ausmfNidrf;

-1-

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ausmfNidrf;
ñTefMum;a&;rSL;
wuúokdvfrsm;orkdif;okawoeOD;pD;Xme

*syefacwf&ufpo
JG rkid ;f
(8 rwf 1942- 3 ar 1945)-

-2-

ausmfNidrf;

rwfv
8 rwf 1942 *syeftrSwf 215
ajcvsiw
f yfrBuD;ESihf Armhvw
G v
f yf
a&;wyfrawmfwYdk eHeuf 10;00 em
&DwiG f &efuek Nf rdKUukd 0ifa&muford ;f
ykdufonf/

1

«1/ ocifxeG ;f tkyf uREkfyfpGefUpm;cef;
&efuek w
f idk ;f jynfjyKyEHk ydS f 1943 pm 190
aemifu;dk um;vQio
f cifxeG ;f tkyf uREyfk f
pGefYpm;cef; [kñTef;rnf/
2/ rpöwm tkw
d wufqal eZkd *syefppf
tkyfcsKyfa&;acwfjrefrmEkdifiH (tkdEkd;
wkd;½k jrefrmbmomjyef) &efukefyk*H
pmtkyfwkdufESifh ukrm&ykHESdyfwkduf1975
pm 9 aemifu;dk um;vQif *syefppftkyf
csKyfa&;acwf [kñTef;rnf/»

9

4

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

Akv
d rf ;dk BudK; (Akv
d rf LS ;BuD; plZu
l ;D )
u Akv
d rf ;dk zl;Bu;D wku
d yf w
JG iG f usq;Hk
&onfrmS zl;BuD;teD;&dS oajyuke;f
&GmrS NAdwo
d Qwyfrsm;okYd owif;
ay;jcif;aMumif[
h k ,lqNyD; oajy
ukef;&Gm&dS a,musfm;tm;vkH;ukd
wef;pDNyD; ypfowfaponf/

9 rwf 1942 *syef trSwf 15
wyfrawmf\ ppfaoemywdcsKyf
'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyfBuD; *sK&d ½SD dk tD;'g; 

(Lieut-General Shojiro Iida)

&efukefNrdKUokdY a&muf&dSvmonf/
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 9»

10 rwf 1942 *syef trSwf 15
wyfrawmf\ ppfaoemywd 'kwd
, Akv
d cf sKyBf uD; tD;'g;u trSwf
15 wyfrawmf wpfcsuv
f w
T f
trdeYf 98 xkwjf yefum 'kw,
d
OD;pD;csKyf Akv
d rf LS ;BuD;emql (Colokf
nel Nasu Yoshio) tm; ppfty
csKyfa&;½k;H zGUJ pnf;&ef wm0efay;
tyfonf/

[Ba Maw Breakthrough in
Burma: Memoirs of Revolution
1939-1946 London, Yale
Universitypress 1968 P 154: hereafter cited as Ba Maw Breakthrough in Burma. ]

«*syefppftyk cf sKyfa&;acwf pm 87^ 342»

&Jabmfo;Hk usyd 0f if Akv
d rf ;dk zl;BuD;
wku
d yf w
JG iG f usqk;H onf/ 

*syef trSwf 55 wyfronf
yJc;l rS ajrmufbufcsD wuf&m jyif;
xefpmG ckcw
H u
dk cf u
dk rf EI iS hf &ifqidk &f
onf/ 

«jra'gif;ndK &JabmfokH;usdyf (owår
tMurd )f &efuek af Mu;rkH owif;pmwku
d f
ESihf *g'D,ef;owif;pmwku
d yf EHk ydS f 1992
pm 49 aemifu;dk um;vQif &JabmfokH;
usdyf [kñeT ;f rnf»

2

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 11»

*syeftrSwf 15 wyfrawmf
aoemywd *sKd&DS½kd tD;'g;
1

2

-3-

ausmfNidrf;

11 rwf 1942 jrefrmhtvif;
owif;pm jyefvnfxw
k af 0onf/

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

tar&duef Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; pwD;
0Jvf (General Joseph Warren
Stilwell 1883-1946 His sol- 

[Burma Intelligence Bureau,
Burma During the Japanese
Occupation,Vol 1, Simla 1943
P 20, hereafter cited as Burma
During the Japanese Occupa-

diers called him ‘‘Vinegar
Joe’’)

onf w½kwEf idk if H csKu
H if;
(Chung King) NrdKUrS vm;½I;d NrdKUokYd
a&muf&dSvmonf/

tion,Vol 1]

[Joseph W.Stilwell The Stilwell
papers London, Macdonald 1949
.P76- hereafter cited as Stilwell
papers]

12 rwf 1942 NAdwo
d QAv
dk rf LS ;BuD;
0DvQpH vif; (Sir William Joseph
Slim 1891-1970) onf tdE,

Ekid if H uvuwåm;NrdKUrS rauG;NrdKU
okYd a&muf&v
Sd monf/
[Field Marshal Sir William Joseph Slim Defeat into Victory
London Cassell and Company Ltd
1956 PP 21-22 ;hereafter cited as
Slim Defeat into Victory]

AkdvfcsKyfBuD;pwD;0Jvf
AkdvfrSL;BuD; 0DvQHpvif;
3

4

-4-

ausmfNidrf; 

AkdvfrSL;BuD;plZluD; (Akdvfrkd;BudK;)
Akv
d af wZ (Akv
d af tmifqef;) wkYd
onf Armhvw
G v
f yfa&; wyfr
awmfwyfzYJG tcsKdUukd OD;aqmifí
&efukefNrdKUokdY a&muf&dSonf/

tpnf;ta0; usif;yjyD;aemuf
Akv
d rf LS ;MuD;pvif;onf trSwf (1)
jrefrmwyfrBuD; (No.1 Burma
Corps) \ wyfrLS ;tjzpf wm0ef
,lonf/

«tdZlrd,wufpka&m uRefawmfyg0ifcJh
aomrDemrDuDuef;&efuek /f wuúov
dk f
rsm;ykEH ydS w
f u
dk /f 1981 pm 160? aemif
uk;d um;vQif rDemrDuDuef; [kñTef;
rnf»

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 24]

14 rwf 1942 arNrdKU (,ckjyifO;D
vGi)f wGif tar&duefAf v
dk cf sKyfBuD;
pwD;0Jvf? AkdvfcsKyfBuD; arm&pf
(General Morris) ESihf Akv
d cf sKyf
BuD; tvufZ`E´m;wkYd tpnf;ta0;
usif;yonf/
[Stilwell Papers P 79]

AkdvfcsKyfBuD;tvufZ`E´m;
13 rwf 1942 jrefrmjynfppfwyf
rsm;\ 'kw,
d OD;pD;rSL; Akv
d cf sKyBf uD;
tvufZ`E´m; (General Harold
Alexander 1891-1969 ) ESihf
AkdvfrSL;MuD; pvif;wkdY jynfNrdKUü

15 rwf 1942 *syeftrSwf 15
wyfrawmf ppfaoemywd 'kw,
d
Akv
d cf sKyBf uD; tD;'g;u trSwf 15
wyfrawmf odrf;ykdufxm;aom
e,fajrtkyfcsKyfa&;vkyfief; vrf;
ñTe}f } csrSwo
f nf/
xkdvrf;ñTefcsufwGif ppf
tkyfcsKyfa&;wnf&dSaponfh &nf
rSef;csufrSm
1/ jynfoUl jidr;f csr;f a&;ESihf pnf;
urf;ao0yfa&;ukd wnfaqmuf
&ef
2/ *syef wyfrawmf twGuf
taxmuftyHhrsm; vkHavmufpGm&
&dS&ef

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

3/ ta&;MuD;o,HZmwrsm; vQif
jrefpGm xkwfvkyfokH;pGJ&efESifh
4/ tem*wfpepfwustyk cf sKyfa&;
twGuf vkt
d yfaom jyifqifrjI yK
vky&f eftwGuf jzpfonf/
xkjd yif jrefrmEkid if t
H m;
jAdwo
d Q
wHy;dk atmufrS vGwf
ajrmufapjyD; *syeftifyg,mESifh
ppfa&;pD;yGm;a&;ukd &if;&if;ESD;ESD;
wnfaqmuf&ef/ aemifwiG f jrefrm
Ekid if t
H m; vGwv
f yfa&; ay;jyD;
vGwv
f yfaom tpk;d & zGUJ pnf;xl
axmifEidk af tmif aqmif&u
G af y;
&efvkdtyfaomfvnf; avmavm
q,fwiG rf l r[mta&SUtm&S ppfyJG
atmifjrifr&I &djS yD;rS jrefrmhvw
G f
vyfa&; taumiftxnf ay:
vdrrhf nf[k
arQmv
f ifah e&onfh
twGuf jrefrmhvw
G v
f yfa&; jyó
emukd rxkwaf zmf&ef/ okYd&mwGif
jrefrmwkdY\ vGwfvyfa&; arQmf
vifhcsufrsm; raysmufysufap&
atmif *½kjyK&rnf[k yg&do
S nf/
[General Plan for the Control of
the Occupied Areas under the
Hayashi Army Group (Hayashi
Shu dan Senryochi Tochi Yoko)
issued by Iida Shojiro, The commander of the Hayashi Army
Group, March 15, 1942, Ota
Tsunezo, Biruma Ni Okeru Nihon
Gunseishi No Kenkyu Tokyo

Yoshikawa Kobunkan 1967, PP
487-491)
(Burma: Japanese Military Administration, Selected documents,
1941-1945(Edited by Frank N.
Trager) Philadelphia, University
of Pennsylvania press 1971.PP
45-52: here after cited as Japanese Military Administration,
Documents, 1941-1945]

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 117»

*syefwyfrawmf 'kw,
d OD;pD;csKyf
Munf;wyfAkdvfrSL;MuD; emqlonf
*Geaf qbk (Gunseibu) ac: *syef
ppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H zGUJ pnf;xlaxmif
í &efuek Nf rdKU&dS bk&ifct
H rd af wmf
(,ckjynfolUvTwfawmf0if; t
wGi;f wnf&cSd zhJ ;l onf) wGif ½k;H zGihf
onf/ emqlonf ppftyk cf sKyaf &;
½k;H Ouú| tjzpfaqmif&u
G o
f nf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 68»

18 rwf 1942 vlxkjidrf;at;ap
a&;wyfzUJG wyfzUJG rSL; ukb
d m,m &DS
(Kobayashi ) u ausnmcsuf
wpf&yf xkwjf yefonf/
ausnmcsufrSm
(1) ppfab;'Pf cHc&hJ aom jynf
olvx
l t
k m; oem;n§mwm pmem
axmufxm;ygaMumif;/

-5-

ausmfNidrf;

(2) ,cifu &efuek Nf rdKUay:wGif
aexkdifcJhMuaom
w½kwfESifh
tdE,
d´ vlrsK;d rsm;teuf olawmf
aumif;vufrSwf &,lvkdolrsm;
onf oufqidk &f m½k;H okYd avQmuf
xm;EkdifaMumif;/

21 rwf 1942 rauG;av,mOf
uGi;f &dS NAdwo
d Qavwyf (Royal
Air-force) ukd *syefavwyfu
wku
d cf u
dk f zsufq;D onf/
[Slim Defeat into Victory P 41]
[Mourice Collis Last and First
in Burma 1941-48 , London,
Faber & Faber Limited 1956 P
293: hereafter cited as Collis
Last and First in Burma, ]

(3) jrefrmvlrsKd;rsm;ESihf olawmf
aumif; vufrw
S f &xm;aom
w½k w f ? td E ´ d , vl r sKd ; rsm;xJ r S
taetxkid f Muyfwnf;í tpm;
taomuf iwfrw
G q
f if;&JMuolwYdk
tm; qefEiS q
fh m;rsm;ukd wwftm;
oa&GU axmufyhHulnDaeaMumif;/
(4) tvkyv
f ufrrhJ sm;tm; tvkyf
tukid f wpfpw
Hk pfck &SmazGay;ae
aMumif;/
*syefwyfrawmf
vlxkjidrf;at;apa&;tzGJU/

jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH qma':ref
prpfonf &Sr;f jynfwpfciG f vSnhf
vnf&ef arNrdKU (jyifO;D vGi)f rS
oDaygokdY pwifc&D;xGufonf/ 

[Collis Last and First in Burma,
P 132]

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 275»

20 rwf 1942 AE¨KvOD;pdeo
f nf
[Hom0wDe,frS &efukefNrdKUokdY
a&muf&v
Sd mNyD;
uefawmfBuD;
apmif;&dS a'gufwmbarmftrd w
f iG f
wnf;ckdonf/
«AE¨KvOD;pdef uREkfyfwkdYtwGif;a&; yx
rwG?J &efuek f od&aD Z,sKyH EHk ydS ?f 1946 pm 26 aemifu;dk um;vQif AE¨KvOD;pdef
uREkfyfwkdYtwGif;a&; (y) [kñeT ;f rnf»

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

*syefppfA[kXd merS aMunmcsuf
wpf&yf xkwjf yef&mwGif NAdwo
d Q
wkYd \ taESmiftzGUJ ukd cHpm;ae&
aom jrefrmjynftm; uReb
f 0rS
vGwaf jrmuf&eftwGuf jrefrmjynf
twGif;okdY *syefppfonfawmfrsm;
csDwufvmonfhtcgü *syefwyf
rawmfrsm;rSm xm;0,f? aumhu
&dw?f armfvNrdKi?f rkwrå ? bD;vif;?
ppfawmif;? yJc;l ? &efuek Ef iS w
hf uG
ppfrsufESmt&yf&yffwGif ol&owåd
MuD;rm;pGm tqufrjywfatmifjrif
cJhMujyDjzpfaMumif;? jrefrmvlrsKd;
tajrmuftjrm;onf *syefwkdY\
ppfa&;ppf&mukd yl;aygif;aqmif
&Gurf rI mS ae&mwkid ;f wGif txl;MuD;
us,af Mumif;? *syefwyfrawmfMuD;
ESihf ,ckuo
hJ Ydk yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G f
aom jrefrmjynfudk MuD;rm;aom
urÇmh ta&SUykid ;f
ppfMuD;\
taumif;qk;H tykid ;f [k rSw,
f rl nf
jzpfaMumif; ppfyrJG mS rjyD;jywfao;
aMumif;? txufjrefrmjynfwGif
t*Fvyd ?f tdE,
d´ ESihf w½kww
f yfrsm;
yl;aygif;jyD; jrefrmjynfudk taESmif
tzGUJ xm;&ef &nf&,
G af eaMumif;yg
&dSonf/

*syefppfXmecsKyfrS aiGpuúLok;H pGJ
a&;ESihf ywfoufí aMunmcsuf
wpf&yfxw
k jf yefonf/ xkad Munm
csufwGif *syefppfzufXmeonf
a':vm *Pef;jzifh ½ku
d Ef ydS x
f m;
aom ppfo;Hk aiGpuúLrsm;ukd jref
rmjynfwiG f w&m;enf;vrf;ouf
0ifpmG tok;H jyKvrd rhf nfjzpfaMumif;?
ta&SUtm&Swu
dk f acwfopf xl
axmifonfh Ekid if rH sm;wGif ok;H pGJ
onft
h wkid ;f *syefppfbufqidk &f m
u tok;H jyKaom a':vmaiGrsm;\
wefb;dk wnfwchH idk Nf rJru
I dk *syef
tpkd;&u vkH;0wm0ef,laMumif;/
xkdYjyif *syefppfbufXmeonf
usyf*Pef;jzifh ½ku
d Ef ydS af om aiG
puúLrsm;udkvnf;xkwfa0aMumif;?
jrefrmaiGEiS hf *syefa':vm ESprf sKd;
ESpfpm;onf wefzkd;nDrQaMumif;/
aiGpuúL tok;H jyK&mwGif vG,u
f l
ap&ef yJ? ykid pf epfudk y,fzsuí
f
qifh 100 ukd tajccHxm;í tok;H
NyKrnfjzpfaMumif;/
usyfESifha':vmnDrQykHrSm
usyf
a':vm
aiG 10
a':vm 10
aiG 5
a':vm 5
aiG 1
a':vm 1
qifh
usyf  

«jrefrmhtvif;owif;pm 21-3-42
aemifu;dk um;vQif jrefrmhtvif;
[kñTef;rnf»

jrefrmEkdifiHbk&ifcH qma':refprpf
5

6

-6-

ausmfNidrf;
tion, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
58-63]

10 aiG 1 usy\
f 10 ykw
H pfyHk
5 aiG 1 usy\
f 20 ykH wpfyH k
1 aiG 1 usy\
f 100 ykH wpfyHk
txufyg aiGpuúLukd tok;H rjyK
bJ jiif;qefou
l dk &efot
l jzpf
oabmxm;í tjypfay;rnfjzpf
aMumif;ESihf ,cifrv
l vuf&Sd aiG
puúLrsm;ESihf yku
d q
f aH Mu;aiGrsm;ukd
vnf; qufvuf ok;H pGEJ idk o
f nf
[k yg&do
S nf/

*syef Akv
d cf sKyfMuD;u ppfbuf
qkid &f m aMunmcsuf wpf&yf xkwf
jyef&mwGif *syefppfwyfu odr;f
ykdufjyD;aome,frsm;&dS e,fole,f
om;rsm;onf
1/ *syefwyfrawmfftm; ykefuef
&ef BuH&,
G jf cif;/
2/ *syef wyfrawmf\ toGm;
tvmukd olvQKt
d jzpf axmuf
vSrf;jcif;/
3/ c&D;toGm;tvm cufcaJ tmif
oHMudK;? aMu;eef;? rD;&xm;
tquftoG,fESifhvrf;rsm;ukd
ydwfqkdUjcif;? wl;ajrmif;rsm;?
ppfbuf tokH;0ifaom a&
vrf;rsm;ukd jzwfawmufjcif;?
zsufqD;jcif;/
4/ *syefppfbuf t&m&d?S ppfom;
rsm;ESifh jrdKUoljrdKUom;rsm;ukd
aESmifh,Sufjcif;? cJ,rf;rD;
ausmufrsm;ukd ckd;,lzsufqD;
jcif;/
5/ *syefppfwyfrsm; ysufpD;&ef
&nf&G,fí tqdyfrIefUtqdyf
ESihf ywfoufaomt&mrsm;ukd
jyefUoGm;atmif jyKvkyfjcif;/
6/ *syeftyk cf sKyaf &; t&m&drS sm;\
0g'ESihf qefUusiaf om tvGef 

«jrefrmhtvif; 21-3-42»

23 rwf 1942 *syeftrSwf 15
wyfrawmf\
ppfaoemywd
'kwd,AkdvfcsKyfBuD;tD;'g;u *syef
ppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H (*Geaf qbk) trI
xrf;rsm;tm; zdwaf c:í r[m
ta&SUtm&S ppfyBJG uD; qifEf aJG eqJ
umvü odr;f yku
d x
f m;aom e,f
ajrrsm;ü wnfaqmufa&;vkyif ef;
rsm; aqmif&u
G &f rnfh ppftyk cf sKyf
a&;½k;H wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifMu&
onfrSm wm0efMuD;av;aMumif;
ESihf wefz;dk &daS Mumif; Mo0g'pum;
ajymMum;onf/ xkYdaemuf ppftyk f
csKyfa&;½kH; Ouú| emqluvnf;
ppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H trIxrf;rsm;tm;
aqmif&Guf&rnfh vkyfief;wm0ef
tao;pdyu
f dk ñTeMf um;onf/f
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 88-89»
[Japanese Military Administra-

7

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

tMuL;tjrwfwif a&mif;jcif;?
uket
f a&mif; t0,frsm;udk
zsufvkdzsufqD; jyKvkyfjcif;?
aiGtok;H tpGrJ sm;udk rvku
d ef m
jcif;/
7/ *syef wyfrawmf\ vkNH cHKa&;
ukd jcdrf;ajcmufjcif; paom
rnfonfhtjyKtrIrsKd;rqkd jyK
vkyfjcif;/
8/ *syefwyfrawmf AkdvfcsKyfMuD;
\ aMunmcsut
f m; vku
d ef m
jcif;ukd wm;jrpfjcif;/
9/ txufyg tcsurf sm;ukd BuH
pnftm;ay;jyKvkyjf cif; wkUd ukd
rjyKvyk &f ef
wm;jrpfvu
dk f
aMumif;? wm;jrpfcsufrsm;udk
usL;vGefygu ppfOya't&
MuD;av;aom tjypf'Pf (okYd
r[kw)f ao'Pfay;jcif; cH&
rnf jzpfaMumif; yg&do
S nf/

24 rwf 1942 jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH
qma':refprpf awmifBuD;NrdKUrS
rdw¬DvmjrdKUokdY a&mufonf/
[Collis Last and First inBurma
P 137]

*syefwyfwYdu
k awmifi&l Sd w½kwf
wyfwYdkudk wku
d cf u
dk &f m w½kww
f yf
rsm; rcHEidk b
f J qkwcf mG &onf/ 

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 139]

25 rwf 1942 jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH
qma':refprpf rdwv
D¬ mrS rEÅav;
jrdKUukd jzwfoef;í arNrdKUokYd jyef
vnfa&muf&dSonf/
[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 137]

Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; plZu
l ;D (Akv
d rf ;dk MudK;)
u AE¨KvOD;pdet
f m; ac:,lawGUqkH
onf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 30-3-42»
«*syefppftyk cf sKyfa&;acwf pm 256»

«AE¨KvOD;pdef uREkfyfwkdYtwGif;a&;(y)
pm 34-36»

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945:
P64] 

&efuek Nf rdKU

bDatat uGi;f

(Burma Atheletic Association)

jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH qma':ref
prpf anmifa&TNrdKUokdY a&muf&dS
onf/

wGif jrefrmhatmifypJG pfaeU tcrf;
tem; usi;f yonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 26-3-42»

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 134]

8

-7-

ausmfNidrf;

26 rwf 1942 *syeftrSwf 55
wyfronf awmifiNl rdKU teD;okYd
a&muf&dSonf/

*syef trSwf 56 wyfr awmifil
NrdKUteD; csDwufa&muf&dSvmjyD;
trSwf 55 wyfrukd ulnt
D m;jznfh
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 11»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;cwf pm 11»

28 rwf 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU a&Tw*d Hk
apwDawmf taemufrck w
f iG f eHeuf
9 em&Dü vGwv
f yfa&;wku
d yf w
JG iG f
usqkH;ol tmZmenfrsm;jzpfonfh
1/ t&SifOD;0dpm&
2/ om,m0wDta&;awmfykHwGif
usqkH;aom q&mpHESifhwuG
tmZmenfyk*¾dKvfrsm;
3/ a&eHajroydwf ta&;awmfykH
wGif usq;Hk aom tmZmenf
yk*¾dKvfrsm;
4/ ausmif;om; ta&;awmfykHü
usqkH;aom Akdvfatmifausmf
ESifh tjcm;tmZmenfausmif;
om;rsm;
5/ rEÅav;ta&;awmfyüHk usqk;H
aom tmZmenfrsm;
6/ jrefrmjynf vGwfvyfa&;ESifh
ywfoufí e,ftoD;oD;ü
usqk;H aom tmZmenfrsm;
7/ ,ckwkdufyGJwGif usqkH;aom
wyfom;rsm;ESifh wyfAkdvfrsm;
ukd cs;D usL;yGEJ iS hf ¤if;wkYdudk &nfp;l
í qGr;f oGwf trQa0yGJ jyKvyk f
onf/

29 rwf 1942 eHeufyidk ;f wGif a&T
awmifNrdKUtwGif;okdY *syefwyfr
awmfEiS hf Akv
d &f efEidk f MuD;rSL;onfh
ArmhvGwfvyfa&;wyfrawmf a&
aMumif;csD wyfzUJG rsm; 0ifa&muf
onf/ a&TawmifNrdKU ajrmufbuf
ajcmufrkdiftuGm ckepftdrfwef;&Gm
wGif a&aMumif;f csDwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;ESihf
NAdwdoQwyfzGJUrsm; &ifqkdifwkdufyGJ
jzpfymG ;onf/ jAdwo
d QwYdku jynf
jrdKUokYd a&muf&aSd eonfh 2^13 e,f
jcm;aoewfukdifwyfzGJUtm; xyfrH
apvTwí
f wku
d cf u
dk &f m n 7 em&D
wGif a&aMumif;csw
D yfzUJG 0ifrsm; a&T
awmifjrdKUwGif; qkwfcGm&onf/
*syefwyfwYdku a&aMumif;csw
D yfzUJG
0ifrsm;ukd jrdKUjyifqw
k cf mG ckid ;f jyD; a&T
awmifjrdKUwGi;f csw
D ufvmonfh jAd
wdoQ wyfrsm;udk tjyif;txef ckcH
wk d u f c k d u f o nf / naeES i f h n
ykid ;f wGif aygif;wnfbufrS NAdwd
oQ oHcsyfumum;rsm;? pufao
ewfwifarmfawmfum;rsm; a&Tawmif
bufoYdk csw
D ufvm&m *syefwyf

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

&efuek Nf rdKUawmfcef;rwGif &efuek f
tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU zGifhyGJtcrf;tem;
usif;y&m Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; aw&m'g
(Col Terada) trSL;jyKonfh *syef
ppfAkdvfrsm;ESifh ArmhvGwfvyfa&;
wyfrawmfrS ppfAv
dk rf sm; wuf
a&mufonf/ tcrf;tem;wGif &ef
uket
f yk cf sKyfa&;tzGUJ Ouú| Od;wif
u rdefUcGef;ajymMum;onf/

rsm; ckcw
H u
dk cf u
dk &f if; a&TawmifNrdKU
wGi;f okYd qkwcf mG & onf/ 

«jra'gif;ndK a&TawmifwkdufyGJ &efukef
pmayAdrmefyEHk ydS f 1991 pm 74^87-90
aemifukd;um;vQif jra'gif;ndK a&T
awmifwkdufyGJ [kñTGef;rnf»

30 rwf 1942 eHeufapmapmwGif
NAdwdoQ oHcsyfum;wyfu a&T
awmifNrdKUukd pwifwu
dk cf u
dk o
f nf/
a&TawmifNrdKUtwGif;&dS *syefwyf
rsm;onf NAdwo
d QwYdk ,refaeUn
u a&TawmifNrdKU&dS tdrt
f vGwrf sm;
ay:okdYwufa&muf wyfqifxm;
onfh pufaoewfrsm;jzifh ypfcwf
wkdufckduf cH&jcif;aMumifh tus
tqkH;rsm;jym;onf/ a&TawmifjrdKU
twGi;f &dS *syefwyfrsm;onf jAdwd
oQwyfzUJG rsm;\ NrdKUawmifbufEiS hf
ajrmufbufrS ESpfzufn§yfwkduf
cku
d jf cif;udk tjyif;txef cH&
onft
h wGuf eHeuf 10 em&DwiG f
&efukef&dS *syefavwyfxH tul
tnDawmif;cHonf/ eHeuf 11
em&DwiG f *syefav,mOf 23 pif;u
jAdwdoQwyfzGJUrsm;udk AkH;BuJwkduf
cku
d &f m NAdwo
d Qwyfrsm; jynfNrdKU
bufokdY qkwfcGmxGufajy;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 31-3-42»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 104105»

*syef trSwf 55 wyfronf
eHeufwiG f awmifiNl rdKUukd odr;f yku
d f
Ekdifonf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;cwf pm 11»

(jra'gif;ndK a&TawmifwkdufyGJ
pm 74-81^87-90^134-135)

AkdvfcsKyfBuD;a0bJvf

«jrefrmhtvif; 29-3-42»
9

10

-8-

ausmfNidrf;

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

31 rwf 1942 Akv
d cf sKyMf u;D a0bJ

ppftajctaet& xyfrHqkwfcGm

2/ rEÅav;NrdKUudk awmifilbufrS

vf

(General Sir Achibald

&ef vkt
d yfaMumif; qk;H jzwfonf/

1883-1950)

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 4849]

aomfvnf;aumif;? {&m0wD
jrpfwavQmufrS aomfvnf;

Percival Wavell

tdE,
d´ Ekid if H rS arNrdKU (jyifO;D vGi)f
okYd av,mOf jzifh a&muf&o
Sd nf/

Armhvw
G v
f yfa&; wyfrawmfu

aumif; csDwufí &efow
l yf
rsm;ukd 0J-,meSpb
f ufrS n§yf

]]&Jabmf wkdYArmtaygif;wkdY}} [l
onfh aMunmcsuf xkwjf yefonf/

wku
d jf yD;vQif
rEåav;NrdKU
taemufbuf&dS {&m0wDjrpf

«jrefrmhtvif; 1-4-42»

urf;wGif tm;vk;H ukd jzdKzsuf
acsrIef;&rnf/ 

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 141]

{jyD v
1 {jyD 1942 *syefwyfrawmf ppf
aoemywd 'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; tD;

3 {jyD 1942 *syefavwyfu
rEåav;jrdKUudk
('kw,
d tMudr)f
Ak;H BuJ wku
d cf u
dk o
f nf/

'g;u vGKd ifaumf? &rnf;oif;ESihf
a&eHacsmif;wkYdrS ppfpwifqifErJT nf
[k qk;H jzwfonf/

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 143]

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 11» 

*syef wyfrawmf ppfaoemywd

*syefwyfrawmfESifh ArmhvGwf
vyfa&;wyfrawmfwkdY jynfNrdKUudk

'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyMf uD;tD;'g;u rEÅav;
ppfqifa&; qifE&JT eftwGuf

tcktcHr&dS odrf;ykdufonf/

1/ vm;½I;d NrdKU teD;&dS &efoUl wyf
rsm; aemufqw
k rf oGm;Ekid af tmif 

1947.P-70: hereafter cited as
Grandfather Longlegs ]

5 {jyD 1942 *syefwyfrsm;u a&
wm&SnNf rdKU&dS w½kww
f yf wkYdudk
wku
d cf u
dk f um a&wm&SnNf rdKUukd
odrf;ykdufonf/
[Slim Defeat into Victory P 74]

&efukefNrdKUawmfcrf;rü &efukef
NrdKUr&mZ0wfXme pwif zGiv
hf pS f 

3/ xkYd aemuf vm;½I;d ? Aef;armfEiS hf
uomNrdKUrsm;\
taemuf
bufa'owGif &daS om &efol

wnfaxmifaom tcrf;tem;
usif;yonf/

t<uif;tusefwYdk udk armif;ESif
í oHvGifjrpfnmbufokdYwkdif

«jrefrmhtvif; 7-4-42»

vkdufvHokwfoif&rnf/
[kprD cH suf csrSwo
f nf/

6 {jyD 1942 jrefrmEkid if H bk&ifcH
a':refprpfEiS hf ZeD; rEÅav;jrdKUokYd
oGm;a&mufonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 11»

[Collis Last and First in Burma

«jra'gif;ndKa&TawmifwkdufyGJ pm 111» 

tiftm;MuD;rm;aom wyfzGJU
apvTwí
f qkwv
f rf;ukd ydwf

Akv
d cf sKyMf uD;a0bJvEf iS hf Akv
d cf sKyf

P 144]

4 {jyD 1942 &JabmfokH;usdyf0if
Akv
d Ó
f P zm;yGew
f iG f csKcH w
dk u
dk cf u
dk f
cH&í usq;Hk onf/
[ Ian Morrison Grandfather Long-

MuD; tvufZ`E´m;wkYdonf atmif
vH (ajrxJ) jrdKUokYd a&muf&v
Sd mjyD;

qkUd jzwfawmuf&rnf/
11

legs, London, Faber and Faber ltd.

12

-9-

ausmfNidrf;

w½kwpf pfoMl u;D cseaf u&dw
S f (Generalissimo Chiang K’ai-Shek 18861975) ESihf ZeD; r'rfcseaf u&dw
S f arNrKd U(jyifO;D vGi)f okYda&muf&o
Sd nf/ tar&d
uefAv
dk cf sKyfMuD; pwD;0Jv?f Akv
d cf sKyfMuD; tvufZ`E´m;ESihf csefau&dw
S w
f Ydk
awGUqkHaqG;aEG;onf/ 

[Stilwell Papers PP 96-97]
[Collis Last and First in Burma P 143]

csefau&dSwf? r'rfcsefau&dSwfESifh AkdvfcsKyfBuD;pwD;0Jvf
3/ jrefrmjynfwiG f ppfyüJG usq;Hk
7 {jyD 1942 jrefrmEkdifiHvkH;qkdif
aom (cJ,rf;rD;ausmuf wef
&m ppfAv
dk cf sKyfBuD; Akv
d rf ;dk MudK;u
bk;d ESiw
hf uG) *syefppfom;wpf
trdefUwpf&yf xkwfjyefonf/
a,mufvQif 3000usyf us
trdefYrSm
jrefrmjynfu avQmfaMu;ay;
1/ *syefwyfrsm;tm; pm;eyf
&ef/
&du©may;&ef/
4/ *syefjynfu wifyUdk aom ukef
2/ ukeu
f saom cJ,rf; rD;
ypön;f rsm;tay:wGif 15 ESpf
ausmuf tbk;d ay;&ef/
twGi;f qdyu
f rf;c r,l&ef/
13

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

csmcsDvrf; (,ck ukd,fhrif;ukd,fh
csi;f vrf;) trSwf 8 (,ck yef;csD
yef;ykausmif; -&efuek )f wGif zGihf
vSpfonf/

5/ b@ma&;XmewGi?f *syefjynff
rS acs;,laom aiGraMurcsi;f
*syeftwkid yf ifcH t&m&dS wpf
a,mufcefUxm;&ef/
6/ ppfjyD;aomtcg vGwv
f yf
aom
jrefrmjynftwGuf
pufrI vufrI toD;oD;udk vl
i,f wpfaxmif ok;H pm;&ef
tcrJh ynmoifay;&ef/
7/ *syefjynfü ppfAv
dk u
f dk jrefrm
rsm; cefYxm;&ef/ ppftwGuf
tif * sif e D , mvk d o avmuf
oifMum;&ef/
8/ wpfyg;aom EkdifiHrsm;ESifh
qufo,
G af omtcg *syefoH
trwf tvkrd &du
S
pmcsKyf
zsufodrf;&rnf/
9/ EkdifiHjcm;rSvmaom ukefrsm;
ukd qdyu
f rf;cGeMf uD;pGm,l&ef/f
10/ *syefvlrsKd;rsm;ukd ajreif;c
r,l&ef/
11/ Ekid if jH cm;om;rsm;
twGuf
ypön;f ykid f ajrykid rf xm;&efwYdk
jzpfonf/

[Burma During the Japanese
Occupation,Vol 1, PP 1- 3]
(Ba Maw Breakthrough in
Burma. P 173)

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 75»
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
124-127]

jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH a':refprpfu
cseaf u&dw
S Ef iS hf ZeD; r'rfcseaf u
&dw
S t
f m; npmpm;yGjJ zifh {nfch H
onf/ 

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 144]

*syeftrSwf 33 wyfr atmifvH
(ajrxJ) jrdKUukd odr;f yku
d o
f nf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 12»

8 {jyD 1942 jAdwo
d Qwyfrsm;
atmifvH (ajr xJ) NrdKUukd pGeUf cGm
onf/
[Slim Defeat into Victory P 50]

«Akdvfrkd;MudK;trdefY 26-4-42»

jAdwo
d Q wyfrMuD; XmecsKyf
rauG;jrdKUokdY ajymif;a&TUonf/ 

jrefrmEkid if H A[kt
d pk;d & tkycf sKyf
a&;t&m&dcS sKyf
ocifxeG ;f tkyu
f
trdeUf jyefwrf; trSwf 1 ukd xkwf
jyefaMunmonf/ jrefrmEkid if H A[kd
tpk;d & tkycf sKyaf &;½k;H ukd &efuek jf rdKU 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 52]

14

-10-

ausmfNidrf;

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif; 

*syefavwyfu rEÅav;NrdKUudk
wwd,tBudrf Ak;H BuJ wku
d cf u
dk f
onf/

13 {jyD 1942 a'gufwmbarmf
rkd;ukwfaxmifrS xGufajy;vGwf
ajrmufonf/ 

«ocifEk ig;ESpf&moDArmjynf? &efukef
jrefrmhtvif;owif;pmykEH ydS ?f 1946 pm
16 ? aemifu;dk um;vQif ocifEk ig;
ESpf&moD [kñTef;rnf»

[Ba Maw Breakthrough in
Burma. PP 239-240]

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-63]

15 {jyD 1942 NAdwo
d Qppfwyfu
a&eHacsmif;NrdKU&dS a&eHcsupf uf½EHk iS hf
a&eHwGif;rsm;udk azmufcGJzsufqD;
onf/

Akv
d cf sKyaf tmifqef; MuD;rSL;aom
Armhvw
G v
f yfa&;
wyfrawmf
ajrmufykdif;ppfqifa&; wyfrESpfck
onf txufjrefrmjynf csw
D uf
wkdufckdufa&;twGuf ppfxGuf
tcrf;tem; usi;f yjyD; jynfvrf;
twdik ;f ajrmufbufoYdk csDwuf
onf/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory PP
61-62]

*syef trSwf 55 wyfr om0w¬d
jrdKUukd odrf;ykdufonf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 12»

«rDemrDuu
D ef; pm 177-178»

16 {jyD 1942 NAdwo
d QwyfrMuD;
XmecsKyfukd yif;acsmif;rS a*G;csKdoYdk
qkwfcGmajymif;a&GUonf/

11 {jyD 1942 1920 ausmif;om;
oydwf acgif;aqmifwpfOD;jzpfol
trsK;d om; ynm0ef OD;zk;d usm;
(touf 52 ESp)f tif;pdecf ½kid f
xef;wyifNrdKUwGif uG,v
f eG o
f nf/

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-62]

17 {jyD 1942 eHeuf 7 em&DwiG f
wyf&if;rSL; Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; qmulrm

«wkdufpkd; *E¦ 0 ifp mqkdy nm&dSa v;OD;
&efuek ?f a&mifpOfatmhzq
f uf? 2003/
pm 233-235»

(Colonel Takanobu Sakuma)

OD;pD;onfh *syef trSwf 214
ajcvsifwyf&if;MuD;u a&eHxGuf
a'orsm;ukd xk;d ppfqifEí
JT atmif
jrifpmG odr;f yku
d o
f nf/

rauG;w0kduf&dS NAdwdoQwyfrsm;
ESi*hf syefwyfrsm; awGUqkw
H u
dk yf jJG zpf
yGm;onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 12»

