STORAGE TANK CALCULATION 1 .0 1 .1 1 .

2 DESIGN CODE & SPECIFICATION DESIGN CODE TANK Roof ( Open/Close ) Type of roof ( Cone-roof / Dome-roof / Flat-roof / NA ) GEOMETRIC DATA Inside diameter , Di ( corroded ) (@ 17,170 Tank height (tan/tan), H Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. (Actual) Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. (Design) Nominal capacity , V Maximum design liquid level, HL PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE Design pressure : Upper , Pu : Lower , Pl Design temperature : Upper , Tu : Lower , Tl MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Component Material Tensile Stress St(N/mm²) 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 Yield Stress Sy(N/mm²) 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 Corrosion Allowance c.a.(mm) 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.00 1.00 1.00

: API 650 11th Edition

: Close : Dome-roof

1 .3

mm )

= = = = = =

17,170 13,500 1.840 1.840 3126 13,500

mm mm t/m3 t/m3 m³ mm

1 .4

0 0

(Atmospheric) = = = =

0.00 0.00 60 0

mbarg mbarg Vac °C °C

1 .5

PLATE Shell Plate

( Mat'l Code # 1 ) (bot) ( Mat'l Code # 2 ) (top)

Annular Plate Bottom Plate Roof Plate STRUCTURE MEMBERS Roof structure (rafter,bracing,etc ) Top Curb Angle Intermediate Wind Girder

A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36

2 .0 2 .1

SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION BY ONE-FOOT METHOD GEOMETRIC DATA Plate size used MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Material used Specified Specified Yield stress Max. allow Max. allow min. tensile min. yield reduction fac design hydro.test stress stress ( App. M ) stress stress St (N/mm²) Sy (Nmm²) k Sd (N/mm²) St (N/mm²) 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 160.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 160.00 171.43 171.43 171.43 171.43 171.43 171.43 171.43 171.43 171.43 -

:

1,500 mm

2 .2 No

Corrosion allowance c.a (mm) 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 -

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 -

75 5. t. Dn ( new ) ( based on 1st shell course ) H = Design liquid level = = 18.500 1.design.00 mm c. of t. (mm) t.K. Mat'l Code No.K.00 16.00 12.G td = + c.500 9. O.500 1. 6.34 12.1. use thickness of : yes (@ API 650 Clause 5.00 mm 61.88 11.500 - 13.500 - 15. 4.500 6.3 ).hydo & min.3 SPECIFIED MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS Specification Minimum thickness as per API 650 cl 5.00 - 18. tsc1 Hydro.16 - 6.1 3.33 0. O.00 10.00 mm (tb) is = = satisfactory.K.min = Max.0. O.500 3.design (mm) t. O.K.00 mm 9.500 m .hydro. - 3 .97 8.500 1.88 11.80 2.5 No.4.K.01 4.1 : API 650 11th Edition = 6. ( in mm ) 4.500 12.00 14.00 12.61 4.9Dc ( H .1 ) SI METRIC UNIT :Design shell thickness. O.6.07 6.79 14.3 ) tt = St t.188 m 13.500 1.79 14.06 1.00 10.4 SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION BY ONE-FOOT METHOD ( CLAUSE 5.28 3.52 7. ( in mm ) 4.97 8.43 9.59 - 15.000 1.min (mm) tsc.54 2.00 - O. O.500 1.52 7.500 1.500 1.0 3 .K.K. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 CALCULATION & RESULTS Material Width (mm) Height (mm) t.1 BOTTOM & ANNULAR PLATE DESIGN BOTTOM PLATE & ANNULAR PLATE DESIGN Annular plate used ? ( yes/no ) BOTTOM PLATE (i) Minimum thickness as per Minimum thickness required Therefore.3) St = tsc1 where Dn = Nominal diameter.00 6.a Sd Hydrostatic test shell thickness . tsc = Thicknes selected & used 2 .000 10.9Dn(H-0.00 mm ANNULAR PLATE (i) Nominal thickness of 1st shell course.00 16.K. O.3.00 mm 2 .6. O.07 5.00 14. test stress in 1st shell course.000 4.76 N/mm² = = 17.49 5.11 12 13 14 15 - - - - - - - 2 .K.43 9.a ) 20.500 1.9Dn ( H .000 7.34 12.0. thickness as per PTS. (mm) Result A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 A36 - 1.

