…by Ravinder Sharma

Description:  A mobile phone (also known as a wireless phone, cell phone, or cellular telephone) is a short-range, electronic device used for mobile voice or data communication over a network of specialised base stations known as cell sites. In addition to the standard voice function of a mobile phone, telephone, current mobile phones may support many additional services, and accessories, such as SMS for text messaging, email, packet switching for access to the Internet, gaming, Bluetooth, infrared, camera with video recorder and MMS for sending and receiving photos and video. Most current mobile phones connect to a cellular network of base stations (cell sites), which is in turn interconnected to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) (the exception is satellite phones). Cellular Systems:  Mobile phones send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas. These sites are usually mounted on a tower, pole or building, located throughout populated areas, then connected to a cabled communication. Key technologies:  The key technologies used in cellular mobile radio include cellular frequency reuse, analog cellular (1st generation), digital mobile radio (2nd generation), packet based digital radio (2 ½ generation), and wideband radio (3rd generation).  Even before 3G networks are fully launched and utilized, various study groups are considering the shape of the next generation of cellular technology, so called 4G. There is no single global vision for 4G as yet but the next generation of network is likely to be all IP-based, offer data rates up to 100 Mbps and support true global mobility. One route towards this vision is the convergence of technologies such as 3G cellular and Wireless LANs (WLANs). Frequency reuse:  To conserve the limited amount of radio spectrum (maximum number of available radio channels), the cellular system concept was developed. Cellular systems allow reuse of the same channel frequencies many times within a geographic coverage area.

 1G: First Generation cellular - analog.  2G: Second Generation cellular - digital cellular including TDMA, CDMA, and GSM

systems. Most 2G digital phones are voice only phones, but some offer limited data capability.

 2.5G: Enhanced data rate Second Generation - digital cellular systems with data rates of

28kbps - 384kbps.

 3G: The term 3G refers to third generation wireless networks. These networks offer voice,

data transfer, and multimedia content at rates as high as 2 Mbps.

 GSM: Global System for Mobile communications. GSM is used all over Europe, plus many

countries in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, South America, Australia, and North America. GSM's air interface is based on narrowband TDMA technology, where available frequency bands are divided into time slots, with each user having access to one time slot at regular intervals.

 CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access; also known as IS-95. This is one of the newer

digital technologies in use in the US, Canada, Australia, and some southeastern Asian countries (e.g. Hong Kong and South Korea). CDMA differs from GSM and TDMA by its use of spread spectrum techniques for transmitting voice or data over the air. Rather than dividing the radio frequency spectrum into separate user channels by frequency slices or time slots, spread spectrum technology separates users by assigning them digital codes within the same broad spectrum. Advantages of CDMA include higher user capacity and immunity from interference by other signals. Used in either 800 MHz or 1900 MHz frequency bands.

GSM was designed as a future proof standard, able to provide users with a range of capabilities. The evolution began from 1982 when members of 11 telephone companies of the European Telecommunications body - CEPT, formed a new standard group. In 1988, after the signing of the GSM MoU by 17 countries the GSM work was transferred to ETSI, a standards organization. Since then the membership of the GSM MoU has grown to 169 countries (401 Networks) across the World. GSM is capable of operating at 3 frequency bands: 900MHz, 1800 MHz & 1900 MHz The last 2 are usually known as DCS1800 & PCS1900. Bandwidth: 200kHz, time multiplexing over 8 slots with frequency hopping. Voice Codec: 13 kbit/sec Data bit rates: 9.6 kbits/sec Short Message Service: 160 Characters maximum message length. Requires a SIM Card.

• • • • • • •

A broad offering of Voice & Data Services Compatibility with wire line networks Automatic Roaming & handover Highly efficient use of frequency spectrum Support for different type of mobile terminal equipments Supplier independence Low costs for Infrastructure & terminal equipment

Radio Subsystem

Network & Switching Subsystem

Operating Subsystem


Base Station Subsystem




Interfacing with external networks (eg. PSTN)


Comprises of the - Mobile Station(MS) - Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) - Base Station Subsystem (BSS)

The term refers to the physical equipment of the user. Comprises of 2 parts • • Hardware and software components relating to the radio interface. SIM Card

Each Mobile equipment has a 15 digit International Mobile Equipment Identity number (IMEI)

