FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
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Item HS+ Code 5304_c
Group Name Crops
Item FAO Code 800
Item Name Agave Fibres Nes
Definition Including inter alia: Haiti hemp (Agave foetida); henequen (A. fourcroydes); ixtle, tampico (A. lecheguilla); maguey (A. cantala); pita (A. americana); Salvador hemp (A. letonae). See 789. The leaves of some agave varieties are used for the production of alcoholic beverages, such as aquamiel, mezcal, pulque and tequila. Prunus amygdalus; P. communis; Amygdalus communis. Produced mainly in Mediterranean countries, the United States and Asia. Include: anise (Pimpinella anisum); badian or star anise (Illicium verum); caraway (Carum carvi); coriander (Coriandrum sativum); cumin (Cuminum cyminum); fennel (Foeniculum vulgare); juniper berries (Juniperus communis). Seeds and berries from the various plants listed. They are normally used as spices, but also have industrial (e.g. in distilleries) and medicinal applications. Malus pumila; M. sylvestris; M. communis; Pyrus malus. Prunus armeniaca. Areca, betel nut (Areca catechu). Produced mainly in the Far East. Areca nuts are used mainly as masticatory. These nuts contain alkaloids (arecoline and arecaidine). Cynara scolymus. Asparagus officinalis. Persea americana. Bambara groundnut, earth pea (Voandzeia subterranea). These beand are grown underground in a similar way to groundnuts. Musa sapientum; M. cavendishii; M. nana. Bananas are normally eaten raw. Trade figures may include dried bananas. Data should be reported excluding the weight of the central stalk. Hordeum spp.: two-row barley (H. disticum) six-row barley (H. hexasticum) four-row barley (H. vulgare). Tolerates poorer soils and lower temperatures better than does wheat. Varieties include with husk and without (naked). Used as a livestock feed, for malt and for preparing foods. The roasted grains are a coffee substitute. Phaseolus spp.: kidney, haricot bean (Ph. vulgaris); lima, butter bean (Ph. lunatus); adzuki bean (Ph. angularis); mungo bean, golden, green gram (Ph. aureus); black gram, urd (Ph. mungo); scarlet runner bean (Ph. coccineus); rice bean (Ph. calcaratus); moth bean (Ph. aconitifolius); tepary bean (Ph. acutifolius). Only species of Phaseolus should be included, though several countries also include certain types of beans. Commonly classified as Vigna (angularis, mungo, radiata, aconitifolia). In the past, these species were also classified as Phaseolus. Phaseolus and Vigna spp.. For shelling. Including inter alia: blackberry (Morus nigra); loganberry; white, red mulberry (M. alba; M. rubra); myrtle berry (Myrtus communis) huckleberry, dangleberry (Gaylussacia spp.). Other berries not separately identified. In some countries, some or all of the berries listed previously are reported under this general category. European blueberry, wild bilberry, whortleberry (Vaccinium myrtillus); American blueberry (V. corymbosum). Trade data may include cranberries, myrtle berries and other fruits of the genus Vaccinium. Brazil, Para or cream nut (Bertholletia excelsa).
Almonds, with shell Anise, badian, fennel, corian.
Crops Crops Crops
515 526 226
0808.10_a 0809.10_a 0802.90ab
Apples Apricots Arecanuts
Crops Crops Crops Crops
366 367 572 203
0709.10 0709.20 0804.40 0713.90ad
Artichokes Asparagus Avocados Bambara beans
Beans, green Berries Nes
Brazil nuts, with shell Broad beans, horse beans, dry Buckwheat
Vicia faba: horse-bean (var. equina); broad bean (var. major); field bean (var. minor). Fagopyrum esculentum (Polygonaceae). A minor cereal cultivated primarily in northern regions. Buckwheat is considered a cereal, although it does not belong to the gramineous family. Chinese, mustard cabbage, pak-choi (Brassica chinensis); white, red, savoy cabbage, Brussels sprouts, collards, kale and kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea all var. except botrytis). Phalaris canariensis. Minor cereal normally used as bird feed. Ceratonia siliqua Carob-tree, locust bean. Includes also seeds. Mainly used as an animal feed and for industrial purposes. Rich in pectin.