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 55]

axmiftwGi;f &dS ocifE?k ocifp;dk
ESihf ocifA[de;f wkYdtm; 0ifa&muf
awGUqkHonf/

trSwf 38 w½kww
f yfrrS trSwf
113 wyfr[m ausmufyef;
awmif;NrdKUokdY&dSvmonf/

«ode;f azjrifh ppfwGif;c&D;onf pwkwå
tMudrf? &efukef/ yk*HpmtkyfwkdufESifh
ukrm&ykEH ydS w
f u
dk ?f 1968/ pm 18/ aemif
ukd;um;vQif odef;azjrifh ppftwGif;
c&D;onf [kñTef;rnf»

18 {jyD 1942 w½kww
f yfr vdKG if
aumfNrdKUukd pGefUcGmonf/
[Slim Defeat into Victory P-74]

20 {jyD 1942 *syef trSwf 56
wyfrf &Sr;f jynfe,fudk jzwfí csD
wufNyD; vGKd ifaumfNrdKUokYd a&muf&Sd
onf/

18-19 {jyD 1942 NAdwo
d Qwyf
rsm;ESihf *syefwyfrsm; yif;acsmif;
teD; wku
d yf JG jzpfymG ;onf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 12-13»

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P-149]

w½kww
f yfrsm; ysO;f rem;rS qkwf
cGmonf/ 

19 {jyD 1942 AkdvfcsKyfMuD;
tvufZ`E´m? Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; pwD;
0JvEf iS hf Akv
d rf LS ;MuD;pvif;wkYd ppf
a&;tajctaersm; ok;H oyfí a&SU
vkyfief;pOfrsm; aqG;aEG;onf/

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-79]

*syefwyfrsm; awmifMuD;NrdKUukd
odrf;ykdufonf/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-77]

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-74]

21 {jyD 1942 *syefwyfrsm;
[kyd ek ;f a&muf&o
Sd nf/

*syefwyfu ysO;f rem;&dS trSwf
15 w½kwfwyfrukd wkdufckduf
onf/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-76]

22 {jyD 1942 *sife&,fyDtufpf
0rf;u ocifE?k ocifp;dk ESihf ocif
ausmfped w
f Ydk tm; w½kwEf idk if H ac:
aqmifomG ;&ef rEÅav; axmifrS
xkwí
f arNrdKUokYd um;jzifh ac:
aqmifonf/

[Slim Defeat into Victory PP
78-79]

19-20 {jyD 1942 w½kwfppfol
MuD; csefau&dSwf ukd,fpm;vS,f
*sief &,f yDtufpf 0rf; u rEÅav;

«ode;f azjrifh ppfwGif;c&D;onf pm 18»
15

16

-11-

ausmfNidrf;

jrefrmEkid if t
H pk;d &tzGUJ eef;&if;0ef
qmay:xGe;f ESihf b@ma&;0efMuD;
OD;xGe;f atmifausmfwYdk jrpfMuD;em;
NrdKUrS tdE,
d´ Ekid if o
H Ydk av,mOfjzifh
xGufcGmonf/

ocifEw
k Ydktm; arNrdKUokYd &mZ
0wf0ef paumhu ac:aqmifomG ;
&m arNrdKUa&mufaomtcg oDayg
NrdKUukd *syefwyfu odrf;ykdufjyD;
aMumif;? a&SUc&D;xGuí
f rjzpfEidk f
ojzifh &mZ0wf0efpf aumhu ocif
EkwYdktm; rEÅav; jyefac:cJjh yD;
rEÅav;axmifxJwGif jyefxm;
onf/  

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 153]

25 {jyD 1942 aysmb
f ,
G &f Sd trSwf
22 w½kww
f yfrtm; *syefwYdk u
ab;bufrS 0ifwu
dk í
f qkwcf mG &
onf/

«ode;f azjrifh ppfwGif;c&D;onf pm 19»

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-79]

23 {jyD 1942 jrefrmEkid if rH S qkwf
cGmvsuf&dSaom NAdwdoQppffwyfu
rEÅav;wkdif; awmifomNrdKUe,f
oajyyifaus;&Gm&dS tjypfrJh&Gmol
&Gmom; 27 OD;tm; tpkvu
dk t
f NyHK
vku
d f ypfcwfowfjzwfonf/

trSwf 200 w½kww
f yfru [kd
yke;f &dS *syefwYdkudk wku
d x
f w
k í
f
vGdKifvifNrdKUukd odrf;ykdufonf/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-77]

Akv
d cf sKyfMuD;tvufZ`E´m? Akv
d rf LS ;
MuD; pvif;? Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; pwD;0Jvf
wkYd ausmufqnfjrdKUwGif awGUqkH
aqG;aEG;onf/ 

«vkyfom;jynfolUaeUpOf 25-4-90»
«aemifu;dk um;vQif vkyfom; [kñTef;
rnff»

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-79]

27 {jyD 1942 jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH
a':refprpf arNrdKU (jyifO;D vGi)f rS
xGufcGmonf/

Akv
d cf sKyfMuD;pwD;0Jvf OD;aqmif
aom w½kww
f yfrsm; awmifMuD;
jrdKUukd wku
d cf u
dk o
f nf/ 

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 153]

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-77]
[Stilwell papers PP 104-105]

Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; pvif; ppfuidk ;f &dS
wyfrMuD;XmecsKyfokdY jyefvnf
a&muf&dSonf/ 

24 {jyD 1942 Akv
d cf sKyMf u;D pwD;
0Jv\
f wyfrsm; awmifMuD;NrdKUukd
odrf;ykdufonf/

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;
dependence (1944-48) Vol .I Edited by Huge Tinker, London, Her
Majesty Stationery Office,
1983.P XIV: hereafter Cited as
Burma Struggle Vol.1]

noef;acgif,t
H csed w
f iG f NAdwd
oQwyfu jrpfi,fwHwm;tm;
azmufcGJzsufqD;onf/ 

«aenGeYfAaqG? jynfolUta&;awmfykHyg
wD (1939-46) / r[m0dZmÆ bGUJ ,lusr;f
1984? orkid ;f Xme? &efuek w
f uúov
dk f
pm 124»

w½kwjf refrm vrf;rMuD;twGuf
ta&;ygonfh vm;½I;d NrdKUukd *syef
wyfrsm; odr;f yku
d o
f nf/ 

28 {jyD 1942 jrefrmEkid if H bk&ifcH
a':refprpf
jrpfMuD;em;NrdKUokYd
a&muf&dSonf/

[Slim Defeat into Victory P
78]

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 13»

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 153]

30 {jyD 1942 *syeftrSwf 18
wyfr jrpfi,fjrpf awmifbufoYdk
a&muf&dSonf/

Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; pvif;onf Akv
d cf sKyf
MuD; tvufZ`E´m;xHrS jrefrf mjynf
rS tdE,
d´ okYd qkwcf mG &ef ñTeMf um;
csufrsm; vufc&H &do
S nf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 13»

jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH a':refprpf
ESihf ZeD;wkYdonf arcESihf rvdcjrpf
ESpo
f ,
G q
f &Hk m wefz&J mG okYd aysmfyJG
pm; c&D;xGuo
f nf/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory PP 82
-83]

29 {jyD 1942 ocifE?k ocifp;dk ?
ocifausmfpdefESifh ocifjroGifwkdY
rEÅav;axmifrS vGwfajrmufvm
jyD; rif;uGe;f bufu;l onf/ xkrd S
rEÅav;jyefvmum uykdif&GmokdY
oGm;a&mufonf/ uykid w
f iG f OD;
odef;azjrifh OD;ausmfjidrf; wkdYESifh
awGUqkHonf/

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 159]

«ocifEk ig;ESpf&moD pm 47-59»
«ode;f azjrifh ppfwiG ;f c&D;onf pm 1620»

txufjrefrmjynf vQKdU0Sufajr
atmufXmecsKyf&&Sd m rEÅav;jrdKU
ajrmufbuf uykdif&Gmtjyifbuf
&dS a&wGi;f wpfwiG ;f wGif ocifE?k
ocifp;dk ? OD;ausmfjidr;f ? OD;ode;f az
jrif?h ocifjroGiEf iS hf ocifausmf
pdefwkdY tpnf;ta0;usif;yonf/

NAdwo
d Qwyfrsm; rEÅav;NrdKUukd
pGefUcGmonf/

«ocifEf k ig;eSpf&moD pm 60»
«ode;f azjrifh ppftwGif;c&D;onf pm
16-20» 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P - 86] 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P-77]

[Burma : The Struggle for in-

17

18

-12-

ausmfNidrf;

tif;0wHwm; (ppfuidk ;f wHwm;) ukd NAdwo
d Qwyfrsm;u azmufcJG zsuq
f ;D
onff/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 86]

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

31 {jyD 1942 rk&H mG NrdKUay: Ak;H cspOf
rk H & G m axmif r S ocif a v;armif ?
ocif oef;xGef;? ocifApdefESifh
tjcm;ocifrsm; vGwfajrmufvm
onf/

qkdif&m aiGpuúLrsm;onf usyf?
a':vm okYdwnf;r[kwf qifh
tpdwftykdif;rsm; jzpfap&rnf/
wpfa':vmonf wpfusyfESifhwef
zkd; nDwlnDrQjzpfap&rnf/ wpf
qifhonf wpfusyf\ wpf&mykH
wpfyEHk iS hf wlnaD p&rnf/ wpfusyf
atmuf tEkwfrsm;ESifhywfoufí
ajcmufqifu
h kd wpfyt
J jzpf ok;H pGJ
&rnf} [lívnf;aumif; jy|mef;
onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 17-5-42»
«0efMuD;ocifApdef ocif w k d Y \vG w f
vyfa&;BudK;yrf;rI &efuek ?f wkid ;f jynfjyK
ykEH ydS ?f 1943 pm 101/ aemifu;dk um;
vQiAf pdef vGwfvyfa&;BudK;yrf;rI [k
ñTGef;rnf»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm216»

arv
1 ar 1942 Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; pvif;
OD;pD;onfh jrefrmjynfwyffrMuD;\
aemufwef;XmecsKyfEiS hf trSwf 17
wyfrXmecsKyf a&OD;jrdKUokYd a&muf
&dSonf/

*syeftrSwf 18 wyfr[monf
jrpfi,fjrpfukd jzwful;í 18;20
em&DwiG f rEÅav;NrdKUukd odr;f yku
d f
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 13»
«ocifxeG ;f tkyf uREkfyfpGefUpm;cef; pm
203»

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 95]

*syeftrSwf 15 wyfrawmf ao
emywd tD;'g;u aMu;aiGESifhpyf
vsOf;í aMunmcsufwpf&yfxkwf
jyefonf/ xkdaMunmcsufwGif
]jrefrmjynfwiG f vJv,
S o
f ;Hk pG&J rnfh
w&m;0ifaiGaMu;rsm;rSm 1941 ck
ESpf 'DZifbm 8 &ufaeYü vSnhf
vnf ok;H pGaJ eaom aiGpuúLrsm; ESihf
*syeftpkd;& ppfzufqkdif&m aiG
puúLrsm;om jzpf&rnf} [lí
vnf;aumif;? ]*syeftpk;d & ppfzuf 

*syeftrSwf 15 wyfrawmf ppf
aoemywdcsKyf 'kwd,AkdvfcsKyfMuD;
tD;'g; rEÅav;NrdKUokYd a&muf&v
Sd m
jyD; trSwf 56 wyfrukd oHviG jf rpf
txufykdif;a'oESifh jrpfMuD;em;
bufoYdk apvGwí
f &eforl sm;udk
wkdufckdufaponf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 13»

tif;0wHwm;(ppfukdif;wHwm;) azmufcGJzsufqD;jyD;aemufawGUjrif&ykH
19

20

-13-

ausmfNidrf;

2 ar 1942 jrefrmEkid if q
H idk &f m
*syefppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H onff Munf;
wyf axmufvrS ;f a&; Akv
d rf LS ; em*
qmuD (Major Nagasaki) tm;
XmecGJrSL; cefUtyfí rEÅav;jrdKU
wGif *syefppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H XmecGGJ
zGifhvSpfonf/
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 89»

NAdwo
d Qppfwyfu rk&H mG NrdKUe,ft;dk
bkad wmifaus;&Gmtkypf k awmifuef
&Gmukd ajrvSerf ;D ½IUd zsufq;D jyD; &Gm
ol&mG om; 50 ausmt
f m; &ufpuf
pGm owfjzwfonf/ 

«vkyfom; 8^9-11-90»

tar&duefAkdvfcsKyfMuD;pwD;0Jvf
a&Tbrdk S jrpfMuD;em;NrdKUokYd *spu
f m;
jzifh xGucf mG onf/ 

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 171]

ppfawGtusOf;axmifwGif uscH
aecJ&h aom 0efMuD;csKyfa[mif; OD;
bOD; (rEÅav;) &efu
f ek Nf rdKUokYd
a&muf&dSonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 3-5 -42»

3 ar 1942
Akv
d cf sKyMfu;D
pwD;0Jvf 0ef;okNd rdKUokYd eHeuf 9;
30 wGif a&muf&o
Sd nf/
[Stilwell papers P-109]

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

4 ar 1942 jrefrmEkid if H bk&ifcH
a':refprpfonf jrpfMuD;em;NrdKUrS
tdE,
d´ Ekid if o
H Ydk av,mOfjzifh xGuf
cGmonf/

w½kwpf pfAv
dk cf sKyf qGev
f *D sif
(General Sun Li Jen) \trSwf
38 w½kww
f yfr a&Tbrdk S qkwcf mG
&mwGif ode;f azjrif?h ocifausmpf ed f
ESihf ocifjroGiw
f Ydk vku
d yf goGm;cJh
onf/ (aemufyidk ;f wGif w½kww
f yf
ESihf qufvuf rvku
d yf gvkad wmh
ojzifh rJZmteD;ü w½kwfwyfrS
xGufajy;Muonf/)

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 166]

«ode;f azjrifh ppfwGif;c&D;onf pm 3441»

*syefwyfr 56 vufatmuf&Sd
wyf&if;tcsKdUu Aef;armfNrdKUukd
odrf;ykdufonf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 13»

5 ar 1942 *syefwyfu jrpf
MuD;em;NrdKUukd odrf;ykdufonf/
[Slim Defeat into Victory P-78]

Akv
d cf sKyfMuD;pwD;0Jvf tif;awmf
a&muf&o
Sd nf/ jrpfMuD;em;NrdKU *s
yefvufatmuf usa&mufonfudk
Mum;od&í csif;wGif;jrpffukdjzwf
um tdE,
d´ Ekid if o
H Ydk oGm;a&muf&ef
qkH;jzwfonf/ 

[Collis Last and First inBurma
P 172] 

6 ar 1942 Akv
d cf sKyBf u;D pwD;0Jvf
refpD&Gma&muf&Sdonf/
[Stilwell papers P.110]

8 ar 1942 *syeftrSwf 56 wyf
r atmuf&Sd wyf&if;tcsKUd u jrpf
MuD;em;NrdKUukd odrf;ykduf&&dSonf/
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 13»

9 ar 1942 *syefppfbufqidk &f m
tkyfcsKyfa&;XmerS aiGaMu;okH;pGJrI
ESihf pyfvsO;f onfh aMunmcsuf
xkwfjyefonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 9-5-42»

*syefwyfu w½kwjf refrmvrf;r
MuD;ay:&dS w½kwfjrefrm ESpfEkdifiH
e,fpyfwiG f aqmufvyk x
f m;onfh
wHwm;MuD;ukd azmufcGJ zsufqD;
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm13»

12 ar 1942 rEÅav;NrdKUwGif
wkid ;f cspf owif;pm pwifxw
k af 0
onf/
«wkdif;cspfowif;pm 12-5-42 aemif
uk;d um;vQif wkdif;cspf [kñTef;rnf»

NAdwo
d Qaemuf&efwyfrsm; u
av;0NrdKUrS xGucf mG onf/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 109]

Akv
d cf sKyfBuD;pwD;0Jvf [krv
® if;
NrdKUokYd a&muf&o
Sd nf/ 

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 172]
[Stilwell papers P.112]

a'gufwmbarmfEiS hf rdom;pk
rEÅav;NrdKUokdY a&muf&dS aexkdif
onf/ 

«vlxOk ;D vS owif;pmrsm;u ajymjywJh
ppfwGif;Armjynf yxrwG/J rEÅav;
Mu;D yGm;a&;yHEk ydS /f 1968 /pm 131/ aemif
ukd;um;vQifvlxkOD;vS ppfwGif;Arm
jynf (y) [k ñTe;f rnf»

13 ar 1942 rk&H mG axmifrS vGwf
ajrmufvmonfh ocifav;armif?
ocifoef;xGef;ESifh ocifApdefwkdY
&efukefNrdKUa&muf&dSonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 17-5-42»

15 ar 1942 Akv
d cf sKyBf uD; pwD;
0Jv\
f XmecsKyf tmoHoYdk a&muf
&dSonf/
[Slim Defeat into Victory P-108]

-14-

ausmfNidrf;

16 ar 1942 NAw
d o
d Q trSwf 1 wyfr[m wrl;NrKd UokYd a&muf&o
Sd nf/
[Slim Defeat into Victory P 98]

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

20 ar 1942 NAdwo
d Qppfwyfrsm;
jrefrmEkid if rH S atmifjrifpmG qkwcf mG
rI jyD;qk;H onf/ 

*syef uifaywkid (f Kempeitai)
uwkid ;f cspf ocifoed ;f aztm; zrf;
qD;onf/

[Collis Last and First in Burma.
P 294]
[Burma Struggle Vol .I . P XIV]

«ocifOD;odef;az ukd,fawGUrSwfwrf;
&efuek /f wkid ;f cspfyEHk ydS /f ykEH ydS cf Ek pS rf od/
pm 71/ aemifu;dk um;vQio
f cifoed ;f az
ukd,fawGUrSwfwrf; [kñTef;rnff»

jrefrmEkid if rH S NAdwo
d Qwyfrsm;
uD v k d r D w m 1440(rk d i f 900)
qkwcf mG ppfwiG f NAdwo
d Qppfonf
13463 OD; tqk;H t½I;H &djS yD;? NAdwd
oQwkdYukd vkdufvHwkdufckdufonfh
*syefwyfrsm;bufrS 4597 OD;us
qkH;cJhonf/ 

21 ar 1942 *syeftrSwf 15
wyfrawmfppfaoemywd 'kwd,
Akv
d cf sKyfMuD; tD;'g;u ]]Armjynf
tkycf sKyfa&; pDpOfrt
I zGUJ xlaxmif
jcif;f udp}ö } trdeUf xkwjf yef aMunm
onf/

[ World War II Day by Day,
London, Dorling Kindersley Ltd.
2001 PP 299-300]

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwff pm 90»
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945:
P109-110]

Akv
d cf sKyBf uD; pwD;0Jvf tifzm
NrdKUokYd a&muf&o
Sd nf/ 

rEÅav;NrdKU oHwJ ausmif;wku
d f
wGif NrdKUvk;H uRwf tpnf;ta0;
usif;yonf/ *syef ppfAkdvfMuD;
qmul½idk ;f (Sakurai Hyogoro)
u tm&Swu
dk o
f m;rsm;
pnf;vk;H
a&;ESihf acwfopf xlaxmifa&;
taMumif; a[majymonf/
tpnf;ta0;wGif
1/ jrefrmjynfrS rdpmä 'd|d t*Fvyd f
rsm;ukd *syefwyfrawmfu
armif;ESiyf pfvu
dk o
f nft
h wGuf
*syef{u&mZftm; þtpnf;
ta0;u aus;Zl;wifaMumif;/

[Stilwell papers. P114-115]
[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 173] 

jrefrmEkdifiHrSqkwfcGmcJhonfh jref
rmwyfrBuD;rS wyfrsm;tm;vkH;ukd
trSwf 4 wyfrBuD;okYd vTaJ jymif;f
vku
d u
f m jrefrmwyfrMu;D ukd zsuf
odrf;ypfonf/ 

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 114]

jrefrmEkdifiHrS NAdwdoQwkdY rkdifwpfaxmifeD;yg; atmifjrifpGm
qkwfcGm&m vrf;aMumif; ajrykH/
21

22

-15-

ausmfNidrf;

2/ ppfab;aMumifh vlrsm; tk;d rJh
tdrrf hJ jzpfaeMuojzifh opf
0g;rsm;ukd qkid &f mwkYdu tcrJh
ay;&ef/
3/ &yfxJ&GmxJü vrf;yrf;tp&dS
onfwYdk ysupf ;D ae&m jrdKU&Gm
jyKjyif&ef vsijf refpmG
&Si;f
vif;ypf&ef/
4/ *syef
ppfonfawmfrsm;
twGuf oufomacsmifcsd&ef
NrdKUolNrdKUom;rsm;onf aps;
qkid rf sm;ukd jrefEidk o
f rQ jrefpmG
zGifhay;&ef/
5/ NrdKUolNrdKUom;rsm; oGm;vmae
xkid Mf upOf
*syefrsm;u
taESmuft&Suf ray;&atmif
qkid &f mwkYdu apmifah &Smufay;
&ef ponft
h csurf sm;ukd tm;
vk;H oabmwl qk;H jzwfMu
onf/

rIjzifh tzrf;cH&onfh ocifoed ;f
wef ac: cspw
f ;D (ppfuidk ;f ) tm;
*syefppfwyfu ppfuidk ;f wHwm;ay:
wGif "m;jzifhckwfowfonf/

bmvJ}} [lonfah Munmcsux
f w
k f
jyefonf/

«Akv
d rf LS ;MuD;a[mif; ode;f wkw?f (armf
uGe;f 0ifyxrtqif?h tjidr;f pm; oHt
rwfBu;D ) \ ukd,fa&;rSwfwrf; vuf
ESyd pf ufr/l pm 3»

&efuek Nf rdKUwGif *syeftrSwf 15
wyfrawmf 0g'jzefYcsda&;XmerSL;
Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; ukb
d m,m&dS MuD;rSL;í
*syefbmomoifausmif;pwifzGifh
vSpfonf/

26 ar 1942 jrefrmEkid if 0H efMuD;
a[mif; apmazom rdom;pk uG,f
vGefonf/

«*syefacwfppftkyfcsKyfa&; pm 239»

«OD;oefY jynfawmfomc&D; ('kw,
d ykid ;f )
&efuek pf mayAdrmef ykEH ydS f 1961 pm 78»
[Ba Maw Breakthrough in
Burma. P190]
[Cady A History of Modern
Burma (Second Printing)
NewYork, Ithaca 1960.P 443]
[Grandfather Longlegs, PP
188-189]

27 ar 1942 rEÅav;NrdKU rpk;d &drf
ausmif;wkdufwGif jrefrmppfAkdvf
rsm;ESihf *syefppfAv
dk rf sm;tm;MudKqkd
yGJ pwifusif;yonf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm
136»

24 ar 1942 w½kwpf pfAv
dk cf sKyf
qGev
f *D si\
f trSwf 38 w½kwf
wyfr tifzm;okYd a&muf&o
Sd nf/

«wkdif;cspf 2-6-42»

ZGefv
1 ZGef 1942 tr&yl&&dS Armhvw
G f
vyfa&; wyfrawmfrS Akv
d Af wif
(twGif;a&;rSL;-A[kdppf½kH;) ]]Armh
vGwv
f yfa&; wyfrawmf qkw
d m

[Slim Defeat into Victory P 109]

25 ar 1942 zufqpf*syef qefY
usiaf &; pm&Gupf mwrf;rsm; jzefYcsd
23

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

txl;MuD;av;aom tjypf'Pfay;
rnf/ ppfyJG qk;H cef;wkid af tmifjrif
a&;twGuf vkt
d yfonf[k ,lq
aom vkyif ef;rsK;d ukrd l rnforl nf
0gaESmuf,u
S f wm;qD;apumrl r
ysufruGuf vkyfukdifaqmif&Guf
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? t*FvdyfrSm
t"du
&efoEl idk if H jzpfonfh
tavsmuf t*Fvyd t
f iftm;ESihf
t*FvdyftusKd;pD;yGm;wkdYukd tjrpf
uyg rusef okwo
f if&iS ;f vif;
oGm;&rnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrmjynf
olwYdk\ "avhx;Hk pHrsm;ukd ½kad o
av;pm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrm
rsm;vufoYdk tyfEiS ;f Ekid af om tm
PmtcGit
hf a&; [lorQudk tyfEiS ;f
í vuf&t
Sd ajctaeESihf tH0ifciG f
usjzpfaom tkyfcsKyfa&;vkyfief;
ukd aqmif&u
G o
f mG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;
xku
d o
Jh Ydk aqmif&u
G o
f mG ;&mü vl
MuD;rif;rsm;xHrS vkdtyfaomtul
tnDrsm;ukd &Ekid v
f rd rhf nf[k arQmf
vifhvsuf&dSygaMumif;/
jrefrmhjynfvGwfvyfa&;
jyóemESihf ywfoufí *syefeef;
&if;0ef *sief &,fw*dk sK\
d xkwjf yef
csuw
f iG f yg&do
S nfh tcsut
f vuf
ukd axmuf½v
I u
dk ef musio
hf ;Hk &rnf
jzpfaMumif;? jrefrmjynfu vGwf
vyfaomEkdifiHtjzpf tusKd;cHpm;

«wkdif;cspf 1-6-42» 

3 ZGef 1942 arNrdKU (jyifO;D vGi)f &dS
jrefrmjynf *syefppfwyfrsm;\ ppf
aoemywd 'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; tD;
'g;xHokdY jrefrmjynfA[kdtkyfcsKyf
a&; pDpOfrt
I zGUJ wGif yg0ifrnfh
yk*K¾ v
d rf sm; jzpfaom a'gufwm
barmf? OD;bab? a'gufwmodr;f
armif? ocifjr? AE¨KvOD;pde?f ocif
xGe;f tky?f ocifE?k "m;rOD;bode;f ?
OD;vSazESihf ocifApdew
f Ydk u oGm;
a&mufawGUqkHonf/ xkdawGUqkHyGJ
wGif ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f ? Akv
d af w
ZESihf a':cifrr (a'gufwmbarmf
\ZeD;) wkYdvnf; txl;{nfo
h nf
awmftjzpf wufa&mufonf/ xkd
awGUqkyH w
JG iG f tD;'g;u ppftyk cf sKyf
a&;aqmif&GufaecsdefwGif &efol
tm; tusKd;jzpfxGef;aprnfhvkyf
ief;ESihf *syeftm; qefYusiaf om
tjyKtrI[lorQukd usL;vGefygu
24

-16-

ausmfNidrf;

cGihf &&dv
S mrnfah eY jrefjrefa&muf
vmap&efu
f dk uREyfk v
f nf; arQmv
f ifh
wrf;wvsuf &dyS gaMumif; okYdaomf
vnf; ,ckavmavmq,fwGif
tm;oGefcGefpkduf MudK;pm;aqmif
&Guf&rnfrSm ppfatmifEkdifa&;yif
jzpfí jrefrmwkYd u ,ckppfyw
JG iG f
*syefEidk if H atmify&JG ,lEidk &f ef ESv;Hk
&nf vuf½;Hk &nfjzifh 0kid ;f 0ef;ulnD
aqmif&u
G Mf u&ef
arQmv
f ifrh yd g
aMumif;/
,ck csucf si;f ajz&Si;f &
rnfh jyóemrSm A[kt
d yk cf sKyfa&;
puf,EÅ&m; jyefvnfjyKjyif xl
axmifa&; jzpfaMumif; tkyfcsKyf
a&;puf,EÅ&m; jyefvnfxal xmif
a&;twGuf vlMuD;rif;rsm;onf
ppfbufXmersm;ESihf yl;aygif; ulnD
aqmif&GufMu&ef EId;aqmfwkduf
wGef;vkdaMumif; ajymMum;onf/

4 ZGef 1942 jrefrmjynf&Sd *syefppf
wyfrsm;\ ppfaoemywd 'kw,
d
Akv
d cf sKyfMuD; tD;'g;u ]]ppfbuf
qkid &f mtkycf sKyf rIEiS hf ArmEkid if AH [kd
tkycf sKyaf &; pD pOfrt
I zGUJ zGUJ pnf;
jcif;}} ESihf ywfoufonhf aMunm
csufwpf&yf xkwfjyefonf/ xkd
aMunmcsufwGif *syef ppfwyf
rawmfMuD;onf t*Fvyd Ef iS hf csKH
uif;wyfaygif;pkwYdktm; vk;H 0okwf
oifvu
dk jf cif;rSm urÇm&mZ0ifwiG f
rBuHKpzl; tHhxl;avmufaom
atmifjrifjcif;ukd pHwifí jyvku
d f
ayaMumif;? *syef ppfwyfrawmf
MuD;onf a[mifaumif? rav;
uRef;qG,?f zdvpfyidk u
f Ref;pk? bked D
,du
k Re;f ? *sm;Am;uRe;f ESihf pkrMwm;
uRef;wkYd tygt0ifjzpfaom ta&SU
tm&Swu
dk Mf uD;rS
&eforl sm;ukd
armif;ESifvkdufjyD;jyD jzpfaMumif;?
,ckvnf; *syefpf pfwyfrawmfMuD;
onf Mopaw;vsEiS hf tdE,
d´ jynf
rsm;okdY ppfrsufESmjzefYcsdaejyDjzpf
aMumif;? ,ckppfMuD;twGi;f okYd *s
yefjynfu 0ifa&mufwu
dk cf u
dk v
f m
onfrmS ajcmufvrQ &daS o;aomf
vnf;
ta&SUzufwpfvmT ;wGif
t*FvdyfESifhtar&duefwkdY\ vTrf;
rk;d rIrmS vk;H 0aysmufu,
G o
f mG ;jyDjzpf
aMumif;? NAdwo
d Qtifyg,mMuD; r

«wkdif;cspf 8-6-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 9-6-42»
«vlxOk ;D vS ppftwGif;Armjynf-y pm
159- 160»
«ocifEk ig;ESpf&moD pm 82-84»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf
pm352-3»
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945:
P111-112]

25

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

vGrJ aoG ysupf ;D &awmhrnfh t&dyf
edrdwfwkdYrSm wpfaeYxufwpfaeY
aocsmxif&Sm;vmacsjyD/
tm&SwkdufMuD\ a&SUa&;
onf qDr;D wefaqmif awmuf
ajymifawmhrnf jzpfaMumif;? okYd
aomfvnf; þppfMuD;rSm Mum&Snf
rnfqu
dk Mum&SnOf ;D rnfh taMumif;
ukv
d nf; owd&Mu&rnf/ uREyfk f
wkYd \aemufq;Hk atmifjrifrI yef;
wkdifokdYa&muf&ef c&D;rSmvnf;
teD;i,fusef&dSao;aMumif;/
ta&SUtm&Swu
dk f ppfyMJG uD;
tqk;H wkid f atmifjrifa&; twGuf
*syefppfwyfrawmfMuD;onf jref
rmjynfwiG f odr;f yku
d jf yD;aom e,f
y,ftm;vkH;wGif ppftkyfcsKyfa&;
aMunm&rnfjzpfaMumif;/
ppftkyfcsKyfa&;t& qkd
vQif wyfrawmfMuD;tm; epfem
ysupf ;D apaom tjyKtrlrsm;? *syef
qefYusifa&; tjyKtrlrsm;ESihf ppf
trdefYudk azmufzsufusL;ausmfrI
rsm;ukd vspfvsL½I xm;vdrfhrnf
r[kwaf Mumif;? txufygjyKrcI suf
rsm;ESifh trdeYfrsm;ukd usL;vGef
azmufzsuforl sm;tm; ppftmPm
ykdifrsm;u axmufxm;n§mwm
jcif;? qkid ;f iHjh cif; rjyKbJ MuD;av;
pGm ESdyfuGyfrnfjzpfaMumif;?

uREyfk o
f nf ppfMuD;atmiff
jrifpmG jyD;jidr;f a&;twGuf jyKvkyf
zG,jf zpfaom rnfonfu
h pd u
ö dk rqkd
vkyfukdifaqmif&Guf&ef aESmifhaES;
vdrrhf nf r[kwaf Mumif;?
þppfyGJMuD;wpfavQmuf
uREkfyfwkdYtay:ü oifwkdYxm;tyf
aom pd w f a umif ; apwemES i f h
uwdopöm cdidk Nf rJaMumif; jyocJyh Hk
rsm;ukd uREyfk u
f ,
dk w
f idk f od&ySd g
ojzifh toifwYdkvrl sK;d tm; arwåm
ykad rmufcyhJ gaMumif;?jrefrmjynfvw
G f
vyfa&;ESihf ywfoufí *syefeef;
&if;0efMuD; wk*d sKd\ rdeYf Mum;csuf
rSm olUwpfO;D wnf;
oabm
r[kwb
f J *syef trsK;d om;tm;vk;H
\oabmqE´ukdygazmfjyaMumif;?
þyef;wkid o
f Ydk jrefrmjynfa&muf&Sd
awmhrnfaeYrmS ra0;awmhaMumif;
uku
d REyfk o
f nf oifwYdkEiS t
hf wlpw
d f
a&m ukd,fygarQmfvifhygaMumif;?
okYdaomf ,ck ppfjzpfae
onft
h wGi;f jrefrmjynfonf vGwf
vyfa&; &nfrf eS ;f csuf xajrmuf
atmif j rif E k d i f & ef xd x d a &muf
a&mufraqmif&u
G Ef idk af o;aMumif;
ukd uREyfk ,
f MHk unfaMumif;? þppf
MuD;wGif uREkyf w
f Ydk v;Hk 0 ratmif
jrifcyhJ grl tm&Swu
dk Mf uD; jyefvnf
xlaxmifa&;onf vnf;aumif;?
26

-17-

ausmfNidrf;

jrefrmjynf\ vGwv
f yfa&; onf
vnf;aumif;? r&dES idk af Mumif; ,ck
tcsdefwGif ta&SUbuftm&Swkduf
ppfyMJG uD; qk;H cef;wkid af tmif jrif
atmif yxrqk;H vkyaf qmif&rnf
jzpfaMumif;? uREfkyfwkdYonf ppf
atmifjrifrI wpfcw
k nf;uko
d mtm;
oGef pl;pku
d Mf u&rnf jzpf aMumif;?
ppfbufqidk &f m tkycf sKyfrI wnf
axmifzGJUpnf;&mü tjcm;&nf&G,f
csuf r&db
S ?J txufyg &nf&,
G f
csufMuD;wpfckom&dSaMumif;/
jrefrmvlrsK;d wkid ;f onf þ
oabmukd em;vnfMujyD;vQif
uREyfk w
f Ydk\ MudK;yrf;rIwiG f 0if
a&muf ½kdif;yif;Muvdrfhrnf[k
uREkfyfarQmfvifhaMumif;? uREkfyf
onf ppfjyD;jidr;f a&; wpfcw
k nf;
twGuo
f m tm½kpH u
dk rf nfqadk omf
vnf; jrefrmvlrsK;d taygif;\ pnf
yif0ajymrIudk xdcu
dk af prnfh rvkd
aom aESmuf&u
S rf rI sm; zdEydS rf v
I yk f
ief;rsm;ukd vkyrf nf[k rqkv
d dk
aMumif;/
uREyfk o
f nf jrefrmjynfo?l
jynfom;rsm;\ oabmukd ½kad o
av;pm;í tkyfcsKyfrIXmersm;ukd
wwfEidk o
f rQ jrefrmrsm;vufuv
dk JT
tyfay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? þokdYvTJ
tyfay;jcif;jzifh jrefrmjynfopfudk

xlaxmifEkdifrnfjzpfí tm&Swkduf
om;rsm;\ MuD;yGm;a&; vkyif ef;
wGiv
f nf; uREkyf w
f Ydk eiS t
hf wl &if
abmifwef;aqmif&u
G f vmEkid rf nf
jzpfaMumif;/
þ &nf&,
G cf suf x
ajrmuf &eftwGuf uREkfyfonf
A[kdtkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU tjrefqkH;zGJU
pnf;&ef arQmv
f ifyh gaMumif;? ,aeY
rStpjyKí zGUJ pnf;vku
d o
f nfh A[kd
tkyfcsKyfa&;twGuf pDrHa&;aumfr
wD\ tzGUJ 0if vlMuD;rsm;tjzpf
atmufyg yk*K¾ v
d rf sm;udk cefYxm;
vku
d &f ojzifh
0rf;ajrmufyg
aMumif;/
,aeYrStpjyKí þtzGJU
onf zGUJ pnf;rnfjzpfaom A[kt
d yk f
csKyfa&;tzGUJ xajrmufa&;twGuf
tpDtpOfrsm;ukd jyKvyk &f ef wm0ef
,l&rnfjzpfaMumif;/
þtzGUJ onf jrefrmjynf
ol jynfom;\ touftkd;tdrf
pnf;pdrfwkd;wufckdifNrJa&;/ wkdif;
jynfjidrf;csrf;om,ma&; paom
ta&;wMu;D vkyaf qmif&rnfh vkyf
ief;rsm; pDraH qmif&u
G &f mwGif ao
emywdMuD;tm; uln&D efEiS hf wkid ;f
oljynfom;rsm;tm; oufom
acsmifcsdap&ef wm0efcH,l&rnf
jzpfaMumif;/
27

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

u jrefrf mjynf tkycf sKyfa&;pDpOfrI
aumfrwD (Provisional Administrative Committee) tzGJU0if
rsm;jzpfMuonfh a'gufwmbarmf?
a'gufwm odrf;armif? ocifjr?
AE¨KvOD;pde?f ocifxeG ;f tky?f ocif
Ek? "m;r OD;bode;f ? OD;vSazESihf
ocifApdew
f Ydktm; &mxl;cefUtyf
vTm ay;tyfonf/
tkyfcsKyfa&;pDpOfrI aumf
rwDu aqmif&u
G &f rnfh vkyif ef;
rsm;rSm
1/ ppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H ESihf yl;aygif;
í A[kdtkyfcsKyfa&;puf,EÅ&m;xl
axmif&ef pDpOfjcif;/
2/ *syefjynf
ppfatmifEidk af &;
twGuf jrefrmjynfov
l x
l rk sm;u
tzufzufrS 0kdif;0ef;ulnDMu&ef
EId;aqmfwkdufwGef;jcif;/
3/ A[kt
d yk cf sKyfa&; puf,EÅ&m;
rzGUJ pnf;rD tawmtwGi;f wGif ppf
tkycf sKyfa&; vkyif ef; [lorQEiS hf
ywfoufí trSwf 15 wyfr
awmf aoemywdMuD;tm; xku
d f
oifah om tBuHÓPfrsm; ay;jcif;
ESihf tyfEiS ;f jcif; cH&aom tkycf sKyf
a&;vkyfief; wpfpdwfwpfykdif;ukd
aqmif&Guf&jcif;wkdYjzpfonf/

oifwkdYonf *syeffwyfr
awmfMuD; taMumif;ukd aumif;pGm
em;vnf od&jSd yD; jzpfonht
f wkid ;f
*syefwyfrawmfESifh wu,fwef;
yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G af &; jzpfajrmuf
&ef ZGo
J efoefEiS hf yl;aygif;aqmif
&GuMf uvdrrhf nf[k uREyfk f pdwt
f m;
xufoefpGm arQmfvifh ,kHMunf
aMumif;/
tqkyd g aumfrwD tzGUJ 0if
vlMuDrsm;rSm atmufygtwkid ;f jzpf
aMumif;?
a'gufwmbarmf (Ouú|)?
a'gufwmodrf;armif? ocifjr?
AE¨KvOD;pde?f ocifxeG ;f tky?f ocif
Ek? OD;boded ;f ("m;rwyfAv
dk )f ? OD;
vSaz? ocifApde/f
1942 ZGev
f 4 &uf
yk H
*sKd&DS½kdtD;'g;
ppfaoemywd
*syefppfwyfrawmf
jref rmjynf
«jrefrmhtvif; 9-6-42»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 90^ 94
-97^252»

arNrdKU(,ckjyifO;D vGi)f ü jrefrm
jynf&Sd *syefppfwyfrsm;\ ppfao
emywd 'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyfMuD; tD;'g; 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm-354»
«wkdif;cspf 8-6-42»
28