The SIM Card forms the second part of the MS. The subscriber related information is stored in a non volatile memory of the SIM Card. The permanent data includes the• Mobile Station ISDN Number (MSISDN) • SIM Type • IC Card Identification - SIM Serial Number • SIM Service table • International Mobile Subscriber Identity Number (IMSI) • Personal Identification Number (PIN) • Pin Unlocking Key (PUK) Authentication Key (Ki) •

Once the SIM Card is switched on the following dynamic data is updated • • • • • Location Information Ciphering Key for encoding List of Carrier frequencies for cell selection during handover and call setup List of blocked networks Home network search

Base Station Subsystem
The BSS comprises of all radio related functions of the GSM network. Because of the limited transmitter power of the Base Transceiver Station (BTS), coverage is provided only within a specific geographical area within the network. Thus radio cells are created & the entire network id distributed into cells. Hence the name Cellular Communications was derived.

Base Station Subsystem Comprises of the - Base Transceiver Station (BTS) - Base Station Controller (BSC) The BTS comprises of the transmitting and receiving facilities, including antennas and all the signaling related to the radio interface. Depending on the type of antenna, the BTS supplies one or several cells. The antenna are separated from each other by an angle of 120 degrees. The BSC is responsible for the management of the radio interface through the BTS, namely for reservation and release of radio channels as well as handover management. It also performs the tasks of Paging and signaling functions. One BSC generally manages several BTS’s and is linked via the MSC.

Network and Switching Subsystem
Acts as a gateway between the radio network and other networks like the PSTN etc. Comprises of the - Mobile Switching Center (MSC) - Home Location Register (HLR) - Visitor Location Register (VLR)

Mobile Switching Center
The MSC is a high performance digital switching center that carries out the normal switching tasks and manages the network. Each MSC is usually allocated several BSCs, and in the area assigned to it, carries out the switching between mobile users and other PLMN. It also forms a link between the mobile radio network and the wire line networks. The MSC is responsible for all the signaling required for setting up, terminating and maintaining connections as per the CCSS7 standard (Roaming).

Home Location Register
The HLR is the store for all important information of each mobile subscriber. It stores all information including        Telephone Number IMEI Number Authentication Key Location area Identifier Equipment type Subscription basis Supplementary services

Each mobile subscriber & his related data are registered only once in the HLR, in which all billing and administrative tasks are carried out. There is usually only one HLR in a network.

Visitor Location Register

The VLR manages the subscribers who are currently roaming in the area under control of the MSC. It stores the information transmitted by the responsible HLR for users under its area thus allowing the MSC to establish a connection. The VLR is also responsible for the allocation of the MSRN & TIMSI. Location area update and call setup functions are performed by the HLR & VLR. A special process keeps the VLR updated of the mobile users movement within the MSC area or change of MSC. The VLR avoids frequent interrogation of the HLR.

Operation Subsystem
The functions of the OSS are allocated into 3 areas of responsibilities. - Subscription Management - Network Operation and maintenance - Mobile Equipment Management OSS Comprises of - Operations and Maintenance Center (OMC - S & R) - Authentication Center (AuC) - Equipment Identity Register (EIR)

OSS - Subscription Management
Subscription management is able to authenticate a GSM user from the personal data stored in the HLR and provide him the agreed services. This data provides the call charging basis. Subscriber Data is stored & managed in the HLR; information relating to data security in the AuC. Call Charging: The mobile radio user is charged for services on the basis of call-tickets. These are used for billing irrespective of where the call is made in the network. Billing location can be the MSC where the user is located or the Gateway MSC, where the communication is connected to the external network. HLR stores only call related data. Call billing is handled by the OSS Subscriber management. Tariff data is transmitted between the MSC and the HLR over the signaling link.

The OMC centrally monitors & controls the network elements and ensures the best possible service quality for a network. The management functions of the OMC include administration of subscribers and equipment, billing, generation of statistical data on state and capacity utilization of network elements. OMCS - Looks after the switch related operation & maintenance OMCR - Looks after the radio network related operation & maintenance.

The AuC contains all the information required to protect the subscriber’s identity, his mobile communication against eavesdropping and his right to use the radio services. Authentication algorithms and encryption codes are stored in the AuC, and strict rules apply for the access to this information.

Equipment Management - EIR
Management of mobile equipment concerns information about owner and equipment identity. It also coordinates the movement of the equipment including roaming, handover and paging. EIR is a central database in which subscriber and equipment numbers are stored. The database contains a white, grey and black list. The White list contains all the valid IMEI numbers, the Black list contains the list of stolen or suspended IMEI numbers and the Grey list contains the list of IMEI’s of malfunctioning equipment that is not receiving any services.

