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Rules of

Department of Natural Resources

Division 80—Solid Waste Management
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill

Title Page
10 CSR 80-3.010 Design and Operation ..........................................................................3
10 CSR 80-3.011 Design and Operation ........................................................................19
10 CSR 80-3.020 Emergency Landfill Extensions.............................................................19

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 1

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

Title 10—DEPARTMENT OF frame negotiated with the department, are 1. Regulated quantities of hazardous
NATURAL RESOURCES subject to all the requirements of this rule. waste;
Division 80—Solid Waste Management (C) Sanitary landfills not in compliance 2. Radioactive materials as follows:
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill with the requirements of this chapter and of A. The tailings or wastes produced by
10 CSR 80-2 are considered to be open the extraction or concentration of uranium or
dumps, which are prohibited by state law. thorium from any ore processed primarily for
10 CSR 80-3.010 Design and Operation
its source material content as defined in the
PURPOSE: This rule pertains to the design (2) Solid Waste Accepted. Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 42 U.S.C. sec-
and operation of a sanitary landfill. (A) Requirement. Only the following solid tion 2014(e)(2)(1996);
wastes shall be accepted for disposal in a san- B. Any radioactively-contaminated
Editor’s Note: The secretary of state has itary landfill: municipal waste; bulky waste; material used in or resulting from the cleanup
determined that the publication of this rule in demolition and construction wastes; brush of radioactively-contaminated sites;
its entirety would be unduly cumbersome or and wood wastes; cut, chipped or shredded C. Any byproduct, source or special
expensive. The entire text of the material ref- tires as defined in 10 CSR 80-8; soil; rock; nuclear material regulated by the Atomic
erenced has been filed with the secretary of concrete; related inert solids relatively insol- Energy Act of 1954;
state. This material may be found at the uble in water; and incinerator and air pollu- D. Radioactive material used in or
Office of the Secretary of State or at the head- tion control residues generated from facilities resulting from medical processes or liquid
quarters of the agency and is available to any exempted under 10 CSR 80-2.020(9)(A)2. radioactive material, unless the material has a
interested person at a cost established by (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. The half-life of less than thirty (30) days;
state law. plans shall specify the types of waste to be E. Naturally Occurring Radioactive
accepted for disposal at a sanitary landfill. Material (NORM) except with prior written
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. approval from the Missouri Department of
(1) General Provisions. 1. Certain bulky solid wastes, such as Natural Resources;
(A) This rule is intended to provide for automobile bodies and furniture shall be F. Any accelerator-produced radioiso-
sanitary landfill area operations that will have crushed on solid ground and then pushed topes, unless the material has a half-life of
minimal impact on the environment. The rule onto the working face near the bottom of the less than thirty (30) days;
sets forth requirements and the method of sat- cell. Other bulky items, such as demolition G. Smoke detectors, electron tubes,
isfactory compliance to ensure that the luminous wristwatches and clocks, luminous
wastes, tree stumps and large timbers shall be
design, construction and operation of sanitary lock illuminators, luminous automobile shift
pushed onto the working face near the bottom
landfills will protect the public health, pre- quadrants, luminous marine compasses and
of the cell. Bulky waste shall be excluded
vent nuisances and meet applicable environ- luminous thermostat dials and pointers in
from the first layer of waste placed above a
mental standards. The requirement subsec- quantities greater than ten (10) items from
composite liner to ensure that the integrity of
tions contained in this rule delineate mini- any single source;
the liner and leachate collection system has
mum levels of performance required of any H. “Low-level radioactive waste” as
been maintained.
defined in section 260.700, RSMo as
sanitary landfill operation. The satisfactory 2. Dead animals shall be placed on the radioactive waste that is not classified as
compliance subsections are presented as the working face with other municipal solid high-level radioactive waste and that is class
authorized methods by which the objectives wastes and covered immediately with solid A, B, or C low-level radioactive waste as
of the requirements can be realized. The sat- waste or soil. defined in 10 CFR 61.55, as that section
isfactory compliance subsections are based 3. The disposal of special wastes which existed on January 26, 1983. “Low-level
on the practice of sanitary landfilling munic- have been approved in the construction per- radioactive waste” or “waste” does not
ipal solid waste. If techniques other than mit shall be conducted in accordance with the include any such radioactive waste that is
those listed as satisfactory compliance in approved design and operating plans plus any owned or generated by the United States
design or operation are used, it is the obliga- additional procedures determined by the Department of Energy; by the United States
tion of the sanitary landfill owner/operator to department as necessary to protect the envi- Navy as a result of the decommissioning of
demonstrate to the department in advance ronment. its vessels, or as a result of any research,
that the techniques to be employed will satis- 4. For the disposal of special wastes not development, testing or production of any
fy the requirements. Procedures for the tech- specifically approved in the construction per- atomic weapon; and
niques shall be submitted to the department mit, a special waste disposal request form I. Any greater-than-class-C radioac-
in writing and approved by the department in shall be completed by the generator of the tive waste;
writing prior to being employed. Notwith- waste and the operator of the sanitary landfill 3. Explosives;
standing any other provision of these rules, prior to acceptance and disposal of the waste. 4. Regulated quantities of polychlorinat-
when it is found necessary to meet objectives The completed request shall be retained in ed biphenyls (PCBs);
of the requirement subsections, the depart- the sanitary landfill operating record. Nei- 5. Bulk liquids;
ment may require changes in design or oper- ther a permit modification nor prior approval 6. Highly flammable or volatile sub-
ation as the condition warrants. is required unless deemed necessary by the stances;
(B) Owners/operators of sanitary landfills department due to the characteristics of the 7. Septic tank pumpings;
that close after October 9, 1991 and prior to special waste. 8. Major appliances;
October 9, 1993, and do not apply the final 9. Waste oil;
cover and establish vegetation on the sanitary (3) Solid Waste Excluded. 10. Lead-acid batteries;
landfill within one hundred eighty (180) days (A) Requirement. The following are 11. Waste tires as provided by 10 CSR
of last receipt of waste, or an alternative time excluded from disposal: 80-8.020;

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 3

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

12. Yard waste; and departmental approval to recirculate leachate (I) The presumption that a practica-
13. Infectious waste as provided by 10 or gas condensate. ble alternative to the proposed landfill is
CSR 80-7.010. 4. Containers holding liquid waste may available which does not involve wetlands is
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. not be placed in a sanitary landfill unless— clearly rebutted;
1. In consultation with the department, A. The container is a small container (II) The construction and operation
the applicant shall determine what wastes are similar in size to that normally found in of the sanitary landfill will not—
to be accepted and shall identify them in the household waste; or (a) Cause or contribute to viola-
plan and the application for a construction B. The waste is household waste. tions of any applicable state water quality
permit. The criteria used to determine standard;
whether the waste can be accepted shall (4) Site Selection. (b) Violate any applicable toxic
include the design of the landfill, the physical (A) Requirement. Site selection and uti- effluent standard or prohibition under section
and chemical characteristics of the wastes, lization shall include a study and evaluation 307 of the federal Clean Water Act;
the quantity of the wastes, and the proposed of geologic and hydrologic conditions and (c) Jeopardize the continued
operating procedures. soils at the proposed sanitary landfill and an existence of endangered or threatened species
2. The plans shall specify the operating evaluation of the environmental effect upon or result in the destruction or adverse modi-
procedures for screening and removal of the projected use of the completed sanitary fication of a critical habitat, protected under
wastes which are excluded from disposal landfill. Owners/operators shall document the Endangered Species Act of 1973; and
according to subsection (3)(A) of this rule. compliance with all applicable siting restric- (d) Violate any requirement
Operating procedures for the screening and tions and shall submit this documentation to under the Marine Protection, Research, and
removal of excluded wastes shall include: the department by April 9, 1994, for existing Sanctuaries Act of 1972 for the protection of
A. At a minimum, random inspec- sanitary landfills or prior to receiving a con- a marine sanctuary;
tions of incoming loads unless the struction permit for sanitary landfills permit- (III) The sanitary landfill will not
owner/operator takes other steps to ensure ted after January 1, 1996. Any existing san- cause or contribute to significant degradation
that incoming solid wastes do not contain itary landfill that cannot demonstrate compli- of wetlands. The owner/operator shall
wastes excluded from disposal at sanitary ance with paragraphs (4)(B)1. through demonstrate the integrity of the sanitary land-
landfills; (4)(B)6. must close by October 9, 1996. fill and its ability to protect ecological
B. Records of any inspections; (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. resources by addressing the following factors:
C. Training of facility personnel to 1. Airport safety. (a) Erosion, stability and migra-
recognize unacceptable wastes; and A. Owners/operators of sanitary land- tion potential of native wetland soils, muds
D. Immediate notification of the fills operating after October 9, 1993, that are and deposits used to support the landfill;
department if a regulated hazardous waste, located within ten thousand feet (10,000') of (b) Erosion, stability and migra-
regulated PCB waste, or infectious waste is any airport runway end used by turbojet air- tion potential of dredged and fill materials
discovered at the facility. craft or within five thousand feet (5,000') of used to support the landfill;
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. any airport runway end used by only piston- (c) The volume and chemical
1. A sign with the following wording type aircraft shall demonstrate to the depart- nature of the waste disposed of in the landfill;
shall be displayed prominently at the site ment that the sanitary landfills are designed (d) Impacts on fish, wildlife and
entrance. “Regulated hazardous waste, and operated so that the landfill does not pose other aquatic resources and their habitat from
radioactive materials, polychlorinated bip- a bird hazard to aircraft. potential release of solid waste from the land-
henyls (PCBs), bulk liquids, highly flam- B. Owners/operators proposing to site fill;
mable or volatile substances, septic tank new sanitary landfills and horizontal expan- (e) The potential effects of con-
pumpings, major appliances, waste oil, lead- sions of existing sanitary landfills within a tamination of the wetland and the resulting
acid batteries, waste tires as provided by 10 five (5)-mile radius of any airport runway end impacts on the environment; and
CSR 80-8, yard waste, explosives and regu- used by turbojet aircraft or piston-type air- (f) Any additional factors, as
lated infectious waste are excluded from dis- craft shall notify the affected airport and the necessary, to demonstrate that ecological
posal.” Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). resources in the wetland are sufficiently pro-
2. The operating procedures for screen- 2. Owners/operators of sanitary land- tected;
ing of wastes and for removal of wastes which fills, operating after October 9, 1993, locat- (IV) Steps have been taken to
are excluded from disposal according to sub- ed in one hundred (100)-year floodplains attempt to achieve no net loss of wetlands (as
section (3)(A) of this rule shall be imple- shall demonstrate to the department that the defined by acreage and function) by first
mented. sanitary landfill will not restrict the flow of avoiding impacts to wetlands to the maximum
3. Bulk or noncontainerized liquid waste the one hundred (100)-year flood, reduce the extent practicable as required by subpara-
shall not be placed in a sanitary landfill temporary water storage capacity of the graph (4)(B)3.A. of this rule, then minimiz-
unless— floodplain, or result in washout of solid waste ing unavoidable impacts to the maximum
A. The waste is household waste oth- so as to pose a hazard to public health or the extent practicable, and finally offsetting
er than septic waste; or environment. remaining unavoidable wetland impacts
B. The waste is leachate or gas con- 3. Wetlands. through all appropriate and practicable com-
densate derived from the sanitary landfill, A. Sanitary landfills permitted after pensatory mitigation actions (for example,
and the sanitary landfill is designed with a October 9, 1993, and unfilled surfaces of restoration of existing degraded wetlands or
composite liner and leachate collection sys- existing sanitary landfills shall not be located creation of man-made wetlands); and
tem as described in sections (9) and (10). The in wetlands, unless the owner/operator can (V) The requirements of paragraph
owner/operator of sanitary landfill conduct- make the following demonstrations to the (4)(B)3. may be satisfied by the owner/oper-
ing recirculation shall submit a request for department: ator obtaining a United States Army Corps of

