Please read

:
This document is my collection of notes from Genesis that I’ve
gathered from various sources. This is neither for sale nor for
public circulation. I make this available to those whom I pastor
as a resource for Bible Study
With love in Jesus,
John S. Kodiyil

Genesis

Genesis~Notes.
Vol.1
nd
2 Edition
3rd revision
Tuesday, October 11, 2016 - 1:51 PM
John S. Kodiyil
Pastor.
The Father’s House Church, Cochin.
www.johnkodiyil.com
For personal and intra-church use only.

Expositional Study of Genesis
John S. Kodiyil Pastor. The Father’s House Church, Cochin

Table of Contents II

KEY PLACES IN GENESIS ................................................... 44
INTRODUCTION TO THE HOLY BIBLE ............................. 11

GENESIS 1 ...................................................................... 45

THE BIBLE IS THE WORD OF GOD ...................................... 11
A BETTER VIEW ............................................................. 13
TWO CRITICAL DISCOVERIES .............................................. 13
PREPARATIONS AND PRECONDITIONS .................................. 13
YOUR APPROACH ........................................................... 13
STRATEGIC GRASP .......................................................... 13
LANGUAGES OF THE BIBLE ................................................ 13
DIVINELY AUTHORIZED..................................................... 14
DIVISIONS OF THE BIBLE ................................................... 14
WHAT THE BIBLE IS NOT .................................................. 14
WHAT THE BIBLE IS ......................................................... 15
CANON OF THE BIBLE ...................................................... 15
THE TORAH: .................................................................. 16
THE APOCRYPHAL BOOKS ................................................. 16
THE BIBLE A REVELATION ................................................. 17
RHETORICAL DEVICES ...................................................... 17
THE JESUS IDENTITY: WHO DO YOU SAY I AM? ...................... 17
HOW TO READ THE BIBLE ................................................. 18
EXPOSITIONAL STUDY ...................................................... 18
THREE-PART STUDY PROGRAM .......................................... 18
WHICH TRANSLATION? .................................................... 18
CONTEXT ...................................................................... 18
YOUR PERSONAL TUTOR: THE HOLY SPIRIT ........................... 18
CLASSIC “DISPENSATIONS” ............................................... 18
DISTINGUISH: ISRAEL VS. CHURCH ...................................... 19
THE CHURCH ................................................................. 19
BIBLE STATISTICS ............................................................ 19
ORDER OF WRITING FOR THE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE ................. 20
BIBLE TIMELINE .............................................................. 22

GENESIS 1:1 GOD .......................................................... 45
GENESIS 1:1 IN THE BEGINNING - THE DATELESS PAST ............ 47
GENESIS 1:1 IN THE BEGINNING, GOD CREATED .................... 48
GENESIS 1:1 IN THE BEGINNING GOD CREATED THE HEAVEN AND
THE EARTH. ................................................................... 52
GENESIS 1:2 AND THE SPIRIT OF GOD MOVED – THE HOLY SPIRIT
.................................................................................. 54
GENESIS 1:3 LET THERE BE LIGHT ...................................... 55
GENESIS 1:6
 FIRMAMENT IN THE MIDST OF THE WATERS........ 56
GENESIS 1:7 GOD MADE THE FIRMAMENT ........................... 57
GENESIS 1:12 AFTER HIS KIND – CREATION NOT EVOLUTION .... 57
GENESIS 1:14 AND GOD SAID, LET THERE BE LIGHTS IN THE
FIRMAMENT OF THE HEAVEN TO DIVIDE THE DAY FROM THE NIGHT;
AND LET THEM BE FOR SIGNS, AND FOR SEASONS, AND FOR DAYS,
AND YEARS:................................................................... 64
BIBLICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE ENCLOSED EARTH ............. 64
GENESIS 1:26 LET US – THE DIVINE TRINITY......................... 73

INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS ......................................... 40
GENESIS - DATE AND PLACE .............................................. 40
AUTHOR ....................................................................... 40
THEME ......................................................................... 40
PURPOSE ...................................................................... 40
STATISTICS: ................................................................... 40
WHY STUDY THE BOOK OF GENESIS? .................................. 40
GENESIS ANTICIPATES ALL FALSE PHILOSOPHIES: ..................... 40
ALL MAJOR DOCTRINES HAVE THEIR ROOTS IN GENESIS: ........... 41
GENESIS VERSUS REVELATION ............................................ 41
OUTLINE OF GENESIS..................................................... 42
INTRODUCTION: THE CREATION ACCOUNT 1:1 – 2:3.............. 42
FIRST STORY: HEAVEN AND EARTH 2:4-4:26 ........................ 42
SECOND STORY: ADAM 5:1-6-8 ........................................ 42
THIRD STORY: NOAH 6:9-9:29 ......................................... 42
FOURTH STORY: THE SONS OF NOAH 10:1 – 11:9 ................ 42
FIFTH STORY: THE DESCENDANTS OF SHEM 11:10-26 ............ 42
SIXTH STORY: ABRAHAM 11:27-25:11 .............................. 42
SEVENTH STORY: ISAMAEL 25: 12-18 ................................. 42
EIGHTH STORY: ISAAC 25: 19-35, 29 ................................. 42
NINTH STORY: ESAU 36:1-43 ........................................... 43
TENTH STORY: JACOB 37:1-50:26 .................................... 43
Introduction to the Holy Bible

GENESIS 2 ...................................................................... 86
GENESIS 2:3 THE SEVENTH DAY ........................................ 86
GENESIS 2:4 GENERATIONS .............................................. 86
NEBUCHADNEZZAR’S DREAM, CALIPHATE & THE MAHDI ......... 88
BABYLONIAN EMPIRE: ..................................................... 89
PERSIAN EMPIRE ............................................................ 90
ROMAN EMPIRE ............................................................. 91
GENESIS 2:4 THE LORD GOD .......................................... 101
GENESIS 2:7 MAN BECAME A LIVING SOUL ......................... 101
GENESIS 2:22-24 MARRIAGE INSTITUTED ......................... 101
GENESIS 2:15 KEEP THE GARDEN .................................... 101
GENESIS 2:16 THE LORD GOD COMMANDED – 5 COMMANDS
BEFORE THE FALL OF MAN ............................................... 101
GENESIS 3 .................................................................... 102
GENESIS 3:1 THE SERPENT WAS MORE SUBTLE .................... 102
GENESIS 3:1 AND HE SAID TO THE WOMAN - THE METHODOLOGY
OF SATAN ................................................................... 103
GENESIS 3:2 AND THE WOMAN SAID UNTO THE SERPENT – MAN
AND SATAN................................................................. 105
GENESIS 3:3 – NEITHER SHALL YOU TOUCH IT. .................... 108
GENESIS 3:6 THE WOMAN SAW THAT THE TREE WAS GOOD FOR
FOOD - TEMPTATION ..................................................... 108
GENESIS 3:6 …AND GAVE ALSO TO HER HUSBAND WITH HER; AND
HE DID EAT .................................................................. 110
GENESIS 3:9 WHERE ARE YOU? ....................................... 110
GENESIS 3:10-1:14 – THE FIRST BLAME GAME. .................. 110
GENESIS 3:15 THE SEED OF THE WOMAN .......................... 110
GENESIS 3:16 THE CURSE ON THE WOMAN ........................ 111
GENESIS 3:17-19 THE CURSE ON THE MAN ....................... 112
GENESIS 3:20 MOTHER OF ALL THE LIVING......................... 112
GENESIS 3:21 COATS OF SKINS ........................................ 112
GENESIS 3:23,24 – GARDEN OF EDEN - CHERUBIM AND A
FLAMING SWORD. ......................................................... 112

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Expositional Study of Genesis
John S. Kodiyil Pastor. The Father’s House Church, Cochin
GENESIS 4 .................................................................... 113
GENESIS 4:1 ADAM KNEW EVE ........................................ 113
GENESIS 4:2 ABEL ........................................................ 113
GENESIS 4:4-5 CAIN & ABEL OFFER SACRIFICES, BUT TO CAIN AND
HIS OFFERING, GOD HAD NO RESPECT ................................ 114
GENESIS 4:6-7 WHY IS YOUR COUNTENANCE FALLEN / FACE
DOWNCAST? ............................................................... 114
GENESIS 4: 8 CAIN SLAYS ABEL ........................................ 114
GENESIS 4:9 AM I MY BROTHER’S KEEPER?......................... 114
GENESIS 4:10 THE VOICE OF YOUR BROTHER’S BLOOD CRIES TO ME
................................................................................ 116
GENESIS 4:17 WHERE DID CAIN FIND A WIFE? .................... 116
GENESIS 4:21 HANDLE THE HARP AND ORGAN. ................... 116
GENESIS 4:23 I HAVE SLAIN A MAN TO MY WOUNDING.......... 116
GENESIS 4:26 CALLED UPON OR PROFANED THE NAME OF THE
LORD? ....................................................................... 116
GENESIS 5 .................................................................... 118
ARE THERE “HIDDEN MESSAGES” IN THE BIBLE?.................. 118
INTERESTING TRIVIA ...................................................... 118
GENESIS 5:1 THIS IS THE BOOK OF THE GENERATIONS OF ADAM
................................................................................ 119
GENEALOGY OF GENESIS 5.............................................. 120
ONE INTEGRATED DESIGN .............................................. 120
GENESIS 5:3 HIS OWN LIKENESS ....................................... 120
GENESIS 6 .................................................................... 121
GENESIS 6:2 SONS OF GOD & DAUGHTERS OF MEN ............. 121
GENESIS 6:4 AND ALSO AFTER THAT - THE RETURN OF THE
NEPHILIM? ................................................................. 127
GENESIS 6:13 I WILL DESTROY ......................................... 129
GENESIS 6:14 MAKE THEE AN ARK OF GOPHER WOOD .......... 130
GENESIS 7 .................................................................... 131
GENESIS 7:1 RIGHTEOUS NOAH ....................................... 131
GENESIS 7:2-3 SEVEN CLEAN AND TWO UNCLEAN OF BEASTS,
MALE AND HIS FEMALE ................................................... 131
GENESIS 7:11 ............................................................. 132
GENESIS 7:12 ............................................................. 132
GENESIS 7:13 NOAH AND SONS ...................................... 132
GENESIS 7:16 THE LORD SHUT HIM IN. ............................ 132
GENESIS 7:22 BREATH .................................................. 132
GENESIS 7: 24 THE WATERS PREVAILED UPON THE EARTH AN
HUNDRED & FIFTY DAYS. ................................................ 132
PRE WRATH ................................................................ 134
GENESIS 8 .................................................................... 141
GENESIS 8:1 GOD MADE A WIND TO PASS OVER THE EARTH .... 141
GENESIS 8:4 AND THE ARK RESTED IN THE SEVENTH MONTH, ON
THE SEVENTEENTH DAY OF THE MONTH, ............................ 142
GENESIS 8:5 WERE THE TOPS OF THE MOUNTAINS SEEN ......... 142
GENESIS 8:7 AND HE SENT FORTH A RAVEN, ....................... 142
8:12 AND HE STAYED YET OTHER SEVEN DAYS ..................... 142
GENESIS 8:14 AND IN THE SECOND MONTH, ON THE SEVEN AND
TWENTIETH DAY OF THE MONTH ....................................... 142
GENESIS 8:16 GO FORTH OF THE ARK, THOU, AND THY WIFE, AND
Introduction to the Holy Bible

Table of Contents III

THY SONS, AND THY SONS' WIVES WITH THEE. ..................... 143

GENESIS 8:17 THAT THEY MAY BREED ABUNDANTLY ............. 143
GENESIS 8:18 NOAH WENT FORTH - DID NOAH TOOK 120 YEARS
TO BUILD THE ARK? ....................................................... 143
GENESIS 8:20 NOAH BUILDED AN ALTAR UNTO THE LORD ...... 143
GENESIS 8:22 WHILE THE EARTH REMAINETH… .................. 143
GENESIS 9 .................................................................... 144
GENESIS 9:1 AND GOD BLESSED NOAH AND HIS SONS .......... 144
GENESIS 9:2 FEAR OF YOU AND THE DREAD OF YOU SHALL BE ON
EVERY BEAST ............................................................... 145
GENESIS 9:4 BLOOD THEREOF, SHALL YE NOT EAT LIFE IS IN THE
BLOOD. ...................................................................... 145
GENESIS 9:10 WITH EVERY LIVING CREATURE THAT IS WITH YOU
................................................................................ 145
GENESIS 9:11 FLOOD NO MORE – THE POST FLOOD WORLD . 146
GENESIS 9:15 REMEMBER MY COVENANT – THE FIRST RAINBOW.
................................................................................ 146
GENESIS 9:20-21 NOAH DRUNK & UNCOVERED ................. 146
GENESIS 9:22 SAW THE NAKEDNESS OF HIS FATHER .............. 146
GENESIS 9:23 SAW NOT THEIR FATHER’S NAKEDNESS ............ 147
GENESIS 9:26 BLESSED BE THE LORD GOD OF SHEM; AND
CANAAN SHALL BE HIS SERVANT. ...................................... 148
GENESIS 10 .................................................................. 149
GENESIS 10:1 NOW THESE ARE THE GENERATIONS OF THE SONS OF
NOAH ........................................................................ 150
GENESIS 10:2 JAPHETH ................................................. 150
GENESIS 10:5 ISLES ..................................................... 151
GENESIS 10:6 THE SONS OF HAM ................................... 151
GENESIS 10:8 NIMROD ................................................. 151
GENESIS 10:10 BEGINNING OF HIS KINGDOM WAS BABEL ..... 152
GENESIS 10:21 SHEM ................................................... 152
GENESIS 10:22 THE SONS OF SHEM ................................. 152
GENESIS 10:25 FOR IN HIS DAYS WAS THE EARTH DIVIDED ..... 152
GENESIS 10: 32 THESE ARE THE FAMILIES OF THE SONS OF NOAH
................................................................................ 153
ACROSTIC CODE? ......................................................... 154
GENESIS 11 .................................................................. 155
GENESIS 11:1 ONE LANGUAGE ........................................ 155
GENESIS 11:3 BRICK FOR STONE ...................................... 155
GENESIS 11:4 MAY REACH ............................................. 156
GENESIS 11:4 THE TOWER OF BAB-EL ............................. 156
GENESIS 11:4 LET US MAKE US A NAME ............................. 158
GENESIS 11:6 NOTHING WILL BE RESTRAINED FROM THEM..... 158
GENESIS 11:7 GO TO, LET US GO DOWN, AND THERE CONFOUND
THEIR LANGUAGE.......................................................... 158
GENESIS 11:11 SHEM ................................................... 158
GENESIS 11:19 PELEG LIVED AFTER HE BEGAT REU TWO HUNDRED
AND NINE YEARS........................................................... 160
GENESIS 12 .................................................................. 161
GENESIS 12:1 THE LORD HAD SAID UNTO ABRAM............... 161
GENESIS 12:2 THOU SHALT BE A BLESSING ......................... 163
GENESIS 12:3 I WILL BLESS THEM THAT BLESS THEE, AND CURSE

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Expositional Study of Genesis
John S. Kodiyil Pastor. The Father’s House Church, Cochin
HIM THAT CURSETH THEE ................................................ 169

GENESIS 12:3 AND IN THEE SHALL ALL FAMILIES OF THE EARTH BE
BLESSED ..................................................................... 171
GENESIS 12:4 ABRAM WAS SEVENTY AND FIVE YEARS OLD WHEN
HE DEPARTED OUT OF HARAN .......................................... 171
GENESIS 12:5 CANAAN ................................................. 171
GENESIS 12:6 BUILDED HE AN ALTAR ................................ 171
GENESIS 12:10 FAMINE ................................................. 172
GENESIS 12:10 WENT DOWN INTO EGYPT .......................... 172
GENESIS 12:11 FAIR .................................................... 173
G ENE SIS 12:13 S AY , I PRAY THEE , TH OU ART MY SISTER
................................................................................ 173
GENESIS 12:15 TAKEN INTO PHARAOH'S HOUSE .................. 173
GENESIS 12:20 AND PHARAOH COMMANDED … AND THEY SENT
HIM AWAY .................................................................. 173
GENESIS 13 .................................................................. 175
GENESIS 13:1 WENT UP ................................................. 175
GENESIS 13:7 STRIFE - SEVEN STEPS OF LOT DOWNWARD: ..... 175
GENESIS 13:8 LOT ........................................................ 175
GENESIS 13:10 AND LOT LIFTED UP HIS EYES ...................... 175
GENESIS 13:11 LOT JOURNEYED EAST ............................... 177
GENESIS 13:13 THE MEN OF SODOM WERE WICKED AND SINNERS
BEFORE THE LORD EXCEEDINGLY...................................... 177
GENESIS 13:14 AFTER THAT LOT WAS SEPARATED FROM HIM . 177
GENESIS 13:10 BEFORE THE LORD DESTROYED SODOM ....... 177
GENESIS 13:16 AS THE DUST OF THE EARTH. ....................... 177
GENESIS 13:18 WHICH IS IN HEBRON................................ 177
GENESIS 14 .................................................................. 178
GENESIS 14:5 REPHAIMS IN ASHTEROTH KARNAIM, AND THE
ZUZIMS IN HAM, AND THE EMINS IN SHAVEH KIRIATHAIM...... 178
GENESIS 14:13 ABRAM ................................................. 178
GENESIS 14:13 HEBREW ............................................... 178
GENESIS 14:13 AMORITE .............................................. 179
GENESIS 14:18 MELCHIZEDEK ........................................ 179
GENESIS 14: 18 SALEM ................................................. 179
GENESIS 14: 18 BREAD AND WINE.................................... 180
GENESIS 14: 18 PRIEST .................................................. 180
GENESIS 14: 18 MOST HIGH GOD .................................... 180
GENESIS 14:20 BLESSED BE THE MOST HIGH GOD ................ 180
GENESIS 14:20 HE GAVE HIM TITHES OF ALL ....................... 180
GENESIS 14:22 LIFT UP MINE HAND UNTO THE LORD, THE MOST
HIGH GOD .................................................................. 181
GENESIS 14:23 I WILL NOT TAKE FROM A THREAD EVEN TO A
SHOELATCHET .............................................................. 182
GENESIS 14: 23 LEST THOU SHOULDEST SAY, I HAVE MADE ABRAM
RICH .......................................................................... 182
GENESIS 15 .................................................................. 183
GENESIS 15:1 THE WORD OF THE LORD ............................ 183
GENESIS 15:1 SHIELD .................................................... 183
GENESIS 15:3 NO SEED ................................................. 184
GENESIS 15:6 HE BELIEVED IN THE LORD; & AND HE COUNTED IT
TO HIM FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS ........................................... 184
GENESIS 15:12 A DEEP SLEEP FELL UPON ABRAM ................. 184
Introduction to the Holy Bible

Table of Contents IV

GENESIS 15:16 THE INIQUITY OF THE AMORITES ................. 184
GENESIS 15:17 BURNING LAMP ....................................... 184
GENESIS 15:18 IN THE SAME DAY THE LORD MADE A COVENANT
................................................................................ 184
GENESIS 16 .................................................................. 185
GENESIS 16:1 BARE HIM NO CHILDREN .............................. 185
GENESIS 16:2 OBTAIN CHILDREN ..................................... 185
GENESIS 16:3 SARAI ABRAM'S WIFE TOOK HAGAR HER MAID THE
EGYPTIAN ................................................................... 185
GENESIS 16:5 I WAS DESPISED IN HER EYES ........................ 185
GENESIS 16:6 DEALT HARDLY WITH HER ............................ 185
GENESIS 16:7 THE ANGEL OF THE LORD ........................... 186
GENESIS 16:10 I WILL MULTIPLY THY SEED EXCEEDINGLY ....... 186
GENESIS 16:11 SHALT CALL HIS NAME ISMAEL .................... 186
GENESIS 16:12 WILD MAN; HIS HAND [WILL BE] AGAINST EVERY
MAN ......................................................................... 186
GENESIS 16:12 HIS HAND WILL BE AGAINST EVERY MAN, AND
EVERY MAN'S HAND AGAINST HIM .................................... 186
GENESIS 16:12 DWELL IN THE PRESENCE OF ALL HIS BRETHREN 186
GENESIS 16:14 BEER-LAHAI-ROI ..................................... 186
GENESIS 16:15 CALLED HIS SON'S NAME, WHICH HAGAR BARE,
ISHMAEL .................................................................... 187
GENESIS 16:1 6 AND ABRAM WAS FOURSCORE AND SIX YEARS
OLD, WHEN HAGAR BARE ISHMAEL ................................... 187
GENESIS 17 .................................................................. 188
GENESIS 17:1 ALMIGHTY GOD ........................................ 188
GENESIS 17:1 WALK BEFORE ME, AND BE THOU PERFECT ....... 188
GENESIS 17:3 FELL ON HIS FACE....................................... 189
GENESIS 17:5 ABRAHAM ............................................... 189
GENESIS 17:12 HE THAT IS EIGHT DAYS OLD SHALL BE
CIRCUMCISED .............................................................. 189
GENESIS 17:14 CUT OFF ................................................ 189
GENESIS 17:15 SARAH .................................................. 189
GENESIS 17:19 ISAAC ................................................... 189
GENESIS 17:22 GOD WENT UP FROM ABRAHAM ................. 189
GENESIS 17:24 CIRCUMCISED IN THE FLESH OF HIS FORESKIN .. 191
GENESIS 17:25 THIRTEEN YEARS OLD ................................ 192
GENESIS 18 .................................................................. 193
GENESIS 18:1 MAMRE .................................................. 194
GENESIS 18:2 THREE MEN.............................................. 194
GENESIS 18:4 WASH YOUR FEET ...................................... 194
GENESIS 18:5 THEY SAID, SO DO, AS THOU HAST SAID ........... 194
GENESIS 18:6 THREE MEASURES OF FINE MEAL ................... 194
GENESIS 18:8 HE STOOD BY THEM UNDER THE TREE ............. 195
GENESIS 18:10 SARAH HEARD IT IN THE TENT DOOR ............. 195
GENESIS 18:11 OLD AND WELL STRICKEN IN AGE ................. 195
GENESIS 18:12 MY LORD ............................................... 195
GENESIS 18:14 IS ANY THING TOO HARD FOR THE LORD? ..... 195
GENESIS 18:15 SARAH DENIED, SAYING, I LAUGHED NOT; FOR SHE
WAS AFRAID. ............................................................... 195
GENESIS 18:16 LOOKED TOWARD SODOM ......................... 195
GENESIS 18:17 SHALL I HIDE FROM ABRAHAM THAT THING WHICH
I DO .......................................................................... 195

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Expositional Study of Genesis
John S. Kodiyil Pastor. The Father’s House Church, Cochin
GENESIS 18:20 THE CRY OF SODOM AND GOMORRAH IS GREAT
................................................................................ 195
GENESIS 18:23 WILT THOU ALSO DESTROY THE RIGHTEOUS WITH
THE WICKED ................................................................ 196
GENESIS 18:26 IF I FIND IN SODOM FIFTY RIGHTEOUS WITHIN THE
CITY… ........................................................................ 196
GENESIS 18:33 WENT HIS WAY ... RETURNED UNTO HIS PLACE 196
FAQ ......................................................................... 196
GENESIS 19 .................................................................. 197
GENESIS 19:1 LOT SAT IN THE GATE OF SODOM................... 198
GENESIS 19:2 WE WILL ABIDE IN THE STREET ALL NIGHT ......... 198
GENESIS 19:4 QUARTER................................................. 198
GENESIS 19:5 THAT WE MAY KNOW THEM. ........................ 198
GENESIS 19:8 I HAVE TWO DAUGHTERS WHICH HAVE NOT KNOWN
MAN .......................................................................... 198
GENESIS 19:9 WE WILL DEAL WORSE WITH THEE .................. 198
GENESIS 19:10 PUT FORTH THEIR HAND ............................ 198
GENESIS 19:11 BLINDNESS ............................................. 198
GENESIS 19:12 HAST THOU HERE ANY BESIDES.................... 199
GENESIS 19:14 BUT HE SEEMED AS ONE THAT MOCKED UNTO HIS
SONS IN LAW. .............................................................. 199
GENESIS 19:15 ARISE, TAKE THY WIFE, AND THY TWO DAUGHTERS
................................................................................ 199
GENESIS 19:16 HE LINGERED .......................................... 199
GENESIS 19:22 I CANNOT DO ANY THING TILL THOU BE COME
THITHER ..................................................................... 199
GENESIS 19:24 BRIMSTONE AND FIRE FROM THE LORD OUT OF
HEAVEN...................................................................... 199
GENESIS 19:26 LOOKED BACK ......................................... 199
GENESIS 19:29 GOD REMEMBERED ABRAHAM, AND SENT LOT
OUT........................................................................... 200
GENESIS 19:30 LOT WENT UP OUT OF ZOAR… DWELT IN A CAVE
................................................................................ 200
GENESIS 19:33 MADE THEIR FATHER DRINK WINE THAT NIGHT 200
GENESIS 19:37 MOAB .................................................. 200
GENESIS 19:38 BEN-AMMI ............................................ 200
ANGELS ...................................................................... 200
GENESIS 20 .................................................................. 205
GENESIS 20:1 JOURNEYED SOUTH .................................... 205
GENESIS 20:3 THOU ART A DEAD MAN ............................. 205
GENESIS 20:6 DREAM, HEART ......................................... 205
GENESIS 20:7 HE IS A PROPHET ....................................... 207
GENESIS 20:11 THEY WILL SLAY ME FOR MY WIFE'S SAKE ....... 207
GENESIS 20:14 ABIMELECH ............................................ 207
GENESIS 20:16 I HAVE GIVEN THY BROTHER A THOUSAND PIECES
OF SILVER.................................................................... 207
GENESIS 20:17 HEALED ABIMELECH ................................. 207
GENESIS 21 .................................................................. 208
GENESIS 21:1 THE LORD VISITED SARAH........................... 208
GENESIS 21:8 MADE A GREAT FEAST THE SAME DAY THAT ISAAC
WAS WEANED .............................................................. 209
GENESIS 21:14 SENT HER AWAY ...................................... 210
GENESIS 21:15 CHILD ................................................... 213
Introduction to the Holy Bible

Table of Contents V

GENESIS 21:20 GOD WAS WITH THE LAD ........................... 213
GENESIS 21:21 OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT ...................... 213
GENESIS 21:22 GOD IS WITH THEE IN ALL THAT THOU DOEST.. 213
GENESIS 21:25 WELL OF WATER ..................................... 213
GENESIS 21:27 BOTH OF THEM MADE A COVENANT. ............ 213
GENESIS 21:32 PHILISTINES ........................................... 214
GENESIS 21:33 EVERLASTING GOD .................................. 214
GENESIS 22 .................................................................. 215
GENESIS 22:1 GOD DID TEMPT ABRAHAM ......................... 215
GENESIS 22:2 ONLY SON ISAAC ....................................... 215
GENESIS 22:3 ROSE UP EARLY IN THE MORNING .................. 216
GENESIS 22:4 THE THIRD DAY ......................................... 216
GENESIS 22:5 COME AGAIN TO YOU ................................. 216
GENESIS 22:8 GOD WILL PROVIDE ................................... 216
GENESIS 22:9 BOUND ISAAC ........................................... 216
GENESIS 22:11 ABRAHAM, ABRAHAM .............................. 216
GENESIS 22:13 IN THE STEAD OF HIS SON .......................... 216
GENESIS 22:14 JEHOVAH-JIREH ...................................... 216
GENESIS 22:16 BY MYSELF HAVE I SWORN, SAITH THE LORD, 216
GENESIS 22:17 THAT IN BLESSING ................................... 217
GENESIS 22:18 THY SEED ............................................... 217
GENESIS 22:20 NAHOR ................................................. 218
GENESIS 23 .................................................................. 219
GENESIS 23:1 HUNDRED AND SEVEN AND TWENTY YEARS OLD 219
GENESIS 23:2 KIRJATH-ARBA .......................................... 219
GENESIS 23:4 BURYINGPLACE ......................................... 219
GENESIS 23:8 INTREAT FOR ME ....................................... 219
GENESIS 23:9 MACHPELAH ............................................ 220
GENESIS 23:18 BEFORE ALL THAT WENT IN AT THE GATE OF HIS
CITY .......................................................................... 220
GENESIS 24 .................................................................. 221
GENESIS 24:2 ELDEST SERVANT OF HIS HOUSE ..................... 223
GENESIS 24:12 O LORD GOD OF MY MASTER ABRAHAM, I PRAY
THEE ......................................................................... 223
GENESIS 24:15 REBEKAH............................................... 224
GENESIS 24:18 DRINK, MY LORD: .................................... 224
GENESIS 24:47 EARRING ............................................... 224
GENESIS 24:51 TAKE HER, AND GO .................................. 224
GENESIS 24:63 MEDITATE.............................................. 224
GENESIS 24:65 COVERED HERSELF ................................... 224
GENESIS 24:67 SHE BECAME HIS WIFE .............................. 224
GENESIS 25 .................................................................. 230
GENESIS 25:1 ABRAHAM TOOK A WIFE ............................. 230
GENESIS 25:2 SHE BARE HIM .......................................... 231
GENESIS 25:4 MIDIAN .................................................. 231
GENESIS 25:5 GAVE ALL................................................. 231
GENESIS 25:7 THESE ARE THE DAYS .................................. 232
GENESIS 25:8 GAVE UP THE GHOST .................................. 232
GENESIS 25:8 OLD MAN ................................................ 232
GENESIS 25:8 GATHERED TO HIS PEOPLE............................ 233
GENESIS 25:16 CASTLES ................................................ 233
GENESIS 25:18 DIED..................................................... 233

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Expositional Study of Genesis
John S. Kodiyil Pastor. The Father’s House Church, Cochin
GENESIS 25:21 BARREN................................................. 233
GENESIS 25:23 TWO NATIONS ........................................ 233
GENESIS 25:23 TWO MANNER OF PEOPLE .......................... 233
GENESIS 25:23 STRONGER THAN THE OTHER PEOPLE ............ 234
GENESIS 25:24 TWINS .................................................. 234
GENESIS 25:25 RED ...................................................... 234
GENESIS 25:25 ESAU .................................................... 234
GENESIS 25:26 JACOB .................................................. 234
GENESIS 25:26 ISAAC WAS THREESCORE YEARS OLD ............. 234
GENESIS 25:28 ISAAC LOVED ESAU ... BUT REBEKAH LOVED JACOB
................................................................................ 235
GENESIS 25:28 BECAUSE HE DID EAT OF HIS VENISON ........... 235
GENESIS 25:29 SOD POTTAGE ......................................... 235
GENESIS 25:31 BIRTHRIGHT ........................................... 235
GENESIS 25:33 SWEAR TO ME THIS DAY ............................ 236
GENESIS 25:34 ESAU DESPISED HIS BIRTHRIGHT. ................. 237
GENESIS 26 .................................................................. 238
GENESIS 26:2 GO NOT DOWN INTO EGYPT ......................... 239
GENESIS 26:3 UNTO THEE .............................................. 239
GENESIS 26:3 OATH WHICH I SWARE ................................ 239
GENESIS 26:4 I WILL ..................................................... 239
GENESIS 26:5 BECAUSE THAT ABRAHAM OBEYED ................ 240
GENESIS 26:7 SHE IS MY SISTER ....................................... 241
GENESIS 26:7 FAIR TO LOOK UPON ................................... 241
GENESIS 26:10 BROUGHT GUILTINESS UPON US .................. 241
GENESIS 26:12 SOWED ................................................. 241
GENESIS 26:12 HUNDREDFOLD ....................................... 241
GENESIS 26:14 ENVIED ................................................. 241
GENESIS 26:15 WELLS WHICH HIS FATHER'S SERVANTS HAD
DIGGED ...................................................................... 241
GENESIS 26:16 GO FROM US; FOR THOU ART MUCH MIGHTIER
THAN WE .................................................................... 241
GENESIS 26:17 DEPARTED THENCE ................................... 241
GENESIS 26:18 AND ISAAC DIGGED AGAIN THE WELLS OF WATER
................................................................................ 242
GENESIS 26:19 SPRINGING WATER ................................... 242
GENESIS 26:20 ESEK .................................................... 242
GENESIS 26:21 SITNAH ................................................. 242
GENESIS 26:22 REHOBOTH ............................................ 242
GENESIS 26:23 BEER-SHEBA........................................... 242
GENESIS 26:24 THE LORD APPEARED UNTO HIM ................ 242
GENESIS 26:24 FEAR NOT .............................................. 242
GENESIS 26:24 ABRAHAM'S SAKE .................................... 242
GENESIS 26:25 BUILDED AN ALTAR THERE, AND CALLED UPON THE
NAME OF THE LORD ..................................................... 242
GENESIS 26:26 AHUZZATH ONE OF HIS FRIENDS,AND PHICHOL242
GENESIS 26:29 WE HAVE NOT TOUCHED THEE .................... 243
GENESIS 26:30 THEY DID EAT AND DRINK........................... 243
GENESIS 26:33 SHEBAH ................................................ 243
GENESIS 26:35 GRIEF OF MIND ....................................... 243
GENESIS 27 .................................................................. 244
GENESIS 27:1 WHEN ISAAC WAS OLD ................................ 245
GENESIS 27:2 I KNOW NOT THE DAY OF MY DEATH ............... 245
GENESIS 27:5 ESAU WENT TO THE FIELD TO HUNT FOR VENISON
Introduction to the Holy Bible

Table of Contents VI

................................................................................ 246
GENESIS 27:7 BRING ME VENISON, AND MAKE ME SAVOURY
MEAT, THAT I MAY EAT .................................................. 246
GENESIS 27:7 BLESS THEE BEFORE THE LORD BEFORE MY DEATH
................................................................................ 246
GENESIS 27:12 AND I SHALL BRING A CURSE UPON ME .......... 246
GENESIS 27:17 SAVOURY MEAT ...................................... 246
GENESIS 27:22 HE FELT HIM ........................................... 246
GENESIS 27:27 RAIMENT ............................................... 246
GENESIS 27:28 THEREFORE GOD GIVE THEE OF THE DEW OF
HEAVEN ..................................................................... 246
GENESIS 27:33 ISAAC TREMBLED VIOLENTLY ...................... 247
GENESIS 27:36 HE TOOK AWAY MY BIRTHRIGHT .................. 247
GENESIS 27:39 THY DWELLING SHALL BE THE FATNESS OF THE
EARTH ....................................................................... 247
GENESIS 27:41 HATED .................................................. 247
GENESIS 27:42 SHE SENT AND CALLED JACOB HER YOUNGER SON
................................................................................ 247
GENESIS 27:44 FEW DAYS .............................................. 248
GENESIS 27:45 THEN I WILL SEND, AND FETCH THEE FROM THENCE
................................................................................ 248
GENESIS 27:46 IF JACOB TAKE A WIFE OF THE DAUGHTERS OF
HETH......................................................................... 248
GENESIS 28 .................................................................. 250
GENESIS 28:1 BLESSED HIM ............................................ 250
GENESIS 28:1 THOU SHALT NOT TAKE A WIFE OF THE DAUGHTERS
OF CANAAN ................................................................ 250
GENESIS 28:2 BETHUEL ................................................. 250
GENESIS 28:3 AND GOD ALMIGHTY BLESS THEE .................. 251
GENESIS 28:5 SYRIAN ................................................... 251
GENESIS 28:9 UNTO ISHMAEL ......................................... 251
GENESIS 28:10 HARAN ................................................. 251
GENESIS 28:11 CERTAIN PLACE ....................................... 251
GENESIS 28:12 HE DREAMED.......................................... 251
GENESIS 28:12 LADDER ................................................ 252
GENESIS 28:13 I AM THE LORD GOD OF ABRAHAM THY FATHER
................................................................................ 252
GENESIS 28:14 IN THY SEED SHALL ALL THE FAMILIES OF THE EARTH
BE BLESSED ................................................................. 252
GENESIS 28:15 FOR I WILL NOT LEAVE THEE, UNTIL I HAVE DONE
THAT WHICH I HAVE SPOKEN TO THEE OF ............................ 252
GENESIS 28:17 HOUSE OF GOD....................................... 252
GENESIS 28:18 SET IT UP FOR A PILLAR.............................. 252
GENESIS 28:20 VOW .................................................... 253
GENESIS 28:22 GOD'S HOUSE ........................................ 253
GENESIS 29 .................................................................. 254
GENESIS 29:3 ALL THE FLOCKS GATHERED: AND THEY ROLLED THE
STONE FROM THE WELL'S MOUTH ..................................... 255
GENESIS 29:5 SON OF NAHOR ........................................ 255
GENESIS 29:11 KISSED RACHEL ....................................... 255
GENESIS 29:17 TENDER .............................................. 255
GENESIS 29:17 BEAUTIFUL ............................................. 255
GENESIS 29:18 FOR RACHEL THY YOUNGER DAUGHTER ......... 255
GENESIS 29:19 IT IS BETTER THAT I GIVE HER TO THEE .......... 255

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GENESIS 29:20 AND JACOB SERVED SEVEN YEARS FOR RACHEL255
GENESIS 29:22 MADE A FEAST ........................................ 255
GENESIS 29:24 ZILPAH .................................................. 255
GENESIS 29:25 IT WAS LEAH .......................................... 255
GENESIS 29:26 IT MUST NOT BE SO DONE IN OUR COUNTRY, TO
GIVE THE YOUNGER BEFORE THE FIRSTBORN ........................ 255
GENESIS 29:27 FULFILL HER WEEK ................................... 256
GENESIS 29:29 BILHAH HIS HANDMAID TO BE HER MAID ....... 256
GENESIS 29:30 LOVED ALSO RACHEL MORE THAN LEAH ........ 256
GENESIS 29:31 HATED .................................................. 256
GENESIS 29:32 REUBEN ................................................ 256
GENESIS 29:33 SIMEON ................................................ 256
GENESIS 29:34 LEVI ..................................................... 256
GENESIS 29:35 JUDAH. ................................................. 256
GENESIS 30 .................................................................. 257
GENESIS 30:1 ENVIED ................................................... 258
GENESIS 30:2 ANGER WAS KINDLED AGAINST RACHEL ........... 258
GENESIS 30:3 BEHOLD MY MAID BILHAH ........................... 258
GENESIS 30:6 DAN ....................................................... 258
GENESIS 30:8 NAPHTALI ................................................ 258
GENESIS 30:11 GAD ..................................................... 258
GENESIS 30:13 ASHER .................................................. 258
GENESIS 30:14 MANDRAKES........................................... 258
GENESIS 30:18 ISSACHAR .............................................. 259
GENESIS 30:20 ZEBULUN............................................... 259
GENESIS 30:21 DINAH .................................................. 259
GENESIS 30:24 JOSEPH ................................................. 259
GENESIS 30:25 WHEN RACHEL HAD BORN JOSEPH, THAT JACOB
SAID UNTO LABAN, SEND ME AWAY .................................. 259
GENESIS 30:26 WIVES ................................................... 259
GENESIS 30:27 LORD HATH BLESSED ME FOR THY SAKE ........ 260
GENESIS 30:29 AND THE FLOCKS CONCEIVED BEFORE THE RODS
................................................................................ 260
GENESIS 30:43 AND THE MAN INCREASED EXCEEDINGLY ........ 260
GENESIS 31 .................................................................. 261
GENESIS 31:2 COUNTENANCE ......................................... 262
GENESIS 31:3 SAID UNTO JACOB ...................................... 263
GENESIS 31:3 LAND OF THY FATHERS ................................ 263
GENESIS 31:4 JACOB SENT AND CALLED RACHEL AND LEAH .... 263
GENESIS 31:7 DECEIVED ................................................ 263
GENESIS 31:19 RACHEL HAD STOLEN THE IMAGES THAT WERE HER
FATHER’S. ................................................................... 264
GENESIS 31:27 TABRET ................................................. 264
GENESIS 31:27 HARP .................................................... 265
GENESIS 31:29 IT IS IN THE POWER OF MY HAND TO DO YOU HURT
................................................................................ 265
GENESIS 31:34 CAMEL'S FURNITURE................................. 265
GENESIS 31:44 COVENANT ............................................. 265
GENESIS 31:45 JACOB TOOK A STONE ............................... 266
GENESIS 31:49 MIZPAH ................................................ 266
GENESIS 31:53 GOD OF THEIR FATHER .............................. 268
GENESIS 31:53 FEAR OF HIS FATHER ISAAC ......................... 268
GENESIS 32 .................................................................. 269
Introduction to the Holy Bible

Table of Contents VII

GENESIS 32:2 MANANAIM............................................. 269
GENESIS 32:3 JACOB SENT MESSENGERS ........................... 270
GENESIS 32:7 GREATLY AFRAID AND DISTRESSED ................. 270
GENESIS 32:10 I AM NOT WORTHY OF THE LEAST OF ALL THE
MERCIES ..................................................................... 270
GENESIS 32:11 DELIVER ME, I PRAY THEE, FROM THE HAND OF MY
BROTHER .................................................................... 270
GENESIS 32:11 FOR I FEAR HIM ....................................... 270
GENESIS 32:20 FACE; PERADVENTURE HE WILL ACCEPT OF ME.270
GENESIS 32:24 LEFT ALONE ............................................ 270
GENESIS 32:24 WRESTLED ............................................ 270
GENESIS 32:24 UNTIL THE BREAKING OF THE DAY................ 271
GENESIS 32:25 HE SAW THAT HE PREVAILED NOT AGAINST HIM ...
................................................................................ 271
GENESIS 32:26 FOR THE DAY BREAKETH ............................ 271
GENESIS 32:27 JACOB .................................................. 271
GENESIS 32:28 ISRAEL .................................................. 271
GENESIS 32:28 PRINCE ................................................. 272
GENESIS 32:30 PENIEL.................................................. 272
GENESIS 32:30 I HAVE SEEN GOD FACE TO FACE.................. 272
GENESIS 32:31 HALTED UPON HIS THIGH ........................... 272
GENESIS 33 .................................................................. 273
GENESIS 33:1 FOUR HUNDRED MEN ................................. 273
GENESIS 33:9 I HAVE ENOUGH ........................................ 273
GENESIS 33:11 HE TOOK IT ............................................ 273
GENESIS 33:15 LET ME FIND GRACE IN THE SIGHT OF MY LORD 273
GENESIS 33:17 SUCCOTH .............................................. 274
GENESIS 33:20 EL-ELOHE-ISRAEL .................................... 274
GENESIS 34 .................................................................. 275
GENESIS 34:1 DINAH THE DAUGHTER OF LEAH, WHICH SHE BARE
UNTO JACOB ............................................................... 275
GENESIS 34:2 SAW HER – LAY WITH HER............................ 276
GENESIS 34:7 GRIEVED ................................................. 276
GENESIS 34:7 ISRAEL .................................................... 276
GENESIS 34:12 DOWRY ................................................. 276
GENESIS 34:13 DECEITFULLY .......................................... 276
GENESIS 34:16 ONE PEOPLE ........................................... 276
GENESIS 34:25 SIMEON AND LEVI, DINAH'S BRETHREN, TOOK
EACH MAN HIS SWORD ................................................... 276
GENESIS 34:28 TOOK THEIR SHEEP, AND THEIR OXEN, AND THEIR
ASSES ........................................................................ 277
GENESIS 34:30 YE HAVE TROUBLED ME............................. 277
GENESIS 35 .................................................................. 278
GENESIS 35:1 ARISE, GO UP TO BETH-EL, AND DWELL THERE . 278
GENESIS 35:2 PUT AWAY THE STRANGE GODS THAT ARE AMONG
YOU, AND BE CLEAN ...................................................... 278
GENESIS 35:4 EARRINGS ................................................ 279
GENESIS 35:5 AND THE TERROR OF GOD WAS UPON THE CITIES
................................................................................ 279
GENESIS 35:7 EL-BETH-EL ............................................. 279
GENESIS 35:8 REBEKAH'S NURSE DIED .............................. 280
GENESIS 35:9 GOD APPEARED UNTO JACOB AGAIN .............. 280
GENESIS 35:11 GOD ALMIGHTY ...................................... 280

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GENESIS 35: 11 A COMPANY OF NATIONS ......................... 280
GENESIS 35:12 THE LAND WHICH I GAVE ABRAHAM AND ISAAC
................................................................................ 281
GENESIS 35:13 GOD WENT UP FROM HIM ......................... 281
GENESIS 35:14 SET UP A PILLAR....................................... 281
GENESIS 35:14 DRINK OFFERING ..................................... 281
GENESIS 35:15 BETH-EL ................................................ 281
GENESIS 35:17 MIDWIFE ............................................... 281
GENESIS 35:18 SOUL WAS IN DEPARTING........................... 281
GENESIS 35:18 BEN-ONI, BENJAMIN ............................... 282
GENESIS 35:19 BETH-LEHEM .......................................... 282
GENESIS 35:20 PILLAR UPON HER GRAVE ........................... 282
GENESIS 35:22 WENT AND LAY WITH BILHAH HIS FATHER'S
CONCUBINE ................................................................. 282
GENESIS 35:22 TWELVE................................................. 282
GENESIS 35:28 DAYS OF ISAAC WERE AN HUNDRED AND
FOURSCORE YEARS ........................................................ 282

Table of Contents VIII

GENESIS 37:28 PIECES OF SILVER ..................................... 291
GENESIS 37:34 RENT HIS CLOTHES ................................... 291
GENESIS 37:35 ALL HIS SONS .......................................... 292
GENESIS 37:35 THUS HIS FATHER WEPT FOR HIM ................ 292
GENESIS 37:26 ........................................................... 292
GENESIS 38 .................................................................. 293

GENESIS 36:1 ESAU WHO IS EDOM .................................. 284
GENESIS 36:2 ADAH ..................................................... 284
GENESIS 36:2 AHOLIBAMAH ........................................... 284
GENESIS 36:3 BASHEMATH ............................................ 284
GENESIS 36:4 ELIPHAZ .................................................. 284
GENESIS 36:5 IN THE LAND OF CANAAN............................. 284
GENESIS 36:6 COUNTRY ................................................ 284
GENESIS 36:11 TEMAN ................................................. 284
GENESIS 36:12 AMALEK ................................................ 284
GENESIS 36:15 DUKES .................................................. 285
GENESIS 36:20 HORITE ................................................. 285
GENESIS 36:24 MULES .................................................. 285
GENESIS 36:31 BEFORE THERE REIGNED ANY KING OVER THE
CHILDREN OF ISRAEL ...................................................... 285
GENESIS 36:33 BOZRAH ................................................ 285
GENESIS 36:39 HADAR ................................................. 285
GENESIS 36:40 NAMES OF THE DUKES THAT CAME OF ESAU ... 285

GENESIS 38:1 AND IT CAME TO PASS AT THAT TIME, THAT JUDAH
WENT DOWN FROM HIS BRETHREN, AND TURNED IN TO A CERTAIN
ADULLAMITE, WHOSE NAME [WAS] HIRAH. ........................ 294
GENESIS 38:3 ER ......................................................... 294
GENESIS 38:6 AND JUDAH TOOK A WIFE FOR ER HIS FIRSTBORN,
WHOSE NAME [WAS] TAMAR. ......................................... 294
GENESIS 38:8 RAISE UP SEED TO THY BROTHER.................... 294
GENESIS 38:9 ONAN KNEW THAT THE SEED SHOULD NOT BE HIS
................................................................................ 294
GENESIS 38:11 THEN SAID JUDAH TO TAMAR HIS DAUGHTER IN
LAW. REMAIN A WIDOW AT THY FATHER'S HOUSE, TILL SHELAH MY
SON BE GROWN: FOR HE SAID, LEST PERADVENTURE HE DIE ALSO,
AS HIS BRETHREN DID .................................................... 295
GENESIS 38:14 COVERED HER WITH A VAIL, AND WRAPPED
HERSELF, AND SAT IN AN OPEN PLACE ................................ 295
GENESIS 38:18 THY SIGNET, AND THY BRACELETS, AND THY STAFF
THAT [IS] IN THINE HAND. ............................................... 295
GENESIS 38:19 WIDOWHOOD ........................................ 295
GENESIS 38:24 THY DAUGHTER IN LAW HATH PLAYED THE HARLOT
................................................................................ 296
GENESIS 38:29 BREACH ................................................ 296
GENESIS 38:30 ZARAH .................................................. 296
THE BOOK OF RUTH (SYNOPSIS) ...................................... 296
THE REDEMPTION: CHAPTER 4 ........................................ 297
THE STRANGE PROPHECY ............................................... 297
TYPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS ................................................. 297
OBSERVATIONS ............................................................ 297
RUTH: FINAL REMARKS.................................................. 297
PROPHETIC UNDERCURRENTS.......................................... 297

GENESIS 37 .................................................................. 286

GENESIS 39 .................................................................. 299

GENESIS 37:1 JACOB DWELT IN THE LAND .......................... 287
GENESIS 37:2 JOSEPH ................................................... 287
GENESIS 37:3 NOW ISRAEL LOVED JOSEPH MORE THAN ALL HIS
CHILDREN, BECAUSE HE WAS THE SON OF HIS OLD AGE: AND HE
MADE HIM A COAT OF MANY COLOURS. .............................. 287
GENESIS 37:4 SAW THAT THEIR FATHER LOVED HIM MORE ..... 289
GENESIS 37:7 MY SHEAF AROSE, AND ALSO STOOD UPRIGHT... 290
GENESIS 37:9 BEHOLD, THE SUN AND THE MOON AND THE ELEVEN
STARS. ....................................................................... 290
GENESIS 37:10 HIS FATHER REBUKED HIM .......................... 290
GENESIS 37:11 ENVIED HIM ........................................... 290
GENESIS 37:19 DREAMER ............................................. 290
GENESIS 37:20 COME NOW THEREFORE, AND LET US SLAY HIM,
AND CAST HIM INTO SOME PIT.......................................... 290
GENESIS 37:21 REUBEN HEARD IT .................................... 290
GENESIS 37:23 THEY STRIPT JOSEPH OUT OF HIS COAT .......... 290
GENESIS 37:25 SAT DOWN TO EAT BREAD ......................... 291
GENESIS 37: 25 ISHMAELITES ......................................... 291

GENESIS 39:1 JOSEPH WAS BROUGHT DOWN TO EGYPT ........ 299
GENESIS 39:2 AND THE LORD WAS WITH JOSEPH, AND HE WAS A
PROSPEROUS MAN ........................................................ 299
GENESIS 39:3 SAW THAT THE LORD WAS WITH HIM ............ 300
GENESIS 39:6 AND JOSEPH WAS [A] GOODLY [PERSON], AND WELL
FAVOURED. ................................................................. 300
GENESIS 39:9 HOW THEN CAN I DO THIS GREAT WICKEDNESS, AND
SIN AGAINST GOD? ....................................................... 301
GENESIS 39:10 DAY BY DAY, THAT HE HEARKENED NOT UNTO HER,
TO LIE BY HER, OR TO BE WITH HER.................................... 301
GENESIS 39:12 CAUGHT HIM BY HIS GARMENT ................... 301
GENESIS 39:14 MOCK US ............................................... 301
GENESIS 29:20 AND JOSEPH’S MASTER TOOK HIM, AND PUT HIM
INTO THE PRISON, A PLACE WHERE THE KING’S PRISONERS WERE
BOUND: AND HE WAS THERE IN THE PRISON. ....................... 301
GENESIS 39:21 LORD WAS WITH JOSEPH ......................... 301
GENESIS 39:22 COMMITTED TO JOSEPH'S HAND ALL THE
PRISONERS THAT WERE IN THE PRISON; AND WHATSOEVER THEY

GENESIS 36 .................................................................. 283

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Expositional Study of Genesis
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DID THERE, HE WAS THE DOER OF IT

.................................. 302

GENESIS 40 .................................................................. 303
GENESIS 40:2

AGAINST THE CHIEF OF THE BUTLERS, AND AGAINST

THE CHIEF OF THE BAKERS. .............................................. 303

GENESIS 40:8 JOSEPH SAID UNTO THEM, DO NOT
INTERPRETATIONS BELONG TO GOD? TELL ME THEM, I PRAY YOU.
................................................................................ 303
GENESIS 40:11 I TOOK THE GRAPES, AND PRESSED THEM INTO
PHARAOH'S CUP, AND I GAVE THE CUP INTO PHARAOH'S HAND.
................................................................................ 304
GENESIS 40:12 THIS IS THE INTERPRETATION OF IT ............... 304
GENESIS 40:13 YET WITHIN THREE DAYS............................ 304
GENESIS 40:14 THINK ON ME WHEN IT SHALL BE WELL WITH THEE,
AND SHEW KINDNESS, I PRAY THEE, UNTO ME, AND MAKE MENTION
OF ME UNTO PHARAOH, AND BRING ME OUT OF THIS HOUSE ... 304
GENESIS 40:15 LAND OF THE HEBREWS............................. 304
GENESIS 40:19 PHARAOH LIFT UP THY HEAD FROM OFF THEE, AND
SHALL HANG THEE ON A TREE; .......................................... 304
GENESIS 40:20 PHARAOH'S BIRTHDAY, THAT HE MADE A FEAST
UNTO ALL HIS SERVANTS: AND HE LIFTED UP THE HEAD OF THE
CHIEF BUTLER AND OF THE CHIEF BAKER AMONG HIS SERVANTS 304
GENESIS 40:23 YET DID NOT THE CHIEF BUTLER REMEMBER
JOSEPH, BUT FORGAT HIM............................................... 304
GENESIS 41 .................................................................. 306
GENESIS 41:1 TWO FULL YEARS ....................................... 307
GENESIS 41:8 HIS SPIRIT WAS TROUBLED ........................... 307
GENESIS 41:8 MAGICIANS OF EGYPT ................................. 307
GENESIS 41:8 NONE THAT COULD INTERPRET ...................... 307
GENESIS 41:9 MY FAULTS............................................... 307
GENESIS 41:14 THEY BROUGHT HIM HASTILY OUT OF THE
DUNGEON: AND HE SHAVED [HIMSELF] .............................. 308
GENESIS 41:16 IT IS NOT IN ME ....................................... 308
GENESIS 41:25 THE DREAM OF PHARAOH [IS] ONE: GOD HATH
SHEWED PHARAOH ....................................................... 308
GENESIS 41:33 NOW THEREFORE LET PHARAOH LOOK OUT A MAN
DISCREET AND WISE, AND SET HIM OVER THE LAND OF EGYPT. . 308
GENESIS 41:37 AND THE THING WAS GOOD IN THE EYES OF
PHARAOH, AND IN THE EYES OF ALL HIS SERVANTS ................ 308
GENESIS 41:38 CAN WE FIND SUCH A ONE AS THIS IS, A MAN IN
WHOM THE SPIRIT OF GOD IS?......................................... 308
GENESIS 41:42 AND PHARAOH TOOK OFF HIS RING FROM HIS
HAND, AND PUT IT UPON JOSEPH'S HAND, AND ARRAYED HIM IN
VESTURES OF FINE LINEN, AND PUT A GOLD CHAIN ABOUT HIS NECK;
................................................................................ 308
GENESIS 41:44 I AM PHARAOH, AND WITHOUT THEE SHALL NO
MAN LIFT UP HIS HAND OR FOOT IN ALL THE LAND OF EGYPT.... 308
GENESIS 41:45 PHARAOH CALLED JOSEPH'S NAME ZAPHNATHPAANEAH; AND HE GAVE HIM TO WIFE ASENATH THE DAUGHTER OF
POTI-PHERAH PRIEST OF ON ............................................ 309
GENESIS 41:46 THIRTY YEARS OLD ................................... 309
GENESIS 41:51 MANASSEH ............................................ 309
GENESIS 41:52 EPHRAIM............................................... 309
GENESIS 42 .................................................................. 310
Introduction to the Holy Bible

Table of Contents IX

GENESIS 42:2 GET YOU DOWN THITHER............................. 311
GENESIS 42:4 LEST PERADVENTURE MISCHIEF BEFALL HIM ..... 311
GENESIS 42:6 JOSEPH WAS THE GOVERNOR OVER THE LAND, AND
HE IT WAS THAT SOLD TO ALL THE PEOPLE OF THE LAND.......... 311
GENESIS 42:7 SPAKE ROUGHLY UNTO THEM ....................... 311
GENESIS 42:15 HEREBY YE SHALL BE PROVED ..................... 311
GENESIS 42:15 BY THE LIFE OF PHARAOH .......................... 311
GENESIS 42:18 I FEAR GOD ........................................... 311
GENESIS 42:19 LET ONE OF YOUR BRETHREN BE BOUND IN THE
HOUSE OF YOUR PRISON ................................................. 312
GENESIS 42:28 WHAT IS THIS THAT GOD HATH DONE UNTO US
................................................................................ 312
GENESIS 42:35 EVERY MAN'S BUNDLE OF MONEY WAS IN HIS
SACK: AND WHEN BOTH THEY AND THEIR FATHER SAW THE
BUNDLES OF MONEY, THEY WERE AFRAID ........................... 312
GENESIS 42:38 MY SON SHALL NOT GO DOWN WITH YOU; FOR HIS
BROTHER IS DEAD, AND HE IS LEFT ALONE ........................... 312
GENESIS 42:38 GRAVE .................................................. 312
GENESIS 43 .................................................................. 313
GENESIS 43:8 LAD........................................................ 314
GENESIS 43:11 TAKE OF THE BEST FRUITS IN THE LAND IN YOUR
VESSELS, AND CARRY DOWN THE MAN A PRESENT, A LITTLE BALM,
AND A LITTLE HONEY, SPICES, AND MYRRH, NUTS, AND ALMONDS
................................................................................ 314
GENESIS 43:13 THE MAN............................................... 314
GENESIS 43:14 GOD ALMIGHTY ..................................... 314
GENESIS 43:23 PEACE [BE] TO YOU, FEAR NOT: YOUR GOD, AND
THE GOD OF YOUR FATHER, HATH GIVEN YOU TREASURE IN YOUR
SACKS: I HAD YOUR MONEY. ............................................ 322
GENESIS 43:26 BOWED THEMSELVES TO HIM TO THE EARTH .. 322
GENESIS 43:32 BY HIMSELF, AND FOR THEM BY THEMSELVES, AND
FOR THE EGYPTIANS, WHICH DID EAT WITH HIM, BY THEMSELVES:
BECAUSE THE EGYPTIANS MIGHT NOT EAT BREAD WITH THE
HEBREWS; FOR THAT IS AN ABOMINATION UNTO THE EGYPTIANS
................................................................................ 322
GENESIS 44 .................................................................. 323
GENESIS 44:4 JOSEPH SAID UNTO HIS STEWARD, ................. 324
GENESIS 44:5 DIVINETH ................................................ 324
GENESIS 44:9 LET HIM DIE ............................................. 324
GENESIS 44:13 RENT THEIR CLOTHES ................................ 324
GENESIS 44:15 DIVINE .................................................. 325
GENESIS 44:16 WHAT SHALL WE SAY UNTO MY LORD? ......... 325
GENESIS 44:19MY LORD ASKED HIS SERVANTS, SAYING, HAVE YE A
FATHER, OR A BROTHER? ................................................ 325
GENESIS 44:30 SEEING THAT HIS LIFE IS BOUND UP IN THE LAD'S
LIFE ........................................................................... 325
GENESIS 45 .................................................................. 326
GENESIS 45:1 THEN JOSEPH COULD NOT REFRAIN HIMSELF BEFORE
ALL THEM THAT STOOD BY HIM ... ..................................... 326
GENESIS 45:3 TROUBLED ............................................... 327
GENESIS 45:5 GOD DID SEND ME BEFORE YOU TO PRESERVE LIFE
................................................................................ 327
GENESIS 45:6 TWO YEARS HATH THE FAMINE BEEN IN THE LAND

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................................................................................ 328
GENESIS 45:7 GOD SENT ME BEFORE YOU TO PRESERVE YOU A
POSTERITY IN THE EARTH, AND TO SAVE YOUR LIVES BY A GREAT
DELIVERANCE ............................................................... 329
GENESIS 45:10 GOSHEN................................................ 329
GENESIS 45:11 THY HOUSEHOLD, AND ALL THAT THOU HAST .. 329
GENESIS 46 .................................................................. 330
GENESIS 46:2 GOD SPAKE UNTO ISRAEL ............................ 330
GENESIS 46:3 I WILL THERE MAKE OF THEE A GREAT NATION .. 331
GENESIS 46:4 PUT HIS HAND UPON THINE EYES ................... 331
GENESIS 46:12 PHAREZ................................................. 331
GENESIS 46:13 JOB ...................................................... 331
GENESIS 46:15 THESE BE THE SONS OF LEAH ...................... 331
GENESIS 46:26 OUT OF HIS LOINS, BESIDES JACOB'S SONS' WIVES
................................................................................ 332
GENESIS 46:28 HE SENT JUDAH BEFORE HIM UNTO JOSEPH .... 332
GENESIS 46:30 NOW LET ME DIE, SINCE I HAVE SEEN THY FACE
................................................................................ 332
GENESIS 47 .................................................................. 333
GENESIS 47:9

DAYS OF THE YEARS OF MY PILGRIMAGE [ARE] AN

HUNDRED AND THIRTY YEARS: FEW AND EVIL HAVE THE DAYS OF
THE YEARS OF MY LIFE BEEN............................................. 334

GENESIS 47:27 ISRAEL .................................................. 334
GENESIS 47:31 BOWED HIMSELF UPON THE BED'S HEAD........ 334
GENESIS 48 .................................................................. 335
GENESIS 48:3 GOD ALMIGHTY ........................................ 335
GENESIS 48:5 EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH .......................... 335
GENESIS 48: 6 AND THY ISSUE, WHICH THOU BEGETTEST AFTER
THEM, SHALL BE THINE, [AND] SHALL BE CALLED AFTER THE NAME
OF THEIR BRETHREN IN THEIR INHERITANCE. ........................ 337
GENESIS 48:7 RACHEL DIED BY ME IN THE LAND OF CANAAN .. 337
GENESIS 48:16 THE ANGEL WHICH REDEEMED ME FROM ALL EVIL,
BLESS THE LADS; AND LET MY NAME BE NAMED ON THEM, AND THE
NAME OF MY FATHERS ABRAHAM AND ISAAC; AND LET THEM
GROW INTO A MULTITUDE IN THE MIDST OF THE EARTH. ......... 337
GENESIS 48:20 GOD MAKE THEE AS EPHRAIM AND AS MANASSEH:
AND HE SET EPHRAIM BEFORE MANASSEH. ......................... 337
GENESIS 49 .................................................................. 338
GENESIS 49:1 THAT WHICH SHALL BEFALL YOU IN THE LAST DAYS
................................................................................ 338
GENESIS 49:2 GATHER YOURSELVES TOGETHER, AND HEAR, YE
SONS OF JACOB; AND HEARKEN UNTO ISRAEL YOUR FATHER .... 339
GENESIS 49:3 EXCELLENCY OF DIGNITY, AND THE EXCELLENCY OF
POWER....................................................................... 340
GENESIS 49:4 UNSTABLE AS WATER, THOU SHALT NOT EXCEL;
BECAUSE THOU WENTEST UP TO THY FATHER'S BED; THEN
DEFILEDST THOU IT ........................................................ 340

Introduction to the Holy Bible

Table of Contents X

GENESIS 49:5 INSTRUMENTS OF CRUELTY ARE IN THEIR
HABITATIONS ............................................................... 340
GENESIS 49:6 O MY SOUL, COME NOT THOU INTO THEIR SECRET;
UNTO THEIR ASSEMBLY, MINE HONOUR, BE NOT THOU UNITED: FOR
IN THEIR ANGER THEY SLEW A MAN, AND IN THEIR SELFWILL THEY
DIGGED DOWN A WALL. ................................................. 340
GENESIS 49:7 I WILL DIVIDE THEM ................................... 340
GENESIS 49:7 JACOB .................................................... 341
GENESIS 49:8 JUDAH, THOU [ART HE] WHOM THY BRETHREN
SHALL PRAISE: THY HAND [SHALL BE] IN THE NECK OF THINE
ENEMIES; THY FATHER'S CHILDREN SHALL BOW DOWN BEFORE
THEE. ........................................................................ 341
GENESIS 49:9 LION ...................................................... 341
GENESIS 49:10 THE SCEPTRE SHALL NOT DEPART FROM JUDAH,
NOR A LAWGIVER FROM BETWEEN HIS FEET, UNTIL SHILOH COME;
AND UNTO HIM [SHALL] THE GATHERING OF THE PEOPLE [BE]. . 341
GENESIS 49: 12 HIS EYES SHALL BE RED WITH WINE, AND HIS
TEETH WHITE WITH MILK. ............................................... 342
GENESIS 49:13 ZEBULUN SHALL DWELL AT THE HAVEN OF THE SEA;
AND HE SHALL BE FOR AN HAVEN OF SHIPS; AND HIS BORDER SHALL
BE UNTO ZIDON. .......................................................... 342
GENESIS 49:14 ISSACHAR IS A STRONG ASS COUCHING DOWN
BETWEEN TWO BURDENS:............................................... 343
GENESIS 49:16 DAN .................................................... 343
GENESIS 49:19 GAD, A TROOP SHALL OVERCOME HIM: BUT HE
SHALL OVERCOME AT THE LAST. ....................................... 343
GENESIS 49:20 2 OUT OF ASHERHIS BREAD SHALL BE FAT, AND HE
SHALL YIELD ROYAL DAINTIES. .......................................... 343
GENESIS 49:21 NAPHTALI IS A HIND LET LOOSE: HE GIVETH
GOODLY WORDS. .......................................................... 344
GENESIS 49:22 JOSEPH IS A FRUITFUL BOUGH, EVEN A FRUITFUL
BOUGH BY A WELL; WHOSE BRANCHES RUN OVER THE WALL: .. 344
GENESIS 49:25 [WHO SHALL HELP THEE; AND BY THE ALMIGHTY,
WHO SHALL BLESS THEE.................................................. 348
GENESIS 49:27 BENJAMIN SHALL RAVIN AS A WOLF: IN THE
MORNING HE SHALL DEVOUR THE PREY, AND AT NIGHT HE SHALL
DIVIDE THE SPOIL. ......................................................... 348
GENESIS 49:28 TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL.......................... 349
GENESIS 49:31 THERE THEY BURIED ABRAHAM AND SARAH HIS
WIFE; THERE THEY BURIED ISAAC AND REBEKAH HIS WIFE; AND
THERE I BURIED LEAH .................................................... 349
GENESIS 49:33 YIELDED UP THE GHOST ............................. 349
GENESIS 50 .................................................................. 350
GENESIS 50:2 PHYSICIANS .............................................. 350
GENESIS 50:2 EMBALMED .............................................. 351
GENESIS 50:25 YE SHALL CARRY UP MY BONES FROM HENCE .. 351
GENESIS 50:26 HUNDRED AND TEN YEARS OLD ................... 351
GENESIS 50:26 COFFIN ................................................. 351
SUMMARY OF GENESIS ............................................... 352

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Introduction to the Holy Bible
THE BIBLE IS THE WORD OF GOD
A. GOD'S SPECIAL BOOK
The Word of God – the Holy Bible – is God’s special Book. It is not like other books, but is a supernatural Book. It
was written by many different people, who wrote by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit (see2 Timothy 3:16).
The Bible is the world’s best seller. It consistently outsells any other book.
The Bible has been translated into more languages than any other book in the world. It was originally written in
three languages – Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. The Bible you have has been translated by dedicated people so that
you can have God’s words, thoughts and plans.
The Bible is also one of the oldest books in the world. The most ancient portions of the Bible date back almost
4,000 years. Yet it is still the most modern book in the world today; for in it we find the answers to life’s greatest
questions:
 “Where did I come from?”
 “Why am I here?”
 “Where will I go?”
Even though the Bible is made up of 66 smaller books, it has only one central theme: God’s loving plan to rescue
mankind.
At the front of the Bible you will find a list of the 66 books that can be found in the Bible.





The Bible is divided into two sections:
The Old Testament and the New Testament.
The Old Testament tells us about God’s work with His people before the birth of Jesus.
The New Testament tells us about Jesus’ birth, His life, His great ministry of healing and forgiveness for sick
and sinful people, His death on a cross, His being raised from the dead and His ascension (going back to
Heaven).
It also tells us about the continuation of His healing, forgiving ministry through those who saw Him after
His resurrection. Those who follow Jesus’ teaching do many miraculous works just as He said they would
(see John 14:12)
The teaching of those who saw Him after He was raised from the dead is contained in the Epistles (Letters).
These were written within the first fifty years after Jesus’ resurrection. These make up about half the New
Testament.

STUDY THE BIBLE
The most important relationship you can have in this life is with God. Through reading the Bible you come to
understand what God is like – His thoughts, His plans and His promises for you.
The list (index) in the front of the Bible will help you find the page number of the part of the Bible you may wish to
study.
To help you find specific parts of the Bible, the translators organized the text into:






Books.
Chapters within the Books, and
Verses within the Chapters.
For instance, if you see a reference like “Genesis 3:15”, this would mean
The BOOK of Genesis,
CHAPTER three, and
VERSE fifteen.

HERE IS THE WORLD’S GREATEST PROMISE
“For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but
have eternal life”(John 3:16)

THE PURPOSE OF THE WORD OF GOD
“The Holy Scriptures are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is Godbreathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness” (2 Tim 3:15, 16).

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“His divine power has given us everything we need for life and godliness through our knowledge of him who
called us by his own glory and goodness. Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so
that trough them you may participate in the divine nature and escape the corruption in the world caused by even
desires.”(2 Pet 1:3,4).

THE WORD OF GOD PRODUCES LIFE
“The words I have spoken to you are spirit and they are life” (John 6:63).

It Is Creative
By the WORD OF THE LORD were the heavens made, their starry host by the breath of his mouth…¦ For he spoke,
and it came to be; He commanded, and it stood firm” (Ps.33:6,9). See also Hebrews 11.3.

THE WORD OF GOD IS LIKE WATER
1. It cleanses
We start life in the Kingdom of God totally “washed clean” by the Word of God.
You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you” (John15:3). See also Ephesians 5:25-27.

2. It Keeps Clean
The Word of God, planted in our hearts, keeps us free from sin.
How can a young man keep his way pure? By living according to your word…¦
I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you” (Ps.119: 9,11).

THE WORD OF GOD IS LIGHT FOR OUR LIVES
And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light
shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts” (2 Pet 1:19).

It Gives Understanding In A Dark World
.. the commands of the Lord are radiant, giving light to the eyes”(19:8)
“Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path.The entrance of your words gives light; it gives
understanding to the simple” (Ps.119:105, 130)

THE WORD OF GOD IS SPIRITUAL FOOD
Jesus answered. It is written: “Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth
of God” (Matt 4:4).

It Causes Spiritual Growth
Brothers, I could not address you as spiritual but as worldly-mere infants in Christ. I gave milk, not solid food, for
you were not ready for it…” (1Cor.3:1:2).
“Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation (1 Pet 2:2).
God’s aim for each of us is expressed in Ephesians 4:12-15:
“that the body of Christ may be built up until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God
and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.”

THE WORD OF GOD IS SEED
In Luke 8:14, 15, Jesus told His disciples the parable of the sower.
In verse 11 He said: “The seed is the word of God” God’s will for our lives is fruitfulness (Ps.1:3).
“Now he who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will also supply and increase your store of seed and
will enlarge the harvest of your righteousness" (2 Cor.9:10)

THE WORD OF GOD IS LIKE A SWORD

Take the sword of the spirit, which is the word of God” (Eph 6:17). See also Hebrews 4:12.
Note how Jesus used the “sword” against Satan in His temptation in the wilderness (Luke 4:1-14)

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THE WORD OF GOD HELPS US TO PRAY
“If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be given you” John 15:7
‘Ask whatever you wish’ literally means to ‘ask as one who has the right – with authority (to command)’. Now the
creative word is in OUR MOUTH!

THE WORD OF GOD IS STRONG IN US
“Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his
house on the rock. The rain come down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against the house; yet it did
not fall, because it had its foundations on the rock” (Matt 7:24, 25). See also verses 26, 27.
Jesus said that the wise man who built his house on the rock was a picture of those who hear His Word and obey it.
The word of God builds inner concrete within our lives so that no matter what may come against us we will stand
strong.

A BETTER VIEW
There are only two world views: either everything is a result of a cosmic accident, or we are the result of a
deliberate design by a Designer.
There are also four basic questions common to every individual: Who am I? Where did I come from? Why am I
here? and, Where am I going when I die?

TWO CRITICAL DISCOVERIES
1. We have in our possession an Integrated Message System consisting of 66 separate books penned by 40
different individual over thousands of years…in which every detail is anticipated by deliberate, skillful,
design!
2. And which demonstrates that its origin is from outside our time domain.

One Integrated Design:
The New Testament is in the Old Testament concealed
The Old Testament is in the New Testament revealed. — Augustine

PREPARATIONS AND PRECONDITIONS
1) Are you saved? The essential prerequisite (1 Cor 2:14; Jn 3:3). Being born again is more important than a
knowledge of Hebrew or Greek. Aesthetic sense vs. “techniques.” Word used (1 Pet 1:23; Jn 1:18).
2) Prayer (always). In His presence (Gen 5:24). Be under the tutorship of the Author! (Jas 1:5, 6). The Word of
God (1 Cor 1:5; 1 Thess 2:3).
3) Obedience. Pre-committed to be willing and surrendered (Jn 7:17; Jas 1:22). Truth obeyed leads to more
truth. Pattern: the Call; Obedience; then, Revelation.
4) Love of the Bible requires knowing your Bible; Knowing your Bible leads to a deeper love of Him.

YOUR APPROACH
Presuppositions: The Bible is 66 books, written by 40 authors, over thousands of years, yet:
a) it is an integrated message system, where every detail, every number, and every place name has
mysterious significance; “Yots and tittles” (Mt 5:17,18).
b) its origin is demonstrably from outside our domain of time itself: it proves its supernatural origin by
describing history in advance.

STRATEGIC GRASP


NT is in the OT concealed; OT is in the NT revealed. One book. One message. God changes not.
Freedom from scientific error. Anticipates the latest advances. Seeing is believing? No. Believing is seeing.
Be “childlike”: not full of your own wisdom (Mk 9:3).
Be free of presupposition; not seeking confirmation of prior beliefs. Remember Acts 17:11. Be open and
searching—daily!

LANGUAGES OF THE BIBLE
1. The O.T., with the exception of Ezra 4:8-6:18; Ezra 7:12-26; Jeremiah 10:11; Daniel 2:4-7:28, was written in
Hebrew. These passages were written in Aramaic (the so-called Chaldee), a dialect related to Hebrew
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which gradually took its place as the spoken language after the exile.
2. The language of the N.T. was the common (Hellenistic) Greek or Hebrew-Greek, so-called because the Jews
introduced so many of their own idioms into the Greek which became well known through the influence of
the Septuagint and Jewish businessmen who traveled everywhere. This was the commercial language
spoken throughout the Roman Empire at the time of Christ, and it was the most adapted to express
Christian doctrine. The Bible is now printed in over 1,100 languages and dialects.

DIVINELY AUTHORIZED
“All Scripture is . . . profitable” in four ways: for doctrine—that’s what’s right; for reproof—that’s what’s not right;
for correction—that’s how to get right; and for instruction in righteousness—that’s how to stay right (2 Timothy
3:16).

DIVISIONS OF THE BIBLE
1) The O.T. Five divisions-Thirty-nine books:
1) The Pentateuch-5 books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
- Genesis
The Book of Beginnings
- Exodus
The Birth of the Nation
- Leviticus
The Law of the Nation
- Numbers
The Wilderness Wanderings
- Deuteronomy
The Laws Reviewed
2) The twelve historical books: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2
Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther
3) The five poetical books: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon (Canticles)
4) The five books of the major prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
5) The twelve books of the minor prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum,
Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
2) The N.T. Five Divisions-Twenty-seven Books:
1) The Four gospels-History of the Messiah: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
2) The historical book: Acts of the Holy Spirit and the apostles
3) The fourteen Pauline epistles: Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians,
Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews
4) The seven general epistles: James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude
5) The Prophetical book: Revelation
3) The three divisions of the Septuagint:
1) The historical: Genesis-Esther
2) The poetical: Job-Song of Solomon
3) The prophetical: Isaiah-Malachi
4) The nine dispensational divisions of the Bible: See Nine Dispensations of Scripture.
1) Dispensation of Angels (Genesis 1:1-2)
2) Dispensation of Innocence (Genesis 2:15-3:21)
3) Dispensation of Conscience (Genesis 3:22-8:14)
4) Dispensation of Human Government (Genesis 8:15-11:32)
5) Dispensation of Promise (Genesis 12:1-Exodus 12:37)
6) Dispensation of Law (Exodus 12:38-Matthew 2:23). See Matthew 11:10-13; Luke 16:16
7) Dispensation of Grace (Matthew 3:1-Rev. 19:10)
8) Dispensation of Divine Government-the Millennium (Rev. 19:11-20:15)
9) Dispensation of the Redeemed and faithful Angels (Rev. 21:1-22:5)

WHAT THE BIBLE IS NOT
1. The Bible is not an amulet, charm, fetish, or anything to work wonders by its very presence alone, and it
does not claim to be such. It does claim that if one will study and practice its teachings he will see wonders
worked in his life both now and in the hereafter.

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2. The Bible is not a book of chronological events or an unbroken series of divine utterances. It was given,
here a little and there a little, to many men through 18 centuries (Isaiah 28:9-11); but regardless of this, it
forms a perfect unity.
3. The Bible is not a book of heavenly utterances in supernatural language; it is God's revelation in the most
simple human language possible.
4. The Bible is not a book of mysteries; it explains its so-called mysteries, and is so self-interpreting that no
mystery remains.
5. The Bible is not a book that says one thing and means another. Generally, the passages have one simple
meaning. In the few which have a double meaning, this fact is quite clear, either from the verses
themselves or from parallel passages. One cannot, as is sometimes said, get a thousand different meanings
from the Scriptures.
6. The Bible is not a specimen of God's skill as a writer or logician. It is a book written by men whom He used
to record His revelation. The method was by giving them ways of expressing truth, and freedom in the use
of their own language. What inspiration guarantees is unity of truth, not sameness of words and
expressions.
7. The Bible is not a book of systematic discourses on any one subject, but it does give divine information on
practically every subject. One must collect together, from here and there, all God's information through
various writers, in order to know the whole truth. When this is done there is perfect harmony, and
everything which a man really needs to know about a subject is clear.
8. The Bible is not a book adapted to the tastes, customs, and habits of any one nation or people; it is not for
any one age or period of time. It is a book to which all people in all ages can conform, and yet retain their
own lawful customs and habits which are not contrary to the will of God.

WHAT THE BIBLE IS
1. The Bible is God's inspired revelation of the origin and destiny of all things. Here heaven is opened and the
gates of hell disclosed. It is the traveler's map, the pilgrim's staff, the pilot's compass, the soldier's sword,
and the Christian's charter.
2. The Bible is the power of God unto eternal salvation and the source of present help for body, soul, and
spirit (Romans 1:16; John 15:7). Christ is its grand subject, man's good its design, and the glory of God its
end. It is a mine of wealth, the source of health, and a world of pleasure.
3. The Bible is God's will or testament to men in all ages, revealing the plan of God for man here and now, and
in the next life. It will be opened at the judgment, and it will last forever. It involves the highest
responsibility, will reward for the least to the greatest of labor, and will condemn all who trifle with its
sacred contents.
4. The Bible is the record of God's dealings with man in the past, present, and future. It contains His message
of eternal salvation for all who believe in Christ, and eternal damnation for all who rebel against the gospel.
5. As a literary composition, the Bible is the most remarkable book ever made. It is a divine library of 66
books, some of considerable size, and others no larger than a tract. These books include various forms of
literature-history, biography, poetry, proverbial sayings, hymns, letters, directions for elaborate ritualistic
worship, laws, parables, riddles, allegories, prophecy, and all other forms of human expression.
6. The Bible is the only book that reveals the mind of God, the state of man, the way of salvation, the doom of
sinners, and the happiness of believers. Its doctrines are holy, its precepts binding, its histories true, and
its decisions immutable. It contains light to direct, spiritual food to sustain, and comfort to cheer. Man
should read it to be wise, believe it to be safe, and practice it to be holy. He should read it that it might fill
his memory, rule his heart, and guide his feet in righteousness and true holiness. He should read it slowly,
frequently, prayerfully, meditatively, searchingly, devotionally; and study it constantly, perseveringly, and
industriously-through and through, until it becomes a part of his being, generating faith that will move
mountains. See Twelve Symbols of the Word of God, * Hebrews 4:12, note.

CANON OF THE BIBLE
The term Canon of Scripture means the complete collection of books which are regarded as of Divine authority.
The word canon in Gr. means a straight rod, rule, or measure. As applied to Scripture it means the rules by which
certain books were declared to be inspired and accepted as such. The points governing which should be rejected
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Formation of O.T. Canon:
The O.T. Canon was at first gradual and not created by ecclesiastical authority. The beginning was made by Moses
In David's time the office of recorder was established and detailed records were kept by all the kings of Israel. The
final collection of writings and the Canon of the O.T. was completed during the time of Ezra, Nehemiah (Ezra 7:6;
Ezra 8:1-8; 2 Macc. 2:13), the Great Synagogue, and Simon the Just (about 292 B.C.). At least the O.T. Canon of
Scripture was completed by the time of the Septuagint translation of the O.T. accepted books into Greek (294-289
B.C.).
After the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, the Sanhedrin moved to Tiberius and later to Jammia, a small town 13
mi. south of Joppa where in A.D. 90 the Canon of the O.T. was again decided upon, the apocryphal books (most of
which were written the last 3 centuries B.C.) being rejected from the Jewish Canon of Scripture. This list of O.T.
books called the Palestinian Canon has been universally accepted by the Protestant Church.
Many N.T. scriptures prove that the present O.T. Canon of Scripture was accepted in the days of Christ and the
apostles (Matthew 21:42; Matthew 22:29; Matthew 23:33; Luke 11:51; Luke 24:27-32,44; John 5:39; John 10:35; 2
Tim. 3:15-17). Not once is there a reference to a controversy over the O.T. Canon. It was a settled subject at that
time, and should have never been brought up again by any church in this age.

Formation of N.T. Canon
Of the 8 authors who wrote the 27 books of the N.T. not one ever suggested that he was adding to a collection of
holy Scriptures (Luke 1:1-3; John 20:30-31; 2 Cor. 15:1-9; 1 John 1:4; 1 John 2:1,7,12,25; 1 John 5:13; 2 Peter 3:1316; Jude 3; Rev. 1:11-19); nevertheless, the N.T. books written by the apostles and other inspired men were soon
held to be as sacred and inspired as the O.T. books; and together they became the rule of faith for the church.
In the formation of the N.T. Canon, 20 out of 27 books were universally accepted immediately as genuine. Only
Hebrews, 2 John and 3 John, 2 Peter, Jude, James, and Revelation were questioned by some. The main objections
were that Hebrews did not bear the name of its author; 2 Peter differed from 1 Peter in style; the writers of James
and Jude called themselves servants instead of apostles; and the writer of 2 John and 3 John called himself an elder
instead of an apostle. The book of Revelation was questioned because of its peculiar character. After deliberate
examination, however, these books were also received as genuine and authentic. By the beginning of the 4th
century all 27 books of the present N.T. had been received by most churches; and by the end of that century they
had been received by all churches without further doubt. There being many in those days who were writing novels
and fantastic stories about Jesus Christ, His life and His parents, and other Bible characters, it became a problem for
the early church to decide which books were inspired. The question was finally settled at the Councils of Nicaea,
A.D. 325, Hippo, A.D. 394, and Carthage, A.D. 397. One can therefore wholeheartedly reject the So-Called Lost
Books of the Bible and the Apocrypha as being uninspired.

THE TORAH:
Who wrote the Torah? Moses did.
Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust.
For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me. But if ye believe not his writings, how
shall ye believe my words? - John 5:45-47

THE APOCRYPHAL BOOKS
In some large family Bibles there is a section of 14 books called the Apocrypha-a group of spurious books that were
rejected from our present canon of Scripture because they did not pass the tests required of inspired books:
1. They were not written or approved by a prophet.
2. They were not recognized by the Jews as inspired and a part of Scripture.
3. They were not recognized or quoted by Christ and the apostles, a fact that is more striking when we realize
that Paul even quoted twice from heathen poets.
4. The last O.T. prophet predicted that the next messenger coming to Israel from God would be the
forerunner of Christ (Malachi 3:1). Most of the Apocryphal books were written during the period between
Malachi and Christ.
5. Divine authority is not claimed by their authors, and by some it is virtually disowned (2 Macc. 2:23; 2 Macc.
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6.
7.
8.

9.

10.
11.
12.

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
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15:38).
The books contain statements at variance with the Bible history.
They are self-contradictory and in some cases opposed to doctrines of Scripture.
Josephus, who lived at the time of the apostles, did not regard the Apocryphal books as Scripture. He
stated that the O.T. books (the ones in our present version) were the only inspired writings (Josephus,
Against Apion, I:8).
The Apocryphal books were not a part of the ancient versions of Scripture. They were first added after A.D.
300. The Laodicean Council in A.D. 363 rejected them as being uninspired, thus proving that by that time
some were claiming inspiration for them. (They first appeared in the Vatican Version of the 4th century.
At the Council of Trent in A.D. 1546 Catholics accepted 6 of these books as inspired and added them to
their modern versions of Scripture. They are: Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2
Maccabees).
Philo and others did not regard the Apocryphal books as inspired.
There is a lack of prophetic element in them; and there is an apparent imitation of the inspired O.T. books.
They show too free use of the imagination which has given rise to silly stories and the lack of spiritual force
and power.

THE BIBLE A REVELATION
Christianity is a revealed religion, the record being contained in the sacred Scriptures. See Revelation; the source of
revelation,
Much of the Bible is a revelation. Man could never have known about ages of eternal past, the pre-Adamite world,
Lucifer's past, the creation of the spirit and material worlds, the future eternal ages, and many other things related
to God's plan for man except by direct revelation of these things through the Holy Spirit (Romans 16:25; Ephes. 3:3;
Col. 1:26; Col. 2:3; Rev. 1:1). The many hundreds of prophecies are a direct revelation of things to come, which God
alone could give (Acts 15:18; Ephes. 2:7; Ephes. 3:9-10; Rev. 1:1).
Revelation discovers new truth while inspiration superintends the communication and recording of it. Revelation
guarantees that what God has revealed is truth; inspiration guarantees that not only all revelation, but all other
records of Scripture are truth-that what is recorded actually happened, as recorded. All the Bible is inspired
whether each passage is a revelation or not (2 Tim. 3:15-17). Furthermore, inspiration records with equal accuracy
the language of God, Satan, angels, demons, and men; but it does not place all that is said on the same level. For
example, when Satan, evil spirits, or men are recorded as speaking lies to deceive, inspiration only records what
was actually said; it does not affirm what was said was truth. No lie can be truth, but inspiration can faithfully
record both.
The ignorance of man regarding his origin, past, and eternal future; his lack of knowledge concerning the will of
God; and the fact that all philosophers have failed to construct a complete, coherent, and adequate religion-these
things make revelation absolutely necessary.

RHETORICAL DEVICES




Simile: Resemblance; a declaration that one thing resembles another.
Allegory: Comparison by representation.
Metaphor: Representation; a declaration that one thing is (or represents) another; a simile resembles it; a
hypocastastasis (below) implies it.
Hypocatastasis: Implication; an implied resemblance or representation; teaching a truth about one thing by
substituting another for it which is unlike it.
Type: A figure or example of something future, and more or less prophetic, called the anti-type.

THE JESUS IDENTITY: WHO DO YOU SAY I AM?




Teachings and wonderful ideas cannot rescue a person from a burning building.
The incarnation is the great divide between Christianity and Gnosticsm, Islam, etc.
The Crucifixion was not a tragedy: it was an achievement!
The Resurrection was its validation.
Only God can meet His own requirements:– In Christ He did just that!

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Page 18

HOW TO READ THE BIBLE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Frequently, daily (Joshua 1:8)
Not for controversy, but for profit (Proverbs 3; 2 Tim. 3:16-17)
Meditatively (Psalm 1:3)
In love (Psalm 119:97-104)
With consciousness of need (Matthew 5:6; John 7:37-39; 2 Peter 1:1-10; 2 Peter 3:18)
In faith (Romans 10:17; Hebrews 11:6)
Searchingly (John 5:39)
Openness to all of it (2 Tim. 3:16-17; Hebrews 4:12; Jude 3)
By comparing scripture with scripture (2 Cor. 2:13)
In the Spirit (John 14:16-17; John 15:26; Galatians 5:16,26)
Through, and over and over again (Matthew 5:18)
In obedience (Romans 1:5; Romans 16:26).

EXPOSITIONAL STUDY
It is going through the Bible book by book, in our case, verse by verse.
These studies produce the most lasting results. There is a balance in the
“whole counsel of God.” (Emmaus Road in Luke 24:27.)

THREE-PART STUDY PROGRAM
1) Reading plan (Get in touch with me if you need a Bible reading
plan)
2) Expositional book study (2 Tim 2:14-15) with re-sources (what
you are on right now).
3) Special research projects, topical studies, etc. (The Derek Prince Bible Study we are on).

WHICH TRANSLATION?
All translations have their own problems; KJV problems are best known and KJV helps are the most extensive. I
would not put into my memory anything from the new translations because like many before them, they fade into
history. King James Version has stood the test of time, and as far as memory investment goes, I’d go with that.
Use a Study Bible: Pick one, wear it out, outgrow it. Mark it up; underline; fill the margins.

CONTEXT
Context is important. Yet it can be excessively restrictive. The ultimate “context” is the “whole counsel of God.”
· Matthew 2:15 vs. Hosea 11:1.
· John 10:22.
· Genesis 8:4.
· Luke 4:16-21 vs. Isaiah 61:1, 2.
· Brazen Serpent: Numbers 21:9 vs. John 3:14.

YOUR PERSONAL TUTOR: THE HOLY SPIRIT
“But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, He shall teach you all things,
and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” (John 14:26)
Keep a journal: It is your log book, documenting your journey into the supernatural. Your real, private tutor is the
Holy Spirit Himself. Prove it. He will “teach you all things...” (John 16:13-15). The most powerful form of bandwidth
compression is duplex transmission: a dialog (i.e., fellowship with The Author).

CLASSIC “DISPENSATIONS”
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

Dispensation of Innocence: Creation to the Fall of Man (Gen 3:24).
Dispensation of Conscience: Covenant with Adam to the Flood of Noah (Gen 9).
Dispensation of Human Government: Covenant with Noah to Abraham (Gen 12:1)
Dispensation of Promise: Covenant with Abraham to Moses at Mt. Sinai (Ex 19).
Dispensation of the Law: Mt. Sinai to John the Baptist (Lk 16:16).
Dispensation of Grace (Church): Resurrection to the Second Coming (Eph 3:2-7).

Introduction to the Holy Bible

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7) Millennial Kingdom:(Rev 20).

Page 19

DISTINGUISH: ISRAEL VS. CHURCH
It seems that the Lord deals with Israel and the Church mutually exclusively. The origin, mission, destiny of each is
unique: Israel is mentioned 73 times in NT (Rom 11:25; Rev 2:9; 3:9).
Amillennialism laid the basis for the Holocaust; the tragedy of anti-Semitism for both the Jews and the Church.
The Seventy Week Interval Defined: Dan 9:26; Lk 19:42-Rom 11:25. This interval is the era of the Church, kept
secret in the OT: Mt 13:34, 35; Eph 3:5,9.

THE CHURCH



Born at Pentecost (Col 1:18; 1 Cor 12:13; Acts 1:5, 11:15-16).
One “New Man”:
Eph 2:15
Distinguished: 1 Cor 10:32
“Israel” is never used of the Church. This is heresy: Rom 9-11; Rev 2:9; 3:9.

Prerequisites:
·
·
·
·

Atonement Mt 16:18, 21
Resurrection Eph 1:20-23
Ascension Eph 4:7-11
(Spiritual gifts only after ascension)

Mystery Character:
1)
2)
3)
4)

Body Concept Eph 3:3-5,9
Indwelling every believer Col 1:26-27
Bride of Christ Eph 5:22-32
Rapture 1 Thess 4:16-17, 1 Cor 15:50-58

BIBLE STATISTICS
The Bible as a whole:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)

Number of books-66
Chapters-1,189
Verses-31,101
Words-783,133
Letters-3,566,480
Promises-1,260
Commands-6,468
Predictions-over 8,000
3,268 verses of fulfilled prophecy
3,140 verses of unfulfilled prophecy
Questions-3,296
Longest name-18 letters (Isaiah 8:1)
Longest verse-Esther 8:9

14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)

Number of books-39
Chapters-929
Verse-23,144
Words-602,582
Letters-2,728,100
Middle book-Proverbs
Middle chapter-Job 29
Middle verse-2 Chron. 18:30
Smallest book-Obadiah
Shortest verse-1 Chron. 1:25
Longest verse-Esther 8:9

12) Longest chapter-Psalm 119
13) Largest book-Psalms
14) Passages which are alike or nearly so-2 Kings
19 and Isaiah 37; Ezra 2 and Neh. 7; 2 Chron.
36:22-23 and Ezra 1:1-3a; Psalm 14 and
Psalm 53; Psalm 60:6-12 and Psalm 108:7-13.
Numbers 7 has 12 repeats; Psalm 107 has 4;
and Psalm 136 has 26 repeats. Cp. Genesis
36:31-43 with 1 Chron. 1:43-54.

The Old Testament:

Shortest verse-John 11:35
Middle books-Michah and Nahum
Middle verses-Psalm 103:1,2
Middle and shortest chapter-Psalm 117
Largest book-Psalms
Smallest book-3 John (counting words)
Longest chapter-Psalm 119
Word God occurs 3,358 times
Lord occurs 7,736 times
Authors-40
Languages translated in-over 1,100
First chapter divisions made in A.D. 1227
First complete English Bible-A.D. 1380

The New Testament:
Introduction to the Holy Bible

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For in-church study only - 3rd revision.

1) Number of books-27
8) Middle verse-Acts 7:7
2) Chapters-260
9) Smallest book-3 John (counting words)
3) Verses-7,957
10) Shortest verse-John 11:35
4) Words-180,551
11) Longest verse-Rev. 20:4
5) Letters-838,380
12) Longest chapter-Luke 1
6) Middle book-2 Thessalonians
13) Largest book-Luke
7) Middle chapters-Romans 13, Romans 14
Regarding the Apocrypha, the statistics are as follows: books-14; chapters-184; verses-6,031; words-125,185.

Other interesting facts about the Bible:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)

32)

5 books have only one chapter-Obadiah, Philemon, 2 John, 3 John, and Jude.
Esther and Song of Solomon have no name of God in the English text.
Haggai has only 2 chapters.
7 books have but 3 chapters-Joel, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, 2 Thessalonians, Titus, and 2 Peter.
books have only 4 chapters-Ruth, Jonah, Malachi, Colossians, Philippians, and 2 Timothy.
5 books have only 5 chapters-Lamentations, 1 Thessalonians, James, 1 Peter, and 1 John.
Only 10 books have over 1,000 verses-Genesis (1,533), Exodus (1,213), Numbers (1,288), Job (1,070),
Psalms (2,461), Isaiah (1,292), Jeremiah (1,273), Matthew (1,071), Luke (1,151), and Acts (1,007).
A Bible in the Library of the University of Gottingen is written on 2,470 palm leaves.
The word Lord in the O.T. stands for Jehovah in the majority of places.
The statements of 4 verses in Numbers 7 are repeated 12 times in the chapter.
Numbers 33 has 42 verses having the first two words alike.
Numbers 11:5 is the garden verse of Scripture.
12 verses in Deut. 27 begin with the word cursed and end with Amen.
Exodus 26 has 20 verses having the first three words alike.
13 verses in 1 Chron. 20 end alike.
23 verses in 1 Chron. 25 end alike.
21 verses in Neh. 10 have only 3 words in them.
4 verses in Proverbs 30 begin alike.
Psalm 119 has 22 sections with 8 verses each.
Jeremiah 51 has one expression in it used 9 times-I will break in pieces.
In 3 of the 5 chapters of Lamentations the verses are nearly the same length.
17 verses in Proverbs begin with My son.
4 verses in Jeremiah 4 begin with the phrase I beheld.
Ezekiel 22:19 may be called the metal verse of Scripture.
The only verse in Scripture that has boy and girl in it is Joel 3:3.
9 verses in Matthew 5 begin with Blessed are.
15 verses of Luke 3 begin with Which was.
Of the 5 chapters in Lamentations, 4 have 22 verses each.
The longest verse of Scripture (Esther 8:9) contains 89 words and 425 letters.
There are no words in Scripture more than 6 syllables.
A number of verses in Scripture contain all the letters of the alphabet except one. Ezra 7:21 contains all
but j. Joshua 7:24; 1 Kings 1:9; 1 Chron. 12:40; 2 Chron. 36:10; Ezekiel 28:13; Daniel 4:37; and Haggai 1:1
contain all but q. 2 Kings 16:15 and 1 Chron. 4:10 contain all but z. Galatians 1:14 contains all but k.
There are 8,674 Hebrew words, 5,624 Greek words, and 12,143 different English words in the Bible.

ORDER OF WRITING FOR THE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE
Old Testament
This is a "higher chronology" than you will find elsewhere, meaning that the dates are earlier than in many liberal
sources. Numbers to the right represent the traditional English order

1400 - 1000

1440 - 1400 B.C.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy

#1
#2
#3
#4
#5

6. Joshua
7. Judges

#6
#7

1000 - 586 B.C. (pre-exile - mid-exile)
Period of David and Solomon (ca. 1000 - 931):
8. Psalms
#19
9. Ruth
#8

Expositional Study o f Gen esis
John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
1st Samuel
#9
25. Zephaniah
#36
2nd Samuel
#10
26. 1st Kings
#11
Job
#18
27. 2nd Kings
#12
Proverbs
#20
28. 1st Chronicles
#13
Ecclesiastes
#21
29. 2nd Chronicles
#14
Song of Solomon #22
30. Jeremiah
#24
31. Lamentations
#25
Period of Rehoboam to Hezekiah (931 - 686):
32. Ezekiel
#26
16. Isaiah
#23
33. Daniel
#27
17. Hosea
#28
516 - 400 B.C. (post-exilic)
18. Joel
#29
19. Amos
#30
34. Ezra
#15
20. Obadiah
#31
35. Nehemiah
#16
21. Jonah
#32
36. Esther
#17
22. Micah
#33
37. Haggai
#37
38. Zechariah
#38
Period of Hezekiah to the exile (686 - 586):
39. Malachi
#39
23. Nahum
#34
24. Habakkuk
#35

Page 21

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Introduction to the Holy Bible

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Page 22

New Testament
This is a "higher chronology" than you will find elsewhere = dates are earlier. The numbers to the right represent
the traditional New Testament English order; parenthetical numbers are the traditional order in the Bible overall

40 - 45. A.D.
40. Matthew:

#1

53.
54.
55.
56.

(#40 )

45 - 50 A.D.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.

1st Thessalonians #13
2nd Thessalonians #14
1 Corinthians
#7
2 Corinthians
#8
Romans
#6
Luke
#3

(#52)
(#53)
(#46)
(#47)
(#45)
(#42)

Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
Philemon
Acts

#9
#10
#11
#12
#18
#5

(#54)
(#55)

55 - 60 A.D.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.

50 - 55 A.D.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.

1st Timothy
#15
2nd Timothy
#16
Titus #17 (#56)
Hebrews #19 (#58)
1st Peter
2nd Peter
Mark
James
Jude

#21
#22
#2
#20
#26

(#60)
(#61)
(#41)
(#59)
(#65)

#4
#23
#24
#25
#27

(#43)
(#62)
(#63)
(#64)
#66)

60 - 65 A.D.

(#48)
(#49)
(#50)
(#51)
(#57)
(#44)

62.
63.
64.
65.
66.