Call Connect Procedure
Network to Mobile
Paging Request Channel Request Immediate Assignment Paging Response Network Authentication Authentication Response Setup Confirmation Connect Connection Acknowledgment Mobile

Mobility Management
Network to Mobile • Allocation of new TIMSI - ensures that identity of mobile user is kept confidential. • Authentication - to check whether the identity of the mobile user is valid. • Identification - The mobile gets a request from the network to send an identification parameter - IMSI or IMEI • IMSI Detach - Removal of IMSI, when SIM is removed from the mobile or mobile is switched off

Mobile to Network • Location Update - Updates registration of the location of a mobile by transmitting LAI •Periodic Update •IMSI Attach - Opposite of Detach, indicating the availability of the mobile to the network.

Call Setup Procedure
PSTN to Mobile

4 8 11 9 10 13 9 7 12 6 5



10 13





Call Setup Procedure
Mobile to PSTN

3 1 BSS 7 6 2 MSC

4 5



GSM Services
Bearer Services - Packet Data Network service  Tele service Basic Telephony (Diverts, Barring, Closed User Group) Emergency Calls  Short Message Service  Point to Point Mobile terminating  Point to Point Mobile originating  Mobile Cell Broadcast  Facsimile  Supplementary Services - CLIP/ CLIR - Call Forwarding - Call Holding - Call Conferencing - Closed User Group - Call Barring  Support for Value Added Services  Unstructured Supplementary Services Data (USSD)  Customized Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL)

General Packet Radio Service

 1.What is GPRS.  2.To use users specifically need  3.Key network features.  4.Routing  5.Tariff  6.Applications  7.Class of mobile.  8.Configuration

 What is General Packet Radio Service?
Non-voice value added service that allows information to be sent and received across a mobile telephone network . Enables data "packets" to be transmitted at high speed, in the same way as on the Internet.

 What is MMS?
Multi media messaging with which we can send images, audio and video clips with text messages.

 To use GPRS, users specifically need:

1. A mobile phone or terminal that supports GPRS 2. A subscription to a mobile telephone network that supports GPRS 3. knowledge of how to send and/ or receive GPRS information using their specific model of mobile phone, including software and hardware configuration 4. a destination to send or receive information through GPRS .could be a mobile number or an internet address also Features : 1. Speed : 8 kbps. 2. Immediacy : facilitates instant connections whereby information can be sent or received immediately as the need arises, subject to radio coverage. No dial-up modem connection is necessary Key Network Features
 PACKET SWITCHING: GPRS involves overlaying a packet based air interface on the existing

circuit switched GSM network
 SPECTRUM EFFICIENCY : efficient use of scarce radio resources i.e. large numbers of GPRS

users can potentially share the same bandwidth and be served from a single cell.
 INTERNET AWARE : enables Mobile Internet functionality .Services like chat, file transfer,

web browsing, email.


Uplink (Sending)

Downlink (Receiving)


14 kbps

28-64 kbps


9.6-14 kbps

9.6-14 kbps


56 kbps

56 kbps


64 kbps

64 kbps


2 Mbps

2 Mbps

 Chat  TEXTUAL AND VISUAL INFORMATION : Send maps or graphs.  Still images :photographs, greeting cards, presentations.  Moving images :video messages ,movie previews, video


 Web browsing  Audio : Sending audio clips  Internet email : User gets notification once a new mail comes

The class indicates the mobile phone capabilities. Class A A mobile phone can be connected to both GPRS and GSM services simultaneously. Class B Mobile phone can be attached to both GPRS and GSM services, using one service at a time. Class B enables making or receiving a voice call, or sending/receiving an SMS during a GPRS connection. During voice calls or SMS, GPRS services are suspended and then resumed automatically after the call or SMS session has ended. Class C Mobile phone are attached to either GPRS or GSM voice service. You need to switch manually between services.