4 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

Engineers permit for construction in a wet- springs, lakes, rock outcroppings, caves, continuous geologic unit must be determined.
land or by demonstrating that the wetland is sinkholes and soil or rock borings. All elec- Examples of accepted field tests are in situ
not regulated by the United States Army tric, gas, water, sewer and other utility ease- slug or pump tests which isolate the geologic
Corps of Engineers, or other appropriate ments or lines that are located on, under or unit of interest; and
agency. over the sanitary landfill shall be shown on (IV) Area extent and depth. The
4. Sanitary landfills permitted after the map. This map shall have a scale of not area extent and depth of soil suitable for land-
October 9, 1993, and unfilled surfaces of less than one inch (1”) equals four hundred fill construction shall be determined. Varia-
existing sanitary landfills located in the seis- feet (400’); tions in soil depth shall be clearly described.
mic impact zone shall not be located within C. A description of the projected use 8. If the base of the landfill liner will be
two hundred feet (200') of a fault that has had of the closed sanitary landfill. In addition to in contact with groundwater, the applicant
displacement in Holocene time unless that maintenance programs and provisions, where shall demonstrate to the department’s satis-
owner/operator demonstrates to the depart- necessary for monitoring and controlling faction that the groundwater will not adverse-
ment that an alternative setback distance of decomposition gases and leachate, the plans ly impact the liner.
less than two hundred feet (200') will prevent shall address the following ultimate use crite- (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations.
damage to the structural integrity of the land- ria: 1. The sanitary landfill shall be accessi-
fill and will be protective of public health and (I) Structures. It is not recommend- ble to vehicles which the sanitary landfill is
the environment. ed practice to construct major structures designed to serve by all-weather roads lead-
5. Sanitary landfills permitted after within the permitted area of a closed sanitary ing from the public road system; temporary
October 9, 1993, and unfilled surfaces of landfill. If major structures are to be built roads shall be provided as needed to deliver
existing sanitary landfills shall not be located within the permitted area of a closed sanitary wastes to the working face.
in seismic impact zones, unless the landfill, prior written approval from the 2. The sanitary landfill shall not be
owner/operator demonstrates to the depart- department is required. A professional engi- located in an area where the public roads or
ment that all containment structures, includ- neer shall approve their design and construc- access roads to the sanitary landfill may be
ing liners, final covers, leachate collection tion, including provision for protection flooded preventing use of the sanitary landfill
systems and surface water control systems, against potential hazards of solid waste unless an alternate sanitary landfill is avail-
are designed to resist permanent cumulative decomposition gases; and able.
earthquake displacements not to be greater (II) Other uses. Appropriate
than six inches (6"), resulting from the max- design, construction and operating provisions (5) Design.
imum credible Holocene time earthquake for the sanitary landfill shall be specified to (A) Requirement. Plans, addendums, as-
event’s acceleration versus time history. complement the projected future use; and built drawings, or other documents which
6. Owners/operators of sanitary land- D. An evaluation of the characteristics describe the design, construction, operation,
fills, operating after October 9, 1993, locat- and quantity of available on-site soil with or closure of a sanitary landfill or which
ed in an unstable area shall demonstrate to respect to its suitability for sanitary landfill- request an operating permit modification for
the department that the sanitary landfill’s ing operations. The engineering properties the sanitary landfill shall be prepared or
design ensures that the integrity of the struc- and quantity estimates of the on-site soil shall approved by a professional engineer. These
tural components of the sanitary landfill will be discussed and shall include: documents shall be stamped or sealed by the
not be disrupted. The owner/operator shall (I) Texture. Sieve and hydrometer professional engineer and submitted to the
consider the following factors, at a minimum, analyses shall be performed to determine department for review and approval.
when determining whether an area is unsta- grain size distribution of representative soil (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design.
ble: samples. Texture may be determined by using 1. Plans submitted as part of an applica-
A. On-site or local rock or soil condi- the procedures described in ASTM method tion for a construction permit after the effec-
tions that may result in failure or significant D422-63 or the procedures described in tive date of this rule shall provide for the
differential settling; Appendix D of Engineer Manual 1110-2- maintenance of a one hundred foot (100')-
B. On-site or local geologic or geo- 1906, prepared by the United States Army buffer zone between the outer edge of the
morphologic features; and Corps of Engineers; landfill liner and any property line(s) or any
C. On-site or local human-made fea- (II) Plasticity. The liquid limit, right-of-way(s) of adjoining road(s) when the
tures or events (both surface and subsurface). plastic limit and plasticity index of represen- property line(s) is inside the right-of-way(s)
7. Plans shall include: tative soil samples shall be determined. Plas- to provide room for assessment and/or reme-
A. A map showing initial and pro- ticity may be determined by using the proce- dial actions.
posed topographies at contour intervals of dures described in ASTM method D4318-84 2. The plan shall include an operating
five feet (5') or less. This map shall have a or the procedures described in Appendix III manual describing the various tasks that shall
scale of not less than one inch (1") equal to of Engineer Manual 1110-2-1906, prepared be performed during a typical shift.
one hundred feet (100'). If the entire site can- by the United States Army Corps of Engi- 3. Owners/operators of sanitary landfills
not be illustrated on one (1) plan sheet, an neers; shall demonstrate how adverse geologic and
additional map with appropriate horizontal (III) Hydraulic conductivity. Labo- hydrologic conditions may be altered or com-
and vertical scales that allows the site to be ratory hydraulic conductivity tests shall be pensated for via surface water drainage diver-
shown on one (1) standard plan sheet is performed upon undisturbed representative sion, underdrains, sumps, and other struc-
required; soil samples using a flexible wall permeame- tural components. All alterations of the site
B. A map showing the land use and ter (ASTM D-5084). If an aquifer is found shall be detailed in the plans.
zoning within one-fourth (1/4) mile of the to be laterally continuous across the antici- A. Precipitation, evapotranspiration
sanitary landfill including location of all res- pated limit of the proposed landfill, the and climatological conditions shall be consid-
idences, buildings, wells, water courses, hydraulic conductivity of each significant ered in site selection and design.

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 5

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

B. Engineering plans and specifica- inspections, field testing, laboratory testing, A. Leachate collection system.
tions that have computer models attached to equipment to be utilized, the limits for test Reports prepared or approved by the profes-
them shall list the limitations and assump- failure, and a description of the procedures to sional engineer transmitting the results of the
tions of each model used in the application. be used upon test failure; qa/qc procedures and stating that the leachate
4. Plans shall include stability analyses B. A detailed procedure for the collection system was constructed according
for all stages of landfill construction. reporting and recording of qa/qc activities to the approved design or describing any
A. Settlement and bearing capacity and testing results; and deviations from the approved design; and
analysis shall be performed on the in-place C. Continuous visual classification of B. Liner. The liner specified by sec-
foundation material beneath the disposal borrow soil during landfill construction by tion (10) of this rule shall be constructed in
area. The effect of foundation material set- qualified qa/qc inspector(s) or certifying pro- accordance with the approved design specifi-
tlement on the liner and leachate collection fessional engineer. cations. The qa/qc procedures shall include:
system shall be evaluated. 2. All qa/qc reports shall be reviewed (I) Evidence that the liner materi-
B. Stability analysis shall be per- and approved by a professional engineer. al(s) utilized meet the minimum design spec-
formed on all liner and leachate system com- (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. ifications;
ponents. 1. At a minimum qa/qc testing shall (II) Evidence that field construction
C. Leachate collection pipe material include: techniques are resulting in the minimum
and drainage media shall be analyzed to A. Testing of each lift of the soil com- design specifications (for example, soil densi-
demonstrate that these components possess ponent of the final cover and landfill liner for ty tests);
structural strength to support maximum loads field density and field moisture once per (III) Evidence that the liner con-
imposed by overlying waste materials and every ten thousand (10,000) square feet and struction is proceeding as designed through
equipment. providing relatively uniform coverage over regular verification using a predetermined
D. Waste mass stability analysis shall the landfill surface; system of horizontal and vertical survey con-
be performed on the disposal area at final B. Laboratory hydraulic conductivity trols; and
waste grade conditions and at intermediate testing of the soil used for liner construction (IV) Oversight of the liner con-
slope conditions. once for every five thousand (5,000) cubic struction and qa/qc procedures by a profes-
E. Stability analysis shall be per- yards of liner constructed; sional engineer. This shall include reports
formed on all final cover system components, C. Continuous visual classification of prepared, or approved, by the professional
including an evaluation of the effect of waste borrow soil during landfill construction by engineer transmitting the results of the qa/qc
settlement on the final cover system compo- qualified qa/qc inspector(s) or certifying pro- procedures and stating that the liner was con-
nents, side-slope liner system components, fessional engineer; structed according to design or describing
surface water management system compo- D. Measuring the elevations of the any deviations from the design.
nents and gas migration system components. final cover and the landfill liner on a maxi-
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. mum spacing of one hundred-foot (100') cen- (7) Survey Control.
1. Construction and operation of the ters and at one hundred-foot (100') intervals (A) Requirement. Benchmarks, horizontal
sanitary landfill shall be conducted in accor- along each line where a break in slope controls and boundary markers shall be
dance with the engineering plans and specifi- occurs. established by a land surveyor to check and
cations approved by the department. (I) Landfill liner. Measuring the mark the location and elevations of the sani-
2. The operating manual describing the elevations of the top and bottom of the land- tary landfill. Construction stakes marking an
various tasks that shall be performed during a fill liner. individual section(s) or phase(s) shall be
typical shift shall be available to employees (II) Final cover. Measuring the ele- established as necessary to ensure the con-
for reference and to the department upon vations of the top and bottom of— struction and operation proceed in accor-
request. (a) The compacted clay layer dance with approved plans.
3. Phase development drawings shall be supporting the geomembrane liner; and (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design.
included with the application. (b) The soil layer supporting 1. Boundary survey. A survey of the
vegetative growth; entire permitted acreage shall be conducted in
(6) Quality Assurance/Quality Control E. Nondestructive testing of all seams accordance with the current Minimum Stan-
(qa/qc). of the geomembrane in the landfill liner and dards for Property Boundary Surveys 10 CSR
(A) Requirement. The construction, opera- final cover; 30-2.010.
tion and closure of the sanitary landfill shall F. Random destructive testing of the 2. Vertical control. The land surveyor
include quality assurance and quality control seams of the geomembrane liner in the land- shall establish a permanent monument as a
measures to ensure compliance with approved fill liner and final cover on an average fre- benchmark or confirm the prior establish-
plans and all applicable federal, state and quency of at least one (1) every five hundred ment of a benchmark on or adjacent to the
local requirements. The permittee shall be (500) linear feet of seams; and property. The elevation shall be on the North
responsible for ensuring that the quality G. Verification of the thickness of the American Vertical Datum, 1929 or similar
assurance/quality control supervision is con- leachate collection media by qualified qa/qc well documented datum. If no such estab-
ducted by a qualified professional. inspector(s) or certifying professional engi- lished datum exists within one (1) mile of the
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. neer on one hundred-foot (100') centers. property, a project datum may be assigned to
1. Plans shall include: 2. All testing shall be performed under the benchmark. The benchmark shall be
A. A detailed description of the qa/qc the direction of qualified qa/qc inspectors for clearly shown on the survey plat.
testing procedures that will be used for every every major phase of construction. 3. Horizontal control. The land survey-
major phase of construction. The description 3. The qa/qc plan shall provide the fol- or shall establish three (3) permanent monu-
must include at a minimum, the frequency of lowing components: ments as horizontal control stations. These