Cabbages and other brassicas
Canary seed Carobs
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C. Includes headed broccoli. cedrata). Unroasted chicory roots. and the stems of the clove flowers. whether whole. utilissima). trade data include these crops. Ricinus communis. robusta.20
Chick peas Chicory roots Chillies and peppers. Produced mainly in East Africa.fao. (arabica. dyed or rendered absorbent. Manioc. Cucumis sativus. dry Cranberries
0707. The thickened.tree flowers. including whole or broken.90_b
1801. duracina). some countries report cereals under this commodity heading that are classified individually by FAO. cassia). wild rice (Zizania aquatica). fructescens. oxycoccus). Pimenta officinalis. quihuicha or Inca wheat (Amaranthus caudatus). myrtifolia). sativa.90_a
Citrus fruit. Mature nuts are consumed as such. M.60
Chillies and peppers.10
Cauliflowers and broccoli Cereals. rapifera).aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
0706. Caryophyllus aromaticus.90cd 0904. C. dulcis). M. subvariety cauliflora and cymosa.19_a
0901.20 0709. Manihot esculenta.90ad
Anacardium occidentale. cinnamon fruit and cinnamon waste (chips).00_a
0810. It is not traded internationally in its fresh state because tubers deteriorate very rapidly.20aa 0713. adlay or Job's tears (Coix lacryma-jobi). yuca dulce (M. or processed for copra or desiccated coconut.40_d
Cottonseed Cow peas. Valued mainly for their oil. Cowpea. heart cherry (var. esculenta and the latter M. blackeye pea/bean (Vigna sinensis. vulgaris. The flesh. from which copra/oil is extracted. Red and cayenne pepper. Trade data may include blueberries. Sometimes bitter and sweet cassavas are referred to as separate species. Capsicum annuum. paprika. In contrast. Mazzard.40
Crops Crops Crops
191 459 689
0713. M. sativum. Coffea spp. Bengal gram.00
Cucumbers and gherkins
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. fleshy stem below the cashew nut. provided they are fresh. Chickpea. Castanea spp. dry
0801. green Coir
5201. but this is incorrect since the toxicity varies according to location. garbanzos (Cicer arietinum).FAOSTAT
Carrots and turnips Cashew nuts. Cocos nucifera Husked coconut. Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum).31_a
Anacardium occidentale. myrtle berries and other fruits of the genus Vaccinium. Horium intybus.3_b 0810. crushed or ground. juliana).10_a
0709. For trade coverage see 789. Dolichos sinensis). Young cassava leaves are eaten in some areas of Africa as a vegetable. C. botrytis. bleached. Used for extracting oil. Production data exclude crops cultivated explicitly as spices. with shell Cashewapple
Daucus carota. Fibres from ginning seed cotton that have not been carded or combed. C. The seeds contained in the fruit of the cacao.90cc
1207. In shell. nes
1008. Because of their limited local importance. citron (C. Brassica oleracea var. kumquat (Fortunella japonica). yuca (Manihot esculenta. C. The inner bark of young branches of certain trees of the Laurus family. Including inter alia: canagua or coaihua (Chenopodium pallidicaule). Ground seedcakes are used as fertilizers (castor oil pomace). utilissima. raw or roasted.
0907. chillies (Capsicum frutescens. uncrushed and unground. medica var. green
0906. Trade data also include fibres that have been cleaned. vesca.00aa
Crops Crops Crops
329 195 554
1207. Including inter alia: bergamot (Citrus bergamia). chinotto (C. syn. The whole fruit of the clove tree. covered by the endocarp. while exocarp (the smooth outer skin) and mesocarp (the fibrous covering) are removed.org/DesktopDefault. A semi-permanent crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions.1_a 5305. American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon). Eugenia caryophyllata. liberica). which is used in pharmaceutical products. Cassava is the staple food in many tropical countries. The oil content is about 36% of the flesh. constitutes 40-70% of the weight of the husked coconut. the former being M. palmata.30_a
Castor oil seed
0704. Includes cinnamon. Jamaica pepper (Pimenta officinalis). Raw coffee in all forms. annuum). hard-fleshed cherry (var. India and Brazil. Other cereal crops that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. palmata. Trade data may include turnips (Brassica rapa var. Some minor varieties of citrus are used primarily in the preparation of perfumes and soft drinks. Cerasus avium).tree. Produced mainly in Europe and Asia. sweet cherry (Prunus avium.: C. When soft it is used for jam. Chinese. Theobroma cacao. syn. Uncrushed or unground fresh pimentos are considered to be vegetables. allspice. common cinnamon. cassia (C. Gossypium spp. Coir fibre is obtained from the fibrous covering of the mesocarp. European cranberry (V. mandioca.1_a
Coffee. Immature nuts contain a milky juice that is consumed as a refreshing drink. including the flowers picked before maturity and dried in the sun. Cocos nucifera.10
chicle gum (Achras zapota). C. groundnuts in shell are converted at 70% and reported on a shelled basis.
0804. a yellow resinous powder that covers the hop cones.20 0910. mombin (Spondias spp.). Including inter alia: balata (Manilkara bidentata).
0804. custard apple (Annona spp.30_a
Black (Ribes nigrum). Includes fresh. Phoenix dactylifera. hog plum. gigantea). tamarind (Tamarindus indica). which can either be used for the production of fibre or for other purposes. bowstring hemp (Sansevieria spp.aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
0810. loquat (Eriobotrya japonica). guava (Psidium guajava). Ribes grossularia. jelutong (Dieva costulana). fresh or dried. For trade data. Other fibres that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. Trade data include raw. service-apple (Sorbus domestica).fao. Humulus lupulus. some countries report fresh fruit under this heading that are classified separately by FAO. passion fruit (Passiflora edulis). Broken. litchi (nephelium litchi). FAO has used this commodity to identify production in its raw state. the primary agricultural product is the commodity 771. Stipa tenacissima). Allium sativum. iburua). This plant is cultivated for seed as well as for fibre. mamey colorado (Calocarpum mammosum). Including inter alia: azarole (Crataegus azarolus). Rhizome of a perennial herb. in reality. New Zealand flax (Phormium tenax). pomelos) Grapes Groundnuts. S. palma ixtle (Samuela carnerosana). The fibre is obtained from the stem of the plant. white or red currants.30_b
0805. durian (Durio zibethinus). pomegranate (Punica granatum).10_a 1202.). hackled etc.org/DesktopDefault. paradisi.21_a
Figs Flax fibre and tow
1008. A minor cereal of importance only in West Africa where it is eaten in place of rice during famines. mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana). Arachis hypogaea. An annual herbaceous that is cultivated for its fibre as well as its oil. For trade coverage see 789. rose hips (Rosa spp. dates and papayas are reported under this general category. Extracted from the latex of trees of various species. Includes fresh and dried fruit. prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica). carambola (Averrhoa carambola). rubrum). Other tropical fresh fruit that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. combed fibre. ceara (Manihot glaziovii). Includes lupuline.50_b
Fruit. In some countries mangoes. The seeds are cooked by steaming the whole grain.10_a
Vitis vinifera. Produced mainly in Mediterranean countries and the United States. gutta-percha (Palachium gutta). Cannabis sativa. esparto (Lygeum spartum.30
Dates Eggplants (aubergines) Fibre Crops Nes
5305. black fonio or hungry rice (D.20_a 5301. scutched. mammee (Mammea americana). In instances where the fibrous part is normally used for other purposes. Trade data may sometimes include gooseberries.9aj
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0802. fuque fibre (Furcraea macrophylla). data cover only those fibres intended for spinning. Although similar to rubber in many ways. but not spun.FAOSTAT
http://faostat. babaco (Carica pentagona). cherimoya. Cannabis sativa. medlar (Mespilus germanica). longan (nephelium longan).