John
1st John
2nd John
3rd John
Revelation

BIBLE TIMELINE
All dates are approximate
Before Time

In the Beginning was the Word

John 1

Before 4000 BC

The Creation

Genesis 1

Before 4000 BC

The Garden of Eden

Genesis 2

Before 4000 BC

The Fall of Man

Genesis 3

Before 3000 BC

Cain kills Abel

Genesis 4

Before 3000 BC

From Adam to Noah

Genesis 5

Before 3000 BC

Wickedness Provokes God's wrath

Genesis 6

Before 3000 BC

The Great Flood

Genesis 7

Before 3000 BC

The Flood Subsides

Genesis 8

Before 3000 BC

Covenant of the Rainbow

Genesis 9

Before 3000 BC

Shem, Ham and Japheth

Genesis 10

Before 2100 BC

Job's Suffering and Faith

Job 1 - 42

Before 2100 BC

The Tower of Babel

Genesis 11

2091 BC

God Sends Abram to Egypt

Genesis 12

2090 BC

The Famine in Canaan

Genesis 12:10

2085 BC

Abram and Lot Part Ways

Genesis 13

2085 BC

Abram Promised Many Descendants

Genesis 13:14

2084 BC

Abram Rescues Lot

Genesis 14

2081 BC

God's Covenant with Abram

Genesis 15

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Sarai and Hagar
Genesis 16

2080 BC

Ishmael Born

Genesis 16:15

2067 BC

The Covenant of Circumcision

Genesis 17

2067 BC

God Promises the Birth of Isaac

Genesis 18

2067 BC

The Destruction of Sodom

Genesis 19

2067 BC

Abraham, Sarah and Abimelech

Genesis 20

2066 BC

Isaac Born

Genesis 21

2064 BC

Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away

Genesis 21:8

2057 BC

The Treaty at Beersheba

Genesis 21:22

2054 BC

The Offering of Isaac

Genesis 22

2030 BC

Death and Burial of Sarah

Genesis 23

2026 BC

Isaac Marries Rebekah

Genesis 24

2025 BC

Birth of Jacob and Esau

Genesis 25

1991 BC

Death of Abraham

Genesis 25:5

1978 BC

Esau sells his birthright

Genesis 25:29

1977 BC

Isaac and Abimelech

Genesis 26

1929 BC

Jacob Gets Isaac's Blessing

Genesis 27

1928 BC

Jacob Flees to Laban

Genesis 28

1928 BC

Jacob's vision of a ladder

Genesis 28:10

1928 BC

Jacob Serves Laban

Genesis 29

1921 BC

Jacob Marries Rachel

Genesis 29:28

1921 BC

Jacob and His Sons

Genesis 30

1916 BC

Rachel Bears Joseph

Genesis 30:22

1908 BC

Jacob Leaves for Canaan

Genesis 31

1906 BC

Jacob Wrestles with God

Genesis 32

1906 BC

Jacob Meets Esau

Genesis 33

1906 BC

Jacob Settles in Shechem

Genesis 33:18

1906 BC

Shechem Defiles Dinah

Genesis 34

1906 BC

Jacob Returns to Bethel

Genesis 35

1906 BC

Jacob Named Israel

Genesis 35:10

1906 BC

Descendants of Esau

Genesis 36

1903 BC

Rachel Dies

Genesis 35:18

1898 BC

Joseph's Dreams and Betrayal

Genesis 37

1898 BC

Joseph Sold into Slavery

Genesis 37:25

1898 BC

Tamar deceives Judah

Genesis 38

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Joseph Prospers Under Potiphar
Genesis 39

1889 BC

Potiphar's Wife Accuses Joseph

Genesis 39:7

1889 BC

Joseph Imprisoned

Genesis 39:20

1887 BC

The Cupbearer and the Baker's Dreams

Genesis 40

1886 BC

Joseph Interprets Pharaoh's Dreams

Genesis 41

1886 BC

Joseph Put in Charge

Genesis 41:33

1886 BC

Seven Years of Plenty Begin

Genesis 41:47

1875 BC

Famine Begins

Genesis 41:53

1875 BC

Joseph's Brothers Sent to Egypt

Genesis 42

1875 BC

Simeon Detained by Joseph

Genesis 42:24

1875 BC

The Return with Benjamin

Genesis 43

1875 BC

Benjamin and the Silver Cup

Genesis 44

1875 BC

Joseph Reveals His Identity

Genesis 45

1875 BC

Joseph Sends for Jacob

Genesis 45:9

1875 BC

Jacob and Family to Egypt

Genesis 46

1875 BC

Jacob to Goshen

Genesis 47

1859 BC

Jacob's Illness

Genesis 48

1859 BC

Jacob's Blessing and Death

Genesis 49

1859 BC

The Burial of Jacob

Genesis 50

1806 BC

The Death of Joseph

Genesis 50:26

1800 BC

Jacob's Family Stays in Egypt

Exodus 1

1700 BC

Israelites Multiply in Egypt

Exodus 1:6

1600 BC

Israelites Oppressed by New King

Exodus 1:8

1539 BC

Pharaoh's Order to Kill Firstborn

Exodus 1:22

1525 BC

The Birth and Adoption of Moses

Exodus 2

1486 BC

Moses Flees into Midian

Exodus 2:11

1446 BC

Israelites Groan in Slavery

Exodus 2:23

1446 BC

Moses Sent to Deliver Israel

Exodus 3 - 6

1446 BC

The Ten Plagues on Egypt

Exodus 7 - 12

1446 BC

The Exodus Begins

Exodus 13 - 18

1446 BC

The Isreaelites At Mount Sinai

Exodus 19

1446 BC

Moses Receives the Commandments

Exodus 20

1446 BC

Moses Receives the Law

Exodus 21 - 24

1446 BC

Preparations for the Tabernacle

Exodus 25 - 31

1446 BC

The Golden Calf and Moses' Anger

Exodus 32

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The Journey Resumes
Exodus 33 - 39

1445 BC

The Tabernacle is Erected and Filled

Exodus 40

1445 BC

Laws for Sacrifices and Offerings

Leviticus 1 - 7

1445 BC

Aaron and His Sons Consecrated

Leviticus 8, 9

1445 BC

The Sin of Nadab and Abihu

Leviticus 10

1445 BC

Laws of Purity

Leviticus 11 - 19

1445 BC

Punishments and Regulations

Leviticus 20 - 22

1445 BC

Feasts and Jubilee

Leviticus 23

1445 BC

Census, Tribes, Duties

Numbers 1 - 6

1445 BC

Tabernacle Dedication

Numbers 7 - 10

1445 BC

The People Complain

Numbers 11, 12

1445 BC

The Twelve Spies

Numbers 13

1445 BC

People Murmur at the Spies' Report

Numbers 14, 15

1426 BC

Korah's Rebellion

Numbers 16

1426 BC

Aaron's Staff Buds

Numbers 17

1426 BC

Priests, Red Heifer, Cleansing

Numbers 18, 19

1407 BC

Water from the Rock at Meribah

Numbers 20

1407 BC

Aaron's Death

Numbers 20:22

1407 BC

The Bronze Snake

Numbers 21

1407 BC

Balaam and the Angel

Numbers 22 - 25

1407 BC

The Second Census

Numbers 26

1407 BC

The Daughters of Zelophehad

Numbers 27

1407 BC

Joshua Chosen to Succeed Moses

Numbers 27:18

1407 BC

Special sacrifices and holy days

Numbers 28, 29

1407 BC

Vows of women

Numbers 30

1407 BC

Conquest of Midian

Numbers 31

1407 BC

Division of Transjordan

Numbers 32

1407 BC

Summary of Israel's Journey

Numbers 33

1407 BC

Apportionment of Canaan

Numbers 34

1407 BC

Borders and Cities of Refuge

Numbers 35

1407 BC

Zelophehad's Daughters Marry

Numbers 36

1407 BC

Psalm of Moses

Psalm 90

1407 BC

Moses' Summary of Israel's History

Deuteronomy 1 - 4

1406 BC

Recapitulation of the Law

Deuteronomy 4:44 - 31

1406 BC

The Song of Moses

Deuteronomy 32

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Moses Blesses the Twelve Tribes
Deuteronomy 32:48

1406 BC

Blessings of Moses

Deuteronomy 33

1406 BC

The Death of Moses

Deuteronomy 34

1406 BC

God Commissions Joshua

Joshua 1

1406 BC

Rahab Welcomes the Spies

Joshua 2

1406 BC

The Israelites Cross the Jordan

Joshua 3 - 5

1406 BC

Conquer of Jericho and Ai

Joshua 6 - 8

1405 BC

Kings Join against Israel

Joshua 9

1405 BC

The Sun Stands Still

Joshua 10

1405 BC

Northern Palestine Defeated

Joshua 11, 12

1399 BC

Land allotted among the Tribes

Joshua 13 - 22

1375 BC

Joshua's Farewell Address

Joshua 23, 24

1375 BC

Micah's Idolatry

Judges 17

1375 BC

Danites Settle in Laish, Take Micah's Idols

Judges 18

1375 BC

A Levite's Concubine Degraded

Judges 19

1375 BC

Israelites Defeat the Benjamites

Judges 20

1375 BC

Wives for the Benjamites

Judges 21

1374 BC

Israelites Capture Jerusalem, Hebron

Judges 1

1374 BC

Israel Rebuked and Defeated

Judges 2

1374 BC

Israel's idolatry and Servitude; Othniel

Judges 3

1334 BC

Eglon

Judges 3:12

1316 BC

Ehud

Judges 3:15

1235 BC

Deborah and Barak

Judges 4

1235 BC

The Song of Deborah and Barak

Judges 5

1169 BC

Gideon and the Midianites

Judges 6 - 8

1140 BC

Naomi, Ruth and Boaz

Ruth 1 - 4

1129 BC

Abimelech Conspires to Become King

Judges 9

1126 BC

Plot against Abimelech

Judges 9:22

1126 BC

Abimelech is Slain

Judges 9:50

1118 BC

Tola, Jair

Judges 10

1100 BC

Birth of Samuel

1 Samuel 1

1100 BC

Hannah's Song

1 Samuel 2

1097 BC

Jephthah's Covenant with the Gileadites

Judges 11

1090 BC

Jephthah, Ephraim, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon

Judges 12

1090 BC

Israel Oppressed by the Philistines

Judges 13

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
1075 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Samson's Marriage and Riddle
Judges 14

1075 BC

Samson Burns the Philistine Crops

Judges 15

1075 BC

Samson and Delilah

Judges 16

1070 BC

Battle of Shiloh

1 Samuel 3

1070 BC

Philistines Take the Ark

1 Samuel 4, 5

1070 BC

Philistines Return the Ark to Israel

1 Samuel 6

1070 BC

Ark brought to Abinadab's House

1 Samuel 7

1050 BC

Israelites Repent at Mizpeh

1 Samuel 7:3

1043 BC

Saul Becomes King

1 Samuel 8 - 10

1042 BC

Saul Defeats the Ammonites

1 Samuel 11, 12

1041 BC

Saul's War with the Philistines

1 Samuel 13

1041 BC

Jonathan's Miraculous Victory

1 Samuel 14

1028 BC

Saul's Disobedience and Samuel's Rebuke

1 Samuel 15

1024 BC

Samuel Anoints David at Bethlehem

1 Samuel 16

1024 BC

David Kills Goliath

1 Samuel 17

1015 BC

Jonathan's Friendship with David

1 Samuel 18

1014 BC

David Protected from Saul

1 Samuel 19

1013 BC

David and Jonathan's Covenant

1 Samuel 20

1013 BC

David's Psalm of Deliverance (1Sa 20)

Psalm 59

1012 BC

David at Nob and Gath

1 Samuel 21

1012 BC

David's Psalm Fleeing Saul (1Sa 21)

Psalm 52

1012 BC

David's Psalm Before Ahimelech (1Sa 21)

Psalm 34

1011 BC

David's Psalm at Gath (1Sa 21)

Psalm 56

1011 BC

Saul Slays the Priests of Nob

1 Samuel 22

1011 BC

David's Psalms in the Cave (1Sa 22)

Psalms 57, 142

1011 BC

David Flees Saul

1 Samuel 23

1011 BC

David's Psalm at Keilah (1Sa 23)

Psalm 54

1011 BC

David Spares Saul's Life

1 Samuel 24

1011 BC

Samuel Dies

1 Samuel 25

1011 BC

David Spares Saul a Second Time

1 Samuel 26

1010 BC

David Flees to the Philistines

1 Samuel 27

1010 BC

Saul and the Witch of Endor

1 Samuel 28

1010 BC

Achish Sends David Away

1 Samuel 29

1010 BC

David Destroys the Amalekites

1 Samuel 30

1010 BC

Saul and His Sons Killed

1 Samuel 31

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
1010 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
David Mourns for Saul and Jonathan
2 Samuel 1

1010 BC

David Made King over Judah

2 Samuel 2

1008 BC

Civil War Between Abner and Joab

2 Samuel 2:12

1006 BC

House of David Strengthened

2 Samuel 3

1005 BC

Joab murders Abner

2 Samuel 3:22

1004 BC

The Murder of Ish-bosheth

2 Samuel 4

1003 BC

Genealogies of the Israelites

1 Chronicles 1 - 9

1003 BC

Saul's Overthrow and Defeat

1 Chronicles 10

1003 BC

David Reigns over All Israel

2 Samuel 5, 1 Chronicles 11

1002 BC

David's Army Grows

1 Chronicles 12

1000 BC

David fetches the ark

1 Chronicles 13

1000 BC

David's Family Grows

1 Chronicles 14

1000 BC

The Ark is Brought to Jerusalem

2 Samuel 6, 1 Chronicles 15

1000 BC

David Plans a Temple

2 Samuel 7

998 BC

David Defeats the Philistines

2 Samuel 8

998 BC

David's Psalm of Victory (2Sa 8)

Psalm 60

998 BC

David's Psalm of Zion

Psalm 15

998 BC

David's Psalm of Glory to God

Psalm 24

998 BC

David's festival sacrifice

1 Chronicles 16

998 BC

Psalms of Praise (1Ch 16)

Psalms 96, 105, 106

997 BC

David Purposes to build a Temple

1 Chronicles 17

996 BC

David Strengthens His Kingdom

1 Chronicles 18

995 BC

David and Mephibosheth

2 Samuel 9

995 BC

David Defeats Ammon and Aram

2 Samuel 10, 1 Chronicles 19

995 BC

The Capture of Rabbah

1 Chronicles 20

993 BC

David and Bathsheba

2 Samuel 11

991 BC

Nathan Rebukes David

2 Samuel 12

991 BC

David's Psalm of Repentance (2Sa 12)

Psalm 51

990 BC

Solomon is Born

2 Samuel 12:24

990 BC

Amnon and Tamar

2 Samuel 13

990 BC

Amnom Killed by Absalom

2 Samuel 13:23

988 BC

The Widow of Tekoa

2 Samuel 14

980 BC

Absalom Recalled

2 Samuel 14:21

979 BC

Psalms of David

Psalms 2 - 145 (Assorted)

979 BC

Psalms of Korah

Psalms 42 - 44, 84, 85, 87, 88

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
979 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Psalms of Asaph
Psalm 50, 73, 75 - 78, 80 - 83, 89

979 BC

Psalms of Unknown Authors

Psalms 1 - 150 (Assorted)

979 BC

David Forces a Census

1 Chronicles 21

979 BC

Preparation for building the Temple

1 Chronicles 22

979 BC

Preparation of Priesthood

1 Chronicles 23

979 BC

Divisions of Levites

1 Chronicles 24

979 BC

Preparation of sanctuary singers

1 Chronicles 25

979 BC

Preparation of gatekeepers, treasurers

1 Chronicles 26

979 BC

Preparation of government

1 Chronicles 27

976 BC

Absalom's Conspiracy

2 Samuel 15

976 BC

David Flees Jerusalem

2 Samuel 15:13

972 BC

David and Ziba, Shimei

2 Samuel 16

972 BC

Shimei Curses David

2 Samuel 16:5

972 BC

David's Psalm of Thirst for God (2Sa 16)

Psalm 63

972 BC

Hushai's Warning Saves David

2 Samuel 17

972 BC

David Psalms of Deliverance (2Sa 17)

Psalms 41, 55

972 BC

Absalom Slain by Joab

2 Samuel 18

972 BC

Joab Comforts David

2 Samuel 19

972 BC

Sheba Rebels Against David

2 Samuel 20

970 BC

The Gibeonites Avenged

2 Samuel 21

970 BC

David's Song of Deliverance

2 Samuel 22

970 BC

David's Last Song

2 Samuel 23

970 BC

David's Psalm of Steadfastness (2Sa 23)

Psalm 108

970 BC

David Counts the Fighting Men

2 Samuel 24

970 BC

David's last days

1 Chronicles 28, 29, 1 Kings 1, 2

970 BC

David's Psalm of Salvation (1Ki 2)

Psalm 37

967 BC

Psalm for Solomon (2Ch 1)

Psalm 72

967 BC

Solomon Asks for Wisdom

2 Chronicles 1, 1 Kings 3

967 BC

Psalm of Korah (1Ki 3)

Psalm 45

967 BC

Solomon's Wisdom

1 Kings 4

967 BC

Solomon's Preparations for the Temple

1 Kings 5

966 BC

The Building of Solomon's Temple

1 Kings 6

966 BC

The Building of Solomon's Palace

1 Kings 7

966 BC

The Ark Brought to the Temple

1 Kings 8

966 BC

God's covenant with Solomon

1 Kings 9

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
966 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Solomon Prepares for a Temple and Palace
2 Chronicles 2

966 BC

Solomon Builds the Temple in Jerusalem

2 Chronicles 3

966 BC

Temple Furnishings

2 Chronicles 4

959 BC

Ark Brought into the Temple

2 Chronicles 5

959 BC

Solomon's Prayer of Temple Dedication

2 Chronicles 6

959 BC

God's Glory in the Temple

2 Chronicles 7

959 BC

Psalms of Solomon (2Ch 7)

Psalms 135, 136

959 BC

Solomon's buildings

2 Chronicles 8

950 BC

Solomon Psalm of Blessing

Psalm 127

950 BC

The Proverbs of Solomon

Proverbs 1 - 29

950 BC

The Words of Agur

Proverbs 30

950 BC

King Lemuel's Proverb

Proverbs 31

950 BC

Ecclesiastes Words of the Preacher

Ecclesiastes 1 - 12

950 BC

Solomon's Song of Songs

Songs 1 - 8

946 BC

Mutual Presents of Solomon and Hiran

1 Kings 9:10

946 BC

The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon

1 Kings 10, 2 Chronicles 9

939 BC

Solomon's Wives and Idolatry

1 Kings 11

931 BC

Solomon's Death

1 Kings 11:40

931 BC

The Kingdom is Divided

1 Kings 12, 13

930 BC

Israelites Rebel against Rehoboam

2 Chronicles 10

930 BC

Rehoboam's Reign over Judah

2 Chronicles 11

927 BC

Rehoboam's sin

2 Chronicles 12

925 BC

Ahijah's Prophecies against Jeroboam

1 Kings 14

913 BC

Rehoboam's Wicked Reign

1 Kings 14:21

913 BC

Abijam's wicked reign

1 Kings 15

913 BC

Civil War against Jeroboam

2 Chronicles 13

913 BC

Asa Destroys Idolatry

2 Chronicles 14

909 BC

Jehu's prophecy against Baasha

1 Kings 16

895 BC

Asa's Reforms

2 Chronicles 15

894 BC

Hanani's rebuke

2 Chronicles 16

886 BC

Elah, Zimri, Omri

1 Kings 16:5

874 BC

Ahab's wicked reign

1 Kings 16:27

869 BC

Jehoshaphat Succeeds Asa

2 Chronicles 17

863 BC

Elijah Prays for Drought

1 Kings 17

863 BC

Elijah Fed by Ravens

1 Kings 17:3

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
863 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
The Widow at Zarephath
1 Kings 17:7

863 BC

Elijah on Mount Carmel

1 Kings 18

858 BC

Elijah Flees Jezebel

1 Kings 19

858 BC

Elisha Called

1 Kings 19:19

857 BC

Ben-Hadad Attacks Samaria

1 Kings 20

857 BC

Ahab Defeats Ben-Hadad

1 Kings 20:14

855 BC

Ahab Takes Naboth's Vineyard

1 Kings 21

853 BC

Israel and Judah against Syria

1 Kings 22

853 BC

The Vision of Obadiah

Obadiah 1

853 BC

Jehoshaphat Allies with Ahab

2 Chronicles 18

853 BC

Jehosaphat's deeds

2 Chronicles 19

853 BC

War with Ammon and Moab

2 Chronicles 20

852 BC

Jehoram's Wicked Reign in Judah

2 Chronicles 21

852 BC

Moab Rebels

2 Kings 1

851 BC

Elijah Taken up to Heaven

2 Kings 2

851 BC

Elisha Succeeds Elijah

2 Kings 2:12

850 BC

Jehoram Meets Moab Rebellion

2 Kings 3

849 BC

The Widow's Oil

2 Kings 4

849 BC

Elisha Raises The Shunammite boy

2 Kings 4:8

849 BC

The Healing of Naaman

2 Kings 5

848 BC

Elisha Floats an Axhead

2 Kings 6

848 BC

Elisha Promises Plenty in Samaria

2 Kings 7

847 BC

The Shunammite's Land

2 Kings 8

841 BC

Jehu Reigns in Israel

2 Kings 9

841 BC

Jehu Kills Joram

2 Kings 9:11

841 BC

Ahab's Family Killed

2 Kings 10

841 BC

Baal Worshipers killed

2 Kings 10:18

841 BC

Joash escapes Athaliah

2 Kings 11

841 BC

Ahaziah Succeeds Jehoram in Judah

2 Chronicles 22

841 BC

Jehoiada Makes Joash King

2 Chronicles 23

835 BC

Joash Reigns Well

2 Chronicles 24, 2 Kings 12

835 BC

The Word of the LORD to Joel

Joel 1 - 3

812 BC

Joash Orders Temple repairs

2 Kings 12:6

812 BC

Jehoahaz's wicked reign

2 Kings 13

796 BC

Amaziah's good reign

2 Kings 14, 2 Chronicles 25

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
790 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Azariah's good reign
2 Kings 15

790 BC

Uzziah Reigns in Judah

2 Chronicles 26

766 BC

The Words of Amos

Amos 1 - 9

760 BC

Jonah Sent to Nineveh

Jonah 1 - 4

753 BC

Hosea's Prophecies

Hosea 1 - 14

750 BC

Jotham Succeeds Uzziah

2 Chronicles 27

742 BC

Wicked Reign of Ahaz

2 Chronicles 28, 2 Kings 16

739 BC

Isaiah Complains of Zion's Corruption

Isaiah 1 - 5

739 BC

Isaiah's Vision and Commission

Isaiah 6

735 BC

Isaiah's Prophesy of Immanuel

Isaiah 7

735 BC

The Word of the LORD to Micah

Micah 1 - 7

734 BC

Uriah and Zechariah

Isaiah 8

730 BC

Isaiah Prophesies a Child Is Born

Isaiah 9

730 BC

Isaiah Prophesies Judgments Upon Israel

Isaiah 9:8

730 BC

Isaiah Prophesies Judgment on Assyria

Isaiah 10

730 BC

Isaiah Prophesies The Root of Jesse

Isaiah 11

730 BC

Isaiah's Joyful Thanksgiving

Isaiah 12

725 BC

Isaiah Prophesies against the Nations

Isaiah 13 - 22

725 BC

Isaiah's Valley of Vision

Isaiah 22

725 BC

Isaiah's Burden of Tyre

Isaiah 23

725 BC

Devastation on the Earth

Isaiah 24

725 BC

Isaiah's Songs of Praise

Isaiah 25 - 27

725 BC

Isaiah's Further Warnings

Isaiah 28 - 32

725 BC

Isaiah Prophesies a King Shall Reign

Isaiah 32

725 BC

Isaiah Declares God's Judgments

Isaiah 33, 34

725 BC

Isaiah Declares the Joyful Will Flourish in Zion

Isaiah 35

725 BC

Hoshea the Last King of Israel

2 Kings 17

722 BC

Israel Led into Captivity

2 Kings 17:6

721 BC

Strange Nations Transplanted into Samaria

2 Kings 17:24

716 BC

Hezekiah's Good Reign

2 Chronicles 29

715 BC

Hezekiah proclaims a solemn Passover

2 Chronicles 30

715 BC

Idolatry is Destroyed

2 Chronicles 31

712 BC

Hezekiah's Illness and Healing

2 Kings 20, Isaiah 38

711 BC

Hezekiah Shows Treasures

2 Kings 20:12, Isaiah 39

711 BC

Isaiah Prophesies Captivity and Restoration

Isaiah 40 - 66

Introduction to the Holy Bible

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
701 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Page 33
Sennacherib Threatens Jerusalem
2 Kings 18, Isaiah 36,2 Chronicles 32

701 BC

Korah's Psalms of Refuge (2Ch 32)

Psalms 46 - 48

701 BC

Hezekiah's Prayer

2 Kings 19, Isaiah 37

697 BC

The Vision of Nahum

Nahum 1 - 3

687 BC

Manasseh's Wicked Reign

2 Kings 21, 2 Chronicles 33

640 BC

Josiah's good reign

2 Kings 22, 2 Chronicles 34

638 BC

The Word of the LORD to Zephaniah

Zephaniah 1 - 3

627 BC

The Call of Jeremiah

Jeremiah 1

627 BC

Jeremiah Declares Judah Forsakes God

Jeremiah 2 - 6

627 BC

Jeremiah's Message at the Temple Gate

Jeremiah 7 - 10

625 BC

The Oracle to Habakkuk

Habakkuk 1 - 3

622 BC

Jeremiah Proclaims God's Covenant

Jeremiah 11, 12

621 BC

Josiah Prepares for Temple Repair

2 Kings 22:3

621 BC

Hilkiah finds the lost Book of the Law

2 Kings 22:8

621 BC

Josiah Celebrates the Passover

2 Kings 23, 2 Chronicles 35

609 BC

Jehoiakim's wicked reign.

2 Chronicles 36

609 BC

Jeremiah Proclaims Covenant Is Broken

Jeremiah 13 - 20

609 BC

Jeremiah Prophesies against Egypt

Jeremiah 46

609 BC

Jeremiah Prophesies against Philistia

Jeremiah 47

605 BC

Daniel Refuses the King's Portion

Daniel 1

604 BC

Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar Dream

Daniel 2

601 BC

Rebellion of Jehoiakim

2 Kings 24

597 BC

Jehoiachim exiled

2 Kings 24:10

597 BC

Zedekiah reigns in Judah

2 Kings 24:18

594 BC

Jeremiah Prophesies against Moab

Jeremiah 48

594 BC

Jeremiah Prophesies against Ammon

Jeremiah 49

593 BC

Ezekiel's Prophecy at Chebar

Ezekiel 1

593 BC

Ezekiel's Calling and Instruction

Ezekiel 2

593 BC

Ezekiel Eats the Scroll

Ezekiel 3

593 BC

Ezekiel Foretells Siege of Jerusalem

Ezekiel 4, 5

593 BC

Ezekiel's Vision of the End

Ezekiel 6, 7

592 BC

Ezekiel's First Temple Vision

Ezekiel 8 - 19

591 BC

Ezekiel Sees God Refuse the Elders

Ezekiel 20

591 BC

Ezekiel Prophesies against Jerusalem

Ezekiel 21, 22

591 BC

Ezekiel Prophesies against two Sisters

Ezekiel 23

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
588 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Siege of Jerusalem Begins
2 Kings 25

588 BC

Jeremiah's Conflicts

Jeremiah 21 - 33

588 BC

Jeremiah Prophesies Judgment on Judah

Jeremiah 34 - 45

588 BC

Siege of Jerusalem Begins

Ezekiel 24

587 BC

God's Vengeance on Ammon and Edom

Ezekiel 25

586 BC

The Fall of Jerusalem

2 Kings 25, Jeremiah 52

586 BC

Psalms of Desolation (Jer. 52)

Psalms 74, 79

586 BC

Jeremiah Prophesies against Babylon

Jeremiah 50, 51

586 BC

Jeremiah's Lamentations

Lamentations 1 - 5

586 BC

Ezekiel Pronounces Judgment on Tyre

Ezekiel 26 - 28

586 BC

Ezekiel Prophesies against Egypt

Ezekiel 29 - 32

586 BC

Ezekiel the Watchman

Ezekiel 33

585 BC

Ezekiel Explains Jerusalem's Fall

Ezekiel 33:21

585 BC

Ezekiel Foresees Reproof and Restoration

Ezekiel 34 - 36

585 BC

Ezekiel Sees Resurrection of Dry Bones

Ezekiel 37

585 BC

Ezekiel Sees Future battle

Ezekiel 38

585 BC

Ezekiel Sees God's judgment upon Gog

Ezekiel 39

585 BC

Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego

Daniel 3

582 BC

Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream

Daniel 4

582 BC

Daniel Interprets Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream

Daniel 4:19

573 BC

Ezekiel's Second Temple Vision

Ezekiel 40 - 48

539 BC

Daniel Interprets Handwriting on the Wall

Daniel 5

539 BC

Daniel Survives the Lions' Den

Daniel 6

539 BC

Daniel's Vision of Four Beasts

Daniel 7

539 BC

Daniel's Vision of the Ram and Goat

Daniel 8

539 BC

Daniel's Prayer and Gabriel's Answer

Daniel 9

539 BC

Daniel Comforted by the Angel

Daniel 10

539 BC

Daniel Prophesies Overthrow of Persia

Daniel 11

539 BC

Daniel Prophesies Deliverance for Israel

Daniel 12

537 BC

The Proclamation of Cyrus

Ezra 1

537 BC

The Exiles Return

Ezra 2

535 BC

Temple Work Begins

Ezra 3

534 BC

Adversaries Hinder Temple Work

Ezra 4

534 BC

Artaxerxes Orders Work Stopped

Ezra 4:17

520 BC

Tattenai's Letter to Darius

Ezra 5

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
520 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
The Word of the LORD by Haggai
Haggai 1, 2

520 BC

The Word of the LORD to Zechariah

Zechariah 1 - 14

520 BC

Temple Work Resumed by Darius' Decree

Ezra 6

515 BC

Completion and Dedication of the Temple

Ezra 6:16

483 BC

Queen Vashti Deposed

Esther 1

478 BC

Esther Becomes Queen

Esther 2

478 BC

Mordecai Thwarts a Conspiracy

Esther 2:21

474 BC

Haman Seeks Revenge on the Jews

Esther 3

473 BC

Mordecai Informs Esther of Haman's Plot

Esther 4

473 BC

Esther Prepares a Banquet

Esther 5

473 BC

The King Honors Mordecai

Esther 6

473 BC

Haman Is Hanged

Esther 7

473 BC

Xerxes' Edict on Behalf of Esther and Jews

Esther 8

472 BC

Purim Instituted

Esther 9

472 BC

Xerxes' Tribute to Mordecai

Esther 10

458 BC

Ezra Journeys to Jerusalem

Ezra 7

458 BC

Ezra Commissioned by Artaxerxes

Ezra 7:11

457 BC

Families Return to Jerusalem with Ezra

Ezra 8

457 BC

Ezra's reforms

Ezra 9

456 BC

Ezra's Prayer About Intermarriage

Ezra 10

445 BC

Nehemiah's Prayer for the Exiles

Nehemiah 1

444 BC

Artaxerxes Sends Nehemiah to Jerusalem

Nehemiah 2

444 BC

Builders of the Walls Named

Nehemiah 3

444 BC

Builders Overcome Ridicule

Nehemiah 4

444 BC

Nehemiah Abolishes Debt and Bondage

Nehemiah 5

444 BC

Sanballat's Plot

Nehemiah 6

444 BC

Completion of the Wall

Nehemiah 6:15

444 BC

Census of Returned Exiles

Nehemiah 7

444 BC

Ezra Reads the Law

Nehemiah 8

444 BC

Israelites Fast and Repent

Nehemiah 9

444 BC

Israelites Seal the Covenant

Nehemiah 10

444 BC

People Settle in Jerusalem

Nehemiah 11, 12

432 BC

Nehemiah Restores Laws

Nehemiah 13

430 BC

The Word of the LORD by Malachi

Malachi 1 - 4

6 BC

Birth of John the Baptist

Luke 1, John 1:6

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
6 BC

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Augustus Taxes the Roman Empire
Luke 2

Page 36

5 BC

Birth of Jesus

Matthew 1, Mark 1, Luke 2:6, John 1:14

5 BC

Visit of the Magi

Matthew 2

5 BC

Escape to Egypt

Matthew 2:13

4 BC

Slaughter of Infants

Matthew 2:16

4 BC

Return to Nazareth

Matthew 2:23

8 AD

The Boy Jesus at the Temple

Luke 2:41

26 AD

John the Baptist Prepares the Way

Matthew 3, Mark 1:4, Luke 3, John 1:15

26 AD

The Baptism of Jesus

Matthew 3:13, Mark 1:9, Luke 3:21

27 AD

Temptation of Jesus

Matthew 4, Mark 1:12, Luke 4

27 AD

Jesus Calls his First Disciples

Matthew 4:18, Mark 1:16, Luke 5

27 AD

Wedding at Cana

John 2

27 AD

Jesus Teaches Nicodemus

John 3

27 AD

Jesus Testifies to the Samaritan Woman

John 4

27 AD

Sermon on the Mount

Matthew 5 - 7

28 AD

Instructions on Prayer

Luke 11

28 AD

Jesus Ministers in Galilee

Matthew 8, Mark 2, Luke 4:14

28 AD

The Pool of Bethesda

John 5

28 AD

Jesus Lord of the Sabbath

Matthew 12, Mark 3, Luke 6

28 AD

Jesus Answers John's Disciples

Matthew 11, Luke 7

28 AD

Jesus Speaks Many Parables

Matthew 13, Mark 4, Luke 8

28 AD

Jesus Heals a Demoniac

Matthew 8:28, Mark 5, Luke 8:26

28 AD

Jesus Heals a Paralytic

Matthew 9

29 AD

Jesus Sends out His Twelve Apostles

Matthew 10, Mark 6

29 AD

John the Baptist Beheaded

Matthew 14, Mark 6:14

29 AD

Jesus Feeds the 5,000

Matthew 14:15, Mark 6:30, Luke 9, John 6

29 AD

Teachings on Clean and Unclean

Matthew 15, Mark 7

29 AD

Peter's Confession of Christ

Matthew 16, Mark 8, Luke 9:18

29 AD

The Transfiguration

Matthew 17, Mark 9, Luke 9:28

29 AD

Greatest and Least in the Kingdom

Matthew 18

29 AD

Jesus Sends out the Seventy-two

Luke 10

29 AD

Jesus Teaches at the Feast of Tabernacles

John 7

29 AD

The Woman Caught in Adultery

John 8

29 AD

Jesus Affirms He is the Son of God

John 9

29 AD

The Shepherd and His Flock

John 10

Introduction to the Holy Bible

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30 AD

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
Jesus Speaks More Parables
Luke 12 - 16

Page 37

30 AD

Jesus Cleanses the Ten Lepers

Luke 17

30 AD

Jesus Raises Lazarus

John 11

30 AD

Final Journey to Jerusalem

Matthew 19, 20, Mark 10, Luke 18

30 AD

The Triumphal Entry

Matthew 21, Mark 11, Luke 19, John 12

30 AD

Closing Ministry in Jerusalem

Matthew 22 - 25, Mark 12, 13, Luke 20, 21

30 AD

Thursday Before Passover

Matthew 26, Mark 14, Luke 22, John 13

30 AD

Jesus Comforts His Disciples

John 14

30 AD

Jesus the True Vine

John 15

30 AD

Jesus Promises the Holy Spirit

John 16

30 AD

Jesus' Intercessory prayers

John 17

30 AD

Jesus' Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion

Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, John 18, 19

30 AD

Jesus' Resurrection

Matthew 28, Mark 16, Luke 24, John 20, 21

30 AD

The Ascension

Acts 1

30 AD

Matthias Chosen by Lot

Acts 1:12

30 AD

The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost

Acts 2

30 AD

Peter Heals and Preaches

Acts 3

30 AD

Peter and John Arrested and Released;

Acts 4

30 AD

Believers Share All

Acts 4:32

30 AD

Deaths of Ananias and Sapphira

Acts 5

30 AD

Apostles Preach and Heal

Acts 5:11

31 AD

Stephen's Speech, Stoning and Death

Acts 6, 7

31 AD

Saul Persecutes the Church

Acts 8

31 AD

Philip in Samaria

Acts 8:3

31 AD

Simon the Sorcerer

Acts 8:9

31 AD

Philip and the Ethiopian

Acts 8:26

34 AD

Saul's Conversion

Acts 9

37 AD

Peter Preaches to the Gentiles

Acts 10, 11

42 AD

Barnabas Sent to Antioch

Acts 11:22

42 AD

Peter Led from Prison by the Angel

Acts 12

44 AD

Herod Agrippa Dies

Acts 12:20

45 AD

James Writes his Letter

James 1 - 5

48 AD

Paul's First Missionary Journey

Acts 13

48 AD

Paul preaches in Pisidian Antioch

Acts 13:14

48 AD

Paul and Barnabas in Iconium

Acts 14

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Paul and Barnabas in Lystra and Derbe
Acts 14:8

48 AD

Paul and Barnabas Return to Syrian Antioch

Acts 14:21

48 AD

Return to Syrian Antioch

Acts 14:24

48 AD

The Council at Jerusalem

Acts 15

49 AD

Paul's Second Missionary Journey

Acts 15:36

49 AD

Paul in Philippi

Acts 16

49 AD

Paul in Thessalonica, Berea, Athens

Acts 17

51 AD

Paul in Corinth

Acts 18

51 AD

Paul Writes to the Thessalonians

1 Thess. 1 - 5

52 AD

Paul Writes again to the Thessalonians

2 Thess. 1 - 3

54 AD

Paul in Ephesus

Acts 19

54 AD

Paul Writes to the Corinthians

1 Corinthians 1 - 16

54 AD

Paul Writes to the Galatians

Galatians 1 - 6

57 AD

Paul in Macedonia and Greece

Acts 20

57 AD

Paul Writes to the Romans

Romans 1 - 16

57 AD

Paul Writes again to the Corinthians

2 Corinthians 1 - 13

59 AD

Paul Returns to Jerusalem

Acts 21 - 23

60 AD

Paul imprisoned in Caesarea

Acts 24

62 AD

Paul Before Festus

Acts 25

62 AD

Paul Before Agrippa

Acts 26

62 AD

Paul Sails for Rome

Acts 27

62 AD

The Shipwreck

Acts 27:13

62 AD

Paul Ashore at Malta

Acts 28

62 AD

Paul Preaches at Rome

Acts 28:11

62 AD

Paul Writes to the Ephesians

Ephesians 1 - 6

62 AD

Paul Writes to the Philippians

Philippians 1 - 4

62 AD

Paul Writes to the Colossians

Colossians 1 - 4

62 AD

Paul Writes to Philemon

Philemon 1

63 AD

Paul Writes to Timothy

1 Timothy 1 - 6

64 AD

Peter Writes his First Letter

1 Peter 1 - 5

66 AD

Paul Writes to Titus

Titus 1 - 3

67 AD

Paul Writes Again to Timothy

2 Timothy 1 - 4

67 AD

Peter Writes his Second Letter

2 Peter 1 - 3

68 AD

Letter to the Hebrews

Hebrews 1 - 13

68 AD

Jude Writes his Letter

Jude 1

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Expositional Study o f Gen esis
90 AD

John S. Kodiyil. Pastor, The Father’s House Church, Cochin
John Writes his First Letter
1 John 1 - 5

92 AD

John Writes his Second Letter

2 John 1

94 AD

John Writes his Third Letter

3 John 1

95 AD

John's Revelation on Patmos

Revelation 1 - 22

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Introduction to Genesis
GENESIS - DATE AND PLACE
Written either while Moses was a shepherd with Jethro, or at Sinai as an introduction to the law—about 1688 B.C.

AUTHOR
Moses, the lawgiver and leader of Israel during the exodus and wilderness wanderings.

THEME
The creation, fall, and redemption of the human race through Jesus Christ. Around this centers all divine revelation
and Scriptural truth.
Genesis is the seedbed of the whole Bible and is essential to the correct understanding of every part of it. Genesis is
the foundation on which all divine revelation rests and on which it is built up. Not only that, but it enters into and
forms a very integral part of that revelation. Every great doctrine of Scripture finds its roots in Genesis in germ,
type, or simple revelation.

PURPOSE
To reveal to man the origin of the heavens and the earth and all things therein; to declare God as the personal
Creator and show that nothing evolved through billions of years; to reveal a pre-Adamite world and its destruction
before Adam; to record the restoration of the earth to a second habitable state and give the facts concerning man
and animals as we know them today; and to record the history of the fall of man, the second curse on the earth,
and the sinful career of the earth for 2,391 years to the time of Moses, as an introduction to his law.

STATISTICS:














First book of the Bible
50 chapters
1,533 verses
38,267 words
1,156 verses beginning with "and"
1,385 verses of history
149 questions
56 prophecies
123 verses of fulfilled prophecy
23 verses of unfulfilled prophecy
shortest chapter, 16
longest chapter, 24
the 16th chapter has 16 verses
the 32nd chapter has 32 verses. Five chapters
have 34 verses
4 chapters have 22 verses, 24 verses, and 32
verses each.

Genesis has: 106 commands, 71 promises, and
326 predictions. Genesis has 95 distinct
messages from God. (Genesis
1:3,5,6,8,9,10,11,14,20,22,24,26,28,29; Genesis
2:16,18; Genesis 3:9,11,13,14,16,22,23; Genesis
4:6,9,10,15; Genesis 6:3,7,13; Genesis 7:1;
Genesis 8:15,21; Genesis 9:1,8,12,17; Genesis
11:6; Genesis 12:1,7; Genesis 13:14; Genesis
15:1,4,5,7,9,13,18; Genesis 16:8,9,10,11; Genesis
17:1,3,9,15,19; Genesis
18:5,9,10,13,15,17,20,26,29,30,31,32; Genesis
20:3,6; Genesis 21:12,17; Genesis
22:1,2,11,12,15; Genesis 25:23; Genesis 26:2,24;
Genesis 28:13; Genesis 31:3,11,24; Genesis
32:9,26,27,28; Genesis 35:1,10,11; Genesis
41:25; Genesis 46:2; Genesis 48:4).

WHY STUDY THE BOOK OF GENESIS?
It is the Book of Beginnings (Law of First Mention):
 Creation • Man • Woman • Sabbath • Marriage • Home • Childhood • Sin • Murder
• Sacrifice
 Grace • Trade
• Agriculture • City life • Races • Languages • Chosen people …etc.

GENESIS ANTICIPATES ALL FALSE PHILOSOPHIES:






Atheism
Pantheism
Polytheism
Materialism
Humanism
Evolutionism
Uniformism

Introduction to Genesis

(Genesis says the world was created by God)
(Genesis says God is transcendent and distinguishable)
(Genesis says there is One God)
(Genesis says that matter had a beginning)
(Genesis says that God, not man, is the ultimate reality)
(Genesis says “God created”)
(Genesis says God intervenes in His creation)
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ALL MAJOR DOCTRINES HAVE THEIR ROOTS IN GENESIS:


Sovereign election • Salvation
• Justification by faith
• Separation
• Disciplinary chastisement
• Divine Incarnation
• Death and Resurrection
•Priesthoods (Aaronic and Melchizedek)

• Believer’s Security
• Rapture of the Church
• The Antichrist

GENESIS VERSUS REVELATION
Gen is the beginning (Alpha)

Rev is the ending (Omega)

Gen 1:1 Heaven and Earth Created

Rev 21:1 Heaven and Earth passed away

Gen 1:16 Sun to govern the day

Rev 21:23 No need for the sun

Gen 1:5 Darkness called night

Rev 22:5 No night there

Gen 1:10 Waters He called seas

Rev 21:1 No more seas

Gen 2:10-14 A river for earth's blessing

Rev 22:1&2 A river for the new Earth

Gen 37 Earth's government (re: Israel)

Rev 16:8 Earth's judgment (re: Israel)

Gen 1:26 Man in God's image

Rev 13 Man headed by Satan’s image

Gen 3 Serpent

Rev 12:9 & 20:2

Gen 3:6 Entrance of sin

Rev 21:27 End of sin

Gen 3:14-17 Curse pronounced

Rev 22:3 No more curse

Gen 3:19 Death entered

Rev 21:4 No more death

Gen 3:24 Man driven out of Eden

Rev 22 Man restored

Gen 3:24 Tree of life guarded

Rev 22:14 Right to tree of life

Gen 3:17 Sorrow and suffering enter

Rev 22:4 No more sorrow

Gen 10:8-10 Nimrod founds Babylon

Rev 17&18 Babylon falls

Gen 6-9 God's Flood to destroy evil generation

Rev 12 Satan’s flood to destroy elect generation

Gen 6-9 Earth destroyed by flood

Rev 20:9 Earth destroyed by fire

Gen 9:13 A bow: God's promise

Rev 4:3 & 10:1 A bow for remembrance

Gen 13&19 Sodom & Egypt. corruption & judgment

Rev 11:8 "Sodom & Egypt" (Jerusalem)

Gen 14 A confederation vs Abraham's people

Rev 12 A confederation vs Abraham's seed

Gen 24 A bride for Abraham's son

Rev 21 A bride for Abraham's seed

Gen 2:21 Bride paid for by a wound in his side

Rev 21 Bride paid for by a wound in His side in John
19:34

Gen 2:18-23 Marriage of 1st Adam

Rev 19 Marriage of Last Adam

Gen 3:21 Adam and Eve clothed in animal skins (because
of sin)

Rev 3:4-5 Saints clothed in white raiment

Gen 3:24 Man's dominion ceased and Satan’s begun

Rev 22 Satan’s domain ceased and man's restored

Math 24:37 But as the days of Noah were

Math 24:37 so shall also the coming of the Son of man
be.

Introduction to Genesis

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Outline of Genesis
INTRODUCTION: THE CREATION ACCOUNT 1:1 – 2:3
FIRST STORY: HEAVEN AND EARTH 2:4-4:26
Supplementary Explanation 2:5-25
The Great Crisis in the Relation of Heaven and Earth 3:1-24
Early Developments 4:1-26

SECOND STORY: ADAM 5:1-6-8
THIRD STORY: NOAH 6:9-9:29
The flood 7:1 – 8:22
Basic Ordinances Governing the Post-diluvian World 9:1 -17
The Future of the Races of Mankind 9:18-29

FOURTH STORY: THE SONS OF NOAH 10:1 – 11:9
Table of Nations 10:1-32
The Confusion of Tongues 11:1-9

FIFTH STORY: THE DESCENDANTS OF SHEM 11:10-26
SIXTH STORY: ABRAHAM 11:27-25:11
Call of Abraham and Departure from Haran
Trip to Egypt during Famine 12:10-20
Separation from Lot 13:1-18
Abram’s victory over the Kings14:1-24
God’s covenant with Abraham 15:1-21
Birth of Ishmael 16:1-6
Covenant Sealed by New Names and Circumcision 17: 1-27
The Lord’s Appearance at Mamre 18:1-33
Wickedness of Sodom, its Overthrow, Degeneracy of Lot 19:1-38
Abraham and Sarah at the Court of Gerar 20:1-8
Birth of Isaac, Expulsion of Ishmael 21:1-21
Covenant with Abimelech 21:22-34
Sacrifice of Isaac 25:1-76
Marriage of Isaac 25:1-67
Abraham’s Second Marriage and Death 25:1-11

SEVENTH STORY: ISAMAEL 25: 12-18
EIGHTH STORY: ISAAC 25: 19-35, 29
Birth and History of Two Brothers 25:19-34
Scenes from Isaac’s Life 26: 1-35
Isaac Blesses Jacob, Departure of Jacob, and Vision 27:1-28:22
Jacob’s Double Marriage and Family 29:1 – 30:43
Outline of Genesis

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Jacob’s Flight form Laban 31:1-55

Page 43

Jacob and Esau 32:1-33:20
Preparation for Meeting Esau 32:1-32
The Brother’s Reconciliation 33:1-20
Seduction of Dinah Avenged 34: 1-31
Last Events of Isaac’s Life 53: 1-9

NINTH STORY: ESAU 36:1-43
TENTH STORY: JACOB 37:1-50:26
Joseph and his Brothers 37:2 – 36
Judah and Tamar 38:1-30
Joseph’s Imprisonment and Liberation 39:1 – 40:23
Dreams Interpreted 41:1-57
Joseph and his Brothers in Egypt 42:1 – 45:28
Isaac Settled in Egypt 46:1 – 47:26
Jacob’s Preparation for his End 47:27 – 49:32
Death of Jacob and Joseph 49:33- 50:26

Outline of Genesis

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KEY PLACES IN GENESIS
God who created the heavens & the Earth made man & woman, gave them a home in a beautiful garden. They
were commanded to expand their home and authority over all the earth.

Outline of Genesis

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Genesis 1
1 In the beginning God created the
heaven and the earth.
2 And the earth was without form,
and void; and darkness [was] upon
the face of the deep. And the Spirit
of God moved upon the face of the
waters.
3 And God said, Let there be light:
and there was light.
4 And God saw the light, that [it was]
good: and God divided the light
from the darkness.
5 And God called the light Day, and
the darkness he called Night. And
the evening and the morning were
the first day.
6 ¶ And God said, Let there be a
firmament in the midst of the
waters, and let it divide the waters
from the waters.
7 And God made the firmament, and
divided the waters which [were]
under the firmament from the
waters which [were] above the
firmament: and it was so.
8 And God called the firmament
Heaven. And the evening and the
morning were the second day.
9 ¶ And God said, Let the waters
under the heaven be gathered
together unto one place, and let
the dry [land] appear: and it was
so.
10 And God called the dry [land]
Earth; and the gathering together
of the waters called he Seas: and
God saw that [it was] good.
11 And God said, Let the earth bring
forth grass, the herb yielding seed,
[and] the fruit tree yielding fruit
after his kind, whose seed [is] in
itself, upon the earth: and it was
so.

12 And the earth brought forth grass,
[and] herb yielding seed after his
kind, and the tree yielding fruit,
whose seed [was] in itself, after his
kind: and God saw that [it was]
good.
13 And the evening and the morning
were the third day.
14 ¶ And God said, Let there be lights
in the firmament of the heaven to
divide the day from the night; and
let them be for signs, and for
seasons, and for days, and years:
15 And let them be for lights in the
firmament of the heaven to give
light upon the earth: and it was so.
16 And God made two great lights;
the greater light to rule the day,
and the lesser light to rule the
night: [he made] the stars also.
17 And God set them in the
firmament of the heaven to give
light upon the earth,
18 And to rule over the day and over
the night, and to divide the light
from the darkness: and God saw
that [it was] good.
19 And the evening and the morning
were the fourth day.
20 And God said, Let the waters bring
forth abundantly the moving
creature that hath life, and fowl
[that] may fly above the earth in
the open firmament of heaven.
21 And God created great whales,
and every living creature that
moveth, which the waters brought
forth abundantly, after their kind,
and every winged fowl after his
kind: and God saw that [it was]
good.
22 And God blessed them, saying, Be
fruitful, and multiply, and fill the
waters in the seas, and let fowl
multiply in the earth.
23 And the evening and the morning
were the fifth day.

24 ¶ And God said, Let the earth bring
forth the living creature after his
kind, cattle, and creeping thing,
and beast of the earth after his
kind: and it was so.
25 And God made the beast of the
earth after his kind, and cattle after
their kind, and every thing that
creepeth upon the earth after his
kind: and God saw that [it was]
good.
26 ¶ And God said, Let us make man
in our image, after our likeness:
and let them have dominion over
the fish of the sea, and over the
fowl of the air, and over the cattle,
and over all the earth, and over
every creeping thing that creepeth
upon the earth.
27 So God created man in his [own]
image, in the image of God created
he him; male and female created
he them.
28 And God blessed them, and God
said unto them, Be fruitful, and
multiply, and replenish the earth,
and subdue it: and have dominion
over the fish of the sea, and over
the fowl of the air, and over every
living thing that moveth upon the
earth.
29 ¶ And God said, Behold, I have
given you every herb bearing seed,
which [is] upon the face of all the
earth, and every tree, in the which
[is] the fruit of a tree yielding seed;
to you it shall be for meat.
30 And to every beast of the earth,
and to every fowl of the air, and to
every thing that creepeth upon the
earth, wherein [there is] life, [I
have given] every green herb for
meat: and it was so.
31 And God saw every thing that he
had made, and, behold, [it was]
very good. And the evening and
the morning were the sixth day.

GENESIS 1:1 GOD
God is far too great for us to fully understand. He has no beginning and He has no end. There is no place where His
presence is not felt. The Bible asks in Job 11:7:
Genesis 1

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Can you fathom the mysteries of God?
“Can you probe the limits of the Almighty?”
God lives in Heaven and He rules over the whole earth. The Bible tells us:
This is what the Lord says: ‘Heaven is my throne and the earth is my foot stool..” (Isa 66:1).
“God reigns over the nations: God is seated on his holy throne” (Ps.47:8).
In this study we are going to be looking at special truths about God. These are facts about God’s unchanging
character. Through these you will understand more of what God is like. You will come to understand god and how
He cares for you personally.

WHAT IS GOD LIKE?
1. God Is The Creator Of Everything.
You alone are the Lord. You made the heavens, even the highest heavens, and all their starry host, the earth and all
that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven worship you.”
(Neh 9:6).
“For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s womb”(Ps.139:13).

2. God Is All-Powerful
For who hath resisted his will? Hath not the potter power over the clay..? “(Rom 9:19-21).
“Yours, O Lord, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the majesty and the splendor, for everything in
heaven and earth is yours. Yours, O Lord, is the kingdom; you are exalted as head over all” (1 Chr 29:11).
“Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, accordingly to his power that is at
work within us” (Eph 3:20).

3. God Is All-Knowing
Nothing in all creation is hidden from God’s sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to
whom we must give account” (Heb 4:13).
“..God is greater than our hearts, and he knows everything” (1 Jn.3:20).

4. God Is Holy
“There is no one holy like the Lord; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God” (1 Sam 2:2).
5. God Is A Spirit
“God is spirit, and his worshippers must worship in spirit and in truth”(John 4:24).
6. God Is A Person You Can Know
“Come near to God and he will come near to you…¶” (Jas 4:8).
“The Lord is near to all who call on him, to all who call on him in truth”. (Ps.145:18).

7. God Is A Loving Father
“How great is the love the Father has lavished on us, that we should be called children of God! And that is what we
are…¶” (1 Jn3:1).

GOD IS TOO GREAT TO LIVE IN TEMPLES
“The God who made the world and everything in it is the Lord of heaven and earthy and does not live in temples
built by hands. And he is not served by human hands, as if he needed anything, because he himself gives all men life
and breath and everything else…¶’For in him we live and move and have our being.’ As some of your own poets
have said, ‘We are his offspring’”. (Acts 17:24,25,28).

WE ARE:
1. Creation By God
“I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well. My
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frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place.
“When I was woven together in the depths of the earth, your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained
for me were written in your book before one of them came to be” (Ps.139:14-16).

2. Owned By God
“Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God?
You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your body” (1 Cor 6: 19,20).
3. Called To Worship God
“You are worthy, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honour and power, for you created all things, and by your
will they were created and have their being” (Rev 4:11).

MAKE A DECISION
Jesus said, “Love the Lord your God with all your soul and with all your mind” (Matt 22:37).
The Bible tells us about a man called Joshua. He was a great leader of the nation of Israel.
The people had been wandering for forty years in the wilderness, without a land of their own. Joshua, under God’s
direction, led them in victory against the evil nations living in Canaan, and possessed their land for the homeless
nation of Israel.
Joshua then challenged all the people to make a decision:
“Choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether the gods your forefathers served beyond the River,
or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you are living. BUT AS FOR ME AND MY HOUSEHOLD, WE WILL SERVE
THE LORD”(Josh 24:15).
The same challenge comes to each of us. Will you make the same commitment as Joshua this day?

MY COMMITMENT
This day I give my worship to the only true God of heaven and earth, and surrender my will, my life and possessions
to Him. From this day I determine never to worship any other gods. My worship is for Him only, and I will teach
others the truths about God.

GENESIS 1:1 IN THE BEGINNING - THE DATELESS PAST
"In the beginning" refers to the dateless past (Proverbs 8:22-23; John 1:1; Acts 15:18; Ephes. 3:9; Col. 1:18;
Hebrews 1:10; Hebrews 11:3; 1 John 1:1; Rev. 1:8; Rev. 3:14).
Genesis 1:1 is the introduction to the Bible and all of history, because it marks the boundary between time and
eternity. It is not a summary of what is to follow, because it mentions heaven first while the following verses
mention the earth first. Job 38:4-7 makes it clear that the heavens were created first or the stars couldn't have
rejoiced when the earth was created. This proves that Genesis 1:1 refers to prior acts of God. Genesis 1:2 shows
that the earth was under a flood of judgment. And, the verses which follow refer to the earth's restoration to a
second habitable state. That God existed from all eternity is clear in Scripture (Psalm 90:2; Psalm 93:2; Proverbs
8:22-31; Micah 5:2; John 1:1-3; Hebrews 9:14; Rev. 1:4-8; Rev. 4:8; Rev. 22:5,13). What He did in all the dateless
past, besides creating the spiritual, moral, and material universes, is not revealed (see Deut. 29:29).

The Age of the Earth
There is no conflict between science and the Bible. However, real scientific discoveries must be distinguished from
theories. Science—especially geology—is still in its infancy and the testimony of rocks is uncertain. True statements
of God's Word must also be distinguished from man's interpretation of them. We can't say how old the earth is
because we don't know when the beginning was. God's creation of the heavens and the earth could have been
billions of years ago. If geologists can prove the age of the earth to be what they claim, we have no scriptural
authority to disagree. They can't contradict the Bible, however, because it doesn't reveal any time element in
connection with the earth's original creation. This much is certain according to Scripture: The earth is more than six
thousand years old and was inhabited before the days of Adam. It was cursed and flooded because of sin before the
six days of re-creation in Genesis 1:3-2:25. Lucifer was already a fallen creature when he came into Adam's Eden,
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having already ruled the earth and rebelled, causing the first flood (Genesis 1:2; Isaiah 14:12-14; Jeremiah 4:2326; Ezekiel 28:11-17; Luke 10:18; 2 Peter 3:5-7).

Fifteen Things which the Bible Does Not Say
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.

The beginning was 6,000 years ago.
The earth was created 6,000 years ago.
The six days' work of Genesis 1:3-2:25 was the same as the original work of Genesis 1:1.
The earth was created as chaos and flooded as in Genesis 1:2 (Isaiah 45:18).
The earth was created waste and empty as in Genesis 1:1 (Isaiah 45:18).
Light and darkness were created in day one of Genesis 1:3-5. This isn't true because they were present in
Lucifer's kingdom before Adam. When the earth was flooded because of sin (Genesis 1:2; Psalm 104:6-9; 2
Peter 3:5-7) the heavens withheld light, causing the darkness of Genesis 1:2 (Jeremiah 4:23-26).
Clouds and the water in them were created in day two (Genesis 1:6-8). On the contrary, they had been giving
rain on the earth all through Lucifer's reign on earth (Isaiah 14:12-14; Job 38:4-30).
The earth was created in day three of Genesis 1:9-13. It was actually created "in the beginning" (Genesis 1:1),
and was in existence during the flood of Genesis 1:2 and the first two days of re-creation (Genesis 1:2-8).
The earth was dry land for the first time in day three (Genesis 1:9-13). It was dry land from its creation in the
dateless past to the time it was flooded because of sin (Genesis 1:1-2; Psalm 104:6-9; 2 Peter 3:5-7). It is called
"earth" (dry land) in Genesis 1:1.
The earth brought forth vegetation for the first time in day three (Genesis 1:9-13). There had been fruitful
places in Lucifer's kingdom (Jeremiah 4:23-26).
The sun, moon, and stars were created in day four. They were created in the beginning before the earth
existed (Genesis 1:1; Job 38:4-7). The work of day four concerned their regulation with the restored earth.
Birds, beasts, and man were first created in days five and six, about six thousand years ago. On the contrary,
some were created for Lucifer's kingdom and were destroyed in Lucifer's flood of Genesis 1:2 (Isaiah 14:12-14;
Jeremiah 4:23-26; 2 Peter 3:5-7).
Adam was the first man ever to live on the earth. People and nations were on earth when Lucifer ruled (Isaiah
14:12-14; Jeremiah 4:23-26; 2 Peter 3:5-7).
The heavens, the earth and all things therein are a product of evolution. On the contrary, God created them all
(Genesis 1:1; John 1:3; Ephes. 3:9; Col. 1:15-18; Rev. 4:11).
Human beings as we know them today have evolved from lower forms of life. The Bible teaches that man was
created perfect and highly intelligent, with the ability to name all other created things. Since the day he fell,
man has become depraved and ignorant compared to his original state (Genesis 2:7,15-25; Genesis 3:1-24;
Romans 1:18-32; Romans 5:12-21; Ephes. 2).

8.
9.

10.
11.
12.

13.
14.
15.

GENESIS 1:1 IN THE BEGINNING, GOD CREATED
Bara'—"Create," Defined
"Created" in Genesis 1:1 is from the Hebrew baraチ (HSN-1254), to bring into being (see Hebrews 11:3). It is used 7
times in the first two chapters of Genesis (Genesis 1:1,21, 27; Genesis 2:3,4). In all other places "made" and "make"
are used, proving the six days' work to be mainly reconstructive. In Genesis 1:1 the universe is brought into
existence; in Genesis 1:21 sea creatures are created; and in Genesis 1:27 man is created. Thus, baraチ (HSN-1254) is
reserved for the introduction of the three great spheres of existence: the world of matter; the natural life of all
living creatures; and spiritual life represented by man.
God's original creations include the heavens, the earth, and all things therein as first brought into being—made
perfect the first time. Genesis 1:1 refers to the beginning of the creative ages (Job 38; Psalm 8:3-8; Psalm 19:1-6;
Proverbs 8:22-31; John 1:3,10; Acts 1:4-26; Col. 1:15-18; Hebrews 1:1-12; Hebrews 11:3; Rev. 4:11). The six days of
re-creation (Genesis 1:3-2:25) end the creative ages, and are distinct from the original

The Gap Theory

When were the angels created? When did Satan Fall? Is there a “gap” between v.1 and v.2?
Did you know that the angels witnessed “the foundation of the earth”? Job 38:4-7

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Bar Ha Elohim: “Sons of God” = angels in the Old Testament. Ranks of angels: “Principalities,” “Powers,” et al.
“Cherubim” were apparently the top “Super Angels”: they were already present when “the foundations of the
earth” were laid
Satan: His Origin, Agenda, and Destiny
Ezekiel 28:12-19 - Ezek 28:2-11 is written to the “Prince of Tyre”; Ezek 28:12-19 to “King of Tyre”—the power
behind the throne. He was in Eden; he was created; and, music was significant—he may have led worship. (He’s
still trying!…)
Isaiah 14:12-17 - King of Babylon… There are five “I will…” statements “in thine heart…” This is why God hates
pride…
V 17 “...made the world as a wilderness…”: Revelation 12 details his career and destiny…

The Pre-Adamite World
1) The following facts prove that the term "in the beginning" in Genesis 1:1 refers to the original creation of the
heavens and the earth, and does not refer to the time or work of the six days of Genesis 1:3-2:25:
1) The word "and" is used 153 times in Genesis 1-2 to separate the 102 independent acts of God. The
"and" of Genesis 1:2 proves that the work of Genesis 1:2 is entirely independent of the work of
Genesis 1:1. While Genesis 1:1 records the original creation of the heavens and the earth, Genesis 1:2
records the original dry land, or earth, made into chaos and flooded through a great catastrophe
which destroyed all life on a pre-Adamite earth.
2) The word "was" in Genesis 1:2 is from the verb to become, not the verb to be, proving that the earth
became waste and empty since its original creation and habitation in the beginning.
3) The phrase "without form" in Genesis 1:2 (see notes there) is from the Hebrew tohuw (HSN-8414),
meaning waste or desolation. It is translated "waste" (Deut. 32:10), "without form" (Genesis 1:2;
Jeremiah 4:23), "vain" (Isaiah 45:18; 1 Samuel 12:21), "confusion" (Isaiah 24:10; Isaiah 34:11; Isaiah
41:29), "empty" (Job 26:7), "vanity" (Isaiah 40:17,23; Isaiah 44:9; Isaiah 59:4), "nothing" (Job 6:18;
Isaiah 40:17), and "wilderness" (Job 12:24; Psalm 107:40). It can be seen from these passages what the
condition of the earth was in Genesis 1:2. Yet Isaiah 45:18 states that God did not create the earth "in
vain," or tohuw (HSN-8414). Therefore, the earth was originally perfect, dry land, beautiful, and
inhabited, but later became empty, waste, and a ruin because of sin (Deut. 32:4; Eccles. 3:11).
4) The Hebrew for "void" in Genesis 1:2 is bohuw (HSN-922), "empty, ruined, void." It is translated "void"
(Genesis 1:2; Jeremiah 4:23), and "emptiness" (Isaiah 34:11). The Hebrew phrase, tohuw wabohuw,
"waste and empty," describes the chaotic condition of the earth at the time that it was cursed and
flooded because of the sins of Lucifer and the pre-Adamites. It doesn't refer to the earth as originally
created—beautiful, perfect, dry land.
2) The earth was created to be inhabited (Isaiah 45:18), and was inhabited before the flood of Genesis 1:2 and the
work of the six days of Adam's time (Genesis 1:3-2:25; Isaiah 14:12-14; Jeremiah 4:23-26; Ezekiel 28:11-17; 2
Peter 3:5-7).
3) The earth is called "dry land" in Genesis 1:10 which means that Genesis 1:1 could read, "In the beginning God
created the heaven and dry land." Since it was created dry, it stands to reason that the flooded condition of
Genesis 1:2 was a curse, not a creative act. According to Psalm 136:6 the earth was originally "stretched above
the waters," not covered by them (see note, Psalm 136:6). This requires a pre-Adamite race whose sin brought
such a curse.
4) In Genesis 1:2 the earth is not only flooded with water but covered in total darkness, causing all life on earth to
be destroyed. This requires a pre-Adamite world with vegetation, birds, animals, and human beings as proven
in the notes on Jeremiah 4:23-26.
5) Genesis 1:2 reveals that the earth, waters, and darkness were already in existence before the work of the six
days which began in Genesis 1:3 and continued until the earth was restored to a second habitable state in
Genesis 2:25. Thus, it is clear from Genesis 1:1-2 (and related scriptures) that:
1) In the beginning—the dateless past, not six thousand years ago—God created the heavens, including
the sun, moon, and stars. See note, Psalm 136:7.
2) At the same time God also created the earth or dry land.
3) The heavens and the earth were created by God, a personal and an eternal Being.
They were not the result of a cosmic accident.
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4)
5)
6)
7)

6)
7)

8)

9)

10)

11)

12)

The heavens were created before the earth, as revealed in Job 38:4-7.
Both the heavens and the earth were created before the earth was flooded.
The earth was created dry land, not wet and flooded (Genesis 1:1,10; Isaiah 45:18).
The waters that flooded the dry land were created in the beginning along with the earth, to cause the
dry land to become productive (Job 38:4-30), not to curse the earth as in Genesis 1:2.
8) Light and darkness was also created in the beginning, to help sustain life on the earth (Job 38:4-41).
9) The earth alone was cursed, flooded, and filled with darkness—not the heavens (Genesis 1:2).
We therefore conclude that Genesis 1:1-2 proves a pre-Adamite world that was destroyed in a flood,
requiring the making of the present Adamite world for God's original purpose for the earth to be
realized (Isaiah 45:18).
Genesis 1:2 reveals the Spirit of God moving on the flooded earth to restore dry land. This confirms that the
pre-Adamite world was destroyed, making it necessary to restore the earth to a second habitable state.
In Scripture, all instances of obscuring the sun and bringing darkness are the result of judgment, not creation—
which is also true of the two universal floods (Genesis 6:8-8:22; Exodus 10:21-23; Isaiah 5:30; Jeremiah 4:2326). All predictions of future darkness depict judgment (Matthew 8:12; Matthew 24:29-31; Rev. 6:12-17; Rev.
8:12; Rev. 9:2; Rev. 16:10; Isaiah 13:10; Joel 2:30-3:16; Amos 5:18-20). Could we say that Genesis 1:2 is the only
place in Scripture where darkness and a universal flood are not an act of judgment? If it isn't an option, then
Genesis 1:2 proves that there was a pre-Adamite world destroyed by darkness and flood. No one questions that
Noah's flood was an act of judgment, or doubts the existence of free moral agents before the flood actually
came. Why then doubt the existence of a pre-Adamite world which was destroyed by the darkness and flood of
Genesis 1:2? See Lucifer's Flood.
The command for Adam to "replenish" the earth (fill it again, not plenish it) proves the earth had been filled
before this (Genesis 1:28). God gave the same command to Noah, after the second universal flood (Genesis 9:12). Should we conclude that God meant for Noah to fill the earth for the first time, and not refill it? Substitute
the word fill (meaning supply for the first time) in Genesis 9:1; Isaiah 2:6; Isaiah 23:2; Jeremiah 31:25; Ezekiel
26:2; Ezekiel 27:25, as some do in Genesis 1:28 and see if it makes better sense. Whatever we conclude in the
other places where "replenish" is used, we should be consistent and give the same meaning to Genesis 1:28.
The fact that Lucifer had already ruled the earth and become a fallen creature before Adam's time is proof that
Adam and his race were not the first ones on earth. We must acknowledge that Satan's fall was before Adam's
time, because he was already a fallen creature when he came into Adam's Eden (Genesis 3; 2 Cor. 11:3). Hence,
he must have fallen with a pre-Adamite creation.
According to Isaiah 14:12-14, Lucifer actually invaded heaven from earth, hoping to defeat God and take His
kingdom; but Lucifer himself was defeated and his kingdom cursed. Before his defeat, he had a throne,
implying a kingdom and subjects to rule over. His kingdom was under the clouds, under the stars, and under
heaven—therefore, on earth. Having weakened the nations over whom he ruled, and wanting to be like God
and take His place in heaven, Lucifer led the invasion of heaven. All this had to be before Adam's day, because
no such things have occurred since Adam was created.
Ezekiel 28:11-17 pictures Lucifer before he fell, as the anointed cherub or protector of the earth, full of wisdom
and perfect in beauty, ruling in a garden of Eden (before Adam), created by God and perfect in his ways up to
the time of his fall. The passage gives both the reason for his fall and the results. The only time this could have
been true of Satan was before the days of Adam, thus proving a pre-Adamite world.
In Jeremiah 4:23-26 we have a full description of the earth under a total curse, as in Genesis 1:2. It was
desolate and empty. The heavens had no light, the hills and mountains were undergoing convulsions, and there
was neither man, bird, animal, nor fruitful place; no city was left standing because of God's fierce anger. The
only time Jeremiah could have seen the earth "without form and void" was at the same time that Moses saw it
thus, as recorded by him in Genesis 1:2. There never has been a time from Adam until now when the earth was
in such a state—not even at the time of Noah's flood—and there will never be a time of such a curse in the
eternal future. The only time Jeremiah 4:23-26 could be fulfilled was before Adam, because the earth was in
that condition when the Spirit began the six days' work of restoring it to a second habitable state (Genesis 1:221). Regarding the future, this will never be the condition of the earth again, because at His second coming
Christ will begin to reign over all nations on earth forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end (Genesis
8:22; Genesis 9:12; Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 59:21; Daniel 2:44-45; Daniel 7:13-14,18,27; Zech. 14; Luke 1:32-33; Rev.

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13)

14)

15)
16)

17)
18)

Page 51 of 354

1:6; Rev. 5:10; Rev. 11:15; Rev. 20:4-10; Rev. 22:4-5). Even the renovation of heaven and earth at the end of
the Millennium will not make the earth desolate as pictured in Genesis 1:2 and Jeremiah 4:23-26. Therefore,
Jeremiah 4:23-26 must refer to the same judgment as Genesis 1:2, proving further that a real social system—
human beings, birds, fruitful places, cities—existed before Adam.
Psalm 104:5-9 speaks of God sending a flood on the earth after its creation, at which time the waters stood
above the mountains. Psalm 104:7 identifies this as Lucifer's flood, saying "At Thy rebuke they fled." In the case
of Noah's flood, the waters slowly and naturally abated. Furthermore, Psalm 104:9 makes it clear that this flood
was at a time when God set a boundary for the waters "that they turn not again to cover the earth," and that is
what happened in the six days' work of Genesis 1:3-2:25.
Thus, Psalm 104:5-9 refers to the same flood as Genesis 1:2 and proves the existence of a pre-Adamite world
which was overthrown by a flood.
Turning to the New Testament we find that Jesus taught the fall of Satan from heaven in Luke 10:18. When did
he fall? Before Adam's time, because he was already a fallen creature when he came into Adam's Eden (Genesis
3). Why did he fall? Because of pride and wanting to exalt his earthly kingdom above God's (Isaiah 14:12-16;
Ezekiel 28:11-17). What was the result of his fall? All of Satan's earthly subjects as well as over one third of
God's own angels fell with him (Rev. 12:3,7-12); and all nations were totally destroyed, along with vegetation,
fish, fowl, and animals (2 Peter 3:5-7). Thus, Luke 10:18 substantiates the teaching of Old Testament passages
regarding a pre-Adamite world.
Jesus further taught the overthrow of the pre-Adamite world by plainly stating that the world had been
overthrown.
Paul also taught the overthrow of the pre-Adamite world (Ephes. 1:4; Hebrews 4:3; Hebrews 9:26; see notes at
these scriptures and the note on Matthew 13:35). In Col. 1:15-18 he made it clear that there are thrones,
principalities, and powers in heaven and in earth, visible and invisible. It shouldn't be difficult to believe that
Lucifer was given one of these thrones and a kingdom to rule over, before he fell. That his kingdom was on
earth in a pre-Adamite period is indicated by the fact that he returned to the earth after his fall and brought
about the downfall of the new ruler, Adam. Why all this desire to usurp man's dominion on earth if the earth
was not at one time Lucifer's place of rulership? Even his eternal punishment will be in the lake of fire under
the earth, which further proves his sin was in connection with the earth—and when else could that have been
but at the time of a pre-Adamite world?
Contrasting "the world that then was" with the heavens and the earth "which are now" Peter spoke clearly of a
social system overthrown before Adam.
18.John also referred to the overthrow of the pre-Adamite world, as is clear from the note on Rev. 13:8.

Thus, it is clear that both the Old Testament and the New Testament give proof of a pre-Adamite world. Scientific
findings of prehistoric animals and human beings, the age of the earth, and other facts are consistent with the
Biblical revelation of a pre-Adamite social
system. There are many questions which
cannot be answered apart
from a belief in the pre-Adamite age.
How did Lucifer become the devil and the
prince of demons? When did he weaken
the nations, ascend into heaven to exalt
his throne above the stars, and fall from
heaven as in Isaiah 14:12-14? How did
demons originate, for what purpose, and
when? What caused the calamity of
Genesis 1:2; Jeremiah 4:23-26; Psalm
104:6-9; and 2 Peter 3:5-6? Why was hell
prepared for the devil and his angels as
stated in Matthew 25:41, and why was it
located beneath the earth (Matthew
12:40; Ephes. 4:7-11)? Why was Adam
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told to "replenish" the earth and not merely to plenish it? These and other questions go unanswered apart from a
belief in the pre-Adamite world.

Lucifer's Flood
We find proof of two universal floods on earth, one in Lucifer's day (Genesis 1:2; Isaiah 14:12-14; Jeremiah 4:23-26;
2 Peter 3:5-7) and another in Noah's (Genesis 6:11-8:14). The flood of Noah lasted a year and seventeen days, yet
vegetation wasn't destroyed. But in Lucifer's flood the fruitful place became a wilderness (Jeremiah 4:23-26). New
vegetation had to be planted in the six days of re-creation, because the earth was totally desolate (Genesis 1:11-12;
Genesis 2:5,8-17). This proves that Lucifer's flood was longer than Noah's and served as judgment for a more
serious rebellion. See The Pre-Adamite World.

Twenty Contrasts between the Two Floods
Lucifer's Flood
1) Earth made waste (Genesis 1:2; Jeremiah 4:23)

Noah's Flood
1) Not made waste (Genesis 8:11- 12,22)

2) Earth made empty (Genesis 1:2; Jeremiah 4:23)

2) Not made empty (Genesis 6:17-22; Genesis 8:16)

3) Earth made totally dark (Genesis 1:2; Jeremiah 4:23)

3) Not made totally dark (Genesis 8:6-22)

4) No light from heaven (Genesis 1:2; Jeremiah 4:23)

4) Light from heaven (Genesis 8:6-22)

5) No days (Genesis 1:2-5)

5) Days (Genesis 8:1-22)

6) All vegetation destroyed (Gen, 1:2-12; Gen. 8:11-12,22)

6) Vegetation left (Jeremiah 4:23-26)

7) No abating of waters off the earth (Genesis 1:6-12)

7) Continual abating of waters off earth (Genesis
8:1-14)

8) Waters taken off earth in one day (Genesis 1:10)

8) Months abating off earth (Genesis 8:1-14)

9) Waters removed supernaturally (Genesis 1:6-12)

9) Waters removed naturally (Genesis 8:1-14)

10) God rebuked the waters (Genesis 1:6-12; Psalm 104:7)

10) No rebuke of the waters (Genesis 8:1-14)

11) Waters left quickly (Psalm 104:7)

11) Waters gradually receded (Genesis 8:1-14)

12) God set bound for waters (Psalm 104:9)

12) Bounds already set (Genesis 1:6-12; Genesis 8:2)

13) All fish killed because sun withheld (Genesis 1:2,20-23;
Jeremiah 4:23-26)

13) No fish killed, only land animals (Genesis 6:188:22)

14) No fowl left (Genesis 1:20; Jeremiah 4:23-26)

14) Fowls preserved (Genesis 6:20; Genesis 8:17)

15) No animals left (Genesis 1:24-25; Genesis 2:19)

15) Animals preserved (Genesis 6:20; Genesis 8:17)

16) No man left (Genesis 1:26-28; Jeremiah 4:23-26)

16) Eight (+1 Enoch) people saved (Genesis 6:18)

17) No social system left (2 Peter 3:6; Jeremiah 4:23-26)

17) A social system left (Genesis 6:18; Genesis 8:22; 2
Peter 2:5)
18) An ark made to save life (Genesis 6:14-22; 1 Peter
3:20)

18) No ark to save life (Jeremiah 4:23-26; 2 Peter 3:6-7)
19) Cause: fall of Satan (Isaiah 14:12-14; Jeremiah 4:23-26;
Ezekiel 28:11-17; Luke 10:18)

19) Cause: wickedness of man and fallen
angels (Genesis 6:1-13)

20) Result: necessary to make new fish, fowl, animals, man,
vegetation (Genesis 1:3-2:25)

20) Result: no new creations made, for all things
were preserved (Genesis 6:18-8:22)

GENESIS 1:1 IN THE BEGINNING GOD CREATED THE HEAVEN AND THE EARTH.
Does the Bible say that the Earth is flat?
No. Some Bible critics have claimed that Revelation 7:1 assumes a flat earth since the verse refers to angels
standing at the “four corners” of the earth. Actually, the reference is to the cardinal directions: north, south, east,
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and west. Similar terminology is often used today when we speak of the sun's rising and setting, even though the
earth, not the sun, is doing the moving. Bible writers used the “language of appearance,” just as people always
have. Without it, the intended message would be awkward at best and probably not understood clearly. [DD]
In the Old Testament, Job 26:7 explains that the earth is suspended in space, the obvious comparison being with
the spherical sun and moon.
He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing. He bindeth up the waters
in his thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them. He holdeth back the face of his throne, and spreadeth his
cloud upon it. He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end. Job 26:7
A literal translation of Job 26:10 is “He described a circle upon the face of the waters, until the day and night come
to an end.” A spherical earth is also described in Isaiah 40:21-22—“the circle of the earth.”
Note, the Biblical Hebrew word for “circle” (‫—חוג‬chuwg) can also mean “round” or “sphere.”
“The Earth a Sphere—Certain astronomical relations were recognized very early. The stars appear as if attached to
a globe rotating round the earth once in 24 hours, and this appearance was clearly familiar to the author of the
Book of Job, and indeed long before the time of Abraham, since the formation of the constellations could not have
been effected without such recognition. But the spherical form of the heavens almost involves a similar form for
the earth, and their apparent diurnal rotation certainly means that they are not rigidly connected with the earth,
but surround it on all sides at some distance from it. The earth therefore must be freely suspended in space, and so
the Book of Job describes it: ‘He stretcheth out the north over empty space, and hangeth the earth upon nothing’
(Job 26:7).” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)]
Proverbs 8:27 also suggests a round earth by use of the word circle (e.g., New King James Bible and New American
Standard Bible).
When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth: Proverbs 8:27
If you are overlooking the ocean, the horizon appears as a circle. This circle on the horizon is described in Job 26:10.
The circle on the face of the waters is one of the proofs that the Greeks used for a spherical earth. Yet here it is
recorded in Job, ages before the Greeks discovered it. Job 26:10 indicates that where light terminates, darkness
begins. This suggests day and night on a spherical globe. [JSM]
The Hebrew record is the oldest, because Job is one of the oldest books in the Bible. Historians generally [wrongly]
credit the Greeks with being the first to suggest a spherical earth. In the sixth century B.C., Pythagoras suggested a
spherical earth. [JSM]
Eratosthenes of Alexandria (circa 276 to 194 or 192 B.C.) calcuated the circumference of the earth “within 50 miles
of the present estimate.” [Encyclopedia Brittanica]
The Greeks also drew meridians and parallels. They identified such areas as the poles, equator, and tropics. This
spherical earth concept did not prevail; the Romans drew the earth as a flat disk with oceans around it. [JSM]
The round shape of our planet was a conclusion easily drawn by watching ships disappear over the horizon and also
by observing eclipse shadows, and we can assume that such information was well known to New Testament
writers. Earth's spherical shape was, of course, also understood by Christopher Columbus. [DD]
The implication of a round earth is seen in the book of Luke, where Jesus described his return, Luke 17:31. Jesus
said, “In that day,” then in verse 34, “In that night.” This is an allusion to light on one side of the globe and darkness
on the other simultaneously.
In that day, he which shall be upon the housetop, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it
away: and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back. Luke 17:31
It is also interesting to note that there are 16 scriptures which refer to God stretching out the heavens. These are
remarkable confirmations that the Bible is true, as we know today that the heavens are rapidly expanding.
When the Bible touches on scientific subjects, it is entirely accurate.
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GENESIS 1:2 AND THE SPIRIT OF GOD MOVED – THE HOLY SPIRIT
After Jesus rose from the dead, He appeared to His disciples for 40 days. Then, when they were all gathered
together with Him on the top of a high hill. He was taken up into Heaven before their eyes (read Acts 1:1-11).
However, before He left, Jesus gave His believers a very special and wonderful promise:
"...I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you for ever - the Spirit of truth ... I tell
you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but
if I go, I will send him to you..." (John 14:16-18; 16:5-7)
Jesus has not left us alone in the world. He has sent us the Holy Spirit.

THE HOLY SPIRIT IS GOD
The very first thing we must understand about the Holy Spirit is that He is indeed God.
"Then Peter said, 'Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied TO THE HOLD SPIRIT
...You have not lied to men BUT TO GOD'" (Acts 5:3,4). See also 2 Corinthians 3:17).
God has chosen to express Himself to mankind as Father, as son and as the Holy Spirit. these are the expression of
three distinct Persons (Personalities), yet the three are one.

THE GIFT OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
The Holy Spirit is God's gift to every believer. When a person believes in Jesus, and receives the salvation He offers,
the Holy Spirit comes to live in the believer, imparting spiritual life.
"Peter replied, 'Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ so that your sins may be
forgiven. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for you and your children and for all who
are far off - for all whom the Lord our God will call"' (Acts 2:38,39). See also John 7:37-39.

THE WORK OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
1. In The Believer's Personal Life
The Holy Spirit comes to dwell with the believer to minister to him personally:
1. He Testifies Of Our Relationship With God. "The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's
children" (Rom 8:16). See also 1 John 3:24.
2. He Teaches. "But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all
things and will remind you of everything I have said to you" (John 14:26).
3. He Guides. "... because those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God" (Rom 8:14).
4. He helps Us Live A Life Pleasing To God. "So I say, live by the Spirit and you will not gratify the desires of
the sinful nature" (Gal 5:16). See also verses 17-25.
5. He Helps Us In Prayer. "In the same way, the spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we
ought to pray, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express" (Rom 8:26).
6. He Gives Life To Our Bodies. "And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he
who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit, who lives in you"
(Rom 8:11).

2. In The Believer For Service
As well as giving the Holy Spirit to dwell in the believer, God also wants to fill and baptize the believer with the Holy
Spirit to empower him to serve and glorify God in the world.
1. The Holy Spirit Gives Power And Boldness To Witness. "But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit
comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judia and Samaria, and to the ends of
the earth" (Acts 1:8). See also Acts 2:14-40.
2. He Introduces The Supernatural Realm. "There are different kinds of gifts. but the same Spirit..
"To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by
means of the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit,
to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits,
to another the ability to speak in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of
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tongues" (1 Cor 12:4,8-10). See also Acts 2:4; 10:46; 19:6.
3. He Testifies That Jesus Is Alive. "The God of our fathers raised Jesus from the dead.. We are witnesses of
these things and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him" (Acts 5:30-32). See also
Acts 4:31-33.
4. He Brings A Fresh Understanding Of the Word Of God. ".. as it is written: 'No eye has seen, no ear has
heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him' - but god has revealed it to
us by his Spirit. the Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God" (1 Cor 2:9,10). See also John
16:13.
5. He Fills Our spirit with True Worship To God. "be filled with the Spirit, speak to one another with psalms,
hymns and spiritual songs. Sing and make music in your heart to the Lord"
6. He Glorifies Jesus. "But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth.
"He will not speak on his own; He will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.
He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you. All that belongs to the
Father is mine. That is why I said the Spirit will take from what is mine and make it known to you" (John
16:13-15). See also John 15:26.

HOW TO BE BAPTIZED IN THE HOLY SPIRIT
God wants His Holy Spirit, Who indwells you because you are a believer in Jesus, to fill you to overflowing with
power to serve Him (Eph 5:18).

1. The Holy Spirit Is A Gift Promised By God; So Ask For His baptism
".. how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!" (Luke 11:13). See also
verses 9:12.
2. Begin to Praise God As You Receive In Faith
"Then they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy. And they stayed continually at the temple,
praising God" (Luke 24:52,53).
3. You Can Speak With A Supernatural Language
"...the Holy Spirit came on them, and they spoke in tongues .." (Acts 19:6). See also Mark 16:17; Acts 2:4; 10:45,46;
1 Corinthians 14:5,18.

MY COMMITMENT
I thank God for the Gift of the Holy Spirit in my life. I make a decision today to respond to the Holy spirit's
prompting and directing. I determine to learn to listen for the voice of the Holy spirit in my heart. I choose to be
filled with the Spirit. I now open my spirit to be filled with the Holy Spirit.

GENESIS 1:3 LET THERE BE LIGHT
"Let" is used 14 times in this chapter, 1,497 times elsewhere, and in no case is an original creative act implied. The
sense is "made appear" or "made visible," expressing permission and purpose in connection with already existing
things. The light, firmament, waters, earth, darkness and all other things mentioned here were already in existence
but had been thrown into chaos, and the laws which previously governed them had been made void. The purpose
of their existence had been annulled because of sin.

Evening and Morning

Evening is the start of the day
Erev means “obscuration, mixture” (increasing entropy); when encroaching darkness began to deny the ability
to discern forms, shapes, and identities; hence “twilight”; the time of approaching darkness (Prov7:9; Jer 6:4).
o Sunset; marking the duration of impurity: when a ceremonially unclean person became clean again
(Lev 15); the beginning of the Hebrew day
Boker means “becoming discernible, distinguishable, visible”; perception of order; relief of obscurity
(decreasing entropy); attendant ability to begin to discern forms, shapes, and distinct identities; breaking forth
of light; revealing; hence: dawn; morning (Gen 19:27; Kgs 19:9). It is significant that on the 7 th day, when the
creation is complete, there is no more “erev”or “boker.”

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There seems to be a close coupling between the spiritual and physical world prior to the fall: Heb 11:3; Rom
8:19-23; Ps 102:25-27; Prov 16:33; Eph 1:11; Heb 1:2-3; Col 1:16,17.
Onkelos Translation of 1:31: “…it was a unified order.”

The bottom line interpretation of the Genesis narrative is this: Those seven days of Genesis were indeed seven
literal 24 hour days, but they are not a description of the original creation of all things (Genesis 1:1). Rather they are
a Divine special regeneration of the cosmos from what was here before the present world of Man. In other words,
there are two creation events in Genesis. The first is described in a one-sentence statement at Genesis 1:1 and the
second was accomplished in 7 days and very detailed, beginning at Genesis 1:3. This is why the Bible at Genesis 2:4
says:
"These are the generations [plural] of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the
LORD God made the earth and the heavens," (Genesis 2:4 KJV)
Again, the Creation account contains the story of two creative events. Only the latter event, the seven days, is
outlined in great detail. The first one requires study and searching out and, most importantly, requires FAITH in the
infallibility of God's written Word.

GENESIS 1:6
 FIRMAMENT IN THE MIDST OF THE WATERS

The Firmament Defined

The Hebrew raqiyaʽ (HSN-7549), means expanse. It occurs 17 times, and is always translated in the King James
Version as "firmament" (Genesis 1:6-8,14-20; Psalm 19:1; Psalm 150:1; Ezekiel 1:22-26; Ezekiel 10:1; Daniel 12:3). It
was created in the beginning as one of the heavens of Genesis 1:1. It retained water above the earth through out
Lucifer's reign, but upon his overthrow the earth was cursed by the firmament pouring out its waters and causing
the flood of Genesis 1:2; Psalm 104:5-9; and 2 Peter 3:5-7. It is called "heaven" in Genesis 1:8.


The Waters Divided
In the judgment on the original earth, water vapors condensed and fell. The waters couldn't be vaporized again
until the restoration of sunlight. Hence, the waters didn't naturally abate from the earth in the first universal flood,
as they did continually in the flood of Noah (Genesis 7:24; Genesis 8:3,5,8,11). Because the waters were then
divided again (as before Genesis 1:2), natural laws took care of flood conditions in Noah's time. Waters and
firmament were both created in the beginning, and now were merely being restored as before the chaos of Genesis
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1:2.

GENESIS 1:7 GOD MADE THE FIRMAMENT
"Made" Defined

Hebrew ʽasah (HSN-6213), to make out of already existing material (opposite of baraʼ (HSN-1254), to create; see
"Bara'—Create" Defined).
In the 2,633 times ʽasah (HSN-6213) occurs in Scripture, it is translated "make" or "made", "do", "wrought",
"execute", "prepare", "work", and other ways. When Scripture says "in six days the Lord made heaven and earth"
(Exodus 20:11; Exodus 31:17), it refers to their restoration in the six days after the curse of Genesis 1:2, not their
original creation "in the beginning" (Exodus 20:8-11; Exodus 31:17).


GENESIS 1:12 AFTER HIS KIND – CREATION NOT EVOLUTION
The theory of evolution is that all forms of life derived by gradual modification from earlier and simpler forms or
from one rudimentary form. It teaches a process in which something complex is developed by itself from a simple
beginning. It accepts the existence of the cause or causes of the first substance and the force or forces working
successive transformations from lower to higher forms of matter and life.
The theory of cosmic evolution claims that from lower units of matter (atoms and molecules) the vast material
suns, moons, stars, planets, and universes were formed by themselves. That of organic evolution teaches that the
vegetable and animal kingdoms evolved from lower forms of life to what they are today.

The Foolishness of Evolution:
Evolutionists do not deny the first cause. Their theory begins with matter or substance already in existence. They
believe in primitive nebulosity and powers possessed by molecules. They do not try to account for how these came
to exist, how molecules got their inherent powers, or how there came to be definite laws governing them so that
they could produce, without failure, all things as we now have them. Their theory does not show why there is such
bitter hatred against the God of the Bible as being the First Cause. It does not consider proven facts, but has
absolute faith in a mere supposition which no fact has ever proven. Its teachers seemingly deny God, the Bible, and
known facts and continue to rob thousands of simple faith in God and the Bible without a sting of conscience. They
do multiplied drawings of different kinds of human beings rising from a molecule through a monkey to the present
man, and add guess upon guess of how life was in each stage of evolution, refusing to accept the Biblical truth of
the origin of all things. They glibly deny God and His work in creation and at the same time pose as having the only
truth on the subject.
Huxley said that "the doctrine of evolution is directly antagonistic to that of creation .... Evolution, if consistently
accepted, makes it impossible to believe in the Bible." Darwin taught that the more complex organs and instincts
have been perfected by the accumulation of innumerable slight variations, each good for the individual possessor.
Spencer said that evolution was purely mechanical and anti-supernatural. Earnest Haeckel said evolution "entirely
excludes the supernatural process, every pre-arranged and conscious act of a personal character. Nothing will make
the full meaning of the theory of descent clearer than calling it the non-miraculous theory of creation."
Thus, the evolution-theory leaders are clear that no true evolutionist can believe the Bible. There is no place for
God in evolution, hence, no need for a belief in sin or a Savior, heaven or hell. Those in the church who try to
harmonize evolution with the Bible rule God out in spite of themselves. Not one branch of organic evolution has
been proven, much less the main theory. It is a bankrupt, speculative philosophy—not a scientific fact.

True Science Rejects:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

The theory that hair is but elongated scales of prehistoric animals
That the legs of all animals developed from warts on aboriginal amphibians
That eyes are but an accidental development of freckles on blind amphibians that responded to the sun
That ears came about by the air waves calling to spots on early reptiles
The theory of natural selection
The notion that man came from monkeys
That the vast universes came from a few molecules

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8. That nothing working on nothing by nothing, through nothing, for nothing begat everything

Twelve Fallacies of Evolution:
1. It accepts pagan philosophers in preference to God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, the Bible, and Christians. Hindu
and Greek philosophers invented such a theory. Aristotle taught an internal spontaneity, which is what
modern evolutionists call resident forces or impersonal eternal energy.
2. It nullifies the Biblical truth of creation by God. Blind force is substituted for the creative power of the
personal and living God (Genesis 1:1,20-28; Genesis 2:7-22; Genesis 5:1-2; Genesis 9:6; John 1:1-4; Ephes.
3:9; Col. 1:15-18; Hebrews 1:1-3).
3. It degrades man from being created in the image of God to having monkeys for ancestors. See Genesis
1:26-28; Genesis 2:7; Genesis 5:1-2.
4. It degrades God's image to a mere beast. See Genesis 1:26-28; Genesis 9:6; James 3:9.
5. It makes Christ, the second and last Adam, nothing more than a mere beast. See Genesis 1:26-28; 1 Cor.
15:45.
6. It does away with the fall of man, for how can a mere beast who has evolved steadily from a molecule to
an intelligent being go backward and have a fall? See Genesis 3; Romans 5:12-21.
7. It does away with Biblical miracles and the supernatural in all its forms. The only miracle of evolution is the
inherent force of molecules. See Hebrews 2:1-4.
8. It does away with the virgin birth, making it impossible and unnecessary, and makes Christ a product of
evolution in the same sense that it does all other human beings. See Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6-7; Matthew
1:18-25.
9. It denies the physical resurrection of Christ which is contrary to the evolutionary process of resident forces
making progress.
10. It denies the atonement, because, according to evolution there was no fall of man and therefore no sin
requiring atonement. Regeneration by outside power is the direct opposite of the resident powers, the
only power accepted by evolution.
11. It denies the second coming of Christ and the final restoration and preservation of all things by the
personal acts of God.
12. It does away with the authority of the Bible as a real revelation from a personal and living God, making it a
lie not only regarding creation but every other doctrine as well. See 2 Tim. 3:16.
To argue that the Christian can accept evolution on the grounds that the Bible is not to be taken literally, is a
surrender to the foes of God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, the Bible, and all Christian teachings. The theory therefore is
anti-God, anti-Christ, anti-Bible, anti-Christian, and anti-intelligence.

What we as Christians must believe:
1. That The Bible IS the Word of God, not that it merely CONTAINS the Word of God (2 Tim. 3:16; Hebrews
4:12; 2 Peter 1:16-21).
2. That God created all material and spiritual substance out of which He personally formed the worlds and
each creature therein (Genesis 1:1; Genesis 2:7,19; Psalm 8:1-9; Psalm 102:25; John 1:3-4; Ephes. 3:9; Col.
1:15-18; Hebrews 1:1-3; Rev. 4:11).
3. That God created man in His own image and likeness in one day, fully mature and highly intelligent—not
that he descended from molecules through the lower forms of life to monkey and man (Genesis 1:26-28;
Genesis 2:7,19; Genesis 9:6; Acts 17:26; 1 Cor. 11:7-9; James 3:9).
4. That all angels and spirit beings were created by God fully mature and intelligent (Psalm 104:4; Ezekiel
28:15; Col. 1:15-18; Rev. 4:11).
5. That God created man, animals, fish, fowl, and plants to reproduce themselves after their own kind
(Genesis 1:20-31; Genesis 2:5-7,19-25).
6. That Jesus Christ is the Son of God in a sense that no other man is—the only begotten of the Father—not a
Son of God in the sense that all human beings are (Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6-7; Matthew 1:1825; Luke 1:34-35; John 1:18; John 3:16; Phil. 2:5-11; 1 Tim. 3:16; Hebrews 1:1-3,8; Rev. 1:8-11).
7. That the Holy Spirit is a person, separate and distinct from both the Father and the Son. All three persons
have their own personal body, soul, and spirit and make the Divine Trinity (1 John 5:7; see The Trinity).
8. That the birth of Christ was supernatural, not natural as that of all other men. He was born of a virgin and
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9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

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by the Holy Spirit, without a human father (Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6-7; Matthew 1:18-25; Luke
1:34-35; John 1:1-14; John 3:16-18; 1 Tim. 3:16; Hebrews 1:1-3).
That the death of Christ was expiatory, not exemplary. He died for all human beings. His blood is the only
atonement for sin and by His stripes we are healed (Isaiah 53; Matthew 1:21; Matthew 8:17; Matthew
26:28; John 3:16; Acts 4:12; Romans 8:3; 1 Cor. 1:18-24; 1 Cor. 5:7; Hebrews 1:3; Hebrews 2:9-18; Hebrews
9:11-28; Hebrews 10:5-29; 1 Peter 2:24; 1 John 2:1-2; Rev. 1:5; Rev. 5:8-10).
That Jesus Christ rose bodily from the dead, not just spiritually. He is alive forevermore in His resurrected
flesh-and-bone spiritual body and represents people before God as their High Priest and Savior (Luke
24:39; John 10:17-18; Acts 1:3,11; Acts 2:22-34; Acts 4:10-12; Romans 1:4; Romans 8:11; 1 Cor. 15; 1 Thes.
4:13-16; Phil. 3:20-21; Rev. 1:18; Zech. 13:6).
That Jesus Christ ascended into glory bodily and will come again in like manner to rule the world eternally,
putting down all rebellion and restoring man's dominion and God's kingdom as before the fall (Luke 24:5052; Acts 1:11; 1 Cor. 15:24-28; 2 Thes. 1:7-10; Jude 1:14; Rev. 19:11-21; Zech. 14).
That man is not an unfortunate victim of his environment, but a sinner fallen from original righteousness—
a high, intelligent and responsible place as head of the present creation. Apart from God's redemption
grace is lost (Genesis 3; John 3:16; Romans 3:23-25; Romans 5:12-21; Hebrews 1:1-3; Hebrews 7:25;
Hebrews 9:22; 1 John 1:9; 1 John 2:1-2; Rev. 1:5; Rev. 5:8-10; Rev. 20:11-15).
That man is justified by faith in the atoning blood of Jesus Christ, resulting in a supernatural regeneration
from above (Matthew 1:21; Matthew 18:3; John 3:1-8,16; Romans 5:1; 2 Cor. 5:17; Ephes. 2:8-9; Col.
1:14,20; Titus 3:5; 1 Peter 1:18-23). He is not justified by works or self-effort and the natural development
from within.
That man, animals, and plant-life have degenerated and are under a curse. Man chooses to continue in sin,
sickness, and the sufferings of the earth. Only through redemption in Christ will the whole creation be
restored to original perfection and goodness (Genesis 3; Genesis 6:5-22; Romans 5:12-21; Romans 8:17-24;
1 Cor. 15:24-28; 2 Peter 3:7-13; Rev. 21:1-22:5). No single species has evolved from a lower to a higher
plane of life.
That all people who accept Christ and conform to God's plan for man will be saved and resurrected from
the dead to immortality to help God administer the affairs of the universe forever (John 3:16; John 5:28-29;
Romans 8:17-24; 1 Cor. 6:2; 1 Cor. 15:1-54; 2 Tim. 2:12; Rev. 1:6; Rev. 2:26-27; Rev. 5:10; Rev. 11:15; Rev.
22:4-5).
That all people who reject Christ and do not conform to God's plan will pay the eternal death penalty for
sin, being resurrected to immortality and punished eternally in the lake of fire (Mark 16:15-16; John 3:1620; John 5:28-29; Rev. 14:9-11; Rev. 20:11-15; Rev. 21:8; Rev. 22:15).

Any denial of God or His plan for man in Scripture makes Him a liar, and damns the soul. If some through ignorance
of the Bible think they can believe in evolution and the Bible at the same time, they are highly deceived by Satan,
the deceiver of the world (2 Cor. 4:3-4; 2 Cor. 11:14-15; Rev. 12:9). One cannot know the statements of both the
Bible and evolutionists and believe both, nor can he be neutral. He must take a stand either for God and the Bible
or for evolution and guesses.