6 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

stations shall form a triangle whose sides the lowest cell and the predicted maximum (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. The
shall not be less than one thousand feet water table elevation; potential for leachate generation shall be eval-
(1000'). The location of the horizontal con- D. Potential interrelationship of the uated in determining the design of the system.
trol will be shown on the survey plat. sanitary landfill, local aquifers and surface Leachate flow quantities shall be estimated
4. The land surveyor shall establish waters based on historical records or other and the method(s) of leachate treatment and
boundary markers designating the entire per- sources of information; disposal shall be outlined. Leachate storage
mitted acreage which shall be composed of E. Proposed location and design of and treatment facilities shall comply with all
material which will last throughout the life of observation wells, sampling stations and test- currently applicable requirements of the Mis-
the sanitary landfill. ing program planned; and souri Clean Water Law and corresponding
5. Construction stakes. Stakes marking F. Provisions for surface water runoff rules. Construction quality assurance/quality
the individual section(s) or phase(s) specifi- control to minimize infiltration and erosion of control (qa/qc) procedures shall be included.
cally designated for the placement of solid cover. All applicable permits and approvals Where a leachate treatment system is
waste are to be placed in locations and com- necessary to comply with requirements of the designed to have a discharge to the waters of
posed of material that is consistent with the Missouri Clean Water Law and correspond- the state, any required discharge permit(s)
operating life of the section or phase. ing rules shall be obtained from the depart- shall be obtained from the department in
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. ment. accordance with requirements of the Missouri
1. All boundary markers, benchmarks, (I) The area of the watershed which Clean Water Law and corresponding rules.
horizontal control stations and construction will be affected by the sanitary landfill shall 1. Minimum design criteria for leachate
stakes shall be clearly marked and identified. be specified. collection systems shall include the follow-
2. Missing or displaced benchmarks or (II) On-site drainage structures and ing:
horizontal control stations shall be replaced channels shall be designed to prevent flow A. Ponds and/or tanks of sufficient
or reestablished by or under the supervision onto the active portion of the sanitary landfill capacity to store, equalize flow to disposal
of a land surveyor. The registered surveyor during peak discharge from at least a twenty- systems, and allow system/operating flexibil-
shall prepare a plat showing the replacement five (25)-year storm. The engineering calcu- ity;
or reestablishment and furnish a copy to the lations and assumptions shall be included and B. Construction material chemically
department. explained in the engineering report. resistant to the waste managed in the sanitary
3. Missing or displaced construction (III) On-site drainage structures and landfill and the leachate expected to be gen-
stakes shall be replaced or reestablished as channels shall be designed to collect and con- erated;
necessary to ensure the operations proceed in trol at least the water volume resulting from a C. Construction materials of suffi-
accordance with approved plans. twenty-four (24)-hour, twenty-five (25)-year cient strength and thickness to prevent col-
4. The permanent monuments designat- storm. lapse under the pressures exerted by overly-
ing vertical and horizontal control stations (IV) On-site drainage and channels ing solid wastes, cover, leachate, and by any
and boundary markers designating the entire shall be designed to empty expeditiously after equipment used at the sanitary landfill;
permitted acreage shall be placed prior to storms to maintain the design capacity of the D. Design and operate systems to
receiving an operating permit as required by system. function without clogging through the sched-
10 CSR 80-2.020(2)(B). (V) Contingency plans for on-site uled operating life, closure and post-closure
5. Construction stakes marking the management of surface water which comes in of the sanitary landfill;
active area shall be placed prior to deposition contact with solid waste shall be specified. E. Design and operate systems to
of waste in individual areas, sections or phas- (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. maintain less than one foot (1') depth of
es of the sanitary landfill as designated by the 1. Surface water courses and runoff leachate over the disposal area liner; and
approved engineering plans. shall be diverted from the sanitary landfill F. Design and operate systems so that
(especially from the working face) by devices any leachate formed will flow by gravity into
(8) Water Quality. such as ditches, berms, and proper grading. collection areas from which the leachate can
(A) Requirement. The location, design, The sanitary landfill shall be constructed and be removed, treated, and disposed.
construction and operation of the sanitary graded so as to promote rapid surface water 2. Leachate management by recircula-
landfill shall minimize environmental hazards runoff without excessive erosion. Regrading tion within the permitted fill area shall be
and shall conform to applicable ground and shall be done as required during construction conducted in accordance with an approved
surface water quality standards and require- and after completion to avoid ponding of pre- engineering method.
ments. Applicable standards are federal, state cipitation and to maintain cover integrity. 3. Any leachate collection system open
or local standards and requirements that are 2. The quantity of water coming in con- to the atmosphere must be designed to pre-
legally enforceable. tact with solid waste shall be minimized by vent discharge during a twenty-five (25)-year,
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. the daily operational practices. Water which twenty-four (24)-hour storm event. Plans
1. Plans shall include: comes in contact with solid waste shall be shall include the calculations detailing the
A. A report on the detailed geologic managed as leachate in accordance with the design.
and hydrologic investigation of the site as approved plans. 4. The applicant shall provide a method
required by 10 CSR 80-2.015. of leachate management in the application. A
B. Current and projected use of water (9) Leachate Collection System. secondary or “backup” method of leachate
resources in the potential zone of influence of (A) Requirement. A leachate collection disposal will be required unless the applicant
the sanitary landfill; system shall be designed, constructed, main- can demonstrate that a secondary method will
C. Groundwater elevation and pro- tained and operated to collect and remove not be necessary.
posed separation between the lowest point of leachate from the sanitary landfill. (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations.

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 7

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

1. The leachate collection systems spec- A. Be classified under the Unified 3. A final report shall be submitted to
ified by subsection (9)(B) shall be properly Soil Classification Systems as CL, CH, or the department which describes in detail the
installed and operated in accordance with the SC (ASTM Test D2487-85); construction and qc procedures which were
permit and the approved design and plans and B. Allow more than thirty percent used to achieve satisfactory test pad perfor-
maintained for the thirty (30)-year post-clo- (30%) passage through a No. 200 sieve mance.
sure care period, or as long as the department (ASTM Test D1140); A. The report must be approved by
determines necessary. C. Have a liquid limit equal to or the department prior to beginning construc-
2. Leachate generated by the sanitary greater than twenty (20) (ASTM Test D4318- tion of any portion of the composite liner sys-
landfill shall be controlled on-site and not be 84); tem in the disposal area.
allowed to discharge off the sanitary landfill D. Have a plasticity index equal to or B. The report shall serve as guidance
property or discharge into the waters of the greater than ten (10) (ASTM Test D4318-84); for construction of the soil component of the
state, except in accordance with the approved and composite liner system.
plans and the Missouri Clean Water Law and E. Have a coefficient of permeability 4. The requirement for a test pad may be
equal to or less than 1 × 10-7 cm/sec when waived provided—
corresponding rules.
compacted to ninety-five percent (95%) of A. The applicant can demonstrate to
(10) Liner System. standard Proctor density with the moisture the department’s satisfaction that construc-
(A) Requirement. A liner shall be placed content between optimum moisture content tion and qc procedures identical to those
on all surfaces to minimize the migration of and four percent (4%) above the optimum described in the approved engineering report
moisture content, when tested by using have resulted in construction of a liner which
leachate from the sanitary landfill.
(ASTM D-5084) a flexible wall permeameter meets the requirements of paragraph
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. A
or other procedures approved by the depart- (10)(B)2. of this rule; and
composite liner shall be installed at all land-
ment; B. The soils proposed for liner con-
fills permitted after October 9, 1993, and
3. The geomembrane component shall struction meet the following minimum speci-
existing landfills with uncovered surfaces, as be installed in direct and uniform contact fications:
determined by the department on a site-by- with the compacted soil component so as to (I) Have a plasticity index greater
site basis, that consists of two (2) compo- minimize the migration of leachate through than fifteen (15) and less than thirty (30)
nents— the geomembrane should a break occur; and (ASTM test D4318-84);
1. An upper component that shall con- 4. All solid waste disposal areas shall (II) Allow more than fifty percent
sist of a minimum thirty (30) mil thick have a minimum bottom slope in any direc- (50%) passage through a number 200 serve
geomembrane. Geomembrane components tion of flow of at lease one percent (1%). (ASTM D1140); and
consisting of high density polyethylene (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. (III) Have less than ten percent
(HDPE) shall be at least sixty (60) mil thick; 1. A test pad shall be constructed at the (10%) by weight particle sizes greater than
2. A lower component that shall consist site and tested to verify that the proposed two (2) mm.
of a least a two foot (2')-layer of compacted construction and quality control (qc) proce- 5. The liner specified by subsection
soil with a hydraulic conductivity of no more dures are adequate to ensure that the soil (10)(B) of this rule shall be constructed in
than 1 × 10-7 cm/sec. A compacted soil lin- component of the composite liner system will accordance with the approved design specifi-
er at a minimum shall be constructed of six to meet the requirements of (10)(B)2. of this cations.
eight-inch (6–8") lifts, compacted to ninety- rule.
five percent (95%) of standard Proctor densi- A. Construction and qc procedures to (11) Groundwater Monitoring.
ty with the moisture content between opti- be used during test pad construction shall be (A) Requirements. The owner/operator of
mum moisture content and four percent (4%) described in detail in the approved engineer- a sanitary landfill shall implement a ground-
above the optimum moisture content, or with- ing report, and shall be identical to those pro- water monitoring program capable of deter-
in other ranges of density and moisture that posed for liner construction with the follow- mining the sanitary landfill’s impact on the
are shown to provide for the liner to have a ing additions: quality of groundwater underlying the sani-
hydraulic conductivity no more than 1 × (I) At least two laboratory hydraulic tary landfill.
conductivity tests shall be performed on (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design.
10-7 cm/sec. The design shall include a
undisturbed samples of the completed test 1. All sanitary landfills permitted after
detailed explanation of the construction tech-
pad; October 9, 1993, shall be in compliance with
niques and equipment necessary to achieve all of the groundwater monitoring require-
(II) At least one (1) in situ
ninety-five percent (95%) of the standard hydraulic conductivity test shall be performed ments of this section before an operating per-
Proctor density under field conditions. The on the completed test pad; and mit is issued. Existing sanitary landfills shall
design also shall include qa/qc procedures to (III) At least two (2) test pits shall be in compliance with section (11)—
be followed during construction of the liner. be excavated into the completed test pad to A. By October 9, 1994, if located less
The composite liner shall be protected from observe interlift bonding. than one (1) mile from a drinking water
the adverse effects of desiccation or B. If test pad construction and testing intake (surface or subsurface);
freeze/thaw cycles after construction, but pri- shows that the proposed methods are not suf- B. By October 9, 1995, if located
or to placement of waste. Traffic shall be ficient to meet the requirements of paragraph between one (1) mile and two (2) miles from
routed so as to minimize the detrimental (10)(B)2. of this rule, a new test pad shall be a drinking water intake (surface or subsur-
impact on the constructed liner prior to constructed using revised procedures face); or
placement of waste. The soils used for this approved by the department. C. By October 9, 1996, if located
purpose shall meet the following minimum 2. For phased construction, only one greater than two (2) miles from a drinking
specifications: test pad will be required. water intake (surface or subsurface).