4001. Mainly used in the brewing industry to give flavour to beer. pineapples. cainito (Chrysophyllum spp. tow and waste. Because of their limited local importance. Zingiber officinale. Trade data may sometimes include black. stalks or fruit of the plant. Hop cones. some countries report vegetable fibres under this commodity heading that are classified individually by FAO.90_d
Fruit Fresh Nes
0804. natural gums are usually less elastic. rowanberry (Sorbus aucuparia). Also called aubergines. powdered or in the form of pellets. star apple. tropical fresh nes
0703. red and white (R. with shell Hemp Tow Waste
1207. feijoa (Feijoa sellowiana). provisionally preserved or dried. Traditionally.9ag
Grapefruit (inc. sapote. Mauritius hemp (F. naranjillo (Solanum quitoense). grandis. Including inter alia: breadfruit (Artocarpus incisa). Digitaria spp. Solanum melongena. elderberry (Sambucus nigra). caroa (Neoglaziovia variegata). whether or not ground. jujube (Zizyphus jujuba). Simmondsia californica (syn. Corylus avellana. From the shrub or small tree of the Buxaceae family. guayule (Parthenium argentatum). Ficus carica.). avocados. chinensis). Because of their limited local importance. In major producing countries oil is extracted from the seeds. jackfruit (Artocarpus integrifolia).10 0709. The fibre is obtained from the leaves. Includes both table and wine grapes. Other fresh fruit that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. sapodilla (Achras sapota). scutched. rambutan (nephelium lappaceum).). Citrus maxima. with shell Gums Natural
1207. whereas ginger preserved in sugar or syrup is excluded. exilis). tree-strawberry (Arbutus unedo). pawpaw (Asimina triloba). retted.90_c
Including inter alia: alfa.10
0810.: fonio or findi (D. It also is used for making beverages.
5305. The fruit of kapok contains fibre and seeds.9ae
Kapokseed in Shell Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Kiwi fruit Kolanuts
1207. Saccharata variety is commonly known as sweet corn. witloof chicory (Cichorium intybus var. saccharata. and Tuber magnatum. The dried leaves of certain shrubs of the holly family which grow in South America.90af
0709. mace (Myristica fragrans). koda or ditch millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum). white mustard seeds.50_a 0713. Kola. liquid weight is converted to dry weight at 60%. finger or African millet (Eleusine coracana). sweet lime (C. grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta). Includes stabilized or concentrated latex and prevulcanized rubber latex. Produced mainly in Africa.50_a
Mangoes. millets are used in traditional beer brewing.FAOSTAT
http://faostat. mangosteens. Includes truffles. chives (A. This plant is cultivated for seed as well as for fibre.20_a
1008. including both fresh and dried. other alliaceous veg Leguminous vegetables. which FAO treats as primary crops. foliosum). mace and cardamoms
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. A grain with a high germ content. common. hybrid and ordinary maize should be reported separately owing to widely different yields and uses. olitorius). B. limetta). Sinapis nigra).00
1207. particularly var. Bombacaceae. Mace is the net-like membrane between the outer
0903. C. Actinidia chinensis. Hevea brasiliensis Latex. Including inter alia: Boletus edulis.90
Leeks. Agaricus campestris.fao. hambury. guavas and mangosteens. cola. Small-grained cereals that include a large number of different botanical species. Used locally. Black mustard seeds also yield oil and are processed into flour that is used mainly in pharmaceutical products.40 0705
Lemon (Citrus limon). An annual herbaceous that is cultivated for its fibre as well as its oil.6% caffeine. In addition to the oil extracted from them. The fibre is obtained from stalks of certain banana trees. foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Much used in Europe and America in the production of beverages. A. Linum usitatissimum Flaxseed. Originated by the domestication of wild African grasses in the Nile valley and the Sahel zone. White mustard (Brassica alba. Lactuca sativa. Indian corn. In trade figures. Also used as a feed for birds. though in some parts of Africa and in Latin America some varieties are cultivated for human food. At the national level. tow and waste. vera. Sudan cola nut (Cola nitida. golden or proso millet (Panicum miliaceum). For shelling. black mustard (Brassica nigra.9ab 1008. Malaguetta pepper. aurantifolia). crispa).90aa
0703. In all areas where they are cultivated. Cultivated or spontaneous. Morchella spp. These cereals tolerate arid conditions and possess a small. Sinapis alba). Ervum lens. Used primarily for feed. Mangifera indica. containing 2. (Allium varieties except those of 402. nes Lemons and limes Lentils Lettuce and chicory Linseed
0708. but in trade is usually classified with wheat. Including inter alia: barnyard or Japanese millet (Echinocloa frumentacea).50 0802. both as a food and as a livestock feed. C. Lens esculenta.4 to 2.
