WIND ANALYSIS OF CABLE STAYED BRIDGES

SYNOPSIS
Synopsis of the dissertation to be submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Engineering (Civil) with Structural Engineering subjects of UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI.

Submitted by BORGES ROHAN FRANCIS March 2012

Supervisor

PROF. A. N. BAMBOLE.

DEPARTMENT OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING SARDAR PATEL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING ANDHERI (W), MUMBAI-400058

cable-stayed bridges have become popular due to their notable aesthetic appeal.WIND ANALYSIS OF CABLE STAYED BRIDGES INTRODUCTION: In the last several decades. efficiency of construction. In addition to this the stay cables are very flexible structural elements generally characterized by small damping coefficients. wind and traffic loadings. However. it is understandable that these elements are prone to vibrations. producing various analytical response prediction techniques. Many vibration phenomenons have been observed in cable supported bridges all over the world. As a result. The most important feature of this kind of structures is the high nonlinearities of geometry and material. . adequacy for construction in weak soil. economically advantageous solution for moderate to large spans and uniqueness. Although the exact nature of the vibrations could not be predicted before 1980 as this phenomena were not well understood. wind. pedestrian and seismic loads which are very complex in nature. Cable-stayed bridges are subjected to variety of dynamic loads like traffic. Recent research has revolved around the conduct of long-term full-scale measurements on a cable-stayed bridge to compare actual bridge performance with those of analytical predictions. The well-known collapse of Tacoma Narrows Bridge in 1940 clearly identified the importance of wind effects on long-span bridge performance. In particular. the mechanisms underlying some of the vibrations still remain to be fully understood. This expansion was significantly accompanied by technological developments like use of high strength material and advanced construction technique and which subsequently led to progressively larger and more slender bridges. which include those from seismic. since the geometric and structural properties of these bridges are complex as well as the characteristics of the excitations. they are susceptible to ambient excitations. these prediction techniques have commonly been validated using only wind-tunnel experiments. due to challenges related with full-scale measurements. Extensive research has been carried out since then to better understand the effects of wind on long-span bridges. Due to the current advances in analysis techniques by the use of computers there was enormous increase in the construction of such type of bridges.

To suggest mitigation measures for wind induced vibrations in Cable-stayed bridges. The wind load analysis is carried out on FEM Software to check the behavior of bridge vulnerability against wind forces. The study the overall effect of wind excitation on the bridge structure as a whole. The wind load analysis is carried out for a hypothetical bridge in India. Analysis of Cables-stayed Bridge for wind loads. . To study the effect of wind loads on cables stays and deck under the wind loads.       To model an hypothetical Cable-stayed bridge in India in FEM software. To determine the behavior of stay cables in Cable-stayed bridges. The scope of the present work is outlined as under:    The main objective is to study the components of Cable-stayed bridges. To study the wind excitations phenomenon and the mechanisms of the wind induced vibrations and behavior of Cable-stayed bridges under wind loads.SCOPE OF WORK The intent of this research is to present a detailed study of various phenomenon’s that induce vibrations in Cable-stayed bridges. Applying wind load on hypothetical Cable-stayed Bridge. It involves the determination of natural frequency of stay cables and profile of the cable under axial tension and self weight of the cable.

Computer and Structure. Hai-Fan Xiang (2002). Jin Cheng. 6. J. 3.. Nicholas P. 2. G. Pfei and R. Wang. Q. “Aerodynamic stability analysis of cable stayed bridges”. Sun.References: 1.6. M. B. M. Vol-6. Troitsky (1988). “Cable oscillation induced by parametric excitation in Cable-stayed bridges”. pp. pp. “ Cable Supported Bridges – Concept and Design”. Niels J. Gimsin. “Cable-Stayed Bridges – Theory and Design “. . No. Jones and Robert H. Nov/Dec 2001. Thai Huu-Tai and Kim Seung-Eock (2007). “Construction and Design of CableStayed Bridges”. M. Ru-Cheng Xiao. 1-20. Ni. pp. S. Z. 17-83. "Standardization of Construction Specifications and Design Criteria based on Performance ".S. “Advanced aerostatic stability analysis of cable-stayed bridges using finite-element method”. 8. “Theory and full bridge modeling of wind response of cable supported bridges”. Journal of Bridge Engineering. Batist (1995). C. 7. N. Jian-Jing Jiang. Scalzi (1986). “Triple-girder model for modal analysis of cable-stayed bridges with warping effect”. Scanlan (2001). Journal of Structural Engineering.23-27. 5. K and Y. Walter Podolny and John B. 4.

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