8 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

2. The owner/operator of a sanitary ing seasonal and temporal fluctuations in B. Each groundwater monitoring pro-
landfill shall establish the potential for migra- groundwater flow; and gram shall include sampling and analytical
tion of fluid generated by the sanitary landfill (II) Saturated and unsaturated geo- methods that are appropriate for groundwater
into the groundwater by an evaluation of— logic units and fill materials overlying the sampling and that accurately measure haz-
A. A water balance of precipitation, uppermost aquifer, materials comprising the ardous constituents and other monitoring
evapotranspiration, runoff and infiltration; uppermost aquifer, and materials comprising parameters in groundwater samples. Analysis
B. At a minimum, the following char- the confining unit defining the lower bound- shall be performed on unfiltered samples.
acteristics: ary of the uppermost aquifer; including, but C. The sampling procedures and fre-
(I) Geologic materials; not limited to, thicknesses, stratigraphy, quency shall be protective of human health
(II) Description of soil and bedrock lithology, hydraulic conductivities and porosi-
to a depth adequate to allow evaluation of and the environment.
water quality protection provided by the soil D. Groundwater elevations shall be
B. The design and installation of
and bedrock; groundwater monitoring well systems shall be measured in each well immediately prior to
(III) Groundwater elevation; observed, supervised, and certified by a qual- purging, each time groundwater is sampled.
(IV) Proposed separation between ified groundwater scientist and approved by The owner/operator shall determine the
the lowest point of the lowest cell and the the department. direction of groundwater flow each time
maximum water table elevation; C. All groundwater monitoring wells groundwater is sampled. Groundwater eleva-
(V) Proximity of the sanitary land- shall be operational prior to the acceptance of tions in wells which monitor the same solid
fill to water supply wells or surface water; wastes, unless other arrangements are waste disposal area shall be measured within
(VI) Rate and direction of ground- approved by the department. a period of time short enough to avoid tem-
water flow; and D. The design, installation, develop- poral variations in groundwater flow which
(VII) Current and projected use of ment, and decommissioning of monitoring could preclude accurate determination of
water resources in the potential zone of influ- wells and piezometers must be performed in groundwater flow direction.
ence of the sanitary landfill. accordance with 10 CSR 23-4. 3. Baseline/background monitoring.
3. A groundwater monitoring system 2. Sampling and reporting.
shall be capable of yielding groundwater A. The owner/operator shall establish
A. Each groundwater monitoring pro- background groundwater quality for each of
samples for analysis and shall consist of—
gram must include consistent sampling and the monitoring parameters or constituents
A. Monitoring wells (at least one (1)
analysis procedures that are designed to required under paragraphs (11)(C)4. To
installed hydraulically upgradient; that is, in
ensure monitoring results that provide an establish background, a minimum of four (4)
the direction of increasing static head from
accurate representation of groundwater quali-
the sanitary landfill. The numbers, locations quarterly samples of statistically independent
ty at the background and downgradient wells
and depths shall be sufficient to yield ground- sample data shall be obtained and analyzed
installed in compliance with subsection
water samples that are— from all monitoring wells during a minimum
(11)(B). The owner/operator must submit the
(I) Representative of background of one (1) year following well installation.
sampling and analysis program to the depart-
water quality in the groundwater near the san- B. The number of samples collected
ment for approval. The program must include
itary landfill; and to establish background values for groundwa-
(II) Not affected by the sanitary procedures and techniques for—
(I) Monitoring well maintenance; ter quality data shall satisfy the requirements
landfill; and
(II) Monitoring well redevelop- of subsection (11)(C) and shall be consistent
B. Monitoring wells (at least three
ment; with the appropriate statistical procedures
(3)) installed hydraulically downgradient; that
is, in the direction of decreasing hydraulic (III) Monitoring well depth mea- determined pursuant to paragraph (11)(C)5.
head from the sanitary landfill. The number, surement and hydraulic levels; The sampling procedures shall be those spec-
locations and depths shall ensure that they (IV) Monitoring well purging and ified under paragraph (11)(C)4. for detection
detect any significant amounts of fluids gen- sampling utilizing dedicated equipment; monitoring, paragraph (11)(C)6. for assess-
erated by the sanitary landfill that migrate (V) Equipment calibration; ment monitoring and section (12) for correc-
from the sanitary landfill to the groundwater. (VI) Decontamination and field tive action.
Monitoring wells, or clusters of monitoring blanks; 4. Detection monitoring.
wells, shall be capable at a minimum, of (VII) Sample and duplicate sample A. The owner/operator shall obtain
monitoring all saturated zones down to and collection; and analyze water samples from the ground-
including the uppermost aquifer. (VIII) Sample preservation; water monitoring wells during the months of
4. All monitoring wells shall be con- (IX) Sample labeling;
May and November of each calendar year.
structed as per 10 CSR 23-4. (X) Sample handling;
B. The following parameters shall be
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. (XI) Field measurements;
(XII) Field documentation; analyzed each time a sample is obtained:
1. Groundwater monitoring wells.
(XIII) Chain of custody control; Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD in mil-
A. Groundwater monitoring wells
shall be installed so that the number, spacing (XIV) Sample shipment; ligrams per liter (mg/l));
and depths of monitoring systems shall be (XV) Analytical procedures; Chlorides (Cl, (mg/l));
determined based upon site-specific technical (XVI) Qa/qc control—field and Iron (Fe, (mg/l));
information that shall include thorough char- laboratory; and pH (units);
acterization of— (XVII) Statistical testing strategy Specific Conductance (Conductivity at
(I) Aquifer thickness, groundwater per paragraph (11)(C)5. for each parameter’s twenty-five degrees Celsius (25°C) in
flow rate, groundwater flow direction includ- concentrations. micromhos per centimeter (µmho/cm));

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 9

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

Total Dissolved Solids (TDS, (mg/l)); and E. A prediction interval procedure in associated parameter values shall be protec-
All parameters listed in Appendix 1 of this which an upper prediction limit for an inter- tive of human health and the environment.
rule. val for each parameter constructed on the The selection of this method shall be deter-
Additionally, the water level in each well pooled background well data or data residu- mined after considering the number of sam-
shall be measured at the time the sample is als is compared to subsequently obtained val- ples in the background data base, the data
taken. ues from each downgradient well; distribution, and the range of the concentra-
C. The sample results, and any results F. A tolerance interval procedure in tion values for each constituent of concern;
of statistical analysis determining statistically which an upper tolerance limit for an interval (IV) If a confidence interval, toler-
significant increases for any parameter per for each parameter’s pooled background well ance interval or a prediction interval is used
paragraph (11)(C)5., shall be submitted to data is compared to each downgradient well’s to evaluate groundwater monitoring data,
the department in one (1) report within nine- concentration values; then the level of confidence for each interval,
ty (90) days of when samples are collected. G. A multicomparison procedure uti- and the percentage of the population that each
D. In the case of all detection moni- lizing any recommended U.S. Environmental interval contains, shall be protective of
toring requirements previously listed, the Protection Agency combinations of intra-well
human health and the environment. Selection
department may specify an appropriate alter- and inter-well procedures for each parameter;
of one (1) or more of these methods shall be
native frequency for repeated sampling and H. A control chart approach, meeting
determined after considering the number of
analysis during the active life of the sanitary the performance standards of part
samples in the background data base, the data
landfill (including closure) and the post-clo- (11)(C)5.J.(III), that gives control limits for
sure period. The department may add addi- each parameter; distribution, and the range of the concentra-
tional parameters or delete parameters on a I. A different statistical test method tion values for each constituent of concern;
site-by-site basis through an evaluation of that meets the performance standards of sub- (V) The statistical method shall
waste and leachate characteristics of the san- paragraph (11)(C)5.J. of this rule. The own- account for data below the limit of detection
itary landfill. er/operator must submit the statistical test with one (1) or more statistical procedures
E. The electronic submission of method to the department for approval before that are protective of human health and the
groundwater data is required. This submis- the use of the alternative test; environment. Any practical quantization lim-
sion shall be in the format and method as pre- J. Any statistical method chosen it that is used in the statistical method shall be
scribed by the department. under subparagraph (11)(C)5.J. of this rule the lowest concentration level that can be reli-
5. The owner/operator shall specify in shall comply with the following performance ably achieved within specified limits of preci-
the operating record one (1) or more of the standards, as appropriate: sion and accuracy during routine laboratory
following statistical methods to be used in (I) The statistical method used to operating conditions that are available to the
evaluating groundwater monitoring data for evaluate groundwater monitoring data shall facility; and
each monitoring constituent. The statistical be appropriate for the distribution of the con- (VI) If necessary, the statistical
test chosen shall be conducted separately for centration data for the chemical parameters method shall include procedures to control or
each constituent: or hazardous constituents. If the distribution correct for seasonal and spatial variability as
A. A parametric analysis of variance of the concentration data for the chemical well as temporal correlation in the data.
(ANOVA) followed by multiple comparisons parameters or hazardous constituents is 6. Response to statistical analysis.
procedures to identify statistically significant shown by the owner/operator to be inappro- A. If the comparison for the upgradi-
evidence of contamination. The procedure priate for a normal data distribution theory ent wells show a statistically significant
shall include estimation and testing of the test, then the data should be transformed or a increase (or pH change) over background, the
contrasts between each downgradient well’s distribution-free (nonparametric) theory test owner/operator shall submit this information
mean and the upgradient means for each should be used. If the concentration data dis- to the department.
parameter; tributions for the constituents of each well B. If the comparisons for downgradi-
B. An ANOVA based on ranks fol- differ, more than one (1) statistical method ent wells show a statistically significant
lowed by multiple comparisons procedures to will be needed; increase (or pH change) over background, the
identify statistically significant evidence of (II) If an individual well compari-
owner/operator shall immediately obtain two
contamination. The procedure shall include son procedure is used to compare an individ-
(2) additional groundwater samples from
estimation and testing of the contrasts ual compliance well constituent concentration
each downgradient well where a statistically
between each downgradient well’s median with background constituent concentration or
significant difference was detected. One
and the background medians for each param- a groundwater protection standard, the test
eter; shall be done at a Type I error level no less shall be analyzed by the owner; the other
C. A confidence interval procedure in than 0.01 for each testing period. If a multi- shall be analyzed by the department to deter-
which an interval for each parameter in each ple comparisons procedure is used, the Type mine whether the statistically significant dif-
downgradient well is constructed around the I experiment-wide error rate for each testing ference was a result of laboratory error.
mean/median of the particular well’s data or period shall be no less than 0.05, however, C. If the additional samples show a
data residuals and compared to the the Type I error of no less than 0.01 for indi- statistically significant increase (or pH
mean/median of pooled background well vidual well comparisons shall be maintained. change) over background, the owner/operator
data; This performance standard does not apply to must demonstrate to the department within
D. A prediction interval procedure in tolerance intervals, prediction intervals or ninety (90) days that a source other than the
which an upper prediction limit for an inter- control charts; sanitary landfill caused the contamination or
val for each parameter in each well is com- (III) If a control chart approach is that the statistically significant increase
pared to subsequently obtained values from used to evaluate groundwater monitoring resulted from an error in sampling, analysis,
the same well; data, the specific type of control chart and its statistical evaluation or natural variation. If

10 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

the owner/operator cannot make this demon- identified in part (11)(C)6.E.(I) of this rule, dard as established under subparagraph
stration to the department, the owner/opera- the background concentration; or (11)(C)6.E., the owner/operator shall—
tor shall submit a plan to the department for (IV) A level established by the (I) Provide the department with a
a groundwater assessment monitoring pro- department based upon a consideration of rel- report assessing potential corrective measures
gram and implement the program as evant factors, including: multiple contami- as required under subsection (11)(A);
described in subparagraphs (11)(C)6.D. nants in the groundwater, exposure threats to (II) Characterize the nature and
through J. of this rule. The plan shall speci- sensitive environmental receptors, and other extent of the release by installing additional
fy the following: site-specific exposure or potential exposure to monitoring wells as necessary; install at least
(I) The number, location and depth groundwater. one (1) additional monitoring well at the
of wells; F. After obtaining the results from the facility boundary in the direction of contami-
(II) Sampling and analytical meth- initial or subsequent sampling events required nant migration and sample this well in accor-
ods for the monitoring parameters listed in in subparagraph (11)(C)6.D. the owner/oper- dance with paragraph (11)(C)6. of this rule
Appendix II of this rule; ator shall— and notify all persons who own the land or
(III) Evaluation procedures, includ- (I) Within fourteen (14) days, noti- reside on the land that directly overlies any
ing any use of previously gathered groundwa- fy the department and place a notice in the part of the plume of contamination if con-
ter quality information; operating record identifying the constituents taminants have migrated off-site as indicated
(IV) The rate and extent of migra- that have been detected; by sampling of wells; and
tion of a contaminant plume in the ground- (II) Within ninety (90) days, and on (III) Continue assessment monitor-
water; and at least a semiannual basis after that, resam- ing as per the groundwater quality assessment
(V) The concentrations of the con- ple all wells and conduct analysis for all con- plan and as per the implementation of the
taminant plume in the groundwater. stituents listed in Appendix I to this rule and corrective action program specified in section
D. Within ninety (90) days of begin- for those constituents listed in Appendix II of (12) of this rule.
ning an assessment monitoring program, and this rule that are detected in response to the J. The results of implementation of
semiannually after that, the owner/operator requirements of subparagraph (11)(C)6.D. of the assessment monitoring program shall be
shall sample and analyze the groundwater for this rule. Record the concentrations of each submitted to the department at the end of
all constituents identified in Appendix II of constituent in the facility operating record each year or an alternate time period
this rule. A minimum of one (1) sample from and notify the department of the constituent approved by the department.
each downgradient well shall be collected and concentrations. A minimum of one (1) sam-
analyzed during the initial sampling event. A ple from each well sampled (background and (12) Corrective Action.
minimum of one (1) sample from each down- downgradient) shall be collected and ana- (A) Assessment of Corrective Measures.
gradient well at which Appendix II con- lyzed during these sampling events; 1. Within ninety (90) days of finding that
stituents were detected shall be collected and (III) Establish background concen- any of the constituents listed in Appendix II
analyzed at each subsequent sampling event. trations for any new constituents detected of this rule have been detected at a statistical-
For any new constituent detected during during subsequent monitoring events; and ly significant level exceeding the groundwater
assessment monitoring (that was not detected (IV) Establish groundwater protec- protection standards defined under subpara-
during detection monitoring) in the downgra- tion standards for all new constituents detect- graph (11)(C)6.E. of this rule, the owner/
dient wells, a minimum of four (4) statistical- ed during subsequent monitoring events. operator shall initiate an assessment of cor-
ly independent samples from each well G. If the concentrations of all con- rective measures. This assessment shall be
(upgradient and downgradient) shall be col- stituents listed in Appendix II to this rule are completed within a reasonable period of time,
lected and analyzed to establish background shown to be at or below background levels as and a report describing the assessment of cor-
for the new constituents. The department established in paragraph (11)(C)3. of this rule rective measures shall be submitted to the
may add additional parameters or delete for two (2) consecutive sampling periods, the department.
parameters on a site-by-site basis through an owner/operator may reinstate detection mon- 2. The owner/operator shall continue to
evaluation of waste and leachate characteris- itoring at the sanitary landfill as specified monitor in accordance with the assessment
tics of the sanitary landfill. under subparagraph (11)(C)3.C. of this rule. monitoring program as specified in subpara-
E. The owner/operator shall establish H. If the concentrations of any con- graph (11)(C)6.F. of this rule.
a groundwater protection standard for each stituents listed in Appendix II of this rule are 3. The assessment shall include an anal-
constituent specified in Appendix II of this above background values, but all concentra- ysis of the effectiveness of potential correc-
rule and detected in the groundwater. The tions are below the groundwater protection tive measures in meeting all of the require-
groundwater protection standard shall be— standard established under subparagraph ments and objectives of the remedy as
(I) For constituents for which a (11)(C)6.E. of this rule using the statistical described under subsection (12)(B) of this
maximum contaminant level (MCL) has been procedures in paragraph (11)(C)5. of this rule, addressing at least the following:
promulgated under section 1412 of the Fed- rule, the owner/operator shall notify the A. The performance, reliability, ease
eral Safe Drinking Water Act and found at 40 department, and the department may require of implementation and potential impacts of
CFR part 141, the MCL for that constituent; the owner/operator to— appropriate potential remedies, including
(II) For constituents for which (I) Continue assessment monitor- safety impacts, cross-media impacts and con-
MCLs have not been promulgated, the back- ing; or trol of exposure to any residual contamina-
ground concentration for the constituent (II) Develop a corrective measures tion;
established from wells in accordance with assessment, or both. B. The time required to begin and
paragraph (11)(C)3. of this rule; I. If one (1) or more constituents list- complete the remedy;
(III) For constituents for which the ed in Appendix II of this rule are detected at C. The costs of remedy implementa-
background level is higher than the MCL levels above the groundwater protection stan- tion; and