-18-

ausmfNidrf;
«jrefrmhtvif; 9-6-42»

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

164»

[Ba Maw Breakthrough in
Burma. P 256]

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: P130]

*syefwyfrawmf ppfOD;pD;csKyf
½kH;u ocifxGef;tkyf OD;pD;onfh
jrefrmEkid if H A[kt
d pk;d &tzGUJ ukd zsuf
odrf;onf/ 

6 ZGef 1942 odyaHÜ rmif0 ( I.C.S
OD;pdew
f if) a&Tbcdk ½kid ?f uefUAvljrdKU
teD; *g;'g;qnfMuD;&GmwGif "m;jy
vlq;dk wkYd \ vufcsujf zifh uG,f
vGefonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 76»

trSwf 15 wyfrawmf aoem
ywdt;D 'g;u &Sr;f jynfe,ftwGuf
aMunmcsufwpf&yf xkwfjyefum
&Sr;f jynfe,fudk trSwf 15 wyfr
awmf aoemywd vufatmufcH
e,ftjzpf owfrw
S í
f ppftyk cf sKyf
a&;jzifh tkycf sKyfrnf[k aMunm
onf/

«jrifBh udKif -trsK;d om;pmMunfw
h u
dk ?f t
rS w f w &od y Ü H a rmif 0 ? &efukef/ oH
vGiOf ;D ykEH ydS ?f 1999 pm21»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm-303»

10 ZGef 1942

5 ZGef 1942 Armhvw
G v
f yfa&;
wyfrawmf txufjrefrmjynf csD
wufwu
dk cf u
dk af &;wyfrawmf Akv
d f
rSL;csKyf Akv
d af wZu wyfrawmf
om;rsm; ygwDEidk if aH &;ESihf tkycf sKyf
a&;udprö sm; yg0ifpu
G zf ufjcif;
rjyK&ef trdeUf xkwo
f nf/

(Minami Kikan) 

7 ZGef 1942 &efuek Nf rdKUay: ysH
oef;vmonfh NAdwdoQav,mOf
ESppf if;tm; *syefaf v,mOfysrH sm;u
ypfcsonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 12-8-42»

rDemrDuu
D ef;
tzGUJ ukd zsuf

odrf;onf/
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 76»

11 ZGef 1942 *syefppfyv
k yd w
f Ydku
w½kwf 69 OD;tm; olvQKrd jI zifh zrf;
qD;onf/ ¤if;wkYdteuf w½kwf 5
a,mufudk owfypfonf/ 16
a,mufudk w½kwEf idk if o
H Ydk e,fEiS f
onf/ w½kwf 7 a,muftm;
axmifcsjyD;
usew
f ½kwrf sm;ukd
owday;um vTwyf pfonf/

«okawoe&Jabmf &JabmfokH;usdyfESifh
ArmhvGwfvyfa&; wyfrawmf ppf
aMumif;rsm; &efukef/ &Jtkef;ausmfykHESdyf
1975 pm 327»
«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm

AkdvfaZ,sxH bDtkdifatwyfrsm;
rEÅav;NrdKU jyefqif;&ef *syefppf
aoemywdu jrefrmjynftkyfcsKyf
a&; pDpOfraI umfrwD0ifrsm; cefYjyD;
aMumif; wyfrawmfom;rsm; tkyf
csKyfa&;udprö sm; tvsOf;a&SmifMuOf
&ef pma&;om; ñTeMf um;onf/

anmif&rf; q&mawmfBuD;u
aMunmcsuf wpf&yfxw
k jf yef&m
wGif jrefrmEkid if &H Sd wpfusdyEf pS yf g;
*kP
d ;f ? omoemykid *f P
dk ;f ? a&Tusif
*kP
d ;f ? bk&m;MuD;*kP
d ;f rS q&mawmf
rsm;aqG;aEG;í Ak'¨omoemjyK
tzGUJMuD; trnfjzifh omoem
awmfukd apmifha&Smuf&eftzGJUMuD;
zGUJ pnf;jyD; jzpfaMumif; yg&do
S nf/ 

«ppforkdif;jywkdufESifh wyfrawmf armf
uGef;wkdufrSL;½kH;? wyfrawmforkdif;
yxrwG?J 1824-1945? &efuek /f o
wif;ESiphf me,fZif;ykEH ydS ?f 1994 pm 185»

«wkdif;cspf 11-6-42»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 247»

jrefrmEkid if b
H &k ifcH a':refprpf
u NAdwo
d Qtpk;d &0efMuD;tzGUJ xH
jrefrmEkid if u
H dk jyefvnford ;f yku
d jf yD;
aemuf aqmif&u
G &f rnfh vkyif ef;
tpDtpOfwYdkudk a&;qGcJ iG hf jyK&ef
wifjyonf/

15 ZGef 1942 Akv
d rf ;dk MudK;u jidr;f
csr;f a&; aMunmpmwrf;ukd xkwf
jyefonf/ 

«jra'gif;ndK &JabmfokH;usdyf pm 115»

&efuek Nf rdKUwGif jrefrmjynfwu
dk yf JG
ü usq;Hk Muaom *syef ppfAv
dk rf sm;
ESihf ppfom;rsm;ukd &nfp;l í t½kd
taojyKyGJ usif;yonf/ 

[Great Britain House of Commons Parliamentary Debates
(Hansard). 9 July 1942 PP 933934]

«jrefrmhtvif; 16-6-42»
«wkdif;cspf 18-6-42»

12 ZGef 1942 jrefrmjynf tkycf sKyf
a&; pDpOfrI aumfrwD Ouú|
a'gufwmbarmfEiS hf ocifEw
k Ydk &ef
ukeNf rdKUokYd jyefvnfa&muf&o
Sd nf/

17 ZGef 1942 OD;odef;azjrifh?
ocifpkd;ESifh ocifwifa&TwkdYonf
tdE,
d´ Ekid if o
H Ydk oGm;a&muf&ef bD;
vif;NrdKUrS xGucf mG onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 14-6-42»

13 ZGef 1942 Aef;armfNrdKU a&muf
&dSaeonfh AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef;u

«ode;f azjrifh ppftwGif;c&D;onf pm
76-80»

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-7-42»
29

30

-19-

ausmfNidrf;

18 ZGef 1942 NAdwo
d Q tpd;k &u
Akv
d cf sKyfBuD; a0bJvt
f m; tdE,

EkdifiHbk&ifcHcsKyfjzpf vnf;aumif;
AkdvfcsKyfatmfcsifvuf (General
Sir C. Auchinleck) tm; tdE,

Ekid if H ppfaoemywdtjzpf vnf;
aumif; cefYtyfonf/

ta0;usif;yonf/ tpnf;ta0;
wGif a'gufwmbarmfu rdrt
d ae
jzifh jrefrmjynftyk cf sKyfa&; pDpOf
rIaumfrwDtzGUJ Ouú| tjzpf
aqmif&u
G &f mü &nf&,
G cf suf ok;H
&yf&aSd Mumif; xk&d nf&,
G cf suf ok;H
&yfrmS t*Fvyd Ef iS hf tar&duefwYdk
jrefrmjynfokdY jyefrvmEkdifatmif
umuG,&f ef jzpfonft
h wkid ;f ,ck
ppfyw
JG iG f r[mrdw*f syefwYdk atmif
Ekid &f ef jrefrmwkYdu uln&D ef ,ck
ppfyaJG tmifEidk Nf yD;aemuf
ta&SU
tm&Sacwfopf xlaxmifa&;wGif
tjcm; vGwv
f yfaom Ekid if rH sm;ESihf
wef;wl jrefrmEkid if u
H vnf; vGwf
vyfaom Ekid if t
H jzpf nDwn
l rD Q
tusK;d cHpm;cGi&hf &daS &;twGuf MudK;
pm;aqmif&Guf&efESifh jrefrmjynf
vGwv
f yfa&; r&ao;rD wkid ;f jynf
jidr0f yfyjd ym;a&; pnfyifom,ma&;
jyefvnfxal xmifa&; udprö sm;
avmavmq,ff aqmif&Guf&efwkdY
jzpfaMumif;? ,ck zGUJ pnf;xm;aom
aumfrwDrSm tpdk;&tzGJUr[kwfbJ
tkyfcsKyfa&;twGuf jyifqifa&;
aumfrwDrQom jzpfí avmavm
q,f ta&;MuD;aom udprö sm;ukd
vwfwavm aqmif&GufEkdif&ef
1/ jidrf0yfydjym;a&; qyfaumf
rwD

[Collis Last and First in Burma
P 202]

20 ZGef 1942 jrefrmjynf tkycf sKyf
a&; pDpOfrIaumfrwD tpnf;
ta0;ukd &efuek Nf rdKU atmufvw
G f
awmf tpnf;ta0; crf;rü pwif
usif;yonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 24-6-42»

*syefb&k ifwyfrawmf ppfXme
csKyfu tm&Sawmifyidk ;f ppfrsuEf mS
wyfrawmftm; xkdif;-jrefrmrD;&
xm;vrf; azmufvyk &f ef ñTeMf um;
onf/ 

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
231-232]

25 ZGef 1942 jrefrmjynf tkycf sKyf
a&; pDpOfraI umfrwDtzGUJ a'guf
wmbarmfu &efuek Nf rdKU atmuf
vTwaf wmf cef;rwGif owif;pm
q&mrsm;tm; zdwMf um;í tpnf;
31

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

2/ pnfyifom,ma&; qyfaumf
rwD/
3/ a'oEÅ& tkyfcsKyfa&; qyf
aumfrwDESifh
4/ b@ma&; qyfaumfrwD
zGUJ pnf;xm;aMumif; &Si;f vif;ajym
Mum;jyD; ,ckzUJG pnf;xm;aom tkyf
csKyfa&;pDpOfraI umfrwD\ vkyif ef;
rsm;udk wkid ;f jynfu od&aSd tmif?
xkad umfrwDoYdk tBuHay;Ekid af tmif
owif;pmq&mrsm; tpnf;ta0;
ukd tywfpOf usi;f yjyKvkyo
f mG ;
rnfjzpfaMumif; ajymMum;onf/

25 ZGef 1942 rEÅav;NrdKU rpk;d &drf
ausmif;wku
d w
f iG f jrefrmjynf om
oemhtpnf;t½k;H wnfaxmifa&;
twGuf tm;BudK;rmefwufaqmif
&Guvsuf &do
S nfh Armhvw
G v
f yf
a&; wyfrawmf Akv
d cf sKyfMuD; Akv
d f
rk;d MudK;tm; *kPjf yK cs;D usL;yGJ usi;f
yonf/

onf/ trIaqmif tzGUJ 0ifrsm;rSm
Ouú| OD;b*sr;f ? 'kw,
d Ouú| OD;
ausmjf rif?h taxGaxGtwGi;f a&;rSL;
OD;nDav; wkYd jzpfonf/
wnfaxmif&onfh &nf&G,fcsuf
rSm
u/ vGwv
f yfaom jrefrmEkid if H
opf\ wk;d wufa&;? ta&SU
tm&Swu
dk &f Sd Ekid if rH sm; vlrsKd;
rsm;\xGe;f um;a&;ukd w&m;
ESihf avsmn
f pD mG
wpfu,
dk f
aumif;BuHaom pdwfrsm;ukd
vk;H 0 y,f&mS ;í aqmif&u
G f
&ef/
c/ ta&SUtm&Swkduf EkdifiHtoD;
oD;&dS vli,ftcsi;f csi;f cspf
uRr;f 0ifum &if;ES;D MujyD;vQif
yl;aygif; aqmif&u
G v
f adk om
pdw"f mwfrsm; &ifo
h efUap&ef/
*/ ta&SUtm&Swu
dk &f Sd Ekid if H t
aygif; vlrsK;d taygif;wkYd \
jidrf;csrf;a&; csrf;oma&;wkdY
ukd tpOfojzifh wnfNrJap&ef
wkdYjzpfonf/

«wkdif;cspf 30-6-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 17^18-12-43»

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-6-1942»
«wkdif;cspf 7 -7- 1942»

28 ZGef 1942 jrefrmvli,facgif;
aqmifwpfpku *syefvli,ftcsKdU
ESihf wkid yf ifum ta&SUtm&Swu
dk f
vli,ftpnf;t½k;H ukd wnfaxmif

&efukefNrdKUawmfcrf;rü jrefrm
jynfv;Hk qkid &f m qif;&Jom;0HomEk
tzGJU0ifrsm;u tzGJUacgif;aqmif
a'gufwmbarmftm;
{nhfcH 

32

-20-

ausmfNidrf;

csD;usL;yGJ usif;yonf/

twGif;0efrsm;½kH;wGif a'gufwm
barmf MuD;rSL;aom jrefrmjynf
tkyfcsKyfa&;pDpOfrI aumfrwDu
*syefEkdifiHokdY ajymif;a&GU wm0ef
xrf;aqmifrnfh Akdvfrkd;MudK;tm;
eHeufpmjzifh {nfch aH uR;arG;í EIwf
quf cs;D MuL;yGJ usi;f yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 30-6-42»

Zl v k d i f v
5 Zlvkdif 1942 Armhvw
G v
f yfa&;
wyfrawmf Akv
d cf sKyBf uD; Akv
d rf ;dk MudK;
u ¤if;\ tvkyw
f m0efrsm;ukd
vufzwifeif *sief &,f ('kw,
d
Akv
d cf sKyfMuD;) atmifqef;tm; vTJ
tyfonf/

aeYvnfykdif;wGif &efukefNrdKUawmf
crf;rwGif Akv
d rf ;dk MudK;tm; EIwf
quf cs;D usK;yGJ usi;f yonf/
naeykid ;f wGif &efuek Nf rdKU 9 rkid &f Sd
at0rf;NcHü at0rf;½kyf&SifukrÜPD
ODnyD w
k Ydku EIwq
f uf cs;D usL;yGJ
usif;yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 26-7-42»

9 Zlvkdif 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU bDat
atuGif;ü ArmhvGwfvyfa&;wyf
rawmf AkdvfcsKyfMuD; Akdvfrkd;MudK;
tm; EIwq
f uf {nfch yH JG usi;f y
onf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm
204-205»

«jrefrmhtvif; 10-7-42»
«wkdif;cspf 15-7-42»

OD;odef;azjrifhESifh ocifwifa&T
wkYd rif;jym;NrKd UrS tdE,
d´ Ekid if o
H Ydk c&D;
qufonf/ 

11 Zlvkdif 1942 rif;jym;NrdKU
a&muf&aSd eonfh ocifp;dk ESihf ocif
wifjr oHwo
JG Ydk armfawmfjzifx
h u
G f
cGmonf/

«odef;azjrifh ppf w G i f ; c&D ; onf pm
110»

'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyfMuD;tD;'g;u w&m;
½k;H csKyrf sm; wnfaxmifonfh ppf
bufqidk &f m wpfcsuv
f w
T f trdeYf
rsm; xkwjf yefonf/

23 Zlvkdif 1942 jrefrmEkid if &H Sd *s
yefppfwyfrsm;\ aoemywd 'kwd
,AkdvfcsKyfMuD;tD;'g;u ]]tkyfcsKyf
a&;puf,EÅ&m; pnf;rsOf;Oya'}}
ukd qk;H jzwfcsrSwo
f nf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 15-7-42»
«wkdif;cspf 26-7-42»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm97»

&efuek Nf rdKUr½k;H awmfrsm; zGiv
hf pS f
yGJudk &efukefNrdKU urf;em;vrf;&dS
&efuek f ykvyd ½f ;Hk MuD;wGif usi;f y
jyKvkyfonf/ 

25 Zlvkdif 1942 ta&SUawmifyidk ;f
pnf;rsOf;Oya'ukd jyKjyifajymif;vJ
vku
d &f m *syef ppft
f yk cf sKyfa&;½k;H
(*Geaf qbk)ukd *syefppftyk cf sKyfa&;
OD;pD;Xme(*Gefaquefbk^Gunseikanbu) [k ajymif;vJac:a0:í ½k;H
tzGJUukdvnf; wkd;csJUzGJUpnf;onf/
jrefrmjynf
ppftyk cf sKyaf &;Xme
OD;pD;XmerSL;csKyfrmS
*syeftrSwf
15 wyfrawmf ppfO;D pD;csKyf Munf;
wyf Akv
d cf sKyu
f av; tDqm,mrm
(Major General . Isayama Haruki ) jzpfjyD; taxGaxG pDrc
H efUcGJ
a&;XmerSL;csKyfrmS Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; em
ql jzpfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 17-7-42»

16 Zlvkdif 1942 OD;odef;azjrifh
ESihf ocifwifa&TwYdk ausmufawmf
rS tdE,
d´ Ekid if o
H Ydk c&D;qufonf/
«odef;azjrifh ppf w G i f ; c&D ; onf pm
116»

19 Zlvkdif 1942 &Sr;f ESiyhf a'gif
vlrsKd;rsm;tMum; ta&;tcif;jzpf
yGm;&m vlav;OD; aoqk;H onf/
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 311»

14 Zlvkdif 1942 Akv
d rf ;dk MudK; &ef
ukeNf rdKUrS *syefEidk if o
H Ydk av,mOf
jzifh xGucf mG onf/

«ode;f azjrifh ppfwiG ;f c&D;onf pm 110»
«ocifwifjr bkHb0rSmjzifh? 'kw,
d
tBudr?f &efuek ?f 1974? wpfoufwm
pmay? pm 419/ aemifukd;um;vQif
ocifwifjr bkHb0rSmjzifh [k nTe;f
rnf»

12 Zlvkdif 1942

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm
205»

15 Zlvkdif 1942 jrefrmEkid if &H Sd
*syefppfwyfrsm;\ ppfaoemywd

&efuek Nf rKd U
35

«*syefppftyk cf sKyfa&;acwf pm 90^ 252»

20 Zlvkdif 1942 ode;f azjrifEh iS hf
ocifwifa&TwkdY qifh*ljrpftwkdif;
0g;azmifjzifh
c&D;qufvm&m
tdE,
d´ Ekid if b
H ufurf;&dS
uif;
axmufpcef;okdY a&muf&dSonf/

27 Zlvkdif 1942 Armhvw
G v
f yf
a&;wyfrawmfukd ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf Burma Defence
Army [k ajymif;vJzUJG pnf;jyD; Akv
d f
rsm;ukd cefUtyfonft
h rdeUf xkwf
jyefonf/

«ode;f azjrifh ppfwiG ;f c&D;onf pm 130138»

36

-21-

ausmfNidrf;

atmifMuD;? armif&edS ?f armifMunf?
Aode;f (pm&if;Xme) vufzwif
eif/
armifausmf (wd&pämefXme)
vufzwifeif/
AESpf (pm&if;Xme) 'kwd,vufz
wifeif/
tk;H oGif (pufrXI me) 'kwd,vuf
zwifeif/
ppfAkdvfcsKyf?
jrefrmjynf&dS edyGefppfwyf/
Zlvidk f 27 &ufaeU/

ArmhumuG,fa&;wyf
ppfAkdvfrsm; cefUtyfjcif;
ArmhvGwfvyfa&;wyf trnfukd
ArmhumuG,fa&;wyf[lí ajymif;
vTcJ jhJ yD;aemuf xkw
d yfopfudk *syef
ppfAkdvfcsKyfMuD; vufatmufwGif
xm;&daS pjyD jzpf&m ArmumuG,f
a&;wyf ü atmuf y gtwk d i f ;
Akv
d rf sm;udk xyfrH cefUxm;vku
d f
jzpfaMumif;/
atmifqef; ume,f/
atmifoef; vufzwifeif um
e,f/
½Iarmif? &efEidk ?f vSarmif ar*sm/
armifneG Uf ? b*srf;f ? armifausmf?
AvS? armifuav;? apmaemif?
ausmaf Zm? armifatmif? rif;acgif?
rif;&? pHjr? Awl? jratmif? &ef
atmif? &Jxw
G ?f Zifa,mf? cifarmif
OD;? azouf? bke;f jrif?h cifarmif
uav;? wifxeG ;f ? xGe;f a&T? armif
armif? armif0if;? xGe;f cif (pm&if;
Xme) uyÜwdef/
armifarmif? wifatmif? armifviG f
(aq;Xme) uyÜwdef/
bk;d uGe;f ? wif[ef (Oya'Xme)
uyÜwdef/
at;uG,?f vSarmif? wifa&T vuf
zwifeif/
rsK;d tk;H ? pef;armif? tk;H ckid ?f wl&if
(pufrI Xme) vufzwifeif/

«jrefrmhtvif; 31-7-42»

ArmhumuG,af &;wyfrawmf um
e,fatmifqef;tm; Armjynfppf
wyf Akv
d cf sKyftjzpf ceYt
f yfonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 31-7-42»

NAdwo
d Q ppfav,mOf ESppf if;
rEÅav;NrdKUay: Ak;H ESpv
f ;Hk BuJcs
onf/ 

«vlxOk ;D vS ppftwGif;Armjynf-y pm
210-211»

29 Zlvkdif 1942 jrefrf mjynf&Sd
*syefppfwyfrsm;\ aoemywd
'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; tD;'g;u Arm
jynf tkycf sKyfa&;pDpOfrI aumfrwD
Ouú| a'gufwmbarmftm; *syef
ppftyk cf sKyfa&; tdraf wmfoYdk zdwf
ac:í Armjynftpk;d &opf zGUJ pnf;
37

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

&eftwGuf 0efMuD;csKy?f twGi;f 0ef
rsm;\ trnfrsm;ukd axmufcH
wifjy&ef trdeUf ay;onf/

rawmf wyfzGJUrsm; zGJUpnf;a&;?
jznfhwif;a&;? xdef;odrf;MuD;yGm;
a&;wkUd ESihf pyfvsO;f aom udpt
ö 00
ukd aqmif&u
G &f onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 31-7-42»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 350351»

jrefrmjynf *syef ppfwyfA[kXd me
ü bD'aD twyf ume,f atmif
qef;tm; jrefrmjynf ppfwyfrsm;
\aoemywd tjzpf cefUtyfonfh
tcrf;tem; usi;f yonf/ xkd
tcrf;tem;wGif jrefrmjynf&Sd *s
yefwyfrsm;\ aoemywd 'kw,
d
Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; tD;'g;u Mo0g' p
um; ajymMum;onf/ 

Mo*k w f
1 Mo*kwf 1942 jrefrmjynf *syef
ppfwyf rsm;\ aoemywdcsKyf
'kw,
d Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; tD;'g;u ppf
bufqidk &f m trdeUf ukd xkwjf yef
onf/
ppfbufqkdif&mtrdefU
trSwf 12
1942 ck? Mo*kwfv 1 &ufaeU/

«jrefrmhtvif; 1-8-42»

31 Zlvkdif 1942 bD½rk m*Gepf 'D ;dk
bk;d (Biruma Gunsei Dobo) Armh
wyfrawmfenf;ay;vrf;jy½k;H (0g)
twkdifyifcHt&m&dSMuD;½kH;ac: bD'D
at tBuHay;tzGUJ ½k;H ukd ysO;f rem;
jrdKUwGif zGifhvSpfonf/

tyk'd f 1/ jrefrmjynf&Sd edyeG pf pfao
emywdMu;D
vufatmufwiG f
aqmif&u
G &f rnfh jrefrmjynftpk;d &
tzGUJ opfonf yl;wGyJ g tpk;d &zGUJ
pnf;a&; udpaö c: trdeUf pmwGif yg
&do
S nft
h wkid ;f zGUJ pnf;jyD; tmPm
vTJtyfjcif; cH&vdrfhrnf/
tyk'd f 2/ tpk;d &opfonf ,aeUrS
tpjyKí pwif pDrt
H yk cf sKyf&rnf

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 349»

a[bDausmu
h k (Heibi kyoku )
ac: ArmhumuG,fa&;wyfrawmf
ppfrI jyifqifa&;½k;H ukd zGiv
hf pS f
onf/ a[bDausmhukXmerSL;rSm
'kw,
d Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; zlut
l D (Fukui
Yoshisuke) jzpfonf/ a[bD
ausmu
h rk mS Armh umuG,af &;wyf 

38

-22-

ausmfNidrf;

jzpfí ,cktcsderf pS í pDrt
H yk cf sKyf
&mwGif atmufwGifazmfjyxm;
onfh pnf;urf;csurf sm; twkid ;f
vkdufemaqmif&Guf&rnf/
(u) tkycf sKyaf &; t&yf&yfudk
aqmif&Guf&mü ta&SUtm&Swkduf
ppfMuD; tvk;H pkH atmifjrif&ef t"d
u xm;&rnf/
(c) jrefrmjynfonf ta&SUtm&S
wku
d f MuD;yGm;a&;wGif tygt0if
jzpfonft
h wkid ;f tqkyd g ta&SUtm
&Swu
dk f acwfopfxal xmifa&; jzpf
ajrmuf&ef tm;ukeMf udK;pm;&rnf/
(*)NAdwo
d Q\ tarGtESprf sm;tm;
vkH;jrefrmjynfwGif r<uif;usef&
atmif okwfoif&Sif;vif; ypf&
rnf/ tm&Swkduf\ jrefrmjynf
tjzpfoYdk a&mufatmif jyKjyif
ajymif;vJa&;twGuf acwfa[mif;
ukd ajymif;ypf&rnf/ rvkv
d m;tyf
onfh a&S;a[mif; xk;H wrf;rsm;ukd
azsmufzsufypf&rnf/
(C) tkycf sKyfa&;udpt
ö 00wGif t
a&;MuD;qk;H [laom udpu
ö dk yxr
aqmif&u
G í
f taMumif;rJh ½Iyaf xG;

rIrsm;udk y,fazsmufjyD;vQif ta&;
MuD;onfh udprö sm;udo
k m tm½kpH ;l
pku
d í
f aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
(i) NrdKUjy jidr0f yfyjd ym;a&;twGuf
tjrefq;Hk at;csr;f atmif jyKvyk &f
rnf/
(p) rdrdwkdif;jynfukd rdrdtm;ukd;
Ekid &f rnf[al om ta&SUtm&Swu
dk f
acwfopfxlaxmifa&;0g' t&
pufrv
I ufrI ynmvkyif ef;ESihf ul;
oef;a&mif;0,fa&;vkyfief;rsm;ukd
xlaxmif&rnf/ txl;ojzifh
aus;vufawm&Gm jyKjyifa&;udpö
ukd txl;ta&;,ljyD; pOf;pm;
aqmif&Guf&rnf/
(q)tkycf sKyfa&;udprö sm;wGif wwf
Ekid o
f rQ acRwmjy;D vQif b@ma&;
tajctae wnfw&hH ef yxr
ta&;tMuD;qk;H aom &nf&,
G cf suf
ukd vufuidk jf yKí tcGeaf wmfEiS hf
tok;H p&dwf rQwvsuf b@ma&;
ckdifNrJpGm &dSap&rnf/
(Z) ynma&;wGif t*Fvyd Ef iS hf t
ar&duefwYdktay: txifMuD;rIrsm;
39

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

yaysmufatmif aqmif&Guf&rnf/
ta&SUbuftm&Swu
dk f nDwn
l rD Q
tusK;d cHpm;cGihf acwfopfxal xmif
a&;0g'ukdvnf; em;vnfatmif
oifMum;ay;&rnf/ xkYd jyif edyeG f
bmompum;ukd trsm;qk;H tok;H
jyK&ef aqmif&u
G &f rnf/ t*Fvyd f
pum; tokH;tEIef;ukd yaysmuf
atmifjyKvky&f rnf/ txl;pOf;pm;
&efrSm ausmif;om;uav;oli,f
rsm;tm; use;f rmoefprG ;f atmif 0D
&d,aumif;atmif pdwf"mwf&ifh
oefatmifEiS hf pufrv
I ufrI ynm
t&yf&yfrsm;udk pdwf0ifpm;atmif
jyKvkyfay;&rnf/
(ps) wkid ;f oljynfom;rsm;\ use;f
rma&; aumif;rGev
f matmif tpk;d &
u wwfEkdiforQ MudK;pm;&rnfh
tjyif ul;pufwwfaom a&m*g
rsm; umuG,&f efEiS hf yaysmuf&ef
udprö sm;ukd ppfzufqidk &f mESihf yl;
aygif;aqmif&u
G &f rnf/ yltu
dk f
aom Ekid if rH sm;wGif ul;pufwwf
aom a&m*grsm;jym;onfhtwGuf

trsm;jynfow
l Ydk\ use;f rma&;ukd
umuG,f&rnf/
(n) vrf;yef;taqmuftOD udpö
rsm;ukd ppfbufokdY yxrOD;pGm
tcGit
hf a&;ay;&rnf/ ppfbuf\
vkt
d ifqE´rsm;udk OD;pGm cGijhf yK&
rnf/
(#) vlrsK;d tcsi;f csi;f y#dyu©rjzpf
atmif tpk;d &u wwfEidk af om
enf;tm;jzifh a&SmifMuOfjyD;vQif
jrefrmjynf&dS tdE´d,vlrsKd;rsm;ESifh
tjcm;vlenf;pkrsm;ukd taMumif;rJh
oufouf ESyd pf ufnOf;yef;jcif; r
jyK&/
tk y f c sKyf a &;ud p ö r sm;ud k
aqmif &Gu&f mü tpd;k &tzGUJ onf
ppfzuf qkid &f m tkycf sKyaf &;XmeESihf
tpOfojzifh &if;ESD;pGm yl;aygif;
aqmif &Guo
f mG ;&rnf/
&SKd *sD ½kd tD;'g;
jrefrmjynf tifyD&D&J,f edyGef
ppfaoemywdMuD;
«ol&d, 2-8-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 4-8-42»

40

-23-

ausmfNidrf;
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945:

OD;xGe;f atmif w&m;Xme0efMuD;?
AE¨Kv OD;pdef vrf;yef;taqmuf
ttkHqkdif&m0efMuD;?
ocifjrXmevufukdifr&Sd0efMuD;/
&SKd *sD ½kd tD'g;
ppfAkdvfcsKyfMuD;
jrefrmjynf&SdedyGefppfwyfrawmf/

P117-119]

jrefrmEkid if &H *Sd syefwyfrawmf ppf
aoemywd 'kwd,AkdvfcsKyfMuD;tD;
'g;u *syefppfbufqidk &f m trdeUf
t& jrefrmjynftpk;d &ukd cefUtyf
zGJUpnf;onf/
tpd;k &tzGUJ 0ifrsm; rSm
a'gufwmbarmf 0efMuD;csKyfESifh
jynfxJa&;0efMuD;?
a'gufwmodrf;armif b@ma&;
0efMuD; ?
ocifoef;xGef;
pkdufysKd;a&;
0efMuD; ?
ocifxeG ;f tkyf
opfawma&;
0efMuD; ?
OD;vSaz ul;oef;a&;ESifh pufrI
vufrIqkdif&m 0efMuD;?
ocifApdef c&D ; vrf ; tquf
toG,fESifh qnfajrmif;buf
qkdif&m0efMuD;?
OD;b0if; ynma&;ESifh usef;rm
a&; 0efMuD;? 

«wkdif;cspf 6-8-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 4-8-42»
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945:

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

tem;tjyD; 0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwm
barmfvufoYdk tkycf sKyaf &;rlrsm;yg
&daS om ppftrdeUf udk ay;tyfonf/
xkdYaemuf tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmrsm;
ESifh tpkd;&opfzGJUpnf;a&;twGuf
aMunmcsuf wpf&yfxkwfjyef&m
wGif
(1) tkyfcsKyfa&;tpDtpOf

tpk;d &opfonf ,cifu bk&ifcH
wku
d ½f u
dk t
f yk cf sKyfc&hJ onfh e,frsm;
rSví
JG ,cift*Fvyd w
f Ydk tkycf sKyf
cJah om jrefrmjynftwGi;f &dS e,f
y,frsm;ukd tkycf sKyfa&;tmPmrsm;
t& pDrt
H yk cf sKyf&rnf/ tpk;d &\
tkyfcsKyfa&;tpDtpOfrSm

*syefwyfrawmfppfAkdvfcsKyfMuD;

P122]

0efMuD;csKyf
eHeuf8 em&DwiG f ppfbufqidk &f m
A[kdXmejzpfaom tpdk;&tdrfawmf
ü a'gufwmbarmftm; eef;&if;
0ef (0efMuD;csKyf) tjzpf cefUtyf
onf/ xkYd aemuf use0f efMuD;rsm;
tm; &mxl;cefUtyfonfh tcrf;
tem;ukd usif;yonf/ 

Oya'tBuHay;
t&m&dSaumfrwDrsm;

0efMuD;csKyf½kH;

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-8-42»

jrefrmEkid if &H *Sd syefwyfrawmf ppf
aoemywd 'kwd,AkdvfcsKyffMuD;
tD;'g;onf jrefrmEkid if H 0efMuD;csKyf
ESihf 0efMuD;rsm;cefUtyfonfh tcrf; 

41

42

wkduf½kduftkyfcsKyfonfh
XmecGJrsm;
1/ jynfxaJ &;
2/ b@ma&;
3/ v,f,mpku
d yf sKd;a&;
4/ opfawma&;
5/ ul;oef;a&;ESihf
pufrIvufrIvkyfief;
6/ vrf;c&D;ESifhqnfajrmif;rsm;
7/ ynma&;ESifhusef;rma&;
8/ w&m;Xme
9/ vrf;yef;ESifhtaqmuftOD

-24-

ausmfNidrf;

okYd wm0ef&aSd p&rnf/
0efMuD;csKyf½;Hk &dS t&m&dcS sKyfonf
0efMuD;csKyf\ taxGaxGtkyfcsKyf
a&;ESihf ywfoufonfh twGi;f 0ef
½k;H vkyif ef;rsm;ukd ñTeMf um; jyo
&rnf/ ¤if;onf *syefwyfrawmf
\ ppfbufqkdif&m tkyfcsKyfa&;
&nf&,
G cf sufrsm; atmifjrifatmif
0efMuD;csKyftm; ulnD&rnf/
twkid yf ifcH t&m&drS sm;onf Xme
toD;oD;&dS 0efMuD;rsm;tm; ulnD
vsuf ta&;MuD;aom udprö sm;wGif
yg0ifaqmif&Guf&rnf/
,cifu &dcS ahJ om tpk;d &
tzGJUudk zsufodrf;&rnf/
,ck tpk;d &tzGUJ wGif 0ef
MuD;csKyf? 0efMuD;csKyf½kH;&dS t&m&dS
csKyfESifh0efMuD;rsm; yg0ifap&rnf
jzpfí 0efMuD;csKyfu Ouú|tjzpf
aqmif&u
G jf yD; qk;H jzwf&rnf/
*syeft&m&dSrsm;\ &mxl;cefUtyf
a&; pnf;rsO;f rsm;? vpmaiGrsm;udk
tjcm;enf;jzifh pDrHqkH;jzwfrnf/

wkdYjzpfonf/ pD&ifpke,fy,frsm;&dS
tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;Xmeqkdif&m
tzGJUrsm;ESifh ¤if;\vufatmufcH
tzGUrJ sm;onf ,cifpepfEiS w
hf El idk f
orQwlatmif zGJUpnf; cefYtyf&
rnf/ tjcm;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ukdrl
*syefppfAv
dk cf sKyfMuD;\ oabmwl
nDcsuf r&bJ zGUJ pnf;jcif;rjyK&/
,cifu &dcS ahJ om vTwf
awmfudk jyefvnfzUJG pnf;jcif; jyK
vdrrhf nf r[kw/f
(2) vkyfieff;ESifhtmPmrsm;
*syefwyfrawmf Akv
d cf sKyfMuD;onf
tkyfcsKyfa&;\rlukd pDrHcefUcGJvdrfh
rnf/ ppfAv
dk cf sKyfMuD;onf tpk;d &
ukd t&m&mwGif ñTeMf um;vdrrhf nf
jzpfí w&m;rQwrI ppfaq;Munf½h I
rIrsm;ukd ppfAv
dk cf sKyMf uD;\ ñTef
Mum;csuftwkid ;f jzpfap&rnf/
Oya' jyKvyk af &;udpu
ö dk vnf; ppf
Akv
d cf sKyMf uD; vufwiG f xm;&dv
S rd hf
rnf/
ppfAv
dk cf sKyfMuD;\ vufatmuf
wGi&f aSd om 0efMuD;csKyfonf Xme
rsm;tm;vkH;ESifh rdrdvufatmuf&dS
rdrdwkduf½kduftkyfcsKyfrnfh Xmersm;
ukd pDrcH efUcG&J rnf/
0efMuD;rsm;onf rdrdwdkYXmetoD;
oD;&dS tkycf sKyfa&;udprö sm;ukd pDrH
aqmif&u
G &f rnft
h jyif 0efMuD;csKyf

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-8-42»
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
119-121]

jrefrmEkid if &H Sd *syefwyfrawmf\
ppfaoemywd 'kwd,AkdvfcsKyfMuD; 