Fifteen Facts Disproving Evolution:
1) The Bible in its entirety condemns the theories of both cosmic and organic evolution. It declares in no
uncertain terms that God created all material and moral creations, animate and inanimate things, and that
He is the first and last cause of all existing universes and the things therein. The Bible states that God
created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1; Psalm 8:1-9; Psalm 19:1-7; Psalm 102:25-27; Isaiah 45:18).
He created great whales and every living creature (Genesis 1:21), and made man in His own image (Genesis
1:26-28; Genesis 2:7,19-25; Genesis 5:1-2; Genesis 9:6). "All things were made by him; and without him
was not any thing made that was made" (John 1:3). God created all things by Jesus Christ (Ephes. 3:9; Col.
1:15-18) who upholds "all things by the word of His power" (Hebrews 1:3). God created all things for His
pleasure (Rev. 4:11).
2) It is a law of nature that nothing reproduces anything greater than itself. If this is true of all species today,
of which we have millions of examples, then it was true originally. The vast creations of matter and life had
to come into existence by a superior power, not an inferior force. Intelligence couldn't have come from any
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number of unintelligent molecules. The most that has ever been done is the demonstration of the law of
improvement of a species through breeding and cultivation. No new species has been or can be produced
by such a law. Left alone, plants and animals degenerate rather than improve, as seen in point 8 below.
Therefore we must conclude that no amount of unintelligent matter could produce intelligent beings, or
anything higher than itself. Innumerable, intelligent, self-producing creatures—each with its own
consistent traits and infinite combinations of chemicals—could never be the product of unintelligent
matter. Each one of the millions of creatures that reproduce their own kind, fixed and eternal laws must be
the work of an all-powerful and all-wise Creator.
3) The Bible declares (ten times in Genesis 1) that everything created by God was given power to reproduce
its own kind. Nothing could break this law and produce any other kind (Genesis 1:20-28). This law remained
unbroken 1656 years later when Noah gathered creatures into the ark (Genesis 7:14). Now, after more
than 6,000 years the law of reproduction is still unbroken. The sponge is still a sponge and hasn't become
an oyster, octopus, turtle, frog, fish, or crab. None of these have ever reproduced anything except their
own kind. No lowly earthworm has ever turned into a spider, scorpion, lizard, tortoise, snake, or crocodile.
No bug, bird, or animal has ever changed from its own kind or reproduced another kind which was fertile.
The crossing of an ass and a mare, for instance, will produce a mule which cannot reproduce itself. No
monkey has ever produced a man; the missing link is still missing and always will be.
All this is quite remarkable in view of the fact that there are over 2,000,000 different species of plant and
animal life. Each species proves the law of reproduction established by God—after his own kind. There are
more than 1,000,000 species of insects. Species of beetles number 250,000; butterflies and moths number
110,000; shellfish number 80,000; snails number 80,000; arachnids number 60,000; flies number 40,000;
barnacles, crabs, lobsters, and shrimp number 25,000; fish number 20,000; bees number 10,000; wasps
number 10,000; worms number 9,000; ants number 5,000; birds number 1,200; and cockroaches number
1,000. There are also many species of larger animals, and over 180,000 species of plants. Species of fungi
number 100,000; algae number 20,000; mosses number 20,000; corals number 5,000; and sponges number
3,000, besides many other species of living things.
All species exist in great variety, and the so-called proofs of evolutionists are merely variations or minor
changes within the same species. Out of billions of fossils and living organisms, there isn't the slightest
evidence of evolution, only of development and normal growth. Improvement of a species and new
varieties within the species are not evolution. The theory of evolution teaches transmutation, a change in
nature, substance, form, and alteration of essence by a slow and gradual mutation from one species to
another, and from the lower to the higher. This has never been done, nor can it be done. In nature we find
endless variety within each species, but no change from one species to another. Without a change of
species there can be no evolution. God has made life so that it interbreeds in closely related variations;
when interbreeding is attempted between different kinds of species there is a gulf which cannot be
crossed.
Life multiplies abundantly. One bacterium in twenty-four hours can produce 281,500,000,000,000
descendants. A fly can lay 500 eggs in a season, each of which can develop into a fly capable of laying 500
eggs of its own. If all eggs hatched and survived the original fly would have enough descendants in six
months to cover the earth with flies, to a depth of about 50 feet. A common potato bug is capable of
producing 60,000 offspring in a season; a single sunfish lays 30,000,000 eggs a season; an oyster produces
100,000,000 eggs; a codfish produces 10,000,000 eggs; a toad produces 20,000 eggs; spiders have 2,000
babies in one cocoon; a loggerhead turtle lays 1,000 eggs at a time; and a pair of meadow mice could
produce 1,000,000 offspring in a year. An elm tree produces 1,584,000,000 seeds and a barley seed 18,000
grains. But out of the billions of yearly reproductions of nature, not one monkey's tail has been produced
by anything except a monkey. There is no proof of man in various stages from a molecule to a monkey, or
from a monkey to a man!
4) There can be no evolution without the power of reproduction in living things. Since reproduction is a prior
condition for evolution, it cannot be a product of it. Hence, we face the logical necessity for the creation of
life and its power of continued reproduction. The power of reproduction is not in the embryo, but only in
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the mature parent. An egg cannot produce an egg. Neither can an egg improve by itself. Improvement can
come only in and through the mature form. Therefore, the parent-form of life must have been created in
the beginning to have produced an egg from which offspring alone can come.
5) Science has proven that dead matter cannot generate life; life can only come from pre-existing life. When
test tubes were filled with organic matter and hermetically sealed with all germs destroyed, not one
vestige of life appeared. The attempt to get the living out of the dead completely failed. The theory of
spontaneous generation has been given up. Life can only come from life. All life is dependent upon other
life—the lower upon the higher; the simple upon the complex; the powerless upon the powerful; the
impersonal upon the personal; the unintelligent upon the intelligent; the nonexisting upon the existing; the
natural upon the spiritual; the temporary upon the eternal. Nothing can come from nothing or be
produced by nothing.
6) The argument of evolution from embryology—that embryos of different forms of life are somewhat alike
so they must have come from a common ancestor—has utterly failed, as have the theories of natural
selection and the survival of the fittest. The similarity of embryos and their fast development to full growth
are contrary to the principles of the evolutionary hypothesis. The chief foundation of evolution is that of a
slow and tedious process over millions of years—a time frame required because no example of evolution
from one species to another can be cited. Both human and other embryos pass through various stages of
growth very rapidly. In some cases growth is miraculously rapid. Thus, evolutionists are forced to believe in
miracles (which they deny in other fields but sustain in their own) in the effort to prove their claims. There
are also radical differences between the embryos of vertebrates (backboned animals) and invertebrates
(animals without backbones) which wouldn't exist if all things had a common ancestry.
If a botanist were asked the difference between an oak, a palm tree, and a lichen, he would declare that
they are separated by the broadest line of classification. But if the germs of these plants were placed
before him to choose one from the other, he could not do it. Under the most powerful microscope they
would yield no clue. If analyzed by the chemist they would still keep their secret. The same is true of the
germ of various animals and man. No one can tell which is which. What makes the little speck grow in the
millions of different creatures? What is there which the eye can't see that determines which of the many
creatures it shall be? Only a personal, infinite and intelligent Being could make such unfailing laws of
reproduction—each after his kind.
7) It is further argued that man and monkey are so similar that both must have a common ancestor. This is
neither sound logic nor sound science. Resemblance proves nothing but resemblance. Resemblance runs
throughout nature in things that have no connection with each other. Similarity on some points is to be
expected, and only magnifies the fact of an intelligent operator. This is true whether it is the Creator or a
manufacturer in a factory. Wagons and cars both have wheels, but such similarity doesn't prove that the
wagon evolved into an automobile.
Animals and human beings all have the same kind of faculties to breathe, eat food, and perform other
bodily functions, but such similarity doesn't prove close relationship. God created them so that they could
all breathe the same air and live on similar foods. The dissimilarities between man and lower animals—not
only in body, but also in brain, spirit and soul faculties—prove they are not vitally related. The differences
between man and monkey are so great that any single physical part is sufficient in itself as to whether it
came from a man or a monkey. Evolutionists themselves confirm this fact by their promptness in deciding
whether a bone is from a monkey or a man. There are hundreds of differences between the bodies of
human beings and apes, and thousands of mental, moral, spiritual, and habitual differences between them
which make evolution from ape to man impossible.
8) The similarities between man and lower animals could be used to prove a process of degeneration from
man more than a process of evolution to man. The Bible teaches that God made man before land
animals—on day six. Therefore, man came first and then the monkey (Genesis 2:7,19-25). Darwin's
argument that plants and animals have tendencies within themselves to vary of their own accord in all
directions to an unlimited degree has been disproven many times. Mendel's experiments prove
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conclusively that plants and animals, even under man's selective skill in breeding, do not tend to vary in all
directions to an unlimited degree. On the contrary, the variations are within strict limits and work
according to fixed laws producing unvarying results. The theory of natural selection and the inheritance of
acquired characters has failed proof. The forms of vegetables, plants, and animals that man succeeds in
improving by human selection and cultivation revert rapidly to type as soon as man's directing skill is
removed. In all man's selection and cultivation he can work only within the limits of the species. No change
into new species has been produced either by natural or artificial selection. The iron law of sterility stands
guard at the far frontiers of the species and everything continues to reproduce after its kind.
There is a certain potency of development implanted in all things, but such potential powers are led out
into actual development or improvement only through outside intervention and intelligent help—not
through resident forces, as evolution teaches. Man can develop the wild rose into the American Beauty or
the wild pony into the Kentucky thoroughbred by selection, better environment, breeding, etc., but it is
most significant that these improvements do not continue to increase or even persist when these are left
to themselves. The rose reverts to a wild rose if left alone, and the horse begins to degenerate once man's
skill is omitted.
If a flock of highly developed pigeons, with their variety of colors and markings, are turned loose, all will
eventually revert to common colors and markings. Improvements brought about by care and selection in
breeding will be gone, proving that the law of evolution a failure.
The same thing will happen to man. If he neglects himself, he will revert to a lower type of man—like those
who have been discovered on desert islands or in jungles. If the mind is neglected it will degenerate into
imbecility and ignorance. Solitary confinement has the power to unmake men's minds and leave them
idiots. Likewise, if the conscience is neglected it will run off into lawlessness and sin. The neglected soul will
go into ruin and depravity.
Only three possibilities are before us: balance, improvement (but only to a certain degree), or
degeneration. These possibilities face every person. Though having a desire to better himself, man
gravitates constantly to sin, and the law of death works in his very being. The same is true in nature. Plants
and animals are kept alive by a temporary endowment which gives power over the elements that cause
death. Withdraw the elements of life and the true nature will be revealed. Life is merely the suspension of
these destructive powers—the sum total of the functions that resist death. Spiritual life is the same—the
sum total of the functions that resist sin. If we neglect the use of these powers death will result. A man
falling 500 feet is as good as dead the first foot of the fall. So it is with the man who does not properly use
the powers to live. One who continues to neglect life is dead. If we neglect, degeneration sets in. If we use
the powers of life to resist sin, we live. The Biblical question is valid: How shall we escape, if we neglect ...
?" (Hebrews 2:3).
To use the argument that savages are more like monkeys than civilized men is not proof of evolution but of
degeneration. Man fell from original sinlessness and the highest degree of intelligence to the present
status. Adam intelligence the day he was created was so vast that he could actually name all things
(Genesis 2:19).
Degeneration explains the presently uncivilized parts of the world, and the so-called cave men—the Peking
man, the Heidelberg man, the Neanderthal man, the Cro-Magnon man, and others. All the problems
between true science and the Bible can be resolved by the facts of degeneration, or with the Biblical truth
of a pre-Adamite world. Belief in the pre-Adamite system allows for the earth to be millions of years old.
Prehistoric animals would have been a part of that system, as well as any different type of man, if such
were ever excluded from Adam's race by established proof. See The Pre-Adamite World.
9) Fossil remains have been given as one of the strongest proofs of evolution. Evolutionists themselves,
however, acknowledge that this proof is extremely fragmentary and limited because of so few fossil
remains, forcing them to guess without proof. The missing links between man and monkey have never
been found. The manufactured bones of prehistoric men are fakes. The Piltdown man, for example, wasn't
a man at all. In a gravel pit in Sussex, England, near Piltdown Common, two or three bits of a skull bone, a
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piece of jawbone, and a tooth were found by different persons in different places in different years. From
these few scrapes scientists constructed the Piltdown man and named it the Dawn-man of the dateless
past. From the same bones a later type was made by another team of scientists. Finally it was
acknowledged that the jawbone and tooth did not belong to the skull, but were those of a chimpanzee.
The Java man was built in Java from a skull bone, leg bone, two molars, and plaster-of-Paris. The
Heidelberg man was built in Germany from a jawbone which was unquestionably human. The Peking man
of China was made from human skull fragments found in a cave in 1929. The Swanscombe man of England
was made from the back and one side of a woman's skull. The Fontechevade man of France was made from
a part of a skull. The first Neanderthal man was made from a skull cap in Germany, which one great
German pathologist declared to be the cranium of an idiot. The Australopithecus Africanus man of Africa
was made from an ape skull found with a number of other ape skulls and bones in Africa. And the
Hesperopithecus Haroldcookii, the Nebraska man, was made from a single pig tooth said to be one million
years old. Pictures of these man-made specimens have been the so-called proof shown in school textbooks.
Such hoaxes are being passed upon innocent children by some educators in the name of science!
10) The geological scheme to prove evolution has also been repudiated. Instead of older rocks being found at
the bottom and younger rocks at the top (as would be the case if evolution were true), it is often the
opposite. This kills the evolutionary theory of the natural building up of the strata.
11) The fact of two universal floods (one in Lucifer's day and one in Noah's day) and a later division of the earth
can easily explain the fossil remains being where they are. In Lucifer's flood God turned the earth upside
down by earthquakes This accounts for fossil remains being found deep in the earth underneath many
layers of solid rock. Such things would never have been there without the earthquakes and judgment of
God.
It is evident that many fossils came from a great catastrophe, being entombed in the strata instead of being
slowly buried by sedimentation over millions of years. Whole schools of fish covering large fields have been
found with every indication of a violent and sudden death. They were not in a relaxed position but often
with their head twisted around to their tails and every fin extended—the position a fish dies in when
overtaken by an enemy or some catastrophe. Science indicates that the earth has undergone a great and
indescribable catastrophe. This happened either at Lucifer's flood or when the earth was divided into
continents. That the earth was divided in the days of Peleg is clear from Genesis 10:25. Such a shaking of
the entire earth, as well as the flood of Lucifer's time, could have caused fossils to become deeply
submerged.
The Arctic regions give clear evidence of a sudden calamity. In their extensive fields of fossilized and frozen
mammoths, where multitudes of giant creatures have been found, some were discovered with their
stomachs full of undigested food, and some with their mouths full as well. This proves they were feeding
quietly when the crisis came and were suddenly destroyed. That the Arctic regions had tropical climate
when these beasts were destroyed seems true, for they had tropical food in their mouths. Evidently they
were frozen immediately when God withheld the sun from shining during Lucifer's flood (Genesis 1:2;
Isaiah 14:12-14; Jeremiah 4:23-26; Ezekiel 28:11-17; Psalm 104:6-9; 2 Peter 3:5-7).
12) Regarding Noah's flood, God commanded the male and female of every species to be kept alive in the ark
to replenish the earth when the flood was over (Genesis 6:18-22; Genesis 7:2-16). Had the evolutionists
been right, this would have been unnecessary. Noah could merely have saved a couple of molecules,
turned them loose after the flood, and eventually we could have innumerable living things again in all their
varieties.
13) If evolution is responsible for all the vast creations in space and the endless varieties of life on the
innumerable planets, why then is the law not working today? And why do we not have actual and
unquestionable examples of the various stages of evolution from the lowest to the highest forms of life? If
evolution ever worked, it should be working today so that every form or stage of development could be
seen as proof that the lower forms of life will eventually be the higher in the ages to come. Is it not strange
that the process has been at a standstill for the period man has been on earth to observe evolution at
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work? Is it not strange that man has not produced one example of change from one species to another, not
even to the losing of the monkey tail and hair?
14) There is evidence now that the whole world is degenerating, moving toward some climax of judgment and
re-creation, instead of evolving upward into higher and better forms. In chemistry, which is closest to the
deeper forces of inanimate matter and life, there is no evidence of a surge upward. Not only are the laws
of chemical affinity static and unchangeable as to their operations, but there is a disintegrating tendency
downward instead of upward that seems to characterize all matter. The tendency for atoms of high atomic
weight to break up into other atoms of lower weight seems to be the universal tendency of all matter.
Scientists declare that this is also true in the vegetable and animal kingdoms.
15) The theory of evolution is absurd and its so-called proofs are so contradictory that they cause increasing
doubt. Tyndal says that the world began in a fire-mist that contracted as it became cold; but Spencer says it
was a cold-cloud that became heated and contracted. The age of man is estimated anywhere from 550
million to 6 million years. The age of the earth is estimated anywhere from 10 billion to 10 million years.
This proves nothing but the unreliability of the data which is used in the effort to prove diverse
conclusions.

GENESIS 1:14 AND GOD SAID, LET THERE BE LIGHTS IN THE FIRMAMENT OF THE HEAVEN TO
DIVIDE THE DAY FROM THE NIGHT; AND LET THEM BE FOR SIGNS, AND FOR SEASONS, AND FOR
DAYS, AND YEARS:
The Sevenfold Purpose of Lights:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Divide day and night, light and darkness (Genesis 1:14,18)
Be for signs (Genesis 1:14)
Be for seasons (Genesis 1:14)
Be for days (Genesis 1:14)
Be for years (Genesis 1:14)
Give light on earth (Genesis 1:15,17)
Rule day and night eternally (Genesis 1:16,18; Genesis 8:22)

BIBLICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE ENCLOSED EARTH
Genesis 1:1-31 (NKJV) 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was without form,
and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

First Day
3

Then God said, "Let there be light"; and there was light.
And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided
the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and
the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the
morning were the first day
4

Second Day
. 6 Then God said, "Let there be a firmament in the midst of
the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters."
7
Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters
which were under the firmament from the waters which
were above the firmament; and it was so. 8 And God called
the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning
were the second day.

Third Day
9

Then God said, "Let the waters under the heavens be
gathered together into one place, and let the dry land
appear"; and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land
Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called
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Seas. And God saw that it was good. 11 Then God said, "Let
the earth bring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and
the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose
seed is in itself, on the earth"; and it was so. 12 And the
earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed
according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose
seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw that it
was good. 13 So the evening and the morning were the
third day.

Fourth Day
14

Then God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of
the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them
be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; 15 and let
them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give
light on the earth"; and it was so. 16 Then God made two
great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser
light to rule the night. He made the stars also. 17 God set
them in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the
earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and
to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it
was good. 19 So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

Fifth Day
20

Then God said, "Let the waters abound with an abundance of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth
across the face of the firmament of the heavens." 21 So
God created great sea creatures and every living thing
that moves, with which the waters abounded, according
to their kind, and every winged bird according to its
kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed
them, saying, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the
waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth."
23
So the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

Sixth Day
24

Then God said, "Let the earth bring forth the living
creature according to its kind: cattle and creeping thing
and beast of the earth, each according to its kind"; and it
was so. 25 And God made the beast of the earth
according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and
everything that creeps on the earth according to its
kind. And God saw that it was good. 26 Then God said,
"Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our
likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the
sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all
the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on
the earth." 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He
created them. 28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue
it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the
earth." 29 And God said, "See, I have given you every herb that yields seed which is on the face of all the earth, and
every tree whose fruit yields seed; to you it shall be for food. 30 Also, to every beast of the earth, to every bird of
the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food";
and it was so. 31 Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the
morning were the sixth day.
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Scriptures concerning the nature of the heavens/sky above and their relationship to the
earth:
Job 9:8 Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and
treadeth upon the waves of the sea.

who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon
the wings of the wind:

Job 22:14 (HCSB) Clouds veil Him so that He cannot see,
as He walks on the circle of the sky.

Proverbs 8:27 (ESV) When He established the heavens,
I was there, When He inscribed a circle on the face of
the deep.

Job 37:18 Hast thou with him spread out the sky, which
is strong, and as a molten looking glass?
(moltern/brass/Mirror)
Genesis 1:
1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the
earth.
2 And the earth was without form, and void; and
darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit
of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God
divided the light from the darkness.
5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he
called Night. And the evening and the morning were the
first day.
6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst
of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the
waters.
7 And God made the firmament, and divided the
waters which were under the firmament from the
waters which were above the firmament: and it was
so.
8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the
evening and the morning were the second day.
Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and
the firmament sheweth his handywork.
Psalm 104:
1 Bless the Lord, O my soul. O Lord my God, thou art
very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.
2 Who coverest thyself with light as with a
garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a
curtain:
3 Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters:

Isaiah 40:22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the
earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers;
that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and
spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
Isaiah 44:24 Thus saith the Lord, thy redeemer, and he
that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord that
maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens
alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
Isaiah 45:12 I have made the earth, and created man
upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the
heavens, and all their host have I commanded.
Isaiah 48:13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of
the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the
heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.
Isaiah 66:1 Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my
throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the
house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of
my rest?
Ezekiel 1:26 And above the firmament that was over
their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the
appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness
of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a
man above upon it.
Amos 9:6 (NASB) The One who builds His upper
chambers in the heavens And has founded His vaulted
dome over the earth,
He who calls for the waters of the sea And pours them
out on the face of the earth, The Lord is His name.

Scriptures concerning the nature of the earth below the firmament:
Job 26:7 He stretcheth out the north over the empty
place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing.
Job 38:1 Then the Lord answered Job out of the
whirlwind, and said,
2 Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without
knowledge?
3 Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of
thee, and answer thou me.
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4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the
earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.
5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest?
or who hath stretched the line upon it?
6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened?
or who laid the corner stone thereof;
7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the
sons of God shouted for joy?

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Job 9:6 Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and
the pillars thereof tremble.
Job 26:10 He hath compassed the waters with bounds,
until the day and night come to an end.
Job 28:24 For he looketh to the ends of the earth, and
seeth under the whole heaven;
Job 37:3 He directeth it under the whole heaven, and
his lightning unto the ends of the earth.
Job 38:13 That it might take hold of the ends of the
earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it?
Genesis 1:
9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be
gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land
appear: and it was so.
10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the
gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and
God saw that it was good.
11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the
herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after
his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it
was so.
12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding
seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose
seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it
was good.
13 And the evening and the morning were the third
day.
1 Samuel 2:8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust,
and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them
among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of
glory: for the pillars of the earth are the Lord's, and he
hath set the world upon them.
2 Samuel 22:16 And the channels of the sea appeared,
the foundations of the world were discovered, at the
rebuking of the Lord, at the blast of the breath of his
nostrils.
1 Chronicles 16:30 Fear before him, all the earth: the
world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.
Psalm 18:15 Then the channels of waters were seen,
and the foundations of the world were discovered at
thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of thy

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nostrils.
Psalm 102:25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of
the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands.
Psalm 93:1 The Lord reigneth, he is clothed with
majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength, wherewith he
hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it
cannot be moved.
Psalm 96: 9 O worship the Lord in the beauty of
holiness: fear before him, all the earth.
10 Say among the heathen that the Lord reigneth: the
world also shall be established that it shall not be
moved: he shall judge the people righteously.
11 Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let
the sea roar, and the fulness thereof.
Psalm 104:5 Who laid the foundations of the earth,
that it should not be removed for ever.
6 Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment:
the waters stood above the mountains.
7 At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder
they hasted away.
8 They go up by the mountains; they go down by the
valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for
them.
9 Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over;
that they turn not again to cover the earth.
Psalm 136:6 To him that stretched out the earth above
the waters: for his mercy endureth for ever.
Proverbs 8:27 When he prepared the heavens, I was
there: when he set a compass upon the face of the
depth: ( ESV - He inscribed a circle on the face of the
deep.)
28 When he established the clouds above: when he
strengthened the fountains of the deep:
29 When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters
should not pass his commandment: when he appointed
the foundations of the earth:
Isaiah 11:12 And he shall set up an ensign for the
nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and
gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four
corners of the earth.
Isaiah 40:22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the

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earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers;
that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and
spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
Isaiah 43:6 I'll say to the north, 'Give them up'! and to
the south, 'Don't keep them back!' Bring my sons from
far away and my daughters from the ends of the
earth—
Daniel 4: 10 Thus were the visions of mine head in my
bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth,
and the height thereof was great.
11 The tree grew, and was strong, and the height
thereof reached unto heaven, and the sight thereof to
the end of all the earth:
Matthew 4:
8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high
mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the
world, and the glory of them;
9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if
thou wilt fall down and worship me.

together his elect from the four winds, from one end of
heaven to the other.
John 17:24
Father, I desire that they also, whom thou hast given
me, may be with me where I am, to behold my glory
which thou hast given me in thy love for me before the
foundation of the world.
Revelation 1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and
every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced
him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of
him. Even so, Amen.
Revelation 7:1 And after these things I saw four angels
standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the
four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow
on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.
Revelation 20:8 He will go out to deceive Gog and
Magog, the nations at the four corners of the earth,
and gather them for war. They are as numerous as the
sands of the seashore.

Matthew 24:31 And he shall send his angels with a
great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather

Scriptures concerning the nature of the sun, moon a nd stars:
Genesis 1: 14 And God said, Let there be lights in the
firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the
night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and
for days, and years:
15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the
heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to
rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he
made the stars also.
17And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to
give light upon the earth,
18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to
divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it
was good.
Psalms 19: 1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and
the firmament sheweth his handywork.
2 Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night
sheweth knowledge.
3 There is no speech nor language, where their voice is
not heard.
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4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their
words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a
tabernacle for the sun,
5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber,
and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.
6 His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his
circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from
the heat thereof.
Psalm 136: 7 To him that made great lights: for his
mercy endureth for ever:
8 The sun to rule by day: for his mercy endureth for
ever:
9 The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy
endureth for ever.
Ecclesiastes 1:5 The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth
down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.
Joshua 10:13 And the sun stood still, and the moon
stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon
their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher?
So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted

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not to go down about a whole day.
Isaiah 38:8 Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the
degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten
degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by
which degrees it was gone down.






Habakkuk 3:11 The sun and moon stood still in their
habitation: at the light of thine arrows they went, and
at the shining of thy glittering spear.

Isaiah 40:22 (KJV) It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as
grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell
in:
1 Chronicles 16:30: “He has fixed the earth firm, immovable.”
Psalm 93:1: “Thou hast fixed the earth immovable and firm ...”
Psalm 96:10: “He has fixed the earth firm, immovable ...”
Psalm 104:5: “Thou didst fix the earth on its foundation so that it never can be shaken.”
Isaiah 45:18: “...who made the earth and fashioned it, and himself fixed it fast...”

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GENESIS 1:26 LET US – THE DIVINE TRINITY
A divine Trinity is required by the use of plural personal pronouns (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 3:22; Genesis 11:7; Psalm
2:2-4; Isaiah 6:8; John 14:23; John 17:11,21,22).
The Trinity can be a difficult concept to understand. Some think it is a
logical contradiction. Others call it a mystery. Does the Bible teach it?
Yes it does, but that doesn't automatically make it easier to
comprehend.
God is a trinity of persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The
Father is not the same person as the Son; the Son is not the same
person as the Holy Spirit; and the Holy Spirit is not the same person as
Father. They are not three gods and not three beings. They are three
distinct persons; yet, they are all the one God. Each has a will, can
speak, can love, etc., and these are demonstrations of personhood.
They are in absolute perfect harmony consisting of one substance.
They are coeternal, coequal, and copowerful. If any one of the three
were removed, there would be no God.
1)
2)
3)
4)

God is one in regard to essence.
God is three with respect to Persons.
The three Persons have distinct relationships.
The three Persons are equal in authority.

Jesus, the Son, is one person with two natures: Divine and Human. This is called the Hypostatic Union. The Holy
Spirit is also divine in nature and is self-aware, the third person of the Trinity.
There is, though, an apparent separation of some functions among the members of the Godhead. For example, the
Father chooses who will be saved (Eph. 1:4); the Son redeems them (Eph. 1:7); and the Holy Spirit seals them, (Eph.
1:13).
A further point of clarification is that God is not one person, the Father, with Jesus as a creation and the Holy Spirit
as a force (Jehovah's Witnesses). Neither is He one person who took three consecutive forms, i.e., the Father,
became the Son, who became the Holy Spirit. Nor is God the divine nature of the Son (where Jesus had a human
nature perceived as the Son and a divine nature perceived as the Father (Oneness theology). Nor is the Trinity an
office held by three separate Gods (Mormonism).
The word "person" is used to describe the three members of the Godhead because the word "person" is
appropriate. A person is self-aware, can speak, love, hate, say "you," "yours," "me," "mine," etc. Each of the three
persons in the Trinity demonstrate these qualities.
The following chart should help you to see how the doctrine of the Trinity is systematically derived from Scripture.
The list is not exhaustive, only illustrative.

The Trinity
FATHER

SON

HOLY SPIRIT

Called God

Phil. 1:2

John 1:1,14; Col. 2:9

Acts 5:3-4

Creator

Isaiah 64:8

John 1:3; Col. 1:15-17

Job 33:4, 26:13

Resurrects

1 Thess. 1:10

John 2:19, 10:17

Rom. 8:11

Indwells

2 Cor. 6:16

Col. 1:27

John 14:17

Everywhere

1 Kings 8:27

Matt. 28:20

Psalm 139:7-10

All knowing

1 John 3:20

John 16:30; 21:17

1 Cor. 2:10-11

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Sanctifies

1 Thess. 5:23

Heb. 2:11

1 Pet. 1:2

Life giver

Gen. 2:7: John 5:21

John 1:3; 5:21

2 Cor. 3:6,8

Fellowship

1 John 1:3

1 Cor. 1:9

2 Cor. 13:14; Phil. 2:1

Eternal

Psalm 90:2

Micah 5:1-2

Rom. 8:11; Heb. 9:14

A Will

Luke 22:42

Luke 22:42

1 Cor. 12:11

Speaks

Matt. 3:17; Luke 9:25

Luke 5:20; 7:48

Acts 8:29; 11:12; 13:2

Love

John 3:16

Eph. 5:25

Rom. 15:30

Searches the heart

Jer. 17:10

Rev. 2:23

1 Cor. 2:10

We belong to

John 17:9

John 17:6

...

Savior

1 Tim. 1:1; 2:3; 4:10

2 Tim. 1:10; Titus 1:4; 3:6

...

We serve

Matt. 4:10

Col. 3:24

...

Believe in

John 14:1

John 14:1

...

Gives joy

...

John 15:11

John 14:7

Judges

John 8:50

John 5:22,30

...

Therefore, the doctrine of the Trinity is arrived at by looking at the whole of scripture, not in a single verse. It is the
doctrine that there is only one God, not three, and that the one God exists in three persons: Father, the Son, and
the Holy Spirit.

There is only one God
The first step is to establish the biblical doctrine that there is only one God. Then, you find that each of the persons
is called God, each creates, each was involved in Jesus' resurrection, each indwells, etc. Therefore, God is one, but
the one God is in three simultaneous persons. Please note that the idea of a composite unity is not a foreign
concept to the Bible; after all, man and wife are said to be one flesh. The idea of a composite unity of persons is
spoken of by God in Genesis (Gen. 2:24).
The first step is to establish how many Gods exist: one! Isaiah 43:10; 44:6,8; 45:5,14,18,21,22; 46:9; 47:8; John 17:3;
1 Cor. 8:5-6; Gal. 4:8-9
"I am the LORD, and there is no other; besides Me there is no God," (Isaiah 45:5).
“Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: ‘I am the first and I am the last, And
there is no God besides Me," (Isaiah 44:6).
The Trinity is defined as one God who exists in three eternal, simultaneous, and distinct persons known as the
Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Such a definition may suffice for some, but for others this explanation is
insufficient.
Therefore, to help understand the Trinity better, I offer the following analogy that, I think, is hinted at in Rom. 1:20:
"For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly
seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse."
Notice that this verse says God's attributes, power, and nature, can be clearly seen in creation. What does that
mean? Should we be able to learn about God's attributes, power, and nature by looking at what He has made?
Apparently, according to the Bible, this is possible.
When a painter paints a picture, what is in him is reflected in the painting he produces. When a sculptor creates a
work of art, it is from his heart and mind that the source of the sculpture is born. The work is shaped by his creative
ability. The creators of art leave their marks, something that is their own, something that reflects what they are. Is
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this the same with God? Has God left His fingerprints on creation? Of course He has.

Creation
Basically, the universe consists of three elements: Time, Space, and Matter. Each of these is comprised of three
'components.'
Time

Past

Present

Future

Space

Height

Width

Depth

Matter

Solid

Liquid

Gas

TIME SPACE MATTER

As the Trinitarian doctrine maintains, each of the persons of the Godhead is distinct, yet they are all each, by
nature, God.
With time, for example, the past is distinct from the present, which is distinct from the future. Each is
simultaneous, yet they are not three 'times,' but one. That is, they all share the same nature: time.
With space, height is distinct from width, which is distinct from depth, which is distinct from height. Yet, they are
not three 'spaces,' but one. That is, they all share the same nature: space.
With matter, solid is not the same as liquid, which is not the same as gas, which is not the same as solid. Yet, they
are not three 'matters,' but one. That is, they all share the same nature: matter.
Note that there are three sets of threes. In other words, there is a trinity of trinities. If we were to look at the
universe and notice these qualities within it, is it fair to say that these are the fingerprints of God upon His
creation? I think so. Not only is this simply an observation, but it is also a good source for an analogy of the Trinity.

A Criticism of Trinitarianism
Some critiques of the Trinitarian doctrine say that the Trinity is really teaching three gods, not one. They will say
that God the Father, and God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit would make three gods, since the Father plus the
Son plus the Holy Spirit would make three. But this is not a logical necessity. Instead of adding, why not
multiply? One times one times one equals one. Why must addition be the criteria by which the doctrine is
judged? It need not be. Rather, the doctrine should stand or fall based upon biblical revelation, not human
logic. Nevertheless, let me draw an analogy from creation itself to illustrate the doctrine of the Trinity.

An Analogy of the Trinity
To continue with the observation about the Trinitarian nature of creation, I would like to use 'time' to illustrate the
Trinity. Is the "past" plus the "present" plus the "future" a total of three times? Not at all . It simply is a
representation of three distinct aspects of the nature of time: past, present, and future. Likewise, the Father and
the Son and Holy Spirit are not three separate beings or entities, but three distinct persons in the one nature of the
Godhead.
One more comment about Jesus. All cults deny that Jesus is God, the creator of the universe, in flesh. Various
objections are raised saying that Jesus could not be God, otherwise, He would be praying to Himself, etc. Let's work
with the analogy above, and continue with 'time' as our illustration.
Let's take 'present' and add to it human nature. Present, then, would have two natures: time and man. If 'present'
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were truly human then he would be able to communicate with us, tell us much, and we could see and touch
him. But, because he is also 'time' by nature, he would be able to tell us both the past and the future as he
manifested the 'time' nature within him. If 'present' then communicated with the past and the future, it would not
mean he was communicating with himself, but with the distinctions known as the past and the future.
I know this is only an analogy, but I think it is a good, thorough, basic, illustration of God's nature as expressed in
Trinitarian expression.

Eighty-nine Proofs of A Divine Trinity:
What we mean by Divine Trinity is that there are three separate and distinct persons in the Godhead, each one
having His own personal spirit body, personal soul, and personal spirit in the same sense each human being, angel,
or any other being has his own body, soul, and spirit. We mean by body, whether a spirit body or a flesh body, the
house for the indwelling of the personal soul and spirit. The soul is that which feels and the spirit is that which
knows.
The doctrine of the Trinity can be clearly seen, being understood by the visible things that are made, even to His
eternal power and Godhead (Romans 1:20). What on earth was created in the image and likeness of God? Man
(Genesis 1:26-28). Do God's image and likeness consist only of moral and spiritual powers? If so, it can be
concluded that man is only a moral and spiritual being. Is God bodiless? If so, we can conclude that man is also
bodiless.
Is God only one being made up of several persons or beings in the one being? If so, we can conclude that man is
one person or being made up of many. Does God need a flesh body in order to have any kind of body? No! There
are such things as spirit and heavenly bodies. See 1 Cor. 15:35-38. From this passage we learn that all things in
creation—grain, fish, birds, beasts, man, angels, and even the planets—have bodies, sizes, shapes, and forms.
The Bible declares that God has a body, shape, image, likeness, physical parts, a personal soul and spirit, and all
other things that constitute a being or a person with a body, soul, and spirit (see note, John 4:24; note, John 5:37;
The Doctrine of Man.
Angels, cherubim, seraphim, and all other spirit beings have spirit bodies and personal souls and spirits. They have
been seen with the natural eyes of men over 100 times in Scripture (see Appearances of Angels to Men). If all other
spirit beings have spirit bodies, could not the members of the Trinity also have spirit bodies? The 284 passages on
spirits in Scripture prove that spirit bodies are just as real and capable of operation in the material worlds as are
flesh bodies. There is no such thing as a world of creations made up of invisible substance. The so-called spirit
world must be understood simply as spirit beings inhabiting material worlds created by God. Heaven itself is a
material planet (Genesis 1:1; Hebrews 11:10-16), having cities, mansions, furniture, inhabitants, living conditions,
etc. See Heaven.
God has been seen physically by human eyes many times (Genesis 18:1-33; Genesis 19:24; Genesis 32:24-30;
Exodus 24:11; Exodus 33:11-33; Joshua 5:13-15; Judges 6:11-23; Judges 13:3-25; 1 Chron. 21:16-17; Job 42:5; Isaiah
6; Ezekiel 1:26-28; Ezekiel 10:1,20; Ezekiel 40:3; Daniel 7:9-14; Daniel 10:5-10; Acts 7:56-59; Rev. 4:2-5; Rev. 5:1,57,11-14; Rev. 6:16; Rev. 7:9-17; Rev. 19:4; Rev. 21:3-5; Rev. 22:4).
In over 20,000 references about God in Scripture we get to know all we need to know about the subject. If we will
take the Bible literally as to what it says about Him, as we do with other things the subject will be very clear; but if
we make God a mystery, ignoring the plain statements of Scripture about Him, and refusing to believe the many
descriptions of God given by those who have seen one, two, and three separate persons called "God," then we ill
remain in ignorance.
It is true there are a few figurative statements about God in Scripture, as there are about man and other things, but
shall we do away with the reality of man and these other things because of a few figures of speech? Let us make
man mere salt and lights (Matthew 5:13-14), if we are going to do away with God because of a few figures of
speech.
The following facts in Scripture are submitted to prove a Divine Trinity of separate persons in the Godhead:
1) The word "one" means one in unity as well as one in number. It means unity in 1 John 5:7, as it does in
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2)

3)
4)

5)
6)

7)
8)

9)

10)

11)

12)

13)

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John 17:11,21-23, and yet these three Persons, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit, are spoken of
as one each in number and individuality in Scripture. There is one God the Father, one Lord Jesus
Christ, and one Holy Spirit (1 Cor. 8:6; Ephes. 4:3-6). Thus, there are three separate Persons in divine
individuality and divine pluralty. The Father is called God (1 Cor. 8:6), the Son is called God (Isaiah
9:6,7; Hebrews 1:8; John 1:1-2; John 20:28), and the Holy Spirit is called God (Acts 5:3-4). As individual
persons each can be called God and collectively they can be spoken of as one God because of their
perfect unity. The word "God" is used either as a singular or a plural word, like sheep.
Everything that could be spoken of God collectively applies equally to each member of the Godhead as
an individual, but there are some things that are said of each person of the Deity as to position, office,
and work that could not be spoken as of the other members of the Godhead. The Father is the head of
Christ (1 Cor. 11:3); the Son is the only begotten of the Father (2 John 1:3), and the Holy Spirit
proceeds from both the Father and the Son (John 14:16,26; John 15:26; John 16:7-15; Acts 2:34).
Names of God prove plurality of persons. The Hebrew: •Elohiym (HSN-430) is the word for God in
Genesis 1:1 and in over 2,700 other places in the Old Testament It is a uni-plural noun meaning Gods
and is so translated 239 times (Genesis 3:5; Exodus 22:28; 1 Samuel 4:8; Daniel 2:11; Daniel 4:6-9;
Daniel 5:11,14; etc.). Sometimes 'Elohiym is used with plural verbs and pronouns, "the Gods they
caused me to wander" (Genesis 20:13), and "there the Gods they appeared unto him" (Genesis 35:7).
Plural pronouns are used of God, proving plurality of persons (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 3:22; Genesis
11:7; Isaiah 6:8; John 14:23; John 17:11,22-23).
First, second, and third personal pronouns are used hundreds of times in Scripture, referring to one,
two, and three persons of the Godhead in the same sense they are used of men. Sometimes the
different members of the Deity use them to and of one another in the same sense man uses them. In
John 17 alone Jesus uses them 162 times in speaking to and of His Father (cp. John 14:16-17,26; John
15:26; John 16:7-15). Sometimes singular pronouns are used of the whole Godhead of three members
as a unity (Exodus 20:3; Isaiah 44:6,8; Isaiah 45:5,21; Isaiah 46:9; Hosea 13:4), just like the whole
church as a unit is spoken of as a man and "he" (Ephes. 2:14-15; Ephes. 4:13; Ephes. 5:25-27; 2 Thes.
2:7-8).
"Man is become as one of us" proves plurality of persons (Genesis 3:22).
Two and three Persons called God have been seen by the same men at the same time and places as
being separate persons (Daniel 7:9-14; Matthew 3:16-17; John 1:31-34; Acts 7:54-60; Rev. 6:16; Rev.
7:9-17; Rev. 21:22; Rev. 22:3).
Two Lords are mentioned in Genesis 19:24; one on earth and one in heaven.
Two Persons are referred to in the Old Testament See Psalm 8:5-6 with Hebrews 2:5-18; Psalm 16:810 with Acts 2:25-36; Psalm 22:1-22 with Matthew 27:35,39-43,45-46; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 10:512; Psalm 40:6-10 with Hebrews 10:5-7; and Psalm 45:6-7 with Hebrews 1:8-9.
Two Lords are mentioned sitting side by side (Psalm 110:1,5; Matthew 22:44; Matthew 26:64; Acts
2:33-34; Acts 7:54-56; Romans 8:34; Ephes. 1:20; Col. 3:1; Hebrews 1:3,13; Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews
10:12; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 3:22; Rev. 22:3).
Two Persons are mentioned and required in order to understand the plain language of Psalm 2; Psalm
9:19; Psalm 132:17; Proverbs 30:4; Isaiah 4:2; Isaiah 10:16-17; Isaiah 28:16; Isaiah 49:1-10; Isaiah 50:411; Isaiah 52:13-53:12; Isaiah 62:11; Micah 5:1-5; Jeremiah 23:4-8; Jeremiah 33:14-26; Zech. 3:8-10;
Zech. 6:12-13. In these passages one is anointed, becomes the son of, is sent by, is taught by, and
becomes the servant of the other; and both are called Lord.
11.Three self-acting Persons—the Lord God, the Messiah, and the Holy Spirit—are referred to as
blessing, anointing, sending, and doing things for one another in Isaiah 11:2; Isaiah 42:1-7; Isaiah
48:16; Isaiah 59:21; Isaiah 61:1-2; Isaiah 63:1-14; Zech. 12:10-13:2.
In Zech. 1:7-21 the Lord of Hosts and the angel of the Lord (also called Lord, Zech. 1:19-20; Zech. 2:113) are talking together. One Lord says of the other Lord that He has sent Him to Israel (Zech. 2:8-13).
One Lord refers to Himself as "Me" and to the Lord of Hosts as "His" and "He" (Zech. 2:8-11). The
conference continues throughout Zechariah until Zech. 13:6-7 where both Lords are called fellows or
associate.
Jesus Christ is called the son of Abraham, David, Mary, and of God (Matthew 1:1; Mark 1:1; Mark 6:3).

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He is just as much a separate person from God as He is of these other persons.
14) Two Persons are referred to many times in the New Testament (Matthew 11:27; Luke 23:46; John 1:12,18; John 5:19-20; John 14:1-9; John 16:15; John 17:3,10; Acts 2:38-39; Acts 3:13-26; Phil. 2:5-11;
Ephes. 3:5; Col. 1:5; 2 Thes. 2:16-17; Titus 2:13; Hebrews 1:1-3; Rev. 20:6; Rev. 22:3).
15) Two and three Persons are mentioned in the introductions to New Testament books (Romans 1:1-4,7;
1 Cor. 1:3; James 1:1; 1 Peter 1:1-3; 2 John 1:3; Rev. 1:1-6; etc.).
16) God is the head of Christ and thus greater than He in position (1 Cor. 3:23; 1 Cor. 11:3; 1 Chron. 29:11;
John 14:28).
17) Christ is the mediator between God and man, not between Himself and man (1 Tim. 2:5).
18) Two and three Persons are referred to in every New Testament book (Matthew 3:16-17; Matthew
12:31-32; Matthew 17:5; Matthew 22:43-45; Matthew 28:19; Mark 1:1-2,10; Mark 13:32; Luke 1:3235; Luke 2:40,52; Luke 3:22; Luke 4:1; Luke 4:18; Luke 9:35; Luke 23:46; Luke 24:39 with John 4:24;
John 1:1-3,14,18; John 5:17-25,31-38; John 6:37,44-46,57; John 7:16-18,28,37-39; John 8:13-19,2638,42,54; John 10:15-18,24,29,36; John 12:26-31,44,49-50; John 14:1-26,28-30; John 15:1-26; John
16:1-33; John 17:1-26; John 18:11; John 20:17,21; John 18:11; John 20:17,21; Acts 1:7-8; Acts 2:24-36;
Acts 3:13-26; Acts 4:10,26-31; Acts 5:29-33; Acts 7:37,55-56; Acts 8:12-17; Acts 9:17; Acts 10:38-48;
Acts 17:31; Romans 1:3,7,9; Romans 5:1-11; Romans 8:1-13,26-39; 1 Cor. 1:3-9; 1 Cor. 2:10; 1 Cor.
3:23; 1 Cor. 8:6; 1 Cor. 11:3; 1 Cor. 12:3; 1 Cor. 15:57; 2 Cor. 1:2-3; 2 Cor. 5:17-21; 2 Cor. 13:14;
Galatians 1:1-3; Ephes. 1:2-3; Ephes. 3:14; Ephes. 4:3-6; Ephes. 6:23; Phil. 1:2; Phil. 2:5-11; Col. 1:23,13-19; Col. 3:1; 1 Thes. 1:1-10; 1 Thes. 3:13; 2 Thes. 1:1-2; 2 Thes. 2:16; 1 Tim. 1:2; 1 Tim. 2:5; 1 Tim.
5:21; 1 Tim. 6:14-16; 2 Tim. 1:2; 2 Tim. 4:1; Titus 1:4; Titus 2:13; Philemon 1:3; see note, Rev. 5:13 for
30 last New Testament references). In no conceivable way can we force a meaning of three persons in
one person; three beings in one being; or three manifestations of only one person in any of these or
any other scripture.
19) There are three distinct and separate witnesses that bear witness of Christ (1 John 5:5-11,13,20). Both
God and man require this many personal and separate witnesses to confirm any point (Matthew 18:16;
2 Cor. 13:1). The water and blood of 1 John 5:8 could not be accepted as accredited personal
witnesses to confirm any point (Matthew 18:16; 2 Cor. 13:1). The water and blood of 1 John 5:8 could
not be accepted as accredited personal witness in themselves. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit
are the only personal witnesses of this passage. If we consider these to be only one person, then there
are not the required number of witnesses to establish the truth of the Sonship of Jesus Christ. We are
forced by facts to admit all of 1 John 5:7-8 as inspired Scripture and therefore, the fact that the Father,
the Son, and the Holy Ghost are three separate and personal witnesses instead of being only one
person or witness. Indeed, many scriptures confirm these three witnesses:
1) The Father (Jeremiah 29:23; Malachi 3:5; John 5:31-37, notes; Romans 1:9; Hebrews 1:1-2;
Hebrews 2:3-4)
2) The Son (Isaiah 55:4; John 18:37; 1 Tim. 6:13; Rev. 1:5)
3) The Holy Spirit (Romans 8:16; John 15:26; Hebrews 10:15; 1 John 3:6)
If all three are witnesses, then they must be separate Persons. The water and the blood simply confirm
the intelligent testimonies of the three Persons of the Godhead and give additional weight to the
Sonship of Jesus.
20) The words through & by, used of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit, but not once of the Father, prove that
God to be a separate Person and the Head and Director of all things done by and through them (1 Cor.
3:23; 1 Cor. 11:3; John 10:29; John 14:28; John 14:16-17,26; John 15:26; John 16:7-15; Acts 2:33-34):
1) Through Jesus Christ (Acts 4:2; Romans 1:8; Romans 5:1,9,11; Romans 6:23; Romans 7:25;
Romans 15:17; Romans 16:27; 1 Cor. 15:57; 2 Cor. 3:4; Galatians 3:14; Galatians 4:7; Galatians
5:10; Ephes. 2:7,18; Phil. 4:7,13; Titus 3:6; Hebrews 13:21; 1 Peter 1:22; 1 Peter 4:11; 1 John 4:9)
2) By Jesus Christ (John 1:3,10,17; John 10:9; Acts 4:10; Acts 10:36; Romans 2:16; Romans 3:22;
Romans 5:17,21; Galatians 1:1; Ephes. 1:5; Ephes. 3:9; Col. 1:15-20; Col. 3:17; Hebrews 1:1-3; 1
Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 5:10)
3) Through the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:2; Acts 21:4; Romans 8:13; Romans 15:13,19; Galatians 5:5; Ephes.
2:22; Hebrews 9:14)
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4) By the Holy Spirit (Ezekiel 11:24; Micah 3:8; Zech. 4:6; Matthew 12:28; Luke 2:27; Luke 4:1; Acts
11:28; Romans 5:5; Romans 15:19; 1 Cor. 2:10; 1 Cor. 6:11; 1 Cor. 12:3,13)

Proofs that Jesus Is Not the Father, the list continues:
21) The Father was in heaven all the time that Jesus was on earth (Matthew 5:16,48).
22) Christ now sits at the right hand of the Father (see note 9, above).
23) Jesus said He would confess men "before My Father," proving He is not the Father (Matthew 10:32;
Rev. 3:5).
24) Jesus always prayed to the Father as a separate Person (Matthew 11:25; John 17).
25) The Father existed outside the body of Jesus, so He could not be Jesus (Matthew 2:12; Matthew 3:17;
Matthew 17:5; John 12:27-30).
26) Both Jesus and Satan refer to a God separate from Jesus (Matthew 4:6-10).
27) God was the Father of Jesus, not Jesus Himself (Ephes. 1:3,17; Ephes. 3:14).
28) In parables Jesus illustrates His relationship to the Father as that of separate persons (Matthew 21:3346; John 15:1-8).
29) People are taught to go directly to the Father and not to pray to Jesus (John 14:12-15; John 15:16; John
16:23-26).
30) The Father knew things that Jesus did not know (Mark 13:32; Acts 1:7).
31) Others saw Jesus as a separate Person from the Father (Daniel 7:9-14; Acts 7:56).
32) Jesus committed His own spirit to the Father, not to Himself (Luke 23:46).
33) Jesus claimed that He came from God and was going back to God (John 8:42; John 16:5; John 10:36;
John 17:8).
34) God is a Spirit, not flesh and blood like Jesus was (John 4:24; John 19:34; Matthew 16:17; Luke 24:39).
35) People on earth with Jesus heard God speak as a separate person from heaven (Matthew 3:17;
Matthew 17:5; 2 Peter 1:16-18).
36) Jesus claimed to be the Son of God, not the Father Himself (John 5:17-35).
37) Jesus called the Father "My God," even after the resurrection (John 20:17; Rev. 3:12).
38) Jesus called God "My Father" 57 times (John 15:1; Rev. 2:27). How could He be His own God and
Father and beget Himself?
39) When Jesus was born on earth angels and people still recognized God in heaven (Luke 2:7-16). Were
they mistaken about God? Was the child all of God on earth and in heaven also?
40) Mary and Joseph acted with utmost ignorance if the baby Jesus was all of God, for they presented Him
to the Lord Who was someone other than Jesus (Luke 2:22).
41) Simeon had a revelation and guidance from the Holy Spirit that Jesus was not the only member of the
Godhead (Luke 2:26-33).
42) John the Baptist knew the Father, but he did not know the Son (John 1:31-34).
43) The Son died, not the Father (1 Cor. 15:3; 1 Peter 2:24).
44) Jesus was the only begotten Son of the Father, so could not be the Father or the begetter of Himself
(John 1:14).
45) Jesus claimed that He could not and did not do anything of Himself, but that the Father worked
through Him (John 5:19,30; John 6:38; John 8:28; John 12:49-50).
46) He did not come to do His own will, but that of the Father who sent Him (John 5:30; John 6:38).
47) His doctrine was not His, but the Father's (John 7:16-17; John 8:26).
48) He did not speak of Himself, but of the Father who had sent Him (John 7:16-18; John 8:26-40).
49) He did not please Himself, but the Father (John 8:29).
50) He was a Son, not a Father over the house of God (John 8:35-36; Hebrews 3:6).
51) He had the same relation to His Father that men have with Satan (John 8:16,35-44; John 9:4).
52) He honored the Father as all people should (John 8:49).
53) He did not seek His own glory, but that of the Father (John 8:50-54; John 17:4).
54) He knew the Father, but was not the Father (John 8:55; John 10:15).
55) He was loved by the Father as a separate person (John 10:17-18).
56) He kept the Father's commandments and they were not His own (John 12:49-50; John 15:10).
57) His disciples were given to Him by the Father (John 10:29; John 17:1-25).
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58) He was equal with the Father in some things, but not in others (Mark 13:32; John 5:17-39; John 8:1319,29-42; John 19:18-29; Acts 1:7; 1 Cor. 11:3; Rev. 1:1).
59) He and the Father were in unity and in each other in the same sense believers are to be in unity and in
God (John 10:38; John 14:10-11,23; John 17:11,21-23).
60) He was the only way to the Father (John 6:37; John 14:6).
61) He said, I am not alone or the only witness of My sonship. The Father is another witness (John 5:36-38;
John 8:13-19,54; John 12:49-50; John 14:10-11).
62) Over 80 times Jesus affirmed that He was not the Father and not the only person in the Godhead.
Christ was the speaker, but not the one spoken of or to (Matthew 7:21; Matthew 11:27; Matthew
18:10,35; Luke 2:49; John 5:17-43; John 8:19-49; John 10:17-37; John 14:7-28; John 15:1-26; Rev. 1:1;
etc.). Is it any wonder that the Godhead, the Trinity, and the unity of God are so mysterious when we
force separate persons to become only one person, all because we do not want to recognize the true
meaning of the word one as referring to unity rather than individuality in some scriptures? People
would be just as great a mystery if we forced the meaning of all men to refer to one person.
63) He was not as great as His Father (John 10:29; John 14:28; cp. 1 Cor. 11:3).
64) The Father (Matthew 3:17), Jesus (John 10:36), angels (Luke 1:32-35), demons (Mark 3:11; Mark 5:7),
and apostles (Matthew 16:16; John 1:14; Romans 8:32; 2 John 1:3), all declare the sonship of Jesus, but
not once do they declare a Christ-fatherhood.
65) The Father and the Son spoke to each other in audible voices at the same time and place, being heard
by many witnesses (Matthew 3:16-17; Matthew 7:5; John 12:27-30; 2 Peter 1:17). In no single instance
could such speaking be explained as the voice of one individual or be used to prove one Person in the
Deity.
66) The word "both" is used of the Father and the Son, proving two Persons (John 15:24; 2 John 1:9).
67) The word "also" is used of the Father and the Son, proving two Persons (John 5:19,27; John 8:19; John
13:32; John 14:1).
68) The statement, "They have not known the Father nor Me," proves two Persons (John 16:3,5).
69) Christ received all power in heaven and in earth (Matthew 28:18). The Father had to be greater than
Jesus to give Him that power (John 14:28).
70) Jesus was resurrected and exalted by the Father, so He could not be the Father (Ephes. 1:20-23; Phil.
2:9-11; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 3:22)
71) God made Jesus both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:33-36).
72) Six times in John 14:1-9 Jesus made it clear that He was not the Father.
Holy Spirit Is Not Jesus Or the Father:
73) The Holy Spirit is another Person, distinct from both the Father and the Son (John 5:32; John 14:1617,26; John 15:26; John 16:7-15).
74) It was necessary that Jesus go away so that the Holy Spirit could come (John 16:5-15).
75) He has been seen with the natural eyes as a separate Person from the Father and the Son (Matthew
3:16-17; John 1:31-34; Rev. 4:5; Rev. 5:6).
76) He is symbolized as a separate Person with Christ, both of them before God who sits on a throne (Rev.
1:4-5; Rev. 3:1; Rev. 4:5; Rev. 5:6).
77) He could not be sent from God until Christ was glorified, but would then be sent from both the Father
and the Son (John 7:37-39; Acts 2:33-34).
78) He was sent from the Father to endow Jesus with power. This required three Persons: the One who
sent Him, the One being sent, and the One who received Him (Acts 10:38; Isaiah 11:2; Isaiah 42:1-7;
Isaiah 61:1-2).
79) A clear distinction is made of the names of all three Persons (Matthew 28:19; 2 Cor. 13:14; 1 John 5:7).
80) A clear distinction is made between the Son who prays, the Father to whom He prays, and the Holy
Spirit for whom He prays (John 14:16).
81) A clear distinction is made between the Son on the right hand of the Father, the Father on the left
hand of the Son, and the Holy Spirit who is sent from the Father and the Son (Acts 2:33-36; Acts 7:56;
John 14:16-17,26; John 15:26; John 16:7-15).
82) The Son was already given (John 3:16), when the Spirit was not yet given (John 7:39).
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83) The Son can be blasphemed with forgiveness possible; but if the Spirit is blasphemed, no forgiveness is
possible. This proves two distinct Persons (Matthew 12:31-32; Mark 3:29-30; Luke 12:10).
84) The Samaritans received Jesus, but had not yet received the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:5-25).
85) Jesus could do no miracle by Himself (John 5:19), but by the Holy Spirit He did many miracles (John
2:11; Acts 10:38)
86) The Holy Spirit came not to speak of or glorify Himself, but to speak of and glorify Jesus (John 16:7-15).
87) The descent of the Holy Spirit proved the arrival of Jesus in heaven to sit at the right hand of God, thus
proving three Persons (Acts 2:33-34; John 7:39).
88) Jesus claimed even after the resurrection that He was not a spirit being, so He could not be the Father
or the Holy Spirit who are spirit beings (Luke 24:39; John 4:24; John 14:16-17,26; John 15:26; John
16:7-15).
89) In the last book of the Bible the Trinity is seen as working together in all things (Rev. 1:4-6; Rev. 3:1;
Rev. 4:5; Rev. 5:6; Rev. 21:10; Rev. 22:17).

Names, Titles, and Offices of the Trinity
74 names, titles, or offices of God the Father:
1) God (Hebrew: チElohiym (HSN-430), Gods,
Genesis 1:1)
2) Lord God (Jehovah (HSN-3069) チElohiym (HSN430), Genesis 2:4-22)
3) Most High God (Genesis 14:18-22)
4) The Almighty God (Genesis 17:1; Rev. 19:15)
5) The everlasting God (Genesis 21:33)
6) The God of heaven (Genesis 24:3)
7) The God of earth (Genesis 24:3; Rev. 11:4)
8) The Lord God of heaven (Genesis 24:7)
9) God Almighty (Genesis 28:3; Genesis 43:14;
Genesis 48:3)
10) The mighty God (Genesis 49:24)
11) The God of Abraham (Exodus 3:6)
12) The God of Isaac (Exodus 3:6)
13) The God of Jacob (Exodus 3:6; 2 Samuel 23:1)
14) I AM (Exodus 3:13-15)
15) God of the Hebrews (Exodus 5:3; Exodus 7:16)
16) Jehovah (Exodus 6:3; Psalm 83:18; Isaiah 12:2;
Isaiah 26:4; Isaiah 42:8)
17) God of Israel (Exodus 24:10; Exodus 34:23)
18) Jealous (Exodus 34:14)
19) God of the spirits of all flesh (Numbers 16:22;
Numbers 27:16)
20) The God of gods (Deut. 10:17)
21) The eternal God (Deut. 33:27)
22) The living God (Joshua 3:10)
23) Lord God of Israel (Joshua 22:16; Joshua 24:2)
24) Lord God of gods (Joshua 22:22)
25) Strength of Israel (1 Samuel 15:29)
26) The Rock (2 Samuel 22:32; Psalm 18:2,31)
27) God of my rock (2 Samuel 22:3)
28) God of the rock of my salvation (2 Samuel 22:47)
29) The Rock of Israel (2 Samuel 23:3)
30) The God of David (2 Chron. 34:3)
31) The righteous God (Psalm 7:9)
John Kodiyil - Pastor, The Father’s House Church

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Fortress (Psalm 18:2; Psalm 91:2)
Deliverer (Psalm 18:2; Psalm 91:3)
Strength (Psalm 18:2)
Buckler (Psalm 18:2; Psalm 91:4)
The horn of salvation (Psalm 18:2)
High tower (Psalm 18:2)
The God of my salvation (Psalm 18:46)
The God of glory (Psalm 29:3)
The God of truth (Psalm 31:5; Isaiah 65:16)
Yah (HSN-3050), JAH (Psalm 68:4). See Sixteen
Jehovah Titles.
The Most High (Psalm 91:1,9)
The Almighty (Psalm 91:1)
Refuge (Psalm 91:2,9)
Holy One of Israel (Isaiah 30:15)
The glorious Lord (Isaiah 33:21)
The Creator (Isaiah 40:28)
48.Lord God of hosts (Isaiah 22:5)
The Lord thy Savior and Redeemer (Isaiah 60:16)
The mighty One of Jacob (Isaiah 60:16)
The Lord of hosts (Jeremiah 7:3,21)
The true God (Jeremiah 10:10; John 17:3)
The great and mighty God (Jeremiah 32:18)
The God of all flesh (Jeremiah 32:27)
Ancient of days (Daniel 7:9,22)
The God of judgment (Malachi 2:17)
God of the living (Mark 12:27)
The incorruptible God (Romans 1:23)
God of patience and consolation (Romans 15:5)
The God of hope (Romans 15:13)
The God of peace (Romans 16:20)
God of all comfort (2 Cor. 1:3)
God of love and peace (2 Cor. 13:11)
The living and true God (1 Thes. 1:9)
The only wise God (1 Tim. 1:17)
The blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings

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and Lord of Lords (1 Tim. 6:15-16)
The great God (Titus 2:13; Rev. 19:17)
God the Judge of all (Hebrews 12:23)
God the Father (1 Peter 1:2; 2 John 1:3)
The God of all grace (1 Peter 5:10)

71) The only Lord God (Jude 1:4)
72) Lord God Almighty (Rev. 4:8; Rev. 11:17;
Rev.15:3; Rev. 16:7; Rev. 21:22)
73) The Lord God omnipotent (Rev. 19:6)
74) The Lord God of the holy prophets (Rev. 22:6)

137 names, titles, or offices of God the Son:
1) Seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15)
2) Jehovah (the Lord, Genesis 19:24; Psalm
110:1,5)
3) Shiloh (Genesis 49:10)
4) The star out of Jacob (Numbers 24:17)
5) Prophet (Deut. 18:15; Luke 24:19)
6) Rock of salvation (Deut. 32:15)
7) Daysman (Job 9:33)
8) The Anointed (Psalm 2:2)
9) The Son (Psalm 2:12; Hebrews 3:6)
10) Sanctuary (Isaiah 8:14)
11) Stone of stumbling (Isaiah 8:14)
12) Rock of offence (Isaiah 8:14)
13) Wonderful (Isaiah 9:6)
14) Counselor (Isaiah 9:6)
15) The mighty God (Isaiah 9:6)
16) The everlasting Father (Isaiah 9:6)
17) The Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9:6)
18) Rod out of Jesse (Isaiah 11:1)
19) The Branch (Isaiah 11:1; Zech. 3:8; Zech. 6:12)
20) An ensign of the people (Isaiah 11:10)
21) My Servant (Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 12:18)
22) My elect (Isaiah 42:1)
23) Polished shaft (Isaiah 49:2)
24) The Redeemer (Isaiah 59:20)
25) The angel of His presence (Isaiah 63:9)
26) The Lord our righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6)
27) Plant of renown (Ezekiel 34:29)
28) Messiah (Daniel 9:25; John 4:25)
29) The Judge of Israel (Micah 5:1)
30) The desire of all nations (Haggai 2:7)
31) The man that is My fellow (Zech. 13:7)
32) Refiner and purifier (Malachi 3:3)
33) Sun of righteousness (Malachi 4:2)
34) Jesus Christ (note, Matthew 1:1)
35) The son of Abraham (Matthew 1:1)
36) The son of David (Matthew 1:1; Matthew 9:27)
37) Christ (Matthew 1:17; Matthew 2:4)
38) Jesus (Matthew 1:21, note)
39) Emmanuel (God with us, Matthew 1:23)
40) King of the Jews (Matthew 2:2; Matthew 21:5)
41) Governor (Matthew 2:6)
42) Nazarene (Matthew 2:23)
43) The Son of God (Matthew 4:3)
44) Master (Matthew 8:19)
45) The Son of man (Matthew 8:20)
John Kodiyil - Pastor, The Father’s House Church

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Physician (Matthew 9:12)
The bridegroom (Matthew 9:15)
The friend of sinners (Matthew 11:19)
The beloved (Matthew 12:18; Ephes. 1:6)
The sower of the seed (Matthew 13:3)
The Son of the Highest (Luke 1:32)
The horn of salvation (Luke 1:69)
The dayspring (Luke 1:78)
Christ the Lord (Luke 2:11)
Savior (Luke 2:11)
The consolation of Israel (Luke 2:25)
Salvation (Luke 2:30)
Jesus of Nazareth (Luke 4:34)
Holy One of God (Luke 4:34)
The Word (John 1:1-2)
God (John 1:1-3; John 20:28; Hebrews 1:8)
The true Light (John 1:9)
Only begotten Son (John 1:18; John 3:16)
Lamb of God (John 1:29; Rev. 5:6)
The King of Israel (John 1:49)
Teacher (John 3:2)
Gift of God (John 4:10)
Savior of the world (John 4:42)
The bread of God (John 6:33)
The bread of life (John 6:35,48-51)
Light of the world (John 8:12)
Door of the sheep (John 10:7)
The good shepherd (John 10:11)
The way, the truth, the life (John 14:6)
The vine (John 15:1-8)
Lord and God (John 20:28)
Holy One and Just (Acts 3:14)
Thy holy child Jesus (Acts 4:27)
A Prince and a Savior (Acts 5:31)
Lord of all (Acts 10:36)
A propitiation (Romans 3:25; 1 John 2:2)
Jesus Christ our Lord (Romans 6:23)
The Deliverer (Romans 11:26)
Christ Jesus (1 Cor. 1:2; 1 Tim. 2:5)
The power of God (1 Cor. 1:24)
The wisdom of God (1 Cor. 1:24)
Sanctification (1 Cor. 1:30)
Lord of glory (1 Cor. 2:8)
Our Passover (1 Cor. 5:7)
Spiritual Rock (1 Cor. 10:4)
Christ the first fruits (1 Cor. 15:23)

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The last Adam (1 Cor. 15:45)
The second man Adam, (1 Cor. 15:45-47)
Image of God (2 Cor. 4:4)
Seed of Abraham (Galatians 3:29)
Chief corner stone (Ephes. 2:20)
Head of the church (Col. 1:18)
Firstborn from the dead (Col. 1:18)
Christ Jesus our Lord (1 Tim. 1:12)
Mediator (1 Tim. 2:4-5)
The man Christ Jesus (1 Tim. 2:5)
Ransom for all (1 Tim. 2:6)
Seed of David (2 Tim. 2:8)
Lord Jesus Christ our Savior (Titus 1:4)
Brightness of His glory (Hebrews 1:3)
Express image of His person (Hebrews 1:3)
Upholder of all things (Hebrews 1:3)
Captain of salvation (Hebrews 2:10)
The Apostle and High Priest of our profession
(Hebrews 3:1)
Forerunner (Hebrews 6:20)
Minister of the sanctuary (Hebrews 8:2)
Testator (Hebrews 9:16-17)
Author and finisher of faith (Hebrews 12:2)
Great shepherd of the sheep (Hebrews 13:20)
Shepherd and Bishop of souls (1 Peter 2:25)

36 names, titles, or offices of God the Holy Spirit:
1) Spirit of God (22 times, Genesis 1:2; Genesis
41:38; Matthew 3:16; 1 Cor. 2:11-14)
2) Spirit of wisdom (Exodus 28:3; Deut. 34:9; Isaiah
11:2; Ephes. 1:17)
3) The Spirit (113 times, Numbers 11:17,25; Ezekiel
1:20; Ezekiel 2:2; Galatians 6:8; Ephes. 2:22)
4) His Spirit (Numbers 11:29; Psalm 106:33; Isaiah
48:16; Romans 8:11; 1 Cor. 2:10).
Thy Spirit (2 Kings 2:9; Psalm 104:30; Psalm
139:7) and My Spirit (Isaiah 42:1; Acts 2:17-18)
5) The Spirit of the Lord (30 times, Judges 3:10;
Judges 6:34; Judges 11:29; Judges 13:25; Judges
14:6,19; Judges 15:14; Luke 4:18; 2 Cor. 3:17-18)
6) The Spirit of Elijah (2 Kings 2:15; Luke 1:17)
7) Thy good Spirit (Neh. 9:20)
8) Thy free Spirit (Psalm 51:12)
9) The Spirit of judgment (Isaiah 4:4; Isaiah 28:6)
10) The Spirit of burning (Isaiah 4:4)
11) Spirit of wisdom and understanding (Isaiah 11:2)
12) Spirit of counsel and might (Isaiah 11:2)
13) Spirit of knowledge and fear of the Lord (Isaiah
11:2; cp. 2 Tim. 1:7)
14) Spirit of the Holy Gods (Daniel 4:8-9,18; Daniel
5:11)
15) Excellent Spirit (Daniel 5:12; Daniel 6:3)

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Chief Shepherd (1 Peter 5:4)
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (2 Peter 1:11)
Day star (2 Peter 1:19)
Advocate (1 John 2:1)
Jesus Christ the righteous (1 John 2:1)
Eternal life (1 John 5:20)
Faithful witness (Rev. 1:5)
First begotten of the dead (Rev. 1:5)
Prince of the kings of earth (Rev. 1:5)
Alpha and Omega (Rev. 1:8; Rev. 21:6; Rev.
22:13)
The beginning and ending (Rev. 1:8)
The first and the last (Rev. 2:8)
Morning star (Rev. 2:28)
The Amen (Rev. 3:14)
Faithful and true witness (Rev. 3:14)
Beginning of creation—the One who began
creating all things through the Father (Rev. 3:14;
Ephes. 3:9; Col. 1:15-18)
Lion of the tribe of Judah (Rev. 5:5)
The Root of David (Rev. 5:5)
The Word of God (Rev. 19:13)
King of kings, Lord of lords (Rev. 19:16)
Root and offspring of David (Rev. 22:16)
Bright and morning star (Rev. 22:16)

16) Spirit of the Gods (Daniel 5:14)
17) Spirit of grace and supplications (Zech. 12:10;
Hebrews 10:29)
18) The Holy Ghost (89 times, Matthew 1:18-20;
Matthew 3:11; Matthew 12:31-32;
Matthew 28:19; 1 John 5:7)
19) The Spirit of your Father (Matthew 10:20)
20) The power of the Highest (Luke 1:35)
21) The Holy Spirit (1 time, Luke 11:13)
22) The Comforter (John 14:16,26; John 15:26)
23) The Spirit of truth (John 14:17; John 15:26; John
16:13; 1 John 4:6; 1 John 5:6)
24) Spirit of holiness (Romans 1:4)
25) Spirit of life (Romans 8:2)
26) Spirit of Christ (Romans 8:9; 1 Peter 1:11)
27) Spirit of adoption (Romans 8:15)
28) Spirit of the living God (2 Cor. 3:3)
29) The Spirit of His Son (Galatians 4:6)
30) Holy Spirit of promise (Ephes. 1:13)
31) Spirit of wisdom and revelation (Ephes. 1:17)
32) Holy Spirit of God (Ephes. 4:30)
33) Spirit of Jesus Christ (Phil. 1:19)
34) The eternal Spirit (Hebrews 9:14)
35) The Spirit of glory (1 Peter 4:14)
36) The Spirit of prophecy (Rev. 19:10)

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These 247 names, titles and offices of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost reveal their character, work, and
separate parts in the plan of God. The Father has the role of headship; the Son has that of creation and redemption;
and the Holy Spirit has the direct power of operation. All three persons of the Trinity have worked and are still
working in perfect harmony in the creation, redemption, and eternal good of all.

Not so much in conclusion…
If you have reached this page and are still wondering what the Trinity is all about, fear not, you are not alone. 
Trinity is one of those topics in which the more you get into theologically, the more confusing it is simply because
spiritual matters cannot be known by logic, but are discerned spiritually.
I am not one to add secular material in a Bible Study, but this poem about the blind men and the elephant
illustrates our limitations. The men in the poem, blind, come to different conclusions after encountering the same
object. Likewise, if our spiritual eyes are not opened, we will grope about for an understanding with our limited
natural resources.
One version of this story has in its conclusion the owner of the elephant, the king, coming down and settling the
dispute by explaining to them that the object they have encountered is an Elephant. Likewise, God became man,
the word became flesh, lived among us. The bible tells us in Hebrews 1:3 that Jesus is the express image of the
father.
So before I let you go on to the poem, I encourage you to get to know Jesus better. Make Him your Lord and Savior
and the Holy Spirit will teach you all things, including what the “Trinity” is and is not.

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THE BLIND MEN AND THE ELEPHANT.
A poem by John Godfrey Saxe

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1 Thus the heavens and the earth
were finished, and all the host of
them.
2 And on the seventh day God ended
his work which he had made; and
he rested on the seventh day from
all his work which he had made.
3 And God blessed the seventh day,
and sanctified it: because that in it
he had rested from all his work
which God created and made.
4 ¶ These [are] the generations of the
heavens and of the earth when
they were created, in the day that
the LORD God made the earth and
the heavens,
5 And every plant of the field before
it was in the earth, and every herb
of the field before it grew: for the
LORD God had not caused it to rain
upon the earth, and [there was]
not a man to till the ground.
6 But there went up a mist from the
earth, and watered the whole face
of the ground.
7 And the LORD God formed man [of]
the dust of the ground, and
breathed into his nostrils the
breath of life; and man became a
living soul.
8 ¶ And the LORD God planted a
garden eastward in Eden; and
there he put the man whom he
had formed.

9 And out of the ground made the
LORD God to grow every tree that
is pleasant to the sight, and good
for food; the tree of life also in the
midst of the garden, and the tree
of knowledge of good and evil.
10 And a river went out of Eden to
water the garden; and from thence
it was parted, and became into
four heads.
11 The name of the first [is] Pison:
that [is] it which compasseth the
whole land of Havilah, where
[there is] gold;
12 And the gold of that land [is] good:
there [is] bdellium and the onyx
stone.
13 And the name of the second river
[is] Gihon: the same [is] it that
compasseth the whole land of
Ethiopia.
14 And the name of the third river [is]
Hiddekel: that [is] it which goeth
toward the east of Assyria. And the
fourth river [is] Euphrates.
15 And the LORD God took the man,
and put him into the garden of
Eden to dress it and to keep it.
16 And the LORD God commanded
the man, saying, Of every tree of
the garden thou mayest freely eat:
17 But of the tree of the knowledge
of good and evil, thou shalt not eat
of it: for in the day that thou eatest
thereof thou shalt surely die.

18 ¶ And the LORD God said, [It is]
not good that the man should be
alone; I will make him an help
meet for him.
19 And out of the ground the LORD
God formed every beast of the
field, and every fowl of the air; and
brought [them] unto Adam to see
what he would call them: and
whatsoever Adam called every
living creature, that [was] the
name thereof.
20 And Adam gave names to all
cattle, and to the fowl of the air,
and to every beast of the field; but
for Adam there was not found an
help meet for him.
21 And the LORD God caused a deep
sleep to fall upon Adam, and he
slept: and he took one of his ribs,
and closed up the flesh instead
thereof;
22 And the rib, which the LORD God
had taken from man, made he a
woman, and brought her unto the
man.
23 And Adam said, This [is] now bone
of my bones, and flesh of my flesh:
she shall be called Woman,
because she was taken out of Man.
24 Therefore shall a man leave his
father and his mother, and shall
cleave unto his wife: and they shall
be one flesh.
25 And they were both naked, the
man and his wife, and were not
ashamed.

GENESIS 2:3 THE SEVENTH DAY
Though we do not have to follow the law, it must be understood that it was the Lord who blessed the 7 th day i.e,
Saturday

GENESIS 2:4 GENERATIONS
These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth.
"What did Jesus mean when He said, "this generation will not pass"?" This quote of Jesus in regards to the end
times is found in Matthew 24:34; Mark 13:30; and Luke 21:32. Jesus said, "Truly I say to you, this generation will
not pass away until all these things take place."

Calendars changed
All ancient calendars are based on 360-day years; all ancient calendars changed after 701 B.C.

Mars Worshipped
Mars is the 4th major planet from the Sun and was named after the Roman god of War. Most of the early
civilizations were terrified of it, even worshiping it. It is the Baal of the Old Testament (2 Kings 23:5, et al.).
Why?

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Near Pass-by Hypothesis:
Earth and Mars were originally on resonant orbits; near pass-bys on a cycle every 108 years; this could account for
catastrophic events on a number occasions in history. Energy transfers stabilized in 701 B.C.

Jesus came “when the fullness of time came”
“But when the fullness of time came, God sent forth his son, born of a woman, born under the law” (Galatians
4:4).

TIME - BIBLICAL M EANING F ROM THE ORIGINAL GREEK
TEXT(B LUE LETTER BIBLE) - Notice “the time since the star began
to shine.”?

Why did Jesus come? To die for us, to pay the price, specifically to
be crucified. Jesus had to die on the cross to take away our curse
(see Galatians 3:13). Crucifixion, though developed by the
Persians and used by the Greeks, was perfected by the Romans.
In fact, it was the preferred method of execution.

The Roman Empire

Rome was founded in 21 April 753 BC
Nebuchadnezzar’s dream – Last Empire, see illustration

This Generation
Heavens and of the earth have a Generation. This generation,
where we now have 365.24 days a year started in 701 BC. Rome
was founded around that time, and ruled when Jesus walked on
the Earth. The Romans were never conquered or replaced with
another empire, it split into two legs, eastern (later came to be known as the Byzntine empire) and western, and
eventually declined. Based on Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, the Roman empire (both east and west wings) revive to
support the Anti-Christ. Could Jesus have been talking about the “generation” that started the Roman Empire?
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NEBUCHADNEZZAR’S DREAM, CALIPHATE & THE MAHDI
In this compilation, I explain my understanding of the stated aspects of Biblical Eschatology. Except where
specifically stated, they are not conclusive. This is for in-church use only. Remember, look up the scriptures
yourself.
I believe the most important book we should ever read is the Bible, inspired and breathed into his chosen writers to
deliver the Word of God to man. I believe a mistake we can make is to take the writings and teachings of man as
gospel-truth, instead of checking these teachings against the Word of God. In the New Testament, during the time
of Paul, when he was preaching to the Bereans, Paul gave us a good example to follow.
Acts 17:11 (NKJV) These were more fair-minded than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all
readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so.

The Bible is very clear that Satan, through the Antichrist, will specifically target first Jews and then Christians for
death. While the Bible indeed gives us a general prophetic framework of what will happen in the last days, many of
the specific details have yet to be determined. God did not reveal every final detail for a reason. He rarely does. If
He did, then we would be justified in simply waiting for the Antichrist to come and get us. We would be entirely
justified in digging holes in the ground as secret hideouts to store our survival food. But instead, God desires us to
actually wrestle with Him in prayer, not only for our own souls and those of our families, but also for the very
nations that we live in and call home. It is with this mainly in my mind that I share what I believe will unfold before
us in our lifetime.
The Prophet Daniel also saw that the Antichrist would have this authority to wage a successful war against “the
saints.” Saints is also translated “holy ones” in some translations. It speaks primarily of the true followers of Jesus
who know and serve the One True God.
Daniel 7:25 (NKJV) He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High,
And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a
time.

Again here we see the reference to the three and a half year period when the Antichrist will persecute those who
resist him.
The Bible is clear, then, that the Antichrist will specifically target those who resist his attempts to establish his
religion all over the earth. From the Book of Revelation as well as the Prophet Daniel, we see that the two groups
that most enrage Satan are the Jews and the Christians.
Most Christians who’ve read the Bible or grown up in church have
read or been taught about the statue in Daniel Chapter 2. King
Nebuchadnezzar had a dream about a great statue with a gold head, a
silver chest and arms, a bronze torso and thighs, iron legs, and feet
made out of iron and clay. A rock was cut out but not with human
hands and smashed the feet and the entire statue crumbled. The king
had asked his wise men to interpret it for him, but wanted them to tell
him what the dream was first (he refused to tell them) before they
interpreted it. Obviously they were not mind readers and could not do
it. But God gave Daniel the answer in a dream and he explained to the
king his dream and what it meant and told the king this was a dream
about the latter days.
In short, the gold head was the Babylonian Empire, the current empire
of which Nebuchadnezzar was king. The silver chest was the MedoPersian Empire, the bronze abdomen and thighs was the Grecian
Empire, the iron legs (which is what this post is about) have always
been said to have been the Roman Empire and the feed of iron and
clay have always been said to be the new revitalized Roman empire
that is to come.
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Ok what’s important to note at this point is the actual scripture verse in Daniel 2 that talks about the legs. As I’ve
said it’s been long and widely believed that the legs made of iron was the Roman Empire. But if you read the
scripture verse carefully you’ll realize this cannot be so:
And the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron, inasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and shatters everything; and
like iron that crushes, that kingdom will break in pieces and crush all the others.
Notice that one kingdom will crush ALL the other kingdoms. It doesn’t say that about any of the other kingdoms
before it. This means this 4th kingdom will have crushed, or conquered, all the areas of the Babylonian, MedoPersian, and Grecian kingdoms. This is the part of verse 40 that everyone seems to ignores and just assumes the 4th
kingdom was the Roman empire because they were told that by someone who thought they knew. But let’s look at
a few maps to see how it lines up based on this verse:

BABYLONIAN EMPIRE:

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PERSIAN EMPIRE

GRECIAN EMPIRE

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ROMAN EMPIRE
Now let’s look at the Roman Empire to see if it’s borders contain all these areas:

While the Roman Empire was vast at its height, it certain didn’t contain all the areas of the three previous empires,
especially the Grecian and Persian empires. So it obviously can’t be the legs of iron because it doesn’t crush ALL of
the previous kingdoms.
So what empire has ever conquered all the area of the previous three? Let’s look at a couple of maps:

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Ah now we’re getting some where. In AD 395, the Roman empire was divided into two portions; the eastern and
the western portions. The eastern portion became known as the Byzantine empire. In AD 410 the western capital
city of Rome fell to invading Germanic tribes known as the Visigoths or Barbarians. The western/European half of
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the empire, including its capital, had fallen, but the Roman empire nevertheless continued. How so? It simply
shifted its capital and its throne from Rome to Constantinople—a thousand miles east. The western European
portion of the Roman empire fell but the Eastern Byzantine portion of the Roman empire lived on for nearly
another thousand years with Constantinople as its capital. The Roman empire didn’t actually completely fall until
the eastern portion of the empire finally fell in AD 1453 to the Turks. The Turkish/Ottoman empire succeeded the
Roman empire and ruled over the entire Middle East, including Jerusalem, for nearly five hundred years. The
Turkish empire existed right up until 1909.
This of course also corresponds perfectly with Ezekiel’s list of nations with such a heavy emphasis on Turkey.
The borders of all Islamic Caliphates (empires) when put together cover all of the regions occupied by the previous
three kingdoms. This is essentially the empire of Islam that continued from virtually 622 to 1924 when it was finally
broken up.
The Turkish empire was the seat of the Islamic caliphate. It was not until 1923 that the Islamic caliphate was
officially abolished. Today the Islamic world awaits the restoration of that caliphate. The Bible teaches that
someday soon the Turkish empire will be revived:
Revelation 17:8 (NKJV) The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to
perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the
foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

At that time, we may expect to see the Islamic caliphate restored. Eventually a man might rise to this position
whom the Muslim world would refer to as the Mahdi, but people of understanding will identify
But we also know that the rock cut out without human hands is Christ and he will smash to pieces this new Islamic
Caliphate when He returns which I believe is not too far off.

Comparisons between the Islamic And Biblical Narratives of the End Times
A review of the many startling similarities that exist between the biblical Antichrist and the Islamic Mahdi
(Messiah)
• Bible: The Antichrist is an unparalleled political, military, and religious leader that will emerge in the last
days.
• Islam: The Mahdi is an unparalleled political, military, and religious leader that will emerge in the last days.
• Bible: The False Prophet is a secondary prominent figure that will emerge in the last days who will support
the Antichrist.
• Islam: The Muslim Jesus is a secondary prominent figure that will emerge in the last days to support the
Mahdi.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet together will have a powerful army that will do great damage to
the earth in an effort to subdue every nation and dominate the world.
• Islam: The Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus will have a powerful army that will attempt to control every nation
of the earth and dominate the world.
• Bible: The False Prophet is described essentially as a dragon in lamb’s clothing.
• Islam: The Muslim Jesus comes bearing the name of the one that the world knows as “the Lamb of God,”
Jesus Christ. Yet the Muslim Jesus comes to murder all those who do not submit to Islam.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet establish a new world order.
• Islam: The Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus establish a new world order.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet institute new laws for the whole earth.
• Islam: The Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus institute Islamic law all over the earth.
• Bible: The Antichrist is said to “change the times.”
• Islam: It is quite certain that if the Mahdi established Islam all over the earth, he would discontinue the use
of Saturday and Sunday as the weekend or days of rest, changing to Friday, the holy day of Islam. Also, he
would most certainly eliminate the Gregorian calendar and replace it with the Islamic calendar currently
used in every Islamic country.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet will both be powerful religious leaders who will attempt to
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institute a universal world religion.
• Islam: The Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus will institute Islam as the only religion on the earth.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet will execute anyone who does not submit to their world religion.
• Islam: Likewise, the Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus will execute anyone who does not submit to Islam.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet will specifically use beheading as the primary means of execution
for nonconformists.
• Islam: The Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus will use the Islamic practice of beheading for executions.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet will have a specific agenda to kill as many Jews as possible.
• Islam: The Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus will kill as many Jews as possible, until only a few are left hiding
behind rocks and trees.
• Bible: The Antichrist and the False Prophet will attack to conquer and seize Jerusalem.
• Islam: The Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus will attack to reconquer and seize Jerusalem for Islam.
• Bible: The Antichrist will set himself up in the Jewish Temple as his seat of authority.
• Islam: The Mahdi will establish the Islamic caliphate from Jerusalem.
• Bible: The False Prophet is said to do many miracles to deceive as many as possible into supporting the
Antichrist.
• Islam: The Mahdi himself is said to control the weather and the crops. His face is said to glow. We can also
assume that since Jesus is viewed as having been empowered by Allah to work miracles when He was here
on earth the first time, He will most likely be expected to continue to do so when He returns.
• Bible: The Antichrist is described as riding on a white horse in the Book of Revelation
• Islam: The Mahdi is described as riding on a white horse (ironically in the same verse).
• Bible: The Antichrist is said to make a peace treaty with Israel for seven years.
• Islam: The Mahdi is said to make a peace treaty through a Jew (specifically a Levite) for exactly seven years.
• Bible: Jesus the Jewish Messiah will return to defend the Jews in Israel from a military attack from a vast
coalition of nations led by the Antichrist and the False Prophet.
• Islam: The Dajjal, the Islamic Antichrist , will gain a great Jewish following and claim to be Jesus Christ; he
will fight against the Mahdi and the Muslim Jesus.
 Bible: The spirit of antichrist specifically denies the most unique and central doctrines of Christianity,
namely the Trinity, the incarnation, and the substitutionary death of Jesus on the Cross.
• Islam: Islam doctrinally and spiritually specifically denies the most unique and central doctrines of
Christianity, namely the Trinity, the incarnation, and the substitutionary death of Jesus on the Cross.
 Bible: The primary warning of Jesus and the Apostle Paul was to warn Christians of the abundance of deceit
and deception in the last days.
• Islam: Islam is perhaps the only religion on earth that practices deceit as one of its tools to assist its own
ascendancy. It actually has a specific doctrine that allows and even calls for deception to be used to achieve
its desired end.
 Bible: The specific nations pictured in the Bible as part of the final empire of the Antichrist are all Islamic
nations.
• Islam: All Muslims are commanded to give their allegiance to the Mahdi as the final caliph and imam
(leader) of Islam.
 Bible: From the Bible and history we learn that the final Antichrist empire will be a revived version of the
empire that succeeds the Roman empire.
• Islam: The empire that succeeded the Roman/Byzantine empire was the Islamic Ottoman empire.
 Bible: When the Antichrist emerges, a system will already exist that is poised to receive him as a savior and
to give allegiance to him.
• Islam: Islam is already the second-largest religion and will at present growth rates become the largest
religion within a few decades. Islam awaits the coming of the Mahdi with universal anticipation.

The Muslim Jesus
After the emergence or the “rising” of the Mahdi, the second most important event among the Major Signs is the
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return of Jesus Christ. Christians who love Jesus understandably get quite excited by the prospect that Muslims look
for and long for His return. Unfortunately, the Islamic belief of just who this Jesus is that is coming, and what He
does once He has arrived, is drastically different than what Christians believe about Jesus.
The first thing that Christians need to understand regarding the Islamic belief about Jesus is that Muslims of course
reject the idea that Jesus was or is the Son of God. According to Islam, Jesus is not, as the Bible articulates, God in
the flesh. Second, in Islamic belief, Jesus never died on a cross for the sins of mankind. The Qur’an specifically
denies that Jesus was ever crucified or that He ever experienced death. Muslims believe that after Allah
miraculously delivered Jesus from death, He ascended into heaven alive in a similar fashion to the biblical narrative
regarding Elijah. Since then, Muslims believe, Jesus has remained with Allah, awaiting His opportunity to return to
the earth to finish His ministry and complete His life. As such, to the Islamic mind, Jesus was not in any way a
“savior.” To Muslims, Jesus was merely another prophet in the long line of prophets that Allah has sent to mankind.
The special title of Messiah, although retained in the Islamic tradition, is essentially stripped of any truly biblically
defined messianic characteristics. According to the sacred texts of Islam, as we are about to see, when Jesus
returns, it most certainly will not be to restore the nation of Israel to the Jewish people. Nor will Jesus’ purpose be
to save and deliver His faithful followers from the ongoing persecution of the Antichrist. In order to understand the
Islamic concept of Jesus’ return, the first thing that needs to be realized is that when Jesus comes back, He comes
back as a radical Muslim.

The Antichrist Spirit Of Islam
While we have already discussed the actual person of the Antichrist, the Bible also talks of an antichrist spirit. Apart
from the one direct reference in the Bible to the Antichrist, there are four other times that the Apostle John uses
the word in a more general sense. Each time it is in reference to a particular spirit. This spirit is defined by its denial
of some very specific aspects of Jesus’ nature and His relationship to God the Father. Following are the verses that
describe this “antichrist” spirit:
1 John 4:3 (NKJV) and every spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God. And this is
the spirit of the Antichrist, which you have heard was coming, and is now already in the world.
1 John 2:22-23 (NKJV) 22 Who is a liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist who denies the Father
and the Son. 23 Whoever denies the Son does not have the Father either; he who acknowledges the Son has the Father
also.
2 John 1:7 (NKJV) For many deceivers have gone out into the world who do not confess Jesus Christ as coming in the
flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.

From these verses, we learn that the antichrist is a spirit that is identified as a “liar” and a “deceiver” who
specifically denies the following:

1. That Jesus is the Christ/Messiah (the savior/deliverer of Israel and the world).
2. The Father and the Son (the Trinity or that Jesus is the Son of God).
3. That Jesus has come in the flesh (the incarnation—that God became man).
The religion of Islam, more than any other religion, philosophy, or belief system, fulfills the description of the
antichrist spirit. The religion of Islam makes one of its highest priorities the denial of all three of the points
regarding Jesus and His relationship to the Father. In fact, we can fairly claim that Islam is a direct polemical
response against those essential Christian doctrines.
Regarding the previous points, however, Muslims will be quick to argue that Islam teaches that Jesus is indeed the
Messiah. But this is really just trickery. While it is true that Islam does retain the title of Messiah for Jesus, when
one asks a Muslim to define what the title “Messiah” actually means in Islam, the definitions given are always
hollow and fall entirely short of containing any truly messianic substance.
In Islam, Jesus is merely another prophet in a very long line of prophets. Biblically speaking, however, the role of
the Messiah among other things entails being a divine priestly savior, a deliverer, and the king of the Jews. As we
saw in earlier chapters, rather than delivering His followers, the Muslim Jesus leads Israel’s enemies against her and
seeks to convert or kill all the Jews and Christians. This would the equivalent of calling Adolph Hitler, rather than
Moses, Israel’s deliverer. But the Apostle John informs us that in the last hour, a man is coming who will fully
personify the antichrist spirit and deny many of the essential biblical doctrines regarding who Jesus is and what He
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came to do. That man will be the Antichrist.

Tawhid And Shirk
In order to properly understand the antichrist spirit of Islam, there are two doctrines that must first be understood.
Tawhid refers to the belief in the absolute oneness of God. Islam adheres to the strictest form of unitarian
monotheism possible. In Islam, God is utterly alone. But in order to understand tawhid, one must understand that it
is more than just a doctrine; in Islam, belief in tahwid is an absolute commandment. And if adherence to tawhid is
the highest and most important commandment in Islam, then the greatest sin is shirk. Shirk is, in essence, idolatry.
From the “Invitation to Islam” newsletter published by a Muslim group from Toronto, we read a very telling
statement that helps us to understand exactly how shirk is viewed by Muslims:
Murder, rape, child molesting, and genocide. These are all some of the appalling crimes which occur in our world
today. Many would think that these are the worst possible offences which could be committed. But there is
something which outweighs all of these crimes put together: It is the crime of shirk.
Thus many Muslims feel as though believing in the Trinity or ascribing divinity to Jesus are among the greatest sins
conceivable. In fact, believing in these essential Christian doctrines is more than just a sin; it is the most heinous of
all crimes! In the Muslim mind, shirk refers not only to the beliefs of polytheists or pagans, but also to the essential
historical doctrines of the Christian faith. We will examine these three essential doctrines and how Islam specifically
denies them.

Islam Denies The Sonship Of Christ
The religion of Islam has as one of its foundational beliefs a direct denial of Jesus as God’s Son. This denial is found
several times throughout the Qur’an:
In blasphemy indeed are those that say that God is Christ the son of Mary. (Sura 5:17; Yusuf Ali)
They say: “God hath begotten a son!”—Glory be to Him! He is self-sufficient! His are all things in the heavens
and on earth! No warrant have ye for this! Say ye about Allah what ye know not? (Sura 10:68; Yusuf Ali)
They said, “The Most Gracious has begotten a son”! You have uttered a gross blasphemy. The heavens are about
to shatter, the earth is about to tear asunder, and the mountains are about to crumble. Because they claim that
the Most Gracious has begotten a son. It is not befitting the Most Gracious that He should beget a son. (Sura
19:88–92 Rashad Khalifa)
The Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; [in this] they but imitate what the
unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth! (Sura 9:30;
Yusuf Ali, emphasis mine)
The Qur’an pronounces a curse on those who believe that Jesus is God’s Son. People who say such things utter
“gross blasphemies” and are likened to “unbelievers” or infidels. Without question then, in this regard, Islam is an
antichrist religious system. Remember Jim Hacking’s comments from chapter one? He was the priest in training
who converted to Islam. “The thing I’ve always latched to is that there’s one God, he doesn’t have equals, he
doesn’t need a son to come do his work.” Islam attempts to create an acceptable form of monotheistic worship yet
it not only leaves out the most essential aspects of a saving relationship with God, but it also directly confronts
these things and calls them the highest forms of blasphemy. “Far be it from God that he should have a son!” These
words encircle the inside of the Dome of the Rock Mosque in Jerusalem—the very location where for centuries
God’s people, the Jews, worshipped in their Temple awaiting their Messiah. This is also where Jesus, the Son of God
and the Jewish Messiah will someday rule over the earth. Islam has built a monument of utter defiance to this
future reality

Islam Denies The Trinity
Islam applies the same claim of blasphemy to those who believe in the Trinity:
They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah. If they desist
not from their word [of blasphemy], verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them. (Sura
5:73;)

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Thus belief in the Trinity is also defined as blasphemy. But what is the “grievous penalty” that shall befall those who
believe such things? Well, as we saw in previous chapters, many Muslims ironically expect their version of Jesus to
return and kill these “polytheist Trinitarian Christians.”
And the Qur’an does not stop at denying that Jesus is the Son of God or that God exists as a Trinity.

Islam Denies The Cross
With tears in his eyes, Paul the Apostle warned the Thessalonians that, “many live as enemies of the cross of Christ”
(Philippians 3:18). It should not come as a surprise, then, that Islam also denies the most central event of all of
redemptive history: the crucifixion of Jesus. Speaking to the Jews of Jesus’ day, the Qur’an says:
That they said [in boast], “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”; but they killed him
not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts,
with no [certain] knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not: Nay, Allah raised
him up unto himself; and Allah is exalted in power, wise. (Sura 4:157–8; Yusuf Ali)
Islamic scholars put forth conflicting theories regarding exactly what happened to Jesus. (Ironically, regarding this
issue it is actually they who are the ones who have “only conjecture to follow.”) But despite the inability of Muslims
to arrive at any form of consensus regarding what happened to Jesus, they are very much in agreement on at least
one issue: He was not crucified! This passage of the Qur’an makes at least this much clear.

How Does The Antichrist Spirit Of Islam Affect Muslims?
So we see that Islam very specifically and very deliberately denies all three of the doctrines that the Apostle John
says the antichrist spirit will deny. The Qur’an does not merely deny these doctrines but expresses utter disdain for
them, actually cursing those who believe these things, accusing them of gross blasphemy. But how do these
Qur’anic attitudes then affect Muslims? This statement may sound strong, but in all of my years of outreach,
interfaith dialogue, and casual conversations with those who are not Christians, the two groups that I have
personally witnessed expressing the strongest degree of contempt and mockery toward the Gospel have been
Satanists and Muslims. Only these two have expressed such a high degree of venomous disgust.
While many religions and systems of belief exist that do not agree with the doctrines of Christianity—many of
which do not even believe in God—only Islam fills the role of a religion that exists to deny core Christian beliefs.
And of course, following the lead of the Qur’an, the three doctrines most severely and most often attacked and
mocked by Muslims are the doctrines of the Trinity, the divine incarnation, and the atoning sacrifice/crucifixion of
Jesus.
We should not be surprised then to find that one of the descriptions of the Antichrist is that he will be very fond of
uttering great blasphemies against the God of the Bible:
Daniel 11:36 (NKJV) "Then the king shall do according to his own will: he shall exalt and magnify himself above every
god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what
has been determined shall be done.
Daniel 7:25 (NKJV) He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High,
And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a
time.

The Qur’an itself expresses such blasphemies. As someone who is in continual dialogue with numerous Muslims
from all over the world, I can testify that the blatant antichrist spirit that we saw expressed in the previous Qur’anic
passages quite often blooms into an overt disdain and utter contempt, not only for Christian beliefs, but also for
Christians themselves. While this is not always the case, should we really be surprised when Muslims act out
against those whom the Qur’an curses as idolatrous infidel blasphemers? And if we are being realistic, should we
expect the future of Islam to rest with those Muslims who identify with the Qur’anic scorn for Christians, or with
those who show an amiable attitude despite the curses of their own holy book?
In regard to whether or not Islam is specifically the antichrist system that the Bible foretells, there can be no
question that this, the second-largest, fastest-growing religion in the world, is, and has been from its inception, the
quintessence of the very antichrist spirit about which John the Apostle warned us.

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Not Every Nation join the attack
Some Bible teachers have speculated that every nation of the earth will be taken over by the antichrist system. We
have already looked at some of the Bible verses that suggest this. My take on this subject is slightly different. Let
me explain why. First let’s look at the verses used to conclude that every last nation will fall to the Antichrist and
join him in his attack against Jerusalem:
Zechariah 12:2 (NKJV) "Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of drunkenness to all the surrounding peoples, when they lay
siege against Judah and Jerusalem.
Zechariah 14:2 (NKJV) For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem; The city shall be taken, The houses
rifled, And the women ravished. Half of the city shall go into captivity, But the remnant of the people shall not be cut
off from the city.
Joel 3:2 (NKJV) I will also gather all nations, And bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; And I will enter into
judgment with them there On account of My people, My heritage Israel, Whom they have scattered among the
nations; They have also divided up My land.
Revelation 13:7 (NKJV) It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was
given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation.

Let’s look at the first three verses first. Since these verses use the word “all” and specifically the phrase “all the
nations of the earth” when speaking of the attack against Jerusalem at the battle of Armageddon, then surely it has
already been determined that every last nation will fall to the Antichrist’s empire and support him in this battle. I
can fully understand how many would arrive at this conclusion.
There are at least two problems with this interpretation, however. First, other verses in the Bible use this very same
type of language, yet clearly do not speak of every single last nation in the world. These verses, as well as the
previous ones, all employ a Hebrew grammatical construct—an exaggeration of sorts or an emphatic type of
statement—in order to convey their point. Grammarians call this construct hyperbole. It is a statement like,
“Everyone loves ice cream!” or “You never clean the kitchen” or the ancient “Cretans are always liars, vicious
brutes, lazy gluttons.” Oftentimes, for the sake of brevity, elaborating on the exceptions would entirely blunt the
impact of the statement. For instance, imagine a speed limit sign that had several various exceptions painted on it:
“Speed limit fifty-five, except ambulances, fire trucks, police giving chase, etc.” It simply wouldn’t work. Thus
exceptions cannot be ruled out on the basis of exclusive language. This type of language is actually found quite
frequently in the Bible. For instance, Daniel the Prophet, speaking to King Belshazzar, said this:
18

Daniel 5:18-19 (NKJV) O king, the Most High God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom and majesty, glory and
honor. 19 And because of the majesty that He gave him, all peoples, nations, and languages trembled and feared
before him. Whomever he wished, he executed; whomever he wished, he kept alive; whomever he wished, he set up;
and whomever he wished, he put down.

So I ask you this question: Did every single nation on earth fear Nebuchadnezzar? Or did only those nations that
had heard of Nebuchadnezzar dread him? Was Daniel speaking of every single last nation of the earth? Or only
those nations that were in close enough proximity to Babylon to be affected by it? Were the native peoples of
Papua New Guinea living in dread of Nebuchadnezzar? Personally, I think that Daniel’s use of the phrase, “all the
peoples and nations and men of every language” was more of an emphatic expression used to convey his point. Or
how about another similar example:
1 Kings 4:34 (NKJV) And men of all nations, from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom, came to hear
the wisdom of Solomon.

Was Solomon’s wisdom so impressive that not a single king in all the earth failed to hear of it? Or is this verse
another expression used to convey the great amount of renown that Solomon had? How about this one: “And he
took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword” (1
Samuel 15:8). Should we find it odd that a people here recorded as being “utterly destroyed” come back to make
trouble just a few chapters later in 1 Samuel? Again, there are numerous such examples like this throughout the
Bible. Do you see my point? Now, if we look at the verses in Zechariah again, we see a more specific mention of just
which nations will be primarily involved in the attack: “I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that sends all the
surrounding peoples reeling” (Zechariah 12:2, emphasis mine). Of course the surrounding nations are the Muslim
nations that encircle Israel on every side. In fact, the Prophet Joel confirms this as well. Speaking of the final attack
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against Jerusalem, Joel prophesied:
Joel 3:2 (NKJV) I will also gather all nations, And bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; And I will enter into
judgment with them there On account of My people, My heritage Israel, Whom they have scattered among the
nations; They have also divided up My land.
Joel 3:4 (NKJV) "Indeed, what have you to do with Me, O Tyre and Sidon, and all the coasts of Philistia? Will you retaliate
against Me? But if you retaliate against Me, Swiftly and speedily I will return your retaliation upon your own head;
Joel 3:9-12 (NKJV) 9 Proclaim this among the nations: "Prepare for war! Wake up the mighty men, Let all the men of war
draw near, Let them come up. 10 Beat your plowshares into swords And your pruning hooks into spears; Let the weak
say, 'I am strong.' " 11 Assemble and come, all you nations, And gather together all around. Cause Your mighty ones to
go down there, O LORD. 12 "Let the nations be wakened, and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; For there I will sit
to judge all the surrounding nations.

The New American Standard Bible words the italicized segments of the previous passages as, “all you surrounding
nations.” Again, who are the surrounding nations? Does this include New Zealand? Canada? It could. But
contextually, the Bible specifically refers to the Islamic nations that surround Jerusalem/Israel on every side.
The second reason that the position that every last nation will fall to the Antichrist is impossible is quite simply
because the Scriptures state outright that not every nation will fall to him. In fact, some nations will resist the
Antichrist after he attacks Jerusalem. Consider the following verses from Daniel:
Daniel 11:40-45 (NKJV) 40 "At the time of the end the king of the South shall attack him; and the king of the North shall
come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter the countries,
overwhelm them, and pass through. 41 He shall also enter the Glorious Land, and many countries shall be overthrown;
but these shall escape from his hand: Edom, Moab, and the prominent people of Ammon. 42 He shall stretch out his
hand against the countries, and the land of Egypt shall not escape. 43 He shall have power over the treasures of gold
and silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt; also the Libyans and Ethiopians shall follow at his heels. 44 But
news from the east and the north shall trouble him; therefore he shall go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate
many. 45 And he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come
to his end, and no one will help him.

At a minimum it clearly says here that Edom, Moab, and the leaders of Ammon will be delivered from the
Antichrist’s hand. This is speaking of modern Jordan. So at least Jordan will not submit to the Antichrist nor fall to
his control. The verse specifically goes on to define the nations that will fall to him. It says “many countries.” Notice
that the word “countries” is italicized, meaning many shall be overthrown. Not all. Does the Bible contradict itself? I
don’t believe so.
I do believe that every tribe, people, language, and nation will be utterly affected by the Antichrist’s influence. I
believe that the Antichrist will be given a measure of influence and authority over every last nation in that within
every nation he will have many followers. Many nations will be completely dominated by him, but not every nation
will completely fall to him. I believe that this is the only way that we can fully reconcile all of the verses relating to
this issue.