000 mm 13. SG ) where ta = Annular plate thickness HL = Maximum design liquid level SG = Design specific gravity Therefore.235 m 28235 mm 7.00 1. therefore the intermediate wind girder is/are not required Minimum number of intermediate wind girders required.00 mm c.cor) where ts.1.1 ) 13.500 mm SI METRIC UNIT :H1 = (9.2) (iv) Min.00 mm 9. ) Insulation thickness.00 1. ti Nominal diameter of tank.84 1. shell-to-bottom fillet welds size (cl.00 1.1 WIND LOAD CALCULATION (OVERTURNING STABILITY) WIND DESIGN CALCULATION Internal design pressure.00 1. use thickness of 20.00 mm 600 mm 862.1 INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS CALCULATION MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF THE UNSTIFFENED SHELL ( CLAUSE 5.2 Since H1 > H2.5.mm L2 = . ) mm (ta) is (ii) Min. D Tank height .mm L3 = .500 485 5 11. 5. L1 = .500 485 6 9.00 1.500 9 7.5.0 4 .cor Dc 3 x 190 ² V = = = = = 28.00 mm Annular plate thickness ( As per Table 5-1a ) Minimum thickness required (@ 3.00 1.9.500 mm .00 1. width projected inside of shell to edge of overlapping (cl.50 m 1.00 1.500 1.00 1.00 mm 17.500 319 4 11.cor W Wtr (mm) (mm) (mm) 1 15.a.5.mm 5 .0 mbarg. radial width of annular plate (L > La) L 4 .5 (HL.77 mm 20. radial width of annular plate (cl.mm L4 = .19 m 125.188 mm 13.500 800 7 9.0 5 . Pi ( @ 0. Hs = = = = 0 N/mm² 0 mm 17.000 mm 6.500 223 2 13.500 800 8 7.7.47 ts.500 10 11 12 13 14 15 Height of transformed shell.cor = Top shell course thickness Dc = Nominal tank diameter V = Wind design speed LOCATION OF INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS Shell Shell Actual Transposed course thickness width width tsc.00 km/hr ts. H2 = 6.mm L5 = .431 mm 4 .00 Therefore .tsc1 = Nominal thickness of 1st shell course = = = satisfactory. = 0 Location of intermediate wind girders from top of tank.7) (iii) Min. 5. 5.2) 215 ta La = 0.500 319 3 13.500 1. = = = = = = = 18.

000623269 N/mm² 0.281. Mw ( = Fr. Pi ). Ar ( = 0. Fs ( = ws.Lr Min.604 mm² 232.000372230 N/mm² 1.3 OVERTURNING STABILITY AGAINST WIND LOADING Wind Uplift Load Internal Pressure Load D/2 Wind load on shell.kw. Ww Weight of shell + top angle (corroded ). D = 0 Nmm Overturning moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from horizontal plus vertical wind pressure Total wind moment on tank.ws=0.Hr ) Projected area of shell.Do.k. Fr H/2 H Momment about shell to bottom joint Dead Load (WDL) Liquid hold down weight (wa) For tank to be structurally stable without anchorage.462 N 759.Lr + Fs.653 Nmm .810.626 2.Do. the wind pressure are as follows:Wind pressure on conical surfaces. Rr=1.2*D Roof height.000 mm² 12.784. kw (= V /190)² Projected area of roof.6 Mw + Mpi < MDL / 1.303 6.44*(V/190)^2/1000 Wind pressure on cylindrical surfaces.Ls ) = = = = = = = = 0.291 97.784.474.4 Mpi < (MDL +MF) / 2 where: Mpi = = = Mw = = MDL = Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from design internal pressure Uplift thrust on roof due to internal pressure x 1/2 tank diameter ( 1/4 π.347 N 86. wr=1. Fr ( = wr.Roof radial.00 19.As ) Total wind moment on tank. ( = Fr. 1/2.2 150.653 Nmm 5 . WDL (@ 5 . Ls Height from tank bottom to roof centre. As ( = k.kw.2.5.Ls ) = Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from the weight of the 759.750 14.359 N 0N 959. D2.Wt (corroded condition) (@ Weight of product (always present in tank) .Ar ) Total wind load exerted on shell. depth of product (always present in tank) . the following uplift criteria shall satisfy: Criteria 1: 0.1(j).856 kg ) kg ) = = = = = = = = 20. Hr Height from tank bottom to shell centre. Hw Weight of tank.Hs ) Total wind load exerted on roof.962 N WIND FORCE CALCULATION As per API 650 clause 5.68*(V/190)^2/1000 Wind correction factor.5 Criteria 2: Mw + 0.Lr + Fs.268 0 mm mm mm mm mm 1.