43

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ppfaoemywdMuD;onf ,cktpk;d &
opfzGJUpnf;cefYtyfaom þrGef
jrwfonfh tcsdeftcgor,wGif
tpk;d &t&m&dMS uD;rsm;tm; cs;D usL;í
pum; tenf;i,frQ ajymqkdvkd
aMumif;/ vlMuD;rif;rsm; od&o
Sd nf
twkid ;f ,aeYþurÇmay:wGif 0if
½k;d wef;vkv
d m;olrsm;ESihf rvkv
d m;
olrsm;[lí ESpzf UJG uGv
J su&f aSd Mumif;
xkt
d zGUJ MuD;ESpcf o
k nf rdrw
d Ykdatmif
jrifrt
I wGuf wkid ;f jynfwidk ;f \ aiG
tm; vltm; tp&do
S nfwYdkjzifh
tm;oGeí
f vlwYdk\ &mZ0ifwiG f
rMuHKbl;aom aMumufrufzf ,
G f
wku
d yf MJG uD;udk qifEv
JT su&f aSd v
onf/ okYdyifjzpfvifu
h pm; uREyfk f
wkYd 0if½;dk wef;Ekid if rH sm;rSmrl tcsdef
ESit
hf rQ wk;d wuf atmifyef;qif
vsu&f aSd vonf/ ta&SUbuf w
vTm;rSmqkv
d Qifvnf; awmifyidk ;f csD
wufwu
dk cf u
dk af &;wGif edyeG w
f Ydk \
atmifjrifjcif;rSm vQijf refí tHMh o
zG,f wk;d wufvsuf &dpS Of csKu
H if;
tpkd;&ysufus'ku©a&mufzkdY ta&;
rSm wpfaeYwpfjcm; wk;d vsu&f Sd
aMumif;? uREyfk w
f Ydk odr;f yku
d f &&dS
xm;aom yoQL;uRe;f qG,?f zdvpf
ykid u
f Re;f pk? *smAm;? pkrMwm;? bked D
,d?k e,l;*Ded tp&do
S nfeh ,fajrrsm;
wGif ppfbuftyk cf sKyaf &;rSm txif

tD;'g;u tpk;d &tzGUJ opf pnf;rsO;f
rsm;ESihf pyfvsO;f í ppfbufqidk &f m
trdeUf ukd a'gufwmbarmf vuf
okYd ay;tyfjyD; rdeUf cGe;f pum; ajym
Mum;onf/ tD;'g;u A[kt
d yk cf sKyf
a&;tzGUJ MuD;wnfaxmif&eftwGuf
tkycf sKyfa&; pDpOfraI umfrwDudk zGUJ
pnf;í a'gufwmbarmf tm;
Ouú|? tjcm;yk*¾dKvfMuD;rsm;tm;
toD;oD; aumfrwDtzGJU0iftjzpf
cefYtyfco
hJ nfrmS ESpv
f eD;eD;Mum&dS
avjyD/ xkyd *k Kd¾ vMf uD;rsm;onf ¤if;
tcsed u
f pí MudK;yef;wukwf pdwf
tm; xufoefpmG rdrw
d Ydk tvkyf
0wå&m;rsm;ukd rGejf rwfpmG aqmif
&Gucf MhJ uojzifh ,aeY þtpk;d &
tzGJUukd zGJUpnf;wnfaxmifEkdifjyD;
vQif uREyfk w
f Ydktm; ppfbuftyk f
csKyfa&;wGif a&SUwufí wpfvrS ;f
wk;d wuf aqmif&u
G Ef idk af paMumif;
jrefrmjynfESifhwuG ta&SUtm&S
wku
d Mf u;D twGuf þtcgonf pif
ppfaysm&f iT t
f m;&zG,jf zpfí tkycf sKyf
a&; pDpOfraI umfrwD tzGUJ 0ifrsm;
ESihf Ouú|MuD;tm; ¤if;wkYd\ rem;
rae yifyef;cH MudK;pm;csufrsm;
twGuf uREkyf w
f Ydk u aus;Zl;Oy
um& wif&ySd gaMumif;/
jrefrmjynf ppftyk cf sKyaf &;
tzGUJ \ tMuD;tuJjzpfaom uREyfk f
44

-25-

ausmfNidrf;

i,frQ oHo,r&dcS ahJ y/
þxif&mS ; yGiv
hf if;aom
taMumif;tjzpftysurf sm; twGi;f
wnfaxmif&aom tpk;d &tzGUJ jzpf
ojzifv
h Ml uD;rif;wkYdonf ½Iwaf xG;
vSaom urÇmMuD;0,f jrefrmjynf
vnf; tusK;H 0ifvsuf &daS Mumif;
ukd rSeu
f efpmG owdcsyí
f rdrw
d Ydk
vkyu
f idk zf ,
G f 0wå&m;rsm;tay: xkd
owdukd tajccHpOf;pm;jyKvkyf
aqmif & G u f o if h y gaMumif ; /t
ajrmufoH Ak;H oHrsm;ukd vlMu;D rif;
wkYd rMum;&aomfvnf; urÇmMuD;ü
ESpf ckuv
JG su&f aSd om tzGUJ Mu;D ESpcf k
onf wpfO;D ESihf wpfO;D &rdorQ
vufeuftiftm; tp&do
S nfwYdk
jzifh ppfyMJG uD;ukd wku
d cf u
dk v
f suf&Sd
aeao;ygaMumif; tu,fíom
þ ta&SUtm&SppfMuD; atmifjrif
jcif;okYd ra&mufygu tm&Swu
dk f
jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;ESifh jrefrm
jynfvGwfvyfa&;&zkdY udprö sm;rSm
tdyfrufozG,f ysufjym;ukefrnf
jzpfavonf/
,aeY
þtpk;d &opf
wnfaxmifaom rGejf rwfonfh
tcsed o
f r,wGif
uREyfk f xyf
avmif; ajymqkv
d o
dk nfrmS jrefrm
vlrsKd;wkYd EiS w
hf uG tm&Swu
dk &f Sd vl
taygif;wkYd onf ,ck tm&Swu
dk f

xufyí
dk
atmifjrifvsu&f o
Sd nfh
tjyif ta&SUtm&Swu
dk Mf uD;\ nD
wlnDrQ tusKd;cHpm;cGifhrItzGJUttkH
vkyfief;rSm rnfokdYrQ rysufrpD;
Ekid af om tajccHtw
k jf rpf yEéuf
½ku
d rf v
d suf &daS vjyD/
taemufbuf ppfrsuf
ESmrSm qkv
d Qiv
f nf; *smrefEiS hf tD
wmvQH ESpOf ;D aygif;aom ppfwyf
&JrufwYdkonf aEGOwk wku
d pf pfyJG
ukd qifEv
JT suf &do
S jzifh ¤if;wkYd\
&efolrsm;tm; jyefvnfckcHjcif;iSm
rpGrf;aqmifEkdifapbJ armfpukdNrdKU
wl½o
l Ydk csDwuf wku
d cf u
dk v
f suf&Sd
aMumif;/ ta&SUwvTm;wGif edyeG f
wkdYu tMuD;tus,f atmifEkdif
vkdufjcif;aMumifh ajrmufykdif;tmz
&du ppfyrJG mS vnf; t*Fvyd Ef iS hf t
ar&duefwYdkonf ae&mwkid ;f üt½I;H
MuD;½I;H um ¤if;wkYd\toa&ukd jyef
vnfq,fEidk zf Ydk vrf;rjrifay/ þ
urÇmavmuMuD;\ rSeu
f efaom
w&m;ESihf vltaygif;wkYd\ tusK;d
aus;Zl; yGm;rsm;&jcif;ukd taMumif;
jyKí ¤if;wkY\
d a&SUtcgu pí arG;
jrLcJah om pdw,
f w
k pf w
d rf u
dk t
f usihf
tMuHrsm;u 'Pfjyefjcif;ukd uREyfk f
wkYd tm;vk;H csD;rTr;f aus;Zl;wif&ay
aMumif;/ uREyfk w
f Ydkonf þppfyJG
MuD; vk;H 0 atmifEidk af &;ukd tenf;
45

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

odrf;vkdufjyD;vQif wpf0g'wpfyg
wDtjzpf wnfaxmifcJhavonf/
xkt
d wl jrefrmjynfu
vnf; vku
d ef mjyKvkyzf Ydk aocsmpGm
pOf;pm;oifhavonf/ ygwDcsif;
jydKifqidk rf ?I roifjh rwfr?I t½Iwt
f
axG;ay:aygufrIrsm;onf EkdifiH
wpfckvkH;\ tusKd;pD;yGm;aumif;
pm;a&;ukd rjyKvkyfEkdifay/
jrefrmjynfMuD; vGwv
f yf
a&;&&daS tmif
aESmifah ES;apzkYd
taMumif;rsm;onf xkdtaMumif;
rsm;omvQif r[kw/f Ekid if t
H wGi;f
0,f wpfO;D ESiw
hf pfO;D roifjh rwfrI
t½IwftaxG;rsm;aMumifh EkdifiH\
cGet
f m; ,kwaf vsmh ysujf ym;jcif;
onftxl;ta&;Mu;D aom taMumif;
tcsujf zpfavonf/ tdE,
d´ jynf
rSvnf; xkt
d wl jzpfay:vsu&f Sd
aMumif; ? xko
d Ydk jzpf&jcif;onf
t*Fvyd w
f Ydk\ usiahf qmifjyKvkyf
csuaf Mumifh jzpfavonf/ A[kEd idk f
iHa&;tzGJUcsKyfMuD;ü t½IwftaxG;
ay:aygufcyhJ gvQif eD;&m 'dpMwdwf
e,fy,frsm;okYd jyefYEUHS oGm;jyD;vQif
vltaygif;wkdY\ pdwf"mwft,l
tqukd ysujf ym;apavonf/ vl
MuD;rif;wkdYonf EkdifiHtwGif;0,f
rdrw
d Ydk wm0ef0wå&m;rsm;udk xrf;
aqmif&mü
pHerlem wifxu
dk f

ppfyMJG uD; atmifjrifa&;twGuf rdrd
wkYd prG ;f tm;&do
S rQ tm;oGeu
f n
l í
D
atmifyef;ukd qGwfcl;Murnfjzpf
aMumif;/ ppfatmifEidk af om tm&S
wku
d Mf uD; jzpfvmzkYd udpo
ö nf
uREyfk w
f pfO;D wnf;\ pdw"f mwf
wnfNrJjcif;om r[kw/f vlMuD;
rif;tm;vk;H wkYdüvnf; xkpd w
d "f mwf
&d&S rnfjzpfaMumif;/ vlMuD;rif;wkYd
onf jrefrmvlrsKd;wkdY\acgif;
aqmifMuD;rsm; jzpfMuonfhavsmf
nDpmG a&SUqk;H uaeí xkNd rJNrHaom
pdwf"mwfjzifh vlMuD;rif;wkdYtm;
ay;tyfvu
dk af om tpk;d &\ wm
0ef0wå&m;rsm;ukd aqmif&Gufyg
av/ tu,fí wpfO;D wpfa,muf
onf xkw
d m0ef 0wå&m;rsm;ukd
xrf;aqmif&mü rpGr;f aqmifraus
yGeyf gvQif ¤if;tm; tpk;d &tzGUJ \
&mxl;ESihf rxku
d w
f ef[k ,lq&yg
vdrfhrnf/
xkYdjyifvnf; þta&;MuD;
aom tcsdeftcg umvtwGif;
0,f wkid ;f jynfwidk ;f wkYd \ vkt
d yf
aomtcsufonf vltaygif;wkdY
\ a&SUaqmif wpfvkH;wpfpnf;
wnf; pnf;vk;H rIjzpfaMumif;? edyeG f
jynfrmS yif a&S;tcgu pí &mZ0if
wGicf ahJ om Ekid if aH &;ygwD tzGUJ
tpnf;rsm;udk rESpfupí zsuf
46

-26-

ausmfNidrf;

wuG wkid ;f jynftiftm;udk jznfh
pTr;f ygav/ tm;vk;H aom jrefrm
vlrsKd;taygif;wkdYonf aovQif
ajrMuD; &Siv
f Qiaf &Tx;D qkad om jref
rmwkYd\a0g[m&pum;twkid ;f &J0hH
pGm jrefrmjynfMu;D \
tusK;d
twGuf taocHí aqmif&u
G &f ef
toif&h aSd p&rnf/ edyeG jf ynf\ vl
OD;a&rSm oef;aygif;wpf&m&dSav
onf/ xkrd Q rsm;jym;aom vlO;D a&
&dv
S ifu
h pm; edyeG v
f rl sK;d wkYo
d nf eH
eufrS nOfw
h idk af tmif tvkyw
f m
0efrsm;udk MudK;pm;vkyfukdifMuav
onf/ xkYdtwl ausmif;om;u
av;oli,frsm;onf rdrdwkdYwkdif;
jynf\ trIawmfudk xrf;aqmif
Ekdif&eftwGuf oifcef;pmrsm;ukd
nOfeh ufoef;acgifwidk af tmif oif
tHah vhusuMf uavonf/ þenf;
tm;jzifhomvQif uREkfyfwkdYonf
cGet
f m; tMuD;qk;H aom wkid ;f jynf
rsm;wGif xdyq
f ;Hk aom wkid ;f jynf
jzpfEkdifayrnf/ jrefrmvlrsKd;wkYd
onf vGwv
f yfa&;\ tusK;d cHpm;
rIukd tvk&d ySd gvQif awmf½o
Hk if½h Hk
pdw"f mwfrsKd;jzifh r&Ekid af Mumif;
owdcsyo
f ifah vonf/ vGwv
f yf
a&;&&dS&eftwGuf jrefrmvlrsKd;wkdY
arQmfvifh vkyfukdifaqmif&Gufjcif;
rsm;ukd uREyfk f em;vnfowdrrl yd g

atmif tao;tzGJ roifjh rwfrI
pdw"f mwfwYdkudk y,fazsmufum
wpfO;D ESiw
hf pfO;D oifjh rwfnn
D w
G f
pGm wpfv;Hk wpfpnf; wpfo
f abm
wnf;jzifh trsKd;om;tiftm;MuD;
ukd xlaxmiftm;jznfyh gav/ okYd
rSomvQif aemifvmrnfh vGwv
f yf
a&;twGuf tajccHtkwfjrpfcsEkdif
ayrnf/
vlMuD;rif;wkYdonf xdyf
qk;H uaeí wkid ;f oljynfom;ESihf
jrdKUe,ft&m&drS sm;ukd a&SUaqmifjyD;
vQif rSeu
f efpmG rdrw
d Ydktvkyw
f m
0efudk
xrf;aqmifvrd rhf nf[k
uREkfyfarQmfvifhygaMumif;/ jrefrm
jynfonf ppf

PfaMumifh rsm;
pGmysupf ;D 'kua© wGUvsu&f aSd vonf/
ppfrjzpfru
D tajctaersm; jyef
vnf&&dSzkdY udprö sm;onf þppf
aMumifh ysufpD;,kd,Gif;aeaom
tajctaersm;rS xlaxmif&ef t
vGeftrif; MudK;pm;aqmif&GufrS
jzpfEkdifayrnf/ vGwfvyfa&;\
tusKd;t&omukd cHpm;vkdygvQif
vlMuD;rif;wkYd EiS w
hf uG jrefrmvlrsK;d
wdYk onf þtcsed t
f wGi;f 0,f rdrd
wkYd pdw"f mwftp&do
S nfwYdkukd t
opfjyKjyif ajymif;vGí
J vkyzf ,
G f
aqmifwmrsm;ukd MudK;yef;wukwf
tm;xkwfum jrefrmvlrsKd;wkdYESifh
47

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

xm;ygaMumif;? xko
d Ydk cefYxm;&
jcif; yxrtaMumif;t&if;rSmrl ed
yGev
f rl sK;d ESihf jrefrmvlrsK;d wkYd wpfO;D
taMumif; wpfO;D em;vnfpnf;vk;H
rd&efEiS hf edyeG t
f &m&SEd iS hf jrefrmt&m
&drS sm; ab;csi;f ,SOí
f vkyu
f idk Mf u
&rSm jzpfEidk af Mumif;/ odYkro
S mvQif
tm&Swu
dk f ppfyMJG uD; atmifEidk af &;
twGuf cRw,
f iG ;f csurf sm; r&dES idk f
ay/ 'kw,
d tcsurf mS jzifh edyeG jf ynf
onf jrefrmjynfEiS hf ,SOrf nfqdk
vQif pufrv
I ufrEI iS hf tjcm;vkyf
ief;t&yf&yfwiG f tqift
h wef;jrifh
onft
h avQmuf jrefrf mvlrsK;d wkYdEiS hf
wuG jrefrmjynfMuD; wk;d wuf
aumif;pm;rIudk &nfp;l í arwåm
oabmjziffh edyeG w
f Ydku jrefrmvl
rsKd;wkdYukd enf;ay;vrf;jy ulnD
jcif;jzpfygaMumif;/
edyGefvlrsKd;wkdYtm; jrefrm
vlrsKd;wkdYonf cspfMunfvkdvm;í
pdwaf &muk,
d yf g ¤if;wkYd EiS hf twl
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48

-27-

ausmfNidrf;

0wå&m;rsm; xrf;aqmif&mü pHerl
emwifavmufatmif jyKvdrfhrnf
[kuREyfk rf sm;pGm ,kMH unfygaMumif;
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onf jrefrmjynf\ rdwaf qGppf
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tjyif jrefrmjynftusKd;twGuf
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a&mufvsuf &daS vjyD/ xkYd aMumifh
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tpk;d &opfziG yhf w
JG iG f jrefrmEkid if H
0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwmbarmfu
rdeYfceG ;f ajymMum;&mwGif *syefwyfr
awmf ppfAv
dk cf sKyfMuD;\ vuf
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dk v
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dk f nDwl
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H pfck tjzpf
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*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

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ulnDcJhMuaMumif;? ,ckvnf;
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jrefrmjynfolwkdYonf aoG;ESifh
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jrifatmif 0kdif;0ef;ulnD aqmif
&Gufjcif;jzifh jrefrmvlrsKd;wkdY\
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pkw
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jrefrmvlrsKd;rsm;onf wpfaoG;
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&ef/
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d QEiS hf w½kwpf pfwyfrsm;
zsufq;D oGm;ojzifh ysufp;D ,k,
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aeaom jrefrmjynfMuD;ukd topf
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pnf;pdru
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tpk;d &uvnf;
jrefrmjynftm;
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ukd uREyfk w
f Ydkonf pdwcf s,MHk unf
&rnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrmEkid if aH wmf
rSm &eforl sm;tm; armif;ESix
f w
k f
cJ&h mwGif jrefrmvlrsK;d rsm;onf ppf
wyfMuD;wpfco
k zG,f wpfNydKifeuf

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-8-42»
49

50

-28-

ausmfNidrf;

txl;vIdufvIdufvSJvSJ 0rf;ajrmuf
jcif;jzpf&aMumif;? jrefrmjynfopf
MuD;yGm;wk;d wufrw
I iG f jrefrmvl
rsKd;taygif;wkdYu tpkd;&opfESifh
twl uln½D idk ;f yif;vsuf ¤if;wkYd
\ apmifah &Smufjcif;jzifh aqmif
&Guv
f rd rhf nf[k uREyfk f ,kMH unf
aMumif;? tpd;k &tzGUJ rSm uREkyf \
f
trdeUf t& tkycf sKyfrnfjzpf&m jref
rmvlrsKd;rsm;uomvQif jyKvkyf&
vdrrhf nf[k uREyfk f em;vnfxm;
aMumif;? xkt
d wkid ;f 'DpMwdwef ,f
y,frsm;wGif tkyfcsKyfrItpkd;&opf
ukv
d nf; txufygtwkid ;f jzpf
ajrmufvrd rhf nf[k arQmv
f ifah Mumif;?
'DpMwdwcf ½kid 0f efrsm;ukd cefUtyfjyD;
jzpf&f m xkyd *k Kd¾ vfrsm;vnf; ¤if;wkYd
oufqkdif&me,fy,frsm;wGif tkyf
csKyfa&; jyefvnfwnfw&hH ef MudK;
pm; aqmif&Gufvsuf&dSaMumif;?
jrefrmvlrsKd;wdkY awmifhwaeaom
vGwv
f yfa&;taMumif;ESihf ywf
oufí uREyfk o
f abmudk ajym&
rnfqv
dk Qif *sief &,f wk*d sKEd iS hf
uREyfk \
f aMunmcsurf sm;wGif &Si;f
vif;ajymqkjd yD;jzpfí edyeG u
f vnf;
jrefrmjynfvGwfvyfa&; twGuf
vkt
d yfonft
h wkid ;f aqmif&u
G af y;
vdrrhf nfjzpfí vGwv
f yfa&;atmif
yef;ukd tjrefq;Hk &&dv
S rd rhf nf [k

om;taygif;wkYdonfvnf; uREyfk f
wkdYa&SUaqmif&mokdY vkdufygMu&ef
owday;EId;aqmfygaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 5-8-42»

jrefrmjynf *syefwyfrsm;\ ppf
aoemywd 'kw,
d
Akv
d cf sKyMf uD;
tD;'g; onf owif;pmq&mrsm;
ESihf awGUqkí
H rdeYf ceG ;f ajymMum;&m
wGif ppftyk cf sKyfa&; vufatmuf
wGif tpk;d &opf zGUJ pnf; jyD;onfh
twGuf uREyfk rf sm;pGm 0rf;ajrmuf
rdygaMumif; vGecf o
hJ nfh ZGev
f u
a'gufwmbarmfOuú| tjzpf
aqmif&u
G af eaom tkycf sKyfa&;
pDpOfraI umfrwDudk zGUJ pnf;jyD;vQif
ta&;MuD;aom vuf&Sd jyóem
rsm;ukd aqmif&GufcJhavonf/
xkt
d csed rf pS í a'gufwm barmf
ES i f h aumf r wD 0 if r sm;onf
wpfaeYrjywf yifyef;pGm vkyu
f idk f
aqmif&u
G cf MhJ uavonf/ ,ck
tcg pDpOfaf &;udprö sm; jyD;pD;jyDjzpf
í aumfrwDtzGUJ udk zsuo
f rd ;f jyD;
vQif tpk;d &opf zGUJ pnf;vku
d jf yDjzpf
aMumif;? uREyfk o
f nf pDpOfrI aumf
rwDtm; ygwD? *kP
d ;f CP vku
d f
pm;jcif; r&db
S J jyD;ajrmufatmif
yifyef;pGm aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ nft
h wGuf 

51

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

arQmfvifah Mumif;? ¤if;jyif tpk;d &
tzGUJ opfwnfaxmifjcif;onfvnf;
vGwv
f yfa&;twGuf yxr ajc
vSr;f vnf;jzpf&m
tem*gwf
twGuf tiftm;jznfw
h if;jcif;yif
jzpfaMumif;? vlwidk ;f vlwidk ;f rSm
vnf; ,ckvuf&Sd tajctae
taMumif;ukd owdrjl yD;vQif ta&SU
tm&Swu
dk f MuD;yGm;wk;d wufrI &nf
&G,fcsufukd odem;vnf&rnf/
A[kt
d pk;d &ukd taMumif;jyKí t&m
&dSrsm;ESifh wkdif;oljynfom;rsm;
pnf;vk;H nDnw
G pf mG ESihf edyeG f tifyD
&D&,fppfzufEiS hf yl;aygif; aqmif
&Gufí aemufqkH;atmifyef;ukd
qGwcf ;l &rnf/
qkcd jhJ yD;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm; jynfph o
Hk nft
h cg
*kPo
f wif;ESihf taMumif;t&mu
oufaocHvmvdrfhrnf/
wpfck owday;vko
d nfrmS
jrefrmjynfwiG f vltrsK;d rsK;d aexkid f
vsu&f &Sd m xkv
d rl sK;d rsm; taMumif;
wpfckckaMumifh tcsif;jzpfyGm;cJh
vQif ta&SUtm&Swu
dk f acwfopf
xlaxmif a&;vkyif ef;ukd xdcu
dk af p
vdrfhrnfjzpfaMumif;? xkdYaMumifh
tm&Swu
dk w
f iG f aexkid Mf uaom vl
taygif;wkYd onf wpfO;D ESiw
hf pfO;D
cifrif&if; ES;D MujyD;vQif ta&SU
tm&Swu
dk f MuD;yGm; wk;d wufrI

&nf&G,faom tifyD&D&,fedyGef\
pdwx
f m;ukd od&eSd m;vnf&ef vkd
tyfaMumif;? uREyfk w
f Ydk
edyeG pf pf
wyfrsm;onf uREkyf w
f Ydk cspfcifjyD;
jzpfaom jrefrmomvQif r[kw?f
tdE,
d´ jynfudk vnf; vGwv
f yfa&;
&ygap[k qkawmif;aMumif;/
NAdwdoQppfwyfrsm;onf
jrefrmjynf ppfajrjyifrS xGucf mG
oGm;& aomfvnf; tdE,
d´ avwyf
pcef;wGif a&Smifwrd ;f aejyD; &efuek f
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r&daS om tdE,
d´ ESihf jrefrmvlrsKd;
rsm;tm; avaMumif;jzifh vm
a&mufwu
dk cf u
dk f 'kua© y;vsuf &dS
aMumif;? edyGef ppfwyfrsm;tm;
tdE,
d´ jynfudk taMumif;rJh wku
d f
ckdufjcif;rS a&SmifMuOf&ef trdefU
ay;xm;aMumif;? tdE,
d´ jynfwiG ;f
okYd edyeG pf pfwyf csDwufwu
dk cf u
dk f
odr;f yku
d af &;rSm vG,u
f al omfvnf;
tdE´d,jynfvkH; jyKwfjyKwfjyKef;
ysufpD;xdckdufrnfh ab;tEÅ&m,f
MuD;qku
d af &mufrnfudk pk;d &dro
f jzifh
,ck acwårQ qkid ;f xm;&jcif;jzpf
aMumif;/ ,cktcgrSmtdE,
d´ vlrsKd;
rsm;omvQif
tm&Svrl sK;d rsm;\
tusKd;twGuf NAdwdoQvlrsKd;rsm;
ukd tdE,
d´ jynfrS ESix
f w
k &f ef ,ck
tcgaumif; tcGiahf umif;MuD; jzpf
52

-29-

ausmfNidrf;

aMumif;? ,ckuo
hJ Ydk aeUxl;aeUjrwf
MuD;wGif tpkd;&opfzGJUpnf;&onfh
twGuf a&SUtzkYd MuD;yGm;wk;d wuf
jyD;vQif jrefrmvlrsK;d taygif;wkYd
tm;vnf; ulnaD qmif&u
G v
f rd hf
rnf[k arQmfvifhygaMumif;/

pdew
f YdkrS MuD;rSL;aom wkYdArm
tpnf;t½kH;wkdYonf (wpfzGJUxJ?
wpfaoG;xJ? wpfox
H ?J wpfred Uf
xJ) tjzpfjzifh aygif;pyfzUJG pnf;
vkdufjyD/
wpfzUJG wnf;
tjzpf
aygif;pyf vku
d af om jrefrmwpf
jynfv;Hk wpfrsK;d vk;H \ þtpnf;
t½k;H MuD;onf tmPm&Sif pepfjzifh
tvkyv
f yk rf nf/ a'gufwmbarmf
tm; tmPm&Sit
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xkYdaMumifh jrefrmjynfwiG f (wpfzUJG ?
wpfaoG;? wpfo?H wpfred Uf ) xm;&dS
&rnf/ wpfzUJG um; (wkYdArmqif;&J
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Armqif;&Jom;###BOT_TEXT###g') wpfred Yf
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tzGJU0ifrsm;tjzpfjzifh atmufyg
yk*K¾ dvfrsm;ukd tmPm&Sifu cefU
xm;vku
d jf yD jzpfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-8-42»

jrefrmEkid if t
H pk;d & 0efMuD;csKyf½;Hk
twGi;f 0efcsKyf &mxl;ukd
*syef
Munf;wyf
tkycf sKyaf &; t&m&dS
rpöwm wmumEkd (Takano Genshin) u vufcH aqmif&u
G o
f nf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 98^
355»

2 Mo*kwf 1942
jrefrmEkid if H
tpk;d &opf zGiyhf JG atmifjrifonfh
txdr;f trSwt
f jzpf &efuek Nf rdKUwGif
atmifyGJobifrsm; usif;yonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 5-8-42»

9 Mo*kwf 1942 jrefrmtzGJUcsKyf
Bu;D (ÄwkYAd rmqif;&Jom;tpnf;t½k;H )
wpfzUGJ ? wpfaoG;? wpfo?H wpfred Uf
pepft& zGUJ pnf;vku
d f jyD/
jrefrmjynfwiG f
jrefrmacwfxl
axmif&ef
a'gufwmbarmf
MuD;rSL;aom qif;&Jom;0HomEk
tzGUJ BuD;? ocifxeG ;f tky?f ocifA

ocifNr? OD;b0if;? AE¨KvOD;pdef?
ocifxGef;tkyf? ocifApdefESifh
53

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ocifoef;xGef;?
ocifoef;xGef;tm; tmPm&Sif
twkdifyifcHtzGJU\ twGif;a&;rSL;
tjzpfjzifh tmPm&Siu
f cefUvku
d f
onf/
tmPm&Sipf epftwkid ;f tpnf;
t½k;H \ wm0efct
H jzpfjzifh ocifEk
tm; cefUvku
d o
f nf/ ocifukd,f
awmfrIdif; tm; tpnf;t½k;H \
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f ;l aqmifq&mMuD;) tjzpf
wifajr§mufvkdufonf/
tpnf;t½k;H
wnf&m
Xmeukv
d nf; &efuek Nf rdKU tvHjy
bk&m;vrf; 37ukd todtrSwf
jyKvku
d jf yD/ tzGUJ a[mif;rsm;ukd yl;
aygif;í tzGUJ opfrsm;ukd tmPm
&Sif pepfjzifh xlaxmifrnf/
wkYAd rm oDcsi;f rS oHNyKdif
tyk'd u
f dk trsKd;om;oDcsif; tjzpf
jzifh tmPm&Sifpepft& tod
trSwfjyKvkdufjyD/ trsKd;om;tvH
ESihf tjcm;tzGUJ udpö rsm;ukd rMumrD
trdefUxkwfrnf/
aemufxyf trdeUf rxkwrf D
twGi;f ocifemrnfudk vnf;
aumif;? rdrw
d Ydk qidk &f m tzGUJ tvH
rsm;ESifh "m;r OD;xkyfukdvnf;
aumif;? vGwv
f yfpmG tok;H jyKEkid f
cGihf &do
S nf/
tzGUJ 3 zGUJ wGif yg0ifol

rSeo
f rQonf (wpfzUJG ? wpfaoG;
wpfo?H wpfred Uf ) oabmxm;jyD;
tm;vk;H nDnn
D w
G n
f w
G f aygif;
oif; aqmif&u
G Mf u&rnf/
(ykH)
ocifukd,fawmfrIdif;? ocifjr
ocifoef;xGef;? ocifApdef
ocifxGef;tkyf? a'gufwmbarmf
OD;b0if;? AE¨Kv OD;pde/f
«jrefrmhtvif; 9-8-42»
«Armhopfpmapmif twG1J trSw1f 1943
Mo*kwf pm 24»
Ä 1 Mo*kwf 1944 wGif r[mArm
tpnf;t½k;H [k trnfajymif;onf/ þ
tzGJUcsKyftm;0if½;dk wyf (Axis Army)
[k &nfneTG ;f onf/

14 Mo*kwf 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf (bD'Dat) wnf
axmifa&;ESihf pyfvsO;f í vrf;ñTef
csurf sm; csrw
S o
f nf/ xkv
d rf;ñTef
csuw
f iG f bD'aD tonf jrefrme,ff
ajr&dS *syefppfaoemywd vuf
atmufwiG f &d&S rnf/ t"duwm
0efrmS e,fpyfa'o umuG,af pmifh
a&Smufa&;jzpfjyD; aemifwiG f wku
d f
cku
d af &;wm0efay;&ef pOf;pm;rnf/
wyftiftm;ukd 3000 jzifh pwif
jy;D aemifwiG f 10000 xd wk;d csUJ zGUJ
rnfjzpfaMumif; yg&dSonf/
54

-30-

ausmfNidrf;
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
105-108]

rsm;ESihf NAdwo
d QwkYd \ t&dyt
f aiGU
ukd okwo
f if&iS ;f vif;jcif;tvkUd iSm
jrefrmjynfwiG f &daS om tpk;d &½k;H
awmfrf sm;wGif t*Fvyd b
f momtpm;
jrefrmbmomukd wwfEidk o
f a&GU
tok;H jyK&rnf jzpfaMumif; qk;H jzwf
csuf csrw
S o
f nf/

aiGpuúLtpkwf ta[mif; ok;H pGJ
a&;udpEö iS hf pyf vsO;f í edyeG t
f pk;d
& tdraf wmftrdeUf xkwjf yefonf/ 

«ol&d,owif;pm 29-8-42 aemifu;dk
um;vQif ol&d, [kñTef;rnf/»
«jrefrmhtvif; 25-8-42»

edyGeftpkd;& tdrfawmftrdefU
edyeG t
f pk;d &xkwf jrefrmjynfo;Hk aiG
puúLrsm;udk trsK;d tpm; cGjJ cm;jcif;
rjyKEkdifatmif npfaya[mif;EGrf;
jcif;r&daS o;ygu pkwjf ywfaeaomf
vnf; vufco
H ;Hk pGjJ cif; jyK&rnf/
jrefrmjynfo;Hk t*Fvyd f aiGpuúL
rsm;ukrd l trsKd;tpm; rcGrJ jcm;Ekid f
avmufatmif a[mif;EGrf;npfay
aecJhaomfvnf;aumif;? pkwfjywf
aeaomfvnf;aumif;? vufcHcGifh
r&dSacs/
vk;H vk;H jywfaf eaom aiGpuúLrsm;ukd
rl &efuek Nf rdKU ,ku
d [
dk m;rm; bPf
wkdufü vJvS,fEkdifaMumif;/

jrefrmjynftoHviT ½hf zHk iG yhf u
JG kd aeU
vnf 13; 30 em&DwiG f usi;f yjy;D
toHviT ½hf rHk S pwiftoHviT o
hf nf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-8-42»

18 Mo*kwf 1942 *syefwyfu
zrf;rdxm;onfh NAdwdoQwyfrSjref
rmppfom; 73 OD;tm; okyH ef;rsm;
xm;aomaxmifrS vTwaf y;onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-8-42»

20 Mo*kwf 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf ppf½kH;csKyf yxr
OD;pD;Akdvf AkdvfpMufmu Armhum
uG,fa&;wyfrawmf aMunmcsuf
ukd xkwjf yefonf/ xkad Munmcsuf
wGif ,cktcg Armhvw
G v
f yfa&;
wyfrawmfukd ArmhumuG,fa&;
wyfrawmf[k topfjyefv
f nf zGUJ

«wkdif;cspf 14-8-42»

15 Mo*kwf 1942 *syefacwf
jrefrmtpk;d &tzGUJ
0efMuD;rsm;
yxrtMudrf tpnf;ta0; usi;f
yonf/ tpnf;ta0;wGif jrefrm
Ekid if w
H iG f rvkv
d m;aom vlrsK;d jcm;
55

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

acwfopftpdk;&onf jrefrmEkdifiH
wGif acwfopfxal xmifrnf/
jrefrmtpkd;&\ vkyfief;0g'MuD;
um;
(u) tm&Swu
dk rf S t*Fvyd Ef iS hf
tar&duefwYdk\ wefc;dk tmPm
pufudk NzdKzsu&f ef tvk;H t&if;ESihf
edyGefEkdifiHMuD; a&SUaqmifwkdufckduf
vsu&f aSd om tm&Swu
dk f ppfyMJG uD;
ukd tjywftowftEkid &f &daS p&ef/
(c) jrefrmjynfonf vk;H 0vGwf
vyfaom jynftjzpfjzifh tm&S
wkduf acwfopfxlaxmifa&;wGif
twlwuG MuD;yGm;csr;f om wk;d
wufrItwGuf nDtpfukdEkdifiHrsm;
ESihf wef;wlyg0if&ef/
(*) ,ck ppfyt
JG wGi;f wGif vnf;
aumif;? aemiftem*wfwiG v
f nf;
aumif;? edyGefESihfjrefrmwkdYonf
t"GeUf &Snpf mG cifrif&if;ED;S pGm quf
qHMu&ef/
(C) &efot
l *Fvyd Ef iS hf w½kww
f Ydk
zsufq;D rD;½IUd oGm;ojzifh ysufp;D
jymusvsu&f aSd om jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f
jrefrmjynfopf xlaxmif&ef/
jrefrmacwfopftpd;k &onf txuf
yg vkyif ef;0g'MuD; atmifjrifa&;
twGut
f oufEiS phf nf;pdru
f dk y"me
rxm;bJ aqmif&u
G af wmhrnf/ ,
ck jrefrmacwfopftpd;k &onf ed

pnf;jyD;jzpfaMumif;? ppfrIquf
vuf xrf;vko
d w
l Ydk udk trIxrf;
cGifhjyKjyD;? trIrxrf;vkdolwkdYukd
vnf; xGucf iG jhf yKjyD;aMumif;? okYd
aomf useaf eao;aom wyfom;
rsm; &daS eao;aMumif; od&&Sd í ppf
rIqufvufxrf;vkdygu ,aeYrS
pí wpfvtwGi;f ysOf;rem;NrdKU&dS
ArmhumuG,fa&; wyfrawmfokdY
oGm;a&mufaq;ppfí atmifjrifu
trIxrf;cGifh jyKrnfjzpfaMumif;/
trIrxrf;vkyd gu rdrw
d Ydkvufeuf
rsm;ukd teD;qk;H edyeG yf v
k yd t
f zGUJ okYd
csucf si;f oGm;a&muftyfE&HS rnfjzpf
aMumif; yg&do
S nf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-8-42»

21 Mo*kwf 1942 jrefrm acwf
opftpk;d & 0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwm
barmfESifh 0efMuD;rsm;u tpkd;&
vkyfief;0g'ukd xkwfjyefaMunm
onf/
edyGefaoemywdBuD;
trSL;xm;aom
jrefrmacwfopftpkd;&\
aMunmcsuf
,aeU jrefrmacwfopf tpd;k &ukd
edyeG w
f yfrawmf\ aoemywdBuD;
qkd *sKd a'gh tD;'g;tm; tMu;D trSL;
xm;í wnfaxmifvu
dk jf yD/ jrefrm
56

