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Iloea ....... ,jji.,jIL 0. -~ li!.IUUT ~o~rl'C' (!]oft, "l~ 1'1il1][-1'0:1: i:::!ilr:tI'ihply ,t ~ ,JL and, ,MtabHsnes p-riorlti,e.-..J, to !D.oot th.e ,mUiJta;r.y '~:~trt~t~on. ' , ,_ 8" ODGA,_:NUATI()l'r 'OF ~ 'WAH: DEP.AIlTM:lENT, ..-T~.e, W;~r' Department is. 'Q'Dder the d:ir'@-eti:a~ '0:£ the, Soore:mry o;f W n,ft :$, c~.vi,lilfi, ft'Dswera,b le dirfJCtly 'to,the, P:rt'~ld.@nt. Tb,e 8ec~ft\ry ,of' \Var is ,liRssisted, by the As.smta-nt 8ecr-e'tary cf' W'ar:, the ,A.'miSEOlnt 8ee:ret:u:y' 01 'Var for' Ai:r,
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8t~jJ ~;8: the Jmm.edll~te, adJ:vEer of the SecRtmry 0'1 Wa,r on all IDRJt. . ters r.ela'tiing to tho. miHtilry esbtbl:iiEibment and is rihalrgOO, 'with the pla,H1l:ing t d9velopm!(i!'nt and 'ex,fJ~litlan of: 'tbe milita.. '"l'og,m',Olm., FY ,;. f·~ G,ENERAL f'_,oUN'(',~L -For tbe purpose, 'Of reV,18Wlug ,B'Dd! eoordiOrf the A~ y; there is ($t~bl~~ih_ed. ~the War :Qe})artrfu~~~t G\e~;'In '~~,e eral Coimeil. The Ceuncil is ben,ded DIy- tbe 'Clue.1 of S·t;aft' :m'ndl,)JS eomposed of the :p,ep~,ty 'C:.lef o~ S~fil'; the AssiBblnt Cbiefs of S.'bdI comprising '['he G'Ei'll.le.rnru. EU,(tfr;, 'tbe Exeeuti vie, Officer fOlM" '~he ,'I <li'illdr~~, A····1': ,'V' G:'P.>TIiuif'ild·,J.· rm ,J , e....:,a,'i!- a.- ,;y. .-··,f, 'Ii" _.~, -n __ U_ nU.",r S'-,n- ro;;-~_~... 0 . '11:T,l\'t' ~ ,It he 'C·.;atnJn9l.nd,inoo. G·' "" F{J.}.'c@s; the Comm~lld,~n,g Gene;f,ll" Army Air, ,F,Q,roos; an.d -t.he. ,Com"" manding G'EU1Je.fO.l" ~'rviccs of' S'ilipply' •.
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:~*::~01:~;bJ:I)~sr;~~a~~~e!l~~tk~gu~: mr¥~:I'OrganIzed Rese'l'V'@$. In 'the, ~ :n~l Army, the N'atianol _Guard" and tbe
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M,ANPO;W'EROF _ Pl:',RE ST!A'l!R.R .......... pote'nt'~d miIitI3-: f-- '!!.Uie U' '"t @;_ ~drL'~'eS COIlStS;' 0'.:1 llU, tt..· 'C'11!U:ZIens 0-: tl~eir1f ..... ilL. dl ~" I~t '111i f" "'L lun'l~e:. 0' '_ ....III tne
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11,o1D into

mobUizQtioQ, f:o.r a m1'l,jo,r '~@;:rgeIDLC:Yl th,i@~ t~hroo 'C(lm.. J!one~ts, '~~'Atheir idf:~b-'titUY~ ,~,St,~~.",p_am.'i~~ ,elmnenIs 't'b~augh lRlaJIg,a;m:£tro,
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10., REGULAR ,ADIY.. The mission o-f th,@ Regular Army' in, ,t-iimeof' w,11"' "is ,twof:o,ld: . a.. To- ft;.rm, 'with, tbe N ~;tional Guara, an initial prote.etiV8: 'f,oroo

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lo,l:liul'tlwoI emer,~ncy,!, _ __ b~To fttnliflh eadres ,:f:(u!· -'~r!,nd~gand Dr-ganuin,1 th,Qothei' com--' ponent! of the, Anny of th UD'l~d .Sta.te&, _ 11., _N,ATlP,N'AL ,QtrAJIID.......... :N"B!UOIl_:M G~m ~IW '~wo ,ISP~ Tbe ,ct. As a State force it "mal' be em.pl~ ~ the B-ts'm to, tbo -teDII,

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(2;), I t gi'~es depth to' .~~Jnlb~~y, Qm.n~tel·b~lttety t,by" ,RUncking b fij,re ho(~t.de f\es~r\'·'I?~.',~nd,hy d'~sloe~ti.ng'the~ . ,ell,emyts eOffl~m"]]fmc8,tu"n syst-em and a,~'[u:d'es nf' cnrnm:i,nd., '._,"' _ ' 'iM"-, _COAST AnU.J" ..RY ('1o:ttrs.--a., The (~~ A I."t"i n@l~'y COri)SI has -two ; I(iHS[ pl",i,nc:iipfli missions: ( 1.) 1"0 ,0tb~cllr 'ho~H~,e,~.unl'!d 'l"esse:ls by means of arti 1~e'ry fire Hrnd -~ .' ,BU.bmitr.lfle mmes, (.2) To combat ]u)stiJe a.'h"e~'d,'n by means .of :fh~efrom 'tbe grn~ound" lJi~,8e"a'()().(#,t a:tt'J71t/;r!l eomprises :9111 fJlE~ 81;;l",Hlery,~ 'w'h@itl~,er. fi.,;,t1d o,r'.
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~.h·ueHon,n~.~,tdl"n:~izt.i,H.on'j ,8 hi;ml deg!.1!.e .~of.', BUd. fle;;dhiUty":; which ean be confl"Ollpd, b_;y ~:he ('~~ruU·ii.U~]~d~~~· to tr::rfiJu.e:neil'"the bDitth..'\ ~'"T~ieF,i,i~itt .A,rt:l ~}P.'1".Y-~~~j t ~,O p~d_,nciipill] 111i'~io'l]j~ En coul.bi~:t: f ('1,,) I, "t. ~u.P'por,t·:S.the other arms 'boY :,U:f@, @,nga,ging t:ho~ btf.':h~·ts w~1.1e,h, 9il~ most d an~1!:@r.iOu to t be, supported ~U,·lnAl. s _

