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BY RAPPLER.COM Posted on 06/26/2012 5:51 PM | Updated 06/27/2012 5:47 PM
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MANILA, Philippines - Filipinos are among the world's heaviest smokers. This is according to the Department of Health (DOH), which said Monday, June 25, that the Philippines is among the top 20 nations with the highest smoking population. The finding, based on a study by the American Cancer Society and World Lung Foundation, highlights the country's need to increase anti-tobacco efforts especially with the rise in female smokers in the country. Luz Tagunicar of the DOH-National Center for Health Promotion pointed out the varying trends in Filipino male and female smokers. While the number of Filipino male smokers saw a drop from 2006 to 2008, Tagunicar said the opposite is true for female smokers. The study shows that between 2006 and 2008, the Philippines climbed 10 places from 26th place to 16th place in the country rankings of female smokers. The country now has 3.84 million female smokers. Tagunicar claimed that advertising is to blame for the rise, saying women are increasingly targeted by tobacco firms which promote cigarettes as fashionable. Filipino males, on the other hand, fell from the 6th to the 9th spot in world rankings during the same two year span, with the number of male smokers in the Philippines estimated at 17.6 million as of 2008. Reform needed
" she said. The Russian Federation (32. India was second with 229 million male smokers followed by Indonesia with 53. for the most popular brand Fortune. Under the bill. "It is related to the function of population and economy.DOH consultant Dr Anthony Leachon added that population and economy have also contributed to the Philippines' inclusion in the list.7 million) rounded up the top 8 list. House Bill No. it's absolute number.8%.4 million). topping the list for the highest number of male smokers with 311 million. Thus.Mas mahirap ka. a 76-percent increase in price will decrease consumption by 44%. Japan (23 million). the more likely you are to smoke). Given the latest numbers. ." he said. she said that "down shifting to lower-priced brands will be reduced due to a shift to a simpler tax structure. 5727 or the sin tax reform bill. mas naninigarilyo ka (The poorer you are. United States (32." She said higher taxes should result in decreased smoking among the poor and the young.4 million) and Pakistan (17. which makes the cost of cigarettes more expensive.3 million. Bangladesh (21. According to Jo-ann Latuja of the anti-tobacco group Action for Economic Reform. could help. China on top China is in the top 3 for both male and female smokers.8 million). economists have reiterated the need for new laws that would curb smoking. the steep increase in tax rates for lowpriced tier and hence the reduced gap between higher-priced and lower priced brands. "A 10-percent increase in the prices will decrease consumption by 5.
5 million and India with 11.1 million). The two hardly make enough money to feed themselves. 2012 | News | Comments (1) | 839 views By Alyx Arumpac/PF. the US was first with 23. after spending hours clawing through garbage. -.1 million).com Pinoy child smokers on the rise. make a meager living scouring mountains of trash for recyclable items to sell. respectively. followed by China with 13. Japan (6. GMA News . Germany (8.Joshua and Gian. In an episode that aired on June 7. yet everyday. The Russian Federation (10.3 million). France (7.6 million. the GMA public affairs program “Reporter’s Notebook” tackled the alarming increase in the number of young Filipinos who smoke.9 million) United Kingdom (6.4 million) and Nauru (4. According to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey . Brazil (9.9 million.For female smokers.1 million). aided by cheap cigarettes Posted June 15th. aged nine and six.9 million) took the 4th to the 10th spots. the two visit a nearby nearby sari-sari store where they spend their hard-earned money on cigarettes.Rappler.
“’Pag wala pong mapasindihan. Meanwhile. also known as the Sin Tax Reform Bill. Today. sinisindihan ko po.80. These alarming statistics are among the reasons for the filing of House Bill 5727.” says Joshua. According to the Department of Health.(GYTS) conducted by the World Health Organization. that seven out of 10 leading causes of mortality among Filipinos are smoking-related. It is no surprise. cigarettes are cheapest in the Philippines. the nine-year-old boy interviewed for “Reporter’s Notebook” started smoking when he was five because his siblings would send him to the store to buy their cigarettes. 2012 12:00 AM Comments (1) . the House of Representatives.3 percent in 2007. passed the Palace-backed bill.50 and above will be sold for P31.50 on its first year of implementation. On June 6. despite lobbying from tobacco companies. cigarettes can still be bought per stick at neighborhood stores by curious children whose parents and older siblings continue to puff away. the percentage of Filipino teens aged 13 to 15 who smoke rose from 19. where the number of smokers is also highest. Young people who smoke may pick up the habit at home. the National Youth Commission estimates the figures to reach as high as 40 percent. Joshua. Tobacco products costing P11. In Southeast Asia. therefore. The Sin Tax Reform Bill seeks to increase the price of cigarette products from P11. experts say.6 percent in 2003 to 27. while another 500 to 800 fall ill. which now awaits passage in the Senate. Over half of the students surveyed for the 2007 GYTS reported having family members who smoked at home. around 240 Filipinos die from smoking-related diseases everyday.50 to P23. Phl among 20 nations with high smoking population By Sheila Crisostomo (The Philippine Star) Updated June 28.
