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International trade statistics 2006

Printed by the WTO Secretariat - 7388.06

WTO 2006

World Trade Organization

ISBN-13: 978-92-870-3355-0
ISBN-10: 92-870-3355-2

International
trade statistics
2006

WTO Members
(As of 31 August 2006)
Albania
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Bahrain, Kingdom of
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bolivia
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Congo
Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Estonia
European Communities
Fiji
Finland
Former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia (FYROM)
France

Gabon
The Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong, China
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kenya
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia
Lesotho
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao, China
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova
Mongolia
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal

Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Chinese Taipei
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Uganda
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of America
Uruguay
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Zambia
Zimbabwe

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ISBN-13: 978-92-870-3355-0
ISBN-10: 92-870-3355-2
Printed in Switzerland
World Trade Organization 2006

WTO 2006

International
trade statistics
2006

Acknowledgements
This publication has been prepared under the general direction of Guy Karsenty during his tenure as Chief Statistician. Andreas
Maurer was responsible for the technical coordination of the statistical report and Vuddha Meach supervised the table, chart and map
production, with the assistance of Pratikshya Simkhada and Ying Yan. The data were prepared by Barbara d'Andrea-Adrian,
Christophe Degain, Joscelyn Magdeleine, Yann Marcus, Coleman Nee, Ninez Piezas-Jerbi and Bekele Tamenu.
The Overview has been drafted by Michael Finger with the assistance of Aishah Colautti and Monia Mimouni.
Acknowledgements are due to the multilateral and national institutions for providing statistics. For detailed statistical sources used in
this report, see the Technical Notes.
Thanks are also due to the Information and Media Relations Division and WTO's printing facilities for the production, and the French
and Spanish translators in the Language Services and Documentation Division for rendering the report in the WTO's other official
languages.

ii

Table of Contents

World Trade Development in 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 1


1. Highlights of world trade in 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 1
2. Merchandise trade volume and output developments in 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 2
3. Merchandise and commercial services trade in value terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4. Regional trade flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 5

I. World trade in 2005 - overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

II. Selected long-term trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 25

III. Trade by region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 33


1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 33
2. North America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3. South and Central America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. 51
4. Europe .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
5. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 70
6. Africa .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 77
7. Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 83
8. Asia ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
9. Least-developed countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. 100

IV. Trade by sector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 107


1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
2. Agricultural products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .
3. Fuels and mining products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
3.1 Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
4. Manufactures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1 Iron and steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .
4.2 Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 Office machines and telecom equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
4.4 Automotive products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
4.5 Textiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
4.6 Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
5. Commercial services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
5.1 Transportation services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .
5.2 Travel services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .
5.3 Other commercial services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .

107
110
117
119
122
130
134
138
160
166
174
181
181
183
185

Appendix tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . 189

World maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

Technical notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

iii

iv

List of tables and charts


Overview
Chart 1
Chart 2
Chart 3
Table 1
Chart 4
Chart 5
Table 2
Chart 6
Table 3
Chart 7
Table 4
Chart 8
Table 5
Chart 9
Table 6
Chart 10
Chart 11
Table 7
Chart 12
Table 8
Chart 13

Rise in merchandise export unit values by sector in 2004 and 2005 products, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 1
Dollar changes vis--vis European and Asian currencies, 2001-06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 2
Volume growth of world merchandise trade and output by sector in 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
World exports of merchandise and commercial services, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 3
World merchandise exports by product group, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
World merchandise trade by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
GDP and trade developments in North America, 2000-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
North America's merchandise exports by region, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 6
GDP and trade developments in South and Central America, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
South and Central America's merchandise exports by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 7
GDP and trade developments in Europe, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Europe's merchandise exports by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
GDP and trade developments in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Merchandise exports of the CIS by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
GDP and trade developments in Africa, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 10
Africa's merchandise exports by region, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 10
China's merchandise trade with Africa, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
GDP and trade developments in the Middle East, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 11
Middle East's merchandise exports by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 11
GDP and trade developments in Asia, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 12
Asia's merchandise exports by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 13

I. World trade in 2005 - overview


Table I.1
Table I.2
Table I.3
Table I.4
Table I.5
Table I.6
Table I.7
Table I.8
Table I.9
Table I.10
Chart I.1

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production, 2000-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15


Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region, 2000-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Growth in the value of world merchandise trade by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 16
Growth in the value of world trade in commercial services by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 17
Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (25) trade), 2005 . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 18
Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 19
Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (25) trade), 2005 . . . . . . 20
Share of goods and commercial services in the total trade of selected regions and economies, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Merchandise trade of selected regional integration arrangements, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Merchandise trade of selected regional integration arrangements, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 23

II. Selected long-term trends


Chart II.1
Chart II.2
Table II.1
Table II.2
Table II.3
Table II.4
Table II.5
Table II.6

World merchandise trade and production by major product group, 1950-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25


World merchandise trade by major product group, 1950-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 26
World merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product, 1950-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 27
World merchandise exports by region and selected economy,
1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
World merchandise imports by region and selected economy,
1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Merchandise trade of the United States by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005 . . . . . 30
Merchandise trade of Europe by region and by product, 2001-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Merchandise trade of Japan by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

III. Trade by region

1. Overview
Chart III.1
Chart III.2

Value of world merchandise trade by region,1998-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 33


Volume of world merchandise trade by selected region, 1998-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
v

Table III.1
Table III.2
Table III.3
Chart III.3
Table III.4
Table III.5
Table III.6
Table III.7
Chart III.4

World merchandise exports by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35


World merchandise imports by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
World trade in commercial services by selected region, 1998-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
World exports of commercial services by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
World imports of commercial services by region, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Exports of commercial services of selected economies by selected partners, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Imports of commercial services of selected economies by selected partners, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Trade in commercial services of selected economies by selected partners, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

2. North America
Table III.8
Table III.9
Chart III.5
Chart III.6
Table III.10
Table III.11
Table III.12
Table III.13
Table III.14
Table III.15
Table III.16
Table III.17
Table III.18
Table III.19

Merchandise trade of North America, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42


Merchandise trade of North America by region and by major product group, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Merchandise trade of North America, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Share of North America in world merchandise trade, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Merchandise exports of North America by product, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Merchandise imports of North America by product, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Merchandise exports of North America by destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Merchandise imports of North America by origin, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Merchandise exports and imports of Canada, Mexico and the United States, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Merchandise trade of Canada by region and economy, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Merchandise trade of the United States by region and economy, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Merchandise exports of NAFTA countries by destination, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Trade in commercial services of Canada, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Trade in commercial services of the United States, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

3. South and Central America


Table III.20
Table III.21
Chart III.7
Chart III.8
Table III.22
Table III.23
Table III.24
Table III.25
Table III.26
Table III.27
Table III.28
Table III.29

Merchandise trade of South and Central America, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51


Merchandise trade of South and Central America by region and by major product group, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Merchandise trade of South and Central America, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Share of South and Central America in world merchandise trade, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Merchandise exports of South and Central America by product, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Merchandise exports of South and Central America by destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Leading merchandise exporters and importers in South and Central America, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Merchandise exports of MERCOSUR countries by region, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Merchandise imports of MERCOSUR countries by region, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Merchandise exports of Andean Community countries by region, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Merchandise imports of Andean Community countries by region, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in South and Central America, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

4. Europe
Table III.30
Table III.31
Chart III.9
Chart III.10
Table III.32
Table III.33
Table III.34
Table III.35
Table III.36
Table III.37
Table III.38
Table III.39
Table III.40
Table III.41
Table III.42

vi

Merchandise trade of Europe, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60


Merchandise trade of Europe by region and by major product group, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Merchandise trade of Europe, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Share of Europe in world merchandise trade, 1995-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Merchandise exports of Europe by product, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Merchandise imports of Europe by product, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Merchandise exports of Europe by destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Merchandise imports of Europe by origin, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Leading merchandise exporters and importers in Europe, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Merchandise trade of the European Union (25) by region and economy, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in Europe, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Trade in commercial services of France, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Trade in commercial services of Germany, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Trade in commercial services of Italy, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Trade in commercial services of the United Kingdom, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

5. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Table III.43
Table III.44
Chart III.11
Chart III.12
Table III.45
Table III.46
Table III.47
Table III.48
Table III.49
Table III.50

Merchandise trade of the CIS, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70


Merchandise trade of the CIS, by region and by major product group, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 70
Merchandise trade of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), 1995-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 70
Share of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in world merchandise trade, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Merchandise exports of the CIS by major product group and main destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Leading merchandise exporters and importers in the CIS, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade of the CIS, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 73
Merchandise exports of selected economies to the CIS, 2003-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 74
Merchandise imports of selected economies from the CIS, 2003-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 75
Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in the CIS, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

6. Africa
Table III.51
Table III.52
Chart III.13
Chart III.14
Table III.53
Table III.54
Table III.55
Table III.56
Table III.57

Merchandise trade of Africa, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 77


Merchandise trade of Africa by region and by major product group, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 77
Merchandise trade of Africa, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 77
Share of Africa in world merchandise trade, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Merchandise exports of Africa by major product group and main destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Merchandise exports of Africa by destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 79
Leading merchandise exporters and importers in Africa, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 80
Merchandise exports of the European Union (25) to Africa by product, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Merchandise imports of the European Union (25) from Africa by product, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

7. Middle East
Table III.58
Table III.59
Chart III.15
Chart III.16
Table III.60
Table III.61
Table III.62
Table III.63

Merchandise trade of the Middle East, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83


Merchandise trade of the Middle East by region and by major product group, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 83
Merchandise trade of the Middle East, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Share of the Middle East in world merchandise trade, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Merchandise exports of the Middle East by major product group and main destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Merchandise exports of the Middle East by destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Imports of fuels of selected regions and economies from the Middle East, 2000 and 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Leading merchandise exporters and importers in the Middle East, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

8. Asia
Table III.64
Table III.65
Chart III.17
Chart III.18
Table III.66
Table III.67
Table III.68
Table III.69
Table III.70
Table III.71
Table III.72
Table III.73
Table III.74
Table III.75
Table III.76
Table III.77
Table III.78
Table III.79

Merchandise trade of Asia, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 87


Merchandise trade of Asia by region and by major product group, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Merchandise trade of Asia, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Share of Asia in world merchandise trade, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 87
Merchandise exports of Asia by major product group and main destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Merchandise exports of Asia by product, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 89
Merchandise exports of Asia by destination, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Leading merchandise exporters and importers in Asia, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Merchandise trade of Japan by region and economy, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 92
Merchandise exports of the United States, the European Union (25) and Japan to China by major product,
2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 93
Merchandise imports of the United States, the European Union (25) and Japan from China by major product,
2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 94
Merchandise exports of ASEAN countries by region, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Merchandise imports of ASEAN countries by region, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 96
Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in Asia, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Trade in commercial services of Japan, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Trade in commercial services of China, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Trade in commercial services of Taipei, Chinese, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Trade in commercial services of Korea, Republic of, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

vii

9. Least-developed countries
Table III.80
Table III.81
Chart III.19
Chart III.20
Table III.82
Table III.83

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of least-developed countries, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries by selected country grouping, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Merchandise exports of least-developed countries by selected product group and destination, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Exports of least-developed countries by major product, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Imports of agricultural products, fuels and manufactures of the European Union (25), Asia and North
America from least-developed countries, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Exports of commercial services of least-developed countries by category, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

IV. Trade by sector

1. Overview
Chart IV.1
Table IV.1
Chart IV.2
Table IV.2

World merchandise exports by product, 2000 and 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107


World merchandise exports by product, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
World exports of commercial services by category, 1990, 2000 and 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
World exports of commercial services by category, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

2. Agricultural products
Table IV.3
Table IV.4
Table IV.5
Chart IV.3
Table IV.6
Table IV.7
Table IV.8
Table IV.9
Table IV.10

World trade in agricultural products, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110


Major regional flows in world exports of agricultural products, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Share of agricultural products in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Regional shares in world trade in agricultural products, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Exports of agricultural products by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Leading exporters and importers of agricultural products, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Exports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Imports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

3. Fuels and mining products


Table IV.11
Table IV.12
Table IV.13
Chart IV.4
Table IV.14
Table IV.15
Table IV.16
Table IV.17
Chart IV.5
Table IV.18
Table IV.19

World trade in fuels and mining products, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117


Major regional flows in world exports of fuels and mining products, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Share of fuels and mining products in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2005. . . . . . . . 117
Regional shares in world trade in fuels and mining products, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Exports of fuels and mining products by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
World trade in fuels, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Major regional flows in world exports of fuels, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Share of fuels in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Regional shares in world trade in fuels, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Imports of fuels of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Imports of fuels of selected economies, 1990-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

4. Manufactures
Table IV.20
Table IV.21
Table IV.22
Chart IV.6
Table IV.23
Table IV.24
Table IV.25
Table IV.26
Table IV.27
Table IV.28

viii

World trade in manufactures, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122


Major regional flows in world exports of manufactures, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Share of manufactures in total merchandise trade by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Regional shares in world trade in manufactures, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Exports of manufactures by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Trade in manufactures of the United States, the European Union (25) and China by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Imports of manufactures of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Leading exporters and importers of manufactures, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Exports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Imports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

4.1 Iron and steel


Table IV.29
Table IV.30
Table IV.31
Chart IV.7
Table IV.32
Table IV.33
Table IV.34

World trade in iron and steel, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130


Major regional flows in world exports of iron and steel, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Share of iron and steel in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Regional shares in world trade in iron and steel, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 130
Exports of iron and steel by principal region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 131
Imports of iron and steel of the European Union (25) and the United States by region and supplier, 2005 . .. . . . . . . 132
Leading exporters and importers of iron and steel, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 133

4.2 Chemicals
Table IV.35
Table IV.36
Table IV.37
Chart IV.8
Table IV.38
Table IV.39
Table IV.40

World trade in chemicals, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134


Major regional flows in world exports of chemicals, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Share of chemicals in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Regional shares in world trade in chemicals, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Exports of chemicals by principal region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Leading exporters and importers of chemicals, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Leading exporters and importers of pharmaceuticals, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

4.3 Office machines and telecom equipment


Table IV.41
Table IV.42
Table IV.43
Chart IV.9
Table IV.44
Table IV.45
Table IV.46
Table IV.47
Table IV.48
Table IV.49
Table IV.50
Table IV.51
Table IV.52
Table IV.53
Table IV.54
Table IV.55
Table IV.56
Table IV.57
Table IV.58
Table IV.59
Table IV.60

World trade in office and telecom equipment, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138


Major regional flows in world exports of office and telecom equipment, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 138
Share of office and telecom equipment in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005 . . . . . . . 138
Regional shares in world trade in office machines and telecom equipment, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Exports of office and telecom equipment by principal region and economy, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Leading exporters and importers of office and telecom equipment, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Exports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Leading exporters and importers of EDP and office equipment, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 147
Exports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 148
Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 149
Imports of telecommunications equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 150
Leading exporters and importers of telecommunications equipment, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Exports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 153
Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies , 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 154
Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . 155
Leading exporters and importers of integrated circuits and electronic components, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Exports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 158
Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

4.4 Automotive products


Table IV.61
Table IV.62
Table IV.63
Chart IV.10
Table IV.64
Table IV.65
Table IV.66
Table IV.67
Table IV.68

World trade in automotive products, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 160


Major regional flows in world exports of automotive products, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 160
Share of automotive products in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Regional shares in world trade in automotive products, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 160
Exports of automotive products by principal region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Imports of automotive products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 162
Leading exporters and importers of automotive products, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 163
Exports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 164
Imports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

4.5 Textiles
Table IV.69
Table IV.70
Table IV.71
Chart IV.11

World trade in textiles, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 166


Major regional flows in world exports of textiles, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Share of textiles in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 166
Regional shares in world trade in textiles 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
ix

Table IV.72
Table IV.73
Table IV.74
Table IV.75
Table IV.76

Textile exports by principal region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167


Textile imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Leading exporters and importers of textiles, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Textile exports of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Textile imports of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

4.6 Clothing
Table IV.77
Table IV.78
Table IV.79
Chart IV.12
Table IV.80
Table IV.81
Table IV.82
Table IV.83
Table IV.84

World trade in clothing, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174


Major regional flows in world exports of clothing, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Share of clothing in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Regional shares in world trade in clothing, 2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Clothing exports by principal region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Clothing imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Leading exporters and importers of clothing, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Clothing exports of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Clothing imports of selected economies, 1990-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

5. Commercial services

5.1 Transportation services


Table IV.85
Chart IV.13
Table IV.86
Chart IV.14
Table IV.87

World exports of transportation services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181


World exports of transportation services and share in total commercial services, 1998-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Share of transportation services in total trade of commercial services by selected region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Regional shares in world trade in transportation services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Leading exporters and importers of transportation services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182

5.2 Travel services


Table IV.88
Chart IV.15
Table IV.89
Chart IV.16
Table IV.90

World exports of travel services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183


World exports of travel services and share in total services, 1998-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Share of travel services in total trade of commercial services by selected region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Regional shares in world trade in travel services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Leading exporters and importers of travel services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184

5.3 Other commercial services


Table IV.91
Chart IV.17
Table IV.92
Chart IV.18
Table IV.93
Chart IV.19

World exports of other commercial services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185


World exports of other commercial services and share in total commercial services, 1998-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Share of other commercial services in total trade of commercial services by selected region, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Regional shares in world trade in other commercial services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Leading exporters and importers of other commercial services, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
World exports of other commercial services by component and selected region, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187

Appendix tables
Table A1
Table A2
Table A3
Table A4
Table A5
Table A6
Table A7
Table A8
Table A9
Table A10
Table A11
Table A12
x

World merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product, 1950-0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Network of world merchandise trade by region, 2003-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Merchandise trade of selected regional integration arrangements, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Merchandise trade by selected groups of countries, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Trade in commercial services by selected groups of countries, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
World imports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2003-05. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Merchandise trade by region and economy, 1995-05 - United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Merchandise trade by region and economy, 2000-05 - European Union (25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

Table A13
Table A14
Table A15
Table A16
Table A17
Table A18
Table A19
Table A20
Table A21
Table A22
Table A23
Table A24
Table A25
Table A26
Table A27
Table A28

Merchandise trade by region and economy, 1995-05 - Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 218


Merchandise trade by region and economy, 1995-05 - China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 222
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 224
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - European Union (25). . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 226
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - Hong Kong, China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Domestic exports and re-exports of merchandise by product, region and major trading partner,
2004-05 - Hong Kong, China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 234
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - Korea, Rep. of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 236
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - Singapore. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 238
Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2004-05 - Taipei, Chinese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 240
Export prices of primary commodities, 1995-06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Export prices of Germany, Japan and the United States by commodity group, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Import prices of Germany, Japan and the United States by commodity group, 1995-05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 244

World maps
Map M1
Map M2
Map M3
Map M4

Composition of geographical regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 245


WTO Members and Observers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Ratio of exports and imports of goods and commercial services to GDP, 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Exports of goods and commercial services per capita, 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 248

xi

xii

Abbreviations and symbols


ACP

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States

HS

Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding

ASEAN

Association of South-East Asian Nations

AFTA

ASEAN Free Trade Area

IEA

International Energy Agency

BOP

Balance of Payments

IMF

International Monetary Fund

BPM5

Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition

ISIC

International Standard Industrial Classification

CACM

Central American Common Market

LDCs

Least-developed countries

CARICOM

Caribbean Common Market

MERCOSUR

Southern Common Market

CEMAC

Economic and Monetary Community of Central

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

African States

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and

System

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

Development

COMESA

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

SAARC

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

ECCAS

Economic Community of Central African States

SADC

South African Development Community

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

SAPTA

South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

SITC

Standard International Trade Classification

EU

European Union

WAEMU

West African Economic and Monetary Union

EUROSTAT

Statistical Office of the European Communities

UNECE

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United

UNECLAC

United Nations Economic Commission for Latin

Nations
FDI

Foreign Direct Investment

GCC

Gulf Co-operation Council

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GNP

Gross National Product

America and the Caribbean


UNCTAD

Development
UNIDO

cost, insurance and freight

f.o.b.

free on board

n.e.s.

not elsewhere specified

n.i.e.

not included elsewhere

United Nations Industrial Development


Organization

UNSD
c.i.f.

United Nations Conference on Trade and

United Nations Statistics Division

The following symbols are used in this publication:


...
0
$
Q1, Q2
I

not available
figure is zero or became zero due to rounding
not applicable
United States dollars
1st quarter, 2nd quarter
break in comparability of data series. Data after the symbol do not form a consistent series with those
from earlier years.

Billion means one thousand million.


Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
Unless otherwise indicated, (i) all value figures are expressed in U.S. dollars; (ii) trade figures include the intra-trade of free trade areas,
customs unions, geographical and other groups; (iii) merchandise trade figures are on a customs basis and (iv) merchandise exports are
f.o.b. and merchandise imports are c.i.f. Data for the latest year are provisional.
Closing date 31 August 2006

xiii

xiv

1. Highlights of world trade in 2005


After reaching a three-decade peak in 2004, global economic
growth decelerated in 2005 mainly due to weaker economic
activity in Europe, the United States and a number of emerging
markets (e.g. the Republic of Korea, Chinese Taipei and Brazil).
While Japans economic recovery strengthened, its GDP growth
was still a moderate 2.6 per cent. Lower economic growth of
developed economies contrasted with robust growth in 2005 for
Africa, the Middle East and the Commonwealth of Independent
States, which was in excess of 5 per cent. In developing Asia,
China and India, the most populous economies reported another
year of exceptional growth rates ranging from 8per cent to
10 per cent. In South and Central America, lower GDP growth
in Brazil contrasted with strong growth, of 6.5 per cent, for the
other countries in the region.
Lower economic activity at the global level caused a
deceleration in the expansion of world merchandise and services
trade. The volume of merchandise exports rose by 6 per cent,
significantly faster than world merchandise production.
Manufacturing output continued to grow faster than the mining
and agricultural sectors, and for each sector, trade growth
remained stronger than output growth. Trade to GDP ratios
are crude measures of globalization; nevertheless, using these
measures, openness can be shown to have risen further in all
regions in 2005.
The steep rise in fuel prices in the course of 2005 resulted
in sharply higher prices for internationally traded goods but did
not trigger a general rise in domestic prices as measured by the
GDP deflator or consumer price indices. Prices for internationally
traded manufactured goods and agricultural products increased
even less in 2005 than in 2004, partly due to the relative
strength of the US dollar vis--vis the currencies of major traders
(Chart 1). The moderate appreciation of the Chinese Yuan vis-vis the US dollar since mid-2005, when the Chinese authorities
allowed greater flexibility in the Yuan, and the high growth
rate of the Chinese economy did not lead to a stronger rise
in Chinese export prices. The United States import prices of
manufactured goods from all sources stagnated in 2005 with
prices of imports from China even showing a small decline.1 But
the very modest price increase of traded manufactured goods
tends to conceal larger variations at a more disaggregated
level. In particular, export prices of electronic goods continued
to decline while those of iron and steel products and chemicals
recorded above average increases.
The higher fuels prices contributed to big changes in regional
trade flows, boosting the exports of the oil exporting regions
and economies and stimulating their import growth of goods
and services. The export share of the oil exports rose sharply
while those of oil importers tended to decline in world exports.
A major exception to this pattern is China which, despite the
fact of being a net-importer of fuels, reported much faster export
than import growth in 2005.
The phase out of the WTO Agreement on Textiles and
Clothing (ATC) and the end of the quantitative restrictions in
early 2005 had a major impact on international trade in textiles
and clothing, even though some restrictions were re-introduced
on Chinas textiles and clothing exports in the second half of
2005. One of the major repercussions of the lifting of the last

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

World Trade Developments in 2005


textile quotas in Canada, the EU and the United States was
a shift among the principal suppliers to these markets. As
shown already in WTR 2006, China and India made significant
inroads in market share while many suppliers from South and
Central America and Africa lost market shares, and in some
cases, recorded absolute declines in their shipments of textiles
and clothing. A number of Asian NICs also reported further
decreases in their textiles and clothing shipments in 2005.
The developments in merchandise trade flows contributed to
a further rise in global current account imbalances. Oil-exporting
economies and regions increased further their trade surplus as
did many Asian economies, while the United States trade deficit
rose to $ 783 billion equivalent to nearly 8 per cent of world
merchandise trade. Exchange rate developments of the Yen and
the European currencies in the course of 2005 did not support
a reduction in the United States current account deficit while
the strength of the Canadian dollar most likely played a part
in the rise of US exports to Canada. The small appreciation of
the Chinese Yuan in the second half of 2005 had apparently no
impact on the overall bi-lateral trade flows between China and
the United States (Chart 2).
The rapid development of Chinas trade since joining the
WTO in 2001 has enhanced its role in international trade. China
became the third largest merchandise trader in 2004 and is likely
to become the number two trader (exports plus imports) in 2007
(on a country basis). In the past, two aspects of Chinas rise in
trade caught a lot of attention: first the impact of Chinas exports
on developed country markets and on its own development.
Since 2003 China has emerged as a principal market of primary
products while post-ATC textiles trade developments increased
the awareness that Chinas exports are affecting the exports
of other developing countries in third markets and heightening
competition within developing countries home markets. This
overview of 2005 trade developments highlights some features
of Chinas trade with Africa, showing that trade has more
than tripled in both directions since 2002 and that Chinas
imports from Africa exceed its exports to Africa. It also shows
Chart 1

Rise in merchandise export unit values by sector in 2004


and 2005 products, 2005
(Annual percentage change)

35
2004

30

2005
25
20
15
10
5
0

The stability in US import prices of manufactured goods continued into the first
half of 2006.

Fuels and mining


products

Agricultural
products

Manufactures

All products

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Chart 2

Dollar changes vis--vis European and Asian currenciesa, 2001-06


(Indices Jan 2001=100)

120

120

Asia

Europe
110

110

100

100

90

90
Japanese Yen
NICsb

80

80

70

Chinese Yuan

70
2001

2002

2003

2004

2001

2005

2002

2003

2004

2005

a Currency baskets weighted by trade values.European currencies are those of Euro Area, the UK, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, Bulgaria, Czech Rep, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia,
Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovak Rep.
b Trade weighted currency basket of the Korean won, the Singapore dollar and Chinese Taipei dollar.
Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics and WTO Secretariat calculations.

that the product structure of the bilateral trade flow is highly


complementary as China largely exports manufactured goods
and imports principally non-manufactured goods, mainly fuels
and some agricultural products, from Africa.

2. Merchandise trade volume and


output developments in 2005
In 2005, the volume of merchandise exports rose by 6 per
cent. Although this years annual growth represents a marked
deceleration compared with that of the preceding year, it
remained above the average expansion of the period 2000-05.
The deceleration of real merchandise trade growth can be largely
attributed to moderation in the shipments of manufactured
goods, by far the largest component of world merchandise trade.
Nevertheless, the 2005 expansion of nearly 7 per cent was still
somewhat stronger than the annual average growth over the
2000-05 period and faster than that of trade in the two other
sectors.
In 2005, trade growth in the mining sector slowed sharply
to 2.5 per cent in real terms while production increased
only marginally by 1 per cent (Chart 3 and Table I.1). Tight
production capacities combined with sharply higher prices
limited the expansion of trade in mining products, producing the
weakest expansion of all sectors.
In contrast to the trade of manufactured and mining products,
trade in agricultural products gained momentum in 2005
growing at 5.3 per cent, the strongest annual increase since
1997. Robust trade growth contrasted with the near stagnation
of global agricultural production. The acceleration in world
exports of agricultural products in volume terms can be linked to
2

North Americas exports which recovered in 2005, the continued


strength of agricultural shipments originating from South and
Central America and a somewhat stronger increase in Europes
agricultural products exports.
World trade in all three sectors expanded faster than sectoral
output, a typical feature observed over the last two decades.
Trade in manufactured goods again grew much faster that
manufacturing output although due to the cyclical downswing
the margin was sharply reduced from the exceptional level in
2004. While there is a rather close relationship between the
annual trade and output growth in the manufacturing sector
the link is less strong for the agricultural and the mining sector.
A marked rise in the agricultural output of net-importers can
reduce its import requirements and contribute to a slowdown
in global trade growth. The reverse situation of a strong import
demand in the food importing countries coupled with limited
domestic agricultural output growth (like many oil exporting
countries ) can stimulate world trade growth with only a limited
impact on global output. Sluggish agricultural production in a
given year tends to lower exports of more than one period, with
the reduction in exports likely to be even larger in the calendar
year following a year with a poor harvest. At the regional level
the available information for 2005 points to a small decrease
of agricultural output in both North America and Europe but an
increase in their agricultural exports2.