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 11

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

D. The institutional requirements excavation, transportation and redisposal or C. Availability of treatment or dispos-
such as state or local permit requirements or containment; al capacity for wastes managed during imple-
other environmental or public health require- (V) Time until full protection is mentation of the remedy;
ments that may substantially affect imple- achieved; D. Desirability of utilizing technolo-
mentation of the remedy(ies). (VI) Potential for exposure of gies that are not currently available, but
4. The owner/operator shall discuss the humans and environmental receptors to which may offer significant advantages over
results of the corrective measures assessment, remaining wastes, considering the potential already available technologies in terms of
prior to the selection of remedy, in a public threat to human health and the environment effectiveness, reliability, safety or ability to
meeting with interested and affected parties. associated with excavation, transportation, achieve remedial objectives;
(B) Selection of Remedy. redisposal or containment; E. Potential risks to human health and
1. Based on the results of the corrective (VII) Long-term reliability of the the environment from exposure to contamina-
measures assessment conducted under sub- engineering and institutional controls; and tion prior to completion of the remedy;
section (12)(A) of this rule the owner/opera- (VIII) Potential need for replace- F. Resource value of any affected
tor shall propose a remedy that, at a mini- ment of the remedy; aquifer including:
mum, meets the standards listed in paragraph B. The effectiveness of the remedy in (I) Current and future uses;
(12)(B)2. of this rule. The owner/operator controlling the source to reduce further (II) Proximity and withdrawal rate
shall submit to the department, within four- releases based on consideration of the follow- of users;
teen (14) days of selecting a proposed reme- ing factors: (III) Groundwater quantity and
dy, a report describing the proposed remedy (I) The extent to which contain- quality;
and shall place a copy of the report in the ment practices will reduce further releases; (IV) The potential damage to
operating record that describes how the pro- and wildlife, crops, vegetation and physical struc-
posed remedy meets the standards in para- (II) The extent to which treatment tures caused by exposure to the waste con-
graph (12)(B)2. of this rule. technologies may be used; stituent;
2. Remedies shall— C. The ease or difficulty of imple- (V) The hydrogeologic characteris-
A. Be protective of the public health menting the potential remedy(ies) based on tic of the facility and surrounding land;
and the environment; consideration of the following types of fac- (VI) Groundwater removal and
B. Attain the groundwater protection treatment costs; and
standard as specified pursuant to subpara- (VII) The cost and availability of
(I) Degree of difficulty associated
graph (11)(C)6.E. of this rule; alternative water supplies;
with constructing the remedy technology;
C. Control the source(s) of releases so G. Practicable capability of the own-
(II) Expected operational reliability
as to reduce or eliminate, to the maximum er/operator; and
of the proposed technologies;
extent practicable, further releases of con- H. Other relevant factors.
(III) Need to coordinate with and
stituents listed in Appendix II of this rule into 5. The department may determine that
obtain necessary approvals and permits from
the environment that may pose a threat to remediation of a release of any constituent
other agencies;
human health or the environment; and listed in Appendix II of this rule from a san-
(IV) Availability of necessary
D. Comply with standards for man- itary landfill is not necessary if the
agement of wastes as specified in paragraph equipment and specialists; and owner/operator demonstrates to the satisfac-
(12)(C)4. (V) Available capacity and location tion of the department that—
3. In proposing a remedy that meets the of needed treatment, storage and disposal ser- A. The groundwater is additionally
standards of paragraph (12)(B)2. of this rule, vices; and contaminated by substances that have origi-
the owner/operator, and, in approving a rem- D. The degree to which community nated from a source other than a sanitary
edy, the department shall consider the follow- concerns are addressed by the proposed rem- landfill and those substances are present in
ing evaluation factors: edy(ies). concentrations such that cleanup of the
A. The long- and short-term effec- 4. The owner/operator shall specify as release from the sanitary landfill unit would
tiveness and protectiveness of the potential part of the proposed remedy a schedule(s) for provide no significant reduction in risk to
remedy, along with the degree of certainty initiating and completing remedial activities. actual or potential receptors;
that the remedy will prove successful based This schedule shall require the initiation of B. The constituent(s) is present in
on consideration of the following: remedial activities within a reasonable period groundwater that—
(I) Magnitude of reduction of exist- of time taking into consideration the factors (I) Is not a current or potential
ing risks; set forth in subparagraphs (12)(D)4.A. source of drinking water; and
(II) Magnitude of residual risks in through H. of this rule. The owner/operator (II) Is not hydraulically connected
terms of likelihood of further releases due to shall consider the following factors in deter- with waters to which the hazardous con-
waste remaining following implementation of mining, and the department will consider the stituents are migrating or are likely to migrate
the proposed remedy; following factors in approving, the schedule in a concentration(s) that represents a statisti-
(III) The type and degree of long- of remedial activities: cally significant increase over background
term management required, including moni- A. Extent and nature of contamina- concentrations;
toring, operation and maintenance; tion; C. Remediation of the release(s) is
(IV) Short-term risks that might be B. Practical capabilities of remedial technically impracticable; or
posed to the community, workers or the envi- technologies in achieving compliance with D. Remediation would result in unac-
ronment during implementation of the reme- groundwater protection standards established ceptable cross-media impacts.
dy, including potential threats to human under subparagraph (11)(C)6.E. of this rule 6. A determination by the department
health and the environment associated with and other objectives of the remedy; pursuant to paragraph (12)(B)5. of this rule

12 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

shall not affect the authority of the state to (VII) Other situations that may tions of all constituents listed in Appendix II
require the owner/operator to undertake pose threats to human health and the envi- of this rule have not exceeded the groundwa-
source control measures or other measures ronment. ter protection standard(s) for a period of three
that may be necessary to eliminate or mini- 2. The department may determine, (3) consecutive years using the statistical pro-
mize further releases to the groundwater, to based on information developed after imple- cedures and performance standards in sub-
prevent exposure to the groundwater, or to mentation of the remedy has begun or other section (11)(C). The department may specify
remediate the groundwater to concentrations information, that compliance with require- an alternative length of time during which the
that are technically practicable and which sig- ments of paragraph (12)(B)2. of this rule are owner/operator shall demonstrate that con-
nificantly reduce threats to human health or not being achieved through the remedy centrations of all constituents listed in
the environment. selected. In those cases, the owner/operator Appendix II of this rule have not exceeded the
(C) Implementation of the Corrective shall implement other methods or techniques groundwater protection standard(s) taking
Action Program. that will achieve compliance with the into consideration—
1. Based on the schedule established requirements, unless the department makes (I) Extent and concentration of the
under paragraph (12)(B)4. of this rule for ini- the determination under paragraph (12)(C)3. release(s);
tiation and completion of remedial activities of this rule. (II) Behavioral characteristics of
the owner/operator shall— 3. If the department determines that the hazardous constituents in the groundwa-
A. Establish and implement a correc- compliance with requirements under para- ter;
tive action groundwater monitoring program graph (12)(B)2. of this rule cannot be practi- (III) Accuracy of monitoring or
that— cally achieved with any currently available modeling techniques, including any seasonal
(I) At a minimum, meets the methods, the owner/operator shall— meteorological, or other environmental vari-
requirements of an assessment monitoring A. Obtain the certification of a quali- abilities that may affect the accuracy; and
program under paragraph (11)(C)6. of this fied groundwater scientist and approval from (IV) Characteristics of the ground-
rule; the department that compliance with the water; and
(II) Indicates the effectiveness of requirements under paragraph (12)(B)2. can- C. All actions required to complete
the corrective action remedy; and not be practically achieved with any current- the remedy have been completed.
(III) Demonstrates compliance with ly available methods; 6. Upon completion of the remedy, the
groundwater protection standard pursuant to B. Implement alternative measures to owner/operator shall submit a certification to
subparagraph (11)(C)6.E. of this rule. control exposure of humans or the environ- the department within fourteen (14) days after
B. Implement the corrective action ment to residual contamination, as necessary the remedy has been completed in compli-
remedy selected under subsection (12)(B) of to protect human health and the environment; ance with the requirements of paragraph
this rule; and C. Implement alternative measures (12)(C)5. and shall place a copy of the certi-
C. Take any interim measures neces- for control of the sources of contamination, fication in the facility’s operating record. The
sary, any measures determined to be neces- or for removal or decontamination of equip- certification shall be signed by the
sary by the department, or both, to ensure the ment, units, devices or structures that are— owner/operator and by a qualified groundwa-
protection of human health and the environ- (I) Technically practicable; and ter scientist and approved by the department.
ment. Interim measures shall, to the greatest (II) Consistent with the overall 7. When, upon completion of the certi-
extent practicable, be consistent with the objective of the remedy; and fication, the owner/operator and the depart-
objectives of and contribute to the perfor- D. Submit a report to the department ment determines that the corrective action
mance of any remedy that may be required justifying the alternative measures. The alter- remedy has been completed in accordance
pursuant to subsection (12)(B) of this rule. native measures must be approved by the with the requirements under paragraph
The following factors shall be considered by department prior to implementation. (12)(C)5. of this rule, the owner/operator
an owner/operator, and will be considered by 4. All solid wastes that are managed shall be released from the requirements for
the department, in determining whether inter- pursuant to a remedy required under subsec- financial assurance for corrective action
im measures are necessary: tion (12)(C) or an interim measure required under 10 CSR 80-2.030(4)(C).
(I) Time required to develop and under subparagraph (12)(C)1.C. of this rule,
implement a final remedy; shall be managed in a manner— (13) Air Quality.
(II) Actual or potential exposure of A. That is protective of the public (A) Requirement. The design, construction
nearby populations or environmental recep- health and the environment; and and operation of the sanitary landfill shall
tors to hazardous constituents; B. That complies with all applicable minimize environmental hazards and shall
(III) Actual or potential contamina- state and federal requirements. conform to applicable ambient air quality and
tion of drinking water supplies or sensitive 5. Remedies selected pursuant to sub- source control regulations.
ecosystems; section (12)(B) of this rule shall be consid- (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design.
(IV) Further degradation of the ered complete when— Plans shall include an effective dust control
groundwater that may occur if remedial A. The owner/operator complies with program.
action is not initiated expeditiously; the groundwater protection standards estab- (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations.
(V) Weather conditions that may lished under subparagraph (11)(C)6.E. of this Burning of solid waste shall be prohibited. A
cause hazardous constituents to migrate or be rule at all points within the plume of contam- burning permit or exemption may be obtained
released; ination; from the department permitting the burning
(VI) Risks of fire or explosion, or B. Compliance with the groundwater of tree trunks, tree limbs, vegetation and
potential for exposure to hazardous con- protection standards established under sub- untreated waste lumber. In areas operating
stituents as a result of an accident or failure paragraph (11)(C)6.E. of this rule has been under exemption certificates authorized by
of a container or handling system; and achieved by demonstrating that concentra- Chapter 643, RSMo approval shall be