nlo'b:He, e~rnpla'yed a~~ju~t. boot~,'I~ naval vle~sel~1. }I,obiJe :seacnnst u·tille[l~y !f:Iom:~)~ri~Si 'tva;:y ,~rlt ~ truek-drewn and, ~'r-;ructol,~al'n.l-'\·'lJJ r~li~ i l,efy, -iIi.':lli M' ' l e ,RI"cl ,1I!ery I~U1lpoyoo ~ Wl'~JJ,1J se,ll~oa~~ ,a:rtlJ, ,,!cry JJ:nc:Jj,u:es-'b'". 1:")-:1I ,J .' ·'U "'11 d I:~-" .e'ry,,, ' ,_.0 . truek-dra wn antis iJ ~'Ctn'ft n liil] e'FY,. _ Ai - - #J -'. , ff. n)r,;"t~lle-1 ~;~, 'equlp,~~, W~. ~:- ~an,I_]!r[U.l -ft--r-- -, . - to-'_ -, t __:"f'~1 .'- ",', ~,',- 'd ,'i'll] -t"i'~ rcr,:a _' g,l1n~,.:~lU e. ~,4.1h'r:qU"'Cl'ff _;. _ 00,-' mab~ Cc9J 11Don,machine gtlJD$,,. 'se~rtf~],lgb,ti'idetectors and 'materIel reIq_Uil"ed. '10[1" observation~,_fb:'e~,?O(Rtlilolt ,8,nd _Si,glTh;D1 OOM'm,um ica tions. These means of' antiaircraft defense 8m combined in mobile a,nd mmi., mob!"le l"'ejl'W meuts, 'For specifi,e tasks 'tlDJ~se:,m.ea.lllS 81'e ooni bined in the ,~n,_ d,llle;,aut.:O,m~tilc ,ll:~a,p,on,~o:r~t'he;~:9!.r'il,h:I~-gun.:se,l~al'~~te : h;l\t~aU.o!ll~ 81!3,cll b\QlUO boOns are mobile o'r' semimobile umts, d., ,(ll' B~~n,co9.st .{h"rtiUery iJ;s organized hlCJ.~eally into groups and ,~roupmoots. Ge(>grm..ph~caUy., seaeoast arti Ue~-'y :is orga f.d~ed inw ib, L_=-., ',I' L.. __ eomm a _ .... , nd: t- hfi~, 'in h~:~ll _ .. lUllfDllf {e,lt: n~ 00___ _ 'U~~ ; 3._ __ ~'"'~ _ _ _ :in.~t,o- d'1'~lL?t-n-·i:'l"!~""' ,~_ . (2) Au ti:mirc1f;a'lt ,arfil 1ery-ft,gi.rn~ts are org~nl~d :m'tob-ri,p,us.. . 21" Conn OF' ENOiIN'EEB~.-,~.. The CorpR of E\ngineers is ,@ssendnll,Y skiUed in aU Ge;~.d ,constnu3U.on and eertai n other fOI"ms of w'O:r.F{d&. slgned to in ereeae Ule eomba t ,elreeti V~U~J3S of 'iroopSf fae[ l'itute th,eir' movement, and binder' the movement cf the IC~H~Uly," 1;". F01~ d1:~ OIJ3oomplisbrnent. of. t]h,(!J,!i=e, 'pnrpOf*S, tbe, Co~_P8. 0" Eu._gi~ neers is tmin~dl and e.guiPlled to ve1rmi"M ,U~~, f~)no,,,·'i:n_g6d.;d du:~i.es!,_ , .(1),. ~l[sure,~th~:~v:[li]fl~ili~y ?_I.",l:OU'~~ 'Of !C?mnl~I~~.eo:~,io~,_t~.~~,c()01l:: bly
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Op~'lI'a1-e util~Hes not 8p~~ifi(:,;fi_] lv -fI);Rsw,gned, to SUH1JJO:S~'fV lee, . (5), _,Eh~:pply geU(~ sn:pel~\" ru:::l,ruo,n _'~.1U ;'~rt fi ru 1 sl)!f!;~ d len;~ ~'~J ~ ~ .h . r~~~r I~~:n.~, 'b~hll.elto 01 h~'I" h,'oo.ps, Ul the cu:ustl' QJ~t HH I: e.nril cnmoufl !~,IeO'f '6e~dworks. (.6) Snpl(l1y maps, lwl,al.]lphl~ ~qu'rnl)UIIp.n~,;. ~u~d;a.U -~p~,.ei,Oll ~'ngin~1'"
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{S) . Build all structures f'Or t heir 'C01!IJ$t ruetion.

:ama oH~;f"1" appr(lO!Jdu~s to ~ mines, or other forms o:f ob~h'ucti_(Dll1:R"
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mR:tt~riel, tt, E_ngiint~~:':~.,~? ~ :ltloo trained 9:nd. cquip~~d h~t~k)~ paet in. ,col:mbat. In. struction,

ease of 11ee~A~:ltv'"

a'~.Additi(lilUi]!

mai uteuanee

f'UfiJJe'Hon~ of 'th~

and 'f"e:_rm,il·of b a Ii~di] ~,gs,-s,t:rwctUl:es :Ia.(odn;tilli.... ·

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tieB for' the ,Armv; the acquisiticn of' real ,estale" issusnee of licenses • - '" -.;]-- 'II!.. .lI f in connectaon W,~tH gO'V@fllDl!!nt l"es:@:rVttilOns,_ ann Il-h oper;a ti Il'IB aon 0", \\',ruter", g;j\f;, electrie and :f~e/w,er'UtI ~ities provided tha't lll.'tUi'ti,es pertin-e~.'t, (~~xc:]1nsive:~y ,OJ tty braneh ,of' the A l'm,y mll!ly be, opera ted by su.ch to '[b.Il·,~]l eh, n
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no

o'pe:r-ute the :signa ~ cflmm'unica:tions .of' the lar,ge, uni,t to 'wbi~ll 'they are flssjgDJed., The control points of tlLii~,ystem are '~'~e' s 'e(Jmm~ln,dposts !( m,essa ge eenters] and advaneed m,eSSllJ,g,a centers .a;11,;]J,rge units,