A major difficulty in comparing trade and output in the agricultural sector is due
to the importance of processed food in agricultural trade while these products are
only partly included in agricultural output.
2

Volume growth of world merchandise trade and output


by sector in 2005
(Percentage change)

World
output

Agriculture
World
trade

Fuels and
mining
products

Output
Trade

Manufactures

3. Merchandise and commercial


services trade in value terms
World merchandise exports rose by 13 per cent to $10.2
trillion in 2005. Commercial services exports expanded by
10 per cent and amounted to $2.4 trillion in 2005. For the third
year in a row, the growth in commercial services exports lagged
behind that of merchandise exports (Table 1).
Highly divergent price developments among sectors resulted
in large differences in the dollar value growth of the three
major merchandise product categories in 2005. Prices for
most agricultural and manufactured products increased only
moderately in 2005 and less rapidly than in the preceding year.
In contrast, prices for fuels and mining products surged by
33 per cent in 2005 (Chart 1 and Table A 26).
Chart 4 reports world merchandise exports by 14 product
groups ranked by their annual dollar value growth in 2005. The
strongest annual increase, slightly more than 40 per cent, is
reported for fuels. Almost all of this increase can be attributed
to the higher prices for crude oil and natural gas. World

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

exports in fuels amounted to $1.4 trillion and its share in world


merchandise exports reached 13.8 per cent, its highest level in
almost two decades.
Prices of metals continued to rise sharply in 2005 with large
increases for iron ore (71 per cent), uranium (55 per cent), zinc
(31 per cent) and copper (28 per cent) (Table A 26). These price
changes were the principal reasons for the sharp increase in the
trade value of ores and minerals and non-ferrous metals and
contributed largely to the marked expansion of world exports of
iron and steel products.
In contrast to longer term developments, but continuing
with developments over the last two years, world trade in
manufactured products lagged behind the growth in total
merchandise trade in 2005. Among the manufactured goods,
iron and steel products were the only product group which
experienced a double digit price increase, which implies that
most of the increase in trade value of nearly 18 per cent in 2005
can be attributed to price changes. Large regional differences in
the expansion of trade in this product group could be observed
in 2005: intra European trade rose by about 10 per cent, less
than half of the expansion rate observed for intra-Asian or intraNorth American trade (Table IV.30).
Pharmaceutical products had the strongest export growth of
all manufactured products between 2000 and 2005 but their
annual growth in 2005 remained below that of other chemicals,
which include petrochemicals. Exports of office and telecom
equipment rose by 11 per cent in 2005. For the first time
since the burst of the internet/communication boom in 2001,
trade in this sector outstripped the growth in manufactured
goods. Throughout the 1990s, trade in office and telecom
products had expanded about two times faster than trade in
other manufactured goods. The renewed strength in office
and telecom equipment is entirely due to telecommunications
equipment and differs thereby from the developments in the
1990s. Trade in this sub-group surged by 19 per cent to $ 465
billion while shipments of electronic data processing and office
equipment and integrated circuits and electronic components
increased by 8 per cent and 5 per cent respectively. In the
1990s, exports of computers and semi-conductors had been
more dynamic than telecom equipment. The current strength of
trade in telecom equipment is due to vigorous demand growth
for mobile phones, wireless telecom equipment and flat panel
display colour televisions.

Chart 3

Table 1

World exports of merchandise and commercial services, 2000-05


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Annual percentage change


2005

2000-05

2002

2003

2004

2005

10159

10

17

22

13

852

16

15

Fuels and mining products

1748

15

-1

24

33

36

Manufactures

7312

16

21

10

2415

10

14

20

10

570

10

13

24

12

Merchandise
Agricultural products

Commercial services
Transportation
Travel
Other commercial services

685

10

18

1160

12

10

18

18

11

Source: WTO

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Chart 4

World merchandise exports by product group, 2005


(Annual percentage change)

Fuels ($1400bn)
Ores & minerals
($149bn)
Iron and steel ($318bn)
Non-ferrous metals
($199bn)
Other chemicals
($832bn)
Scientific and controlling
instruments ($211bn)
Office & telecom. equip.
($1275bn)
Other semi manufactures
($711bn)
Pharmaceuticals
($272bn)
Other machinery
($1274bn)
Agricultural products
($852bn)
Automotive products
($914bn)

Average

Clothing ($276bn)
Textiles($203bn)

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

World exports of automotive products rose by 6 per cent in


2005, markedly less than in the proceeding year and less than
in the period 2000-05. World automobile production slowed
down, advancing by 2 per cent if measured crudely in unit terms.
Divergent trends in regional demand growth and shifts in the
location of automobile production continued to shape trade
flows in 2005. High import demand in the oil exporting regions
and in developing Asia contrasted with sluggish demand in many
European countries. Intra-European trade, which amounts for
40 per cent of world trade in automotive products, stagnated
in dollar terms in 2005 following a rise of 20 per cent in the
preceding year. The growth in intra-North American trade
in automotive products slowed down to match the pace of
overall world trade expansion in 2005. Intra-Asian trade rose
12 per cent, nearly two times faster than world trade (Table
IV.62).
Japan, the largest exporter of automotive products, recorded
an increase of 6 per cent in its exports, matching the overall
trade expansion. Rather large variations could be observed in
Japans exports by destination, reflecting differences in regional
demand developments. Shipments to the EU(25) decreased
by 5 per cent while exports to South and Central America, the
CIS, Africa and the Middle East increased at double-digit rates.
Shipments to China recorded a decrease although the domestic
market continued to expand strongly. One prominent feature of
automotive trade in 2005 is the dynamic growth in shipments by
a large number of smaller exporters, in particular Brazil, China
and Thailand which increased their automotive product exports
between 38 and 58 per cent. The Republic of Korea, already
the worlds fifth largest exporter, also saw double-digit export
growth in 2005 (Table IV 66).
The phasing out of the quotas of the Agreement on Textiles
and Clothing (ATC) in early 2005 did not result in an increase
in global textiles and clothing trade but in major shifts among
exporters3. The rather moderate expansion of global textiles and
clothing exports of nearly 4 per cent and 6 per cent respectively
3
In the second half of 2005 both the EU and the United States asked and
obtained a temporary self-restriction on textiles and clothing exports from China.

can be attributed to weak European demand and a substitution


process, in which imports of developed markets from China
and India, which had high domestic content, replaced supplies
with a high import or foreign trade content such as EU imports
from North Africa or US imports from Central America and the
Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Intra-EU trade in textiles decreased by 7 per cent and EU(25)
textiles exports for processing to the three Mediterranean
countries (i.e. Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey) and the Balkan
countries (i.e. Bulgaria and Romania) decreased by 9 per cent
and 4 per cent respectively (see Table IV81). As United States
imports of clothing from South and Central America decreased
by 7 per cent, US shipments of textiles and clothing (mainly for
processing) decreased also by 7 per cent.
Among the main features of international trade in textiles and
clothing, one can point to the enhanced role of China, India and
Pakistan. These countries increased their exports of textiles and
clothing between 16 and 26 per cent in 2005. A double-digit
increase was also reported for Turkish textiles and Bangladeshs
clothing exports in 2005. A decline in textiles exports can be
observed for the EU(25), Hong Kong, China, the Republic of
Korea, Chinese Taipei and Japan. The regions with a relative
small share in world clothing exports such as North America, the
CIS, Africa and South and Central America experienced a decline
of the dollar value of their shipments in 2005.
Chinas rise in world clothing exports was, until recently,
combined with a sharp rise in its cotton and textiles imports. In
2005, however, Chinas textiles imports stagnated while textiles
and clothing exports rose by about 20 per cent, increasing
the countys trade surplus in textiles and clothing sector by
$20 billion to $100 billion.
World exports of agricultural products rose by 8 per cent to
$852 billion. The trade expansion at the global level was very
similar for the three major groups: fish, other food products and
agricultural raw materials. More variation could be observed in
the performance of major traders. Exports of the United States,
Canada, Thailand and Malaysia increased between 2 per cent
and 4 per cent and those of Australia declined after the sharp
rise in the preceding year. Brazil, Argentina and Indonesia,
however, recorded a double-digit increase in their agricultural
exports in 2005 (Table IV8).
Other major developments in agricultural trade in 2005
comprise the near stagnation of Japans imports and a strong
rise in shipments to the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia and the
United Arab Emirates. EU(25) imports from third countries rose 5
per cent, less than the expansion in EU(25) extra-exports (7 per
cent). However, the former continued to exceed the latter by a
large margin.
International receipts from transportation services rose
by 12 per cent in 2005, again faster than those from other
commercial services and travel services which are estimated
to have grown in dollar terms by 11 per cent and 8 per cent
respectively (see Table 1). The relative strength of transportation
services in a year with less dynamic merchandise trade growth
points to the importance of stronger price increases in the
transportation sector.

Overview
In 2005, world merchandise exports by region were again
shaped by relative price developments and the product structure
of regional exports. As in 2004, the strongest value increase in
merchandise exports was reported by the Middle East, followed
by Africa, the CIS and South America. These four regions
merchandise exports contain a high share of mining products
(ranging from 70 per cent for the Middle East to 40 per cent
for South and Central America). Their exports also grew much
faster than imports. The inverse picture can be observed for
Europe, North America and Asia for which imports continued
to expand faster than exports, the later consisting primarily of
manufactures4 (Chart 5).
Chart 5

World merchandise trade by region, 2005


(Annual percentage change in dollar values)

Middle East
Africa
Commonwealth of
Independent States
South and Central
America
Asia

Imports
North America

Exports
Average

Europe

10

15

20

25

30

35

Europe, the largest merchandise trader among all regions, had


the smallest increase in exports. North Americas merchandise
exports again rose less than the world average while Asias
exports and imports rose slightly faster than global merchandise
trade.
The commercial services trade expansion was markedly
different across regions in 2005. Europe, the largest services
trader, had the lowest export growth (about 8 per cent) while
South and Central America together with the CIS recorded export
and import growth which was twice that of the global average
of 10 per cent. North Americas exports and imports reported
growth rates roughly the same as the world average.
Taking a medium term perspective, one observes that the
leading position of Europe in world commercial services has been
maintained despite the developments in 2005. Over the last
five years, Europes share in world commercial services exports
and imports fluctuated around one-half. Its share in 2005 was
somewhat higher than in 2000. The shares of North America
and South and Central America in world commercial services
In 2005, manufactured products accounted for 75 per cent of North America's
merchandise exports, 80 per cent of Europe's exports and 83 per cent of Asia's
exports.

exports and imports decreased between the years 2000 and


2005. North America was a net-exporter and South and Central
America a net-importer of commercial services throughout that
period.
The Asian region gained market share in world exports of
commercial services and its commercial services receipts exceed
those of North America since 2002. Asias commercial services
imports are estimated to have expanded less rapidly than world
trade but continue to exceed its exports. The reduced share of
Asia in world commercial services imports is largely due to the
lower share of Japan, the regions largest importer.
Africa, the Middle East and the CIS all recorded higher shares
in world commercial services exports and imports in 2005 than
in 2000. The three regions continue to be net-importers of
commercial services and their combined imports accounted for
9.3 per cent of world commercial services imports in 2005.

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

4. Regional trade flows

North America
North Americas economic growth slowed to 3.2 per cent
in 2005, a rate of growth still well above that of the longer
term average of the last fifteen years. Weaker economic activity
could be observed in each of the three economies forming
the region. Higher energy and metal prices on world markets
benefited the exports of Canada and Mexico and contributed
to an appreciation of their currencies vis--vis the US dollar.
The already large United States merchandise trade deficit,
however, widened further under the impact of higher fuel prices.
The severe damage caused by the exceptionally devastating
hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico had only a limited effect on
United States merchandise trade but it increased, temporarily,
the prevailing shortages in fuel supplies and sustained the rise in
fuel prices.
United States imports, which had been a major driving force
in the global trade expansion in 2003 and 2004, rose 6 per cent
in volume terms in 2005, far less than in the preceding year.
Although United States merchandise export growth weakened,
it exceeded for the first time since 1996 its own import growth
and the global trade expansion for the first time since 1999.
Canadas imports continued to expand strongly while its exports
weakened considerably when adjusted for price changes. North
Americas exports and imports rose by 6 per cent, the same rate
as the world average (Table 2).
Measured in current dollar value terms, North Americas
merchandise imports continued (for the fourth consecutive year)
to increase faster than its exports. The share of intra-trade in
North Americas imports continued to shrink and amounted to
less than 40 per cent in 2005. On the exports side, however,
the share of intra-trade remained at nearly 56 per cent in 2005,
almost at the same level over the last five years. Developments
over the last five years contrasted markedly with those of
the 1990s, when the weight of intra-trade increased sharply
boosted by the creation of NAFTA (Table III.17). Intra-trade is of
paramount importance to both Canada and Mexico which export
more than 8 out of 10 dollars to the United States. In contrast,
only 4 out of 10 dollars of US export earnings are obtained from
shipments to Canada or Mexico.
North Americas exports to South and Central America,
the Middle East and Africa rose sharply but these shipments
combined, account for less than 10 per cent of North Americas
exports, just one percentage point more than in 2000. Exports
to Asia recorded the smallest gains of all destinations as the
strength in shipments to China (21 per cent) was balanced by
a certain sluggishness of those destined to Japan and other
Asian developing economies. North Americas exports to Europe,

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Table 2

GDP and trade developments in North America, 2000-05


(Annual percentage change)
North America

GDP

Canada

United States

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2.2

0.8

1.6

2.4

3.9

3.2

2.2

0.8

1.6

2.5

3.9

3.2

2.5

1.8

2.9

1.8

3.3

2.9

Merchandise
Exports (value)

-6

-4

14

12

-7

-5

13

10

-6

-3

16

14

Imports (value)

-6

16

14

-6

17

14

-7

14

15

Exports (volume)

1.5

-5.0

-2.5

1.5

8.0

6.0

1.5

-6.0

-4.0

3.0

8.5

7.0

1.0

-4.0

0.5

-1.0

7.0

3.5

Imports (volume)

4.0

-3.5

3.5

4.5

10.5

6.5

4.5

-3.0

4.5

5.5

11.0

5.5

3.5

-6.0

1.5

4.0

8.5

9.0

Commercial services
Exports (value)

-4

13

10

-4

14

10

-4

12

Imports (value)

-1

15

-2

16

-1

16

13

10

Source: WTO

its third largest export market, expanded less rapidly than on


average (Chart 6).
North Americas exports of both manufactured goods and
fuels and mining products rose by 10 per cent and 34 per cent
respectively in 2005, very similar to the world average. North
Americas exports of agricultural products, however, continued
to lag as in the preceding years well behind the growth of
world agricultural trade.
Among the manufactured goods, high growth rates were
reported for exports of aircraft, telecom equipment and iron and
steel while stagnation or declines in values could be observed for
electronic data equipment, integrated circuits and clothing.

Chart 6

North America's merchandise exports by region, 2005


(Percentage shares)

South & Central


America
5.9%

Middle East
Africa
2.3%
1.2%

CIS
0.5%

Other Europe
1.5%
EU(25)
14.6%

USA
32.8%

Europe
16.1%

China
3.3%

North
America
55.8%

Asia
18.3%

Japan
4.4%
Other Asia
10.6%
Mexico
8.3%

Canada
14.6%

Commercial services exports of North America rose by


10 per cent to $422 billion. For the first time since 2001, export
growth exceeded import growth (9 per cent) and matched the
expansion of world commercial services exports. Although
import growth weakened in all three commercial services
categories, the deceleration was particularly pronounced in the
travel services category. Following a strong recovery in 2004,
travel expenditures by United States tourists abroad slowed
considerably in 2005.

South and Central America (including the


Caribbean)
Economic growth in South and Central America remained
strong overall in 2005 despite the markedly weaker economic
activity in Brazil, the regions largest economy. More than
15 countries in the region recorded GDP growth of at least
5 per cent and three of them (Argentina, the Dominican Republic
and Venezuela) reported exceptionally strong economic growth
in excess of 9 per cent. The renewed economic strength of
the region is very much linked to the global commodity boom
which increased not only investors confidence in the region
but contributed to a marked real effective appreciation of the
currencies of some countries, in particular those of Brazil and
Chile (Table 3).
Favourable price developments and strong domestic demand
boosted the volume of merchandise imports by 14 per cent,
exceeding by far the regional export growth (8.5 per cent).
The average regional import growth conceals contrasting
developments between Brazil and the other economies in the
region. The latter recorded import growth of 17 per cent in
volume terms while Brazils merchandise imports expanded by
only 5 per cent in 2005 (Table 3).
The dollar value of the regions merchandise exports
increased by 25 per cent to $355 billion. Intra-regional trade
expanded by 27 per cent and accounted for nearly one-quarter
of the regions total exports. Although the share of intra-regional
trade recovered from the low levels in 2002, it still remained

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Table 3

GDP and trade developments in South and Central America, 2000-05


(Annual percentage change)
South and Central America

Brazil

Other South and Central America

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2.7

0.5

-1.5

2.4

6.8

5.2

2.2

1.3

1.9

0.5

4.9

2.3

3.0

-0.1

-4.1

3.8

8.2

7.4

GDP
Merchandise
Exports (value)

13

-4

15

30

25

17

21

32

23

11

-7

12

28

26

Imports (value)

-1

-12

28

23

-1

-15

31

17

-1

-11

27

25

Exports (volume)

7.0

5.0

2.5

7.5

13.0

8.5

12.5

11.5

8.5

15.5

19.0

9.0

4.5

2.5

0.0

3.5

10.0

8.0

Imports (volume)

4.5

1.0 -10.5

1.5

19.0

14.0

1.0

-0.5 -12.5

-3.5

19.0

5.0

6.0

2.0

-9.5

3.5

19.0

17.0

Commercial services
Exports (value)

-2

-3

10

16

19

11

-3

21

28

-2

-4

10

15

17

Imports (value)

-11

15

21

-15

12

38

-10

16

14

Source: WTO

below that attained in 2000. Exports to North America,


Asia and the Middle East increased by about one-quarter in
2005. Merchandise exports to Europe showed an increase of
15 per cent, the weakest expansion of all destinations of South
and Central Americas shipments (Chart 7).
North America remained the most important destination for
South and Central Americas exports (33 per cent) although its
share has decreased markedly since 2000 when it accounted
for nearly 39 per cent. Most of these gains were due to the
outstanding growth of shipments to China whose average
annual growth rate was 37 per cent over the 2000-05 period.
South and Central Americas exports of fuels and mining
products rose by 37 per cent to $132 billion, exceeding for the
first time, the regions exports of manufactures ($121 billion),
although the rise of the latter group was twice that of world
trade in manufactures. Agricultural exports increased by
Chart 7

South and Central America's merchandise exports by


region, 2005
(Percentage shares)

Middle East
1.8%

CIS
1.6%

Unspecified
3.9%

16 per cent in 2005, also double the increase recorded at the


global level.
Chemicals, automotive products and iron and steel were
the major product groups which showed export growth rates in
excess of 25 per cent in 2005. Office and telecom equipment,
which still account for less than 2 per cent of South and Central
Americas exports, surged by 70 per cent to $6.5 billion. In
contrast to the dynamic overall trade expansion, clothing exports
decreased by 1 per cent to $13 billion while shipments of
textiles rose by 13 per cent to $2.8 billion, favoured by a strong
rebound in intra-regional trade. The decline in clothing exports
can be attributed largely to shipments to the Unites States which
decreased by 2 per cent to $12 billion in 2005. Clothing exports
within the region recovered further to $0.7 billion in 2005
exceeding the previous peak level in 2001.
Commercial services exports and imports of South and
Central America rose by about 20 per cent or two times faster
than global services trade. Brazil reported an outstandingly
strong expansion of its services trade. Imports surged by
38 per cent to $22.3 billion. The annual average appreciation
of the Brazilian currency by 17 per cent has most likely played
an important part in the 64 per cent rise of travel expenditure
in 2005. But this surge in travel expenditure to $4.7 billion in
2005 turns out to be less impressive since it still remained below
the level attained eight years earlier (Table 3).

Europe

Africa
2.7%

Asia
13.4%

Europe
19.1%

North
America
33.2%

South &
Central
America
24.3%

Among the major regions, Europe had the weakest economic


growth in 2005. Even taking into account the near stagnation
of its population size, per capita income growth was also
the lowest in the world. The sluggishness in Europe was
concentrated in the euro-area and the United Kingdom while the
ten new EU members and the Balkan countries recorded much
faster growth. Turkey, the largest European economy outside
the EU, grew by more than 7 per cent in 2005. As almost
three-quarters of Europes merchandise exports are destined to
other European countries, the sluggish economy resulted in poor
overall trade growth.
7

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Table 4

Chart 8

GDP and trade developments in Europe, 2000-05

Europe's merchandise exports by region, 2005

(Annual percentage change)

(Percentage shares)
2000-05

GDP

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1.6

1.7

1.3

1.2

2.3

1.7

Exports (value in dollars)

11

19

20

Imports (value in dollars)

10

-2

20

20

Merchandise

Exports (value in euros)

-1

Imports (value in euros)

Exports (volume)

3.5

2.5

2.0

2.0

7.0

3.5

Imports (volume)

3.0

0.5

1.0

3.0

7.0

3.5

Exports (value in dollars)

12

19

19

Imports (value in dollars)

11

18

17

Exports (value in euros)

-1

Imports (value in euros)

-1

Africa
2.6%
Middle East
2.8%
Other Asia
4.7%
Japan
1.4%
China
1.6%
Other NA
1.3%
USA
7.8%
Other Europe
6.5%

South & Central


America
CIS 1.3%
Unspecified
2.5%
0.9%

Asia
7.6%
N.A.
9.1%

Europe
73.2%
EU(25)
66.7%

Commercial services

Source: WTO

Table 4 summarizes Europes trade performance in recent


years. Merchandise exports (and imports) rose by 3.5 per cent
in volume terms, markedly less than in 2004 but still exceeding
the regions GDP growth. Intra-EU trade grew 2 per cent, much
weaker than extra-EU exports which rose by 6.5 per cent and
extra-EU imports which increased by 5 per cent in 2005.
Although the European currencies depreciated significantly in
the course of 2005, the annual average of the trade-weighted
basket of European currencies remained nearly unchanged if
compared with the 2004 average (Chart2). Consequently, for
the first time since 2001, the annual variation of trade values
changes are the same in dollar and euro terms.
Intra-European trade, which accounted for three quarters of
Europes exports and one-third of world merchandise exports in
2004, rose by 7 per cent in 2005, one of the smallest increase
of all major trade flows. Europes exports to North America
and Asia expanded close to the average increase of 8 per cent.
The United States continues to be a somewhat larger market
for European exporters than the entire Asian region (Chart
8). Among shipments to Asia, those destined for Japan and
Australia/New Zealand had been particularly sluggish (2 per cent
and 4.5 per cent respectively). European shipments to regions
exporting primarily fuels and other mining products had been
more dynamic but they still lagged behind each regions total
imports.
Europes merchandise exports of agricultural products and
manufactured goods increased by 6.5 per cent. Exports of
fuels and other mining products rose by nearly 30 per cent to
$405 billion, exceeding in value terms exports of agricultural
products for the first time. Among the manufactured goods
the more dynamic categories (with trade growth of at least
10 per cent) included iron and steel, chemicals and office and
telecom equipment. Sluggish export growth was observed
for automotive products (3 per cent), which accounted for
12 per cent of Europes total merchandise exports. Decreases of
8

4 and 2 per cent were reported for export shipments of textiles


and integrated circuits respectively (Table III.32).
Europes commercial services exports and imports, which
account for more than half of world services trade, increased
by 8 per cent, slightly less than the global average. The United
Kingdom, the regions largest services exporter, reported only
modest increases in its exports while Germany and Italy recorded
export increases of 10 per cent and 13 per cent respectively.
Among the three services categories, transportation services
(exports and imports) showed the strongest growth with travel
services the weakest growth in 2005. Europes commercial
services exports continued to exceed commercial services imports
in all three services categories.

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Economic growth in the CIS continued to be very strong
in 2005, even if the pace of economic expansion decelerated
somewhat compared with the preceding year. GDP growth of
the Russian Federation reached 6.4 per cent, somewhat less
vigorous than the growth in the other CIS member states. The
GDP growth rates of these economies showed much greater
variance in 2005 than in the preceding years. Azerbaijan and
Armenia achieved double digit GDP growth (24 and 14 per cent
respectively) whereas economic activity stagnated in the Kyrgyz
Republic. The Ukraine, the second largest economy in the
CIS, experienced a sharp deceleration of its GDP growth from
12 per cent in 2004 to only 2.5 per cent in 2005.
The substantial increase in foreign exchange earnings of the
region are linked to the high level of fuels and metal prices in
recent years which sustained economic growth and contributed
to a surge in the volume of merchandise imports. In 2005, the
volume of merchandise imports is estimated to have increased by
18 per cent, a little faster than in 2004 and far stronger than the
rise of the regions export volume (4.5 per cent) (Table 5).
As prices of merchandise exports increased much faster than
import prices, the rise in the dollar value of CIS merchandise
exports continued to expand faster than imports and led to
a larger merchandise trade surplus in 2005. Over the last
three years, both exports and imports surged by more than
100 per cent, lifting the regions share in world merchandise

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Table 5

GDP and trade developments in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) , 2000-05
(Annual percentage change)
CIS

Russian Federation

Other

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

6.7

6.2

5.3

7.7

8.0

6.7

6.0

5.1

4.7

7.3

7.2

6.4

8.4

9.2

6.7

GDP

2003

2004

2005

8.7 10.1

7.3

Merchandise
Exports (value)

18

-1

27

36

28

18

-3

27

35

33

19

28

40

17

Imports (value)

22

16

10

27

31

25

23

20

13

25

28

29

20

10

31

34

20

Exports (volume)

8.5

4.5

8.5

12.5

13.0

4.5

Imports (volume)

15.5

24.5

8.0

12.5

16.0

18.0

Commercial services
Exports (value)

20

13

20

16

29

20

21

17

20

20

25

21

18

19

12

33

20

Imports (value)

21

24

19

17

28

19

19

22

15

16

23

18

26

28

28

18

37

22

Source: WTO

exports to a peak level of 3.3 per cent, more than twice the level
recorded in the early 1990s.
CIS merchandise exports to Europe, which account for
more than one half of its exports, increased by 30 per cent
to $178 billion. Intra-regional trade grew by 12 per cent, the
lowest rate of increase of all destinations in 2005. This relatively
small increase can be attributed largely to two factors: first, the
markedly lower share of fuels in intra-trade than in extra-regional
trade and the more moderate rise of intra-fuels trade in 2005,
which is partly due to smaller price hikes. Although CIS exports
to China rose by 28 per cent, shipments to the entire Asian
region increased by only 13.5 per cent. Exports to Africa and
South and Central America increased by more than one third but
the shares of these two regions did not exceed 2 per cent of the
regions merchandise exports (Chart 9).

