Referencing and Compiling a Bibliography

A guide to using the Harvard System

Learning Technology and Skills Support 2004 Updated LIS 2006

Referencing and Compiling a bibliography

Contents Introduction Section A – Citations within the text i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) xii) name occurs naturally in the sentence name does not occur naturally in the sentence more than one cited document in the same year two authors more than two authors author of a chapter in an edited book more than one reference in the same place if the work is anonymous a newspaper article with no author a source quoted in another source a contributor in a source a person who has not contributed, but who is quoted

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Section B – Listing references in a bibliography or reference list

Books A book by a single author A book by two authors A book by more than two authors An edited book A chapter from an edited book Journal articles A printed journal An electronic journal: a. accessed via a database b. accessed via a website 9 9 9 10 10 11 11 12

i. ii. iii. iv. v.

i. ii.

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i. ii.

Newspaper articles A printed Newspaper An online Newspaper a. accessed via a database. b. accessed via a website

13 . 13 13 14 14 15 15 15 16 17 17 18 18 18 19 19 20 21 21 21 22 22 23

4 5 6

Maps.……………………………………………………………..………………… Conference papers or conference proceedings…………………………… Government Publications A White Paper A Green Paper An Act of Parliament A Law Report Publications by corporate bodies…………………………………….……… Theses or dissertations………………………………………………………… Patents………………………………………………………………..….………… Non-print Materials Film Programme and series, including radio Contributions, for example interviews Personal and telephone interviews Electronic Material A website/page or e-book………………………………………………….… A Journal/Newspaper accessed from an online database……….………. An email…………………………………………………………….…….……. An image………………………………………………………...…….………. A CD-ROM……………………………………………………….……..……… Non Academic Resources………………………….…………………….……… Further Resources and References………….…………………………………

i. ii. iii. iv.
7 8 9 10

i. ii. iii. iv.

i. ii. iii. iv. v.
12 13

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Introduction What is referencing and why should it be used? Academic work demands that you read widely and consider the work of other writers and researchers when you are preparing your essays and other assignments. To use this work without acknowledgement is to steal the ideas of other people and is called plagiarism. It is, therefore, very important that you acknowledge these ideas and opinions as belonging to a particular author, as they are considered to be that author’s intellectual property. This procedure is called citing or quoting references. By doing this you are making it possible for readers to locate the source material that you have used. The system of referencing most commonly used at the University of Gloucestershire is the Harvard System. The Harvard System of Referencing There are many styles of referencing. At the University of Gloucestershire most of the faculties ask you to use the Harvard system, which consists of three elements: providing the name of the author(s) and the year of publication in the text and giving the full details of where to find the reference in a separate cited reference list. providing an additional list, a bibliography, of any additional sources used to produce your essay but not cited. The purpose of this additional list is to highlight the breadth and depth of a student’s preparatory work. Therefore you will need to produce two separate lists, a cited reference list and a bibliography, in addition to the brief citation made within the body of the essay. The system varies slightly for books and for journal articles and there are some more complicated instances such as websites and government reports. You should always provide references in the following cases: direct quotations from another source paraphrased text which you have rewritten and/or synthesised but have based on someone else's work information derived from other studies statistical information theories and ideas derived from other authors interpretations of events or evidence derived from other sources facts which are not common knowledge Consistency and accuracy are important. The same set of rules should be followed every time you cite a reference. This guide tries to explain what to do, arranged in two sections: A. B. Citations in the text Listing references in the bibliography and cited reference list

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Section A : Citations In The Text All statements, opinions, conclusions and so on taken from another writer’s work should be acknowledged, whether the work is directly quoted, paraphrased or summarised. In the Harvard System there are some general guidelines for citing references in the text: Quotations o as a general rule in the University, if the quote is less than a line it may be included in the body of the text in quotation marks. o Longer quotations are indented and single-spaced, quotation marks are not required. o For citations of particular parts of the document the page numbers etc. should be given after the year in parentheses. (British Standards Institution 1989, p2). Summaries or paraphrases – give the citation where it occurs naturally or at the end of the relevant piece of writing, page numbers are not required. Diagrams, illustrations – these should be referenced as though they were a quotation if they have been taken from a published work. For anything else refer to BS 1629:1989. Page numbers – if details of particular parts of a document are required, for example page numbers, they should be given after the year within the parentheses. Electronic Sources – rules for citation in text for printed documents also apply to electronic documents except where pagination is absent. If an electronic document does not include pagination or an equivalent internal referencing system, the extent of the item may be indicated in terms such as the total number of lines, screens, etc., for example "[35 lines]" or "[approx. 12 screens]". Cited publications are referred to in the text by giving author’s surname and the year of publication in one of the forms shown below: i. If the author’s name occurs naturally in the sentence the year is given in parentheses:-

