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January 5, 2009 — jiteshdua SALE – IMG ALE Configuration root WE20 – Manually maintain partner profiles BD64 – Maintain customer distribution model BD71 – Distribute customer distribution model SM59 – Create RFC Destinations BDM5 – Consistency check (Transaction scenarios) BD82 – Generate Partner Profiles BD61 – Activate Change Pointers – Globally BD50 – Activate Change Pointer for Msg Type BD52 – Activate change pointer per change.doc object BD59 – Allocation object type -> IDOC type BD56 – Maintain IDOC Segment Filters BD53 – Reduction of Message Types BD21 – Select Change Pointer BD87 – Status Monitor for ALE Messages BDM5 – Consistency check (Transaction scenarios) BD62 – Define rules BD79 – Maintain rules BD55 – Defining settings for IDoc conversion WEDI – ALE IDoc Administration WE21 – Ports in Idoc processing WE60 – IDoc documentation SARA – IDoc archiving (Object type IDOC) WE47 – IDoc status maintenance WE07 – IDoc statistics BALE – ALE Distribution Administration WE05 – IDoc overview BD87 – Inbound IDoc reprocessing BD88 – Outbound IDoc reprocessing BDM2 – IDoc Trace BDM7 – IDoc Audit Analysis BD21 – Create IDocs from change pointers SM58 – Schedule RFC Failures Basic config for Distributed data: BD64: Maintain a Distributed Model BD82: Generate Partner Profile BD64: Distribute the distribution Model
The statuses which can be archived and those that cannot be archived are stored in the ―Status maintenance‖ table. You can change the standard settings.3 SD Transaction Codes. Tags: IDOC. 6 Comments » IDOC / BAPIs December 28. 2007 — jiteshdua There is no special deletion program for IDocs. Restore RSEXARCL RSEXARCB is similar to RSEXARCA except for the selection screen. EDI and ALE. Archive RSEXARCA and RSEXARCB (as of Release 3. Posted in ABAP. an external program invokes a BAPI that gets data from SAP to display or updates data in . EDI and ALE. Delete RSEXARCD 3. That is. 3 Comments » Deletion / Archiving of IDOCs December 28. 2007 — jiteshdua There are many differences between IDOCs and BAPIs.1 are synchronous.+ they can be asynchronous (and I believe they then drive certain ALE/IDOCs).Programs: RBDMIDOC – Creating IDoc Type from Change Pointers RSEOUT00 – Process all selected IDocs (EDI) RBDAPP01 – Inbound Processing of IDocs Ready for Transfer RSARFCEX – Execute Calls Not Yet Executed RBDMOIND – Status Conversion with Successful tRFC Execution RBDMANIN – Start error handling for non-posted IDocs RBDSTATE – Send Audit Confirmations For testing you can use WE19 Posted in 1. control. IDOC. The following programs are available: 1. Use the archiving programs. The selection options for RSEXARCB are designed for periodic scheduling. status maintenance. IDOC. BAPIs are called from the outside-in. Menu path: Area menu ―WEDI‖. in 4. IDoc is a separate archiving class. Read archiveRSEXARCR 4. The Idoc archiving is checked against the status. BAPIs in 3.0C) 2.
. BAPIs are invokable from Java or C/C++ or Visual Basic (and I think some people are using Delphi). The ALE components are inherently integrated with SAP applications and are robust. and IDOCs were done differently by different groups in SAP. In 3. companies have to interface the ERP system with legacy systems or other ERP systems. Tags: BAPI. Visual Basic.+ SAP has added a large number. IDOC and BAPI? December 28. That’s how the BAPIs work since they utimately are sets of RFC calls (written to a design spec for BAPIs). thus reducing implementation time. Whether those are point or letter releases. ALE technology facilitates rapid application prototyping and application interface development. In 4. When a new enterprise resource planning (ERP) solution such as R/3 is implemented. IDOC. you can also use Java. BAPIs are not totally immune to upgrades but if they are to be retired you supposedly will have them supported for two releases. EDI and ALE.SAP. 2007 — jiteshdua ALE (click here for documentation) ALE is SAP proprietary technology that enables data communications between two or more SAP R/3 systems and/or R/3 and external systems. I don’t know. 2 Comments » What is the different between ALE. IDOC.1x there are very few BAPIs to use. leading to a highly reliable system. … to invoke RFCs in SAP and get or update data. I believe that IDOCs may be more changable from release to release. C/C++. BAPIs are reasonably well documented and there is a common place to look to see what is available. ALE provides intelligent mechanisms where by clients can achieve integration as well as distribution of applications and data. The BAPI concept does not include an event concept — you cannot tell SAP that when certain events happen to a ―business object‖. Posted in ABAP. IDOCs — I have heard — are poorly documented in terms of finding them. to fire a message or a file to an external system. BTW.