784.5. 0.1 SEISMIC FORCE CALCULATION SEISMIC LOADS DESIGN GEOMETRIC DATA Seismic peak ground acceleration.00 D I 17.4 Mpi (MDL +MF) / 2 Since.332 Nmm wa = H= tb = Fby = = = = = 68.500 6.0 6 .5.from bottom shell to COG of shell.4 Mpi = = Mw + 0.870.171 56.917.500 14.905 kg ) kg ) kg ) kg ) = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0.030.1.945. I Site Class Seismic Use Group.750 13.6 Mw + Mpi MDL / 1.035 mm mm mm mm mm N N N N 6 . G Total weight of tank shell.1097 g 1. Ht Ht.653 Nmm = 20. Sp Importance factor. D Total height of tank shell.81 N/m 13. since the roof is floating on the liquid.1 6 .811. D. Wp Total weight of tank bottom.791 199.from bottom shell to COG of roof.5 FOR CRITERIA 2 Mw + 0.249.6 Mw + Mpi Mw +0.889.632 Nmm MF = = = 31. 0.422. Ac When Tc ≤ TL Ac = 2.1.Xr Design specific gravity of liquid.Xs Maximum design liquid level.751. WDL Weight of roof = 0.5 Q Fa So I Rwi = 0. DESIGN SPECTRAL RESPONSE ACCELERATIONS Impulsive spectral acceleration parameter. 6 .499.792 Nmm 5. H Design liquid height Thickness of Bottom plate under the shell Minimum specified yeid stress of the bottom plate under the shell 0. and 1/2 (MDL+ MF) The tank anchorage is NOT REQUIRED.512 36.5 K Q Fa So Ts I ≤ Ai = - . Wf (@ (@ (@ (@ 77.07 Convective spectral acceleration parameter.482 Nmm < < MDL/1.303 5.553 20. π D).2 Note: The total weight of the tank roof will be added to the weight of tank content. Ws Total weight of tank roof.268 1 760. D 1000 2 Weight of liquid = 59 tb Fby.6 Mw + Mpi < MDL / 1.4 Mpi < (MDL +MF) / 2 455.337 362.5 m 20 mm 250 N/mm 2 FOR CRITERIA 1 0.since it is floating on liquid Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from liquid weight (wa) (wa.= shell and the roof supported by the shell.185 13.551. SUG Nominal diameter of tank.5 = 8. Wr Total weight of tank contents.903.088 Nmm = 759. H Ht. Ai Ai = 2.