Note: if you use a quotation you must include the page number/s. If you are referring to a study as a whole then page numbers are unnecessary. Examples: o In a popular study Harvey (1992) argued that we have to teach good practices… o As Harvey (1992, p27) said, “good practices must be taught”, and so we…

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If the name does not occur naturally in the sentence, both name and year are given in parentheses:-

Examples: o A more recent study (Stevens, 1998) has shown the way theory and practical work interact. o Theory rises out of practice, and once validated, ‘returns to direct or explain the practice’ (Stevens, 1998, p468). iii. When an author has published more than one cited document in the same year, these are distinguished by adding lower case letters (a,b,c, etc.) after the year and within the parentheses:-

Example: o Johnson (1994a, p31) discussed the subject… iv. If there are two authors the surnames of both should be given:Examples: o Matthews and Jones (1997) have proposed that… o Weir and Kendrick (1995, p88) state that "networking is no longer solely within the male domain . . ." v. If there are more than two authors the surname of the first author only should be given, followed by et al:Examples: o Office costs amount to 20% of total costs in most businesses (Wilson et al. 1997) o Wilson et al. (1997) conclude that office costs … Note: A full listing of names should appear in the bibliography (see section B). vi. If you refer to an author of a chapter in an edited book, the surname of the chapter author is given with the year. Example: o Describing the requirements of occupational therapy Yerxa (1983) indicated that… Note: Section B describes how this should be referenced in the bibliography. Page 6

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If you are citing more than one reference at the same place in the text, they should be listed in chronological date order, with the earliest first. Example: o Isaac (1988), Jones (1994) and Atkinson et al. (1996) inform us that…


If the work is anonymous then “Anon” should be used. Example: o In a recent article (Anon, 1998) it was stated that…


If it is a reference to a newspaper article with no author the name of the paper can be used in place of “Anon”. Example: o More people than ever seem to be using retail home delivery (THE TIMES, 1996, p3) Note: You should use the same style in the bibliography.


If you refer to a source quoted in another source you cite both in the text:Example: o A study by Smith (1960 cited in Jones 1994, p24) showed that… Note: You should list only the work you have read, in this case Jones, in the bibliography.


If you refer to a contributor in a source you cite just the contributor:Example: o According to Bantz software development has been given as the cornerstone in this industry (1995, p99). Note: See Section B below for an explanation of how to list contributions (chapters in books, articles in journals, papers in conference proceedings) in the bibliography.

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If you refer to a person who has not produced a work, or contributed to one, but who is quoted in someone else’s work it is suggested that you should mention the person’s name and cite the source author:Examples: o Richard Hammond stressed the part psychology plays in advertising in an interview with Marshall (1999). o In a recent article by Marshall, Richard Hammond said “Advertising will always play on peoples’ desires”, (1999, p67). Note: You should list the work that has been published, in this case Marshall, in the bibliography.

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Section B : Listing References In Both The Bibliography & Cited Reference List

i. A book by a single author: Recognised format: Author’s Surname, first name initials. (Year of publication) Title, Edition (if not the first), Place of publication: Publisher. Examples: o Charlesworth, E.A. (1986) Stress management, London: Souvenir Press. o Fonteyn, D. (1985) Classroom control, London: Methuen/British Psychological Society.

o Torkildsen, G. (2005) Leisure and recreation management, 5th ed. London: Routledge o Gottfried, R.S. (1983) The Black Death: natural and human disaster in Medieval Europe, London: Macmillan. ii. A book by two authors:

Recognised format: 1st Author’s Surname, first name initials. & 2nd Author’s Surname, first name initials. (Year of publication) Title, Edition (if not the first), Place of publication: Publisher. Examples: o Burns, N. & Grove, S. K. (1997) The practice of nursing research: conduct, critique & utilization, 3rd ed., London: Saunders. o Ponton, G. & Gill, P. (1993) Introduction to Politics, 3rd ed., Blackwell. o Mercer, P.A. & Smith, G. (1993) Private viewdata in the UK, 2nd ed., London: Longman. o Grey, H. & Freeman, A. (1988) Teaching with stress, London: Paul Chapman. iii. A book by more than two authors Note: You should not use the abbreviation, "et al." (= et alii = and others) in the full reference. But you should use it in brief in-text references.