required inputs etc) which means you then need to update the call transaction. BAPI BAPIs provide a stable. These interfaces are being specified as part of SAP’s initiative with customers. You don’t need to worry about special data circumstances interrupting the normal data flow of the screens and causing errors because of that. If the caller is an external program it will call an RFC-enabled function in R/3 and if the calling program is the R/3 system it will call an RFC-function in another R/3-system or it will call a non-R/3 program through a gateway-proxy (usually rfcexec. programs. The interface concept of the classic R/3 is based on two different strategies: Remote Function Calls (RFC) and data exchange through IDoc message documents. RFC makes direct and synchronous calls of a program in the remote system. but very occasionally found that I could not get the BAPI to perform the update I needed. SAP has implemented the emerging Object Application Group (OAG) specifications with BAPIs. partners and leading standards organizations. . I have had some very good successes with BAPIs. Also. BAPIs are a subset of the RFC-enabled function modules.ALE comes with application distribution/integration scenarios as well as a set of tools.exe). You usually need to perform the BAPI that actually does the COMMIT after you call your BAPI. BAPI AND CALL TRANSACTION BAPI One of the big plusses for BAPIs is that the interface and function are not supposed to change. or in other words: are function modules officially released by SAP to be called from external programs. This is a big plus when you do upgrades or hot packs because the transaction can change (format. especially designed as Application Programming Interface (API) to the SAP business object. standardized method for third-party applications and components to integrate into the Business Framework. The Program coding for calling a BAPI is usually cleaner than setting up the screen flow etc for the Call Transaction. and methodologies that you can easily configure to get an interface up and running. This is just from my experience working with both BAPI and Call Transaction. BAPIs probably have better performance since they don’t do the screen flow processing. Some of the BAPIs are better documented and easier to use than others. data definitions. In general if the BAPI exists for the transaction you want to perform and you can figure out how to use it the BAPI is probably the best way to go.
IDOC. then the receiving system will store the purchase order also as a purchase order. while ALE is a mechanism to reliable replicate data between trusting systems to store a redundant copy of the IDoc data. SAP will support EDI through Intermediate documents (IDOCS). we generally speak of EDI. using a standard format over a communication network. If we send the purchase order to a supplier then the supplier will store the purchase order as a sales order. EDI and ALE are typical use cases for IDocs. the data is first packed into an IDoc and then sent to the receiving system. IDOC. However.EDI (Electronic Document interchange) – EDI is the electronic exchange of business documents between the computer systems of business partners. Advantages: Reduced Data entry errors Reduced processing time Availabilty of data in electonic form Reduced paperwork Reduced Cost Reduced inventories and better planning Standard means of communications Better business process . if we send the purchase order via ALE to another R/3 system. The significant difference between simple RFC-calls and IDoc data exchange is the fact. Posted in ABAP. ALE is basically the scheduling mechanism that defines when and between which partners and what kind of data will be exchanged on a regular or event triggered basis. Tags: ALE. where it is analyzed and properly processed. The philosophical difference between EDI and ALE can be pinned as follows: If we send data to an external partner.IDocs are text encoded documents with a rigid structure that are used to exchange data between R/3 and a foreign system. EDI is also called paperless exchange. Therefore an IDoc data exchange is always an asynchronous process. BAPI. The difference is made clear. EDI and ALE. that every action performed on IDocs are protocolled by R/3 and IDocs can be reprocessed if an error occurred in one of the message steps. Such a set-up is called an ALE-scenario. Instead of calling a program in the destination system directly. 2007 — jiteshdua EDI is nothing but Electronic data interchange. R/3 uses IDocs for both EDI and ALE to deliver data to the receiving system. when we think of a purchase order that is sent as an IDoc. 3 Comments » Difference Between EDI and IDOC December 28. While IDocs have to be understood as a data exchange protocol.