1204. carded or combed for spinning.90_a
Crops Crops Crops
497 201 372
0805. mealies. Ilex paraguayensis.5_a
Mushrooms and truffles Mustard seed
0709. red jute. Used largely for animal feed and commercial starch production. Amomun aromaticum. other cardamons (Aframomum angustifolium. The liquid secreted by the rubber tree.00_a
0713. Lupinus spp. Zea mays Corn. may be processed into flour for food use.org/DesktopDefault. endive (C. yarn waste and garnetted stock and may include jute-like fibres. Includes seeds of other Cucurbitaceae. 403 and 406).2_a
Musa textilis. are commonly chewed by the local population.
4001. endivia var. Zea mays. Ceiba pentandra. Maize harvested green for food. Prepared in a way similar to tea. ragi. green
Maize. Ceiba pentandra. Kola nuts. teff (Eragrostis abyssinica). cluster cardamon (Elettaria cardamomum). guavas Manila Fibre (Abaca) Maté
Nutmeg. endivia var. acuminata). millets were subsequently taken to China and India. Nutmeg. Cucumis melo. schoenoprasum). Production data refer only to the nut contained in the fruit although the pulp around the nut is also edible. The mixture wheat/rye is known as meslin. Nutmeg is the inner brown kernel of the fruit of the nutmeg tree. Trade data cover only fibres that have been crushed.. A mixture of cereal species that are sown and harvested together. escarole chicory (C. Trade data cover raw or processed jute (but not spun). pearl or cattail millet (Pennisetum glaucum). A. latifolia). For trade coverage see 789. highly nutritious grain that stores well. Vicia faba. sour lime (C.aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
White jute (Corchorus capsularis). cardamomum). Leeks (Allium porrum). tossa (C. The soft shell is approximately 40-50% of the total weight of the nut. other alliac. Trade figures may include dried mangoes.
onions (A. (Carapa guineensis). Chinese olives (Canarium spp. Bitter oranges are used primarily in the preparation of marmalade. Includes whole. sativ. butter or swarri nut (Caryocar nuciferum). sinuata). Abelmoschus esculentus. Indian flax (Abroma augusta). Also called gombo. true hemp and true jute.90aa 0703.19
Other melons (inc. Perennial climbing vines. pignolia nut (Pinus pinea). The oil palm produces bunches containing a large number of fruits with the fleshy mesocarp enclosing a kernel that is covered by a very hard shell. Also included under this code are tea seeds. This definition covers all textile fibres extracted from the stems of dicotyledonous plants. bitter orange (C. shallots). Diospyros kaki: D. food and other industries. Other nuts that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. Obtained from the mesocarp of the fruit of the oil palm by pressure.). Includes onions at a mature stage. For trade coverage see 780. Carica papaya. arvense). nes Including inter alia: pecan nut (Carya illinoensis). macadamia nut (Macadamia ternifolia). cajan pea. Other oilseeds. Hibiscus esculentus. green
0703. sabdariffa).). Produced mainly in the Near East and the United States. Other pome fruit not separately identified. (Pongamia glabra). dry Oranges
0807. Queensland. Avena spp. welsh onions (A. U. mirabelle. Cardamon seeds are enclosed in the capsule produced by perennial herbs of the Zingiberaceae family. Crops 234 0802.30_a 0802. Elaeis guineensis. oleaginous fruits and nuts that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level.30
Papayas Peaches and nectarines Pears Peas.: M.90ac Nuts. Musa paradisiaca. sloe (P.FAOSTAT
http://faostat.(Croton tiglium). Makes excellent fodder for horses. Trade figures may include dried pineapples. Java almond. Ananas comosus. while white pepper is from fully ripe berries which have had the outer hull removed. Used primarily in breakfast foods. malva. paradise or sapucaia nut (Lecythis zabucajo). longum). sweet orange (Citrus sinensis).(Jatropha curcas).10aa
Seeds of the oil palm..90aa 0804. Garden pea (Pisum sativum). Olea europaea.(Aleurites moluccana). FAO considers palm oil (coming from the pulp) and palm kernels to be primary products. Data should be reported excluding the weight of the central stalk Greengage. but not dehydrated onions.90cb 0709. Shallots (Allium ascalonicum).(Shorea robusta). Because of their limited local importance. Pigeon pea. Including inter alia: China jute (Abutilon avicennae).00a
1207. Mostly for shelling. spinosa). o/t flax. Prunus persica.20_a 0713. Pisum sativum.
0807. Amygdalus persica. long pepper (P.(Perilla frutescens).podded peas or sugar peas.(Guizotia abyssinica). ramie.10ab
Oil palm fruit
1207.10 0708. Common. (Licania rigida). grape pips and tomato seeds from which oil is extracted. Generally known as a cooking banana. Babassu kernels (Orbignya speciosa) are often reported as palm kernels. aurantium).)