Chart 9

Merchandise exports of the CIS by region, 2005


(Percentage shares)

South &
Central
America
2.0%

Africa
1.4%

Unspecified
5.5%

Middle East
3.1%
North America
5.7%
Asia
11.8%

Europe
52.3%

CIS
18.1%

Exports by product group evolved in 2005 at highly divergent


rates which can only partly be explained by price developments.
Oil and gas shipments increased in dollar terms by 45 per cent
and this group alone accounted for more than one-half of CIS
merchandise exports. Exports of iron and steel ($36 billion),
agricultural products ($26 billion) and chemicals ($20 billion)
expanded by about 20 per cent in 2005. Machinery and
transport equipment ($20 billion) exports increased by less than
3 per cent and textiles and clothing exports even declined by
7 per cent and 14 per cent respectively.
Commercial services exports and imports of the CIS region
expanded by one-fifth, or about twice the rate of global
expansion in 2005. The regions commercial services imports
amounted to $62 billion and exceeded its exports by $20 billion.
A noteworthy feature of CIS commercial services trade is that
the region enjoyed a surplus of nearly $7 billion in transportation
services but recorded a deficit in travel and other commercial
services of $12.7 billion and 14.4 billion respectively.

Africa
A favourable global environment for Africas principal
exports, a reduction in the outstanding external public debt
through the Debt Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
(HIPC) and an increase in FDI inflows were factors which led
to the highest economic growth in the region in more than five
years. Economic growth was spread broadly in the region as 26
economies recorded a GDP growth of at least 5 per cent in 2005
according to recent IMF estimates. Among these fast growing
African economies are those with the largest population: Nigeria,
Ethiopia and the Republic of Congo. Angola and Chad recorded
even double digit GDP growth by expanding strongly their crude
oil production. South Africa, the regions largest economy, also
reported its most vigorous GDP growth in five years (Table 6).
However, sluggish economic growth was reported in Morocco,
Cte dIvoire and Togo, while Zimbabwe saw its economy shrink
for the seventh year in a row.
The expansion of the value of Africas merchandise exports
by 29 per cent in 2005 was largely driven by price changes.
Adjusted for price changes, it is estimated that Africas
9

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Table 6

GDP and trade developments in Africa, 2000-05


(Annual percentage change)
Africa

South Africa

Other Africa

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

4.0

3.4

3.2

4.1

4.6

4.7

3.7

2.7

3.7

3.0

4.5

4.9

4.0

3.7

3.1

4.5

4.6

4.6

Exports (value)

15

-7

25

30

29

12

-2

23

26

13

16

-8

26

31

34

Imports (value)

14

20

29

19

16

-5

36

39

13

13

16

26

21

Exports (value)

13

26

20

12

15

-7

69

14

14

12

20

22

12

Imports (value)

13

16

19

21

15

-10

52

26

15

13

11

18

22

GDP
Merchandise

Commercial services

Source: WTO

merchandise exports expanded somewhat less rapidly than the


world average rate of 6 per cent. Imports in volume terms (i.e.
adjusted for price changes) increased much faster than exports
although in dollar terms the opposite development is observed
as import prices increased on average far less than export prices.
Africas merchandise exports are largely destined to Europe
but Europes share has decreased markedly in recent years
from more than one-half in 2001 to about 43 per cent in
2005 (Chart 10). The corresponding gains occurred largely for
shipments destined to North America which accounted for onefifth of Africas merchandise exports and recorded the strongest
increase (41 per cent) of all destinations in 2005. Africas
exports to Asia are estimated to have increased by 20 per cent
with shipments to China rising by more than one-third. There
is some uncertainty in the estimates of African exports to Asia,
as some major exporters in Africa and some major importers in
Asia do not provide a full breakdown of their trade by partner.
These types of statistical difficulties also affect the accuracy of
estimates on intra-African trade. Available data at the time of
writing point to an increase in intra-African trade of less than
20 per cent in 2005. This implies a decrease on the part of intraregional trade, which account for nearly 10 per cent of Africas
merchandise exports.
The intensification of economic relations and the sharp rise
in trade flows between Africa and China has attracted much
attention recently. Chinas trade statistics provide detailed and
up-to-date information on these trade flows which allows us
to review these developments. According to Chinese customs
statistics, imports from Africa increased fourfold between
2002 and 2005 while Chinese exports to Africa tripled to
$18.6 billion.5 Chinese imports (valued c.i.f.) exceeded Chinese
shipments to Africa in 2005. The trade between China and
Africa is complementary, as more than 90 per cent of Chinese
exports are manufactured goods while more than 90 per cent of
its imports from Africa consist of primary products.
Prominent categories in Chinas exports to Africa are
machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing while on
the import side, fuels, other mining products and agricultural
5
The sharp rise in bilateral trade flows continued unabated in the first half of
2006. China's exports to Africa increased by 30 per cent and imports from Africa
by one half in the first six months of 2006.

10

Chart 10

Africa's merchandise exports by region, 2005


(Percentage shares)

Middle East
1.7%

CIS
0.3%

Unspecified
6.8%

South &
Central
America
2.8%

Africa
8.9%

Europe
42.9%
Asia
16.3%

North America
20.2%

raw materials are the principal product groups (Chart 11 and


Appendix Table A19).
The product structure of Africas merchandise exports has
always been strongly affected by price developments. Due to
the sharp rise of fuel prices and an increase in oil production,
the share of fuels reached 59 per cent in Africas merchandise
exports, a peak level for the 1990-2005 period. Exports of fuels
increased by more than 40 per cent in 2005 while shipments of
agricultural products and manufactured goods increased by 8 per
cent and 12 per cent respectively. African exports of chemical
products expanded faster than other manufactures while clothing
exports are estimated to have declined.
In 2005, Africas commercial services exports and imports
continued to expand faster than the world average for the third
consecutive year. Commercial services imports increased by
20 per cent to $69 billion and exceeded the regions exports by
about $12 billion. Travel receipts are of paramount importance
to Africas commercial services exports. It is estimated that more
than one-half of its commercial services exports consist of travel

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Chart 11

China's merchandise trade with Africa, 2000-05


(Billion dollars and percentage shares)

Shares

Dollar values
Primary prod.

Manufactures

100

25

Agri. prod.

Exports

Other
manufactures

80

20
Imports
15

60

10

40

20

Other mining
products

Clothing
Fuels

Textiles

Machinery
and
transport
equipment

0
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

Exports

2005

services and in contrast to the other two services categories,


Africas travel receipts exceed travel expenditures.

The Middle East


The Middle East had strong overall economic growth in 2005,
despite a lack of political stability in parts of the region. The
three large oil exporters, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and
Iran grew between 8 per cent and 5.5 per cent according to IMF
estimates. Economic activity increased well below the regional
average in Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen.
Jordan, a net-importer of oil, grew by 7 per cent, one of the
fastest rate growth rates in the region (Table 7).
Merchandise exports of the region rose by 35 per cent to
$538 billion in 2005, more than twice the level recorded only
three years earlier. Import growth lagged well behind that of
exports, resulting in a large increase in the regions merchandise

Imports

trade surplus. Middle Easts merchandise exports to Asia surged


by more than 40 per cent and accounted for more than one-half
of the regions total exports in 2005. More than 70 per cent
of exports to Asia go to developing countries, in large parts to
the Republic of Korea, China, India and Singapore. Exports to
Europe, the second largest export market of the region, increased
by one-third keeping the share unchanged at 16 per cent. Since
2003, the share of North America and that of intra-regional
trade is estimated to have decreased somewhat to 12 per cent
and 10 per cent respectively in 2005 (Chart 12).
As the Middle Easts merchandise exports consist largely of
fuels (69 per cent in 2005), it is not always realized that the
regions exports of manufactured goods are also growing rapidly.

Chart 12

Middle East's merchandise exports by region, 2005


Table 7

(Percentage shares)

GDP and trade developments in the Middle East, 2000-05

South &
Central
America
0.6%

(Annual percentage change)


2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

3.4

1.6

1.5

5.1

6.8

5.7

Exports (value)

15

-11

22

32

35

Imports (value)

14

14

31

17

Exports (value)

11

-4

27

14

13

Imports (value)

12

-4

19

20

18

GDP
Merchandise

Commercial services

CIS
0.6%

Unspecified
5.2%

Africa
2.9%
Middle East
10.1%

Asia
52.2%

North
America
12.3%
Europe
16.1%

Source: WTO

11

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

The United Arab Emirates has become a large trading hub and
its exports (including re-exports) exceeded with $48 billion those
of Israel ($40 billion).6 Saudi Arabia and Jordan more than
tripled their exports of manufactures over the last five years, the
first mainly due to its chemical and the latter due to its clothing
exports.
Commercial services imports of the Middle East expanded
by 18 per cent to $85 billion in 2005. The regions imports
exceeded exports by about $30 billion. In each of the three
services categories, imports exceeded exports. A particular
feature of the Middle Easts commercial services imports is
that transportation services are the most important of all three
services categories.

that of the middle and low income countries in Asia. China


and India, the developing Asian economies with the largest
population, as well as Pakistan and Vietnam, reported a vigorous
GDP growth of between 8 and 10 per cent in 2005.
Variations in overall economic growth are mirrored in the
trade performance with real trade growth differing largely
between Japan and the developing Asian economies. While
Japans trade slowed sharply in 2005, advancing far less than the
global average, the volume of developing Asias trade continued
to expand faster than world trade. Chinas merchandise exports
were apparently not affected by the global trade slowdown nor
by the moderate appreciation of its currency vis--vis the US
dollar, as they expanded by one-quarter, about the same rate as
in 2004. Chinese merchandise imports, however, decelerated
sharply and their growth rate of 12 per cent was only half that of
its exports (Table 8).
Measured in US dollars, the value of Asias merchandise
imports and exports rose by 16 per cent in 2005, lifting the
regions merchandise trade surplus to a record level.
Intra-Asian trade, which accounts for slightly more than
one-half of Asias merchandise exports, increased marginally
less rapidly than total exports. Japans exports to the region
expanded by 5 per cent, far less than those of Australia/New
Zealand. North America and Western Europe combined account
for about 40 per cent of Asias merchandise exports and exports
to these destinations grew somewhat less strong than intratrade. Asias exports to South and Central America and the CIS
were particularly buoyant and those to the Middle East and
Africa also grew above the average rate (Chart 13 and Table
III.68).

Asia (including Oceania)


Economic growth in Asia remained very strong overall in
2005 but varied significantly between developed and developing
countries. The three developed Asian countries Japan, Australia
and New Zealand recorded only moderate economic growth
of between 2 per cent and 3 per cent, even though Japans
economy reported its best performance since 2000. The more
advanced developing economies such as the Republic of Korea,
Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, China and Singapore recorded
weaker activity than in 2004 and average GDP growth below
6
Nearly 40 per cent of Israel's exports of manufactured goods consist of (cut)
diamonds.

Table 8

GDP and trade developments in Asia, 2000-05


(Annual percentage change)
Asia

Japan

Developing Asia

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

3.3

2.1

2.8

3.8

4.4

4.3

0.8

0.4

0.1

1.8

2.3

2.6

6.2

4.3

6.3

6.5

7.4

6.9

Exports (value)

11

-9

19

25

16

-16

13

20

13

-7

10

20

27

19

Imports (value)

11

-7

19

26

16

-8

-3

14

19

13

13

-7

21

30

17

Exports (volume)

8.5

-3.5

11.0

11.5

14.5

10.0

2.5

-9.5

8.0

5.0

10.5

0.5

11.0

-1.0

13.0

15.0

16.0

13.5

Imports (volume)

8.0

-2.5

8.0

13.5

14.5

7.5

3.5

-2.0

2.0

7.0

7.0

2.5

9.5

-2.5

10.0

15.5

17.0

9.0

Exports (value)

11

-1

10

28

14

-6

25

14

13

10

29

15

Imports (value)

-2

24

12

-7

-1

21

12

11

26

16

GDP
Merchandise

Commercial services

a Defined as Asia excluding Japan, Australia and New Zealand.


Source: WTO

12

Asia's merchandise exports by region, 2005


(Percentage shares)

Africa
1.9%

South & Central


America
1.9% CIS
1.3%

Unspecified
0.6%

Middle East
3.2%
Other Europe
1.1%

Other Asia
29.3%

EU(25)
16.8%

Europe
17.9%

Other NA
2.1%

Asia
51.2%

North
America
21.9%
China
10%

USA
19.7%
Aust/NZ
2.8%

Japan
8.8%

Asias exports of manufactures rose 14 per cent in 2005,


markedly less than in the preceding year, but still faster than
the global average. Shipments of iron and steel, and chemicals
rose by about 20 per cent while those of office and telecom
equipment, textiles and clothing increased by somewhat more
than 10 per cent. The moderate expansion in textiles and
clothing trade was partly due to sluggish intra-regional trade.
Intra-regional textiles trade is estimated to have expanded by
five per cent and that of clothing even contracted by 5 per cent.
The regions exports of automotive products rose by 12 per cent
in 2005. Moderate growth of Japans exports (5 per cent)
contrasted with the robust growth of Korean shipments and a
surge in exports from China, Thailand and India (see Table IV.67).
Commercial services exports of Asia increased by 14 per cent
to $525 billion in 2005. Imports continued to expand somewhat
less than exports but they still exceeded exports by 9 per cent.
In 2000, the excess of services imports over the regions exports
stood at 19 per cent.
A review of Asias commercial services by category shows
that the region imported more transportation and travel services
than it exported but recorded a surplus for other commercial
services. The latter category is not only the largest in value
terms but also the category with the strongest growth over the
last fifteen years. In 2005, Asias exports of other commercial
services which include, inter-alia, software exports, construction
services, financial services and royalties and license fees,
expanded by 19 per cent to $244 billion. Asias exports of
transportation and travel services increased by 13 per cent and
9 per cent respectively, exceeding thereby somewhat the global
average.

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

Chart 13

13

14

World trade developments


in 2005 and prospects for 2006

I. World trade in 2005 - Overview

Table I.1

(Annual percentage change)


2000-05

2003

2004

2005

World merchandise exports

4.5

5.0

9.5

6.0

Agricultural products

3.5

3.5

3.5

5.5

Fuels and mining products

2.5

6.0

5.5

2.5

Manufactures

5.0

5.0

11.0

7.0

2.0

4.5

4.0

2.5

Agriculture

2.0

2.5

4.0

0.5

Mining

2.0

3.5

4.0

1.0

Manufacturing

2.5

5.0

4.0

3.5

2.5

2.5

4.0

3.5

World merchandise production

World GDP

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production, 2000-05

Note: See the Technical Notes for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports, production and GDP.

Table I.2

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region, 2000-05


(Annual percentage change)
Exports
2000-05

Imports

2004

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

4.5

9.5

6.0

World

5.0

10.5

6.0

1.5

8.0

6.0

North America

4.0

10.5

6.0

7.0

13.0

8.5

South and Central America

4.5

19.0

14.0

3.5
3.0

7.0

3.5

Europe

7.0

3.5

8.5

13.0

4.5

8.5

14.5

10.0

2.5

10.5

0.5

Japan

6.5

14.5

7.5

Six East Asian traders

4.5

European Union (25)


Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Asia

3.0

7.0

3.5

2.5

6.5

3.0

15.5

16.0

18.0

8.0

14.5

7.5

3.5

7.0

2.5

14.0

5.0

15

Table I.3

Growth in the value of world merchandise trade by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Annual percentage change

Value

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Imports
Annual percentage change

Value

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

10159

10

22

13

World

1478

14

12

North America
South and Central America

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

10511

10

22

13

2285

16

14

355

13

30

25

4372

11

20

4001

10

19

340

18

36

28

244

18

35

33

298

15

30

29

Africa

249

14

29

19

538

15

32

35

Middle East

322

14

31

17

2779

11

25

16

Asia

2599

12

27

16

762

25

35

28

China

660

24

36

18

595

20

Japan

515

19

13

983

24

12

Six East Asian traders

905

27

14

Europe
European Union (25)
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation

298

28

23

4543

10

20

4135

10

20

216

22

31

25

125

23

28

29

Note: It should be mentioned at the outset that there are breaks in the continuity of the figures at the country and regional levels. These breaks are indicated in Appendix Tables A6
and A7. Explanations of significant breaks are given in the Technical Notes.

Table I.4

Growth in the value of world trade in commercial services by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Imports

Annual percentage change

Value

Annual percentage change

Value

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

2415

10

20

10

World

2345

10

19

10

422

13

10

North America

366

15

68

16

19

South and Central America

70

15

21

1245

12

19

1120

11

17

1121

12

19

1038

11

16

42

20

29

20

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

62

21

28

19

57

13

20

12

Africa

69

13

19

21

55

11

14

13

Middle East

85

12

20

18

525

11

26

14

Asia

573

24

12

108

25

14

Japan

133

21

74

20

34

19

China

83

18

31

16

216

20

215

21

12

Europe
European Union (25)

Six East Asian traders

Note : It should be mentioned at the outset that there are numerous breaks in the continuity of the figures at the country and regional levels due to frequent revisions to the trade in
services data. See the Technical Notes.

16

Table I.5

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Exporters

Value

Share

Rank

Importers

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Germany
United States
China
Japan
France
Netherlands
United Kingdom
Italy
Canada
Belgium

969.9
904.4
762.0
594.9
460.2
402.4
382.8
367.2
359.4
334.3

9.3
8.7
7.3
5.7
4.4
3.9
3.7
3.5
3.4
3.2

7
10
28
5
2
13
10
4
14
9

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

United States
Germany
China
Japan
United Kingdom
France
Italy
Netherlands
Canada
Belgium

11

292.1
20.1
272.1
284.4
243.6
229.6
124.5
105.1
213.7
197.8
187.2
181.4
140.9
130.9

2.8
0.2
2.6
2.7
2.3
2.2
1.2
1.0
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.7
1.4
1.3

10
0
11
12
33
16
17
14
14
8
2
44
11
7

11

15
16
17
18
19
20

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports
Korea, Republic of
Russian Federation
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports
Mexico
Taipei, Chinese
Spain
Saudi Arabia c
Malaysia
Switzerland

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Sweden
Austria
Brazil
United Arab Emirates
Thailand
Ireland
Australia
Norway
India
Poland

130.1
124.0
118.3
115.5
110.1
109.9
105.8
103.8
95.1
89.3

1.2
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Indonesia
Denmark
Czech Republic
Turkey
Finland
Hungary
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
South Africa
Algeria

86.2
85.1
78.2
73.4
66.0
62.1
56.3
55.5
51.9
46.0

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Kuwait
Israel
Nigeria
Philippines
Chile
Argentina
Portugal
Ukraine
Slovak Republic
Viet Nam

12
13
14

Total of above d
World d

Value

Share

Annual
percentage
change

1732.4
773.8
660.0
514.9
510.2
497.9
379.8
359.1
319.7
318.7

16.1
7.2
6.1
4.8
4.7
4.6
3.5
3.3
3.0
3.0

14
8
18
13
8
6
7
12
15
12

Hong Kong, China


retained imports a

300.2
28.1

2.8
0.3

10
3

12
13
14
15

Spain
Korea, Republic of
Mexico
Singapore
retained imports a

278.8
261.2
231.7
200.0
94.9

2.6
2.4
2.1
1.9
0.9

8
16
12
15
16

16
17
18
19
20

Taipei, Chinese
India
Switzerland
Austria
Russian Federation b

182.6
134.8
126.5
126.2
125.3

1.7
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2

8
39
9
5
29

6
5
23
27
14
5
22
26
26
19

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Australia b
Thailand
Turkey
Malaysia
Sweden
Poland
United Arab Emirates c
Brazil
Czech Republic b
Denmark

125.3
118.2
116.6
114.6
111.2
101.0
80.7
77.6
76.7
76.0

1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7

15
25
19
9
11
13
12
17
10
12

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4

22
10
13
16
7
12
35
43
13
47

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Indonesia
Ireland
Hungary
South Africa b
Portugal
Saudi Arabia
Finland
Norway
Greece
Philippines

69.5
68.0
66.0
62.3
61.1
59.4
59.0
55.5
54.0
47.4

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4

27
10
9
13
11
33
15
14
2
8

45.0
42.7
42.3
41.3
40.6
40.0
38.1
34.3
32.0
31.6

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

57
10
36
4
26
16
7
5
16
23

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Israel c
Romania
Viet Nam
Ukraine
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Slovak Republic b
Chile
Argentina
New Zealand
Pakistan

47.1
40.5
36.5
36.1
35.9
35.3
32.5
28.7
26.2
25.3

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

10
24
17
25
12
20
31
28
13
41

9789.4

93.8

9978.0

92.5

10431.0

100.0

13

10783.0

100.0

13

Total of above d
World d

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Rank

Annual
percentage
change

a Retained imports are defined as imports less re-exports. See the Technical Notes.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Secretariat estimates.
d Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export.
Note: For annual data 1995-05, see Appendix Tables A6 and A7.

17

Table I.6

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (25) trade), 2005

World trade in 2005 - Overview

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share

Importers

Value

Share

Exporters

1
2
3
4
5
6

10

Extra-EU (25) exports


United States
China
Japan
Canada
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
Korea, Republic of
Russian Federation
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports
Mexico

1328.3
904.4
762.0
594.9
359.4
292.1
20.1
272.1
284.4
243.6
229.6
124.5
105.1
213.7

17.1
11.7
9.8
7.7
4.6
3.8
0.3
3.5
3.7
3.1
3.0
1.6
1.4
2.8

10
10
28
5
14
10
0
11
12
33
16
17
14
14

10

Taipei, Chinese

182.6

2.3

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Taipei, Chinese
Saudi Arabia c
Malaysia
Switzerland
Brazil
United Arab Emirates
Thailand
Australia
Norway
India

197.8
181.4
140.9
130.9
118.3
115.5
110.1
105.8
103.8
95.1

2.5
2.3
1.8
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.2

8
44
11
7
23
27
14
22
26
26

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

India
Switzerland
Russian Federation b
Australia b
Thailand
Turkey
Malaysia
United Arab Emirates c
Brazil
Indonesia

134.8
126.5
125.3
125.3
118.2
116.6
114.6
80.7
77.6
69.5

1.7
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.0
1.0
0.9

39
9
29
15
25
19
9
12
17
27

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Indonesia
Turkey
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
South Africa
Algeria
Kuwait
Israel
Nigeria
Philippines

86.2
73.4
56.3
55.5
51.9
46.0
45.0
42.7
42.3
41.3

1.1
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5

22
16
35
43
13
47
57
10
36
4

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

South Africa b
Saudi Arabia
Norway
Philippines
Israel c
Romania
Viet Nam
Ukraine
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Chile

62.3
59.4
55.5
47.4
47.1
40.5
36.5
36.1
35.9
32.5

0.8
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4

13
33
14
8
10
24
17
25
12
31

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Chile
Argentina
Ukraine
Viet Nam
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Kazakhstan
Romania
Qatar
Iraq c
Angola c

40.6
40.0
34.3
31.6
30.1
27.8
27.7
25.8
24.1
23.4

0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

26
16
5
23
46
39
18
38
35
74

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Argentina
New Zealand
Pakistan
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Iraq c
Colombia
Algeria
Morocco
Egypt
Croatia

28.7
26.2
25.3
24.2
23.4
21.2
20.4
20.3
19.8
18.5

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

28
13
41
44
10
27
12
14
54
12

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

New Zealand
Colombia
Oman
Peru
Belarus
Pakistan
Bulgaria
Egypt
Morocco
Tunisia

21.7
21.1
18.7
17.2
16.0
15.9
11.7
10.7
10.6
10.5

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

7
30
40
36
16
19
18
39
7
8

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Bulgaria
Kazakhstan
Nigeria c
Belarus
Kuwait
Bangladesh
Tunisia
Peru
Serbia and Montenegro c
Jordan

18.2
17.4
17.3
16.7
16.3
13.8
13.2
12.5
11.6
10.5

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

26
36
22
1
29
15
3
24
-1
29

Total of above d

7512.1

96.8

World (excl. intra-EU (25)) d

7758.0

100.0

16

a Retained imports are defined as imports less re-exports. See the Technical Notes.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Secretariat estimates.
d Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export.
Note: For annual data 1995-05, see Appendix Tables A6 and A7.

18

Rank

Annual
percentage
change

Rank

7
8
9

Value

Annual
percentage
change

1
2
3
4
5
6

United States
Extra-EU (25) imports
China
Japan
Canada
Hong Kong, China
retained imports a

1732.4
1462.5
660.0
514.9
319.7
300.2
28.1

21.4
18.0
8.1
6.3
3.9
3.7
0.3

14
14
18
13
15
10
3

7
8
9

Korea, Republic of
Mexico
Singapore
retained imports a

261.2
231.7
200.0
94.9

3.2
2.9
2.5
1.2

16
12
15
16

Total of above d

7783.2

96.0

World (excl. intra-EU (25)) d

8110.0

100.0

15

Table I.7

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Exporters

Value

Share

Rank

Importers

Value

Share

Annual
percentage
change

United States

354.0

14.7

10

United States

281.2

12.0

United Kingdom

188.7

7.8

Germany

201.4

8.6

Germany

148.5

6.2

10

United Kingdom

154.1

6.6

France

115.0

4.8

Japan

132.6

5.6

Japan

107.9

4.5

14

France

104.9

4.5

Italy

93.5

3.9

13

Italy

92.4

3.9

15

Spain

92.7

3.8

China

83.2

3.5

16

Netherlands

76.7

3.2

Netherlands

70.9

3.0

China

73.9

3.1

19

Ireland

66.1

2.8

10

Hong Kong, China

62.2

2.6

13

10

Spain

65.2

2.8

11

11

India

56.1

2.3

...

11

Canada

64.2

2.7

10

12

Ireland

53.3

2.2

12

Korea, Republic of

57.7

2.5

17

13

Belgium

53.3

2.2

13

India

52.2

2.2

...

14

Austria

52.6

2.2

14

Belgium

50.3

2.1

15

Canada

52.2

2.2

15

Austria

48.5

2.1

16

Singapore

45.1

1.9

10

16

Singapore

44.0

1.9

17

Switzerland

44.0

1.8

17

Russian Federation

38.5

1.6

18

18

Korea, Republic of

43.9

1.8

18

Denmark

36.0

1.5

...

19

Sweden

42.8

1.8

12

19

Sweden

35.0

1.5

20

Denmark

41.2

1.7

...

20

Hong Kong, China

32.4

1.4

21

Luxembourg

40.0

1.7

21

21

Taipei, Chinese

31.4

1.3

22

Greece

34.1

1.4

22

Australia

28.9

1.2

23

Norway

28.5

1.2

12

23

Thailand

27.5

1.2

20

24

Australia

27.7

1.1

24

Norway

27.2

1.2

19

25

Taipei, Chinese

25.6

1.1

25

Switzerland

25.2

1.1

26

Turkey

25.6

1.1

13

26

Luxembourg

24.8

1.1

20

27

Russian Federation

24.3

1.0

21

27

Indonesia a

23.2

1.0

...

28

Thailand

20.5

0.8

28

Brazil

22.3

0.9

38

29

Malaysia

19.0

0.8

14

29

Malaysia

21.6

0.9

15

30

Israel

16.8

0.7

12

30

Mexico

20.9

0.9

31

Poland

16.1

0.7

20

31

United Arab Emirates a

16.2

0.7

...