Name based: User can store and view multiple telephone numbers, emails, URLs and addresses under one name (contact) - First Name and Last Name replaced Name Support of low, mid and high tier phonebook - Fields per contact and number of contacts vary based on tier Sorting and searching - Multi-letter dynamic search - Sort by first and last name Category support - Support of picture and ring tone Distribution list support (email and messaging) Support for separate view of phone and SIM/USIM contacts/categories Combined view (VF specific) Filter of contacts (both phone memory and SIM/USIM) by email, categories Copy of contacts from phone memory to SIM/USIM and vice versa

   

 Enhanced Detail View

- User can scroll through detailed view of the contact form while viewing it
 Storing of structured data

- User has a choice to create new contact or edit existing one when saving information from other applications.
 Launching pad for several communication application – Calling, messaging, MMS, email and


 Sharing of contact via IRDA, Bluetooth, MMS and Email  Synchronization of phone memory contacts via Sync ML, from inside phonebook  1-touch turbo dial management

- User can assign up to 9 speed dial (key 1 to 9), operator locked
 Voice dial and Voice tag management for Speaker dependant call.  Birthday notification for both in/out call  Video telephony (only for 3G)

 User can create a single contact with multiple telephone numbers, emails, URLs

and Postal address

 User can view telephone nos., emails, URLs and

postal address by horizontal scrolling

Low Tier
First Name and Last Name Nickname Up to 3 phone numbers 1 e-mail address 1 postal address

Mid Tier
First Name and Last Name Nickname Up to 5 phone numbers Up to 2 e-mail addresses 1 postal address 1 URL Birthday

High Tier
First Name and Last Name Nickname Up to 7 phone numbers Up to 2 e-mail addresses Up to 2 postal addresses Up to 2 URLs Notes Birthday Zodiac

Minimum: 300 contacts Maximum: depends on usage, but no more than 1000

Minimum: 500 contacts Maximum: depends on usage, but no more than 1500 Category, ring tone, picture ID

Minimum: 700 contacts Maximum: depends on usage, but no more than 2000

• Minimum case occurs when every single field in every contact is filled with maximum number of allowed characters • Maximum number of contacts depends on usage, thus legacy definition of maximum number of contacts supported no longer applies. Memory allocation within phonebook is dynamic

SIM Contact
Name 1 phone number Name

USIM Contact
Nickname Main Number (without type) Up to 3 Additional Numbers (with support for types) Up to 2 e-mail addresses Category

Maximum: 254 contacts

Maximum: 508 contacts

 Number of contacts, support of additional phone numbers, categories, and e-mail

depends on particular implementation of USIM (standard allows for significant flexibility)

User can choose to sort by First Name or Last Name

Display Name concept
Display Name is what is shown in the Summary View Combination of First/Last or Last/First names is Displayed If user entered Nickname, it automatically becomes Display Name If user did not enter name, TRS defines hierarchy of what is displayed

depending on sort setting

Search is a multi-letter dynamic jump-to algorithm Cursor jumps to closest matching contact dynamically adjusting with

each letter Centered or deleted in the search window List is not sub-filtered and is only performed on Display Name Search window only appears when search is invoked Search can be done within all Summary Views and Pickers

Acts as grouping mechanism  Maximum of 10 categories can be stored on phone memory  General is mandatory and other default categories are Business, Personal, VIP  For 3G, if USIM supports categories, up to 10 are supported  Category can be pre-set or user defined  Category stored on the phone can have a picture ID and ring tone associated with it  Individual contact or distribution list can only belong to one category  Categories are managed through “Manage Contacts” -> “Edit Categories”

Fields of categories  Name, members, Ringer ID, Picture ID

E-mail and message distribution lists are supported

Used for outgoing communication only

Each distribution list can be associated with a category

For sort and search purposes, distribution lists are treated as contacts

Distribution lists are not synchronized, copied, or shared

Phone memory summary view

Picture and text list One line summary view

The feature is flex controlled. Setup option
  

Option is seen if Combined View is flexed ON By default, it is Off Selecting Phone & SIM Card option enables the combined view.

 Filtering is possible either via * and # from

summary view or via “Filter” menu

 User can filter by existing categories and contacts

with e-mail.

 Filters are not sticky. Every time phonebook is

entered, default view corresponds to the storage setting

• Single, multiple, or all contacts can be selected for copying • Contact is treated as a whole for copying purposes. Separate pieces of information associated with a contact cannot be copied individually. • Copying from phone to SIM – First Name and Last Name are concatenated according to sort setting – Multiple numbers associated with the same contact on the phone are copied to SIM as separate contacts with the same name • Copying from phone to USIM – First Name and Last Name are concatenated – Multiple contacts with the same name are created only when contact stored on phone has more phone numbers or e-mails than USIM supports • Copying from SIM to phone – The name is copied into either first name or last name, depending on sort setting – Phone numbers with the same name are collected under one number on the phone • Copying from USIM to phone – Types assigned to phone numbers on USIM are transferred to phone when possible – A new contact is always created on the phone, even if other contacts with the same name exist