0709. kenaf. Leaves and flowers are used in the perfumery. pili nut.20 0809. Includes table olives and olives for oil. mainly Avena sativa. damson (Prunus domestica). Cucumis melo.90_d
Crops Crops Crops Crops Crops
587 197 574 223 489
1004. paka (Urena lobata. white pepper (Piper nigrum). Allium cepa. Black pepper is produced from partially ripe berries.10_b 0805. Congo bean (Cajanus cajan).11
Pepper (Piper spp. Congo jute. crushed or ground berries. nes
5 di 12
. some countries report commodities under this heading that are classified individually by FAO. but including edible. cepa).90ab
Plums and sloes Pome fruit.90aa 0713. meshta (Hibiscus cannabinus).. Nes
Crops Crops Crops
430 260 402
0709. Persica laevis. and from 4 to 10% for palm kernels. Because of their limited local importance.9ak
Oilseeds. dry Peas. and also by solvent from the residues of the pressure extraction.10
Pyrus communis.(Bassia latifolia). A. pears and quinces are reported under this general category. spreading paniclebearing large spikelets.aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
shell and the kernel.40_a 0810. piperita. The oil extraction rate from a bunch varies from 17 to 27% for palm oil. Includes onion sets.50_a 0803.cantaloupes) Palm kernels
Onions. In some countries apples. Mentha spp. Young onions pulled before the bulb has enlarged. fistulosum). Pistacia vera. rosella hemp (H.10_a
Okra Olives Onions (inc. green
Crops Crops Crops
521 187 417
0808. virginiana. sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea). used especially in salads. some countries report nuts under this heading that are classified individually by FAO.00_b
Persimmons Pigeon peas Pineapples Pistachios Plantains
0809. Includes inter alia: beech nut (Fagus sylvatica). field pea (P.org/DesktopDefault. A plant with open.
Including inter alia: arracacha (Arracacoa xanthorrhiza). Valued mainly for its oil. Cucurbita spp.90_b
Pumpkins. Other tubers. quinoa is cultivated primarily in andean countries. topinambur (Helianthus tuberosus). A minor cereal. guar bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba). paddy
0714. P. durra. Lint content ranges from 30 to 40%. which tolerates high altitudes. mainly oryza sativa.FAOSTAT
http://faostat. Sorghum spp.20_b
1207. angulatus). milo. The most important oil crop. When fed to livestock. Agave sisalana. Because of their limited local importance.
1207. etc. but also as a food. Includes marrows. Also widely consumed as a bean and in the form of various derived products because of its high protein content.90ae
Pulses. The source of opium.90_b
0810. Solanum tuberosum Irish potato. This heading also includes curry powder and other mixtures of different spices. It is desirable to report hybrid and other varieties separately.: Unginned cotton. Sisal fibre is obtained from the leaves of the plant. Papaver somniferum. Cerasus acida. nes
0709.20_b 1201. dura). other than those included in 176 and 195 Other pulses that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. China grass. yam bean (Pachyrrhizus erosus). vulgare).org/DesktopDefault. Mainly used in making bread. It also is used as an ornamental plant.00_a
1207. Including inter alia: lablab or hyacinth bean (Dolichos spp. nes
Roots and Tubers. guineense). Vigna spp. Chenopodium quinoa (Chenopodiaceae). Because of their limited local importance. turmeric (Curcuma longa). as well as in bakery products and other food preparations. everta.). A grain that is tolerant of poor soils. Sesamum indicum.90ac
5305. Also known as rice in the husk and rough rice. either raw or roasted.70
6 di 12
. Sorghum is a major food grain in most of Africa. Used mainly for human food. Jerusalem artichoke. Trade figures may include New Zealand spinach (Tetragonia espansa) and orache (garden) spinach (Atriplex hortensis). saffron (Crocus sativus). Carthamus tinctorius. jicama (Pachyrxhizus erosus. Grown for both seed and for fibre.00_a
Sour cherries Soybeans
0910. soya milk. poppy seeds are also used in baking and confectionery. including yarn waste and garnetted stock. Used for food and to make chicha.). nes
1207. sago palm (Metroxylon spp.20_b 1008. yam bean. some countries report pulses under this heading that are classified individually by FAO. Gossypium spp. that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. Ubus idaeus. A cereal that has both food and feed uses. mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum). a fermented beverage. jack or sword bean (Canavalia spp. fungicides and similar products.9aa
Spices. velvet bean (Stizolobium spp. fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum-graecum). FAO considers cottonseed.40_a
1007. some countries report spices under this heading that are classified individually by FAO.
0808. oleifera. mulberries and loganberries (a cross between the raspberry and blackberry). roots or rhizomes. squash and gourds Pyrethrum. Oryza spp. prepared for spinning. Prunus cerasus. feterita. Includes leaves.9aa
0713. For trade coverage see 780 Brassica napus var. Glycine soja. C.. japonica.g. Older varieties are rich in Erucic acid. Spinacia oleracea. white ramie (Boehmeria nivea). stems and flowers. Ramie fibre is obtained from the bast of the plant. cotton lint and linters to be primary products.). Including inter alia: bay leaves (Laurus nobilis). tenacissima). e.10_a
Rice. some countries report roots and tubers under this commodity heading that are classified individually by FAO. winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus). which is considered unhealthy. Trade data may include blackberries. but primarily in the northern hemisphere. For insecticides.: guinea corn (S. dill seed (Anethum graveolens). and tow and waste. and linters 2 to 5% though they are not always separated. Rice grain after threshing and winnowing.90
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. C. high latitudes and altitudes. arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea). Minor uses include as a human food and as poultry feed. Secale cereale. fresh. kaoliang (S. Valued mainly for its oil.Dried
1211. where it is also used in traditional beer brewing. Valued for its oil. jowar. green ramie (B.aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
Zea mays var.). common. rhea. Because of their limited local importance. kaffir corn (S. it is generally mixed with other grains.. A variety of maize that is eaten after the kernels have been heated and have "popped". thyme (Thymus vulgaris). seed 55 to 65%. meat. Trade data cover fibres that are raw. oca and ullucu (Oxalis tuberosa and Ullucus tuberosus). vulgaris. Other spices that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. chufa (Cyperus esculentus). whisky and beer. Cydonia oblonga.fao. A seasonal crop grown in temperate zones all over the world.