32

Mexico

16.0

0.7

15

32

Greece

14.3

0.6

33

Egypt

15.0

0.6

33

Saudi Arabia

14.2

0.6

29

34

Portugal

14.9

0.6

34

Poland

14.0

0.6

14

35

Brazil

14.9

0.6

28

35

Israel

13.4

0.6

36

Hungary

12.3

0.5

15

36

Finland

12.8

0.5

37

Czech Republic

10.7

0.4

11

37

Hungary

11.6

0.5

11

38

Lebanon a

10.3

0.4

...

38

South Africa

11.5

0.5

15

39

Croatia a

10.3

0.4

...

39

Turkey

10.7

0.5

16

40

Finland

10.1

0.4

40

Portugal

9.9

0.4

Total of above

2190.0

90.7

Total of above

2090.0

89.1

World

2415.0

100.0

10

World

2345.0

100.0

10

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Rank

Annual
percentage
change

a Secretariat estimate.
Note : Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat. Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series
for a large number of economies, and by limitations in cross-country comparability. See the Technical Notes. For annual data 1995-05, see Appendix Tables A8 and A9.

19

Table I.8

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (25) trade), 2005

World trade in 2005 - Overview

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

Share

Annual
percentage
change

Rank

Importers

Value

Share

Annual
percentage
change

Rank

Exporters

Extra-EU (25) exports

480.3

27.1

Extra-EU (25) imports

422.4

24.4

United States

354.0

14.7

10

United States

281.2

12.0

Japan

107.9

4.5

14

Japan

132.6

5.6

China

73.9

3.1

19

China

83.2

3.5

16

Hong Kong, China

62.2

2.6

13

Canada

64.2

2.7

10

India

56.1

2.3

...

Korea, Republic of

57.7

2.5

17

Canada

52.2

2.2

India

52.2

2.2

...

Singapore

45.1

1.9

10

Singapore

44.0

1.9

Switzerland

44.0

1.8

Russian Federation

38.5

1.6

18

10

Korea, Republic of

43.9

1.8

10

Hong Kong, China

32.4

1.4

11

Norway

28.5

1.2

12

11

Taipei, Chinese

31.4

1.3

12

Australia

27.7

1.1

12

Australia

28.9

1.2

13

Taipei, Chinese

25.6

1.1

13

Thailand

27.5

1.2

20

14

Turkey

25.6

1.1

13

14

Norway

27.2

1.2

19

15

Russian Federation

24.3

1.0

21

15

Switzerland

25.2

1.1

16

Thailand

20.5

0.8

16

Indonesia a

23.2

1.0

...

17

Malaysia

19.0

0.8

14

17

Brazil

22.3

0.9

38

18

Israel

16.8

0.7

12

18

Malaysia

21.6

0.9

15

19

Mexico

16.0

0.7

15

19

Mexico

20.9

0.9

20

Egypt

15.0

0.6

20

United Arab Emirates a

16.2

0.7

...

21

Brazil

14.9

0.6

28

21

Saudi Arabia

14.2

0.6

29

22

Lebanon a

10.3

0.4

...

22

Israel

13.4

0.6

23

Croatia a

10.3

0.4

...

23

South Africa

11.5

0.5

15

24

South Africa

10.0

0.4

14

24

Turkey

10.7

0.5

16

25

Ukraine

8.9

0.4

19

25

Egypt

9.5

0.4

27

26

Macao, China a

8.8

0.4

...

26

Iran, Islamic Rep. of a

8.2

0.4

...

27

New Zealand

8.2

0.3

27

New Zealand

7.8

0.3

14

28

Morocco

7.6

0.3

20

28

Argentina

7.6

0.3

15

29

Indonesia a

7.5

0.3

...

29

Chile

7.6

0.3

15

30

Chile

7.1

0.3

18

30

Lebanon a

7.6

0.3

...

31

Argentina

6.1

0.3

20

31

Kuwait

7.4

0.3

21

32

Cuba a

6.1

0.3

...

32

Kazakhstan

7.3

0.3

48

33

Saudi Arabia

5.9

0.2

33

Pakistan

7.2

0.3

41

34

Iran, Islamic Rep. of a

5.3

0.2

...

34

Ukraine

7.0

0.3

13

35

Romania

4.9

0.2

37

35

Nigeria

6.1

0.3

23

36

Philippines

4.5

0.2

10

36

Angola a

5.8

0.2

...

37

Viet Nam a

4.4

0.2

...

37

Philippines

5.8

0.2

38

Bulgaria

4.2

0.2

38

Romania

5.3

0.2

40

39

Nigeria

4.2

0.2

25

39

Viet Nam a

5.3

0.2

...

40

Dominican Republic

3.8

0.2

11

40

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

5.3

0.2

23

Total of above

1680.0

94.8

Total of above

1610.0

93.2

World

1775.0

100.0

12

World

1730.0

100.0

12

a Secretariat estimate.
Note: Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat. Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series
for a large number of economies, and by limitations in cross-country comparability. See the Technical Notes. For annual data 1995-05, see Appendix Tables A8 and A9.

20

Table I.9

Share of goods and commercial services in the total trade of selected regions and economies, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage, based on balance of payments data)
Exports

Imports

Total

World

Goods

Share

Value
Commercial
services

Total

Commercial
services

Goods

12690

81.0

19.0

12610

81.4

18.6

1909
427
230
1252

77.9
87.8
93.0
71.7

22.1
12.2
7.0
28.3

2586
385
243
1959

85.8
83.3
91.4
85.6

14.2
16.7
8.6
14.4

434
46
57
133
48
24

84.3
86.7
97.8
88.8
85.1
89.3

15.7
13.3
2.2
11.2
14.9
10.7

358
35
29
96
38
25

80.3
78.2
82.0
76.7
80.0
81.1

19.7
21.8
18.0
23.3
20.0
18.9

5492
170
321
89
124
75
554
1121
156
465
418
133
112
287
178
190
102
571

77.3
69.0
83.4
87.9
66.8
86.6
79.3
86.7
65.9
79.9
81.7
78.6
85.6
67.7
75.9
76.9
75.1
66.9

22.7
31.0
16.6
12.1
33.2
13.4
20.7
13.3
34.1
20.1
18.3
21.4
14.4
32.3
24.1
23.1
24.9
33.1

5383
162
313
86
111
68
576
985
131
464
368
81
113
345
150
166
120
655

79.2
70.1
83.9
88.6
67.4
81.2
81.8
79.5
49.7
80.1
80.7
66.6
87.5
81.1
76.7
84.9
91.1
76.5

20.8
29.9
16.1
11.4
32.6
18.8
18.2
20.5
50.3
19.9
19.3
33.4
12.5
18.9
23.3
15.1
8.9
23.5

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Azerbaijan
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Ukraine

389
8
18
30
268
44

89.2
92.5
88.7
93.3
90.9
79.7

10.8
7.5
11.3
6.7
9.1
20.3

281
7
18
25
164
43

77.8
62.4
93.3
71.0
76.5
83.9

22.2
37.6
6.7
29.0
23.5
16.1

Africa

340
31
18
37
65
14

83.3
51.9
58.4
88.7
84.5
74.3

16.7
48.1
41.6
11.3
15.5
25.7

311
33
22
19
68
14

77.7
71.5
85.8
67.7
83.0
86.1

22.3
28.5
14.2
32.3
17.0
13.9

Australia
China
Hong Kong, China a
India
Indonesia b
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Philippines
Singapore a
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Viet Nam

3551
134
836
352
153
94
676
333
161
45
273
224
130
35

85.2
79.4
91.2
82.3
63.3
92.0
84.0
86.8
88.2
90.0
83.5
88.6
84.2
87.4

14.8
20.6
8.8
17.7
36.7
8.0
16.0
13.2
11.8
10.0
16.5
11.4
15.8
12.6

3312
149
711
330
187
87
607
313
130
54
236
212
134
39

82.7
80.6
88.3
90.2
72.1
73.4
78.2
81.6
83.4
89.2
81.4
85.2
79.4
86.3

17.3
19.4
11.7
9.8
27.9
26.6
21.8
18.4
16.6
10.8
18.6
14.8
20.6
13.7

Memorandum item:
European Union (25)

4978

77.5

22.5

4893

78.8

21.2

North America
Canada
Mexico
United States
South and Central America
Argentina
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Europe
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom

Egypt
Morocco
Nigeria
South Africa
Tunisia
Asia

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Share

Value

a Trade in goods includes significant re-exports or imports for re-exports.


b Secretariat estimates.
Note: Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report. It is likely that for most
economies trade in commercial services is understated. See the Technical Notes.

21

Table I.10

Merchandise trade of selected regional integration arrangements, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in total exports/imports

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1990

1995

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

European Union (25)


Total exports

4001

...

100.0

100.0

10

19

Intra-exports

2673

...

67.5

66.8

10

19

Extra-exports

1328

...

32.5

33.2

11

21

10

Total imports

4135

...

100.0

100.0

10

20

Intra-imports

2673

...

64.1

64.6

10

19

Extra-imports

1463

...

35.9

35.4

10

21

14

NAFTA
Total exports

1477

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

14

12

Intra-exports

824

42.6

46.0

55.6

55.8

13

11

Extra-exports

654

57.4

54.0

44.4

44.2

14

12

Total imports a

2268

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

16

14

Intra-imports

782

34.4

37.7

39.6

34.5

12

11

Extra-imports

1486

65.6

62.3

60.4

65.5

19

15

ASEAN
Total exports

653

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

20

15

Intra-exports

162

20.1

25.5

24.0

24.9

21

15

Extra-exports

491

79.9

74.5

76.0

75.1

19

15
16

Total imports

594

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

25

Intra-imports

144

16.2

18.8

23.5

24.3

10

24

20

Extra-imports

450

83.8

81.2

76.5

75.7

25

15

MERCOSUR
Total exports

163

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

14

28

21

Intra-exports

21

8.9

20.5

21.0

12.9

35

23

Extra-exports

142

91.1

79.5

79.0

87.1

16

27

20

Total imports

114

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

38

20

Intra-imports

22

14.5

18.1

19.7

19.7

34

25

Extra-imports

91

85.5

81.9

80.3

80.3

40

17

32

Andean Community
Total exports

51

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

14

29

Intra-exports

4.0

8.6

7.7

8.7

17

15

33

Extra-exports

47

95.9

91.4

92.3

91.3

14

31

32
26

Total imports

46

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

14

21

Intra-imports

5.1

6.7

8.8

10.2

17

20

20

Extra-imports

42

94.9

93.3

91.2

89.8

13

21

26

a Imports of Canada and Mexico are valued f.o.b.


Note: The figures are not fully adjusted for differences in the way members of the arrangements in this table record their merchandise trade. For annual data 1995-05, see Appendix
Table A3.

22

Chart I.1

Merchandise trade of selected regional integration arrangements, 1990-05


(Billion dollars)

Imports

EU (25)

EU (25)

5000

5000

4500

4500

4000

4000

3500

3500

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Exports

0
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

NAFTA

NAFTA
4000
3600
3200
2800
2400
2000
1600
1200
800
400
0

4000
3600
3200
2800
2400
2000
1600
1200
800
400
0
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

ASEAN

ASEAN

800

800

700

700

600

600

500

500

400

400

300

300

200

200

100

100
0

0
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

23

Chart I.1 (continued)

Merchandise trade of selected regional integration arrangements, 1990-05


(Billion dollars)

World trade in 2005 - Overview

Exports

Imports

MERCOSUR

MERCOSUR
300

300

270

270

240

240

210

210

180

180

150

150

120

120

90

90

60

60

30

30

0
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

Andean Community
100

90
80

90
80

70
60

70
60

50
40

50
40

30
20

30
20

10
0

10
0
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

24

Andean Community

100

90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05

Total exports

Total imports

Intra-exports

Intra-imports

Extra-exports

Extra-imports

II. Selected long-term trends


Chart II.1

World merchandise trade and production by major product group, 1950-05


(Average annual percentage change in volume terms)

Trade

Production

All merchandise
12
10
8

4
2
0
1950-63

1963-73

1973-90

1990-05

1973-90

1990-05

1973-90

1990-05

1973-90

1990-05

Selected long-term trends

Agricultural products
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1950-63

1963-73

Fuels and mining products


12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1950-63

1963-73

Manufactures
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1950-63

1963-73

25

Chart II.2

World merchandise trade by major product group, 1950-05

Selected long-term trends

Log.
scale
10000

Volume indices, 1950 = 100

Manufactures

1000
Fuels and mining
products

Agricultural products

100
1950

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

Average annual percentage change


12
Agricultural products

10

Fuels and mining products


Manufactures

0
1950-73

26

1973-90

1990-05

00

2005

Table II.1

World merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product, 1950-05


(Annual percentage change)
Volume

Exports

Total a
1950-63
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

7.4
11.8
8.3
9.2
5.2
11.0
14.2
14.6
11.7
18.3
38.4
44.9
4.3
13.1
13.7
15.8
27.0
22.6
-1.2
-6.4
-2.0
5.9
-0.3
9.4
17.5
13.7
7.8
12.9
1.5
6.7
-0.2
13.6
19.3
4.6
3.4
-1.3
3.9
12.8
-4.1
4.8
16.9
21.6
13.4

Agricultural
products
3.7
6.9
4.3
4.1
-0.2
4.1
6.9
10.6
7.4
20.3
45.5
21.7
1.0
10.5
13.5
13.3
24.4
13.8
-1.9
-7.5
-1.4
5.3
-5.7
11.1
14.9
13.1
4.3
4.7
0.8
7.1
-4.1
15.8
17.3
2.9
-1.3
-4.7
-3.7
0.9
0.1
6.1
16.3
15.3
8.1

Exports

Fuels and
mining
products
8.5
11.8
7.1
9.8
5.7
14.2
9.2
13.6
11.3
14.1
47.4
122.9
-4.0
16.3
10.6
3.7
47.0
41.8
-3.2
-10.6
-8.0
-0.9
-3.2
-23.8
11.0
0.9
15.5
15.3
-6.2
-0.9
-3.5
5.1
15.5
13.6
2.7
-20.5
15.6
47.9
-9.3
-0.5
24.1
33.1
36.2

Manufactures
10.1
15.0
10.9
10.8
7.7
14.9
16.5
15.4
13.7
19.4
34.1
31.3
8.8
12.8
14.7
21.6
21.3
15.9
-0.7
-3.6
0.5
8.1
3.8
20.3
19.7
16.1
6.9
14.7
3.3
8.0
0.0
15.6
20.0
3.5
4.6
2.3
3.3
10.1
-3.8
5.4
15.8
20.5
9.9

Agricultural
Total a products
7.7
10.9
6.6
7.7
5.7
10.8
12.2
8.7
7.0
8.4
12.1
5.4
-7.3
11.8
4.2
4.7
5.2
2.9
-0.6
-2.2
2.7
8.5
2.6
4.0
5.5
8.5
6.4
3.8
3.7
4.8
4.2
9.2
7.3
5.1
10.0
4.8
4.6
10.4
-0.6
3.5
5.2
9.5
6.0

4.5
5.4
5.1
3.7
2.4
5.7
5.4
3.1
2.0
6.9
0.9
-4.5
1.0
7.5
3.5
6.8
4.8
6.8
5.0
-2.0
0.2
2.8
-1.2
-1.7
5.6
2.7
3.1
1.0
3.3
6.0
1.0
8.7
4.4
4.4
5.7
1.7
1.0
3.6
1.5
3.7
3.4
3.7
5.6

Production

Fuels and
mining
products
7.2
8.8
3.2
6.2
10.3
12.0
6.0
12.4
1.0
6.9
10.2
-1.7
-12.0
6.8
2.7
5.3
5.9
-6.3
-9.9
-5.8
-0.9
4.8
-1.2
9.1
1.7
5.6
4.4
3.2
3.4
4.4
3.7
6.8
4.1
3.4
7.4
2.9
-0.5
4.5
-0.7
0.6
5.8
5.5
2.4

Manufactures

Total

8.6
14.9
7.4
10.3
4.7
17.9
16.5
8.7
9.0
10.1
14.2
8.8
-4.0
12.6
5.0
5.9
5.0
5.9
4.0
-2.1
5.1
10.8
4.8
4.1
6.3
9.5
7.8
6.1
3.6
4.7
4.1
11.1
9.0
5.3
11.0
4.8
5.1
13.0
-1.2
4.0
5.1
10.9
6.9

5.2
9.1
5.6
6.6
4.9
5.9
5.6
5.3
5.0
4.8
8.2
2.5
-1.6
6.7
3.9
4.5
3.6
-0.7
0.1
-1.0
2.2
6.5
2.8
2.8
3.5
4.9
3.5
1.3
-0.4
0.1
-0.1
2.8
4.6
3.5
4.9
2.2
3.1
5.2
-0.8
1.3
4.3
3.9
2.6

Agriculture
2.9
4.8
0.0
3.4
3.3
3.2
0.0
3.1
3.0
0.0
4.9
1.9
3.6
0.9
2.6
3.4
0.8
0.9
3.6
3.2
0.1
5.3
2.4
1.8
1.0
1.7
3.4
2.5
0.4
2.3
0.6
2.9
2.1
4.3
2.4
1.6
3.3
1.9
1.5
1.8
2.7
4.2
0.5

World GDP

Mining
4.8
8.6
3.9
5.1
2.4
7.1
2.2
7.5
4.0
2.9
6.5
1.8
-6.0
8.3
3.4
0.8
8.9
-2.6
-7.9
-6.9
-0.9
3.8
-1.1
3.0
1.3
5.3
4.5
1.0
-0.5
0.8
2.0
1.6
2.2
2.7
3.3
1.1
-1.3
3.7
-0.1
0.1
3.6
4.2
1.2

Manufacturing
6.6
10.0
9.1
8.3
5.1
7.3
8.0
5.3
5.0
6.7
9.8
3.3
-3.9
8.2
4.5
5.1
4.1
0.7
0.2
-1.4
3.1
7.2
3.4
3.1
4.4
5.7
3.4
1.0
-0.6
-0.5
-0.6
2.9
5.5
3.5
5.7
2.4
3.6
6.2
-1.4
1.4
4.8
3.8
3.3

4.7
7.2
4.1
6.5
3.7
5.9
6.7
5.1
4.4
5.6
6.9
2.1
1.4
5.1
4.2
4.6
4.0
2.9
2.0
0.8
2.9
4.6
3.5
3.4
3.7
4.5
3.8
2.5
0.8
1.1
0.9
2.2
2.3
3.3
3.4
2.1
2.9
3.8
1.5
1.9
2.7
3.9
3.3

Selected long-term trends

Value

a Includes unspecified products.


Note : See the Technical Notes for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports, production and GDP.

27

Table II.2

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
1948

1953

1963

1973

1983

1993

2003

2005

1838.0

3675.0

7369.0

10159.0

Value
World

58.0

84.0

157.0

579.0
Share

Selected long-term trends

World

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

North America
United States
Canada
Mexico

28.3
21.7
5.5
1.0

24.9
18.8
5.2
0.7

19.9
14.9
4.1
0.6

17.3
12.3
4.3
0.4

16.8
11.2
4.2
1.4

18.0
12.6
4.0
1.4

15.8
9.8
3.7
2.2

14.5
8.9
3.5
2.1

South and Central America


Brazil
Argentina

12.3
2.0
2.8

10.5
1.8
1.3

7.0
0.9
0.9

4.7
1.1
0.6

4.4
1.2
0.4

3.0
1.0
0.4

3.0
1.0
0.4

3.5
1.2
0.4

Europe
Germany a
France
United Kingdom
Italy

31.5
1.4
3.5
11.4
1.9

34.9
5.3
4.8
9.0
1.8

41.4
9.8
5.1
7.6
3.2

45.4
12.5
6.1
5.2
3.8

43.5
9.2
5.2
5.0
4.0

45.4
10.3
6.0
4.9
4.6

46.0
10.2
5.3
4.1
4.1

43.0
9.5
4.5
3.8
3.6

1.5

2.6

3.3

Africa
South Africa c

7.3
2.0

6.5
1.7

5.7
1.5

4.8
1.0

4.5
1.0

2.5
0.7

2.4
0.5

2.9
0.5

Middle East

2.0

2.7

3.2

4.1

6.8

3.5

4.1

5.3

Asia
China
Japan
India
Australia and New Zealand
Six East Asian traders

13.6
0.9
0.4
2.2
3.7
3.0

13.1
1.2
1.5
1.3
3.2
2.7

12.4
1.3
3.5
1.0
2.4
2.4

14.9
1.0
6.4
0.5
2.1
3.4

19.1
1.2
8.0
0.5
1.4
5.8

26.1
2.5
9.9
0.6
1.5
9.7

26.1
5.9
6.4
0.8
1.2
9.6

27.4
7.5
5.9
0.9
1.3
9.7

Memorandum item:
EU d
USSR, former
GATT/WTO Members e

2.2
60.4

3.5
68.7

27.5
4.6
72.8

38.6
3.7
81.8

30.4
5.0
76.5

36.1
89.5

42.4
94.3

39.4
94.4

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b

a Figures refer to the Fed. Rep. of Germany from 1948 through 1983.
b Figures are significantly affected by changes in the country composition of the region and major adjustment in trade conversion factors between 1983 and 1993.
c Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union.
d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963, EC(9) in 1973, EC(10) in 1983, EU(12) in 1993, EU(15) in 2003 and EU(25) in 2005.
e Membership as of the year stated.
Note: Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export and import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments.

28

Table II.3

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
1948

1953

1963

1973

1983

1993

2003

2005

3769.0

7647.0

10511.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

World

66.0

84.0

163.0

589.0
1882.0
Share

World

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

20.6

20.7

16.2

17.3

18.5

21.5

22.6

21.7

13.0

13.9

11.4

12.3

14.3

16.0

17.0

16.5

Canada

4.2

5.6

3.7

4.0

3.4

3.7

3.2

3.0

Mexico

1.8

1.7

0.8

0.7

0.7

1.8

2.3

2.2

North America
United States

South and Central America

10.6

9.3

6.8

5.1

3.8

3.3

2.5

2.8

Brazil

1.7

1.6

0.9

1.2

0.9

0.7

0.7

0.7

Argentina

2.4

0.9

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.4

0.2

0.3

40.4

39.4

45.4

47.4

44.2

44.8

45.3

43.2

2.1

4.5

11.6

8.7

8.1

9.1

7.9

7.4

12.7

11.1

6.7

8.3

5.3

5.6

5.1

4.9

France

5.2

5.0

6.4

5.4

5.6

5.8

5.2

4.7

Italy

2.3

2.9

4.8

4.6

4.2

3.9

3.9

3.6

1.2

1.7

2.1

7.6

7.0

5.5

4.0

4.6

2.6

2.1

2.4

2.2

1.5

1.1

0.9

0.8

0.5

0.5

0.6

Europe
Germany a
United Kingdom

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b


Africa
South Africa c
Middle East
Asia

1.7

2.0

2.3

2.8

6.2

3.4

2.7

3.1

14.2

15.1

14.2

15.1

18.5

23.3

23.1

24.7
6.3

China

1.0

2.9

4.1

6.5

1.1

2.8

5.4

Japan

1.1

1.7

0.9

0.9

6.7

6.4

5.0

4.9

India

3.1

1.4

1.5

0.5

0.7

0.6

0.9

1.3

Australia and New Zealand

2.6

2.4

2.3

1.6

1.4

1.5

1.4

1.4

Six East Asian traders

3.0

3.4

3.1

3.7

6.1

9.9

8.2

8.6

39.3

Selected long-term trends

Value

Memorandum item:
EU d
USSR, former
GATT/WTO Members e

29.0

39.2

31.3

34.3

41.6

1.8

3.3

4.3

3.6

4.3

52.9

66.0

74.2

89.1

83.9

88.7

96.1

96.1

a Figures refer to the Fed. Rep. of Germany from 1948 through 1983.
b Figures are significantly affected by changes in the country composition of the region and major adjustment in trade conversion factors between 1983 and 1993.
c Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union.
d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963, EC(9) in 1973, EC(10) in 1983, EU(12) in 1993, EU(15) in 2003 and EU(25) in 2005.
e Membership as of the year stated.
Note: Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export and import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments.

29

Table II.4

Merchandise trade of the United States by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
1983

Imports

1963

1973

1993

2003

2005

22.9

72.4 205.6 464.8 723.6 904.3

1963

1973

1983

1993

2003

2005

17.1

70.3 269.9 603.2 1305.1 1732.3

Value
World

Share

Selected long-term trends

World

21.2

South and Central America

11.6

9.5

7.9

7.9

7.1

7.9

20.1

10.3

9.5

6.1

6.4

7.5

Europe
European Union (25)
Other Europe

29.7
-

28.8
-

26.8
-

24.9
...
...

23.3
21.3
2.0

22.7
20.6
2.1

27.5
-

27.6
-

21.1
-

20.1
...
...

21.7
20.0
1.7

20.0
18.3
1.7

0.8
0.6

0.5
0.3

0.6
0.4

0.4
0.3

0.8
0.7

1.1
0.9

4.3
1.2
3.1

3.1
1.0
2.1

3.7
1.0
2.7

2.0
0.5
1.5

1.5
0.4
1.1

1.7
0.4
1.3

4.7
1.5
3.2

4.3
0.5
3.8

5.6
0.8
4.8

2.6
0.3
2.3

2.6
0.4
2.2

3.9
0.3
3.6

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Russian Federation
Africa
South Africa
Other Africa

Asia
Japan
China
Six East Asian traders
Other Asia

Total merchandise
Agricultural products

26.4

25.4

30.6

36.9

36.7

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

North America

Middle East

25.7

28.6

26.1

25.6

28.2

26.8

2.4

3.0

6.5

3.6

2.7

3.5

1.8

2.4

2.8

2.7

3.4

3.8

20.6
7.5
0.0
3.0
10.1

23.3
11.4
0.0
5.6
6.3

26.0
10.1
1.4
9.2
5.3

30.1
10.3
1.9
13.4
4.5

27.9
7.2
3.9
12.2
4.6

26.8
6.1
4.6
11.5
4.5

19.6
8.8
0.0
2.9
7.9

26.1
13.8
0.1
7.5
4.8

34.5
16.1
0.9
12.2
5.3

42.5
18.3
5.6
14.4
4.1

37.1
9.3
12.5
10.6
4.6

36.8
8.2
15.0
9.4
4.3

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

29.8

28.7

21.6

13.3

10.5

9.1

33.3

18.3

10.3

7.3

5.9

5.5

Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

21.5
0.1
21.4
6.3

23.2
0.4
22.8
5.5

17.3
0.4
16.8
4.3

10.1
0.7
9.4
3.2

8.1
0.5
7.6
2.5

6.8
0.5
6.4
2.3

23.3
2.3
21.0
10.0

13.6
2.0
11.6
4.7

7.8
1.4
6.4
2.5

5.3
1.0
4.3
2.0

4.7
0.9
3.8
1.3

4.2
0.7
3.5
1.3

Fuels and mining products

8.1

6.0

7.6

4.1

3.9

5.6

22.9

18.6

26.4

12.1

14.2

19.4

Ores and other minerals


Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

2.2
4.1
1.7

2.1
2.3
1.5

1.9
4.7
1.1

1.0
2.1
1.0

1.0
1.9
0.9

1.4
2.9
1.2

6.1
11.6
5.3

2.4
12.8
3.5

1.3
22.3
2.8

0.7
9.8
1.5

0.4
12.5
1.3

0.5
17.2
1.7

61.4

62.8

66.8

76.6

81.4

81.0

40.5

60.5

60.5

77.1

75.9

71.5

2.3
8.6
1.2
7.4
5.6
35.9
4.2
...
...
...
13.3
7.5
5.7
18.4
0.6
14.2
3.6
2.1
0.4
6.5
...
...
...

1.8
8.1
0.9
7.2
5.2
40.0
6.2
...
...
...
18.6
11.0
7.6
15.3
0.5
11.0
3.8
1.8
0.4
5.4
...
...
...