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Recognised format 1st Author’s Surname, first name initials, 2nd Author’s Surname, first name initials. and nth Author’s Surname, first name initials. (Year of publication) Title, Edition (if not the first), Place of publication: Publisher. Examples: o Hall, C.M., Timothy, D.J. & Duval, D.T. (2004) Safety and security in tourism: relationships, management, and marketing, Binghamton: Haworth. o Tesson, M., Degenhardt, L. & Hall, W. (2002) Addictions, Hove: Psychology Press. iv. An edited book Recognised format: 1st Author’s Surname, first name initials. and 2nd Author’s Surname, first name initials. eds, (Year of publication) Title, Edition (if not the first), Place of publication: Publisher. Examples: o Basford, L. and Slevin, O. eds., (1995) Theory and practice of nursing: an integrated approach to patient care, Edinburgh: Campion. o Singh, B.R. ed. (1994) Improving gender and ethnic relations: strategies for schools and further education, London: Cassell. v. A chapter from an edited book

Recognised format Contributing author’s Surname, initials. (Year of publication) Title of contribution, followed by In: Surname and Initials of editor(s) of publication followed by ed. or eds. if relevant Title of book, Place of publication: Publisher, Page number(s) of contribution. Examples: o Bantz, C.R. (1995) Social dimensions of software development, In: Anderson, J.A. ed. Annual review of software management and development, Newbury Park, CA: Sage, pp502-510. o Weir, P. (1995) Clinical practice development role: a personal reflection, In: Kendrick, K., Weir, P. and Rosser, E. eds. Innovations in nursing practice, London: Edward Arnold. pp5-22. o Offee, C. and Ronge, V. (1982) Theses on the theory of the state, In: Giddens, A. and Held, D. eds. Classes, Power and Conflict, Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp74-98. o Forster D. (1995) Setting for health promotion, In: Pike, S. and Forster, D. eds. Health promotion for all, Livingstone, Edinburgh: Churchill, pp143-155. Page 10

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Journal articles
i. Printed journal Recognised format: Author’s Surname, Initials. (Year of periodical issue in which article appeared) Full title of article, Full Title of Journal, volume(issue if available), page numbers of whole article, (including its notes and references). Note: Some journals do not specify an issue number, in these instances use the Volume followed by the date shown on the journal. Examples: o Evans, W.A. (1994) Approaches to intelligent information retrieval. Information processing and management, 7(2), pp147-168. o Michelson, L. and Wood, R. (1980) Behavioral assessment and training of children's social skills. Progress in Behavior Modification, Vol. 9, August 1980, pp242-292. o Stroud, L. (2005) MMR – public policy in crisis: whose tragedy?, Journal of Health Organization and Management, 19(3), pp252-260. ii. Online journal

a) accessed via an online database Recognised format: Author Surname, Initial. (Year) Title of article. Journal title, Volume(issue), pages if given. Source: Database name [online]. Examples: o Bryd-Bredbenner, C, Wong, A. & Cottee, P. (2000) Consumer understanding of US and EU nutrition labels. British Food Journal, 103(8), pp615-629. Source: Emerald Fulltext [online]. o Redman, G. M. (1997) LPN-BSN: education for a reformed healthcare system.Journal of Nursing Education, 36(3), pp121-7. Source: CINAHL [online]. o Rasid, Z.M. and Parish, T.S. (1998) The effects of two types of relaxation training on students' levels of anxiety. Adolescence. 33(129), p99. Source: EBSCO EJS [online].

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b) accessed via a website Recognised format: Author Surname, Initial. (Year) Title of article, Journal title [online], Volume, (issue), location within host (pages), Available from: <URL of document> [Accessed date]. Examples: o Caspi, A. & Gorsky, P. (2006) Online deception: prevalence, motivation and emotion. CyberPsychology and Behavior, [online], 9(1), pp46-53. Available from: <> [Accessed 5 July 2006]. o Martin, E.W. (1996) The legislative and litigation history of special education, The Future of Children [online], 6(1), pp25-39. Available from: <> [accessed 25 November 1996].