Camellia sinensis. FAO considers vegetable tallow and stillingia oil to be primary products (see below).99ab
Sugar crops. scorzonera (Scorzonera hispanica). parsnips (Pastinaca sativa). Jugland spp. unmanufactured Tomatoes Triticale
0702. a stiff glutinous dough. nes
1206. satsuma (C. A minor cereal that is a cross between wheat and rye. peaches. radish (Raphanus sativus). spelta).fao. taro. Fragaria spp. stenocarpa). parsley (Petroselinum crispum). Stillingia sebifera). rutabagas. celery (Apium graveolens).00_a 1008. cardoons (Cynara cardunculus). water and hops. Minor uses include as a human food and as feed for birds. At the national level. In some producing countries.).20_b 1212. new cocoyam.90ac 0802. Includes green tea (unfermented).00
Tung Nuts Vanilla
0706. tannia (X. cress (Lepidium sativum). black tea (fermented). V. pompona. The FAO definition differs from the main international classifications in that it includes non-alcoholic beer. Spring/common vetch (Vicia sativa). durum) spelt (T.90ac
Stone fruit. Taro (cocoyam)
0714. Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum. chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium). Helianthus annuus. clementine. Including inter alia: sugar maple (Acer saccharum). Non-malted cereals may also be used.91_a
Strawberries String beans Sugar beet
1212. Including inter alia: bamboo shoots (Bambusa spp. In some producing countries.11 1001_a
0714. tangerine (Citrus reticulata). savory (Satureja hortensis). Valued mainly for its oil. The principal edible yams are widely grown throughout the tropics. swedes (Brassica napus). Used mainly for human food. Because of their limited local importance.: common (T. Phaseolus vulgaris.90_ba
2203. Other vegetables that are not identified separately because of their minor relevance at the international level. marjoram. Yautia is grown mainly in the Caribbean and is used for food. either directly as food or in the form of juice. capers (Capparis spinosa). nectarines and plums are reported under this general category. Ipomoea batatas. Common and durum wheat are the main types.10 0708.
Crops Crops Crops
544 423 157
0810. Trade data cover both fresh and dried yautia. Vanilla planifolia. beets. Not for shelling Beta vulgaris var.31_a
Vetches Walnuts. A. regia.10_a
Vegetables fresh nes
0713. hard and soft. marginal quantities are consumed. eddoe. In West Africa they are consumed mainly as "fufu". Aleurites cordata. Saccharum officinarum. production is to be expressed in liquid equivalent. different varieties should be reported separately. sugar palm (Arenga saccharifera). Among common wheat. unshiu).90_bb
Dasheen. chards (Beta vulgaris).: J. horseradish (Cochlearia armoracia). A starchy staple foodstuff. some with edible tubers and others with edible stems (also called aroids)..00_a
0714. including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped.20_a
1207. or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped. apricots. fennel (Foeniculum vulgare). Used mainly for human food. Trade data cover both fresh and dried yams. Triticum spp. Valued mainly for their oil. crushed or ground.. nes
Other stone fruit not separately identified.FAOSTAT
http://faostat.. clem. Taro is grown throughout the tropics for food. aestivum) durum (T.99aa
1212. particularly in the United States. Includes minor sugar crops of local importance. Xanthosoma spp.org/DesktopDefault. Borneo tallow tree (Shorea aptera. Used mainly for animal feed. oyster plant (Tragopogon porrifolius). Thea assaamica. marginal quantities of sugar cane are consumed.00
Beer of Barley
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. Trade data cover both fresh and dried taro. sorrel (Rumex acetosa). In the case of saps. Produced in temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. Beverage that may be alcoholic or non-alcoholic that is made from fermented malted cereals (mainly barley). Trade data cover fresh and dried tubers. Dioscorea spp. Includes whole. Thea sinensis.90_a
0714. Grown wild and cultivated. either directly as food or in the preparation of jams. rhubarb (Rheum spp. Citrullus vulgaris. with shell Watermelons Wheat
0807. combining the quality and yield of wheat with the hardiness of rye. In some countries. Lycopersicon esculentum. and red and white. the main varieties are spring and winter. A seasonal crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions.9ai 0905. Mandarin. whether or not sliced or in the form or pellets. some countries report vegetables under this heading that are classified individually by FAO. altissima.20_a
Tangerines. sweet (Majorana hortensis). normally eaten as a vegetable. Unmanufactured dry tobacco. watercress (Nasturtium officinale). boiled.). S. and partially fermented tea. baked or fried. old cocoyam(Colocasia esculenta).90ae
1207. Several plants are included in this group. sweet sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum). fordii.aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
0810. sagittifolium). reflecting their different uses. mandarins. soybean sprouts tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus). Excludes green tea eaten as a vegetable. Nicotiana tabacum. Aroids cultivated for their edible starchy corms or underground stems.
Tobacco. ocumo. The fruit (or bean) of a climbing plant of the orchid family. cherries.9ad
0805. Vigna spp. malanga.
Has both food and industrial uses.1_a
Obtained by pressure extraction. A by-product of the extraction or refining of beet or cane sugar or of the production of fructose from maize.fao. salt. chamois. Shortening is a product similar to margarine.
1513. American bison (Bison bison). reindeer. Tibetan yak (Poephagus grunniens). Data are expressed in thousands. sex.
1515. Apis mellifica.
0106. Obtained from the kernel of the nut of the fruits of the oil palm by pressure in two or three stages at different temperatures.
Crops processed Crops processed
Olive oil. A. Obtained by solvent extraction from the beans.9_b
Sugar Raw Centrifugal Sunflower oil
The sum of codes 158 and 159. Arabian camel (C. Equus asinus.