Japan.6 million. 17.MANILA.9 million.1 million. The US got the top slot with 23. France. Spain. Nauru.6 million.” she said in a forum. 32. DOH’s National Center for Health Promotion supervising health program officer Luz Tagunicar said Filipinos are among heavy smokers worldwide although the trend between males and females differs. Citing a study of the American Cancer Society and World Lung Foundation.34 million. followed by China.4 million. and Italy.31 million. She said tobacco firms have promoted cigarettes as fashion accessories to entice women to smoke.3 million. 8.5 million. Bangladesh.4 million.The Philippines is among the top 20 nations with high “smoking population. 21. India. 53. 6. 4. Ukraine. according to the Department of Health.3 million. United Kingdom. 4. 4. 9.9 million. Poland. 13. 4. From sixth spot in 2006. Turkey. 11.4 million. 4. 32. 4. .1 million. 6. Tagunicar said there has been a “slight improvement” in the ranking of Filipino male smokers from 2006 to 2008 but a “worsening situation” was seen among Filipino female smokers. Germany.7 million.” amplifying the need to scale up anti-tobacco efforts in the country. Russian Federation. Philippines . 10. 23 million. Indonesia.6 million. Japan. But the study shows the number of female smokers is on rise as the country’s ranking for this sector went up from 26th to 16th from 2006 to 2008. 7.1 million. The number of Filipino male smokers in 2008 was estimated at 17.1 million. Tagunicar said more Filipino women are getting hooked to smoking primarily because they have become the target of cigarette companies. 229 million. “We have improved our spot when it comes to the male smoking population. and Pakistan. the United States. Russian Federation. The list was topped by China with 311 million.9 million. it improved to ninth in 2008.7 million. followed by India.8 million. Brazil.
Leachon warned that a rise in cigarette consumption in the Philippines would also mean an increase in non-communicable diseases like stroke.” Latuja added. “A 10 percent increase in prices will decrease consumption by 5. heart disease.75 to P12 in the first year and to P22 in the second year. . the more you smoke.8 percent. Thus. For example.” he added. “Overall. cancer. for the most popular brand. chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder and diabetes. “downshifting” of smokers to cheaper brands will be reduced. DOH consultant for non-communicable diseases. a 76 percent increase in price will decrease consumption by 44 percent. curb smoking. it is related to the function of population and economy. Jo-ann Latuja.According to Dr. taxes for cigarettes packed by machine will rise from P2. it’s absolute number… The poorer you are. said the country’s situation may improve if the prices of cigarettes are increased under House Bill 5727 or the sin tax reform bill.” she said. population and economy are also factors for the country’s inclusion in the list. Since the price gap between the higher-priced and the lower-priced cigarettes will be reduced due to the shift to a simple tax structure. Anthony Leachon. “The tax increases are significant. an economist from the anti-tobacco group Action for Economic Reform. The large increase in taxes will lower demand especially among the poor and the young and thus.
“indicating that the law has not been effective”. almost two million people depend on the tobacco industry Wednesday.is becoming a losing battle.” Arnold Santos of Mandaluyong City said. which kills close to 90. said.” the 17-year-old. who took up the habit out of peer pressure. Despite the passage of the Tobacco Control Act.000 people a year in the Philippines . “My friends look so cool smoking.Philippines: Young smokers 'look so cool' Bill to curtail smoking failed to factor in the repercussions on local livelihoods. 2009 By IRIN 0digg Article Tools • Discuss The campaign against smoking. . more Filipino youths are now smoking. January 21. who has no plans of quitting just yet.on a par with the number of deaths in natural disasters or conflicts . I smoke 10 cigarettes a day. “Now. Maricar Limpin. said. executive director of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Alliance Philippines (FCAP).