Phone contact SIM contact - No picture

Additional options than summary view - Deleting individual entries of the contact
 

Detailed view of Distribution lists Detailed view of category

Structure data interface
  

Add/Replace/Modify Stores on NVM/SIM based on Storage device setting Supports storing following information  Phone Numbers (Calling, SMS/MMS/EMAIL, Browser)  Email (SMS/MMS/Email)  URL (Browser)  Picture (Camera, Pictures)  Ring Tones (Audio)

Quick Form

• Phonebook as a launch pad for other communication application – Telephony, messaging, e-mail, browser, post card app and camera can be launched directly from phonebook – Single or multiple contacts can be selected to initiate communications – User can act on highlighted piece of information in summary or detailed view

• Contacts can be sent and received via MMS, E-mail, Bluetooth and IRDA. - Contacts are exchanged as vCards - Support for single vCard exchange (receive and send) - Incoming vCards are always stored as new contact, even if another contact with same Display Name exists - Selection (pickers) of contacts is optimized to guide the user through the process and provide information as to what is stored in each contact

• Synchronization via SyncML is supported. • Synchronization can be launched from phonebook • Only contacts stored on phone memory can be synchronized

Help to quickly access a phone number from idle screen and initiate a voice call to that number. It can be achieved by long key press. One-touch speed dial assignments shall be limited to 9 (keys 1 through 9) Operator Locked, Operator Flexed and User Defined

 

Speaker dependent - Voice tag is stored in the phonebook

Speaker independent Options
  

Edit Voice Dial Erase Erase All

 Picture caller ID for incoming Call (if picture is  Birthday notification for in/out call

assigned to a contact or to the category it belongs)

  

Video telephony shall only by available on 3G handsets. Any telephone number can be made VT enabled VT call can be originated by the options or by a dedicated key.

Status Icon (Memory Full) UI behavior Inbox Folder (Messages Full)

Status Icon (Memory Full) Inbox Folder (Messages Full) ATTENTION!! This is a special situation when there are messages available in the SIM card. In this case, there were 25 messages available in the SIM card (999 + 25 messages).


Remark This flex bit is used to determine if Single composer to create SMS and MMS messages is available. When the value is ON, single composition for SMS and MMS-SMIL will follow. If OFF, then flow sequence as defined for 10427 will be followed and different composers shall be invoked. This value determines Number of text characters needed to transition from SMS to MMS message in Unified Composer. Range will be 1-765 and the default value will be 450 Sending of Delivery report for outgoing SMS shall be flex controlled and based on the flex value message type shall be decided to be SMS or MMS. If Delivery Report for SMS is Flexed ON then message will be SMS and if it is flexed off then message will become MMS. Sending of Subject in an outgoing SMS shall be flex controlled and based on the flex value message type shall be decided to be SMS or MMS. If Subject for SMS is Flexed ON then message will be SMS and if it is flexed off then message will become MMS. Sending a SMS to an email address shall be flex controlled and based on the flex value message type shall be decided to be SMS or MMS. If Sending SMS to email is Flexed ON then message will be SMS and if it is flexed off then message will become MMS. Sending a SMS to multiple addresses shall be flex controlled and it will define if SMS has to be changed to MMS-SMIL when multiple destinations are selected. If Sending SMS to multiple destination is Flexed ON then message will be SMS and if it is flexed off then message will become MMS.





 Till now, Information on a Mobile, Mobile Connectivity, Call connection Procedure &

Setup and General features of a Mobile are explained.

 There are others Places in Mobile Testing where a Tester is needed apart from the

above areas.

 Supported Applications, Browsers, Games, etc are developed and installed on Mobiles

which needs to be tested before they are released/deployed to the clients.

 Hence the need of a tester is as important as a Developer or any other person in

getting the Mobile Industry at its best.

 Sanity Team/Build  Integration Team  System Test Team  Field Test Team  Interoperability Team

 Sanity Team/Build Generate 1FF(Build) using Component Labels, KJava Packs, Flex File and then test for the Basic functionalities like Power Up, check for the working of all the features.  Integration Team Testing with one level Interaction of all features.  System Test Team Multiple Interaction. We will see more about the roles of System Test in the next few slides.  Field Test Team Testing on the move.  Interoperability Team Testing the compatibility of the phone with other devices/products.