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 13

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

obtained from the local pollution control show that the potential for gas migration is for methane in the soil at the property bound-
agency. The operating procedures and loca- low. ary of the sanitary landfill.
tion for burning practices shall be submitted 2. Plans shall assess the need for gas 3. For purposes of this section, lower
to the department for review and written control and indicate the location and design explosive limit (LEL) means the lowest per-
approval. Burning at the sanitary landfill shall of any vents, barriers or other control mea- cent by volume of a mixture of explosive gas-
be conducted in accordance with Chapter sure to be provided. es in air that will propagate a flame at twen-
643, RSMo, the corresponding rules, the A. The gas control system shall be ty-five degrees Celsius (25°C) and atmo-
terms conditions, or both, of the plans, per- constructed of materials that are chemically spheric pressure.
mit, or both, and all local requirements. resistant to the solid wastes managed in the 4. Owners/operators of all sanitary land-
sanitary landfill and the gas expected to be fills shall implement a methane monitoring
(14) Gas Control. program capable of detecting decomposition
generated. These materials shall be specified
(A) Requirement. Decomposition gases gas migration in the most likely zone(s) of
in the engineering report and the choice of
generated within the sanitary landfill shall be migration, to ensure that the standards of
materials justified.
controlled on-site, as necessary, to avoid pos- paragraph (14)(C)2. of this rule are met.
B. The gas control system shall be
ing a hazard to the environment or to public Methane monitoring shall be conducted at
constructed of materials that are of sufficient
health and the safety of occupants of adjacent least quarterly with equipment warranted by
strength and thickness to prevent collapse
property. the manufacturer to detect explosive gases
under the pressures exerted by overlying sol-
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. under the conditions the equipment is to be
id wastes, cover and by any equipment used
1. Plans shall contain a monitoring pro- used. Facilities shall submit the results of
at the sanitary landfill. Overburden pressure
gram capable of detecting decomposition gas this methane monitoring to the department at
calculations, material specifications and sys-
migration. least quarterly. The electronic submission of
tem installation procedures shall be included
A. The monitoring program must methane monitoring data is required. This
in the engineering report.
specify the type of monitoring and be based submission shall be in a format and manner
C. Maintenance and repair options
on— as prescribed by the department.
shall be considered in the design and speci-
(I) Soil conditions; 5. If methane gas levels exceeding the
fied in the engineering report.
(II) The hydrogeologic and topo- limits specified in paragraph (14)(C)2. of this
D. All applicable permits and
graphic conditions surrounding the facility; rule are detected, the owner/operator shall—
approvals necessary to comply with the
and A. Notify the department and imme-
requirements of the Air Conservation Law
(III) The location of facility struc- diately take all necessary steps to ensure pro-
and rules promulgated shall be obtained from
tures, property boundaries, and off-site fea- tection of public health and safety which
the department.
tures. include:
E. The plan shall estimate the maxi-
B. The monitoring program described (I) When results of monitoring in
mum anticipated rate of gas generation at the
in the plans must include: on-site or off-site structures indicate levels in
(I) A written description of the disposal area and the length of time over
which it is anticipated to be generated. The excess of those specified, the operator shall
monitoring system, including spacing of take appropriate action to mitigate the effects
monitoring locations and frequency of moni- method by which these calculations are
arrived at shall also be included. of landfill gas accumulation in those struc-
toring; tures until a permanent remediation is com-
(II) The results of any gas assess- (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. pleted. Actions which must be undertaken
ment that has been performed; 1. Decomposition gases shall not be
(III) The location of all gas moni- allowed to migrate laterally from the sanitary
(a) Notification of the fire
toring wells shown on a plan sheet; landfill to endanger public health and safety
department or other appropriate local public
(IV) A drawing detailing the typical or to pose a hazard to the environment. They
safety authorities;
gas monitoring well design; shall be controlled on-site, flared or vented to
(b) Notification of adjacent prop-
(V) The design depths and bottom the atmosphere directly through the cover,
erty owners and/or occupants;
elevations of the gas monitoring wells; and cut-off trenches or ventilation systems in a
way that they do not accumulate in explosive (c) Ventilation of any confined
(VI) Boring logs that support the
or toxic concentrations, especially within spaces that may trap decomposition gases or
design gas monitoring well depths.
C. The gas monitoring specified in structures. (Information on the limits of the installation of alarm systems in any con-
the plans shall be performed at gas monitor- flammability of gases is available in such ref- fined spaces that may trap decomposition
ing wells. The monitoring program shall erences as the Handbook of Chemistry and gases; and
specify how buildings on the landfill proper- Physics, 68th ed. Cleveland, Chemical Rub- (d) Establishment of a temporary
ty are to be monitored. Gas monitoring wells ber Publishing Co., 1987.) methane monitoring program in affected
shall be designed to monitor the unsaturated 2. Decomposition gases shall not be structures.
soil and rock down to an elevation equal to allowed to concentrate above the following B. Within seven (7) days of detection,
the bottom elevation of the landfill. Gas levels: submit to the department a report describing
monitoring wells shall be placed between the A. Twenty-five percent (25%) of the the steps taken to protect public health and
landfill and off-site buildings and other fea- lower explosive limit (LEL) or one and one- safety;
tures that may be harmed by landfill gas or quarter percent (1.25%) by volume for C. Within sixty (60) days of detection,
may easily transmit gas from the landfill. methane in buildings on the sanitary landfill submit to the department for approval a reme-
Gas monitoring well locations at the property property; and diation plan designed by a professional engi-
boundary shall not be more than five hundred B. Fifty percent (50%) of the LEL or neer for the methane gas releases. A gas
feet (500') apart unless the permittee can two and one-half percent (2.5%) by volume control system shall be designed to—

14 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

(I) Prevent methane accumulation 4. Salvage operations shall be conducted 1. Cover shall be applied by the end of
in on-site and off-site buildings; in such a manner as to not detract from the each operating day regardless of weather;
(II) Reduce methane concentrations appearance of the sanitary landfill. Salvaged sources of cover, therefore, shall be accessi-
at monitored property boundaries to below materials shall be removed from the sanitary ble on all operating days. The thickness of the
compliance levels; and landfill daily or stored in aesthetically accept- compacted cover shall not be less than six
(III) Reduce methane concentra- able containers or enclosures. inches (6"). Sanitary landfills operating twen-
tions off-site to below compliance levels; ty-four (24) hours per day shall incorporate
D. Landfill gas corrective action (17) Cover. all solid waste into one (1) or more cells at
(A) Requirement. Cover shall be applied to least every twenty-four (24) hours. Where a
plans shall describe the nature and extent of
minimize fire hazards, infiltration of precipi-
the problem and the proposed remedy. The liner and leachate collection system are in
tation, odors and blowing litter; control gas
plan shall be implemented upon departmental place, an alternative daily cover may be
venting and vectors; discourage scavenging;
approval; and approved by the department on a site-specific
and provide a pleasing appearance.
E. The department may establish basis, if the owner/operator demonstrates that
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. The
alternative schedules for demonstrating com- the alternative material controls run-on,
owner/operator shall prepare a written clo-
pliance with subparagraphs (14)(C)5.B. and runoff, disease vectors, fires, odors, blowing
sure plan that describes the steps necessary to
C. of this rule. litter and scavenging without presenting a
close all sanitary landfill phases at any point
6. The sanitary landfill shall operate in threat to human health and the environment.
during the active life of the sanitary landfill in
compliance with all applicable requirements accordance with the requirements of 10 CSR 2. Cover shall be increased to a total
of Chapter 643, RSMo and corresponding 80-2.030(4)(A). In addition, the final cover thickness of at least one foot (1') of compact-
rules. requirements specified in the closure and ed cover on filled areas of the sanitary land-
post-closure plans shall specify— fill which are idle for more than sixty (60)
(15) Vectors. days.
(A) Requirements. Conditions shall be 1. Cover sources, quantities and soil
classification (Unified Soil Classification 3. No active, intermediate or final slope
maintained that are unfavorable for the har- shall exceed thirty-three and one-third per-
boring, feeding and breeding of vectors. System or United States Department of Agri-
culture classification system); cent (33 1/3%).
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. 4. As each phase of the sanitary landfill
Plans shall include contingency programs for 2. The capability of the cover to perform
the functions listed in subsection (17)(A) of is completed, a final cover system shall be
vector control and the operator shall be pre- installed at portions of—
pared at all times to implement those proce- this rule;
3. Surface grades and side slopes need- A. Existing sanitary landfills without
dures. composite liners. This final cover shall con-
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. ed to promote maximum runoff, without
excessive erosion, to minimize infiltration. sist of at least two feet (2') of compacted clay
Vector control contingency programs shall be with a coefficient of permeability of 1 × 10-5
implemented when necessary to prevent or Final side slopes shall not exceed twenty-five
percent (25%) unless it has been demon- cm/sec or less and overlaid by at least one
rectify vector problems.
strated in a detailed slope stability analysis foot (1') of soil capable of sustaining vegeta-
(16) Aesthetics. approved by the department that the slopes tive growth;
(A) Requirement. The sanitary landfill can be constructed and maintained through- B. Sanitary landfills with composite
shall be designed and operated at all times in out the entire operational life and post-clo- liners. This final cover shall consist of com-
an aesthetically acceptable manner. sure period of the landfill. ponent layers, in order from top to bottom, as
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. 4. Procedures to establish and maintain follows:
Plans shall include an effective litter control vegetative growth to combat erosion and (I) Two feet (2') of soil capable of
facility and operating program. improve appearance of idle and completed sustaining vegetative growth;
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. areas. Procedures shall include seeding rate, (II) A drainage layer;
1. Portable litter fences or other devices fertilizer rate, soil conditioning rate and pro- (III) A geomembrane liner at least
shall be used in the immediate vicinity of the visions for mulching; as thick as the geomembrane liner described
working face and at other appropriate loca- 5. Procedures to maintain a cover in subparagraph (10)(B)1.G.;
tions to control blowing litter. At the end of integrity, for example, regrading and recover- (IV) One foot (1') of compacted
each operating day, or more often as ing; clay with a coefficient of permeability of 1 ×
required, litter shall be removed from the 6. Methods for borrow areas to be 10-5 cm/sec or less; and
fences and the ground and incorporated into reclaimed so as to restore aesthetic qualities C. The geomembrane liner shall be in
the cell being used. Alternatively, the litter and prevent excessive erosion; intimate contact with the underlying com-
may be containerized for disposal on the next 7. The final slope of the top of the san- pacted clay.
operating day. itary landfill shall have a minimum slope of 5. The installation of the final cover sys-
2. Solid wastes that are easily moved by five percent (5%); and tems shall include provisions for slope stabil-
wind shall be covered, as necessary, to pre- 8. Shear failure analyses shall be includ- ity.
vent becoming airborne and scattered. ed where intermediate or final slopes exceed 6. The department may approve the use
3. On-site vegetation should be cleared twenty-five percent (25%). However, the of an alternative final cover system provided
only as necessary. Natural windbreaks, such department will waive the analysis for slopes that the owner/operator can demonstrate to
as green belts, should be maintained where of twenty-five percent (25%) or less, except the department that the alternative design will
they will improve the appearance and opera- in seismic impact zones. be at least equivalent to the final cover system
tion of the sanitary landfill. (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. described in paragraph (17)(C)3. of this rule.