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Newspaper articles
i. A Printed Newspaper Recognised format: Author’s Surname, initials. (or NEWSPAPER TITLE) (Year of publication) Title of article, Title of newspaper, Day and month, Page number/s. Examples: o Halpin, T. (2006) Exam ‘spy’ traps school cheats, Times, 16 June, p3. o INDEPENDENT (1992) Picking up the bills, Independent, 4 June, p28a. o White, J. (1992) Liverpool's most valuable home draw, Independent, 2 October, p12.


An Online Newspaper a) accessed via a database Recognised format: Author Surname, Initial. (or NEWSPAPER TITLE) (Year) Title of article. Title of Newspaper, Volume,(issue), pages if given .Source: Database name [online]. Example: o FINANCIAL TIMES (1998) Recruitment: lessons in leadership: moral issues are increasingly pertinent to the military and top corporate ranks. Financial Times, 11 March, p32. Source: LEXIS NEXIS [online]. b) accessed via a website Recognised format: Author Surname, Initial. (or NEWSPAPER TITLE) (Year) Title of article, Title of Newspaper [online], Day and Month, Available from: <URL> [Accessed date]. Example: o Hooper, J. (1997) Collision in Mediterranean kills 280, The Observer [online], 5 January. Available from: <> [Accessed 15 April 1997].

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Recognised format: Originator’s Surname, first name or initials (may be cartographer, surveyor, compiler, editor, copier, maker, engraver, etc.) (Year of publication), Title, Scale (should be given normally as a ratio). Place of publication: Publisher. Example: o Mason, James (1832) Map of the countries lying between Spain and India, 1:8,000,000. London: Ordnance Survey.

Conference papers or conference proceedings
Recognised format: Contributing author’s Surname, Initials. (Year of publication), Title of contribution, followed by In: Initials. Surname of editor of proceedings, (if applicable) followed by ed. Title of conference proceedings including date and place of conference, Place of publication: Publisher, Page numbers of contribution. Examples: o Silver, K. (1991) Electronic mail: the new way to communicate, In: D.I. Raitt, ed., 9th International Online Information Meeting, 3-5 December 1990 London, Oxford: Learned Information, pp323-330. o Banks, S. (1998) Networked Lifelong Learning: innovative approaches to education and training through the Internet: Proceedings of the 1998 International Conference held at the University of Sheffield, Sheffield: University of Sheffield.

Grunwald, P. (1984) Car body painting with the spine spray system, In: N. Martensson, ed., Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Robot Technology, 7th, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2-4 October, Industrial Robot Technology. IFS, pp633-642. Oakley A. and Rajan, L. (1989) The social support and pregnancy outcome study, In: S. Robinson, A. Thomson & V. Tickner, eds. Research and the midwife conference: proceedings 1988, Privately published.


i. Video Conference Recognised format: Contributing author's Surname, Initials. (Year of conference), Title of conference [online], video conference, date of conference. Available from: <URL>. [Accessed date]. Example: Bolton, D. (2005) Referencing the Harvard way, [online], video conference, 1 April. Available from: <> [Accessed 14 February 2006]. Page 14

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Government Publications
Note: In broad terms White Papers contain statements of Government policy while Green Papers put forward proposals for consideration and public discussion. They are cited in the same way. i. A White Paper Recognised format: Name of issuing body (Year of publication) Title of publication, Report Number (where relevant), Place of publication: Publisher. Examples: o Department of Health (1996) Choice and opportunity: primary care: the future, Cm.3390, London: Stationery Office. o Department of the Environment (1984) Disposal facilities on land for low and intermediate-level radioactive waste: principles for the protection of the human environment, London: HMSO. o Department of Health (1993) Changing childbirth: report of the Expert Maternity Group (Chairwoman J. Cumberlege), Vol. 1, London: HMSO. ii. A Green Paper Recognised format Name of issuing body (Year of publication) Title of publication, Report Number (where relevant), Place of publication: Publisher. Examples: o Department of Health (1998) Our Healthier Nation: a contract for health, Cm 3854. London: Stationery Office. o House of Commons (1992) The Health Committee second report: Maternity services, Vol. 1 (Chairman N Winterton), London: HMSO. o Department of Health (1991) The Health of the Nation: a consultative document on a health strategy for England, London: Department of Health/HMSO. iii. An Act of Parliament These should be cited in the text with the full title, including the year of enactment, for example Nurses, Midwives and Health Visitors Act 1979.

