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# ACTIVITY NO.

AIRFOIL CONSTRUCTION

## AIRFOIL - An airplane wing has a special shape called an airfoil.

As a wing moves through air, the air is split and passes above and below the wing. The
wings upper surface is shaped so the air rushing over the top speeds up and stretches out. This
decreases the air pressure above the wing. The air flowing below the wing moves in a straighter
line, so its speed and air pressure remain the same.
Since high air pressure always moves toward low air pressure, the air below the wing
pushes upward toward the air above the wing. The wing is in the middle, and the whole wing is
lifted. The faster an airplane moves, the more lift there is. And when the force of lift is greater
than the force of gravity, the airplane is able to fly.
Given:
NACA 2412
CHORD, C = 120 cm
SCALE, 1:2
Formulas:
1. X U = (X/C)U x C
100
2. ZU = (Z/C)U x C
100
3. XL = (X/C)L x C
100
4. ZL = (Z/C)L x C
100
5. ZC = ZU + ZL
2
100
7. SLOPE OF RADIUS THROUGH L.E., : = Arctan (SLOPE)GIVEN

Page 1 of 5 Pages

ACTIVITY NO. 1

AIRFOIL CONSTRUCTION
GIVEN TABLE

Upper Surface
Lower Surface
Station
Ordinates
Station
Ordinates
( U
( U
( U
( U
%
0
0.5
0.75
1.25
2.5
5
7.5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100

%
0
1.4269
1.709
2.1606
2.9863
4.1304
4.9677
5.6291
6.6073
7.2607
7.6695
7.8785
7.9163
7.803
7.5685
7.2425
6.8341
6.3506
5.7972
5.1778
4.4949
3.7497
2.9422
2.0711
1.1341
0.1275

%
0
0.5
0.75
1.25
2.5
5
7.5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100

%
0
-1.0396
-1.2852
-1.6513
-2.2684
-3.0054
-3.458
-3.7608
-4.1022
-4.2278
-4.2209
-4.1286
-3.9819
-3.803
-3.5931
-3.3462
-3.072
-2.7784
-2.471
-2.154
-1.8305
-1.5017
-1.1681
-0.8289
-0.4821
-0.1251

## L.E. radius = 1.587 cm

slope of mean line at LE = 0.1000
Page 2 of 5 Pages

ACTIVITY NO. 1

AIRFOIL CONSTRUCTION
COMPUTED TABLE

Upper Surface
Lower Surface
Station
Ordinate
Station
Ordinate
XU
Cm
0
0.6
0.9
1.5
3
6
9
12
18
24
30
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108
114
120

ZU
Cm
0
1.71228
2.0508
2.59272
3.58356
4.95648
5.96124
6.75492
7.92876
8.71284
9.2034
9.4542
9.49956
9.3636
9.0822
8.691
8.20092
7.62072
6.95664
6.21336
5.39388
4.49964
3.53064
2.48532
1.36092
0.153

XL
Cm
0
0.6
0.9
1.5
3
6
9
12
18
24
30
36
42
48
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
102
108
114
120

ZU
Cm
0
-1.24752
-1.54224
-1.98156
-2.72208
-3.60648
-4.1496
-4.51296
-4.92264
-5.07336
-5.06508
-4.95432
-4.77828
-4.5636
-4.31172
-4.01544
-3.6864
-3.33408
-2.9652
-2.5848
-2.1966
-1.80204
-1.40172
-0.99468
-0.57852
-0.15012

Mean
Camber
ZC
cm
0
0.23238
0.25428
0.30558
0.43074
0.675
0.90582
1.12098
1.50306
1.81974
2.06916
2.24994
2.36064
2.4
2.38524
2.33778
2.25726
2.14332
1.99572
1.81428
1.59864
1.3488
1.06446
0.74532
0.3912
0.00144

## L.E. radius = 1.9044 cm

slope of mean line at LE = 5.710 degree

Page 3 of 5 Pages

ACTIVITY NO. 1

AIRFOIL CONSTRUCTION

SCALED TABLE
NACA Section 2412
Upper Surface
Lower Surface
Station Ordinate Station
Ordinate
XU
Cm
0
0.3
0.45
0.75
1.5
3
4.5
6
9
12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
39
42
45
48
51
54
57
60

ZU
Cm
0
0.85614
1.0254
1.29636
1.79178
2.47824
2.98062
3.37746
3.96438
4.35642
4.6017
4.7271
4.74978
4.6818
4.5411
4.3455
4.10046
3.81036
3.47832
3.10668
2.69694
2.24982
1.76532
1.24266
0.68046
0.0765

XL
Cm
0
0.3
0.45
0.75
1.5
3
4.5
6
9
12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
39
42
45
48
51
54
57
60

ZU
Cm
0
-0.62376
-0.77112
-0.99078
-1.36104
-1.80324
-2.0748
-2.25648
-2.46132
-2.53668
-2.53254
-2.47716
-2.38914
-2.2818
-2.15586
-2.00772
-1.8432
-1.66704
-1.4826
-1.2924
-1.0983
-0.90102
-0.70086
-0.49734
-0.28926
-0.07506

Mean
Camber
ZC
cm
0
0.11619
0.12714
0.15279
0.21537
0.3375
0.45291
0.56049
0.75153
0.90987
1.03458
1.12497
1.18032
1.2
1.19262
1.16889
1.12863
1.07166
0.99786
0.90714
0.79932
0.6744
0.53223
0.37266
0.1956
0.00072