Crops processed Crops processed Crops processed Crops processed Live Animals
1701. See 866. eggs. Used for feed. Obtained either by pressure or by solvent. Sometimes the oil is also extracted by solvent from the residue of the pressure extraction. The fat content of margarine and shortening varies from 70 to 90%.10
Margarine is made principally from one or more hydrogenated vegetable or animal fats or oils in which is dispersed an aqueous potion containing milk products.2_a
Extracted from germ by pressure or by solvents. indica. The residue from this process is then exposed to a solvent. See 1057. feathers and skins. Fibres from ginning seed cotton that have not been carded or combed. e. Common ox (Bos taurus). Trade data also include fibres that have been cleaned. Canola oil is produced from new varieties of rapeseed.20aa
1512. beeffalo (cross between a bison and a domesticated beef animal). Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus). Used for extracting oil. Seeds of the oil palm. Has both food and industrial uses.1_b
1515. humped ox (Bos indicus). Obtained by pressure extraction for food use.10aa
Crops processed Crops processed
1512. dorsata. See 866. A beehive is an artificial habitation for bees.2_a
Palm kernel oil
Crops processed Crops processed Crops processed
1207. Indian. fortified and dessert wines. including sparkling. arnee. Used mainly as a food. Anas spp. African buffalo (genus Syncerus). Olive oil is the only vegetable oil that can be consumed without refining. Obtained from olives by mechanical or other physical means. and also by solvent from the residues of the pressure extraction.org/DesktopDefault. zebu.
Crops processed Crops processed Crops processed Crops processed
1515. Used mainly in non-food items.90_f
Animals Live Nes
Live Animals Live Animals
0101. See 866. industrial alcohol. Data are expressed in number of heads.aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
Crops processed Crops processed
1513. alcoholic beverages and ethanol.1_a
Obtained by pressure extraction.
Wines of fresh grapes of all qualities. Oil recovered with solvent from the residues of the pressure extraction is used for industrial purposes. B. dromedarius). Processed further to obtain refined sugar. food. Gossypium spp. antelope. Shortening and compound fats are used primarily for baking and frying. bleached. or purpose raised.2_a
Obtained first by pressure extraction from the kernels of cotton seeds.. deer. flavouring agents and other additives.20_a 0106.1_a
Coconut (copra) oil Cotton lint
Obtained by pressure from copra and by solvent from the residues of pressure extraction. Obtained from the mesocarp of the fruit of the oil palm by pressure. ostrich. Babassu kernels (Orbignya speciosa) are often reported as palm kernels. Used mainly for food. Domesticated birds only. Any other animal grown for meat. Fowl (Gallus domesticus). Animals of the genus listed. but with a higher animal fat content. Mainly for food use. Obtained by pressure or solvent extraction.90_a
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1517. European bison (Bison bonasus). Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris. Asiatic ox (subgenus Bibos).00aa
Crops processed Crops processed
http://faostat. dyed or rendered absorbent. Excludes wild bisons and buffaloes. A. Used mainly for food. Asiatic. regardless of age. Used mainly for food. B. water buffalo (Bubalus bubalus. pigmy. Including oil of babassu kernels. florea.50
Obtained by pressure extraction in two or three stages at different temperatures. A. depressicornis).
Kashmir and Angora. huanacos (guanaco>).10_d
0401. Includes other insect waxes as well.. Both adult and young animals. The substance bees use to build the hexagonal cells of the combs of beehives. See 1057..90aa
0104. a hinny is the offspring of a female ass and a male horse (stallion). in shell (Number) Honey. Equus caballus. Meleagris gallopavo. Various species of Lama: e.20_b
0208. in shell
0407. glama pacos (alpaca). Fresh. natural Honey produced by bees (Apis mellifera) or by other insects. Domestic pig (Sus domestica). Pyrenaica. Fresh. Bighorn.e. pheasant. fresh
Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary
0207. Fresh. pigeon (Columba livia).). chilled or frozen. Hair from flanks included in 1219. Including inter alia: partridge (Alectoris rufa). whole. See 882 and derived products. pasteurized. Used for production data only.90_d
0106. fresh Camel meat
See 882 and derived products. Production data refer to raw milk containing all its constituents. See 1057. Karakul and Astrakhan. chilled or frozen. vicugna (vicu¤a).20_e
Camel milk. with bone inor boneless. Both adult and young animals. Includes hinnies.org/DesktopDefault. sterilized or other-wise preserved. e.20_d
Goat milk. whether fresh.. nes
See 919. homogenized or peptonized.00a
Meat and offals of wild animals.00
Includes hair of the manes and tails of equine and bovine animals and waste therefrom. fresh Goatskins
4103. whole. whole. whole.20_a
Cow milk. turtle dove. peruana (llama).10_a
Meat of goats and kids.aspx?PageID=384&lang=en
Geese and guinea fowls Goats
Anser spp. Includes Hircus.
Sheep Turkeys Beeswax
0208. lac and Chinese wax. Includes Uriel. Nubiana. Argali..
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. See 866. chilled or frozen.
Live Animals Live Animals
0101_a 0101. chilled or frozen. See 866. Ovis spp. Other Birds Pigs
0106. Includes only those used mainly for meat. May include domesticated hares (Lepus spp. chilled or frozen.
Green hide or skin as removed from the carcass of the animal (adult bovine). See 866.90ac
Bird meat. i.32_b
Goose and guinea fowl meat Hair of Horses
Fresh. chilled or frozen.
0401. Rodents used mainly for fur skins are included in Code 1169. Meat of bovine animals. with bone in or boneless. Data are expressed in thousands.
