drop lenses for camera phones etc Piezoelectric motors for moving lenses in phones Terahertz scanners Portable terahertz scanners Self organising adaptive integrated circuits Use of polymer gels for bioreactors Molecular sized switches Intelligent materials with in-built sensors, storage and effectors Smart skin for intelligent clothing and direct human repair Self organisation used in most fields of electronics Use of bacteria to assemble small circuits Crossbar based logic circuits Use of polymer gels for information processing Chips with 10 billion transistors Materials exhibiting superconductivity at room temperature Manufacture of long diamond fibres Smart bacteria Smart yoghurt 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2020s

PROCESSING, MEMORY AND STORAGE


Supercomputer as fast as human brain Live CD-based OS distributed in newspaper Optical neuro-computers Simple quantum computer, 4 Qubits Computers used for creativity enhancement MP3 Net downloads dominate over CD distribution Personal memory sticks replace hard drives for everyday files (HD used as archive) Most video players based on memory sticks Public storage provided by local government to support social use of IT 100GB memory sticks (typical 2005 HD capacity) Ultra-simple computing - just in time OS Chinux OS Chinese UNIX variant OS distributed primarily on ROM DNA storage device Supercomputers with speed exceeding 1 ExaFLOPS Use of analogue co-processors in PCs DNA computer Windows drops below 50% penetration worldwide Use of bacteria for processing and storage Desktop computer as fast as human brain Bacterial supercomputer Circuits made with bacteria by own DNA, smart yoghurt 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2020s

ROBOTICS
Totally automated factories Global domestic robot numbers passes 4M Global industrial robot numbers passes 1M Fractal shape-changing robots Insect-like robots used in warfare Robotic dolls and pets account for 10 % of domestic telecomm traffic Self monitoring infrastructures using smart materials and sensors. Micromechanical gnomes Robots for cleaning, washing fetch and carry in hospital Robot dance tutors Nanowalkers, nanoworms, nanofish Mechanical intelligence using MEMS and NEMS Android robots used for factory jobs Fleet of garden robots for plant and lawn care and tidying Robots for cleaning, washing fetch and carry, in office Robot pest killers Housework robots - fetch, carry, clean & tidy, organise etc. Robots for guiding blind people Cybernetic use in sports Robots for cleaning, washing, fetch and carry, in home Self diagnostic self repairing robots Actuators resembling human muscles Insect sized robots banned in gardens due to effects on wildlife Robotic delivery for internal mail Robotic exercise companion More robots than people in developed countries Android gladiators GM and robotics converge, GM used to make organic robots Micro-Mechano fractal construction kit i-Robot style robots with polymer muscles and strong AI 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2040s

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SECURITY, MILITARY, LAW


Edited Mass internet rallies Bacteria used in detection of explosives Blogs in military use as dominant intelligence technique Major terrorist attack on company or country via internet Soldiers' weapons fired remotely Software companies sued for misuse of remotely controlled weapon War fought over water supply Logic checkers highlighting contradictory evidence SMS spam problem undermines mobile content market Biometric home access Expenditure on security exceeds expected cost of attacks prevented Autonomous weapons authorised to fire at own discretion War where own side kills more of its own than the enemy War for water Context sensitive bombs (waits for senior politicians) Weapons use biometric authentication of user Bacteria used to break down explosives in mine fields Terrorist are source of most on-line scams Communication networks severely disrupted by hackers Balloons used in terrorist attacks Radio controlled vehicle attacks on shipping, smart mines Cracking of public key cryptography within a few seconds using networked zombie machines Data mining use in trials Remote override capability on planes Household access by facial recognition Jargon translators Computer advice to jurors on probability issues Criminal tagging augmented with video and audio sensors Extensive use of electronics to monitor police behaviour Automated stenographers Jigsaw viruses Spam email volume forces charge based solutions Phishing destroys confidence in on-line banking, most on-line banks closed Terahertz video cameras become social nuisance due to privacy invasion Expert system based home law advisors Robot casualties reported routinely Corporate cyberwars Major utility brought down by hackers Universal ID cards in UK Most weapons attack systems rather than injure people Civil liberties revolt Anti-tech backlash 2nd internet with guaranteed security for email, with no spam World War 2 thought of as a film rather than a real event by 30% of Americans War with zero own side human casualties Scalable AI as major military threat Positive clean ID required for access to many places Terrorist use of GM to pollute crops and damage economy Most fighters and bombers flown remotely Plastic stealth tank Use of network resonance as security threat Ambient intelligence detection of minor crimes & anti social behaviour Identity theft forces all transactions to use biometrics Domestic augmented reality used to give virtual makeovers Biometric ID required for every phone call Use of mutant insects for attack purposes War caused by global warming forcing mass migration from coastal areas War fought entirely between robot armies ID cards replaced by biometric scanning Emotion control chips used to control criminals Open city prisons for criminals and antisocial people First war without any casualties from friendly fire Robots outnumber soldiers on battlefield Smart bacteria used in warfare to alter behaviour of enemy Smart bacteria as military threat to mankind Attacks based on facilitating natural disasters Smart bacteria weapons Gated cities for civilised people Use of solar wind deflectors to set fire to cities Nanotech based virus communicable between machines and people, sent over net Asteroid diversion used as weapon 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2030s 2040s