 Test Case Execution  Test Case Development and Validation  Test Case Automation

 

 

Manual Test Case Execution phase, involves Normal and Exploratory Testing which covers feature & feature interaction testing (Functionality Testing). We are using GSM/GPRS network for testing these features. Due to current Network limitations, 3G related features will be tested in places where 3G network is available. We test features like Browser, MMS, Email, UPA, Games, Connectivity, IM, Security, Themes, SyncML along few other basic features like Messaging, Multimedia, and Telephony. Test Cases will be allocated to the Test Engineers, and Executed Results will be updated in the Test Central by the Test Engineers. The defects found out during testing are logged in DDTS, centralized database as CR, with the relevant severity & priority. The logged defects are tracked until it gets fixed appropriately. Products will be tested under different cycle plans like Pre STRR, ST-1, ST-2, Macro regression, Micro regression, Soak Regression and bug fix cycle till Shipment Acceptance(SA). Proprietary tools like RSD Lite, MiniFlexTool, RTA are used for flashing, flexing, and data logging.

Test Case - Execution

 Bug tracking and reporting in Dynamic Defect Tracking System (DDTS).  Testing features like Browser, MMS, Email, UPA, Connectivity, IM, Security, Themes,

SyncML and few other basic features like Messaging, Multimedia, Telephony and Games.  Interacting with the Client for reporting and issue discussion frequently through IM and Tele Conference.  Preparing the performance metrics of the team on a Monthly basis (on a rotation basis).  Update the team on New Tools and Upcoming Features in your feature areas.

 Test case Development activity includes Test Case Development and Validation.

During the starting phase, the developer will be assigned with a new feature for which Test Cases needs to be developed. New Work CR will be raised for the Assigned Feature. Number of Test Cases will be Estimated by the Developer after analyzing the SUIS/TRS and will be updated in the New Work Development CR after getting the approval from FA Lead. Test Case Design Document, which covers the all the States and Events, will be prepared by the Test case developer using FI Matrix Tool including all the Requirements mentioned in TRS. Prepared Document will be sent to the FA Lead for Approval. FA Lead will Sign-off the Document, if no changes are required.

 During the Next Phase, Test Cases will be developed based on the Test Case Design

Document. Developed Test Cases will be reviewed internally within the Team. The Test Cases, if required, will be modified based on the Internal Review, and will be sent to the FA Lead for Review and Approval. Based on the final review comments, if required, the test cases will be modified, and moved to the Production Branch from the Development Branch. Finally, the New Work CR will be moved to closed state.

 The next phase of Development will be validating the developed Test Cases. A

Validation CR will be raised for validating the Test Cases Developed. Test Cases developed based on the SUIS/TRS will be validated in the Testing Phones. Validator will raise a Test ware CR after getting the approval from the Test Case Developer, in case, if modification is required in the Test Case. A product CR will be raised by the Validator if a defect is found in the Software during the Validation Phase. Finally, the Validation CR will be moved to closed state.

 Analysis of SUIS/TRS for the new feature and estimation of test case to be developed.  Preparation of Test case Design document for the new feature.  Developing test cases for the identified new feature.  Involved in Reviews and Inspections for test cases developed for the new feature.  Validating the new feature, once it gets implemented on the product.

 System test automation phase involves Analysis, Scripts Development & Maintenance.  During initial phase, the TRS / Test Plan / Test Case is analyzed for the feasibility of

automation on the grounds of complexity, time required for execution, repeatability and maintainability of scripts. Once the Analysis Report is approved by our Project Lead, then the Test Cases will be picked up for Automation.

 Next Phase starts with script development which includes Coding, Validation,

Inspection, Inspection rework and Final Release. The released scripts are to be run using automation tool like PTF & STAT.  Types of testing conducted during automation execution process are Regression Testing, Stress Testing, Stability Testing and Performance Testing. Using STAT, Test cases will be picked up from Test Central and Results will be entered accordingly. From the logs provided by STAT, the Test Engineer will analyze, and report the bugs found out, if any, in DDTS with relevant severity & priority. The logged bugs are tracked until it gets closed appropriately.

 Validating and executing the test scripts using PTF and STAT automation tool.  Analyzing the failure of the scripts from the logs provided by STAT Tool.  Involved in executing the test scripts by conducting Stress testing, Stability testing

and Performance testing on the product.  Interacting with client for issue discussion and reporting bugs on weekly basis by either Tele Conference or Net meeting.

 Escape Defect Analysis  Phase Screening Efficiency