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# Graph of Trigonometric Functions (Cosecant and Secant)

V. Graph of Cosecant
A. Graphing a Function in the Form of Procedure 1. Change to and then graph .

2. Identify the vertical asymptote. The on the sine curve correspond to the vertical asymptotes of the cosecant curve. 3. Identify the minimum point The maximum point on the sine curve corresponds to a minimum point on a continuous portion of the cosecant curve. 4. Identify the maximum point The minimum point on the sine curve corresponds to a maximum point on a continuous portion of the cosecant curve. 5. Use steps 2-4 to sketch the graph.

Example 1. Graph Solution 1. We begin our work in graphing by showing the graph of . The of corresponds to the vertical asymptotes of . Thus, we draw vertical asymptotes through the shown in figure below. Using the asymptote s as guides, we sketch the graph of

Note: The blue color is the graph of asymptotes and the red color is the graph of

## B. Graphing a Function in the Form of Procedure 1. Change to and then graph .

2. Identify the vertical asymptote. The on the sine curve correspond to the vertical asymptotes of the cosecant curve. 3. Identify the minimum point The maximum point on the sine curve corresponds to a minimum point on a continuous portion of the cosecant curve. 4. Identify the maximum point The minimum point on the sine curve corresponds to a maximum point on a continuous portion of the cosecant curve. 5. Use steps 2-4 to sketch the graph.

Example 1. Graph Solution 1. We begin our work in graphing . The asymptotes of graph of of by showing the graph of corresponds to the vertical

. Thus, we draw vertical asymptotes through the shown in figure below. Using the asymptotes as guides, we sketch the

Note: The green color is the vertical asymptotes; the blue color is the graph of and the red color is the graph of

C. Graphing a Function in the Form of Procedure 1. Change . 2. Identify the vertical asymptote. Half-way of the maximum points and minimum points on the sine curve correspond to the vertical asymptotes of the cosecant curve. to and then graph

3. Identify the minimum point The maximum point on the sine curve corresponds to a minimum point on a continuous portion of the cosecant curve. 4. Identify the maximum point The minimum point on the sine curve corresponds to a maximum point on a continuous portion of the cosecant curve. 5. Use steps 2-4 to sketch the graph.

Example 1. Graph Solution 1. We begin our work in graphing by showing the graph of

. Half-way of the maximum points and the minimum points of corresponds to the vertical asymptotes of . Thus, we draw vertical asymptotes half-way of the maximum points and the minimum points shown in figure below. Using the asymptotes as guides, we sketch the graph of

Note: The green color is the vertical asymptotes; the blue color is the graph and the red color is the graph of .

## VI. Graph of Secant

A. Graphing a Function in the Form of Procedure 1. Change to and then graph .

2. Identify the vertical asymptote. The on the cosine curve correspond to the vertical asymptotes of the secant curve.

3. Identify the minimum point The maximum point on the cosine curve corresponds to a minimum point on a continuous portion of the secant curve.

## 4. Identify the maximum point

The minimum point on the cosine curve corresponds to a maximum point on a continuous portion of the secant curve. 5. Use steps 2-4 to sketch the graph.

## Example 1. Graph Solution

1. We begin by graphing the function , where secant has been replaced by cosine, its reciprocal function. This equation is in the form with . Amplitude: Period:
The maximum is the minimum is and

## Each cycle including asymptotes, is of length

We use , , or to find the Starting with , the are each of these values of , the key points are

from

## , draw the vertical asymptotes as its guide through the

Note: The blue color is the graph of asymptotes and the red color is the graph of

## B. Graphing a Function in the Form of Procedure 1. Change to and then graph .

2. Identify the vertical asymptote. The on the cosine curve correspond to the vertical asymptotes of the secant curve.

3. Identify the minimum point The maximum point on the cosine curve corresponds to a minimum point on a continuous portion of the secant curve.

## 4. Identify the maximum point

The minimum point on the cosine curve corresponds to a maximum point on a continuous portion of the secant curve. 5. Use steps 2-4 to sketch the graph.

Example 1. Graph Solution 1. We begin our work in graphing . The asymptotes of graph of of by showing the graph of corresponds to the vertical

. Thus, we draw vertical asymptotes through the shown in figure below. Using the asymptotes as guides, we sketch the

Note: The green color is the vertical asymptotes, the blue color is the graph of and the red color is the graph of .

C. Graphing a Function in the Form of Procedure 1. Change . 2. Identify the vertical asymptote. Half-way of the maximum points and the minimum points on the cosine curve correspond to the vertical asymptotes of the secant curve. 3. Identify the minimum point The maximum point on the cosine curve corresponds to a minimum point on a continuous portion of the secant curve. to and then graph

## 4. Identify the maximum point

The minimum point on the cosine curve corresponds to a maximum point on a continuous portion of the secant curve. 5. Use steps 2-4 to sketch the graph.

Example 1. Graph Solution 1. We begin our work in graphing by showing the graph of

. Half-way of the maximum points and the minimum points of the graph corresponds to the vertical asymptotes of . Thus, we draw vertical asymptotes half-way of the minimum points and maximum points shown in figure below. Using the asymptotes as guides, we sketch the graph of

Note: The green color is the vertical asymptotes; the blue color is the graph of and the red color is the graph of .

Prepared by: Aldren B. Narzoles Twitter Account:@ aldrennarzoles Facebook Account: aldebaran_solei@yahoo.com Yahoo Account: aldren_narzoles@yahoo.com Blogger Account: lpuelearning.blogspot.com