IDOC is transferred to the SAP layer 4.EDI transmission received 2.material determination.the directory path where the idoc file will be created at the operating system level.message type.Process code).and output determination. iDoc Consist of several segments.IDoc type.IDoc is transferred from SAP to Operating system layer 4. 2.One or many Status record.The message control component enables you to encapsulate business rules with out having to write abap programs.The application document can be viewed. Message Control Used in pricing.One or many Data Record 3.One Control Record.the idoc file names and the rfc desinations. Outbound process 2.account determination. Inbound process OP: 1.Port.and segments contain several fields.IDOC is generated 3. PORT: Port is used in the outbound process to determine the name of the EDI subsystem program.Idoc is converted into EDI standards 5. Partner Profile: Partner profile specified the various componets used in an outbound process ( Partner number.the mode in which it communicates with the subsystem(batch or immediate) and the person to be notified in case of errors. Each iDoc is assigned a unique number for tracking and future reference.EDI document is converted into an IDOC 3.The Edi Subsystem report status to SAP IP: 1. iDoc contains the following three type of records… 1.Edi document is transmitted to the business partner 6.Application document is created. RFC Destination: Used to define the characteristics of communication links to a remote system on which a functions needs to be executed. IDOC: IDOC is a container that can be used to exchange data between any two process. . 2.The application document is created 5.EDI has two process 1.
These computers are likely to use different hardware and/or operating system platforms. using the port definition and RFC destination specified by the customer model. An IDoc encapsulates data so that it can be exchanged between different systems without conversion from one format to another. one or more IDocs are generated in the sending database and passed to the ALE communication layer. Another SAP mechanism. which increases efficiency and decreases resource demands. Greater specificity means that an IDoc type is capable of storing only the data required for a particular transaction. After a user performs an SAP transaction.Process: Setup RFC destinations SM59 Port Destinations WE21 Partner Profile WE20 Message control NACE Purchase Order ME21 Check IDOCs WE02. such as purchase orders or invoices. An IDoc can be generated at any point in a transaction process. Tags: EDI. 2007 — jiteshdua . IDocs serve as the vehicle for data transfer in SAP’s Application Link Enabling (ALE) system. the Business Application Programming Interface (BAPI) is used for synchronous transactions. which may be an R/3. an IDoc may be generated that includes the data fields required to print a shipping manifest. IDoc types define different categories of data. 2 Comments » IDOC December 2. Posted in IDOC. For example. R/2. during a shipping transaction process. The communication layer performs a Remote Function Call (RFC). or some external system. A large enterprise’s networked computing environment is likely to connect many geographically distributed computers to the main database. EDI and ALE.WE05 Explain to me about Idoc? IDoc (for intermediate document) is a standard data structure for electronic data interchange (EDI) between application programs written for the popular SAP business system or between an SAP application and an external program. The IDoc is transmitted to the receiver. IDOC. IDocs are used for asynchronous transactions: Each IDoc generated exists as a self-contained text file that can then be transmitted to the requesting workstation without connecting to the central database. which may then be broken down into more specific categories called message types.
(SAP-to-SAP as well as Non-SAP) • IDOCs are based on EDI standards. • IDOCs are independent of the sending and receiving systems. IDOCs are stored in database. • When we execute an outbound ALE or EDI Process. In case of any conflict in data size. Data is stored in character format instead of binary format.g.What is IDOC • IDOC = Intermediate Document • IDOC is simply a data container used to exchange information between any two processes that can understand the syntax and semantics of the data. IDOC Components Basic IDOC Type (we30) • Basic IDOC Type defines the structure and format of the business document that is to be exchanged. Segments . it adopts one with greater length • IDOCs are independent of the direction of data exchange e. ORDERS01: Purchasing module : Inbound and Outbound • IDOCs can be viewed in a text editor. • IDOC Type has a – specific name – list of permitted segments – hierarchy of segments – mandatory/optional segments – minimum/maximum range of each segment. ANSI ASC X12 and EDIFACT. • Every IDOC has an unique number(within a client). • In the SAP System. an IDOC is created • In an inbound ALE or EDI process. an IDOC serves as input to create an application document.