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armies 'lncl~de umes f,o,~,~tnploym,ePf~ 'WIth 'the signal :n~te~nlf!-nc:e, e phot_Q·~,r.o,p':hiC,t n lui _pig,eo'D, service of' the A Irny ~ . _ 2'8,. <SHEM][OA.'L; W ARFADE SER\rtg,.- 'Vhi,[e the Clru,@imienl Wu\'rfare, 'if'!'-""'t el fiI ,n,,[]' a 'If emieal trI1l;O"-p'-C sapplemen ,t:' tb,eil' .... c S '. 11" .. J .:1 ,. JD €l:1n.:P:!.0Yln.g eIl@Wl~,Ca,i1.nge:fiI~~_' CIl.@]l(U,e~lll mgnne:nts, separate - b t -~ ~-lt'_ taJio-ns,: and :8e"pari,te: ~om:p'l9lnies,are espe(!irdly t!aine,d aad ieqU"iPP~' to rt t'I'!j,01Io arm e w'lLtb' smoke 1IiiI,'nd Ch~ill~",'..:illiIfi;p·.n;·t and m-:·QJ'n";I-...,. ~~~1 nance eompan ies provide fol' the sUF',ply U-I1l,d main tenance o'f Che:mi~al '''Iii:r, -L-. Q'_., •. 'I·" 0'" r ". ,'iI ..... ' - -, ·;,,]J·-·d'i n OJ r 1:111-6 ~e\f~,~,'~ s~,.p'P ies, ....·tL.t'i;r ., speeiat 'iJ 'ILH ,.+... ~,[['.@: a.so. prov];,u,~__f'oJ.w,~r .' .,. IllJ,.~' ,o.r decon:tOJ'm'iuaU~nl .0'£ .i.'mporhlflit ,Q,N9S nnd, chemical field Iabera t-o~ for tb,~'l\n9,1,~is of c:h~!njc~l ~~,all~~i~nd_~e[hod~, ~~lo,Y'e,d '~Y t_~l~: ~ne~:y ~ ,24~ A,RMY Ant F ORiCESi'~ ~ I be_ Army ~lJF F orces combat hestile ai'rocl'a:ft;operate in ,con.:~u:net:ruon with, glooUlld and. M.lll val forces in Jand and, sea 'wln'f;tn~e_, and, conduct u1.depe!lld,"llltt;, attseks u,gl1..:i'nst, en,eDl_Y ob~:·,ect~,ves. lOlUd, nOO sea, {),11. At r op@rs bans, mJ~lY'i]~ res~l'lC'ted, by hostile ,nu" foree opelSaJu:u~;s~, by o.nt:i9i~CI'"aft measures, by the brH!k 01. ~li'r bases, and ~y adverse wea.-ther eondttioos, ". . {1., The mebili ty~ speed; and :ra,nge of a1rCl',aft make: 'pMs:ib,le their' ntP~.d :inh~'rventio.n'~l,t fridle~.l points in a tlu~~a;ter' o:pe;~~RUOtlS,rapid ! of :~ll,O'T'em@-Idgbetween wi(~@.l:y sepa .. ",~tted beaters {slll.bje_ct to Q,vnjj.Ia]}Hlty ~ t ~'f bases and servi,cei and m aintenanee perwnne~,) , and. deep mcursions
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¢oNlpl'ise, constmetion units ,for the 'in:$ba'll~d~n. 'wlre o:f 'DJting '~,U.H8 :f.'~:rthe _OP,~;(·.Pl:Hon of :me.~~~~ centers, :me~sel1l1~rservice, and w.ire',~radio, and 'V18lUl~, C'O:DlD1.1lI.'[ucutlO(ll;and. S'1l:ppl,y' units 100f' the ~ij:pp'ly ?f signal f9u:~.'p'mon't.,.In addi&ion,,! _,sigmud, t,roo-ps ~a~,ed, : to

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reconna issanee and observa tion, ]na ppi lltg, and tl'a nsport, e'" Th~ 'il;wrfl (:o1.f.I,bat (H"';;(Jti{)7~ I,"e'f~trs to. bOl.n.bu·dnl,cnt :81nd,pursuit (:iut~f'C1f"pifr;or) a viat io]~" rrh~, 'b~r1u b;(J1-n h,(lj'lil1n ~.u.t (1' ri'q tio« _rug ,9.\p;pHed to units "'71~,~~e, pl'im~,!'\ry 'f~lnct:~nn w~, the attack of surface ,obj,~d\"'e$", The tel"rtl ,PU U .(i:mt ereept 01.') eriat! on is irp~'p rs« ]Ii~d to ~,lu ruts 'w hose 'p'~'i"l!lla:~'y fi'~'·hug, -~ "., " ... 1-'. _"'1.1 .. f UD]) ct..un rug au ,~.l f Th~ _tc~,'rn[ ly~eQfUNTi8$.():~NV ,£U' ;uti O~. ism p:pl il~~l 11n it s; \v hose to -prima[_·v fun(it:ion, is ~~@rolu~a:i~~~nci@.; tlis-btut (l.bjeetru\il'e~" 1~he te'l:'tn .of 'p'l at oin::t.pkic. ,(N°f-c{lt;;(n" 1~ til ppl~ (Hl h'~ ~~~I.it8 '\7'~lu)st',fll u:_cdon is pno:t:oli
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olJ8'er,~j;(f.tl,(n't, ori(J,}-i,Qj':r ·ms. :fq)l}]:i,t""d to un1.~:~,\71t~e p'rinTha,~ry '

,P.":r"iifIi 1!)~lt;i'!! ~. ~,~~.t •..:: re"

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WJi,'h.,"'~~, 't:Ii"ii:l;"m·. , ..lI!., ! "11:1: fun,ctioos,.8ii'e