Antichrist & Martydom
This does not mean that those in other countries will escape the Antichrist or that the Church will escape
persecution (not to be confused with God’s wrath).
As for martyrdom, even though it is often associated with end time events, and rightly so, I see it as something
everyone who claims the name “Christian” should be preparing his or her heart for potentially. This is not an
optional preparation for only those who live in Third World countries or those who live at certain times in world
history. Preparing for martyrdom has always been part of what it means to be a true Christian. Christianity is the
only religion that has as its highest example a man who was tortured and put to death publicly. As Christians, we
are his followers.
Martyrdom is not macho. Martyrdom is not glorious. Martyrdom is not merely enduring great amounts of pain.
Martyrdom is also not merely dying gracefully. Martyrdom is utter embarrassment, shame, confusion, and turmoil
beyond what most have ever experienced.
If it does not take very long before even the mildest of difficult circumstances in life move one to begin complaining
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to God and giving over to sinful attitudes, how does one prepare his or her heart for martyrdom? We begin today.
Martyrdom is not a one-time event. Martyrdom is identification with Jesus on the Cross. And taking up our cross is
supposed to be a daily exercise.
Luke 9:23 (NKJV) Then He said to them all, "If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his
cross daily, and follow Me.

Isn’t that what we signed up for? A lifelong exercise of daily dying to ourselves, living for God’s glory and not our
own? We cannot expect to walk according to our own ways today and yet expect to die for God tomorrow.
Martyrdom is something that we need to begin living now.
Revelation 3:21-22 (NKJV) 21 To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat
down with My Father on His throne. 22 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

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GENESIS 2:4 THE LORD GOD
"Lord God" in Genesis 2:4 is Jehovah (HSN-3069) チElohiym (HSN-430). This is the first of hundreds of occurrences
of this title. It means the self-existent or Eternal Creator, the 'Elohiym in covenant relationship with His people.
Jehovah really means the Eternal, the Immutable One, He who was, and is, and is to come (Genesis 21:33; Exodus
3:13-14; Exodus 6:3; Psalm 83:18; Isaiah 12:2; Isaiah 26:4; Rev. 1:4). The name Jehovah is combined with other
words which form what we know as the Jehovah titles:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

Jehovah-Elohiym—the Eternal Creator (Genesis 2:4-25)
Adonai-Jehovah—the Lord our Sovereign; Master Jehovah (Genesis 15:2,8)
Jehovah-Jireh—the Lord will see or provide (Genesis 22:8-14)
Jehovah-Nissi—the Lord our banner (Exodus 17:15)
Jehovah-Rapha—the Lord our healer (Exodus 15:26)
Jehovah-Shalom—the Lord our peace (Judges 6:24)
Jehovah-Tsidqenuw—the Lord our righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 33:16)
Jehovah-Mekaddishkem—the Lord our sanctifier (Exodus 31:13; Leviticus 20:8; Leviticus 21:8; Leviticus
22:9,16,32; Ezekiel 20:12)
Jehovah-Sabaoth—the Lord of hosts (1 Samuel 1:3; etc., 284 times)
Jehovah-Shammah—the Lord is present (Ezekiel 48:35)
Jehovah-Elyown—the Lord Most High (Psalm 7:17; Psalm 47:2; Psalm 97:9)
Jehovah-Rohi—the Lord my Shepherd (Psalm 23:1)
Jehovah-Hoseenu—the Lord our Maker (Psalm 95:6)
Jehovah-Eloheenu—the Lord our God (Psalm 99:5,8,9)
Jehovah-Eloheka—the Lord thy God (Exodus 20:2,5,7)
Jehovah-Elohay—the Lord my God (Zech. 14:5)

GENESIS 2:7 MAN BECAME A LIVING SOUL
The Soul in its original state came into existence when the “breath of life” hit the “dust of the ground”; when the
Spirit hit the body.

GENESIS 2:22-24 MARRIAGE INSTITUTED
And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made He a woman and brought her to the man.
Marriage is instituted by God. Christ based His teaching on this passage (Mt 19:3-9; Mk 10:2-12; He quoted 1:27
and 2:23,24). One wife (Mt 19:8): heterosexual, permanent (Mt 19:4-6); male as the head (1 Cor 11:8,9; 1 Tim
2:13).

GENESIS 2:15 KEEP THE GARDEN
Man's duty was to cultivate and keep (preserve) the garden from all intruders. "Keep" is from the Hebrew shamar
(HSN-8104), to hedge about, guard, protect (Genesis 3:24; Genesis 6:19-20; Genesis 7:3; Genesis 17:9-10; Genesis
18:19; Genesis 28:15,20; Psalm 17:8). This is the first hint of an enemy of God and man. Adam failed to "keep" the
garden, so sin entered and Satan became the pseudo-ruler of the restored earth (Matthew 4:1-11; Matthew 12:2425; Romans 5:12-21; 2 Cor. 4:4; Ephes. 6:10-18). His final defeat is pictured in Rev. 12:7-12; Rev. 20:1-10.

GENESIS 2:16 THE LORD GOD COMMANDED – 5 COMMANDS BEFORE THE FALL OF MAN
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Be fruitful (Genesis 1:28).
Multiply (Genesis 1:28).
Replenish (Genesis 1:28; cf. Genesis 9:1-2).
Exercise dominion and do not give it to another (Genesis 1:28; Genesis 2:15).
Do not eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:17).

The last two were broken in Genesis 3. Only the last was a source of temptation, challenging man's will and
arousing his curiosity. The others needed no warning, so the penalty was attached to the last.
Since there is no record of the first two being broken, and if indeed they were not, it opens up a whole lot of new
possibilities, which at best are conjecture, but then again, there is no record of them being broken.
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Genesis 3
1 Now the serpent was more subtil
than any beast of the field which
the LORD God had made. And he
said unto the woman, Yea, hath
God said, Ye shall not eat of every
tree of the garden?
2 And the woman said unto the
serpent, We may eat of the fruit
of the trees of the garden:
3 But of the fruit of the tree which
[is] in the midst of the garden,
God hath said, Ye shall not eat of
it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye
die.
4 And the serpent said unto the
woman, Ye shall not surely die:
5 For God doth know that in the day
ye eat thereof, then your eyes
shall be opened, and ye shall be
as gods, knowing good and evil.
6 And when the woman saw that the
tree [was] good for food, and that
it [was] pleasant to the eyes, and
a tree to be desired to make [one]
wise, she took of the fruit thereof,
and did eat, and gave also unto
her husband with her; and he did
eat.
7 And the eyes of them both were
opened, and they knew that they
[were] naked; and they sewed fig
leaves together, and made
themselves aprons.
8 And they heard the voice of the
LORD God walking in the garden
in the cool of the day: and Adam
and his wife hid themselves from
the presence of the LORD God
amongst the trees of the garden.

9 And the LORD God called unto
Adam, and said unto him, Where
[art] thou?
10 And he said, I heard thy voice in
the garden, and I was afraid,
because I [was] naked; and I hid
myself.
11 And he said, Who told thee that
thou [wast] naked? Hast thou
eaten of the tree, whereof I
commanded thee that thou
shouldest not eat?
12 And the man said, The woman
whom thou gavest [to be] with
me, she gave me of the tree, and I
did eat.
13 And the LORD God said unto the
woman, What [is] this [that] thou
hast done? And the woman said,
The serpent beguiled me, and I
did eat.
14 And the LORD God said unto the
serpent, Because thou hast done
this, thou [art] cursed above all
cattle, and above every beast of
the field; upon thy belly shalt
thou go, and dust shalt thou eat
all the days of thy life:
15 And I will put enmity between
thee and the woman, and
between thy seed and her seed; it
shall bruise thy head, and thou
shalt bruise his heel.
16 Unto the woman he said, I will
greatly multiply thy sorrow and
thy conception; in sorrow thou
shalt bring forth children; and thy
desire [shall be] to thy husband,
and he shall rule over thee.

17 And unto Adam he said, Because
thou hast hearkened unto the
voice of thy wife, and hast eaten
of the tree, of which I
commanded thee, saying, Thou
shalt not eat of it: cursed [is] the
ground for thy sake; in sorrow
shalt thou eat [of] it all the days
of thy life;
18 Thorns also and thistles shall it
bring forth to thee; and thou shalt
eat the herb of the field;
19 In the sweat of thy face shalt
thou eat bread, till thou return
unto the ground; for out of it wast
thou taken: for dust thou [art],
and unto dust shalt thou return.
20 And Adam called his wife's name
Eve; because she was the mother
of all living.
21 Unto Adam also and to his wife
did the LORD God make coats of
skins, and clothed them.
22 ¶ And the LORD God said,
Behold, the man is become as one
of us, to know good and evil: and
now, lest he put forth his hand,
and take also of the tree of life,
and eat, and live for ever:
23 Therefore the LORD God sent him
forth from the garden of Eden, to
till the ground from whence he
was taken.
24 So he drove out the man; and he
placed at the east of the garden
of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming
sword which turned every way, to
keep the way of the tree of life.

GENESIS 3:1 THE SERPENT WAS MORE SUBTLE
The word rendered "subtle" in Genesis 3:1 (see note) means wise, in a good sense as well as in a bad sense. In
Ezekiel 28:12 we have the good sense, "Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom"; and the bad sense in verse 17,
"thou hast corrupted thy wisdom" (referring of course, to his fall). So the word rendered "subtle" is rendered
"prudent" in Proverbs 1:4; 8:12; 12:23; 14:8; and in a bad sense in Job 15:5. 1 Samuel 23:22. Psalm 83:3.
The word "beast" also, in Genesis 3:1, chay, denotes a living being, and it is as wrong to translate zoa "beasts" in
Revelation 4, as it is to translate chay "beast" in Genesis 3. Both mean living creature. Satan is thus spoken of as
being "more wise than any other living creature which Jehovah Elohim had made". Even if the word "beast be
retained, it does not say that either a serpent or Satan was a "beast", but only that he was "more wise" than any
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other living being.
We cannot conceive Eve as holding converse with a snake, but we can understand her being fascinated 2 by one,
apparently "an angel of light" (i.e. a glorious angel), possessing superior and supernatural knowledge.
The Hebrew word rendered "serpent" in Genesis 3:1 is Nachash (from the root Nachash, to shine, and means a
shining one. Hence, in Chaldee it means brass or copper, because of its shining. Hence also, the word Nehushtan, a
piece of brass, in 2 Kings 18:4.
In the same way Saraph, in Isaiah 6:2,6, means a burning one, and, because the serpents mentioned in Numbers 21
were burning, in the poison of their bite, they were called Saraphim, or Seraphs.
But when the LORD said unto Moses, "Make thee a fiery serpent" (Numbers 21:8), He said, "Make thee a Saraph",
and, in obeying this command, we read in verse 9, "Moses made a Nachash of brass". Nachash is thus used as being
interchangeable with Saraph.
Now, if Saraph is used of a serpent because its bite was burning, and is also used of a celestial or spirit-being (a
burning one), why should not Nachas be used of a serpent because its appearance was shining, and be also used of
a celestial or spirit-being (a shining one)?
The Nachash, or serpent, who beguiled Eve (2 Corinthians 11:3) is spoken of as "an angel of light" in verse 14. We
can conclude that this was not just an ordinary snake, but a glorious shining being, apparently an angel, to whom
Eve paid such great deference, acknowledging him as one who seemed to possess superior knowledge, and who
was evidently a being of a superior (not of an inferior) order.

GENESIS 3:1 AND HE SAID TO THE WOMAN - THE METHODOLOGY OF SATAN
1. When we speak, we speak out of what is in our hearts.
1. Matt. 12:34 is where Jesus said that out of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaks.
2. The first spoken words recorded in the Bible are those of God as he brought the universe into existence, gave it
order, and illumined it with the presence of His holy glory. God said, "Let there be light" (Gen. 1:3).
1. With these words we see what fills God's heart: light. We see the nature of God revealed in beauty
and in clarity. We see His essence which is purity.
1. 1 John 1:5, "And this is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God
is light, and in Him there is no darkness at all."
2. John 8:12, "Again therefore Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world; he who
follows Me shall not walk in the darkness, but shall have the light of life.”
2. There is no darkness in God. There is no lie, no fault, no impurity. This is why He first spoke by saying,
"Let there be light."
1. Note that God did not first say, "Let there be space and time" or "Let there be creation", or
"Let there be the heavens." Instead, He first said "Let there be light."
2. We need the light of His word and truth. We need His truth.
3. Have you ever blindfolded yourself and walked around? I have.
1. Once when I was young, I did volunteer work for the blind. One of the exercises we did in
order to understand how the blind had to live was to blindfold ourselves, use canes, and trying
to navigate around the block and across the street using a crosswalk. Of course, we had a
sighted person with us. In my blindness, I almost stepped in front of a car. I could not see the
danger because I was in darkness.
4. If we walk without the light of God, we will stumble and fall. If we cannot see where we are, or where
we should go, then we will be lost.
5. If God’s word is not lighting your paths in thought, word, deed, worship, prayer, etc, then you are
without hope. This is why the Bible says, "Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path"
(Psalm 119:105). God’s word is light and truth. We absolutely must have it, study it, put it in our
hearts, and live it.
3. The first recorded words in the Bible from Satan are words that are a challenge and contradiction to God’s
word.
1. "Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he
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said to the woman, "Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?" 2 And the
woman said to the serpent, "From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; 3 but from the fruit
of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, lest
you die.’" 4 And the serpent said to the woman, "You surely shall not die! 5 "For God knows that in
the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." 6
When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that
the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took from its fruit and ate; and she gave also to her
husband with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they
were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings" (Gen. 3:1-7).
2. The enemy has a method of bringing us away from trust in God’s word.
1. First, he gets you to doubt God’s word:
1. "Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had
made. And he said to the woman, "Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any
tree of the garden’?" (Gen. 3:1).
2. SATAN APPEALED TO HER PHYSICAL NEEDS - her appetite. She listened to Him. Her
first mistake.
2. Second, he then contradicts God's word:
1. And the serpent said to the woman, "You surely shall not die! (Gen. 3:4).
2. SATAN APPEALED TO HER PERSONAL GAIN in that he was trying to convince her that
she could have it all: what her eyes desired and life without death.
3. Third, He reinterprets God’s word.
1. "For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will
be like God, knowing good and evil." (Gen. 3:5).
2. Within this last comment of Satan, we see the heart of Satan: He wants to be like God
and he uses the tempting deceptions of self-will, self-sovereignty, and self-rule to
replace God’s will, God's sovereignty, and God's rule with his lies.
3. Notice: In those lies is an appeal to the person to be like God, to be independent of
God.
4. SATAN USES AN APPEAL TO PERSONAL POWER AND/OR GLORY.
3. So, the first thing that Satan does is go against God’s word. Why?
1. Because the Word of God is true. It reveals wisdom, goodness, faithfulness, and God
Himself. It also exposes the darkness and the evil of Satan’s methods. The Devil doesn’t want
that.
2. The devil wants to bring confusion, misery, and death.
1. Illustration: China, a man surnamed Long, claimed people could leave behind the
woes and cares of the world if they stood naked by a road with their identification
papers on the ground and killed the first person who came along to check the
papers. On June 29, 1998, Wu, his wife Long Zaihua, his 'Cousin Wu Qiugou and the
cousin's two sons went to a roadside at dawn, took off their clothes and put their
papers on the ground. They grabbed the first farmer who approached, forced him to
look at the papers and then stoned him, to death. But such foolishness and murder
only brought them the judgment of the law.
They believed a lie and suffered the consequences.
2. "Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls about like a
roaring lion, seeking someone to devour" (1 Pet. 5:8).
3. The devil uses anything he can to get people to disobey God and bring destruction
4. Satan attacks us in our areas of weakness.
1. He attacked Jesus after Jesus had fasted 40 days and had become hungry and was in need. Then Satan
came in the hour of Jesus’ weakness and tempted Him
1. Satan even tempted Jesus by using God’s own word, the same thing he did to Eve in the
garden.

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2. Notice how Satan’s methods are predictable.
Temptation

Genesis - Eve

Matthew - Jesus

Appeal to Physical Appetite

You may eat of the tree (Gen. 3:1)

You may eat by changing stones to
bread (Matt. 4:3)

Appeal to Personal Gain

You will not die (Gen. 3:4).

You will not hurt your foot (Matt. 4:6).

Appeal to Power and Glory

You will be like God (Gen. 3:5).

You will have all the world’s Kingdoms
(Matt. 4:8-9)

5. How do you resist the devil? You rely on God’s word.
1. The Bible is full of things to say about resisting and having victory over the enemy. But, even Jesus,
who is God in flesh, resisted the devil by relying on God’s word.
1. When Satan said, "If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread,"
2. Jesus said, "It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds
out of the mouth of God.’"
3. When Satan said, "If You are the Son of God throw Yourself down; for it is written, ‘He will give
His angels charge concerning You’; and ‘On their hands they will bear You up, Lest You strike
Your foot against a stone.’"
4. Jesus said, "It is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’"
5. When Satan said, "All these kingdoms and thrones things will I give You, if You fall down and
worship me."
6. Jesus said "Begone, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and serve
Him only.’"
7. Jesus could have changed Satan into a heap of stinking cow fertilizer with a command, but
instead He quoted God’s word. Jesus relied on God’s word in His defense against the
enemy. And... you must too.
6. Therefore, your best defense against the temptations of the devil is to rely on God’s word.
1. Satan fled after Jesus quoted God’s word.
2. The enemy has no power over God’s word. But you being a Christian have the power and authority to
use God’s word and you must use it and know it.
1. "But as many as received Him, to them He gave the authority to become children of God..."
(John 1:12).
3. You have the power to use God’s word because if you are a Christian then you have been saved by the
sacrifice of Christ and made right before God by faith in Him.
1. "You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in
you than he who is in the world," (1 John 4:4).
2. "But in all these things we overwhelmingly conquer through Him who loved us. "For I am
convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor
things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be
able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord," (Rom. 8:37-39).
4. We have no need to fear the enemy because Jesus has defeated him.
5. You must study God’s word, listen to it be preached, and believe it.
6. You must believe it and you must trust it to be powerful and true in your life, in your good times, and
in your difficult ones.
7. Resist the devil and he will flee from you, (James 4:7).

GENESIS 3:2 AND THE WOMAN SAID UNTO THE SERPENT – MAN AND SATAN
MAN - THE IMAGE OF GOD - MADE TO HAVE DOMINION
God had a very real reason for creating man (male and female). He had a wonderful plan and purpose for them.
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Because God is love. He desired to have beings of like-mind and like-heart with whom He could share His life... all
that He is and all that He is involved with ... who would rule the heavens and the earth with Him like sons. So He
created man - in His own image.
"Then God said, 'Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the
birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.' So
God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them" (Gen
1:26,27).

LUCIFER
God created many wonderful things before He created the heavens and the earth. Among them were the angels spirit beings whose purpose is to fulfill God's will. Angels worship God and serve Him continually (Rev 5:11-14).
However, when Lucifer, one of the great leading angels, understood about God's plan to create man, he rebelled
against God. He wanted to be above God's Throne. He wanted the position and authority God had planned for
mankind. He wanted to rule all creation from above God's Throne in Heaven
When Lucifer rebelled, God cast him out of Heaven. At the same time, one-third of the angels joined in his rebellion
and were cast out with Lucifer (Rev 12:4).
"How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star (Lucifer), son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the
earth, you who once laid low the nations!
"You said in your heart, 'I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned
on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. I will ascend above the tops of the
clouds; I will make myself like the Most High" (Isa 14:12-14).
Lucifer was cast to the earth, where he is now known as 'Satan' or 'The Devil'. Separated from the glory of the
Creator God, he lost the beauty and light he had once had (Eze 28:11-17) and became evil and full of darkness
The angels who fell with him also lost their glory and became evil spirits, in God's newly created world. But Satan's
evil ambition did not change and so he set about with another plan to try and usurp (unlawfully take) God's Throne
- he went after the man God had created.

THE TEMPTATION
God gave His first man and woman (Adam and Eve) authority over all the earth, and told them to keep it under His
dominion.
To keep them safe from Satan and his evil spirits, God planted two special trees in the garden where Adam and Eve
lived. God called them 'The Tree of Life' and 'The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil' (see Genesis 2:9,17).
The Tree of Life represented the Life and Authority of God Himself - so in eating its fruit, Adam and Eve would be
filled more and more with God's strength and love and glory.
The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil represented Satan's life and authority, and as long as Adam and Eve did
not eat its fruit they were safe from the evil spirits which filled the earth. The dominion of the whole Creation
would always be theirs if they obeyed their loving Creator God (Heb 2:8).
"The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. And the Lord God
commanded the man.
"You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good
and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die" (Gen 2:15-17).
However, Satan deceived Eve. He told her the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil wasn't really bad - rather it
would make them like gods. She believed the lie and ate the fruit of the Tree. Adam, although he knew it was a lie,
also ate of the tree (1 Tim 2:14).
"When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for
gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it"
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(Gen 3:6).

THE RESULT
Through that one act of sin, man lost the glory and image of God and the dominion over the Creation. Satan then
took the throne vacated by Adam and Even and exercised his dominion over the earth, and death filled the world
(Heb 2:14,15).
"....sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men,
because [in Adam] all sinned.... (Rom 5:12).
All the generations following Adam and Eve have inherited their fallen nature. All have come under the power and
dominion of Satan.
"As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, in which you used to live when you followed the ways
of this world and the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.
"All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our sinful nature and following its desires
and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature objects of wrath" (Eph 2:1-2).
People's hearts, everywhere, are now filled with:

1. Idolatry
"For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave their thanks to him, but their thinking
became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.”
"Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images
made to look like mortal man and birds and animals and reptiles" (Rom 1:21-23).

2. Immorality
"Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of their
bodies with one another.
"They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and served created things rather than the Creator who is forever praised Amen.
"Because of this, God gave them over to shameful lusts. Even their women exchanged natural relations for
unnatural ones. In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with
lust for one another.
"Men committed indecent acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their perversion"
(Rom 1:24-27)

3. All Kinds Of Wickedness.
"Furthermore, since they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, he gave them over to a
depraved mind, to do what ought not to be done. They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil,
greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice.
"They are gossips, slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they
disobey their parents; they are senseless, faithless, heartless, ruthless.
"Although they know God's righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only
continue to do these things, but also approve of those who practice them" (Rom 1:28-32).

GOD'S GREAT PLAN TO RESTORE
God did not give up man because of his sin. No! Instead, He put into action another great plan - the plan to save
mankind from Satan's power and to restore him to His original plan of being His sons and sharing His Throne. He
began to prepare the world for the coming of the Savior - Jesus.
"For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive" (1 Cor 15:22).
The New Testament records the story of Christ, the One Who would come to save us from our sins.
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GENESIS 3:3 – NEITHER SHALL YOU TOUCH IT.
There is no record of this instruction being given to Adam by God. I used to make a big deal out of this earlier;
saying that we should to add to the word of God. While that remains true, I think there is much much more going
on here than just that. Eve was no dumb broad (pardon my French) and I’m wondering if there is a deeper meaning
to the word touch.
I have preached in detail about this and will be adding more here later. This is one of the most interesting studies in
the Bible for me. Right now, I give you these three questions to reflect on.
1. What did Satan hope to accomplish when he asked Eve, “Did God really say?” Do you think he
accomplished what he set out to accomplish? Explain.
2. How can doubting God make us targets for temptation and sin? Do you think Eve doubted God? If yes,
what did she doubt about Him?
3. See if you can identify the progressive steps that led Eve to sin. List them. At what point did Eve sin? Read
James 1:13-15, do the same with the that passage.

GENESIS 3:6 THE WOMAN SAW THAT THE TREE WAS GOOD FOR FOOD - TEMPTATION
SATAN ATTACKS
Satan attacks the individual Christian mostly through temptation. and he focuses this assault in two spheres:

1. The Desires Of the World
He will seek to temp a believer to become absorbed into the world's system:


to make the material blessings that the world offers a central desire;
to make the honor and recognition of this world an important goal; and
to make the comfort of being one with those of this world our basis for security.

"Do not love the world or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him" (1
Jn 2:15). See also James 4:4,1; 1 Timothy 6:6-11.

2. The Desires Of The Flesh
Through Christ's work on the Cross, the true Christian is delivered from the results of sin, and from the power of sin
(Rom 6:6-14). But he still lives in a physical body that is subject to natural appetites and desires. Satan will use these
to try and get a Christian to place greater importance upon them than upon the promptings of the Holy Spirit
within him (Rom 8:5-9). See also James 1:14; Ephesians 2:3.

SATAN'S ORIGINAL VICTORY
It was in the areas of the world and the flesh that Satan won his original victory in the temptation of the first man
and woman, and these are still his tactics today.
"For all that is in the world, the LUST OF THE FLESH [craving for sensual gratification)], and the LUST OF THE EYES
[greedy longings of the mind] and the PRIDE OF LIFE [assurance in one's own resources or in the stability of
earthly things] - these do not come from the Father but are from the world [itself]" (1 Jn 2:16 amp).
Compare Eve's Temptation With this verse:
Genesis 3:6

1 John 2:16

GOOD FOR FOOD

"Lust of the flesh"

Pleasing TO THE EYE

Lust of the eyes

Desirable for GAINING WISDOM

"Pride of life"

Since the fall of Adam and Eve, all mankind has been governed by their flesh (the three things outlined above).
The flesh is also corrupted by a sinful nature (Gal 5:19-21)

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VICTORY WON BY CHRIST
1. Through His Life
Jesus was tempted in everything, exactly as we are, "yet was without sin" (Heb 4:15).

Compare Jesus' Temptation With This Verse:
Luke 4:1-13

1 John 2:16

Stones to bread

"Lust of the flesh"

Kingdoms of the earth

"Lust of the eyes"

Pinnacle of the temple

"Pride of life"

2. Through His Death And Resurrection
Faith that appropriates (claims, receives) Christ's work releases the Christian from the power and dominion that sin
had over him (Rom 8:9)
We as Born Again, Spirit filled disciples of Jesus Christ are now free to choose to walk in obedience to God (Rom
6:8-14).
"For what the law was powerless to do in that it was weakened by the sinful nature. God did by sending his own
Son in the likeness of sinful man... in order that the righteous requirements of the law might be fully met in us,
who do not live accordingly to the Spirit" (Rom 8:3,4).

THE CHRISTIAN'S CONTINUAL VICTORY.
Based on the foundation of this great victory won for us by Christ, the Christian can now defeat any attack from the
enemy. Here are seven keys to continual victory.

1. Know The Victory Is Already Won
Because of his defeat at the Cross, the devil's only strength now is found in a Christian's ignorance (Hos 4:6). But
when a Christian knows the complete work of the Cross and Resurrection in his life, the devil is stripped of any
weapon against him.
2. Walk In Step With The Spirit
A new power is placed within the Christian - the Holy Spirit Himself. We are to walk in obedience to His inner
prompting day by day (Gal 5:22-25).
3. Recognize Temptation For What It Is
Temptation is NOT sin. YIELDING to temptation is (Jas 1:15). See Genesis 4:6,7
4. Understand There Is A Way Of Escape Provided
"No temptation has seized you except what is common to man. and God is faithful: He will not let you be tempted
beyond what you can bear. But when you are tempted, he will also provide a way out so that you can stand up
under it" (1 Cor 10:13). James 4:7 details the way of escape. Submit to God, resist the devil and he shall flee!
5. Keep The Right Focus In Life
"Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above, where Christ is seated at the right
hand of God. Set your minds on things above, not earthly things" (Col 3:1,2). See also Philippians 4:8; 1 Timothy
6:11,12; 2 Peter 3:11-13.
6. Keep Away From Obvious Area Of Temptation
" I will set before my eyes no vile thing" (Ps 101:3. See also 1 Timothy 6:9-11.
7. Be Aware Of Satan's Schemes
It is important for us to know the tactics that the enemy uses against us so that we are not outwitted by him (2 Cor
2:11).
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

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He is a liar (John 8:44)
He is a slanderer and accuser (Rev 12:10)
He is a deceiver (Rev 12:9)
He is a tempter (Matt 4:1-11)
He is an oppressor (Acts 10:38)
He is a hinderer (1 Thes 2:18).
He is as a roaring lion (1 Pet 5:8)
He can transform himself into an angel of light (2 Cor 11:14).

As Christians, we are called to live in VICTORY! Through Christ, this victory is ours:


Over the world (1 Jn 5:4)
Over the flesh (Gal 5:16).
Over the enemy (Eph 6:11,13).

MY COMMITMENT
I thank God for His promise to deliver me during time of temptation. I commit myself to respond to His help which
is always available so that I can live in victory. I will share this truth with others also.

GENESIS 3:6 …AND GAVE ALSO TO HER HUSBAND WITH HER; AND HE DID EAT
The Word establishes the fact that Eve was deceived but that Adam WAS NOT deceived - 1 Timothy 2:14. One time
during my meditation on this, I thought to myself about the possibility of Adam willingly taking the fruit from Eve
and eating it. The two reasons I thought about it are
1. Jesus is the second Adam. Jesus sacrificed himself for us
2. If Adam was not deceived, he knew what he was doing. He knew it would bring him death, still he ate it,
thought it was in disobedience to God.

GENESIS 3:9 WHERE ARE YOU?
This question is not God trying to locate Adam, but Him letting Adam know that there is now a separation because
of sin

GENESIS 3:10-1:14 – THE FIRST BLAME GAME.
While my comments on Genesis 3:6 could be seen as Shakespearean romance: Romeo - having seen Juliet die after
eating the poison - decides to join her in death - rather than live without her because “Greater love has no man
than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.” (John 15:13), the fact that Adam subsequently blames both
the woman and God for his disobedience becomes that much more poignant. Now a fallen creature Adam does not
remember his noble agape love and pure motive sacrifice for Eve
I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. Genesis 3:10

Fourfold confession:
1)
2)
3)
4)

I heard: acknowledgment of God
I was afraid: guilt discovered
I was naked: effect of sin
I hid myself: result of guilt

GENESIS 3:15 THE SEED OF THE WOMAN
Genesis 3:15 refers to the seed of the woman, not the seed of man. This could only refer to the coming of the Son
of God through Mary (Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 11:1; Matthew 1; Luke 1:31-35; John 1:14;
Romans 1:1-3; Romans 8:3; Galatians 3:16,19; Galatians 4:4; Phil. 2:5-11; 1 Tim. 3:16; 2 Tim. 2:8; Hebrews 1:1-8;
Hebrews 2:9-18; 1 John 4:1-6; Rev. 5:5). The virgin birth is one of the most essential doctrines of the whole plan of
God. Without faith in it and in the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ one cannot be saved (1 Cor. 15:1-8;
1 John 4:1-6).

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The Conflict Between Two Seeds


The “Seed of the Woman”
The “Seed of the Serpent” (The Red Dragon: Satan; The Coming World Leader; The False Prophet)
Forces behind world powers today

GENESIS 3:16 THE CURSE ON THE WOMAN
I – Pain of conception
Since Galatians 3:13 effectively cancels the curse, I’ve heard several testimonies of absolutely painless childbirths

II - The root of Feminism
When we read the passage, depending on our translation, it should read something like this:
To the woman He [Yahweh] said, “I will greatly multiply your pain in childbirth, in pain you will bring forth
children; your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”
I am going to state my case that it should read: “your desire will be for [the place of] your husband, and he will
rule over you.”
First, one could say that the woman’s desire would be good—that she desires her husband, and as her head, her
husband rules over her. But again, this verse is a curse on the woman, and this first view is not a curse at all. So,
what could the passage truly be saying? We will examine this at some length, as it is FULLY worthy of our attention,
and will see exactly what is being said here.
The Hebrew word used here for “desire”—“your desire will be for your husband”—is “teshuqah,” and is used only
three times in the entire Old Testament. Of course it is used here in Genesis 3:16, and as well as in Genesis 4:7, and
then later in Song of Solomon 7:10.
It is interesting that these two other places where the Hebrew word “teshuqah” is used reveals both of these
divergent possibilities. On the positive side, Song of Solomon reads: “I am my beloved's, and his desire [teshuqah]
is for me.” This is the song of the bride, and her husband’s desire is for her. This is of course the desire that
Yahshua has for His bride, and is obviously quite positive and would support that the desire the woman will have
for her husband is good and affords her protection as she submits to him.
But Genesis 4:7 supports even more compellingly that the desire the woman will have as a curse is to usurp her
husband, who is Yahweh’s ordained head over her. In Genesis 4:7 we read His warning to Cain, who ignored this
and slew his brother, Abel:
“If you do well, you will be exalted. And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door; and its desire
[teshuqah] is for you, but you must master it.”
After Yahweh declares this curse upon the woman in Genesis 3:16, only fourteen verses later we find this
statement that is remarkably and unmistakably parallel, even using the identical Hebrew word, and even words.
Note the clear parallel between these two.
“your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” and
“[sin’s] desire is for you, but you must master it.”
Confirming this distinct parallel, we find that not only is the identical Hebrew word for “desire” used (teshuqah),
but also the identical Hebrew word for “rule over” and “master” is used—mashal. Thus we have this stunning
parallel:
“your desire [teshuqah] will be for your husband, and he will rule over [mashal] you.” and
“[sin’s] desire [teshuqah] is for you, but you must rule over [mashal] it.”
The parallel here is so unmistakable that one must conclude Yahweh was laying out repetitive identical truths—
fleshly desires must be ruled over! Thus, clearly, the choice in Genesis 3:16 is: the woman can be led by her sinful
desires and seek to usurp her husband, and he will rule and dominate over her; or, as instructed to Cain in Genesis
4:7, the woman can rule over her desires and conquer sin by submitting to her husband, acknowledging the place
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of authority wherein Yahweh God has placed him, as it is written, “Christ is the head of every man, and the man is
the head of woman.” And what is the outcome of the latter for the woman? Whether it be now in this life, or as a
reward later before God, it is the same as that promised in Genesis 4:7: “If you do well, you will be exalted.”
This is of course repeated by Jesus: “For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself
will be exalted” (Luke 14:11).
Therefore, without a doubt, the true and accurate translation or message of Genesis 3:16 regarding the curse on
the woman is: “your desire will be for [the place of] your husband, and he will rule over you.”

GENESIS 3:17-19 THE CURSE ON THE MAN
Curse is the ground for your sake.
The sooner we understand this and redeem our estates from the curse, the better.

In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread.
In the garden, God had provided for food and shelter. After the fall, man has to learn for the first time to make
food. This is because the earth is no longer his own. He had given it to Satan, a terrible tax master, and to put very
simply, he had to pay the devil to live on earth. See what Jesus said about the son’s no paying taxes.
Since we are redeemed from this curse, we no longer have to “sweat it”. However, this is not the same as saying
that we need not work. We all have a job to do, but we also understand that the Lord supplies all our needs in
Christ Jesus – Phil 4:19.
We also understand that we cannot serve both God and Mammon. When Paul compels us to run the race, he is not
talking about the rat-race, rather, we work to give, to expand our influence to expand our Father’s kingdom while
He takes care of all our needs.

GENESIS 3:20 MOTHER OF ALL THE LIVING.
It is interesting that Adam decides to call his wife Eve or life/living after they both were dead before God. What the
world calls life is actually dead before God.

GENESIS 3:21 COATS OF SKINS
The first shedding of blood. God was showing that there will be no covering, no remission, without shed blood.

GENESIS 3:23,24 – GARDEN OF EDEN - CHERUBIM AND A FLAMING SWORD.


A place on earth, still on earth, unless it was destroyed in Noah’s flood. The Tree of Life appears again in
Revelation of Jesus Christ.
Guarded now by the Cherubim and a flaming sword.
Not to guard against man, but from Satan reaching the tree of life

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Genesis 4
1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and
she conceived, and bare Cain, and
said, I have gotten a man from the
LORD.
2 And she again bare his brother Abel.
And Abel was a keeper of sheep,
but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
3 And in process of time it came to
pass, that Cain brought of the fruit
of the ground an offering unto the
LORD.
4 And Abel, he also brought of the
firstlings of his flock and of the fat
thereof. And the LORD had respect
unto Abel and to his offering:
5 But unto Cain and to his offering he
had not respect. And Cain was very
wroth, and his countenance fell.
6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why
art thou wroth? and why is thy
countenance fallen?
7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be
accepted? and if thou doest not
well, sin lieth at the door. And unto
thee [shall be] his desire, and thou
shalt rule over him.
8 And Cain talked with Abel his
brother: and it came to pass, when
they were in the field, that Cain
rose up against Abel his brother,
and slew him.
9 ¶ And the LORD said unto Cain,
Where [is] Abel thy brother? And
he said, I know not: [Am] I my
brother's keeper?

10 And he said, What hast thou
done? the voice of thy brother's
blood crieth unto me from the
ground.
11 And now [art] thou cursed from
the earth, which hath opened her
mouth to receive thy brother's
blood from thy hand;
12 When thou tillest the ground, it
shall not henceforth yield unto
thee her strength; a fugitive and a
vagabond shalt thou be in the
earth.
13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My
punishment [is] greater than I can
bear.
14 Behold, thou hast driven me out
this day from the face of the earth;
and from thy face shall I be hid;
and I shall be a fugitive and a
vagabond in the earth; and it shall
come to pass, [that] every one that
findeth me shall slay me.
15 And the LORD said unto him,
Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain,
vengeance shall be taken on him
sevenfold. And the LORD set a
mark upon Cain, lest any finding
him should kill him.
16 ¶ And Cain went out from the
presence of the LORD, and dwelt in
the land of Nod, on the east of
Eden.
17 And Cain knew his wife; and she
conceived, and bare Enoch: and he
builded a city, and called the name
of the city, after the name of his
son, Enoch.

18 And unto Enoch was born Irad:
and Irad begat Mehujael: and
Mehujael begat Methusael: and
Methusael begat Lamech.
19 ¶ And Lamech took unto him two
wives: the name of the one [was]
Adah, and the name of the other
Zillah.
20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the
father of such as dwell in tents,
and [of such as have] cattle.
21 And his brother's name [was]
Jubal: he was the father of all such
as handle the harp and organ.
22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer
in brass and iron: and the sister of
Tubal-cain [was] Naamah.
23 And Lamech said unto his wives,
Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye
wives of Lamech, hearken unto my
speech: for I have slain a man to
my wounding, and a young man to
my hurt.
24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold,
truly
Lamech
seventy
and
sevenfold.
25 ¶ And Adam knew his wife again;
and she bare a son, and called his
name Seth: For God, [said she],
hath appointed me another seed
instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.
26 And to Seth, to him also there was
born a son; and he called his name
Enos: then began men to call upon
the name of the LORD.

GENESIS 4:1 ADAM KNEW EVE
It is vital to note that this word knew is the same meaning implied in John 17:3. When Adam knew Eve, Cain was
born. Only when we know God through Jesus will His purposes be born in our lives. Genesis speaks of carnal
knowledge, but John speaks of spiritual knowledge that kills carnality.

GENESIS 4:2 ABEL
From Luke 11:49-51, we understand that Abel was the first prophet.

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Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they
shall slay and persecute: That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the
world, may be required of this generation; From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias which
perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.
Luke 11:49-51

GENESIS 4:4-5 CAIN & ABEL OFFER SACRIFICES, BUT TO CAIN AND HIS OFFERING, GOD HAD
NO RESPECT
Shedding of blood was prophetic of Kinsman-Redeemer on the cross.
How did they know whether their offerings were accepted? God accepted the sacrifice by fire from Heaven?





Moses & Aaron Leviticus 9:24
Gideon Judges 6:21
Samson’s parents Judges 13:20
Elijah 1 Kings 18:38
David 1 Chronicles 21:26
Solomon 2 Chronicles 7:1

By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he
was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh. Hebrews 11:4
The difference between them was not their character, but their offerings(“be accepted”: or, “have the excellency”).
Cain was not an infidel, but self-righteous; bloodless…
The Way of Cain (Jude 22): natural man = basis of personal worth; “Father of the Pharisees…”
And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
Hebrews 9:22



Both Cain and Abel from same parents (fallen);
Both outside of Eden (judicially alienated);
Differing Basis (his own works vs. completed work of Christ);
Death required (God would provide; Genesis 22:14).

All of us are in one the same two categories represented by Cain and Abel: relying on our self-righteousness and
works; or, relying on the completed work of Christ, in anticipation by faith.

GENESIS 4:6-7 WHY IS YOUR COUNTENANCE FALLEN / FACE DOWNCAST?
Gently and patiently God dealt with Cain, seeking to save the rebellious sinner: He assured him that if he would
sincerely repent, he might again lift up his face in happiness and reconciliation. The merciful YHWH thus held out to
Cain the hope of forgiveness and victory as he faced his momentous decision. Close upon that heartening promise,
YHWH uttered a stiff warning, urging the sinner to control his temper and beware lest “a crouching beast” (sin)
spring upon him and devour him.

GENESIS 4: 8 CAIN SLAYS ABEL
Cain’s unbridled anger showed itself instantly. Cain became an enemy of God and hostile to his brother. Wounded
pride produced envy and a spirit of revenge. These brought forth the burning hatred and violence that made
murder. Seemingly, YHWH hoped to elicit a confession of guilt that could prepare the way for mercy and full
pardon. Though Cain had willfully sinned, he found himself pursued by a loving God, rich in mercy.
Why didn’t God kill Cain? To give him an opportunity to repent. Why this genealogy? Note: the Name of God (“—
El”) in Cain’s offspring. There is no reason not to assume that he was a repentant believer and raised them
accordingly…

GENESIS 4:9 AM I MY BROTHER’S KEEPER?
This is a question we would do well to ask ourselves today...

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“The single greatest cause of atheism in the world today is Christians, who acknowledge Jesus with their
lips, then walk out the door, and deny Him by their lifestyle. That is what an unbelieving world simply finds
unbelievable” Brennan Manning
Are we our brother's keeper? Do we have a responsibility to watch out for and care for one another?
1) OUR RESPONSIBILITIES TO ONE ANOTHER
a) WE ARE TO "LOVE ONE ANOTHER"...
i) As commanded by Jesus - Jn 13:34-35; 15:12,17
ii) As taught by Paul - Ro 13:8; 1Th 4:9
iii) As instructed by Peter - 1Pe 1:22
iv) As stressed by John - 1Jn 3:11 (note v.12), 23; 4:7,11-12; 2Jn 5
But how are we to express such love? Other passages can provide the answer...
b) HOW WE SHOW OUR LOVE FOR ONE ANOTHER...
i) We are to "receive one another" - Ro 15:7
ii) We are to "edify another" - Ro 14:19
iii) We are to "serve one another" - Ga 5:13
iv) We are to "bear one another's burdens" - Ga 6:1-2
v) We are to be "forgiving one another" - Ep 4:32
vi) We are to be "submitting to one another" - Ep 5:21
vii) We are to "exhort one another" - He 3:12-13
viii) We are to "consider one another" - He 10:24-25
ix) We are to be "hospitable to one another" - 1Pe 4:8-10
But how well are we doing? To stimulate our thinking and help us re-examine how well we are fulfilling our
obligations to one another, consider the following questions...
2) EVALUATING OUR ROLE AS OUR BROTHER'S KEEPER
a) WHEN ONE BECOMES A BROTHER...
i) Do we receive them into the family of God, or ignore them? - Ro 15:7
(1) Are they properly assimilated in the family life of the congregation?
(2) Do they remain on the fringe?
- If we do not even know their names, we can be sure that we are failing as our brother's keeper!
ii) Do we edify them, or put stumbling blocks in their way? - Ro 14:19
(1) As individuals, are we "body-builders", encouraging the members of the body?
(2) Or are we weakening the members of the body of Christ?
(a) By our own example
(b) By our words, attitudes, etc.
 It was said of Philemon that he refreshed the hearts of the brethren; do people say the same of us?
iii) Do we submit to them, or arrogantly rule over them? – Ep 5:21
iv) Do we serve them in love, or expect them to serve us? - Ga 5:13
v) Do we demonstrate hospitality to them? - 1Pe 4:8-10
(1) By visiting them in their need?
(2) By inviting them into your home (or accepting invitations to their home)?
b) WHEN A BROTHER IS OVERTAKEN IN A FAULT...
i) Do we even consider them? - He 10:24-25
(1) Are we even aware of who they are?
(2) Are we ignorant of their problems? If so, why?
(a) Maybe it is because we don't assemble enough ourselves
(b) We may "wonder about them", but that is not sufficient!
(3) Do they drift away, with no one making an effort to reach them?
ii) Do we exhort them, lest they become hardened by sin? Heb:12-14
(1) Or are we afraid to confront them, for fear of running them away?
(a) If we truly love them and approach them with humility, they are not likely to run away
(b) If they do, they are running away from God, not you!
(2) Remember, such exhortation is to be daily! Perhaps we wait too long...
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iii) Are we willing bear their burdens? - Ga 6:1-2
(1) So as to help them overcome and become stronger
(2) Or do we rather not be bothered?
iv) Are we quick to forgive them when they repent? - Ep 4:32
(1) Fear of not being forgiven and accepted back into the family may keep some from repenting and
returning to the fold
(2) Do we communicate a willingness to accept with open arms and offer complete forgiveness?

Are you your brother's keeper? Are you even identified with a congregation whereby you can be a working
member who both cares for those in the family, and be cared for by them?
I hope this study has stimulated your thinking about responsibilities you have toward your brethren in Christ.

GENESIS 4:10 THE VOICE OF YOUR BROTHER’S BLOOD CRIES TO ME
Abel's blood yelled out an indictment: Sin has been committed. Punish the offender. He must no longer be free,
must no longer be considered normal, blameless and worthy. This cry is in some sense a just demand for
punishment.
This voice is often justified and presenting valid evidence for indictment. It accuses and judges our fellow man:
What a fake and a hypocrite. No one can stand them. How can they even pretend to believe in God. You know what
they have done, what they're really like. Every one of us has heard this voice and sometimes entertained it. Is that
really the voice we want to receive and proclaim, or even foster in secret in our minds and in subtle whisperings
one to another!?
Don't decide yet ... there is other blood that speaks as well. But you have come to ... the sprinkled blood which
speaks better than the blood of Abel? (Heb 12:22-24) It is the blood of the sinless Messiah, shed for the atonement
of guilty man. What exactly is this other blood saying more strongly than the blood of Abel? This voice proclaims a
different message, makes an additional legal claim, beyond that made by the blood of Abel, but even more
effectively. It is: I received on myself his due punishment. Therefore absolve the person on trial. Acquit him. He is
cleared of guilt. He is forgiven. Set him free!

GENESIS 4:17 WHERE DID CAIN FIND A WIFE?
Since Adam lived several hundred years, having lots of children was not a problem. The Genesis account does not
tell us about the order of the births nor does it tell us how old they were. It was the ancient custom to often
extract relevant information (sometimes out of order) to emphasis a point. By having many children it is certainly
possible that there were many women around. This would mean that Cain married either a sister or a niece or
some other relation and their children had children, etc. Of course at this point, the question of inbreeding is
raised. But it is not a problem early on in the human race because the genetic line was so pure. Therefore, the
prohibition against incest was not proclaimed until much later (Lev. 18:6-18) when inbreeding started to become a
problem.

GENESIS 4:21 HANDLE THE HARP AND ORGAN.
I keep thinking of him jamming away on a guitar and a keyboard. While that might be far-fetched, those interested
in using instruments in to worship the Lord should study Tubal Cain further.

GENESIS 4:23 I HAVE SLAIN A MAN TO MY WOUNDING.
“I have slain a man in my wound... to my hurt: or, in my hurt”: traditional sources say the Lamech in Cain’s line
inadvertently killed his son Tubal in a hunting accident… unintentional homicide put him in no danger, as Cain was.

GENESIS 4:26 CALLED UPON OR PROFANED THE NAME OF THE LORD?
If you look at some of the ancient Jewish writings (the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan) they translate the term as
‘profane.’

to call...”: or, “to call themselves by the name of the Lord” (important for Chapter 6).

Apostasy Begins

“Then men began to profanethe name of the Lord” (Gen 4:26);

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“…desisted from praying in the name” (Targum of Onkelos);
“…surnamed their idols in the name” (Targum of Jonathan);
Ascribes the origin of idolatry to the days of Enosh (Kimchi, Rashi, Jerome, et al., Maimonides, Commentary on
the Mishna, 1168).

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Genesis 5
1 This [is] the book of the generations
of Adam. In the day that God
created man, in the likeness of God
made he him;
2 Male and female created he them;
and blessed them, and called their
name Adam, in the day when they
were created.
3 ¶ And Adam lived an hundred and
thirty years, and begat [a son] in
his own likeness, after his image;
and called his name Seth:
4 And the days of Adam after he had
begotten Seth were eight hundred
years: and he begat sons and
daughters:
5 And all the days that Adam lived
were nine hundred and thirty
years: and he died.
6 And Seth lived an hundred and five
years, and begat Enos:
7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos
eight hundred and seven years,
and begat sons and daughters:
8 And all the days of Seth were nine
hundred and twelve years: and he
died.
9 ¶ And Enos lived ninety years, and
begat Cainan:
10 And Enos lived after he begat
Cainan eight hundred and fifteen
years, and begat sons and
daughters:
11 And all the days of Enos were nine
hundred and five years: and he
died.

12 ¶ And Cainan lived seventy years,
and begat Mahalaleel:
13 And Cainan lived after he begat
Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty
years, and begat sons and
daughters:
14 And all the days of Cainan were
nine hundred and ten years: and
he died.
15 ¶ And Mahalaleel lived sixty and
five years, and begat Jared:
16 And Mahalaleel lived after he
begat Jared eight hundred and
thirty years, and begat sons and
daughters:
17 And all the days of Mahalaleel
were eight hundred ninety and five
years: and he died.
18 ¶ And Jared lived an hundred sixty
and two years, and he begat
Enoch:
19 And Jared lived after he begat
Enoch eight hundred years, and
begat sons and daughters:
20 And all the days of Jared were nine
hundred sixty and two years: and
he died.
21 ¶ And Enoch lived sixty and five
years, and begat Methuselah:
22 And Enoch walked with God after
he begat Methuselah three
hundred years, and begat sons and
daughters:
23 And all the days of Enoch were
three hundred sixty and five years:

24 And Enoch walked with God: and
he [was] not; for God took him.
25 And Methuselah lived an hundred
eighty and seven years, and begat
Lamech:
26 And Methuselah lived after he
begat Lamech seven hundred
eighty and two years, and begat
sons and daughters:
27 And all the days of Methuselah
were nine hundred sixty and nine
years: and he died.
28 ¶ And Lamech lived an hundred
eighty and two years, and begat a
son:
29 And he called his name Noah,
saying, This [same] shall comfort us
concerning our work and toil of our
hands, because of the ground
which the LORD hath cursed.
30 And Lamech lived after he begat
Noah five hundred ninety and five
years, and begat sons and
daughters:
31 And all the days of Lamech were
seven hundred seventy and seven
years: and he died.
32 And Noah was five hundred years
old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham,
and Japheth

ARE THERE “HIDDEN MESSAGES” IN THE BIBLE?
It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but it is the honor of kings to search out a matter. Proverbs 25:2

INTERESTING TRIVIA
Q) Who is the oldest man in the Bible? Yet he died before his father! How can that be?
A) Methuselah; he lived 969 years. His father was Enoch… At age 65, something happened; he then “walked with
God” 300 years…

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GENESIS 5:1 THIS IS THE BOOK OF THE GENERATIONS OF ADAM

1. Adam: a’ adomah, means “man.” The same 17 elements that make up our body chemistry are the same 17
elements that are found in the “dust of the ground.”
2. Seth: means “appointed.” Eve said, “For God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain
slew.” Genesis 4:25
3. Enosh: means “mortal,” “frail,” or “miserable.” It is from the root anash,to be incurable; used of a wound,
grief, woe, sickness, or wickedness.
4. Kenan: can mean “sorrow,” “dirge,” or “elegy.” (The pre-cise denotation is somewhat elusive; some study
aids unfortunately presume that Kenan is synonymous with “Cainan.”)
5. Mahalalel: which means “blessed” or “praise”; and la El, the name for God = “The Blessed God.”
6. Jared (Yared): from the verb yaradh, meaning “shall come down.” Some authorities suggest that this might
be an allusion to the “Sons of God” who “came down” to corrupt the daughters of men, resulting in the
Nephilim of Genesis 6.
7. Enoch: means “commencement,” or “teaching.
The Hebrew word (Chanowk (HSN-2585)) means "initiated" or "dedicated." Enoch was the only one
mentioned as being godly in Seth's line except Noah (cp. Genesis 6:9; Genesis 7:1). He was a prophet
(Jude 1:14), and was translated by faith (Romans 10:17; Hebrews 11:5). His experience parallels that of
Elijah (2 Kings 2). Both were taken to heaven bodily without dying; both were prophets of judgment; both
fought idolatry and apostasy; both knew the time and purpose of their "translation" (transporting) (2 Kings
2; Hebrews 11:5).
And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten
thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them
of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which
ungodly sinners have spoken against him. Jude 14, 15
Enoch’s Prophecy
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i. We know the Lord’s coming is sure.
ii. We know who will accompany the Lord.
iii. We know the purpose of His coming.
iv. We know the result of the Lord’s coming.
Nadir of Apostasy
 Enoch was translated (“raptured”?) midway between Adam and Abraham.
 Elijah was translated midway between Abraham and Christ.
Enoch “Walked with God”
i. Not a casual stroll: 300 years (Heb 11:5);
ii. Agreement; surrender; witness (Amos 3:3);
iii. Hebrew: halak (HSN-1980), to walk up and down, be conversant (cp. Exodus 2:5; Exodus 14:29;
Leviticus 26:40; Joshua 5:6; 1 Samuel 8:3; 1 Samuel 12:2).
iv. Privilege available today (Col 2:6; Gal 5:25; 2 Cor 5:7).
8. Methuselah: Am muth,a root that means “death” / shalach,which means “to bring,” or “to send forth.”=
“His death shall bring.”
9. Lamech: a root still evident today in our own English word, “lament”or “lamentation” = “Despairing.”
10. Noah: which is derived from nacham,“to bring relief” or “comfort,” = “Comfort, or Rest.”

GENEALOGY OF GENESIS 5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Adam
Seth
Enosh
Kenan
Mahalalel
Jared
Enoch
Methuselah
Lamech
Noah Comfort,

Man (is)
Appointed
Mortal
Sorrow; (but)
The Blessed God
Shall come down
Teaching
His death shall bring
The Despairing
Rest

ONE INTEGRATED DESIGN
The New Testament is in the Old Testament concealed;
The Old Testament is in the New Testament revealed.

GENESIS 5:3 HIS OWN LIKENESS
Adam was created in the likeness of God (Genesis 1:26-28); people are begotten in Adam's likeness. God's likeness
was perfect; Adam's was imperfect and depraved, with the law of sin and death working in and bringing it to ruin
(Job 14:4; Job 25:4; Psalm 14:3; Psalm 51:5; Romans 5:12-21; 1 Cor. 15:39; Ephes. 2:2-3).

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Genesis 6
1 And it came to pass, when men
began to multiply on the face of
the earth, and daughters were
born unto them,
2 That the sons of God saw the
daughters of men that they [were]
fair; and they took them wives of
all which they chose.
3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall
not always strive with man, for
that he also [is] flesh: yet his days
shall be an hundred and twenty
years.
4 There were giants in the earth in
those days; and also after that,
when the sons of God came in unto
the daughters of men, and they
bare [children] to them, the same
[became] mighty men which
[were] of old, men of renown.
5 ¶ And GOD saw that the wickedness
of man [was] great in the earth,
and [that] every imagination of the
thoughts of his heart [was] only
evil continually.
6 And it repented the LORD that he
had made man on the earth, and it
grieved him at his heart.
7 And the LORD said, I will destroy
man whom I have created from the
face of the earth; both man, and
beast, and the creeping thing, and
the fowls of the air; for it
repenteth me that I have made
them.

8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of
the LORD.
9 ¶ These [are] the generations of
Noah: Noah was a just man [and]
perfect in his generations, [and]
Noah walked with God.
10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem,
Ham, and Japheth.
11 The earth also was corrupt before
God, and the earth was filled with
violence.
12 And God looked upon the earth,
and, behold, it was corrupt; for all
flesh had corrupted his way upon
the earth.
13 And God said unto Noah, The end
of all flesh is come before me; for
the earth is filled with violence
through them; and, behold, I will
destroy them with the earth.
14 ¶ Make thee an ark of gopher
wood; rooms shalt thou make in
the ark, and shalt pitch it within
and without with pitch.
15 And this [is the fashion] which
thou shalt make it [of]: The length
of the ark [shall be] three hundred
cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits,
and the height of it thirty cubits.

16 A window shalt thou make to the
ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish
it above; and the door of the ark
shalt thou set in the side thereof;
[with] lower, second, and third
[stories] shalt thou make it.
17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a
flood of waters upon the earth, to
destroy all flesh, wherein [is] the
breath of life, from under heaven;
[and] every thing that [is] in the
earth shall die.
18 But with thee will I establish my
covenant; and thou shalt come into
the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy
wife, and thy sons' wives with
thee.
19 And of every living thing of all
flesh, two of every [sort] shalt thou
bring into the ark, to keep [them]
alive with thee; they shall be male
and female.
20 Of fowls after their kind, and of
cattle after their kind, of every
creeping thing of the earth after
his kind, two of every [sort] shall
come unto thee, to keep [them]
alive.
21 And take thou unto thee of all
food that is eaten, and thou shalt
gather [it] to thee; and it shall be
for food for thee, and for them.
22 Thus did Noah; according to all
that God commanded him, so did
he.

GENESIS 6:2 SONS OF GOD & DAUGHTERS OF MEN
Sons of God
Bene HaElohim= angels. OT (Job 1:6, 2:1, 38:7); NT (Lk20:36); Book of Enoch; and, Septuagint (LXX).

Daughters of men
Benoth Adam =“Daughters of Adam.” Daughters of Adam, not just Cain. (Adam had daughters (Gen5:4): that’s
where Cain got his wife! “took…of all they chose”: doesn’t sound like the girls had much choice in the matter…

The Nephilim




Nephilim: “the fallen ones.”
Nephal: “to fall, be cast down to fall away, desert.”
HaGibborim: “the mighty ones.”
Septuagint (Greek) LXX:
gigantes (~ “giants?”)

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 gigas= “earth-born.”
Genegesis the same word used in Greek mythology for “Titans,” creatures emerging from interbreeding of the
Greek gods with human beings. Genea, means “breed,” or “kind.” The English words “genes” and “genetics” come
from the same root.

New Testament Confirmations
And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting
chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about
them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an
example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Jude 6, 7
oiketerion = habitation; used only twice: Jude 6; 2 Corinthians 5:2.
For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven: 2 Cor 5:2
For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to Tartarus, and delivered them into chains of
darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; And spared not the old world, but saved Noah… 2 Peter 2:4,5

Tartarus
Greek term for the “dark abode of woe”; pit of darkness in the unseen world; in Homer’s Iliad: “...as far below
hades as the earth is below heaven…”

Greek Titans



Partly terrestrial; partly celestial;
Rebelled against their father Uranus;
After prolonged contest were defeated by Zeus and condemned into Tartarus;
Titan(Greek) = Sheitan(Chaldean) = Satan(Hebrew).

Ancient Legends





Sumer
Assyria
Egypt
Incas
Mayan
Gilgamesh

• Persia
• Greece
• India
• Bolivia
• South Sea Islands
• American Indians

Mahabharata, Ramayana & Nephilims
According to Hindu legend, the five Pandavas came from the lineage of distinctive gods of the Hindus. They were
the personification and the begotten sons of:
 God of Wisdom and Justice, Dharma - father to Yudistira.
 God of Wind, Bayu - father to Bima.
 God of Heaven, Indra - father to Arjuna.
 Twin Gods of Medicine Aswini - father to the twins, Nakula and Sadewa.
For more on this, please see my Newsletter on September 10, 2008 – (http://www.scribd.com/doc/100166181)

Mischievous Angels or Sethites?
Why did God send the judgment of the Flood in the days of Noah? Far more than simply a historical issue, the
unique events leading to the Flood are a prerequisite to understanding the prophetic implications of our Lord's
predictions regarding His Second Coming.1
The strange events recorded in Genesis 6 were understood by the ancient rabbinical sources, as well as the
Septuagint translators, as referring to fallen angels procreating weird hybrid offspring with human women-known
as the "Nephilim." So it was also understood by the early church fathers. These bizarre events are also echoed in
the legends and myths of every ancient culture upon the earth: the ancient Greeks, the Egyptians, the Hindus, the
South Sea Islanders, the American Indians, and virtually all the others.
However, many students of the Bible have been taught that this passage in Genesis 6 actually refers to a failure to
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keep the "faithful" lines of Seth separate from the "worldly" line of Cain. The idea has been advanced that after
Cain killed Abel, the line of Seth remained separate and faithful, but the line of Cain turned ungodly and rebellious.
The "Sons of God" are deemed to refer to leadership in the line of Seth; the "daughters of men" is deemed
restricted to the line of Cain. The resulting marriages ostensibly blurred an inferred separation between them.
(Why the resulting offspring are called the "Nephilim" remains without any clear explanation.)
Since Jesus prophesied, "As the days of Noah were, so shall the coming of the Son of Man be,"2 it becomes essential
to understand what these days included.

Origin of the Sethite View
It was in the 5th century a.d. that the "angel" interpretation of Genesis 6 was increasingly viewed as an
embarrassment when attacked by critics. (Furthermore, the worship of angels had begun within the church. Also,
celibacy had also become an institution of the church. The "angel" view of Genesis 6 was feared as impacting these
views.)
Celsus and Julian the Apostate used the traditional "angel" belief to attack Christianity. Julius Africanus resorted to
the Sethite interpretation as a more comfortable ground. Cyril of Alexandria also repudiated the orthodox "angel"
position with the "line of Seth" interpretation. Augustine also embraced the Sethite theory and thus it prevailed
into the Middle Ages. It is still widely taught today among many churches who find the literal "angel" view a bit
disturbing. There are many outstanding Bible teachers who still defend this view.

Problems with the Sethite View
Beyond obscuring a full understanding of the events in the early chapters of Genesis, this view also clouds any
opportunity to apprehend the prophetic implications of the Scriptural allusions to the "Days of Noah." 3 Some of the
many problems with the "Sethite View" include the following:

1. The Text Itself
Substantial liberties must be taken with the literal text to propose the "Sethite" view. (In data analysis, it is
often said that "if you torture the data severely enough it will confess to anything.")
The term translated "the Sons of God" is, in the Hebrew, B'nai HaElohim, "Sons of Elohim," which is a term
consistently used in the Old Testament for angels,4 and it is never used of believers in the Old Testament. It
was so understood by the ancient rabbinical sources, by the Septuagint translators in the 3rd century
before Christ, and by the early church fathers. Attempts to apply this term to "godly leadership" is without
Scriptural foundation.5
The "Sons of Seth and daughters of Cain" interpretation strains and obscures the intended grammatical
antithesis between the Sons of God and the daughters of Adam. Attempting to impute any other view to
the text flies in the face of the earlier centuries of understanding of the Hebrew text among both rabbinical
and early church scholarship. The lexicographical antithesis clearly intends to establish a contrast between
the "angels" and the women of the Earth.
If the text was intended to contrast the "sons of Seth and the daughters of Cain," why didn't it say so? Seth
was not God, and Cain was not Adam. (Why not the "sons of Cain" and the "daughters of Seth?" There is no
basis for restricting the text to either subset of Adam's descendants. Further, there exists no mention of
daughters of Elohim.)
And how does the "Sethite" interpretation contribute to the ostensible cause for the Flood, which is the
primary thrust of the text? The entire view is contrived on a series of assumptions without Scriptural
support.
The Biblical term "Sons of Elohim" (that is, of the Creator Himself), is confined to the direct creation by the
divine hand and not to those born to those of their own order.6 In Luke's genealogy of Jesus, only Adam is
called a "son of God."7 The entire Biblical drama deals with the tragedy that humankind is a fallen race,
with Adam's initial immortality forfeited. Christ uniquely gives them that receive Him the power to become
the sons of God.8 Being born again of the Spirit of God, as an entirely new creation,9 at their resurrection
they alone will be clothed with a building of God10 and in every respect equal to the angels.11 The very term
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oiketerion, alluding to the heavenly body with which the believer longs to be clothed, is the precise term
used for the heavenly bodies from which the fallen angels had disrobed.12
The attempt to apply the term "Sons of Elohim" in a broader sense has no textual basis and obscures the
precision of its denotative usage. This proves to be an assumption which is antagonistic to the uniform
Biblical usage of the term.

2. The Daughters of Cain
The "Daughters of Adam" also does not denote a restriction to the descendants of Cain, but rather the
whole human race is clearly intended. These daughters were the daughters born to the men with which
this very sentence opens:
And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born
unto them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives
of all which they chose. Genesis 6:1,2
It is clear from the text that these daughters were not limited a particular family or subset, but were,
indeed, from (all) the Benoth Adam, "the daughters of Adam." There is no apparent exclusion of the
daughters of Seth. Or were they so without charms in contrast with the daughters of Cain? All of Adam's
female descendants seem to have been involved. (And what about the "sons of Adam?" Where do they,
using this contrived dichotomy, fit in?)
Furthermore, the line of Cain was not necessarily known for its ungodliness. From a study of the naming of
Cain's children, many of which included the name of God,13 it is not clear that they were all necessarily
unfaithful.

3. The Inferred Lines of Separation
The concept of separate "lines" itself is suspect and contrary to Scripture.14 National and racial distinctions
were plainly the result of the subsequent intervention of God in Genesis 11, five chapters later. There is no
intimation that the lines of Seth and Cain kept themselves separate nor were even instructed to. The
injunction to remain separate was given much later.15 Genesis 6:12 confirms that all flesh had corrupted
His way upon the earth.
4. The Inferred Godliness of Seth
There is no evidence, stated or implied, that the line of Seth was godly. Only one person was translated
from the judgment to come (Enoch) and only eight were given the protection of the ark. No one beyond
Noah's immediate family was accounted worthy to be saved. In fact, the text implies that these were
distinct from all others. (There is no evidence that the wives of Noah's sons were from the line of Seth.)
Even so, Gaebelein observes, "The designation 'Sons of God' is never applied in the Old Testament to
believers," whose sonship is "distinctly a New Testament revelation."16
The "Sons of Elohim" saw the daughters of men that they were fair and took them wives of all that they
chose. It appears that the women had little say in the matter. The domineering implication hardly suggests
a godly approach to the union. Even the mention that they saw that they were attractive seems out of
place if only normal biology was involved. (And were the daughters of Seth so unattractive?)
It should also be pointed out that the son of Seth himself was Enosh, and there is textual evidence that,
rather than a reputation for piety, he seems to have initiated the profaning of the name of God.17
If the lines of Seth were so faithful, why did they perish in the flood?

5. The Unnatural Offspring
The most fatal flaw in the specious "Sethite" view is the emergence of the Nephilim as a result of the
unions. (Bending the translation to "giants" does not resolve the difficulties.) It is the offspring of these
peculiar unions in Genesis 6:4 which seems to be cited as a primary cause for the Flood.
Procreation by parents of differing religious views do not produce unnatural offspring. Believers marrying
unbelievers may produce "monsters," but hardly superhuman, or unnatural, children! It was this unnatural
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procreation and the resulting abnormal creatures that were designated as a principal reason for the
judgment of the Flood.
The very absence of any such adulteration of the human genealogy in Noah's case is also documented in
Genesis 6:9: Noah's family tree was distinctively unblemished. The term used, tamiym, is used for physical
blemishes.18
Why were the offspring uniquely designated "mighty" and "men of reknown?" This description
characterizing the children is not accounted for if the fathers were merely men, even if godly.
A further difficulty seems to be that the offspring were only men; no "women of reknown" are mentioned.
(Was there a chromosome deficiency among the Sethites? Were there only "Y" chromosomes available in
this line?)19

6. New Testament Confirmations
"In the mouths of two or three witnesses every word shall be established."20 In Biblical matters, it is
essential to always compare Scripture with Scripture. The New Testament confirmations in Jude and 2
Peter are impossible to ignore.21
For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell [Tartarus], and delivered them
into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the
eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; 2 Peter
2:4-5
Peter's comments even establishes the time of the fall of these angels to the days of the Flood of Noah.
Even Peter's vocabulary is provocative. Peter uses the term Tartarus, here translated "hell." This is the only
place that this Greek term appears in the Bible. Tartarus is a Greek term for "dark abode of woe"; "the pit
of darkness in the unseen world." As used in Homer's Iliad, it is "...as far beneath hades as the earth is
below heaven`."22 In Greek mythology, some of the demigods, Chronos and the rebel Titans, were said to
have rebelled against their father, Uranus, and after a prolonged contest they were defeated by Zeus and
were condemned into Tartarus.
The Epistle of Jude23 also alludes to the strange episodes when these "alien" creatures intruded themselves
into the human reproductive process:
And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in
everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrah,
and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange
flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Jude 6,7
The allusions to "going after strange flesh," keeping "not their first estate," having "left their own
habitation," and "giving themselves over to fornication," seem to clearly fit the alien intrusions of Genesis
6. (The term for habitation, oivkhth,rion, refers to their heavenly bodies from which they had disrobed. 24)
These allusions from the New Testament would seem to be fatal to the "Sethite" alternative in interpreting
Genesis 6. If the intercourse between the "sons of God" and the "daughters of men" were merely marriage
between Sethites and Cainites, it seems impossible to explain these passages, and the reason why some
fallen angels are imprisoned and others are free to roam the heavenlies.

7. Post-Flood Implications
The strange offspring also continued after the flood: "There were Nephilim in the earth in those days, and
also after that..."25 The "Sethite" view fails to meaningfully address the prevailing conditions "also after
that." It offers no insight into the presence of the subsequent "giants" in the land of Canaan.
One of the disturbing aspects of the Old Testament record was God's instructions, upon entering the land
of Canaan, to wipe out every man, woman, and child of certain tribes inhabiting the land. This is difficult to
justify without the insight of a "gene pool problem" from the remaining Nephilim, Rephaim, et al., which
seems to illuminate the difficulty.
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8. Prophetic Implications
Another reason that an understanding of Genesis 6 is so essential is that it also is a prerequisite to
understanding (and anticipating) Satan's devices26 and, in particular, the specific delusions to come upon
the whole earth as a major feature of end-time prophecy.27 We will take up these topics in Part 2, "The
Return Of The Nephilim.")

In Summary
If one takes an integrated view of the Scripture, then everything in it should "tie together." It is the author's view
that the "Angel View," however disturbing, is the clear, direct presentation of the Biblical text, corroborated by
multiple New Testament references and was so understood by both early Jewish and Christian scholarship; the
"Sethite View" is a contrivance of convenience from a network of unjustified assumptions antagonistic to the
remainder of the Biblical record.
It should also be pointed out that most conservative Bible scholars accept the "angel" view.28 Among those
supporting the "angel" view are: G. H. Pember, M. R. DeHaan, C. H. McIntosh, F. Delitzsch, A. C. Gaebelein, A. W.
Pink, Donald Grey Barnhouse, Henry Morris, Merril F. Unger, Arnold Fruchtenbaum, Hal Lindsey, and Chuck Smith,
being among the best known.
For those who take the Bible seriously, the arguments supporting the "Angel View" appear compelling. For those
who indulge in a willingness to take liberties with the straightforward presentation of the text, no defense can
prove final. (And greater dangers than the implications attending these issues await them!)

Notes
1.
2.
3.

Matthew 24:37.
Matthew 24:37.
Matthew 24:37; Luke 17:26, as well as Old
Testament allusions such as Daniel 2:43, et al.
4. Cf. Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7 (where they are in
existence before the creation of the earth).
Jesus also implies the same term in Luke 20:36.
5. A footnote in an edition of the famed Scofield
Bible, in suggesting that "sons of Elohim" does
not always denote angelic beings, points to one
ostensible exception (Isaiah 43:6) but the term
in question is not there used! God simply refers
to Israel as "my sons" and "my daughters."
Indeed, all of Adam's race are termed God's
"offspring" in Acts 17:28 (although Paul is here
quoting a Greek poet).
6. The sons of Elohim are even contrasted with
the sons of Adam in Psalm 82:1, 6 and warned
that if they go on with the evil identified in
verse 2, they would die like Adam (man). When
our Lord quoted this verse (John 10:34) He
made no mention of what order of beings God
addressed in this Psalm but that the Word of
God was inviolate whether the beings in
question were angels or men.
7. Luke 3:38.
8. John 1:11, 12.
9. 2 Corinthians 5:17.
10. 2 Corinthians 5:1-4.
11. Luke 20:36.

John Kodiyil - Pastor, The Father’s House Church

12. This term appears only twice in the Bible: 2
Corinthians 5:2 and Jude 1:6.
13. Genesis 4:18.
14. Genesis 11:6.
15. This instruction was given to the descendants
of Isaac and Jacob. Even the presumed
descendants of Ishmael cannot demonstrate
their linkage since no separation was
maintained.
16. A.C. Gaebelein, The Annotated Bible
(Penteteuch), p. 29.
17. Gen 4:26 is widely regarded as a
mistranslation: "Then began men to profane
the name of the Lord." So agrees the venerated
Targum of Onkelos; the Targum of Jonathan
Ben Uzziel; also the esteemed rabbinical
sources such as Kimchi, Rashi, et al. Also,
Jerome. Also, the famed Maimonides,
Commentary on the Mishnah, 1168 a.d.
18. Exodus 12:5, 29; Leviticus 1:3, 10; 3:1, 6; 4:3,
23; 5:15, 18, 25; 22:19, 21; 23:12; Numbers
6:14; et al. Over 60 references, usually
referring to the freedom from physical
blemishes of offerings.

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19. Each human gamete has 23 pairs of
chromosomes: the male has both "Y" (shorter)
and "X" (longer) chromosomes; the female,
only "X" chromosomes. The sex of a fertilized
egg is determined by the sperm fertilizing the
egg: "X+Y" for a male child; "X+X" for a female.
Thus, the male supplies the sex-determining
chromosome.
20. Deut. 19:15; Matthew 18:16; 26:60; 2
Corinthians 13:1; et al.
21. Jude 6, 7; 2 Peter 2:4-5.
22. Homer, Iliad, viii 16.

GENESIS 6:4

23. Jude is commonly recognized as one of the
Lord's brothers. (Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3; Gal
1:9; Jude 1:1.)
24. The only other use in the New Testament is 2
Corinthians 5:2, alluding to the heavenly body
which the believer longs to be clothed.
25. Genesis 6:4.
26. 2 Corinthians 2:11.
27. Luke 21:26; 2 Thess 2:9, 11; et al.
28. The International Standard Bible
Encyclopaedia, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Co., Vol V, p.2835-2836.

AND ALSO AFTER THAT - THE RETURN OF THE NEPHILIM?

Post-Flood Nephilim
“…also after that…” (Genesis 6:4). Rephaim, Emim, Horim, Zamsummim (Gen 14, 15); Arba, Anak & his seven sons
(Anakim), encountered in Canaan (Num 13:33). Og, King of Bashan (Deut 3:11; Joshua 12). Goliath and his four
brothers (2 Sam 21:16-22; 1 Chr 20:4-8).

The Purpose of Satan in Producing the Nephilm:
It was the purpose of Satan and his fallen angels to corrupt the human race and thereby do away with pure
Adamite stock through whom the Seed of the woman should come. This would avert their own doom and make it
possible for Satan and his kingdom to keep control of the earth indefinitely. It was said to Adam and Eve that the
Seed of the woman would defeat Satan and restore man's dominion (Genesis 3:15). The only way for Satan to avoid
this predicted defeat was to corrupt the pure Adamite line so that the coming of the Seed of the woman into the
world would be made impossible. This he tried to accomplish by sending fallen angels to marry the daughters of
men (Genesis 6:1-4), thus producing the giant nations through them.

The Stratagems of Satan






Corruption of Adam’s line(Gen 6);
Abraham’s seed (Gen 12, 20);
Famine (Gen 50);
Destruction of male line (Ex 1);
Pharaoh’s pursuit (Ex 14);
The populating of Canaan (Gen 12:6);
Against David’s line (2 Sam 7);

Disciples inquire of His Return and Jesus details precedent events, recorded in three Gospels: Mt24, 25, Mk 13, and
Lk 21, 22. Jesus gave a personal warning “Take heed that no man deceive you.” (Mt 24:4) but also a strange
warning, “But as the Days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of Man be.” What does that mean?

Post-Flood Occurrences
Regarding the Nephilim, Genesis 6:4 also includes the haunting phrase, "...and also after that...." Apparently these
strange events were not confined just to the period before the Flood.
We find that there seems to be some recurrence of those things which resulted in unusual "giants" appearing in
subsequent periods later in the Old Testament narrative, specifically the giant-races of Canaan.
There were a number of tribes such as the Rephaim, the Emim, the Horim, and Zamsummim, that were giants. 1 The
kingdom of Og, the King of Bashan, was the "land of the giants."2 Later, we also find Arba,3 Anak, and his seven sons
(the "Anakim") also as giants, along with the famed Goliath4 and his four brothers.5
When God had revealed to Abraham that the land of Canaan was to be given to him, Satan had over 400 years to
plant his "mine field" of Nephilim!6
When Moses sent his twelve spies to reconnoiter the Land of Canaan, they came back with the report of giants in
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the land.7 (The term used was Nephilim.) Their fear of those terrifying creatures resulted in their being relegated to
wandering in the wilderness for 38 years.
When Joshua and the nation Israel later entered the land of Canaan, they were instructed to wipe out every man,
woman and child of certain tribes.8 That strikes us as disturbingly severe. It would seem that in the Land of Canaan,
there again was a "gene pool problem."
These Rephaim, Nephilim, and others seem to have been established as an advance guard to obstruct Israel's
possession of the Promised Land. Was this also a stratagem of Satan?

The Days of Noah
Perhaps the most direct prophetic reference involving these things was the peculiar warning of our Lord Jesus
Himself:
And as it was in the days of Noah, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. Luke 17:26
What does that mean? He also warned:
And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with
perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things
which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. Luke 21:25,26 (emphasis added)
Is it possible that the UFOs - and their occupants - are part of an end-time scenario?

The Miry Clay of Daniel 2
The famous dream of Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel Chapter 2 appears to lay out all of Gentile history until God
ultimately intervenes and sets up His own kingdom.
The various metals which make up the image in the dream are well known to serious students of prophecy.9 Even
our common expression, "the idol has feet of clay," comes to us from this classic passage.
But what is represented by the "miry clay" in this image? It seems to be strangely mixed-but not completely-with
the iron in the dream. The term "miry clay" refers to clay made from dust,10 a Biblical idiom which suggests death.11
When Daniel interprets this for us he makes an especially provocative allusion in verse 43:
And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they
shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay. Daniel 2:43
As he switches to a personal pronoun, they, "shall mingle
themselves with the seed of men..." This is extremely suggestive
when viewed in light of the warning of our Lord in Luke 17:26,
ostensibly directing us to look more closely at Genesis 6.
Just what (or who) are "mingling with the seed of men?" These
would seem to refer to some beings who are not the seed of
men themselves!
Could this be a hint of a return to the mischief of Genesis 6? It
staggers the mind to consider the potential significance of
Daniel's passage and its implications for the future global governance.
Are these "aliens" so prolific that they constitute a political constituency?
Will there be UFO incidents as part of a carefully orchestrated program to lead us toward a political agenda? Or has
it started already? Are the UFOs, and the increasingly widespread abductions, part of the preparations for this
scenario?

UFO Abductions?
There seems to be a growing concern within the psychiatric community from the strange (and far too frequent)
reports from people who claim to have been "abducted" by the occupants of UFOs. These reports are too bizarre to
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accept, and yet too frequent-and consistent-to ignore. What is particularly disturbing is the estimate from some
national polls that as much as 3% of the population may be involved!
Perhaps the most well-known researcher in this area
is Dr. John E. Mack, who is professor of psychiatry at
The Cambridge Hospital, Harvard Medical School. A
contributor to over 150 articles in professional
(peer-reviewed) journals and a former Pulitzer Prize
winner, he certainly appears to have impressive
credentials.
He has been involved in almost a hundred of these
cases personally, and has shocked the professional
community by declaring that he believes these
beings may be real and that they appear to have an
agenda to develop a hybrid race!12
At a professional conference on abductions at M.I.T.,
Dr. Mack asked the provocative question, "If what
these abductees are saying is happening to them
isn't happening, then what is?"13
Could all this involve a return to the strange events of "the Days of Noah?"

Can A Christian Be "Abducted?"
The Andreasson affair.is a case involved a spirit-filled Christian; however, the reports indicate that she accepted an
invitation to participate.14
It appears to me that a Christian cannot be abducted unwillingly.

Notes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Genesis 14:5; 15:20; Deuteronomy 2:10-12, 22.
Deuteronomy 3:11, 13; Joshua 12:4;13:12.
Joshua 14:15; 15:13; 21:11.
1 Samuel 17:4ff.
2 Samuel 21:16-22.
Genesis 15:13-21.
Numbers 13:33.
8. Joshua 6:21; 9:24; 10:28, 39; 11:24; Deut 2:34; 7:2, 3; 20:16-17; et al. Cf. 1 Sam 15:3, 8, 18, 19; Ps 137:8, 9.
See our briefing package Iron Mixed With Clay (out of print - see An Empire Reborn?) for a complete discussion.
Mire [Aramaic in the text] is from a root meaning to be swept away; thus, dust, dirt.
Rephaim (giants) also translated "dead": Ps 88:10; Prov 2:18; 9:18; 21:16; Isa 14:9; 26:14.
John E. Mack, Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens, Ballantine Books, NY, 1994, p.411.
C.D.B. Bryan, Close Encounters of the Fourth Kind: Alien Abduction, UFOs, and the Conference at M.I.T., Alfred A.
Knopf, New York, 1995, p.4.
14. Jim Marrs, Alien Agenda, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, p.213-218.

GENESIS 6:13 I WILL DESTROY
The Twelve "I Will's" of God to Noah
1) I will destroy them with the earth (Genesis 6:13).
2) I will establish My covenant with you (Genesis
6:18).
3) I will cause it to rain upon earth (Genesis 7:4).
4) I will destroy living substance (Genesis 7:4).
5) I will not curse the ground again (Genesis 8:21).
6) I will not smite every living thing again (Genesis
John Kodiyil - Pastor, The Father’s House Church

7)
8)
9)
10)

8:21).
I will require life for life (Genesis 9:5).
I will require blood of beasts that kill (Genesis
9:5).
I will require blood of man who kills (Genesis
9:5).
I will establish My covenant with you (Genesis

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9:11).
11) I will remember My covenant with you (Genesis
9:15).

12) I will look upon the rainbow (Genesis 9:16).

GENESIS 6:14 MAKE THEE AN ARK OF GOPHER WOOD
And God said unto Noah, The end of all
flesh is come before me; for the earth is
filled with violence through them; and,
behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms
shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it
within and without with pitch. Gen 6:13-14
Kaphar here is : “pitch” ; elsewhere:
“atonement.” “Pitch it within and without”:
Why? More than floatation: preservation of
the ruins for a prophetic role?

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Genesis 7
1 And the LORD said unto Noah,
Come thou and all thy house into
the ark; for thee have I seen
righteous before me in this
generation.
2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take
to thee by sevens, the male and his
female: and of beasts that [are] not
clean by two, the male and his
female.
3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens,
the male and the female; to keep
seed alive upon the face of all the
earth.
4 For yet seven days, and I will cause
it to rain upon the earth forty days
and forty nights; and every living
substance that I have made will I
destroy from off the face of the
earth.
5 And Noah did according unto all
that the LORD commanded him.
6 And Noah [was] six hundred years
old when the flood of waters was
upon the earth.
7 ¶ And Noah went in, and his sons,
and his wife, and his sons' wives
with him, into the ark, because of
the waters of the flood.
8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that
[are] not clean, and of fowls, and
of every thing that creepeth upon
the earth,

9 There went in two and two unto
Noah into the ark, the male and
the female, as God had
commanded Noah.
10 And it came to pass after seven
days, that the waters of the flood
were upon the earth.
11 ¶ In the six hundredth year of
Noah's life, in the second month,
the seventeenth day of the month,
the same day were all the
fountains of the great deep broken
up, and the windows of heaven
were opened.
12 And the rain was upon the earth
forty days and forty nights.
13 In the selfsame day entered Noah,
and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth,
the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife,
and the three wives of his sons
with them, into the ark;
14 They, and every beast after his
kind, and all the cattle after their
kind, and every creeping thing that
creepeth upon the earth after his
kind, and every fowl after his kind,
every bird of every sort.
15 And they went in unto Noah into
the ark, two and two of all flesh,
wherein [is] the breath of life.
16 And they that went in, went in
male and female of all flesh, as
God had commanded him: and the
LORD shut him in.

17 And the flood was forty days upon
the earth; and the waters
increased, and bare up the ark, and
it was lift up above the earth.
18 And the waters prevailed, and
were increased greatly upon the
earth; and the ark went upon the
face of the waters.
19 And the waters prevailed
exceedingly upon the earth; and all
the high hills, that [were] under
the whole heaven, were covered.
20 Fifteen cubits upward did the
waters prevail; and the mountains
were covered.
21 And all flesh died that moved upon
the earth, both of fowl, and of
cattle, and of beast, and of every
creeping thing that creepeth upon
the earth, and every man:
22 All in whose nostrils [was] the
breath of life, of all that [was] in
the dry [land], died.
23 And every living substance was
destroyed which was upon the face
of the ground, both man, and
cattle, and the creeping things, and
the fowl of the heaven; and they
were destroyed from the earth:
and Noah only remained [alive],
and they that [were] with him in
the ark.
24 And the waters prevailed upon the
earth an hundred and fifty days.

GENESIS 7:1 RIGHTEOUS NOAH
Noah
Noah is mentioned as one of three righteous (with Job and Daniel; Ezek14:14, 20). He is included in the genealogies
of Abraham and Jesus (1 Chr 1:4; Lk 3:36). New Testament References: by Christ (Mt 24:37-39; Lk17:26); Peter (1
Pet 3:20; 2 Pet 2:5); and Paul (Heb 11:7).
Noah “righteous before me in this generation”. Where do you find the so-called godly line of Seth at this time? How
could there be godly men called sons of God if Noah's house was the only righteous one on earth?

GENESIS 7:2-3 SEVEN CLEAN AND TWO UNCLEAN OF BEASTS, MALE AND HIS FEMALE
As a child, I was taught that Noah took two pairs (or a pair) of each animal. This is wrong. From reading Genesis 7:
2-3, we can see that God instructed him to take
 Seven pairs of clean beasts
 Two pairs of unclean beasts
 Seven pairs of the fowl In the air
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Verse 5 tells us that “And Noah did according unto all that the Lord commanded him.”
This indicates knowledge of clean and unclean animals before the law of Moses in Leviticus 11 and Deut. 14. Key
question that emerges is: How did Noah know which were “clean” and “unclean”? These were ceremonial
distinctions!

GENESIS 7:11
A great deep

Genesis 1:2; Genesis 49:25; Deut. 33:13; Psalm 104:6.

Windows
Hebrew: arubbah (HSN-699), means flood-gates (Genesis 8:2; 2 Kings 7:2; Eccles. 12:3; Isaiah 24:18; Isaiah 60:8;
Malachi 3:10).

GENESIS 7:12
Rain
The first and longest rain recorded, but not the first rain otherwise. It rained all through Lucifer's kingdom (Isaiah
14:12-14) and from Adam to Noah, for God created clouds to give rain upon the earth (Job 38:9,22-30).

Forty days and forty nights
Eleven Events Lasting Forty Days and Nights
1) Noah's flood (Genesis 7:4,12,17; Genesis 8:6)
2) Jacob's death (Genesis 50:3)
3) Moses in the mount (Exodus 24:18)
4) Moses again in the mount (Exodus 34:28; Deut. 10:10)
5) Spies searching Canaan (Numbers 13:25; cp. forty years, Numbers 14:34)
6) Moses fasting (Deut. 9:18; cp. Deut. 9:9-11)
7) Elijah's flight (1 Kings 19:8)
8) Ezekiel lying on right side (Ezekiel 4:6)
9) Nineveh's judgment (Jonah 3:4)
10) Christ fasting (Matthew 4:2)
11) Christ's post-resurrection ministry (Acts 1:3)

GENESIS 7:13 NOAH AND SONS
Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with
them Eight souls (1 Peter 3:20; 2 Peter 2:5), plus one already in heaven, Enoch.

GENESIS 7:16 THE LORD SHUT HIM IN.
The “shutting him in” intimated that Noah had become the special object of divine care and protection, and that to
those without the season of grace was over (Mt 25:10). Only one door. God shut it. Perfect security: not one person
or animal was lost (v.23, et al.). Also in Revelation 3:7 we see the the door that Lord shuts no one can open, and the
door that He opens, no one can shut.
And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that
hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; Rev 3:7

GENESIS 7:22 BREATH
Hebrew: neshamah (HSN-5397), breath. Occurs 24 times (Genesis 2:7; Genesis 7:22; Deut. 20:16; Joshua 10:40; Joshua
11:11,14; 2 Samuel 22:16; 1 Kings 15:29; 1 Kings 17:17; Job 4:9; Job 26:4; Job 27:3; Job 32:8; Job 33:4; Job 34:14; Job
37:10; Psalm 18:15; Psalm 150:6; Proverbs 20:27; Isaiah 2:22; Isaiah 30:33; Isaiah 42:5; Isaiah 57:16; Daniel 5:23; Daniel
10:17). Breath is distinguished from both soul and spirit.

GENESIS 7: 24 THE WATERS PREVAILED UPON THE EARTH AN HUNDRED & FIFTY DAYS.
Universal or Local Flood
Some doubt that the flood was universal, but Genesis 2:19 is just as literal as Genesis 1:2; Psalm 104:6; and 2 Peter 3:5-7.
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Evidences of a universal flood are found in all lands. Remember that the fundamental principle of interpretation is to take
everything literally unless there is plain evidence that the language is figurative. Also, remember that the earth was one
vast block of land; it wasn't divided into continents and islands until after the flood.




Every living thing destroyed (7:4,23); this assumes that man and animal life had spread far beyond the
Mesopotamian Plain in the centuries or the millennia since the Fall.
All high mountains under the entire heavens were covered (7:19); the text states clearly that “all the high
mountains under the entire heaven were covered” to a depth of at least 23 feet [15 cubits] (v. 19).
Ark rested on the mountains of Ararat (8:4). Finally the ark is said to have come to rest “on the mountains
of Ararat,” a range that reaches over 16,000 feet in height (8:4). A local flood might have brought them to
the foothills. But “on” the mountains?
Promise: “never again” (9:11, 15).

Why?




Dinosaurs quickly drowned and buried?
Mammoths quickly drowned in North America, and quick-frozen in Siberia?
Petrified forests found 100 miles from the South Pole by Admiral Byrd?
Land animals found fossilized in locations below sea level?
Sea animals found fossilized at high elevations?

Fossils



Fossils are dead. Thus, after Adam.
No decay = sudden, quick, change.
Dating depends upon circular reasoning.
Why none today?

Canopy Theory


Atmospheric water shield protected the earth from cosmic radiation; hence, longer lifetimes prior to the
flood.
Water falls, complementing the subterranean waters unleashed (7:11).
Continental drift occurred from fractured land masses (10:25) [The Genesis Record, Henry Morris and John
C. Whitcomb, 1961. (They do show that the Flood was universal, it was a great catastrophe, and there is
ample historical evidence for it. Their “canopy theory” is but one view…).]

Other Flood Traditions


Egyptian
Babylonian
Persian



Greek
Hindu
Chinese



Druids
Polynesian
Mexicans



Peruvians
American Indians
Greenland

Geological Mysteries
 Grand Canyon origin
 Frozen mammoths
 Mid-oceanic mountain ranges
 Metamorphic rock
 Submarine canyons
 Fossil graveyards
 Magnetic variations on ocean floor
 Jigsaw fit of continents
 Coal and oil formations
Major land masses unexplained by simple erosion, etc. Why are there surprising amounts of coal in Antarctica?
Mammoths, with food still in their mouths, quick-frozen in place, dying from suffocation…Tectonic plates move
about an inch/year (the same rate that your fingernails grow). Much of the upheavals are the result of horizontal
compression, buckling the sedimentary layers.

Hydroplate Theory


Interconnected continents
Subterranean water
Increasing pressure(s)

Horizontal buckling and eruptions (Walt Brown,
Center for Scientific Creation, Phoenix, Arizona)

The Flood

Rained 40 days
Not just rain: “fountains of the deep”

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Waters prevailed 150 days
In the Ark 377 days (5 months floating; 7½ months on the mountain)

Some Perspectives



Only one Ark (and only one door) – Jesus: 1way.
No births nor death (all in the ark were saved)
Alternative theological speculations ended when the door was shut
Only three groups of people: those that perished in the Flood; those that were preserved through the
Flood; those that were removed prior to the Flood .

PRE WRATH
Eschatology
Field of study of last things.

Amillenial - Does not believe Christ is going to rule for a 1000 years

Post Millenial – We are in the middle, that things are getting better. Died out early last century WW1 & WW2

Premillinnial – Literal 1000 year rule of Jesus Christ

Amillenial

Post
Millenial

Premillinial

Post
Tribulational

Mid
Tribulational

Pre
Tribulational

Hermeneutics
Theory of interpretation

Allegorical – Does not really mean that
Literal – High view of interpretation. Holy spirit meant each word

Allegorical

Pre Wrath

Literal

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THE RAPTURE IN MATTHEW 24:27-31
In the Olivet discourse, Jesus is answering the disciples question: "What will be the sign of your coming and of the
end of the age?". Jesus answers their question in the following verses: "But immediately after the tribulation of
those days THE SUN WILL BE DARKENED, AND THE MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT, AND THE STARS WILL FALL
from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken, and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the
sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF
THE SKY with power and great glory. And He will send forth His angels with A GREAT TRUMPET and THEY WILL
GATHER TOGETHER His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other." Matt. 24:29-31
The event described in Matthew 24:29 is the single most important clue as to the timing of the Rapture. The event
described in Matthew 24:29 is the sign that indicates the beginning of the wrath of God. It is clear that the Lord
lifted His words directly from the Old Testament prophets. Isaiah, Joel and Zephaniah predicted that these very
signs would signal the beginning of God's wrath against the wicked during a time period known as the Day of the
Lord.
Joel specifically states that the cataclysmic disturbances in the sky would come before the actual beginning of the
eschatological Day of the Lord when he wrote, "The sun will be turned into darkness and the moon into blood
before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes" (Joel 2:31). This one fact alone dispels any possible notion
that the entire seven year period known as Daniel's Seventieth Week is the wrath of God. It also gives us the single
most important clue about the beginning point of God's wrath. The Lord states that the Day of the Lord begins
immediately after the tribulation of Satan/Antichrist is cut short (Matt. 24:21-22,29).
With the world devoid of light, a second sign occurs. The sign of the Son of Man appears in the sky (Matt 24:27, 30).
All the tribes of the earth begin to mourn when they see it. Christ is then seen "coming on the clouds of the sky
with power and great glory". Matthew 24:31 then states, "And He will send forth His angels with a great trumpet
and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other." This is the
rapture that Paul speaks of in 1 Thess. 4:13-18.

THE RAPTURE IN 1 THESSALONIANS 4:13 -5:11
Paul wrote: "For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with
the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up
together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air....For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the
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Lord so cometh as a thief in the night....But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a
thief" (1 Thess. 4:16-17, 5:2-4).
In 1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:11, Paul does not give any indication of the timing of the Parousia of Christ. One knows
what will happen, but nothing about when it will happen. However, once the unity of 1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:11 is
recognized, the reader is able to discern a very important connection. The teaching of Paul and the teaching of the
Lord in Matthew 24-25 are parallel. In fact, no less than sixteen parallels occur between Matthew 24-25 and 1
Thessalonians 4-5. Note the following parallels:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Christ Himself returns (1 Thess. 4:16 with Matt 24:30).
From heaven (1 Thess. 4:16 with Matt. 24:30).
With a shout (1 Thess. 4:16 with Matt. 24:30 [in power]).
Accompanied by angels (1 Thess. 4:16 with Matt. 24:31).
With the trumpet of God (1 Thess. 4:16 with Matt. 24:31.
Believers are supernaturally gathered to Christ (1 Thess. 4:17 with Matt. 24:3 1, 40-41).
Believers meet the Lord (1 Thess. 4:17 with Matt. 25:1, 6).
In the clouds (1 Thess. 4:17 with Matt. 24:30).
The time is unknown (1 Thess. 5:1-2 with Matt. 24:36);
Will come as a thief (1 Thess. 5:2,4 with Matt. 24:43).
Will come at night (1 Thess. 5:2 with Matt. 24:43).

12. Unbelievers are unaware of impending judgment (1 Thess. 5:3 with Matt. 24:37-39).
13. Judgment comes as travail upon an expectant mother (1 Thess. 5:3 with Matt. 24:8 [cf. RSV]).
14. Believers not deceived (1 Thess. 5:6 with Matt. 24:4-5).
15. Believers are to watch (1 Thess. 5:6 with Matt. 24:42).
16. Warning against drunkenness (1 Thess 5:7 with Matt. 24:49).
This evidence is compelling. We are able to conclude that the Lord and Paul are teaching the same sequence of
events concerning the Parousia. The Rapture initiates the Day of the Lord, which is the wrath of God against the
wicked.

THE RAPTURE IN REVELATION 6:1-17, 7:9-17
Just as Paul follows the end-times sequence which the Lord gives in Matthew's Olivet Discourse, so do the seals in
the book of the Revelation. The beginning birth pang of false Christs (Matt 24:5) is represented in the first seal. The
false Christ begins his reign by conquering nations (Rev. 6:2). The second beginning birth pang of wars (Matt 24:67a) is represented in the second seal of wars (Rev. 6:4). The third beginning birth pang of famine (Matt 24:7b) is
presented in the third seal of famine (Rev. 6:6). The period of hard labor (persecution and apostasy Matt. 24:9-13)
is represented in the fourth seal of death (Rev. 6:8). Satan/Antichrist unleash their God-ordained three and a half
year campaign of persecution against God's elect. The fifth seal represents those who are killed because of their
faith in Christ as the Lord prophesied (Matt 24:9). The sixth seal represents the sign that initiates the Parousia of
Christ; the sign in the sun, moon, and stars (Matthew 24:29).
As in Matthew, John indicates that immediately after the sign in the sun, moon, and stars, a gathering of God's
people will occur. Between the sixth and seventh seals, 144,000 Jews are sealed on earth from any experience of
the wrath of God soon to fall in the Trumpet judgments. A second group of individuals is highlighted in Revelation
7:9-17. These can be none other than the raptured Saints of the ages - the Church. There are six reasons for this
conclusion.
1. The timing is right. It follows the persecution of Satan/ Antichrist, but precedes the wrath of God. John is told
that this great multitude "are the ones who come out of the great tribulation." Thus the object of the
persecution is removed from earth during the time period known as the "great tribulation".
2. The numbers are right. John describes the raptured saints as "a great multitude which no one could count." The
raptured saints of all the ages are the only ones that will literally fulfill this tremendous number of individuals.
3. The ethnic composition is right. John proclaims that this great multitude is composed of people from "every
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nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues." These are the very ones John indicated the Lamb purchased for
God with His blood (Rev. 5:9).
4. Their bodies are right. John determines that this great multitude is "standing before the throne [of God] and
before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and palm branches were in their hands and they cry out with a loud
voice..." These can only be individuals who have been resurrected. Paul indicates that the resurrection of the
Saints will occur at the Rapture (1 Thess. 4:16; 1 Cor. 15:52).
5. The multitude sings the right song. The multitude proclaims, "Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and
to the Lamb." The word salvation is better translated victory here. God is not in need of physical or spiritual
deliverance, which is what the term usually means. However, the emphasis here is on the victory God will have
against the wicked, which is insured by the resurrection of the righteous.
6. The promise is right. This great multitude is promised both spiritual and physical comfort forever. No hunger,
no thirst, no heat exhaustion, no tears, and eternal satisfaction are the rewards of the resurrected. This is in
contrast to the condition of those underneath the altar in Revelation 6:9 who must wait before they will realize
their reward. The difference is that one group is raised and one group is not.
These points taken together argue strongly for the case that the Rapture occurs in Revelation 7 just before the
wrath of God comes at the seventh seal (chapter 8), which is the Day of the Lord.

THE DAY OF THE LORD
The prewrath position teaches that the sixth seal of Revelation 6:12-17, which is described in the same language as
Joel 2:28-32, is the beginning of the eschatological Day of the Lord. The sixth seal follows the persecution of
Satan/Antichrist, and that by definition, must start after Satan/Antichrist's persecution is cut short. There are three
reasons for this conclusion.
The sequence is right in the book of Revelation. The sign of the sun, moon and stars is an indication to the wicked
that the wrath of God is about to start. This is followed by a great multitude that no man can number showing up in
heaven. Then finally this is immediately followed by the wrath of God to the nations (trumpets and bowls) and the
millennial blessings. This is the same sequence developed by Joel, adopted by the Prophets and expanded in the
New Testament.
The reaction of the wicked is right. Isaiah prophesied that the wicked would run to hide in the rocks when God
comes to "shake the earth" (Isaiah 2:12-21).
The timing is right. The very first Greek word in Rev 6:17 is (hoti). It, along with the verb has come, indicates that
verse 17 is the reason for the activity in verses 15-16. There are two reasons given for the wicked hiding and
seeking death; the face of Him who sits on the throne (God the Father) and the wrath of the Lamb (Jesus Christ).
The "face" of God is a figure of speech. God the Father does not have a literal face (John 4:24). The word face is
placed in the verse to denote His presence or person. This is a very common expression in the Old Testament (Ps.
42:5, II; 1 Kings 10:24; Lev. 23:40). The wicked are seeking to get away from the presence of God the Father.

CONCLUSION
Concerning the place of the Rapture in the divine sequence of the end times, a clear pattern has emerged. Prior to
AD 325, the church fathers, with few exceptions, held to a "post-persecution" return of Christ, which would result
in the deliverance of the righteous and destruction of the wicked. This teaching was based directly on the teachings
of Christ, specifically given in the Olivet Discourse of Matthew in many cases. The Revelation of Jesus Christ to the
Apostle John follows the exact same sequence outlined in the Olivet Discourse.
The Rapture of the church takes place after the persecution of Satan/Antichrist (sixth seal), but before the wrath
of God (Bowl judgments).
The Apostle Paul follows the same sequence in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:11 that the Lord gave in Matthew 24-25. The
pattern is clear: the Rapture will initiate the Day of the Lord, which occurs sometime after the mid-point of the 70th
week of Daniel, after the persecution of Satan/Antichrist, but before the wrath of God is poured out in the bowl
judgements.