D/H) 0.58 Ts = where.031303768 Scaling factor Coefficient to adjust the spectral damping from 5% . For D/H ≥ 1.67 1. S1/ Fa.Ac = 2.137125 0.2.33 s sloshing period coefficient 0.68 H tanh D Ks = = 0.2 second.66 CONVECTIVE (SLOSHING ) PERIOD The first mode sloshing wave period.2 sec perios) as per Table E-1 Velocity-based site coefficient (at 1 sec. %g = = 1.3 2.12575 0.27425 0.TL Tc 2 I Rwc ≤ Ai = 0. Tc = 1. S1 = 1.5 K Q Fa So Ts . Wi = For D/H < 1. Ss = 0.1097 4 2 4s 4. spectral response acceleration parameter at the period of one second. sites not defined by ASCE 7 method.0.6 2.866.07 =- N . tanh (0.1258 For regions outside USA. Wp = = = = 0. period) as per Table E-2 Maximum considered earthquake.6 2. D/H .1 OVERTURNING STABILITY AGAINST SEISMIC LOADING EFFECTIVE MASS OF TANK CONTENTS Effective impulsive portion of the liquid weight. the convective spectral acceleration parameter Ac and the impulsive spectral acceleration parameter Ai 6 .5 Sp Since Tc > TL .33 s 0. 5% damped.578 3. Ss = = = = = = = = = = 0. Ks = = 4.2 6 . S1 Fa . %g Maximum considered earthquake.1. 5% damped. Fa = Fv = S1 = Ss = Fv .866.25 Sp Ss = 2.66 Acceleration based site coefficient (at 0.8 Ks √ D where.333.5 K Q Fa So Tc Rwc ≤ Ai = - When Tc > TL Ac = where Q = K = Fa = Fv = So = Rwi = Rwc = TL = Tc = Ts = 6 .5 1. spectral response acceleration parameter at shorts period of 0.03 0.333.5% Acceleration based site coefficient as per Table E-1 Velocity-based site coefficient as per Table E-2 Substitution for seismic peak ground acceleration Sp Force reduction coefficient for impulsive mode as per Table E-4 Force reduction coefficient for convective mode as per Table E-4 Regional dependent transition period for longer period ground motion First mode sloshing wave period for convective mode Fv.

2.H 0.890.2.0 3.0 N/mm2 250.H = 9.67 H D sinh -1 3.804. effective impulsive portion of the liquid weight. Wi Effective convective weight.34 Nm 6 . Fty Anchorage Ratio.333.84 N 513. Xs + Wr.313.Wi = Since 1. Vi2 + Vc2 Vi = Vc = Ai (Ws + Wr +Wf + Wi) Ac.5 .13 N = 40. .093. ta = Thickness of bottom shell course. J J= Mrw = = = 20. specified yield strength of bottom annulus.4 SHEAR FORCE The seismic base shear shall be defined as the SRSS combination of the impulsive and convective components.67H D = 16.134. 0.135. ts = Bottom/Annular plate radial width. Mrw = [Ai ( Wi. Wp = 40. Ringwall moment.337. Xc)]2 = = 16672269336 Nmm 16672269. Xr)]2 + [Ac (Wc.13 N D/H < 1.61 mm The height from the bottom of the Tank Shell to the center of action of the lateral seismic forces related to the convective liquid force for ringwall moment.78 mm 6 .43 .2 .764.804.0. Ls = Min.01 N CENTER OF ACTION FOR EFFECTIVE LATERAL FORCES The height from the bottom of the Tank Shell to the center of action of the lateral seismic forces related to the impulsive liquid force for ringwall moment.3 6 .67 H D .333. V= where. cosh Xc = 1. specified yield strength of bottom shell course.416.333 .80 N 6 . For D/H ≥ 1.0 .67H D 3.1 RESISTANCE TO OVERTURNING THICKNESS OF THE BOTTOM PLATE UNDER THE SHELL & ITS RADIAL WIDTH Bottom/Annular plate thickness .00 mm 1500.260.0 mm 250. Wc = = = 3.61 mm 5.0 N/mm2 0.3.00 mm 18. Xi = = 5134.218 D H .21 N 3.230 D Wc = H 6 .3 OVERTURNING MOMENT The seismic overturning moment at the base of the tank shell shall be the SRSS summation of the impulsive and convective components multiplied by the respective moment arms to the center of action of the forces. Wp tanh 3. Xi = For D/H < 1.333 .0.733.375H =- mm Xi = Since D 0.764.2. Xi + Ws.094 H D/H < 1. Fy Min.

42 = 114.54 = 0.14 N/mm Weight of tank shell and portion of roof supported by the shell.0.43 Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell Resisting force of the annulus = = = 0.549. H.038395 17. J < 1. wa = 99 ta Fy.4 Av) + Wa ) 2 = 0.78 N/mm 114.773. D.J= where.158.0.D.78 N/mm = 3.Ge = ≤ 196. (1 . D wrs = Roof load acting on the shell = 17.984642 The tank can be self-anchored .140. Ws Wt = + wrs π. Ge wa < 196. Ge 44.89 N/m Ge = Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effect = G. Av = Wt = wa = D ( Wt (1 .69 N/mm The resisting force of the annulus. H.H.4 Av) Since the anchorage ratio.

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