10
m~dme'al :roegtm'ents a~ provided fo.r' the 'C(DI] lection 0 f easualties from unit aid statiens and for th.eir transporta don and 'tem.:pc(tillll",yt~ea tment pending t'hei:r ~;m.ovaru.'~O surgi~td
and or.'~' n.c~ll~U()1l h.ospitlds~;, Hospieal
j

tie$ may ~, converted, p~om.pUyinto :replaeeme-nt.s~ Medical dletooh= ·ll!el~r~E. ~\~i~!loo01' aJ taeli~~ to a;][ ~lli.ts, ~arg'e'r than ~t.bet;O'~pan y,. are

Medlcam battalions

~~t:f:S a;uxUiI~r,y su:rgl-ra'l =~:;i!! dispenearies, ::: t~n~:dern~~;btd!,~~~ :::~~:::'nJ~!:Ir 'ill ng nnits, groups, general ond,
station hospitals,
ments, veterinary
Dnd (o:n'v';9jleseent hM,P,I:t QJs~

t.r,ains are 'pro'vl,d@d fo:r ,eY,Qi,'cuntffing

The vete;F,mQJl"Y ~.rvic$ [n.,o]"des, veter'ilJ,ary ,detaeh.-, co~pOJnies; ~vnc:u3tio:nhospitals, geIlre'f.91 hospitals"

,of :feco'm~ snper .. VimOIl of thle,~ I'my '~osbd Sel-.v-ioe"eeru iting, and 'such oi'he'f duties A r as; rna:y be assl:gn@.d 'to ]t.. ,(2) - The 1 m'Pec,~'(Jr(}fflerri1~8 De,pttrt:nwnt ls ehrur~ witlb. all in.vesti~ tions ,:a:~d, i:Mpoot ions of ,Bl! ad ~n:~in~s!tJ~,t mm'~~_u:~e~. _ j'~'E" (3,)_~ T11e F·t1uu~~ D'tpa{rt~1t '];S charged 'w~tb oIl fiseaJl matters, including tTh),e aym,@nt of' th,B troops. p (4] The ,lud,ge A,d~oc~td'eGe~1~8 Depa'Ptmen.t f1tlmh,~ ~-S leg.aI :~d,~ visers to ths Secretary of "\V=ru r and to the commanders (.,f :hig,n:er units"
personnel of the command h) whieh assigned,
(5) The ,O'Julpul'itui serve the moral and ~li,gio1lllS' ~ D
0:( the. e:D'tire

27~ ORW'li'ANCE D~p:.\R,mENl' ~Tb@: Ordnanee Department in tbe' 6eld is ~ha:r~ed, with ''Su:pply and maintenauce: o,f a:rms, :OJmm,oo:jti~(ft, and sp~~!8\l vehieles, O'Mnan,(.e units are 0r:gani~ed ~n'to eompanies, ,kncH~"~as m,ain.te!lanee eompanies (Hg'~t, medi urn" and hea vy j; ammU111hoD eompames, and depet eempames, 2B.,T,IIE STJ.:FlF .,---a. O;en€:MJ 8.ta:1f O!0Tp'8~-The G',ene,r,al Starl C:orps has ,for its purpose the' f'urn.islling of 'rp:nlf\®ssi'Qll,aJ aid and n~isttJ,n,ce to hiS(:her commanders, and of' Mordina,ti'ng' 'the' 8,~ticrn1B au. ;su,oo::_rdina'oo' of luiits. ~" ,8Eewi{l',~tall .. (1) The Ailju~'a-n t Ge:.nf?TaV.$' D,~pt.tTt,~t· 'furni.s·h~a, 8 ~peclalized ,a:dmimistr~,roI'8 for h.i,g'be)" MJnmand~rsio It Is ma.F,ged

with th,~,publication

of 'Q<r~ler~'l. J)l'Mervation the

S'" .'.: .-.' -, -V': ·.··\El1IlON .'
T,ACT CAL ORGAN[ZATIO'N' O'F T,H~EARMY

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Qu:~,:l'tennaster units;' _ 2 tirtl,ek 'c~)m:pt1nb~~s I light 'mlluten.'nce, CO~,pQ;n,. ,Att;,u~'hed m,edi£al'
.1 ser-vii~ {~Oll~,panJ'
11 gnsoIDl ne su:pp'ly

com:p®ny _.

;~ene'raL __ _ __ _ ,3}\" .;l\.,R;M Y !~i,. e'~,~the fleld :o.:rrn,1)'.' a" The a:F'!:ny has telT~tu'[[':iQl, b\ie:tje~~.l, and luJmbli~h',AJ,U V 0 funetions, It is oI'gmniz8d in all 41f its, 'b,r..9J,'neh~s'flQ:~ ope'l1'ftion atl.'d '8J,~lninjstr.~~i(),]}ji and is capaljle, 0'£ ind~ t pendeu t aetion 'Whene\'er required, m,t ]8" 1Il :m,oo@:rn w·ar';,Qta mam 'b3J'U :~lllJ:it., It plo.r~_s, di~ec~s\ and ~ le nudf1tQi~s the batt ~e, ,lt~d a~ the '!:!1m ]-"m"" th dmimstratton ei'iilltiii'nlw n,d. e VQo'PiU- "'...tton fu""!'-, ,d ..:IIu:i i~ .l~lm.;~"'" tions related thereto, It eonsists of two OF more corps and o.f: nrlJlj:lY
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~~:,~;G~,~O~i:l t::s~O::::lw=~~r:r~)f:'~Y o!!~ri: ~~::::!:

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,~,~At'Io.y troops ,p:rovide Q(ldl't.loUQl :su.pp~rtl1~gunus req',ulI'ed. in 'Val"Y~l1;~' degree by the corps and divisions oom,prising it under dHT'@r"" put' taet ieal and .logistical situa tions. __. ..' . ,on~~ dl.e :9!,rrny '~!U be. nl'R~u~~e€dby the ~,~wt.iom .e. The o,rg1OJnii:zatru of 'the theater o'~ operations, the h.ostJJ~e Icn,pm.bd)tu~s;, and the 'type 6f w',iIll'r.f'tu'ea,ntieipa'ted,. In !orde:r to bave some objiecti'e, 'I~owe'v~i,t Of' f n{~'g,~,nizi a:r'lu,V troops m_type field, army or.gal\iz~;t'ioJl is assumed, ng
n-,n,i'!i,"Pili')l;li!'i!~"n'-'@01i" techniq throughout the world,
1Ii~ ~ilJI.1:" U,IJ~I''''''i! . '" '!f.!il l!t.Iy lI.