WHY DO I BELIEVE THIS WAY
Simply put, I believe this way because I believe that this is what the Bible clearly teaches. When one approaches
scripture with a consistent hermeneutic and compares scripture with scripture, not trying to interpret scripture to
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fit a pre-conceived theology, the prewrath position is the natural result.
The prewrath rapture position harmonizes all scriptures relating to Christ's Second Coming. It harmonizes the clear
teaching of Scripture, including the following facts:
1. The church is exempted from the eschatological wrath of God (1 Thess. 1:10, 5:9)
2. The 70th week of Daniel is composed of two parts: the wrath of Antichrist/Satan and the wrath of God
(Day of the Lord) (Rev. 12:12-14; Rev. 6:12-17; Rev. 15:1)
3. The eschatological Day of the Lord follows the period called "The Great Tribulation" that begins at the
middle of the seventieth week of Daniel. (Matt. 24: 27-31; 2 Thess. 2:1-8)
4. Antichrist/Satan's persecution will be "cut short" by the removal of the object of his persecution - the
Church - by rapture to heaven. (Matt. 24:21-22; Rev. 7:13-14)
I was taught the pre-tribulation and held on to it for over 10 years. After my ordination in 2009, I started teaching
from Revelation of Jesus Christ. It took me about four months to cover the first three chapters. Then I found that I
could not go on to the fourth chapter.
The belief I had, and what I was preparing to teach was that the church was here on earth till the third chapter and
found in heaven in the fourth. I state this not to say that I believe this is untrue, but this went along with my belief
that God had been silent since the end of the New Testament period, that all of a sudden, everything was going to
unfold, and that all the signs are for when this “ unfolding” happens. However, starting from the prophetic nature
of the seven letters in Revelation chapter 2 & 3 to Paul’s encouragement to the believers in Thessalonica, the Lord
showed me that He was anything but silent, and that all throughout history, He has been active. He said what he
would do before it happened, then set signs for us to see and know that He is doing what He said He would do.
I still would prefer a pre-tribulational rapture, who would deny it to be a far more desirable option, but I look back
at my belief in the pre-tribulation rapture as a blissfully ignorant time where I believed what I was taught instead of
looking up scriptures myself. This is not to say that I have all the facts right, and that I am absolutely correct.
There are those who are downright uncompromising about the timing of the rapture. I am not one of them. It is
arrogant and illogical to conclude that any of these positions are absolutely right and the others are absolutely and
totally wrong; to assume that your learning is complete.
However, the most essential thing for us to know is that Jesus is coming for His church.

WHERE ARE WE NOW IN THE TIMEFRAME
Jesus said, "But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father
alone" (Matt. 24:36). We cannot know the exact time of Christ's return. However our Lord also says in verses 32-33,
"...when [the fig tree's] branch has already become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near;
even so you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door." And in Luke 21:28 He
states, "when these things begin to take place, straighten up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is
drawing near."
I believe that the time is nearing. We have seen the reestablishment of Israel into her land in 1948. They took
control of Jerusalem in 1967. And, with the turmoil in the Middle East, they are desperate for a peace accord. There
are no other events which must take place before the events of the 70th week can begin. Whether it happens in my
life time or that of my children's or grandchildren's, I do not know. But I do know that we are to be prepared, living
in holiness, being sober and watchful.

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Genesis 8
1 And God remembered Noah, and
every living thing, and all the cattle
that [was] with him in the ark: and
God made a wind to pass over the
earth, and the waters asswaged;
2 The fountains also of the deep and
the windows of heaven were
stopped, and the rain from heaven
was restrained;
3 And the waters returned from off
the earth continually: and after the
end of the hundred and fifty days
the waters were abated.
4 And the ark rested in the seventh
month, on the seventeenth day of
the month, upon the mountains of
Ararat.
5 And the waters decreased
continually until the tenth month:
in the tenth [month], on the first
[day] of the month, were the tops
of the mountains seen.
6 ¶ And it came to pass at the end of
forty days, that Noah opened the
window of the ark which he had
made:
7 And he sent forth a raven, which
went forth to and fro, until the
waters were dried up from off the
earth.
8 Also he sent forth a dove from him,
to see if the waters were abated
from off the face of the ground;

9 But the dove found no rest for the
sole of her foot, and she returned
unto him into the ark, for the
waters [were] on the face of the
whole earth: then he put forth his
hand, and took her, and pulled her
in unto him into the ark.
10 And he stayed yet other seven
days; and again he sent forth the
dove out of the ark;
11 And the dove came in to him in the
evening; and, lo, in her mouth
[was] an olive leaf pluckt off: so
Noah knew that the waters were
abated from off the earth.
12 And he stayed yet other seven
days; and sent forth the dove;
which returned not again unto him
any more.
13 ¶ And it came to pass in the six
hundredth and first year, in the
first [month], the first [day] of the
month, the waters were dried up
from off the earth: and Noah
removed the covering of the ark,
and looked, and, behold, the face
of the ground was dry.
14 And in the second month, on the
seven and twentieth day of the
month, was the earth dried.
15 ¶ And God spake unto Noah,
saying,
16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy
wife, and thy sons, and thy sons'
wives with thee.

17 Bring forth with thee every living
thing that [is] with thee, of all
flesh, [both] of fowl, and of cattle,
and of every creeping thing that
creepeth upon the earth; that they
may breed abundantly in the earth,
and be fruitful, and multiply upon
the earth.
18 And Noah went forth, and his
sons, and his wife, and his sons'
wives with him:
19 Every beast, every creeping thing,
and every fowl, [and] whatsoever
creepeth upon the earth, after
their kinds, went forth out of the
ark.
20 ¶ And Noah builded an altar unto
the LORD; and took of every clean
beast, and of every clean fowl, and
offered burnt offerings on the
altar.
21 And the LORD smelled a sweet
savour; and the LORD said in his
heart, I will not again curse the
ground any more for man's sake;
for the imagination of man's heart
[is] evil from his youth; neither will
I again smite any more every thing
living, as I have done.
22 While the earth remaineth,
seedtime and harvest, and cold
and heat, and summer and winter,
and day and night shall not cease.

GENESIS 8:1 GOD MADE A WIND TO PASS OVER THE EARTH
Thirty-three Acts of God in Genesis 6-9
1) Said (Genesis 6:3-21; Genesis 7:1; Genesis
8:15,21; Genesis 9:1-17)
2) Saw (Genesis 6:5; Genesis 7:1)
3) Repented (Genesis 6:6-7), i.e. changed His mind.
4) Was grieved (Genesis 6:6)
5) Determined (Genesis 6:7,13,17-18)
6) Prophesied (Genesis 6:7,13,17-18; Genesis 7:4;
Genesis 8:21-22; Genesis 9:6-17,25-27)
7) Was gracious (Genesis 6:8)
8) Fellowshipped with man (Genesis 6:9)
9) Looked (Genesis 6:12)
10) Made a discovery (Genesis 6:5,12; Genesis 7:1)
11) Commanded (Genesis 6:14-22; Genesis 7:2-5;
Genesis 8:1 God made a wind to pass over the earth

Genesis 8:16-17; Genesis 9:1-17)
12) Gave a plan (Genesis 6:15-16,19-21)
13) Made a covenant (Genesis 6:18; Genesis 9:1-17)
14) Saved lives on basis of righteousness (Genesis
7:1)
15) Exercised foresight (Genesis 6:18-21; Genesis
7:2-4; Genesis 9:1-17)
16) Fulfilled prophecy (Genesis 7:10-12,19-24)
17) Shut the door to the ark (Genesis 7:16)
18) Made promises (Genesis 6:17-18; Genesis 7:4;
Genesis 8:21-22; Genesis 9:9-17)
19) Fulfilled promises (Genesis 7:10-12,19-24)
20) Remembered (Genesis 8:1)
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21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)

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Made wind to pass over earth (Genesis 8:1)
Gave rain (Genesis 7:12)
Stopped rain (Genesis 8:2)
Opened fountains of the deep (Genesis 7:11)
Stopped fountains of the deep (Genesis 8:2)
Smelled (Genesis 8:21)
Thought in His heart (Genesis 8:21)
Vowed to man (Genesis 8:21-22)

29) Blessed man (Genesis 9:1)
30) Gave laws (instituted human government),
Genesis 9:1-7)
31) Guaranteed natural laws (Genesis 8:22)
32) Guaranteed eternal generations of natural
people on the earth (Genesis 8:22; Genesis
9:12,16)
33) Sent destruction to wicked men (Genesis 7:21)

GENESIS 8:4 AND THE ARK RESTED IN THE SEVENTH MONTH, ON THE SEVENTEENTH DAY OF THE MONTH,

Why did the Holy Spirit want us to know this very date?
The Two Calendars
 Civil: Tishri (in the Fall) Rosh Hoshana
 Religious: Nisan (in the Spring)
This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. Exodus 12:2
New Beginnings
 Jesus Christ crucified on the 14th of Nisan;
 In the grave: 3 days;
 Resurrection: 17thof Nisan (the “7th month” of the Genesis Calendar)
Noah’s “new beginning” on the Planet Earth was on the anniversary— in anticipation—of our “new beginning” in
Christ!

GENESIS 8:5 WERE THE TOPS OF THE MOUNTAINS SEEN
How could Noah see them if there were no openings for light except one cubit-sized window in the roof as is
sometimes taught? The ark had windows.

GENESIS 8:7 AND HE SENT FORTH A RAVEN,
The raven is classified as an unclean bird… What kind of bird are you? Do you feed on the corrupt world, or do you
find rest only in ark?

8:12 AND HE STAYED YET OTHER SEVEN DAYS
“...other seven days...”: a strong presumptive proof that Noah observed the Sabbath during his residence in the ark.

7 days

150 days

163 days
57 days
377 days

Event
Noah enters the Ark
7 days later, rain begins
40 days later, heavy rains stop
110 days later, waters recede
Ark rests on Mount Ararat
74 days later, Raven sent
Dove #1 sent & returns
Dove #2 sent & returns with leaf
Dove #3 sent, does not return
22 days later, water receded
Noah saw dry land
Land completely dry, Ark exited

Month/Day
2
10
17
3
27
7
17
11
11
11
12

11
18
25
2

1
1
2
27
1 year 17 days

Reference
7:7-9
7:10-11
7:12
7:24
8:4
8:6-9
8:10
8:12
8:13
8:14-19
Note: 360 day years, 30 day months…

GENESIS 8:14 AND IN THE SECOND MONTH, ON THE SEVEN AND TWENTIETH DAY OF THE
MONTH

Noah was in the ark a year and seventeen days:
1) Before rain began, seven days (Genesis 7:10)
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2) During rain that began seventeenth day of second month (Genesis 7:11)
3) Left the ark twenty-seventh day of second month the next year (Genesis 8:14)

GENESIS 8:16 GO FORTH OF THE ARK, THOU, AND THY WIFE, AND THY SONS, AND THY SONS'
WIVES WITH THEE.
Ten Commands to Noah
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

Make an ark (Genesis 6:14-16).
Take animals into ark (Genesis 6:19-20).
Take food for all in the ark (Genesis 6:21).
Enter the ark (Genesis 7:1-5).
Leave the ark (Genesis 8:16-17).
Bring animals out (Genesis 8:17).
Do not eat blood (Genesis 9:4).
Capital punishment for murder (Genesis 9:5-6).
Multiply and replenish the earth (Genesis 9:1,7).
Rule the earth (Genesis 9:2,7,9-17).

GENESIS 8:17 THAT THEY MAY BREED ABUNDANTLY
The phrase "breed abundantly" is only found here.

GENESIS 8:18 NOAH WENT FORTH - DID NOAH TOOK 120 YEARS TO BUILD THE ARK?
This could not be so because:

1) The Bible never mentions 120 years in connection with Noah, as is clear from the notes on §Genesis 6:3.
2) It is clear from Genesis 6:18 that when God told Noah to build the ark, his sons (Shem, Ham, Japheth) were
already grown and married (Genesis 7:7,13; Genesis 8:16,18)
3) Shem had a son when he was 100 years old—2 years after the flood (Genesis 11:10). This means he was 97
when he entered the ark, for the flood lasted 1 year and 17 days (§Genesis 8:14, note). It was impossible
then for Noah to spend 120 years building the ark.

GENESIS 8:20 NOAH BUILDED AN ALTAR UNTO THE LORD
Facts about Altars
1. Mosaic laws of altar construction (Exodus 20:24-26; Deut. 27:5-7; Joshua 8:30-31)
2. Altars used in idolatry (Judges 6:25; 1 Kings 12:32; 1 Kings 16:32; 1 Kings 18:26; 2 Kings 16:10; 2 Kings
23:12,15; Isaiah 27:9; Isaiah 65:3; Hosea 8:11; Acts 17:23)
3. Two kinds of altars in the tabernacle/temple:
a) Altar of burnt offerings—the brazen altar (Exodus 27:1-8; Exodus 38:1-7)
b) Altar of incense—the golden altar (Exodus 30:1-10; Exodus 37:10-16; Exodus 39:38)
4. Christian altars (Matthew 5:23-24; Hebrews 13:10)
5. Heaven altar (Rev. 6:9; Rev. 8:3-5; Rev. 9:13; Rev. 14:18; Rev. 16:7; cp. Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 9:23)
6. Future Jewish altar (Rev. 11:1)
7. Millennial altar (Ezekiel 40:47; Ezekiel 41:22; Ezekiel 43:13-27; Ezekiel 45:19; Ezekiel 47:1)

GENESIS 8:22 WHILE THE EARTH REMAINETH…
Ten Things of the Noahic Covenant
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

Earth (Psalm 78:69; Psalm 104:5; Psalm 119:90; Eccles. 1:4; 2 Peter 3:13; Rev. 21-22)
All living creatures (Genesis 8:21; Genesis 9:10-16)
Seedtime, planting by men (Genesis 8:22)
Harvest, reaping by men (Genesis 8:22)
Cold (Genesis 8:22; Job 38:22-23,29)
Summer (Genesis 8:22; Psalm 74:17)
Winter (Genesis 8:22; Psalm 74:17)
Day (Genesis 8:22; Psalm 72:17; Psalm 89:29,36)
Night (Genesis 8:22; Psalm 89:29,37)
Generations of natural people (Genesis 8:22; Genesis 9:12,16)

Genesis 8:16 GO forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee.

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Post-Flood Changes




Thermal blanket gone
End of universal climate
Atmospheric pressure reduced 50%
Extended longevities now decline…
More oceans, less land

Genesis 9
1 And God blessed Noah and his
sons, and said unto them, Be
fruitful, and multiply, and
replenish the earth.
2 And the fear of you and the dread
of you shall be upon every beast
of the earth, and upon every fowl
of the air, upon all that moveth
[upon] the earth, and upon all the
fishes of the sea; into your hand
are they delivered.
3 Every moving thing that liveth shall
be meat for you; even as the
green herb have I given you all
things.
4 But flesh with the life thereof,
[which is] the blood thereof, shall
ye not eat.
5 And surely your blood of your lives
will I require; at the hand of every
beast will I require it, and at the
hand of man; at the hand of every
man's brother will I require the
life of man.
6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by
man shall his blood be shed: for in
the image of God made he man.
7 And you, be ye fruitful, and
multiply; bring forth abundantly
in the earth, and multiply therein.
8 ¶ And God spake unto Noah, and
to his sons with him, saying,
9 And I, behold, I establish my
covenant with you, and with your
seed after you;
10 And with every living creature
that [is] with you, of the fowl, of
the cattle, and of every beast of
the earth with you; from all that
go out of the ark, to every beast
of the earth.

11 And I will establish my covenant
with you; neither shall all flesh be
cut off any more by the waters of
a flood; neither shall there any
more be a flood to destroy the
earth.
12 And God said, This [is] the token
of the covenant which I make
between me and you and every
living creature that [is] with you,
for perpetual generations:
13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and
it shall be for a token of a
covenant between me and the
earth.
14 And it shall come to pass, when I
bring a cloud over the earth, that
the bow shall be seen in the
cloud:
15 And I will remember my
covenant, which [is] between me
and you and every living creature
of all flesh; and the waters shall
no more become a flood to
destroy all flesh.
16 And the bow shall be in the
cloud; and I will look upon it, that
I may remember the everlasting
covenant between God and every
living creature of all flesh that [is]
upon the earth.
17 And God said unto Noah, This [is]
the token of the covenant, which I
have established between me and
all flesh that [is] upon the earth.
18 ¶ And the sons of Noah, that
went forth of the ark, were Shem,
and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham
[is] the father of Canaan.

19 These [are] the three sons of
Noah: and of them was the whole
earth overspread.
20 And Noah began [to be] an
husbandman, and he planted a
vineyard:
21 And he drank of the wine, and
was drunken; and he was
uncovered within his tent.
22 And Ham, the father of Canaan,
saw the nakedness of his father,
and told his two brethren
without.
23 And Shem and Japheth took a
garment, and laid [it] upon both
their shoulders, and went
backward, and covered the
nakedness of their father; and
their faces [were] backward, and
they saw not their father's
nakedness.
24 And Noah awoke from his wine,
and knew what his younger son
had done unto him.
25 And he said, Cursed [be] Canaan;
a servant of servants shall he be
unto his brethren.
26 And he said, Blessed [be] the
LORD God of Shem; and Canaan
shall be his servant.
27 God shall enlarge Japheth, and he
shall dwell in the tents of Shem;
and Canaan shall be his servant.
28 ¶ And Noah lived after the flood
three hundred and fifty years.
29 And all the days of Noah were
nine hundred and fifty years: and
he died.

GENESIS 9:1 AND GOD BLESSED NOAH AND HIS SONS
In general, God blessed Noah and his sons, that is, he assured them of his good-will to them and his gracious
intentions concerning them. This follows from what he said in his heart. Note, All God’s promises of good flow from
Genesis 9:1 And God blessed Noah and his sons

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his purposes of love and the counsels of his own will. See Eph. 1:11; 3:11. and compare Jer. 29:11. I know the
thoughts that I think towards you. We read (Gen. 8:20) how Noah blessed God, by his altar and sacrifice. Now here
we find God blessing Noah. Note, God will graciously bless (that is, do well for) those who sincerely bless (that is,
speak well of) him. Those that are truly thankful for the mercies they have received take the readiest way to have
them confirmed and continued to them.

GENESIS 9:2 FEAR OF YOU AND THE DREAD OF YOU SHALL BE ON EVERY BEAST
And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air,
upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.
Genesis 9:2

The natural dominion of man over all creat ures
In this verse, God states the natural dominion of man over all creatures and is making a promise to Noah and his
descendants. God grants them power over the inferior creatures for their use and benefit. Man would have
dominion over them. In Gen 1:28 God gave dominion over the animals but it was in harmonic governance. By Gen
9, the change is that He will now instill a fear into the animals, and fallen man shall rule over them through their
fear and dread of man. Those creatures that are any way hurtful to us are restrained; so that though now and then
man may be hurt by some of them, yet they do not combine together to rise up in rebellion against man. If God had
not put a fear of man in all animals, they would have destroyed mankind long ago.
Have you ever pondered the thought that we can ride a horse and make it do our bidding using only our heels and a
bridle? Or that we can cause a bull to do our will, or an elephant to prance around on two legs? Or train a lion using
a chair? Or ride Killer whales at Sea World? These are huge animals who could stomp us in a second, yet they don't
(as a rule). Why not? They are restrained because of their fear and dread of us.
By the time Revelation 6:8 comes, the LORD will have taken away that fear and dread and the animals will rise up.

End time rebellion of the animal kingdom against man
And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And
power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with
death, and with the beasts of the earth. Revelation 6:8
Those creatures that are any way hurtful to us are restrained; so that though now and then man may be hurt by
some of them, yet they do not combine together to rise up in rebellion against man.
In Revelation 6 they will do exactly that!
God has cursed man with the plague of wild beasts before. In Lev. 26:22 "God said 'I will let loose among you the
beasts of the field, which will bereave you of your children and destroy your cattle and reduce your number so that
your roads lie deserted," and in Ezekiel 14:21 "For thus says the Lord GOD, "How much more when I send My four
severe judgments against Jerusalem: sword, famine, wild beasts and plague to cut off man and beast from it!"
How horrifying that the wild beasts should hunt us, attack, and do so in great number! You, dear reader, do not
have to be among the number killed by claws and teeth. Jesus made the only way. If you pray to Jesus to forgive
your sins and do so with sincere heart, believing He and only he can forgive them because of His work on the cross,
then you are saved; saved not only from the plague of beasts sure to come upon the world by the rapture before
tribulation, but also then a worse fate of an eternity in the lake of fire.
It will happen soon, do not delay, choose now. If you’d like to know more about this, please see the Your Greatest
Need page in Recon Center - http://reconcenter.com/index.php/reconcenter/ygn/

GENESIS 9:4 BLOOD THEREOF, SHALL YE NOT EAT LIFE IS IN THE BLOOD.
When God gave man a vegetable diet He retained the tree of knowledge to attest His own lordship and to remind Adam
of the conditions of his tenure. Now, with animal food permitted, He likewise retained a portion—the blood—to testify
that He alone is the giver of all life (Leviticus 3:17; Leviticus 7:26; Leviticus 17:10-14; Leviticus 19:26; Deut. 12:16,23; 1
Samuel 14:34).

GENESIS 9:10 WITH EVERY LIVING CREATURE THAT IS WITH YOU
There were four parties to the Noahic covenant:

God (Genesis 9:8-17)

Genesis 9:2 Fear of you and the dread of you shall be on every beast

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Noah (Genesis 9:8,11-16)
Noah's seed (Genesis 9:9) and
All living creatures (Genesis 9:10,12-17).

GENESIS 9:11 FLOOD NO MORE – THE POST FLOOD WORLD
A New Beginning
 New Order: not vegetarians anymore; capital punishment ordained; human government established
 Sinful man wiped out, but not sin
 Noah’s Prophecy: “May God enlarge Japheth, And may he dwell in the tents of Shem; And may Canaan be
his servant.”

By the waters of a flood
Twice the earth has been cursed by a universal flood (Genesis 1:2; Genesis 6:8-8:22; 2 Peter 3:6). Though the earth
will some day be renovated by fire, its inhabitants will not be destroyed (2 Peter 3:10-13).

Shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth
Further proof the flood was universal. There have been many local floods in all ages, but no universal flood since
Noah's time, nor will there ever be (Genesis 8:21-22; Genesis 9:11,15).

GENESIS 9:15 REMEMBER MY COVENANT – THE FIRST RAINBOW .
The “rainbow” is the token of a covenant. This commitment argues against a “local” flood. The rainbow was God’s
sign for peace with Him; it has been appropriated by the “New Agers” for their pagan purposes…
For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing
out of the water and in the water: Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: But
the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day
of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 2 Pet 3:5-7
Read the “fine print”: 2 Pet 3:3-7: next time by fire

GENESIS 9:20-21 NOAH DRUNK & UNCOVERED
First drunkenness on record.


“...and he was uncovered...”: Literally, he uncovered himself; indicates the personal guilt of the patriarch.
Intoxication tends to lead to sensuality; cf. the cases of Lot (Gen 19:33), Ahasuerus (Esther 1:10, 11),
Belshazzar (Dan 5:1-6).

Wine




Nothing wrong (Deut 25:4; 1 Cor 9:7); fermentation is a natural process
Beneficial (Judg 9:13; Ps 104:15; Prov 31:6; 1 Tim 5:23)
Symbol of blessings (Gen 27:28:37; Prov 9:2; Isa 25:6; Mt 26:28,29)
Blessed at Cana (Jn 2:9,10)
Drunkenness condemned (Prov 23:20; Isa 5:11, 22; Lk 21:34; Rom 13:13; 1 Cor 5:11; 6:10; Gal 5:21; Eph
5:18; 1 Thess 5:8)
There are special seasons when abstinence from this as well as other gratifications of a physical kind is a duty (cf.
Lev 10:9; Judg 13:4, 14; Ezek 44:21; Dan 1:5, 8, 16; Rom 14:21; 1 Cor 10:28), and it is competent to any Christian, for
the sake of his weaker brethren, or as a means of advancing his own spiritual life, or for the glory of God, to
renounce his liberty in respect of drinks—no intelligent person will doubt this. But that total abstinence is
imperatively required of everyone is neither asserted in Scripture nor was it taught by the example of Christ (Mt
11:19), and to enforce it upon Christian men as a term of communion is to impose on them a yoke of bondage
which Christ has not sanctioned, and to supplant Christian liberty by bodily asceticism.

GENESIS 9:22 SAW THE NAKEDNESS OF HIS FATHER
Breaking the law of parental authority. Other laws in Genesis are: monogamy (Genesis 16:1); adultery (Genesis
20:3-9); priesthood (Genesis 14:20; Genesis 28:22); agreements (Genesis 21:27); circumcision (Genesis 17:10);
hospitality (Genesis 18:1-8); fornication (Genesis 34:7); oaths (Genesis 21:23); birthright (Genesis 25:33); anointing
oil (Genesis 28:18); vows (Genesis 28:20); idolatry (Genesis 31:32-35); a brother's widow (Genesis 38:8); dowry
(Genesis 34:12); heirs (Genesis 15:1-6); concubines (Genesis 16:1-3); and robbery (Genesis 31:32).

Genesis 9:11 Flood no more – The Post Flood World

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“Saw Nakedness” Several views:

Rabbinical: Ham castrated Noah;
 This is based on the fact that the Bible describes what Ham did as “what his youngest son had
done to him” and that nothing else is said about Noah having more children.
Ham slept with his (step?)mother and Canaan was the offspring of that union;
 This view states that Ham was trying to usurp his father's authority by sleeping with his mother.
Perhaps that's why he told his brothers what he'd done, rather than keeping it a secret. This
reflects a pattern found elsewhere in the Old Testament, especially where sons resent fathers for
showing favor to siblings. For example, Jacob's son Reuben sought to undermine his (Jacob's)
favored half-brother Joseph by taking his father's concubine - for which he received a paternal
curse (see Gen 29:32; 35:22; 49:3-4). Likewise, Absalom resented the plans of his father, King
David, to give the throne to one of his younger half-brothers, Solomon. In response, Absalom
drove King David out of Jerusalem and then slept with his father's concubines - right in public - to
signify his seizure of royal power...'
Ham was involved in a homosexual attack.
 What we find is a drunken Noah who, before falling unconscious, removed his clothes and was
lying “uncovered inside his tent” (verse 21, NIV). According to Hebrew lexicons, the verb gālāh in
this particular case means “to expose oneself.” Nothing in the context suggests that Ham
uncovered his father.

Galah - to uncover, remove
 In Lev 18:6-19 all but one verse uses the causative form to indicate improper sexual behavior.
 However, Noah had already uncovered himself, (the reflexive form) in v. 21.
But the Hebrew expression here probably means what it says: Ham . . .saw his father’s nakedness(v. 22). He was
not involved with Noah sexually, for in that case the Hebrew would be translated “he uncovered (causative form of
galah) his father’s nakedness.” Instead Noah had already uncovered himself, and Ham saw him that way.
An attempt by Ham to assert leadership may have been involved, and Noah’s prophecy concerning the ultimate
subjection of Canaan’s descendants may have been a response… [What is also overlooked by many commentators
is the role of the rephaim among the tribes of Canaan.]
Noah’s oracle (vv. 25-27) showed that the natures of his three sons would be perpetuated in their descendants. In
all but one of the verses in Lev 18:6-19, Moses used the causative form of the verb galah to refer to the Canaanites’
(Ham’s descendants) “uncovering” another’s naked- ness (rendered in the NIV, “have sexual relations”). This
euphemism reports the actual licentious and repulsively immoral behavior of the descendants of Ham (cf. Lev 18:3).
Ham’s disposition toward moral abandon thus bore fruit in the immoral acts of his descendants, the Canaanites.

GENESIS 9:23 SAW NOT THEIR FATHER’S NAKEDNESS
But Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and went backward and covered the
nakedness of their father. Their faces were turned away, and they did not see their father’s nakedness. Genesis
9:23
What's puzzling about this narrative is the seeming redundancy in its last verse: "Their faces were turned backward,
and they saw not their father's nakedness." Isn't it obvious that – unless possessing eyes in the back of their heads –
if "their faces were turned backward," "they saw not their father's nakedness"?
Taking into account the Torah's calculated use of words, we can only conclude that the apparent surplus of words is
not, in fact, excessive, but is rather indicating something.
When a spiritual son happens to witness his father’s faults, ‘nakedness’, he needs to look the above scripture and
understand that he is called to cover. Shem and Japheth did not judge, the covered. The Lord will judge, but the son
in not to ‘see’ but to cover.
King’s David’s attitude with Saul is another example, where he says “

Genesis 9:23 saw not their father’s nakedness

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Then the men of David said to him, “This is the day of which the Lord said to you, ‘Behold, I will deliver your
enemy into your hand, that you may do to him as it seems good to you.’” And David arose and secretly cut off a
corner of Saul’s robe. Now it happened afterward that David’s heart troubled him because he had cut Saul’s robe.
And he said to his men, “The Lord forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the Lord’s anointed, to stretch
out my hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the Lord.” 1 Samuel 24: 4-6
It is also important to note that we tend to project our own issues, shortcomings, deficiencies, and insecurities onto
others, seeing in them exactly what we should rightfully be seeing, and working on, in ourselves.

GENESIS 9:26 BLESSED BE THE LORD GOD OF SHEM; AND CANAAN SHALL BE HIS SERVANT.


Prophecy that Shem would be a chosen race and have a peculiar relationship with God.
All divine revelation since Shem has come through his line.
Christ, after the flesh, descended from him (Genesis 10:21; Genesis 11:10; Luke 3:23-38).

Sixteen Examples of People Being Blessed
1) Adam and Eve (Genesis 1:22,28; Genesis 5:2)
2) Noah and sons (Genesis 9:1)
3) Abraham (Genesis 14:19; Genesis 24:1,35)
4) Ishmael (Genesis 17:20)
5) Isaac (Genesis 25:11; Genesis 26:12)
6) Jacob (Genesis 30:27; Genesis 35:9)
7) Laban (Genesis 30:30)
8) Potiphar (Genesis 39:5)
9) Israel (Deut. 2:7; Deut. 7:14; Deut. 12:7; Deut. 14:24; Deut. 15:14; Deut. 16:10; 2 Chron. 31:10)
10) Samson (Judges 13:24)
11) Obed-edom (2 Samuel 6:11; 1 Chron. 13:14)
12) Peulthai (1 Chron. 26:5)
13) Job (Job 42:12)
14) Solomon (Psalm 45:2)
15) Simon Peter (Matthew 16:17)
16) Paul and others (Ephes. 1:3)
Others were blessed by God in various ways, but the word "blessed" isn't used as in the above examples. The whole
human race is blessed by God with fruitful seasons, daily provision, continued preservation and help in innumerable
things. Even the most ungodly are permitted to live and enjoy the blessings of life. God seeks constantly by His
goodness to win them and bring them to repentance (Romans 2:4).

Genesis 9:26 Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

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Genesis 10
1 Now these [are] the generations of
the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and
Japheth: and unto them were sons
born after the flood.
2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and
Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and
Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz,
and Riphath, and Togarmah.
4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and
Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
5 By these were the isles of the
Gentiles divided in their lands;
every one after his tongue, after
their families, in their nations.
6 ¶ And the sons of Ham; Cush, and
Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
7 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and
Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah,
and Sabtecha: and the sons of
Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began
to be a mighty one in the earth.
9 He was a mighty hunter before the
LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as
Nimrod the mighty hunter before
the LORD.
10 And the beginning of his kingdom
was Babel, and Erech, and Accad,
and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
11 Out of that land went forth Asshur,
and builded Nineveh, and the city
Rehoboth, and Calah,

12 And Resen between Nineveh and
Calah: the same [is] a great city.
13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and
Anamim, and Lehabim, and
Naphtuhim,
14 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out
of whom came Philistim,) and
Caphtorim.
15 ¶ And Canaan begat Sidon his
firstborn, and Heth,
16 And the Jebusite, and the Amorite,
and the Girgasite,
17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and
the Sinite,
18 And the Arvadite, and the
Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and
afterward were the families of the
Canaanites spread abroad.
19 And the border of the Canaanites
was from Sidon, as thou comest to
Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest,
unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and
Admah, and Zeboim, even unto
Lasha.
20 These [are] the sons of Ham, after
their families, after their tongues,
in their countries, [and] in their
nations.
21 ¶ Unto Shem also, the father of all
the children of Eber, the brother of
Japheth the elder, even to him
were [children] born.

Genesis 9:26 Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

22 The children of Shem; Elam, and
Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud,
and Aram.
23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and
Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
24 And Arphaxad begat Salah; and
Salah begat Eber.
25 And unto Eber were born two
sons: the name of one [was] Peleg;
for in his days was the earth
divided; and his brother's name
[was] Joktan.
26 And Joktan begat Almodad, and
Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and
Jerah,
27 And Hadoram, and Uzal, and
Diklah,
28 And Obal, and Abimael, and
Sheba,
29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab:
all these [were] the sons of Joktan.
30 And their dwelling was from
Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar
a mount of the east.
31 These [are] the sons of Shem, after
their families, after their tongues,
in their lands, after their nations.
32 These [are] the families of the sons
of Noah, after their generations, in
their nations: and by these were
the nations divided in the earth
after the flood.

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GENESIS 10:1 NOW THESE ARE THE GENERATIONS OF THE SONS OF NOAH

Unto them were sons born after the flood
All races, colors and types of people came into being after the flood (Genesis 10:1-32; Genesis 17:20; Genesis
19:34-38; Genesis 25:1-34; Genesis 36:1-43).
The historian has not arranged this catalogue according to seniority of birth; for the account begins with the
descendants of Japheth, and the line of Ham is given before that of Shem though he is expressly said to be the
youngest or younger son of Noah; and Shem was the elder brother of Japheth (Gen 10:21), the true rendering of
that passage.
The genealogy of the non-elect is always placed before the chosen line: Cain before Seth (chs. 4–5), Ishmael before
Isaac (ch. 25), Esau before Jacob (chs. 36–37). The choice of Shem and the rejection of Ham has already been
intimated (9:25–27), and this is confirmed in this chapter.

GENESIS 10:2 JAPHETH
Japheth means "enlargement" or "extension." Indeed, his posterity spread over all the earth. Fourteen descendants
(seven sons and seven grandsons) are listed:

Gomer: (Herodotus, Plutarch, et al.): Cimmerians settled along theDanube and Rhine.
 Ashkenaz: Germany.
 Riphath:(Josephus: Paphlagonians; “Europe” from Riphath.)
 Togarmah: Armenians, Turkey, Turkestan
Magog:“Scythians” (Critical to understanding Ezek 38 & 39)
 Hesiod, Greek didactic poet, 8thcent. B.C.
 Herodotus, “The Father of History”, 5thcent. B.C.

Why does the Bible always use such “strange” names?
We force it to: we keep changing the name of things (Petrograd/St Petersburg/Leningrad/St Petersburg;
Byzantium/Constantinople/Istanbul; et al.); but we don’t change the names of our ancestors! Cf. Isaiah’s dilemma
re: Persian Empire 100 years before the fact: “Elam…
The descendants of Japheth, numbering 14, were given first. These were northern people, remote from Israel.
Gomer represented the Cimmerians, thought to be of the same stock as the Scythians. Magogwas the land of Gog,
between Armenia and Cappadocia (Ezek 38:2; 39:6). The name represented Scythian hordes southwest of the Black
Sea.
 Madai: Medes (Kurds)
 Emerged about 10th cent. B.C.; coalition with Persia (Elam), 7thcent B.C.
 Tubal: Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)
 Meshech: Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)


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Javan:Ionia; Greece
Tiras:Pelasgians of the Aegean; the Etruscans of Italy.

Madai represented the Medes east of Assyria and southwest of the Caspian Sea. Javan was the general word for the
Hellenic race, theIonians of western Asia Minor. Tubaland Meshechwere northern military states in Anatolia, (now
eastern Turkey). Tiras may refer to the seafaring Pelasgians of the Aegean coasts.

The Sons of Japeth
1) Gomer (Genesis 10:2-3; 1 Chron. 1:5-6), the progenitor of the ancient Galatians and Phrygians, from which
came the natives of northern Europe known as the Gauls and Celts, and in later times as the Germans,
French, Welsh, Irish, Britons and various other Anglo-Saxon races. These all came from the three sons of
Gomer—Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
2) Magog (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5), the progenitor of the Scythians and Tartars whose descendants are
predominant in modern Russia (Ezekiel 38:2; Ezekiel 39:6; Rev. 20:8). Magog was also a general name of
the country north of the Caucasus mountains which are between the Black and Caspian seas.
3) Madai (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5), progenitor of the ancient Medes, Persians, and perhaps the Hindus.
4) Javan (Genesis 10:2-4; 1 Chron. 1:5-7), the progenitor of the Greeks, Italians, Spaniards, Portuguese and
other nations through Elishah, Tarshish, and Dodanim (Genesis 10:4). See Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:13,19.
Kittim is identified with Cyprus and Mediterranean coasts (Genesis 10:4; Numbers 24:24; 1 Chron. 1:7;
Isaiah 23:1,12; Jeremiah 2:10; Ezekiel 27:6; Daniel 11:30).
5) Tubal (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5), progenitor of the Iberians, Georgians, Cappadocians, and other Asiatic
and European races.
6) Meshech (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5), the progenitor of Muscovite tribes that now inhabit Russia.
7) Tiras (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chron. 1:5), the progenitor of the Thracians and perhaps the Etruscans who migrated
to Italy.

GENESIS 10:5 ISLES
Maritime countries of the Mediterranean (Isaiah 42:4,10; Isaiah 49:1; Isaiah 66:19; Jeremiah 2:10; Ezekiel 27:37,15,35; Daniel 11:18).
Also “Isles of Gentiles”: a phrase by which the Hebrews described a countries which were accessible by sea (Is
11:11; 20:6; Jer 25:22).

GENESIS 10:6 THE SONS OF HAM
1) Cush (Genesis 10:6-12; 1 Chron. 1:8-10; Isaiah 11:11), progenitor of various Ethiopian tribes that settled
south of Egypt and also overran Arabia, Babylonia, and India.
2) Mizraim (Genesis 10:6,13-14; 1 Chron. 1:8-11), progenitor of various Egyptian tribes. Mizraim means
"double." Tribes of the double Egypt (upper and lower Egypt), called the land of Ham, came from him
(Psalm 78:51; Psalm 105:23-27; Psalm 106:22). The Philistines also came from Mizraim (Genesis 10:14).
3) Phut (Genesis 10:6; Ezekiel 27:10), progenitor of the Libyans and other tribes in northern Africa (Ezekiel
27:10; Ezekiel 30:5; Ezekiel 38:5; Jeremiah 46:9; Nahum 3:9).
4) Canaan (Genesis 10:6,15-19; Genesis 9:18-27; 1 Chron. 1:8-13), progenitor of peoples that settled mainly in
Palestine, Arabia, Tyre, Sidon, and other parts of the land promised to Abraham. These nations are often
mentioned in connection with Israel (Genesis 10:15-19; Genesis 15:18-21; Deut. 7:1-3; Joshua 12).

GENESIS 10:8 NIMROD
A shadow or a type of the last world ruler, the Antichrist who is yet to appear
 “Rebel”
 First “World Dictator”
 Founder of Babylon & Nineveh
Inserted in this table of nations is the story of Nimrod. This is the first “begot” (NIV, “was the father of”) section and
forms a major stylistic break from the tribal names preceding it. Attempts to identify or date Nimrod have proven
unsuccessful. Because his name seems to be connected with the verb “to rebel” (marad), tradition has identified
him with tyrannical power. He was the founder of the earliest imperial world powers in Babylon and Assyria.The
table simply presents him as a mighty hunter, a trait found commonly in Assyrian kings. He was founder of several
powerful cities. The centers he established became major enemies of Israel.
Genesis 10:5 Isles

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Alexander Hislop, in his book, The Two Babylons, gives the background of how Nimrod was responsible for the
Tower of Babel. It was he who attempted to bring together the human race after the Flood in an effort to get them
united into a nation of which he could become the great world ruler. He was the rebel, the founder of Babel, the
hunter of the souls of men. He was the lawless one, and he is a shadow or a type of the last world ruler, the
Antichrist who is yet to appear. The first great civilization, therefore, came out from the sons of Ham.
Nimrod comes from the Hebrew marad (HSN-4775), "to rebel." It points to some violent and open rebellion against
God. Nimrod began to be a mighty one in the earth by bold and daring deeds. His rebellion is associated with the
beginning of his kingdom and suggests that his hunting and mighty deeds were related primarily to hunting men by
tyranny and force. He lorded it over others, hunting and destroying all who opposed him in his despotic rule over
people. This is the meaning understood by Josephus and writers of the Targums. Josephus says that Nimrod
persuaded people to ascribe their happiness to him rather than God. He became a great leader, taught people to
centralize, and defied God to send another flood. It is said that Nimrod hunted down wild beasts also, which were
killing many people, and taught people to build walls around cities for protection against them.
The term "mighty hunter" (Genesis 10:9) could refer to a hunter of animals or of men to enslave them. Nimrod was
a hunter of both human beings and animals. The Hebrew gibbowr (HSN-1368), translated "mighty" here, means a
powerful warrior, tyrant, champion, giant, or strong one. It is used of giants who were renown for wickedness
(Genesis 6:4), and of other wicked men (Psalm 52:1-3; Psalm 120:4; Isaiah 5:22; Jeremiah 9:23). It could refer to
Nimrod as a tyrant and oppressive despot. He established the first kingdom and the first universal false religion
opposing God since the flood of Noah (see pt. 7, Mystery Babylon). This was done "before the Lord," that is, openly:
in the presence of God with all defiance. That is why God, when He came down to see Babel, took action to
counteract the rebellion of Nimrod (Genesis 11:1-9).

GENESIS 10:10 BEGINNING OF HIS KINGDOM WAS BABEL
This is the beginning of empires among human beings—not necessarily divine institutions guaranteeing law and
order, as ordained by God to Noah (Genesis 9), but the achievements of lawless tyrants who taught people to revolt
against divine laws and true authority. The story of Genesis 11 concerns events before this portion of Genesis 10
where eight great cities constitute the first two empires, Babylon and Assyria (Genesis 10:10-12).

GENESIS 10:21 SHEM
Shem, the second son of Noah, was perhaps mentioned last in the table of nations because his seed was to be the
important subject of the remainder of the book of Genesis as well as the remainder of the Old Testament, as the
line through whom the Messiah would come (Genesis 10:21-32; Genesis 9:26; Genesis 11:10-32; Luke 3:23-38;
Romans 9:4-5). The whole of Genesis 10 is parenthetical and an introduction to the story of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob,
and their seed. Chronologically it should follow Genesis 11:9, but its position here completes the story of Noah's
three sons of Genesis 9 before taking up the story of one son and his descendants in the rest of Genesis. People
were not divided as to tongues and nations until after the event of Genesis 11:1-9; hence, Genesis 10 gives the
earliest division of human beings after the confusion of tongues and before the division of the earth into continents
and islands which took place in the days of Peleg (Genesis 10:25).

GENESIS 10:22 THE SONS OF SHEM
1) Elam (Genesis 10:22; 1 Chron. 1:17), progenitor of the Elamites who settled near the Persian Gulf (Genesis
14:1,9; Isaiah 11:11; Isaiah 21:2; Isaiah 22:6; Jeremiah 25:25; Jeremiah 49:34-39; Ezekiel 32:24; Daniel 8:2).
2) Asshur (Genesis 10:11,22; 1 Chron. 1:17), progenitor of the Assyrians (Numbers 24:22-24; Ezekiel 27:23;
Ezekiel 32:22; Hosea 14:3).
3) Arphaxad (Genesis 10:22), progenitor of the Israelites, Arabians, Edomites, Moabites, Ammonites,
Ishmaelites, Midianites, and other tribes of Asia (Genesis 11:10-32; Genesis 17:20; Genesis 25:1-18;36).
4) Lud (Genesis 10:22), progenitor of the Lydians of Asia Minor, and the Ludim of Chaldea and Persia.
5) Aram (Genesis 10:22), progenitor of Aramaeans, later called Syrians.

GENESIS 10:25 FOR IN HIS DAYS WAS THE EARTH DIVIDED
This explains Peleg (HSN-6389). In his days the earth was divided into continents and islands, after the various
nations were scattered abroad on all the one land at the time of the divine judgment of Genesis 11:1-9.

Genesis 10:10 Beginning of his kingdom was Babel

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GENESIS 10: 32 THESE ARE THE FAMILIES OF THE SONS OF NOAH

70 Nations from Noah (Ham, Shem, and Japheth).
70 Families entered Egypt (Gen 46:10); bounds set (Deut
32:7,
These two are deliberately linked: “bounds of nations set.”

There is no nation but that of the Jews that can be confident from
which of these seventy fountains (for so many there are here) it
derives its streams. Through the want of early records, the
mixtures of people, the revolutions of nations, and distance of
time, the knowledge of the lineal descent of the present
inhabitants of the earth is lost; nor were any genealogies
preserved but those of the Jews, for the sake of the Messiah.

Genesis 10: 32 These are the families of the sons of Noah

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ACROSTIC CODE?
An acrostic is a poem or other form of writing in which the first letter, syllable or word of each line, paragraph or
other recurring feature in the text spells out a word or a message.
The first letter of each
consecutive Hebrew name
from Adam to Abraham (a
total of 19 names) reads, "I
will forgive my enemies,
showing compassion,
forgiving those made from
dust a second time."
Keep in mind that Hebrew
reads for right to left.
This is only to show the
hand of God in the writing
of the Holy Text, and not
for pursuit or doctrine.

Acrostic Code?

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Genesis 11
1 And the whole earth was of one
language, and of one speech.
2 And it came to pass, as they
journeyed from the east, that
they found a plain in the land of
Shinar; and they dwelt there.
3 And they said one to another, Go
to, let us make brick, and burn
them throughly. And they had
brick for stone, and slime had
they for morter.
4 And they said, Go to, let us build
us a city and a tower, whose top
[may reach] unto heaven; and let
us make us a name, lest we be
scattered abroad upon the face of
the whole earth.
5 And the LORD came down to see
the city and the tower, which the
children of men builded.
6 And the LORD said, Behold, the
people [is] one, and they have all
one language; and this they begin
to do: and now nothing will be
restrained from them, which they
have imagined to do.
7 Go to, let us go down, and there
confound their language, that
they may not understand one
another's speech.
8 So the LORD scattered them
abroad from thence upon the face
of all the earth: and they left off
to build the city.
9 Therefore is the name of it called
Babel; because the LORD did
there confound the language of
all the earth: and from thence did
the LORD scatter them abroad
upon the face of all the earth.

10 ¶ These [are] the generations of
Shem: Shem [was] an hundred
years old, and begat Arphaxad
two years after the flood:
11 And Shem lived after he begat
Arphaxad five hundred years, and
begat sons and daughters.
12 And Arphaxad lived five and
thirty years, and begat Salah:
13 And Arphaxad lived after he
begat Salah four hundred and
three years, and begat sons and
daughters.
14 And Salah lived thirty years, and
begat Eber:
15 And Salah lived after he begat
Eber four hundred and three
years, and begat sons and
daughters.
16 And Eber lived four and thirty
years, and begat Peleg:
17 And Eber lived after he begat
Peleg four hundred and thirty
years, and begat sons and
daughters.
18 And Peleg lived thirty years, and
begat Reu:
19 And Peleg lived after he begat
Reu two hundred and nine years,
and begat sons and daughters.
20 And Reu lived two and thirty
years, and begat Serug:
21 And Reu lived after he begat
Serug two hundred and seven
years, and begat sons and
daughters.
22 And Serug lived thirty years, and
begat Nahor:

23 And Serug lived after he begat
Nahor two hundred years, and
begat sons and daughters.
24 And Nahor lived nine and twenty
years, and begat Terah:
25 And Nahor lived after he begat
Terah an hundred and nineteen
years, and begat sons and
daughters.
26 And Terah lived seventy years,
and begat Abram, Nahor, and
Haran.
27 ¶ Now these [are] the
generations of Terah: Terah begat
Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and
Haran begat Lot.
28 And Haran died before his father
Terah in the land of his nativity, in
Ur of the Chaldees.
29 And Abram and Nahor took them
wives: the name of Abram's wife
[was] Sarai; and the name of
Nahor's
wife, Milcah, the
daughter of Haran, the father of
Milcah, and the father of Iscah.
30 But Sarai was barren; she [had]
no child.
31 And Terah took Abram his son,
and Lot the son of Haran his son's
son, and Sarai his daughter in law,
his son Abram's wife; and they
went forth with them from Ur of
the Chaldees, to go into the land
of Canaan; and they came unto
Haran, and dwelt there.
32 And the days of Terah were two
hundred and five years: and Terah
died in Haran.

GENESIS 11:1 ONE LANGUAGE
There are evidences that Hebrew was the original language of the whole earth. God used it to give His revelation of
the Old Testament to man; and Christ used it when speaking to Paul, although the apostle knew Greek well (Acts
21:40; Acts 22:2; Acts 26:14).

GENESIS 11:3 BRICK FOR STONE
To build, the people used brick instead of stone and tar instead of mortar. They used "man-made" materials,
instead of more durable "God-made" materials. The people were building a monument to themselves, to call
attention to their own abilities and achievements, instead of giving glory to God.

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GENESIS 11:4 MAY REACH
In most of your Bibles, you will find that may reach is italicized. This is because those word are not there in the
original Hebrew text. This means there is nothing in the text to suggest that its height was to be as high as heaven,
but rather, this tower was a spiritual portal of some sort, which obviously worked because God destroyed it.
The builders were supposed to have been giants who waged war with the gods. Nimrod himself is called "a mighty
one" and the giants in Genesis 6:4 are called "mighty men." These came from the fallen angels and daughters of
men after the flood (Genesis 6:4, notes).

GENESIS 11:4 THE TOWER OF BAB-EL



One Language: Hebrew.
Godless Confederacy: 1st World Dictator –Nimrod – (“We will rebel”).
Plain of Shinar: Bab-El “Tower to Heaven”: (astrological temple; zodiac corrupted).
Tale of Two Cities: Babylon (the City of Man) and Jerusalem (the City of God).

And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees’ excellency, shall be as when God overthrew
Sodom and Gomorrah. It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation:
neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there. Isaiah 13:19-20
Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell there, and the owls shall
dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to
generation. As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD; so shall no
man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein. Jeremiah 50:39-40

The Doom of Babylon



Destruction of Babylon (Isaiah 13, 14; Jeremiah 50, 51): “Never to be inhabited”; “Building materials never
reused”; “Like Sodom and Gomorrah.”
Fall of Babylon (539 B.C.): Without a battle; Became Alexander’s capital; Atrophied over the centuries;
Saddam Hussein took it upon himself to rebuild Babylon.
“Mystery Babylon?” (Revelation 17-18).
The destruction of Babylon predicted by both Isaiah and Jeremiah has never been fulfilled.

Genesis 11:4 may reach

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The Destruction of Babylon

Atrophy and Decay: The city subsequently underwent a gradual decay, even though the ruins remained occupied.
Documents on clay from a school for priests in the city continued at least until 100 A.D. Early in the first century
A.D. a colony of merchants from Palmyra brought brief prosperity, but they left about 75 A.D. (Garner, p 7-8.)
The city was visited by Trajan in 115 A.D. Babylon was first reported deserted by Septimus Severus 84 years later.
As recently as the 1800s the village of Hillah, containing over 10,000 inhabitants, stood on the site of ancient
Babylon.
In the late 19th century, the German archeologist Robert Koldewey conducted extensive studies at Babylon and the
four Arab villages situated on the site. Babylon had been inhabited for some time even before his arrival.
The great prophecies concerning the city of Babylon in Isaiah chapters 13 and 14 and Jeremiah 50 and 51 have
never been fulfilled. In Isaiah 13 and 14, the destruction of Babylon is predicted. In vigorous terms, Isaiah describes
how Babylon will be destroyed and then will never again be inhabited. This identifies the timeof the destruction as
that particular period known as the “Day of The Lord” that is mentioned throughout the scripture and is associated
with the final day of God’s vengeance. (Joel 2:10; Mal 4:5; Dan 12:1; Mt 24:21-22.) When God destroys Babylon, he
will destroy all the evil in the world.

Mystery Babylon: Revelation 17 & 18

The Great Whore(Rev 17):
 Rides the Beast with 7 heads, 10
horns
 Mother of Harlots and Abominations
 Drunk with the blood of the saints

Genesis 11:4 The Tower of Bab-El

Babylon the Great (City) in Rev 18:
 Kings
 Merchants
 Those that trade by sea

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The Two Women

GENESIS 11:4 LET US MAKE US A NAME
Five decisions:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Let us make brick (Genesis 11:3).
Let us burn them thoroughly (Genesis 11:3).
Let us build us a city (Genesis 11:4).
Let us build us a tower (Genesis 11:4).
Let us make us a name (Genesis 11:4).

The purpose was "lest we be scattered abroad," as God had planned (Genesis 11:4,9; Deut. 32:8; Acts 17:26).

GENESIS 11:6 NOTHING WILL BE RESTRAINED FROM THEM
And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now
nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Genesis 11:6
The amplified bible says it like this, “And the Lord said, Behold, they are one people and they have all one
language; and this is only the beginning of what they will do, and now nothing they have imagined they can do
will be impossible for them. So there is a whole lot of power in numbers of people being of the same mind, and
the same purpose.”
In building this tower the people left God out of the equation. They decided they were great and this tower was like
a monument to their own greatness. God seems to be saying here also that, with them all being of one mind they
can reach greater heights of power. That indeed nothing would be impossible to them. This is what the world is
coming back to. In every part of the world Governments are failing their own countries, their own people, on
purpose so that the world will have one government. So that there can be one world currency, as well.

GENESIS 11:7 GO TO, LET US GO DOWN, AND THERE CONFOUND THEIR LANGUAGE
God has split languages here, and in Acts chapter two, the disciples spoke in tongues which everyone there
understood. If nothing will be restrained from humans in our fallen state if we act as one, and God confounded the
language to keep the ungodly unity from forming again, then we need to understand that he gave us, born again
believers, the gift of tongues to unite us in one heavenly language. With that, and with us being the temple of the
living God, what is impossible for an undivided united church?

GENESIS 11:11 SHEM




Shem was the eleventh generation from Adam to Abraham.
Methuselah was contemporary with Adam for 243 years (Genesis 5:1-32);
Shem was contemporary with Methuselah for 97 years (Genesis 5:32; Genesis 11:10-11);
Abraham was contemporary with Shem for 150 years (Genesis 11:10-32); and
Jacob was contemporary with Abraham for 15 years.

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Information could be easily passed from Adam to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

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GENESIS 11:19 PELEG LIVED AFTER HE BEGAT REU TWO HUNDRED AND NINE YEARS
Human longevity gradually decreased. Before the flood men lived nearly 1,000 years (Genesis 5). The first
generations after that lived over 400 years (Genesis 11:10-17). Later generations lived 200-250 years (Genesis
11:18-32), and still later ones, 100-200 years (Genesis 23:1; Genesis 25:7,17; Genesis 35:28; Genesis 47:28; Genesis
50:22; Deut. 31:2; Deut. 34:7).

Genesis 11:19 Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred and nine years

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Genesis 12
1 Now the LORD had said unto
Abram, Get thee out of thy
country, and from thy kindred, and
from thy father's house, unto a
land that I will shew thee:
2 And I will make of thee a great
nation, and I will bless thee, and
make thy name great; and thou
shalt be a blessing:
3 And I will bless them that bless
thee, and curse him that curseth
thee: and in thee shall all families
of the earth be blessed.
4 So Abram departed, as the LORD
had spoken unto him; and Lot went
with him: and Abram [was] seventy
and five years old when he
departed out of Haran.
5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and
Lot his brother's son, and all their
substance that they had gathered,
and the souls that they had gotten
in Haran; and they went forth to go
into the land of Canaan; and into
the land of Canaan they came.
6 ¶ And Abram passed through the
land unto the place of Sichem,
unto the plain of Moreh. And the
Canaanite [was] then in the land.

7 And the LORD appeared unto
Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will
I give this land: and there builded
he an altar unto the LORD, who
appeared unto him.
8 And he removed from thence unto
a mountain on the east of Beth-el,
and pitched his tent, [having] Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east:
and there he builded an altar unto
the LORD, and called upon the
name of the LORD.
9 And Abram journeyed, going on still
toward the south.
10 ¶ And there was a famine in the
land: and Abram went down into
Egypt to sojourn there; for the
famine [was] grievous in the land.
11 And it came to pass, when he was
come near to enter into Egypt, that
he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold
now, I know that thou [art] a fair
woman to look upon:
12 Therefore it shall come to pass,
when the Egyptians shall see thee,
that they shall say, This [is] his
wife: and they will kill me, but they
will save thee alive.
13 Say, I pray thee, thou [art] my
sister: that it may be well with me
for thy sake; and my soul shall live
because of thee.

14 ¶ And it came to pass, that, when
Abram was come into Egypt, the
Egyptians beheld the woman that
she [was] very fair.
15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw
her, and commended her before
Pharaoh: and the woman was
taken into Pharaoh's house.
16 And he entreated Abram well for
her sake: and he had sheep, and
oxen, and he asses, and
menservants, and maidservants,
and she asses, and camels.
17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh
and his house with great plagues
because of Sarai Abram's wife.
18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and
said, What [is] this [that] thou hast
done unto me? why didst thou not
tell me that she [was] thy wife?
19 Why saidst thou, She [is] my
sister? so I might have taken her to
me to wife: now therefore behold
thy wife, take [her], and go thy
way.
20 And Pharaoh commanded [his]
men concerning him: and they sent
him away, and his wife, and all that
he had.

GENESIS 12:1 THE LORD HAD SAID UNTO ABRAM

Acts 7:2 reveals that God called Abram before he went to Haran. Joshua 24:2 says Terah and his family
were idolators prior to this. Terah took Abram and others into Canaan. Terah seems to have converted to
Abram's God and desired to flee idolatry and persecution. In this case Abram was not as disobedient as he
is generally pictured (cp. Genesis 12:4; Genesis 13:14; Genesis 31:53). In Genesis 12:1-3 God repeats His
call to Abram which was first given in Ur of the Chaldees (Acts 7:2).
It predicted that Abraham and his seed would be many and be blessed forever, and that all nations would
be blessed through Christ, the promised Seed. This is the third prophecy of Christ (Genesis 3:6-8,16).

Fourteen Commands to Abraham
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

Get out of your country (Genesis 12:1; Acts 7:2).
Leave your kindred (Genesis 12:1).
Leave your father's house (Genesis 12:1).
Go to a land I will show you (Genesis 12:1).
Arise, walk through the land (Genesis 13:17).
Make a sacrifice to Me (Genesis 15:9-12).

7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)

Walk before Me and be perfect (Genesis 17:1).
Keep My covenant (Genesis 17:9-14).
Circumcise all your males (Genesis 17:10-14).
Circumcise on the eighth day (Genesis 17:12).
Call your son's name Isaac (Genesis 17:19).
Obey your wife in this matter (Genesis 21:12).
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13) Offer Isaac as a sacrifice (Genesis 22:2).

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14) Lay not your hand upon Isaac (Genesis 22:12).

Forty-eight Promises to Abraham
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)
35)
36)
37)
38)
39)
40)
41)
42)
43)
44)
45)

I will show you the land (Genesis 12:1).
I will make of you a great nation (Genesis 12:2).
I will bless you (Genesis 12:2; Genesis 22:17).
I will make your name great (Genesis 12:2).
You will be a blessing (Genesis 12:2).
I will bless them that bless you (Genesis 12:3).
I will curse them that curse you (Genesis 12:3)
In you all nations will be blessed (Genesis 12:3; Genesis 22:18).
I will give this land to your seed forever (Genesis 12:7; Genesis 13:14-17; Genesis 15:18-21; Genesis 17:8)
I will make your seed as the dust in number (Genesis 13:16).
I am your shield (Genesis 15:1).
I am your great reward (Genesis 15:1).
Your own son shall be your heir (Genesis 15:2-4).
Your seed shall be as the stars in number (Genesis 15:5; Genesis 22:17).
Your seed shall be strangers and oppressed 400 years (Genesis 15:13).
I will punish their oppressors (Genesis 15:14).
I will bring your seed out of bondage (Genesis 15:14-16. Fulfilled, Exodus 12)
I will bless your seed with great material substance (Genesis 15:14).
You will die in peace (Genesis 15:15).
You will be buried in a good old age (Genesis 15:15).
I will make an eternal covenant with you (Genesis 17:4,7).
I will multiply you exceedingly (Genesis 17:2; Genesis 22:17).
You will be the father of many nations (Genesis 17:5-6).
I will make you exceedingly fruitful (Genesis 17:6).
Kings shall come from you (Genesis 17:6).
I will make a covenant with your seed eternally (Genesis 17:7).
I will be a God to you and your seed (Genesis 17:7-8).
I will bless your wife (Genesis 17:16).
I will give you a son from her (Genesis 17:16-19).
She shall be a mother of many nations (Genesis 17:16).
Kings shall come of her (Genesis 17:16).
I will establish My everlasting covenant with Isaac and his seed (Genesis 17:19-21).
I will bless Ishmael (Genesis 17:20).
I will make him fruitful (Genesis 17:20).
I will multiply him abundantly (Genesis 17:20).
He shall beget twelve princes (Genesis 17:20).
I will make him a great nation (Genesis 17:20).
Sarah shall have a son next year (Genesis 17:21; Genesis 18:10,14).
I will not destroy Sodom if I find fifty righteous people (Genesis 18:26).
I will not destroy the city if I find forty-five righteous people (Genesis 18:28).
I will not destroy it if I find forty righteous people (Genesis 18:29).
I will not destroy it if I find thirty righteous people (Genesis 18:30).
I will not destroy it if I find twenty righteous people (Genesis 18:31).
I will not destroy it if I find ten righteous people (Genesis 18:32).
In Isaac shall your seed be called (Genesis 21:12).

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46) I will multiply your seed as the sand in number (Genesis 22:17).
47) Your seed shall be the victor over their enemies (Genesis 22:17).
48) In your seed shall all nations be blessed (Genesis 22:18).

GENESIS 12:2 THOU SHALT BE A BLESSING
This has been fulfilled many times and will be eternally fulfilled in the Millennium and New Earth.

The Abrahamic Covenant

God’s contract is still intact. Nations will be judged (Matthew 25:31-46).
It foresees the blessing of the family of the entire earth (Galatians 3:8) before the Throne of God (Rev 5:9).

The Covenant
A covenant is an agreement between two parties. There are two types of covenants: conditional and unconditional.
A conditional or bilateral covenant is an agreement that is binding on both parties for its fulfillment. Both parties
agree to fulfill certain conditions. If either party fails to meet their responsibilities, the covenant is broken and
neither party has to fulfill the expectations of the covenant. An unconditional or unilateral covenant is an
agreement between two parties, but only one of the two parties has to do something. Nothing is required of the
other party.
Unconditional Abrahamic Covenant
The Abrahamic Covenant is an unconditional covenant. God made promises to Abraham that required nothing of
Abraham. Genesis 15:18-21 describes a part of the Abrahamic Covenant, specifically dealing with the dimensions of
the land God promised to Abraham and his descendants.
The actual Abrahamic Covenant is found in Genesis 12:1-3. The ceremony recorded in Genesis 15 indicates the
unconditional nature of the covenant. The only time that both parties of a covenant would pass between the pieces
of animals was when the fulfillment of the covenant was dependent upon both parties keeping commitments.
Concerning the significance of God alone moving between the halves of the animals, it is to be noted that it is a
smoking furnace and a flaming torch, representing God, not Abraham, which passed between the pieces. Such an
act, it would seem, should be shared by both parties, but in this case it is doubtless to be explained by the fact that
the covenant is principally a promise by God. He is the one who binds Himself. God caused a sleep to fall upon
Abraham so that he would not be able to pass between the two halves of the animals. Fulfillment of the covenant
fell to God alone.
God determined to call out a special people for Himself through whom He would bring blessing to all the nations.
The Abrahamic Covenant is paramount to a proper understanding of the kingdom concept and is foundational to
Old Testament theology.
1) The Abrahamic Covenant is described in Genesis 12:1–3 and is an unconditional covenant. There are no
conditions attached to it (no “if” clauses, suggesting its fulfillment is dependent on man).
2) It is also a literal covenant in which the promises should be understood literally. The land that is promised
should be understood in its literal or normal interpretation—it is not a figure of heaven.
3) It is also an everlasting covenant. The promises that God made to Israel are eternal.
Three main features to the Abrahamic Covenant:
1) The promise of land (Genesis 12:1). God called Abraham from Ur of the Chaldees to a land that He would
give him (Genesis 12:1). This promise is reiterated in Genesis 13:14–18 where it is confirmed by a shoe
covenant; its dimensions are given in Genesis 15:18–21 (precluding any notion of this being fulfilled in
heaven). The land aspect of the Abrahamic Covenant is also expanded in Deuteronomy 30:1–10, which is
the Palestinian Covenant.
2) The promise of descendants (Genesis 12:2). God promised Abraham that He would make a great nation out
of him. Abraham, who was 75 years old and childless (Genesis 12:4), was promised many descendants. This
promise is amplified in Genesis 17:6 where God promised that nations and kings would descend from the
aged patriarch. This promise (which is expanded in the Davidic Covenant of 2 Samuel 7:12–16) would
eventuate in the Davidic throne with Messiah’s kingdom rule over the Hebrew people.
3) The promise of blessing and redemption (Genesis 12:3). God promised to bless Abraham and the families
of the earth through him. This promise is amplified in the New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31–34; cf. Hebrews
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8:6–13) and has to do with “Israel’s spiritual blessing and redemption.” Jeremiah 31:34 anticipates the
forgiveness of sin. The unconditional and eternal nature of the covenant is seen in that the covenant is
reaffirmed to Isaac (Genesis 21:12; 26:3–4). The “I will” promises suggest the unconditional aspect of the
covenant. The covenant is further confirmed to Jacob (Genesis 28:14–15). It is noteworthy that God
reaffirmed these promises amid the sins of the patriarchs, which fact further emphasizes the unconditional
nature of the Abrahamic Covenant.
God’s method of fulfilling the Abrahamic Covenant is literal, inasmuch as God partially fulfilled the covenant in
history: God blessed Abraham by giving him the land (Genesis 13:14–17); God blessed him spiritually (Genesis 13:8,
18; 14:22, 23; 21:22); God gave him numerous descendants (Genesis 22:17; 49:3–28). The important element of the
Abrahamic Covenant, however, demands a future fulfillment with Messiah’s kingdom rule:
1) Israel as a nation will possess the land in the future. Numerous Old Testament passages anticipate the
future blessing of Israel and her possession of the land as promised to Abraham. Ezekiel envisions a future
day when Israel is restored to the land (Ezekiel 20:33–37, 40–42; 36:1–37:28).
2) Israel as a nation will be converted, forgiven, and restored (Romans 11:25–27).
3) Israel will repent and receive the forgiveness of God in the future (Zechariah 12:10–14). The Abrahamic
Covenant finds its ultimate fulfillment in connection with the return of Messiah to rescue and bless His
people Israel. It is through the nation Israel that God promised in Genesis 12:1–3 to bless the nations of the
world. That ultimate blessing will issue in the forgiveness of sins and Messiah’s glorious kingdom reign on
earth.

Fifteen Great Covenants of Scripture
1) Solaric (Genesis 1:14-18; Genesis 8:22; Psalm 89:34-37; Jeremiah 31:35-37; Jeremiah 33:19-26). This
covenant was made between God and man. In addition to eternal seasons of fruitfulness it promised that
man would continue forever—as long as the solar system endures. In this connection definite promises
were made to Noah, David, and others as seen in scriptures above.
2) Edenic (Genesis 1:26-3:24). This was made with Adam and Eve before the fall and was conditional upon
obedience (Genesis 2:17). The terms of the covenant were:
1) Be fruitful, not sterile (Genesis 1:28).
2) Multiply, increase human kind (Genesis 1:28).
3) Replenish the earth with people, as when Lucifer ruled (Genesis 1:28).
4) Subdue the earth (Genesis 1:28).
5) Rule all God's works (Genesis 1:28; Psalm 8).
6) Till the ground and be a partaker of the garden (Genesis 2:15).
7) Protect your dominion from enemies (Genesis 2:15).
8) Freely eat of all things except the tree of knowledge (Genesis 1:29-30).
9) Refrain from eating of the tree of knowledge (Genesis 2:16-17).
10) Fear the penalty for sin (Genesis 2:17).
3) Adamic (Genesis 3:14-19). This agreement was made with Adam and Eve after the fall and before the
expulsion from the garden. It ushered in the Dispensation of Conscience. The covenant consisted of two
parts:
1) The fivefold curse on:
i. The serpent (Genesis 3:14,15; Isaiah 65:25)
ii. Satan (Genesis 3:15; John 12:31; Col. 2:14-17; Hebrews 2:14-18)
iii. The woman (Genesis 3:16; 1 Cor. 11:3; 1 Cor. 14:34; 1 Tim. 2:11-15)
iv. The man (Genesis 3:17-19; Psalm 90:9,10; Romans 5:12-21)
v. The ground (Genesis 3:17-19; Romans 8:18-23)
2) The promise in Genesis 3:15. This included redemption and the removal of the curse (Romans
8:18-23; Rev. 22:3).
4) Cainic (Genesis 4:11-15). This was a pledge to Cain of vengeance on anyone who found him and killed him.
5) Noahic (Genesis 8:20-9:29). This contract was made with Noah and the beasts of the field after the flood
and ushered in the Dispensation of Human Government. The terms of the covenant were:
1) God would not curse the ground or living creatures any more "while the earth remaineth" (Genesis
8:22; Genesis 9:12,16)
2) Man should replenish the earth forever (Genesis 9:1,12,16).
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6)

7)

8)

9)

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3) Man should rule the earth (Genesis 9:2,3).
4) Animals should be eaten, but not the blood (Genesis 9:3,4)
5) There should be capital punishment for murderers (Genesis 9:5,6; Numbers 35)
6) The rainbow should be a sign of the covenant (Genesis 9:12-17).
7) The covenant would be eternal (Genesis 9:12,16).
Abrahamic (Genesis 12:1-3). This was made with Abraham after the confusion of tongues when God saw
that it was impossible to deal with the race as a whole. It ushered in the Dispensation of Promise (Genesis
13:14-18; Genesis 15:1-21; Genesis 17:4-8; Genesis 22:15-18; Genesis 26:1-5; Genesis 28:3,10-15). The
covenant consisted of two parts:
1) The sevenfold promise:
i. "I will make of thee a great nation" (Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 13:16; Genesis 17:18-20;
Genesis 24:34,35; Galatians 3)
ii. "Make thy name great" (Genesis 12:1-3; Exodus 2:24,25; Exodus 6:3-8)
iii. "Thou shalt be a blessing" (Genesis 12:1-3; Galatians 3:13,14)
iv. "I will bless them that bless thee" (Genesis 12:1-3; Matthew 25:31-46)
v. "I will bless thee" (Genesis 13:14-18; Genesis 15:18-21; Galatians 3)
vi. "I will curse them that curse thee" (Zech. 14; Matthew 25:31-46)
vii. "In thee shall all the nations of the world be blessed" (Deut. 28:8-14; Isaiah 60:3-5; Isaiah
66:18-21; John 8:56-58; Galatians 3:16)
2) The sign of the covenant: circumcision (Genesis 17:1-21; Isaiah 24:5)
Hagaric (Genesis 16:7-14). This was a covenant made with Hagar concerning her seed through Ishmael,
Abraham's son. It concerned many generations and was in three parts:
1) Commands:
i. Return, submit to Sarah (Genesis 16:9)
ii. Call her son Ishmael, meaning "God shall hear" (Genesis 16:11)
2) Promises:
i. Seed to be multiplied beyond number (Genesis 16:10; Genesis 17:20-22)
ii. Ishmael to be blessed and become a great nation (Genesis 17:20; Genesis 21:17-18)
iii. Ishmael to beget twelve princes (Genesis 17:20; Genesis 25:12-18)
3) Prophetic revelation:
i. Ishmael to be a wild man (Genesis 16:12)
ii. His hand to be against every man (Genesis 16:12)
iii. Every man's hand to be against him (Genesis 16:12)
iv. Ishmael to dwell in the presence of his brethren (Genesis 16:12)
Sarahic (Genesis 17:15-19; Genesis 18:9-15). This covenant was made with Sarah and promised certain
blessings to her and her offspring Isaac for many generations. It was in two parts:
1) Commands:
i. Change her name from Sarai to Sarah, meaning "princess" (Genesis 17:15)
ii. Call her son Isaac (Genesis 17:19)
2) Promises:
i. To be blessed with a son (Genesis 17:16-19; Genesis 18:10-15)
ii. To be made a mother of nations (Genesis 17:16)
iii. To become a mother of many kings (Genesis 17:16)
iv. Abrahamic covenant to be continued with Isaac (Genesis 17:19)
v. Abrahamic covenant to be continued with Isaac's seed forever (Genesis 17:19)
Healing (Exodus 15:26; Exodus 23:25). This was made with Israel and all who desired or chose to come
under the covenant of God as given to Moses. It was in two parts:
1) Commands:
i. Diligently hearken to God's voice (Exodus 15:26; Leviticus 26:14-15)
ii. Do that which is right in His sight (Exodus 15:26)
iii. Give ear to His commandments (Exodus 15:26)
iv. Keep all His statutes (Exodus 15:26; Leviticus 26:3,14-15)
v. Serve the Lord (Exodus 23:25)
2) Promises:

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10)
11)

12)

13)

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i. "I will put none of these diseases upon thee" (Exodus 15:26)
ii. "I am the Lord that healeth thee" (Exodus 15:26)
iii. "I will take away sickness from the midst of thee" (Exodus 23:25)
This covenant was made a part of the new covenant, for Christ "took our infirmities and bare our
sicknesses" (Isaiah 53; Matthew 8:17; 1 Peter 2:24).
Mosaic or old covenant; also called the Old Testament (Exodus 20:1-24:8; 2 Cor. 3:6-18). See Eighty-five
Old and New Covenant Contrasts.
Levitic (Numbers 25:10-14). This was given through Moses to Phinehas, the son of Levi, who was zealous
for the Lord and executed judgment upon rebels (Numbers 25:1-9). It consisted of two great promises:
1) Peace and blessing to Levi's house (Numbers 25:12)
2) An everlasting priesthood (Numbers 25:13)
Palestinian (Leviticus 26; Deut. 11:8-32; Deut. 27:1-30:20). This covenant was made with Israel through
Moses and was conditioned upon the obedience of the nation. There were seven parts:
1) Dispersion for disobedience (Deut. 28:63-68; Deut. 30:1)
2) Repentance while in dispersion (Deut. 30:2; Zech. 12:10-14)
3) The return of the Lord (Deut. 30:3; Zech. 14; Acts 15:14-17)
4) Restoration in the land (Deut. 30:5; Isaiah 11:1-12; Ezekiel 37; Matthew 24:31)
5) National conversion (Deut. 30:6; Isaiah 66; Zech. 12:10-13; Romans 11:26)
6) Judgment of Israel's oppressors (Deut. 30:7; Zech. 14; Matthew 25:31-46)
7) National prosperity (Deut. 30:9-10; Romans 11)
Salt (Leviticus 2:13; Numbers 18:19). A covenant made with Israel concerning the sacrifices they were to
offer forever. See usage of salt in Mark 9:49,50; and Col. 4:6. In Palestine and surrounding countries salt
was used in making covenants. If people dined together on food with salt in it, they became friends,
though they may have been enemies before. The Arab expression, "There is salt between us," or "He has
eaten of my salt," means partaking of the hospitality which cements friendship. Covenants were generally
confirmed at sacrificial meals and salt was always present. The covenant of salt pictured the everlasting
friendship between God and His people (Numbers 18:19).
Davidic (2 Samuel 7:1-17). This agreement was made with David and his house through Nathan the
prophet, and was conditioned upon obedience as all other covenants. It was to be an everlasting covenant,
containing seven blessings:
1) A Davidic house forever (2 Samuel 7:13-16; Psalm 89:20-37; Luke 1:32-35)
2) A Davidic throne forever (2 Samuel 7:12-16; Isaiah 9:6,7; Luke 1:32-35)
3) A Davidic kingdom forever (2 Samuel 7:12-16; Isaiah 9:6,7; Luke 1:32-35)
4) A sure land for Israel forever (Genesis 17; 2 Samuel 7:10)
5) No more affliction from the nations forever (Deut. 28:1-30:10; 2 Samuel 7:10)
6) The Fatherly care of God forever (2 Samuel 7:14; 2 Cor. 6:15-18)
7) An eternal covenant (2 Samuel 7:10-16; Isaiah 9:6,7; Luke 1:32,33)
New covenant (Matthew 26:28; 2 Cor. 3:6-18). This is the one made by Christ (Hebrews 8:6). It is still in
force and includes all the terms, conditions, commands, promises and benefits revealed in the twentyseven books of the New Testament See Eighty-five Old and New Covenant Contrasts.

Eighty-five Old Covenant and New Covenant Contrasts
1.

Old Testament (2 Cor. 3:14)

New Testament (2 Cor. 3:6)

2.

First covenant (Hebrews 8:7; Hebrews 9:1)

Second covenant (Hebrews 8:7; Hebrews 10:1-9)

3.

Came by Moses (John 1:17)

Came by Christ (Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15)

4.

Law of Moses (Acts 13:38-39)

Law of Christ (Galatians 6:2)

5.

Law of sin (Romans 7:23; Romans 8:2)

Law of righteousness (Romans 9:31)

6.

Law of the flesh (Romans 7:5-6)

Law of the Spirit (Romans 8:2)

7.

Not of faith (Galatians 3:12)

Law of faith (Romans 3:27)

8.

Yoke of bondage (Galatians 5:1)

Law of liberty (James 1:25)

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9.

Ended by Christ (Romans 10:4)

Started by Christ (Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 10:9)

10.

Brought death (2 Cor. 3:7)

Brought life (Romans 8:2; Galatians 3)

11.

Makes guilty (2 Cor. 3:9)

Makes free (Galatians 5:1; John 8)

12.

A shadow (Col. 2:14-17)

The reality (Hebrews 10:1-18)

13.

Fulfilled (Matthew 5:17-18)

Now in force (Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 10:9)

14.

Demands righteousness (Luke 10:28)

Gives righteousness (John 1:17; John 3:16)

15.

Makes imperfect (Hebrews 7:19)

Makes perfect (Hebrews 7:19)

16.

Glorious (2 Cor. 3:7)

More glorious (2 Cor. 3:8-10)

17.

Powerless to save (Hebrews 9:9; 10:4)

Saves to uttermost (Hebrews 7:25)

18.

Many sacrifices (Hebrews 9:12-13)

One sacrifice (Hebrews 10:12)

19.

Temporary priest (Hebrews 7:23)

Eternal priest (Hebrews 7:17)

20.

Remembers sins (Hebrews 10:3)

Forgets sins (Hebrews 8:12; Hebrews 10:17)

21.

Yearly atonement (Hebrews 10:3)

Eternal atonement (Hebrews 10:14)

22.

Sinful ministry (Hebrews 5:1-4)

Sinless ministry (Hebrews 7:26)

23.

Aaronic priesthood (Hebrews 7:11)

Melchisedek (Hebrews 5:5-10; Hebrews 7:21)

24.

Of Levi (Hebrews 7:11)

Of Judah (Hebrews 7:14)

25.

Animal sacrifices (Hebrews 9:12)

Human sacrifice (Hebrews 9:14-28)

26.

Earthly tabernacle (Hebrews 9:2)

Heavenly tabernacle (Hebrews 8:2)

27.

Sinful mediator (Galatians 3:19)

Sinless mediator (1 Tim. 2:5)

28.

No inheritance (Romans 4:13)

Eternal inheritance (Hebrews 9:15)

29.

Ratified by animal blood (Hebrews 9:16-22)

Ratified by the blood of Christ (Matthew 26:28)

30.

Law of works (Romans 3:26-31)

Law of grace (John 1:17)

31.

Works wrath (Romans 4:15)

Saves from wrath (Romans 5:9)

32.

Could not redeem (Hebrews 10:4)

Redeems (Galatians 3:13; Hebrews 9:12-15)

33.

Could not satisfy (Isaiah 1:13-14)

Does satisfy God (Hebrews 10:15-18)

34.

No miracle power (Hebrews 7:18)

Miracles (Galatians 3:1-5; John 14:12)

35.

Abolishment predicted (Hosea 2:11)

Establishment predicted (Hebrews 8:7)

36.

Circumcision (Exodus 12:48)

No circumcision (Romans 4:9-25)

37.

Made to change (Hebrews 9; Galatians 3)

Made eternal (Hebrews 13:20)

38.

Faulty (Hebrews 8:7)

Perfect (James 1:25)

39.

Weak (Hebrews 7:18)

Strong (Hebrews 7:25)

40.

Unprofitable (Hebrews 7:18)

Profitable (Hebrews 7:19,25)

41.

Natural program (Hebrews 9:10-13)

Spiritual program (2 Cor. 3:6,13)

42.

Daily program (Hebrews 7:27)

Finished program (Hebrews 10:10-18)

43.

Weak priests (Hebrews 5:2; Hebrews 7:28)

Perfect priest (Hebrews 7:26)

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44.

Priests by law (Hebrews 7:28)

Priest by an oath (Hebrews 7:21,28)

45.

No salvation (Hebrews 10:2-4)

Eternal salvation (Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 10:10)

46.

Self-honored (Hebrews 5:4)

God-honored priest (Hebrews 5:5)

47.

Nothing perfect (Hebrews 7:19)

Makes perfect (Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 10:14)

48.

No intercessors (Isaiah 59:16)

Two intercessors (Romans 8:26,34; Hebrews 7:25)

49.

Costly program (Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 9:9)

Free for all (Ephes. 2:8; Rev. 22:17)

50.

Earthly agents (Hebrews 5:1-4)

Heavenly agent (Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 10:12)

51.

Monotonous failure (Hebrews 10:11)

Glorious success (Hebrews 10:10-18)

52.

No personal access to God (Hebrews 9:7)

Personal access to God (Hebrews 4:14-16; 10:19)

53.

Many offerings (Hebrews 9:12-13)

One offering (Hebrews 10:10-14)

54.

Good promises (Deut. 28:1-14)

Better promises (Hebrews 8:6)

55.

A good covenant (Romans 7:12)

A better covenant (Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 8:6)

56.

Many priests (Hebrews 7:23)

One priest (Hebrews 7:24-28)

57.

Many sufferings (Hebrews 9:12-13)

One suffering (Hebrews 9:26; Hebrews 10:14)

58.

Present things (Hebrews 9:9)

Things to come (Hebrews 10:1)

59.

Typical tabernacle (Hebrews 9)

True tabernacle (Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:11)

60.

Dead works (Hebrews 9:14)

Living service (Hebrews 9:14)

61.

Made at Sinai (Galatians 4:24)

Made at Calvary (Matthew 26:28)

62.

No mercy (Hebrews 10:28)

Complete mercy (Hebrews 8:12)

63.

Handmade things (Hebrews 9:1-5,24)

Not handmade (Hebrews 9:23-24)

64.

Given by angels (Galatians 3:19)

By the Holy Spirit (Hebrews 10:15-18)

65.

An old way (Hebrews 8:13)

New and living way (Hebrews 10:19-20)

66.

Helpless ministers (Hebrews 7:18)

Able ministers (2 Cor. 3:6)

67.

Carnal ministry (Hebrews 9:9-10)

Spiritual ministry (2 Cor. 3:6)

68.

Ministration of (2 Cor. 3:6,8)

Ministration of Spirit and life (2 Cor. 3:7)

69.

Ministration of condemnation (2 Cor. 3:9)

Ministration of righteousness (2 Cor. 3:9)

70.

Glory covered (2 Cor. 3:13)

Glory uncovered (1 Cor. 18)

71.

Brings bondage (Galatians 4:24-25)

Brings liberty (2 Cor. 3:17)

72.

Cannot justify (Galatians 2:16)

Can justify (Acts 13:38-39)

73.

Brings a curse (Galatians 3:10)

Redeems from it (Galatians 3:13)

74.

Live by works (Galatians 3:10)

Live by faith (Galatians 3:11)

75.

Cannot give life (Galatians 3:21)

Can give life (John 6:63-68)

76.

Exposes sin (Galatians 3:19)

Covers sin (Romans 4:1-8)

77.

Under law (Romans 6:14-15)

Under grace (Galatians 3:22-25)

78.

Engenders persecution (Galatians 4:29)

Engenders tolerance (1 Cor. 13)

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79.

Done away (2 Cor. 3:7-14)

Not done away (2 Cor. 3:11)

80.

Abolished (2 Cor. 3:13)

Remains (2 Cor. 3:11)

81.

Cast out (Galatians 4:30)

Not cast out (Hebrews 8:6)

82.

Taken away (Hebrews 10:9)

Not taken away (Hebrews 10:9)

83.

Blotted out (Col. 2:14-17)

Not blotted out (Hebrews 8:6)

84.

Not by an oath (Hebrews 7:20-21)

Made by an oath (Hebrews 7:20-21)

85.

For Israel only (Deut. 4:7-8; Deut. 5:3)

For all people (Matthew 26:28)

GENESIS 12:3 I WILL BLESS THEM THAT BLESS THEE, AND CURSE HIM THAT CURSETH THEE
The only place where this statement is found. If we bless Israel, the Lord will bless us, if we curse Israel, the Lord
will curse us.

Anti Semitism
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism) is suspicion of, hatred toward, or discrimination against
Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage. In a 2005 U.S. governmental report, antisemitism is defined as
"hatred toward Jews—individually and as a group—that can be attributed to the Jewish religion and/or ethnicity."
When God first called Abraham to be the head of His chosen earthly people, He promised to bless the friends of
that nation and to curse its enemies. In the intervening centuries the Jewish people have suffered untold hostility
and discrimination, but the curse of God has never been lifted on anti-Semitism.
Haman plotted the destruction of the Jewish people in Persia. He inveigled the king into signing an unalterable
decree. For a while everything seemed to be moving in his favor. But then snags developed. The arch-conspirator
staggered from disappointment to failure till finally he was hanged on the gallows he had built for Mordecai, the
Jew.
Failing to learn from history, Adolph Hitler was doomed to relive it. He inaugurated a vicious program to wipe out
the Jews with his concentration camps, gas chambers, ovens, mass shootings. It seemed that nothing could stop
him. But then the tide turned and he died ignominiously with his mistress in a Berlin bunker.
Anti-Semitism will reach its most horrendous climax during the Great Tribulation. The Jews will be delivered up to
be afflicted and killed; they will be hated by all the Gentile nations. Vast numbers will be massacred. But the
pogrom will be interrupted by the personal advent of the Lord Jesus Christ. Those who have persecuted His people
will be destroyed; those who have befriended Christ’s Jewish brethren will enter the Kingdom.
No true believer should ever allow his soul to be tainted with a trace of anti-Semitism. His Lord, his Savior, his best
and truest Friend was and is a Jew. God used the Jewish people to give and preserve the Scriptures. Although God
has temporarily set aside the nation because of its rejection of the Messiah, He still loves Israel for the Fathers’
sake. No one who hates the Jews can expect the blessing of God on his life and service.

Ten Major Events Relating to Israel’s Covenant Land
I got the following information as an email many years ago. The historical accounts are, for the most part,
accurate. What is left is the question of what do they mean? Is it not obvious that those who move against Israel
will face the wrath of God Himself? Read and discern.
1) October 30,1991: The Perfect Storm—As President George H. W. Bush is opening the Madrid (Spain)
Conference to consider “land for peace” in Israel’s Middle East role, the “perfect storm” develops in the
North Atlantic, creating the largest waves ever recorded in that region. The storm travels 1000 miles from
“east to west” instead of the normal “west to east” pattern and crashes into the New England Coast.
Thirty-five foot waves crash into the Kennebunkport home of President Bush.
2) August 23, 1992: Hurricane Andrew—When the Madrid Conference moves to Washington DC and the
peace talks resume, Hurricane Andrew, the worst natural disaster ever to hit America, comes ashore and
produces an estimated $30 billion in damage and leaving 180,000 homeless in Florida.
3) January 16, 1994: Northridge Earthquake—President Bill Clinton meets with Syria's President Hafez
el-Assad in Geneva. They talk about a peace agreement with Israel that includes giving up the Golan
Genesis 12:3 I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee

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5)

6)

7)

8)

9)

10)

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Heights.
Within 24 hours, a powerful 6.9 earthquake rocks Southern California, This quake, centered in Northridge,
becomes the second most destructive natural disaster to hit the United States, behind Hurricane Andrew,
January 21, 1998: Lewinsky Scandal—Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets with President
Clinton at the White House and is coldly received. Clinton and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
refuse to have lunch with him. Shortly afterwards on that day, the Monica Lewinsky scandal breaks into the
mass media and begins to occupy a major portion of Clinton's time.
September 28, 1998: Hurricane George—As Secretary of State Albright works on the final details of an
agreement in which Israel would give up 13 percent of Yesha (Judah and Samaria), Hurricane George slams
into the United States Gulf Coast with 110 mph winds and gusts up to 175 mph. The hurricane hits the
coast and stalled. On September 28, Clinton meets with Yasser Arafat and Netanyahu at the White House
to finalize this land deal. Later, Arafat addresses the United Nations about declaring an independent
Palestinian state by May 1999, as Hurricane George pounds the Gulf Coast, causing $1 billion in damage. At
the exact time that Arafat departs the country, the storm begins to dissipate.
October 15-22, 1998: Texas Flooded—On October 15, 1998, Arafat and Netanyahu meet at the Wye River
Plantation in Maryland. The talks are scheduled to last five days with the focus on Israel giving up 13
percent of Yesha. The talks are extended and conclude on October 23. On October 17, awesome rains and
tornadoes hit southern Texas. The San Antonio area is deluged with rain. The rain and flooding in Texas
continue until October 22 and then subside. The floods ravage 25 percent of Texas and leave over one
billion dollars in damage. On October 21, Clinton declares this section of Texas a major disaster area.
November 30, 1998: Market Capitalization Evaporates—Arafat comes to Washington again to meet with
President Clinton to raise money for a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as the capital. A total of 42 other
nations were represented in Washington. All the nations agreed to give Arafat $3 billion in aid. Clinton
promised $400 million, and the European nations $1.7 billion. On the same day, the Dow Jones average
drops 216 points, and on December 1, the European Market had its third worst day in history. Hundreds of
billions of market capitalization were wiped out in the U.S. and Europe.
December 12, 1998: Clinton is Impeached—As Clinton lands in the Palestinian-controlled section of Israel
to discuss the “land for peace” process, the House of Representatives votes four articles of impeachment
against him.
May 3, 1999: The Powerful Super Tornado—On the day that Yasser Arafat is scheduled to declare a
Palestinian state with Jerusalem as the capital, the most powerful tornado storm system ever to hit the
United States sweeps across Oklahoma and Kansas. The winds are clocked at 316 mph the fastest wind
speed ever recorded. The declaration is postponed to December 1999 at the request of President Clinton,
whose letter to Arafat encourages him in his "aspirations for his own land." He also writes that the
Palestinians have a right to "determine their own future on their own land" and that they deserve to "live
free, today, tomorrow and forever."
Week of October 11: Hurricane, Earthquake and Dow Collapse—As Jewish settlers in 15 West Bank (Israel)
settlements are evicted from the covenant land in Israel, the Dow-Jones financial averages lose 5.7 percent
in the worst week since October 1989. On October 15 the Dow lost 266 points, and a hurricane slams into
North Carolina. On the next morning, October 16, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake rocks the southwest in the
fifth most powerful earthquake in 20th Century. The earthquake was centered in the California desert and
did little damage but was felt in three states.

Called to bless Israel
If you say that you love the "LORD God of Israel" and it's clear that the LORD God of Israel loves the Jewish people -it follows that you should likewise love the Jewish people. After all, the LORD Yeshua is called melech ha-Yehudim:
the "King of the Jews" (Matt. 2:2, 27:11, etc.), and the very term "Mashiach" [i.e., "Christ"] is a regal term denoting
the anointed King of Israel.
And one day (very soon) Yeshua will indeed return to Jerusalem, the "City of the Great King" (Matt 5:35), to assume
the throne of David and complete the redemption originally promised to the Jewish people (Zech. 12:1-13:1; 14:19, Ezek. 37:12-14, etc.). God will prove faithful to ethnic Israel. To deny this is to radically question God's
faithfulness to the "Church."
The LORD has not cast off His original covenant people Israel, and neither should we, if we indeed are those who
sincerely love the Jewish LORD and Mashiach! God's faithfulness to national Israel is a testimony of His faithfulness
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to us, as followers of His Son. Should God abandon Israel and the unconditional promises He made to Israel, what
makes you think He would not abandon the church and the promises He has made to us?
I'll say it again: those who say that the LORD God of Israel has abandoned the Jewish people are undermining the
credibility of the Gospel message itself!
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem! May they prosper who love you (the Holy City)! May peace be within your walls
and prosperity within your palaces! For my brethren and companions’ sake, I will now say, Peace be within you!
For the sake of the house of the Lord our God, I will seek, inquire for, and require your good. Psalm 122:6-9
And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify (declare righteous, put in right standing with Himself) the
Gentiles in consequence of faith, proclaimed the Gospel (foretelling the glad tidings of a Savior long before hand)
to Abraham in the promise, saying, In you shall all the nations (of the earth) be blessed. Galatians 3:8

GENESIS 12:3 AND IN THEE SHALL ALL FAMILIES OF THE EARTH BE BLESSED
In the Messiah of Abraham's seed all nations will be blessed eternally (Psalm 72:17; Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 35:1-8;
Daniel 7:13-27; Micah 4; Rev. 11:15; Rev. 21:1-22:5).

GENESIS 12:4 ABRAM WAS SEVENTY AND FIVE YEARS OLD WHEN HE DEPARTED OUT OF
HARAN
The beginning of the 427 years of the dispensation of Promise. See Classic “Dispensations”

GENESIS 12:5 CANAAN
This land was named after Canaan, the son of Ham, whose descendants settled in this place (Genesis 15:18-21;
Joshua 12). "The land of Canaan" is found 66 times in Scripture, 35 times in Genesis alone. The phrase is found only
5 times outside of the Pentateuch and Joshua in the Old Testament, and not once in the New Testament

GENESIS 12:6 BUILDED HE AN ALTAR
Fourteen Altar Builders of Scripture
1) God (Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 9:23; Rev. 6:9)
2) Noah (Genesis 8:20)
3) Abraham (four, Genesis 12:7-8; Genesis
13:18; Genesis 22:9)
4) Isaac (Genesis 26:25)
5) Jacob (two, Genesis 33:20; Genesis 35:1-7)
6) Moses (four, Exodus 17:15; Exodus 24:4;
Exodus 27:1-8; Exodus 30:1-10)

Genesis 12:3 and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed

7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)

Joshua (two, Joshua 8:30-31; Joshua 22:10)
Gideon (Judges 6:24-32)
Israel (Judges 21:4)
Saul (1 Samuel 14:35)
David (2 Samuel 24:18-25)
Solomon (two, 1 Kings 9:25)
Elijah (1 Kings 18:30-35)
Zerubbabel (Ezra 3:2-3)

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GENESIS 12:10 FAMINE
Thirteen Famines in Scripture
1) In Canaan in Abraham's day (Genesis 12:10)
8) In Samaria in Elisha's day (2 Kings 6:25)
2) In Canaan in Isaac's day (Genesis 26:1)
9) In Canaan in Elisha's day (2 Kings 8:1)
3) In Canaan in Jacob's day (Genesis 41:54-57)
10) In Jerusalem in Zedekiah's day (2 Kings 25:3;
4) In Canaan during the judges (Ruth 1:1)
Jeremiah 14)
5) In Canaan in David's day (2 Samuel 21:1)
11) In Canaan in Nehemiah's day (Neh. 5:3)
6) In Canaan in Elijah's day (1 Kings 17:1)
12) In an unknown land (Luke 15:14)
7) In Canaan in Elisha's day (2 Kings 4:38)
13) In the Roman Empire in Paul's day (Acts 11:28)
Famines were judgments of God. They are mentioned elsewhere in connection with judgments (2 Samuel 24:13;
Psalm 105:16; Isaiah 51:19; Jeremiah 14:15; Jeremiah 15:2; Jeremiah 24:10; Jeremiah 27:8; Ezekiel 5:12; Ezekiel
12:16), and foretold as a sign of the second coming of Christ (Matthew 24:7; Luke 21:11). Promises during famine (2
Chron. 32:11; Psalm 33:19; Psalm 37:19; Romans 8:35).

GENESIS 12:10 WENT DOWN INTO EGYPT
It is interesting to note that the Bible uses “went down” when a person going away from the Lord, and “came up”
or “went up” for coming back into obedience, especially in the case of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to Egypt.
Results of backsliding: He picks up Hagar in Egypt; Ishmael, mocking Isaac (Gen 21:9).
Many commentators view this as a failure of faith on Abram’s part. Abram was to remain in the land. He failed in
this test. Jews ever afterward looked to Egypt for help, for which they were rebuked by many prophets (Isaiah 30:2;
Isaiah 31:1; Isaiah 36:6; Jeremiah 2:36; Ezekiel 17:15).
This is the first mention of Egypt, symbolizing alliance with the “world.”
“Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many;
and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the
LORD!” Isaiah 31”1

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GENESIS 12:11

FAIR
Hebrew: yapheh (HSN-3303), beautiful. This was said 23 times of women (Genesis 12:11,14; 2 Samuel 13:1; 2
Samuel 14:27; 1 Kings 1:3-4; Job 42:15; Proverbs 11:22; Song 1:15-16; Song 4:1,7; Song 6:4,10; Amos 8:13).
Sarah was about sixty-five years of age at this time (cp. Genesis 12:4; Genesis 17:1,17,24; Genesis 21:5).


G ENESIS 12:13 S AY , I PRAY THEE , THOU

ART MY SISTER :
Again showing Abraham's weakness in faith. He had already been promised a son by Sarah and nothing could kill
him until this was accomplished. He didn't want her to lie but to suppress part of the truth. She actually was his
half-sister (Genesis 20:12).

GENESIS 12:15 TAKEN INTO PHARAOH'S HOUSE
A woman taken into the harem of a king went through a long period of purification before she was brought to him
(Esther 2:12). It was during this time that God intervened and saved Sarah (Genesis 12:14-20).

GENESIS 12:20 AND PHARAOH COMMANDED … AND THEY SENT HIM AWAY
The world is at enmity with God (1 Cor 10:2-13). Faith is not a single journey to a distant scene, but rather a
continual experience with the unseen. Its symbol is the tent; its secret is the altar. (Cf. losing one’s first love: Rev
2:4, Letter to Ephesus.)

Anticipatory Parallel?


The famine in the land (Gen 12:10; 47:13);
The descent to Egypt to sojourn (Gen12:10; 47:27);
The attempt to kill the males but save the females (Gen12:12; Ex 1:22);

Genesis 12:11 fair

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The plagues on Egypt (Gen 12:17; Ex 7:14-11:10).
The spoiling of Egypt (Gen 12:16; Ex 12:35-36).
The deliverance (Gen 12:19; Ex 15);
The ascent to the Negev (Gen. 13:1; Num 13:17, 22).

The great deliverance out of bondage that Israel experienced was thus already accomplished in her ancestor, and
probably was a source of comfort and encouragement to them. God was doing more than promise deliverance for
the future nation; it was as if in anticipation He acted out their deliverance in Abram.

Genesis 12:20 And Pharaoh commanded … and they sent him away

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Genesis 13
1 And Abram went up out of Egypt,
he, and his wife, and all that he
had, and Lot with him, into the
south.
2 And Abram [was] very rich in cattle,
in silver, and in gold.
3 And he went on his journeys from
the south even to Beth-el, unto the
place where his tent had been at
the beginning, between Beth-el
and Hai;
4 Unto the place of the altar, which
he had made there at the first: and
there Abram called on the name of
the LORD.
5 ¶ And Lot also, which went with
Abram, had flocks, and herds, and
tents.
6 And the land was not able to bear
them, that they might dwell
together: for their substance was
great, so that they could not dwell
together.
7 And there was a strife between the
herdmen of Abram's cattle and the
herdmen of Lot's cattle: and the
Canaanite and the Perizzite
dwelled then in the land.

8 And Abram said unto Lot, Let there
be no strife, I pray thee, between
me and thee, and between my
herdmen and thy herdmen; for we
[be] brethren.
9 [Is] not the whole land before thee?
separate thyself, I pray thee, from
me: if [thou wilt take] the left
hand, then I will go to the right; or
if [thou depart] to the right hand,
then I will go to the left.
10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and
beheld all the plain of Jordan, that
it [was] well watered every where,
before the LORD destroyed Sodom
and Gomorrah, [even] as the
garden of the LORD, like the land
of Egypt, as thou comest unto
Zoar.
11 Then Lot chose him all the plain of
Jordan; and Lot journeyed east:
and they separated themselves the
one from the other.
12 Abram dwelled in the land of
Canaan, and Lot dwelled in the
cities of the plain, and pitched [his]
tent toward Sodom.

13 But the men of Sodom [were]
wicked and sinners before the
LORD exceedingly.
14 ¶ And the LORD said unto Abram,
after that Lot was separated from
him, Lift up now thine eyes, and
look from the place where thou art
northward, and southward, and
eastward, and westward:
15 For all the land which thou seest,
to thee will I give it, and to thy
seed for ever.
16 And I will make thy seed as the
dust of the earth: so that if a man
can number the dust of the earth,
[then] shall thy seed also be
numbered.
17 Arise, walk through the land in the
length of it and in the breadth of it;
for I will give it unto thee.
18 Then Abram removed [his] tent,
and came and dwelt in the plain of
Mamre, which [is] in Hebron, and
built there an altar unto the LORD.

GENESIS 13:1 WENT UP
Compare "went down" in Genesis 12:10.

GENESIS 13:7 STRIFE - SEVEN STEPS OF LOT DOWNWARD:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Strife (Genesis 13:7; the cause is seen in Genesis 13:6)
He saw Sodom-Gomorrah territory (Genesis 13:10).
He chose to live there (Genesis 13:11).
He pitched his tent toward Sodom (Genesis 13:12).
He dwelt in Sodom (Genesis 14:12).
He sat in the gate (Genesis 19:1).
Drunkenness (Genesis 19:33)

GENESIS 13:8 LOT
Lot is mentioned 7 times outside of Genesis 11:27-19:36. He is named as an object lesson to others (Luke 17:28-32;
2 Peter 2:7). Whatever may have been his failures at other times, Lot kept so clean from homosexuality (Genesis
19; Romans 1:24-32) that he is called both just and righteous in 2 Peter 2:7-8.

GENESIS 13:10 AND LOT LIFTED UP HIS EYES

“Lifting his eyes”: Satan’s portals Gen 3:6; Josh 7:21; 1 Jn 2:16;
Ears are the portals of the Lord: Rom 10:17; “He that hath an ear…”

Eyes and Ears.
Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
Genesis 13:1 went up

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For all that is in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—is not of the Father but
is of the world. And the world is passing away, and the lust of it; but he who does the will of God abides forever.
1 John 2: 15-17

Gateway to evil - deception - eye?

Mark 9:47 - 47 And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out.
Matthew 6:22 - The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be
full of light.
 2 Corinthians 4:4 - In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest
the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
 1 John 2:11 - But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not
whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes.
 Matthew 6:22-24 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be
full of light. But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in
thee be darkness, how great is that darkness! No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the
one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and
mammon.
Temptations #2 - "The lust of the eyes"
This was a temptation to “the lust of the eye” (1 John 2:16c), and parallels Eve’s temptation to see the forbidden
fruit as “pleasant to the eyes” (Gen 3:6c).
Then the devil, taking Him up on a high mountain, showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of
time. And the devil said to Him, “All this authority I will give You, and their glory; for this has been delivered to
me, and I give it to whomever I wish. Luke 4:5-6
So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to
make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. Genesis 3:6

Gateway for the Gospel and God's instruct ion - Ears






Romans 10:17- So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
Job 33:16 - Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction,
Job 36:10 - He openeth also their ear to discipline, and commandeth that they return from iniquity.
Proverbs 18:15 - The heart of the prudent getteth knowledge; and the ear of the wise seeketh knowledge.
Proverbs 5:1 - My son, attend unto my wisdom, and bow thine ear to my understanding:
Proverbs 2:2 - So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart to understanding;
Proverbs 28:9 - He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be abomination.