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 15

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

7. Surface grades and side slopes shall safety of personnel and others associated with Information on recording and monitoring
be maintained to promote runoff without and affected by the operation. requirements may be obtained from the
excessive erosion. (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. department.
8. Vegetation shall be established within 1. Provisions shall be included in the (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations.
one hundred eighty (180) days of application plans to control and limit access to the sani- 1. Records shall be maintained at the
of the cover required by paragraphs (17)(C)2. tary landfill in a manner that is compatible landfill office. Records five (5) years old or
and 3. of this rule. Vegetation shall be estab- with the surrounding land use. older may be stored at an alternate site if
lished and maintained to minimize erosion 2. Provisions shall be included in the approved by the department; such stored
and surface water infiltration. plans to control dust for safety purposes and records must be made available at the landfill
9. Regrading and recovering shall be to prevent a nuisance to the surrounding area. upon request of department personnel.
performed as necessary to maintain cover 3. The plans shall specify the facilities Records must cover at least the following:
slope and integrity. and methods to be provided for extinguishing A. Major operational problems, com-
10. Borrow areas shall be reclaimed in fires. plaints or difficulties;
accordance with the approved plans. (C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operation. B. Gas monitoring results from moni-
11. The compacted clay portion of the 1. A fire extinguisher shall be provided toring and any remediation plans required
final cover shall consist of soils classified on all solid waste handling equipment. under section (14) of this rule;
under the Unified Soil Classification System 2. Any fires in wastes being delivered to C. Any demonstration, certification,
as CH, CL, ML, SC or MH. the sanitary landfill or which occur at the finding, monitoring, testing or analytical data
working face or within equipment or person- required under sections (4) and (11) of this
(18) Compaction. nel facilities shall be extinguished. rule;
(A) Requirement. In order to conserve san- 3. Adequate communications equipment D. Vector control efforts;
itary landfill site capacity, thereby preserving shall be available at the sanitary landfill for E. Dust and litter control efforts;
land resources and to minimize moisture emergency situations. F. Quantitative measurements of the
infiltration and settlement, solid waste and 4. Scavenging shall be prohibited at all solid waste handled and an estimate of the air
cover shall be compacted to the smallest prac- times to avoid injury and to prevent interfer- space left at the facility. Every two (2) years
ticable volume. ence with sanitary landfill operations. after the date of the permit issuance and with-
(B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. 5. Access to the sanitary landfill shall be in sixty (60) days of the anniversary date of
1. Arrangements shall be made and indi- controlled and shall be by established road- the permit issuance, the owner/operator shall
cated in the plans where substitute equipment ways only. The sanitary landfill shall be submit to the department two (2) copies of a
will be available to provide uninterrupted ser- accessible only when operating personnel are topographic map, prepared under the direc-
vice during routine maintenance periods or on duty. Large containers may be placed at tion of a land surveyor or by aerial photogra-
equipment breakdowns. the sanitary landfill entrance so that users can phy, showing the current horizontal and ver-
2. The plans shall specify the equipment conveniently deposit solid waste after hours. tical boundaries of solid waste in the sanitary
that should be available to conduct the sani- The containers and the areas around them landfill and the boundaries of the sanitary
tary landfill operation at the projected solid shall be maintained in a sanitary and litter- landfill. Maps prepared by aerial photogra-
waste loading. free condition. phy shall meet the current National Map
(C) Satisfactory Compliance—Operations. 6. Traffic signs or markers should be Accuracy Standards for Photogrammetry as
1. Solid waste handling equipment, on provided to promote an orderly traffic pattern indicated in United States Bureau of the Bud-
any operating day shall be capable of per- to and from the discharge area and, if neces- get “Circular A-16 Exhibit C,” dated Octo-
forming and shall perform the following func- sary, to restrict access to hazardous areas or ber 10, 1958;
tions: to maintain efficient operating conditions. G. Description, source and volume of
A. Spread the solid wastes to be com- Drivers of manually discharging vehicles special wastes that are received;
pacted in layers no more than two feet (2') should not hinder operation of mechanically H. Any sanitary landfill design docu-
thick, while confining it to the smallest prac- discharging vehicles. Vehicles should not be mentation for recirculation of leachate or gas
ticable area; left unattended at the working face or along condensate in a landfill;
B. Compact the spread solid wastes to traffic routes. If a regular user persistently I. Closure and post-closure care plans
the smallest practicable volume; and poses a safety hazard, s/he should be barred and any monitoring, testing or analytical data
C. Place, spread and compact the from the sanitary landfill. as required under 10 CSR 80-2.030(4)(A);
cover as much as practicable. 7. Dust control provisions shall be uti- J. Any cost estimates and financial
2. A preventive maintenance program lized as necessary for safety purposes and to assurance documentation required under 10
should be employed to maintain equipment in prevent a nuisance to the surrounding area. CSR 80-2.030(4)(B) and (C);
operating order. K. Inspection records and training
3. No solid waste shall be disposed of in (20) Records. procedures as required under 10 CSR 80-
water where the presence of the water will (A) Requirement. The owner/operator of a 2.060 and subsection (3)(B) of this rule;
prohibit the proper spreading and compaction sanitary landfill shall maintain records and L. Records associated with fees as
of the solid waste or where a mosquito breed- monitoring data as specified by the depart- required under 10 CSR 80-2.080(2);
ing problem would be created. ment and file appropriate documents with the M. Records associated with correc-
county recorder(s) of deeds. tive measures as required under section (10)
(19) Safety. (B) Satisfactory Compliance—Design. of this rule; and
(A) Requirement. The sanitary landfill Plans shall prescribe methods to be used in N. Effective January 1, 1998, on or
shall be designed, constructed and operated maintaining records and monitoring the envi- before January 31 of each calendar year and
in a manner so as to protect the health and ronmental impact of the sanitary landfill. annually thereafter each solid waste disposal

16 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

area shall submit a report to the department (II) Submit evidence to the depart- enue sharing funds may also be expended for
specifying the amount of solid waste received ment that a notice and covenant running with such purposes.
for disposal from states other than Missouri. the land has been recorded with the recorder
The landfill operator shall keep a detailed of deeds in the county where the sanitary Appendix I—Constituents for Detection
report of the origin of all waste received. landfill is located. The notice and covenant Monitoring
2. Upon closing of the sanitary landfill, shall specify the following:
the existence of the sanitary landfill shall be (a) That the property has been Inorganic Constituents
recorded with the recorder(s) of deeds in the permitted as a sanitary landfill; and Ammonia (NH3 as N, mg/l)
county(ies) where the sanitary landfill is (b) That use of the land in any Antimony (Sb, µg/l)
located. The owner/operator may request manner which interferes with closure plans, Arsenic (As, µg/l)
permission from the department to remove and post-closure plans filed with the depart- Barium (Ba, µg/l)
Beryllium (Be, µg/l)
the notation from the deed if all wastes are ment, is prohibited. Boron (B, µg/l)
removed from the facility.
A. A survey and plat meeting the Cadmium (Cd, µg/l)
AUTHORITY: section 260.225, RSMo Supp.
requirements of the current Minimum Stan- Calcium (Ca, mg/l)
1997.* Original rule filed Dec. 11, 1973,
dards of Property Boundary Survey 10 CSR effective Dec. 21, 1973. Amended: Filed July Chromium (Cr, µg/l)
30-2.010 and detailed description of the san- 14, 1986, effective Jan. 1, 1987. Amended: Cobalt (Co, µg/l)
itary landfill shall be prepared by a land sur- Filed Jan. 5, 1987, effective June 1, 1987. Copper (Cu, µg/l))
veyor. The survey plat and detailed descrip- Amended: Filed Jan. 29, 1988, effective Aug. Fluoride (F, mg/l)
tion, at a minimum, shall contain the follow- 1, 1988. Amended: Filed Aug. 15, 1988, Hardness (calculated, mg/l)
ing information: effective Dec. 29, 1988. Emergency amend- Lead (Pb, µg/l)
(I) The name of the property own- ment filed Sept. 29, 1993, effective Oct. 9, Magnesium (Mg, mg/l)
er as it appears on the property deed; 1993, expired Feb. 5, 1994. Amended: Filed Manganese (Mn, µg/l)
(II) The detailed description of the May 3, 1993, effective Jan. 13, 1994. Mercury (Hg, µg/l)
property; Amended: Filed March 17, 1992.** Emer- Nickel (Ni, mg/l)
(III) The general types and location gency rescission of the 1992 amendment filed Nitrate/Nitrite (NO3/NO2, mg/l)
of the solid wastes and the depth(s) of fill March 19, 1997, effective April 1, 1997, Phosphorus (total P, mg/l)
within the property; and expired Sept. 27, 1997. Amended: Filed Oct. Selenium (Se, µg/l)
(IV) The location of any leachate 10, 1996, effective July 30, 1997. Rescission Silver (Ag, µg/l)
control, gas control or water monitoring sys- of the 1992 amendment filed April 3, 1997, Sodium (Na, mg/l)
tems which shall be maintained after closure effective Aug. 30, 1997. Amended: Filed Dec. Sulfate (SO4, mg/l)
and the length of time that these systems are 15, 1997, effective Aug. 30, 1998. Thallium (Tl, µg/l)
to be maintained.
B. The owner/operator shall obtain Total Organic Carbon (TOC, mg/l)
*Original authority 1972, amended 1975, 1986, 1988,
approval from the department of the survey 1990, 1993, 1995. Vanadium (V, µg/l)
plat and detailed description prior to filing Zinc (Zn, µg/l)
with the county recorder of deeds. After **The Missouri Supreme Court in Missouri
receiving approval from the department and Coalition for the Environment, et al., v. Organic Constituents
before filing with the county recorder of Joint Committee on Administrative Rules, et Acetone
deeds, the detailed description shall be nota- al., Case No. 78628, dated February 25, Acrylonitrile
rized by a lawful notary public. Filing the 1997, ordered the secretary of state to pub- Benzene
notarized plat or detailed description shall be lish this amendment. The Missouri Depart- Bromochloromethane
accomplished within thirty (30) days of ment of Natural Resources subsequently filed Bromodichloromethane
departmental approval. Two (2) copies of the an emergency rescission of this amendment as Bromoform; Tribromomethane
notarized and properly recorded plat or well as a proposed rescission of this amend- Carbon disulfide
detailed description showing the recorder of ment which became effective August 30, Carbon tetrachloride
deeds’ seal or stamp, the book and page 1997. See the above authority section for fil- Chlorobenzene
numbers and the date of filing shall be sub- ing dates. Chloroethane; Ethyl chloride
mitted to the department within thirty (30) Chloroform; Trichloromethane
days of the date of filing. Op. Atty. Gen. No. 42, Frappier (3-20-74).
With respect to the Solid Waste Management Dibromochloromethane; Chlorodibromo-
C. Owners of solid waste disposal
Law, Senate Bill No. 387, 76th General methane
areas permitted prior to January 1, 1987, and
Assembly, sections 260.200–260.245, RSMo 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane; DBCP
which close after January 1, 1989, as a part
of closure of the solid waste disposal area Supp. 1978. Cities and counties are required 1,2-Dibromoethane; Ethylene dibromide; EDB
shall— to provide for the collection and disposal of o-Dichlorobenzene; 1,2-Dichlorobenzene
(I) Execute an easement with the solid wastes including industrial wastes and p-Dichlorobenzene; 1,4-Dichlorobenzene
department, which allows the department, its may contract for such collection and dispos- trans-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene
agents or its contractors to enter the premises al. Service charges may be imposed if not 1,1-Dichloroethane; Ethylidene chloride
to complete work specified in the closure already imposed under some other law 1,2-Dichloroethane; Ethylene dichloride
plan, to monitor or maintain the solid waste although these charges must be billed and 1,1-Dichloroethylene; 1,1-Dichloroethene;
disposal area or take remedial action during collected directly by the cities or counties. Vinylidene chloride
post-closure period; and General revenue of the city and federal rev- cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene; cis-1,2-

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 17

Secretary of State
10 CSR 80-3—NATURAL RESOURCES Division 80—Solid Waste Management