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The fOUOiWbl..g is :~,ype '6.6'~.d :~I'n]JY:, t Ar'my headquseters 3 nr.nnJYcorps of' a divisions each,
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1 he',8J,~iICffiu;artc:r-s ~ompany,~ field :1 m Ujta:ry police bat~:oljol1. 11 e~l'E~nl =:H,~ld, l~barllJt~ry ica~, 1. ehemical depot company

fU.'1ny'

,3 ~':h~~rr] ieal

1 ant it'nn'll: battal inn Si~l:~J'l. 2' 8J.,p:1,1Ln],ba ~~aliens

d~eo:ntamj,na,d,()]} oomp~rdq t ch:l,3m~c~~lrn:pl'~gnnHwl,~ (}O'm,p~:t'lly j

1, c'hernjcru~, :m,niJ1,ten~rtnc~ cO'J],I);pany

1 ~igl1:,tlli d~!~)ot'("Olllllnny "1 phot'!l) COJifn pl~n'y _ (Jrdu ~Jliice" 2' ,;.n!ll]1fl~mi tion batt:9Jl'i onE: (@:lru.cl1 ,til a;Uiun unition

1 ,

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~il'· l,gence

cO'Th11P:lloy

lII)il!eOn ""'OtnIl!P-"';'Uu 1£1" il""I ' ~~, "" ,.~".;,.

tenance eompanles] ,3 depot ,;ili;omno{'i;
r.~ ~

:~,~lll~ljIlt@nan,cebRttllJ.'ruo:n (2~medium
'!!... _. ,1r"'~_IlII~

panies)

oom,"'"

a,m,d 1 be~vy ,main ..

iiii,~;i:!ia

13

14
36. GENEJlL'~,L H'EADQUABTRIt~ (GHQ) ,.~GHQ C01ne.~,into existenee on tl ~eouthl'~al{cd:1\"'01"'0 It: i~ ~ounposed of the, genel"al oOi'(i\er'selec;ted, to 'eOrt'llfJ:~l'n,rtan, the troo:p~; in tI~ thea'ter of openti;OJ.1Iff, lns ~tal, .f~nd, :a f~~o,;· small units :f'ar ad:mruniBt:ro,tion,· gutu'd" and ,oom:LrwlUt1dcl~io]!,'"i. U HQ has (U reet control of all units Ioeated in. tile 'thea'ter o,f o-pera'l:i,ons not ;~~:..,~]g~ to ft:~,'mie8 ,~fl the ·neId,~'w:mch thereby'· form ,1\ pool ,O'f reH~d
".£ ~.~'. . .;IA-HGE, N:rFlfi.",......., 'I!'I'L~ 'Ilierm ,1,Rl',ge,urUi:S ... ne ",,'~ 10 d ~I "'islous 1U1 lar~"r 'Illli,ts. l d '10];;7']'

!!~'t~::~igl:~t:: ~~:!:!~,f::u:Tr:G.;~°I'~:!~ U' d'
~r g rou
as

use, I ,. t__~na:n,u.a: -1:1'6,f'en, In 'h~ Uj:

llll' of a.rmi~,

~,. The ngi1:nem' ~s both, ,run ,admin:iisitr.at-i V~ :au~d,ft, tutiica] unit, 01:<U , .. nsri b'; it CODs;ist\s 'Of A headquarters, a headquarters COln.pa.n.y and St'-'.;l.vmoo.· ..··.· ,eonlllOll.Y, !either separa;t,e ,0'(" combined, anal tw'o 'Olr more battalions 'or si:mim;rur units. It 'm1~Y:mls:o Include R, ;co,m,pllnJv' or similar unit_ ill) which eertain s:peei~l, weapo:ns and. _:mciaIl's ft'~ 9sse~bl~d f'ol" T;~~cticn~ purposes, economy; instru,ctiJ.oIl" and admin j,s,tr,m'tlom,~ '11:, .Th~' ._'t~~~~_t~l ~~~~~~l1:~ZI,~i~'n ... ~'~:~o~c\ of' ,_t,'v_~Lor: ~O'~ F't''f,]ments oO~ t~~ sam~ ar,m,; ,ordl~,nu!,dyIS ]110t lJle~,ud,ed,as ~Rm~'~lnft te, unit 'Of ;9i. division, Wben orl~Ul z'ed,a's, ,8, sem:n1l'ate "brmg,ad,e, it ron:y ~ ~f...,.~lud,e units of other arms and services 3!.nd,rna" have admin ish",ati,v{\

e3.ieh compmny ];s ;stl~bdDi'vid,'ed In to 'SlfJ,alle~'_units, . _ . b, The ,'f)dt't.tlion (squ;wro~nJ _01' similar unH~ is 't'ln.a'basic t~ctic~, u nit. It is eo:m~-osed, of' a heDd,q,Uflrt@~1"S1 two er more oom pl[I,ies, Or' a III units ;Nrf.~~,lIlIIijjj,~'I"" similar units, n . eert ain s;;np,c·i ~,ll and attaehed ., U. !I.n_ n~ .-.!!,,,,,~!J,~1 anc u~~,h; . Jnless _~~ OW.gllliJJized,as ,S\ g@.pllt'["~.te b~ttaJ~an._ ~,t ;ms ":ew ndm:WlD istra til''"'e funetiona, h
i<:iI
Vl;/~ __ ",. ~,~.".-

contains ,aJl 'tbe, nge.m.c].'~s raqaired for' S.U,bslste:'tl,oo" Interior ,eoonomy" f~.nd,rodmh~~st:ratiQn~ ,For p~"rl~S ,of' taetieal ,oontro;~ :aJ,ud 'tl~ajjnin,g:~

,88., SUJJOm)n(A"F.E 'U'Nrr.s.,~ Irfi! ea.liC'b ann or se,~iJ,~", the company ,(tr{jt~~p~, ba,t~:@l''') or si:~jj:~;ltr!l.U.,i i is the bas~,~ l ad,mnjj11~stro,tJve, urd,t-., l~

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f'iUllCtruc([l;S~

'w~~]d,

e III lnfa:nrtry

a :~glm~nt, ,3200 men,
t'h@, squadron
liS
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Imgg~@ga.~

fl,pp~o~~!~-tely-muf e[~; ~
D\

,or-ga'[dzat'i~lll:S, at

w~t!·'stl-..en.gth.