Consecration - setting apart
Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the
tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot,
and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about. Exodus 29:20
And he slew it; and Moses took of the blood of it, and put it upon the tip of Aaron's right ear, and upon the thumb
of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot. Leviticus 8:23

The healed leper, ear involved in cleansing him.
And the priest shall take some of the blood of the trespass offering, and the priest shall put it upon the tip of the
right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right
foot: Leviticus 14:14

Leprosy - Rebellion - Miriam - Numbers 12:1-16 / Uzziah - 2 Chronicles 26

Single eye:
Matthew 6:22-24 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of
light. But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness.
1) Figurative - representing a state of mind
2) Implies a state of entire consecration, full obedience, to the word/Lord. The following verse (V24) states
"No man can serve two masters"
3) Not double minded. No two options, with God/obedience being the first or second option. God and
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obedience to his word should be the only option.
I have set the LORD always before me; because He is at my right hand I shall not be moved. Psalm 16:8
Looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith… Hebrews 12:2 "God grant, if we must have two eyes, that they may be both clear ones, one the eye of faith
wholly fixed on Christ, the other the eye of obedience equally and wholly fixed on the same
objective!" - Charles Spurgeon - Sept 16, 1860

GENESIS 13:11 LOT JOURNEYED EAST
Lot’s Steps






Beheld...
Chose...
Departed...
Dwelt in the plain...

Pitched…
toward...
Dwelt in Sodom...
Seated in the gate (Councilman).

Sin always occurs in small steps… Lot was saved from abduction (Chapter 14), but he still returns to Sodom.
(Still recorded “righteous” in 2 Pet 2:7-8, but vexed…)

GENESIS 13:13 THE MEN OF SODOM WERE WICKED AND SINNERS BEFORE THE LORD
EXCEEDINGLY
 This verse shows the nature of Lot's choice. Cp. Genesis 19:1-38.
 Homosexuals (sodomites or lesbians) and other perverts are always classed as wicked sinners. God cannot
and will not tolerate their sin. He judged these sodomite cities as a lesson to others, and condemned those
who followed their example, rewarding them with eternal hell (Genesis 18:20; Genesis 19:5,13; Isaiah 3:9;
Romans 1:18-32; 2 Peter 2; Jude 1:7-19).

GENESIS 13:14 AFTER THAT LOT WAS SEPARATED FROM HIM
God was waiting for their separation before giving Abraham this additional revelation about the land. In Genesis 12,
the Lord told Abram to leave all his kindred and be a separate people. Lot was not part of the parcel. God did not
speak to Abram again till Lot and he were separated

GENESIS 13:10 BEFORE THE LORD DESTROYED SODOM
A great contrast before and after the curse on Sodom. It no longer is fruitful.

GENESIS 13:16 AS THE DUST OF THE EARTH.
Abraham's seed compared to three things:
1) The dust of the earth (Genesis 13:16)
2) The stars of heaven (Genesis 15:5; Genesis 22:17)
3) The sand of the sea (Genesis 22:17)

GENESIS 13:18 WHICH IS IN HEBRON
Hebron = “joined together; communion.” A place of separation becomes a place of vision (2 Pet 2:6-7,9; Lk 17:26).
This time near the great trees of Mamre; cf. 14:13, at Hebron. An ancient city in southern Judah, Hebron was 19
miles southwest of Jerusalem, at the junction of all the principal highways of the region. It stood out prominently
on the landscape, 3,040 feet above sea level. Josephus speaks of it as being more ancient than the city of Memphis
in Egypt. The cave of Machpelah, later bought by Abraham for a tomb for Sarah, was very near. It became the burial
place not only of Sarah, but of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Rebekah, and Leah.

Abram vs. Lot




Abram walked by faith – Lot by sight
Abram: generous and magnanimous –
Abram: looked for God’s city

Abram: “Father of all who believe”

Abram: “Heir of the world” (Rom 4:30) –

Genesis 13:11 Lot journeyed east

Lot: greedy and worldly
Lot: home in a city destroyed by God
Lot: perpetual infamy
Lot: dwelled in a cave (Gen 19:30) All possessions destroyed in
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Sodom.

Genesis 14
1 And it came to pass in the days of
Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch
king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king
of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;
2 [That these] made war with Bera
king of Sodom, and with Birsha
king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of
Admah, and Shemeber king of
Zeboiim, and the king of Bela,
which is Zoar.
3 All these were joined together in
the vale of Siddim, which is the salt
sea.
4 Twelve years they served
Chedorlaomer,
and
in
the
thirteenth year they rebelled.
5 And in the fourteenth year came
Chedorlaomer, and the kings that
[were] with him, and smote the
Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim,
and the Zuzims in Ham, and the
Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
6 And the Horites in their mount Seir,
unto El-paran, which [is] by the
wilderness.
7 And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which [is] Kadesh, and
smote all the country of the
Amalekites, and also the Amorites,
that dwelt in Hazezon-tamar.
8 And there went out the king of
Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah,
and the king of Admah, and the
king of Zeboiim, and the king of
Bela (the same [is] Zoar;) and they
joined battle with them in the vale
of Siddim;

9 With Chedorlaomer the king of
Elam, and with Tidal king of
nations, and Amraphel king of
Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar;
four kings with five.
10 And the vale of Siddim [was full of]
slimepits; and the kings of Sodom
and Gomorrah fled, and fell there;
and they that remained fled to the
mountain.
11 And they took all the goods of
Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their
victuals, and went their way.
12 And they took Lot, Abram's
brother's son, who dwelt in
Sodom, and his goods, and
departed.
13 And there came one that had
escaped, and told Abram the
Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain
of Mamre the Amorite, brother of
Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and
these [were] confederate with
Abram.
14 And when Abram heard that his
brother was taken captive, he
armed his trained [servants], born
in his own house, three hundred
and eighteen, and pursued [them]
unto Dan.
15 And he divided himself against
them, he and his servants, by night,
and smote them, and pursued
them unto Hobah, which [is] on the
left hand of Damascus.
16 And he brought back all the goods,
and also brought again his brother
Lot, and his goods, and the women
also, and the people.

17 ¶ And the king of Sodom went out
to meet him after his return from
the slaughter of Chedorlaomer,
and of the kings that [were] with
him, at the valley of Shaveh, which
[is] the king's dale.
18 And Melchizedek king of Salem
brought forth bread and wine: and
he [was] the priest of the most
high God.
19 And he blessed him, and said,
Blessed [be] Abram of the most
high God, possessor of heaven and
earth:
20 And blessed be the most high God,
which hath delivered thine
enemies into thy hand. And he
gave him tithes of all.
21 And the king of Sodom said unto
Abram, Give me the persons, and
take the goods to thyself.
22 And Abram said to the king of
Sodom, I have lift up mine hand
unto the LORD, the most high God,
the possessor of heaven and earth,
23 That I will not [take] from a thread
even to a shoelatchet, and that I
will not take any thing that [is]
thine, lest thou shouldest say, I
have made Abram rich:
24 Save only that which the young
men have eaten, and the portion
of the men which went with me,
Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them
take
their
portion.

GENESIS 14:5 REPHAIMS IN ASHTEROTH KARNAIM, AND THE ZUZIMS IN HAM, AND THE EMINS
IN SHAVEH KIRIATHAIM
The Rephaims, Zuzims, Emims, and others of Genesis 14:5-7 were of the greatest giant tribes (Deut. 2:10-11,20-21;
Deut. 3:11-13; Joshua 12:4; Joshua 13:12; Joshua 15:8; Joshua 17:15; Joshua 18:16).

GENESIS 14:13 ABRAM
Changed to "Abraham" in Genesis 17:5.

GENESIS 14:13 HEBREW
The first use of "Hebrew," from eber (HSN-5676), meaning "across," or "the opposite side." It refers to the other
side of the Euphrates in this case. The word is used of Abraham's descendants (Genesis 14:13; Genesis 39:14,17;
Genesis 14:5 Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emins in Shaveh Kiriathaim

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Genesis 41:12; Exodus 1:15-19; Exodus 2:7-11; Exodus 21:2; Deut. 15:12; Jeremiah 34:9-14; Jonah 1:9; Acts 6:1; 2
Cor. 11:22; Phil. 3:5).

GENESIS 14:13 AMORITE
Descendants of one of the sons of Canaan (Genesis 10:16). Most powerful of the Canaanite nations. They were to
be dispossessed by Abraham's descendants (Genesis 15:16-21). Here they were confederate with him (Genesis
14:13). They were the first people to be dispossessed by Israel when coming out of Egypt (Numbers 21:21-35;
Deut. 3:1-17; cp. Joshua 11).

GENESIS 14:18 MELCHIZEDEK
Melchizedek—a Type of Christ




“King of Righteousness”;
King of Salem (Jerusalem) & Priest of the Most High God (received tithes of Abraham );
Only mention in OT (vs. Levitical Priesthood: unclean; mortal);
Separation of Priesthood (Levi) and Kingship (Judah); cf. Heb 7:1;
Two elements provided by Melchizedek: Bread & Wine (Cf. Lord’sSupper);

Speculations
 No recorded birth or death (Heb 5:7; Cf. Isa 32:17; Col 1:20; Rom 3; Ps 110);
 Was Melchizedek Shem? No: we know hisgenealogy (Heb 7:3);
 Was Melchizedek Christ? No: His priesthood was “after the order of” (the similitude of) Melchizedek (Heb
7:3,15);
 Was Melchizedek a celestial being? No: a man (Heb 7:4).;
“Type” of Christ
 Emphasized by the writer to the Hebrews (Heb 7:11);
 King of Righteousness and Peace (Rom 3-5:1; 14:17; Isa 32:17);
 Work of righteousness shall be peace (Rom 14:17);
 Righteousness, peace, and joy (Col 1:20);
 Made peace through blood of Jesus (Rom 5:1);
 justified by faith we have peace with God.
 vs. Adonizedek, [“Lord of Righteousness”] (Joshua 10:1-3).
Many unscriptural interpretations have been given about Melchizedek; but the simple facts of the Bible give a clear
understanding. The person, order and duration of the Melchizedek and Aaronic priesthoods are contrasted. In His
sacrificial work Christ followed the Aaronic which was merely the shadow of His sacrifice (Hebrews 8:1-10:19).
Melchizedek typifies Christ in seven ways:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Genealogy (Hebrews 7:3,6 compared with Micah 5:2)
Sacrifice (Genesis 14:18 compared with Luke 22:14-30)
Endless priesthood (Psalm 110 compared with Hebrews 5:10; Hebrews 6:20;
Hebrews 7:3,17,21,23-28)
King-priest (Hebrews 7:1 compared with Zech. 6:12-13)
Greater than Abraham (Hebrews 7:4-8 compared with John 8:55-59)
King of righteousness (Hebrews 7:2 compared with 1 Cor. 1:30; Hebrews 1:8)
King of peace (Hebrews 7:2 compared with Isaiah 9:6)

GENESIS 14: 18 SALEM
The name of ancient Jerusalem (Genesis 14:18; Psalm 76:2; Psalm 122:3; Hebrews 7:1-2). It is said that seven
hundred years before Rome was founded, the Jebusites conquered Salem and called it Jebus. Later the two names
were united into one—Jerusalem, meaning "habitation of peace." The city is mentioned 809 times in Scripture by
this name, beginning with Joshua 10:1 and ending with Galatians 4:25. The only other places the name is used in
Scripture it refers to the New and Heavenly Jerusalem (Galatians 4:26; Hebrews 12:22; Rev. 3:12; Rev. 21:2,10).
Earthly Jerusalem has undergone thirty sieges, of which twelve are recorded in Scripture. It was the capital of Israel
from David's time until Nebuchadnezzar (2 Samuel 5-2 Chron. 36), and became the capital of restored Israel in the
day of Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 1:2-Neh. 13:20). It was totally destroyed in A.D. 70 when Israel was scattered
Genesis 14:13 Amorite

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among the nations the second time (Luke 21:20-24). It will become the capital of modern Israel before the days of
Antichrist when he will conquer Israel and make Jerusalem his capital for the last three and a half years of this age
(Rev. 11:1-2). It is God's chosen place for the capital of His eternal earthly kingdom under the Messiah (2 Chron.
6:6; 2 Chron. 33:4; Isaiah 2:1-4; Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 44:26; Isaiah 62:7; Jeremiah 17:25; Ezekiel 43:7; Ezekiel 48:35;
Joel 3:20; Zech. 14:1-21). Jerusalem will be the center of the battle of Armageddon (Zech. 14; Rev. 19).

Thirty Sieges of Jerusalem
The Twelve Biblical Sieges of Jerusalem:
1. By Judah (Judges 1:8)
2. By David and Judah (2 Samuel 5:6-10)
3. By Shishak, king of Egypt (1 Kings 14:25)
4. By Jehoash, king of Israel (2 Kings 14:13)
5. By Sennacherib, king of Assyria (2 Kings 18)
6. By Philistines and Arabians (2 Chron. 21:16-17)
7. By Joash, king of Israel (2 Chron. 25:23)
8. By King of Egypt (2 Chron. 36:3)
9. By Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon (2 Chron. 36:6-7)
10. By Nebuchadnezzar (2 Chron. 36:10)
11. By Nebuchadnezzar (2 Chron. 36:17-19)
12. By Romans, A.D. 70 (Matthew 24:1-2; Luke 19:42-44; Luke 21:20-24)
The Eighteen Sieges of Secular History:
1. By Egypt, 320 B.C.
2. By Scopus, 299 B.C.
3. By Syria, 203 B.C.
4. By Syria, 168 B.C.
5. By Syria, 162 B.C.
6. By Syria, 135 B.C.
7. By Hycranus, 63 B.C.
8. By Pompey, 63 B.C.
9. By Herod, 39 B.C.

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

By the Romans, A.D. 135
By the Persians, A.D. 559
By Omar, A.D. 636
By Afdal, A.D. 1098
By the Crusaders, A.D. 1099
By Saladin, A.D. 1187
By the Tartars, A.D. 1244
By the British, A.D. 1917
By Israel, A.D. 1948

GENESIS 14: 18 BREAD AND WINE
These are emblems of the Lord's Supper, showing that Melchizedek and the patriarchs fully understood the
doctrine of atonement (Galatians 3:8; Hebrews 4:1-2; 1 Peter 1:10-12; cp. Luke 22:14-20; 1 Cor. 11:23-34).

GENESIS 14: 18 PRIEST
This is the first use of the word priest and it proves that God has had representatives in all ages. Melchizedek was a
Gentile whose priesthood is eternal in Christ (Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:10; Hebrews 6:20; Hebrews 7:1-28). The
Aaronic priesthood was temporary (Hebrews 7:11-12).

GENESIS 14: 18 MOST HIGH GOD
Hebrew: Elyown (HSN-5945), Most High God. First occurrence (Genesis 14:18-22). 'El signifies Strong or First. It is
the title that shows God to be the Mighty One, the First Cause of everything, the possessor of the heavens and
earth. It is used 245 times and is connected with some of the attributes of God as: Almighty-God (Genesis 17:1);
Everlasting-God (Genesis 21:33); Jealous-God (Exodus 20:5); Great-God (Deut. 10:17); Living-God (Joshua 3:10);
Merciful-God (Deut. 4:31); Faithful-God (Deut. 7:9); Mighty-God (Deut. 7:21). In Deut. 32:4 it is connected with
truth, justice, righteousness, and perfection. 'El-Elyown is always used to refer to the highest Sovereign of the
heavens and earth (cp. Luke 1:76; Acts 17:24).

GENESIS 14:20 BLESSED BE THE MOST HIGH GOD
This is the first instance of praising God in Scripture (Genesis 14:19). Compare this with the last time (Rev. 19:1-10).

GENESIS 14:20 HE GAVE HIM TITHES OF ALL
The first example of paying tithes (Genesis 14:20).

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The Doctrine of Tithing.

Tithing Before the Law of Moses:
It was practiced 430 years before the law (Genesis 14:20; Genesis 28:22; Hebrews 7:1-11).

Tithing under the Law of Moses:
1) He commanded (Leviticus 27:30; Malachi 3:10)
2) Five Purposes:
1) For Levites (Numbers 18:21-24)
2) Tithes of tithes for priests (Numbers 18:26; Neh. 10:37; Neh. 12:44)
3) Tithes of tithes every three years for the poor and the ministers (Deut. 14:27-29; Deut. 26:12-14)
4) To supply God's house (Malachi 3:10)
5) To honor God (Proverbs 3:9-10)
3) When brought: yearly, along with all other offerings for the feast (Deut. 12:6-7; Deut. 14:22-26)
4) Belonged to God, not the people who paid them (Leviticus 27:30-34; Malachi 3:8)
5) Where brought (2 Chron. 31:12; Neh. 10:38; Neh. 12:44; Neh. 13:5,12; Malachi 3:8)
6) If borrowed: 20% interest had to be added when paid (Leviticus 27:31)
7) If exchanged: both it and the exchange must be paid (Leviticus 27:33)
Tithing In the New Testament:
1) Christ taught it (Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42; cp. Matthew 5:20 with Luke 18:11-12; see Matthew 10:10;
Luke 10:7-8). This was teaching for the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 11:11-14; Luke 16:16)
2) Paul Taught It:
1) Condemned sacrilege (Romans 2:22), or robbing temples (Malachi 3:8-10) and using holy things
(Leviticus 27)
2) Teachers to be paid (Galatians 6:6)
3) God ordained support of ministers (1 Cor. 9:7-14; 1 Tim. 6:17-18)
4) Christians to give as God prospers them (1 Cor. 16:2)
5) Melchisedec priesthood is eternal and must be supported by children of Abraham (Hebrews 6:20;
Hebrews 7:1-11,17,21)
6) Children of Abraham in faith must walk in his steps (Romans 4:12; Hebrews 7)
7) Tithing is proof of obedience and appreciation of God's blessings (Romans 4:12; Hebrews 7:6-10; 1
Cor. 9:7-14; 1 Tim. 6:17-18; cp. Malachi 3:8-10; Proverbs 3:9-10; Genesis 14:20; Deut. 8:10-20)
Blessings of Tithing:
1) Blessings for obedience (see above)
2) God's house will not lack (Malachi 3:10).
3) God's ministers will not lack (1 Cor. 9:7-14; 1 Tim. 5:17-18; Neh. 13:10; Malachi 3:8-10).
4) Material and spiritual blessings (Malachi 3:8-10; Proverbs 3:9-10; 2 Chron. 31; Neh. 13)
Examples of Paying Tithes:
1) Abraham (Genesis 14:20; Hebrews 7:1-11)
2) Jacob (Genesis 28:22)
3) Levi in Abraham (Hebrews 7:9)
4) Hezekiah and Israel (2 Chron. 31)
5) Nehemiah and Israel (Neh. 13)
6) Hypocrites (Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42; Luke 18:12)
7) Christians (1 Cor. 9:7-14; 1 Cor. 16:2; 2 Cor. 7:11; 2 Cor. 8:1-15; Galatians 6:6; 1 Tim. 5:17-18; Hebrews 7)
No scripture even mentions a substitute program for tithing in the New Testament.

GENESIS 14:22 LIFT UP MINE HAND UNTO THE LORD, THE MOST HIGH GOD
A mode of appealing to God and calling Him to witness any transaction. It was a way of taking a solemn oath.
Compare Isaiah 62:8; Daniel 12:7; and Rev. 10:5-6.
For the sake of Lot, Abraham had to go and fight the enemies of the king of Sodom. And sometimes, we have had to
be associated with persons from whom we differ as much as Abraham differed from the king of Sodom. Yet, sooner
or later, there comes a crucial test in which our true character will be discovered. Shall we personally gain anything
Genesis 14:22 lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God

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by this association? We loathe it even while we recognize that it is necessary for the time being, but we have not
entered it for the sake of personal gain.

GENESIS 14:23 I WILL NOT TAKE FROM A THREAD EVEN TO A SHOELATCHET
Whatever the original saying meant, it is clear that Abraham refused the smallest part of what belonged to another.
His allies could take what was customary but he would take nothing—from a ribbon that tied a maiden's hair to a
man's shoe-string—only the food that had already been eaten (Genesis 14:23-24).
Great victories can also yield great tests: Abraham will not take spoil. Abraham does not get involved with the
immorality of Sodom. God gives Abraham the whole land. The Lord is Abraham’s shield and reward.

GENESIS 14: 23 LEST THOU SHOULDEST SAY, I HAVE MADE ABRAM RICH
Abraham refused the gifts of the king of Sodom. They were his rightful spoil and he might very properly have taken
them, yet he would not do so, lest, in later days the king of Sodom should say, “It was not Abraham’s God that
enriched him. It is no use for him to talk about living by faith, for it was my gifts, or the spoils of war that enriched
him.” “No,” says Abraham, “you shall never be able to say that! Whatever I have shall be God’s gift to me, not the
king of Sodom’s gift. I will be independent of men. I will be dependent only upon the living God.” The Lord admires
this spirit, so He comes and says to His servant, “Fear not, Abram. Whatever you may have given up for My sake, for
My Glory’s sake, for the sake of My honor, you shall not be a loser in any respect, for I will be your shield, and your
exceeding great reward.”
There is a higher code of morals for the servant of God than for other men.

Genesis 14:23 I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet

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Genesis 15
1 After these things the word of the
LORD came unto Abram in a vision,
saying, Fear not, Abram: I [am] thy
shield, [and] thy exceeding great
reward.
2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what
wilt thou give me, seeing I go
childless, and the steward of my
house [is] this Eliezer of Damascus?
3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou
hast given no seed: and, lo, one
born in my house is mine heir.
4 And, behold, the word of the LORD
[came] unto him, saying, This shall
not be thine heir; but he that shall
come forth out of thine own
bowels shall be thine heir.
5 And he brought him forth abroad,
and said, Look now toward heaven,
and tell the stars, if thou be able to
number them: and he said unto
him, So shall thy seed be.
6 And he believed in the LORD; and
he counted it to him for
righteousness.
7 And he said unto him, I [am] the
LORD that brought thee out of Ur
of the Chaldees, to give thee this
land to inherit it.

8 And he said, Lord GOD, whereby
shall I know that I shall inherit it?
9 And he said unto him, Take me an
heifer of three years old, and a she
goat of three years old, and a ram
of three years old, and a
turtledove, and a young pigeon.
10 And he took unto him all these,
and divided them in the midst, and
laid each piece one against
another: but the birds divided he
not.
11 And when the fowls came down
upon the carcases, Abram drove
them away.
12 And when the sun was going
down, a deep sleep fell upon
Abram; and, lo, an horror of great
darkness fell upon him.
13 And he said unto Abram, Know of
a surety that thy seed shall be a
stranger in a land [that is] not
their's, and shall serve them; and
they shall afflict them four hundred
years;
14 And also that nation, whom they
shall serve, will I judge: and
afterward shall they come out with
great substance.

15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in
peace; thou shalt be buried in a
good old age.
16 But in the fourth generation they
shall come hither again: for the
iniquity of the Amorites [is] not yet
full.
17 And it came to pass, that, when
the sun went down, and it was
dark, behold a smoking furnace,
and a burning lamp that passed
between those pieces.
18 In the same day the LORD made a
covenant with Abram, saying, Unto
thy seed have I given this land,
from the river of Egypt unto the
great river, the river Euphrates:
19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites,
and the Kadmonites,
20 And the Hittites, and the
Perizzites, and the Rephaims,
21 And the Amorites, and the
Canaanites, and the Girgashites,
and the Jebusites.

GENESIS 15:1 THE WORD OF THE LORD
The first occurrence of 245 times in the Old Testament and 13 times in the New Testament. Only twice in Genesis
(Genesis 15:1,4). It is found 112 times in Jeremiah and Ezekiel alone.

Twenty-one Men who had Visions from God
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

Abraham (Genesis 15:1)
Jacob (Genesis 46:2)
Balaam (Numbers 24:4,16)
Samuel (1 Samuel 3:1,15)
Nathan (2 Samuel 7:17; 1 Chron. 17:15)
Isaiah (Isaiah 1:1; 2 Chron. 32:32)
Messiah (Psalm 89:19)
Ezekiel (Ezekiel 7:13; Ezekiel 8:1-4; Ezekiel
11:24)
9) Iddo (2 Chron. 9:29)
10) Daniel (Daniel 2:19; Daniel 8:1-27; Daniel
9:21-24)

11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)

Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 2)
Obadiah (Obadiah 1)
Nahum (Nahum 1:1)
Habakkuk (Habakkuk 2:2-3)
Peter (Matthew 17:9; Acts 10:19; Acts 11:5)
James (Matthew 17:9)
John (Matthew 17:9; Rev. 9:17)
Zacharias (Luke 1:22)
Ananias (Acts 9:10-12)
Cornelius (Acts 10:3,17)
Paul (Acts 16:9-10; Acts 18:9; 2 Cor. 12)

GENESIS 15:1 SHIELD
Deut. 33:29; Psalm 84:11; Psalm 91:4; Proverbs 30:5.

Genesis 15:1 the word of the LORD

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GENESIS 15:3 NO SEED
Heirship is based upon sonship (Rom 8:16,17; Eph 1:5,11). [The Prodigal Son never lost his sonship…]

GENESIS 15:6 HE BELIEVED IN THE LORD; & AND HE COUNTED IT TO HIM FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS
Romans 4:3,6; Galatians 3:6; James 2:23.

GENESIS 15:12 A DEEP SLEEP FELL UPON ABRAM
This shows that this in an Unconditional Covenant
In a normal covenant, participants would divide a sacrifice, and
together, in a figure “8” (see verse 17), would repeat the terms of the
covenant.

Adam is in a “deep sleep.” Not a participant.
Abram in “deep sleep.” Not a participant. Here God goes it alone.

GENESIS 15:16 THE INIQUITY OF THE AMORITES

A DIVINELY ORDERED RITUAL : BARATH , “T O
CUT A COVENANT .”

Thirteen Sins of the Canaanites
1) Homosexuality (Genesis 13:13; Genesis 19:1-29;
Leviticus 18:22-30; Leviticus 20:13)
2) Incest (Leviticus 18:6-30; Leviticus 20:12-23)
3) Inordinate affection (Leviticus 18:19-30; Leviticus
20:18-23)
4) Adultery (Leviticus 18:20-30; Leviticus 20:10-23)
5) Idolatry (Leviticus 18:21-30; Leviticus 20:2-5;
Deut. 12)
6) Profanity (Leviticus 18:21-30)

7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)

Bestiality (Leviticus 18:23-30; Leviticus 20:15-23)
Witchcraft (Leviticus 20:6,23; Deut. 18:9-14)
Whoredom (Leviticus 20:1-23)
Dishonor to parents (Leviticus 20:9-23)
Murder (Deut. 12:31; Deut. 18:9-10)
Stealing (Leviticus 19:11-13 compared with
Leviticus 20:23)
13) Lying (Leviticus 19:11-16 compared with Leviticus
20:23)

GENESIS 15:17 BURNING LAMP
A flaming torch or a burning lamp was an emblem of God's presence. In the East it was a custom to light a torch
when making a covenant or in celebration of a marriage, to symbolize the fire of destruction if the agreement was
broken (cp. Matthew 25:1-13).

GENESIS 15:18 IN THE SAME DAY THE LORD MADE A COVENANT
The Terms of the Covenant



Declared eternal and unconditional.
Re-confirmed by an oath (Gen 22:15-18).
Confirmed to Isaac and to Jacob: Gen 26:2-5 (despite their acts of disobedience).
NT declares it immutable (Heb 6:13-18).

Abrahamic Covenant


Commitment of the Land to his descendants “from the river of Egypt to the great river, the River
Euphrates”;
Afflicted in Egypt: 400 years ( Acts 7:6); in Egypt 430 years (Ex 12:40);
But will return with great possession. “West Bank?” Which river?! Satan then has four centuries to lay
down a “mine field:” The Nephilim (Rephaim) in the land! In Egypt: 430 years, afflicted 400 years.
Return in the fourth generation (Ex 6:16-26).

Three Major Promises
1. God’s Covenant with Abraham;
a. In his seed all nations shall be blessed.
2. God’s Covenant with the Nation Israel;
a. If they faithfully served Him they’d prosper.
b. If they forsook Him they would be destroyed.
3. God’s Covenant with David;
a. His family would produce the Messiah who would reign over God’s people forever .
Genesis 15:3 No seed

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Genesis 16
1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no
children: and she had an
handmaid, an Egyptian, whose
name [was] Hagar.
2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold
now, the LORD hath restrained me
from bearing: I pray thee, go in
unto my maid; it may be that I may
obtain children by her. And Abram
hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
3 And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar
her maid the Egyptian, after Abram
had dwelt ten years in the land of
Canaan, and gave her to her
husband Abram to be his wife.
4 ¶ And he went in unto Hagar, and
she conceived: and when she saw
that she had conceived, her
mistress was despised in her eyes.
5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My
wrong [be] upon thee: I have given
my maid into thy bosom; and when
she saw that she had conceived, I
was despised in her eyes: the LORD
judge between me and thee.

6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold,
thy maid [is] in thy hand; do to her
as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai
dealt hardly with her, she fled from
her face.
7 ¶ And the angel of the LORD found
her by a fountain of water in the
wilderness, by the fountain in the
way to Shur.
8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid,
whence camest thou? and whither
wilt thou go? And she said, I flee
from the face of my mistress Sarai.
9 And the angel of the LORD said unto
her, Return to thy mistress, and
submit thyself under her hands.
10 And the angel of the LORD said
unto her, I will multiply thy seed
exceedingly, that it shall not be
numbered for multitude.

11 And the angel of the LORD said
unto her, Behold, thou [art] with
child, and shalt bear a son, and
shalt call his name Ishmael;
because the LORD hath heard thy
affliction.
12 And he will be a wild man; his
hand [will be] against every man,
and every man's hand against him;
and he shall dwell in the presence
of all his brethren.
13 And she called the name of the
LORD that spake unto her, Thou
God seest me: for she said, Have I
also here looked after him that
seeth me?
14 Wherefore the well was called
Beer-lahai-roi; behold, [it is]
between Kadesh and Bered.
15 ¶ And Hagar bare Abram a son:
and Abram called his son's name,
which Hagar bare, Ishmael.
16 And Abram [was] fourscore and six
years old, when Hagar bare
Ishmael to Abram.

GENESIS 16:1 BARE HIM NO CHILDREN
Seven Barren Women
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Sarah
Rebekah
Rachel
Manoah's wife
Hannah
Michal
Elisabeth

(Genesis 11:30; Genesis 16:1)
(Genesis 25:21)
(Genesis 29:31)
(Judges 13:2)
(1 Samuel 1:5)
(2 Samuel 6:23)
(Luke 1:7)

GENESIS 16:2 OBTAIN CHILDREN
Hebrew: banah (HSN-1129), be built by her (Genesis 30:3,6; Exodus 21:4).
According to existing civil laws children of slaves belonged to the master and such a practice was perfectly legal.

GENESIS 16:3 SARAI ABRAM'S WIFE TOOK HAGAR HER MAID THE EGYPTIAN
This was when Abraham was eighty-six, or fourteen years before Isaac was born (Genesis 16:16; cp. Romans 4:1722; Hebrews 11:11-12). After this Abraham had eight known sons (Genesis 16:16; Genesis 21:1-8; Genesis 25:1-2)
and a number of unnamed sons by concubines (Genesis 25:6).

GENESIS 16:5 I WAS DESPISED IN HER EYES
This whole obtain children from the maid was Sarah's policy, yet Abraham got the blame. She was angry that he let
Hagar go unpunished for her insolent and ungrateful conduct toward her mistress (Genesis 16:8).

GENESIS 16:6 DEALT HARDLY WITH HER
Hebrew: anah (HSN-6031), afflicted her. Law forbade Sarah to sell her under such circumstances. She could only lay

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tasks upon her and make her life miserable. Hagar fled from these.

GENESIS 16:7 THE ANGEL OF THE LORD
This is the first reference in the Old Testament to “the Angel of the Lord” (lit., “the Angel of Yahweh”).

Angel of the Lord or “YHWH”


Identified with Yahweh (Gen 16:13; 22:11-12; 31:11, 13; 48:16; Judg 6:11,16, 22; 13:22-23; Zech 3:1-2);
Yet distinct from YHWH (Gen 24:7; 2 Sam 24:16; Zech 1:12);
May refer to a theophany of the preincarnate Christ (Cf. Gen 18:1-2; 19:1; Num 22:22; Judg 2:1-4; 5:23;
Zech 12:8).

The Angel of the Lord found the maidservant in the desert at a spring beside the road to Shur (cf. 25:18) on the way
to her homeland, Egypt. When she reached Shur (the wall), she paused before crossing the border. Here the
Egyptians maintained a wall or strong line of forts to protect Egypt from invaders from the east. It is mentioned in
Egyptian records as early as 2000 B.C.

GENESIS 16:10 I WILL MULTIPLY THY SEED EXCEEDINGLY
This is the first prophecy of Ishmael being a great nation and at enmity with others. This is still in the process of
fulfillment.

GENESIS 16:11 SHALT CALL HIS NAME ISMAEL
Ishmael
Meaning, whom God hears (Genesis 16:11). His biography is in Genesis 16:11-25:18; 1 Chron. 1:29. One other
person named Ishmael (2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:14; Jeremiah 41:1-18).

Seven persons named before birth:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Ishmael (Genesis 16:11)
Isaac (Genesis 17:19)
Solomon (1 Chron. 22:9)
Josiah (325 years before birth, 1 Kings 13:2; 2 Kings 22:1)
Cyrus – a gentile conquering king, The only non-Jew in this list (175 years before birth, Isaiah 44:28-45:1)
John the Baptist (Luke 1:13,60-63);
Jesus (Matthew 1:21).

GENESIS 16:12 WILD MAN; HIS HAND [WILL BE] AGAINST EVERY MAN
Hebrew: pere• (HSN-6501), running wild. Here it refers to man. Used 10 times of wild asses (Job 6:5; Job 11:12; Job
24:5; Job 39:5; Psalm 104:11; Isaiah 32:14; Jeremiah 2:24; Jeremiah 14:6; Hosea 8:9).
Wild ass: Wild man, indeed. The Arabs have never gotten along—even with themselves.

Provocative prediction.
Her son would become the father of a great tribe of wild, hostile people (cf. 25:18), living in the Arabian desert
(25:12-18). But they would not be the promised seed; they would only complicate matters. Sarai’s sin sowed a
harvest that is still being reaped. In fact Joseph, Sarai’s great-grandson, was later taken to Egypt by the Ishmaelites
(37:28).

GENESIS 16:12 HIS HAND WILL BE AGAINST EVERY MAN, AND EVERY MAN'S HAND AGAINST HIM
True today after four thousand years. Cp. Isaiah 21:13; Jeremiah 3:2; Ezra 8:31.

GENESIS 16:12 DWELL IN THE PRESENCE OF ALL HIS BRETHREN
Especially with Midianites, their half- brothers (Genesis 25:1-4; Genesis 37:28; Judges 8:22-24; cp. Genesis 25:18).

GENESIS 16:14 BEER-LAHAI-ROI
"Do I live after seeing God?" Or, "the well of living after seeing" (cp. Genesis 32:30). It was an Egyptian custom to
name every god, indicating their offices and attributes. It was natural for Hagar to honor the One who appeared to
her in her distress.

Genesis 16:7 the angel of the LORD

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GENESIS 16:15 CALLED HIS SON'S NAME, WHICH HAGAR BARE, ISHMAEL
Abraham got this name from Hagar who got it from God (Genesis 16:10-12).

GENESIS 16:1 6 AND ABRAM WAS FOURSCORE AND SIX YEARS OLD, WHEN HAGAR BARE
ISHMAEL
Abram was caught up in a chain of causes and effects that would trouble him for years to come. Abraham was 86
when Ishmael was born. Isaac will be born when he is 100.

Flesh vs. Spirit


Abraham lived 430 years before the Law: Promises preceded the Law: cannot be disannulled (Galatians 3:17).
Ishmael vs Isaac
 Two sons of two principles: Flesh; Spirit.
 Ishmael: of the flesh, in unbelief.
“The son of the bondwoman will not be heir…”
 Isaac: of promise, in response to faith.
The Ultimate Triumph of Faith: the offering of Isaac

For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. But he who was
of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise. Which things are an
allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is
Hagar. For this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with
her children. But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. For it is written, Rejoice, thou
barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children
than she which hath an husband. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. But as then he
that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. Nevertheless what
saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with
the son of the freewoman. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.
Galatians 4:22-31
The lesson was clear for Sarai, Abram, Hagar, Israel, and for Christians: God’s servants are to trust His Word and to
wait for its fulfillment, enduring patiently till the end. It becomes increasingly clear in Genesis that any person or
any nation that owes its existence to divine election should live by faith. Human efforts will not help. But the good
news for God’s people is that the living God sees and hears

Genesis 16:15 called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael

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Genesis 17
1 And when Abram was ninety years
old and nine, the LORD appeared
to Abram, and said unto him, I [am]
the Almighty God; walk before me,
and be thou perfect.
2 And I will make my covenant
between me and thee, and will
multiply thee exceedingly.
3 And Abram fell on his face: and God
talked with him, saying,
4 As for me, behold, my covenant [is]
with thee, and thou shalt be a
father of many nations.
5 Neither shall thy name any more be
called Abram, but thy name shall
be Abraham; for a father of many
nations have I made thee.
6 And I will make thee exceeding
fruitful, and I will make nations of
thee, and kings shall come out of
thee.
7 And I will establish my covenant
between me and thee and thy seed
after thee in their generations for
an everlasting covenant, to be a
God unto thee, and to thy seed
after thee.
8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy
seed after thee, the land wherein
thou art a stranger, all the land of
Canaan,
for
an
everlasting
possession; and I will be their God.
9 ¶ And God said unto Abraham,
Thou shalt keep my covenant
therefore, thou, and thy seed after
thee in their generations.
10 This [is] my covenant, which ye
shall keep, between me and you
and thy seed after thee; Every man
child among you shall be
circumcised.

11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of
your foreskin; and it shall be a
token of the covenant betwixt me
and you.
12 And he that is eight days old shall
be circumcised among you, every
man child in your generations, he
that is born in the house, or bought
with money of any stranger, which
[is] not of thy seed.
13 He that is born in thy house, and
he that is bought with thy money,
must needs be circumcised: and
my covenant shall be in your flesh
for an everlasting covenant.
14 And the uncircumcised man child
whose flesh of his foreskin is not
circumcised, that soul shall be cut
off from his people; he hath
broken my covenant.
15 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, As
for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not
call her name Sarai, but Sarah
[shall] her name [be].
16 And I will bless her, and give thee a
son also of her: yea, I will bless her,
and she shall be [a mother] of
nations; kings of people shall be of
her.
17 Then Abraham fell upon his face,
and laughed, and said in his heart,
Shall [a child] be born unto him
that is an hundred years old? and
shall Sarah, that is ninety years old,
bear?
18 And Abraham said unto God, O
that Ishmael might live before
thee!

19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall
bear thee a son indeed; and thou
shalt call his name Isaac: and I will
establish my covenant with him for
an everlasting covenant, [and] with
his seed after him.
20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard
thee: Behold, I have blessed him,
and will make him fruitful, and will
multiply him exceedingly; twelve
princes shall he beget, and I will
make him a great nation.
21 But my covenant will I establish
with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear
unto thee at this set time in the
next year.
22 And he left off talking with him,
and God went up from Abraham.
23 ¶ And Abraham took Ishmael his
son, and all that were born in his
house, and all that were bought
with his money, every male among
the men of Abraham's house; and
circumcised the flesh of their
foreskin in the selfsame day, as
God had said unto him.
24 And Abraham [was] ninety years
old and nine, when he was
circumcised in the flesh of his
foreskin.
25 And Ishmael his son [was] thirteen
years old, when he was
circumcised in the flesh of his
foreskin.
26 In the selfsame day was Abraham
circumcised, and Ishmael his son.
27 And all the men of his house, born
in the house, and bought with
money of the stranger, were
circumcised with him.

GENESIS 17:1 ALMIGHTY GOD
Hebrew: •El (HSN-410) Shaddai (HSN-7706), Almighty God. It is found 218 times. •El (HSN-410) signifies "Strong
One" and Shaddai (HSN-7706), "the Breasted One." This pictures God as the Strong-Nourisher, Strength-Giver,
Satisfier, and All-Bountiful, the Supplier of the needs of His people. Its first occurrence here reveals God as the
Fruitful-One who was to multiply Abraham abundantly; the Life-Giver who was to restore life to Abraham and Sarah
who were as good as dead where offspring was concerned. Through Him, they would have future offspring as the
dust (Genesis 13:16), stars (Genesis 15:5), and sand in number (Genesis 22:17).

GENESIS 17:1 WALK BEFORE ME, AND BE THOU PERFECT
The standard of holiness and perfection was no higher under the Abrahamic covenant than it is under the new
Genesis 17:1 Almighty God

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covenant. If God could help Abraham be perfect, could He not also help believers in Christ today to be the same?
According to Scripture, the state of perfection and holiness required by God is not explained away by the theory
that all saved men are sinners and sin every day. See Luke 1:74-75; Romans 6:1-23; Romans 8:1-13; Romans 12:1-2;
1 Cor. 1:18-30; 1 Cor. 3:16-17; 1 Cor. 6:9-20; 1 Cor. 9:27; 2 Cor. 5:17-21; 2 Cor. 6:14-18; 2 Cor. 7:1; Galatians 5:1626; Ephes. 4:22-24; Col. 3:5-10; 2 Tim. 2; Titus 2:11-14; Hebrews 12:14; 1 John 1:7-9; 1 John 2:29; 1 John 3:5-10; 1
John 5:1-4,18. Abraham had the same gospel we have (Galatians 3:8; Romans 4).

GENESIS 17:3 FELL ON HIS FACE
Three Kinds of Prostrations
1) From being overpowered by God's presence (Genesis 15:12-17; Deut. 9:18,25; Judges 13:20; Ezekiel 1:28;
Ezekiel 3:23; Ezekiel 43:3; Ezekiel 44:4; Daniel 8:17; Daniel 10:5-19; Matthew 17:6; Acts 9:4; Acts 10:10;
Rev. 1:17)
2) Voluntary prostrations in prayer (Genesis 17:3,17; Leviticus 9:24; Numbers 14:5; Numbers 16:4,22,45;
Numbers 20:6; Numbers 22:31; Deut. 9:18,25; Joshua 5:14; Joshua 7:6; 1 Kings 18:39; Luke 17:16; Rev.
5:8,14; Rev. 7:11; Rev. 11:16)
3) Prostrations under burdens of prayer (Joshua 7:6; Matthew 26:39; Mark 3:11; Mark 5:22; Mark 7:25; Mark
14:35; Luke 5:12; John 11:32)

GENESIS 17:5 ABRAHAM
Abram means "exalted father"; whereas, Abraham means "father of a multitude."

GENESIS 17:12 HE THAT IS EIGHT DAYS OLD SHALL BE CIRCUMCISED
Three classes of persons to be circumcised:
1) All male children of Israelites
2) All male servants and children
3) All males of foreigners in Israel

GENESIS 17:14 CUT OFF
Cut off by death. So used 145 times (Genesis 9:11; Exodus 12:15,19; Exodus 31:14; Leviticus 7:20,21,25,27; Psalm
101:5; Isaiah 53:8; Daniel 9:26; Zech. 14:2; Malachi 2:12). The manner of death is not stated. One was simply under
the sentence of death if he willfully neglected the sign of the covenant. The letter of the law was evidently not
carried out, for children were not circumcised in the wilderness (Joshua 5:2-10).

GENESIS 17:15 SARAH
Sarah means queen of princes or mother of princes and is the feminine of the Hebrew word sar (HSN-8269), a
prince. Sarai means princess.

GENESIS 17:19 ISAAC
Isaac means laughter. It is noticeable that both Abraham (Genesis 17:17) and Sarah laughed when they heard the
announcement concerning the birth of Isaac (Genesis 18:12-15).

GENESIS 17:22 GOD WENT UP FROM ABRAHAM
Forty-four Appearances of God
1) Forming man and animals out of the dust and Eve out of Adam's rib indicates the visible presence of God in
the days of re-creation (Genesis 2:7,19-25). According to Genesis 2:21 the Lord God "took one of his ribs,
and closed up the flesh instead thereof," which would surely require His presence with Adam at that time.
2) Adam and Eve saw God in visible form after they had sinned, and hid themselves from Him "amongst the
trees of the garden" because "they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden" (Genesis 3:819). They couldn't hide from God in His invisible presence, because it is everywhere.
3) Cain saw God in visible form, because he could not have been driven out of His invisible presence which is
with everyone everywhere (Genesis 4:6,9,16).
4) It is clear from Genesis 11:5 that God appeared on earth at the time of the tower of Babel, for it says, "the
Lord came down to see the city and the tower."
5) Abraham was blessed with several appearances of God. The first recorded appearance is in Genesis 12:7
which says, "the Lord appeared unto Abram."
Genesis 17:3 fell on his face

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6) In Genesis 17:1-22 "the Lord appeared to Abram ... and God went up from Abraham."
7) In Genesis 18:1 "the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre." Genesis 18:2 says Abraham saw
three men standing by him. These proved to be the Lord and two angels (Genesis 18:22; Genesis 19:1).
Other statements in Genesis 18 prove a visible appearance: "Let a little water be fetched ... and wash your
feet" (Genesis 18:4); "he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them ...
and they did eat" (Genesis 18:8); "the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham
went with them to bring them on the way" (Genesis 18:16); "the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and
Gomorrah is great ... I will go down now, and see" (Genesis 18:20-21); "Abraham stood yet before the Lord.
And Abraham drew near, and said" (Genesis 18:22-23); "And the Lord went His way ... and Abraham
returned unto his place" (Genesis 18:33)
8) God appeared to Isaac and confirmed the Abrahamic covenant with him, as is clear from Genesis 26:2-4.
Genesis 18:2 states, "the Lord appeared unto him."
9) He appeared again to Isaac, reminding him of the covenant (Genesis 26:24).
10) He appeared to Jacob and confirmed the Abrahamic covenant with him (Genesis 28:12-15 with Genesis
35:1).
11) God wrestled with Jacob bodily in Genesis 32:24-32. That this was a bodily appearance of God is proven in
Genesis 32:30: "I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved."
12) Jacob experienced another visible visitation of God in Genesis 35:9-15, "And God appeared unto Jacob
again."
13) The Lord appeared to Moses "in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush" (Exodus 3:1-4; Acts 7:30-34).
This is one of many instances where "the angel of the Lord" is used for God Himself. Whereas Exodus 3:2
says "the angel," Exodus 3:4 says "the Lord saw ... God called unto him out of the midst of the bush." See
The Spirit World.
14) The Lord "came down upon Mount Sinai," to give the Ten Commandments "in the sight of all the people"
(Exodus 19:11-24; Deut. 5:4,22-29).
15) Seventy-four leaders of Israel (including Moses and Aaron) saw God and ate with Him on Sinai (Exodus
24:1-11).
16) Moses saw God again on Sinai face to face (Exodus 24:12-18).
17) In Exodus 33:9-11 God talked with Moses as he entered the tabernacle: "the Lord spake unto Moses face
to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend." Even the heathen had knowledge of God being seen face to
face (Numbers 14:14).
18) In Exodus 33:12-23 Moses asked to see God's glory (Exodus 33:18), instead of His bodily form apart from
His glory which he had already seen many times. God refused to show him the glory of His face but said
Moses might see it in "My back parts" (Exodus 33:23).
19) Moses saw God another time in Exodus 34:5-9 when "the Lord descended in the cloud, and stood with him
there."
20) God appeared to Moses and all Israel Leviticus 9:23-24 which says, "there came a fire out from before (not
down from) the Lord, and consumed upon the altar." This indicates a visible presence.
21) Leviticus 10:1-2 states that "there went out fire from the Lord" to devour wicked priests who "offered
strange fire before the Lord, which he commanded them not."
22) According to Numbers 12:4-5, "the Lord came down ... and stood in the door of the tabernacle" to be seen
and heard by Moses, Miriam and Aaron.
23) In Deut. 31:2,15-16, at the time of Moses' death, when he was 120 years old (Deut. 34:5-7), the Lord
appeared to him.
24) "God came unto Balaam at night" to instruct him and warn him (Numbers 22:20).
25) "The ass saw the angel of the Lord standing in the way ... His sword drawn (Numbers 22:23).
26) Again "the ass saw the angel of the Lord" standing "in a path of the vineyards" (Numbers 22:24-25).
27) Still again the ass saw "the angel of the Lord" who "went further, and stood in a narrow place" (Numbers
22:26-27).
28) When "the Lord opened the eyes of Balaam ... he saw the angel of the Lord" (Numbers 22:31-38). That this
was an appearance of God is evident from the fact that in Numbers 22:35 it says, "the angel of the Lord
said unto Balaam ... only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak"; and in Numbers
22:38 it says, "Balaam said ... the word that God putteth in my mouth, that shall I speak."
29) In Numbers 23:3-10 "God met Balaam" and gave him words to speak.
Genesis 17:22 God went up from Abraham

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30) Again, as recorded in Numbers 23:16-24, "the Lord met Balaam, and put a word in his mouth."
31) Joshua saw God in a visible body, having a "sword drawn in His hand" (Joshua 5:13-15). That He received
worship when "Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship," proves the visible presence was God.
See Rev. 19:10; Rev. 22:8-9 where worship was refused.
32) God appeared to Israel to rebuke them for sin (Judges 2:1-5).
33) The Lord appeared to Gideon and "sat under an oak" in visible form as recorded in Judges 6:11-23. While in
Judges 6:11 He is called "an angel of the Lord," in Judges 6:14 and Judges 6:16 He is plainly called "the
Lord."
34) He appeared to Manoah's wife and predicted Samson's birth (Judges 13:3-7).
35) He appeared to Manoah and his wife together in answer to prayer, as seen in Judges 13:8-23. That this was
an appearance of God in visible form is clear from Judges 13:22 which says, "Manoah said unto his wife,
We shall surely die, because we have seen God."
36) God appeared to Samuel and called him to be a prophet, as seen in 1 Samuel 3:10 which says, "the Lord
came, and stood, and called."
37) He appeared again to Samuel, for 1 Samuel 3:21 says, "And the Lord appeared again in Shiloh"
38) In 1 Kings 19:11-18 we see that Elijah saw the Lord when he stood "upon the mount before the Lord. And,
behold, the Lord passed by."
39) From 1 Chron. 21:16-17 we learn that David saw the Lord, for whereas 1 Chron. 21:16 says David "saw the
angel of the Lord," 1 Chron. 21:17 calls Him "God." Referring to the place of this appearance, 2 Chron. 3:1
says, "where the Lord appeared unto David."
40) God appeared to Job who said, "I have heard of Thee ... but now mine eye seeth Thee" (Job 42:5).
41) God appeared to Isaiah in the temple, for in Isaiah 6 he testified, "I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne,
high and lifted up, and His train filled the temple."
42) Amos declared in Amos 9:1, "I saw the Lord standing upon the altar."
43) Acts 7:54-60 shows that Stephen saw "Jesus standing on the right hand of God."
44) John saw both God and the glorified Christ in the reception of Revelation (Rev. 4:2-11; Rev. 5:1-13; Rev.
6:16; Rev. 7:9-17; Rev. 8:3-5; Rev. 11:16; Rev. 12:5; Rev. 14:1-5; Rev. 19:1-10; Rev. 21:3-7; Rev. 22:1-5). In
Rev. 1:10-18 we read of an appearance of Christ, for in Rev. 1:11 John speaks of a voice saying, "I am Alpha
and Omega," and in Rev. 1:12-13 he says, "I turned to see the voice that spake ... I saw seven golden
candlesticks; and in the midst ... one like unto the Son of man."
Besides the above appearances the prophets saw God—His shape, His body (like that of a man), His hair, eyes, and
other bodily parts, His clothing, and His chariot throne drawn by cherubim in visions. Ezekiel saw Him (Ezekiel 1:228; Ezekiel 8:1-4; Ezekiel 9:1-4; Ezekiel 10:1-5,7-22; Ezekiel 40:1-4,6,8-9,11,13-14,17,19,24,28,32,35,45,47-48;
Ezekiel 41:1,4-5,13,15; Ezekiel 42:1,13,15-20; Ezekiel 43:1-7); Daniel saw Him (Daniel 7:9-14; Daniel 10:5-9); and
Zechariah saw Him (Zech. 1:8-20; Zech. 2:1-13; Zech. 3:1-2; Zech. 4:1-5; Zech. 5:2-5,10; Zech. 6:4-5).
There is reason to believe that Enoch, Noah and others also saw God, because they walked with Him and received
specific instructions from Him (Genesis 5:22-24; Genesis 6:8-9; Hebrews 11:5-7; Jude 1:14-15). Furthermore, on a
number of occasions the glory of the Lord appeared to Moses and Israel and they saw it and heard God's voice from
it. This was more than an invisible presence (Numbers 14:10-12; Numbers 16:19-30,41-50; Numbers 20:6-13, etc.).
In view of the above appearances of God to men, the often quoted verse, "No man hath seen God at any time"
(John 1:18) can only be understood to mean that no man has seen Him face to face in His glory and comprehended
Him fully as "the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father," who "hath declared him." In 1 Tim. 6:16
we read of the Godhead "dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto," but when God chooses to appear
apart from this light, man can approach. Human beings have experienced this many times, both seeing and hearing
God.

GENESIS 17:24 CIRCUMCISED IN THE FLESH OF HIS FORESKIN
Circumcision
Circumcision is a physical operation that entered one into the Abrahamic covenant in the Old Testament. It was
instituted by God (Gen. 17:10-14) and performed on the eighth day after birth (Luke 1:59) by removing the male
foreskin. It was a sign of the covenant God made with Abraham (Gen. 17:12; Rom. 4:11) by which people could be
associated with national Israel.
Circumcision, which was a part of the Abrahamic covenant, was a sign of the promised Redeemer out of the loins of
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Abraham, and of His works for all who wished to put off the sins of the flesh and serve God as new creatures. The
word "circumcision" came to be synonymous with Jews (Romans 3:30; Romans 4:9; Galatians 2:9).
Vitamin K, a clotting element, is not formed until the 5th to the 7th day. Prothrombin is also necessary (3rd day: 30%
of normal; 8th day: peaks at 110%, then levels off at 100% of normal). How did Moses (the author of Genesis) know
to circumcise on the 8th day? (Gen 17:1) unless it was revealed to him by God who created man.

Circumcision of the Heart
In the New Testament the physical operation is not practiced. Instead, a circumcision of the heart of the Christian is
taught (Rom. 2:29; Col. 2:11-12) and considered to be true circumcision (Rom. 2:29).

Since Christ came, circumcision avails nothing (Galatians 5:6; Col. 3:11).
Christian circumcision is in the heart or spirit, not in the flesh (Romans 2:28-29; 1 Cor. 7:19; Phil. 3:3; Col.
2:11)

Moses said that God would circumcise the hearts of His people so that they might be devoted to Him (Deut 30:6).
Unbelief is described as having an uncircumcised heart (Jer 9:26; Ezek 44:7-9). Paul wrote that “circumcision of the
heart” (i.e., being inwardly set apart “by the Spirit”) evidences salvation and fellowship with God (Rom 2:28-29; cf.
Rom 4:11).

GENESIS 17:25 THIRTEEN YEARS OLD
It is said that Ishmaelites and Arabians still circumcise in the thirteenth year.

Genesis 17:25 thirteen years old

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Genesis 18
1 And the LORD appeared unto him in
the plains of Mamre: and he sat in
the tent door in the heat of the
day;
2 And he lift up his eyes and looked,
and, lo, three men stood by him:
and when he saw [them], he ran to
meet them from the tent door, and
bowed himself toward the ground,
3 And said, My Lord, if now I have
found favour in thy sight, pass not
away, I pray thee, from thy
servant:
4 Let a little water, I pray you, be
fetched, and wash your feet, and
rest yourselves under the tree:
5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread,
and comfort ye your hearts; after
that ye shall pass on: for therefore
are ye come to your servant. And
they said, So do, as thou hast said.
6 And Abraham hastened into the
tent unto Sarah, and said, Make
ready quickly three measures of
fine meal, knead [it], and make
cakes upon the hearth.
7 And Abraham ran unto the herd,
and fetcht a calf tender and good,
and gave [it] unto a young man;
and he hasted to dress it.
8 And he took butter, and milk, and
the calf which he had dressed, and
set [it] before them; and he stood
by them under the tree, and they
did eat.
9 ¶ And they said unto him, Where
[is] Sarah thy wife? And he said,
Behold, in the tent.
10 And he said, I will certainly return
unto thee according to the time of
life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall
have a son. And Sarah heard [it] in
the tent door, which [was] behind
him.
11 Now Abraham and Sarah [were]
old [and] well stricken in age; [and]
it ceased to be with Sarah after the
manner of women.

Genesis 17:25 thirteen years old

12 Therefore Sarah laughed within
herself, saying, After I am waxed
old shall I have pleasure, my lord
being old also?
13 And the LORD said unto Abraham,
Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying,
Shall I of a surety bear a child,
which am old?
14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD?
At the time appointed I will return
unto thee, according to the time of
life, and Sarah shall have a son.
15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I
laughed not; for she was afraid.
And he said, Nay; but thou didst
laugh.
16 ¶ And the men rose up from
thence, and looked toward Sodom:
and Abraham went with them to
bring them on the way.
17 And the LORD said, Shall I hide
from Abraham that thing which I
do;
18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely
become a great and mighty nation,
and all the nations of the earth
shall be blessed in him?
19 For I know him, that he will
command his children and his
household after him, and they shall
keep the way of the LORD, to do
justice and judgment; that the
LORD may bring upon Abraham
that which he hath spoken of him.
20 And the LORD said, Because the
cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is
great, and because their sin is very
grievous;
21 I will go down now, and see
whether they have done altogether
according to the cry of it, which is
come unto me; and if not, I will
know.
22 And the men turned their faces
from thence, and went toward
Sodom: but Abraham stood yet
before the LORD.
23 ¶ And Abraham drew near, and
said, Wilt thou also destroy the
righteous with the wicked?

24

Peradventure there be fifty
righteous within the city: wilt thou
also destroy and not spare the
place for the fifty righteous that
[are] therein?
25 That be far from thee to do after
this manner, to slay the righteous
with the wicked: and that the
righteous should be as the wicked,
that be far from thee: Shall not the
Judge of all the earth do right?
26 And the LORD said, If I find in
Sodom fifty righteous within the
city, then I will spare all the place
for their sakes.
27 And Abraham answered and said,
Behold now, I have taken upon me
to speak unto the Lord, which [am
but] dust and ashes:
28 Peradventure there shall lack five
of the fifty righteous: wilt thou
destroy all the city for [lack of]
five? And he said, If I find there
forty and five, I will not destroy [it].
29 And he spake unto him yet again,
and said, Peradventure there shall
be forty found there. And he said, I
will not do [it] for forty's sake.
30 And he said [unto him], Oh let not
the Lord be angry, and I will speak:
Peradventure there shall thirty be
found there. And he said, I will not
do [it], if I find thirty there.
31 And he said, Behold now, I have
taken upon me to speak unto the
Lord: Peradventure there shall be
twenty found there. And he said, I
will not destroy [it] for twenty's
sake.
32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be
angry, and I will speak yet but this
once: Peradventure ten shall be
found there. And he said, I will not
destroy [it] for ten's sake.
33 And the LORD went his way, as
soon as he had left communing
with Abraham: and Abraham
returned unto his place.

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GENESIS 18:1 MAMRE
Abraham had been living here since the time of Genesis 13:18 and continued to live here until he "journeyed from
thence" as in Genesis 20:1. It was customary to sit under the door-flap to rest and eat at noon when the sun was
the hottest.

He sat in the tent-door,
In the heat of the day; not so much to repose or divert himself as to seek an opportunity of doing good, by giving
entertainment to strangers and travelers, there being perhaps no inns to accommodate them.
Those that have been forward to entertain strangers have entertained angels, to their unspeakable honor and
satisfaction.

GENESIS 18:2 THREE MEN
These three men were God and two angels, now assuming human bodies, that they might be visible to Abraham,
and conversable with him. (Genesis 18:2,13-14,17,20; Genesis 19:1,15), called "men" in Genesis 18:16,22; Genesis
19:5,10,12,16.
He Recognized Them
 Abraham hurried to them v.2
o He hurried back to the tent v.6
o He ran to the herd v.7
o His servant hurried v.7
 Abraham bowed low before them v.2
 He got water to wash their feet v.4
 He served them
o freshly baked bread v.6
o a choice calf v.7
o curds and milk (not kosher w/meat?) v.8
 He stood while they were eating v.8; cf. vv.1-2

GENESIS 18:4 WASH YOUR FEET
A common practice to this day because sandals are worn (Genesis 18:4; Genesis 43:24; Luke 7:44). The kind of
shoes worn by God and the two angels is not stated, but they had feet to wash the same as men of earth.

GENESIS 18:5 THEY SAID, SO DO, AS THOU HAST SAID
God and the angels not only agreed to wait until the dinner was prepared, but "they did eat" (Genesis 18:8; cp.
Exodus 24:9-11; Psalm 78:25).

GENESIS 18:6 THREE MEASURES OF FINE MEAL
Measures
Hebrew: ce•ah (HSN-5429), about one and a half pecks (1 Samuel 25:18; 1 Kings 18:32; 2 Kings 7:1,16,18). The
three measures were about one bushel and half a peck—perhaps enough for only one meal, as Abraham had many
servants. All present actually saw God and the angels, proving further that human beings have seen God with
natural eyes.

Cakes
Cakes are mentioned 38 times (Exodus 12:39; Leviticus 7:12; Leviticus 24:5; 1 Kings 17:12-13; 1 Kings 19:6; Jeremiah
7:18).

The Parable of the Leaven
Also called the Parable of the yeast, this parable of Jesus appears in the Gospels of Matthew (13:33) and Luke
(13:20–21).
And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God? It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in
three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. Luke 13:20-21
When “thee measures of meal” is mentioned to a Jew, his/her mind comes to what Abraham did in Genesis 18. It
would not be normal for their thinking to associate this meal with yeast.

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GENESIS 18:8 HE STOOD BY THEM UNDER THE TREE
It is said that an Arab chief (in the past) never eats with his guests. He generally stands by while they eat, as if
enjoying his own hospitality. This was Abraham's custom.

Butter
Hebrew: chem•ah (HSN-2529), curdled milk, cheese, butter (Genesis 18:8; Deut. 32:14; Proverbs 30:33; Isaiah 7:1522).

They did eat
God and angels eat even in heaven, so why not on earth? (Exodus 24:11; Psalm 78:25; Luke 22:16,18,30; Luke
24:30,43; Acts 10:41; Hebrews 13:2). What else could this mean but what it says? One of the great promises of
Christ to His disciples, to be fulfilled after their bodies are resurrected and glorified, pertains to their eating. Luke
22:30 says, "That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom."

GENESIS 18:10 SARAH HEARD IT IN THE TENT DOOR
This shows that women didn't eat with male guests in that day. When Sarah heard her name she arose and stood in
the doorway of her tent and looked at God and the angels as they were talking to Abraham.

GENESIS 18:11 OLD AND WELL STRICKEN IN AGE
Abraham was ninety-nine and Sarah eighty-nine, for when Isaac was born the next year Abraham was a hundred
and Sarah ninety years old (Genesis 17:17; Genesis 21:5).

It ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women
Sarah was not only barren (Genesis 11:30), but had also passed the productive age which was probably later in life
than with women today (Hebrews 11:11).

GENESIS 18:12 MY LORD
Lord - Hebrew: •adown (HSN-113), ruler, master, possessor, proprietor, or lord. It is used 30 times of God, the first
time in Exodus 23:17. Here it is used of man. Cp. 1 Peter 3:6.

GENESIS 18:14 IS ANY THING TOO HARD FOR THE LORD?
Numbers 11:23; 2 Kings 4:16; Jeremiah 32:17.
A call to believe that God can do the impossible: Luke 1:37, “For with God nothing shall be impossible”

GENESIS 18:15 SARAH DENIED, SAYING, I LAUGHED NOT; FOR SHE WAS AFRAID.
Sarah was perhaps afraid God would change His mind about the son. Instead of rebuking her for the lie, He only
corrected her.

GENESIS 18:16 LOOKED TOWARD SODOM
The purpose of this earthly visit was to see if Sodom was as wicked
as God's scouts had reported to Him (Genesis 18:20-21). On the
way they visited their friend, Abraham. Now they looked toward
Sodom.

GENESIS 18:17 SHALL I HIDE FROM ABRAHAM THAT
THING WHICH I DO
God's secrets are revealed to His friends (Psalm 84:11; John 15:15;
James 2:23).

GENESIS 18:20 THE CRY OF SODOM AND GOMORRAH
IS GREAT
God judges sin in everybody and metes out the right penalty for
sin, even to His own sons, whether angels (Matthew 25:41; 2 Peter
2:4; Jude 1:6-7; Rev. 20:10) or men (Genesis 2:17; Exodus 32:3233; Ezekiel 18:20-26; Romans 6:14-23; Romans 8:12-13; 1 Cor.
3:16-17; 1 Cor. 6:9-11; Galatians 5:19-21; Col. 3:6-10).
Genesis 18:8 he stood by them under the tree

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GENESIS 18:23 WILT THOU ALSO DESTROY THE RIGHTEOUS WITH THE WICKED
This is the first example of intercession in Scripture, but not the first prayer. Abraham pleaded with God for mercy
on others, giving reasons for his requests.

GENESIS 18:26 IF I FIND IN SODOM FIFTY RIGHTEOUS WITHIN THE CITY…
God showed Abraham that He was both just and merciful. Sodom must be punished, and that punishment would
be a permanent lesson to Abraham and his seed. The place was Mamre beside Hebron, which lies in a valley near
the southern end of the mountain chain of Judah. From Hebron there is a rapid descent of 4,200 feet to the Dead
Sea. Sodom was situated near the Dead Sea about 26 miles southeast of Mamre, at a place now covered by the sea.
Abraham could see the plain and cities from the mountain top. The angels had gone on, while Abraham remained
to intercede. When he was finished God "went His way" and Abraham went back to Mamre, returning the next day
to see the destruction (Genesis 18:33; Genesis 19:27).

GENESIS 18:33 WENT HIS WAY ... RETURNED UNTO HIS PLACE
The Lord "went His way" and Abraham "returned to his place." Two friends had walked and talked together and
now parted. In Exodus 33:11 the Lord spoke to Moses "face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend."

FAQ
Why did God change his mind about what he had to do with SODOM? Is it because of Abraham? or was God testing
Abraham? Because am sure the Lord knows the future.... then why all the trouble of coming down to earth with
angels other than blessing Abraham and Sarah?
The answer is yes, it was because of Abraham, specifically his intercession. If you look at Isaiah 59:16, God
"wondered that there was no intercessor".
God is looking for people to stand in the gap, and this portion of scripture gives us an insight into the nature of
God's heart for man, how he wishes to deal with us, and what he expects from us.
Would God have not destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah if Abraham bargain all the way down to 1 righteous person? I
do not think so, but I can not tell you that conclusively, but then again, Moses was able to change God's mind
completely in Exodus 32. "Then the Lord changed His mind and did not bring on his people the disaster he had
threatened." Ex. 32:14
I believe there are times where we need to authorize God to move (Is. 45:11), and there are times we "need to
have a talk" with him about what he intends to do. Amos 3:7 says "Surely the Lord God does nothing, unless He
reveals His secret to His servants the prophets."
I also believe the first thing to do to get anywhere in this is to stop calling him God and see him as our Heavenly
Father. Yes he is God, but he is now my father. It is all about a relationship. He loves me, and I love him right back.

Genesis 18:23 Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked

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Genesis 19
1 And there came two angels to
Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the
gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing
[them] rose up to meet them; and
he bowed himself with his face
toward the ground;
2 And he said, Behold now, my lords,
turn in, I pray you, into your
servant's house, and tarry all night,
and wash your feet, and ye shall
rise up early, and go on your ways.
And they said, Nay; but we will
abide in the street all night.
3 And he pressed upon them greatly;
and they turned in unto him, and
entered into his house; and he
made them a feast, and did bake
unleavened bread, and they did
eat.
4 ¶ But before they lay down, the
men of the city, [even] the men of
Sodom, compassed the house
round, both old and young, all the
people from every quarter:
5 And they called unto Lot, and said
unto him, Where [are] the men
which came in to thee this night?
bring them out unto us, that we
may know them.
6 And Lot went out at the door unto
them, and shut the door after him,
7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do
not so wickedly.
8 Behold now, I have two daughters
which have not known man; let
me, I pray you, bring them out
unto you, and do ye to them as [is]
good in your eyes: only unto these
men do nothing; for therefore
came they under the shadow of my
roof.
9 And they said, Stand back. And they
said [again], This one [fellow] came
in to sojourn, and he will needs be
a judge: now will we deal worse
with thee, than with them. And
they pressed sore upon the man,
[even] Lot, and came near to break
the door.

FAQ

10 But the men put forth their hand,
and pulled Lot into the house to
them, and shut to the door.
11 And they smote the men that
[were] at the door of the house
with blindness, both small and
great: so that they wearied
themselves to find the door.
12 ¶ And the men said unto Lot, Hast
thou here any besides? son in law,
and thy sons, and thy daughters,
and whatsoever thou hast in the
city, bring [them] out of this place:
13 For we will destroy this place,
because the cry of them is waxen
great before the face of the LORD;
and the LORD hath sent us to
destroy it.
14 And Lot went out, and spake unto
his sons in law, which married his
daughters, and said, Up, get you
out of this place; for the LORD will
destroy this city. But he seemed as
one that mocked unto his sons in
law.
15 ¶ And when the morning arose,
then the angels hastened Lot,
saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy
two daughters, which are here; lest
thou be consumed in the iniquity
of the city.
16 And while he lingered, the men
laid hold upon his hand, and upon
the hand of his wife, and upon the
hand of his two daughters; the
LORD being merciful unto him: and
they brought him forth, and set
him without the city.
17 ¶ And it came to pass, when they
had brought them forth abroad,
that he said, Escape for thy life;
look not behind thee, neither stay
thou in all the plain; escape to the
mountain, lest thou be consumed.
18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not
so, my Lord:

19 Behold now, thy servant hath
found grace in thy sight, and thou
hast magnified thy mercy, which
thou hast shewed unto me in
saving my life; and I cannot escape
to the mountain, lest some evil
take me, and I die:
20 Behold now, this city [is] near to
flee unto, and it [is] a little one: Oh,
let me escape thither, ([is] it not a
little one?) and my soul shall live.
21 And he said unto him, See, I have
accepted thee concerning this
thing also, that I will not overthrow
this city, for the which thou hast
spoken.
22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I
cannot do any thing till thou be
come thither. Therefore the name
of the city was called Zoar.
23 ¶ The sun was risen upon the
earth when Lot entered into Zoar.
24 Then the LORD rained upon
Sodom and upon Gomorrah
brimstone and fire from the LORD
out of heaven;
25 And he overthrew those cities, and
all the plain, and all the inhabitants
of the cities, and that which grew
upon the ground.
26 ¶ But his wife looked back from
behind him, and she became a
pillar of salt.
27 ¶ And Abraham gat up early in the
morning to the place where he
stood before the LORD:
28 And he looked toward Sodom and
Gomorrah, and toward all the land
of the plain, and beheld, and, lo,
the smoke of the country went up
as the smoke of a furnace.
29 ¶ And it came to pass, when God
destroyed the cities of the plain,
that God remembered Abraham,
and sent Lot out of the midst of the
overthrow, when he overthrew the
cities in the which Lot dwelt.

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30 ¶ And Lot went up out of Zoar, and
dwelt in the mountain, and his two
daughters with him; for he feared
to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a
cave, he and his two daughters.
31 And the firstborn said unto the
younger, Our father [is] old, and
[there is] not a man in the earth to
come in unto us after the manner
of all the earth:
32 Come, let us make our father drink
wine, and we will lie with him, that
we may preserve seed of our
father.

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33 And they made their father drink
wine that night: and the firstborn
went in, and lay with her father;
and he perceived not when she lay
down, nor when she arose.
34 And it came to pass on the
morrow, that the firstborn said
unto the younger, Behold, I lay
yesternight with my father: let us
make him drink wine this night
also; and go thou in, [and] lie with
him, that we may preserve seed of
our father.

35 And they made their father drink
wine that night also: and the
younger arose, and lay with him;
and he perceived not when she lay
down, nor when she arose.
36 Thus were both the daughters of
Lot with child by their father.
37 And the firstborn bare a son, and
called his name Moab: the same
[is] the father of the Moabites unto
this day.
38 And the younger, she also bare a
son, and called his name Benammi: the same [is] the father of
the children of Ammon unto this
day.

GENESIS 19:1 LOT SAT IN THE GATE OF SODOM
Lot isn't mentioned from the time he chose the plain in Genesis 13:10-13 until now. Here he is in the gate which
was a place of public resort in an Eastern town. The chiefs usually gave judgment here. Seeing the strangers enter
town, Lot felt obligated (in accordance with patriarchal laws of hospitality) to care for their needs.
Lot is a leader of the community; a judge, for he “was sitting in the gateway of the city” (v. 1; cf. v. 9). Judges usually
sat by the city gates, public places (cf. Job 29:7, 12-17) where legal and business transactions were finalized (Gen.
23:18). [While his conduct will shock you, he was deemed “a righteous man” (2 Peter 2:7-8)!]

GENESIS 19:2 WE WILL ABIDE IN THE STREET ALL NIGHT
In many warm climates it was customary to sleep in the open air. Additionally, most towns had a raised level
platform, often a square where locals would gather in the evening, where strangers could stand to let folks know
they need hospitality, and where they slept if no one took them home.

GENESIS 19:4 QUARTER
In those days, there were different quarters where people lived separated by nation, religion, or occupation (Isaiah
47:15; Isaiah 56:11; Jeremiah 37:21).

GENESIS 19:5 THAT WE MAY KNOW THEM.
The men of Sodom regarded the angels as (handsome) “men.”
Sodomy is forbidden (Exodus 22:19; Leviticus 18:22; Leviticus 20:13; Deut. 23:17; 1 Cor. 6:9-10; 1 Tim. 1:10; cp.
Isaiah 1:9; Isaiah 3:9; Judges 19:22; Judges 20:13; Romans 1:18-32).

GENESIS 19:8 I HAVE TWO DAUGHTERS WHICH HAVE NOT KNOWN MAN
Though Lot’s hospitality guaranteed protection to guests (with his life if necessary), this offer was more sinful than
violating the rules of hospitality. He was willing to sacrifice his daughters’ virginity to fend off the vice of Sodomite
men. It is my personal opinion that the family God gives you is your number one priority to defend.

GENESIS 19:9 WE WILL DEAL WORSE WITH THEE
They intended to sodomize Lot if they couldn't have the angels.

GENESIS 19:10 PUT FORTH THEIR HAND
That angels are spiritual multidimensional beings is clear from Psalm 104:4 and Hebrews 1:13-14; that they have
spirit bodies is clear from this record which shows them physically laying hold of human bodies with their hands.
God is also a Spirit with a spirit body.

GENESIS 19:11 BLINDNESS
Nine Cases of Blindness
1) The Sodomites (Genesis 19:11)
2) Isaac (Genesis 27:1)
Genesis 19:1 Lot sat in the gate of Sodom

3) Jacob (Genesis 48:10)
4) Samson (Judges 16:21)
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5) Eli (1 Samuel 4:15)
6) Ahijah (1 Kings 14:4)
7) Syrians (2 Kings 6:18)

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8) Zedekiah (2 Kings 25:7)
9) Elymas (Acts 13:11)

GENESIS 19:12 HAST THOU HERE ANY BESIDES
This verse reveals that Lot has a choice of whom he could save from destruction. Some reviews say that this shows
that the knowledge of angels is limited, if it was limited, it was limited from forecasting Lot’s decisions and not who
Lot’s family members were.
In other words, God sent them with a mission to destroy and to save Lot and whosoever Lot has earmarked to be
saved.
Lot did not win anybody for the Lord in this city.

GENESIS 19:14 BUT HE SEEMED AS ONE THAT MOCKED UNTO HIS SONS IN LAW.
There is no record of Lot having sons and that his sons-in-law chose to remain is clear (Genesis 19:14). It seems that
they had not yet married his two daughters but were only engaged, because Genesis 19:8 says the daughters had
not "known (had sexual relations with) man. That Lot had no sons and only two daughters is plainly indicated in
Genesis 19:30-31 where one is called "the firstborn" and the other "the younger" (cf. Genesis 29:26). The terms "his
two daughters" (Genesis 19:30) and "both the daughters of Lot" (Genesis 19:36) also emphasize this.
They responded to Lot's warning much the same way the scoffers of 2 Peter 3:3-4 are predicted to receive teaching
about Christ's coming in the last days.

GENESIS 19:15 ARISE, TAKE THY WIFE, AND THY TWO DAUGHTERS
Eight Commands of the Angels
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

Arise (Genesis 19:15).
Take your wife and daughters (Genesis 19:15).
Escape for your life (Genesis 19:17).
Do not look behind you (Genesis 19:17).
Do not stay in the plain (Genesis 19:17).
Escape to the mountain (Genesis 19:17).
Make haste (Genesis 19:22).
Escape (Genesis 19:22).

GENESIS 19:16 HE LINGERED
A conflict between faith and sight: Lot didn't refuse to obey, yet he lingered. He was brought forcibly out and
warned to escape to the mountain, yet he asked for a city of refuge in the plains. His prayer was heard and the city
spared. Formerly Bela (Genesis 14:2,8), its name was changed to Zoar, meaning little, to commemorate his plea for
mercy (Genesis 19:22). Lot chose the plain and went into Sodom a prosperous man—with herdsmen, cattle and
riches. He left empty-handed.

GENESIS 19:22 I CANNOT DO ANY THING TILL THOU BE COME THITHER
An example of man hindering and delaying the work of God. The incapacity is not from lack of power, but of will:
the purpose of mercy precedes that of judgment.
When Lot entered Zoar God destroyed the other cities of the plain. Zoar was spared in answer to Lot's prayer
(Genesis 19:18-22). Abraham's intercession of Genesis 18:23-33 was no doubt the first reason God had for sparing
the city; his prayer for the saving of at least ten persons was abundantly answered. Zoar continued for many
centuries, not only because of prayer, but also because it wasn't as ripe for judgment as the other cities. See Deut.
34:3; Isaiah 15:5; Jeremiah 48:34.

GENESIS 19:24

BRIMSTONE AND FIRE FROM THE LORD OUT OF HEAVEN
Deut. 29:23; Psalm 11:6; Isaiah 13:19; Jeremiah 49:18; Jeremiah 50:40; Ezekiel 16:48-49; Amos 4:11; Zeph. 2:9;
Matthew 11:23; Luke 17:29; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:6-7.

GENESIS 19:26 LOOKED BACK
Lot’s wife gazed back intently and was changed into a pillar of salt, a monument to her disobedience; covered and
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encrusted with deposits from the raining brimstone. Jesus admonishes us to “remember Lot’s wife” (Lk 17:32). She
willfully disobeyed God's Word, showing to what extent she had become attached to the world (Genesis 19:17;
Luke 17:32; cp. Proverbs 14:14; Hebrews 10:38).

GENESIS 19:29 GOD REMEMBERED ABRAHAM, AND SENT LOT OUT
Lot was delivered because Abraham prayed (Genesis 18:23-33).

GENESIS 19:30 LOT WENT UP OUT OF ZOAR… DWELT IN A CAVE
Lot finally obeyed the angel's first command (Genesis 19:17).

Ten cave-dwellers:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

Lot and daughters (Genesis 19:30)
Five kings of Canaan (Joshua 10:16)
Israel during the judges (Judges 6:2)
Israel when Saul reigned (1 Samuel 13:6)
David and his men (1 Samuel 22:1-4)
David when hunted by Saul (1 Samuel 24)
David when at war (2 Samuel 23:13)
A hundred prophets (1 Kings 18:4,13)
Elijah, hunted by Jezebel (1 Kings 19:9)
Israel in war (Ezekiel 33:27)

GENESIS 19:33 MADE THEIR FATHER DRINK WINE THAT NIGHT
His daughters had no qualms against having sex with their drunk and naked father (vv. 30-35).
Having lived surrounded by perversion, they now betrayed their own father who had chosen such a place for their
home. Sin corrupts.

GENESIS 19:37 MOAB
Hebrew: Mow•ab (HSN-4124), from my father.

GENESIS 19:38 BEN-AMMI
Hebrew: ben•ammiy (HSN-1151), son of my people (cp. Hosea 2:1).
Begotten in shame, both sons had a shameful history (Numbers 22-24; Deut. 2:9,19; Judges 3; Judges 11; 1 Samuel
11; 2 Samuel 8; 2 Samuel 10), and both were cursed (Deut. 23:3; Neh. 13:1,23-25; Isaiah 11:14; Zeph. 2).
Both perennial enemies of Israel: “Moab” sounds like the words “from father,” and “Ben-Ammi” means “son of my
kinsman.” “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap” (Gal 6:7).

ANGELS
Angels are personal spiritual beings who have intelligence, emotions, and will. This is true of both the good and evil
angels (demons). Angels possess intelligence (Matthew 8:29; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Peter 1:12), show emotion (Luke
2:13; James 2:19; Revelation 12:17), and exercise will (Luke 8:28-31; 2 Timothy 2:26; Jude 6). Angels are spirit
beings (Hebrews 1:14) without true physical bodies. Although they do not have physical bodies, they are still
personalities.





Angels are not glorified human beings.
Angels in the Bible never appear as cute, chubby infants! They are always full-grown male adults.
Children who die do not become angels.
There is no Biblical mention of a feminine angel.
The word “angel” actually comes from the Greek word aggelos, which means “messenger.” The matching
Hebrew word mal'ak has the same meaning.
Angels are mentioned at least 108 times in the Old Testament and 165 times in the New Testament

Because they are created beings, their knowledge is limited. This means they do not know all things as God does
(Matthew 24:36). They do seem to have greater knowledge than humans, however, which may be due to three
things. First, angels were created as an order of creatures higher than humans. Therefore, they innately possess
greater knowledge. Second, angels study the Bible and the world more thoroughly than humans do and gain
Genesis 19:29 God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out

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knowledge from it (James 2:19; Revelation 12:12). Third, angels gain knowledge through long observation of human
activities. Unlike humans, angels do not have to study the past; they have experienced it. Therefore, they know how
others have acted and reacted in situations and can predict with a greater degree of accuracy how we may act in
similar circumstances.
Though they have wills, angels, like all creatures, are subject to the will of God. Good angels are sent by God to help
believers (Hebrews 1:14). Here are some activities the Bible ascribes to angels:
They praise God (Psalm 148:1-2; Isaiah 6:3). They worship God (Hebrews 1:6; Revelation 5:8-13). They rejoice in
what God does (Job 38:6-7). They serve God (Psalm 103:20; Revelation 22:9). They appear before God (Job 1:6;
2:1). They are instruments of God's judgments (Revelation 7:1; 8:2). They bring answers to prayer (Acts 12:5-10).
They aid in winning people to Christ (Acts 8:26; 10:3). They observe Christian order, work, and suffering (1
Corinthians 4:9; 11:10; Ephesians 3:10; 1 Peter 1:12). They encourage in times of danger (Acts 27:23-24). They care
for the righteous at the time of death (Luke 16:22).
Angels are an entirely different order of being than humans. Human beings do not become angels after they die.
Angels will never become, and never were, human beings. God created the angels, just as He created humanity.
The Bible nowhere states that angels are created in the image and likeness of God, as humans are (Genesis 1:26).
Angels are spiritual beings that can, to a certain degree, take on physical form. Humans are primarily physical
beings, but with a spiritual aspect. The greatest thing we can learn from the holy angels is their instant,
unquestioning obedience to God’s commands.

Different types of Angels
Angels fall into two categories: the “unfallen” angels and the fallen angels. Unfallen angels are those who have
remained holy throughout their existence and accordingly are called “holy angels” (Matthew 25:31). In Scripture,
generally when angels are mentioned, it is the class of holy angels in view. By contrast, the fallen angels are those
who have not maintained their holiness. Holy angels fall into special classes, and certain individuals are named and
mentioned. Michael the archangel is likely the head of all the holy angels, and his name means “who is like unto
God?” (Daniel 10:21; 12:1; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Jude 9; Revelation 12:7-10). Gabriel is one of the principal
messengers of God, his name meaning “hero of God,” and was entrusted with important messages such as those
delivered to Daniel (Daniel 8:16; 9:21), to Zacharias (Luke 1:18-19), and to Mary (Luke 1:26-38).
Most holy angels are not given names but are described only as “elect angels” (1 Timothy 5:21). The expressions
“principalities” and “powers” seem to be used of all angels whether fallen or holy (Luke 21:26; Romans 8:38;
Ephesians 1:21; 3:10; Colossians 1:16; 2:10, 15; 1 Peter 3:22). Some angels are designated as “cherubim,” which are
living creatures who defend God’s holiness from any defilement of sin (Genesis 3:24; Exodus 25: 18, 20; Ezekiel 1:118). “Seraphim” are another class of angels mentioned only once in Scripture in Isaiah 6:2-7 and are described as
having three pairs of wings. They apparently have the function of praising God, being God’s messengers to Earth,
and are especially concerned with the holiness of God. Most of the references to holy angels in Scripture refer to
their ministries which cover a wide field of achievement. They were present at creation, the giving of the Law, at
the birth of Christ and at His resurrection, at the Ascension, and they will be present at the Rapture of the Church
and the Second Coming of Christ.
It may also be that there are "powers" and "principalities" that further describe ranks in the angelic realm, but it is
debated. The three main groups are cherubim, seraphim, and archangels.
1) "Seraphim stood above Him, each having six wings; with two he covered his face, and with two he
covered his feet, and with two he flew," (Isaiah 6:2).
1) They praise God (Isaiah 6:3).
2) The word "seraphim" (singular is seraph) is probably a translation of "fiery ones," and probably
stems from the fiery imagery often associated with the Presence of God (cf. Ezek. 1:27).1
2) "So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubim, and a flaming
sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life," (Gen. 3:24). See also Exodus 25:1822; Heb. 9:5.
1) Cherubim are typically represented with wings, feet, and hands, but are described in different
forms as having two faces (Ezek. 41:18) and even four faces (Ezek. 10:21).
2) Cherubim were considered to be angels that guarded sacred things. In Gen. 3:24, they
guarded the tree of life. They were over the Ark of the Covenant on the Mercy Seat (1 Sam.
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4:4). See also Psalm 80:1; 99:1
3) Figures of Cherubs were embroidered on the temple veil (Exodus 26:31; 2 Chron. 3:7) and
lavished Solomon's temple (1 Kings 6:26ff).
3) "For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and
with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first," (1 Thess. 4:16).
1) The word "archangel" is not found in the Old Testament. References to Michael the archangel
appear only in 1 Thess. 4:16 and Jude 9. However, Gabriel, who is considered an archangel,
appears in both the OT and NT. In the OT he is found in Dan. 8:15-26 and 9:21-27. In the NT
he is mentioned in Luke 1:11-20, 26-38. He seems to be a messenger angel.
2) On the other hand, Michael the archangel seems to be a warrior angel (Rev. 12:7) who does
battle (Dan. 10:13, 21; 12:1 ).
3) An interesting note is that in Rom. 8:38, Eph. 1:21, and Col. 1:16, the word "principalities" is
used. In Greek the word has the prefix of "arche," suggesting archangel. Some think this
means there is a hierarchy of angels as is suggested in 1 Pet. 3:22: "who is at the right hand of
God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to
Him" (NASB).

Fallen Angels
In stark contrast to the company of holy angels, the fallen angels are also innumerable and are described as fallen
from their first estate.
Lucifer, another archangel, rebelled against God and became the devil. Following are verses often quoted in
reference to the evil one.
"How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the
earth, You who have weakened the nations! 13 "But you said in your heart, I will ascend to heaven; I will raise
my throne above the stars of God, And I will sit on the mount of assembly In the recesses of the north. 14 I will
ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High" (Isaiah 14:12-14).
Most scholars agree that one third of the angels fell into sin and became demons.
"And another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and
on his heads were seven diadems. 4 And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven, and threw them to
the earth . . . " (Rev. 12:3-4).
In the future, there will be a judgment upon the fallen angels:
"Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared
for the devil and his angels," (Matt. 25:41).
"For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of
darkness, to be reserved unto judgment," (2 Pet. 2:4).
"And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in
everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day," (Jude 6).
"And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole
world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him," (Rev. 12:9).
Led by Lucifer, who was originally a holy angel, and later became Satan, the fallen angels defected, rebelled against
God, and became sinful in their nature and work.
Fallen angels have been divided into two classes: those who are free and those who are bound. Of the fallen angels,
Satan alone is given particular mention in the Bible. When Satan fell (John 8:44; Luke 10:18), he drew after him one
third of the angels. Of those, some are reserved in chains awaiting judgment (1 Corinthians 6:3; 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6),
and the remainder are free and are the demons, or devils, to whom reference is constantly made throughout the
New Testament (Mark 5:9, 15; Luke 8:30, 1 Timothy 4:1). They are Satan’s servants in all his undertakings and share
his doom (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10).

Are Angels Male or Female?
There is no doubt that every reference to angels in Scripture refers to them in the masculine gender. The Greek
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word for “angel” in the New Testament, angelos, is in the masculine form. In fact, the feminine form of angelos
does not exist. There are three genders in grammar—masculine (he, him, his), feminine (she, her, hers), and neuter
(it, its). Angels are never referred to in any gender other than masculine. In the many appearances of angels in the
Bible, never is an angel referred to as “she” or “it.” Furthermore, when angels did appear, they always appeared
dressed as human males (Genesis 18:2, 16; Ezekiel 9:2). No angel ever appeared in Scripture dressed as a female.
The only named angels in the Bible—Michael, Gabriel, Lucifer—had male names and all were referred to in the
masculine. Revelation 12:7 – “…Michael and his angels.”; Luke 1:29 – “Mary was greatly troubled at his (Gabriel’s)
words.”; Isaiah 14:12 – “Oh, Lucifer, son of the morning.” Other references to angels are always in the masculine
gender. In Judges 6:21, the angel held the staff in his hand. Zechariah asked an angel a question and reports that he
answered (Zechariah 1:19). The angels in Revelation are all spoken of as “he” and “his” (Revelation 7:1; 10:1, 5;
14:19; 16:2, 4, 17; 19:17; 20:1).
The confusion about genderless angels comes from a misreading of Matthew 22:30, which states that there will be
no marriage in heaven because we “will be like the angels in heaven.” The statement that there will be no marriage
has led some to believe that angels are “sexless” or genderless because (the thinking goes) the purpose of gender is
procreation and, if there is to be no marriage and no procreation, there is no need for gender. But this is a leap that
cannot be proven from the text. The fact that there is no marriage does not necessarily mean there is no gender.
The many references to angels as males contradict the idea of genderless angels. But we must not confuse gender
with sexuality. Clearly, there is no sexual activity in heaven, which we can safely derive from the statement about
no marriage. But we can’t make the same leap from “no marriage” to “no gender.”
Gender, then, is not to be understood strictly in terms of sexuality. Rather, the use of the masculine gender
pronouns throughout Scripture is more a reference to authority than to sex. God always refers to Himself in the
masculine. The blurring of the distinction between male and female can lead to heresies such as “mother/father
God” and the Holy Spirit as an “it,” ignoring the references to Him in Scripture (John 14:17; 15:16; 16:8, 13-14). The
Holy Spirit is never described as an “it” or an inanimate force. God’s perfect plan for the order and structure of
authority, both in the church and the home, imbues men with authority to rule in love and righteousness, just as
God rules. It would simply be inappropriate to refer to heavenly beings as anything other than masculine because
of the authority God has granted to them to wield His power (2 Kings 19:35), carry His messages (Luke 2:10), and
represent Him on earth.

Are Guardian Angels Biblical?
It might surprise Christians but each and every believer in Christ Jesus has their own angel. Jesus had a multitude
of angels (Luke 22:43). We may have even encountered angels and not even known about it and so the writer of
Hebrews tells us to, “Keep on loving one another as brothers and sisters. Do not forget to show hospitality to
strangers, for by so doing some people have shown hospitality to angels without knowing it“(13:1-2).
Not only do believers have angels, the Body of Christ in general (the church) has multiple thousands of angels
watching over it (Heb 12:22-23). Angels are our protectors and are under God’s sovereign hand and so you could
conclude that Christians have Guardian Angels. The fact is that angels are commanded by God to “encamp all
around us” and keep us from falling or getting hurt and they have been with us and will be with us “…from this time
forth and forever [will] be with us”… and even strengthen us [1], and “minister to us” (Heb 1:7,14, Psalm 34:7,
91:10-13, 103:21).
There is scriptural evidence that children, before and after they become believers, also have their own angels that
are assigned specifically to them and these same angels communicate to the Father on their behalf (Matthew
18:10).
Luke 16:22 indicates that when the believer dies, their own angels brings their spirit to heaven in the presence of
God. The word angels is plural so this gives some evidence that believers may have more than one angel as was
also indicated about children having their angels (plural) watching over them (Matt. 18:10). Angels are actually
commanded by God to “encamp all around us” and keep us from falling, getting hurt, who have been with us and
will be with us “…from this time forth and forever to be with us”… and even strengthen us, and minister to us
(Psalm 34:7, 91:10-13, 103:21). The angels are also messengers of ours to God and sometimes from God to us (Dan
10, Matt 18:10). And there are particular angels for particular churches or church ages too (Rev. 1:20).
Angels are no weaklings either (Rev 18:21). In fact, angels have been known to carry out a death penalty for God on
Angels

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a king (Acts 12:20-25). And Peter’s own angel freed him from prison (Acts 12).
So take comfort in the fact that angels do exist. They serve both God and us. They are real and it is no stretch of the
imagination to say that each and every believer and each child before they reach the age of accountability,
whatever that age is, has at least one angel assigned to them. It appears that there may be even more than one.
And they are watching over God’s children (Matt 4:6. Psalm 91:11, 12).
If you are not a believer in Christ Jesus then you have no angels watching over you, nor can your prayers be heard
by God. Why not come to faith in Christ today and come under His divine protection and have Him grant you
eternal life?

Angels

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Genesis 20
1 And Abraham journeyed from
thence toward the south country,
and dwelled between Kadesh and
Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.
2 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife,
She [is] my sister: and Abimelech
king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.
3 But God came to Abimelech in a
dream by night, and said to him,
Behold, thou [art but] a dead man,
for the woman which thou hast
taken; for she [is] a man's wife.
4 But Abimelech had not come near
her: and he said, Lord, wilt thou
slay also a righteous nation?
5 Said he not unto me, She [is] my
sister? and she, even she herself
said, He [is] my brother: in the
integrity of my heart and
innocency of my hands have I done
this.
6 And God said unto him in a dream,
Yea, I know that thou didst this in
the integrity of thy heart; for I also
withheld thee from sinning against
me: therefore suffered I thee not
to touch her.

7 Now therefore restore the man [his]
wife; for he [is] a prophet, and he
shall pray for thee, and thou shalt
live: and if thou restore [her] not,
know thou that thou shalt surely
die, thou, and all that [are] thine.
8 Therefore Abimelech rose early in
the morning, and called all his
servants, and told all these things
in their ears: and the men were
sore afraid.
9 Then Abimelech called Abraham,
and said unto him, What hast thou
done unto us? and what have I
offended thee, that thou hast
brought on me and on my kingdom
a great sin? thou hast done deeds
unto me that ought not to be
done.
10 And Abimelech said unto
Abraham, What sawest thou, that
thou hast done this thing?
11 And Abraham said, Because I
thought, Surely the fear of God [is]
not in this place; and they will slay
me for my wife's sake.
12 And yet indeed [she is] my sister;
she [is] the daughter of my father,
but not the daughter of my
mother; and she became my wife.

13 And it came to pass, when God
caused me to wander from my
father's house, that I said unto her,
This [is] thy kindness which thou
shalt shew unto me; at every place
whither we shall come, say of me,
He [is] my brother.
14 And Abimelech took sheep, and
oxen, and menservants, and
womenservants, and gave [them]
unto Abraham, and restored him
Sarah his wife.
15 And Abimelech said, Behold, my
land [is] before thee: dwell where
it pleaseth thee.
16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I
have given thy brother a thousand
[pieces] of silver: behold, he [is] to
thee a covering of the eyes, unto
all that [are] with thee, and with all
[other]: thus she was reproved.
17 ¶ So Abraham prayed unto God:
and God healed Abimelech, and his
wife, and his maidservants; and
they bare [children].
18 For the LORD had fast closed up all
the wombs of the house of
Abimelech, because of Sarah
Abraham's wife.

GENESIS 20:1 JOURNEYED SOUTH
The second time he journeyed from north to south (Genesis 20:1; Genesis 12:9). Twice he journeyed south to north
(Genesis 13:1,3). See note on “went up” - Genesis 13:1

GENESIS 20:3 THOU ART A DEAD MAN
Stern warning: God regards adultery as a capital offense.
Later Isaac will do the same thing with another Abimelech ( a tribal title, not a proper name)! (26:1-11). God
intervenes to preserve His promise for the line of the Redeemer… Gen 3:15.

GENESIS 20:6 DREAM, HEART
Fourteen Dreamers
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Abimelech (Genesis 20:3,6)
Jacob (Genesis 28:12; Genesis 31:10-11)
Laban (Genesis 31:24)
Joseph (Genesis 37:5-10)
The chief butler (Genesis 40:9-15)
The chief baker (Genesis 40:16-23)
Pharaoh (Genesis 41:1-32)

8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)

A Midianite (Judges 7:13-15)
Solomon (1 Kings 3:5-15)
Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 2 and Daniel 4)
Daniel (Daniel 2 and Daniel 7)
Joseph (Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:13-22)
The wise men (Matthew 2:12)
Pilate's wife (Matthew 27:19)

Thirty-four Dreams of Scripture
1) Abimelech, of Sarah (Genesis 20:3)
Genesis 20:1 Journeyed south

2) Jacob, of a ladder (Genesis 28:12)
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3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)

Jacob, of ring-straked cattle (Genesis 31:10-13)
Jacob, of Egypt (Genesis 46:2)
Laban, of Jacob (Genesis 31:24)
Joseph, of brethren (Genesis 37:5)
Joseph, of brethren (Genesis 37:9)
Chief butler, of himself (Genesis 40:9)
Chief baker, of himself (Genesis 40:16)
Pharaoh, of famine (Genesis 41:1-4)
Pharaoh, of famine (Genesis 41:5-8)
A Midianite, of Gideon (Judges 7:13)
Solomon, of wisdom (1 Kings 3:3-15)
Eliphaz, of a spirit (Job 4:12-21)
Job, of terror (Job 7:14)
Nebuchadnezzar, of kingdoms (Daniel 2)
Nebuchadnezzar, of himself (Daniel 4)
Daniel, of kingdoms (Daniel 7)
Daniel, of kingdoms (Daniel 8)

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20) Daniel, of God (Daniel 10:5-9)
21) False prophets, of lies (Jeremiah 23:27-32;
Jeremiah 29:8)
22) Diviners, of false things (Zech. 10:2)
23) Joseph, of Mary (Matthew 1:20)
24) Joseph, of flight to Egypt (Matthew 2:13)
25) Joseph, of returning home (Matthew 2:19)
26) Joseph, of Herod (Matthew 2:22)
27) The wise men, of warning (Matthew 2:12)
28) Pilate's wife, of Jesus (Matthew 27:19)
29) Cornelius, of an angel (Acts 10:3-6)
30) Peter, of animals (Acts 10:10-16)
31) Paul, of a man (Acts 16:9)
32) Paul, of going to Rome (Acts 23:11)
33) Paul, of safety (Acts 28:23-24)
34) John, of Christ (Rev. 1:12-18)

Integrity of your heart

The word "heart" is found 946 times in Scripture and is used in at least six ways:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

The physical pump (1 Samuel 25:37; Proverbs 14:30)
Soul affections (Deut. 19:6; Deut. 20:8; Deut. 28:47; Psalm 4:7; Psalm 13:2; etc.)
The conscience (1 Samuel 24:5; Job 27:6)
Human nature (Jeremiah 17:9; Mark 7:20-23)
The mind (Exodus 35:5,35; Deut. 29:4; 1 Kings 3:9; 1 Kings 4:29; Isaiah 14:13; Romans 10:6)
The center of anything (Exodus 15:8; Matthew 12:40)

Fifty Kinds of Hearts
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

Broken (Psalm 34:18; Psalm 51:17; Psalm 69:20)
Contrite (Psalm 51:17)
Grieved (Genesis 6:6; Psalm 73:21)
Willing (Exodus 25:2; Exodus 35:5,29)
Discouraged (Numbers 32:7-9; Deut. 1:28)
Obstinate (Deut. 2:30)
Proud (Deut. 8:14; Psalm 101:5; Ezekiel 28:5,17)
Wicked (Deut. 15:9; Proverbs 6:14,18; Jeremiah
4:14-18)
Trembling (Deut. 28:65; Isaiah 66:2)
Perfect (1 Kings 8:61; 1 Chron. 29:9)
Double (1 Chron. 12:33; James 4:8)
Tender (2 Kings 22:19; 2 Chron. 34:27; Ephes.
4:32)
Soft (1 Samuel 24:5; Job 23:16)
Pure (Psalm 24:4; Matthew 5:8; 1 Peter 1:22)
Upright (Psalm 32:11; Psalm 36:10; Psalm 64:10;
Psalm 97:11)
Clean (Psalm 51:10; Psalm 73:1; Proverbs 20:9)
Fixed (Psalm 57:7; Psalm 112:7)
Subtle (Proverbs 7:10)
Froward or perverse (Proverbs 11:20; Proverbs
12:8)
Wise (Exodus 28:3; Exodus 35:25; Proverbs 10:8;
Proverbs 11:29)
Merry (2 Chron. 7:10; Proverbs 15:13-15;
Proverbs 17:22)

Genesis 20:6 dream, heart

22. Sorrowful (Proverbs 14:13; Proverbs 15:13)
23. Haughty (Proverbs 18:12; Jeremiah 48:29)
24. Fretting (Proverbs 19:3; Cp. Proverbs 24:19;
Psalm 37:1-8)
25. Heavy (Proverbs 25:20; Proverbs 31:6)
26. Unsearchable (Proverbs 25:3; Psalm 64:6)
27. Despiteful (Ezekiel 25:15; cp. Romans 1:30)
28. Bitter (Ezekiel 27:31; cp. Hebrews 12:15; James
3:14)
29. New (Ezekiel 18:31; Ezekiel 36:26; cp. 2 Cor.
5:17-18)
30. Stony (Ezekiel 11:19; Ezekiel 36:26)
31. Flesh (Ezekiel 11:19; Ezekiel 36:26)
32. Uncircumcised (Ezekiel 44:7; Jeremiah 9:26; Acts
7:51)
33. Meek and lowly (Matthew 11:29)
34. Honest and good (Luke 8:15)
35. Overcharged (Luke 21:34)
36. Troubled (John 14:1-3,27)
37. Single (Acts 2:46; Ephes. 6:5)
38. Foolish and darkened (Romans 1:21)
39. Impenitent (Romans 1:21; Romans 2:5)
40. Circumcised (Romans 2:29; Phil. 3:3)
41. Evil (Jeremiah 3:17; Jeremiah 7:24; Jeremiah
11:8; Jeremiah 16:12; Hebrews 3:12)
42. True (Hebrews 10:22; cp. Matthew 22:16)
43. Melted (Joshua 2:11; Joshua 5:1; Joshua 7:5;
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Joshua 14:8)
47. Mischievous (Proverbs 28:14; cp. Proverbs 22:15;
44. Deceitful (Jeremiah 14:14; Jeremiah 17:9; Mark
Romans 1:21)
7:21-23)
48. Diabolical (John 13:2; Acts 5:3)
45. Hard (Deut. 15:7; Psalm 95:8; Hebrews 3:8)
49. Covetous (Jeremiah 22:17; 2 Peter 2:14)
46. Whorish (Ezekiel 6:9; cp. Hosea 4:12; Hosea 9:1)
50. Compassionate (Psalm 55:4; Jeremiah 4:19)
Traits of the regenerated heart are different from those of a wicked one as can be clearly seen from a study of the
above. God searches and knows all hearts (1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Chron. 28:9; Jeremiah 17:9-10; Ezekiel 11:5; Luke
16:15; Romans 8:27; Hebrews 4:12).