0.8
9.9
1.3
8.6
4.9
42.7
10.8
5.7
1.8
2.3
16.7
8.4
8.3
15.3
2.6
9.3
3.4
1.2
0.5
6.8
...
...
...

0.8
9.9
1.3
8.6
5.3
48.4
14.1
6.7
3.1
4.3
18.0
9.6
8.4
16.3
2.6
9.0
4.6
1.3
1.1
9.9
0.8
3.4
5.7

0.9
13.0
2.7
10.4
6.0
48.6
15.6
5.7
3.3
6.6
16.6
9.6
7.0
16.4
2.9
8.5
5.0
1.5
0.8
10.6
0.7
4.3
5.6

1.3
13.3
2.9
10.4
6.0
48.0
13.9
5.2
3.4
5.3
16.7
9.5
7.2
17.4
3.2
9.3
4.9
1.4
0.6
10.6
0.7
4.3
5.6

3.8
3.3
0.3
3.0
10.9
10.8
2.3
...
...
...
4.7
3.5
1.1
3.8
0.1
2.8
1.0
4.0
2.3
5.4
...
...
...

4.3
11.1
0.2
10.9
8.8
31.1
6.3
...
...
...
17.9
15.2
2.7
6.8
0.1
4.4
2.3
2.2
3.1
7.5
...
...
...

2.7
4.2
0.4
3.7
6.9
33.0
8.9
2.6
4.3
2.0
16.4
14.4
1.9
7.7
0.7
4.3
2.6
1.2
3.9
8.6
...
...
...

1.8
5.1
0.7
4.4
6.8
44.0
15.3
7.3
4.6
3.5
17.2
14.9
2.3
11.5
1.5
5.9
4.2
1.5
5.9
12.1
3.5
1.4
7.2

1.1
8.0
2.4
5.5
7.0
40.9
13.8
6.3
5.6
2.0
16.5
13.9
2.6
10.6
1.3
5.1
4.2
1.4
5.5
12.1
3.7
1.8
6.5

1.8
7.6
2.3
5.3
6.9
38.3
13.5
5.8
6.1
1.5
14.1
11.9
2.3
10.7
1.2
5.4
4.0
1.3
4.6
11.1
3.4
1.8
5.9

Manufactures
Iron and steel
Chemicals
Pharmaceuticals
Other chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
EDP and office equipment
Telecommunications equipment
Integrated circuits
Transport equipment
Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery
Power generating machinery
Non-electrical machinery
Electrical machinery
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

30

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Table II.5

Merchandise trade of Europe by region and by product, 2001-05


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Total Exports
2001

2002

2003

Imports
2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Value
World

2654.6 2839.4 3386.5 4050.9 4371.9

2732.4 2876.1 3461.6 4160.9 4542.7

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

72.7

68.1

73.8

73.8

73.2

70.2

66.9

72.0

71.8

70.3

66.8
5.8

62.8
5.3

67.8
6.0

67.5
6.3

66.7
6.5

65.1
5.2

61.9
4.9

66.6
5.4

66.2
5.6

64.5
5.8

Inter-regional trade

25.5

24.4

25.1

25.1

25.9

29.7

26.7

26.9

27.2

28.7

North America

Intra-Europe
European Union (25)
Other Europe

10.4

9.7

9.5

9.1

9.1

8.4

7.6

6.3

5.8

5.7

South and Central America

1.7

1.6

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.7

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.8

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Russian Federation

1.3
0.8

1.5
1.0

1.9
1.3

2.2
1.5

2.5
1.7

2.7
2.2

2.6
2.1

2.9
2.3

3.3
2.6

4.0
3.1

Africa
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
South Africa
Other Sub-Saharan Africa

2.4
1.2
1.2
0.4
0.8

2.3
1.2
1.1
0.5
0.7

2.4
1.2
1.3
0.5
0.8

2.4
1.2
1.2
0.5
0.7

2.6
0.9
1.6
0.5
1.1

2.9
1.4
1.5
0.5
1.0

2.8
1.3
1.5
0.5
1.0

2.8
1.4
1.4
0.5
0.9

2.7
1.4
1.3
0.5
0.8

3.0
1.1
1.9
0.5
1.4

Middle East

2.2

2.3

2.5

2.6

2.8

1.9

1.5

1.5

1.6

2.0

Asia
Japan
China
Australia and New Zealand
Six East Asian traders
Other Asia

7.5
1.7
0.9
0.7
3.0
1.2

7.0
1.6
1.0
0.6
2.9
0.9

7.5
1.5
1.4
0.7
2.7
1.1

7.6
1.5
1.5
0.7
2.7
1.2

7.6
1.4
1.6
0.7
2.3
1.7

12.1
3.3
2.7
0.4
4.0
1.7

10.7
2.7
2.7
0.4
3.8
1.1

11.8
2.5
3.7
0.4
3.8
1.4

12.0
2.4
4.1
0.4
3.8
1.4

12.2
2.2
4.6
0.4
2.6
2.5

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Total merchandise
Agricultural products

9.2

8.7

9.6

9.2

9.1

9.9

9.4

10.3

9.7

9.5

Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

7.6
0.6
7.0
1.6

7.3
0.6
6.7
1.4

8.0
0.6
7.4
1.5

7.7
0.6
7.1
1.5

7.6
0.6
7.0
1.5

7.7
0.8
7.0
2.1

7.6
0.8
6.8
1.8

8.4
0.8
7.6
1.9

8.0
0.7
7.2
1.8

7.7
0.7
7.0
1.7

Fuels and mining products

7.7

6.8

7.2

7.7

9.3

12.1

11.0

11.4

12.2

15.1

Ores and other minerals


Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

0.7
5.1
1.9

0.6
4.5
1.7

0.7
4.9
1.6

0.9
5.1
1.7

0.9
6.5
1.8

1.3
8.7
2.2

1.1
7.8
2.0

1.2
8.4
1.8

1.4
8.8
2.0

1.4
11.6
2.0

80.0

75.9

80.9

80.8

79.7

77.1

72.3

75.9

75.7

73.7

2.7
12.9
3.1
9.8
8.8
41.6
10.8
4.3
4.3
2.2
15.7
10.9
4.8
15.1
2.3
2.4
9.3
2.2
1.9
5.2

2.4
12.7
3.6
9.1
8.2
39.2
9.5
3.8
3.8
1.9
15.3
10.5
4.8
14.4
2.2
2.3
8.9
2.1
1.9
5.0

2.7
14.9
4.9
9.9
8.7
40.3
8.4
3.5
3.4
1.5
16.9
12.1
4.8
15.0
2.1
2.6
9.6
2.2
2.1
5.3

3.3
14.9
5.0
9.9
8.7
40.1
8.3
3.4
3.4
1.6
16.8
12.0
4.7
15.0
2.0
2.4
9.4
2.1
2.1
5.2

3.5
15.2
5.0
10.2
8.5
39.2
8.5
3.3
3.7
1.4
16.0
11.4
4.6
14.7
1.8
2.4
9.2
2.0
2.0
5.2

2.5
10.9
2.4
8.5
8.1
40.7
13.3
5.9
4.5
2.8
14.4
9.7
4.7
13.1
2.3
3.2
9.3
2.2
1.8
5.3

2.2
10.8
2.9
8.0
7.7
37.4
11.5
5.1
4.0
2.4
13.8
9.2
4.5
12.2
2.1
3.1
8.9
2.1
1.8
5.0

2.5
12.6
4.0
8.6
8.0
37.9
10.3
4.7
3.7
1.8
15.4
10.6
4.8
12.3
2.1
3.3
9.5
2.3
1.8
5.3

3.1
12.6
4.0
8.7
7.9
37.7
10.4
4.7
3.9
1.8
15.1
10.5
4.6
12.2
1.9
3.2
9.2
2.3
1.8
5.1

3.1
12.8
3.9
8.9
7.7
36.1
10.4
4.6
4.3
1.6
14.1
9.8
4.3
11.7
1.7
3.1
9.1
2.2
1.7
5.1

Manufactures
Iron and steel
Chemicals
Pharmaceuticals
Other chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
EDP and office equipment
Telecommunications equipment
Integrated circuits
Transport equipment
Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

Selected long-term trends

Share
World

31

Table II.6

Merchandise trade of Japan by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
1963

1973

1983

Imports

1993

2003

2005

1963

1973

1983

1993

2003

2005

Value
World

5.5

36.9 147.0 362.2 471.8 594.9

6.7

38.3 126.4 241.6 382.9 514.9

Share
World
North America

29.2

32.4

32.2

27.3

25.5

37.6

30.2

24.6

26.9

18.1

14.9

5.3

5.2

2.3

3.3

1.4

1.6

6.4

4.4

3.5

2.8

2.0

2.4

13.3
...
...

17.9
...
...

15.8
...
...

18.3
16.9
1.4

17.0
16.0
0.9

15.7
14.7
1.0

10.0
...
...

10.6
...
...

8.8
...
...

15.5
...
...

14.5
13.1
1.5

12.7
11.4
1.3

0.5
0.4

0.5
0.4

0.9
0.8

1.2
1.1

1.2
1.1

1.3
1.2

Africa
South Africa
Other Africa

6.3
1.5
4.8

4.1
1.6
2.4

3.6
1.2
2.4

2.0
0.6
1.5

1.0
0.4
0.6

1.2
0.6
0.6

3.9
1.9
2.0

4.5
1.5
3.1

2.6
1.3
1.3

1.6
0.8
0.8

1.7
0.9
0.7

1.9
1.1
0.8

Middle East

3.2

4.1

10.8

3.3

2.7

2.8

11.2

12.5

26.5

11.3

13.4

17.0

34.9
1.1
15.8
3.7
14.2

31.6
2.8
18.0
3.9
6.9

31.0
3.3
17.8
3.6
6.3

40.1
4.8
28.3
2.5
4.6

49.0
15.4
29.3
2.5
1.8

51.0
16.5
30.2
2.5
1.8

28.2
1.1
8.4
8.5
10.3

34.5
2.5
9.8
10.2
12.0

32.6
4.0
9.7
6.0
12.9

40.3
8.5
17.0
5.8
9.1

49.1
19.7
16.6
4.5
8.4

49.8
21.1
15.7
5.2
7.8

Europe
European Union (25)
Other Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation

Asia
China a
Six East Asian traders
Australia and New Zealand
Other Asia

Total merchandise
Agricultural products

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

8.8

4.1

1.8

1.0

1.0

1.0

44.5

36.0

20.7

24.6

15.3

12.8

Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

5.9
3.7
2.2
3.0

2.4
1.4
0.9
1.7

1.0
0.5
0.6
0.7

0.6
0.2
0.4
0.5

0.5
0.2
0.3
0.5

0.5
0.2
0.3
0.5

20.8
0.5
20.2
23.7

18.9
2.6
16.3
17.1

13.5
3.1
10.5
7.1

17.3
5.8
11.6
7.3

12.3
3.3
9.0
2.9

10.4
2.7
7.7
2.4

Fuels and mining products

1.2

1.2

1.5

1.4

1.7

2.5

32.9

37.8

55.9

26.8

26.1

31.9

Ores and other minerals


Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

0.1
0.3
0.8

0.1
0.3
0.8

0.2
0.3
1.0

0.1
0.5
0.7

0.4
0.3
0.9

0.6
0.7
1.1

13.0
18.0
1.9

11.6
21.8
4.3

5.9
46.7
3.2

3.6
20.4
2.7

2.7
21.2
2.2

3.5
25.8
2.5

88.8

90.7

95.6

95.5

93.0

91.9

22.4

25.6

21.5

46.1

57.1

53.7

12.9
5.8
0.5
5.3
11.7
27.4
6.8
...
...
...
12.2
3.4
8.7
8.4
0.2
4.6
3.6
16.8
3.9
10.3
1.7
3.1
5.5

14.4
5.8
0.3
5.5
7.0
51.7
12.7
...
...
...
26.1
12.0
14.1
12.9
0.5
8.1
4.3
6.6
1.0
6.5
0.4
3.7
2.4

8.7
4.6
0.2
4.4
6.3
63.8
18.4
4.8
11.1
2.5
28.6
20.9
7.7
16.8
1.3
10.3
5.1
3.6
0.4
8.1
0.2
1.4
6.5

4.0
5.6
0.4
5.1
4.4
71.8
23.3
9.1
8.1
6.1
28.3
22.1
6.2
20.1
1.3
12.4
6.4
1.9
0.2
7.7
0.2
2.1
5.4

3.8
8.3
0.7
7.6
4.3
66.8
19.1
5.1
6.5
7.5
27.3
21.8
5.6
20.4
1.2
12.6
6.6
1.4
0.1
8.4
0.1
3.1
5.1

4.6
8.8
0.6
8.3
4.3
64.1
16.5
4.1
5.7
6.7
26.2
20.6
5.6
21.4
1.5
13.4
6.5
1.2
0.1
8.7
0.2
3.3
5.3

1.3
5.5
0.6
4.9
1.2
12.0
2.1
...
...
...
2.4
0.5
1.9
7.5
0.9
5.4
1.3
0.6
0.1
1.7
0.0
1.0
0.6

0.6
4.9
0.9
3.9
3.9
8.3
2.1
...
...
...
1.8
0.6
1.2
4.4
0.3
2.8
1.3
3.0
1.5
3.6
0.4
1.0
2.1

1.1
5.5
1.0
4.6
2.1
7.0
1.9
0.8
0.4
0.7
2.1
0.5
1.6
3.0
0.6
1.6
0.9
1.2
1.2
3.3
0.6
0.8
1.9

1.7
7.3
1.6
5.7
4.9
16.9
6.8
2.9
1.8
2.2
4.5
2.7
1.8
5.6
0.8
2.7
2.1
1.6
5.2
8.5
2.4
1.5
4.6

0.9
7.7
1.6
6.1
4.3
27.6
14.2
6.3
3.4
4.5
4.7
2.9
1.8
8.7
1.2
3.4
4.1
1.3
5.1
10.2
2.7
2.5
5.0

1.4
7.3
1.6
5.8
4.1
25.7
13.0
5.4
3.5
4.1
4.1
2.6
1.5
8.6
1.1
3.6
3.9
1.1
4.4
9.6
2.4
2.5
4.7

Manufactures
Iron and steel
Chemicals
Pharmaceuticals
Other chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
EDP and office equipment
Telecommunications equipment
Integrated circuits
Transport equipment
Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery
Power generating machinery
Non-electrical machinery
Electrical machinery
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong, China with China as final destination.

32

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

30.7

South and Central America

Selected long-term trends

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

III. Trade by region


1. Overview
Chart III.1

Value of world merchandise trade by region,1998-05


(Annual percentage change in value)

Exports

Imports

North America

South and Central America

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1999

2000

2001

Europe

2002

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

Africa

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Trade by region

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
1999

2000

2001

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

2002
Middle East

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Asia

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
1999

2000

2001

2002

1999

2000

2001

World

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
2003

2004

2005

2002

1999

2000

2001

2002

33

Chart III.2

Volume of world merchandise trade by selected region, 1998-05


(Annual percentage change)

Exports

North America

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30

Trade by region

1999

2000

2001

2002

Imports

South and Central America

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
2003

2004

2005

1999

Europe

2000

2001

2003

2004

2005

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1999

2000

2001

Asia

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2002

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

World

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30

34

2002

1999

2000

2001

2002

Table III.1

World merchandise exports by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Annual percentage change

2005

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

10159

100.0

100.0

100.0

10

17

22

13

1478

16.6

19.5

14.5

14

12

United States

904

11.6

12.5

8.9

13

10

Canada

359

3.8

4.4

3.5

16

14
14

World
North America

Mexico
South and Central America
Brazil
Argentina
Europe
European Union (25)
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation
Africa
South Africa
Middle East
Asia

214

1.2

2.7

2.1

14

355

3.1

3.1

3.5

13

15

30

25

118

0.9

0.9

1.2

17

21

32

23

40

0.4

0.4

0.4

15

17

16

4372

49.6

42.0

43.0

11

19

20

4001

38.9

39.4

10

19

19

340

1.7

2.3

3.3

18

27

36

28

244

1.7

2.4

18

27

35

33

298

3.1

2.4

2.9

15

25

30

29

52

0.7

0.5

0.5

12

23

26

13

538

4.1

4.3

5.3

15

22

32

35

2779

21.8

26.4

27.4

11

18

25

16

China

762

1.8

4.0

7.5

25

35

35

28

Japan

595

8.5

7.6

5.9

13

20

India

95

0.5

0.7

0.9

18

16

32

26

983

7.8

10.4

9.7

15

24

12

Six East Asian traders


Memorandum items:
WTO Members (149)

9590

95.6

95.8

94.4

10

17

21

13

ASEAN

653

4.2

6.9

6.4

17

20

15

MERCOSUR

163

1.4

1.3

1.6

14

19

28

21

Trade by region

Value

35

Table III.2

World merchandise imports by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

World
North America
United States

2005

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

10511

100.0

100.0

100.0

10

17

22

13

2285

19.6

25.8

21.7

16

14

1732

14.8

19.2

16.5

17

14

320

3.5

3.7

3.0

14

15

Mexico

232

1.2

2.8

2.2

15

12

Brazil
Argentina
Europe
European Union (25)
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation
Africa
South Africa
Middle East
Asia

Trade by region

Annual percentage change

Canada

South and Central America

298

2.5

3.2

2.8

28

23

78

0.6

0.9

0.7

31

17
28

29

0.1

0.4

0.3

54

62

4543

50.1

42.4

43.2

10

20

20

4135

39.1

39.3

10

20

20

216

1.9

1.2

2.1

22

27

31

25

125

0.7

1.2

23

25

28

29

249

2.8

2.0

2.4

14

20

29

19

62

0.5

0.5

0.6

16

36

39

13

322

2.9

2.6

3.1

14

14

31

17

2599

20.3

22.9

24.7

12

19

27

16

China

660

1.5

3.4

6.3

24

40

36

18

Japan

515

6.7

5.8

4.9

14

19

13

India

135

0.7

0.8

1.3

21

26

37

39

Six East Asian traders

905

8.0

9.4

8.6

12

27

14

10099

95.4

97.3

96.1

10

16

21

13

ASEAN

594

4.6

5.8

5.7

12

25

16

MERCOSUR

114

0.8

1.4

1.1

11

38

20

Memorandum items:
WTO Members (149)

36

Share

Table III.3

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Destination
Origin
North America

South and
Central
America

Commonwealth
of Independent
States (CIS)

Europe

Africa

Middle East

Asia

World

Value
North America

824

87

238

18

34

270

1478

South and Central America

118

86

68

10

48

355

Europe

398

58

3201

109

112

122

332

4372

19

178

62

11

40

340

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Africa

60

128

26

49

298

Middle East

66

87

15

54

281

538

608

51

498

37

54

89

1424

2779

2093

301

4398

224

240

321

2443

10159

16.1

0.5

1.2

2.3

18.3

100.0

Asia
World

North America

55.8

5.9

South and Central America

33.2

24.3

19.1

1.6

2.7

1.8

13.4

100.0

9.1

1.3

73.2

2.5

2.6

2.8

7.6

100.0

Europe

5.7

2.0

52.3

18.1

1.4

3.1

11.8

100.0

Africa

20.2

2.8

42.9

0.3

8.9

1.7

16.3

100.0

Middle East

12.3

0.6

16.1

0.6

2.9

10.1

52.2

100.0

Asia

21.9

1.9

17.9

1.3

1.9

3.2

51.2

100.0

World

20.6

3.0

43.3

2.2

2.4

3.2

24.0

100.0

2.3

0.1

0.2

0.3

2.7

14.5

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Trade by region

Share of inter-regional trade flows in each region's total merchandise exports

Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports


North America

8.1

0.9

South and Central America

1.2

0.8

0.7

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.5

3.5

Europe

3.9

0.6

31.5

1.1

1.1

1.2

3.3

43.0

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

0.2

0.1

1.8

0.6

0.0

0.1

0.4

3.3

Africa

0.6

0.1

1.3

0.0

0.3

0.1

0.5

2.9

Middle East

0.7

0.0

0.9

0.0

0.2

0.5

2.8

5.3

Asia

6.0

0.5

4.9

0.4

0.5

0.9

14.0

27.4

20.6

3.0

43.3

2.2

2.4

3.2

24.0

100.0

World

37

Chart III.3

World trade in commercial services by selected region, 1998-05


(Annual percentage change in value)

Exports

Imports

North America

South and Central America

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

-5

-5

-10

-10

-15

-15
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1999

2000

2001

Trade by region

Europe

2003

2004

2005

Africa

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

-5

-5

-10

-10

-15

-15
1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

1999

2005

2000

2001

Asia

2002

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

World

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

-5

-5

-10

-10

-15

-15
1999

38

2002

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1999

2000

2001

2002

Table III.4

World exports of commercial services by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

World
North America
United States
South and Central America
Brazil
Europe

Annual percentage change

2005

1990

1995

2000

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2415

100.0

100.0

100.0

10

14

20

10

422

20.3

19.7

22.2

13

10

354

17.0

16.8

18.7

14

10

68

2.9

2.9

3.2

10

16

19

15

0.5

0.5

0.6

11

21

28

1245

50.4

48.4

12

19

19

1121

...

43.3

12

19

19

United Kingdom

189

6.9

6.5

7.9

10

15

23

Germany

149

6.5

6.2

5.3

13

20

17

10

France

115

8.5

7.0

5.4

15

11

94

6.2

5.2

3.8

11

19

17

13

42

...

1.2

20

16

29

20

24

0.9

0.6

21

20

25

21
12

European Union (25)

Italy
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation
Africa

57

2.4

2.2

2.1

13

26

20

Egypt

15

0.6

0.7

0.6

19

30

South Africa

10

0.4

0.4

0.3

15

69

14

14

Middle East

55

...

...

2.2

11

27

14

13

Israel

17

0.6

0.7

1.0

12

19

12

525

16.8

21.8

20.8

11

10

26

14

108

...

5.8

4.9

25

14

China

74

0.7

1.6

2.0

20

18

34

19

Hong Kong, China

62

2.3

2.9

2.7

18

13

India

56

0.6

0.6

1.1

...

21

...

...

Singapore

45

1.6

2.3

2.0

12

19

10

Korea, Republic of

44

1.2

1.9

2.0

16

28

Australia

28

1.3

1.3

1.2

18

19

Taipei, Chinese

26

0.9

1.3

1.3

11

Thailand

20

0.8

1.2

0.9

21

Malaysia

19

0.5

1.0

0.9

-9

24

14

0.2

0.3

0.2

...

18

44

...

Asia
Japan a

Macao, China b

Trade by region

Share

Value

a Secretariat estimates for exports prior to 2003 are based on the new methodology applied by the Bank of Japan. See the Technical Notes.
b Secretariat estimates.

39

Table III.5

World imports of commercial services by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

World
North America
United States
South and Central America
Brazil
Europe

1990

1995

2000

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2345

100.0

100.0

100.0

10

14

19

10

366

16.5

14.3

18.2

15

281

11.9

10.8

14.1

16

70

3.0

3.8

3.7

15

21

22

0.8

1.1

1.1

12

38

1120

46.7

45.7

11

18

17

43.5

42.6

11

19

16

Germany

201

10.1

10.9

9.2

19

13

United Kingdom

154

5.4

5.2

6.5

10

13

20

France

105

6.1

5.4

4.1

12

20

19

92

5.7

4.5

3.7

11

20

10

15

62

...

1.6

21

17

28

19

38

1.7

1.1

19

16

23

18

Italy
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation
Africa

69

3.2

2.9

2.5

13

16

19

21

12

0.4

0.5

0.4

15

52

26

15

Egypt

0.4

0.4

0.5

24

27

Middle East

85

...

...

3.3

12

19

20

18

14

1.5

0.7

0.7

11

39

29
12

South Africa

Trade by region

2005

1038

European Union (25)

Saudi Arabia
Asia

573

21.8

27.3

25.0

24

Japan

133

10.3

10.1

7.7

21

China

83

0.5

2.1

2.4

18

19

31

16

Korea, Republic of

58

1.2

2.1

2.2

12

11

24

17

India

52

0.7

0.8

1.3

...

23

...

...

Singapore

44

1.0

1.7

1.9

13

23

Hong Kong, China

32

1.3

1.7

1.7

19

Taipei, Chinese

31

1.7

1.9

1.7

20

Australia

29

1.6

1.4

1.2

10

18

26

Thailand

27

0.8

1.6

1.0

12

27

20

Indonesia a

23

0.7

1.1

1.0

...

...

...

Malaysia

22

0.7

1.2

1.1

15

a Secretariat estimate.

40

Annual percentage change

Table III.6

Exports of commercial services of selected economies by selected partners, 2005


(Percentage)
World

United States

EU (25)

100

12

100

World
United States

Japan

Other economies

18

65

35

12

53

European Union (25)

100

31

64

Japan

100

27

24

49

Other economies

100

19

70

Note: Excluding intra-EU (25) trade.

Table III.7

Imports of commercial services of selected economies by selected partners, 2005

World

United States

EU (25)

Japan

Other economies

100

15

21

59

World
United States

100

38

54

European Union (25)

100

32

64

Japan

100

30

21

49

Other economies

100

12

23

60

Note : Excluding intra-EU (25) trade.