-31-

ausmfNidrf;

aom wm0efudk (wpfaoG;-wpfoH
-wpfred Uf ) jzpfaom jrefrmacwf
opf0g'ESihf nDpmG vku
d ef maqmif
&GufMu&rnf/
jrefrmvlrsK;d pdwo
f abmom arG;
jrLMu&efr[kw?f tm&Svrl sK;d rsm;\
pdwo
f abmukv
d nf; arG;jrLjyD;tm&S
wku
d \
f acgif;aqmifjzpfaomedyeG f
vlrsKd;wkYd EiS hf wpfaoG;xJ wpfo
abmwnf; xm;Mu&rnf/
uREyfk w
f Yd\
k
txufyg vkyif ef;
0g'MuD; tqk;H wkid f atmifjrif&ef
,cifuvnf; toufEiS phf nf;pdrf
riJu
h u
G b
f J vloed wfMum; rsK;d aph
cscjhJ yD/ ,ckvnf; xkrd sK;d aphudk
atmifjrifatmif tqkH;wkdifatmif
aqmif&Gufrnf[k vlodewfMum;
opömjyKvkdufonf/ wkdif;oljynf
om; jrefrmrsm;uvnf;þtwkid ;f
opömjyKí uREyfk w
f YdkEiS t
hf wlvu
dk cf hJ
Muukefavmh/
edyGefppfaoemywd
trSL;xm;aom
jrefrmacwfopftpdk;&
0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwmbarmf
0efMuD;rsm;
ocifjr? a'gufwmodef;armif?
OD;xGef;atmif? OD;b0if;?
AE¨KvOD;pdef? ocifxGef;tkyf?
OD;vSaz? ocifApdef

yGef ppfaoemywdMuD;udt
k rSL;xm;
jyD; vk;H 0vGwv
f yfaom jrefrmEkid if H
xlaxmifa&;ukd vrf;cif;aeaom
tpk;d & jzpfonf/ edyeG t
f pk;d &u
vnf; jrefrmjynfudk vGwv
f yfa&;
ay;rnf[k wdwv
d if;vif; urÇm
okYd uwday;jyD;jyD/ þuwdopöm
ukd uREyfk w
f Ydk ,k&H rnf/
jrefrmajrjyifrS edyGefjrefrmrsm;\
&efol [lorQ ESix
f w
k af &;wGif
jrefrmwpfrsKd;om;vkH;onf wyffr
awmfMuD; wpfwyftaejzifh edyeG f
wyfrawmfMuD;ukd vkH;0pGefUpm;ul
nDcMhJ u\/ xked nf;f twl vkyif ef;
0g'MuD; atmifjrifa&;twGufukd
vnf; jrefrmwpfrsKd;om;vk;H onf
jrefrmacwfopftpkd;& trdefUukd
em,lum aoG;ESiafh cR;ESihf 0kid ;f 0ef;
ulnDaqmif&GufMu&rnf/
jrefrmwkid ;f jrefrmwkid ;f uvnf;
txufwGif ñTefMum;xm;aom
jreffrmacwfopfvkyfief; 0g'MuD;
atmifjrifatmifvkyfjcif; tm;jzifh
jrefrmhprG ;f &nfowdu
å dk jyMu&rnf/
uREyfk w
f Ydo
k nf ,cktcg *kP
d ;f
trsK;d rsK;d uGjJ ym;jcif; tvsO;f r&dS
awmhbJ wpfaoG;wnf; wpfoH
wnf; wpfred Uf wnf; jzpfíaeav
jyD/ xkYdaMumifh jynfojl ynfom;rsm;
uvnf; trdeYf ay; ñGeT Mf um;xm;
57

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ocifoef;xGef;?

wGif usi;f y&m tmPm&SiMf u;D
a'gufwmbarmf? 0efMuD; ocif
Apde?f ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f wkYdu
toD;oD;
ajymqkd rdeUf Mum;Mu
aMumif;? ¤if;zGiyhf o
JG Ydk t&m&dMS uD;
i,fEiS hf wkYdArmqif;&Jom; tzGUJ 0if
rsm; <ua&mufMuaMumif;? ¤if;
tpnf;t½k;H zGiyhf w
JG iG f atmufygoD
csif;ukd qkMd uaMumif;/

«wkdif;cspf 21-8-42»

22 Mo*kwf 1942 jrefrmjynfol
jynfom;rsm;\ a<u;aMumfoHukd
xkwfjyefonf/
jrefrmjynfol jynfom;rsm;
a<u;aMumf o H
(1) urÇmopf-tcgopf -jrefrm
opf
(2) wpfaoG;-wpfoH-wpfrdefU
(3) jrefrmjynfMuD; vGwv
f yfawmh
rnf edyeG u
f wd &jyD &jyD
(4) tm&Sacwfopf 0ifr,f 0if
r,f
(5) edyeG jf refrm aoG;pnf;Muyg?
edyeG jf refrm aoG;pnf;Muyg
(6) jrefrf medyeG -f befZidk ;f -befZidk ;f
(7) tar&duef t*Fvef acsvu
dk f
rIef;vkduf
(8) tm&SppfMuD; ulr,f 0kid ;f r,f
(9) aoG;pkw0f g' ysujf yD aysmufjyD
(10) omuDrsK;d a[h wkYdjrefrm wkYd
jrefrm

Armhacwfopf (oDcsif;)
ArmjynfMuD;aumif;aom pepfeJU
tcgopf ay:vmjyD/ urÇmt
h a&SU
ykid ;f 0kid ;f 0ef;MupkYd igwkYdArmppf
onf? &eforl sm; aoG;cGcJ w
hJ hJ 0g'
awG y,frnf/ ArmjynfbmG ; wkid ;f
&if;om;wkYd pdwx
f m;wlMujyD/ edyeG f
Arm cspfygonf/ aoG;eJUacR;eJU
t&if;pku
d w
f nf/ rsK;d omuD wkYdArm
jynf (acwfaumif;a&mufvmjyD)2
urÇmwnfatmifyif pnf;vkH;nD
nGwfrnf/
oHjydKif/ / wpfaoG;wpfow
H pfred Uf
xJudk pdwx
f J pG&J rnf/ wkYdArm ig
wkYdArm wpfzUJG wnf; pnf;½k;H jyD)2/
csed cf grDS qef;opfwhJ "mwfaumvD
at;csr;f rJh tcga&mufjyD/ vlwidk ;f
yif acsmifvnfrnf/ (wkYd Arm)2
wkid ;f jynf urÇmopfeUJ tcgopf
Armacwfopf wnfaxmif atmif

«wkdif;cspf 22-8-42»

26 Mo*kwf 1942 wkYd Armqif;&J
om; tpnf;t½k;H zGiyhf u
JG dk &efuek f
NrdKU tvHjybk&m;vrf; trSwf 37
58

-32-

ausmfNidrf;

jrifonf/
t*Fvyd u
f kd taoESrH nf/ tar&d
uefyg ajrvSerf nf/ tm&SppfyEJG JT
zkYd&ef? wkYdu0l idk ;f jyD; wku
d rf nf cku
d f
rnf/ pnf;vk;H nDnm Armjynf/
wkYd trsK;d om;om urÇmwnf w
u,f vGwfvyfa&;ay;awmhrnf/
edyeG f uwdudk &jyD &jyD/ (tm&S
wk d u f r S m acwf o pf x l a xmif
onf/ wkYdun
l D wkYdaoG;pnf;um
rqkid ;f jyD)2/ a[h befZidk ;f befZidk ;f
wkYd Armpdwx
f rJ mS BuHwidk ;f jzpf&
rnf/
oHNydKif (wpfaoG; wpfoH wpfred Uf
atmifjrifonf)

«wkdif;cspf 11-9-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 16-9-42»

aMunmcsuf xkwjf yefonf/

9 pufwifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU
&efEidk af ps; (,ck Akv
d cf sKyfatmif
qef;aps;) usef;rma&;jycef;wGif
pma&;q&mrsm;
tpnf;ta0;
usi;f yum jrefrmjynfpma&;q&m
toif;zGJUpnf;&ef qkH;jzwfonf/
tpnf;ta0;wGif trIaqmifrsm;
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonf/

jrefrmjynf aMu;aiGEiS fh qkid f
aom pDpOfrIqkdif&m trdefUxkwf
jyefonf/
edyGeftpkd;& ppfbufqkdif&m
aiGpuúLrsm;\wefbkd;azmfjycsuf
jref rmjynf
aMu;aiGESifhqkdifaom
pDpOfrIqkdif&m
wpfcsufvTwftrdefUawmf
jrefrmjynfwiG f vJv,
S f ok;H pGaJ e
aom *syeftpk;d & ppfbufqidk &f m
aiGpuúLrsm;udk w&m;0if tod
trSwjf yK&efEiS hf wefb;dk ukd rQw
nDnw
G af p&ef xkwjf yefaom wpf
csufvGTwftrdefU/
1942 ckEpS f 'DZifbmv 8 &ufaeU
wGif vJv,
S o
f ;Hk pGaJ eaom aiGpuúL
rsm;ESihf *syeftpk;d &bufqidk &f m aiG
puúLrsm;udk jrefrmjynfwiG f Oya'
t& todtrSwfjyK&ef tvkdYiSm
tpd;k &u csucf si;f ta&;,lvt
dk yf
onfh taMumif;tcsurf sm; &daS e
ojzifh jrefrmEkid if aH wmf twGi;f &dS
*syefwyfrawmf\ ppfaoemywd
MuD;\ oabmwlncD sut
f & 0ef
MuD;csKyfu atmufygwpfcsuf
vTwt
f rdeUf awmfudk xkwjf yefvu
dk f

«jrefrmhtvif; 18^20-9-42»

12 pufwifbm 1942 eHeuf 9
em&Dtcsdew
f iG f NAdwo
d Qav,mOfysH
6 pif; rEÅav;NrdKUay:okYd ajrmuf
rSawmifoYdk jzwfoef;um Ak;H BuJcs
onf/ Ak;H 'PfaMumifh 'Pf&m&ol
20? aool 10 OD;cefU&do
S nf/

«wkdif;cspf 6-9-42»

pufwifbm
6 pufwifbm 1942 &efuek f
aq;½kBH uD;wGif Akv
d cf sKyfatmifqef;
ESihf a':cifMunf vufxyfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 20-9-42»

13 pufwifbm 1942 jrefrm
jynfpma&;q&mrsm;toif; pnf;
rsO;f Oya'udk twnfjyKonf/

«a'gufwmjrifah qG *syefacwf aq;½kH
BuD;0,f? &efuek ?f [Hom0wDyEHk ydS ?f 19
67? pm 84/ aemifu;dk um;vQif a'guf
wmjrifah qG *syefacwfaq;½kHMuD;0,f
[knTef;rnf/»

«pma&;q&mpmapmif? trSwf 1?
8-12-42? pm 81»

15 pufwifbm 1942 &efuek f
&JAv
dk cf sKyf OD;b&Du NrdKUolNrdKUom;
rsm; od&eSd m;vnfvu
dk ef m&ef t
wGuf avaMumif; umuG,af &;

7 pufwifbm 1942 A[kpd nf
OD;bOD; (0efMuD;a[mif;) rEÅav;
NrKd U ajrmufbuf uykid &f mG wGif iSuf
zsm;a&m*gjzifh uG,v
f eG o
f mG ;onf/
59

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

onf/
1/ (1) ,ck wpfcsuv
f w
T f trdeUf
awmfudk 1942 ckEpS f jrefrmjynf
aiGaMu; pDpOfrI wpfcsuv
f w
T f
trdeUf [k ac:wGit
f yfonf/
(2) ,ck wpfcsuv
f w
T f trdeUf
rSm wpfjynfv;Hk ESihf oufqidk af p
&rnf/
(3) ,ck wpfcsuv
f w
T t
f rdeUf
xkwjf yefaMunmonfah eUu tp
jyKonfh wpfvtukew
f iG f twnf
jzpfap&rnf/ aiGaMu;pepfopfukd
Oya't& wnfaxmifonft
h csdef
txd twnfjzpfap&rnf/
2/ yJ? ykid u
f dk zsuo
f rd ;f &rnf/ qifh
udk jrefrmjynfo;Hk
tjzpfjzifh
twnfjzpfap&rnf/ wpfqifh
onf aiG'*Fg; wpfusy\
f wpf&m
ykH wpfyEHk iS hf nDrQrnf/
(u) &Spyf J okYdr[kwf owåKig;rl;
aph qifh ig;q,f/
(c) av;yJ okYdr[kwf owåKrwf
aph qifh ESpq
f ,fih g;/
(*) ESpyf J okYdr[kwf owåKrl;aph
qifh wpfq,f/
(C) wpfyJ okYdr[kwf owåKyaJ ph
ig;qifh/
(i) yku
d q
f H aMu;jym; wpfjym; wpf
qifh/
(p) yku
d q
f H wpf0uf aMu;jym;

«jrefrmhtvif; 15-9-42» 

60

-33-

ausmfNidrf;

r[kwf ta&mif;t0,f jyKvkyf
onf/ aiG '*Fg; vky&f efEiS hf aiG
puúLvky&f ef twGuf qk;d aq;okYdr
[kwf u&d,mukd 0,fonf? vuf
cHonf a&mif;onf? ok;H pGo
J nfjzpf
ap? okYdr[kwf (C) jrefrmjynf
wGif;okdY aiGpuúLukdwifoGif;jcif;
jyKvyk cf v
hJ Qif MuD;av;pGm tjypfay;
cH&vdrfhrnf/
barmf? 0efMuD;csKyf
&efukefNrdKU/
1942 ck? pufwifbm? 15&uf/

wpfjym; qifw
h pf0uf/
(q) wpfykdif aMu;jym;wpfjym;
qifhwpf0uf/
3/ jrefrmEkid if aH wmf&Sd *syefwyfr
awmf ppfaoemywdMuD;u 1942
ckEpS f arv 1 &ufaeUwGif xkwf
jyefaMunmonft
h wkid ;f *syeftpk;d
& ppfbufqidk &f m aiGpuúLrsm;
onf usy?f a':vmokYdr[kwf qifh
tpdwt
f ykid ;f rsm;
jzpfap&rnf/
¤if;tjyif þaiGpuúLrsm;onf yk'f
r 3 wGif azmfjyxm;aom aiGrsm;
ESihf wpfcsed w
f nf; vSv
J ,
S o
f ;Hk pGaJ e
&rnf/ a':vmonf usyEf iS w
hf ef
bk;d nDwrl Qwl jzpfaf p&rnf/
4/ rnforl qkd (u) ,ck wpfcsuf
vTwf trdeUf yg tcsurf sm;ukd usL;
vGeo
f nfjzpfap? vku
d ef m&ef vpf
[if;onfjzpfap? vkdufemjcif;udk
ydwfyifwm;qD;onfjzpfap? okdYr
[kwf (c) aiG'*Fg; twkjyKvyk f
onf jzpfaf p? aiGpuúLukd twkyHk
ESyd jf cif;jyKvkyo
f nf jzpfap? okYd r
[kwf (*) aiG'*Fg;ukd twkjyKvyk f
onfh enf;wpfcck \
k tpdwt
f ykid ;f
ukd jyKvyk o
f nfjzpfap? odYkr[kwf
jyifonfh enf;wpfcck \
k tpdwf
tykid ;f ukjd yKvkyo
f nf aqmif&u
G f
onf okYrd [kwf 0,fonf vufcH
onf? a&mif;onf/ ok;H pGo
J nf okYd

«jrefrmhtvif; 16-9-42»
«wkdif;cspf 20-9-42»

17 pufwifbm 1942 ocif
ausmfpdef aoewfypfcH&onf/
«a'gufwmjrifhaqG *syefacwfaq;½kH
BuD;0,f pm 146»
«jrefrmhtvif; 22-9-42»

*syef ppftyk cf sKyaf &; OD;pD;Xme
ukd bk&ifct
H rd af wmfa[mif;rS &ef
ukefNrdKUq&mjzpfoif odyÜHausmif;
taqmuftODoYdk ajymif;a&TUonf/ 

«*syefacwfppftkyfcsKyfa&; pm 91»

jrefrmacwfopftpk;d & b@m
a&;Xmeu xD twkdifyifcHtzGJU
zGJUpnf;onf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-11-43»
61

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

aom tcsut
f vufrsm;ukd a&;qGJ
í tm&Sawmifyidk ;f wyfrawmf Xme
csKyfEiS hf A[kpd pfO;D pD;½k;H csKyfoYdk wif
oGif;onf/

18 pufwifbm 1942 rEÅav;
NrdKUü txl;ausnmcsuf xkwjf yef
&mwGif rEÅav;jrdKUoljrdKUom;rsm;
&efolYav,mOfysHrsm; vma&muf
Ak;H BuJonfukd wkev
f yI af jcmufjcm;
&ef rvkad Mumif;? &efoal v,mOfysH
vmvQif NrdKUolNrdKUom;rsm; MudKwif
od&&Sd ef owday;OMorIw&f ef pDpOf
aeonf[kyg&dSonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 358»

*syefMunf;wyfrawmf XmecsKyf
onf *syefEidk if &H Sd ,krd t
D &k D (Yomiuri)owif;pmwku
d t
f m; ppfbuf
qkid &f m tmPmykid \
f MuD;Muyfru
I kd
cH,u
l m jrefrmEkid if üH owif;pm
xkwaf 0 jzefYcscd iG u
hf kd tyfEiS ;f
onf/ 

«wkdif;cspf 24-9-42»

20 pufwifbm 1942 jrefrm
Ekid if t
H pk;d &tzGUJ 0efMuD;csKyf a'guf
wm barmfu jrpD m; - jr&D iS rf sm;
ESihf txl; oufqidk af om wpfcsuf
vTwf trdeYf xw
k jf yefonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»

23 pufwifbm 1942 wkYdArm
qif;&Jom;tpnf;t½kH; XmecsKyffrS
ausnmcsuf trSwf 1 ukx
d w
k jf yef
aMunmonf/ aMunmcsufrmS ,cktcg Armh tzGUJ csKyf
MuD;jzpfaom (wkdYArmqif;&Jom;
tpnf;f t½k;H MuD;) zGUJ pnf;jyD;jzpf&m
a&SUokdY aqmif&Guf&efvkyfief;rsm;
rSm atmufygtpDtpOftwkid ;f jzpf
ygonf/
1/ rMumrDtwGi;f wkYdArmtmPm
&Siu
f c½kid af cgif;aqmif? NrdKUe,f
acgif;aqmif? jrdKUraus;&Gmacgif;
aqmifrsm; cefYrnf/
2/ c½kid af cgif;f aqmifrsm;u rdrw
d Ykd
c½kid t
f wGi;f &dS pkaygif;zGUJ pnf;rnfh

«jrefrmhtvif; 23^24 -9-42»

*syeftrSwf 15 wyfrawmf
onf jrefrmjynfow
l Yk\
d ,kMH unf
rI ykrd &dk &d&S efEiS hf tdE,
d´ rl0g' a&;
qGJvkyfukdif aqmif&GufoGm;&ef
tvkYdimS jrefrmEkid if t
H m; vGwv
f yff
a&; ay;oifrh ay;oifu
h dk tbuf
bufrS avhvmokH;oyfjyD;aemuf
vGwfvyfaom jrefrmEkdifiHtpkd;&
wnfaxmifa&;tpDtpOfESifh jref
rmEkdifiHtm; vGwfvyfa&;ay;oifh
aMumif; qk;H jzwfcsuEf iS hf ywfouf 

62

-34-

ausmfNidrf;

tzGUJ rsm;tm; pka0;apjyD;vQif c½kid f
wkYdArm qif;&Jom;tpnf;t½k;H zGUJ
pnf;&rnf/ jrdKUe,f? jrdKUraus;&Gm
rsm;üvnf; xkdenf;wljyKvkyf &
rnf/
3/ tpnf;t½k;H zGUJ pnf;jyD;rS A[kd
uay;aom ykpH jH zwfyidk ;f rsm;jzifo
h m
toif;om;rsm;ukd vufcí
H ESpf
pOfaMu;aiGrsm; aumufcH&rnf/
,cktawmtwGif; ESpfpOfaMu;
o'¨gaMu;rsm; vkH;0aumufcHjcif;
rjyK&/
ocifE?k XmecsKyfrLS ;

awmif) OD;atmifZaH 0 ? (weoFm&D
wkid ;f ) ocifcifatmif? XmecsKy\
f
twGi;f a&;rSL; OD;ode;f wkYdtm; cefY
tyfwm0efay;onf/

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

wm barmf½;Hk cef;okYd Armhvw
G f
vyfa&;wyfrawmfwGif ,kd;',m;
rS tpjyKvku
d yf g wku
d cf u
dk cf o
hJ nfh
jrefrmvlrsK;d ppfAv
dk Ef iS hf ppfom; 32
OD;u pm;0wfaea&; tultnDay;
&ef wifjy&m a'gufwmbarmfu
ulnrD nf[k ajymMum;onf/

ay:okYd jzwfoef;oGm;&if; Ak;H BuJ
csoGm;onf/
«wkdif;cspf 30-9-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 2-10-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 25-9-42»

&efukefNrdKU*sifrcgem (GymKhana)uvyfwi
G f ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf ppfXmecsKyrf S jrefrm
Akv
d Mf uD; tm;vk;H ESihf *syefppfAv
dk f
MuD; tm;vk;H awGUqkH rdwq
f uf
xrif;pm;yGJMuD; usif;yonf/ 

wkYdArmqif;&Jom; tpnf;t½k;H
0g'jzefYcsad &;rSL; ocifwifu aMu
nmcsuf wpf&yffxkwfjyef&mwGif
wkYdArm tpnf;t½k;H 0if
tm;vkH;wkdYonf wpfaoG;wpfoH
wpfred Yf 0g'udk tm;vk;H vku
d ef mMu
&rnfjzpfonfhtwkdif; XmecsKyfrS
cGijhf yKxm;aom pmwrf;pm&Guf
rsm; ykHESdyfa0iSjcif;? XmecsKyfrS
todtrSwf tcGifhjyKxm;aom
pnf;rsOf;twkid ;f a[majymjcif;wkYd
rSwpfyg;? tjcm;enf; pm&Gupf m
wrf;rsm; a0iSjcif; a[majymjcif;
wkYdudk rjyKvyk Mf u&ef Muyfwnf;pGm
wm;jrpfvkdufonf [kyg&dSonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 23-9-42»

25 pufwifbm 1942 wkYdArm
tmPm&SiMf uD; a'gufwm barmf
u wkYdArmtpnf;t½k;H wm0efcH
rsm;tjzpf XmecsKyrf LS ; ocifE?k
'kw,
d
XmecsKyrf LS ; ocifcsp?f
'kw,
d
XmecsKyrf LS ; ocifn?D
0g'jyefYyGm;a&;rSL; ocifwif?
pD;yGm;a&;rSL; ocifoif? b@m
a&;rSL; OD;oefYZif? wkYdArmh wuf
vlrLS ; ocifwifxeG ;f ? pnf;½k;H
a&;rS L ; (atmuf j ref r mjynf )
ocif0wif? (txufjrefrmjynf)
OD;uku
d Mdk uD;? (&ckid w
f idk ;f ESihf csi;f

«jrefrmhtvif; 25-9-42»

26 pufwifbm 1942 jrefrm
ynm&dw
S pfO;D jzpfaom ta0;
a&mufrif; OD;atmifBuD; a&TbNdk rdKUü
uG,v
f eG f onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-10-42»

29 pufwifbm 1942 NAw
d o
d Q
av,mOf 13 pif;cefY rEÅav;NrdKU
63

«vlxkOD;vS owif;pmrsm;ajymjywJh
ppfwGif;Armjynf ‘«'kwd,wGJ» rEÅav;
MuD;yGm;a&;ykEH ydS ?f 1968/ pm-47-48
aemifu;dk um;vQif vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;
Armjynf ('k) [kñTef;rnf/»

«jrefrmhtvif; 3-10-42»

7 atmufwkdbm 1942 NAdwo
d Q
av,mOfrsm; rEÅav;NrdKUay: Ak;H
rsm; BuJonf/

atmufwkdbmv
1 atmufwb
dk m 1942 ,k;d ',m;
jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf; azmufvyk f
a&;twGuf pwifpDpOfaqmif&Guf
onf/

«vlxkOD;vS owif;pmrsm;ajymjywJh
ppfwGif;Armjynf ‘«pwkwåwGJ» rEÅav;
MuD;yGm;a&;ykEH ydS ?f 1968/ pm238 aemif
uk;d um;vQif vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Arm
jynf (p) [kñTef;rnf/»

[The war Dead of the Common
wealth - 1939-45, Thanbyu-zayat
war cemetery Part 1, London war
graves Commission 1961.P IV ]

8 atmufwkdbm 1942 &Gmpm;
BuD; pdeaf A'g &efuek Nf rdKU a&Tawmif
wef;wGif uG,v
f eG o
f nf/

4 atmufwkdbm 1942 rEÅav;
NrdKUwGif ta&SUtm&Swu
dk v
f il ,frsm;
tpnf;t½k;H wnfaxmifonf/
«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm
281»

«a'gufwmjrifah qG *syefacwf aq;½kH
BuD;0,f pm 126»
«jrefrmhtvif; 11-10-42»

&efuek Nf rdKUtwGi;f 0efrsm;½k;H (,ck
0efMuD;rsm;½kH;)&dS0efMuD;csKyf a'guf

10 atmufwkdbm 1942 jrefrm
jynf tpk;d &0efBuD;csKyf a'gufwm
barmfonf jrefrmjynftoHvTifh 

64

-35-

ausmfNidrf;

½krH S rdeYfceG ;f ajymMum;onf/ rdeUf cGe;f
wGif ygonfh txl;taMumif; ok;H
csufrSm
(1) ta&SUtm&Swu
dk pf pf
(2) Armhvw
G v
f yfa&;
(3) tkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ \ vkyif ef;
tpDtpOfwkdYjzpfonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 14-10-42»

13 atmufwkdbm 1942 Armhum
uG,af &; ppfwyfAv
dk rf LS ;MuD;atmif
qef; ysO;f rem; ppfausmif;ukd ppf
aq;Munfh½Ionf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 18-10-42»

15 atmufwkdbm 1942 rEÅav;
NrdKUwGif *syefbmomoifausmif;
pwifzGifhvSpfonf/
«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm
280»

18 atmufwb
dk m 1942 *syefppf
bufjyefMum;a&;XmerS ]]olvQKEd rdS f
eif;a&;}} aMunmcsuf xkwjf yef
onf/
1/ ppfonftiftm;? ae&m? vIyf
&Sm;rIpaom
*syefppfwyf\
taMumif;rsm;ukd rnfoUl rQ rajym
&/
2/ wpfpw
Hk pfa,muf vmar;ygu
¤if;onf olvQKdjzpfonf/ *syef

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ppfykvdyfodkY csufcsif;wkdifMum;&
rnf[k yg&do
S nf/

jynf acwfopftpk;d & zGiyhf t
JG crf;
tem; usi;f yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-10-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 29-10-42»

21 atmufwkdbm 1942 wkYdArm
tpnf;t½k;H 0g'jzefYa&;rSL; ocif
wifu aMunmwpf&yf xkwjf yef
&mwGif tpnf;t½k;H ukd wkYdArm
tpnf;t½k;H rsm;ESihf qif;&Jom;
tpnf;t½k;H wkYd udk aygif;pyfí zGUJ
pnf;jcif; r[kwb
f J ocifu,
dk f
awmfridI ;f MuD;rSL;cJah om wkYdArm
tpnf;t½k;H ? ocifxeG ;f tkyMf uD;rSL;
aom wkYd Armtpnf;t½k;H ? a'guf
wmbarmf BuD;rSL;cJah om qif;&J
om; 0HomEk tpnf;t½k;H rsm;udk
vk;H 0zsuford ;f apí t*Fv
f yd w
f Ydk \
aoG;cGpJ epfudk tjrpf rS EIwyf ,fjyD;
vQif acwfopfEidk if u
H dk xlaxmif
&ef ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f ? a'guf
wmbarmf? ocifxeG ;f tky?f ocif
jr? ocifApde?f OD;b0if;? ocif
oef;xGe;f ESihf AE¨KvOD;pdef wkYd u
OD;aqmifí wkdYArmqif;&Jom;
tpnf;t½k;H ukd topfwnf axmif
jcif;jzpfí jzpfaMumif;yg&dSonf/

jrefrmjynfacwfopftpkd;&onf
u&if-ArmcspMf unfa&; rdwq
f uf
tzGUJ ukd zGUJ pnf;í tzGUJ 0ify*k Kd¾ vf
MuD;rsm;u ajrmif;jr? rtlyif?
ykord cf ½kid rf sm;okYd vSnv
hf nfum
u&if - Arm cspMf unfa&;udpw
ö Ydk
ukd aqmif&u
G o
f nf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 23-10-42»

22 atmufwkdbm 1942 rEåav;
NrdKUwGif txufjrefrmEkid if H jrefrm

Ekd0ifbmv
2 Ek0d ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynftpd;k
& ukepf nfMuD;Muyfa&;Xmeu MuD;
rSL;í ukepf nfMuD;Muyfa&; tpnf;
ta0; usi;f yonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-11-42»

3 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
edyeG t
f oif;MuD;zGihf yGu
J si;f yonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 6-11-42»

4 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
½kyf&Siftoif;MuD;ukd wnfaxmif
onf/

«Armhacwf 6-12-42»

23 atmufwkdbm 1942 jrefrm
jynf 0g'jzefYjzL;a&;XmerS awmif
olv,form;wkYdtm;
n§mwm
axmufxm;í 1941-42 b@m
awmfEpS t
f wGuf v,fceG af wmfrsm;
pnf;Muyf aumufcHjcif;rS vkH;0
vGwjf idr;f csrf;omcGiahf y;&ef qk;H
jzwfvu
dk jf yD jzpfaMumif; aMunm
onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-11-42»

8 Ekd0ifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rKd U
usKduúpHjrif;uGif;MuD; twGif;ü
jrif;uGi;f jyefvnf wnfaqmuf
&ef tpnf;ta0;jyK vkyfonf/
&efuek f wyfuvyf(Yangon Turf
Club)trnfudk &efue
k f jrif;jydKif
toif;tjzpf zGUJ pnf;aMumif; qk;H
jzwfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 23-10-42»

atmufwkdbm 1942 ,krd t
D &l D
owif;pmwkdufu &efukefNrdKU
pywfvrf; (,ckAkdvfatmifausmf
vrf;)wGif bd½rk m&Sib
f eG ;f ac:
jrefrmowif;pmwku
d f wnfaxmif
onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 11-11-42»

10 Ekd0ifbm 1942 tmPm&Sif
*kdPf;? qif;&Jom;0HomEktzGJU?
ocifukd,fawmfrIdif; MuD;rSL;aom
wkdYArmtpnf;t½kH;wkdYu ¤if;wkdY
toif;rsm;udk zsuo
f rd ;f jyD; toif;

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»
65

66

-36-

ausmfNidrf;

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

om;rsm;tm; topfwnfaxmifjyD;
jzpfaom wkYdArmqif;&Jom;tpnf;
t½k;H okYd yg0ifMu&rnf[k aMunm
onff/ 

*syef ppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H u wpf
csuv
f w
T f trdeYfxw
k jf yefí &Sr;f
jynfe,f tkycf sKyfa&;½k;H wnf
axmif&ef ñTeMf um;onf/

*syef trSwf 18 wyfru &Sr;f ya'gifta&;tcif;ukd Mum;0ifajz
&Si;f ay;jyD; cspMf unfa&;pmcsKyf csKyf
qkdaponf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
91»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 252^
305»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 311»

«vlxkOD;vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
139»

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
203-205]

n 9 em&Dtcsed w
f iG f &efuek Nf rdKU
ajrmufbufwiG f NAdwo
d Qav,mOf
av;pD;u Ak;H rsm;BuJcs&m *syefwYdk
u av,mOfypftajrmufrsm;jzifh
ypfcwfwkdufckdufonf/

24 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf aoemywd Akv
d rf LS ;
MuD;atmifqef;u wyfrawmfokdY
0ifa&muf ppfrx
I rf;&efupd Eö iS hf pyf
vsOf;í rdefYcGef;ajymMum;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»

«ol&d, 2-12-42»

&ckdifwkdif;vHk;qkdif&m wkdif;&if;
om; tpnf;t½k;H MuD;ESihf wkid ;f &if;
om; u&iftrsKd;om;toif;u
¤if;wkYd toif;rsm; zsuford ;f jyD;
wkYdArm qif;&Jom; tpnf;t½k;H okYd
0if a&muf&ef aMunmonf/ 

15 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
acwfopft
f pk;d & yxrtMudrf xD
zGiyhf JG usif;yonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-11-42»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
92»

16 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
tpk;d &0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwmbarmff
u ArmhumuG,af &; wyfrawmf
Akv
d o
f ifwef;ausmif;okYd oGm;a&muf
ppfaq;jyD; rdeYf ceG ;f ajymMum;onf/

ppfawGNrdKUay: yso
H ef;vmaom
NAdwdoQppfav,mOfrsm;ukd *syef
wku
d af v,mOfrsm;u wku
d cf u
dk f
um NAdwo
d Qav,mOfrsm;ukd ypfcs
onf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 17-11-42»

Armhacwfowif;pm pwifxw
k f
a0&m pkpak ygif; apmifa& 800 om
xkwfa0EkdifcJhonf/ 

14 Ekd0ifbm 1942 *syefEidk if rH S
jrefrmEkid if v
H ma&mufonfh ppfao
emywdcsKyfMuD; tku
d mab (OKad aHk pwDawmfMu;D twGuf
be)u a&Tw*
aiGusyf 50000 vSL'gef;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 17-11-42»

17 Ekd0ifbm 1942 *syeftpd;k &
ESihf ,k;d ',m;tpk;d &wkYd ,k;d ',m;jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf; azmufvyk f
a&;pmcsKyff csKyfqkdonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-11-42»

20 Ekd0ifbm 1942 NAw
d o
d Q
av,mOfrsm; rEÅav;NrdKUay: Ak;H BuJ
csonf/  

19 Ekd0ifbm 1942 Ak'b
¨ mom
omoemtpnf;t½k;H
A[kXd me
taxGaxG wm0efaqmifrSL;csKyf
OD;wdavmuÓPu Ak'¨bmom
omoem tpnf;t½k;H \ t"du
&nf&,
G cf surf mS om oema&;ESihf
bmoma&;jzpfí rdpmä t*Fvyd w
f Ydk
vufxuf uuJo
h Ydk Ekid if aH &;ESihf
vk;H 0 rywfoufonfh
tjyif
tpnf; t½k;H &nf&,
G cf suf (C)
t& jrefrmjynfEiS hf wuG tm&S
wkdufMuD;\ aumif;pm;a&;ukdrl
um; bk&m;w&m;awmfEiS hf rqefU
usiaf om tcsu[
f o
l rQ aqmif
&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; aMunm
onf/

25 Ekd0ifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU?
jynfvrf; pdeAf if;qifah usmif; Armh
umuG,fa&;wyfrawmf ppfXme
csKyf½;Hk MuD;ü aeYvnf 13;00 em&D
wGif ArmhumuG,af &; wyfrawmf
ppfrljyifqifa&;½kH;XmerSL; 'kwd,
Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; zlut
l u
D *syefEiS hf jref
rmowif;pmq&mrsm;tm; awGU
qkjH yD; ArmhumuG,af &; wyfr
awmfMu;D twGuf {jyD 1 &ufrpS í
ppf o m;opf r sm; pk a qmif ; rnf h
taMumif;ESifh ArmumuG,fa&;
wyfrawmf taMumif;ukd jrefrm
bmomjzifh pDpOfxm;jyD; rsuEf mS zk;H
wGif vufeufuidk f jrefrmhppfom;

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»
67

68

-37-

ausmfNidrf;

ArmhumuG,af &;
wyfrawmf
taMumif;a[majymonf/

wpfO;D a'gif;tvHMuD;teD;wGif &yf
aeyku
H dk azmfjyxm;onfh pmtkyu
f dk
a0iSonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 2-12-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-11-42»

29 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmfeiS hf tm&Svil ,frsm;
rdwq
f ufyJG usif;yonf/f

&Srf;jynfe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;½kH;ukd
awmifMuD;NrdKUwGif xlaxmifonf/ 

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
206-216]

«jrefrmhtvif; 6-12-42»

'D Z if b mv
1 'DZifbm 1942 trSwf 15
wyfrawmf ppftyk cf sKyfa&; trdeYf
ukd jy|mef;í Oya'jyKenf;ESihf
xkwjf yefaMunmenf;wkUd ukd owf
rSwfonf/

n 12; 30 em&DwiG f &efuek Nf rdKU
ajrmufykdif;okdY NAdwdoQav,mOffysH
tcsKdUcsOf;uyfvmum Ak;H BuJonf/
*syefav,mOfypf tajrmufwyfu
ypfcwf wku
d cf u
dk o
f nft
h wGuf
NAdwo
d Q av,mOfysH wpfpif; rD;
avmifysuffusonf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 253»

2 'DZifbmv 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU
aejynfawmf pnfyifa&; crf;rü
ArmhumuG,fa&; wyfrawmfu
MuD;rSL;í 22 Mudraf jrmuf trsK;d
om;atmifyGJaeY usif;yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-11-42»

26 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&; wyfrawmf ppfrjI yifqifa&;½k;H
XmerSL; 'kw,
d Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; zlut
l D
u ArmjynftoHviT ½hf rHk S Armhum
uG,fa&;wyfrawmfukd zGJUpnf;&m
wGif vku
d ef mcJo
h nfh pnf;urf;
tcsufrsm;ukd a[majymonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-12-42»

a'gufwmbarmfu wkYdArmqif;&J
om;tpnf;t½k;H e,facgif;aqmif
rsm; cefYtyfyw
JG iG f rdeYfceG ;f ajymMum;
onf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 1-12-42»

«AE¨KvOD;pdef uREkfyfwkdYtwGif;a&;(y)
pm 69»

27 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf AkdvfrSL;MuD;atmif
qef;u jrefrmjynftoHviT ½hf rHk S
69

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

4 'DZifbm 1942 &efuek af ejynf
awmfwiG af tmifajrysKd;&ef twGuf
a&TbkdNrdKUawmif- rl;wl;ajrmif;\
awmifbuf? a&Tbkd-rEÅav;um;
vrf; taemufbuf&Sd ,muav;
rS atmifajr(Soil of Victory) ukd
eHeuf 9 em&DwiG f c½kid 0f ef OD;
atmif pk;d u a&Tw&l iG ;f aiGw;l &Gi;f
rsm;jzifw
h ;l í a&TMuKwfwiG f xnfh
um a&Tcsuo
f adk pwDoYdk ,laqmif
onf/

&efukefaejynfawmf cef;rMuD;ü
tm&Swu
dk f ppfyJG ESpyf wfvnf
txdrf;trSwftjzpff vlxktpnf;
ta0;yGMJ uD; usif;yonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 10-12-42»

pma&;q&mpmapmif trSwf 1
ukd pwifxw
k af 0onf/ 

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf ('k) pm
281»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 244»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf 'k pm
223-224»