GENESIS 20:7 HE IS A PROPHET
First mention of “prophet” in the OT.

GENESIS 20:11 THEY WILL SLAY ME FOR MY WIFE'S SAKE
What a poor excuse for a man who had been promised complete protection and blessing from God! If he had
believed God he would have known that nothing could hurt him until he had received the full blessings promised in
the Abrahamic covenant.

GENESIS 20:14 ABIMELECH
Official title of the kings of Gerar, like Pharaoh in Egypt. He appears to have been a man of virtue and a true
worshiper of God (Genesis 21:22-32; Genesis 26:1-31). Also the name of a son of Gideon (Judges 8:31; 2 Samuel
11:21).

GENESIS 20:16 I HAVE GIVEN THY BROTHER A THOUSAND PIECES OF SILVER
Note the irony in this reproof (Genesis 20:16). God heard Abraham in spite of his distrust, groundless suspicion of
the Gerarites, and his plan of misconduct (Genesis 20:13).

Covering of the eyes
One commentator has interpreted the phrase as implied advice to Sarah to conform to a supposed custom of
married women, and wear a complete veil, covering the eyes as well as the rest of the face, but the phrase is
generally taken to refer not to Sarah's eyes, but to the eyes of others, and to be merely a metaphorical expression
concerning vindication of Sarah,




silencing criticism,
allaying suspicions,
righting a wrong,
covering or recompensing the problem caused her,
a sign of her innocence.

The final phrase in the verse, which KJV takes to mean "she was reproved", is taken by almost all other versions to
mean instead "she was vindicated".

GENESIS 20:17 HEALED ABIMELECH
The first physical healing recorded in answer to prayer.

Genesis 20:7 He is a prophet

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Genesis 21
1 And the LORD visited Sarah as he
had said, and the LORD did unto
Sarah as he had spoken.
2 For Sarah conceived, and bare
Abraham a son in his old age, at
the set time of which God had
spoken to him.
3 And Abraham called the name of his
son that was born unto him, whom
Sarah bare to him, Isaac.
4 And Abraham circumcised his son
Isaac being eight days old, as God
had commanded him.
5 And Abraham was an hundred years
old, when his son Isaac was born
unto him.
6 ¶ And Sarah said, God hath made
me to laugh, [so that] all that hear
will laugh with me.
7 And she said, Who would have said
unto Abraham, that Sarah should
have given children suck? for I have
born [him] a son in his old age.
8 And the child grew, and was
weaned: and Abraham made a
great feast the [same] day that
Isaac was weaned.
9 ¶ And Sarah saw the son of Hagar
the Egyptian, which she had born
unto Abraham, mocking.
10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham,
Cast out this bondwoman and her
son: for the son of this
bondwoman shall not be heir with
my son, [even] with Isaac.
11 And the thing was very grievous in
Abraham's sight because of his son.
12 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, Let
it not be grievous in thy sight
because of the lad, and because of
thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah
hath said unto thee, hearken unto
her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed
be called.

13 And also of the son of the
bondwoman will I make a nation,
because he [is] thy seed.
14 And Abraham rose up early in the
morning, and took bread, and a
bottle of water, and gave [it] unto
Hagar, putting [it] on her shoulder,
and the child, and sent her away:
and she departed, and wandered
in the wilderness of Beer-sheba.
15 And the water was spent in the
bottle, and she cast the child under
one of the shrubs.
16 And she went, and sat her down
over against [him] a good way off,
as it were a bowshot: for she said,
Let me not see the death of the
child. And she sat over against
[him], and lift up her voice, and
wept.
17 And God heard the voice of the
lad; and the angel of God called to
Hagar out of heaven, and said unto
her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear
not; for God hath heard the voice
of the lad where he [is].
18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him
in thine hand; for I will make him a
great nation.
19 And God opened her eyes, and she
saw a well of water; and she went,
and filled the bottle with water,
and gave the lad drink.
20 And God was with the lad; and he
grew, and dwelt in the wilderness,
and became an archer.
21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of
Paran: and his mother took him a
wife out of the land of Egypt.
22 ¶ And it came to pass at that time,
that Abimelech and Phichol the
chief captain of his host spake unto
Abraham, saying, God [is] with
thee in all that thou doest:

23 Now therefore swear unto me
here by God that thou wilt not deal
falsely with me, nor with my son,
nor with my son's son: [but]
according to the kindness that I
have done unto thee, thou shalt do
unto me, and to the land wherein
thou hast sojourned.
24 And Abraham said, I will swear.
25 And Abraham reproved Abimelech
because of a well of water, which
Abimelech's servants had violently
taken away.
26 And Abimelech said, I wot not who
hath done this thing: neither didst
thou tell me, neither yet heard I [of
it], but to day.
27 And Abraham took sheep and
oxen, and gave them unto
Abimelech; and both of them made
a covenant.
28 And Abraham set seven ewe lambs
of the flock by themselves.
29 And Abimelech said unto
Abraham, What [mean] these
seven ewe lambs which thou hast
set by themselves?
30 And he said, For [these] seven ewe
lambs shalt thou take of my hand,
that they may be a witness unto
me, that I have digged this well.
31 Wherefore he called that place
Beer-sheba; because there they
sware both of them.
32 Thus they made a covenant at
Beer-sheba: then Abimelech rose
up, and Phichol the chief captain of
his host, and they returned into
the land of the Philistines.
33 ¶ And [Abraham] planted a grove
in Beer-sheba, and called there on
the name of the LORD, the
everlasting God.
34 And Abraham sojourned in the
Philistines' land many days.

GENESIS 21:1 THE LORD VISITED SARAH
God renewed her youth so that she could bear a child and nurse him (Genesis 21:1-2).

The presence of God
God never visits empty handed. Every time He shows up, be it in your personal worship or in corporate worship, he
Genesis 21:1 the LORD visited Sarah

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comes with something, and his presence will change you forever.
What I plant in Ooty (7500ft above sea level) will not grow in Cochin (tropical) because each living thing requires
certain parameters to be met to grow and thrive. The most optimum location for us to grow and thrive is the
presence of God.
We had to leave the presence of God because of Adam and Eve.
And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife
hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. Genesis 3:8
Now Jesus has restored that relationship, and we can enter the presence of God whenever, wherever, freely
For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself,
now to appear in the presence of God for us Hebrews 9:24
Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us
hold fast our confession. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was
in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may
obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need. Hebrews 4: 14-16
David sings in Psalm 27:4
One thing I have desired of the Lord,
That will I seek:
That I may dwell in the house of the Lord
All the days of my life,
To behold the beauty of the Lord,
That which he desired, we freely have in Christ, and I personally long to be in his presence as much as I possibly can
because



There is fullness of joy - In Your presence is fullness of joy Psalm 16:11 / You will make me full of joy in
Your presence. Acts 2:28
My place of vindication - Let my vindication come from Your presence Psalm 17:2
I get exceedingly glad - You have made him exceedingly glad with Your presence. Psalm 21:6 /
There are times of refreshing - Repent therefore and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, so
that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord Acts 3:19

This is also why we sing and offer thanksgiving

Serve the LORD with gladness; Come before His presence with singing. Psalm 100:2
Let us come before His presence with thanksgiving; Psalm 95:2

It is important to understand that there is nothing in the natural/carnal, nothing in our flesh that can do anything
for you or for God. 1 Corinthians 1:29 tells us that no flesh should glory in His presence. This is something that we
can do only as led by the Holy Spirit. The first step, of course, is to “repent therefore and be converted, that your
sins may be blotted out, so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord” Acts 3:19

GENESIS 21:8 MADE A GREAT FEAST THE SAME DAY THAT ISAAC WAS WEANED
Weaning feasts were customary.

Thirty-four Secular Feasts
1) Abraham's feast for God and angels (Genesis
18:1-8)
2) Lot's feast for two angels (Genesis 19:3)
3) Abraham's feast for Isaac (Genesis 21:8)
4) Isaac's feast for Philistines (Genesis 26:30)
5) Laban's feast for Jacob (Genesis 29:22)
6) Pharaoh's feast (Genesis 40:20)
7) Joseph's feast for his brethren (Genesis 43:16-34)
8) Samson's wedding feast (Judges 14:10-18)
Genesis 21:8 made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned

9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)

Nabal's feast (1 Samuel 25:36)
David's feast for Abner (2 Samuel 3:20)
Solomon's feast for his servants (1 Kings 3:15)
Solomon's feast for all Israel (1 Kings 8:65)
Elisha's feast for the people (1 Kings 19:21)
Elisha's feast for the people (2 Kings 4:38-44)
Ahasuerus' feast for his nobles (Esther 1:3)
Ahasuerus' feast for the people (Esther 1:5)
Vashti's feast for the women (Esther 1:9)
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18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)

Ahasuerus' feast for Esther (Esther 2:17-18)
Esther's feast for Haman (Esther 7:1-10)
The feast of Job's sons (Job 1:4)
Belshazzar's feast for his nobles (Daniel 5)
Jesus' feast for 5,000 males (Matthew 14:15-21)
Jesus' feast for 4,000 (Matthew 15:32-39)
A king's marriage feast (Matthew 22:1-14)
Simon's feast for Jesus (Mark 14:3)
A Pharisee's feast for Jesus (Luke 7:36-50)

27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

The weekly sabbath feast (Leviticus 23:2-3)
The yearly passover feast (Leviticus 23:4-5)
The yearly feast of unleavened bread (Leviticus 23:6-8)
The yearly feast of firstfruits (Leviticus 23:9-14)
The yearly feast of Pentecost (Leviticus 23:15-21)
The yearly feast of trumpets (Leviticus 23:23-25)
The yearly feast of atonement (Leviticus 23:26-32)
The yearly feast of tabernacles (Leviticus 23:33-34)

Levi's feast for Jesus (Luke 5:29)
The great feast (Luke 14:16-24)
A father's feast for his lost son (Luke 15:23)
The marriage feast (John 2:1-12)
The feast at Bethany (John 12:1-8)
Jesus' feast for his disciples (John 21:12-15)
Herod's feast for his lords (Mark 6:21)
A Pharisee's feast for Jesus (Luke 11:37)

The Eight Feasts of Jehovah:

GENESIS 21:14 SENT HER AWAY
From God's standpoint, the purpose of casting out Hagar and Ishmael was to keep the Messiah's line separated,
and to vividly illustrate how the law of Moses was to be abolished (2 Cor. 3:5-18; Galatians 4:21-31).
When Christ, the seed, came, the old was done away. Now that the promise has come, believers are co-heirs with
the promised Seed by adoption through God’s grace. To go back under the Law would be to undo the fulfillment of
God’s promise. Those adopted by the Seed become seeds and are set free from the bondage of the Law (Gal 5:1).
Just as Ishmael and Isaac were in conflict (Gal 4:29), so the flesh and the Spirit do not harmonize. The flesh struggles
against the Spirit, often mocking it (Gal 5:16-18). Therefore believers are to “get rid of the slave woman and her
son” (Gal 4:30), that is, to remove the threat of the flesh and “live by the Spirit” (Gal 5:16)

Eighty-five Old Covenant and New Covenant Contrasts
1.

Old Testament (2 Cor. 3:14)

New Testament (2 Cor. 3:6)

2.

First covenant (Hebrews 8:7; Hebrews 9:1)

Second covenant (Hebrews 8:7; Hebrews 10:1-9)

3.

Came by Moses (John 1:17)

Came by Christ (Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15)

4.

Law of Moses (Acts 13:38-39)

Law of Christ (Galatians 6:2)

5.

Law of sin (Romans 7:23; Romans 8:2)

Law of righteousness (Romans 9:31)

6.

Law of the flesh (Romans 7:5-6)

Law of the Spirit (Romans 8:2)

7.

Not of faith (Galatians 3:12)

Law of faith (Romans 3:27)

8.

Yoke of bondage (Galatians 5:1)

Law of liberty (James 1:25)

9.

Ended by Christ (Romans 10:4)

Started by Christ (Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 10:9)

10.

Brought death (2 Cor. 3:7)

Brought life (Romans 8:2; Galatians 3)

11.

Makes guilty (2 Cor. 3:9)

Makes free (Galatians 5:1; John 8)

12.

A shadow (Col. 2:14-17)

The reality (Hebrews 10:1-18)

13.

Fulfilled (Matthew 5:17-18)

Now in force (Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 10:9)

14.

Demands righteousness (Luke 10:28)

Gives righteousness (John 1:17; John 3:16)

15.

Makes imperfect (Hebrews 7:19)

Makes perfect (Hebrews 7:19)

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16.

Glorious (2 Cor. 3:7)

More glorious (2 Cor. 3:8-10)

17.

Powerless to save (Hebrews 9:9; 10:4)

Saves to uttermost (Hebrews 7:25)

18.

Many sacrifices (Hebrews 9:12-13)

One sacrifice (Hebrews 10:12)

19.

Temporary priest (Hebrews 7:23)

Eternal priest (Hebrews 7:17)

20.

Remembers sins (Hebrews 10:3)

Forgets sins (Hebrews 8:12; Hebrews 10:17)

21.

Yearly atonement (Hebrews 10:3)

Eternal atonement (Hebrews 10:14)

22.

Sinful ministry (Hebrews 5:1-4)

Sinless ministry (Hebrews 7:26)

23.

Aaronic priesthood (Hebrews 7:11)

Melchisedek (Hebrews 5:5-10; Hebrews 7:21)

24.

Of Levi (Hebrews 7:11)

Of Judah (Hebrews 7:14)

25.

Animal sacrifices (Hebrews 9:12)

Human sacrifice (Hebrews 9:14-28)

26.

Earthly tabernacle (Hebrews 9:2)

Heavenly tabernacle (Hebrews 8:2)

27.

Sinful mediator (Galatians 3:19)

Sinless mediator (1 Tim. 2:5)

28.

No inheritance (Romans 4:13)

Eternal inheritance (Hebrews 9:15)

29.

Ratified by animal blood (Hebrews 9:16-22)

Ratified by the blood of Christ (Matthew 26:28)

30.

Law of works (Romans 3:26-31)

Law of grace (John 1:17)

31.

Works wrath (Romans 4:15)

Saves from wrath (Romans 5:9)

32.

Could not redeem (Hebrews 10:4)

Redeems (Galatians 3:13; Hebrews 9:12-15)

33.

Could not satisfy (Isaiah 1:13-14)

Does satisfy God (Hebrews 10:15-18)

34.

No miracle power (Hebrews 7:18)

Miracles (Galatians 3:1-5; John 14:12)

35.

Abolishment predicted (Hosea 2:11)

Establishment predicted (Hebrews 8:7)

36.

Circumcision (Exodus 12:48)

No circumcision (Romans 4:9-25)

37.

Made to change (Hebrews 9; Galatians 3)

Made eternal (Hebrews 13:20)

38.

Faulty (Hebrews 8:7)

Perfect (James 1:25)

39.

Weak (Hebrews 7:18)

Strong (Hebrews 7:25)

40.

Unprofitable (Hebrews 7:18)

Profitable (Hebrews 7:19,25)

41.

Natural program (Hebrews 9:10-13)

Spiritual program (2 Cor. 3:6,13)

42.

Daily program (Hebrews 7:27)

Finished program (Hebrews 10:10-18)

43.

Weak priests (Hebrews 5:2; Hebrews 7:28)

Perfect priest (Hebrews 7:26)

44.

Priests by law (Hebrews 7:28)

Priest by an oath (Hebrews 7:21,28)

45.

No salvation (Hebrews 10:2-4)

Eternal salvation (Hebrews 5:9; Hebrews 10:10)

46.

Self-honored (Hebrews 5:4)

God-honored priest (Hebrews 5:5)

47.

Nothing perfect (Hebrews 7:19)

Makes perfect (Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 10:14)

48.

No intercessors (Isaiah 59:16)

Two intercessors (Romans 8:26,34; Hebrews 7:25)

49.

Costly program (Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 9:9)

Free for all (Ephes. 2:8; Rev. 22:17)

50.

Earthly agents (Hebrews 5:1-4)

Heavenly agent (Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 10:12)

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51.

Monotonous failure (Hebrews 10:11)

Glorious success (Hebrews 10:10-18)

52.

No personal access to God (Hebrews 9:7)

Personal access to God (Hebrews 4:14-16; 10:19)

53.

Many offerings (Hebrews 9:12-13)

One offering (Hebrews 10:10-14)

54.

Good promises (Deut. 28:1-14)

Better promises (Hebrews 8:6)

55.

A good covenant (Romans 7:12)

A better covenant (Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 8:6)

56.

Many priests (Hebrews 7:23)

One priest (Hebrews 7:24-28)

57.

Many sufferings (Hebrews 9:12-13)

One suffering (Hebrews 9:26; Hebrews 10:14)

58.

Present things (Hebrews 9:9)

Things to come (Hebrews 10:1)

59.

Typical tabernacle (Hebrews 9)

True tabernacle (Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:11)

60.

Dead works (Hebrews 9:14)

Living service (Hebrews 9:14)

61.

Made at Sinai (Galatians 4:24)

Made at Calvary (Matthew 26:28)

62.

No mercy (Hebrews 10:28)

Complete mercy (Hebrews 8:12)

63.

Handmade things (Hebrews 9:1-5,24)

Not handmade (Hebrews 9:23-24)

64.

Given by angels (Galatians 3:19)

By the Holy Spirit (Hebrews 10:15-18)

65.

An old way (Hebrews 8:13)

New and living way (Hebrews 10:19-20)

66.

Helpless ministers (Hebrews 7:18)

Able ministers (2 Cor. 3:6)

67.

Carnal ministry (Hebrews 9:9-10)

Spiritual ministry (2 Cor. 3:6)

68.

Ministration of (2 Cor. 3:6,8)

Ministration of Spirit and life (2 Cor. 3:7)

69.

Ministration of condemnation (2 Cor. 3:9)

Ministration of righteousness (2 Cor. 3:9)

70.

Glory covered (2 Cor. 3:13)

Glory uncovered (1 Cor. 18)

71.

Brings bondage (Galatians 4:24-25)

Brings liberty (2 Cor. 3:17)

72.

Cannot justify (Galatians 2:16)

Can justify (Acts 13:38-39)

73.

Brings a curse (Galatians 3:10)

Redeems from it (Galatians 3:13)

74.

Live by works (Galatians 3:10)

Live by faith (Galatians 3:11)

75.

Cannot give life (Galatians 3:21)

Can give life (John 6:63-68)

76.

Exposes sin (Galatians 3:19)

Covers sin (Romans 4:1-8)

77.

Under law (Romans 6:14-15)

Under grace (Galatians 3:22-25)

78.

Engenders persecution (Galatians 4:29)

Engenders tolerance (1 Cor. 13)

79.

Done away (2 Cor. 3:7-14)

Not done away (2 Cor. 3:11)

80.

Abolished (2 Cor. 3:13)

Remains (2 Cor. 3:11)

81.

Cast out (Galatians 4:30)

Not cast out (Hebrews 8:6)

82.

Taken away (Hebrews 10:9)

Not taken away (Hebrews 10:9)

83.

Blotted out (Col. 2:14-17)

Not blotted out (Hebrews 8:6)

84.

Not by an oath (Hebrews 7:20-21)

Made by an oath (Hebrews 7:20-21)

85.

For Israel only (Deut. 4:7-8; Deut. 5:3)

For all people (Matthew 26:28)

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GENESIS 21:15 CHILD
Though Ishmael was called a "child," he was at least nineteen (Genesis 17:1,25; Genesis 21:5,8).

GENESIS 21:20 GOD WAS WITH THE LAD
When God is with one he will succeed (Genesis 39:2,21; Judges 6:12; John 3:2; Acts 10:38).

Twelve Examples of God Being "with" Men
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

Ishmael (Genesis 21:20)
Abraham (Genesis 21:22)
Jacob (Genesis 28:15,20)
Joseph (Genesis 39:2,21; Acts 7:9)
Moses (Joshua 1:5)
Joshua (Joshua 1:5,9)

7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)

Samuel (1 Samuel 3:19)
David (2 Samuel 5:10; 1 Chron. 17:2)
Solomon (1 Chron. 28:20; 2 Chron. 1:1)
Jeremiah (Jeremiah 20:11)
Jesus (John 3:2; Acts 10:38)
Paul (2 Tim. 4:17)

Wilderness
"Wilderness" is found 305 times. It is generally an uncultivated place, left for pasture and natural growth, but not
necessarily without cities or inhabitants (Isaiah 14:17; Isaiah 40:3; Isaiah 42:11; Matthew 3:1; Matthew 15:33; Acts
7:30; Rev. 12:6).

Archer - Fourteen Examples of Archery
1) Ishmael (Genesis 21:20)
2) Esau (Genesis 27:3)
3) Jonathan (1 Samuel 20:20,36-37; 2 Samuel 1:1822)
4) David (2 Samuel 22:35; Psalm 18:34)
5) Syrians (1 Kings 22:34)
6) Jehu (2 Kings 9:24)
7) Joash (2 Kings 13:15-17)
8) Philistines (1 Samuel 31:3; 1 Chron. 10:3)

9) Israelites (2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Chron. 5:18; 1 Chron.
12:2; 2 Chron. 14:8; 2 Chron. 17:17; 2 Chron.
26:14; Neh. 4:13)
10) Sons of Ulam (1 Chron. 8:40)
11) Job (Job 29:20)
12) Medes and Persians (Isaiah 13:17-18)
13) People of Kedar (Isaiah 21:17)
14) Lydians and others (Isaiah 66:19; Jeremiah 6:23;
Jeremiah 46:9; Jeremiah 49:35)

GENESIS 21:21 OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT
Hagar was an Egyptian given to Sarah by Pharaoh (Genesis 12:16-20; Genesis 16:3). Thus, the Ishmaelites were of
Egyptian stock.

GENESIS 21:22 GOD IS WITH THEE IN ALL THAT THOU DOEST
It wasn't Abraham's wealth that convinced them, but the supernatural healings of Genesis 20:17-18. In view of
these miracles it could be seen how he was also blessed materially (cp. Genesis 28:3-4,13-15; Genesis 30:27-34;
Genesis 39:2-6,21-23).

GENESIS 21:25 WELL OF WATER
Wells were of great importance to a pastoral chief and on the successful operation of sinking a new one, the owner
was solemnly informed in person. If, however, they were allowed to get out of repair, the restorer acquired a right
to them. In unoccupied lands the possession of wells gave a right of property in the land, and dread of this had
caused the offense for which Abraham reproved Abimelech. Some describe four, others five, wells in Beer-sheba
(7?).

GENESIS 21:27 BOTH OF THEM MADE A COVENANT.
Twenty-two Man-Made Covenants
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Abraham with Abimelech (Genesis 21:27-34)
Isaac with Abimelech (Genesis 26:26-31)
Jacob with God (Genesis 28:20)
Jacob with Laban (Genesis 31:44-45)
Joshua with Gibeonites (Joshua 9:15)
Joshua with Israel (Joshua 24:25-28)
Jonathan with David (1 Samuel 18:3; 1 Samuel
20:8,16,42; 1 Samuel 23:18; 2 Samuel 21:7)

Genesis 21:15 child

8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)

David with Abner (2 Samuel 3:12-21)
David with Israel (2 Samuel 5:3; 1 Chron. 11:3)
Solomon with Hiram (1 Kings 5:12)
Asa with Ben-hadad (1 Kings 15:19-20)
Asa with Judah (2 Chron. 15:12)
Ahab with Ben-hadad (1 Kings 20:34)
Johoiada with Judah (2 Kings 11:4,17)
Josiah with Judah (2 Kings 23:3)
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Genesis 21
16)
17)
18)
19)

Asa with God (2 Chron. 15:8-15)
Hezekiah with God (2 Chron. 29:10)
Ezra with Israel (Ezra 10:3; Neh. 10:29)
Zedekiah with Judah (Jeremiah 34:8)

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20) Nebuchadnezzar with Judah (Ezekiel 17:13)
21) Israel with Assyrians (Hosea 12:1)
22) Judas with Pharisees (Matthew 26:1

GENESIS 21:32 PHILISTINES
Used 288 times, but only 43 times outside of Judges, 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel, and 1 Chronicles. Philistines came
from Mizraim, the son of Ham (Genesis 10:6,13-14). They were Israel's bitter enemies, from Canaan's conquest
until the Babylonian captivity.
The Philistines (Gen 21:32) settled in Palestine en masse around 1200 B.C. However, some sea traders settled on
the coast of Palestine as early as Abraham, who lived 2166-1991 B.C.

GENESIS 21:33 EVERLASTING GOD
Hebrew: •El (HSN-410) Owlam (HSN-5769), the Everlasting God. `Owlam means unending, whether used of
covenants, possessions, hills, mercy, God or other subjects. 'El `Owlam expresses God's eternal Being as well as His
authorship of all eternal things, plans, and purposes in the universe. See `Owlam—Everlasting.

Genesis 21:32 Philistines

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Genesis 22
1 And it came to pass after these
things, that God did tempt
Abraham, and said unto him,
Abraham: and he said, Behold,
[here] I [am].
2 And he said, Take now thy son,
thine only [son] Isaac, whom thou
lovest, and get thee into the land
of Moriah; and offer him there for
a burnt offering upon one of the
mountains which I will tell thee of.
3 And Abraham rose up early in the
morning, and saddled his ass, and
took two of his young men with
him, and Isaac his son, and clave
the wood for the burnt offering,
and rose up, and went unto the
place of which God had told him.
4 Then on the third day Abraham
lifted up his eyes, and saw the
place afar off.
5 And Abraham said unto his young
men, Abide ye here with the ass;
and I and the lad will go yonder
and worship, and come again to
you.
6 And Abraham took the wood of the
burnt offering, and laid [it] upon
Isaac his son; and he took the fire
in his hand, and a knife; and they
went both of them together.
7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his
father, and said, My father: and he
said, Here [am] I, my son. And he
said, Behold the fire and the wood:
but where [is] the lamb for a burnt
offering?

8 And Abraham said, My son, God will
provide himself a lamb for a burnt
offering: so they went both of
them together.
9 And they came to the place which
God had told him of; and Abraham
built an altar there, and laid the
wood in order, and bound Isaac his
son, and laid him on the altar upon
the wood.
10 And Abraham stretched forth his
hand, and took the knife to slay his
son.
11 And the angel of the LORD called
unto him out of heaven, and said,
Abraham, Abraham: and he said,
Here [am] I.
12 And he said, Lay not thine hand
upon the lad, neither do thou any
thing unto him: for now I know
that thou fearest God, seeing thou
hast not withheld thy son, thine
only [son] from me.
13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes,
and looked, and behold behind
[him] a ram caught in a thicket by
his horns: and Abraham went and
took the ram, and offered him up
for a burnt offering in the stead of
his son.
14 And Abraham called the name of
that place Jehovah-jireh: as it is
said [to] this day, In the mount of
the LORD it shall be seen.
15 ¶ And the angel of the LORD called
unto Abraham out of heaven the
second time,

16 And said, By myself have I sworn,
saith the LORD, for because thou
hast done this thing, and hast not
withheld thy son, thine only [son]:
17 That in blessing I will bless thee,
and in multiplying I will multiply
thy seed as the stars of the heaven,
and as the sand which [is] upon the
sea shore; and thy seed shall
possess the gate of his enemies;
18 And in thy seed shall all the
nations of the earth be blessed;
because thou hast obeyed my
voice.
19 So Abraham returned unto his
young men, and they rose up and
went together to Beer-sheba; and
Abraham dwelt at Beer-sheba.
20 ¶ And it came to pass after these
things, that it was told Abraham,
saying, Behold, Milcah, she hath
also born children unto thy brother
Nahor;
21 Huz his firstborn, and Buz his
brother, and Kemuel the father of
Aram,
22 And Chesed, and Hazo, and
Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel.
23 And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these
eight Milcah did bear to Nahor,
Abraham's brother.
24 And his concubine, whose name
[was] Reumah, she bare also
Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash,
and Maachah.

GENESIS 22:1 GOD DID TEMPT ABRAHAM
Tempt Hebrew: nacah (HSN-5254), to test, prove. No inducement to sin is implied. (Exodus 15:25; Exodus 16:4;
Exodus 20:20; Deut. 8:2,16; 2 Samuel 22:31; 2 Chron.9:1; 2 Chron. 32:31; Psalm 26:2; Proverbs 17:3; Hebrews
11:17; 1 Peter 1:7; cp. James 1:12-13)

GENESIS 22:2 ONLY SON ISAAC
The test was very real: he was to give Isaac back to God. Isaac was the only son of promise, the only son of Sarah,
and the only one here. Ishmael had been sent away. His other sons were not yet born (Genesis 25:1-6).
As a test it was designed to prove faith.

Land of Moriah
This includes all the mountains of Jerusalem—Calvary, Zion, Olives, Moriah, and others. Calvary is the highest and it
was perhaps here that Isaac was offered as a type of Christ (Hebrews 11:19; Luke 23:33). All that is stated here is
"one of the mountains."
Genesis 22:1 God did tempt Abraham

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GENESIS 22:3 ROSE UP EARLY IN THE MORNING
The early rising, saddling, cleaving the wood, and going three days' journey to slay his only son of promise proves
his deliberate and complete obedience. Traveling early was customary on account of the heat. A saddle was a piece
of cloth thrown over the backs of the animals. No ancient nation had saddles and stirrups as we know them. Camel
saddles and pack saddles were different and had to be tied on.

GENESIS 22:4 THE THIRD DAY
See "the third day" in Genesis 31:22; Genesis 34:25; Exodus 19:11; Leviticus 7:17; Numbers 19:12; Esther 5:1; Hosea
6:2; Matthew 16:21; Matthew 27:64; Luke 13:32; Luke 24:21; 1 Cor. 15:4.

GENESIS 22:5 COME AGAIN TO YOU
Evidence of Abraham’s faith (Hebrews 11:17-19).

GENESIS 22:8 GOD WILL PROVIDE
Abraham's faith is again demonstrated. He could not fully comprehend God's command, but he had absolute
confidence in His wisdom, love and care for both himself and Isaac. See Hebrews 11:17-19.

The Seven Consecrations of Abraham
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

To leave his native land (Genesis 12:1)
To leave his own kindred (Genesis 12:1)
To follow God's leading (Genesis 12:1)
To separate from Lot (Genesis 13:5-18)
To give up his plans for Ishmael (Genesis 17:15-27)
To cast out Hagar and Ishmael (Genesis 21:9-21)
To offer up Isaac (Genesis 22:1-19)

GENESIS 22:9 BOUND ISAAC
No hint of struggle from Isaac (John 10:17).

GENESIS 22:11 ABRAHAM, ABRAHAM
Ten Double-Callings of Names
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

Abraham, Abraham (Genesis 22:11)
Jacob, Jacob (Genesis 46:2)
Moses, Moses (Exodus 3:4)
Samuel, Samuel (1 Samuel 3:10)
Lord, Lord (Matthew 7:21-22)
Jerusalem, Jerusalem (Matthew 23:37)
My God, My God (Mark 15:34)
Martha, Martha (Luke 10:41)
Simon, Simon (Luke 22:31)
Saul, Saul (Acts 9:4)

GENESIS 22:13 IN THE STEAD OF HIS SON
This is an example of the doctrine of substitution. As the ram was substituted for Isaac, so Christ became a
substitute for all men, dying for them that they might go free from eternal death in hell—if they accept Him as their
sacrifice (Isaiah 53; Matthew 20:28; John 6:51; John 10:11-18; John 11:50-52; John 15:13; Romans 4:25; Romans
5:6-8; Romans 14:15; 1 Cor. 15:3; 2 Cor. 5:14-21; Galatians 1:4; Galatians 2:20; Hebrews 2:9-18; Hebrews 5:9;
Hebrews 9:15-28; Hebrews 10:10; 1 Peter 2:21-24; 1 Peter 3:18; 1 Peter 4:1). The Old Testament animal sacrifices
portrayed Christ paying the sin penalty in our stead. That the experience of Abraham with Isaac and the ram
prefigured the work of Christ is clear from Hebrews 11:17-19.

GENESIS 22:14 JEHOVAH-JIREH
Meaning, the Lord will provide. See Sixteen Jehovah Titles.

GENESIS 22:16 BY MYSELF HAVE I SWORN, SAITH THE LORD,
Thirty-six Examples of Oaths
Genesis 22:3 rose up early in the morning

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1) Abraham and kings of Canaan (Genesis 14:22-23)
19) David and Saul (1 Samuel 24:21-22)
2) Abraham and Abimelech (Genesis 21:22-24)
20) Saul and the witch (1 Samuel 28:10)
3) Eliezer and Abraham (Genesis 24:2-9)
21) David concerning Abner (2 Samuel 3:35)
4) Isaac and Abimelech (Genesis 26:26-31)
22) Joab and David (2 Samuel 19:7)
5) Esau and Jacob (Genesis 25:33)
23) David and Bathsheba (1 Kings 1:29)
6) Jacob and Laban (Genesis 31:44-55)
24) Solomon concerning Adonijah (1 Kings 2:23)
7) Joseph and Jacob (Genesis 47:28-31)
25) Solomon and Shimei (1 Kings 2:42)
8) Children of Israel and Joseph (Genesis 50:24-25)
26) Elisha and Elijah (2 Kings 2:2)
9) Israelites and Rahab (Joshua 2:12-14)
27) Elisha and Elijah (2 Kings 2:4)
10) Joshua and Gibeonites (Joshua 9:3-20)
28) Elisha and Elijah (2 Kings 2:6)
11) Moses and Caleb (Joshua 14:9)
29) Jehoram and Elisha (2 Kings 6:31)
12) Israel and Joshua (Joshua 24:14-26)
30) Jehoiada and Israelites (2 Kings 11:4)
13) Gileadites and Jephthah (Judges 11:10)
31) Zedekiah and Nebuchadnezzar (2 Chron. 36:13)
14) Israelites among themselves (Judges 21:5)
32) Ezra and Israel (Ezra 10:5-19)
15) Ruth and Naomi (Ruth 1:17)
33) Nehemiah and priests (Neh. 5:12-13)
16) Boaz and Ruth (Ruth 3:13)
34) Zedekiah and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:16)
17) Saul and Jonathan (1 Samuel 19:6)
35) Gedaliah and Jews (Jeremiah 40:9)
18) David and Jonathan (1 Samuel 20:1-17)
36) Forty Jews among themselves (Acts 23:12)
For commands concerning oaths see Exodus 20:7; Exodus 22:10-11; Exodus 23:1; Leviticus 6:2-5; Leviticus 19:12;
Numbers 5:19-24; Deut. 6:13; Eccles. 8:2; Isaiah 48:1; Jeremiah 4:2; Jeremiah 5:2; Jeremiah 7:8; Jeremiah 12:16;
Psalm 15:1-4; Matthew 5:33-37; James 5:12.

Fourteen Oaths of God in Scripture
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)

To Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 15:18-21; Genesis 22:16-18; Luke 1:72-74; Hebrews 6:13-14)
Confirmed in Isaac (Genesis 26:3; Psalm 105:9-11; Jeremiah 11:5)
Confirmed in Jacob (Genesis 28:13-15; Psalm 105:9-11)
Confirmed in Israel (Deut. 29:1-15)
To rebellious Israel (Deut. 1:34-35; Hebrews 3:11,18; Hebrews 4:3; Psalm 95:11)
To rebellious Moses (Deut. 4:21)
To David (2 Samuel 7; Psalm 89:4,35; Psalm 132:11; Acts 2:30-32)
To Israel to destroy Antichrist (Isaiah 14:24-27; Rev. 19:11-21)
To all creatures that they must bow to God (Isaiah 45:23; Phil. 2:9-11)
Of the destruction of the temple (Jeremiah 22:5)
Of the perpetual desolation of Bozrah (Jeremiah 49:13)
Of the eternal destruction of Babylon (Jeremiah 51:14; Isaiah 13-14)
Of Messiah and His everlasting priesthood (Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 7:21,28)
Of the new covenant to take the place of the law (Isaiah 49:8; Isaiah 59:21; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 32:40;
Romans 11:27; Hebrews 8:6-13; Hebrews 10:16)

GENESIS 22:17 THAT IN BLESSING
Fivefold blessing for threefold obedience:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

I will bless you (Genesis 22:17).
I will multiply you as the stars.
I will multiply you as the sand.
Your seed shall be victorious.
All nations will be blessed through your seed (Genesis 22:18).

GENESIS 22:18 THY SEED
The Messiah

Seven Figures in Genesis.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

The Seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15)
The Son of Abraham (Genesis 22:18; Matthew 1:1; Luke 3:23-34; Galatians 3:16)
The Son of Isaac (Genesis 21:12; Genesis 26:4; Matthew 1:2; Luke 3:23-34; Romans 9:6-9)
The Son of Jacob (Genesis 28:13-14; Matthew 1:2; Luke 3:23-34)
Shiloh (Genesis 49:10)
The Shepherd of Israel (Genesis 49:24; cf. Zech. 13:7; John 10:1-18)

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7) The Stone of Israel (Genesis 49:24)

GENESIS 22:20 NAHOR
Nahor didn't start for Canaan with Terah and Abraham, but settled in Haran while Abraham was still there (Genesis
11:31). His family is mentioned here to introduce the story of Rebekah (Genesis 24). Nahor had twelve sons as did
Ishmael and Jacob (Genesis 22:21-24; Genesis 46:8-30).

Genesis 22:20 Nahor

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Genesis 23
1 And Sarah was an hundred and
seven and twenty years old: [these
were] the years of the life of Sarah.
2 And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba; the
same [is] Hebron in the land of
Canaan: and Abraham came to
mourn for Sarah, and to weep for
her.
3 ¶ And Abraham stood up from
before his dead, and spake unto
the sons of Heth, saying,
4 I [am] a stranger and a sojourner
with you: give me a possession of a
buryingplace with you, that I may
bury my dead out of my sight.
5 And the children of Heth answered
Abraham, saying unto him,
6 Hear us, my lord: thou [art] a
mighty prince among us: in the
choice of our sepulchres bury thy
dead; none of us shall withhold
from thee his sepulchre, but that
thou mayest bury thy dead.
7 And Abraham stood up, and bowed
himself to the people of the land,
[even] to the children of Heth.
8 And he communed with them,
saying, If it be your mind that I
should bury my dead out of my
sight; hear me, and intreat for me
to Ephron the son of Zohar,

9 That he may give me the cave of
Machpelah, which he hath, which
[is] in the end of his field; for as
much money as it is worth he shall
give it me for a possession of a
buryingplace amongst you.
10 And Ephron dwelt among the
children of Heth: and Ephron the
Hittite answered Abraham in the
audience of the children of Heth,
[even] of all that went in at the
gate of his city, saying,
11 Nay, my lord, hear me: the field
give I thee, and the cave that [is]
therein, I give it thee; in the
presence of the sons of my people
give I it thee: bury thy dead.
12 And Abraham bowed down
himself before the people of the
land.
13 And he spake unto Ephron in the
audience of the people of the land,
saying, But if thou [wilt give it], I
pray thee, hear me: I will give thee
money for the field; take [it] of me,
and I will bury my dead there.
14 And Ephron answered Abraham,
saying unto him,

15 My lord, hearken unto me: the
land [is worth] four hundred
shekels of silver; what [is] that
betwixt me and thee? bury
therefore thy dead.
16 And Abraham hearkened unto
Ephron; and Abraham weighed to
Ephron the silver, which he had
named in the audience of the sons
of Heth, four hundred shekels of
silver, current [money] with the
merchant.
17 ¶ And the field of Ephron, which
[was] in Machpelah, which [was]
before Mamre, the field, and the
cave which [was] therein, and all
the trees that [were] in the field,
that [were] in all the borders round
about, were made sure
18 Unto Abraham for a possession in
the presence of the children of
Heth, before all that went in at the
gate of his city.
19 And after this, Abraham buried
Sarah his wife in the cave of the
field of Machpelah before Mamre:
the same [is] Hebron in the land of
Canaan.
20 And the field, and the cave that [is]
therein, were made sure unto
Abraham for a possession of a
buryingplace by the sons of Heth.

GENESIS 23:1 HUNDRED AND SEVEN AND TWENTY YEARS OLD
The only woman whose age at death is mentioned in Scripture.

GENESIS 23:2 KIRJATH-ARBA
Ancient name of Hebron, meaning stronghold of Arba, because it was built by Anak and the sons of Arba of the race
of giants (Joshua 14:15; Joshua 15:13; Numbers 13:22). It was given to Caleb (Judges 1:10,20). David first reigned
there (2 Samuel 2:1). Absalom started his rebellion there (2 Samuel 15). It was the burying place of Abraham and
Jacob (Genesis 23:1-20; Genesis 33:18-20; Genesis 50:514; Joshua 24:32).

GENESIS 23:4 BURYINGPLACE
No contradiction with Genesis 33:19. Jacob bought a
place for an altar, not to bury the dead. There were
about eighty years between the time of the purchase of
Abraham and that of Jacob. If it was the same purchase,
Jacob did it to avoid trouble when he came back to
Canaan. Genesis 50:13; Joshua 24:32.

GENESIS 23:8 INTREAT FOR ME
It was the custom to have middlemen transact business
Genesis 23:1 hundred and seven and twenty years old

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of any importance; hence, his appeal for the Hittites to plead for him (Genesis 23:8).

GENESIS 23:9 MACHPELAH
The Hebrew word (machpelah (HSN-4375)) means "double." Perhaps it was a double cave. It still exists inside a
massive wall which must have been built before the Christian era. There is an interesting wiki page on this:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cave_of_the_Patriarchs

GENESIS 23:18 BEFORE ALL THAT WENT IN AT THE GATE OF HIS CITY
The last step of the transaction was to pay before witnesses so it could be known that the property now belonged
to the buyer.

Genesis 23:9 Machpelah

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Genesis 24
1 And Abraham was old, [and] well
stricken in age: and the LORD had
blessed Abraham in all things.
2 And Abraham said unto his eldest
servant of his house, that ruled
over all that he had, Put, I pray
thee, thy hand under my thigh:
3 And I will make thee swear by the
LORD, the God of heaven, and the
God of the earth, that thou shalt
not take a wife unto my son of the
daughters of the Canaanites,
among whom I dwell:
4 But thou shalt go unto my country,
and to my kindred, and take a wife
unto my son Isaac.
5 And the servant said unto him,
Peradventure the woman will not
be willing to follow me unto this
land: must I needs bring thy son
again unto the land from whence
thou camest?
6 And Abraham said unto him,
Beware thou that thou bring not
my son thither again.
7 ¶ The LORD God of heaven, which
took me from my father's house,
and from the land of my kindred,
and which spake unto me, and that
sware unto me, saying, Unto thy
seed will I give this land; he shall
send his angel before thee, and
thou shalt take a wife unto my son
from thence.
8 And if the woman will not be willing
to follow thee, then thou shalt be
clear from this my oath: only bring
not my son thither again.
9 And the servant put his hand under
the thigh of Abraham his master,
and sware to him concerning that
matter.
10 ¶ And the servant took ten camels
of the camels of his master, and
departed; for all the goods of his
master [were] in his hand: and he
arose, and went to Mesopotamia,
unto the city of Nahor.

11 And he made his camels to kneel
down without the city by a well of
water at the time of the evening,
[even] the time that women go out
to draw [water].
12 And he said, O LORD God of my
master Abraham, I pray thee, send
me good speed this day, and shew
kindness
unto
my
master
Abraham.
13 Behold, I stand [here] by the well
of water; and the daughters of the
men of the city come out to draw
water:
14 And let it come to pass, that the
damsel to whom I shall say, Let
down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I
may drink; and she shall say, Drink,
and I will give thy camels drink
also: [let the same be] she [that]
thou hast appointed for thy
servant Isaac; and thereby shall I
know that thou hast shewed
kindness unto my master.
15 ¶ And it came to pass, before he
had done speaking, that, behold,
Rebekah came out, who was born
to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife
of Nahor, Abraham's brother, with
her pitcher upon her shoulder.
16 And the damsel [was] very fair to
look upon, a virgin, neither had any
man known her: and she went
down to the well, and filled her
pitcher, and came up.
17 And the servant ran to meet her,
and said, Let me, I pray thee, drink
a little water of thy pitcher.
18 And she said, Drink, my lord: and
she hasted, and let down her
pitcher upon her hand, and gave
him drink.
19 And when she had done giving him
drink, she said, I will draw [water]
for thy camels also, until they have
done drinking.
20 And she hasted, and emptied her
pitcher into the trough, and ran
again unto the well to draw
[water], and drew for all his
camels.

Genesis 23:18 before all that went in at the gate of his city

21 And the man wondering at her
held his peace, to wit whether the
LORD had made his journey
prosperous or not.
22 And it came to pass, as the camels
had done drinking, that the man
took a golden earring of half a
shekel weight, and two bracelets
for her hands of ten [shekels]
weight of gold;
23 And said, Whose daughter [art]
thou? tell me, I pray thee: is there
room [in] thy father's house for us
to lodge in?
24 And she said unto him, I [am] the
daughter of Bethuel the son of
Milcah, which she bare unto
Nahor.
25 She said moreover unto him, We
have both straw and provender
enough, and room to lodge in.
26 And the man bowed down his
head, and worshipped the LORD.
27 And he said, Blessed [be] the LORD
God of my master Abraham, who
hath not left destitute my master
of his mercy and his truth: I [being]
in the way, the LORD led me to the
house of my master's brethren.
28 And the damsel ran, and told
[them of] her mother's house
these things.
29 ¶ And Rebekah had a brother, and
his name [was] Laban: and Laban
ran out unto the man, unto the
well.
30 And it came to pass, when he saw
the earring and bracelets upon his
sister's hands, and when he heard
the words of Rebekah his sister,
saying, Thus spake the man unto
me; that he came unto the man;
and, behold, he stood by the
camels at the well.
31 And he said, Come in, thou blessed
of the LORD; wherefore standest
thou without? for I have prepared
the house, and room for the
camels.

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32 ¶ And the man came into the
house: and he ungirded his camels,
and gave straw and provender for
the camels, and water to wash his
feet, and the men's feet that
[were] with him.
33 And there was set [meat] before
him to eat: but he said, I will not
eat, until I have told mine errand.
And he said, Speak on.
34 And he said, I [am] Abraham's
servant.
35 And the LORD hath blessed my
master greatly; and he is become
great: and he hath given him
flocks, and herds, and silver, and
gold, and menservants, and
maidservants, and camels, and
asses.
36 And Sarah my master's wife bare a
son to my master when she was
old: and unto him hath he given all
that he hath.
37 And my master made me swear,
saying, Thou shalt not take a wife
to my son of the daughters of the
Canaanites, in whose land I dwell:
38 But thou shalt go unto my father's
house, and to my kindred, and take
a wife unto my son.
39 And I said unto my master,
Peradventure the woman will not
follow me.
40 And he said unto me, The LORD,
before whom I walk, will send his
angel with thee, and prosper thy
way; and thou shalt take a wife for
my son of my kindred, and of my
father's house:
41 Then shalt thou be clear from
[this] my oath, when thou comest
to my kindred; and if they give not
thee [one], thou shalt be clear
from my oath.
42 And I came this day unto the well,
and said, O LORD God of my
master Abraham, if now thou do
prosper my way which I go:
43 Behold, I stand by the well of
water; and it shall come to pass,
that when the virgin cometh forth
to draw [water], and I say to her,
Give me, I pray thee, a little water
of thy pitcher to drink;

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44 And she say to me, Both drink
thou, and I will also draw for thy
camels: [let] the same [be] the
woman whom the LORD hath
appointed out for my master's son.
45 And before I had done speaking in
mine heart, behold, Rebekah came
forth with her pitcher on her
shoulder; and she went down unto
the well, and drew [water]: and I
said unto her, Let me drink, I pray
thee.
46 And she made haste, and let down
her pitcher from her [shoulder],
and said, Drink, and I will give thy
camels drink also: so I drank, and
she made the camels drink also.
47 And I asked her, and said, Whose
daughter [art] thou? And she said,
The daughter of Bethuel, Nahor's
son, whom Milcah bare unto him:
and I put the earring upon her face,
and the bracelets upon her hands.
48 And I bowed down my head, and
worshipped the LORD, and blessed
the LORD God of my master
Abraham, which had led me in the
right way to take my master's
brother's daughter unto his son.
49 And now if ye will deal kindly and
truly with my master, tell me: and
if not, tell me; that I may turn to
the right hand, or to the left.
50 Then Laban and Bethuel answered
and said, The thing proceedeth
from the LORD: we cannot speak
unto thee bad or good.
51 Behold, Rebekah [is] before thee,
take [her], and go, and let her be
thy master's son's wife, as the
LORD hath spoken.
52 And it came to pass, that, when
Abraham's servant heard their
words, he worshipped the LORD,
[bowing himself] to the earth.
53 And the servant brought forth
jewels of silver, and jewels of gold,
and raiment, and gave [them] to
Rebekah: he gave also to her
brother and to her mother
precious things.

Genesis 23:18 before all that went in at the gate of his city

54 And they did eat and drink, he and
the men that [were] with him, and
tarried all night; and they rose up
in the morning, and he said, Send
me away unto my master.
55 And her brother and her mother
said, Let the damsel abide with us
[a few] days, at the least ten; after
that she shall go.
56 And he said unto them, Hinder me
not, seeing the LORD hath
prospered my way; send me away
that I may go to my master.
57 And they said, We will call the
damsel, and enquire at her mouth.
58 And they called Rebekah, and said
unto her, Wilt thou go with this
man? And she said, I will go.
59 And they sent away Rebekah their
sister, and her nurse, and
Abraham's servant, and his men.
60 And they blessed Rebekah, and
said unto her, Thou [art] our sister,
be thou [the mother] of thousands
of millions, and let thy seed
possess the gate of those which
hate them.
61 ¶ And Rebekah arose, and her
damsels, and they rode upon the
camels, and followed the man: and
the servant took Rebekah, and
went his way.
62 And Isaac came from the way of
the well Lahai-roi; for he dwelt in
the south country.
63 And Isaac went out to meditate in
the field at the eventide: and he
lifted up his eyes, and saw, and,
behold, the camels [were] coming.
64 And Rebekah lifted up her eyes,
and when she saw Isaac, she
lighted off the camel.
65 For she [had] said unto the
servant, What man [is] this that
walketh in the field to meet us?
And the servant [had] said, It [is]
my master: therefore she took a
vail, and covered herself.
66 And the servant told Isaac all
things that he had done.

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67 And Isaac brought her into his
mother Sarah's tent, and took

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Rebekah, and she became his wife;
and he loved her: and Isaac was

comforted
[death].

after

his

mother's

GENESIS 24:2 ELDEST SERVANT OF HIS HOUSE
Eliezer of Damascus (Genesis 15:2). He was the head servant but not necessarily the oldest. "Eldest" is used here in
the official sense. The position was sometimes filled by younger men, as in Joseph's case (Genesis 39:4,22; Genesis
41:46).

Put ... thy hand under my thigh
Abraham asks his servant to put his hand under his thigh? What does that mean? It sounds strange to us today,
and one immediately wonders if there was some sort of cultural practice regarding swearing oaths and hands under
thighs. Here, your Bible translators have taken the “high road” in translation and tried to make it as culturally
acceptable as possible for the modern reader.
The word translated as “thigh” is:
This is pronounced (from right to left): yeh-RAY-key. Transliterated, it might be
written: yerekhi, or without the pronominal suffix (changing it from “thigh” to “my
thigh”) it would just be yerekh. This time the word does indeed mean thigh, but it also
means the male genital region. The renowned Jewish scholar Nahum Sarna puts it this
way:
Holding the circumcised membrum, called the “sign of the covenant” in 17:11, may invoke the presence and power
of God as the guarantor of the oath. (Sarna, Nahum, The JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis (Philadelphia: Jewish
Publication Society, 1989), p. 162.)
The medieval commentator Rashi also followed this line of logic, that the servant was called to hold Abraham’s
circumcised penis when he made this oath, just like one today would put a hand on a Bible, a physical sign of the
covenant with God. But more than that, this gesture is aimed at the seed that comes from this covenant, the sign of
which was the circumcision. Abraham had his servant swear to him on God’s promise of children but also on God’s
promise of the messiah!
Naturally, you can see why our translators decided to go with “thigh” rather than “circumcised penis”. Not only is it
more family friendly, but it’s not necessarily important to understand the true meaning of the text here. What’s of
the utmost importance is that the servant swore an oath and fulfilled it by bringing back Rebekah. However, I do
think that for the advanced (mature) reader, understanding the significance of such an oath is very powerful (if not
a bit awkward). The servant was so committed to the family, the covenant (which he participated in since he was
circumcised), and to God, that he held in his hands the very sign of the covenant and swore to play a part in
fulfilling it (because the line would have died with Isaac if he never married).

GENESIS 24:12 O LORD GOD OF MY MASTER ABRAHAM, I PRAY THEE
Eliezer had been trained in the faith of Abraham's God and therefore exercised the same faith and looked for
guidance as his master did. Note the sign whereby he would know the answer to his prayer (Genesis 24:14), also
the quick answer (Genesis 24:15; cp. Judges 6:36-40; Psalm 145:18; Daniel 9:21-23; Isaiah 65:24).

Eliezer, the Model Servant
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

Faithful to trust (Genesis 24:2; cp. Genesis 15:2)
Intelligent and obedient (Genesis 24:2-11)
Acquainted with God (Genesis 24:12-14)
Knew how to pray (Genesis 24:15-16)
Wise and courteous (Genesis 24:17-25)
Worshiper of God and thankful for answers to prayer (Genesis 24:26-27)
Patient and believing (Genesis 24:28-30)
Unselfish and diligent in business (Genesis 24:31-49)
Impressive and winning (Genesis 24:50-58)
Successful and true (Genesis 24:59-67)

Genesis 24:2 eldest servant of his house

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GENESIS 24:15 REBEKAH
Rebekah means "captivating." See this illustrated in Genesis 26:7-11.

Bethuel
Bethuel means "separated unto God," implying that Nahor knew Abraham's God.

GENESIS 24:18 DRINK, MY LORD:
She did just the way he prayed in Genesis 24:14.

GENESIS 24:47 EARRING
Hebrew: nezem (HSN-5141), a nose ring, earring, or jewel for the forehead. Here it is perhaps the nose ring, or
head jewel, for the word is in the singular in Genesis 24:22,30,47.

GENESIS 24:51 TAKE HER, AND GO
The journey to Beersheba was about 450 arduous and dangerous miles; by camel it would take twenty-five to thirty
days. It was natural for a young woman to hesitate (and perhaps refuse) to go with total strangers to meet a
husband she had never seen, of whose character she knew nothing. But Eliezer's worship made an impression on
the entire family. They saw God's hand in the matter, and Rebekah was willing to obey what was believed to be the
will of God.

GENESIS 24:63 MEDITATE
Hebrew: lasuwach (HSN-7742), to bend down in body and mind. He was in godly meditation or praying (cp. Genesis
24:67).

GENESIS 24:65 COVERED HERSELF
Denoting modesty (1 Cor. 11:5-6; 1 Tim. 2:9). Veils were long pieces of cloth thrown loosely over the head and face,
hanging down in the back. Before strange men they was disposed to cover the face and person.

GENESIS 24:67 SHE BECAME HIS WIFE
There was no marriage ceremony in ancient times. Some celebrated with a feast, but the removal of the bride from
her home to that of the bridegroom completed the marriage.

The Jewish Wedding: A parallel To Jesus and the Church:
Terms:
B'rit = covenant (sealed in blood)
B'rit Hadashah = New Covenant
Tanakh = Old Testament
B'rit kidushin = betrothal period (think of Mary & Joseph)
Chadar (Kadar) = chamber"
Da'at = I do
Ketubah = contract"
Mohar = bride price
Ka'lal = bride
Type: = to present beforehand as a type-to prefigure" a person or event or institution in the OT that relates to a
corresponding person or event or institution in the NT.
The core chapter is Genesis 24 which contains many types and shadows of Messiah as the bridegroom of the
church. But we must also study the Jewish wedding for the full picture.


Ephes. 5.25 Paul first explains this relationship.
Rom 7.4: - -"We are married to Christ"
Matt.22.2-5: Jesus speaks of the wedding feast by parable

The Typology of Abraham, Isaac, and Rebecca The Father (typified by Abraham) selects a bride for his beloved son.

John 6. 43-44 - No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him

Genesis 24:15 Rebekah

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John 15.16 - -"You did not choose me . . . - -"

Abraham sends a trusted servant (Eliezer) to find the bride.

Eliezer: a type of the Holy Spirit.
The Holy Spirit is at work wooing and drawing the bride to the bridegroom. He is the one who nudges our hearts as
he did with Rebekah. Becoming a believer depends on our being wooed. We are pursued by the Lord for quite
awhile before we begin to acknowledge his presence.
He makes all the arrangements. The Bride may have no idea what the groom looks like" all she knows is that she
will spend her whole life with him if she says - - "yes" to this marriage. ( 1 Peter 1.8) This is the case with the bride
of Messiah. We have not seen Yeshua, but God's servant the Holy Spirit has revealed him to us.
In Genesis 24. We will find many types and shadows of Messiah as the bridegroom of the Church. But we must also
study the Jewish wedding for a full picture.
1. What standout scriptures are found in Genesis 24?
2. What types are readily apparent to you? Notice all of the actions of Rebekah and see if you can see Rebekah as
a type of the church?
3. What do you see in verse 8? What does Rebekah's willingness have to do with the church. See the servant as a
type of the Holy Spirit.
4. Notice the meeting of the bride and the bridegroom. It happens with a supernatural sign and force because the
Holy Spirit draws. John 3.8. According to Rabbinical tradition, Rebekah is so overwhelmed when she sees Isaac,
that she falls from her camel.
5. 1 John 4.19 We love the bridegroom because He first loved us and chose us.
6. If Eliezer is a type of the Holy Spirit: What begins to flow from him immediately? Compare to 1 Cor. 12.The gifts
of the Spirit are a powerful accompaniment to our relationship with our heavenly bridegroom.
7. What happens when Rebekah does not resist the power of Eliezer's prayer?
New covenant: John 15.16
8. What types may be seen in verses 35 and 36?
9. Verse 41 God will not be satisfied or cleared of his oath until a bride is prepared for the bridegroom. (See
Matt.25).
See John 3.29" John 3.35" Matt. 9.15, Mk. 2-18-20" Lk. 5. 34-35. Rev. 22.2-9" 1 Peter 1.18" Matt.24.43-44"

The Arrangements:
The Mohar:
The price paid for the bride" money was paid to the father as well as to the bride.
Sometimes it was paid in service as in Jacob and Rachel. The price was usually something of great value: lands,
livestock, silver or gold. The Bride was allowed to keep her monies to go into business or to keep. Prov.31 shows a
woman who was industrious in business as well as at home. The price was paid to show how the bridegroom loved
and valued the bride Be'ulah: means - -"owned one." The Mohar raised the standard: A woman had value She was
to be acquired in the presence of witnesses. If he wished to separate, even during the betrothal period, a divorce
was required.

The Bride of Messiah has also been purchased:
A very high Mohar was paid for us" the blood of Y'shua himself. The bridegroom wrestled with that price in the
Garden of Gethesemane" - -"Father do you know what they are asking for her" (Jamie Lash). 1 Cor. 7.23 Phil.2.5 Lk
22.19-20 (Jesus mentions the Bride Price) 1 Peter 1.18 Hebrews 12.2 Jesus paid the price for: The joy that was set
before him.The joy of seeing each one of us redeemed.
Ka'lal: On the cross he said, - -"it is finished." Or Ka'lal" the same root as for - -"bride."

The Betrothal Ceremony
The B'rit Kidushin:
The Betrothal is for 12 months during this time the bride is set apart for sanctification and beautification. This
engagement covenant is binding and they are considered legally married except for the union. At The Betrothal
Genesis 24:67 She became his wife

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ceremony a Ketubah was presented to the father.

The Ketubah:
Ketubah comes from - -"kadosh" meaning holy. The B'rit Kidushin is holy. This contract is altogether in favor of the
bride. The bridegroom promises to work for, honor, support and maintain his bride in truth, provide food, clothing,
necessities and to live with her after the ceremony. The bride is promised that she will be cared for in every way. All
of her needs will be fulfilled by the bridegroom. This contract is read and signed before 2 witnesses if the Bride
agrees.
The Holy Scriptures are Our Wedding Document.
Matt. 6.28" Phil 4.19 Look at any scripture and know that the scripture is the holy covenant and inalienable right of
the believer. - -"God is not a man that He should lie." He will never break the covenant. This Ketubah was read
publicly. Today, the reading of our Ketubah takes place during Christian services.
The ketubah elevated the woman to a new status in society. Our Ketubah gives us rights and privileges that are
found in no other religion or philosophy. Why would we reject our heavenly Ketubah, our holy scriptures, the Bible?
Hebrews 8.6 our B'rit Hadashah contains even better promises! This marriage contract was first promised to the
House of Israel then to who-so-ever will (Jer.31.31-34). - -"The time is coming," declares the Lord when I will cut a
New Covenant (B'rit) with the house of Israel and the house of Judah. . . ."

The Da'at:
Is the consent literally means - "I do" Gen. 24-57-58.
The prospective girl had something to say. She had to consent, Da'at. Judaism says that marriage can only take
place by mutual consent. In an age where child marriage was common the sages ordained : - -"it is forbidden for a
man to betroth his minor daughter until she attains her majority and says, - -"I love this man."
Spiritual betrothal to Yeshua Ha Messiach is the same: God never forces us to say - -"I do." to his son. He created us
with free will. We must respond or say - -"I do" (Romans 10.9-10) in the presence of 2 witnesses!
You may say the following and thereby give your consent or da'at:







I do believe that God raised Yeshua, Jesus from the dead.
I do repent of all my sin and desire to turn from it.
I do give you my heart, my love, and my whole life.
I do trust you with my future.
And, like a bride, I do desire intimacy with you.
I do believe that Yeshua's death atoned for my sin.
I do receive his forgiveness and gift of eternal life.
I do receive your love and my salvation today. (Jamie Lash)

The 1st cup of the Covenant
Baruch ata adonai eloheinu melech ha olam borey pre hagafen. (Blessed are you O LORD, King of the Universe who
creates the fruit of the vine.)
The blessing of the cup of wine is an important element of the ancient and modern Jewish wedding. The Bride and
groom share the cup, symbolizing the shared life that would be theirs. A second cup of wine will be shared many
months later. This is the cup of joy! According to Mayim Hayim, this cup is lifted UP in the right hand (signifying
power) and parallels the forthcoming lifting up of Jesus on the cross.
Luke 22.30 - -"Likewise He also took the cup after supper saying, this cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is
shed for you." Yeshua and His disciples were celebrating the anniversary of God's wedding to Israel (the Exodus). He
is telling them that the New Marriage Covenant (the one promised in Jeremiah 31) would be sealed in his blood.
Yeshua and His disciples drank from a common cup in an upper room in Jerusalem. They became one as they drank
wine together.
When we partake of that cup at the Lord's Seder (communion) we remember our Heavenly Bridegroom, the mohar
paid for us, and our covenental relationship with Yeshua. Just as two cups of wine were used as part of the ancient
Jewish wedding, the second at the actual homemaking of the bride, Messiah's bride will one day drink a cup with
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Yeshua in person at the second part of our marriage ceremony. Matt 26.29
Until that day we have the communion cup to remind of our covenant with our Heavenly Bridegroom. We are to
remember his love more than wine. Song 1.4 We need to drink often of the cup and remember our engagement to
the king of Kings.
The Gifts begin to flow even before the da'at and the betrothal. Gen. 24.53 We have already studied the gifts of the
Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the great gift that Jesus gave to us during our betrothal period as we wait for his return (2
Peter 3.3). James 1.16" Cor. 12, Romans 12.

The Chadar:
The departure of the groom: After the Betrothal Ceremony, the groom left to prepare the Chadar (chamber).The
bridegroom in ancient Israel left his beloved to go to his father's house to prepare a Chadar.
(A bridal house) He would be gone up to 12 months (John 14.2-3) with the promise to return. Yeshua the heavenly
bridegroom, left his bride to prepare a wedding chamber for her and he promises to return. His promise is still good
and his return is near (Acts. 1.8-11).
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Israel returned as a nation in 1948.
Hebrew was resurrected as a language.
Jerusalem has become a stone of stumbling,
Many nations are arranging themselves against Israel, including the United States,
Anti-Semitism is on the rise.
The destruction of Israel is promised by Islamic militants,
There are wars and rumors of wars. These and many other signs explained in Matt. 23 and Lk. 21 say, - "Behold the Bridegroom cometh."

The Consecrated Bride:
The first act of the bride was a Mikvah: Hebrew for baptism (more precisely, immersion).
This is her time of beautification. For 12 months she takes beauty treatments.
While waiting for the bridegroom to return, she finds in him perfect contentment.
She fills her heart with songs. They think constantly of one another. Our heavenly bridegroom is filled with
intercession on our behalf. Isaiah 61.10, Esther 2.12 shows the preparation of the Bride.
Esther (Hadassah) in Hebrew means hidden. She was hidden until the King held out his golden scepter to her.
The Hebrew bride (Ka'lah in Hebrew) was set apart, consecrated, separated from her bridegroom while he was
away preparing her wedding chamber.
Song of Songs 4.12 Kallah literally means secluded or enclosed one.
The bride belonged to her beloved, the one who had purchased her. She was to have eyes for none other she had
doves eyes: Song of songs 1.15. Doves have no peripheral vision so they symbolize faithfulness, singleness of vision,
gentleness and loving commitment (Jamie Lash).
Paul says that we are hidden with God in Christ (Col 3.3). Hidden in the clift in the rock: Song of Songs 2.14.

The Bridegrooms return: The Trump of God
The sound of the Shofar!
A bride in ancient Israel had no idea what day or hour her bridegroom would return to take her to the wedding
chamber. The bridegroom would come - -"like thief in the night." Only the groom's father knew. In the fullness of
time, when the bridal chamber was complete" with no man knowing the day or the hour, the heavenly bridegroom
will return. In reference to Yeshua's return: Mark 13.32.
The event was usually late at night. The shofar would break the silence of night. There would be shouts in the night
and a torch procession. Song of songs 2.10 - -"Arise my love, my fair one and come away."
Matt 25. This parable simply means to be ready" Be thinking of Him always, the Bridegroom! When the shofar
sounds, she must be willing to run to him. Her lamp must be lit!
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The Aperion:
The Bride prepared to enter a bridal litter or aperion.
Song of Songs 3.9-10 The Bride is CARRIED in the aperion accompanied by musicians, singers, family and friends and
attendants carrying torches. The voice of the bride and the bridegroom are heard in the streets. See Jer 33.11. 2
Thes. 4.16-17 and Matt 24.27

The Huppah
Jamie Lash writes: - -"The second half of the ceremony is called the - -"home-taking" the Bride and bridegroom will
meet at the Huppah, a special room built in the bridegrooms' Father's house.. The Bridegroom arrives before the
bride. It is mentioned in verses Psalm 19.5 and Joel 2.15.
They will be alone for 7 days. The best man waits outside of the Huppah to see if the marriage is consummated.
(John 3.29).
This 7 day period is also called the - -"week of the bride."
The Huppah was gradually replaced by a bridal canopy supported by 4 poles.
Both the bride and bridegroom are carried in the Huppah.
Blessings are pronounced to the bride and groom.

The Second Cup:
After the emergence from the Huppah (The Second cup is drunk) The marriage is complete! And sealed forever.
The Spiritual parallel of the huppah is the rapture. Following the Huppah is the Marriage Supper of the Lamb and
life everlasting in the chadar prepared by God.
The Huppah: The original meaning of the huppah was - -"room" or - -"covering."
The spiritual parallel to the huppah for the bride of Christ begins as we are (raptured)lifted up off the earth to be
taken to our heavenly wedding chamber where we will spend &lsquo"one week' (seven years), with our
Bridegroom/King. While the Bride of Christ is in the Bridal Chamber with Yeshua (Jesus). At this time the rest of the
world will be in a time of great tribulation.
Isaiah 26:20-21 tells us of this time: "Come my people, enter our chambers and shut the door behind you, hide
yourself as it were, for a little moment until the indignation is past. For behold the Lord comes out of His place to
punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity." While the wrath of God is poured out on the earth, the bride
of Christ will be hidden away with her Bridegroom.

The Final Step:
" The Second cup is drunk followed by the marriage supper. Following the seven days in the huppah or bridal
chamber, the bride and bridegroom joined their guests for a joyous marriage feast. Playing of music and dancing
was a regular part of the celebration.
Revelation 19:6-9: "And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude, as the sound of many waters and as the
sound of mighty thunderings, saying, 'Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns! Let us be glad and rejoice and
give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready. And to her it was
granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.' Then he
said to me, Write: &lsquo"Blessed are those who are called to the Marriage Supper of the Lamb!' And he said to me
'These are the true sayings of God.'"
Just like the ancient Jewish wedding, there will be shouts of joy and dancing. The time of the second cup will be a
time of great joy. Our intimacy with our heavenly bridegroom is complete and eternal. The Bride will dance for joy
with her Bridegroom/King, Yeshua. (Jesus) We will rule and reign with Him for 1,000 years during the millennium!
For those of us who look forward to the marriage supper of the Lamb, we must go out to the highways and byways
and extend an invitation to others to come.
Revelation 2:17: "And the spirit and the bride say Come! And let him who hears say, Come! And let him who thirsts,
Come" and whoever desires, let him take the water of life freely."

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Revelation 22:20: "'Surely I am coming quickly.' Even so, Come Lord Jesus, Come!"
“In modern Hebrew, nissu’in is one of the several words translated “marriage.” Nissu’in and the related form nasu,
“married,” derive from the verb “nasa, “to lift up”, “to bear,.” “to carry.” Nissu’in suggests exactly the opposite of
putting someone down. Indeed, marriage is graphically portrayed as lifting the other up. This concept is beautifully
dramatized at traditional Jewish Weddings. After the wedding ceremony, the bride and groom are lifted up on
chairs by their guests to the accompaniment of exuberant singing and dancing. Furthermore,’nissu’in recalls a
period in Jewish history when the people of a town would carry (nasa) the bride on a carriage from the home of her
parents to her new home with her groom” (From Marvin R. Wilson Our Father Abraham. Erdmans: 1989, p. 213).

Sarah's tent
Wives' tents were separated from those of husbands; children also lived in their own tents.

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Genesis 25
1 Then again Abraham took a wife,
and her name [was] Keturah.
2 And she bare him Zimran, and
Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian,
and Ishbak, and Shuah.
3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and
Dedan. And the sons of Dedan
were Asshurim, and Letushim, and
Leummim.
4 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and
Epher, and Hanoch, and Abida, and
Eldaah. All these [were] the
children of Keturah.
5 ¶ And Abraham gave all that he had
unto Isaac.
6 But unto the sons of the
concubines, which Abraham had,
Abraham gave gifts, and sent them
away from Isaac his son, while he
yet lived, eastward, unto the east
country.
7 And these [are] the days of the
years of Abraham's life which he
lived, an hundred threescore and
fifteen years.
8 Then Abraham gave up the ghost,
and died in a good old age, an old
man, and full [of years]; and was
gathered to his people.
9 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael
buried him in the cave of
Machpelah, in the field of Ephron
the son of Zohar the Hittite, which
[is] before Mamre;
10 The field which Abraham
purchased of the sons of Heth:
there was Abraham buried, and
Sarah his wife.
11 ¶ And it came to pass after the
death of Abraham, that God
blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac
dwelt by the well Lahai-roi.
12 ¶ Now these [are] the generations
of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom
Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's
handmaid, bare unto Abraham:

13 And these [are] the names of the
sons of Ishmael, by their names,
according to their generations: the
firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and
Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,
14 And Mishma, and Dumah, and
Massa,
15 Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish,
and Kedemah:
16 These [are] the sons of Ishmael,
and these [are] their names, by
their towns, and by their castles;
twelve princes according to their
nations.
17 And these [are] the years of the
life of Ishmael, an hundred and
thirty and seven years: and he gave
up the ghost and died; and was
gathered unto his people.
18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto
Shur, that [is] before Egypt, as thou
goest toward Assyria: [and] he died
in the presence of all his brethren.
19 ¶ And these [are] the generations
of Isaac, Abraham's son: Abraham
begat Isaac:
20 And Isaac was forty years old when
he took Rebekah to wife, the
daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of
Padan-aram, the sister to Laban
the Syrian.
21 And Isaac intreated the LORD for
his wife, because she [was] barren:
and the LORD was intreated of
him, and Rebekah his wife
conceived.
22 And the children struggled
together within her; and she said,
If [it be] so, why [am] I thus? And
she went to enquire of the LORD.
23 And the LORD said unto her, Two
nations [are] in thy womb, and two
manner of people shall be
separated from thy bowels; and
[the one] people shall be stronger
than [the other] people; and the
elder shall serve the younger.

24 ¶ And when her days to be
delivered were fulfilled, behold,
[there were] twins in her womb.
25 And the first came out red, all over
like an hairy garment; and they
called his name Esau.
26 And after that came his brother
out, and his hand took hold on
Esau's heel; and his name was
called Jacob: and Isaac [was]
threescore years old when she
bare them.
27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a
cunning hunter, a man of the field;
and Jacob [was] a plain man,
dwelling in tents.
28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he
did eat of [his] venison: but
Rebekah loved Jacob.
29 And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau
came from the field, and he [was]
faint:
30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I
pray thee, with that same red
[pottage]; for I [am] faint:
therefore was his name called
Edom.
31 And Jacob said, Sell me this day
thy birthright.
32 And Esau said, Behold, I [am] at
the point to die: and what profit
shall this birthright do to me?
33 And Jacob said, Swear to me this
day; and he sware unto him: and
he sold his birthright unto Jacob.
34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and
pottage of lentiles; and he did eat
and drink, and rose up, and went
his way: thus Esau despised [his]
birthright.

GENESIS 25:1 ABRAHAM TOOK A WIFE
This was Abraham's second marriage. When Abraham married Keturah is unknown, but the verb “took” and the
adjective “another” suggest it was after Sarah’s death. (Actually Keturah was a concubine, 1 Chr 1:32.) That would
mean there was a maximum spanof 37 years for the births of Keturah’s six sons. (Abraham was 138 when Sarah
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died, and he died at 175.) Tribes in Sheba and Dedan, in Arabia, as well as the Midianites (v. 4), came from
Abraham. This was in fulfillment of God’s promises to Abraham that he would become great since so “many
nations” look to him as their ancestor. [Note that Arabian tribes are not descended from Ishmael (Hagar), but the
concubine Keturah.]

GENESIS 25:2 SHE BARE HIM
This is the record of Abraham's second family: six sons (Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak,
and Shuah), seven grandsons, and three great-grandsons (Genesis 25:1-4).

GENESIS 25:4 MIDIAN
Midian was the most prominent of Abraham's second family. He and his people are mentioned 67 times by name.
He was defeated by Esau (Genesis 36:35). Moses fled to his land and married a woman of Midian (Exodus 2:15-16;
Exodus 3:1; Exodus 4:19; Exodus 18:1). Midianites became a snare to Israel (Numbers 25:1-15), for which God
commanded Israel to war with them (Numbers 25:16-18; Numbers 31:1-20). For many centuries, off and on, Israel
fought with them (Joshua 13:21; Judges 6:1-2; Judges 7:8-25; Judges 8:3-28; Judges 9:17). Midian was the nation
defeated by Gideon with such great destruction that its downfall is referred to as "the day of Midian" (Isaiah 9:4;
Isaiah 10:26; Psalm 83:9).

GENESIS 25:5 GAVE ALL
Abraham loved all these boys: he gave them gifts. But they and their descendants may possibly have posed a threat
to Isaac. So Abraham sent them away as he had done with Ishmael. He sent them to the land of the East (Arabia),
thus preserving Isaac’s primacy and his right as Abraham’s heir
A wise provision to guard against jealousy and trouble between Abraham's sons. The main reason was that they
might be settled in other lands so as not to dispute Isaac's claim in God's plan for him and his seed to have the land
of Canaan as promised in the Abrahamic covenant (Genesis 13:14-17; Genesis 15:18-21; Genesis 17:8). It was the
custom to give the estate to the oldest son of the first wife. The sons of the concubines did not inherit unless in the
case of no legal heir, and with the consent of the wife. A law of that time provided that they could receive from the
father certain presents. The separation of Abraham's sons was in harmony with God's will concerning the chosen
nation remaining separated from all other branches of the race so that the Messiah could come as predicted
(Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 13:14; Genesis 24:3; Genesis 28:1; Exodus 34:12-16; Numbers 23:9; Deut. 7:3-4; Joshua
23:12; Ezra 9:1-10:44; Neh. 13).

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GENESIS 25:7 THESE ARE THE DAYS
This genealogy and record of Abraham's death are given because no more was to be said of him in the Genesis
story. He lived until Jacob was 15 years old, dying at the age of 175 (Genesis 25:7). He was a contemporary of Shem
for 75 years.

GENESIS 25:8 GAVE UP THE GHOST
This is the first of 11 times the phrase occurs in the Old Testament (Genesis 25:8,17; Genesis 35:29; Genesis 49:33;
Job 3:11; Job 10:18; Job 11:20; Job 13:19; Job 14:10; Jeremiah 15:9; Lament. 1:19) and 8 times in the New
Testament (Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37-39; Luke 23:46; John 19:30; Acts 5:5,10; Acts 12:23).
The Hebrew gawa€ (HSN-1478), to breathe out, expire, and die, is used in the above Old Testament scriptures
except in Job 11:20 and Jeremiah 15:9 where nephesh (HSN-5315), "soul," is used. The Greek word for ghost in
Matthew 27:50 and John 19:30 is pneuma (GSN-4151), "spirit." In the other passages the words are ekpneo (GSN1606) and ekpsucho (GSN-1634), "to expire." The English word "ghost" is from the Anglo-Saxon gast, "an inhabitant,
or guest." The word "spirit" is now the restricted meaning and always refers to the immortal soul and spirit of man,
the guest or indweller of the body. At physical death the inner man leaves the outer man and only the body is
lifeless (James 2:26).
At the age of 175 Abraham came to the end of his earthly sojourn and expired. He gave up the ghost: The
expression is derived from Hebrew gawa, “to breathe out his breath,” “to fail,” “to sink.” Immediately he was
gathered to his father’s kin (literally), and took up his residence in Sheol, the place of departed spirits. [Jesus refers
to this abode as “Abraham’s bosom” in Luke 16…] While Isaac and Ishmael together buried their father in the cave
where Sarah was buried, Ishmael’s presence may have posed a possible threat to Isaac’s rights, now that their
father was dead. But God’s blessing rested on Isaac.

GENESIS 25:8 OLD MAN
Five men called "old man"
1. Abraham (Genesis 25:8)
2. Jacob (Genesis 43:27; Genesis 44:20)
3. An unnamed man (Judges 19:16-22)
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4. Eli (1 Samuel 4:18)
5. Zacharias (Luke 1:18)

Thirty-four Old Things in Scripture
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

Corn (Joshua 5:11-12)
Sacks (Joshua 9:4)
Shoes (Joshua 9:5)
Garments (Joshua 9:5; Matthew 9:16)
Inhabitants (1 Samuel 27:8)
Prophet (1 Kings 13:25,29; Luke 9:8)
Age (1 Kings 15:23)
Gate (Neh. 3:6)
Way (Job 22:15)
Landmark (Proverbs 23:10)
Pool (Isaiah 22:11)
Waste places (Isaiah 58:12)
Wastes (Isaiah 61:4)
Time (Jeremiah 2:20; Matthew 5:21,27,33)
Paths (Jeremiah 6:16)
Rotten rags (Jeremiah 38:11)
Hatred (Ezekiel 25:15)
Estates (Ezekiel 36:11)

19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.

Lion (Nahum 2:11)
Women (Zech. 8:4)
Bottles (Joshua 9:4; Matthew 9:17)
Wine (Luke 5:39)
Men (Joel 1:2; Joel 2:28; Acts 2:17)
Leaven (1 Cor. 5:7)
Testament (2 Cor. 3:14)
Things of sin, (2 Cor. 5:17)
Wives' fables (1 Tim. 4:7)
Heaven and earth (Hebrews 1:10-12)
Covenant (Hebrews 8:13)
Sins (2 Peter 1:9)
World (2 Peter 2:5)
Commandment (1 John 2:7)
Serpent (Rev. 12:9; Rev. 20:2)
The old man (Satan, Ephes. 4:22; Col. 3:9; 2 Cor.
5:17)

GENESIS 25:8 GATHERED TO HIS PEOPLE
An expression used only in the early ages and means gathered with the other departed spirits, in sheol, but in two
separate compartments. It is used eleven times in the writings of Moses (Genesis 15:8,17; Genesis 35:29; Genesis
49:29,33; Numbers 20:24-26; Numbers 27:13; Numbers 31:2; Deut. 32:50) and once in Judges 2:10. It does not
mean that all people referred to were buried together.

GENESIS 25:16 CASTLES
The word "castle" is found fifteen times (Genesis 25:16; Numbers 31:10; 1 Chron. 6:54; ; 1 Chron. 11:5-7; ; 1 Chron.
27:25; 2 Chron. 17:12; 2 Chron. 27:4; Proverbs 18:19; Acts 21:34,37; Acts 22:24; Acts 23:10,16,32).

GENESIS 25:18 DIED
Hebrew: naphal (HSN-5307), to fall, have inheritance or divide by lot, as in Joshua 23:4. It is never so translated any
place else. Not the ordinary word for die, as in Genesis 25:17. It means that it fell his lot to have inheritance with
and to dwell among his brethren, fulfilling Genesis 16:12.

GENESIS 25:21 BARREN
She was barren nineteen years (Genesis 25:20 with Genesis 25:26).

GENESIS 25:23 TWO NATIONS
This passage, with Genesis 9:24-27; Genesis 17:20; Genesis 19:33-38; Genesis 25:1-6; Acts 17:26 and other
scriptures, explains how different races came into being since the flood. When the first of each type was brought
into existence isn't stated and can't be known. Such facts are among the secrets of God referred to in Deut. 29:29. If
two nations were born on this occasion, then the same could have happened at other times. Hence, there remains
no mystery as to where the other races came from. The only part not known is when and by whom. This much is
sure, the various races came into being since the flood, for only one race was saved in the ark (Genesis 6:18).

GENESIS 25:23 TWO MANNER OF PEOPLE
The Edomites and Israelites have been two different peoples in manners, customs, and religion from the very
beginning. The Edomites were idolaters (2 Chron. 25:20), and their history was one of wars with Jews (Exodus
15:15; Numbers 20:14-21; 1 Samuel 14:47; 2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Kings 11:15; 2 Kings 8:20-22; 2 Kings 14:7,10; Ezekiel
25:12-14). Edom is the subject of many Old Testament prophecies (Exodus 15:15; Numbers 24:18; Psalm 60:8-10;
Isaiah 11:14; Isaiah 63:1; Jeremiah 9:26; Jeremiah 25:21; Jeremiah 27:3; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; Ezekiel
32:29; Daniel 11:41; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:6-11; Amos 2:1; Amos 9:12; Obadiah 1:1-10; Malachi 1:4).
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GENESIS 25:23 STRONGER THAN THE OTHER PEOPLE
The family of Esau (or Edom) seemed to be stronger at first than Jacob's (or Israel's), for they had dukes and kings
long before Israel did (Genesis 36) and they were powerful enough to resist Israel's passage through their land
when coming out of Egypt (Numbers 20). Later, David completely defeated them and made them subject to Israel
for about 150 years (2 Samuel 8:14). After the Babylonian captivity, the Maccabees compelled them to leave their
country or embrace the Jewish religion. From then on they were ruled by Israel. In the Millennium they will again
be under Israel (Psalm 60:8-10; Isaiah 11:14; Isaiah 63:1; Amos 9:12).

GENESIS 25:24 TWINS
This account of the births of Esau and Jacob is a fitting introduction to the following chapters, for their struggle for
supremacy manifested itself even before their births (cf. Hosea 12:3). Two nations, that is, twin progenitors of two
nations, were struggling in her womb and the younger would triumph. Indeed the Israelites (Jacob’s descendants)
and the Edomites (Esau’s descendants) fought continuously (under David, Edomites served Israel: 2 Sam 8:14).
[Note:Isaac knew God’s will in the matter(25:23).] God’s election of Jacob the younger over Esau the older was
against the natural order.

Three sets of twins in Scripture:
1) Jacob and Esau (Genesis 25:24-28)
2) Pharez and Zarah (Genesis 38:25-30)
3) Thomas (Didymus, twin) and his brother or sister (John 11:16; John 20:24; John 21:2)

GENESIS 25:25 RED
Hebrew: •admoniy (HSN-132), reddish, ruddy. He was covered all over with red hair, or was red in complexion and
had hair all over his body. The Peshitta reads: "came out red, all covered with ringlets of hair." Other translations
read: "all red as a hairy robe ... reddish all over, like a hairy coat."

GENESIS 25:25 ESAU
Esau means hairy; Edom means red (Genesis 25:30).

GENESIS 25:26 JACOB
Hebrew: Ya€aqob (HSN-3290), heel-catcher, supplanter, cheater, defrauder, deceiver.
The name Jacob (ya‘aqob, meaning “may He [God] protect”) was selected because of its connection in sound and
sense to the noun “heel” (‘aqeb). The verb‘aqab means “to watch from behind”; ‘aqob means “deceitful, sly,
insidious.” Thus, “one who grabs the heel” or “one who trips up.” But as with Esau, so Jacob’s name would take on
a different sense later in life as his deceptive nature became evident. So the twins’ births had great significance for
later events in their lives.
(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to
election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the
younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. Romans 9:11-13
God’s fulfillment of His promise to Abraham was carried out by His election of Jacob (later, the nation Israel). From
the outset the birth of the nation of Israel was supernaturally superintended. Paul noted that before the twins’
births the younger was chosen over the elder (Rom 9:11-12). God often reverses man’s natural order, for His ways
are not man’s ways.

By-Pass of Firstborn
Seth
Shem
Isaac
Jacob

Cain
Japheth
Ishmael
Esau

Judah Joseph Reuben
Moses Aaron
David All his brothers

GENESIS 25:26 ISAAC WAS THREESCORE YEARS OLD
Abraham waited twenty-five years (Genesis 12:4; Genesis 21:5) and Isaac waited twenty years for a son (Genesis
25:20,26). Abraham was a hundred years old when Isaac was born (Genesis 17:17; Genesis 21:5); and Isaac was
"threescore" or sixty years old when Jacob and his twin brother were born (Genesis 25:26).

Genesis 25:23 stronger than the other people

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GENESIS 25:28 ISAAC LOVED ESAU ... BUT REBEKAH LOVED JACOB
The parents observed the strange situation, and in view of God’s oracle they commemorated the event by giving
them appropriate names. The first of the twins was red and hairy, like a little animal, so they named him Esau. The
mention of “red” anticipated the future rugged nature of Esau (vv. 27-34). [Esau (and Nimrod) were men of the
field (“world” in Mt 13).]
Fascinating wordplays were used to describe the first twin. The name Esau (‘esìaw) has a loose connection with the
word “Seir” (sìe’ir), the early name for Edom to the southeast of the Dead Sea, where Esau later lived . The Hebrew
word “red” (’admoni) is related to the word “Edom” (’edom; cf. 25:30); and “hairy” (sìe‘ar) is similar to “Seir.” Those
words were carefully chosen to portray in the lad the nature of Edom, a later arch rival of Israel.

Twelve Divided Families
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)

Isaac and Rebekah (Genesis 25:28; Genesis 27:1-46)
Jacob and wives (Genesis 29:31; Genesis 30:1; Genesis 37:1-4)
Moses and Zipporah (Exodus 4:24-26; Exodus 18:2)
Moses, his brother and sister (Numbers 12)
Jephthah and brothers (Judges 11)
Naomi and daughter-in-law (Ruth 1:14-15)
Elkanah and wives (1 Samuel 1:1-9)
Jesse and sons (1 Samuel 16:8-13; 1 Samuel 17:28)
Saul and sons (1 Samuel 14:44; 1 Samuel 20:30)
David and sons (2 Samuel 13:1-18:33)
Job and family (Job 2:9-10; Job 19:14-17)
Jesus and brothers (John 7:5; Psalm 69:8)

GENESIS 25:28 BECAUSE HE DID EAT OF HIS VENISON
The stomach was the way to Isaac's heart.

GENESIS 25:29 SOD POTTAGE
Hebrew: yazed (HSN-2102) naziyd (HSN-5138), boiled a boiling. Beans, lentils, and peas were the "pulse" of Canaan
(Genesis 25:34; Daniel 1:12). This "red pottage" (Genesis 25:30) was made of lentils (Genesis 25:34). When boiled
with garlic and oil beans and lentils made a delicious dish, chocolate in color. Jacob was the first male cook
recorded in Scripture (Genesis 25:29-34; cp. 2 Kings 4:38-41; John 21:9). Sarah was the first female cook recorded
(Genesis 18:6). Angels can also cook (1 Kings 19:5-7).

GENESIS 25:31 BIRTHRIGHT
Jacob and Esau developed in accord with their initial characteristics. Esau,“the red man,” was overcome by his
physical appetite for red stew and sold his birthright; that is, the rights and privileges of the first-born, which were
very important, the chief being that they were the family priests (Ex 4:22) and had a double portion of the
inheritance (Deut 21:17). And Jacob, “the heel- grabber,” cunningly overtook his brother and gained the birthright.
It is probable that pottage was made of Egyptian beans, which Jacob had procured as a dainty; for Esau was a
stranger to it. Though Jacob was not righteous, he was not in this instance deceptive. He was open and obvious, but
he was unscrupulous. He must be given credit for knowing what was of value and going after it. Esau, however, was
totally “godless” (“profane,” KJV; Heb 12:16.)
This passage includes several important wordplays. Esau was a skillful hunter; “a man knowing game” (sòayid), a
man of the open country, but he could not find game this time. His father loved him because of his own taste for
wild game. Thus Esau’s nature and occupation were favored by Isaac because of the satisfaction of his palate. Both
Isaac and Esau made choices because of this. Jacob was loved by Rebekah, partly because of the oracle which she
probably mentioned often. And he was a quiet man, staying among the tents. But ironically Jacob was the craftier
hunter, baiting his trap for the hungry “animal.” One day he was cooking (“boiling,” wayyazed) some stew
(“vegetable soup,” nazid) made of lentils. These words reflect by sound the word for “game” (sòayid). But also the
verb zid(“to boil”) speaks of Jacob’s presumption, for it means “to be exalted or presumptuous.” Thus the boiling
soup portrays a man whelming up over his bounds.

Twenty-two Blessings of Birthright
1) Family inheritance (Genesis 25:5)
Genesis 25:28 Isaac loved Esau ... but Rebekah loved Jacob

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2)
3)
4)
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6)
7)
8)
9)
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11)
12)
13)
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15)
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17)
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Family supremacy—the ruling head of the whole tribe (Genesis 24:65; Genesis 25:5; Genesis 27:29,37)
The father's blessing (Genesis 27:4,27-38)
Spiritual leader and priest of the family or tribe (Genesis 26:25; Genesis 35:3-7)
Choice of all family lands (Genesis 25:5-6; Genesis 27:28,37; Genesis 28:4; Genesis 35:12)
Fruitfulness in offspring (Genesis 13:16; Genesis 15:5; Genesis 17:2,5; Genesis 22:17; Genesis 26:4,24;
Genesis 28:3,14; Genesis 32:12; Genesis 35:11)
Special providence (Genesis 12:2-3; Genesis 26:3-4,24; Genesis 27:28; Genesis 28:15)
Personal blessings (Genesis 12:2; Genesis 22:17; Genesis 26:3)
A great name (Genesis 12:2; Genesis 27:28-29,37)
Personal blessing to all nations (Genesis 12:2-3; Genesis 18:18; Genesis 22:18; Genesis 26:4; Genesis 28:14)
Eternal inheritance (Genesis 13:15; Genesis 17:7-8; Genesis 28:13; Genesis 35:12)
A special party to the Abrahamic covenant (Genesis 17:7,19; Genesis 26:3-4; Genesis 28:4,13-15)
"Father" of the Messiah (Genesis 12:3; Genesis 21:12; Genesis 22:17; Genesis 26:5; Genesis 28:14; Romans
9:7; Galatians 3:16)
Father of many nations (Genesis 17:5; Genesis 18:18; Genesis 35:11)
Father of kings (Genesis 17:6; Genesis 35:11)
Eternal natural seed (Genesis 17:7-8,19; 2 Samuel 7; Isaiah 9:6-7; Isaiah 59:21; Luke 1:31-32)
Have Jehovah as a special God (Genesis 17:7-8; Genesis 28:15; Genesis 32:9,12)
Have power over enemies (Genesis 22:17; Genesis 27:29)
Have headship of nations (Genesis 27:29)
Material prosperity (Genesis 12:7; Genesis 13:15; Genesis 15:18; Genesis 26:3-4; Genesis 27:28-29,37;
Genesis 28:13; Genesis 35:12)
Spiritual blessing of Abraham—justification by faith (Genesis 28:4; Romans 4; Galatians 3:14)
Curse upon enemies (Genesis 12:3; Genesis 27:29)

The birthright of men in the direct lineage of Christ included all the above, but that of an ordinary firstborn of any
other family was different in many respects. The birthright belonged to the firstborn even where hatred was
involved. He was entitled to a double portion of the inheritance (Deut. 21:15-17). It could be sold (Genesis 25:2934; Genesis 27:36; Hebrews 12:16; Romans 9:12-13), forfeited because of sin (1 Chron. 5:1-2), or set aside by God
(Genesis 25:23; Genesis 48:15-20; 1 Kings 2:15; 1 Chron. 26:10).

GENESIS 25:33 SWEAR TO ME THIS DAY
Thirty Lessons From Jacob and Esau
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)

They were given in answer to prayer (Genesis 25:21)
They were at enmity before birth (Genesis 25:22-23)
God planned for them before birth (Genesis 25:23)
They had different dispositions, colors, and manner of people from the same mother and father (Genesis
25:23)
Dispositions are formed early (Genesis 25:23)
It is unwise of parents to have favoritism among children (Genesis 25:28)
Parents will reap if favoritism is practiced (Genesis 27:1-46)
God will work out His purpose without human deception (Genesis 25:23; Malachi 1:2-3)
God can predict human acts on the basis of human traits (Genesis 25:23; Malachi 1:2-3)
God is sovereign in His choice (Romans 9)
Traits of parents are passed on to their children (Genesis 29:1-30:43)
God can see further than man (Genesis 25:23)
God's choice is based entirely upon human traits, dispositions, and acts (Romans 9:14-24)
Do not permit natural feelings to divide the family (Genesis 27)
Do not put personal preferences before the will of God (Genesis 25:23; Genesis 27:1-4)
We have no right to question the will of God (Romans 9:8-24)
Do not permit natural dispositions to hinder spiritual blessings (Genesis 25:34)
God has made it possible for natural traits and dispositions to be completely changed so as to obey Him
(Genesis 32:24-29; 2 Cor. 5:17)
One must choose to submit to God to have such changes made (John 3:16)
A mere moment of fleshly gratification can damn the soul (Genesis 25:34; Hebrews 12:16)

Genesis 25:33 Swear to me this day

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21) God's principle of dealing with us today is on the basis of man's choice or rejection of Him (John 3:16; 1
Tim. 2:4; 2 Peter 3:9; Rev. 22:17)
22) Man can be cut off after such choice is made if he rebels (Romans 11:7-20)
23) Rebels can be brought back to original righteousness again by repentance (Romans 11:20-32; 1 John 1:9)
24) What a man sows he will reap (Genesis 27; Genesis 33; Galatians 6:7-8)
25) God deals with men even before they are changed to conform to Him (Genesis 28:12-22; Genesis 31:1-13;
Genesis 32:1-32)
26) God has certain callings for qualified men (Genesis 25:23; Malachi 1:1-3; Romans 9)
27) God works out even human schemes to His own glory (Genesis 27; Romans 9)
28) Revelation comes when we are sincere and when we persevere (Genesis 28:12-22; Genesis 32:1-32)
29) The younger are sometimes the better in the end (Genesis 25:23; Genesis 32:1-32)
30) The black sheep of the family is sometimes the white sheep in the crisis (Genesis 32:1-32; Luke 15:11-32)

GENESIS 25:34 ESAU DESPISED HIS BIRTHRIGHT.
As the firstborn, Esau had the birthright and Jacob had the stew. But in the exchange, Esau received the stew and
Jacob the birthright. But Esau despised his birthright, for what could it do for him if he died of starvation? Jacob, the
second-born, then had the birthright. The calculating, quiet man who recognized the spiritual value in the birthright
manipulated his profane brother into giving it up. Perhaps knowing the oracle, Jacob had been waiting for this
opportunity.
Esau is portrayed as emotional: he was fainting and gasping, and then despising. In this instance he was not a
skillful hunter; he was more like an animal he had trapped with bait. To live on this base level, to satisfy one’s
appetites, inevitably leads to a despising of spiritual things. Jacob, though an indoorsman, was a better hunter than
Esau. He too craved—but something worth craving. Once he had grabbed by the heel; now he pressed the matter
harder. But danger lies even in such spiritual ambition. Believers should seek things of spiritual value, but they
should avoid the devices of the flesh. After Jacob was later purged of his human expedience, however, he became a
capable servant, for his priorities were then correct.

Genesis 25:34 Esau despised his birthright.

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Genesis 26
1 And there was a famine in the land,
beside the first famine that was in
the days of Abraham. And Isaac
went unto Abimelech king of the
Philistines unto Gerar.
2 And the LORD appeared unto him,
and said, Go not down into Egypt;
dwell in the land which I shall tell
thee of:
3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be
with thee, and will bless thee; for
unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will
give all these countries, and I will
perform the oath which I sware
unto Abraham thy father;
4 And I will make thy seed to multiply
as the stars of heaven, and will give
unto thy seed all these countries;
and in thy seed shall all the nations
of the earth be blessed;
5 Because that Abraham obeyed my
voice, and kept my charge, my
commandments, my statutes, and
my laws.
6 ¶ And Isaac dwelt in Gerar:
7 And the men of the place asked
[him] of his wife; and he said, She
[is] my sister: for he feared to say,
[She is] my wife; lest, [said he], the
men of the place should kill me for
Rebekah; because she [was] fair to
look upon.
8 And it came to pass, when he had
been there a long time, that
Abimelech king of the Philistines
looked out at a window, and saw,
and, behold, Isaac [was] sporting
with Rebekah his wife.
9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and
said, Behold, of a surety she [is] thy
wife: and how saidst thou, She [is]
my sister? And Isaac said unto him,
Because I said, Lest I die for her.
10 And Abimelech said, What [is] this
thou hast done unto us? one of the
people might lightly have lien with
thy wife, and thou shouldest have
brought guiltiness upon us.

Genesis 25:34 Esau despised his birthright.

11 And Abimelech charged all [his]
people, saying, He that toucheth
this man or his wife shall surely be
put to death.
12 Then Isaac sowed in that land, and
received in the same year an
hundredfold: and the LORD blessed
him.
13 And the man waxed great, and
went forward, and grew until he
became very great:
14 For he had possession of flocks,
and possession of herds, and great
store of servants: and the
Philistines envied him.
15 For all the wells which his father's
servants had digged in the days of
Abraham his father, the Philistines
had stopped them, and filled them
with earth.
16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go
from us; for thou art much
mightier than we.
17 ¶ And Isaac departed thence, and
pitched his tent in the valley of
Gerar, and dwelt there.
18 And Isaac digged again the wells of
water, which they had digged in
the days of Abraham his father; for
the Philistines had stopped them
after the death of Abraham: and he
called their names after the names
by which his father had called
them.
19 And Isaac's servants digged in the
valley, and found there a well of
springing water.
20 And the herdmen of Gerar did
strive with Isaac's herdmen, saying,
The water [is] our's: and he called
the name of the well Esek; because
they strove with him.
21 And they digged another well, and
strove for that also: and he called
the name of it Sitnah.

22 And he removed from thence, and
digged another well; and for that
they strove not: and he called the
name of it Rehoboth; and he said,
For now the LORD hath made room
for us, and we shall be fruitful in
the land.
23 And he went up from thence to
Beer-sheba.
24 And the LORD appeared unto him
the same night, and said, I [am] the
God of Abraham thy father: fear
not, for I [am] with thee, and will
bless thee, and multiply thy seed
for my servant Abraham's sake.
25 And he builded an altar there, and
called upon the name of the LORD,
and pitched his tent there: and
there Isaac's servants digged a
well.
26 ¶ Then Abimelech went to him
from Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of
his friends, and Phichol the chief
captain of his army.
27 And Isaac said unto them,
Wherefore come ye to me, seeing
ye hate me, and have sent me
away from you?
28 And they said, We saw certainly
that the LORD was with thee: and
we said, Let there be now an oath
betwixt us, [even] betwixt us and
thee, and let us make a covenant
with thee;
29 That thou wilt do us no hurt, as we
have not touched thee, and as we
have done unto thee nothing but
good, and have sent thee away in
peace: thou [art] now the blessed
of the LORD.
30 And he made them a feast, and
they did eat and drink.
31 And they rose up betimes in the
morning, and sware one to
another: and Isaac sent them
away, and they departed from him
in peace.

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32 And it came to pass the same day,
that Isaac's servants came, and
told him concerning the well which
they had digged, and said unto
him, We have found water.

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33 And he called it Shebah: therefore
the name of the city [is] Beersheba unto this day.

34 ¶ And Esau was forty years old
when he took to wife Judith the
daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and
Bashemath the daughter of Elon
the Hittite:
35 Which were a grief of mind unto
Isaac and to Rebekah.