Trade by region

(Percentage)

Chart III.4

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by selected partners, 2005


(Billion dollars)

European Union (25)

Japan

United States

Other

Exports

Imports

500

500

450

450

400

400

350

350

300

300

250

250

200

200

150

150

100

100

50

50

0
United
States

European
Union (25)

Japan

United
States

European
Union (25)

Japan

Note: Excluding intra-EU trade

41

2. North America
Table III.8

Table III.9

Merchandise trade of North America, 2005

Merchandise trade of North America by region and by


major product group, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)


Exports

Imports

Value

1478

2285

Share in world merchandise trade

14.5

21.7

Value

Share

Exports Imports

Exports Imports

World

1478

2285

100.0

100.0

824

791

55.8

34.6

87

153

5.9

6.7

238

422

16.1

18.5

Region

Annual percentage change

North America

Value
1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

2
11
9
7
4
5
14
12

6
9
8
11
6
8
16
14

South and Central America


Europe
CIS

22

0.5

1.0

Africa

18

74

1.2

3.3

Middle East

34

70

2.3

3.1

270

751

18.3

32.9

Agricultural products

137

135

9.2

5.9

Fuels and mining products

179

393

12.1

17.2

1103

1686

74.6

73.8

Asia

Product group
Volume

Trade by region

1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

0.5
8.5
7.5
8.0
1.5
1.5
8.0
6.0

6.5
5.5
7.0
11.0
4.0
4.5
10.5
6.0

Manufactures

Chart III.5

Chart III.6

Merchandise trade of North America, 1995-05

Share of North America in world merchandise trade,


1995-05

(Billion dollars)

(Percentage based on value data)

50

4800

45

4000
40
35

3200

30
Imports

2400

25

Imports
20

1600

Exports
15

Exports
10

800
95

42

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

Table III.10

Merchandise exports of North America by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Total merchandise exports


Agricultural products
Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

Fuels and mining products


Ores and other minerals
Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

Manufactures
Iron and steel

Share in exports of
North America

Share in world exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

1477.5

100.0

100.0

19.5

14.5

14

12

136.6

9.4

9.2

20.8

16.0

97.6

6.5

6.6

18.5

14.3

10

8.3

0.5

0.6

12.2

11.0

89.3

6.0

6.0

19.4

14.7

10

39.0

2.9

2.6

29.1

23.1

18

178.7

7.7

12.1

10.9

10.2

14

25

27

34

22.3

0.9

1.5

16.2

15.0

16

16

35

35

131.0

5.4

8.9

9.8

9.4

15

32

24

38

25.5

1.5

1.7

14.1

12.8

34

19

1102.9

78.6

74.6

20.5

15.1

13

10
26

20.9

0.9

1.4

7.9

6.6

13

13

36

153.9

8.4

10.4

17.6

13.9

12

21

Pharmaceuticals

30.8

1.2

2.1

14.0

11.3

15

21

25

Other chemicals

123.0

7.1

8.3

18.4

14.8

10

20

96.7

6.5

6.5

17.8

13.6

15

10

Machinery and transport equipment

665.5

50.8

45.0

23.6

17.3

12

10

Office and telecom equipment

177.1

17.0

12.0

21.5

13.9

-3

10

EDP and office equipment

62.1

6.1

4.2

20.2

13.4

-4

Telecommunications equipment

61.9

5.2

4.2

22.2

13.3

-1

-8

21

15

Integrated circuits

53.1

5.7

3.6

22.6

15.4

-5

-1

Transport equipment

268.8

18.2

18.2

26.8

20.6

11

188.1

12.9

12.7

27.5

20.6

10

80.7

5.3

5.5

25.4

20.8

-4

16
12

Chemicals

Other semi-manufactures

Automotive products
Other transport equipment

219.6

15.6

14.9

22.8

17.2

16

Textiles

Other machinery

17.0

1.3

1.1

10.0

8.4

Clothing

14.1

1.6

1.0

9.8

5.1

-6

-6

-2

-3
10

Other manufactures

134.9

9.1

9.1

21.0

15.9

13

Personal and household goods

17.3

1.3

1.2

13.8

9.7

10

Scientific and controlling instruments

48.8

3.2

3.3

32.7

23.1

17

Miscellaneous manufactures

68.8

4.7

4.7

19.1

15.0

12

11

Trade by region

Value

43

Table III.11

Merchandise imports of North America by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Annual percentage change

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2284.7

100.0

100.0

25.8

21.7

16

14

134.9

5.7

5.9

16.1

14.9

13

104.7

4.3

4.6

15.5

14.4

10

10

Fish

14.6

0.7

0.6

21.1

18.4

Other food products

90.1

3.6

3.9

14.7

13.9

10

11

10

Agricultural products
Food

Raw materials

Fuels and mining products


Ores and other minerals
Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

Manufactures
Iron and steel

30.1

1.4

1.3

18.4

16.8

25

392.7

11.6

17.2

21.6

21.4

15

28

33

36

14.0

0.6

0.6

13.3

8.4

31

14

340.3

9.4

14.9

22.4

23.2

17

34

32

39

38.5

1.6

1.7

21.6

19.1

40

23

1685.7

78.8

73.8

27.3

22.4

14

10

46.7

1.7

2.0

18.5

13.8

10

-5

82

13

190.1

6.6

8.3

18.5

16.8

11

16

13

14

Pharmaceuticals

50.2

1.2

2.2

18.3

18.4

20

27

12

11

Other chemicals

139.9

5.5

6.1

18.6

16.3

12

13

15

Other semi-manufactures

162.1

7.2

7.1

25.4

21.5

16

10

Machinery and transport equipment

920.7

46.5

40.3

29.0

23.5

14

10

Office and telecom equipment

298.9

16.4

13.1

28.0

23.2

19

EDP and office equipment

124.6

6.7

5.5

29.5

26.4

16

Telecommunications equipment

Chemicals

Trade by region

Share in world imports

2005

Total merchandise imports

131.1

5.4

5.7

31.2

27.8

24

18

Integrated circuits

43.2

4.3

1.9

23.3

12.5

-10

-8

14

-2

Transport equipment

346.9

17.0

15.2

33.6

26.3

290.5

14.1

12.7

40.4

31.5

56.4

2.8

2.5

18.3

14.3

10

11

Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery

275.0

13.1

12.0

25.7

21.0

15

14

Textiles

33.2

1.6

1.5

15.8

15.5

11

Clothing

88.8

4.4

3.9

35.9

30.9

244.0

10.8

10.7

32.4

27.5

12

Other manufactures
Personal and household goods

68.4

2.8

3.0

38.0

35.3

13

10

Scientific and controlling instruments

44.0

1.9

1.9

26.5

20.6

11

19

131.6

6.1

5.8

32.5

27.4

Miscellaneous manufactures

44

Share in imports of
North America

Table III.12

Merchandise exports of North America by destination, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

World
Intra-North America
Asia
Japan

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

1477.5

100.0

100.0

14

12

824.2

55.8

55.8

13

11

270.0

19.0

18.3

13

64.4

5.9

4.4

-2

China

48.8

1.5

3.3

21

28

25

21

Korea, Republic of

30.2

2.4

2.0

10

Hong Kong, China

17.7

1.3

1.2

17

108.9

7.8

7.4

13

Other Asia
Europe

238.0

16.7

16.1

13

10

216.0

15.3

14.6

13

10

22.0

1.5

1.5

11

14

18

86.7

5.5

5.9

19

21

Brazil

17.1

1.4

1.2

-8

24

13

Other South and Central America

69.6

4.2

4.7

18

23

Middle East

34.1

1.7

2.3

11

22

35

Africa

European Union (25)


Other Europe
South and Central America

17.6

1.0

1.2

26

17

South Africa

4.3

0.3

0.3

14

13

25

Other Africa

13.2

0.7

0.9

-2

31

14

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Inter-regional trade

6.7

0.3

0.5

14

33

23

653.0

44.2

44.2

14

12

Trade by region

Share

Value

Table III.13

Merchandise imports of North America by origin, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2284.7

100.0

100.0

16

14

791.4

40.0

34.6

12

11

751.3

31.6

32.9

19

13

China

303.2

7.0

13.3

21

24

31

24

Japan

168.1

10.0

7.4

-4

11

Korea, Republic of

56.4

2.9

2.5

25

-2

Taipei, Chinese

43.7

2.8

1.9

-2

-6

12

India

22.4

0.7

1.0

12

11

21

20

World
Intra-North America
Asia

Singapore

18.4

1.3

0.8

-3

-1

Hong Kong, China

10.3

0.8

0.5

-5

-5

-4

Other Asia
Europe
European Union (25)
Other Europe
South and Central America
Brazil
Other South and Central America

128.9

6.0

5.6

12

12

421.8

17.9

18.5

13

11

383.3

16.4

16.8

12

11

38.5

1.6

1.7

20

14

153.5

5.1

6.7

12

14

28

24

34.3

1.0

1.5

14

15

22

18

119.1

4.1

5.2

11

14

29

26

Middle East

69.9

2.6

3.1

10

23

23

21

Africa

41

74.3

1.9

3.3

19

46

41

South Africa

6.8

0.3

0.3

14

31

-1

Other Africa

67.5

1.6

3.0

20

52

43

47

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Inter-regional trade

22.5

0.6

1.0

16

27

51

33

1493.3

59.7

65.4

10

19

15

45

Table III.14

Merchandise exports and imports of Canada, Mexico and the United States, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Annual percentage change
Value

Value

Volume

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

Exporters
North America

1478

14

12

1.5

1.5

8.0

6.0

Canada

359

16

14

1.0

-1.0

7.0

3.5

Mexico

214

14

14

...

...

...

...

United States

904

13

10

1.5

3.0

8.5

7.0

2285

16

14

4.0

4.5

10.5

6.0

Canada

320

14

15

3.5

4.0

8.5

9.0

Mexico

232

15

12

...

...

...

...

1732

17

14

4.5

5.5

11.0

5.5

Importers
North America

Trade by region

United States

46

Table III.15

Merchandise trade of Canada by region and economy, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Value
2005

Annual
percentage
change

Share
2000

2005

Origin

2004 2005

Region
World
North America

Value
2005

Annual
percentage
change

Share
2000

2005

2004 2005

Region
359.4

100.0 100.0

16

14

World

314.4

100.0 100.0

14

15

305.0

87.8

84.9

15

13

North America

192.7

67.7

61.3

11

13

Asia

23.4

5.3

6.5

24

16

Asia

55.7

14.5

17.7

21

19

Europe

23.3

5.1

6.5

24

20

Europe

45.3

12.4

14.4

14

19

South and Central America

4.1

1.0

1.1

29

30

South and Central America

9.9

1.8

3.1

38

43

Middle East

1.9

0.4

0.5

39

21

Africa

5.7

0.8

1.8

23

50

Africa

1.7

0.4

0.5

32

Middle East

3.3

0.7

1.1

20

31

CIS

0.7

0.1

0.2

32

52

CIS

1.8

0.2

0.6

86

44

11

Economy
United States
European Union (25)
Japan

Economy
302.2

87.3

84.1

15

13

United States

177.7

64.4

56.5

10

20.4

4.7

5.7

22

17

European Union (25)

37.6

10.6

12.0

13

17

7.5

2.2

2.1

13

15

China

24.4

3.2

7.7

40

31

China

5.8

0.9

1.6

49

15

Japan

12.2

4.7

3.9

19

Mexico

2.7

0.5

0.7

45

17

Mexico

12.0

3.4

3.8

18

17

263.9

86.2

83.9

13

14

5.0

1.2

1.6

24

31

Above 5

338.7

95.6

94.2

16

13

Korea, Republic of

2.3

0.5

0.6

25

34

Above 5
Norway

Australia

1.4

0.3

0.4

14

12

Korea, Republic of

4.4

1.4

1.4

23

-1

Norway

1.3

0.2

0.4

55

18

Algeria

3.4

0.3

1.1

39

44

Hong Kong, China

1.2

0.3

0.3

28

11

Taipei, Chinese

3.2

1.4

1.0

13

Taipei, Chinese

1.1

0.3

0.3

18

Canada b

2.9

...

0.9

...

...

Brazil

0.9

0.3

0.3

15

24

Brazil

2.6

0.4

0.8

26

44

India

0.9

0.1

0.2

23

33

Malaysia

2.2

0.7

0.7

24

Switzerland

0.9

0.1

0.2

41

78

Switzerland

1.8

0.4

0.6

25

37

Indonesia

0.6

0.2

0.2

60

10

Thailand

1.6

0.5

0.5

16

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

0.6

0.2

0.2

77

45

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

1.5

0.4

0.5

98

50

Singapore

0.5

0.1

0.1

49

12

India

1.5

0.3

0.5

19

22

United Arab Emirates

0.5

0.1

0.1

31

52

Australia

1.4

0.4

0.5

17

Russian Federation

0.5

0.0

0.1

33

47

Russian Federation

1.4

0.2

0.5

85

34

Thailand

0.4

0.1

0.1

21

Saudi Arabia

1.4

0.3

0.5

44

51

Turkey

0.4

0.1

0.1

44

38

Chile

1.4

0.2

0.4

59

36

South Africa

0.4

0.1

0.1

26

31

Peru

1.1

0.1

0.4

87

219

Cuba

0.4

0.1

0.1

28

49

Iraq

1.0

0.2

0.3

17

Colombia

0.4

0.1

0.1

38

21

Singapore

0.8

0.4

0.3

Saudi Arabia

0.4

0.1

0.1

36

-20

Indonesia

0.8

0.2

0.3

10

Israel

0.4

0.1

0.1

66

21

Philippines

0.8

0.4

0.2

Malaysia

0.3

0.1

0.1

-1

-1

Israel

0.7

0.2

0.2

21

25

Chile

0.3

0.1

0.1

19

23

South Africa

0.6

0.1

0.2

39

16

Philippines

0.3

0.1

0.1

19

-6

Turkey

0.5

0.1

0.2

40

12

New Zealand

0.3

0.0

0.1

15

-16

Colombia

0.5

0.1

0.2

20

50

Pakistan

0.3

0.0

0.1

25

-3

New Zealand

0.5

0.1

0.1

12

355.4

99.1

98.9

307.0

96.2

97.6

Above 30

Above 30

Trade by region

Destination

Imports a

a Imports are valued f.o.b.


b In 2005, Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise imports.

47

Table III.16

Merchandise trade of the United States by region and economy, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Destination

Value
2005

Annual
percentage
change

Share
2000

Imports

2005

Origin

2004 2005

Region
World

904.4

100.0 100.0

2000

13

10

World

1732.3

Asia

638.0

37.8

North America

464.4

332.0

37.0

36.7

12

11

Asia

241.9

27.6

26.8

12

Europe

2005

2004 2005

100.0 100.0

17

14

36.8

18

12

29.4

26.8

14

11

205.4

23.6

22.7

12

Europe

346.7

20.3

20.0

12

South and Central America

71.5

7.5

7.9

18

18

South and Central America

129.9

6.2

7.5

25

23

Middle East

31.9

2.4

3.5

21

36

Africa

67.9

2.3

3.9

43

40

Africa

15.5

1.4

1.7

26

15

Middle East

65.7

3.2

3.8

23

21

5.9

0.4

0.6

31

21

CIS

19.8

0.8

1.1

43

33

Economy

Trade by region

2005

Share

Region

North America

CIS

Economy

Canada

211.4

22.6

23.4

12

12

European Union (25)

186.5

21.5

20.6

12

Mexico

120.0

14.3

13.3

14

China

259.8

8.6

Japan

55.4

8.4

6.1

Mexico

172.5

10.9

China

41.8

2.1

4.6

22

20

Japan

142.0

12.0

Above 5

615.2

68.9

68.0

12

Above 5

1184.0

68.5

Korea, Republic of

27.7

3.6

3.1

Korea, Republic of

45.5

3.3

Taipei, Chinese

22.1

3.1

2.4

24

Taipei, Chinese

36.4

3.4

Singapore

20.6

2.3

2.3

18

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

35.3

1.6

Hong Kong, China

16.3

1.9

1.8

17

Malaysia

34.7

Australia

15.8

1.6

1.7

11

Saudi Arabia

29.0

Brazil

15.3

2.0

1.7

24

11

Brazil

Switzerland

10.8

1.3

1.2

16

Malaysia

European Union (25)

317.8

18.6

18.3

12

Canada

291.9

18.5

16.8

14

12

15.0

29

23

10.0

13

8.2

10

68.3

15

13

2.6

25

-5

2.1

10

2.0

46

34

2.1

2.0

11

19

1.2

1.7

15

29

26.2

1.2

1.5

20

15

Nigeria

25.1

0.9

1.4

56

47
13

10.5

1.4

1.2

-4

Thailand

21.0

1.4

1.2

16

Israel

9.7

1.0

1.1

34

India

19.9

0.9

1.1

20

21

United Arab Emirates

8.5

0.3

0.9

16

109

Israel

17.1

1.1

1.0

14

16
29

India

8.0

0.5

0.9

22

31

Russian Federation

16.2

0.6

0.9

38

Thailand

7.2

0.9

0.8

14

Singapore

15.4

1.6

0.9

-1

Philippines

6.9

1.1

0.8

-12

-3

Switzerland

13.5

0.8

0.8

11

Saudi Arabia

6.8

0.8

0.8

14

30

Indonesia

12.9

0.9

0.7

14

11

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

6.4

0.7

0.7

68

34

Algeria

10.8

0.2

0.6

55

37

Colombia

5.4

0.5

0.6

20

20

Philippines

9.7

1.1

0.6

-9

Chile

5.2

0.4

0.6

33

43

Iraq

9.6

0.5

0.6

87

Dominican Republic

4.7

0.6

0.5

Colombia

9.4

0.6

0.5

14

21

Turkey

4.3

0.5

0.5

16

27

Hong Kong, China

9.3

1.0

0.5

-5

Argentina

4.1

0.6

0.5

39

21

Angola

8.8

0.3

0.5

84
33

Russian Federation

3.9

0.3

0.4

21

33

Trinidad and Tabago

8.3

0.2

0.5

33

South Africa

3.9

0.4

0.4

12

22

Australia

7.7

0.5

0.4

17

-3

Costa Rica

3.6

0.3

0.4

-3

Chile

7.4

0.3

0.4

25

37

Honduras

3.2

0.3

0.4

Viet Nam

7.2

0.1

0.4

17

26

Egypt

3.2

0.4

0.4

17

Norway

7.1

0.5

0.4

25

849.3

95.6

93.9

1627.6

94.7

94.0

Above 30

48

Value

Annual
percentage
change

Above 30

Table III.17

Merchandise exports of NAFTA countries by destination, 1990-05


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Destination

United States

Canada

Mexico

NAFTA

All other countries

World

Origin

United States

Canada

Mexico

NAFTA

1990

83.0

28.3

111.3

282.3

393.6

2000

176.4

111.7

288.1

493.8

781.9

2003

169.5

97.5

266.9

457.9

724.8

2004

189.1

110.8

299.9

518.9

818.8

2005

211.4

120.0

331.5

572.9

904.4

1990

95.2

0.5

95.7

31.9

127.6

2000

241.6

1.4

243.0

33.7

276.6

2003

233.4

1.6

235.0

37.8

272.7

2004

267.9

2.3

270.1

46.4

316.5

2005

302.2

2.7

304.9

54.5

359.4

1990

32.3

0.2

32.5

8.2

40.7

2000

147.2

3.3

150.5

15.9

166.4

2003

147.0

2.8

149.9

15.5

165.4

2004

166.5

2.8

169.3

18.7

188.0

2005

183.3

4.2

187.6

26.2

213.7

1990

127.5

83.2

28.8

239.5

322.4

561.9

2000

388.8

179.7

113.1

681.6

543.4

1224.9

2003

380.4

172.3

99.0

651.7

511.2

1162.9

2004

434.4

191.9

113.1

739.3

584.0

1323.3

2005

485.5

215.6

122.7

823.9

653.6

1477.5

2000

14.4

9.1

23.5

40.3

63.8

2005

14.3

8.1

22.4

38.8

61.2

2000

19.7

0.1

19.8

2.7

22.6

2005

20.5

0.2

20.6

3.7

24.3

2000

12.0

0.3

12.3

1.3

13.6

2005

12.4

0.3

12.7

1.8

14.5

2000

31.7

14.7

9.2

55.6

44.4

100.0

2005

32.9

14.6

8.3

55.8

44.2

100.0

2000-05

2004

12

14

12

13

13

2005

12

11

10

10

2000-05

14

10

2004

15

45

15

23

16

2005

13

17

13

17

14

Trade by region

Value

Share
United States

Canada

Mexico

NAFTA

Annual percentage change


United States

Canada

Mexico

NAFTA

2000-05

10

2004

13

-2

13

20

14

2005

10

52

11

40

14

2000-05

2004

14

11

14

13

14

14

2005

12

12

11

12

12

49

Table III.18

Trade in commercial services of Canada, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Share

Value

Total commercial services

Imports
Share

Value

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

52.2

100.0

100.0

64.2

100.0

100.0

Transportation

9.6

19.2

18.4

14.5

21.5

22.6

Sea transport

2.7

4.0

5.2

6.0

8.0

9.4

Air transport

4.0

8.9

7.6

6.5

9.2

10.1

2.9

6.3

5.6

2.0

4.2

3.1

Travel

Other transport

13.6

27.4

26.0

18.3

28.5

28.6

Other commercial services

29.0

53.4

55.6

31.4

50.0

48.9

Communications services

2.2

3.5

4.2

1.7

3.2

2.7

Construction services

0.1

0.6

0.3

0.1

0.2

0.2

Insurance services

3.1

4.9

5.9

4.8

6.5

7.4

Financial services

1.8

2.2

3.4

2.3

3.5

3.5

Computer and information services

3.4

6.2

6.5

2.1

2.1

3.3

Royalties and license fees


Other business services

3.5

5.8

6.7

6.6

8.6

10.4

13.3

26.5

25.5

11.8

22.1

18.4

1.7

3.7

3.2

1.9

3.8

3.0

Trade by region

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

Table III.19

Trade in commercial services of the United States, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Share

Value

Share

Value

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

354.0

100.0

100.0

281.2

100.0

100.0

Transportation

63.2

18.2

17.8

88.2

31.6

31.4

Sea transport

5.4

1.7

1.5

35.8

10.0

12.7

Air transport

29.7

9.3

8.4

31.3

13.6

11.1

Other transport

28.1

7.1

7.9

21.1

8.0

7.5

Travel

102.0

35.2

28.8

73.6

32.3

26.2

Other commercial services

42.5

Total commercial services

188.8

46.6

53.3

119.4

36.1

Communications services a

5.0

1.5

1.4

5.3

2.9

1.9

Construction services a

4.1

0.9

1.2

1.0

0.2

0.4

Insurance services a

6.8

1.3

1.9

28.5

5.4

10.1

Financial services a

29.3

5.8

8.3

6.5

2.3

2.3
0.9

Computer and information services a

6.0

2.0

1.7

2.5

0.8

Royalties and license fees

57.4

15.5

16.2

24.5

7.9

8.7

Other business services

73.0

17.3

20.6

50.2

16.5

17.9

7.1

2.3

2.0

0.9

0.1

0.3

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

a Excludes transactions between affiliates, which are recorded under "Other business services".

50

Imports

3. South and Central America


Table III.20

Table III.21

Merchandise trade of South and Central America, 2005

Merchandise trade of South and Central America by


region and by major product group, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)


Exports

Imports

Value

355

298

Share in world merchandise trade

3.5

2.8

Share

Value
Exports

World

Exports

Imports

355

100.0

100.0

28.8

Region
North America

Value
1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

-2
5
7
6
13
15
30
25

-8
6
16
4
8
6
28
23

3.5
3.5
6.0
5.5
7.0
7.5
13.0
8.5

-7.5
3.0
13.5
5.5
4.5
1.5
19.0
14.0

Volume

118

33.2

South and Central America

86

24.3

28.6

Europe

68

19.1

19.4

CIS
Africa
Middle East
Asia

1.6

2.3

2.7

2.7

1.8

1.0

48

13.4

17.1

Product group
Agricultural products

1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

6
10

94

26.4

8.9

Fuels and mining products

132

37.1

19.8

Manufactures

121

34.1

68.6

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Trade by region

Annual percentage change

Chart III.7

Chart III.8

Merchandise trade of South and Central America, 1995-05

Share of South and Central America in world merchandise


trade, 1995-05

(Billion dollars)

(Percentage based on value data)

550

5.5

500

5.0

450

4.5
Imports

400

4.0

350
3.5

Exports
300

3.0
250

Exports
2.5

200
Imports
150

2.0
1.5

100

1.0

50
95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

51

Table III.22

Merchandise exports of South and Central America by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

Total merchandise exports


Agricultural products
Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

Fuels and mining products

Trade by region

Share in world exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

354.9

100.0

100.0

3.1

3.5

13

15

30

25

93.5

26.8

26.4

9.5

11.0

12

18

21

16

82.7

23.3

23.3

10.5

12.1

13

19

21

16

6.8

2.4

1.9

8.9

9.0

15

10

14

75.9

20.9

21.4

10.8

12.5

13

19

22

17

10.9

3.5

3.1

5.8

6.4

15

21

15

131.5

34.8

37.1

7.9

7.5

14

16

44

37

Ores and other minerals

26.5

5.3

7.5

15.6

17.8

20

20

65

36

Fuels

85.7

24.5

24.2

7.2

6.1

12

17

33

41

Non-ferrous metals

19.3

5.0

5.4

7.8

9.7

14

67

21

Manufactures

120.9

36.5

34.1

1.5

1.7

11

10

27

21

Iron and steel

15.8

3.3

4.5

4.6

5.0

19

17

43

28

Chemicals

20.5

5.7

5.8

1.9

1.9

13

14

26

26

Pharmaceuticals

2.1

0.7

0.6

1.2

0.8

10

17

22

Other chemicals

18.4

5.0

5.2

2.1

2.2

13

16

27

27

Other semi-manufactures

16.8

5.2

4.7

2.3

2.4

11

12

24

14

Machinery and transport equipment

42.5

12.2

12.0

0.9

1.1

12

12

36

29

Office and telecom equipment

6.5

2.2

1.8

0.4

0.5

11

70

3.0

1.1

0.8

0.6

0.6

40

60

EDP and office equipment


Telecommunications equipment

3.3

0.9

0.9

0.6

0.7

13

-6

-7

97

Integrated circuits

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

-2

-17

Transport equipment
Automotive products
Other transport equipment

22.8

6.7

6.4

1.6

1.7

12

47

22

16.4

3.9

4.6

1.3

1.8

16

16

36

37

6.4

2.8

1.8

2.1

1.7

-7

73

-4

13.2

3.4

3.7

0.8

1.0

15

20

34

27

Textiles

2.8

1.1

0.8

1.3

1.4

17

19

13

Clothing

13.1

5.5

3.7

5.5

4.7

-2

-1

9.5

3.4

2.7

1.3

1.1

18

12

Other machinery

Other manufactures

52

Share in exports of
South & Central
America

Personal and household goods

4.0

1.6

1.1

2.7

2.2

20

Scientific and controlling instruments

1.7

0.5

0.5

0.9

0.8

11

11

13

15

Miscellaneous manufactures

3.8

1.3

1.1

0.9

0.8

19

20

Table III.23

Merchandise exports of South and Central America by destination, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

World

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

354.9

100.0

100.0

13

15

30

25

North America

117.9

38.8

33.2

23

26

Intra-South and Central America

86.2

26.1

24.3

11

16

37

27

Europe

67.7

19.8

19.1

12

19

27

15

62.7

18.3

17.7

12

19

28

15

European Union (25)


Asia

47.5

9.7

13.4

20

32

33

25

China

17.2

1.8

4.8

37

73

32

29

Japan

10.1

3.4

2.8

12

39

22

Other Asia

20.2

4.5

5.7

18

18

32

24

Africa

9.6

1.4

2.7

28

20

50

32

Middle East

6.4

1.4

1.8

18

23

26

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

5.8

0.6

1.6

37

23

25

63

254.9

71.8

71.8

13

13

27

24

Inter-regional trade

Trade by region

Share

Value

53

Table III.24

Leading merchandise exporters and importers in South and Central America, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Share

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

354.9

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

13

15

30

25

Exporters
South and Central America
Brazil

Trade by region

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

118.3

22.0

29.6

28.1

33.3

17

21

32

23

55.5

21.0

16.5

17.1

15.6

11

43

43

Chile

40.6

5.1

7.9

9.8

11.4

16

19

49

26

Argentina

40.0

8.7

11.7

13.5

11.3

15

17

16

Colombia

21.1

4.3

6.4

6.7

6.0

10

10

24

30

Peru

17.2

4.3

3.0

3.6

4.8

20

18

39

36

Ecuador

30

10.1

2.7

2.6

2.5

2.8

15

23

25

Trinidad and Tobago

9.0

4.4

1.8

2.2

2.5

16

33

23

42

Costa Rica

7.0

1.1

1.4

3.0

2.0

16

12

Dominican Republic

6.1

1.3

2.0

2.9

1.7

Guatemala

5.4

1.7

1.1

1.4

1.5

15

13

7
15

Uruguay

3.4

1.2

1.6

1.2

1.0

18

34

El Salvador

3.4

1.1

0.5

1.5

1.0

Cuba

2.7

6.1

4.8

0.9

0.8

10

19

30

23

Bolivia

2.7

1.0

0.9

0.6

0.8

17

23

34

24

297.6

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

28

23

Brazil

77.6

24.6

26.2

28.6

26.1

31

17

Chile

32.5

5.7

9.0

9.0

10.9

12

13

28

31

Argentina

28.7

10.4

4.7

12.2

9.6

54

62

28

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

24.2

11.7

8.5

7.9

8.1

-29

82

44

Colombia

21.2

4.7

6.5

5.6

7.1

13

21

27

Peru

12.5

2.5

3.1

3.6

4.2

11

12

20

24

Guatemala

10.5

1.6

1.9

2.3

3.5

17

17

11

Ecuador

25

Importers
South and Central America

10.3

2.2

2.2

1.8

3.5

23

23

Costa Rica

9.8

1.5

2.3

3.1

3.3

19

Dominican Republic

9.6

1.9

3.5

4.6

3.2

-14

22

Cuba

7.1

6.4

5.4

2.3

2.4

12

14

35

El Salvador

6.8

1.0

1.5

2.4

2.3

11

10

Trinidad and Tobago

5.7

3.1

1.3

1.6

1.9

11

25

17

Honduras

4.5

1.0

1.1

1.4

1.5

10

20

15

Jamaica

4.5

1.1

2.2

1.6

1.5

18

Exports

51.1

12.3

12.9

13.4

14.4

14

16

29

32

Imports

46.4

10.1

12.5

11.9

15.6

14

21

26

Exports

163.4

32.2

43.8

43.2

46.1

13

19

28

21

Imports

113.9

37.3

34.1

43.6

38.3

11

38

20

Memorandum items:
Andean Community

MERCOSUR

54

Table III.25

Merchandise exports of MERCOSUR countries by region, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Destination

