Project Beneath Gallipoli

Premier of NSW, the Hon Kristina Keneally MP announcing NSW State Government funding support to Project Beneath Gallipoli at the ANZAC Memorial Hyde Park, Sydney, on 24 April 2010. In attendance, NSW Minister for Planning, the Hon Tony Kelly MP, Lord Mayor of Sydney, Ms Clover Moore, and Mr Don Rowe, NSW President of the Returned & Services League of NSW.

Target Area 1 – Brighton Beach – ANZAC Cove and North beach (outer sidescan sonar survey lane coverage)

Target Area 2 – Suvla Bay (total lane coverage)

Australian Project Beneath Gallipoli team members planning diving and survey operations at ANZAC Cove

Beneath ANZAC Cove – graphic image of the interface between the underwater cultural landscape and the linked terrestrial battlefield landscape. Photo: Project Beneath Gallipoli/Mark Spencer.

Detail of ANZAC Cove in 1915 – a flourishing harbour town. Australian War Memorial.

Watson’s Pier being built at ANZAC Cove. Australian War Memorial.

New historic shipwreck detected in 55 metres of water 1.3 nautical miles due east of ANZAC Cove. Photo: Project Beneath Gallipoli/Mark Spencer.

Bow view of new historic shipwreck detected in 55 metres of water 1.3 nautical miles due east of ANZAC Cove. Photo: Project Beneath Gallipoli/Mark Spencer.

AWM A02310 “large Egyptian barge “


Image from the Australian War Memorial depicting the exact barge type carrying wounded (seriously ill stretcher cases) from ANZAC cove to waiting Hospital ships. AWM C02679.

Image depicting same barge type being readied to accept wounded. Troops are laying down straw, while other bales are lined along Watson’s Pier as protection from shells. AWM A02310.

'Beachy Bill‘ - Turkish artillery battery at Olive Grove

AWM PS1491

AWM C00701


Shrapnel pellets, ANZAC Cove


Barge alongside Watson’s pier, sunk as a footing for nearby jetties. AWM C00701. Being mapped by Tim Smith, Expedition Director.

Turkish lead balls from shrapnel shells. These examples were located in the southern end of ANZAC Cove near Hells Spit. Located in same vicinity as historic photo which depicts a shell exploding.

AWM C01564

ss Milo, North Beach
AWM C01621


The North Beach wreck


Known wreck of the steamer Milo sunk as a breakwater to protect Williams Pier at North Beach. Surveyed by Project Beneath Gallipoli for the first time.

Known wreck of a steamer wrecked along North Beach and imaged by Charles Bean and the Historical Mission in 1919. Surveyed by Project Beneath Gallipoli for the first time.

AWM C01550



Project Beneath Gallipoli surveyed a number of .303 shell casings and bullets within ANZAC Cove.

Concrete barrel castings with timber post holes. Presumed to have been cast ashore and used as support piers for light weight jetties in the Hell Spit (southern) end of ANZAC Cove.

Watson’s pier piles, ANZAC Cove

Tim Smith, ANZAC Cove


Piles thought to be the remnants of Watson’s Pier inspected by team members in 2004.

Tim Smith surveying an historic shipwreck in ANZAC Cove, almost certainly a barge known from historic photographs to have been sunk as a jetty support. The famous Watson’s Pier being constructed inside ANZAC Cove by Australian Army Engineers.

Kangaroo Beach



Project Beneath Gallipoli surveyed the known landing barge in 18 metres of water off North Beach.

Project Beneath Gallipoli inspected the Royal Australian Navy Bridging Train (RANBT) base inside Suvla Bay (kangaroo Beach) and proved that vessels scuttled by them to assist the December 1915 evacuation had been salvaged since the First World War.



Project Beneath Gallipoli surveyed the known wreck in 28 metres of water inside Suvla Bay and previously incorrectly identified as a water condensing barge. The team proved in fact that it was the wreck of the British destroyer HMS Louis which ran aground in October 1915.

Detail of one of four Yarrow type steam turbine boilers on the HMS Louis wreck site.

Remains of steel pontoons most likely used by the Royal Australian Navy Bridging Train (RANBT). The first physical material related to the RAN on the Gallipoli Peninsula.

Another of the pontoon wrecks inside Suvla Bay.

New wreck off Suvla Bay detected



Sonar image of the new wreck detected in 55 metres of water off ANZAC Cove.

Sonar image of one of a number of sites detected but not yet inspected by the archaeological dive team. Probably a rubbish dump site off ANZAC Cove.



Members of the joint Turkish team undertaking the offshore sidescan sonar survey. Selcuk Kolay OAM seated centre.

Expedition Director Tim Smith (left) with Turkish team partner and documentary film maker/diver Savas Karakas (right).

Sonar surveys
Page 15


Turkish team aboard the survey vessel undertaking sonar passes.

Map of the major targets inspected and/or located during the 8 day field survey in May/June 2010.

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