10 'DZifbm 1942 ArmEkid if v
H ;Hk
qkid &f m A[krd sK;d cspt
f zGUJ csKyf Ouú|
OD;jru jrefrmEkdifiHwpf0Srf;vkH;&dS
rsKd;cspftoif;rsm;ukd zsufodrf;
aMumif; aMunmonf/

5 'DZifbm 1942
a&TbNdkrKd UrS
atmifajrukd &efukefaejynfawmf
okYd um;jzifh pwifo,faqmif
onf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf ('k) pm
263»
«jrefrmhtvif; 12-12-42»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf 'k pm
225»

13 'DZifbm 1942 *syeftrSwf
15 wyfrawmfu ppfbufqidk &f m
wpfcsufvTwftrdefYukd xkwfjyef
aMunmonf/ xkwfjyef&onfh
&nf&,
G cf surf mS rdrEd idk if t
H m; uk,
d f
xlu,
dk x
f pepfjzifh umuG,af pmifh
a&Smufvadk om pdw"f mwfudk jrefrm
jynfov
l x
l t
k m; EI;d aqmf arG;xkwf
vkad om tcsuaf Mumifh jzpfonf/
xkt
d rdeUf t& jynfoUl umuG,af &;

8 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
tpd;k & 0efMf uD;csKyf a'gufwmb
armfu &efuek Nf rdKU uefawmfMuD;
tv,fuRef;t0if0 ukef;&dyfom
Armhacwfopfausmufwidk f pku
d x
f l
rnfah e&mwGif
atmifajrysK;d í
tkwjf rpfcs tcrf;tem; jyKvyk f
onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 10-12-42»
70

-38-

ausmfNidrf;

vkyftm;ay;tzGJU (Armh0efxrf;
tzGUJ csKyfMuD;) zGUJ pnf;&efjzpfonf/

NAdwo
d Qwyfrsm;ESit
hf Ed ,
d´ wyfrsm;
&ckid jf ynfe,f&Sd armif;awmESihf bl;
oD;awmifNrdKUrsm;ukd odrf;ykduf
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfa&;acwf pm 113-4»
«vlxOk ;D vS owif;pmrsm;u ajymwJh
ppf t wG i f ; Armjynf (wwd , wG J )
rEÅav;? MuD;yGm;a&;ykEH ydS ?f 1968? pm
121/ aemifu;dk um;vQif vlxOk ;D vS ppf
twGif;Armjynf-w [kneT ;f rnf»f

[Burma Struggle Vol .I PXLV]

18 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
acwfopftpd;k & jyefMum;a&;0ef
½k;H rS ,k;d ',m; - jrefrm rD;&xm;
vrf; azmufvyk &f ef acR;ESi&hf if;&
onfh tvkyo
f rm;wyfMuD; wnf
axmifrnf[k aMunmonf/
tvkyo
f rm; 20000 vkt
d yfrnfh
taMumif;? tvkyform;rsm;&&dS
rnfh vpm? aetdr?f aq;0g;ponfh
tcGit
hf a&;rsm; azmfjyjyD; tvkyf
orm;wyfoYdk 0ifa&muf&ef EI;d aqmf
onf/

15 'DZifbm 1942 &Sr;f apmfbmG ;
rsm; uGezf &ifu
h sif;y&m *syefpf pf
aoemywd AkdvfcsKyfBuD; tD;'g;
wufa&mufí &Sr;f apmfbmG ;rsm; rdrd
e,frrd d jyefítkycf sKyf&ef cefYtyf
vTmay;tyfonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 31-12-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 1-1-1943»

16 'DZifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU
ql;avbk&m;vrf;&dS *ifZmyG½J w
Hk iG f
*syeffpma&;q&mrsm;ESifh jrefrmpm
a&;q&mrsm; rdwq
f uf vufzuf
&nfyJG usif;yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-12-42»

OD;bapm (0efMuD;csKy\
f twGi;f
0ef) Ouú|tjzpf yg0ifaom
,k;d ',m; - jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf;
azmufvkyfa&;twGuf tvkyf
orm; pkaqmif; apmifah &Smufa&;
tzGUJ Mud;D zGUJ pnf;onf/ ,k;d ',m;jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf; azmufvyk &f
jcif;\ t"du&nf&G,fcsufav;
&yfrmS 1/ ,ckwu
kd v
f suf&aSd om r[m 

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-12-42»

17 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
acwfopftpk;d & wGzJ uf 0efMuD;
ocifjrtm;
jynfxaJ &;0efMuD;
tjzpf cefYtyfonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 23-12-42»

71

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

onf jyKvyk o
f \
l *kPu
f o
dk mru
jrefrmwpfrsKd;om;vkH;\ *kPfukd
xdckdufapEkdifojzifh tpkd;&twGif;
0efrsm;? XmetoD;oD;rS ñTeMf um;
a&;0efrsm;ESihf c½kid ef ,f w&m;Xme
tMuD;tuJrsm;onf xkdtjyKtrl
rsm;jyKvyk jf cif;ukd cGirhf jyK&ef trdeYf
xkwfonf/

tm&SppfyMJG uD;wGif *syef atmifjrif
rItwGuf txl;ta&; Mu;D aom
vufeuf? cJ,rf; rD;ausmufrsm;
ukd tjrefq;Hk enf;jzifh o,f,yl Ydk
aqmifay;&ef/
2/ jrefrmEkid if H xGuu
f ek f 0ifuek f
rsm;ukd tjrefq;Hk o,f,yl Ydkaqmif
a&mif;0,fEkdif&ef/
3/ jrefrmEkid if EH iS hf tjcm;Ekid if rH sm;
vG,u
f pl mG r[mrdwcf spfMunfa&;
jyKvkyfEkdif&ef/
4/ ppf'PfaMumifh jrefrmvlrsK;d
rsm;qif;&JMuyfwnf;ae&m rD;&
xm;vrf;azmufvyk jf yD;vQif jrefrm
jynfcsrf;om<u,f0vmap&efwkdY
jzpfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-12-42»

jrefrmacwfopftpkd;&jyefMum;
a&;0efu jrefrmacwfopftpkd;&
onf jynfojl ynfom;wkYd\tusK;d
ukd txl;Munfh½Ivkyfukdifvsuf&dS
jyD; tpk;d &onf tvkyo
f rm;rsm;
twif;tMuyf pkaqmif;aejcif;ukd
csucf si;f &yfqidk ;f vku
d af Mumif;? OD;
bwiftm; &du©maxmufyefYa&;
t&m&dt
S jzpf cefYtyfjyD; oHjzLZ&yf
&dS tvkyo
f rm; 6000 ukd apmifh
a&Smuf&ef apvTwv
f u
dk af Mumif;
aMunmonf/ 

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf ('k) pm
282-285»
«pma&;q&mpmapmiftrSwf4 1943?
pm 54»
«jrefrmhtvif; 18-12-42»

19 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmacwf
opftpk;d &
0g'jzefYcsad &;XmerS
ausnmcsuf wpf&yfxkwfjyef&m
wGif tpk;d &½k;H udprö sm;ESihf ywfouf
í tpk;d &t&m&drS sm;ESihf qufq&H m
wGif vufatmufi,fom;rsm;ESifh
jynforl sm;u t&Sib
f &k m;? ocif
MuD; ponfjziho
f ;Hk EIe;f um bdeyf
cRwf? ykqpf'l;wkyfxkdifjcif;rsm;

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-12-42»

20 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmacwf
opftpdk;& 0g'jzefYcsda&;ñTefMum;
a&;0ef½kH;rS wkdif;oljynfom;wkdY
tm; &efow
l Yk\
d toHviT hf a[m
ajymcsuf r sm;uk d tvsif ; em;
raxmif&ef wm;jrpf ydwyf ifvu
dk f
onf/ ppft&m&drS sm;\ axmufcH
72

-39-

ausmfNidrf;

cGijhf yKcsuf r&aom a&'D,ydk idk &f iS f
rsm;? tok;H jyKolrsm;tm; MuD;av;
aom tjypf'Pfc&H rnf[k aMu
nmonf/

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

27 'DZifbm 1942 &Jabmfo;Hk
usdyf0if AkdvfvusfmESifh rcifvS
vufxyfonf/

Zef e 0g&D v
1 Zefe0g&D 1943 atmifajrwnf
&m Xmejzpfaom uefawmfBuD;
apmif;wGif atmifajreif;yGJBuD;
usif;yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 1-1-43»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
309-310»
«jrefrmhtvif; 29-12-42»

31 'DZifbm 1942 Armh0efxrf;
tzGUJ csKyf tpnf;ta0;udk twGi;f
0efrsm;½k;H (,ck0efMuD;rsm;½k;H ) ü
usif;yonf/ tpnf;ta0;wGif
Armh0efxrf; tzGUJ csKyf tzGUJ cGiJ ,f
rsm;rS aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;ukd toD;
oD; tpD&ifcw
H ifjyonf/ 0efMuD;
csKyfa'gufwmbarmfu Armh0ef
xrf;tzGJUcsKyfMuD;onf ArmhEkdifiH
w0Sr;f vk;H ESihf oufqidk af pí ppf
0wå&m;rsm;ukd oGeo
f ifvrf;jya&;
ESihf ppfab;'kuo
© nfrsm;? olc;dk ?
"m;jyESihf tjcm;t"r®v,
k ufrrI sm;
ukd umuG,f apmifah &Smufa&;
twGuf wm0efcH zGUJ pnf;jcif;jzpf
aMumif;? Armh0efxrf;pdw"f mwfrsm;
ukd jrefrmwkdif;tm; tpGrf;ukef
oGwfoGif;ay;&rnf jzpfaMumif;
ajymMum;onf/

&efukefNrdKUay:okdY NAdwdoQav
,mOfysrH sm; tjrifrh S yso
H ef;vmjyD;
&efuek Nf rdKU ajrmufbufoYdk Ak;H rsm;
BuJcsonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 22-12-42»

26 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
tpk;d &tzGUJ ###BOT_TEXT###efMuD;csKyf a'gufwm
barmftrd af wmfwiG f vlMuD; 23OD;
pnf;a0;um Armh0efxrf;tzGUJ csKyf
MuD;^0 wyf «The Circle Army»
zGUJ pnf;&ef qk;H jzwfonf/ tzGUJ
csKyfwGif 0efMuD;csKyfa'gufwm
barmfu Ouú|jzpfjyD; ta&SUtm&S
wku
d v
f il ,frsm; tpnf;t½k;H (Arm
Ekid if )H Ouú| OD;A*sr;f u twGi;f
a&;rSL;tjzpf aqmif&Gufonf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
307-309»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-w pm
167»
«jrefrmhtvif; 27-12-42»
«Armopfpmapmif twGJ 1 trSwf 1
1943? pm 26»

73

1

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-1-43»

bD½rk m&Sib
f eG ;f aeYpOf owif;
pmukd *syefbmomjzifh xkwfa0
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»

9
2 Zefe0g&D 1943
0efMu;D csKyf
a'gufwmbarmf tdrw
f iG f trsK;d
orD; Armh0efxrf; tzGUJ csKyfudk
wnfaxmifonf/ a':cifrrarmf
u Ouú|? a':cifjru twGi;f a&;
rSL; tjzpf aqmif&u
G o
f nf/

4

«Armhopfpmapmif twGJ 1? trSwf 1?
1943 Mo*kwf pm 27»

14 Zefe0g&D 1943 wku
d sKNd rdKUwGif
A[kdppfOD;pD;XmecsKyfESifh tpdk;&Xm
ersm; qufo,
G af &; tpnf;ta0;
wpf&yfusi;f yonf/ tpnf;ta0;
wGif ]]r[mta&SUtm&Swu
dk f ppfyJG
MuD;xajrmufatmifjrifa&; twGuf
jrefrmjynftm;vGwv
f yfaom Ekid f
iHtjzpf tqift
h wef; wk;d jrifah y;
rnfhtpDtpOf}}rlMurf;ukd aqG;aEG;

3

74

-40-

ausmfNidrf;

onf/ xkrd Ml urf;wGif jrefrmjynf
onf ta&SUtm&S omwlnrD Q twl
MuD;yGm;wkd;wufa&; e,fajrwpf
0Sr;f vk;H \ taemufbuf cHwyf
MuD;wpfck jzpfonfEiS t
hf nD *syef
Ekid if \
H MoZmatmufwiG f quf
vufí xm;&daS p&rnf/ &efow
l Ydk
jyefvnf wkdufckdufvmzG,f&m
taMumif;&dSaom ,ckuJhokdYaom
tcsdefrsKd;ü jrefrmjynfolrsm;\
pdww
f iG f *syefudk rvkv
d m;aom
qE´ ay:vmygu &efow
l Ydk tm;
tusK;d jzpfxeG ;f vmrnfrmS rkcsrvGJ
yif/ a'gufwmbarmfacgif;aqmif
aom jrefrmjynfov
l x
l k taygif;
wkYd rmS ppfyMJG uD;pwifjzpfymG ;csdeu
f
wnf;u *syefbk&ifwyfrawmf
tm; tzufzufrS 0kid ;f 0ef;ulnMD u
onf/ e,fcsJUt*Fvyd t
f m; qefY
usií
f vGwv
f yfa&;ukd pdwx
f rJ S
vkv
d m; awmifw
h vsuf &dMS uonf/
xkduJhokdYaom pdwfaepdwfxm;udk
MunfndKav;pm;í jrefrmjynf
tm; wwfEkdiforQ jrefjrefvGwf
vyfa&;ay;ygu jrefrmjynfol
trsm;wkYd onf *syefEidk if t
H m; ykí
d
cspfcif &if;ES;D tm;uk;d MujyD; tul
tnDyí
dk ay;Muvdrrhf nf/ þokYd
tultnD&jcif;jzifh r[mta&SU
tm&S omwlnrD Q twlw;dk wuf

MuD;yGm;a&;e,fajr\ taemuf
buf&Sd yifrcHwyfMuD;ukd ckid Nf rJpmG
xdrf;odrf;Ekdifvdrfhrnf/ wpfcsdef
wnf;ü *syefEidk if \
H &Si;f vif;jywf
om;aom aqmif&GufcsufaMumifh
w&m;rQwí MunfjzLaom *syef
wkdY\pdwf"mwfukd vufawGUjyo
Ekid v
f rd rhf nf/ xkjd yif tdE,
d´ jynfol
vlx\
k vGwv
f yfa&;vIy&f mS ;rIudk
vnf; EI;d qGí tm;ay;&ma&muf
vdrrhf nf/ þonfwYdkudk axmuf
aomf *syefEidk if o
H nf jrefrmEkid if H
tm; vGwfvyfa&;ay;a&; tpD
tpOftwGuf vkt
d yfaom tcsed f
ukd pOf;pm;í wwfEidk o
f í jrefjref
vGwv
f yfa&; ay;&rnf/ vGwv
f yf
a&;ay;rnfhaeYtjzpf jrefrmjynf
tkyfcsKyfa&;½kH; (jrefrmtpkd;&tzGJU)
zGJUpnf;wnfaxmifonfh wpfESpf
ywfvnf txdr;f trSwaf eY jzpf
aom Mo*kwfv 1 &ufaeYukd
aemufq;Hk xm;í pDpOfaqmif&u
G &f
rnf/ þokYd jrefrmjynftm; vGwf
vyfaom Ekid if t
H jzpf jr§iw
hf ifay;
jcif;jzifh &eforl sm; jyefvnf wku
d f
cku
d rf vmrD tcsed üf jrefrmjynfudk
ykí
d ckid cf NH rJNrHpmG xde;f odr;f csKyfuidk f
Ekdifatmif MudK;pm; aqmif&Guf&
rnf/ jrefrmEkid if o
H nf vGwv
f yf
aom Ekid if t
H jzpf usio
hf ;Hk aqmif
75

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

&GuEf idk pf rG ;f tjynft
h 0 &do
S nf[k
rqkEd idk af pumrl *syefEidk if \
H tm;
ay;ulnDrIjzifh ukd,fhrif;ukd,fhcsif;
vkyu
f idk af qmif&u
G Ef idk rf nf jzpf
aMumif; ,kMH unfonf[k yg&dS
onf/ tpnf;ta0;rS jrefrmjynf
tm; vGwv
f yfaomEkid if t
H jzpf t
qift
h wef; wk;d jr§iahf y;rnfh tpD
tpOfudk twnfjyKonf/

tpnf;ta0; wGif jrefrmEkid if t
H m;
,ckEpS t
f wGi;f vGwv
f yfa&;ay;
rnf[k aMujimonf/
«Armhacwf 30-1-43»
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945:
P133]

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 359361»

24 Zefe0g&D 1943 &efuek Nf rdKUukd
NAdwo
d Qav,mOfrsm; wku
d cf u
dk &f m
*syefav,mOfysHrsm;u vkdufvH
wkdufckdufouJhokdY av,mOfypf
tajrmufrsm;jzifhvnf; wkdufckduf
onf/
«Armh a cwf o wif ; pm 27-1-43/
aemifu;dk um;vQif Armhacwf [kñTef;
rnf/»

*syef eef;&if;0ef
[da';uDwkd*sKd

26 Zefe0g&D 1943 &efuek Nf rdKUukd
r[mrdwf av,mOfysrH sm; vm
a&muf AkH;BuJwkdufckdufonf/

14; 30em&DwiG f &efuek Nf rKd U *syef
ppf½;Hk csKyfü *syeftpk;d & uk,
d pf m;
jrefrmEkid if H 'kw,
d ppfaoemywd
Akv
d cf sKyf emum (Lt-Gen Naka
d if H 0efMu;D csKyf
Eitaro ) u jrefrmEki
a'gufwmbarmftm; *syeftpkd;&
onf jrefrmEkid if t
H m; ,ckEpS f 

«ol&d, 28-1-43»

28 Zefe0g&D 1943 *syefEidk if H
eef;&if;0ef [da';uDw*dk sKd (Hideki
df
Tojo 1885-1948) u 81 Mur
ajrmuf *syeftxufvTwfawmf
76

-41-

ausmfNidrf;

rmEkdifiHawmf 0efBuD;csKyftrSL;&dS
aom 0efMuD;rsm;\ tpnf;ta0;
u aMunmpmwrf; xkwjf yef
onf/

twGif; vGwfvyfa&;ay;rnf[k
aMunmaMumif; ajymMum;onf/
«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
334»
«jrefrmhtvif; 10-2-43»

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-2-43»

OD;ode;f azjrifEh iS hf ocifwifa&TwYdk
tdE,
d´ Ekid if eH ,l;a'vDjrdKUrS w½kwf
Ekid if H csKu
H if; (Chung King ) NrKd UokYd
av,mOfjzifh oGm;a&mufonf/

15 azaz:0g&D 1943 tdE,
d´ Ekid if H
ppfaoemywdcsKyf AkdvfcsKyfMuD;a0
bJvfu tdE´d,EkdifiHppfXmecsKyf
vufatmufwiG f jrefrmEkid if jH rdKUjy
tkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ uufpbD (Civil
Affairs Service, Burma)(CASB)
ukd zGUJ pnf;wnfaxmifonf/ 

«ode;f azjrifh ppftwGif;c&D;onf pm
187-191»

azaz:0g&Dv

[Burma Struggle Vol .I . P. XLV]

1 azaz:0g&D 1943 NAdwo
d Q
av,mOf 7 pif; &efuek Nf rdKUay:
vma&muf Ak;H BuJ&m ql;avapwD
awmfay:okdY wkduf½kdufAkH;usoGm;
ojzifh rkcfwpfckysufpD;oGm;onf/
4 azaz:0g&D 1943 *&dww
f m;
at;&Sm; (The Greater Asia)ac:
tm&Swu
dk Mf uD;owif;pmukd t*Fvyd f
bmomjzifh wpf&ufjcm; pwif
xkwfa0onf/

18 azaz:0g&D 1943 tdE,

EkdifiH a'vD&dS NAdwdoQtaxGaxG
XmecsKyfonf ¤if;wkYd wyfrsm; jref
rmEkdifiHrS qkwfcGmpOfu u&if
awmifwef;a'owGif ae&pfcahJ om
NAdwo
d QAv
dk rf LS ; qD;*&if;rf (MajorHugh Seagrim)\owif; od&
&ef Akv
d b
f ausmfEiS hf u&iftrsKd;
om; ok;H OD;tm; awmifit
l eD; av
xD;jzifh qif;oufaponf/

« jrefrmhtvif; 7-2-43»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»

[Grandfather Longlegs pp 101104]

5 azaz:0g&D 1943 jrefrmEkid if H
ukd aemuftusq;Hk ,ckEpS t
f wGi;f
vGwv
f yfa&;ay;&ef *syeftpd;k &u
ay;aom uwdEiS hf ywfoufí jref

23 azaz:0g&D 1943 NAw
d o
d Qav
,mOfwkdYu a&Twd*kHapwDawmf\
wpfpdwfwpfa'ojzpfaom ae&m
ukd Ak;H BuJomG ;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-2-43»

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-2-43»
77

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;
[Burma Intelligence Bureau,
Burma During the Japanese Occupation Vol II. Simla Goverment
of India press. 1944.P 110 hereafter cited as Burma During the
japanese Occupation Vol II]

*syeftrSwf 15 wyfrawmfu
wpfcsufvTwf trdefYxkwfjyef
onf/ xkYdtrdeYft& ppfbuf? tkyf
csKyaf &;bufEiS hf jynfow
l Ydky;l aygif;
jyD; &efuek Nf rdKU avaMumif; wku
d f
cku
d rf I ab;tEÅ&m,f umuG,af &;
aumfrwD zGUJ pnf;onf/ 

24 azaz:0g&D 1943 0efMuD;csKyf
a'gufwmbarmfu jrefrmEkdifiHü
NAdwo
d Qtyk cf sKyaf &;
ysuo
f nfh
tcsdeu
f pí acwfopftyk cf sKyfa&;
wnfaxmifonfu
h mvtwGi;f jyK
vkyaf qmif&u
G cf ahJ om udprö sm;ESihf
ywfoufí
tcsKUd yk*Kd¾ vw
f Ydktm;
tjypf'PfrS vGwfjidrf;csrf;omcGifh
ay;&ef wpfcsuv
f w
T t
f rdeYf xkwf
jyefonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 115^
287»

rwf v
1 rwf 1943 ,k;d ',m; jrefrm
rD;&xm;vrf;azmufvkyfa&; wyf
zGUJ 0ifrsm;? ppftyk cf sKyfa&;OD;pD;Xme
ESihf tkycf sKyaf &;½k;H wkYrd S oufqidk f
&mt&m&dS rsm;ukd trSwf 15 wyf
rawmf XmecsKyfoYdk ac:aqmifí
vkyftm;ay;tzGJU (acR;wyf) zGJU
pnf;a&;ukd aqG;aEG;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-3-43? 18-5-43»

NAdwo
d Qppfav,mOfysHonf &Sr;f
jynfawmifykdif;e,fESifh taemuf
ajrmufawmifay: ysHoef;vmjyD;
avxD;orm; 6 a,mufukd av
xD;jzifh cs&m t&yfom;rsm; 0kid ;f
zrf;ojzifh 3 OD;aoum usef 3
OD;tm; *syefppfbufoYdk tyfEHS
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 278»

2 rwf 1943 *syef trSwf 15
wyfrawmf wpfcsuv
f w
T t
f rdeYfjzifh
]],kd;',m;-jrefrm qufoG,fa&;
rD;&xm;vrf;azmufvyk af &;twGuf
vkdtyfaom vkyftm;ay;tzGJUrsm;
zGUJ pnf;a&;ESihf apvTwyf Ydkaqmifa&;
tpDtpOfudk csrSwo
f nf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 6-3-43»

26 azaz:0g&D 1943 oHjzLZ&yf
2 rkdifcGJtuGm ,kd;',m;-jrefrm
rD;&xm;vrf; pwif&m uke;f jrifüh
vGrf;apwD (,cif&efajyvGrf;ap
wD) ukd wnfjyD;pD;onf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 278»

«oifhb0r*¾Zif; 1974 'DZifbm»
78

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
232-236]

PfaMumifh rsm;
pGmysupf ;D 'kua© wGUvsu&f aSd vonf/
ppfrjzpfru
D tajctaersm; jyef
vnf&&dSzkdY udprö sm;onf þppf
aMumifh ysufpD;,kd,Gif;aeaom
tajctaersm;rS xlaxmif&ef t
vGeftrif; MudK;pm;aqmif&GufrS
jzpfEkdifayrnf/ vGwfvyfa&;\
tusKd;t&omukd cHpm;vkdygvQif
vlMuD;rif;wkYd EiS w
hf uG jrefrmvlrsK;d
wdYk onf þtcsed t
f wGi;f 0,f rdrd
wkYd pdw"f mwftp&do
S nfwYdkukd t
opfjyKjyif ajymif;vGí
J vkyzf ,
G f
aqmifwmrsm;ukd MudK;yef;wukwf
tm;xkwfum jrefrmvlrsKd;wkdYESifh
47

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

xm;ygaMumif;? xko
d Ydk cefYxm;&
jcif; yxrtaMumif;t&if;rSmrl ed
yGev
f rl sK;d ESihf jrefrmvlrsK;d wkYd wpfO;D
taMumif; wpfO;D em;vnfpnf;vk;H
rd&efEiS hf edyeG t
f &m&SEd iS hf jrefrmt&m
&drS sm; ab;csi;f ,SOí
f vkyu
f idk Mf u
&rSm jzpfEidk af Mumif;/ odYkro
S mvQif
tm&Swu
dk f ppfyMJG uD; atmifEidk af &;
twGuf cRw,
f iG ;f csurf sm; r&dES idk f
ay/ 'kw,
d tcsurf mS jzifh edyeG jf ynf
onf jrefrmjynfEiS hf ,SOrf nfqdk
vQif pufrv
I ufrEI iS hf tjcm;vkyf
ief;t&yf&yfwiG f tqift
h wef;jrifh
onft
h avQmuf jrefrf mvlrsK;d wkYdEiS hf
wuG jrefrmjynfMuD; wk;d wuf
aumif;pm;rIudk &nfp;l í arwåm
oabmjziffh edyeG w
f Ydku jrefrmvl
rsKd;wkdYukd enf;ay;vrf;jy ulnD
jcif;jzpfygaMumif;/
edyGefvlrsKd;wkdYtm; jrefrm
vlrsKd;wkdYonf cspfMunfvkdvm;í
pdwaf &muk,
d yf g ¤if;wkYd EiS hf twl
wuG yl;aygif;um jrefrmjynf\
wkd;wufMuD;yGm;a&;twGuf wuf
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pdwt
f m; xufoefpmG vkv
d m;yg
aMumif;? t&m&drS sm;jzpfMuaom vl
MuD;rif;wkYdonf txl;ojzifu
h REyfk f
###BOT_TEXT###amp;nf&,
G cf suo
f abmukd aocsm
pGm em;vnfí tpk;d &wm0ef

aMumif;/ jrefrmvlrsK;d wkYdEiS hf uREyfk f
onf yl;aygif;í þaqmif&u
G f
jcif;rsm; atmifjrifap&ef pdwt
f m;
xufoefpmG
arQmv
f ifv
h su&f ySd g
aMumif;? xkdjyif jrefrmvlrsKd;wkdY
onf a&SUwufaqmif&Gufvsuf&dS
aom MuD;av;onfh vkyif ef;udpö
t00wkYdukd pdwaf &muk,
d yf g jyKvyk f
Ekid Mf uygap [k uREykf x
f ufoefpmG
arQmfvifhawmifhwí jreffrmvlrsKd;
wkYd vsijf refpmG tiftm;jznfjh zdK;a&;
twGuf arQmfukd;apmifhMunfhvsuf
&dSygaMumif;/
vlMuD;rif;wkYdonf tpk;d &
tzGUJ 0ifrsm;jzpfonft
h avQmuf vl
taygif;wkYd\ a&SUaqmifozG,f pH
erlemjyjyD;vQif tajymESifhr[kwf
tvkyjf zifh vltaygif;wkYdudk acgif;
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f idk f
&rnfh udprö sm;udk ajzmifrh wfwnf
Munf pnf;urf;ao0yfpmG jzifh vl
MuD;rif;wkYd jyKvkyjf yoygrS trsm;
aom wkdif;oljynfom;rsm;onf
tpk;d &\ a&SUaqmifaom vrf;ukd
vkdufMujyD;vQif wpfnDwpfnGwf
wnf; cGet
f m; wefc;dk wk;d wufEidk f
Muayrnf/
aemufq;Hk ajymqkv
d o
dk nf
rSm uREyfk o
f nf tpk;d &opfwiG f ed
yGeft&m&dStcsKdUudk xnfhoGif;cefY
48

-27-

ausmfNidrf;

0wå&m;rsm; xrf;aqmif&mü pHerl
emwifavmufatmif jyKvdrfhrnf
[kuREyfk rf sm;pGm ,kMH unfygaMumif;
þtwkid ;f om jrefrmvlrsK;d wkYd a&SU
ukd jyKvkyaf qmif&u
G o
f mG ;ygu ed
yGefjynfESifhwuG edyGefvlrsKd;wkdY
onf jrefrmjynf\ rdwaf qGppf
rsm;tjzpf tpOfwnf&o
Sd mG ;rnfh
tjyif jrefrmjynftusKd;twGuf
tultnDay;&ef uREkfyfonfrnf
onfenf;ESifhrQ vufaES;aernf
r[kwfaMumif;/
þta&;MuD;aom tcsdef
ESifh jyKzG,faqmifwmrsm;vSaom
tcgtwGi;f tpk;d &\wm0ef0wå&m;
rsm;ukd xrf;aqmif&jcif;ESifh Ekd;
Mum;aom acwfopfjrefrmjynf
tjzpfa&muf&ef udprö sm;ukd aqmif
&Gu&f jcif;u wpfzuf? ppfMuD;
tjyD; atmifEidk af &;\ vkt
d yfaom
tcsurf sm;ukd &&d&S efu
f wpfzuf
jzifh vlMuD;rif;wkYd tay:wGif MuD;
av;aom wm0efMuD;rsm; us
a&mufvsuf &daS vjyD/ xkYd aMumifh
vlMuD;rif;wkYd onf rdrw
d Ydk ,ckjyK
vkyaf qmif&u
G &f awmhrnfh wm0ef
0wå&m;rsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG rdru
d ,
dk f
rdrd ,kMH unftm;xm;í aqmif&u
G f
vdrrhf nf[k uREyfk ,
f MHk unfpw
d cf syg
aMumif; ajymMum;onf/

tpk;d &opfziG yhf w
JG iG f jrefrmEkid if H
0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwmbarmfu
rdeYfceG ;f ajymMum;&mwGif *syefwyfr
awmf ppfAv
dk cf sKyfMuD;\ vuf
atmufwGif zGJUpnf;vkdufaom
acwfopfjrefrmjynf tpkd;&ukd
uREkfyfwkdY ,aeYawGUjrifMu&jyD
jzpfaMumif;? þ acwfopftpk;d &
onf jrefrmjynfwiG f acwfopfxl
axmifvrd rhf nf jzpfaMumif;? þ
acwfopf tpd;k &\ vkyif ef;tpD
tpOfjzpfaom 0g'pnf;rsO;f rsm;rSm
(1) ta&SUbuf wpfvmT ;wGif
t*Fvyd Ef iS hf tar&duefw
f Ydktm; acs
rIe;f ypf&eftwGuf wku
d cf u
dk v
f suf
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dk f ppf
yGMJ uD; atmifjrifpmG jyD;jywfomG ;
atmif tpGr;f ukef MudK;pm;aqmif
&Guf&ef/
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dk f nDwl
nDrQ tusK;d cHpm;cGihf acwfopfxl
axmifa&;wGif tjcm;ta&SUbuf
tm&Swkduf&dSEkdifiHrsm;ESifh xyfwl
xyfrQ MuD;yGm;wk;d wufru
I kd &&daS p
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wku
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jrefrmjynfonf vGwv
f yfí jrifh
jrwfaom wkid ;f Ekid if w
H pfck tjzpf
yg0ifaqmif&u
G Ef idk af tmif MudK;
pm;aqmif&Guf&ef/ 

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

xjyD; *syefwyfrawmftm; 0kid ;f 0ef;
ulnDcJhMuaMumif;? ,ckvnf;
,cifu ulncD MhJ uouJo
h YdkyifvQif
jrefrmjynfolwkdYonf aoG;ESifh
rsu&f nfudk t&if;jyKí acwfopf
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&GuMf u&rnfjzpfaMumif;? acwf
opftpk;d &\ 0g'pnf; rsO;f atmif
jrifatmif 0kdif;0ef;ulnD aqmif
&Gufjcif;jzifh jrefrmvlrsKd;wkdY\
pGrf;&nfowådjy&rnf jzpfaMumif;?
uREyfk w
f Ydkonf Ekid if aH &; pdw0f rf;uGJ
jym;rIrsm;ESihf ygwDtzGUJ tpnf; wpf
pkw
H pf&m r&daS wmhjyD jzpfaMumif;?
,cktcg wpfaoG;wpfoHwpfrdefU
om &daS wmhaMumif;? okYd jzpf&um?
jrefrmvlrsKd;rsm;onf wpfaoG;
wpfoH wpfred Yfwnf; [laom
acwfopf0g'ukd ,kH Munfav;pm;
&rnf jzpfaMumif;?
jrefrm vlrsKd;rsm;onf
tm&Swu
dk o
f m;tygt0if vlrsK;d
tjzpf tjrifus,fpGm MunfhjyD;
ta&SUtm&Swkduf acwfopfxl
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&Guv
f su&f o
Sd nfh tm&S wku
d o
f m;
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csif;rsm;uJhokdY oabmxm;&rnf
jzpfaMumif;? uREyfk w
f Ydk\ aoG;csi;f
om;csif; jzpfMuaom wkdif;&if;

(3) *syefEiS jhf refrmvlrsK;d rsm; t"GeYf
&SnfpGm wpfaoG;wpfom;wnf;
aygif;oif;qufqHa&; yl;aygif;
aqmif&Gufa&;twGuf tm;xkwf
&ef/
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d QEiS hf w½kwpf pfwyfrsm;
zsufq;D oGm;ojzifh ysufp;D ,k,
d iG ;f
aeaom jrefrmjynfMuD;ukd topf
wpfzefjyefvnfxal xmif&ef ponf
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tpk;d &onf txufyg &nf&,
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pnf;pdru
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tpk;d &uvnf;
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ukd uREyfk w
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&rnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrmEkid if aH wmf
rSm &eforl sm;tm; armif;ESix
f w
k f
cJ&h mwGif jrefrmvlrsK;d rsm;onf ppf
wyfMuD;wpfco
k zG,f wpfNydKifeuf

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-8-42»
49

50

-28-

ausmfNidrf;

txl;vIdufvIdufvSJvSJ 0rf;ajrmuf
jcif;jzpf&aMumif;? jrefrmjynfopf
MuD;yGm;wk;d wufrw
I iG f jrefrmvl
rsKd;taygif;wkdYu tpkd;&opfESifh
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f
trdeUf t& tkycf sKyfrnfjzpf&m jref
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vdrrhf nf[k uREyfk f em;vnfxm;
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y,frsm;wGif tkyfcsKyfrItpkd;&opf
ukv
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f ifah Mumif;?
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pm; aqmif&Gufvsuf&dSaMumif;?
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vGwv
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f abmudk ajym&
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wkdYa&SUaqmif&mokdY vkdufygMu&ef
owday;EId;aqmfygaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 5-8-42»

jrefrmjynf *syefwyfrsm;\ ppf
aoemywd 'kw,
d
Akv
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ESihf awGUqkí
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xkt
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d jf yDjzpf
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d f
pm;jcif; r&db
S J jyD;ajrmufatmif
yifyef;pGm aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ nft
h wGuf 

51

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

arQmfvifah Mumif;? ¤if;jyif tpk;d &
tzGUJ opfwnfaxmifjcif;onfvnf;
vGwv
f yfa&;twGuf yxr ajc
vSr;f vnf;jzpf&m
tem*gwf
twGuf tiftm;jznfw
h if;jcif;yif
jzpfaMumif;? vlwidk ;f vlwidk ;f rSm
vnf; ,ckvuf&Sd tajctae
taMumif;ukd owdrjl yD;vQif ta&SU
tm&Swu
dk f MuD;yGm;wk;d wufrI &nf
&G,fcsufukd odem;vnf&rnf/
A[kt
d pk;d &ukd taMumif;jyKí t&m
&dSrsm;ESifh wkdif;oljynfom;rsm;
pnf;vk;H nDnw
G pf mG ESihf edyeG f tifyD
&D&,fppfzufEiS hf yl;aygif; aqmif
&Gufí aemufqkH;atmifyef;ukd
qGwcf ;l &rnf/
qkcd jhJ yD;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm; jynfph o
Hk nft
h cg
*kPo
f wif;ESihf taMumif;t&mu
oufaocHvmvdrfhrnf/
wpfck owday;vko
d nfrmS
jrefrmjynfwiG f vltrsK;d rsK;d aexkid f
vsu&f &Sd m xkv
d rl sK;d rsm; taMumif;
wpfckckaMumifh tcsif;jzpfyGm;cJh
vQif ta&SUtm&Swu
dk f acwfopf
xlaxmif a&;vkyif ef;ukd xdcu
dk af p
vdrfhrnfjzpfaMumif;? xkdYaMumifh
tm&Swu
dk w
f iG f aexkid Mf uaom vl
taygif;wkYd onf wpfO;D ESiw
hf pfO;D
cifrif&if; ES;D MujyD;vQif ta&SU
tm&Swu
dk f MuD;yGm; wk;d wufrI

&nf&G,faom tifyD&D&,fedyGef\
pdwx
f m;ukd od&eSd m;vnf&ef vkd
tyfaMumif;? uREyfk w
f Ydk
edyeG pf pf
wyfrsm;onf uREkyf w
f Ydk cspfcifjyD;
jzpfaom jrefrmomvQif r[kw?f
tdE,
d´ jynfudk vnf; vGwv
f yfa&;
&ygap[k qkawmif;aMumif;/
NAdwdoQppfwyfrsm;onf
jrefrmjynf ppfajrjyifrS xGucf mG
oGm;& aomfvnf; tdE,
d´ avwyf
pcef;wGif a&Smifwrd ;f aejyD; &efuek f
NrdKUESihf tjcm;e,fy,frsm;&dS tjypf
r&daS om tdE,
d´ ESihf jrefrmvlrsKd;
rsm;tm; avaMumif;jzifh vm
a&mufwu
dk cf u
dk f 'kua© y;vsuf &dS
aMumif;? edyGef ppfwyfrsm;tm;
tdE,
d´ jynfudk taMumif;rJh wku
d f
ckdufjcif;rS a&SmifMuOf&ef trdefU
ay;xm;aMumif;? tdE,
d´ jynfwiG ;f
okYd edyeG pf pfwyf csDwufwu
dk cf u
dk f
odr;f yku
d af &;rSm vG,u
f al omfvnf;
tdE´d,jynfvkH; jyKwfjyKwfjyKef;
ysufpD;xdckdufrnfh ab;tEÅ&m,f
MuD;qku
d af &mufrnfudk pk;d &dro
f jzifh
,ck acwårQ qkid ;f xm;&jcif;jzpf
aMumif;/ ,cktcgrSmtdE,
d´ vlrsKd;
rsm;omvQif
tm&Svrl sK;d rsm;\
tusKd;twGuf NAdwdoQvlrsKd;rsm;
ukd tdE,
d´ jynfrS ESix
f w
k &f ef ,ck
tcgaumif; tcGiahf umif;MuD; jzpf
52

