Norwegian University of Science and Technology - NTNU Faculty of Engineering and Technology Dept.

of Marine Hydrodynamics

Exercise 05

TMR 4215 Sea Loads
Given: 19.09.08 Due: 03.10.08 Guidance: 26.09.08 and 03.10.08 in T1

Problem 3.6 and 3.8 from Faltinsen (1990)


Problem: Fluid motion in a moonpool

Solve exercise 3.6 pp 99-100 in Faltinsen’s book.

1.1 Hints
1.1.1 a) • Use only the linear terms of Eq. (2.4) pp. 14! (Linearised Bernoulli) • Use Eq. (2.12) p. 15 with ζ = η to introduce η into the differentiated Bernoulli. Do not forget that the order of linear differential operators can be interchanged i.e. : ∂ ∂f ∂ ∂f = ∂t ∂z ∂z ∂t


1.1.2 b) • Use that

∂f dz = f (b) − f (a) . ∂z

• Use the linearized Bernoulli’s equation after the integration at z = −h. 1.1.3 c) • Write the homogeneous form of Eq. (3.86) (this is an Ordinary Differential Equation) where the solution of the homogeneous ODE is used to find ωn . 1.1.4 d) • Integrate between point 1 and 2 with respect to ds and not with z as before!
η 2




Figure 1: Definition sketch of U-tube. • Use the following equation to rewrite the integrands: ∇=i ∂ ∂ +k ∂x ∂z

∇z = k 2

∇ f ds = ∇ f es ds =
=es ds =∂f ∂s

∂f ds ∂s


Problem: Frequency of encounter spectrum

Solve exercise 3.8 pp 100-101 in Faltinsen’s book.

2.1 Hints
2.1.1 a) • The time averaged wave energy is 1 E = ρgA2 . j 2 See Eq. (2.23) on pp. 23. What does this mean? What is the relation between energy and the wave spectrum? How can we use this? 2.1.2 b) • Take the derivative of Eq. (3.29) pp. 55 with respect to dω0 and use the equation which is given in a). Find the transfer function η3a . The wave ζa e spectrum S(ω0 ) and the heave motion spectrum in forward speed, S3 (ωe ) are known. • Find the transfer function η3a . ζa

• The wave spectrum S(ω0 ) and the response (heave motion) spectrum in e forward speed, SR (ω) are known.


2.1.3 c) In following sea one has to take care since ωe is not a one-to-one function of ω0 .

ωe Range 1 Range 2 Range 3

g/(4U) ωe ω1 g/(2U) ω2 g/U ω3 ω0

Figure 2: Relation between ω0 and ωe . • Use the same process as by b) but you have to find the derivate now with respect to dωe . • Keep in your mind that we now have three frequencies, i.e.: Se (ωe )|dωe | = S(ω1 )|dω0 |ω=ω1 + S(ω2 )|dω0 |ω=ω2 + S(ω3 )|dω0 |ω=ω3 • Remember the definition of the absolute value |a| = ±a. Define ω0 as a function of ωe from: U ωe = ω0 − ω2 0 g • Do not forget that we are only interested in positive frequencies!


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