All other regions

MERCOSUR

Origin

Total

World

South and Central America Other regions

Value
Argentina

1990
2000
2004
2005

1833
8402
6576
7699

10520
17939
27974
32345

516
3936
6184
7350

10004
14003
21790
24995

12353
26341
34550
40044

Brazil

1990
2000
2004
2005

1320
7762
8908
11720

30094
47324
87567
106588

1893
4402
9819
14333

28201
42922
77748
92255

31414
55086
96475
118308

Paraguay

1990
2000
2004
2005

379
553
865
910

580
316
761
778

122
120
312
312

458
196
449
466

959
869
1626
1688

Uruguay

1990
2000
2004
2005

595
1024
764
778

1098
1271
2186
2627

27
136
183
315

1071
1135
2003
2312

1693
2295
2950
3405

MERCOSUR

1990
2000
2004
2005

4127
17741
17114
21107

42292
66850
118487
142338

2558
8594
16497
22310

39734
58256
101990
120028

46419
84591
135601
163445

Argentina

2000
2005

9.9
4.7

21.2
19.8

4.7
4.5

16.6
15.3

31.1
24.5

Brazil

2000
2005

9.2
7.2

55.9
65.2

5.2
8.8

50.7
56.4

65.1
72.4

Paraguay

2000
2005

0.7
0.6

0.4
0.5

0.1
0.2

0.2
0.3

1.0
1.0

Uruguay

2000
2005

1.2
0.5

1.5
1.6

0.2
0.2

1.3
1.4

2.7
2.1

MERCOSUR

2000
2005

21.0
12.9

79.0
87.1

10.2
13.6

68.9
73.4

100.0
100.0

Argentina

2000-05
2004
2005

-2
17
17

13
17
16

13
23
19

12
15
15

9
17
16

Brazil

2000-05
2004
2005

9
57
32

18
30
22

27
53
46

17
27
19

17
32
23

Paraguay

2000-05
2004
2005

10
18
5

20
50
2

21
63
0

19
42
4

14
31
4

Uruguay

2000-05
2004
2005

-5
13
2

16
43
20

18
36
72

15
44
15

8
34
15

MERCOSUR

2000-05
2004
2005

4
35
23

16
27
20

21
40
35

16
25
18

14
28
21

Trade by region

Share

Annual percentage change

55

Table III.26

Merchandise imports of MERCOSUR countries by region, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Destination

All other regions

MERCOSUR

Origin

Total

World

South and Central America Other regions

Value
Argentina

1990
2000
2004
2005

833
6881
8169
11639

3243
18273
15119
17053

399
816
766
1204

2844
17457
14353
15849

4076
25154
23288
28692

Brazil

1990
2000
2004
2005

2441
8182
6741
7513

20083
50871
59692
70072

1349
3513
3577
4378

18734
47358
56115
65694

22524
59053
66433
77585

Paraguay

1990
2000
2004
2005

404
1132
1584
1536

948
1061
1513
2164

58
76
77
175

890
985
1436
1989

1352
2193
3097
3700

Uruguay

1990
2000
2004
2005

560
1518
1384
1750

783
1948
1730
2129

87
237
76
150

696
1711
1654
1979

1343
3466
3114
3879

MERCOSUR

1990
2000
2004
2005

4239
17713
17879
22438

25056
72153
78053
91418

1892
4642
4495
5907

23164
67511
73558
85511

29295
89866
95932
113856

Argentina

2000
2005

7.7
10.2

20.3
15.0

0.9
1.1

19.4
13.9

28.0
25.2

Brazil

2000
2005

9.1
6.6

56.6
61.5

3.9
3.8

52.7
57.7

65.7
68.1

Paraguay

2000
2005

1.3
1.3

1.2
1.9

0.1
0.2

1.1
1.7

2.4
3.2

Uruguay

2000
2005

1.7
1.5

2.2
1.9

0.3
0.1

1.9
1.7

3.9
3.4

MERCOSUR

2000
2005

19.7
19.7

80.3
80.3

5.2
5.2

75.1
75.1

100.0
100.0

Argentina

2000-05
2004
2005

11
58
42

-1
74
13

8
81
57

-2
74
10

3
68
23

Brazil

2000-05
2004
2005

-2
13
11

7
33
17

5
49
22

7
32
17

6
31
17

Paraguay

2000-05
2004
2005

6
35
-3

15
69
43

18
80
127

15
69
39

11
50
19

Uruguay

2000-05
2004
2005

3
33
26

2
51
23

-9
29
97

3
52
20

2
42
25

MERCOSUR

2000-05
2004
2005

5
34
26

5
40
17

5
54
31

5
40
16

5
39
19

Trade by region

Share

Annual percentage change

56

Table III.27

Merchandise exports of Andean Community countries by region, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Destination

All other regions

Andean Community

Origin

Total

World

South and Central America Other regions

Value
Bolivia

1990
2000
2004
2005

57
259
263
312

869
971
1883
2359

359
378
1181
1485

510
593
702
874

926
1230
2146
2671

Colombia

1990
2000
2004
2005

169
877
1614
2110

6597
12163
14610
19036

965
2762
3545
4614

5632
9401
11065
14422

6766
13040
16224
21146

Ecuador

1990
2000
2004
2005

171
554
891
1253

2543
4373
6862
8847

594
921
1666
2078

1949
3452
5196
6769

2714
4927
7753
10100

Peru

1990
2000
2004
2005

156
337
599
795

3074
6691
12018
16411

301
784
1586
2185

2773
5907
10432
14226

3230
7028
12617
17206

Andean Community

1990
2000
2004
2005

553
2027
3367
4470

13083
24198
35373
46653

2219
4845
7978
10362

10864
19353
27395
36291

13636
26225
38740
51123

Bolivia

2000
2005

1.0
0.6

3.7
4.6

1.4
2.9

2.3
1.7

4.7
5.2

Colombia

2000
2005

3.3
4.1

46.4
37.2

10.5
9.0

35.8
28.2

49.7
41.4

Ecuador

2000
2005

2.1
2.5

16.7
17.3

3.5
4.1

13.2
13.2

18.8
19.8

Peru

2000
2005

1.3
1.6

25.5
32.1

3.0
4.3

22.5
27.8

26.8
33.7

Andean Community

2000
2005

7.7
8.7

92.3
91.3

18.5
20.3

73.8
71.0

100.0
100.0

Bolivia

2000-05
2004
2005

4
-3
19

19
42
25

31
55
26

8
24
25

17
34
24

Colombia

2000-05
2004
2005

19
33
31

9
23
30

11
62
30

9
14
30

10
24
30

Ecuador

2000-05
2004
2005

18
-11
41

15
31
29

18
128
25

14
16
30

15
25
30

Peru

2000-05
2004
2005

19
36
33

20
39
37

23
52
38

19
37
36

20
39
36

Andean Community

2000-05
2004
2005

17
15
33

14
31
32

16
69
30

13
23
32

14
29
32

Trade by region

Share

Annual percentage change

57

Table III.28

Merchandise imports of Andean Community countries by region, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Origin

All other regions

Andean Community

Destination

Total

World

South and Central America Other regions

Value
Bolivia

1990
2000
2004
2005

27
144
198
246

660
1686
1646
2095

297
731
937
1195

363
955
709
900

687
1830
1844
2341

Colombia

1990
2000
2004
2005

152
667
800
1024

5438
10872
15946
20180

936
1985
3278
4140

4502
8887
12668
16040

5590
11539
16746
21204

Ecuador

1990
2000
2004
2005

87
568
1345
1654

1774
3153
6881
8655

281
836
1898
2410

1493
2317
4983
6245

1861
3721
8226
10309

Peru

1990
2000
2004
2005

284
775
1573
1794

2350
6640
8528
10708

572
1838
2589
3357

1778
4802
5939
7351

2634
7415
10101
12502

Andean Community

1990
2000
2004
2005

550
2154
3916
4718

10222
22351
33001
41638

2086
5390
8702
11102

8136
16961
24299
30536

10772
24505
36917
46356

Bolivia

2000
2005

0.6
0.5

6.9
4.5

3.0
2.6

3.9
1.9

7.5
5.1

Colombia

2000
2005

2.7
2.2

44.4
43.5

8.1
8.9

36.3
34.6

47.1
45.7

Ecuador

2000
2005

2.3
3.6

12.9
18.7

3.4
5.2

9.5
13.5

15.2
22.2

Peru

2000
2005

3.2
3.9

27.1
23.1

7.5
7.2

19.6
15.9

30.3
27.0

Andean Community

2000
2005

8.8
10.2

91.2
89.8

22.0
23.9

69.2
65.9

100.0
100.0

Bolivia

2000-05
2004
2005

11
24
24

4
13
27

10
20
28

-1
6
27

5
14
27

Colombia

2000-05
2004
2005

9
0
28

13
22
27

16
45
26

13
17
27

13
21
27

Ecuador

2000-05
2004
2005

24
22
23

22
23
26

24
26
27

22
22
25

23
23
25

Peru

2000-05
2004
2005

18
29
14

10
18
26

13
29
30

9
14
24

11
20
24

Andean Community

2000-05
2004
2005

17
19
20

13
21
26

16
33
28

12
17
26

14
21
26

Trade by region

Share

Annual percentage change

58

Table III.29

Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in South and Central America, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

68.2

100.0

100.0

10

16

19

Brazil

14.9

19.0

21.9

11

21

28

Chile

7.1

8.5

10.4

12

14

22

18

Argentina

6.1

10.1

9.0

28

24

20

Cuba a

6.1

6.6

8.9

...

13

15

...

Dominican Republic

3.8

6.7

5.6

14

11

South and Central America

Panama

3.1

4.2

4.5

10

10

15

Colombia

2.6

4.2

3.8

18

19

Costa Rica

2.6

4.1

3.8

11

17

Bahamas

2.5

4.1

3.6

11

Jamaica

2.4

4.2

3.5

12

Peru

2.1

3.0

3.0

11

14

15

Netherlands Antilles

1.8

3.4

2.7

Barbados

1.3

2.2

1.9

12

12

Uruguay

1.3

2.7

1.9

45

16

Aruba

1.3

2.1

1.9

19

70.5

100.0

100.0

15

21

22.3

28.5

31.6

12

38

7.6

16.4

10.8

-3

15

23

15

Importers
South and Central America
Brazil
Argentina
Chile

7.6

8.5

10.8

10

11

20

15

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

5.3

7.8

7.4

-15

31

23

Colombia

4.7

5.9

6.7

17

21

Peru

3.0

3.9

4.2

13
13

Ecuador

2.0

2.2

2.8

10

-3

13

Jamaica

1.7

2.5

2.4

-1

Panama

1.6

2.0

2.3

-1

12

17

Guatemala

1.4

1.4

2.0

13

15

14

Costa Rica

1.4

2.3

2.0

10

Dominican Republic

1.3

2.5

1.9

-7

-1

15

Bahamas

1.3

1.8

1.8

15

El Salvador

1.1

1.7

1.6

Cuba a

0.9

1.5

1.3

...

...

Trade by region

Exporters

a Secretariat estimates.

59

4. Europe
Table III.30

Table III.31

Merchandise trade of Europe, 2005

Merchandise trade of Europe by region and by major


product group, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)


Exports

Imports

Value

4372

4543

Share in world merchandise trade

43.0

43.2

Annual percentage change

Value
Exports

World

Share

Imports

Exports

Imports

4372

4543

100.0

100.0

398

257

9.1

5.7

58

81

1.3

1.8

Region
North America

Value
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

2
11
19
20
8

4
10
20
20
9

Volume
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

6.0
3.5
2.0
7.0
3.5

6.5
3.0
3.0
7.0
3.5

South and Central America


Europe

3201

3194

73.2

70.3

CIS

109

183

2.5

4.0

Africa

112

138

2.6

3.0

Middle East

122

90

2.8

2.0

Asia

332

556

7.6

12.2

396

430

9.1

9.5

Product group
Agricultural products
Fuels and mining products

405

684

9.3

15.1

3485

3349

79.7

73.7

Trade by region

Manufactures

Chart III. 9

Chart III. 10

Merchandise trade of Europe, 1995-05

Share of Europe in world merchandise trade, 1995-05

(Billion dollars)

(Percentage based on value data)

4800

50
Exports
45

4000

Imports
40
35

3200
Imports

30
Exports

2400

25
20

1600
15
10

800
95

60

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

Table III.32

Merchandise exports of Europe by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Total merchandise exports


Agricultural products
Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

Fuels and mining products


Ores and other minerals
Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

Manufactures

Share in exports of
Europe

Share in world exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

4371.9

100.0

100.0

42.0

43.0

11

19

20

396.1

9.3

9.1

44.3

46.5

10

21

15

331.3

7.7

7.6

46.7

48.5

10

21

14

25.7

0.6

0.6

31.3

34.2

14

14

305.6

7.0

7.0

48.9

50.2

11

22

14

64.8

1.6

1.5

35.5

38.5

20

16

405.4

7.8

9.3

23.7

23.2

15

23

28

29

38.6

0.7

0.9

27.5

25.9

16

26

50

286.9

5.2

6.6

20.3

20.5

16

25

25

38

79.9

1.9

1.8

40.1

40.1

10

15

29

14

3485.3

80.7

79.7

45.2

47.7

10

19

19

Iron and steel

151.4

2.7

3.5

49.9

47.6

16

26

44

14

Chemicals

663.4

13.0

15.2

58.4

60.1

14

21

20

10

Pharmaceuticals

218.7

3.1

5.0

75.5

80.5

22

24

20

Other chemicals

444.7

9.9

10.2

54.6

53.4

11

20

20

11
6

Other semi-manufactures

371.4

8.9

8.5

52.1

52.2

10

18

19

Machinery and transport equipment

1711.6

41.9

39.1

41.9

44.4

18

19

Office and telecom equipment

370.7

10.9

8.5

29.8

29.1

18

10

EDP and office equipment

145.7

4.4

3.3

31.0

31.3

14

16

Telecommunications equipment

163.5

4.3

3.7

39.2

35.2

19

20

Integrated circuits

61.5

2.3

1.4

19.4

17.8

-3

20

-2

Transport equipment

700.7

15.8

16.0

50.1

53.8

11

21

19

Automotive products

500.2

11.0

11.4

50.3

54.7

11

22

19

Other transport equipment

200.5

4.8

4.6

49.5

51.6

10

19

19

640.1

15.2

14.6

47.9

50.2

10

19

20

Textiles

Other machinery

78.5

2.4

1.8

39.7

38.7

14

12

-4

Clothing

103.0

2.5

2.4

32.7

37.4

10

20

13

Other manufactures

406.1

9.4

9.3

46.3

47.9

10

19

17

Personal and household goods

88.9

2.2

2.0

50.3

49.6

18

15

Scientific and controlling instruments

87.8

1.9

2.0

42.2

41.6

12

22

21

229.4

5.3

5.2

46.3

50.1

10

18

17

Miscellaneous manufactures

Trade by region

Value

61

Table III.33

Merchandise imports of Europe by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Total merchandise imports


Agricultural products
Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

Fuels and mining products


Ores and other minerals
Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

Manufactures

Trade by region

Share in world imports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

4542.7

100.0

100.0

42.4

43.2

10

429.6

9.7

9.5

45.2

47.4

10

20

20

22

14

351.8

7.6

7.7

45.3

48.4

11

23

14

33.8

0.8

0.7

38.0

42.4

10

19

11

318.1

6.9

7.0

46.3

49.1

11

23

15

77.8

2.1

1.7

44.8

43.3

20

12

684.4

12.0

15.1

36.5

37.4

16

25

29

35

63.9

1.3

1.4

46.3

38.4

13

23

40

11

528.9

8.5

11.6

33.6

36.1

17

27

27

44

91.5

2.2

2.0

46.7

45.5

16

30

13

3349.5

75.9

73.7

43.2

44.5

10

20

20

Iron and steel

142.7

2.5

3.1

43.9

42.2

16

30

47

11

Chemicals

11

582.6

10.7

12.8

49.1

51.5

14

22

21

Pharmaceuticals

177.4

2.3

3.9

58.8

65.1

22

23

20

Other chemicals

405.1

8.4

8.9

47.0

47.2

12

22

21

12

Other semi-manufactures

351.2

8.0

7.7

46.6

46.6

10

18

19

Machinery and transport equipment

1642.2

40.1

36.1

41.1

42.0

19

20

Office and telecom equipment

473.4

13.1

10.4

36.6

36.7

10

22

EDP and office equipment

207.4

5.8

4.6

42.1

44.0

14

20

Telecommunications equipment

193.6

4.5

4.3

42.0

41.1

12

27

19

Integrated circuits

72.5

2.8

1.6

24.9

21.0

-1

-4

18

-3

Transport equipment

639.0

14.2

14.1

46.2

48.5

10

25

18

Automotive products

444.8

9.5

9.8

44.8

48.2

11

25

19

Other transport equipment

194.2

4.6

4.3

49.3

49.3

24

16

529.8

12.9

11.7

41.4

40.5

19

19

Textiles

79.4

2.2

1.7

37.4

37.1

15

12

-2

Clothing

138.6

3.2

3.1

42.6

48.3

20

15

Other manufactures

412.9

9.2

9.1

45.2

46.5

10

20

17

101.8

2.2

2.2

48.4

52.5

11

22

19

79.1

1.8

1.7

41.4

37.1

10

20

18

231.9

5.2

5.1

45.5

48.3

10

20

16

Other machinery

Personal and household goods


Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

62

Share in imports of
Europe

Table III.34

Merchandise exports of Europe by destination, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

World

4371.9

100.0

100.0

11

19

20

Intra-Europe

3201.1

73.2

73.2

11

21

20

2916.2

67.3

66.7

10

20

19

284.9

5.9

6.5

13

24

26

12
8

European Union (25)


Other Europe
North America

398.0

10.5

9.1

10

14

339.3

9.0

7.8

10

14

58.7

1.5

1.3

12

15

10

332.0

7.6

7.6

11

19

22

China

68.4

0.9

1.6

23

41

28

Japan

59.9

1.7

1.4

13

16

2
9

United States
Other North America
Asia

Six East Asian traders

119.6

3.1

2.7

13

20

Australia and New Zealand

31.2

0.7

0.7

12

25

25

Other Asia

53.0

1.2

1.2

11

19

25

12

Middle East

121.9

2.3

2.8

15

22

24

16

Africa

112.0

2.4

2.6

12

20

19

14

South Africa

23.1

0.4

0.5

16

31

29

14

Other Africa

88.9

2.0

2.0

11

18

16

14

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

108.6

1.3

2.5

27

31

36

23

Russian Federation

74.4

0.8

1.7

28

29

36

24

Other CIS

34.2

0.4

0.8

24

35

37

21

58.4

1.7

1.3

20

15

South and Central America


Brazil

21.0

0.6

0.5

-4

25

12

Other South and Central America

37.4

1.1

0.9

17

16

1130.8

25.7

25.9

11

16

20

11

Inter-regional trade

Trade by region

Value

63

Table III.35

Merchandise imports of Europe by origin, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

World

4542.7

100.0

100.0

10

20

20

Intra-Europe

3193.9

69.2

70.3

11

21

20

2932.2

64.1

64.5

11

21

20

261.6

5.1

5.8

13

23

24

13

Other Europe
Asia

555.7

11.9

12.2

11

25

23

11

China

211.2

2.6

4.6

24

41

34

24

Japan

99.9

3.3

2.2

19

14

165.6

4.4

3.6

23

19

Australia and New Zealand

16.2

0.4

0.4

19

Other Asia

62.9

1.2

1.4

13

13

24

182.7

2.7

4.0

20

29

38

32

142.7

2.2

3.1

19

31

35

34

40.0

0.5

0.9

23

23

52

25

Six East Asian traders

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Russian Federation
Other CIS
North America
United States
Other North America
Africa

Trade by region

Annual percentage change

2005

European Union (25)

257.2

8.3

5.7

12

219.9

7.3

4.8

11

37.3

1.0

0.8

18

15

14
24

138.1

2.8

3.0

12

24

17

South Africa

23.0

0.5

0.5

11

20

20

Other Africa

115.1

2.3

2.5

12

24

16

28
11

South and Central America

80.9

1.7

1.8

12

19

25

Brazil

31.8

0.7

0.7

12

25

25

11

Other South and Central America

49.2

1.0

1.1

12

16

25

11

89.7

1.9

2.0

11

19

30

36

1304.5

29.2

28.7

10

20

22

15

Middle East

Inter-regional trade

64

Share

Table III.36

Leading merchandise exporters and importers in Europe, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

4371.9

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

11

19

20

Germany

969.9

21.5

25.0

21.0

22.2

12

22

21

France

460.2

12.9

12.9

12.4

10.5

18

15

Netherlands

402.4

8.2

7.8

8.9

9.2

12

21

21

13

Europe

United Kingdom

382.8

12.3

11.0

10.8

8.8

14

10

Italy

367.2

8.7

10.1

9.1

8.4

18

18

Belgium

334.3

7.2

7.6

12

18

20

Spain

187.2

2.3

3.3

4.4

4.3

10

24

17

Switzerland

130.9

3.3

3.8

3.1

3.0

10

14

17

Sweden

130.1

3.4

3.4

3.3

3.0

25

21

Austria

124.0

1.9

2.4

2.6

2.8

13

23

22

Ireland

109.9

0.9

1.4

2.9

2.5

13

Norway

103.8

2.1

2.0

2.3

2.4

12

15

21

26

Poland

89.3

1.9

0.9

1.2

2.0

23

31

40

19

Denmark

85.1

1.9

2.2

1.9

1.9

11

16

16

10

Czech Republic

78.2

1.1

1.8

22

27

42

13

4542.7

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

10

20

20

Germany

773.8

18.6

20.3

17.9

17.0

23

18

United Kingdom

510.2

11.4

12.7

12.4

11.2

13

20

France

497.9

13.3

13.4

12.2

11.0

21

18

Italy

379.8

10.0

10.4

8.6

8.4

10

20

19

Netherlands

359.1

7.7

7.2

7.9

7.9

10

21

21

12
12

Importers
Europe

Belgium

318.7

6.4

7.0

12

18

22

Spain

278.8

3.4

5.0

5.6

6.1

12

26

24

Switzerland

126.5

3.6

4.0

3.0

2.8

15

16

Austria

126.2

2.4

2.8

2.6

2.8

12

27

20

Turkey

116.6

0.8

1.3

2.0

2.6

16

35

41

19

Sweden

111.2

3.3

3.1

2.6

2.4

25

20

11

Poland

101.0

1.9

0.7

1.8

2.2

16

23

31

13

Czech Republic

76.7

1.2

1.7

19

27

35

10

Denmark

76.0

1.9

1.9

1.6

1.7

11

14

19

12

Ireland

68.0

1.1

1.2

1.8

1.5

15

10

Total exports
Extra-EU exports (25)

4001.1
1328.3

93
30

92
30

10
11

19
17

19
21

7
10

Total imports
Extra-EU imports (25)

4135.4
1462.5

92
33

91
32

10
10

20
19

20
21

9
14

Trade by region

Exporters

Memorandum items:
European Union (25)

65

Table III.37

Merchandise trade of the European Union (25) by region and economy, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Destination

Value
2005

Annual
percentage
change

Share
2000

Imports

2005

Origin

2004 2005

Region
World
Europe

2005

Share
2000

2005

2004 2005

Region
4001.1

100.0 100.0

19

World

4135.4

100.0 100.0

20

2936.4

73.5

73.4

19

Europe

2910.8

69.2

70.4

20

359.9

10.3

9.0

14

Asia

512.3

12.1

12.4

22

11

Asia

303.7

7.6

7.6

22

North America

236.0

8.3

5.7

11

Middle East

107.1

2.2

2.7

22

16

CIS

151.2

2.3

3.7

36

35

Africa

105.3

2.5

2.6

19

14

Africa

128.3

2.9

3.1

15

24

CIS

99.4

1.2

2.5

36

23

Middle East

81.7

1.9

2.0

31

38

South and Central America

54.3

1.8

1.4

20

14

South and Central America

75.1

1.7

1.8

24

11

European Union (25)

Economies
2672.9

67.5

66.8

19

European Union (25) a

2672.9

64.1

64.6

19

United States

308.9

8.9

7.7

14

United States

201.9

7.3

4.9

10

Switzerland

103.0

2.7

2.6

16

11

China

196.1

2.7

4.7

33

24

Russian Federation

Russian Federation

70.1

0.8

1.8

36

25

120.4

1.9

2.9

33

37

China

63.6

1.0

1.6

29

Japan

91.1

3.3

2.2

13

-1

Above 5

3218.5

80.9

80.4

19

Above 5

3282.3

79.3

79.4

19

Japan

54.2

1.7

1.4

16

83.8

1.6

2.0

26

37

Turkey

52.0

1.1

1.3

42

12

Switzerland

83.6

2.2

2.0

15

Norway

42.0

1.0

1.0

23

12

Turkey

41.6

0.7

1.0

32

United Arab Emirates

31.4

0.5

0.8

25

36

Canada

29.4

0.8

0.7

12

Romania

27.1

0.4

0.7

34

India

26.2

0.5

0.7

29

Australia

25.7

0.6

0.6

25

Norway

Korea, Republic of

41.4

1.0

1.0

29

10

Taipei, Chinese

29.6

1.0

0.7

16

22

Brazil

28.9

0.7

0.7

24

10

26

Saudi Arabia

27.7

0.6

0.7

36

38

India

23.5

0.5

0.6

28

16

Hong Kong, China

25.4

0.8

0.6

16

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

23.2

0.5

0.6

36

37

Korea, Republic of

25.0

0.6

0.6

20

15

Singapore

22.7

0.6

0.5

26

South Africa

22.4

0.4

0.6

29

15

Canada

21.2

0.7

0.5

13

Singapore

21.4

0.6

0.5

24

South Africa

20.7

0.5

0.5

16

Mexico

20.8

0.5

0.5

12

16

Algeria

20.0

0.5

0.5

14

36

Brazil

19.9

0.6

0.5

26

15

Malaysia

19.8

0.6

0.5

10

Saudi Arabia

19.2

0.5

0.5

24

Romania

19.0

0.3

0.5

26

Israel

16.6

0.6

0.4

21

Thailand

16.1

0.5

0.4

19

Ukraine

16.2

0.2

0.4

30

26

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

14.1

0.3

0.3

30

39

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

16.1

0.2

0.4

31

11

Taipei, Chinese

15.9

0.5

0.4

28

Indonesia

13.4

0.4

0.3

Hong Kong, China

13.3

0.4

0.3

11

Morocco

14.6

0.3

0.4

19

33

United Arab Emirates

12.2

0.1

0.3

49

85

Algeria

12.9

0.2

0.3

30

11

Israel

11.9

Croatia

12.9

0.2

0.3

21

Australia

11.6

0.4

0.3

22

12

0.3

0.3

Malaysia

11.5

0.3

0.3

19

Kazakhstan

11.3

0.1

0.3

87

44

Egypt

10.3

0.3

0.3

31

13

Mexico

Tunisia

9.8

0.3

0.2

15

Morocco

11.2

0.3

0.3

15

32

11.1

0.2

0.3

14

38

Above 30

3797.3

94.7

94.9

3915.1

94.0

94.7

Above 30

a The figures are affected by the "INTRASTAT" system of recording trade between EU member States. Intra-EU (25) imports are underrecorded. To compensate for this underrecording, intra-EU (25) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports.