0204. See 1057. Mules are offspring of a male ass and a female horse (mare). fresh Cattle Hides
See 882. wild boar (Sus scrofa).
0201. May include all types of poultry meat ifnational statistics do not report separate data.1_a
0401. Data are expressed in thousands. etc. See 866. See 866. quail (Coturnis spp. Tibetana. Trade data normally cover milk from any animal.). with bone in. and refer to milk that is not concentrated. See 866. fresh.
0207. Ibex. Weight in shell.00a
Hen eggs. See 866.fao. Guinea pig. chilled or frozen. Excludes non-domesticated wild boars.
Fresh.10 0105_b 1521.90_b
Pigeons.g. Commontrade names are beef and veal. chilled or frozen. Oryctolagus cuniculus.FAOSTAT
http://faostat. chilled or frozen.20
0407. Both are sterile. whether fresh. See 866.1_c
Rabbits and hares
Live Animals Live Animals Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary
976 1079 1183
chilled or frozen. Fresh.90_a
Meat of Other Rod
Pigeons. whether fresh. turtle dove.90_b
Meat Oth Camelids Offals Nes
0204. chilled or frozen. chilled or frozen. quail (Coturnis spp. etc. chilled or frozen.50_a
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. chilled or frozen. Fresh.2_d
See 919. whole. with the bone in.00b
Meat of sheep and lamb.00_aa
0208. chilled or frozen.90_ax
0201. marine mammals.90ad
Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary
Meat of Asses
Meat of Mules
0208. Both adult and young animals.11_a
Fresh. of domestic or wild pigs (e.24_a
0201. with bone inor boneless. chilled or frozen.90_ba
Indigenous Ass Meat Indigenous bird meat.11_a
0207. May include hare meat.10_ba
0208. Other Birds Rabbit meat
0208. fresh Sheepskins
4102.in shell Other bird eggs.in shell (Number) Pig meat
Weight in shell. nes Indigenous Buffalo Meat Indigenous Camel Meat Indigenous Cattle Meat Indigenous Chicken Meat Indigenous Duck Meat Indigenous Geese Meat Indigenous Goat Meat Indigenous Horse Meat Indigenous Mule Meat Indigenous Other Camel Indigenous Pigmeat Indigenous Rabbit Meat Indigenous Rodents Indigenous Sheep Meat Indigenous Turkey Meat Meat nes Including frog legs. Fresh. Including inter alia: partridge (Alectoris rufa).fao.).32_aa
Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary
0205. chilled or frozen. chilled or frozen.
0106. pigeon (Columba livia).whether fresh. See 1057. wild boars).org/DesktopDefault.90_aa
0204. pheasant. but which are notreported separately.00b
Other bird eggs.21_aa
0207. Some countries includeunder this heading meats that are listed above. etc.
0407. See 882 and derived products.10_aa
0207. chilled or frozen.
Milk from which most of the fat has been removed. Same as 894. Foreign trade data are expressed in silk equivalent. chilled or frozen.2_a
Milk Whole Dried
Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed
Rendered fats of animals other than pigs. beaver.10
Skins With Wool Sheep Snails. pickled or otherwise preserved.
Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed
Butter of Bufmilk
Butter of Goat Mlk
0405. dried. May contain added sugar or other sweeteners.
1501. with wool on.99_b
Milk Skimmed Cond Milk Skimmed Dry
Same as 889.60
0207. Includes also anhydrous butterfat or butter oil.20_a
Ghee. but does not include carded or combed wool. but applied to skim milk. Normally sucrose is added to give the product stability and bacteriological safety.10_c
Butter. salted or in brine. reelable Skin Furs
Silkworm cocoons suitable for reeling.5% fat content.
Silk-worm cocoons. granules or other solid forms.
Milk Whole Cond
Milk and cream from which water has been partly removed after heat-treating and concentrating.
0307. excluding tallow oil or stearine.org/DesktopDefault.FAOSTAT
http://faostat. shorn and pulled wool (from slaughtered animals).20_b
Ghee Oil of Buf
0405. That portion of milk which is rich in milk fat and is separated by skimming or centrifuging.Ghee of Sheep Milk Cheese of Bufmilk
Cheese of Goat Mlk Cheese of Sheep Milk Cheese of Skimmed Cow Milk Cheese of Whole Cow Milk Cream Fresh May include some whole milk. Not Sea
Sheep and lamb skins (excluding 1002). May include some skimmed milk. Emulsion of milk fat and water that is obtained by churning cream.treated to render it bacteriologically safe and stable.30_a
Used in both food and animal feed. In form of powder. High-value raw skins. Milk and cream from which water has been completely removed by various methods. Not thrown.
Butter Cow Milk
A natural fibre taken from sheep or lambs.
Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary Livestock Primary
5001. Includes fleece-washed.
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Milk Skimmed Evp Milk Skm of Cows
0402.fao. chilled. but from skim milk.
Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed Livestock Processed
Curd of milk that has been coagulated and separated from whey.1_a
Milk Whole Evp
0402. limed. which is 25% of their weight.10_c
Whey paste.Butteroil of Cow Milk Lard
Butter from which the water has been removed. Trade data cover butter from the milk of any animal.
4102. Normally does not exceed 1. Fresh.00
Obtained by reeling the filaments from cocoons.
1502. frozen. fox. Milk and cream from which the water has been partly removed and which has been heat. Very common in hot countries.10_a
Same as 897. but applied to skim milk. Rendered pig fat.90_a
A fermented milk food.fao.org/DesktopDefault.FAOSTAT
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