-,lID, JJ~ttaiiori"

a typiJea'l ,companry

-900 m@n;' ao:a

"...."n;·''pa'1'iI. +'...~l,;:!l~'inl.'t . :Hl'!n(~ contains __ _ the_ i@S~'~-B] ,e~.@nlHnb~, iFh,,!! el. __ ~~~d!Jl u __ __ ;,lI, _ _ _ _ __ d 1J};eCeSBal~Y~,,?;w.· (~peta.ti,on~r:n.alJeuver,~g,nd ~onib~l f 'The h'e:n bi.g'~e~ Air ,Foree umt 'IS the "VDJI1~' whIch consIsts, of two (!:f' more, groups ,of either
-, tl

~l~j'~di~~~t;;:~:e.:~.:~·:f~!~~~~ ~;~ a:~~=a::':~gl: £:~ ill
=
"1;'. _

t. 'the basie ad.~n:hlhwtl"a.tiv~ ,Q,ndtaetieal
~lltiR m;ni:t represents

U:flit of' the A,ir For(~~ i.q, total !l)f fl'mll :21,5 to :3~), men,

th,e same

n~e~rns mot h:~:bibnd]y J~eq,ld'l~ed, y a un'~,'t re pooled rmd 'or-~nicaJly b a ~~~~;i"rr~ed '9, bd.,~-b,~r nit, ':fh,eRe means may _then be alletted to subto u ordinate 'units in. accordance with their' requirements for particular
O'p{i.']ll.~[ttions,

classes of' aviation, 39., For economy and f11~xibiHty in the tl86;~gnm~nt to 'ta.sks, the
0]1:d iif@18lt

'40., Tu iU'~;ur~:e unity of' 'etr'~)!~"t ,~,UC,rf~:~t~:e g,f" :~~fW,wu,e$S, f'Ql!; oo!:I;uoot, 'part Oil" ;~ll of th.;@ su.bo-rdi:n~l'~.U]l],i . o~ ~__,!~_l~alld _ ~ ~ ~FUl\:~. be ~orm~di Into one or- more te;nlpOrtu'-y ~"aebc:,d ~I~o1U~p.lnp_ tas;k 'forees,)~, each I( '~,u(l:~r ,~~sign:artied~nun~n:de!l\ In. ~o.c'h,t the u,nity n e t~tic~ i,~ o!~'n,""

l~!D;:tlo'nB '1:&..

the term

(j()~lbat

PI:~oo'~"v~da~ f~.l.'~· 'pract.l~b~"e~ In. 9]l:nl'f~.ntry.· !~:~'!]Slonl. ~~:_ ,~',ef1:tI!b 'usually 'lJIp'pl~cdto ;It, 'ta'. 'fol~oe'COllStstmg' 0-1 1~

..o~.

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SEC'1rION'

VI

,OOMM:AN:D AND ,S,TA,PF

1.6

11 .~. The ,mlli~' mt~lli(lence 88CUo1t (I~I:') (.··re~.ted. .....by. the ' ~~ ~ ,~nee ~_'~r in ·b·riga.d~san,? IO'We1"llni'bJ 'is_ dlarged. :in BeRel'"8l. wIth : ~.eooUoohon a~d [9v.aluatio;D. !llf iufol1ll9Jti,on coneern~Flg the '~I~'y~ Bud 'the dj~m;inrdi~ ,o[f_ the nsulti'ng milltsFl intelllgen,oo'" ~ts: :pn~8ry mnetioll, 15 t:o k[oo.p the.-, ,eOm~tUl~~er~m.d&I~_ tbe~ _ _ o C'?D.oo'l11.@d... IDn.f:orm~d, regardIng _'tbe enem.y's SlltU9tion. It 'ma:rntrnns ,~~,~ __ ~ioo~ wit~. _the iD~t@I'i,~n~ se£t.iOtl.9. 0" . ,;tJ,gher, lower', ,R'~,d U Ud.)D,cent un:mb:l~[ Wltb. the fll,r omeer ~ll, ,al"'F.'S:'!ngn1gfO'r aenal 'r@~oIlDni~ sonce·, nnd 'wj:th the t!'ngineer in ,n.lTAngin.~ for suitable :mllt'·S~ : ,,6[~ Tbe [ope,Mt'~(n~8lPftd ~Mnifl,v's;sei·io.tn. IrG-a.:> (n!'pmseDit!f b." the the nature O'f'- ,,~~ d une -', __'~ ._~~ _." I.!J:~,[ m'tlst m aJn:t ain the C]osest c-~O'pe:raU~n and ooU:aoor,ation, with. the otlwr' stnl' sect~,OES., One ,o:f its must im,portall't duties is. to ,arr,ange the d,et~il,~ for cooedln a t~.o~_,:?f e~ort :~·n.~ [~m,:p]oy~en.t in. ,oo:mba,t o~ 'the combined ~11nS_~ To tlus ,@ud,. hB nse JlS made of 'I~ll@ expfl~ ad viee and assis:tanoe of' th.e ccmmanders _of ,oft,iUe'ljr, .',Vi[l'UaD. and ·enginee·r- troops, .and. ,.,·f 'the O"th~' spec<ilaLl :st{lff office!l's suc'll!, g ·the or communice tion oIieel'. '.:'~ TIl[e ,f/uP'PlY ~~etioo(G'~) (represented .1Oy file S-4 'i'D, br:ig:md,es
Jr '~'] -[tiL -_a.!:o~O"'7

r~Ii;!t::at.~~I~ft~~f:~~!g=l~dte:etoc~~~~ ':.~J!~~fu~~\~.e ~[t
t;'iil!!i7i;n~lg- .{ljjI--..Ji;-fn;t;;rll:'~l-onSi.. . !I!, I!iY JILl;, " ~gu Olf"'I;i_ ..-_... _ _ __

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It keeps in, constant touch 'Y1l'tb ·the opemtj,on's B~nd.rauuDg t ~tio([l.l. so' ,as,to m~a~ep lflf;or.med of' ehangres In the tacti,coJ. Oir stra;~eF gicnl sltuOfJiO'II, whi,[e'b,will necessitate ·c'ha'n~ l~ th,e, :su.pply ~UT.ange.. · EQe'nts,- [01.;- tbe ·t,~ui11c-eir~u.lm,tion ,R'nd eon'trot It is respriDsjb~e fOIr tbe assurance cf such. sup:pI,y af,rangmn[ents as, will aeeord ,tbe utmost

nients.