channel it is using. is allocated by SAP – One control record is attached to the IDOC – Segments translate into data records – Status records are attached – Syntax rules are checked. Segments are reusable components. . • For each segment SAP creates – Segment Type (version independent) – Segment Definition (version dependent) – Segment Documentation • The last 3 characters is the version of the segment • Definitions keep changing as per the version but the segment type remains the same IDOC Run-Time Components • An IDOC is an instance of an IDOC Type • At run time the following events occur – A unique IDOC no. which port it is using etc. • Each IDOC has 3 parts – Control Record – Data Record – Status Record • We02 or We05 Control Record • All control record data is stored in EDIDC table. recipient information. The key to this table is the IDOC Number • It contains information like IDOC number. sender.• Segment defines the format and structure of a data record.
partner function and message type (it distinguish if an IDOC is being sent to same person in same function for different reason e. RFQ. SAP should realize that it could send doc to this vendor electronically. weekly details. It is encapsulated by a Process Code and this Process Code is assigned to a Partner in Partner Profile.. SO) Process Code Creating Outbound Process Code (WE41) • What is Process Code? Process of filling the IDOC with application data is done by Function Module.Data Record • Data record contains application data like employee header info. • We define partner type.g.e. . But. PO. • The PO is sent in the form of an IDOC to the vendor (partner). • All status record data is stored in EDID8 table.Go to Transaction WE41. delivery challan etc are some of the commonly exchanged documents through IDOCs • We create only one profile for both inbound and outbound IDOCs. • Partner profile should contain message type……to be able to exchange the IDOC. • Assigning Function Module to Process Code . Where and How IDOC is created Where and How an IDOC is created? • Lets take an example to understand this: • Whenever a Purchase Order (PO) is created we want to send the IDOC to a vendor. • Quotation. function module is not assigned to a Partner. SO. A partner profile should exist in the sap system. Partner Profile should be EDI enabled i. (Creating a vendor is not sufficient). Invoice. That partner has to be EDI enabled in that system. client details etc • All data record data is stored in EDI_DD40 table and EDI_DD Status Record • Status record are attached to an IDOC at every milestone or when it encounter errors.
• Go to “Messages” . . .Goto “Message Control” Tab and link the Message Type and Process Code created. • An IDOC will be created for the purchase order and will be dispatched to PORT mentioned. . Summary: IDOC Workflow . add the new “Message Type” to the list and Save the Purchase Order. it implies that IDOC is passed to Port.For Outbound Partner Profile we have to create Outbound Parameters . Port (create a port in WE21).Switch to “Change” Mode and click “New Entries”. in Partner Profiles.Enter the Number of Vendor Created in Partner No. .Enter Process Code Name and assign the Function Module created. Change Application Data to be transmitted • Change Purchase Order Created using transaction ME22n for the Vendor to which partner profile has been created. .Specify Partner Function.Click on Create Button. • Steps to create Partner Profile . Check the status of IDOC (WE02) • The IDOC status can be checked using transaction WE02 • If the status is ‟03‟. .Save. .. Partner Profile Creating Partner Profile (WE20) • What is Partner Profile? We must maintain the business partners with whom we communicate via IDocs.Basic Type and Output Mode. Message type created.Save the Data. and „LI‟ in Partner Type fields.Goto Transaction WE20.
• We add the segments needed as children to existing ones. • None of the Reference Segments can be deleted or changed. Based on that it checks the receiver port 7. Extension Child Segs Basic Type (ORDERS01) F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 . Checks immediate transfer or batch transfer 6. Customer knows from where it should pick up the file …. Transfer the IDOC to a port and transfer the Idoc in terms of file and it triggers the customer system 10. Then it triggers the event on subsystem/customer system 9. Whether that PP has a outbound parameter 3. Then it will trigger the RFC destination 8. Checks whether Partner profile exists or not 2.it picks up the file. Extending an Existing IDOC Type • Used in cases where some additional information is required in addition to that supplied by the Standard IDOC Type. Whether NEU message type is there or not (message control) 4. • In Transaction WE30 we create the IDOC as an Extension and specify the basic type for which it is an extension.The sequence: 1. Checks the process code (gives the name of Function module) 5.