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Acts do not need to be listed in the references. However an example would be: o Great Britain (1990) National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990, Chapter 19, London: HMSO. iv. A Law Report Be aware that there is a hierarchy of authority when citing UK cases. It is preferable to cite from the Official Law Reports if the case has been published there. If not, then the Weekly Law Reports should take preference. If neither has reported the case, then the All England Law Reports should be cited, followed by the more specialised sets of law reports (Family Law Reports, Lloyd’s Law Reports, Criminal Law Reports, etc.) When citing a case you should include: Case name (in italics and v used for versus) Date of the case in brackets (place in square brackets if the volume fails to identify the case; place in parentheses if the year identifies the case) The volume number of Law Report (if reported) The name/abbreviation of the Law Reports (if reported) The page number of the case (if reported) The abbreviation of the court where the case was decided (post 1865 only) The page/paragraph number(s) of the passage you are referring to (often called the ‘pinpoint’), if applicable Examples: o British Railways Board v Pickin [1972] AC 765 (HL) 766-768 o Mercantile Credit Co Ltd v Garrod [1962] 3 All ER 1103 (QB) o Re Travel Mondial (UK) Ltd [1991] BCC 224 (Ch) 226 o Slazenger & Sons v Spalding & Bros [1910] 1 Ch 257 (Ch) For further information on legal referencing please see

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Publications by corporate bodies
Recognised format Name of issuing body (Year of publication) Title of publication, Place of publication: Publisher, Report Number (where relevant) Examples: o Health Visitors' Association (1992) Principles into practice : an HVA position statement on health visiting and school nursing, London: Health Visitors' Association. o Independent Television Commission (ITC) (1991) The ITC code of advertising standards and practice, London: ITC.

Theses or Dissertations
Recognised format: Author’s Surname, initials. (Year of publication) Title of thesis, Designation, (and type), Name of institution to which submitted. Examples: o Agutter, A.J. (1995) The linguistic significance of current British slang, Thesis (PhD), Edinburgh University. o Hull, A.P. (1988) Changing patterns of Accessibility and Mobility in sixteen Parishes in East Kent, 1973-1982, Thesis (PhD), Liverpool Polytechnic o Stones, M. (1995) Women, nurses, education: an oral history taking technique. Unpublished M.Ed. dissertation, University of Sheffield.

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Recognised format: ORIGINATOR (the name of applicant) (Year of publication) Title of patent, Series Designation, (which may include full date). Example: o PHILIP MORRIS INC. (1981) Optical perforating apparatus and system, European patent application 0021165 A1, 1981-01-07.

Non-print materials (Film/TV/Interviews)
i. Film Recognised format: Title (Year - For films the preferred date is the year of release in the country of production.) Material designation, Subsidiary originator - Optional but director is preferred, Production details – place: organisation. Examples: o Macbeth (1948), Film, Directed by Orson Welles, USA: Republic Pictures. o Birds in the Garden (1998) Video, London: Harper Videos. ii. Programmes and series, including radio

Recognised format: Series title, Episode number, Episode title (should normally be given as well), the transmitting organisation and channel, the full date and time of transmission. Examples: o Yes, Prime Minster, Episode 1, The Ministerial Broadcast, TV, BBC2, 1986 Jan 16. o News at Ten, ITV, Jan 27 2001, 2200 hrs. o The Nuclear Age, Episode 3: Europe goes nuclear UK, ITV, 26th October 1988. o Woman's Hour, BBC Radio 4, 1996 Feb 19, 1030 hrs.

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Contributions (for example interviews) Recognised format: Individual items within a programme should be cited as contributions. The reference should begin with the name of the person interviewed. Examples: o Porrit, J. (1991) Interview by Jonathan Dimbleby, In: Panorama, BBC 1, 18 March.

Blair, T. (1997) Interview, In: Six O’clock News, TV, BBC1, Feb 29, 1823 hrs.