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~. ':.-ec~~n...of Ui0 ~nenl. ~m stal ~eo.,n,trols_,tD. e _ , o:pera:t'~·on ~f an_y nr,~, ~r' oorvu:~eas :su.eh but u a section. handles the ma tmm that _][}en4tln 'to! it '17e_ga'~d]ess 9,f' _the ;orm., servi~" or apnq m. w'hich 'truJ. Sllllbjeet o;a.otter_ origlnOl.'~,ed~ ... _ __ _ _ fi.. 8P11£UL &rAlFF~r--~.. The specioJ st a:it is ~'.p~d, of's Iboup ,o·f !ooia~~s, d~~_i~e~t~' ~~lsh,:a'~~i~. ~~~["oo,~~~~~.[~e,r.a~.'~ .:-~~~ '~:~ ! efnl.stlOJ,:Ifon tOO1DJlllcaJ. IDa,tmflS ud. fo.r tbe oper,au,oo of ,audmlIllsir,atIve a.genei'es. The, senior oftioor 'OOmlm8nding' ft, ~oord[ru~te. unit of ~Ul o;r:m,01:' service :mJal ~t alsq ~s' 8l sp~ml sta. o:Dieer'tOrr tnJ0· commander
j[

wlli 1~11sbeJm!:\~~h~o:fa:3c~3!t. thIlCr:f"!~st~!

:f.l"'oodo:m. of action 'ito the command .. ,

ID~ Bilatmrs

=f!~~ ~r:u~::J°:fth i:!~::~t::;ti:: o~'=:l~:r!
w:ilerenoo in staff ,du,ties, between tn,s l\ow[er an,d. h.ighe.r- units,
ODiOO1r[S',.

IIdl:~ ::.sthea:~:'~JI::Th ~ w:n~I~r~~ S th '!i:l!~a::=g n '.
L.. .. J.uD,ctlOD! .. lS~.8

b.• [T~ oom,PQSll'"OQD, of th85e stalls, V'8;tU~.s; 'WIth each, ,h,erud·,qu.arten, Dnl~' tlt,1':lSe m-nbsn .. ·~ing.'f~:I"-o~tdedl w.;h.o.-.o.rn nooe~m~,y_ lorr.· .techlli.,oo.', .. .. 1
same
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pertn:~lIllg to

b::~sspeCIalty.,

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,add:iti.on. m their d.u.tiu :~s.Eadf

the nnit, oommlJl[d6f .olieem of the u.'~ th:~yopM"~te, 'their :f;M,pee-tJive 'Urni,w ,and, oo'lll.man[d, the periODDel 'oelo<mgin,g '~hereto,. The 'tw·o runeUOIiI.:IiI1 are olnti___re:l:y

As statt ,oDioor;s, fhey assist :in the exere.ise of' commandi;. as. adinrurdstr&tiv[e

is
~:mm:~nl,ca,tlon oompn&m, all nl~VhOO.s nd means emplqyedl to tmnsmit '!In'dl~rstreperts :Rind.other a 0lilc~a~lmes sages ! e~pt ,tb,oae SfID~ by, man, Qr ~"y J?e:fSC?ual ap[tt.e;,
,~J.~l Sm)(lN'AL OoMnu.N:,IIOATION~Ip;al
se.pa~R't~,~nd distinct In. char8.\C'oo!f:'" hl :roethods of P'~'i(l:t'ie, and, i'D. SOU'lee 'of authori ~Y"" ,Bl1,d an iex,er.~sedl.,sepa:m"telf an;d, iDdepe,n~mU'y''"

un ~t,the :system, of rs,igtlal OOJlunun-u~a'tj,OIl :IS oomplete~ .' d" .' fl' h HO:Wie;v,e;r"w""""," _Insure tell'm,p '1 a:nu 0.00r-':wnat),OiB 'O·~' e - on., me;h-, :8li,C, _ay ,~ten1' Is '9~,mtegr,a_~_lpart~~~-~',~es!Y.·,St'~lD_O~,.dH~~ .:b.~gbe:r~~u.d~ ~~.'~~t Th'ere:fore" com man cilers, e~er.,mse,taetical direction and technlltcal 00n,~ t-r-'ol 'o've.r ~ sig1~JaJ communication IOf 'tbe1'f'suibordin'QIte tacU,cd 'l[nim~
_.lI -