Dichloroethene gamma-BHC; Lindane 58-89-9 Dichlorodifluoromethane; CFC 12; 75-71-8

trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene; trans-1,2- Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane 111-91-1 1,1-Dichloroethane; Ethyldidene
Dichloroethene Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether; 111-44-4 chloride 75-34-3
1,2-Dichloropropane; Propylene dichloride Dichloroethyl ether 1,2-Dichloroethane; Ethylene
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene Bis(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) ether; 108-60-1 dichloride 107-06-2
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 2,2'-Dichlorodiisopropyl ether; 1,1-Dichloroethylene;
Ethylbenzene DCIP See Note 3 1,1-Dichloroethene; Vinylidene
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate 117-81-7 chloride 75-35-4
2-Hexanone; Methyl butyl ketone
Bromochloromethane; cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene;
Methyl bromide; Bromomethane
Chlorobromomethane 74-97-5 cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 156-59-2
Methyl chloride; Chloromethane Bromodichloromethane; trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
Methylene bromide; Dibromomethane Dibromochloromethane 75-27-4 trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 156-60-5
Methylene chloride; Dichloromethane Bromoform; Tribromomethane 75-25-2 2,4-Dichlorophenol 120-83-2
Methyl ethyl ketone; MEK; 2-Butanone 4-Bromophenylphenyl ether 101-55-3 2,6-Dichlorophenol 87-65-0
Methyl iodide; Iodomethane Butyl benzyl phthalate; 1,2-Dichloropropane;
4-Methyl-2-pentanone; Methyl isobutyl ketone Benzyl butyl phthalate 85-68-7 Propylene dichloride 78-87-5
Styrene Cadmium (Total) 1,3-Dichloropropane;
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane Carbon disulfide 75-15-0 Trimethylene dichloride 142-28-9
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane Carbon tetrachloride 56-23-5 2,2-Dichloropropane;
Tetrachloroethylene; Tetrachloroethene; Chlordane See Note 4. Isopropylidene chloride 594-20-7
Perchloroethylene p-Chloroaniline 106-47-8 1,1-Dichloropropene 563-58-6
Toluene Chlorobenzene 108-90-7 cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 10061-01-5
1,1,1-Trichloroethane; Methylchloroform Chlorobenzilate 510-15-6 trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 10061-02-6
p-Chloro-m-cresol; Dieldrin 60-57-1
4-Chloro-3-methylphenol 59-50-7 Diethyl phthalate 84-66-2
Trichloroethylene; Trichloroethene
Chloroethane; Ethyl chloride 75-00-3 O,O-Diethyl O-2-pyrazinyl
Tichlorofluoromethane; CFC-11 Chloroform; Trichloromethane 67-66-3 phosphorothioate; Thionazin 297-97-2
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 2-Chloronaphthalene 91-58-7 Dimethoate 60-51-5
Vinyl acetate 2-Chlorophenol 95-57-8 p-(Dimethylamino)azobenzen 60-11-7
Vinyl chloride 4-Chlorophenyl phenyl ether 7005-72-3 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]nthracene 57-97-6
Xylenes Chloroprene 126-99-8 3,3´-Dimethylbenzidine 119-93-7
Chromium (Total) 2,4-Dimethylphenol; m-Xylenol 105-67-9
Appendix II—List of Hazardous Chrysene 218-01-9 Dimethyl phthalate 131-11-3
Inorganic and Organic Constituents1 Cobalt (Total) m-Dinitrobenzene 99-65-0
Copper (Total) 4,6-Dinitro-o-cresol
Common Name2 CAS RN3 m-Cresol; 3-methylphenol 108-39-4 4,6-Dinitro-2-methylphenol 534-52-1
Acenaphthene 83-32-9 o-Cresol; 2-methylphenol 95-48-7 2,4-Dinitrophenol; 51-28-5
Acenaphthylene 208-96-8 p-Cresol; 4-methylphenol 106-44-5 2,4-Dinitrotoluene 121-14-2
Acetone 67-64-1 Cyanide 57-12-5 2,6-Dinitrotoluene 606-20-2
Acetonitrile; Methyl cyanide 75-05-8 2,4-D; 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Dinoseb; DNBP;
Acetophenone 98-86-2 acid 94-75-7 2-sec-Butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol 88-85-7
2-Acetylaminofluorene; 2-AAF 53-96-3 4,4´-DDD 72-54-8 Di-n-octyl phthalate 117-84-0
Acrolein 107-02-8 4,4´-DDE 72-55-9 Diphenylamine 122-39-4
Acrylonitrile 107-13-1 4,4´-DDT 50-29-3 Disulfoton 298-04-4
Aldrin 309-00-2 Diallate 2303-16-4 Endosulfan I 959-98-8
Allyl chloride 107-05-1 Dibenz[a,h]anthracene 53-70-3 Endosulfan II 33213-65-9
4-Aminobipheny l92-67-1 Dibenzofuran 132-64-9 Endosulfan sulfate 1031-07-8
Anthracene 120-12-7 Dibromochloromethane; Endrin 72-20-8
Antimony (Total) Chlorodibromomethane 124-48-1 Endrin aldehyde 7421-93-4
Arsenic (Total) 1,2-Dibromo- Ethylbenzene 100-41-4
Barium (Total) 3-chloropropane;DBCP 96-12-8 Ethyl methacrylate 97-63-2
Benzene 71-43-2 1,2-Dibromoethane; Ethylene 106-93-4 Ethyl methanesulfonate 62-50-0
Benzo[a]anthracene; Benzanthracene 56-55-3 dribromide; EDB Famphur 52-85-7
Benzo[b]fluoranthene 205-99-2 Di-n-butyl phthalate 84-74-2 Fluoranthene 206-44-0
Benzo[k]fluoranthene 207-08-9 o-Dichlorobenzene; Fluorene 86-73-79
Benzo[ghi]perylene 191-24-2 1,3-Dichlorobenzene 95-50-1 Heptachlor 76-44-8
Benzo[a]pylene 50-32-8 m-Dichlorobenzene; Heptachlor epoxide 1024-57-3
Benzyl alcohol 100-51-6 1,3-Dichlorobenzene 541-73-1 Hexachlorobenzene . 118-74-1
Beryllium (Total) p-Dichlorobenzene; Hexachlorobutadiene 87-68-3
alpha-BHC 319-84-6 1,4-Dichlorobenzene 106-46-7 Hexachlorocyclopentadiene 77-47-4
beta-BHC 319-85-7 3,3´-Dichlorobenzidine 91-94-1 Hexachloroethane 67-72-1
delta-BHC 319-86-8 trans-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene 110-57-6 Hexachloropropene 1888-71-7

18 CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS (7/31/98) Rebecca McDowell Cook

Secretary of State
Chapter 3—Sanitary Landfill 10 CSR 80-3

2-Hexanone; Methyl butyl ketone 591-78-6 Propionitrile; Ethyl cyanide 107-12-0 (CAS RN 12674-11-2), Aroclor 1221 (CAS
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene 193-39-5 Pyrene 129-00-0 RN 11104-28-2), Aroclor 1232 (CAS RN
Isobutyl alcohol 78-83-1 Safrole 94-59-7 11141-16-5), Aroclor 1242 (CAS RN 53469-
Isodrin 465-73-6 Selenium (Total) 21-9), Aroclor 1248 (CAS RN 12672-29-6),
Isophorone 78-59-1 Silver (Total) Aroclor 1254 (CAS RN 11097-69-1), and
Isosafrole 120-58-1 Silvex; 2,4,5-TP 93-72-1 Aroclor 1260 (CAS RN 11096-82-5).
Kepone 143-50-0 Styrene 100-42-5
Lead (Total) Sulfide 18496-25-8 6. Toxaphene: This entry includes congener
Mercury (Total) 2,4,5-T; chemicals contained in technical toxaphene
Methacrylonitrile 126-98-7 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid 93-76-5 (CAS RN 8001-35-2), i.e., chlorinated cam-
Methapyrilene 91-80-5 1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene 95-94-3 phene.
Methoxychlor 72-43-5 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 630-20-6
Methyl bromide; Bromomethane 74-83-9 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 79-34-5 7. Xylene (total): This entry includes o-
Methyl chloride; Chloromethane 74-87-3 Tetrachloroethylene; Tetra- xylene (CAS RN 96-47-6), m-xylene (CAS
3-Methylcholanthrene 56-49-5 chloroethene; Perchloroethylene 127-18-4 RN 108-38-3), p-xylene (CAS RN 106-42-3),
Methyl ethyl ketone; MEK; 2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol 58-90-2 and unspecified xylenes (dimethylbenzenes)
2-Butanone 78-93-3 Thallium (Total) (CAS RN 1330-20-7).
Methyl iodide; Iodomethane 74-88-4 Tin (Total)
Methyl methacrylate 80-62-6 Toluene 108-88-3
Methyl methanesulfonate 66-27-3 o-Toluidine 95-53-4 10 CSR 80-3.011 Design and Operation
2-Methylnaphthalene 91-57-6 Toxaphene See Note 6.
Emergency rule filed Sept. 29, 1993, effective
Methyl parathion; Parathion 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 120-82-1
Oct. 9, 1993, expired Feb. 5, 1994. Emer-
methyl 298-00-0 1,1,1-Trichloroethane;
gency rule filed Jan. 28, 1994, effective Feb.
4-Methyl-2-pentanone; Methylchloroform 71-55-6
7, 1994, expired June 6, 1994.
Methyl isobutyl ketone 108-10-1 1,1,2-Trichloroethane 79-00-5
Methylene bromide; Dibromomethane 74-95-3 Trichloroethylene; Trichloroethene 79-01-6
Methylene chloride; Trichlorofluoromethane; CFC-11 75-69-4 10 CSR 80-3.020 Emergency Landfill
Dichloromethane 75-09-2 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 95-95-4 Extensions
Naphthalene 91-20-3 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol 88-06-2
1,4-Naphthoquinone 130-15-4 1,2,3-Trichloropropane 96-18-4 Emergency rule filed Sept. 29, 1993, effective
1-Naphthylamine 134-32-7 0,0,0-Triethyl phosphorothioate 126-68-1 Oct. 9, 1993, expired Feb. 5, 1994. Emer-
2-Naphthylamine 91-59-8 sym-Trinitrobenzene 99-35-4 gency rule filed Jan. 28, 1994, effective Feb.
Nickel (Total) Vanadium (Total) 7, 1994, expired June 6, 1994.
o-Nitroaniline; 2-Nitroaniline 88-74-4 Vinyl acetate 108-05-4
m-Nitroaniline; 3-Nitroaniline 99-09-2 Vinyl chloride; Chloroethene 75-01-4
p-Nitroaniline; 4-Nitroaniline 100-01-6 Xylene (total) See Note 7.
Nitrobenzene 98-95-3 Zinc (Total)
o-Nitrophenol; 2-Nitrophenol 88-75-5
p-Nitrophenol; 4-Nitrophenol 100-02-7 Notes
N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine 924-16-3 1. The regulatory requirements pertain only
N-Nitrosodiethylamine 55-18-5 to the list of substances.
N-Nitrosodimethylamine 62-75-9
N-Nitrosodiphenylamine 86-30-6 2. Common names are those widely used in
N-Nitrosodipropylamine; government regulations, scientific publica-
N-nitroso-N-dipropylamine tions, and commerce; synonym sexist for
Di-n-propylnitrosamine 621-64-7 many chemicals.
N-Nitrosomethylethylamine 10595-95-6
N-Nitrosopiperidine 100-75-4 3. This substance is often called Bis(2-
N-Nitrosopyrrolidine 930-55-2 chloroisopropyl) ether, the name Chemical
5-Nitro-o-toluidine 99-55-8 Abstracts Service applies to its noncommer-
Parathion 56-38-2 cial isomer, Propane, 2,2´-oxybis, 2-chloro-
Pentachlorobenzene 608-93-5 (CAS RN 39638-32-9).
Pentachloronitrobenzene 82-68-8
Pentachlorophenol 87-86-5 4. Chlordane: This entry includes alpha-
Phenacetin 62-44-2 chlordane (CAS RN 5103-71-9), beta-chlor-
Phenanthrene 85-01-8 dane (CAS RN 5103-74-2), gamma-chlor-
Phenol 108-95-2 dane (CAS RN 5566-34-7), and constituents
p-Phenylenediamine 106-50-3 of chlordane (CAS RN 57-74-9 and CAS RN
Phorate 298-02-2 12789-03-6).
Polychlorinated biphenyls; PCBs; See Note 5.
5. Polychlorinated biphenyls (CAS RN 1336-
36-3); this category contains congener chem-
Pronamide 23950-58-5
icals, including constituents of Aroclor 1016

Rebecca McDowell Cook (7/31/98) CODE OF STATE REGULATIONS 19

Secretary of State