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SHOPPING & MONEY


Local warehousing for local distribution systems Personal shopping tablets Movies no longer sold in VHS format Local e-bay augments car boot sales Shops start being paid by manufacturers as try-on outlets Paypal migrates onto high street In-store positioning systems enable personalised guides 25% of UK shopping is network based Immersive VR shopping booths Most books sold on-line Internal positioning systems in stores In-store positioning systems with 1cm precision Paper and coins largely replaced by electronic cash Most tickets electronic Personal taxation at point of sale Automatic dialling from smart business cards RFID replaces most barcodes Most music sold online Augmented reality overlays used in stores Reverse auctions in personal shopping devices (nearby stores bid to provide items on shopping list) 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017

SPACE
Private space mission to examine asteroid with a view to space mining Prize claimed for 1st private orbital trip Hotel in orbit Scramjets used to launch low-orbit space-planes Helium 3 mining on moon Orbital space junk cleared up by sweeper craft First manned mission to Mars Production, storage and use of antimatter Space factories for commercial production Airships used to carry payloads most of the way to orbit Regular manned missions to Mars Use of human hibernation in space travel Space elevator based on carbon nanotube cable Start of construction of manned Mars laboratory Moon base the size of small village Asteroid mining Mining of water on Mars Self sustaining mars colony 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2020s 2020s 2020s 2020s 2030s 2030s 2030s 2040s 2040s 2040s 2040s 2040s

TELECOMMUNICATIONS
90% of calls tetherless Internet achieves 75% penetration in UK Star trek style commbadge Fixed mobile convergence Wireless LANs become preferred access mechanism for mobile internet use Wireless LANs in most shopping Malls Vibration used as part of calls on cellphones to convey emotion 21CN completed Last ever PSTN call 100Mbit/s wireless speed in office/home Mobile phones pass standalone music players in market share Push-to-talk style video clips Caller can send own ring tone Calls can be addressed by email address Storage based networks Use of microwave photonics in local access 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012

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Video download over network at 10 x normal speed 60% of internet accesses from mobile devices Use of WDM in local access Simultaneous data delivery in the City Software radio available in portables Openzone access covers whole city Single address for emails, phone calls etc HDTV over broadband Most BBC Content available on-line Video sleepover terminals Large screen video links reduce loneliness for old people Domestic demand reaches 50Mbit/s per home Gigabit wireless in home All voice calls free

2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015

TRANSPORT & TRAVEL


Blimp cargo lifters, carrying 160 tonnes, 6000 miles at 60mph Assisted lane keeping systems in trucks and buses Most new cars fitted with positioning systems as standard Pollution monitor chips built into cars Smart tickets for navigation through airports Cars with automatic steering Scramjet' engine powered planes flying at Mach 10 Urban car co-pilot All new cars fitted with basic cellular communication with automated distress system Tourism in some areas limited to net access High Speed Civil Transport supersonic jet, 300 passengers, 1500mph GPS and engine management systems linked to limit speed automatically Road trains using ad-hoc networking Bus routes based on star and ring architectures Need to book time slots to use some key roads Cars with dual wheels that can run on road or rail Urban tracks for electronically driven cars Black boxes in all new cars Dynamic road tolling Automatic driving makes car pooling feasible Driverless truck convoys using electronic tow-bar Fully auto-piloted cars 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020

WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY
Flexible screens Video tattoos (thin polymer membrane displays) Wrist based video displays Teletubby T-shirts TV jewellery Light emitting fabrics used in clothes Smell emitting clothing, uses context Personal wireless website broadcast Blogs go wearable Virtual retinal displays TV quality video screens built into clothes Emotion badges Jewellery that changes shape, colour and texture Portable translation device for simple conversation Kaleidoscopic clothes using materials with embedded pigment micro-capsules Micro-actuators built into clothes for sensory feedback Video makeup (virtual world) Shape changing fabrics Shape memory fabrics Digital bubble Cyber clothes Terahertz jammers in clothes as personal modesty shield Dual appearance Laws restrict what can be shown on video clothing Terahertz jammer banned at airports 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2006-2010 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012 2008-2012