Personal Interviews Recognised Format: Name of person interviewed: Surname, Initials. (Year) Type of interview (personal or telephone interview). Interview date. Example: o Mitchell, J. (2006) Personal interview. 15th February.

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Electronic material
Important note: Standards for citing electronic sources are still being developed and therefore there is currently no agreed standard method for citing electronic sources of information. This document follows the practices most likely to be adopted and is intended as guidance only. Those intending to use such citations in papers submitted to scholarly journals should check whether an alternative method is used by that journal. Because fixed standards for electronic references do not yet exist, it is important to apply a consistent style throughout your references. This enables your reader to understand and trace your sources. If you are unable to write a complete reference because the information is not available, then write as full a reference as possible. The following guidelines apply for web pages: o Indicate the exact URL of the web page and the date you visited it o Do not split the URL over a line. If this is not possible, do so after a forward slash i. A website/page or e-book Recognised format: Author/editor Surname, Initial. (Year) Title [online], (Edition), Place of publication: Publisher (if ascertainable). Available from: <URL> [Accessed date]. Examples: o Shea, J. (2004) White falls to Pinches [online], BBC. Available from <>, [accessed 22 April 2006]. o Holland, M. (2002) Guide to citing Internet sources [online], Poole: Bournemouth University. Available from: <> [Accessed 4 November 2002]. o J SAINSBURY PLC (2005) Annual report and financial statements 2005 [online], J Sainsbury plc. Available from <> [Accessed 1 June 2006]. o The University of Sheffield Library (2001) Nursing and Midwifery in the Library and on the Internet [online], Sheffield: University of Sheffield. Available from: <> [Accessed 4th July 2001]. o BOOTS GROUP PLC (2006) Corporate social responsibility: process and policy [online], Boots Group plc. Available from <> [Accessed 30 June 2006].

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o Food Standards Agency, (2003) What is BSE? [online]. Available from: <> [Accessed 12 June 2003].


A Journal/Newspaper accessed from an online database See previous sections for Journals and Newspapers.


An email Recognised format: Author/Sender (author’s email address), (Date of message - Day Month Year), Subject of the message, [online]. Email to recipient’s initials surname (recipient's e-mail address). Examples: o Lowman, D. (, (4 April 2000), RE: ProCite and Internet Referee, [online]. Email to P. Cross ( o McConnell, D. (, (28th November 1997) Follow up to your interview [online]. Email to L.Parker (


An image

Recognised format: Author, Initials. (Year) Title of image [online image]. Available from: <URL> [Accessed date]. Example: o Greenwich2000 (2000) The World’s biggest dome – “Millennium experience” [online image]. Available from: <> [Accessed 1 December 2000]. o Beaton, C. (2002) Coco Chanel [online image]. Available from <> [Accessed 30 January 2004].

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Recognised format: Author/Editor. (Year) Title [type of medium CD-ROM], (Edition), Place of publication: Publisher (if ascertainable). Available from: Supplier/Database identifier or number (optional), [Accessed Date (optional)]. Examples: o MacLeod, D. (1996) PM plan for tests at five is shelved [CD-ROM], Guardian, 9 January 1996, p6. o Hawking, S.W. (1994) A brief history of time: an interactive adventure [CD-ROM], Crunch Media.

Non-Academic Resources
For articles in non-academic sources, such as a local newspaper or manual, the structure and order is dependent on the availability of detail. Choose the most relevant of the guidelines above and follow it as far as possible. Possible formats: o Title of newspaper or publication (Year of publication) Title of article, day and month (if given), page number(s). o Author of article (Date of newspaper or publication), Title of article, Title of newspaper or publication, day and month (if given), page number. Possible Examples: o Hackney Today (1998) Fifty Years on Windrush Season, (Issue 45), June, pp10-11 o Olympus (2006) Autofocus, Camedia C2000 Zoom Digital Camera Instructions, p88. o Grooms, M. (2006) Homeschooling babies [online], Bella, June. Available from <> [Accessed 14 July 2006].

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Further Resources and References
This list of references and examples has been put together from many different resources, from a number of institutions. If you are still having difficulty referencing the material you are using, try looking through some of these resources for more information. Public Service Library, websites about referencing online material. Exeter Library – Full instructions and good references. df Bournemouth University – Excellent examples, lots of links to more information. Anglia Polytechnic University – Very clear instructions and examples provided.

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