Changing & Tables) parameters and it is should be RFC enabled. EDI and ALE. Blog Stats o 671. • IDOC views are used to improve performance in generating IDOCs to ensure only the relevant segments are filled with data. 2 Comments » Blog at WordPress.com. Export. Theme: Garland by Stefan Nagtegaal and Steven Wittens.e. • In this function module we are effectively building up a table of type EDID4 (IDOC Data table) and change the control record. IDOC Type F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Processing Logic • The processing logic associated with the IDOC is the function module that is written to handle the inbound/outbound IDOC. Tags: IDOC. • Its written just like any function module but has to follow a standard interface (i. Posted in IDOC. Import.487 hits Sapsdforum Recent Comments suseel on Remote Support . • IDOC Views are important only for Outbound Processing. which results in IDOCs containing more fields than required for a particular message type.Cannot be modified IDOC Views • An IDOC type can be used for more than one message type.
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orders01.scribd.( or use existing Process code depending upon requirement like me10 for purchase order). now attach your message type.matmas) 2. And Partner function in we20 ( required only for EDI not for ALE. port will be created) Upto this common for both ALE and EDI. create Segments in we31. See the answer in context 688 Views Average User Rating (0 ratings) Re: idoc configuration in IDES?? Guest Jul 2. 5 Give the function module. Don't forget to give the relase. idoc in we82 And save it. Create a port in we21. 4. ( outbound ) we41..com/doc/24447/SAP-R3-IDoc-Cookbook-for-EDI-and-Interfaces-byAxel-Angeli In case the link doesn't work: .Create Idoc in WE30 ( Either Basic or Extension ) . 2010 11:26 AM (in response to MM team) IDOC CONFIGURATION GUIDE: http://www. attach these segments to Idoc. which you have created for populating Idoc segments. 7. 3. Create a message type in WE81. 6. ( Even you can take already existing Idocs like cremas. in ALE automatically. Create a process code ( if inbound ) we42.
2010 2:25 PM o Like (0) Re: idoc configuration in IDES?? Guest Jul 2.Receiver RFC RFC establishment SM59 . 2010 11:22 AM (in response to MM team) 1 Logical System 2 Assign Logical system 3 RFC 4 Port 5 Customer distribution model 6 Partner profile 7 CDM distribution Tcode : SALE First 2 steps not necessary ( Basis work already done ) Two logical system created Ls110 -Sender Ls800 .Google this: "Axel Angeli SAP R/3 guide to Idoc" Edited by: Afshad Irani on Jul 2.
logical system In BD62 define the partner system (LS800) One more additional entry SYNC for synchronization . password Ports We21 – define ports TRFC – ale File – Edi CPI_C . client id Username.BD64 Sender Receiver Message type Partner profile we20 .R2 connections In the port we need to define Port name and RFC destinations And version Customer Distribution Model . BD62 Partner may be customer. vendor.Receiving system IP address or hostname System number.
> model view .> distribute BD67 – Function module assigned to the process code BD10 – used to create idoc for material Master idoc generated – only buffered .workflow MATMAS 03 – 03 is the version Collect idoc we need to trigger Transfer idoc will be send immediately With message control Which program need to run for generating the idoc With out message control For some of the programs have inbuilt idoc generation for that case no need to mention program name Process code Distribute CDM Receiving System: Partner profile is going to control all the thing BD64 .> edit .Post processing Agent .
.( or use existing Process code depending upon requirement like me10 for purchase order). now attach your message type. Don't forget to give the relase. Create a process code ( if inbound ) we42.matmas) 2.Create Idoc in WE30 ( Either Basic or Extension ) . 6. in ALE automatically. ( Even you can take already existing Idocs like cremas. 2010 11:22 AM (in response to Guest ) 1. which you have created for populating Idoc segments. 3. create Segments in we31. 4. Create a port in we21. And Partner function in we20 ( required only for EDI not for ALE. orders01. 5 Give the function module. 7. port will be created) Upto this common for both ALE and EDI.One master idoc – multiple communication idoc One communication idoc generated We02 – idoc satus o o Like (0) Correct Answer Re: idoc configuration in IDES?? Guest Jul 2. attach these segments to Idoc. ( outbound ) we41. idoc in we82 And save it. Create a message type in WE81.
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