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Active contact lens Alpha-wave induction sets Thought recognition used in sleep enhancement Computer enhanced dreaming Projector ring Mugging by brain state induction devices Obesity increase due to compelling virtual reality environments Computer controlled hunger suppressants Emotion control devices Dream link technology Smart makeup, context sensitive

2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2011-2015 2013-2017 2013-2017 2013-2017 2016-2020 2016-2020 2016-2020

ADDENDUM: WILD CARDS (THAT COULD HAPPEN ALMOST ANYTIME)


Based on an original idea by John Petersen, The Arlington Institute) Megavolcano erupts Cumbre Vieha collapses, megatsunami wipes out dozens of cities Asteroid or comet hits earth Massive solar flare wipes out life on earth Natural evolution of superbug Extraordinary US West Coast Natural Disaster First Unambiguous Contact with Extraterrestrial Life -- The Arrival of ETs Ice caps melt, Oceans rise one hundred feet Mass Migrations Another Chernobyl Collapse of the United Nations Global nuclear war Environmental pressure causes evolution of superbug Aids or similarly deadly disease mutates and becomes transmittable by air Bugs resistant to all known antibiotics Rules Change: Economic and/or Environmental "War Criminals" Are Prosecuted Terrorists Go Biological US Economy Fails or collapse of the dollar Civil nuclear war Global economic collapse causes mass starvation and conflict Global civil war Space exploration creates superbug Civil war between Soviet States Goes Nuclear Collapse of World's Fisheries Computer/Chip/Operating System Maker Blackmails Country or World End of Intergenerational Solidarity Gulf or Jet Stream Shifts Location Permanently International Financial Collapse Large-scale lengthy disruption of national electrical supply Major Break in Alaskan pipeline - Significant ecological damage Major Chaos in Africa Nuclear Terrorist Attack on United States or Europe Rise of an American Dictator Social breakdown in US or Europe Stock market crash Human Cloning Perfected, Human Genetic Engineering Arrives Accidental creation of lethal organism during research Anti-tech backlash destroys systems chaos and starvation Deliberate biotech self-destruct by malicious biotech researcher Major genetic engineering accident Terrorism rises beyond capability of government systems Transgenic accident Encryption Invalidated Hackers Blackmail Federal Reserve China launches cyberwar against Taiwan Virus outbreak kills 100 million people worldwide Internet collapse due to security concerns undermining trust Strike on urban area by 500m asteroid (below current detection threshold) Biotech terrorist attack goes wrong Evolved crime destroys human systems Global civil war between cybernations Hackers wipe out networks, causing chaos and mass starvation The hostile arrival of ETs detecting our transmissions Viruses become immune to all known treatments End of the Nation State Foetal Sex Selection Becomes the Norm Earliest 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010

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Gulf Stream ceases Computers and robots become superior to humans Self-aware machine intelligence Third world exodus destabilises global system Computers/Robots think like humans Collapse of the sperm count Global epidemic with high speed travel and high population density Global famine caused by manmade environmental change Hybrid nanotech-organic creatures International social collapse - widespread civil conflict Major information systems disruption Major technology or science research accident Rise of a global machine dictator Total social breakdown in US or Europe Fuel cells replace internal combustion engines Life Expectancy Approaches 100 Megacities cause global epidemic Nanotech development by individuals Nanotechnology accident Networks become conscious and won't co-operate Second World Nation Demonstrates Development of Nanotech Weapons Elimination by smart machines - terminator Nanotechnology war Humans access net directly, become an integral part of global information system. No-Carbon Economy Worldwide Religious environmentalism destroys environment Use of asteroid as weapon of mass destruction Methane hydrate nodules evaporate causing runaway global warming Creation of Star Trek's Borg Global electromagnetic communications disrupted for foreseeable future Political correctness creates new dark age Whole generation unable to effectively read, write, think, and work Human genetic engineering creates hostile super-race Humans assimilated into net Invention of elimination phaser Time travel invented Immortality chip - people move into cyberspace Faster than light travel

2015 2015 2015 2015 2015 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2020 2025 2025 2025 2025 2025 2030 2030 2030 2030 2030 2030 2040 2040 2040 2050 2050 2070 2075 2075 2075 2075 2100

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