GENESIS 26:2 GO NOT DOWN INTO EGYPT
As Abraham did (Genesis 12:10; Psalm 37:3). Gerar was on the direct route to Egypt. Isaac was no doubt on his way
there, but was stopped by God.

GENESIS 26:3 UNTO THEE
This implies resurrection, because he didn't inherit a foot of land during his lifetime (cp. Genesis 13:15; Genesis
28:13; Genesis 50:24; Acts 7:5).

GENESIS 26:3 OATH WHICH I SWARE
Fourteen Oaths of God in Scripture
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)

To Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 15:18-21; Genesis 22:16-18; Luke 1:72-74; Hebrews 6:13-14)
Confirmed in Isaac (Genesis 26:3; Psalm 105:9-11; Jeremiah 11:5)
Confirmed in Jacob (Genesis 28:13-15; Psalm 105:9-11)
Confirmed in Israel (Deut. 29:1-15)
To rebellious Israel (Deut. 1:34-35; Hebrews 3:11,18; Hebrews 4:3; Psalm 95:11)
To rebellious Moses (Deut. 4:21)
To David (2 Samuel 7; Psalm 89:4,35; Psalm 132:11; Acts 2:30-32)
To Israel to destroy Antichrist (Isaiah 14:24-27; Rev. 19:11-21)
To all creatures that they must bow to God (Isaiah 45:23; Phil. 2:9-11)
Of the destruction of the temple (Jeremiah 22:5)
Of the perpetual desolation of Bozrah (Jeremiah 49:13)
Of the eternal destruction of Babylon (Jeremiah 51:14; Isaiah 13-14)
Of Messiah and His everlasting priesthood (Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 7:21,28)
Of the new covenant to take the place of the law (Isaiah 49:8; Isaiah 59:21; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 32:40;
Romans 11:27; Hebrews 8:6-13; Hebrews 10:16)

God Still Swears That
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)

The soul that sinneth, it shall surely die (Ezekiel 18:4).
Whosoever sinneth against Me, him will I blot out of My book (Exodus 32:32-33; Rev. 3:5; Rev. 22:19).
When a righteous man sins he will die for his iniquity (Ezekiel 18:26; Ezekiel 33:18).
The wages of sin is death Romans 6:23; Romans 8:12-13; Galatians 5:21; Galatians 6:7-8).
If you live after the flesh you will die (Romans 8:12-13).
The unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God (1 Cor. 6:9-11).
If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy (1 Cor. 3:17; 1 Cor. 6:9-11; Romans 8:12-13;
Rev. 21:8).
They which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God (Galatians 5:19-21).
They that commit such things are worthy of death (Romans 1:21-32).
If we deny Him he also will deny us (2 Thes. 2:12).
Every man will be judged according to his deeds (Romans 2:6).
He that soweth to the flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption (Galatians 6:7-8).

These scriptures and many others like them apply to everybody. God is under oath to enforce these laws regardless
of who is guilty, a sinner or professing Christian. See Twenty-one Examples of Beings Fallen From Grace.

GENESIS 26:4 I WILL
The obedience of one man brought blessings to his descendants. The Lord confirmed the Abrahamic promises to
Isaac (God’s presence, His blessing, possession of the land, and posterity as numerous as the stars; cf. 12:2-3; 15:58; 17:3-8; 22:15-18; 28:13-14).
Genesis 26:2 Go not down into Egypt

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The Seven "I Will's" of God to Isaac
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

I will be with you (Genesis 26:3).
I will bless you (Genesis 26:3).
I will give you all these countries (Genesis 26:3).
I will perform the oath made to Abraham (Genesis 26:3).
I will multiply your seed as the stars (Genesis 26:4).
I will give all these countries to your seed (Genesis 26:4).
I will bless you and multiply you for Abraham's sake (Genesis 26:24).

Compare The Twelve "I will's" of God to Noah; The Thirty-five "I will's of God to Abraham (Genesis 12:1-7; Genesis
13:15-17; Genesis 17:2-8,16-21; Genesis 18:10,14,26-32; Genesis 21:13,18; Genesis 22:17; Genesis 24:7), and The
Fifteen "I Will's" of God to Jacob, Genesis 28:13.

GENESIS 26:5 BECAUSE THAT ABRAHAM OBEYED
The Fivefold Obedience of Abraham
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

You obeyed My voice.
You kept My charge.
You kept My commandments.
You kept My statutes.
You kept My laws.

Because of this, God blessed his sons. It is unscriptural to teach that Adam and Abraham knew the Ten
Commandments just because God said that Abraham kept His commandments. God gave Abraham fourteen
commandments (see Genesis 12:1), but not the Ten Commandments given at Sinai.

Genesis 26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed

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GENESIS 26:7 SHE IS MY SISTER
Isaac followed in the footsteps of Abraham the wrong way (Genesis 12:10-20; Genesis 20:1-17). Both failed God in
faith, because it was impossible for either to be killed if God's word about their seed was to be fulfilled. It is
doubtful that Abraham ever told his son of his own weakness on this point, so Isaac wasn't prepared to guard
against such temptation. The statement was true regarding Abraham and his wife, but Rebekah was only Isaac's
cousin.
Isaac in Gerar, like his father, deceived Abimelech and was rebuked by the pagan king who knew that the penalty
for adultery was death (vv. 10-11). This legal note also would remind Israel of the importance of preserving
marriage for the future of their nation. When that mainstay goes, a society crumbles (if Isaac’s marriage would have
ended, there would have been no Israelite society).

Parallels to Abraham






A famine 12:10
A plan to go to Egypt 12:11
The stay in Gerar 20:1
Calling his wife his “sister” 12:12-13; 20:2,11
The wife’s beauty 12:11,14
Abimelech’s concern about committing adultery 20:4-7
Abimelech’s rebuke 20:9-10

GENESIS 26:7 FAIR TO LOOK UPON
Hebrew: towb (HSN-2896), fair, beautiful. Used of women (Genesis 6:2; Genesis 24:16; Genesis 26:7; Esther 1:11;
Judges 15:2) and men (Daniel 1:15). See note on Genesis 12:11.
Genesis 26:8 sporting
Hebrew: tsachaq (HSN-6711), to laugh outright, play, make sport. Isaac was expressing love to Rebekah in a way
that wasn't lawful for brothers and sisters. It is possible that Abraham's case was still remembered (Genesis 20). No
excuse can be made for either Abraham or Isaac (cp. Psalm 31:5; Numbers 32:23).

GENESIS 26:10 BROUGHT GUILTINESS UPON US
Abimelech and his people were God-fearing. Death was the penalty for adultery in Israel and some of the other
nations, even before Moses (Genesis 38:24).

GENESIS 26:12 SOWED
First instance, of sowing (cp. Genesis 47:23; Matthew 13:4).

GENESIS 26:12 HUNDREDFOLD
A mark of great increase (Psalm 67:6; Zech. 8:12; Matthew 13:23; Galatians 6:7-8; Matthew 19:29).

GENESIS 26:14 ENVIED
Isaac sojourned in the land, enjoying divine prosperity (his crops flourished and he became rich). But the Philistines,
envious of his wealth, filled Isaac’s wells with dirt. Again wells provide a dominant motif: they are tangible evidence
of divine blessing (cf. Abraham’s dispute with the Philistines over a well, 21:25, 30).
Riches are always a source of envy (Genesis 31:1; Psalm 37:7; Psalm 49:16; Psalm 73:3; 1 Cor. 3:3; 1 Cor. 13:4).

GENESIS 26:15 WELLS WHICH HIS FATHER'S SERVANTS HAD DIGGED
Digging wells was proof of title to surrounding unoccupied lands. Isaac inherited the lands where Abraham had dug
wells. To fill wells was a declaration of war, or at least a hostile act (2 Kings 3:19,25). To avert war Isaac gave up the
wells.

GENESIS 26:16 GO FROM US; FOR THOU ART MUCH MIGHTIER THAN WE
This was a strange way to say, You have become wealthy in our midst and my people are envious. It could literally
mean that Isaac had become mightier than all the Philistines.

GENESIS 26:17 DEPARTED THENCE
Genesis 26:7 She is my sister

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Isaac, like Abraham before him, departed when he wasn't wanted, to keep peace (Genesis 13:5-13).

GENESIS 26:18 AND ISAAC DIGGED AGAIN THE WELLS OF WATER
No matter where Isaac dug, and no matter how often the Philistines stopped up
the wells, he reopened old dirt-filled wells (26:17). God’s blessing on Isaac could
not be hindered.

GENESIS 26:19 SPRINGING WATER
Literally, living water, or an unfailing spring (cp. Leviticus 14:5,50; Leviticus
15:13; Numbers 19:17; Song 4:15; Rev. 21:6; Rev. 22:1).

GENESIS 26:20 ESEK
Meaning contention or strife.

GENESIS 26:21 SITNAH
Meaning opposition, accusation.

GENESIS 26:22 REHOBOTH
Meaning wide places. It was about twenty miles southwest of Beersheba, in a fertile valley. The site is marked by
extensive ruins and deep wells.
The names he gave the three wells reflect not only his struggle but also his triumph: Esek (“contention”) and Sitnah
(“hatred or opposition”) reflect the conflict over two wells, and Rehoboth represents the room provided by the
Lord. Isaac refused to fight back. He continued to relinquish one well after another until the Philistines in frustration
let him alone.

GENESIS 26:23 BEER-SHEBA
Well of the sevenfold oath. The southernmost city in Canaan (Genesis 21:31; Genesis 46:1; Judges 20:1).

GENESIS 26:24 THE LORD APPEARED UNTO HIM
God appeared to encourage him in view of the wrong suffered by the Philistines filling the wells of his father
(Genesis 26:15), the insult of being asked to leave (Genesis 26:16), and the further wrong by their claiming wells
that he had made (Genesis 26:17-22). He could have been tempted to go to war, but he held himself steady and
proved his godliness. See Forty-four Appearances of God.

GENESIS 26:24 FEAR NOT
The third of 75 occurrences of "fear not." Used generally when man is being quieted because of the presence of
God (Genesis 15:1; Genesis 21:17; Judges 6:23; Jeremiah 46:27; Daniel 10:12,19; Zech. 8:13; Acts 27:24; Rev. 1:17).

GENESIS 26:24 ABRAHAM'S SAKE
The doctrine that God does things only for His own sake is disproved here and in Genesis 39:5; 2 Samuel 5:12; 1
Kings 11:12-13,32,34; 1 Kings 15:4; 2 Kings 8:19; 2 Kings 19:34; 2 Kings 20:6; Psalm 132:10; Isaiah 37:35; Isaiah 45:4.

GENESIS 26:25 BUILDED AN ALTAR THERE, AND CALLED UPON THE NAME OF THE LORD
After Isaac moved to Beersheba, God appeared to him, confirming again the Abrahamic Covenant. Isaac responded
as did his father, by building an altar and proclaiming Yahweh’s name (cf. 12:7-8; 21:33).
He didn't fall away from true worship in times of prosperity as many today. See note on altar in Genesis 8:20.

GENESIS 26:26 AHUZZATH ONE OF HIS FRIENDS,AND PHICHOL
One Targum reads, "Abimelech and Phichol and a company of their friends," not considering Ahuzzath a proper
name. It could be that Phichol was the title of the commander of the Philistines' army as Abimelech was the title of
their king.
The Abimelech in 26:1 was probably not the same Abimelech as in Chapter 20, for the events were about 90 years
apart. The name may have been a dynastic name of the rulers in Philistia; a title (like Pharaoh or Caesar). Achish (1
Sam. 21:10) was also known as Abimelech.

Genesis 26:18 And Isaac digged again the wells of water

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GENESIS 26:29 WE HAVE NOT TOUCHED THEE
The assertions made in this verse were false in five ways, because they had:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Manifested envy (Genesis 26:14,27)
Filled the wells of Abraham (Genesis 26:15,18)
Insulted him (Genesis 26:16)
Stolen his spring (Genesis 26:20)
Stolen his well (Genesis 26:21)

GENESIS 26:30 THEY DID EAT AND DRINK
A token of friendship and covenant.

GENESIS 26:33 SHEBAH
Hebrew: shib€ah (HSN-7655), seven. The well was called the well of the sevenfold oath, referring to the seven
lambs that were a witness of the covenant made at that place between Abraham and Abimelech (Genesis 21:2233).

Beer-sheba
Beersheba still exists, and retains its ancient name in a slightly modified form. It is said the old wells are still there;
they're very deep and highly valued by surrounding Arabs.

GENESIS 26:35 GRIEF OF MIND
Hebrew: bitterness of spirit (Genesis 27:46; Genesis 28:2-9). The Targums say these women quarreled with Isaac
and Rebekah and rebelled against their religious instructions.
Esau’s marriages to two Hittite women (Judith and Basemath) were agrief to his parents. This note demonstrates
how unfit Esau was for God’s blessing, and how foolish was Isaac’s later attempt to bless Esau (27:1-40). [Marrying
a Canaanite was forbidden in the Torah (Deut 7:3).] Esau later married a third wife, Mahalath (28:9).

Genesis 26:29 we have not touched thee

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Genesis 27
1 And it came to pass, that when
Isaac was old, and his eyes were
dim, so that he could not see, he
called Esau his eldest son, and said
unto him, My son: and he said unto
him, Behold, [here am] I.
2 And he said, Behold now, I am old, I
know not the day of my death:
3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy
weapons, thy quiver and thy bow,
and go out to the field, and take
me [some] venison;
4 And make me savoury meat, such as
I love, and bring [it] to me, that I
may eat; that my soul may bless
thee before I die.
5 And Rebekah heard when Isaac
spake to Esau his son. And Esau
went to the field to hunt [for]
venison, [and] to bring [it].
6 ¶ And Rebekah spake unto Jacob
her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy
father speak unto Esau thy brother,
saying,
7 Bring me venison, and make me
savoury meat, that I may eat, and
bless thee before the LORD before
my death.
8 Now therefore, my son, obey my
voice according to that which I
command thee.
9 Go now to the flock, and fetch me
from thence two good kids of the
goats; and I will make them
savoury meat for thy father, such
as he loveth:
10 And thou shalt bring [it] to thy
father, that he may eat, and that
he may bless thee before his
death.
11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his
mother, Behold, Esau my brother
[is] a hairy man, and I [am] a
smooth man:
12 My father peradventure will feel
me, and I shall seem to him as a
deceiver; and I shall bring a curse
upon me, and not a blessing.

Genesis 26:35 Grief of mind

13 And his mother said unto him,
Upon me [be] thy curse, my son:
only obey my voice, and go fetch
me [them].
14 And he went, and fetched, and
brought [them] to his mother: and
his mother made savoury meat,
such as his father loved.
15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment
of her eldest son Esau, which
[were] with her in the house, and
put them upon Jacob her younger
son:
16 And she put the skins of the kids of
the goats upon his hands, and
upon the smooth of his neck:
17 And she gave the savoury meat
and the bread, which she had
prepared, into the hand of her son
Jacob.
18 ¶ And he came unto his father,
and said, My father: and he said,
Here [am] I; who [art] thou, my
son?
19 And Jacob said unto his father, I
[am] Esau thy firstborn; I have
done according as thou badest me:
arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my
venison, that thy soul may bless
me.
20 And Isaac said unto his son, How
[is it] that thou hast found [it] so
quickly, my son? And he said,
Because the LORD thy God brought
[it] to me.
21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come
near, I pray thee, that I may feel
thee, my son, whether thou [be]
my very son Esau or not.
22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his
father; and he felt him, and said,
The voice [is] Jacob's voice, but the
hands [are] the hands of Esau.
23 And he discerned him not, because
his hands were hairy, as his brother
Esau's hands: so he blessed him.
24 And he said, [Art] thou my very
son Esau? And he said, I [am].

25 And he said, Bring [it] near to me,
and I will eat of my son's venison,
that my soul may bless thee. And
he brought [it] near to him, and he
did eat: and he brought him wine,
and he drank.
26 And his father Isaac said unto him,
Come near now, and kiss me, my
son.
27 And he came near, and kissed him:
and he smelled the smell of his
raiment, and blessed him, and said,
See, the smell of my son [is] as the
smell of a field which the LORD
hath blessed:
28 Therefore God give thee of the
dew of heaven, and the fatness of
the earth, and plenty of corn and
wine:
29 Let people serve thee, and nations
bow down to thee: be lord over thy
brethren, and let thy mother's sons
bow down to thee: cursed [be]
every one that curseth thee, and
blessed [be] he that blesseth thee.
30 ¶ And it came to pass, as soon as
Isaac had made an end of blessing
Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce
gone out from the presence of
Isaac his father, that Esau his
brother came in from his hunting.
31 And he also had made savoury
meat, and brought it unto his
father, and said unto his father, Let
my father arise, and eat of his son's
venison, that thy soul may bless
me.
32 And Isaac his father said unto him,
Who [art] thou? And he said, I [am]
thy son, thy firstborn Esau.
33 And Isaac trembled very
exceedingly, and said, Who? where
[is] he that hath taken venison, and
brought [it] me, and I have eaten
of all before thou camest, and have
blessed him? yea, [and] he shall be
blessed.

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34 And when Esau heard the words of
his father, he cried with a great
and exceeding bitter cry, and said
unto his father, Bless me, [even]
me also, O my father.
35 And he said, Thy brother came
with subtilty, and hath taken away
thy blessing.
36 And he said, Is not he rightly
named Jacob? for he hath
supplanted me these two times: he
took away my birthright; and,
behold, now he hath taken away
my blessing. And he said, Hast thou
not reserved a blessing for me?
37 And Isaac answered and said unto
Esau, Behold, I have made him thy
lord, and all his brethren have I
given to him for servants; and with
corn and wine have I sustained
him: and what shall I do now unto
thee, my son?

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38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast
thou but one blessing, my father?
bless me, [even] me also, O my
father. And Esau lifted up his voice,
and wept.
39 And Isaac his father answered and
said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling
shall be the fatness of the earth,
and of the dew of heaven from
above;
40 And by thy sword shalt thou live,
and shalt serve thy brother; and it
shall come to pass when thou shalt
have the dominion, that thou shalt
break his yoke from off thy neck.
41 ¶ And Esau hated Jacob because of
the blessing wherewith his father
blessed him: and Esau said in his
heart, The days of mourning for my
father are at hand; then will I slay
my brother Jacob.

42 And these words of Esau her elder
son were told to Rebekah: and she
sent and called Jacob her younger
son, and said unto him, Behold, thy
brother Esau, as touching thee,
doth comfort himself, [purposing]
to kill thee.
43 Now therefore, my son, obey my
voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban
my brother to Haran;
44 And tarry with him a few days,
until thy brother's fury turn away;
45 Until thy brother's anger turn
away from thee, and he forget
[that] which thou hast done to
him: then I will send, and fetch
thee from thence: why should I be
deprived also of you both in one
day?
46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am
weary of my life because of the
daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a
wife of the daughters of Heth, such
as these [which are] of the
daughters of the land, what good
shall my life do me?

GENESIS 27:1 WHEN ISAAC WAS OLD
Isaac was about 138 years old at this time. He lived 42 years after the time he thought he was going to die. So,
evidently he was healed by God (Genesis 35:27-28). He died at the age of 180 (Genesis 35:28), only 10 years before
his son Jacob went into Egypt (Genesis 47:9).

GENESIS 27:2 I KNOW NOT THE DAY OF MY DEATH
Seven Examples of God Revealing Death
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Jacob (time of revelation before death, one day; Genesis 48:1; Genesis 49:29-33)
Aaron (one day; Numbers 20:23-29)
Moses (one day; Deut. 31:2; Deut. 32:48-52; Deut. 34:1-8)
Joshua (one day; Joshua 23:14)
Hezekiah (one day, but changed to fifteen years; 2 Kings 20:1-8; Isaiah 38)
Ezekiel's wife (one day; Ezekiel 24:15-20)
A rich fool (a few hours; Luke 12:16)

No man knows the day of his death, unless God reveals it to him; nor does he have a set time to die, even though
he is appointed to die (Hebrews 9:27). We have one example of an evil spirit revealing death—that of Saul (1
Samuel 28:19 with 1 Chron. 10:13-14). There are conditions which will extend life beyond what may be otherwise
expected.

Fourteen Proofs that There Is No Set Time to Die
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

It was said to Abimelech, You are a dead man unless you give up this man's wife (Genesis 20:3-7).
Honor parents, that your days may be long upon earth (Exodus 20:12; Ephes. 6:2).
Because of your sins you will quickly perish (Leviticus 26; Deut. 28).
The Lord shall keep the poor alive (Psalm 41:1-2).
The wicked shall not live out half their days (Psalm 55:23).
With long life will I satisfy him (providing he meets the conditions of Psalm 91).
Keep My words, for length of days, and long life shall they add to you (Proverbs 3:1-2).
The years of the wicked shall be shortened (Proverbs 10:25,27).

Genesis 27:1 when Isaac was old

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9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)

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He that hardens his neck shall suddenly be destroyed (Proverbs 29:1).
I will add to your days fifteen years (Isaiah 38:5).
I am deprived of the rest of my years (Isaiah 38:10).
For this cause many are weak and sickly among you and many have died (1 Cor. 11:29-30).
He that will love life, and see good days, let him keep his mouth from evil (1 Peter 3:10-11).
Many have been cut off because of sins. They could have lived longer if they had not sinned, and judgment
had not become necessary (Exodus 9:15; Exodus 12:15,19; Exodus 30:33; Exodus 31:14; Leviticus 7:20-27;
Leviticus 17:4-14; Leviticus 18:29; Leviticus 19:8; Leviticus 20:3-18; Numbers 9:13; Numbers 15:30-31;
Numbers 19:13,20; etc.).

GENESIS 27:5 ESAU WENT TO THE FIELD TO HUNT FOR VENISON
Esau didn't find his venison before this and lost his birthright (Genesis 25:27-34). Now he lost his blessing because
he was late finding it.

GENESIS 27:7 BRING ME VENISON, AND MAKE ME SAVOURY MEAT, THAT I MAY EAT
His carnal appetite caused him to forget God's word and Esau's oath (Genesis 25:23,31-34). Thus he was tricked
into right action by his wife and younger son.

GENESIS 27:7 BLESS THEE BEFORE THE LORD BEFORE MY DEATH
The phrase intimates more than a common blessing. This is proven in Genesis 27:28-29. Isaac must have known
that God desired to bless Jacob instead of Esau, for it was revealed by Him to Rebekah (Genesis 25:23). Isaac finally
did bless him (Hebrews 11:20; Romans 10:17). His carnality was dictating to him when he tried to bless Esau
instead. Esau was careful to gratify his father's fleshly appetite (Genesis 25:28). Isaac wished to repay his many
favors by this one blessing. He recognized his own lawful right as the priestly and prophetic head of his house to
bless the firstborn and give him all the birthright signified. But in this case, as with Ephraim (Genesis 48:8-22), God
commanded the natural order be set aside and the blessing be given the one of His choice (Genesis 25:23; Malachi
1:2-3; Romans 9:11-13; see note, §Genesis 9:24).

GENESIS 27:12 AND I SHALL BRING A CURSE UPON ME
Rebekah seemed certain she could duplicate the taste of meat from wild game with goat’s meat. But Jacob was not
so sure he could deceive his father. After all, Jacob said, if Isaac touched him, Isaac would know the difference
between Esau’s hairy skin and Jacob’s smooth skin. Jacob had no guilt - only fear - regarding the plan. But the
blessing was in danger and all must be risked, including even the possibility of a curse on Rebekah

GENESIS 27:17 SAVOURY MEAT
Highly-seasoned food. Salt, spices, onions, garlic, saffron, mint, and various other
herbs were used to flavor foods (Exodus 12:8; Numbers 11:5; Luke 11:42).

GENESIS 27:22 HE FELT HIM
Isaac must have had a sickness which affected his eyes and made him think he
was dying. But he recovered and saw Jacob on his return from Padan-aram about
twenty years later. He died just ten years before Jacob went into Egypt (Genesis
25:26; Genesis 35:28; Genesis 47:9). This is the only case in Scripture where a
man depended upon feeling. That he was deceived is a clear lesson to Christians.

GENESIS 27:27 RAIMENT
Clothing marked the social rank and position. The firstborn had an official garment as the priest and head of the
house. The one that Jacob wore had the smell of the field to complete the deception. It was perfect except for the
voice. Even God was credited with helping him find the meat so soon (Genesis 27:20)! This is the worst part about
it, showing the nature of the falsehood. God certainly was not a party to this plot.

GENESIS 27:28 THEREFORE GOD GIVE THEE OF THE DEW OF HEAVEN
The dew of heaven is a symbol of God's blessings of earth (Genesis 27:28,39; Deut. 32:2; Deut. 33:13,28; Psalm
133:3; Proverbs 3:20; Proverbs 19:12; Hosea 14:5).

Tenfold Prophetic Blessing of Jacob:
1) God will give you the dew of heaven (Genesis 27:28)
Genesis 27:5 Esau went to the field to hunt for venison

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3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

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God will give you the fatness of the earth (Genesis 27:28)
God will give you plenty of corn (wheat, Genesis 27:28,37)
God will give you plenty of wine (vineyards, Genesis 27:28,37)
God will let people serve you (Genesis 27:29)
God will let nations bow down to you (Genesis 27:29)
You will be lord over your brethren (Genesis 27:29,37)
God will let your brothers bow to you (Genesis 27:29,37)
Cursed are those who curse you (Genesis 27:29)
Blessed are those who bless you (Genesis 27:29)

GENESIS 27:33 ISAAC TREMBLED VIOLENTLY
Isaac trembled violently over what had happened and Esau was very bitter and angry. Isaac knew he had been
tampering with God’s plan and had been overruled; there was no going back now. He recognized that God’s will for
his sons is better than his own for them. (Heb 11:20: By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to
come.)

GENESIS 27:36 HE TOOK AWAY MY BIRTHRIGHT
False, because he willingly sold it (Genesis 25:26-34).

GENESIS 27:39 THY DWELLING SHALL BE THE FATNESS OF THE EARTH
All that was left was a blessing for a profane person. The Edomites, Esau’s descendants, would live in a land less
fertile than Palestine. Also Esau would live by force, be subservient to Jacob, and be restless (cf. Ishmael, 16:12).
Though Esau was not personally subject to his brother, his posterity were tributary to the Israelites, till the reign of
Joram when they revolted and established a kingdom of their own (2Kgs 8:20; 2Chr 21:8–10). [The descendants of
Esau intermarried with those of Ishmael and the sons of Keturah.]

Sixfold Prophetic Blessing of Esau
Esau possessed the land of Edom, a very fruitful place. See Hebrews 11:20.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

The fatness of the earth (Genesis 27:39)
The dew of heaven (Genesis 27:39; cp. Genesis 27:28)
To be a warring nation (Genesis 27:40)
To be a servant of Jacob (Genesis 27:40)
Partial and temporary dominion (Genesis 27:40)
Freedom from Jacob's yoke (Genesis 27:40)

GENESIS 27:41 HATED
Esau seems to have passed this hatred to his offspring, for they were always ready to war with Jacob's descendants.

GENESIS 27:42 SHE SENT AND CALLED JACOB HER YOUNGER SON
Her partiality for Jacob was well known. A shrewd woman, she advised against revenge or going to Isaac about it.
Her plan was to send Jacob away until Esau cooled down.

Genesis 27:33 Isaac trembled violently

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GENESIS 27:44 FEW DAYS
Her "few days" were twenty years (Genesis 31:41). She never saw Jacob again. The family paid a bitter price for
their sins—years of separation.

GENESIS 27:45 THEN I WILL SEND, AND FETCH THEE FROM THENCE
She never kept this promise. Perhaps it was never safe to bring him back, for Esau seems to have kept his hatred
until Jacob prayed and God changed him (Genesis 32:6-33:17).

GENESIS 27:46 IF JACOB TAKE A WIFE OF THE DAUGHTERS OF HETH
This passage begins the transition to the Laban stories. Because of his deception Jacob had to flee from home. But
the occasion introduced the motif of his taking a wife from his relatives in the East. Whereas Isaac had remained in
the land while Abraham’s servant had gone to find and fetch his wife (chap. 24), Jacob’s journey was necessitated
by the imminent danger of being killed by his angry brother (27:41-42). Moreover, God would deal with Jacob
severely under the hand of Laban, his uncle. Indeed, the sojourn out of the land in several ways parallels the later
sojourn of Jacob’s family in Egypt. Rebekah told Jacob about Esau’s anger, and urged him to go immediately to her
brother Laban in Haran.

Jacob—A 77-Year-Old Bachelor
That Jacob was 77 at this time seems evident from a study of several passages. It's necessary to take into account
Joseph's age when Jacob went to Egypt with his family, and figure back to this time. From Genesis 41:46-54 and
Genesis 45:5-9 we learn that Joseph was 30 "when he stood before Pharaoh" at the beginning of 7 plenteous years.
After those 7 years and 2 more years (of famine), when Joseph was 39, his brothers, their families, and their father
Jacob came down to be with him in Egypt. Jacob was then 130 (Genesis 47:9). This means that Jacob was 91 when
Joseph was born in Haran. It was then that Jacob wanted to return from Haran to his own people in Canaan, but
Laban persuaded him to remain 6 more years (Genesis 30:25-28; Genesis 31:38-41). Since the entire stay in Haran
was 20 years, of which 6 were spent after Joseph's birth, then we know that Joseph was born in the 14th year of
Jacob in Haran. Counting back 14 years from his age of 91 at Joseph's birth, we thus find him to have been about 77
when he first came to Haran looking for a wife. He was perhaps 78 when his first son was born and 97 when he
finally returned to Isaac and Esau after the 20 years with Laban.

Summary
All participants were at fault: Isaac attempted to thwart God’s plan by blessing Esau; Esau broke the oath he had
made with Jacob; Rebekah and Jacob tried to achieve God’s blessing by deception. Their victory would reap hatred
and separation; Rebekah never saw Jacob again. Jacob alone did not destroy the family; parental preference did.
So in a sense Rebekah and Jacob won, though they gained nothing that God would not have given them anyway;
and they lost much. Their family life was destroyed, and each had to bear lonely hours of separation,
Genesis 27:44 few days

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disillusionment, and regret. Rebekah would never see her favorite son again, and Jacob would have to face life
without a father, mother, or brother. Yet God would work through their conniving. Their activities only succeeded
in doing what God’s oracle had predicted. God’s program will triumph, often in spite of human activities. Natural
senses play a conspicuous part—especially the sense of taste in which Isaac prided himself, but which gave him the
wrong answer.

Genesis 27:46 if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth

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Genesis 28
1 And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed
him, and charged him, and said
unto him, Thou shalt not take a
wife of the daughters of Canaan.
2 Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the
house of Bethuel thy mother's
father; and take thee a wife from
thence of the daughters of Laban
thy mother's brother.
3 And God Almighty bless thee, and
make thee fruitful, and multiply
thee, that thou mayest be a
multitude of people;
4 And give thee the blessing of
Abraham, to thee, and to thy seed
with thee; that thou mayest inherit
the land wherein thou art a
stranger, which God gave unto
Abraham.
5 And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he
went to Padan-aram unto Laban,
son of Bethuel the Syrian, the
brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and
Esau's mother.
6 ¶ When Esau saw that Isaac had
blessed Jacob, and sent him away
to Padan-aram, to take him a wife
from thence; and that as he
blessed him he gave him a charge,
saying, Thou shalt not take a wife
of the daughters of Canaan;
7 And that Jacob obeyed his father
and his mother, and was gone to
Padan-aram;

8 And Esau seeing that the daughters
of Canaan pleased not Isaac his
father;
9 Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and
took unto the wives which he had
Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael
Abraham's son, the sister of
Nebajoth, to be his wife.
10 ¶ And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran.
11 And he lighted upon a certain
place, and tarried there all night,
because the sun was set; and he
took of the stones of that place,
and put [them for] his pillows, and
lay down in that place to sleep.
12 And he dreamed, and behold a
ladder set up on the earth, and the
top of it reached to heaven: and
behold the angels of God
ascending and descending on it.
13 And, behold, the LORD stood
above it, and said, I [am] the LORD
God of Abraham thy father, and
the God of Isaac: the land whereon
thou liest, to thee will I give it, and
to thy seed;
14 And thy seed shall be as the dust
of the earth, and thou shalt spread
abroad to the west, and to the
east, and to the north, and to the
south: and in thee and in thy seed
shall all the families of the earth be
blessed.

15 And, behold, I [am] with thee, and
will keep thee in all [places]
whither thou goest, and will bring
thee again into this land; for I will
not leave thee, until I have done
[that] which I have spoken to thee
of.
16 ¶ And Jacob awaked out of his
sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD
is in this place; and I knew [it] not.
17 And he was afraid, and said, How
dreadful [is] this place! this [is]
none other but the house of God,
and this [is] the gate of heaven.
18 And Jacob rose up early in the
morning, and took the stone that
he had put [for] his pillows, and set
it up [for] a pillar, and poured oil
upon the top of it.
19 And he called the name of that
place Beth-el: but the name of that
city [was called] Luz at the first.
20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If
God will be with me, and will keep
me in this way that I go, and will
give me bread to eat, and raiment
to put on,
21 So that I come again to my father's
house in peace; then shall the
LORD be my God:
22 And this stone, which I have set
[for] a pillar, shall be God's house:
and of all that thou shalt give me I
will surely give the tenth unto
thee.

GENESIS 28:1 BLESSED HIM
This blessing was freely given, after he obtained the birthright by deceit (Genesis 27:1-46). Perhaps it was needful
to erase all doubt as to whether the birthright really belonged to him.

GENESIS 28:1 THOU SHALT NOT TAKE A WIFE OF THE DAUGHTERS OF CANAAN
Early on God forbade Israel to mix with other nations, (Genesis 24:3; Exodus 34:12-16; Numbers 23:9; Deut. 7:3-4;
Joshua 23:12; Ezra 9:1-10:44; Neh. 13:1-30). Esau's failure in this grieved his parents (Genesis 26:34-35). God cursed
such carelessness in Israel (Numbers 25:1-8; Judges 3:5-8).

Two factors:
1) Maintain purity of the line of descent in general;
2) The existence of the Rephaim, et al. (Gen 6:4, etc.). After the announcement of Gen 15:13-16, Satan had
four centuries to lay down a mine field...Joshua was instructed to wipe out all of certain tribes…Josh 11:2022, et al. Cf. Deut 3:11.

GENESIS 28:2 BETHUEL
The son of Nahor and Milcah, and father of Laban and Rebekah (Genesis 28:2-5; Genesis 11:29; Genesis 22:23;
Genesis 28:1 blessed him

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Genesis 24:15,24,47,50; Genesis 25:20), called "the Syrian" in Genesis 28:5. He was evidently dead at this time, for
Laban took over the marriage bargaining of Eliezer for Rebekah in Genesis 24.

GENESIS 28:3 AND GOD ALMIGHTY BLESS THEE
Sevenfold Blessing of the Prophecy
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

God Almighty bless you (Genesis 28:3)
Make you fruitful (Genesis 28:3)
Multiply you (Genesis 28:3)
Make you a multitude of people (Genesis 28:3)
Give you the blessing of Abraham (which is justification by faith, Genesis 28:4; Genesis 15:6; Romans 4;
Galatians 3:14)
6) Give your seed the blessing of Abraham (Genesis 28:4; Genesis 15:6; Romans 4; Galatians 3:14 with Isaiah
66:7-8; Zech. 12:10-13:1; Romans 11:25-28)
7) Give you the land of Canaan, as promised Abraham (Genesis 28:4; Genesis 13:14-18; Genesis 15:18-21;
Genesis 17:7-8)

GENESIS 28:5 SYRIAN
Called "the Syrian" twice (Genesis 28:5; Genesis 25:20). Laban, his son, is called the same three times (Genesis
25:20; Genesis 31:20,24). Jacob is so-called in Deut. 26:5. Naaman the leper is the only other person so-called (2
Kings 5:20; Luke 4:27). The Syrian language was widespread in the days of the kings of Israel (2 Kings 18:26; Ezra
4:7; Isaiah 36:11). Syria is used 77 times and Syrians 61.

GENESIS 28:9 UNTO ISHMAEL
Going "unto Ishmael" means he took a wife from his descendants, for Ishmael had been dead about 15 years.
Ishmael was 14 when Isaac was born (Genesis 17:17,24-25), and Isaac was now 138. See note, §Genesis 27:1.
His first wives had been a constant grief to his parents (Genesis 26:34-35; Genesis 27:46); now he hoped to please
them with wives from Abraham's son, Ishmael. Taking Mahalath meant he married his father's niece, as Jacob
married his mother's niece. Esau married his cousin: the unchosen Esau joined the unchosen line of Ishmael. This
was as far from the Canaanite women in the land as he could get; it seems this was not an act of malice but of
respect. Attempting to please Abraham at the human level; no spiritual regard evident of the Covenant, etc.]

GENESIS 28:10 HARAN
After leaving Ur, Abraham settled here until Terah died (Genesis 11:26-30). Nahor remained here, which gave
reason for the journeys of Genesis 24 and Genesis 28.

GENESIS 28:11 CERTAIN PLACE
Where Abraham built his second altar, Bethel, about forty-eight miles from Beersheba (Genesis 28:19).

GENESIS 28:12 HE DREAMED
Thirty-four Dreams of Scripture
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)

Abimelech, of Sarah (Genesis 20:3)
Jacob, of a ladder (Genesis 28:12)
Jacob, of ring-straked cattle (Genesis 31:10-13)
Jacob, of Egypt (Genesis 46:2)
Laban, of Jacob (Genesis 31:24)
Joseph, of brethren (Genesis 37:5)
Joseph, of brethren (Genesis 37:9)
Chief butler, of himself (Genesis 40:9)
Chief baker, of himself (Genesis 40:16)
Pharaoh, of famine (Genesis 41:1-4)
Pharaoh, of famine (Genesis 41:5-8)
A Midianite, of Gideon (Judges 7:13)
Solomon, of wisdom (1 Kings 3:3-15)
Eliphaz, of a spirit (Job 4:12-21)
Job, of terror (Job 7:14)

Genesis 28:3 And God Almighty bless thee

16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)

Nebuchadnezzar, of kingdoms (Daniel 2)
Nebuchadnezzar, of himself (Daniel 4)
Daniel, of kingdoms (Daniel 7)
Daniel, of kingdoms (Daniel 8)
Daniel, of God (Daniel 10:5-9)
False prophets, of lies (Jeremiah 23:27-32;
Jeremiah 29:8)
Diviners, of false things (Zech. 10:2)
Joseph, of Mary (Matthew 1:20)
Joseph, of flight to Egypt (Matthew 2:13)
Joseph, of returning home (Matthew 2:19)
Joseph, of Herod (Matthew 2:22)
The wise men, of warning (Matthew 2:12)
Pilate's wife, of Jesus (Matthew 27:19)
Cornelius, of an angel (Acts 10:3-6)
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Genesis 28
30) Peter, of animals (Acts 10:10-16)
31) Paul, of a man (Acts 16:9)
32) Paul, of going to Rome (Acts 23:11)

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33) Paul, of safety (Acts 28:23-24)
34) John, of Christ (Rev. 1:12-18)

GENESIS 28:12 LADDER
Hebrew: cullam (HSN-5551), to pile up, like terraces; a stairway ( John 1:51).

GENESIS 28:13 I AM THE LORD GOD OF ABRAHAM THY FATHER
The vision at Bethel
1) confirms that the Lord was also the God of Jacob; and
2) shows how Jacob’s outlook was dramatically changed.

The Fifteen "I Will's" of God to Jacob
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)

I will give you the land of promise (Genesis 28:13).
I will keep you wherever you go (Genesis 28:15).
I will bring you again to this land (Genesis 28:15).
I will not leave you until I have fulfilled My obligations to you (Genesis 28:15).
I will be with you (Genesis 31:3).
I will deal well with you (Genesis 32:9).
I will do you good (Genesis 32:12).
I will give you this land (Genesis 35:12).
I will give this land to your seed (Genesis 35:12).
I will make of you a great nation in Egypt (Genesis 46:3).
I will go down with you into Egypt (Genesis 46:4).
I will bring you up again (Genesis 46:4).
I will make you fruitful (Genesis 48:4).
I will make of you a multitude (Genesis 48:4).
I will give this land to your seed (Genesis 48:4).

GENESIS 28:14 IN THY SEED SHALL ALL THE FAMILIES OF THE EARTH BE BLESSED
In the Messiah (note, §Genesis 12:3). All families (Genesis 28:14; Genesis 12:3) and all nations will be blessed in the
Messiah (Genesis 18:18; Genesis 22:18; Genesis 26:4; Psalm 72:17; Luke 24:47; Romans 1:5; Romans 16:26;
Galatians 3:8; Rev. 2:26). See The Messiah—Seven Figures in Genesis.

GENESIS 28:15 FOR I WILL NOT LEAVE THEE, UNTIL I HAVE DONE THAT WHICH I HAVE SPOKEN
TO THEE OF
God was present with Jacob wherever he went; explained in words by God and recognized in faith by Jacob. God
confirms to Jacob the covenant made with Abraham and Isaac, promising him the land, descendants as numerous
as the dust, and universal blessing through him. God also promised to protect and be with Jacob while he was out
of the land and to see that he returned.
Compare the circumstances under which the promise is repeated (Genesis 28:15; Deut. 31:6; Joshua 1:5-8; 1 Chron.
28:20; Hebrews 13:5-6; Matthew 28:20).

GENESIS 28:17 HOUSE OF GOD
It was a "house of God" (Bethel, Genesis 28:19), because he saw God in it. It was the gates of heaven because the
ladder reached up to it.

GENESIS 28:18 SET IT UP FOR A PILLAR
Jacob set the stone up for a monument and anointed it to consecrate it to God as an altar (Genesis 28:18). About
thirty years later he repeated his solemn vow in the same place (Genesis 35:14). It was customary to do this when
commemorating great events. Moses did this at Sinai (Exodus 24:4). Joshua set up two monuments at Jordan
(Joshua 4), and at Shechem (Joshua 24:26). Samuel set up one to witness victory over the Philistines (1 Samuel
7:12). Stones for memorials were allowed, but as idols were forbidden (Leviticus 26:1; Deut. 16:22). There is an
unfounded tradition that the stone Jacob set up was afterwards brought to Jerusalem, later taken to Spain, then to
Ireland and finally to Scotland. On what is supposed to be that very stone, the kings of Scotland sat when crowned.
Genesis 28:12 Ladder

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Edward I had it brought to Westminster and placed under the chair on which kings of England were to be crowned.

GENESIS 28:20 VOW
Vows to God
The only recorded vow before the law of Moses. God Himself remembered it (Genesis 31:13). Vows were to be
made (Leviticus 23:37-38; Numbers 29:39), but were to be voluntary (Numbers 30:2; Eccles. 5:4-6) and not be
broken (Leviticus 5:4-13; Leviticus 22:18-25; Numbers 15:2-16; Numbers 30:2-16; Deut. 23:18-22). The estimation
price of vows was determined by age and sex (Leviticus 27:1-25). Edible things were offered in vows (Leviticus 7:1618; Deut. 12:6-26; Judges 18:14). Certain things were forbidden to be offered (Deut. 23:18-23). See Job 22:27;
Psalm 22:25; Psalm 50:14; Psalm 56:12; Psalm 61:5; Psalm 65:1; Psalm 66:13; Psalm 76:11; Psalm 116:14-19;
Proverbs 20:25; Nahum 1:15.

Three Examples of Rash Vows:
1) Jephthah's awful vow (Judges 11:29-40)
2) The vow of Israel (Judges 21:5-6)
3) The vow to death of forty men (Acts 23:12)

Seven Examples of Common Vows:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Jacob's vow to pay tithes (Genesis 28:20-22)
Hannah's vow (1 Samuel 1:11,27-28)
Elkanah's yearly vow (1 Samuel 1:21)
Job's vow with his eyes (Job 31:1)
David's vow (Psalm 132:2)
Jonah's vow (Jonah 2:9)
Paul's vow (Acts 18:18)

GENESIS 28:22 GOD'S HOUSE
Hebrew: bayith (HSN-1004) 'Elohiym(HSN430), "house of Elohim"
First recorded confession of Jacob: a vow and the tithe.

Genesis 28:20 vow

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Genesis 29
1 Then Jacob went on his journey,
and came into the land of the
people of the east.
2 And he looked, and behold a well in
the field, and, lo, there [were]
three flocks of sheep lying by it; for
out of that well they watered the
flocks: and a great stone [was]
upon the well's mouth.
3 And thither were all the flocks
gathered: and they rolled the stone
from the well's mouth, and
watered the sheep, and put the
stone again upon the well's mouth
in his place.
4 And Jacob said unto them, My
brethren, whence [be] ye? And
they said, Of Haran [are] we.
5 And he said unto them, Know ye
Laban the son of Nahor? And they
said, We know [him].
6 And he said unto them, [Is] he well?
And they said, [He is] well: and,
behold, Rachel his daughter
cometh with the sheep.
7 And he said, Lo, [it is] yet high day,
neither [is it] time that the cattle
should be gathered together:
water ye the sheep, and go [and]
feed [them].
8 And they said, We cannot, until all
the flocks be gathered together,
and [till] they roll the stone from
the well's mouth; then we water
the sheep.
9 ¶ And while he yet spake with
them, Rachel came with her
father's sheep: for she kept them.
10 And it came to pass, when Jacob
saw Rachel the daughter of Laban
his mother's brother, and the
sheep of Laban his mother's
brother, that Jacob went near, and
rolled the stone from the well's
mouth, and watered the flock of
Laban his mother's brother.
11 And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted
up his voice, and wept.

Genesis 28:22 God's house

12 And Jacob told Rachel that he
[was] her father's brother, and that
he [was] Rebekah's son: and she
ran and told her father.
13 And it came to pass, when Laban
heard the tidings of Jacob his
sister's son, that he ran to meet
him, and embraced him, and kissed
him, and brought him to his house.
And he told Laban all these things.
14 And Laban said to him, Surely thou
[art] my bone and my flesh. And he
abode with him the space of a
month.
15 ¶ And Laban said unto Jacob,
Because thou [art] my brother,
shouldest thou therefore serve me
for nought? tell me, what [shall]
thy wages [be]?
16 And Laban had two daughters: the
name of the elder [was] Leah, and
the name of the younger [was]
Rachel.
17 Leah [was] tender eyed; but
Rachel was beautiful and well
favoured.
18 And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I
will serve thee seven years for
Rachel thy younger daughter.
19 And Laban said, [It is] better that I
give her to thee, than that I should
give her to another man: abide
with me.
20 And Jacob served seven years for
Rachel; and they seemed unto him
[but] a few days, for the love he
had to her.
21 ¶ And Jacob said unto Laban, Give
[me] my wife, for my days are
fulfilled, that I may go in unto her.
22 And Laban gathered together all
the men of the place, and made a
feast.
23 And it came to pass in the evening,
that he took Leah his daughter,
and brought her to him; and he
went in unto her.
24 And Laban gave unto his daughter
Leah Zilpah his maid [for] an
handmaid.

25 And it came to pass, that in the
morning, behold, it [was] Leah: and
he said to Laban, What [is] this
thou hast done unto me? did not I
serve with thee for Rachel?
wherefore then hast thou beguiled
me?
26 And Laban said, It must not be so
done in our country, to give the
younger before the firstborn.
27 Fulfil her week, and we will give
thee this also for the service which
thou shalt serve with me yet seven
other years.
28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her
week: and he gave him Rachel his
daughter to wife also.
29 And Laban gave to Rachel his
daughter Bilhah his handmaid to
be her maid.
30 And he went in also unto Rachel,
and he loved also Rachel more
than Leah, and served with him yet
seven other years.
31 ¶ And when the LORD saw that
Leah [was] hated, he opened her
womb: but Rachel [was] barren.
32 And Leah conceived, and bare a
son, and she called his name
Reuben: for she said, Surely the
LORD hath looked upon my
affliction; now therefore my
husband will love me.
33 And she conceived again, and bare
a son; and said, Because the LORD
hath heard that I [was] hated, he
hath therefore given me this [son]
also: and she called his name
Simeon.
34 And she conceived again, and bare
a son; and said, Now this time will
my husband be joined unto me,
because I have born him three
sons: therefore was his name
called Levi.
35 And she conceived again, and bare
a son: and she said, Now will I
praise the LORD: therefore she
called his name Judah; and left
bearing.

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GENESIS 29:3 ALL THE FLOCKS GATHERED: AND THEY ROLLED THE STONE FROM THE WELL'S
MOUTH
It was customary to wait until all the flocks had gathered before opening the wells. They were usually opened in the
early morning and in the evening. Then the people came to get water. Women carried water, except in large cities
where both men and women did. Villages were built near wells and springs, but not near enough for a household to
be disturbed by the noise and dust of the crowds. Because of the scarcity of water in certain places constant strife
and even wars have been fought over wells. Isaac and the king of Philistia had strife for many months (perhaps
years) over certain wells that Isaac had dug (Genesis 26:15-33).

GENESIS 29:5 SON OF NAHOR
"Son" is used here for grandson. Laban was the son of Bethuel, the son of Nahor (Genesis 22:20-24; Genesis
24:15,24,29,47,50; Genesis 28:2).

GENESIS 29:11 KISSED RACHEL
This was an Eastern custom of greeting and friendship. Even men kissed men (Genesis 29:13; Genesis 27:27;
Genesis 33:4; Genesis 45:15; Genesis 48:10; Exodus 4:27; Exodus 18:7; 1 Samuel 20:41; Luke 15:20; Acts 20:37).

GENESIS 29:17 TENDER
Hebrew: rak (HSN-7390), translated "tender" (Genesis 18:7; Genesis 33:13; Deut. 28:54-56; 1 Chron. 22:5; ; 1 Chron.
29:1), "soft" (Job 41:3; Proverbs 15:1; Proverbs 25:15), and "weak" (2 Samuel 3:39). It could mean any one of
these. Various translations read: "no sparkle, tender, weak, timid, attractive."

GENESIS 29:17 BEAUTIFUL
Hebrew: yapheh (HSN-3303) to•ar (HSN-8389), beautiful in shape, countenance, features, and appearance. She was
lively, vivacious, and extremely attractive.

GENESIS 29:18 FOR RACHEL THY YOUNGER DAUGHTER
In the Middle East, the father receives dowry for his daughter.

GENESIS 29:19 IT IS BETTER THAT I GIVE HER TO THEE
It was customary to let daughters marry relatives rather than men of other races.

GENESIS 29:20 AND JACOB SERVED SEVEN YEARS FOR RACHEL
Jacob’s plan was to work seven years to have Rachel as his wife. Those seven years of work passed quickly for Jacob
because of his love for her. Interestingly the wives of each of the first three patriarchs were beautiful: Sarah
(12:11), Rebekah (24:15-16), and Rachel (29:17).

GENESIS 29:22 MADE A FEAST
It was customary to have a wedding feast for a week (Genesis 29:27-28; Judges 14:12).

GENESIS 29:24 ZILPAH
She became the mother of Gad and Asher (Genesis 30:10-13). Slaves given to daughters at marriage were her
property.

GENESIS 29:25 IT WAS LEAH
The bride was always veiled and the bridechamber dark. Leah was brought to him in the evening and Jacob was
deceived.
Jacob deceived others (Genesis 27); now he began to be the victim of deceptions (Genesis 31:7-10,31; Genesis
34:30; Genesis 37:28-36; Genesis 35:22; Genesis 43:1-28).

GENESIS 29:26 IT MUST NOT BE SO DONE IN OUR COUNTRY, TO GIVE THE YOUNGER BEFORE
THE FIRSTBORN
It wasn't mentioned to Jacob in making the contract, but it was an eastern custom for daughters to marry according
to seniority, unless the older daughter was deformed or unfit for marriage. Even if a father had the chance to give
the younger in marriage advantageously, he first had to get the older one married. Laban hid this from Jacob until
he married Leah, confident Jacob would do anything to get Rachel. Laban received a good dowry for both
daughters. Cp. Judges 15:2; 1 Samuel 14:49; 1 Samuel 18:17-20,28.

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Jacob’s anger was to no avail. Now, as the object of trickery, he would understand how Esau felt. Laban offered a
technicality of local custom. Those words must have pierced Jacob! In his earlier days he, the younger, had
deceptively pretended before his father to be the older brother: What a man sows he reaps(Gal 6:7).

GENESIS 29:27 FULFILL HER WEEK
Laban appealed to Jacob not to disturb the week of feasting to which many people had been invited (Genesis
29:22). He wished to hide any evidence of trouble or disappointment, and therefore promised Rachel also when the
week was fulfilled for an additional seven years' work—if Jacob would cooperate and accept Leah (Genesis 29:2728). Jacob agreed because of his great love for Rachel.
Jacob’s joyful prospect of marrying Rachel turned, by Laban’s deception, into a nightmare. In Laban Jacob met his
match and also his means of discipline. Jacob had deceived his own brother and father, and now was deceived by
his mother’s brother! 20 years of drudgery, affliction, and deception lay ahead. Through Laban he received his own
medicine of duplicity. But Jacob’s tenacity shows that he counted these as minor setbacks. God took him,
developed his character, turned the fruits of his deception into blessing, and built the promised seed, the nation of
Israel.

GENESIS 29:29 BILHAH HIS HANDMAID TO BE HER MAID
She was the mother of Dan and Naphtali (Genesis 30:3-8).

GENESIS 29:30 LOVED ALSO RACHEL MORE THAN LEAH
This was the third generation having family trouble. Sarah, Hagar, and Abraham had trouble over Isaac and Ishmael
(Genesis 16:1-16; Genesis 17:18; Genesis 21:9-16; Galatians 4:21-31). Isaac and Rebekah had trouble over Jacob
and Esau (Genesis 25:28;27). Here we have a division between Jacob and his wives (Genesis 29:31-30:43).

GENESIS 29:31 HATED
"To hate" is an idiom of preference, not hatred as we understand it.

GENESIS 29:32 REUBEN
Reuben means behold a son—God has looked on my affliction of being less loved by my husband than Rachel
Leah named her firstborn Reuben(re’uben), indicating that the Lord had seen her misery (ra’ah be‘onyi). Another
wordplay joins it: Now at last my husband will become attached to (ye’ehabani) me. This naming showed her hope
but also her consolation and faith. [Reuben: that is, See a son?] [Jacob never saw her affliction, but God did (cf.
“Beer Lahai Roi,” lit., “the well of the Living One who sees me,” 16:14; 24:62; 25:11).]

GENESIS 29:33 SIMEON
Simeon means hearing—because the Lord has heard that I was preferred less than Rachel and has given me
another son to cause my husband to love me (Genesis 29:33).

GENESIS 29:34 LEVI
Levi means joined—my husband will be joined to me because I have borne him three sons.
Simeonwas so named because the Lord heard (sama‘) that Leah was not loved. “God heard” was her testimony in
faith to His provision (cf. “Ishmael,” which means “God hears,” 16:15). Leviwas named for her hope that her
husband would become attached (yillaweh) to her, but it was not to be.

GENESIS 29:35 JUDAH.
Judah was her consolation; she would be satisfied to praise (’odeh) the Lord, for Judah means “let Him be praised.”
Leah exhibited genuine faith during her great affliction.

Genesis 29:27 Fulfill her week

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Genesis 30
1 And when Rachel saw that she bare
Jacob no children, Rachel envied
her sister; and said unto Jacob,
Give me children, or else I die.
2 And Jacob's anger was kindled
against Rachel: and he said, [Am] I
in God's stead, who hath withheld
from thee the fruit of the womb?
3 And she said, Behold my maid
Bilhah, go in unto her; and she
shall bear upon my knees, that I
may also have children by her.
4 And she gave him Bilhah her
handmaid to wife: and Jacob went
in unto her.
5 And Bilhah conceived, and bare
Jacob a son.
6 And Rachel said, God hath judged
me, and hath also heard my voice,
and hath given me a son: therefore
called she his name Dan.
7 And Bilhah Rachel's maid conceived
again, and bare Jacob a second
son.
8 And Rachel said, With great
wrestlings have I wrestled with my
sister, and I have prevailed: and
she called his name Naphtali.
9 When Leah saw that she had left
bearing, she took Zilpah her maid,
and gave her Jacob to wife.
10 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob
a son.
11 And Leah said, A troop cometh:
and she called his name Gad.
12 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob
a second son.
13 And Leah said, Happy am I, for the
daughters will call me blessed: and
she called his name Asher.
14 ¶ And Reuben went in the days of
wheat
harvest,
and
found
mandrakes in the field, and
brought them unto his mother
Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah,
Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's
mandrakes.

Genesis 29:35 Judah.

15 And she said unto her, [Is it] a
small matter that thou hast taken
my husband? and wouldest thou
take away my son's mandrakes
also? And Rachel said, Therefore
he shall lie with thee to night for
thy son's mandrakes.
16 And Jacob came out of the field in
the evening, and Leah went out to
meet him, and said, Thou must
come in unto me; for surely I have
hired thee with my son's
mandrakes. And he lay with her
that night.
17 And God hearkened unto Leah,
and she conceived, and bare Jacob
the fifth son.
18 And Leah said, God hath given me
my hire, because I have given my
maiden to my husband: and she
called his name Issachar.
19 And Leah conceived again, and
bare Jacob the sixth son.
20 And Leah said, God hath endued
me [with] a good dowry; now will
my husband dwell with me,
because I have born him six sons:
and she called his name Zebulun.
21 And afterwards she bare a
daughter, and called her name
Dinah.
22 ¶ And God remembered Rachel,
and God hearkened to her, and
opened her womb.
23 And she conceived, and bare a
son; and said, God hath taken away
my reproach:
24 And she called his name Joseph;
and said, The LORD shall add to me
another son.
25 ¶ And it came to pass, when
Rachel had born Joseph, that Jacob
said unto Laban, Send me away,
that I may go unto mine own place,
and to my country.
26 Give [me] my wives and my
children, for whom I have served
thee, and let me go: for thou
knowest my service which I have
done thee.

27 And Laban said unto him, I pray
thee, if I have found favour in thine
eyes, [tarry: for] I have learned by
experience that the LORD hath
blessed me for thy sake.
28 And he said, Appoint me thy
wages, and I will give [it].
29 And he said unto him, Thou
knowest how I have served thee,
and how thy cattle was with me.
30 For [it was] little which thou hadst
before I [came], and it is [now]
increased unto a multitude; and
the LORD hath blessed thee since
my coming: and now when shall I
provide for mine own house also?
31 And he said, What shall I give
thee? And Jacob said, Thou shalt
not give me any thing: if thou wilt
do this thing for me, I will again
feed [and] keep thy flock:
32 I will pass through all thy flock to
day, removing from thence all the
speckled and spotted cattle, and all
the brown cattle among the sheep,
and the spotted and speckled
among the goats: and [of such]
shall be my hire.
33 So shall my righteousness answer
for me in time to come, when it
shall come for my hire before thy
face: every one that [is] not
speckled and spotted among the
goats, and brown among the
sheep, that shall be counted stolen
with me.
34 And Laban said, Behold, I would it
might be according to thy word.
35 And he removed that day the he
goats that were ringstraked and
spotted, and all the she goats that
were speckled and spotted, [and]
every one that had [some] white in
it, and all the brown among the
sheep, and gave [them] into the
hand of his sons.
36 And he set three days' journey
betwixt himself and Jacob: and
Jacob fed the rest of Laban's flocks.

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37 ¶ And Jacob took him rods of
green poplar, and of the hazel and
chesnut tree; and pilled white
strakes in them, and made the
white appear which [was] in the
rods.
38 And he set the rods which he had
pilled before the flocks in the
gutters in the watering troughs
when the flocks came to drink, that
they should conceive when they
came to drink.
39 And the flocks conceived before
the rods, and brought forth cattle
ringstraked, speckled, and spotted.

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40 And Jacob did separate the lambs,
and set the faces of the flocks
toward the ringstraked, and all the
brown in the flock of Laban; and he
put his own flocks by themselves,
and put them not unto Laban's
cattle.
41 And it came to pass, whensoever
the stronger cattle did conceive,
that Jacob laid the rods before the
eyes of the cattle in the gutters,
that they might conceive among
the rods.

42 But when the cattle were feeble,
he put [them] not in: so the feebler
were Laban's, and the stronger
Jacob's.
43 And the man increased
exceedingly, and had much cattle,
and
maidservants,
and
menservants, and camels, and
asses.

GENESIS 30:1 ENVIED
What the Bible Says about Envy
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Commands against envy (Psalm 37:1-7; Proverbs 3:31; Proverbs 24:1; 1 Peter 2:1)
A work of the flesh (Romans 1:29-31; Romans 13:13; Galatians 5:19-21; 1 Tim. 6:4; Titus 3:3)
Results of envy (Job 5:2; Proverbs 14:30; Proverbs 27:4; Song 8:6; 1 Cor. 3:3; James 3:14; James 5:9)
One thing that does not envy (1 Cor. 13:4)
Instances of envy (Genesis 4:4-8; Genesis 16:5-6; Genesis 21:9-10; Genesis 26:14; Genesis 30:1,15; Genesis
31:1; Genesis 37:4-11,19-20; Judges 11:28-30; Judges 12:1-10; Judges 16:3; 1 Samuel 18:8-9,29; 1 Samuel
20:31; Esther 5:13; Daniel 6:4; Matthew 27:18; John 11:47; Acts 13:45; Acts 17:5)

GENESIS 30:2 ANGER WAS KINDLED AGAINST RACHEL
First record of a husband being angry with his wife (cp. 1 Samuel 1:2-23; 2 Samuel 6:20-23; Esther 1; Job 2:10).

GENESIS 30:3 BEHOLD MY MAID BILHAH
Rachel followed Sarai's policy in Genesis 16:2. Children were regarded as a special favor of God, and barrenness was
considered a mark of divine displeasure. Males were especially important, to build and preserve the family. Slaves
and their offspring were the property of the mistress.
Rachel’s sons through Bilhah do not reflect the faith Leah had. Rachel felt wronged over her barrenness. Her effort
to have children through her maidservant reflects Sarah’s similar attempt with Hagar.

GENESIS 30:6 DAN
Dan means "judging"—for God has judged me worthy of a son by my maid.
The names of the two sons born to Bilhah reflected Rachel’s bitter struggle and feeling of victory. The name Danis
explained by the word dananni, God has vindicated me, that is, He now had corrected Rachel’s wrong, her
barrenness. Dan: that is, “Judging.”

GENESIS 30:8 NAPHTALI
Naphtali means "wrestling"—for I have struggled with my sister for offspring and have prevailed by my maid. See
Naphtali. The name Naphtalireflected her great struggle (naptule) which, she said, “I fought” (niptalti) with my
sister.

GENESIS 30:11 GAD
Gad means "a troop" or "an army," as if this son added to Leah's other four made a an army.

GENESIS 30:13 ASHER
Asher means "happiness" or "blessedness." Leah concluded that women would call her happy and blessed because
of the six sons she and her maid had borne Jacob.

GENESIS 30:14 MANDRAKES
A dark green lettuce-like plant with purple flowers and red fruit (about the size of a small apple) with pleasant
Genesis 30:1 Envied

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smell. They were used in so-called love potions, for it was believed that conception was insured by eating it
(Genesis 30:14-16; Song 7:13). Arabs later called them "fruit apples of Satan," for some unknown reason. Rachel
felt she needed mandrakes more than Leah whom God made fruitful without them (Genesis 30:16-21), while
Rachel remained unfruitful in spite of eating them and having faith in superstition.

GENESIS 30:18 ISSACHAR
Issachar means "my hire" or "my reward." Leah reasoned that God rewarded her for giving her maid to Jacob, and
repaid her for having lost his affections to Rachel (Genesis 30:17-18 with Genesis 30:15).

GENESIS 30:20 ZEBULUN
Zebulun means "dwelling" or "cohabitation." Leah concluded that since she and her maid had borne eight of the
ten sons thus far, Jacob would love and dwell with her as he had formerly with Rachel (Genesis 30:20 with Genesis
30:15).

GENESIS 30:21 DINAH
Dinah means "vindicated." Leah may have believed God was vindicating her in the struggle with Rachel over Jacob's
affections.

GENESIS 30:24 JOSEPH
Joseph means "adding." Rachel predicted God would give her another son.

GENESIS 30:25 WHEN RACHEL HAD BORN JOSEPH, THAT JACOB SAID UNTO LABAN, SEND ME
AWAY
This proves that Leah's six sons and a daughter, Bilhah's two sons, Zilpah's two sons, and Rachel's first son were all
born during the fourteen years Jacob lived with his wives; for when Joseph was born Jacob desired to return to
Canaan, but was persuaded to stay at Haran six more years (Genesis 30:25-43 with Genesis 29:20-30; Genesis
31:38-42). See Four Proofs that Jacob Took His Wives Immediately.

GENESIS 30:26 WIVES
Polygamy
Polygamy is forbidden in the New Testament (Matthew 19:4-5; Mark 10:2-8; 1 Tim. 3:2,12; Titus 1:6; see Acts
17:30), but was tolerated in the Old Testament (Exodus 21:10; 1 Samuel 1; 2 Samuel 12:8; 2 Chron. 24:3), and
practiced (Genesis 4:19; Genesis 16:1-4; Genesis 25:1-6; Genesis 26:34; Genesis 28:9; Genesis 29:16-28; Judges
8:30; 1 Samuel 1:2; 1 Samuel 25:39-44; 2 Samuel 3:2-5; 2 Samuel 5:13; 2 Samuel 12:8; 1 Kings 11; 1 Chron. 4:5; 1
Chron. 14:3; Job 27:15). During Armageddon, women will desire it (Isaiah 4:1). See the evil effects of polygamy
(Genesis 16:1-4; Genesis 29:20-30:26; Deut. 17:17; 1 Samuel 1:1-10; 1 Kings 11:1-11; 2 Chron. 11:21).

Sixteen Examples of Polygamy:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)

Lamech (Genesis 4:19-23)
Abraham (Genesis 16 and Genesis 25)
Esau (Genesis 26:34; Genesis 28:9)
Jacob (Genesis 29:16-30:24)
Gideon (Judges 8:30)
Elkanah (1 Samuel 1:2)
David (1 Samuel 25:39-44; 2 Samuel 3:2-5; 2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Chron. 14:3)
Solomon (1 Kings 11:1-8)
Rehoboam (2 Chron. 11:18-23)
Ashur (1 Chron. 4:5)
Abijah (2 Chron. 13:21)
Jehoram (2 Chron. 21:14)
Joash (2 Chron. 21:14)
Ahab (2 Kings 10:1)
Jehoiachin (2 Kings 24:15)
Belshazzar (Daniel 5:2)

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GENESIS 30:27 LORD HATH BLESSED ME FOR THY SAKE
Another example of God blessing for man's sake, not for His own sake (cp. §Genesis 26:24, note).

Seven examples of seeing God prosper men:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Abimelech saw God with Isaac (Genesis 26:28)
Laban saw God with Jacob (Genesis 30:27)
Potiphar saw God with Joseph (Genesis 39:3)
The jailer saw God with Joseph (Genesis 39:23)
Egyptians saw God with Joseph (Genesis 41:39)
Saul saw God with David (1 Samuel 18:28)
Israel saw God with Solomon (1 Kings 3:28)

GENESIS 30:29 AND THE FLOCKS CONCEIVED BEFORE THE RODS
God blessed Jacob in an unusual way. Here there is a wordplay on the name Laban for as Jacob peeled back the
bark on the sticks and exposed the white (laban), he saw his flocks grow. He played the Laban game and won—he
outwitted “Whitey.” Clearly, as Jacob later admitted (31:7-12), God intervened to fulfill the expectations Jacob had
in the branches. The peeled branches, placed in the watering troughs, appeared to make his animals reproductive
as they mated in front of the troughs. It is reported that especially in the case of sheep, whatever fixes their
attention in copulation is marked upon the young. Also, lambs conceived in the spring and born in the autumn were
stronger than those born in the spring. [For authorities that suggest support of these practices (including Bochart,
Pliny, Columella, et al) see C. F. Keil & F. Delitzsch, Commentary on the Old Testament, Vol 1, p.293-4].

GENESIS 30:43 AND THE MAN INCREASED EXCEEDINGLY
So Jacob was greatly prospered in fulfillment of God’s promise at Bethel, and at the expense of Laban, who now
received in part the recompense due him. A fascinating struggle developed between Jacob and Laban.
Laban’s injustice and artifice preceded Jacob’s project, just as Isaac’s attempt to bless Esau had earlier prompted
Jacob’s deception. In both cases the attempt to defraud Jacob was actually overcome by Jacob.
Afterward, however, Jacob viewed his real gain as divine blessing, though he had to accept the effects (fear and
danger) of his craftiness.

Genesis 30:27 LORD hath blessed me for thy sake

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Genesis 31
1 And he heard the words of Laban's
sons, saying, Jacob hath taken
away all that [was] our father's;
and of [that] which [was] our
father's hath he gotten all this
glory.
2 And Jacob beheld the countenance
of Laban, and, behold, it [was] not
toward him as before.
3 And the LORD said unto Jacob,
Return unto the land of thy fathers,
and to thy kindred; and I will be
with thee.
4 And Jacob sent and called Rachel
and Leah to the field unto his flock,
5 And said unto them, I see your
father's countenance, that it [is]
not toward me as before; but the
God of my father hath been with
me.
6 And ye know that with all my power
I have served your father.
7 And your father hath deceived me,
and changed my wages ten times;
but God suffered him not to hurt
me.
8 If he said thus, The speckled shall be
thy wages; then all the cattle bare
speckled: and if he said thus, The
ringstraked shall be thy hire; then
bare all the cattle ringstraked.
9 Thus God hath taken away the
cattle of your father, and given
[them] to me.
10 And it came to pass at the time
that the cattle conceived, that I
lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a
dream, and, behold, the rams
which leaped upon the cattle
[were] ringstraked, speckled, and
grisled.
11 And the angel of God spake unto
me in a dream, [saying], Jacob: And
I said, Here [am] I.
12 And he said, Lift up now thine
eyes, and see, all the rams which
leap upon the cattle [are]
ringstraked, speckled, and grisled:
for I have seen all that Laban doeth
unto thee.

Genesis 30:43 and the man increased exceedingly

13 I [am] the God of Beth-el, where
thou anointedst the pillar, [and]
where thou vowedst a vow unto
me: now arise, get thee out from
this land, and return unto the land
of thy kindred.
14 And Rachel and Leah answered
and said unto him, [Is there] yet
any portion or inheritance for us in
our father's house?
15 Are we not counted of him
strangers? for he hath sold us, and
hath quite devoured also our
money.
16 For all the riches which God hath
taken from our father, that [is]
our's, and our children's: now then,
whatsoever God hath said unto
thee, do.
17 ¶ Then Jacob rose up, and set his
sons and his wives upon camels;
18 And he carried away all his cattle,
and all his goods which he had
gotten, the cattle of his getting,
which he had gotten in Padanaram, for to go to Isaac his father
in the land of Canaan.
19 And Laban went to shear his
sheep: and Rachel had stolen the
images that [were] her father's.
20 And Jacob stole away unawares to
Laban the Syrian, in that he told
him not that he fled.
21 So he fled with all that he had; and
he rose up, and passed over the
river, and set his face [toward] the
mount Gilead.
22 And it was told Laban on the third
day that Jacob was fled.
23 And he took his brethren with him,
and pursued after him seven days'
journey; and they overtook him in
the mount Gilead.
24 And God came to Laban the Syrian
in a dream by night, and said unto
him, Take heed that thou speak
not to Jacob either good or bad.

25 ¶ Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now
Jacob had pitched his tent in the
mount: and Laban with his
brethren pitched in the mount of
Gilead.
26 And Laban said to Jacob, What
hast thou done, that thou hast
stolen away unawares to me, and
carried away my daughters, as
captives [taken] with the sword?
27 Wherefore didst thou flee away
secretly, and steal away from me;
and didst not tell me, that I might
have sent thee away with mirth,
and with songs, with tabret, and
with harp?
28 And hast not suffered me to kiss
my sons and my daughters? thou
hast now done foolishly in [so]
doing.
29 It is in the power of my hand to do
you hurt: but the God of your
father spake unto me yesternight,
saying, Take thou heed that thou
speak not to Jacob either good or
bad.
30 And now, [though] thou wouldest
needs be gone, because thou sore
longedst after thy father's house,
[yet] wherefore hast thou stolen
my gods?
31 And Jacob answered and said to
Laban, Because I was afraid: for I
said, Peradventure thou wouldest
take by force thy daughters from
me.
32 With whomsoever thou findest thy
gods, let him not live: before our
brethren discern thou what [is]
thine with me, and take [it] to
thee. For Jacob knew not that
Rachel had stolen them.
33 And Laban went into Jacob's tent,
and into Leah's tent, and into the
two maidservants' tents; but he
found [them] not. Then went he
out of Leah's tent, and entered into
Rachel's tent.

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34 Now Rachel had taken the images,
and put them in the camel's
furniture, and sat upon them. And
Laban searched all the tent, but
found [them] not.
35 And she said to her father, Let it
not displease my lord that I cannot
rise up before thee; for the custom
of women [is] upon me. And he
searched, but found not the
images.
36 ¶ And Jacob was wroth, and chode
with Laban: and Jacob answered
and said to Laban, What [is] my
trespass? what [is] my sin, that
thou hast so hotly pursued after
me?
37 Whereas thou hast searched all my
stuff, what hast thou found of all
thy household stuff? set [it] here
before my brethren and thy
brethren, that they may judge
betwixt us both.
38 This twenty years [have] I [been]
with thee; thy ewes and thy she
goats have not cast their young,
and the rams of thy flock have I not
eaten.
39 That which was torn [of beasts] I
brought not unto thee; I bare the
loss of it; of my hand didst thou
require it, [whether] stolen by day,
or stolen by night.
40 [Thus] I was; in the day the
drought consumed me, and the
frost by night; and my sleep
departed from mine eyes.

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41 Thus have I been twenty years in
thy house; I served thee fourteen
years for thy two daughters, and
six years for thy cattle: and thou
hast changed my wages ten times.
42 Except the God of my father, the
God of Abraham, and the fear of
Isaac, had been with me, surely
thou hadst sent me away now
empty. God hath seen mine
affliction and the labour of my
hands, and rebuked [thee]
yesternight.
43 ¶ And Laban answered and said
unto Jacob, [These] daughters [are]
my daughters, and [these] children
[are] my children, and [these]
cattle [are] my cattle, and all that
thou seest [is] mine: and what can I
do this day unto these my
daughters, or unto their children
which they have born?
44 Now therefore come thou, let us
make a covenant, I and thou; and
let it be for a witness between me
and thee.
45 And Jacob took a stone, and set it
up [for] a pillar.
46 And Jacob said unto his brethren,
Gather stones; and they took
stones, and made an heap: and
they did eat there upon the heap.
47
And
Laban
called
it
Jegarsahadutha: but Jacob called it
Galeed.

48 And Laban said, This heap [is] a
witness between me and thee this
day. Therefore was the name of it
called Galeed;
49 And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD
watch between me and thee, when
we are absent one from another.
50 If thou shalt afflict my daughters,
or if thou shalt take [other] wives
beside my daughters, no man [is]
with us; see, God [is] witness
betwixt me and thee.
51 And Laban said to Jacob, Behold
this heap, and behold [this] pillar,
which I have cast betwixt me and
thee;
52 This heap [be] witness, and [this]
pillar [be] witness, that I will not
pass over this heap to thee, and
that thou shalt not pass over this
heap and this pillar unto me, for
harm.
53 The God of Abraham, and the God
of Nahor, the God of their father,
judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware
by the fear of his father Isaac.
54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon
the mount, and called his brethren
to eat bread: and they did eat
bread, and tarried all night in the
mount.
55 And early in the morning Laban
rose up, and kissed his sons and his
daughters, and blessed them: and
Laban departed, and returned unto
his place.

GENESIS 31:2 COUNTENANCE
"Anger" (Genesis 4:5-6); "jealousy" (Genesis 31:2-5); "greed" (2 Kings 8:11); "sorrow" (Neh. 2:2-3; Eccles. 7:3);
"fear" (Daniel 5:6-10; Daniel 7:28); "rebuke" (Psalm 80:16); "merry heart" (Proverbs 15:13); and transfiguration of
body are the main causes of changed countenances (Luke 9:29).
Jacob left for Canaan for two interrelated reasons:
1) Animosity by Laban’s sons was growing against Jacob, and Laban’s mood was dangerous; Perhaps
God stirred up the nest.
2) God told Jacob to return to his own land: a divine call to leave for the land of promise.

Eight examples of changed countenances:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Cain (Genesis 4:5-6)
Laban (Genesis 31:2-5)
Hazael (2 Kings 8:11)
Nehemiah (Neh. 2:2-3)
Belshazzar (Daniel 5:6,9-10)
Daniel (Daniel 7:28)
Christ (Luke 9:29)

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8) Moses (2 Cor. 3:7)

GENESIS 31:3 SAID UNTO JACOB
First Prophecies of Scripture
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

To Adam in an audible voice (Genesis 3:14-19)
To Cain in an audible voice (Genesis 4:12)
To Enoch (method unknown, Jude 1:14-15)
To Adam or Enoch (Genesis 6:3,7)
To Noah in an audible voice (Genesis 6:13,17; Genesis 7:4; Genesis 9:9-17)
To Abraham in an audible voice, vision, and perhaps other means (Genesis 12:1-3,7; Genesis 13:14-17;
Genesis 15:1,4,13-21; Genesis 17:2,4,15-16,19-21; Genesis 18:10,14,17; Genesis 21:12-13; Genesis 22:8,1618; Genesis 24:7,40)
7) To Rebekah in an audible voice (Genesis 25:23)
8) To Isaac in an audible voice and other means (Genesis 26:2-4,24; Genesis 27:28-29,37,39-40; Genesis 28:34)
9) To Jacob in vision and other means (Genesis 28:12-15; Genesis 30:24; Genesis 31:3; Genesis 32:9; Genesis
35:9-12; Genesis 46:2-4; Genesis 48:2-4,15-20; Genesis 49)
Before God raised up prophets, He spoke directly to His people, sometimes by visions (Genesis 15:1; Genesis 46:2)
and dreams (Genesis 20:3,6; Genesis 28:12; Genesis 31:10-11,24; Genesis 37:5-10; Genesis 40:5-19; Genesis 41:132; Genesis 42:9), and even with an audible voice (Deut. 5:4,22-28). At times He filled messengers with the Holy
Spirit and spoke through them in their own language (Acts 3:21; Hebrews 1:1-3; 2 Peter 1:21). Regardless of the
method, it was always clear when it was the revelation of God. God made several predictions to men before Jacob's
time. See Twenty-one Men Who Had Visions from God.

GENESIS 31:3 LAND OF THY FATHERS
The land promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the Abrahamic covenant (Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 13:14-17;
Genesis 15:18-21; Genesis 17:8; Genesis 26:3-4; Genesis 28:13-15). God fulfilled this prophecy in Jacob by being
with him in all his dangers (Genesis 31:11-49:33). His kindred were Isaac and Esau.

GENESIS 31:4 JACOB SENT AND CALLED RACHEL AND LEAH
As husband and father Jacob had the right to make his own plans for the family, but he wisely revealed his plans to
his wives, gaining their full cooperation (Genesis 31:5-21).

GENESIS 31:7 DECEIVED
Deceit - Deceit is falsehood (Psalm 119:118).



It comes from the heart (Jeremiah 17:9; Mark 7:22; Romans 3:13).
God abhors it (Psalm 5:6) and forbids it (Job 27:4; Job 31:5; Proverbs 24:28; 1 Peter 3:10).
All saints are free from it (Psalm 24:4; Isaiah 53:9; Zeph. 3:13; 1 Peter 2:22; Rev. 14:5).
It is to be shunned (Psalm 43:1; Psalm 72:14; Psalm 101:7; Psalm 120:2; Ephes. 5:6; Col. 2:8) and laid aside
(2 Cor. 4:2; 1 Thes. 2:3; 1 Peter 2:1).

Scripture refers to the wicked and deceit (Psalm 10:7; Psalm 35:20; Psalm 36:3; Psalm 38:12; Proverbs 11:18;
Proverbs 12:5; Proverbs 20:17; Jeremiah 9:5; Jeremiah 37:9; 2 Tim. 3:13); false teachers and deceit (Job 15:35;
Proverbs 12:17; Jeremiah 14:14; Jeremiah 23:26; Romans 16:18; 2 Cor. 11:13; Ephes. 4:14; 2 Thes. 2; 2 Peter 2:13; 2
John 1:7); and evils of deceit (Psalm 10:7; Psalm 24:4-5; Psalm 32:2; Psalm 55:23; Proverbs 14:8,25; Proverbs 26:24;
Proverbs 27:6; Jeremiah 8:5; Jeremiah 9:6).
God demands absolute truth in the inward parts and absolute justice and honesty in all dealings between
fellowmen. It is in the hidden parts that God wants righteousness and not outwardly only (Psalm 51:6). To this end
His program in the gospel is that the inward man be renewed and perfected more and more, day by day (2 Cor.
4:16). This is the acid test of character (Psalm 15).

Ten Facts about Deceit:
1) It is falsehood (Psalm 119:118).
2) It comes from the heart (Mark 7:22).
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3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

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It is characteristic of the heart (Jeremiah 17:9).
God abhors it (Psalm 5:6).
It is forbidden (Proverbs 24:28; 1 Peter 3:10).
Christ is free from it (1 Peter 2:22).
We are warned to beware of those who teach and practice it (Ephes. 5:6; Col. 2:8).
It must be laid aside (2 Cor. 4:2; 1 Peter 2:1).
False teachers are workers of it (2 Cor. 11:13; Jeremiah 14:14; Jeremiah 23:26).
False witnesses use it (Proverbs 12:17).

Ten Facts—the Wicked and Deceit:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

The wicked are full of it (Romans 1:29).
Devise it (Job 15:35; Psalm 35:20; Psalm 38:12).
Utter it (Psalm 10:7; Psalm 36:3).
Work at it (Proverbs 11:18).
Increase in it (2 Tim. 3:13).
Use it on each other (Jeremiah 9:5).
Use it on themselves (Jeremiah 37:9).
Delight in it (Proverbs 20:17).
Impose on others by it (Romans 16:18).
Sport themselves with it (2 Peter 2:13).

Ten Evils of Deceit:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

Deceit hinders knowledge of God (Jeremiah 9:6).
Deceit keeps men from God (Jeremiah 8:5).
Deceit leads to pride and sin (Jeremiah 5:27-28).
Deceit leads to lying (Proverbs 14:25).
Deceit causes fraud and injustice (Psalm 10:7; Psalm 43:1).
Deceit conceals hate (Proverbs 26:24-26).
Deceit conceives evil plans (Psalm 50:19).
Deceit encourages sin (Proverbs 20:17).
Deceit defiles the soul (Mark 7:22).
Deceit causes hardening in sin (Hebrews 3:13).

Ten Examples of Deceit:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)

Satan (Genesis 3:4; 2 Cor. 11:3; 1 Tim. 2:14)
Abraham (Genesis 12:13; Genesis 20:2)
Isaac (Genesis 26:7)
Jacob and Rebekah (Genesis 27:6-23)
Gibeonites (Joshua 9:3-15)
Delilah (Judges 16:4-20)
Absalom (2 Samuel 13:24-28; 2 Samuel 15:7)
Gehazi (2 Kings 5:20)
Herod (Matthew 2:8)
Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-13)

GENESIS 31:19 RACHEL HAD STOLEN THE IMAGES THAT WERE HER
FATHER’S.
Rachel stole Laban’s household “teraphim,” figurines of deities. This shows the pagan
influence in Laban’s family. Wordplay shows Rachel to be a true “Jacob,” for there were
parallel thefts: he stole away and she stole the gods. Perhaps she told herself she
deserved them since Laban had turned the tables on her in the name of custom and had
deprived her of her right to marry first, but her hardheaded self-interest almost brought
disaster.

GENESIS 31:27 TABRET
Hebrew: toph (HSN-8596), tambourine. It is translated "tabret" (Genesis 31:27; 1 Samuel
Genesis 31:19 Rachel had stolen the images that were her father’s.

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10:5; 1 Samuel 18:6; Isaiah 5:12; Isaiah 24:8; Isaiah 30:32; Jeremiah 31:4; Ezekiel 28:13) and "timbrel" (Exodus
15:20; Judges 11:34; 2 Samuel 6:5; 1 Chron. 13:8; Job 21:12; Psalm 81:2; Psalm 149:3; Psalm 150:4).

GENESIS 31:27 HARP
Hebrew: kinnowr (HSN-3658), a stringed instrument.

GENESIS 31:29 IT IS IN THE POWER OF MY HAND TO DO YOU HURT
In reality he had no power to hurt Jacob, for God was protecting him (Genesis 28:15; Genesis 31:3).

GENESIS 31:34 CAMEL'S FURNITURE
The camel's furniture could refer to a couch which was used as a bed at
night, or to a chair or cage covered with a canopy and held up by poles
between two camels, in travel.

GENESIS 31:44 COVENANT
Covenants of Scripture
Covenants Were:
1) Sacred (Joshua 9:18; Galatians 3:15-17)
2) Binding (Joshua 9:18; Galatians 3:15-17)
3) Upheld with penalty for breaking (Leviticus 26; Deut. 28; 2 Samuel
21:1-6; Jeremiah 34:8-22; Ezekiel 17:13-19)
Covenants Were Ratified by:
1) Oaths (note, §Genesis 22:16)
2) Blood of animals (Genesis 15:9-17; Genesis 31:43-53; Exodus 24:8;
Hebrews 9:19-22)
3) Feasts (Genesis 21:26-31; Genesis 26:30-31; Genesis 31:46,54)
4) Monuments (Genesis 28:16-22; Genesis 31:43-53)
5) Raising of the hands (Ezra 10:19; cp. Genesis 14:22)
6) Pulling off shoes (Ruth 4:7-8)
7) Blood of Christ (Matthew 26:28; Hebrews 9:11-22; Hebrews 13:11-12,20)
Concerning the old covenant, the Ten Commandments written on stone were kept in the ark which had a mercyseat on it as a constant reminder of God's presence and of man's obligation to obey it (Numbers 10:33; Numbers
14:44; Deut. 10:8; Joshua 3:3-17; etc.). The new covenant has an eternal ark (Hebrews 8:1-6; Hebrews 9:1-22; Rev.
11:19).
See Fifteen Great Covenants and Twenty-two Man-Made Covenants.

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GENESIS 31:45 JACOB TOOK A STONE
Each man present gathered a stone as a personal token of the covenant (Genesis 31:46-52). There were two
significant stones in Jacob's life:
1) A monument of his covenant with God (Genesis 28:18)
2) A monument of his covenant with Laban (Genesis 31:45)

GENESIS 31:49 MIZPAH
Hebrew: beacon or watch tower, a place of separation. It was Laban's name for the monument—a place or a
witness that the Lord would watch between them while absent from each other. It signified that neither people
would pass this boundary to make war on the other (Genesis 31:50-53). History shows that this covenant was
broken many times by both peoples.

Victories, Civil Wars, and Defeats of Israel
God often gave Israel victory over their enemies when they would cry for help and turn back to Him in repentance.
Israel never would have been defeated if they had obeyed God. This was a specific promise from Him (Leviticus
26:3-13; Deut. 28:1-14). On the other hand, God promised military defeat, captivity, dispersion, sicknesses, and
many curses if they disobeyed His laws and broke His covenant (Leviticus 26:16-45; Deut. 28:15-68). Israel suffered
34 recorded defeats and 13 civil wars when they sinned, and enjoyed 78 victories and deliverances from enemies
when they obeyed.

Seventy-eight Victories: Delivered from:
1. Babylonians (Genesis 11:31-32; Genesis 12:1-6)
2. Egyptians (Genesis 12:10-20)
3. Babylonians (Genesis 14:1-16)
4. Philistines (Genesis 20)
5. Philistines (Genesis 26:6-35)
6. Syrians (Genesis 31)
7. Edomites (Genesis 33:1-17)
8. Canaanites (Genesis 35:5)
9. Egyptians (Exodus 4:1-14:31)
10. Amalekites (Exodus 17:8-16)
11. Canaanites (Numbers 21:1-4)
12. Amorites (Numbers 21:21-32; Deut. 2:26-37)
13. Bashanites (Numbers 21:33-35; Deut. 3)
14. Midianites (Numbers 31)
15. Jericho (Joshua 6)
Genesis 31:45 Jacob took a stone

16. Ai (Joshua 8)
17. Gibeon's enemies (Joshua 10:1-27)
18. 31 kings of Canaan and allies (Joshua 10:28-39;
Joshua 11:1-12:24)
19. Jebusites (Judges 1:8)
20. Canaanites (Judges 1:9-20)
21. Bethel (Judges 1:22-25)
22. Canaanites (Judges 1:28)
23. Mesopotamia (Judges 3:9-11)
24. Moabites (Judges 3:15-30)
25. Philistines (Judges 3:31)
26. Canaanites (Judges 4:4-5:31)
27. Midianites and Amalekites (Judges 6:11-7:25)
28. Midianites (Judges 8:1-32)
29. Zidonians (Judges 10:12)
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30. Maonites (Judges 10:12)
31. Ammonites (Judges 11)
32. Philistines (Judges 14:19; Judges 15:14-20;
Judges 16:30-31)
33. Philistines (1 Samuel 7:9-14)
34. Ammonites (1 Samuel 11)
35. Philistines (1 Samuel 14:1-46)
36. Moabites (1 Samuel 14:47)
37. Edomites (1 Samuel 14:47)
38. Zobah (1 Samuel 14:47)
39. Amalekites (1 Samuel 14:48; 1 Samuel 15:19)
40. Philistines (1 Samuel 17)
41. Philistines (1 Samuel 18:27)
42. Philistines (1 Samuel 23:1-5)
43. Geshurites (1 Samuel 27:8)
44. Gezerites (1 Samuel 27:8)
45. Amalekites (1 Samuel 27:8)
46. Amalekites (1 Samuel 30:1-25)
47. Jebusites (2 Samuel 5:6-8)
48. Philistines (2 Samuel 5:17-21)
49. Philistines (2 Samuel 5:22-25)
50. Philistines (2 Samuel 8:1)
51. Moabites (2 Samuel 8:2)
52. Zobah (2 Samuel 8:3)
53. Syrians (2 Samuel 8:5)

54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.

Thirteen Civil Wars of Israel:
1) Gileadites and Ephraimites (Judges 12)
2) 11 tribes against Benjamin (Judges 20)
3) 11 tribes against Judah: first division of the
kingdom (2 Samuel 2:1-11)
4) Between the house of David and the house of
Saul (2 Samuel 2:12-3:1)
5) Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 15-18)
6) Sheba's rebellion (2 Samuel 20)

7) Rehoboam and Jeroboam: second division of the
kingdom (1 Kings 12; 1 Kings 14:30)
8) Abijam and Jeroboam (1 Kings 15:7)
9) Asa and Baasha (1 Kings 15:16-22,32)
10) Zimri and Omri (1 Kings 16:8-20)
11) Tibni and Omri (1 Kings 16:21-22)
12) Rebellion of Jehu (2 Kings 9:14-10:31)
13) Amaziah and Jehoash (2 Kings 14:8-14)

Thirty-four Defeats of Israel: Defeated by:
1) Amalekites and Canaanites (Numbers 14:45)
2) Jebusites (Judges 1:21)
3) Canaanites (Judges 1:27-35)
4) Mesopotamia (Judges 3:8)
5) Moabites (Judges 3:12-14)
6) Canaanites (Judges 4:1-3)
7) Midianites (Judges 6:1-10)
8) Philistines and Ammonites (Judges 10:6-8)
9) Ammonites (Judges 10:9-17)
10) Philistines (Judges 13:1)
11) Philistines (1 Samuel 4)
12) Philistines (1 Samuel 31)
13) Egyptians (1 Kings 14:25-30)
14) Syrians (1 Kings 15:20)
15) Syrians (1 Kings 22:29-39)
16) Edomites (2 Kings 8:20-21)
17) Libnah (2 Kings 8:22-23)

18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
26)
27)
28)
29)
30)
31)
32)
33)
34)

Genesis 31:49 Mizpah

Ammonites (2 Samuel 8:12)
Amalekites (2 Samuel 8:12)
Syrians (2 Samuel 8:13)
Edomites (2 Samuel 8:14)
Ammonites-Syrians (2 Samuel 10)
Ammonites (2 Samuel 12:26-31)
Syrians (1 Kings 20:1-21)
Syrians (1 Kings 20:22-42)
Moabites (2 Kings 3:21-27)
Syrians (2 Kings 6:16-23)
Syrians (2 Kings 6:24-7:20)
Syrians (2 Kings 13:19)
Syrians (2 Kings 14:28)
Syrians (2 Kings 16:5-6)
Philistines (2 Kings 18:8-12)
Assyrians (2 Kings 18:13-19:35)
Amalekites (1 Chron. 4:43)
Hagarites (1 Chron. 5:10,20-22)
Ethiopians (2 Chron. 14:9-15)
Moabites (2 Chron. 20:1-15)
Edomites (2 Chron. 25:1-16)
Philistines (2 Chron. 26:6)
Arabians (2 Chron. 26:7)
Ammonites (2 Chron. 26:8)
Jabesh-Gilead (Judges 21:10-12)

Syrians (2 Kings 10:32-33)
Syrians (2 Kings 12:17-18)
Assyrians (2 Kings 15:19-20)
Assyrians (2 Kings 15:27-31)
Assyrians (2 Kings 17:3)
Assyrians (2 Kings 17:4-23)
Babylonians (2 Kings 24:1)
Allied nations (2 Kings 24:2-5)
Babylonians (2 Kings 24:11-16)
Babylonians (2 Kings 25:1-21)
Assyrians (1 Chron. 5:25-26)
Philistines and Ethiopians (2 Chron. 21:16-17)
Syrians (2 Chron. 24:23-24)
Edomites (2 Chron. 28:17)
Philistines (2 Chron. 28:18)
Assyrians (2 Chron. 33:11-13)
Egyptians (2 Chron. 36:1-5)

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GENESIS 31:53 GOD OF THEIR FATHER
Abraham and Nahor were sons of Terah (Genesis 11:27). Terah started with Abraham to the land of promise
(Genesis 11:31). This proves further that Terah was converted to Abraham's God. Laban's gods were stolen by
Rachel and he was left without any (Genesis 31:30-35).

GENESIS 31:53 FEAR OF HIS FATHER ISAAC
This was the second time Jacob used this term (Genesis 31:42,53). He either referred to the God whom Isaac
feared, or to the power of Isaac who had thousands of servants, among them hundreds of trained soldiers he had
inherited from Abraham (Genesis 25:5; note, §Genesis 12:5).

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Genesis 32
1 And Jacob went on his way, and the
angels of God met him.
2 And when Jacob saw them, he said,
This [is] God's host: and he called
the name of that place Mahanaim.
3 And Jacob sent messengers before
him to Esau his brother unto the
land of Seir, the country of Edom.
4 And he commanded them, saying,
Thus shall ye speak unto my lord
Esau; Thy servant Jacob saith thus,
I have sojourned with Laban, and
stayed there until now:
5 And I have oxen, and asses, flocks,
and
menservants,
and
womenservants: and I have sent to
tell my lord, that I may find grace
in thy sight.
6 ¶ And the messengers returned to
Jacob, saying, We came to thy
brother Esau, and also he cometh
to meet thee, and four hundred
men with him.
7 Then Jacob was greatly afraid and
distressed: and he divided the
people that [was] with him, and
the flocks, and herds, and the
camels, into two bands;
8 And said, If Esau come to the one
company, and smite it, then the
other company which is left shall
escape.
9 ¶ And Jacob said, O God of my
father Abraham, and God of my
father Isaac, the LORD which saidst
unto me, Return unto thy country,
and to thy kindred, and I will deal
well with thee:
10 I am not worthy of the least of all
the mercies, and of all the truth,
which thou hast shewed unto thy
servant; for with my staff I passed
over this Jordan; and now I am
become two bands.

11 Deliver me, I pray thee, from the
hand of my brother, from the hand
of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will
come and smite me, [and] the
mother with the children.
12 And thou saidst, I will surely do
thee good, and make thy seed as
the sand of the sea, which cannot
be numbered for multitude.
13 ¶ And he lodged there that same
night; and took of that which came
to his hand a present for Esau his
brother;
14 Two hundred she goats, and
twenty he goats, two hundred
ewes, and twenty rams,
15 Thirty milch camels with their
colts, forty kine, and ten bulls,
twenty she asses, and ten foals.
16 And he delivered [them] into the
hand of his servants, every drove
by themselves; and said unto his
servants, Pass over before me, and
put a space betwixt drove and
drove.
17 And he commanded the foremost,
saying, When Esau my brother
meeteth thee, and asketh thee,
saying, Whose [art] thou? and
whither goest thou? and whose
[are] these before thee?
18 Then thou shalt say, [They be] thy
servant Jacob's; it [is] a present
sent unto my lord Esau: and,
behold, also he [is] behind us.
19 And so commanded he the
second, and the third, and all that
followed the droves, saying, On
this manner shall ye speak unto
Esau, when ye find him.
20 And say ye moreover, Behold, thy
servant Jacob [is] behind us. For he
said, I will appease him with the
present that goeth before me, and
afterward I will see his face;
peradventure he will accept of me.

21 So went the present over before
him: and himself lodged that night
in the company.
22 And he rose up that night, and
took his two wives, and his two
womenservants, and his eleven
sons, and passed over the ford
Jabbok.
23 And he took them, and sent them
over the brook, and sent over that
he had.
24 ¶ And Jacob was left alone; and
there wrestled a man with him
until the breaking of the day.
25 And when he saw that he
prevailed not against him, he
touched the hollow of his thigh;
and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was
out of joint, as he wrestled with
him.
26 And he said, Let me go, for the day
breaketh. And he said, I will not let
thee go, except thou bless me.
27 And he said unto him, What [is]
thy name? And he said, Jacob.
28 And he said, Thy name shall be
called no more Jacob, but Israel:
for as a prince hast thou power
with God and with men, and hast
prevailed.
29 And Jacob asked [him], and said,
Tell [me], I pray thee, thy name.
And he said, Wherefore [is] it [that]
thou dost ask after my name? And
he blessed him there.
30 And Jacob called the name of the
place Peniel: for I have seen God
face to face, and my life is
preserved.
31 And as he passed over Penuel the
sun rose upon him, and he halted
upon his thigh.
32 Therefore the children of Israel eat
not [of] the sinew which shrank,
which [is] upon the hollow of the
thigh, unto this day: because he
touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh
in the sinew that shrank.

GENESIS 32:2 MANANAIM
Mahanaim= “Two Camps.” A comparison with Jacob’s earlier encounter with angels at Bethel (28:10-22) when he
left the land proves most instructive...“The angels of God” occurs only twice (28:12; 32:1); Zeh (“this”) is used four
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times (28:16-17). “This is the gate of heaven” (28:17) and “This is the camp of God!” (32:2). In both cases Jacob
interpreted what he had seen before naming it (28:17; 32:2); the identical expression is used in the naming of both
places (28:19; 32:2). Halakand derek(“to go on one’s way,” “to take a journey”) are used in 28:20; 32:1.

GENESIS 32:3 JACOB SENT MESSENGERS
Many key ideas and wordplays are in this section. (The Heb. word for “angels” also means “messengers.”)
Apparently prompted by the idea in the vision, Jacob sent messengers to Esau in Edom. Jacob had just seen the
angels (God’s messengers) and now he sent his own messengers to Esau.

GENESIS 32:7 GREATLY AFRAID AND DISTRESSED
The coming of Esau with four hundred men was hard to understand apart from hostile intentions (Genesis 32:6). Jacob
gave evidence of his fear by dividing the family, wrestling all night with God, earnestly pleading His promises, praying in
humility for deliverance from Esau, and making a gift to him of several bands as if to mitigate Esau's anger by degrees.
Out of fear of Esau (who was coming toward him with 400 men) he divided his family into two groups or camps
(mahòanot).

GENESIS 32:10 I AM NOT WORTHY OF THE LEAST OF ALL THE MERCIES
Jacob addressed God as the God of my father Abraham and of my father Isaac, and reminded God of His command for
him to return to his country and of His promise to bless him. God wants people to remind Him of His word when they
pray. This is a motivation to faith. Jacob then confessed his unworthiness of God’s kindness and faithfulness and material
blessings. He had the correct attitude in prayer—total dependency on God.
The first time Jacob confessed his unworthiness of God's blessings. He had a number of experiences that finally brought
him to the point of surrender to God and helplessness without Him. Now it was his privilege to meet God face to face and
become a prince of God (Genesis 32:24-32).

GENESIS 32:11 DELIVER ME, I PRAY THEE, FROM THE HAND OF MY BROTHER
The first time Jacob prayed for deliverance. He had fled from Esau (Genesis 27:41-46; Genesis 28:1-6; Genesis 35:7), and
Laban (Genesis 31:17-23); now he had to face Esau, depending solely upon God to fulfill His promises (Genesis 28:13-15;
Genesis 31:3; Genesis 32:9,12).

GENESIS 32:11 FOR I FEAR HIM
The visions of Genesis 28:12; Genesis 31:3; and Genesis 32:1 did not entirely allay Jacob's fears. Conscience made him a
coward. He remembered his past deceits and naturally feared those he had wronged.
See Deceit.

GENESIS 32:20 FACE; PERADVENTURE HE WILL ACCEPT OF ME.
He thought these five herds sent separately would impress Esau and pacify him. Jacob had to learn later, however, that
God would have delivered him without such gifts. [So too the nation would need to learn that deliverance comes by faith
in God, and not by giving tribute to the enemy.]

GENESIS 32:24 LEFT ALONE
Six Men Left Alone with God
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

1.Jacob (Genesis 32:24)
2.Moses (Exodus 24:2)
3.Jeremiah (Jeremiah 15:17)
4.Daniel (Daniel 10:7-8)
5.Jesus (Luke 9:18)
6.Paul (1 Thes. 3:1)

GENESIS 32:24

WRESTLED
Hebrew: •abaq (HSN-79), to struggle with. It's not the same word used in Genesis 30:8, which refers more to mental
struggles (cp. Ephes. 6:12).

Nine Proofs of Physical Wrestling
1.

1.The Hebrew word (•abaq (HSN-79)) for "wrestled" means to grapple or struggle with. See note, §Genesis 24.

Genesis 32:3 Jacob sent messengers

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2.

3.
4.
5.

6.

7.
8.
9.

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2.If Jacob struggled in prayer only, as the wrestling referred to in Ephes. 6:12, then it was with something
invisible and intangible. But since a Man grappled with his human body, as stated, invisibility must not be the
idea. The word for "Man" here is the Hebrew •iysh (HSN-376) which is used of God in Exodus 15:3; Joshua 5:13;
Daniel 10:5; Daniel 12:6-7; Zech. 1:8; etc. It was not Jacob grappling with a man, but a Man approaching and
grappling with him first (Genesis 24), which surely speaks of more than an invisible presence.
It is clear from Hosea 12:3-4 that prayer was only a part of Jacob's experience. Not only does this passage say
"he wept, and made supplication unto him," but also that he "had power over the angel.&quo