W 1l:tlun. eaeh

c' o,EQ'fION

'V""-'I"I

TERRITO'RIAL,

'ORG,ANIZA T.ION FOR WAR,

,4T[O TUEA'm OF WA.R~T,h~ thM'OOr- ,of war c[lmprises ,the entire fi~ 0'1-' bUlJd. and sea ~hich is, 0'1' whic.'-'b,may become, irrv6~'v.ed, in. tho_ 'O~'f,BI~ tions of: war~ ThoJt part of 'the 'theater of: w,ar within the fi,eJd of' operatio:bS 0:1 eweh belU~t is ,divided, IDnto a ZOU6of th,-a interior 3Dd,_ a 'tnmter' ,o,rtheaters o.f ,o,~rati,oIlS... , . 4B~. ZllNE, _ orr THE :~'N'J1'lI!mJo'B~F-The :!(j.lij8 ,of th'B in,ten'Q1f ge.memJly ..... com prises _fho,t,part 'Oof the national 'tenimr-y not -lfic'lud'oo,!m a the,a,tt\r of op~(("atian8. It :may in; elude allied ~rritoiF:1' br bosti'le, ,ocQu,pied t,@'r.ritoIY" The mmssiom o,f: the. ZOll(1;, 0:1 fte interior 'is, to, e3,ploi,t;, and d~ve,]op the national r-eoou~ :in·m,en a,n,d material required f~ mUit_~y purposes and. to m:lP'ply 'the ,mea'DS ]~equ~,Nd , the, eOlnma-nd.e:n of ~.• ,ii!: l·_] f' t _;SFIlC!H 'WIUB;, q.URn.- tities:,. piaees, ,~n( ~n sutilJ, a IDQ:mle:r '1.\... "':-v..;;. '~I. ;L. JJa,e~ ...oroes 8'1' _. and, i-o:rm as w,ill. :ms~!u~'e them the '£'reed,om of: action neoossa:ry for to the _O.'C~9'm,:p,Us'hmeQt_ OIf 'thelr mism,oll'f!., __ _ '. 419',. THEATEJt opO~,~Tl[ON8 {see, ,lig,., l),"~A 'th,@.ormr. o:f operations ~,over.s 'Ul.6 p~~o,f the '~e;(tu,r' of. ~t, :i~ ~ir~,aniad ~com~iIl~~ f~~ I~ c_~,prlses 8_1_1, ~~, 'm~ntory th.a't It, ~:,~e~ood,'to . _n:~'Bde_,'R~'tlt~t, I'~,~IS ,n.eee.ss~~ t,o. defoo,d1,~Q~\d ,9._Uijiat whie;h~ 19 ,nece_ssary fl!l~the su,p'plJ ~ta\b'lisli~lJ:ts pfir.t~'HnllDJg to, !Ill,e IOl7!es m ,tb~@!'t;h,€o;Wr. of O_Rer,atloM~ It may be: m fnlsDidly ,O'l!" 'ostile, t6rn:rory... Mom'tlum, 000 theater' of h
'!i' .....

,:w~r

l

o,per~ti,aD9J Ffi~Y' be ()-r:ganiz~d "lV'ben i,t, is. n'@c~sso;ry to oo:r,ry on iHpSrftm operations at gre8Jt _dist8.DeM frmn, leacih o:Ulii~r,.,each haVing'diJfiel'e"Dt lilies 0,£ communicatioDs and sepa-I"ttte mi8.Simns~
l

50. (JQHMtTN,IVATi'OJiS Zo'!iE.'---a. The emnmunieatiolls zone is t.ha't part of the ,tbea'te,r of opemtioDI w'hieb, oon:tBina the pri.fBI'rJ' ests\bm.-ishmenb of ,supply :a:n-d, e.v,aeua,tion~, Iines '0':£ oomrP.u-nioo tioo8,

and ,ot'lter' a.pl]!cies -r~ui_red" 'f,or the .... 'immeti!Rite ISUP,~_ and mBin.: tm'ulnoo of tb.e troops, In. the, theBiter O'f O'~rnt:i'OM of: 'wbmb :it _for"mfiJ! a paet, It eennaots the, 'oomlbftt; troo,PSi with the ,zone !of th.e 'mterl,c-r~ " 'J.. !!'1i"!1." .. ~ • ''ij' f)',. -,Jj_'Ju,'e, COJD'mtuu.c:atHJRSZQD'e m,'cJJ,U,!d',8B! a~"0 'tier rl,to_r:J" 't..~ , - .' oo,IWeeD,Ui'e; :reaI' boynda':m:Y.,'' of the th'ea'ter (l,f opera ti0118 and 'thecam,Da.t zone:., La;t;e",Uy" ....
",,11.

necessary to provide f,ur 'th,e proper operation I~f snl'ppl.y, hospitaliz.atiion, 'Rn,~ 'trtmSpo-rtJllt.ion f~llitiest and 'e'VMU&-, '*-l",nm- and fh'~' t::rn".,B,.lA-f-,~_aiCi; Af·: i!,..[l1g1 ]m~'. "'" ;t'fI;f' ~"""-mT'i(i1iiil'n:I'c~ot-,·~,;i"iint.__ -I""'"", 'Ia'_~'"'''iPiiii11 ;h'~o!Ii; _!.lIIlg u.'C boundaries usual.ly eoineide with, tbe ~a-ter.a],oonnd&r.ies o!f the, thea'tar ,of oper'B-tiofiS~, Tbe prime_ essern;~al ~s tJb~,tit meet, and._St :m with, the p,l-1t1ID of' operations :and th:~'t~it be: 'based on :1\ csreful study 0'" 'the.
it, Inelndes aU the
~V,!:I"
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·~tu~l oo:~ditlo\ll~ especi:nUy as to, routes ()·f 'tnmspol'ml'tiom." in t.ne

tJ~ield;e1r o'l~er.,tions. of

eomm.uni.c:[ll'tiollS zone ~B w' relieve the oom... ' butalrt forces fJrolD, ,e.v'ety tmlsIde~atioll, except 'tlIA't (I,t def:eatin,1 the, enem,,. _in ba ttle .. _ , _ ~
c'~ Tbe mission olf the

_

51~S~(.TIOB 8, ,OF' CCO.t:MUN1(1\ATmN8, zllll'"E.,-L, 'Q,mel' 'to 'secure, eentraliz~, control and ,d,eoo:nb,"ft,'~iz~d ,oper,Rt~oDof :su~p,ply ndministffl.~~'~" . " a:nd d.1elense.,.t-he communieatioes ,ZQmliQ, be BUtid.i vid'ed territo,ri;Rlly mny

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'-'XXD

· CORPS

IWISIOMI CO_UIUCAlIiQNI, lONE
1Hr.-'~R:,;Nt- 0Pl!ft~I.' _. "'I,~_ v.__ ",'IJ_

--ooo~,

'',I!LD ARMY'

~-GMQOiiiiiiiiiiiiii' _

:F:~G(fIRE :I...--''f'yl,il& ,e-ogra:lUl~c;.fIl !!a'r,gBDib8l,t;IiQ(Q. 'o!l!'tbe ttilJ ea '~!I!(r' 'il)! pe 1r'.[l'rtt!,!l):mB~, 0'1

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