” Limpin conceded. We are losing These figures are based on the the war against 2005-2006 Tobacco and Poverty smoking. the health department reported.from smoking-related diseases such as lung cancer.87.The 2003 act sets both the guidelines for and regulation of the packaging. Among others. Study in the Philippines conducted by the College of Public Health of the University of the Philippines. At least 240 Filipinos die each day . it mandates the printing of warnings in either English or Filipino of the harmful effects of smoking. Yet a recent global youth tobacco survey showed that smoking prevalence among Filipino youth had jumped from 15 percent in 2003 to 21.600 a year . stroke and other chronic-obstructive lung failures. cardiac arrest. The figures are higher than Malaysia and Vietnam. distribution and advertisements of tobacco products. “We are losing the war against smoking.000 and 40.6 percent in 2007. where 10. sale.000 people respectively die each year from . National Epidemiology Center of the Department of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Limpin said. In the Senate. the bill is now being discussed in the plenary. While the visual warning has little effect on long-time smokers. where 400. stroke and chronic obstructive lung failures . But in the Photo: WHO/Philippines Close to 90.000 Filipinos die each year from smoking-related diseases such as lung cancer. “The industry knows that the introduction of graphic warnings threatens its future market. An FCAP survey on 10. cardiac arrest. preventing young people from taking up the habit would deny tobacco companies a new market.” Limpin said. but lower than Indonesia. separate bills have been pending with lawmakers to introduce the printing of graphic health warnings.000 people die annually. Limpin said the survey showed that the graphic design had a better ability to convey the health risks related to smoking and some said it stopped them from buying cigarettes.000 Filipino youths revealed they were more receptive to graphic warnings than text warnings. Graphic warnings Since 2007.smoking-related diseases.
“It is being blocked because of fears it could kill the tobacco industry. main author of the anti-smoking bill.House. the bill failed to factor in the repercussions on local livelihoods. In addition. According to the National Tobacco Authority. almost two million people depend on the tobacco industry.000 farmers are engaged in tobacco farming.” Francisco said. Paul Daza. Victor Francisco said the main flaw of the bill was that it would raise the prices of local tobacco products compared with imports. more than 57. composed of district and party list representatives from all 78 provinces. said. recommends the use of . La Union Rep. The WHO’s Tobacco Framework Convention on Tobacco. especially in the north. To compete.” Northern Samar Rep. to which the Philippines is a signatory. “Our tobacco farmers. cannot easily shift to other crops because the soil is not compatible with other produce. the bill has not passed the committee level because of opposition from legislators. he said. local manufacturers would have no choice but to increase their prices because of the additional cost.
Negros Oriental Integrated Provincial Health. “Stop Tobacco Industry Interference. Joining the parade. According to Dumaguete City Administrator William Ablong.This year’s culmination of World No Tobacco Month and Blue Ribbon Awarding ceremony will take place on June 29 with a street parade in Dumaguete City. and city government of Dumaguete are spearheading the said event. the activity will be highlighted with a city street parade at 2 p. will be contingents from the . June 28 (PIA) -. NegOr. Dumaguete City observe World No Tobacco Month celebration By Jennifer C. on Friday. Department of Health Center for Health Development-Central Visayas. Article 11 requires that state signatories adopt effective measures by September 2008. Ablong said.m. from the Rizal Boulevard as the starting point and it will end up at the Freedom Park at Capitol Ground to be followed by a program and live band concert. The activity banners the theme. Tilos Thursday 28th of June 2012 TweetFacebookYahooEmailShareThis DUMAGUETE CITY.3 The following concerned agencies Negros Oriental Tobacco Control and Smoke Free Advocates Alliance (NegOrTocSa).” based in World Health Organization’s (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Article 5. but the Philippines missed the deadline.effective campaigns against tobacco consumption.
while Dumaguete Mayor Manuel Sagarbarria and Governor Roel Degamo will also give their messages. Assistant Secretary Dr. of which more than 600.cities and municipalities with smoke-free ordinance. DOH Assistant Regional Director. will give the rationale of the World No Tobacco Month Celebration. Negros Oriental) . According to World Health Organization (WHO). Lashmin Legaspi. tobacco use is one of the leading preventable causes of death. also be given for those cities and municipalities whose effort continues for the implementation of the smoke free ordinance and to be followed by the live band concert to culminates the program. Blue Ribbon Campaign Awarding of Recognition. health officials. (JCT-PIA 7. Unless we act. The global tobacco epidemic kills nearly six million people each year. students.000 are people exposed to second-hand smoke. Enrique Tayag of DOH will be the keynote speaker and Dr. he said.and middleincome countries. city and provincial officials. World No Tobacco Month celebrations will educate policymakers and the general public about the tobacco industry's nefarious and harmful tactics and WHO will urge countries to put the fight against tobacco industry interference at the heart of their efforts to control the global tobacco epidemic. it will kill up to eight million people by 2030. of which more than 80 percent will come from low.
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