-29-

ausmfNidrf;

aMumif;? ,ckuo
hJ Ydk aeUxl;aeUjrwf
MuD;wGif tpkd;&opfzGJUpnf;&onfh
twGuf a&SUtzkYd MuD;yGm;wk;d wuf
jyD;vQif jrefrmvlrsK;d taygif;wkYd
tm;vnf; ulnaD qmif&u
G v
f rd hf
rnf[k arQmfvifhygaMumif;/

pdew
f YdkrS MuD;rSL;aom wkYdArm
tpnf;t½kH;wkdYonf (wpfzGJUxJ?
wpfaoG;xJ? wpfox
H ?J wpfred Uf
xJ) tjzpfjzifh aygif;pyfzUJG pnf;
vkdufjyD/
wpfzUJG wnf;
tjzpf
aygif;pyf vku
d af om jrefrmwpf
jynfv;Hk wpfrsK;d vk;H \ þtpnf;
t½k;H MuD;onf tmPm&Sif pepfjzifh
tvkyv
f yk rf nf/ a'gufwmbarmf
tm; tmPm&Sit
f jzpf wpfnw
D pf
nGwfwnf; wifajr§mufvkdufjyD/
xkYdaMumifh jrefrmjynfwiG f (wpfzUJG ?
wpfaoG;? wpfo?H wpfred Uf ) xm;&dS
&rnf/ wpfzUJG um; (wkYdArmqif;&J
om;tpnf;t½k;H ) wpfaf oG;um; (
wkYd jrefrmvlrsK;d ) wpfou
H m; (wkYd
Armqif;&Jom;###BOT_TEXT###g') wpfred Yf
um; (wkYd ArmtmPm&Si\
f trdeUf )
wkdYArmacwfopf0g'MuD;udk qefU
usiaf omolwYdkonf wkYd Armrsm;
###BOT_TEXT###amp;efo[
l k rSw&f rnf/
tmPm&Sipf epft& tmPm&Si\
f
twkdifyifcHtzGJU &Sd&rnf/ xkd
tzGJU0ifrsm;tjzpfjzifh atmufyg
yk*K¾ dvfrsm;ukd tmPm&Sifu cefU
xm;vku
d jf yD jzpfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-8-42»

jrefrmEkid if t
H pk;d & 0efMuD;csKyf½;Hk
twGi;f 0efcsKyf &mxl;ukd
*syef
Munf;wyf
tkycf sKyaf &; t&m&dS
rpöwm wmumEkd (Takano Genshin) u vufcH aqmif&u
G o
f nf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 98^
355»

2 Mo*kwf 1942
jrefrmEkid if H
tpk;d &opf zGiyhf JG atmifjrifonfh
txdr;f trSwt
f jzpf &efuek Nf rdKUwGif
atmifyGJobifrsm; usif;yonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 5-8-42»

9 Mo*kwf 1942 jrefrmtzGJUcsKyf
Bu;D (ÄwkYAd rmqif;&Jom;tpnf;t½k;H )
wpfzUGJ ? wpfaoG;? wpfo?H wpfred Uf
pepft& zGUJ pnf;vku
d f jyD/
jrefrmjynfwiG f
jrefrmacwfxl
axmif&ef
a'gufwmbarmf
MuD;rSL;aom qif;&Jom;0HomEk
tzGUJ BuD;? ocifxeG ;f tky?f ocifA

ocifNr? OD;b0if;? AE¨KvOD;pdef?
ocifxGef;tkyf? ocifApdefESifh
53

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ocifoef;xGef;?
ocifoef;xGef;tm; tmPm&Sif
twkdifyifcHtzGJU\ twGif;a&;rSL;
tjzpfjzifh tmPm&Siu
f cefUvku
d f
onf/
tmPm&Sipf epftwkid ;f tpnf;
t½k;H \ wm0efct
H jzpfjzifh ocifEk
tm; cefUvku
d o
f nf/ ocifukd,f
awmfrIdif; tm; tpnf;t½k;H \
(*kPx
f ;l aqmifq&mMuD;) tjzpf
wifajr§mufvkdufonf/
tpnf;t½k;H
wnf&m
Xmeukv
d nf; &efuek Nf rdKU tvHjy
bk&m;vrf; 37ukd todtrSwf
jyKvku
d jf yD/ tzGUJ a[mif;rsm;ukd yl;
aygif;í tzGUJ opfrsm;ukd tmPm
&Sif pepfjzifh xlaxmifrnf/
wkYAd rm oDcsi;f rS oHNyKdif
tyk'd u
f dk trsKd;om;oDcsif; tjzpf
jzifh tmPm&Sifpepft& tod
trSwfjyKvkdufjyD/ trsKd;om;tvH
ESihf tjcm;tzGUJ udpö rsm;ukd rMumrD
trdefUxkwfrnf/
aemufxyf trdeUf rxkwrf D
twGi;f ocifemrnfudk vnf;
aumif;? rdrw
d Ydk qidk &f m tzGUJ tvH
rsm;ESifh "m;r OD;xkyfukdvnf;
aumif;? vGwv
f yfpmG tok;H jyKEkid f
cGihf &do
S nf/
tzGUJ 3 zGUJ wGif yg0ifol

rSeo
f rQonf (wpfzUJG ? wpfaoG;
wpfo?H wpfred Uf ) oabmxm;jyD;
tm;vk;H nDnn
D w
G n
f w
G f aygif;
oif; aqmif&u
G Mf u&rnf/
(ykH)
ocifukd,fawmfrIdif;? ocifjr
ocifoef;xGef;? ocifApdef
ocifxGef;tkyf? a'gufwmbarmf
OD;b0if;? AE¨Kv OD;pde/f
«jrefrmhtvif; 9-8-42»
«Armhopfpmapmif twG1J trSw1f 1943
Mo*kwf pm 24»
Ä 1 Mo*kwf 1944 wGif r[mArm
tpnf;t½k;H [k trnfajymif;onf/ þ
tzGJUcsKyftm;0if½;dk wyf (Axis Army)
[k &nfneTG ;f onf/

14 Mo*kwf 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf (bD'Dat) wnf
axmifa&;ESihf pyfvsO;f í vrf;ñTef
csurf sm; csrw
S o
f nf/ xkv
d rf;ñTef
csuw
f iG f bD'aD tonf jrefrme,ff
ajr&dS *syefppfaoemywd vuf
atmufwiG f &d&S rnf/ t"duwm
0efrmS e,fpyfa'o umuG,af pmifh
a&Smufa&;jzpfjyD; aemifwiG f wku
d f
cku
d af &;wm0efay;&ef pOf;pm;rnf/
wyftiftm;ukd 3000 jzifh pwif
jy;D aemifwiG f 10000 xd wk;d csUJ zGUJ
rnfjzpfaMumif; yg&dSonf/
54

-30-

ausmfNidrf;
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
105-108]

rsm;ESihf NAdwo
d QwkYd \ t&dyt
f aiGU
ukd okwo
f if&iS ;f vif;jcif;tvkUd iSm
jrefrmjynfwiG f &daS om tpk;d &½k;H
awmfrf sm;wGif t*Fvyd b
f momtpm;
jrefrmbmomukd wwfEidk o
f a&GU
tok;H jyK&rnf jzpfaMumif; qk;H jzwf
csuf csrw
S o
f nf/

aiGpuúLtpkwf ta[mif; ok;H pGJ
a&;udpEö iS hf pyf vsO;f í edyeG t
f pk;d
& tdraf wmftrdeUf xkwjf yefonf/ 

«ol&d,owif;pm 29-8-42 aemifu;dk
um;vQif ol&d, [kñTef;rnf/»
«jrefrmhtvif; 25-8-42»

edyGeftpkd;& tdrfawmftrdefU
edyeG t
f pk;d &xkwf jrefrmjynfo;Hk aiG
puúLrsm;udk trsK;d tpm; cGjJ cm;jcif;
rjyKEkdifatmif npfaya[mif;EGrf;
jcif;r&daS o;ygu pkwjf ywfaeaomf
vnf; vufco
H ;Hk pGjJ cif; jyK&rnf/
jrefrmjynfo;Hk t*Fvyd f aiGpuúL
rsm;ukrd l trsKd;tpm; rcGrJ jcm;Ekid f
avmufatmif a[mif;EGrf;npfay
aecJhaomfvnf;aumif;? pkwfjywf
aeaomfvnf;aumif;? vufcHcGifh
r&dSacs/
vk;H vk;H jywfaf eaom aiGpuúLrsm;ukd
rl &efuek Nf rdKU ,ku
d [
dk m;rm; bPf
wkdufü vJvS,fEkdifaMumif;/

jrefrmjynftoHviT ½hf zHk iG yhf u
JG kd aeU
vnf 13; 30 em&DwiG f usi;f yjy;D
toHviT ½hf rHk S pwiftoHviT o
hf nf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-8-42»

18 Mo*kwf 1942 *syefwyfu
zrf;rdxm;onfh NAdwdoQwyfrSjref
rmppfom; 73 OD;tm; okyH ef;rsm;
xm;aomaxmifrS vTwaf y;onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-8-42»

20 Mo*kwf 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf ppf½kH;csKyf yxr
OD;pD;Akdvf AkdvfpMufmu Armhum
uG,fa&;wyfrawmf aMunmcsuf
ukd xkwjf yefonf/ xkad Munmcsuf
wGif ,cktcg Armhvw
G v
f yfa&;
wyfrawmfukd ArmhumuG,fa&;
wyfrawmf[k topfjyefv
f nf zGUJ

«wkdif;cspf 14-8-42»

15 Mo*kwf 1942 *syefacwf
jrefrmtpk;d &tzGUJ
0efMuD;rsm;
yxrtMudrf tpnf;ta0; usi;f
yonf/ tpnf;ta0;wGif jrefrm
Ekid if w
H iG f rvkv
d m;aom vlrsK;d jcm;
55

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

acwfopftpdk;&onf jrefrmEkdifiH
wGif acwfopfxal xmifrnf/
jrefrmtpkd;&\ vkyfief;0g'MuD;
um;
(u) tm&Swu
dk rf S t*Fvyd Ef iS hf
tar&duefwYdk\ wefc;dk tmPm
pufudk NzdKzsu&f ef tvk;H t&if;ESihf
edyGefEkdifiHMuD; a&SUaqmifwkdufckduf
vsu&f aSd om tm&Swu
dk f ppfyMJG uD;
ukd tjywftowftEkid &f &daS p&ef/
(c) jrefrmjynfonf vk;H 0vGwf
vyfaom jynftjzpfjzifh tm&S
wkduf acwfopfxlaxmifa&;wGif
twlwuG MuD;yGm;csr;f om wk;d
wufrItwGuf nDtpfukdEkdifiHrsm;
ESihf wef;wlyg0if&ef/
(*) ,ck ppfyt
JG wGi;f wGif vnf;
aumif;? aemiftem*wfwiG v
f nf;
aumif;? edyGefESihfjrefrmwkdYonf
t"GeUf &Snpf mG cifrif&if;ED;S pGm quf
qHMu&ef/
(C) &efot
l *Fvyd Ef iS hf w½kww
f Ydk
zsufq;D rD;½IUd oGm;ojzifh ysufp;D
jymusvsu&f aSd om jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f
jrefrmjynfopf xlaxmif&ef/
jrefrmacwfopftpd;k &onf txuf
yg vkyif ef;0g'MuD; atmifjrifa&;
twGut
f oufEiS phf nf;pdru
f dk y"me
rxm;bJ aqmif&u
G af wmhrnf/ ,
ck jrefrmacwfopftpd;k &onf ed

pnf;jyD;jzpfaMumif;? ppfrIquf
vuf xrf;vko
d w
l Ydk udk trIxrf;
cGifhjyKjyD;? trIrxrf;vkdolwkdYukd
vnf; xGucf iG jhf yKjyD;aMumif;? okYd
aomf useaf eao;aom wyfom;
rsm; &daS eao;aMumif; od&&Sd í ppf
rIqufvufxrf;vkdygu ,aeYrS
pí wpfvtwGi;f ysOf;rem;NrdKU&dS
ArmhumuG,fa&; wyfrawmfokdY
oGm;a&mufaq;ppfí atmifjrifu
trIxrf;cGifh jyKrnfjzpfaMumif;/
trIrxrf;vkyd gu rdrw
d Ydkvufeuf
rsm;ukd teD;qk;H edyeG yf v
k yd t
f zGUJ okYd
csucf si;f oGm;a&muftyfE&HS rnfjzpf
aMumif; yg&do
S nf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-8-42»

21 Mo*kwf 1942 jrefrm acwf
opftpk;d & 0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwm
barmfESifh 0efMuD;rsm;u tpkd;&
vkyfief;0g'ukd xkwfjyefaMunm
onf/
edyGefaoemywdBuD;
trSL;xm;aom
jrefrmacwfopftpkd;&\
aMunmcsuf
,aeU jrefrmacwfopf tpd;k &ukd
edyeG w
f yfrawmf\ aoemywdBuD;
qkd *sKd a'gh tD;'g;tm; tMu;D trSL;
xm;í wnfaxmifvu
dk jf yD/ jrefrm
56

-31-

ausmfNidrf;

aom wm0efudk (wpfaoG;-wpfoH
-wpfred Uf ) jzpfaom jrefrmacwf
opf0g'ESihf nDpmG vku
d ef maqmif
&GufMu&rnf/
jrefrmvlrsK;d pdwo
f abmom arG;
jrLMu&efr[kw?f tm&Svrl sK;d rsm;\
pdwo
f abmukv
d nf; arG;jrLjyD;tm&S
wku
d \
f acgif;aqmifjzpfaomedyeG f
vlrsKd;wkYd EiS hf wpfaoG;xJ wpfo
abmwnf; xm;Mu&rnf/
uREyfk w
f Yd\
k
txufyg vkyif ef;
0g'MuD; tqk;H wkid f atmifjrif&ef
,cifuvnf; toufEiS phf nf;pdrf
riJu
h u
G b
f J vloed wfMum; rsK;d aph
cscjhJ yD/ ,ckvnf; xkrd sK;d aphudk
atmifjrifatmif tqkH;wkdifatmif
aqmif&Gufrnf[k vlodewfMum;
opömjyKvkdufonf/ wkdif;oljynf
om; jrefrmrsm;uvnf;þtwkid ;f
opömjyKí uREyfk w
f YdkEiS t
hf wlvu
dk cf hJ
Muukefavmh/
edyGefppfaoemywd
trSL;xm;aom
jrefrmacwfopftpdk;&
0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwmbarmf
0efMuD;rsm;
ocifjr? a'gufwmodef;armif?
OD;xGef;atmif? OD;b0if;?
AE¨KvOD;pdef? ocifxGef;tkyf?
OD;vSaz? ocifApdef

yGef ppfaoemywdMuD;udt
k rSL;xm;
jyD; vk;H 0vGwv
f yfaom jrefrmEkid if H
xlaxmifa&;ukd vrf;cif;aeaom
tpk;d & jzpfonf/ edyeG t
f pk;d &u
vnf; jrefrmjynfudk vGwv
f yfa&;
ay;rnf[k wdwv
d if;vif; urÇm
okYd uwday;jyD;jyD/ þuwdopöm
ukd uREyfk w
f Ydk ,k&H rnf/
jrefrmajrjyifrS edyGefjrefrmrsm;\
&efol [lorQ ESix
f w
k af &;wGif
jrefrmwpfrsKd;om;vkH;onf wyffr
awmfMuD; wpfwyftaejzifh edyeG f
wyfrawmfMuD;ukd vkH;0pGefUpm;ul
nDcMhJ u\/ xked nf;f twl vkyif ef;
0g'MuD; atmifjrifa&;twGufukd
vnf; jrefrmwpfrsKd;om;vk;H onf
jrefrmacwfopftpkd;& trdefUukd
em,lum aoG;ESiafh cR;ESihf 0kid ;f 0ef;
ulnDaqmif&GufMu&rnf/
jrefrmwkid ;f jrefrmwkid ;f uvnf;
txufwGif ñTefMum;xm;aom
jreffrmacwfopfvkyfief; 0g'MuD;
atmifjrifatmifvkyfjcif; tm;jzifh
jrefrmhprG ;f &nfowdu
å dk jyMu&rnf/
uREyfk w
f Ydo
k nf ,cktcg *kP
d ;f
trsK;d rsK;d uGjJ ym;jcif; tvsO;f r&dS
awmhbJ wpfaoG;wnf; wpfoH
wnf; wpfred Uf wnf; jzpfíaeav
jyD/ xkYdaMumifh jynfojl ynfom;rsm;
uvnf; trdeYf ay; ñGeT Mf um;xm;
57

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ocifoef;xGef;?

wGif usi;f y&m tmPm&SiMf u;D
a'gufwmbarmf? 0efMuD; ocif
Apde?f ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f wkYdu
toD;oD;
ajymqkd rdeUf Mum;Mu
aMumif;? ¤if;zGiyhf o
JG Ydk t&m&dMS uD;
i,fEiS hf wkYdArmqif;&Jom; tzGUJ 0if
rsm; <ua&mufMuaMumif;? ¤if;
tpnf;t½k;H zGiyhf w
JG iG f atmufygoD
csif;ukd qkMd uaMumif;/

«wkdif;cspf 21-8-42»

22 Mo*kwf 1942 jrefrmjynfol
jynfom;rsm;\ a<u;aMumfoHukd
xkwfjyefonf/
jrefrmjynfol jynfom;rsm;
a<u;aMumf o H
(1) urÇmopf-tcgopf -jrefrm
opf
(2) wpfaoG;-wpfoH-wpfrdefU
(3) jrefrmjynfMuD; vGwv
f yfawmh
rnf edyeG u
f wd &jyD &jyD
(4) tm&Sacwfopf 0ifr,f 0if
r,f
(5) edyeG jf refrm aoG;pnf;Muyg?
edyeG jf refrm aoG;pnf;Muyg
(6) jrefrf medyeG -f befZidk ;f -befZidk ;f
(7) tar&duef t*Fvef acsvu
dk f
rIef;vkduf
(8) tm&SppfMuD; ulr,f 0kid ;f r,f
(9) aoG;pkw0f g' ysujf yD aysmufjyD
(10) omuDrsK;d a[h wkYdjrefrm wkYd
jrefrm

Armhacwfopf (oDcsif;)
ArmjynfMuD;aumif;aom pepfeJU
tcgopf ay:vmjyD/ urÇmt
h a&SU
ykid ;f 0kid ;f 0ef;MupkYd igwkYdArmppf
onf? &eforl sm; aoG;cGcJ w
hJ hJ 0g'
awG y,frnf/ ArmjynfbmG ; wkid ;f
&if;om;wkYd pdwx
f m;wlMujyD/ edyeG f
Arm cspfygonf/ aoG;eJUacR;eJU
t&if;pku
d w
f nf/ rsK;d omuD wkYdArm
jynf (acwfaumif;a&mufvmjyD)2
urÇmwnfatmifyif pnf;vkH;nD
nGwfrnf/
oHjydKif/ / wpfaoG;wpfow
H pfred Uf
xJudk pdwx
f J pG&J rnf/ wkYdArm ig
wkYdArm wpfzUJG wnf; pnf;½k;H jyD)2/
csed cf grDS qef;opfwhJ "mwfaumvD
at;csr;f rJh tcga&mufjyD/ vlwidk ;f
yif acsmifvnfrnf/ (wkYd Arm)2
wkid ;f jynf urÇmopfeUJ tcgopf
Armacwfopf wnfaxmif atmif

«wkdif;cspf 22-8-42»

26 Mo*kwf 1942 wkYd Armqif;&J
om; tpnf;t½k;H zGiyhf u
JG dk &efuek f
NrdKU tvHjybk&m;vrf; trSwf 37
58

-32-

ausmfNidrf;

jrifonf/
t*Fvyd u
f kd taoESrH nf/ tar&d
uefyg ajrvSerf nf/ tm&SppfyEJG JT
zkYd&ef? wkYdu0l idk ;f jyD; wku
d rf nf cku
d f
rnf/ pnf;vk;H nDnm Armjynf/
wkYd trsK;d om;om urÇmwnf w
u,f vGwfvyfa&;ay;awmhrnf/
edyeG f uwdudk &jyD &jyD/ (tm&S
wk d u f r S m acwf o pf x l a xmif
onf/ wkYdun
l D wkYdaoG;pnf;um
rqkid ;f jyD)2/ a[h befZidk ;f befZidk ;f
wkYd Armpdwx
f rJ mS BuHwidk ;f jzpf&
rnf/
oHNydKif (wpfaoG; wpfoH wpfred Uf
atmifjrifonf)

«wkdif;cspf 11-9-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 16-9-42»

aMunmcsuf xkwjf yefonf/

9 pufwifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU
&efEidk af ps; (,ck Akv
d cf sKyfatmif
qef;aps;) usef;rma&;jycef;wGif
pma&;q&mrsm;
tpnf;ta0;
usi;f yum jrefrmjynfpma&;q&m
toif;zGJUpnf;&ef qkH;jzwfonf/
tpnf;ta0;wGif trIaqmifrsm;
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonf/

jrefrmjynf aMu;aiGEiS fh qkid f
aom pDpOfrIqkdif&m trdefUxkwf
jyefonf/
edyGeftpkd;& ppfbufqkdif&m
aiGpuúLrsm;\wefbkd;azmfjycsuf
jref rmjynf
aMu;aiGESifhqkdifaom
pDpOfrIqkdif&m
wpfcsufvTwftrdefUawmf
jrefrmjynfwiG f vJv,
S f ok;H pGaJ e
aom *syeftpk;d & ppfbufqidk &f m
aiGpuúLrsm;udk w&m;0if tod
trSwjf yK&efEiS hf wefb;dk ukd rQw
nDnw
G af p&ef xkwjf yefaom wpf
csufvGTwftrdefU/
1942 ckEpS f 'DZifbmv 8 &ufaeU
wGif vJv,
S o
f ;Hk pGaJ eaom aiGpuúL
rsm;ESihf *syeftpk;d &bufqidk &f m aiG
puúLrsm;udk jrefrmjynfwiG f Oya'
t& todtrSwfjyK&ef tvkdYiSm
tpd;k &u csucf si;f ta&;,lvt
dk yf
onfh taMumif;tcsurf sm; &daS e
ojzifh jrefrmEkid if aH wmf twGi;f &dS
*syefwyfrawmf\ ppfaoemywd
MuD;\ oabmwlncD sut
f & 0ef
MuD;csKyfu atmufygwpfcsuf
vTwt
f rdeUf awmfudk xkwjf yefvu
dk f

«jrefrmhtvif; 18^20-9-42»

12 pufwifbm 1942 eHeuf 9
em&Dtcsdew
f iG f NAdwo
d Qav,mOfysH
6 pif; rEÅav;NrdKUay:okYd ajrmuf
rSawmifoYdk jzwfoef;um Ak;H BuJcs
onf/ Ak;H 'PfaMumifh 'Pf&m&ol
20? aool 10 OD;cefU&do
S nf/

«wkdif;cspf 6-9-42»

pufwifbm
6 pufwifbm 1942 &efuek f
aq;½kBH uD;wGif Akv
d cf sKyfatmifqef;
ESihf a':cifMunf vufxyfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 20-9-42»

13 pufwifbm 1942 jrefrm
jynfpma&;q&mrsm;toif; pnf;
rsO;f Oya'udk twnfjyKonf/

«a'gufwmjrifah qG *syefacwf aq;½kH
BuD;0,f? &efuek ?f [Hom0wDyEHk ydS ?f 19
67? pm 84/ aemifu;dk um;vQif a'guf
wmjrifah qG *syefacwfaq;½kHMuD;0,f
[knTef;rnf/»

«pma&;q&mpmapmif? trSwf 1?
8-12-42? pm 81»

15 pufwifbm 1942 &efuek f
&JAv
dk cf sKyf OD;b&Du NrdKUolNrdKUom;
rsm; od&eSd m;vnfvu
dk ef m&ef t
wGuf avaMumif; umuG,af &;

7 pufwifbm 1942 A[kpd nf
OD;bOD; (0efMuD;a[mif;) rEÅav;
NrKd U ajrmufbuf uykid &f mG wGif iSuf
zsm;a&m*gjzifh uG,v
f eG o
f mG ;onf/
59

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

onf/
1/ (1) ,ck wpfcsuv
f w
T f trdeUf
awmfudk 1942 ckEpS f jrefrmjynf
aiGaMu; pDpOfrI wpfcsuv
f w
T f
trdeUf [k ac:wGit
f yfonf/
(2) ,ck wpfcsuv
f w
T f trdeUf
rSm wpfjynfv;Hk ESihf oufqidk af p
&rnf/
(3) ,ck wpfcsuv
f w
T t
f rdeUf
xkwjf yefaMunmonfah eUu tp
jyKonfh wpfvtukew
f iG f twnf
jzpfap&rnf/ aiGaMu;pepfopfukd
Oya't& wnfaxmifonft
h csdef
txd twnfjzpfap&rnf/
2/ yJ? ykid u
f dk zsuo
f rd ;f &rnf/ qifh
udk jrefrmjynfo;Hk
tjzpfjzifh
twnfjzpfap&rnf/ wpfqifh
onf aiG'*Fg; wpfusy\
f wpf&m
ykH wpfyEHk iS hf nDrQrnf/
(u) &Spyf J okYdr[kwf owåKig;rl;
aph qifh ig;q,f/
(c) av;yJ okYdr[kwf owåKrwf
aph qifh ESpq
f ,fih g;/
(*) ESpyf J okYdr[kwf owåKrl;aph
qifh wpfq,f/
(C) wpfyJ okYdr[kwf owåKyaJ ph
ig;qifh/
(i) yku
d q
f H aMu;jym; wpfjym; wpf
qifh/
(p) yku
d q
f H wpf0uf aMu;jym;

«jrefrmhtvif; 15-9-42» 

60

-33-

ausmfNidrf;

r[kwf ta&mif;t0,f jyKvkyf
onf/ aiG '*Fg; vky&f efEiS hf aiG
puúLvky&f ef twGuf qk;d aq;okYdr
[kwf u&d,mukd 0,fonf? vuf
cHonf a&mif;onf? ok;H pGo
J nfjzpf
ap? okYdr[kwf (C) jrefrmjynf
wGif;okdY aiGpuúLukdwifoGif;jcif;
jyKvyk cf v
hJ Qif MuD;av;pGm tjypfay;
cH&vdrfhrnf/
barmf? 0efMuD;csKyf
&efukefNrdKU/
1942 ck? pufwifbm? 15&uf/

wpfjym; qifw
h pf0uf/
(q) wpfykdif aMu;jym;wpfjym;
qifhwpf0uf/
3/ jrefrmEkid if aH wmf&Sd *syefwyfr
awmf ppfaoemywdMuD;u 1942
ckEpS f arv 1 &ufaeUwGif xkwf
jyefaMunmonft
h wkid ;f *syeftpk;d
& ppfbufqidk &f m aiGpuúLrsm;
onf usy?f a':vmokYdr[kwf qifh
tpdwt
f ykid ;f rsm;
jzpfap&rnf/
¤if;tjyif þaiGpuúLrsm;onf yk'f
r 3 wGif azmfjyxm;aom aiGrsm;
ESihf wpfcsed w
f nf; vSv
J ,
S o
f ;Hk pGaJ e
&rnf/ a':vmonf usyEf iS w
hf ef
bk;d nDwrl Qwl jzpfaf p&rnf/
4/ rnforl qkd (u) ,ck wpfcsuf
vTwf trdeUf yg tcsurf sm;ukd usL;
vGeo
f nfjzpfap? vku
d ef m&ef vpf
[if;onfjzpfap? vkdufemjcif;udk
ydwfyifwm;qD;onfjzpfap? okdYr
[kwf (c) aiG'*Fg; twkjyKvyk f
onf jzpfaf p? aiGpuúLukd twkyHk
ESyd jf cif;jyKvkyo
f nf jzpfap? okYd r
[kwf (*) aiG'*Fg;ukd twkjyKvyk f
onfh enf;wpfcck \
k tpdwt
f ykid ;f
ukd jyKvyk o
f nfjzpfap? odYkr[kwf
jyifonfh enf;wpfcck \
k tpdwf
tykid ;f ukjd yKvkyo
f nf aqmif&u
G f
onf okYrd [kwf 0,fonf vufcH
onf? a&mif;onf/ ok;H pGo
J nf okYd

«jrefrmhtvif; 16-9-42»
«wkdif;cspf 20-9-42»

17 pufwifbm 1942 ocif
ausmfpdef aoewfypfcH&onf/
«a'gufwmjrifhaqG *syefacwfaq;½kH
BuD;0,f pm 146»
«jrefrmhtvif; 22-9-42»

*syef ppftyk cf sKyaf &; OD;pD;Xme
ukd bk&ifct
H rd af wmfa[mif;rS &ef
ukefNrdKUq&mjzpfoif odyÜHausmif;
taqmuftODoYdk ajymif;a&TUonf/ 

«*syefacwfppftkyfcsKyfa&; pm 91»

jrefrmacwfopftpk;d & b@m
a&;Xmeu xD twkdifyifcHtzGJU
zGJUpnf;onf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-11-43»
61

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

aom tcsut
f vufrsm;ukd a&;qGJ
í tm&Sawmifyidk ;f wyfrawmf Xme
csKyfEiS hf A[kpd pfO;D pD;½k;H csKyfoYdk wif
oGif;onf/

18 pufwifbm 1942 rEÅav;
NrdKUü txl;ausnmcsuf xkwjf yef
&mwGif rEÅav;jrdKUoljrdKUom;rsm;
&efolYav,mOfysHrsm; vma&muf
Ak;H BuJonfukd wkev
f yI af jcmufjcm;
&ef rvkad Mumif;? &efoal v,mOfysH
vmvQif NrdKUolNrdKUom;rsm; MudKwif
od&&Sd ef owday;OMorIw&f ef pDpOf
aeonf[kyg&dSonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 358»

*syefMunf;wyfrawmf XmecsKyf
onf *syefEidk if &H Sd ,krd t
D &k D (Yomiuri)owif;pmwku
d t
f m; ppfbuf
qkid &f m tmPmykid \
f MuD;Muyfru
I kd
cH,u
l m jrefrmEkid if üH owif;pm
xkwaf 0 jzefYcscd iG u
hf kd tyfEiS ;f
onf/ 

«wkdif;cspf 24-9-42»

20 pufwifbm 1942 jrefrm
Ekid if t
H pk;d &tzGUJ 0efMuD;csKyf a'guf
wm barmfu jrpD m; - jr&D iS rf sm;
ESihf txl; oufqidk af om wpfcsuf
vTwf trdeYf xw
k jf yefonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»

23 pufwifbm 1942 wkYdArm
qif;&Jom;tpnf;t½kH; XmecsKyffrS
ausnmcsuf trSwf 1 ukx
d w
k jf yef
aMunmonf/ aMunmcsufrmS ,cktcg Armh tzGUJ csKyf
MuD;jzpfaom (wkdYArmqif;&Jom;
tpnf;f t½k;H MuD;) zGUJ pnf;jyD;jzpf&m
a&SUokdY aqmif&Guf&efvkyfief;rsm;
rSm atmufygtpDtpOftwkid ;f jzpf
ygonf/
1/ rMumrDtwGi;f wkYdArmtmPm
&Siu
f c½kid af cgif;aqmif? NrdKUe,f
acgif;aqmif? jrdKUraus;&Gmacgif;
aqmifrsm; cefYrnf/
2/ c½kid af cgif;f aqmifrsm;u rdrw
d Ykd
c½kid t
f wGi;f &dS pkaygif;zGUJ pnf;rnfh

«jrefrmhtvif; 23^24 -9-42»

*syeftrSwf 15 wyfrawmf
onf jrefrmjynfow
l Yk\
d ,kMH unf
rI ykrd &dk &d&S efEiS hf tdE,
d´ rl0g' a&;
qGJvkyfukdif aqmif&GufoGm;&ef
tvkYdimS jrefrmEkid if t
H m; vGwv
f yff
a&; ay;oifrh ay;oifu
h dk tbuf
bufrS avhvmokH;oyfjyD;aemuf
vGwfvyfaom jrefrmEkdifiHtpkd;&
wnfaxmifa&;tpDtpOfESifh jref
rmEkdifiHtm; vGwfvyfa&;ay;oifh
aMumif; qk;H jzwfcsuEf iS hf ywfouf 

62

-34-

ausmfNidrf;

tzGUJ rsm;tm; pka0;apjyD;vQif c½kid f
wkYdArm qif;&Jom;tpnf;t½k;H zGUJ
pnf;&rnf/ jrdKUe,f? jrdKUraus;&Gm
rsm;üvnf; xkdenf;wljyKvkyf &
rnf/
3/ tpnf;t½k;H zGUJ pnf;jyD;rS A[kd
uay;aom ykpH jH zwfyidk ;f rsm;jzifo
h m
toif;om;rsm;ukd vufcí
H ESpf
pOfaMu;aiGrsm; aumufcH&rnf/
,cktawmtwGif; ESpfpOfaMu;
o'¨gaMu;rsm; vkH;0aumufcHjcif;
rjyK&/
ocifE?k XmecsKyfrLS ;

awmif) OD;atmifZaH 0 ? (weoFm&D
wkid ;f ) ocifcifatmif? XmecsKy\
f
twGi;f a&;rSL; OD;ode;f wkYdtm; cefY
tyfwm0efay;onf/

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

wm barmf½;Hk cef;okYd Armhvw
G f
vyfa&;wyfrawmfwGif ,kd;',m;
rS tpjyKvku
d yf g wku
d cf u
dk cf o
hJ nfh
jrefrmvlrsK;d ppfAv
dk Ef iS hf ppfom; 32
OD;u pm;0wfaea&; tultnDay;
&ef wifjy&m a'gufwmbarmfu
ulnrD nf[k ajymMum;onf/

ay:okYd jzwfoef;oGm;&if; Ak;H BuJ
csoGm;onf/
«wkdif;cspf 30-9-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 2-10-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 25-9-42»

&efukefNrdKU*sifrcgem (GymKhana)uvyfwi
G f ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf ppfXmecsKyrf S jrefrm
Akv
d Mf uD; tm;vk;H ESihf *syefppfAv
dk f
MuD; tm;vk;H awGUqkH rdwq
f uf
xrif;pm;yGJMuD; usif;yonf/ 

wkYdArmqif;&Jom; tpnf;t½k;H
0g'jzefYcsad &;rSL; ocifwifu aMu
nmcsuf wpf&yffxkwfjyef&mwGif
wkYdArm tpnf;t½k;H 0if
tm;vkH;wkdYonf wpfaoG;wpfoH
wpfred Yf 0g'udk tm;vk;H vku
d ef mMu
&rnfjzpfonfhtwkdif; XmecsKyfrS
cGijhf yKxm;aom pmwrf;pm&Guf
rsm; ykHESdyfa0iSjcif;? XmecsKyfrS
todtrSwf tcGifhjyKxm;aom
pnf;rsOf;twkid ;f a[majymjcif;wkYd
rSwpfyg;? tjcm;enf; pm&Gupf m
wrf;rsm; a0iSjcif; a[majymjcif;
wkYdudk rjyKvyk Mf u&ef Muyfwnf;pGm
wm;jrpfvkdufonf [kyg&dSonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 23-9-42»

25 pufwifbm 1942 wkYdArm
tmPm&SiMf uD; a'gufwm barmf
u wkYdArmtpnf;t½k;H wm0efcH
rsm;tjzpf XmecsKyrf LS ; ocifE?k
'kw,
d
XmecsKyrf LS ; ocifcsp?f
'kw,
d
XmecsKyrf LS ; ocifn?D
0g'jyefYyGm;a&;rSL; ocifwif?
pD;yGm;a&;rSL; ocifoif? b@m
a&;rSL; OD;oefYZif? wkYdArmh wuf
vlrLS ; ocifwifxeG ;f ? pnf;½k;H
a&;rS L ; (atmuf j ref r mjynf )
ocif0wif? (txufjrefrmjynf)
OD;uku
d Mdk uD;? (&ckid w
f idk ;f ESihf csi;f

«jrefrmhtvif; 25-9-42»

26 pufwifbm 1942 jrefrm
ynm&dw
S pfO;D jzpfaom ta0;
a&mufrif; OD;atmifBuD; a&TbNdk rdKUü
uG,v
f eG f onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-10-42»

29 pufwifbm 1942 NAw
d o
d Q
av,mOf 13 pif;cefY rEÅav;NrdKU
63

«vlxkOD;vS owif;pmrsm;ajymjywJh
ppfwGif;Armjynf ‘«'kwd,wGJ» rEÅav;
MuD;yGm;a&;ykEH ydS ?f 1968/ pm-47-48
aemifu;dk um;vQif vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;
Armjynf ('k) [kñTef;rnf/»

«jrefrmhtvif; 3-10-42»

7 atmufwkdbm 1942 NAdwo
d Q
av,mOfrsm; rEÅav;NrdKUay: Ak;H
rsm; BuJonf/

atmufwkdbmv
1 atmufwb
dk m 1942 ,k;d ',m;
jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf; azmufvyk f
a&;twGuf pwifpDpOfaqmif&Guf
onf/

«vlxkOD;vS owif;pmrsm;ajymjywJh
ppfwGif;Armjynf ‘«pwkwåwGJ» rEÅav;
MuD;yGm;a&;ykEH ydS ?f 1968/ pm238 aemif
uk;d um;vQif vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Arm
jynf (p) [kñTef;rnf/»

[The war Dead of the Common
wealth - 1939-45, Thanbyu-zayat
war cemetery Part 1, London war
graves Commission 1961.P IV ]

8 atmufwkdbm 1942 &Gmpm;
BuD; pdeaf A'g &efuek Nf rdKU a&Tawmif
wef;wGif uG,v
f eG o
f nf/

4 atmufwkdbm 1942 rEÅav;
NrdKUwGif ta&SUtm&Swu
dk v
f il ,frsm;
tpnf;t½k;H wnfaxmifonf/
«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm
281»

«a'gufwmjrifah qG *syefacwf aq;½kH
BuD;0,f pm 126»
«jrefrmhtvif; 11-10-42»

&efuek Nf rdKUtwGi;f 0efrsm;½k;H (,ck
0efMuD;rsm;½kH;)&dS0efMuD;csKyf a'guf

10 atmufwkdbm 1942 jrefrm
jynf tpk;d &0efBuD;csKyf a'gufwm
barmfonf jrefrmjynftoHvTifh 

64

-35-

ausmfNidrf;

½krH S rdeYfceG ;f ajymMum;onf/ rdeUf cGe;f
wGif ygonfh txl;taMumif; ok;H
csufrSm
(1) ta&SUtm&Swu
dk pf pf
(2) Armhvw
G v
f yfa&;
(3) tkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ \ vkyif ef;
tpDtpOfwkdYjzpfonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 14-10-42»

13 atmufwkdbm 1942 Armhum
uG,af &; ppfwyfAv
dk rf LS ;MuD;atmif
qef; ysO;f rem; ppfausmif;ukd ppf
aq;Munfh½Ionf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 18-10-42»

15 atmufwkdbm 1942 rEÅav;
NrdKUwGif *syefbmomoifausmif;
pwifzGifhvSpfonf/
«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-y pm
280»

18 atmufwb
dk m 1942 *syefppf
bufjyefMum;a&;XmerS ]]olvQKEd rdS f
eif;a&;}} aMunmcsuf xkwjf yef
onf/
1/ ppfonftiftm;? ae&m? vIyf
&Sm;rIpaom
*syefppfwyf\
taMumif;rsm;ukd rnfoUl rQ rajym
&/
2/ wpfpw
Hk pfa,muf vmar;ygu
¤if;onf olvQKdjzpfonf/ *syef

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

ppfykvdyfodkY csufcsif;wkdifMum;&
rnf[k yg&do
S nf/

jynf acwfopftpk;d & zGiyhf t
JG crf;
tem; usi;f yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-10-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 29-10-42»

21 atmufwkdbm 1942 wkYdArm
tpnf;t½k;H 0g'jzefYa&;rSL; ocif
wifu aMunmwpf&yf xkwjf yef
&mwGif tpnf;t½k;H ukd wkYdArm
tpnf;t½k;H rsm;ESihf qif;&Jom;
tpnf;t½k;H wkYd udk aygif;pyfí zGUJ
pnf;jcif; r[kwb
f J ocifu,
dk f
awmfridI ;f MuD;rSL;cJah om wkYdArm
tpnf;t½k;H ? ocifxeG ;f tkyMf uD;rSL;
aom wkYd Armtpnf;t½k;H ? a'guf
wmbarmf BuD;rSL;cJah om qif;&J
om; 0HomEk tpnf;t½k;H rsm;udk
vk;H 0zsuford ;f apí t*Fv
f yd w
f Ydk \
aoG;cGpJ epfudk tjrpf rS EIwyf ,fjyD;
vQif acwfopfEidk if u
H dk xlaxmif
&ef ocifu,
dk af wmfridI ;f ? a'guf
wmbarmf? ocifxeG ;f tky?f ocif
jr? ocifApde?f OD;b0if;? ocif
oef;xGe;f ESihf AE¨KvOD;pdef wkYd u
OD;aqmifí wkdYArmqif;&Jom;
tpnf;t½k;H ukd topfwnf axmif
jcif;jzpfí jzpfaMumif;yg&dSonf/

jrefrmjynfacwfopftpkd;&onf
u&if-ArmcspMf unfa&; rdwq
f uf
tzGUJ ukd zGUJ pnf;í tzGUJ 0ify*k Kd¾ vf
MuD;rsm;u ajrmif;jr? rtlyif?
ykord cf ½kid rf sm;okYd vSnv
hf nfum
u&if - Arm cspMf unfa&;udpw
ö Ydk
ukd aqmif&u
G o
f nf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 23-10-42»

22 atmufwkdbm 1942 rEåav;
NrdKUwGif txufjrefrmEkid if H jrefrm

Ekd0ifbmv
2 Ek0d ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynftpd;k
& ukepf nfMuD;Muyfa&;Xmeu MuD;
rSL;í ukepf nfMuD;Muyfa&; tpnf;
ta0; usi;f yonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-11-42»

3 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
edyeG t
f oif;MuD;zGihf yGu
J si;f yonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 6-11-42»

4 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
½kyf&Siftoif;MuD;ukd wnfaxmif
onf/

«Armhacwf 6-12-42»

23 atmufwkdbm 1942 jrefrm
jynf 0g'jzefYjzL;a&;XmerS awmif
olv,form;wkYdtm;
n§mwm
axmufxm;í 1941-42 b@m
awmfEpS t
f wGuf v,fceG af wmfrsm;
pnf;Muyf aumufcHjcif;rS vkH;0
vGwjf idr;f csrf;omcGiahf y;&ef qk;H
jzwfvu
dk jf yD jzpfaMumif; aMunm
onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-11-42»

8 Ekd0ifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rKd U
usKduúpHjrif;uGif;MuD; twGif;ü
jrif;uGi;f jyefvnf wnfaqmuf
&ef tpnf;ta0;jyK vkyfonf/
&efuek f wyfuvyf(Yangon Turf
Club)trnfudk &efue
k f jrif;jydKif
toif;tjzpf zGUJ pnf;aMumif; qk;H
jzwfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 23-10-42»

atmufwkdbm 1942 ,krd t
D &l D
owif;pmwkdufu &efukefNrdKU
pywfvrf; (,ckAkdvfatmifausmf
vrf;)wGif bd½rk m&Sib
f eG ;f ac:
jrefrmowif;pmwku
d f wnfaxmif
onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 11-11-42»

10 Ekd0ifbm 1942 tmPm&Sif
*kdPf;? qif;&Jom;0HomEktzGJU?
ocifukd,fawmfrIdif; MuD;rSL;aom
wkdYArmtpnf;t½kH;wkdYu ¤if;wkdY
toif;rsm;udk zsuo
f rd ;f jyD; toif;

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»
65

66

-36-

ausmfNidrf;

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

om;rsm;tm; topfwnfaxmifjyD;
jzpfaom wkYdArmqif;&Jom;tpnf;
t½k;H okYd yg0ifMu&rnf[k aMunm
onff/ 

*syef ppftyk cf sKyfa&;½k;H u wpf
csuv
f w
T f trdeYfxw
k jf yefí &Sr;f
jynfe,f tkycf sKyfa&;½k;H wnf
axmif&ef ñTeMf um;onf/

*syef trSwf 18 wyfru &Sr;f ya'gifta&;tcif;ukd Mum;0ifajz
&Si;f ay;jyD; cspMf unfa&;pmcsKyf csKyf
qkdaponf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
91»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 252^
305»

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 311»

«vlxkOD;vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
139»

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
203-205]

n 9 em&Dtcsed w
f iG f &efuek Nf rdKU
ajrmufbufwiG f NAdwo
d Qav,mOf
av;pD;u Ak;H rsm;BuJcs&m *syefwYdk
u av,mOfypftajrmufrsm;jzifh
ypfcwfwkdufckdufonf/

24 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf aoemywd Akv
d rf LS ;
MuD;atmifqef;u wyfrawmfokdY
0ifa&muf ppfrx
I rf;&efupd Eö iS hf pyf
vsOf;í rdefYcGef;ajymMum;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»

«ol&d, 2-12-42»

&ckdifwkdif;vHk;qkdif&m wkdif;&if;
om; tpnf;t½k;H MuD;ESihf wkid ;f &if;
om; u&iftrsKd;om;toif;u
¤if;wkYd toif;rsm; zsuford ;f jyD;
wkYdArm qif;&Jom; tpnf;t½k;H okYd
0if a&muf&ef aMunmonf/ 

15 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
acwfopft
f pk;d & yxrtMudrf xD
zGiyhf JG usif;yonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 20-11-42»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
92»

16 Ekd0ifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
tpk;d &0efMuD;csKyf a'gufwmbarmff
u ArmhumuG,af &; wyfrawmf
Akv
d o
f ifwef;ausmif;okYd oGm;a&muf
ppfaq;jyD; rdeYf ceG ;f ajymMum;onf/

ppfawGNrdKUay: yso
H ef;vmaom
NAdwdoQppfav,mOfrsm;ukd *syef
wku
d af v,mOfrsm;u wku
d cf u
dk f
um NAdwo
d Qav,mOfrsm;ukd ypfcs
onf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 17-11-42»

Armhacwfowif;pm pwifxw
k f
a0&m pkpak ygif; apmifa& 800 om
xkwfa0EkdifcJhonf/ 

14 Ekd0ifbm 1942 *syefEidk if rH S
jrefrmEkid if v
H ma&mufonfh ppfao
emywdcsKyfMuD; tku
d mab (OKad aHk pwDawmfMu;D twGuf
be)u a&Tw*
aiGusyf 50000 vSL'gef;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 17-11-42»

17 Ekd0ifbm 1942 *syeftpd;k &
ESihf ,k;d ',m;tpk;d &wkYd ,k;d ',m;jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf; azmufvyk f
a&;pmcsKyff csKyfqkdonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-11-42»

20 Ekd0ifbm 1942 NAw
d o
d Q
av,mOfrsm; rEÅav;NrdKUay: Ak;H BuJ
csonf/  

19 Ekd0ifbm 1942 Ak'b
¨ mom
omoemtpnf;t½k;H
A[kXd me
taxGaxG wm0efaqmifrSL;csKyf
OD;wdavmuÓPu Ak'¨bmom
omoem tpnf;t½k;H \ t"du
&nf&,
G cf surf mS om oema&;ESihf
bmoma&;jzpfí rdpmä t*Fvyd w
f Ydk
vufxuf uuJo
h Ydk Ekid if aH &;ESihf
vk;H 0 rywfoufonfh
tjyif
tpnf; t½k;H &nf&,
G cf suf (C)
t& jrefrmjynfEiS hf wuG tm&S
wkdufMuD;\ aumif;pm;a&;ukdrl
um; bk&m;w&m;awmfEiS hf rqefU
usiaf om tcsu[
f o
l rQ aqmif
&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; aMunm
onf/

25 Ekd0ifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU?
jynfvrf; pdeAf if;qifah usmif; Armh
umuG,fa&;wyfrawmf ppfXme
csKyf½;Hk MuD;ü aeYvnf 13;00 em&D
wGif ArmhumuG,af &; wyfrawmf
ppfrljyifqifa&;½kH;XmerSL; 'kwd,
Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; zlut
l u
D *syefEiS hf jref
rmowif;pmq&mrsm;tm; awGU
qkjH yD; ArmhumuG,af &; wyfr
awmfMu;D twGuf {jyD 1 &ufrpS í
ppf o m;opf r sm; pk a qmif ; rnf h
taMumif;ESifh ArmumuG,fa&;
wyfrawmf taMumif;ukd jrefrm
bmomjzifh pDpOfxm;jyD; rsuEf mS zk;H
wGif vufeufuidk f jrefrmhppfom;

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-11-42»
67

68

-37-

ausmfNidrf;

ArmhumuG,af &;
wyfrawmf
taMumif;a[majymonf/

wpfO;D a'gif;tvHMuD;teD;wGif &yf
aeyku
H dk azmfjyxm;onfh pmtkyu
f dk
a0iSonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 2-12-42»

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-11-42»

29 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmfeiS hf tm&Svil ,frsm;
rdwq
f ufyJG usif;yonf/f

&Srf;jynfe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;½kH;ukd
awmifMuD;NrdKUwGif xlaxmifonf/ 

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
206-216]

«jrefrmhtvif; 6-12-42»

'D Z if b mv
1 'DZifbm 1942 trSwf 15
wyfrawmf ppftyk cf sKyfa&; trdeYf
ukd jy|mef;í Oya'jyKenf;ESihf
xkwjf yefaMunmenf;wkUd ukd owf
rSwfonf/

n 12; 30 em&DwiG f &efuek Nf rdKU
ajrmufykdif;okdY NAdwdoQav,mOffysH
tcsKdUcsOf;uyfvmum Ak;H BuJonf/
*syefav,mOfypf tajrmufwyfu
ypfcwf wku
d cf u
dk o
f nft
h wGuf
NAdwo
d Q av,mOfysH wpfpif; rD;
avmifysuffusonf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 253»

2 'DZifbmv 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU
aejynfawmf pnfyifa&; crf;rü
ArmhumuG,fa&; wyfrawmfu
MuD;rSL;í 22 Mudraf jrmuf trsK;d
om;atmifyGJaeY usif;yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-11-42»

26 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&; wyfrawmf ppfrjI yifqifa&;½k;H
XmerSL; 'kw,
d Akv
d rf LS ;MuD; zlut
l D
u ArmjynftoHviT ½hf rHk S Armhum
uG,fa&;wyfrawmfukd zGJUpnf;&m
wGif vku
d ef mcJo
h nfh pnf;urf;
tcsufrsm;ukd a[majymonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-12-42»

a'gufwmbarmfu wkYdArmqif;&J
om;tpnf;t½k;H e,facgif;aqmif
rsm; cefYtyfyw
JG iG f rdeYfceG ;f ajymMum;
onf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 1-12-42»

«AE¨KvOD;pdef uREkfyfwkdYtwGif;a&;(y)
pm 69»

27 Ekd0ifbm 1942 ArmhumuG,f
a&;wyfrawmf AkdvfrSL;MuD;atmif
qef;u jrefrmjynftoHviT ½hf rHk S
69

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

4 'DZifbm 1942 &efuek af ejynf
awmfwiG af tmifajrysKd;&ef twGuf
a&TbkdNrdKUawmif- rl;wl;ajrmif;\
awmifbuf? a&Tbkd-rEÅav;um;
vrf; taemufbuf&Sd ,muav;
rS atmifajr(Soil of Victory) ukd
eHeuf 9 em&DwiG f c½kid 0f ef OD;
atmif pk;d u a&Tw&l iG ;f aiGw;l &Gi;f
rsm;jzifw
h ;l í a&TMuKwfwiG f xnfh
um a&Tcsuo
f adk pwDoYdk ,laqmif
onf/

&efukefaejynfawmf cef;rMuD;ü
tm&Swu
dk f ppfyJG ESpyf wfvnf
txdrf;trSwftjzpff vlxktpnf;
ta0;yGMJ uD; usif;yonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 10-12-42»

pma&;q&mpmapmif trSwf 1
ukd pwifxw
k af 0onf/ 

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf ('k) pm
281»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 244»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf 'k pm
223-224»

10 'DZifbm 1942 ArmEkid if v
H ;Hk
qkid &f m A[krd sK;d cspt
f zGUJ csKyf Ouú|
OD;jru jrefrmEkdifiHwpf0Srf;vkH;&dS
rsKd;cspftoif;rsm;ukd zsufodrf;
aMumif; aMunmonf/

5 'DZifbm 1942
a&TbNdkrKd UrS
atmifajrukd &efukefaejynfawmf
okYd um;jzifh pwifo,faqmif
onf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf ('k) pm
263»
«jrefrmhtvif; 12-12-42»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf 'k pm
225»

13 'DZifbm 1942 *syeftrSwf
15 wyfrawmfu ppfbufqidk &f m
wpfcsufvTwftrdefYukd xkwfjyef
aMunmonf/ xkwfjyef&onfh
&nf&,
G cf surf mS rdrEd idk if t
H m; uk,
d f
xlu,
dk x
f pepfjzifh umuG,af pmifh
a&Smufvadk om pdw"f mwfudk jrefrm
jynfov
l x
l t
k m; EI;d aqmf arG;xkwf
vkad om tcsuaf Mumifh jzpfonf/
xkt
d rdeUf t& jynfoUl umuG,af &;

8 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
tpd;k & 0efMf uD;csKyf a'gufwmb
armfu &efuek Nf rdKU uefawmfMuD;
tv,fuRef;t0if0 ukef;&dyfom
Armhacwfopfausmufwidk f pku
d x
f l
rnfah e&mwGif
atmifajrysK;d í
tkwjf rpfcs tcrf;tem; jyKvyk f
onf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 10-12-42»
70

-38-

ausmfNidrf;

vkyftm;ay;tzGJU (Armh0efxrf;
tzGUJ csKyfMuD;) zGUJ pnf;&efjzpfonf/

NAdwo
d Qwyfrsm;ESit
hf Ed ,
d´ wyfrsm;
&ckid jf ynfe,f&Sd armif;awmESihf bl;
oD;awmifNrdKUrsm;ukd odrf;ykduf
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfa&;acwf pm 113-4»
«vlxOk ;D vS owif;pmrsm;u ajymwJh
ppf t wG i f ; Armjynf (wwd , wG J )
rEÅav;? MuD;yGm;a&;ykEH ydS ?f 1968? pm
121/ aemifu;dk um;vQif vlxOk ;D vS ppf
twGif;Armjynf-w [kneT ;f rnf»f

[Burma Struggle Vol .I PXLV]

18 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
acwfopftpd;k & jyefMum;a&;0ef
½k;H rS ,k;d ',m; - jrefrm rD;&xm;
vrf; azmufvyk &f ef acR;ESi&hf if;&
onfh tvkyo
f rm;wyfMuD; wnf
axmifrnf[k aMunmonf/
tvkyo
f rm; 20000 vkt
d yfrnfh
taMumif;? tvkyform;rsm;&&dS
rnfh vpm? aetdr?f aq;0g;ponfh
tcGit
hf a&;rsm; azmfjyjyD; tvkyf
orm;wyfoYdk 0ifa&muf&ef EI;d aqmf
onf/

15 'DZifbm 1942 &Sr;f apmfbmG ;
rsm; uGezf &ifu
h sif;y&m *syefpf pf
aoemywd AkdvfcsKyfBuD; tD;'g;
wufa&mufí &Sr;f apmfbmG ;rsm; rdrd
e,frrd d jyefítkycf sKyf&ef cefYtyf
vTmay;tyfonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 31-12-42»
«jrefrmhtvif; 1-1-1943»

16 'DZifbm 1942 &efuek Nf rdKU
ql;avbk&m;vrf;&dS *ifZmyG½J w
Hk iG f
*syeffpma&;q&mrsm;ESifh jrefrmpm
a&;q&mrsm; rdwq
f uf vufzuf
&nfyJG usif;yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-12-42»

OD;bapm (0efMuD;csKy\
f twGi;f
0ef) Ouú|tjzpf yg0ifaom
,k;d ',m; - jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf;
azmufvkyfa&;twGuf tvkyf
orm; pkaqmif; apmifah &Smufa&;
tzGUJ Mud;D zGUJ pnf;onf/ ,k;d ',m;jrefrm rD;&xm;vrf; azmufvyk &f
jcif;\ t"du&nf&G,fcsufav;
&yfrmS 1/ ,ckwu
kd v
f suf&aSd om r[m 

«jrefrmhtvif; 18-12-42»

17 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmEkid if H
acwfopftpk;d & wGzJ uf 0efMuD;
ocifjrtm;
jynfxaJ &;0efMuD;
tjzpf cefYtyfonf/
«jrefrmhtvif; 23-12-42»

71

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

onf jyKvyk o
f \
l *kPu
f o
dk mru
jrefrmwpfrsKd;om;vkH;\ *kPfukd
xdckdufapEkdifojzifh tpkd;&twGif;
0efrsm;? XmetoD;oD;rS ñTeMf um;
a&;0efrsm;ESihf c½kid ef ,f w&m;Xme
tMuD;tuJrsm;onf xkdtjyKtrl
rsm;jyKvyk jf cif;ukd cGirhf jyK&ef trdeYf
xkwfonf/

tm&SppfyMJG uD;wGif *syef atmifjrif
rItwGuf txl;ta&; Mu;D aom
vufeuf? cJ,rf; rD;ausmufrsm;
ukd tjrefq;Hk enf;jzifh o,f,yl Ydk
aqmifay;&ef/
2/ jrefrmEkid if H xGuu
f ek f 0ifuek f
rsm;ukd tjrefq;Hk o,f,yl Ydkaqmif
a&mif;0,fEkdif&ef/
3/ jrefrmEkid if EH iS hf tjcm;Ekid if rH sm;
vG,u
f pl mG r[mrdwcf spfMunfa&;
jyKvkyfEkdif&ef/
4/ ppf'PfaMumifh jrefrmvlrsK;d
rsm;qif;&JMuyfwnf;ae&m rD;&
xm;vrf;azmufvyk jf yD;vQif jrefrm
jynfcsrf;om<u,f0vmap&efwkdY
jzpfonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-12-42»

jrefrmacwfopftpkd;&jyefMum;
a&;0efu jrefrmacwfopftpkd;&
onf jynfojl ynfom;wkYd\tusK;d
ukd txl;Munfh½Ivkyfukdifvsuf&dS
jyD; tpk;d &onf tvkyo
f rm;rsm;
twif;tMuyf pkaqmif;aejcif;ukd
csucf si;f &yfqidk ;f vku
d af Mumif;? OD;
bwiftm; &du©maxmufyefYa&;
t&m&dt
S jzpf cefYtyfjyD; oHjzLZ&yf
&dS tvkyo
f rm; 6000 ukd apmifh
a&Smuf&ef apvTwv
f u
dk af Mumif;
aMunmonf/ 

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf ('k) pm
282-285»
«pma&;q&mpmapmiftrSwf4 1943?
pm 54»
«jrefrmhtvif; 18-12-42»

19 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmacwf
opftpk;d &
0g'jzefYcsad &;XmerS
ausnmcsuf wpf&yfxkwfjyef&m
wGif tpk;d &½k;H udprö sm;ESihf ywfouf
í tpk;d &t&m&drS sm;ESihf qufq&H m
wGif vufatmufi,fom;rsm;ESifh
jynforl sm;u t&Sib
f &k m;? ocif
MuD; ponfjziho
f ;Hk EIe;f um bdeyf
cRwf? ykqpf'l;wkyfxkdifjcif;rsm;

«jrefrmhtvif; 19-12-42»

20 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmacwf
opftpdk;& 0g'jzefYcsda&;ñTefMum;
a&;0ef½kH;rS wkdif;oljynfom;wkdY
tm; &efow
l Yk\
d toHviT hf a[m
ajymcsuf r sm;uk d tvsif ; em;
raxmif&ef wm;jrpf ydwyf ifvu
dk f
onf/ ppft&m&drS sm;\ axmufcH
72

-39-

ausmfNidrf;

cGijhf yKcsuf r&aom a&'D,ydk idk &f iS f
rsm;? tok;H jyKolrsm;tm; MuD;av;
aom tjypf'Pfc&H rnf[k aMu
nmonf/

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

27 'DZifbm 1942 &Jabmfo;Hk
usdyf0if AkdvfvusfmESifh rcifvS
vufxyfonf/

Zef e 0g&D v
1 Zefe0g&D 1943 atmifajrwnf
&m Xmejzpfaom uefawmfBuD;
apmif;wGif atmifajreif;yGJBuD;
usif;yonf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 1-1-43»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
309-310»
«jrefrmhtvif; 29-12-42»

31 'DZifbm 1942 Armh0efxrf;
tzGUJ csKyf tpnf;ta0;udk twGi;f
0efrsm;½k;H (,ck0efMuD;rsm;½k;H ) ü
usif;yonf/ tpnf;ta0;wGif
Armh0efxrf; tzGUJ csKyf tzGUJ cGiJ ,f
rsm;rS aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;ukd toD;
oD; tpD&ifcw
H ifjyonf/ 0efMuD;
csKyfa'gufwmbarmfu Armh0ef
xrf;tzGJUcsKyfMuD;onf ArmhEkdifiH
w0Sr;f vk;H ESihf oufqidk af pí ppf
0wå&m;rsm;ukd oGeo
f ifvrf;jya&;
ESihf ppfab;'kuo
© nfrsm;? olc;dk ?
"m;jyESihf tjcm;t"r®v,
k ufrrI sm;
ukd umuG,f apmifah &Smufa&;
twGuf wm0efcH zGUJ pnf;jcif;jzpf
aMumif;? Armh0efxrf;pdw"f mwfrsm;
ukd jrefrmwkdif;tm; tpGrf;ukef
oGwfoGif;ay;&rnf jzpfaMumif;
ajymMum;onf/

&efukefNrdKUay:okdY NAdwdoQav
,mOfysrH sm; tjrifrh S yso
H ef;vmjyD;
&efuek Nf rdKU ajrmufbufoYdk Ak;H rsm;
BuJcsonf/ 

«jrefrmhtvif; 22-12-42»

26 'DZifbm 1942 jrefrmjynf
tpk;d &tzGUJ ###BOT_TEXT###efMuD;csKyf a'gufwm
barmftrd af wmfwiG f vlMuD; 23OD;
pnf;a0;um Armh0efxrf;tzGUJ csKyf
MuD;^0 wyf «The Circle Army»
zGUJ pnf;&ef qk;H jzwfonf/ tzGUJ
csKyfwGif 0efMuD;csKyfa'gufwm
barmfu Ouú|jzpfjyD; ta&SUtm&S
wku
d v
f il ,frsm; tpnf;t½k;H (Arm
Ekid if )H Ouú| OD;A*sr;f u twGi;f
a&;rSL;tjzpf aqmif&Gufonf/

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
307-309»

«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-w pm
167»
«jrefrmhtvif; 27-12-42»
«Armopfpmapmif twGJ 1 trSwf 1
1943? pm 26»

73

1

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-1-43»

bD½rk m&Sib
f eG ;f aeYpOf owif;
pmukd *syefbmomjzifh xkwfa0
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»

9
2 Zefe0g&D 1943
0efMu;D csKyf
a'gufwmbarmf tdrw
f iG f trsK;d
orD; Armh0efxrf; tzGUJ csKyfudk
wnfaxmifonf/ a':cifrrarmf
u Ouú|? a':cifjru twGi;f a&;
rSL; tjzpf aqmif&u
G o
f nf/

4

«Armhopfpmapmif twGJ 1? trSwf 1?
1943 Mo*kwf pm 27»

14 Zefe0g&D 1943 wku
d sKNd rdKUwGif
A[kdppfOD;pD;XmecsKyfESifh tpdk;&Xm
ersm; qufo,
G af &; tpnf;ta0;
wpf&yfusi;f yonf/ tpnf;ta0;
wGif ]]r[mta&SUtm&Swu
dk f ppfyJG
MuD;xajrmufatmifjrifa&; twGuf
jrefrmjynftm;vGwv
f yfaom Ekid f
iHtjzpf tqift
h wef; wk;d jrifah y;
rnfhtpDtpOf}}rlMurf;ukd aqG;aEG;

3

74

-40-

ausmfNidrf;

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0Sr;f vk;H \ taemufbuf cHwyf
MuD;wpfck jzpfonfEiS t
hf nD *syef
Ekid if \
H MoZmatmufwiG f quf
vufí xm;&daS p&rnf/ &efow
l Ydk
jyefvnf wkdufckdufvmzG,f&m
taMumif;&dSaom ,ckuJhokdYaom
tcsdefrsKd;ü jrefrmjynfolrsm;\
pdww
f iG f *syefudk rvkv
d m;aom
qE´ ay:vmygu &efow
l Ydk tm;
tusK;d jzpfxeG ;f vmrnfrmS rkcsrvGJ
yif/ a'gufwmbarmfacgif;aqmif
aom jrefrmjynfov
l x
l k taygif;
wkYd rmS ppfyMJG uD;pwifjzpfymG ;csdeu
f
wnf;u *syefbk&ifwyfrawmf
tm; tzufzufrS 0kid ;f 0ef;ulnMD u
onf/ e,fcsJUt*Fvyd t
f m; qefY
usií
f vGwv
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f rJ S
vkv
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MunfndKav;pm;í jrefrmjynf
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vyfa&;ay;ygu jrefrmjynfol
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H m; ykí
d
cspfcif &if;ES;D tm;uk;d MujyD; tul
tnDyí
dk ay;Muvdrrhf nf/ þokYd
tultnD&jcif;jzifh r[mta&SU
tm&S omwlnrD Q twlw;dk wuf

MuD;yGm;a&;e,fajr\ taemuf
buf&Sd yifrcHwyfMuD;ukd ckid Nf rJpmG
xdrf;odrf;Ekdifvdrfhrnf/ wpfcsdef
wnf;ü *syefEidk if \
H &Si;f vif;jywf
om;aom aqmif&GufcsufaMumifh
w&m;rQwí MunfjzLaom *syef
wkdY\pdwf"mwfukd vufawGUjyo
Ekid v
f rd rhf nf/ xkjd yif tdE,
d´ jynfol
vlx\
k vGwv
f yfa&;vIy&f mS ;rIudk
vnf; EI;d qGí tm;ay;&ma&muf
vdrrhf nf/ þonfwYdkudk axmuf
aomf *syefEidk if o
H nf jrefrmEkid if H
tm; vGwfvyfa&;ay;a&; tpD
tpOftwGuf vkt
d yfaom tcsed f
ukd pOf;pm;í wwfEidk o
f í jrefjref
vGwv
f yfa&; ay;&rnf/ vGwv
f yf
a&;ay;rnfhaeYtjzpf jrefrmjynf
tkyfcsKyfa&;½kH; (jrefrmtpkd;&tzGJU)
zGJUpnf;wnfaxmifonfh wpfESpf
ywfvnf txdr;f trSwaf eY jzpf
aom Mo*kwfv 1 &ufaeYukd
aemufq;Hk xm;í pDpOfaqmif&u
G &f
rnf/ þokYd jrefrmjynftm; vGwf
vyfaom Ekid if t
H jzpf jr§iw
hf ifay;
jcif;jzifh &eforl sm; jyefvnf wku
d f
cku
d rf vmrD tcsed üf jrefrmjynfudk
ykí
d ckid cf NH rJNrHpmG xde;f odr;f csKyfuidk f
Ekdifatmif MudK;pm; aqmif&Guf&
rnf/ jrefrmEkid if o
H nf vGwv
f yf
aom Ekid if t
H jzpf usio
hf ;Hk aqmif
75

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;

&GuEf idk pf rG ;f tjynft
h 0 &do
S nf[k
rqkEd idk af pumrl *syefEidk if \
H tm;
ay;ulnDrIjzifh ukd,fhrif;ukd,fhcsif;
vkyu
f idk af qmif&u
G Ef idk rf nf jzpf
aMumif; ,kMH unfonf[k yg&dS
onf/ tpnf;ta0;rS jrefrmjynf
tm; vGwv
f yfaomEkid if t
H jzpf t
qift
h wef; wk;d jr§iahf y;rnfh tpD
tpOfudk twnfjyKonf/

tpnf;ta0; wGif jrefrmEkid if t
H m;
,ckEpS t
f wGi;f vGwv
f yfa&;ay;
rnf[k aMujimonf/
«Armhacwf 30-1-43»
[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945:
P133]

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 359361»

24 Zefe0g&D 1943 &efuek Nf rdKUukd
NAdwo
d Qav,mOfrsm; wku
d cf u
dk &f m
*syefav,mOfysHrsm;u vkdufvH
wkdufckdufouJhokdY av,mOfypf
tajrmufrsm;jzifhvnf; wkdufckduf
onf/
«Armh a cwf o wif ; pm 27-1-43/
aemifu;dk um;vQif Armhacwf [kñTef;
rnf/»

*syef eef;&if;0ef
[da';uDwkd*sKd

26 Zefe0g&D 1943 &efuek Nf rdKUukd
r[mrdwf av,mOfysrH sm; vm
a&muf AkH;BuJwkdufckdufonf/

14; 30em&DwiG f &efuek Nf rKd U *syef
ppf½;Hk csKyfü *syeftpk;d & uk,
d pf m;
jrefrmEkid if H 'kw,
d ppfaoemywd
Akv
d cf sKyf emum (Lt-Gen Naka
d if H 0efMu;D csKyf
Eitaro ) u jrefrmEki
a'gufwmbarmftm; *syeftpkd;&
onf jrefrmEkid if t
H m; ,ckEpS f 

«ol&d, 28-1-43»

28 Zefe0g&D 1943 *syefEidk if H
eef;&if;0ef [da';uDw*dk sKd (Hideki
df
Tojo 1885-1948) u 81 Mur
ajrmuf *syeftxufvTwfawmf
76

-41-

ausmfNidrf;

rmEkdifiHawmf 0efBuD;csKyftrSL;&dS
aom 0efMuD;rsm;\ tpnf;ta0;
u aMunmpmwrf; xkwjf yef
onf/

twGif; vGwfvyfa&;ay;rnf[k
aMunmaMumif; ajymMum;onf/
«vlxOk ;D vS ppfwGif;Armjynf-'k pm
334»
«jrefrmhtvif; 10-2-43»

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-2-43»

OD;ode;f azjrifEh iS hf ocifwifa&TwYdk
tdE,
d´ Ekid if eH ,l;a'vDjrdKUrS w½kwf
Ekid if H csKu
H if; (Chung King ) NrKd UokYd
av,mOfjzifh oGm;a&mufonf/

15 azaz:0g&D 1943 tdE,
d´ Ekid if H
ppfaoemywdcsKyf AkdvfcsKyfMuD;a0
bJvfu tdE´d,EkdifiHppfXmecsKyf
vufatmufwiG f jrefrmEkid if jH rdKUjy
tkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ uufpbD (Civil
Affairs Service, Burma)(CASB)
ukd zGUJ pnf;wnfaxmifonf/ 

«ode;f azjrifh ppftwGif;c&D;onf pm
187-191»

azaz:0g&Dv

[Burma Struggle Vol .I . P. XLV]

1 azaz:0g&D 1943 NAdwo
d Q
av,mOf 7 pif; &efuek Nf rdKUay:
vma&muf Ak;H BuJ&m ql;avapwD
awmfay:okdY wkduf½kdufAkH;usoGm;
ojzifh rkcfwpfckysufpD;oGm;onf/
4 azaz:0g&D 1943 *&dww
f m;
at;&Sm; (The Greater Asia)ac:
tm&Swu
dk Mf uD;owif;pmukd t*Fvyd f
bmomjzifh wpf&ufjcm; pwif
xkwfa0onf/

18 azaz:0g&D 1943 tdE,

EkdifiH a'vD&dS NAdwdoQtaxGaxG
XmecsKyfonf ¤if;wkYd wyfrsm; jref
rmEkdifiHrS qkwfcGmpOfu u&if
awmifwef;a'owGif ae&pfcahJ om
NAdwo
d QAv
dk rf LS ; qD;*&if;rf (MajorHugh Seagrim)\owif; od&
&ef Akv
d b
f ausmfEiS hf u&iftrsKd;
om; ok;H OD;tm; awmifit
l eD; av
xD;jzifh qif;oufaponf/

« jrefrmhtvif; 7-2-43»
«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 245»

[Grandfather Longlegs pp 101104]

5 azaz:0g&D 1943 jrefrmEkid if H
ukd aemuftusq;Hk ,ckEpS t
f wGi;f
vGwv
f yfa&;ay;&ef *syeftpd;k &u
ay;aom uwdEiS hf ywfoufí jref

23 azaz:0g&D 1943 NAw
d o
d Qav
,mOfwkdYu a&Twd*kHapwDawmf\
wpfpdwfwpfa'ojzpfaom ae&m
ukd Ak;H BuJomG ;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 4-2-43»

«jrefrmhtvif; 27-2-43»
77

*syefacwf&ufpGJorkdif;
[Burma Intelligence Bureau,
Burma During the Japanese Occupation Vol II. Simla Goverment
of India press. 1944.P 110 hereafter cited as Burma During the
japanese Occupation Vol II]

*syeftrSwf 15 wyfrawmfu
wpfcsufvTwf trdefYxkwfjyef
onf/ xkYdtrdeYft& ppfbuf? tkyf
csKyaf &;bufEiS hf jynfow
l Ydky;l aygif;
jyD; &efuek Nf rdKU avaMumif; wku
d f
cku
d rf I ab;tEÅ&m,f umuG,af &;
aumfrwD zGUJ pnf;onf/ 

24 azaz:0g&D 1943 0efMuD;csKyf
a'gufwmbarmfu jrefrmEkdifiHü
NAdwo
d Qtyk cf sKyaf &;
ysuo
f nfh
tcsdeu
f pí acwfopftyk cf sKyfa&;
wnfaxmifonfu
h mvtwGi;f jyK
vkyaf qmif&u
G cf ahJ om udprö sm;ESihf
ywfoufí
tcsKUd yk*Kd¾ vw
f Ydktm;
tjypf'PfrS vGwfjidrf;csrf;omcGifh
ay;&ef wpfcsuv
f w
T t
f rdeYf xkwf
jyefonf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 115^
287»

rwf v
1 rwf 1943 ,k;d ',m; jrefrm
rD;&xm;vrf;azmufvkyfa&; wyf
zGUJ 0ifrsm;? ppftyk cf sKyfa&;OD;pD;Xme
ESihf tkycf sKyaf &;½k;H wkYrd S oufqidk f
&mt&m&dS rsm;ukd trSwf 15 wyf
rawmf XmecsKyfoYdk ac:aqmifí
vkyftm;ay;tzGJU (acR;wyf) zGJU
pnf;a&;ukd aqG;aEG;onf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 5-3-43? 18-5-43»

NAdwo
d Qppfav,mOfysHonf &Sr;f
jynfawmifykdif;e,fESifh taemuf
ajrmufawmifay: ysHoef;vmjyD;
avxD;orm; 6 a,mufukd av
xD;jzifh cs&m t&yfom;rsm; 0kid ;f
zrf;ojzifh 3 OD;aoum usef 3
OD;tm; *syefppfbufoYdk tyfEHS
onf/ 

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 278»

2 rwf 1943 *syef trSwf 15
wyfrawmf wpfcsuv
f w
T t
f rdeYfjzifh
]],kd;',m;-jrefrm qufoG,fa&;
rD;&xm;vrf;azmufvyk af &;twGuf
vkdtyfaom vkyftm;ay;tzGJUrsm;
zGUJ pnf;a&;ESihf apvTwyf Ydkaqmifa&;
tpDtpOfudk csrSwo
f nf/

«jrefrmhtvif; 6-3-43»

26 azaz:0g&D 1943 oHjzLZ&yf
2 rkdifcGJtuGm ,kd;',m;-jrefrm
rD;&xm;vrf; pwif&m uke;f jrifüh
vGrf;apwD (,cif&efajyvGrf;ap
wD) ukd wnfjyD;pD;onf/

«*syefppftkyfcsKyfa&;acwf pm 278»

«oifhb0r*¾Zif; 1974 'DZifbm»
78

[Japanese Military Administration, Documents, 1941-1945: PP
232-236]

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