66

North America

Economies

Trade by region

Value

Annual
percentage
change

Table III.38

Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in Europe, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Share

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

1244.8

100.0

100.0

12

19

19

United Kingdom

188.7

16.4

15.2

10

15

23

Germany

148.5

11.0

11.9

13

20

17

10

France

115.0

11.1

9.2

15

11

93.5

7.8

7.5

11

19

17

13

Europe

Italy
Spain

92.7

7.2

7.4

12

24

16

Netherlands

76.7

6.7

6.2

10

13

16

Ireland

53.3

2.5

4.3

24

41

25

Belgium

53.3

4.3

19

17

Austria

52.6

4.3

4.2

11

21

14

Switzerland

44.0

4.0

3.5

15

23

Sweden

42.8

2.8

3.4

16

28

26

12

Denmark

41.2

...

3.3

...

19

15

...

Luxembourg

40.0

3.2

25

31

21

Greece

34.1

2.7

2.7

12

21

36

Norway

28.5

2.4

2.3

11

12

22

12

1120.1

100.0

100.0

11

18

17

8
4

Importers
Europe
Germany

201.4

20.1

18.0

19

13

United Kingdom

154.1

14.3

13.8

10

13

20

France

104.9

8.9

9.4

12

20

19

Italy

92.4

8.1

8.3

11

20

10

15

Netherlands

70.9

7.4

6.3

11

Ireland

66.1

4.6

5.9

16

27

18

Spain

65.2

4.9

5.8

15

24

24

11
4

Belgium

50.3

4.5

20

14

Austria

48.5

4.4

4.3

10

18

12

Denmark

36.0

...

3.2

...

16

18

...

Sweden

35.0

3.5

3.1

20

15

Norway

27.2

2.1

2.4

14

13

20

19

Switzerland

25.2

2.3

2.2

10

11

25

Luxembourg

24.8

2.2

26

35

20

Greece

14.3

1.6

1.3

14

26

Exports

1120.8

89.5

90.0

12

19

19

Imports

1038.2

93.3

92.7

11

19

16

Trade by region

Exporters

Memorandum items:
European Union (25)

67

Table III.39

Trade in commercial services of France, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Value

Total commercial services


Transportation

Imports
Share

Value

Share

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

115.0

100.0

100.0

104.9

100.0

100.0

27.1

23.1

23.6

28.6

30.0

27.3

Sea transport

7.4

4.7

6.4

9.0

8.0

8.6

Air transport

12.4

11.4

10.8

13.1

14.3

12.5

7.3

6.9

6.4

6.5

7.7

6.2

Travel

Other transport

42.2

38.6

36.7

31.2

29.9

29.7

Other commercial services

45.7

38.3

39.7

45.1

40.1

43.0

Communications services

3.5

1.6

3.0

2.1

1.9

2.0

Construction services

3.6

3.6

3.2

1.6

2.5

1.5

Insurance services

1.7

1.6

1.5

2.9

-0.5

2.8

Financial services

1.4

1.6

1.2

2.4

2.4

2.3

Computer and information services

1.7

1.0

1.5

1.8

1.2

1.7

Royalties and license fees

5.9

2.9

5.2

3.2

3.4

3.1

25.6

24.1

22.3

28.3

25.8

26.9

2.2

2.0

1.9

2.8

3.3

2.7

Other business services

Trade by region

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

Table III.40

Trade in commercial services of Germany, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Share

Value

Share

Value

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

148.5

100.0

100.0

201.4

100.0

100.0

Transportation

38.0

25.1

25.6

43.6

18.8

21.7

Sea transport

17.5

9.9

11.8

14.1

6.2

7.0

Air transport

14.1

10.5

9.5

10.5

4.9

5.2

6.4

4.7

4.3

19.1

7.6

9.5

Travel

29.2

23.4

19.6

73.0

38.9

36.2

Other commercial services

Total commercial services

Other transport

81.4

51.6

54.8

84.8

42.3

42.1

Communications services

3.4

1.8

2.3

5.0

2.3

2.5

Construction services

7.5

5.3

5.1

6.5

3.6

3.2

Insurance services

2.0

0.7

1.4

4.7

0.7

2.4

Financial services

6.3

4.4

4.2

4.3

1.5

2.1

Computer and information services

8.1

4.8

5.5

8.5

3.7

4.2

Royalties and license fees

6.8

3.7

4.6

6.6

4.2

3.3

46.4

30.4

31.2

46.5

23.7

23.1

0.7

0.5

0.5

2.8

2.6

1.4

Other business services


Personal, cultural, and recreational services

68

Imports

Table III.41

Trade in commercial services of Italy, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Value

Imports
Share

Value

2005

2000

2005

Total commercial services

93.5

100.0

Transportation

15.5

16.6

Share

2005

2000

2005

100.0

92.4

100.0

100.0

16.6

21.4

24.1

23.1

Sea transport

6.3

7.6

6.7

9.6

10.4

10.4

Air transport

6.1

5.2

6.5

7.3

8.0

7.9

Other transport

3.1

3.8

3.3

4.5

5.7

4.9

Travel

35.7

49.1

38.2

22.7

28.7

24.6

Other commercial services

52.3

42.2

34.3

45.2

48.3

47.2

Communications services

2.2

2.3

2.3

3.1

3.5

3.4

Construction services

2.2

2.4

2.4

2.2

2.1

2.4

Insurance services

1.5

1.5

1.6

2.2

2.0

2.4

Financial services

5.9

0.8

6.3

4.7

1.0

5.0

Computer and information services

0.6

0.8

0.7

1.5

1.7

1.7

Royalties and license fees


Other business services

1.1

1.0

1.2

1.9

2.2

2.1

28.0

24.6

29.9

31.0

32.6

33.6

0.8

1.0

0.8

1.6

2.1

1.8

Trade by region

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

Table III.42

Trade in commercial services of the United Kingdom, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Imports
Share

Value

Share

Value

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

188.7

100.0

100.0

154.1

100.0

100.0

Transportation

31.4

16.1

16.6

36.5

25.0

23.7

Sea transport

15.7

5.5

8.3

13.0

7.6

8.5

Air transport

13.1

9.5

7.0

20.0

15.5

13.0

Total commercial services

Other transport

Travel
Other commercial services

2.6

1.1

1.4

3.5

2.0

2.3

30.3

18.4

16.0

59.5

39.7

38.6

127.1

65.5

67.3

58.1

35.2

37.7

Communications services

5.0

2.4

2.7

3.3

2.9

2.1

Construction services

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.1

0.3

Insurance services

6.0

4.9

3.2

1.6

1.1

1.0

Financial services

32.7

17.1

17.3

7.4

4.3

4.8

Computer and information services

10.4

3.7

5.5

4.2

1.3

2.7

Royalties and license fees

13.6

6.9

7.2

9.7

6.9

6.3

Other business services

54.5

28.7

28.9

29.9

17.3

19.4

4.4

1.7

2.3

1.6

1.2

1.0

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

69

5. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Table III.43

Table III.44

Merchandise trade of the CIS, 2005

Merchandise trade of the CIS, by region and by major


product group, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)


Exports

Imports

Value

Value

340

216

Exports

Share in world merchandise trade

3.3

2.1

World

Share
Exports

340

Imports

100.0

100.0

Region

Annual percentage change

North America

Value
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

5
18
27
36
28

-3
22
27
31
25

Volume
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

3.0
8.5
12.5
13.0
4.5

0.0
15.5
12.5
16.0
18.0

South and Central America


Europe
CIS
Africa

19

5.7

3.0

2.0

2.6

178

52.3

48.6

62

18.1

27.6
0.4

1.4

Middle East

11

3.1

1.4

Asia

40

11.8

16.5

26

7.8

13.2

204

60.1

11.6

96

28.2

74.0

Product group
Agricultural products
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures

Trade by region

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Chart III.11

Chart III.12

Merchandise trade of the Commonwealth of Independent


States (CIS), 1995-05

Share of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


in world merchandise trade, 1995-05

(Billion dollars)

(Percentage based on value data)

550

5.5

500

5.0

450

4.5

400

4.0

350
3.5

Exports
300

Exports

3.0

250
2.5

200
Imports

1.5

100

1.0

50
95

70

Imports

2.0

150

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

Table III.45

Merchandise exports of the CIS by major product group and main destination, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Share

2005

2000

340.2

100.0

178.1

51.5

Intra-CIS

61.7

Asia

Annual percentage change


2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

100.0

18

27

36

28

52.3

19

25

41

30

20.0

18.1

16

30

39

12

40.0

13.0

11.8

16

23

30

13

North America

19.3

7.0

5.7

14

33

26

24

Middle East

10.6

2.4

3.1

24

26

40

17

Total merchandise
World
Europe

South and Central America

6.8

4.0

2.0

43

Africa

4.9

1.3

1.4

21

11

39

35

204.4

100.0

100.0

19

26

37

39

132.0

64.0

64.6

19

27

39

37

Intra-CIS

22.3

14.2

10.9

13

44

16

Asia

17.1

7.6

8.4

21

40

56

27

North America

13.0

7.1

6.4

16

44

51
56

World
Europe

South and Central America

4.8

5.5

2.3

-12

Middle East

3.1

1.1

1.5

27

45

57

Africa

0.5

0.3

0.3

16

-2

260

-39

95.9

100.0

100.0

17

32

37

12

Intra-CIS

30.2

30.1

31.5

18

48

40

Europe

29.5

31.9

30.7

16

29

41

Asia

15.5

18.3

16.2

14

17

19

Middle East

5.9

5.3

6.1

21

13

42

18

North America

5.4

8.3

5.6

21

69

-13

Africa

3.1

3.1

3.2

18

32

15

43

South and Central America

2.1

2.4

2.1

15

22

52

22

19

Manufactures
World

Trade by region

Fuels and mining products

Agricultural products
World

26.5

100.0

100.0

15

24

18

Intra-CIS

8.3

27.8

31.3

18

56

24

Europe

6.5

34.1

24.7

12

10

11

Asia

6.5

27.4

24.4

12

12

24

11

Middle East

1.5

2.4

5.6

36

35

64

Africa

1.3

1.7

4.8

42

-30

32

102

North America

0.6

3.2

2.4

23

South and Central America

0.0

0.3

0.1

-11

-46

141

-57

71

Table III.46

Leading merchandise exporters and importers in the CIS, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

340.2

100.0

100.0

18

27

36

28
33

Exporters
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation

243.6

72.4

71.6

18

27

35

Ukraine

34.3

10.0

10.1

19

28

42

Kazakhstan

27.8

6.0

8.2

26

34

55

39

Belarus

16.0

5.0

4.7

17

24

38

16

Turkmenistan

4.9

1.7

1.5

15

27

28

Uzbekistan

4.7

1.9

1.4

11

27

34

11

Azerbaijan

4.3

1.2

1.3

20

20

40

20

Moldova

1.1

0.3

0.3

18

23

25

11
33

Armenia

1.0

0.2

0.3

26

36

Tajikistan

0.9

0.5

0.3

15

-1

Georgia

0.9

0.2

0.3

22

33

40

34

Kyrgyz Republic

0.7

0.3

0.2

20

24

-7

216.0

100.0

100.0

22

27

31

25
29

Importers

Trade by region

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

72

Russian Federation

125.3

54.8

58.0

23

25

28

Ukraine

36.1

17.1

16.7

21

36

26

25

Kazakhstan

17.4

6.2

8.0

28

28

52

36

Belarus

16.7

10.6

7.7

14

27

43

4.2

1.4

1.9

29

58

34

19

Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan

3.7

3.3

1.7

10

27

Turkmenistan

3.6

2.2

1.7

15

18

32

Georgia

2.5

0.9

1.2

29

43

62

35

Moldova

2.3

1.0

1.1

24

35

26

31
31

Armenia

1.8

1.1

0.8

15

30

Tajikistan

1.3

0.8

0.6

15

22

35

12

Kyrgyz Republic

1.1

0.7

0.5

15

22

31

18

Table III.47

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade of the CIS, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
Imports

Value

World

CIS
Armenia
Azerbaijan

340203
950

CIS

Share
All other
countries

61658 278544
180

770

CIS

Value

All other
countries

18.1

81.9

18.9

81.1

World

CIS
Armenia

215958
1768

CIS

Share
All other
countries

66099 149859
511

1257

CIS

All other
countries

30.6

69.4

28.9

71.1

4347

905

3442

20.8

79.2

Azerbaijan

4200

1446

2754

34.4

65.6

Belarus

15977

7058

8919

44.2

55.8

Belarus

16699

11118

5581

66.6

33.4

Georgia

867

409

458

47.2

52.8

Georgia

2491

998

1493

40.1

59.9

27849

4067

23782

14.6

85.4

Kazakhstan

17353

8134

9219

46.9

53.1

672

303

369

45.1

54.9

Kyrgyz Republic

1108

686

422

61.9

38.1

1091

551

540

50.5

49.5

Moldova

2312

916

1396

39.6

60.4

243569

33517

210052

13.8

86.2

Russian Federation a

125303

21839

103464

17.4

82.6

909

178

731

19.6

80.4

Tajikistan

1330

864

466

65.0

35.0

4935

2240

2695

45.4

54.6

Turkmenistan b

3588

1050

2538

29.3

70.7

34287

10740

23547

31.3

68.7

Ukraine

36141

17030

19111

47.1

52.9

4749

1510

3239

31.8

68.2

Uzbekistan b

3666

1507

2159

41.1

58.9

Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova
Russian Federation
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan b
Ukraine
Uzbekistan b
a Imports are valued f.o.b.
b Secretariat estimates.

Trade by region

Exports

73

Table III.48

Merchandise exports of selected economies to the CIS, 2003-05


(Million dollars)
Europe

Origin
Destination

2003

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

64823

2005

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

88215 108544

59222

80768

99348

2962

3961

5052

424

543

354

401

515

Azerbaijan

1254

2083

2413

880

1534

1835

315

404

527

Belarus

2555

3350

4150

2467

3234

3971

20

25

50

Georgia

666

967

1102

388

611

612

155

200

271

Kazakhstan

2640

4453

5040

2299

3955

4455

234

356

459

Kyrgyz Republic

165

196

225

120

118

135

41

75

89

Moldova

947

1230

1415

722

908

986

47

66

81

Russian Federation

44169

59968

74366

41220

56020

69527

1368

1859

2375

Tajikistan

118

127

155

64

80

107

29

42

47

Turkmenistan

556

734

597

373

506

403

170

215

180

10724

13939

17642

9840

12833

16109

445

576

820

656

747

895

493

571

693

138

145

151

Ukraine
Uzbekistan

Trade by region

Turkey

373

Armenia

China

Origin

United States

Japan

Destination

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

9288

13824

21363

3701

4834

5868

2195

3771

5197

12

23

104

91

65

203

144

234

122

159

132

72

78

54

32

65

81

85

33

35

15

14

19

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova

20

23

41

132

226

212

13

10

13

1571

2211

3896

169

320

537

100

185

175

245

493

867

40

30

31

24

51

25

39

40

6029

9098

13212

2449

2958

3944

1766

3116

4491

Tajikistan

21

54

144

51

56

29

Turkmenistan

79

85

91

34

295

237

26

52

15

Ukraine

929

1443

2493

232

399

532

148

258

386

Uzbekistan

147

172

230

258

230

74

44

52

36

Russian Federation

74

2004

European Union (25)

Table III.49

Merchandise imports of selected economies from the CIS, 2003-05


(Million dollars)

Origin

2003

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Armenia

European Union (25)

2004

2005

100135 138367 182750

2003

2004

Turkey
2005

2003

2004

2005

82803 112363 151198

7777

12927

17205

192

308

651

178

297

649

Azerbaijan

1600

1754

3392

1471

1449

2952

123

136

272

Belarus

2372

3537

4383

2229

3294

4114

29

42

46

Georgia

613

719

708

290

372

311

274

307

302

4902

9198

13527

4184

7834

11234

267

442

557

41

54

38

23

32

19

11

13

14

Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova

506

686

603

396

560

444

11

27

31

79030

106305

142723

66393

88070

120348

5451

9033

12866

Tajikistan

395

426

319

262

233

110

57

63

47

Turkmenistan

504

949

1281

323

616

952

124

176

161

9195

13472

14194

6394

8853

9424

1331

2509

2646

784

961

931

660

753

640

99

179

261

Russian Federation

Ukraine
Uzbekistan

China

Destination
Origin

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Armenia

United States

Japan

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

13135

16231

20691

10387

14865

19775

4637

6201

6803

39

48

47

Azerbaijan

35

40

24

13

46

50

Belarus

97

154

490

237

375

381

Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova
Russian Federation
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Uzbekistan

34

60

84

206

1720

2286

2909

409

568

1165

155

246

334

69

110

105

12

11

17

46

53

53

9728

12127

15890

9085

12560

16150

4237

5710

6184

18

15

14

249

14

19

81

87

146

1246

1045

785

310

935

1226

111

133

141

200

403

450

88

90

98

92

87

125

Trade by region

Europe

Destination

75

Table III.50

Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in the CIS, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Share

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

42.1

100.0

100.0

20

16

29

20

24.3

55.5

57.9

21

20

25

21

8.9

22.0

21.2

19

49

19

Exporters
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Belarus

2.0

5.7

4.9

16

12

17

18

Kazakhstan

2.0

5.3

4.8

17

12

18

12

Uzbekistan

0.7

2.6

1.6

13

15

62.4

100.0

100.0

21

17

28

19

38.5

68.6

61.6

19

16

23

18

Kazakhstan

7.3

7.7

11.8

32

34

48

Ukraine

7.0

11.0

11.2

22

27

55

13

Azerbaijan

2.6

2.0

4.2

41

58

33

-3

Belarus

1.2

2.3

1.9

17

13

19

Importers
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Trade by region

Russian Federation

76

6. Africa
Table III.51

Table III.52

Merchandise trade of Africa, 2005

Merchandise trade of Africa by region and by major


product group, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)


Imports

Value

298

249

Share in world merchandise trade

2.9

2.4

Annual percentage change


Africa

Exports

World

1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

-7
5
1
6
15
25
30
29

-5
6
5
0
14
20
29
19

1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

-9
8
3
1
12
23
26
13

-10
10
11
-1
16
36
39
13

South Africa

1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

-7
4
0
7
16
26
31
34

-4
5
3
1
13
16
26
21

Exports

Imports

298

100.0

100.0

60

20.2

7.3

2.8

4.0

128

42.9

46.6

Region
North America
South and Central America
Europe
CIS
Africa
Middle East
Asia

0.3

2.1

26

8.9

11.0

1.7

6.4

49

16.3

22.5

Product group
Agricultural products
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures

Other Africa

Share

Value

32

10.9

13.9

194

65.2

13.8

63

21.2

70.2

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Trade by region

Exports

Chart III.13

Chart III. 14

Merchandise trade of Africa, 1995-05

Share of Africa in world merchandise trade, 1995-05

(Billion dollars)

(Percentage based on value data)

550

5.5

500

5.0

450

4.5

400

4.0

350
3.5
300
Exports

3.0

250

Exports
2.5

200

2.0

150

Imports

Imports
1.5

100

1.0

50
95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

77

Table III.53

Merchandise exports of Africa by major product group and main destination, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

297.7

100.0

100.0

15

25

30

29

127.8

50.3

42.9

11

17

19

27

North America

60.2

17.3

20.2

19

54

35

41

Asia

48.6

16.4

16.3

15

23

45

20

Africa

26.5

9.8

8.9

13

24

16

15

Total merchandise a
World
Europe

Fuels and mining products


World

194.2

100.0

100.0

18

32

42

43

Europe

74.2

45.7

38.2

14

16

30

43

North America

52.9

24.7

27.2

20

65

37

49

Asia

33.4

18.3

17.2

16

27

59

26

Africa

9.4

5.1

4.8

16

53

16

32

63.0

100.0

100.0

11

20

16

12

Europe

34.5

60.1

54.7

22

11

12

Africa

11.4

16.2

18.1

13

10

17

17

Asia

7.7

9.8

12.2

16

34

30

North America

5.1

8.6

8.1

10

18

23

-4

32.3

100.0

100.0

11

18

22

Europe

15.2

50.0

47.2

15

15

Africa

5.5

18.7

17.1

25

14

Asia

5.0

18.2

15.3

13

25

North America

2.0

5.0

6.3

16

10

45

11

Manufactures

Trade by region

World

Agricultural products
World

a Includes significant exports of unspecified products.

78

Table III.54

Merchandise exports of Africa by destination, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

World

297.7

100.0

100.0

15

25

30

29

Europe

127.8

50.3

42.9

11

17

19

27

117.1

46.7

39.3

11

16

19

27

10.7

3.6

3.6

15

34

23

26

European Union (25)


Other Europe
North America
United States
Other North America
Asia
China
Japan
Other Asia

Intra-Africa
South and Central America

60.2

17.3

20.2

19

54

35

41

54.5

15.9

18.3

18

53

37

40
46

5.8

1.4

1.9

22

56

22

48.6

16.4

16.3

15

23

45

20

18.0

3.2

6.1

31

56

84

34
14

8.4

2.7

2.8

16

19

33

22.2

10.5

7.4

13

31

12

26.5

9.8

8.9

13

24

16

15
20

8.2

2.9

2.8

14

31

60

Brazil

5.8

1.8

2.0

17

33

72

Other South and Central America

2.4

1.1

0.8

28

26

63

5.1

2.0

1.7

11

32

30

Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Inter-regional trade

0.9

0.2

0.3

25

32

27

25

250.9

89.2

84.3

14

25

29

28

Trade by region

Share

Value

79

Table III.55

Leading merchandise exporters and importers in Africa, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

297.7

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

15

25

30

29

Exporters

Trade by region

Africa
South Africa

51.9

21.0

22.2

20.3

17.4

12

23

26

13

Algeria

46.0

11.4

12.2

14.9

15.5

16

23

35

47

Nigeria

42.3

21.4

12.8

14.2

14.2

15

50

38

36

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

30.1

18.0

12.5

9.1

10.1

18

49

42

46

Angola

23.4

1.6

3.7

5.4

7.9

24

14

42

74

Egypt

10.7

2.5

3.3

3.2

3.6

18

31

25

39

Morocco

10.6

2.1

4.0

5.0

3.6

12

13

Tunisia

10.5

1.8

3.3

4.0

3.5

12

17

21

Cte d'Ivoire

7.6

2.6

2.9

2.6

2.6

14

10

20

10

Equatorial Guinea

7.2

0.0

0.1

0.7

2.4

46

26

64

56

Congo

5.0

0.8

0.9

1.7

1.7

15

17

31

43

Gabon

4.9

1.8

2.1

1.8

1.7

14

17

28

36

Sudan

4.8

0.4

0.4

1.2

1.6

22

30

49

28

Botswana

4.4

0.4

1.7

1.8

1.5

10

30

11

26

Kenya

3.3

1.0

1.0

1.2

1.1

14

14

11

23

249.3

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

14

20

29

19
13

Importers
Africa
South Africa

62.3

20.1

18.5

23.0

25.0

16

36

39

Algeria

20.4

10.8

9.8

7.1

8.2

17

47

12

Morocco

20.3

4.3

7.0

8.9

8.2

12

20

25

14

Egypt

19.8

5.0

12.5

10.8

8.0

-13

18

54

Nigeria

17.3

17.1

5.7

6.7

6.9

15

44

31

22

Tunisia

13.2

3.6

5.5

6.6

5.3

15

17

Angola

8.2

1.4

1.6

2.4

3.3

22

46

40

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

7.0

7.0

5.4

2.9

2.8

13

-2

46

11

Sudan

6.8

1.6

0.6

1.2

2.7

34

18

41

66

Kenya

6.1

2.2

2.2

2.4

2.5

15

15

22

35

Cte d'Ivoire

5.4

3.0

2.1

2.2

2.1

14

32

33

25

Ghana

5.0

1.2

1.2

2.3

2.0

11

18

27

23

Ethiopia

4.1

0.7

1.1

1.0

1.7

27

31

46

34

Botswana

3.3

0.7

2.0

1.6

1.3

41

30

-3

Senegal

3.2

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.3

16

20

20

12

Note: Recent figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat.

80

Table III.56

Merchandise exports of the European Union (25) to Africa by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

105.2

100.0

100.0

12

21

18

15

9.9

12.2

9.4

13

8.4

10.5

7.9

12

Fish

0.6

0.5

0.5

11

24

Other food products

7.8

10.0

7.4

12

1.6

1.7

1.5

19

19

10

Fuels and mining products

7.5

5.3

7.1

19

25

45

47

Ores and other minerals

0.6

0.4

0.6

20

23

35

53

Fuels

5.9

4.0

5.6

20

29

52

50

Total merchandise exports


Agricultural products
Food

Raw materials

Non-ferrous metals

Manufactures
Iron and steel

1.0

0.9

0.9

13

14

22

27

86.7

81.5

82.4

12

22

18

13
19

3.2

2.2

3.1

19

19

27

12.5

11.8

11.9

12

18

19

Pharmaceuticals

4.2

3.9

4.0

13

18

18

Other chemicals

8.2

8.0

7.8

11

17

20

10

7.9

7.6

7.5

12

25

19

Machinery and transport equipment

51.0

46.4

48.5

13

25

19

19

Office and telecom equipment

27

Chemicals

Other semi-manufactures

9.6

9.1

9.1

12

20

27

EDP and office equipment

3.3

3.0

3.1

13

13

23

24

Telecommunications equipment

5.5

5.2

5.3

12

23

30

33

Integrated circuits

0.7

1.0

0.7

37

27

Transport equipment

20.4

17.6

19.4

14

31

13

33

11.0

8.6

10.5

16

21

21

11

9.3

9.0

8.9

12

50

71

21.1

19.7

20.0

12

23

20

Textiles

3.9

5.3

3.7

12

-7

Clothing

1.4

1.6

1.3

-1

22

Other manufactures

6.8

6.5

6.5

12

13

22

1.2

1.0

1.1

13

14

26

Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery

Personal and household goods


Scientific and controlling instruments

2.3

1.9

2.2

15

16

29

Miscellaneous manufactures

3.4

3.6

3.2

10

13

19

Trade by region

Share

Value

Note: The European Union (25) accounted for 44 per cent of Africa's merchandise imports in 2005.

81

Table III.57

Merchandise imports of the European Union (25) from Africa by product, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Total merchandise imports


Agricultural products
Food
Fish
Raw materials

Fuels and mining products


Fuels

Share

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

128.3

100.0

100.0

12

20

15

24

17.1

15.4

13.3

31

13.7

11.7

10.7

10

36

3.2

2.9

2.5

27

3.4

3.7

2.6

10

13

72.2

51.8

56.3

13

16

21

42

65.4

46.0

51.0

14

19

20

45

Ores and other minerals

3.5

3.1

2.7

-1

29

18

Non-ferrous metals

3.3

2.6

2.6

11

-1

37

23

Manufactures

37.3

29.7

29.1

11

18

15

13

Other semi-manufactures

9.2

7.7

7.2

10

19

16

Clothing

7.2

7.9

5.6

16

-7

Cotton (SITC Rev.3, 263)

0.2

0.6

0.2

-13

-2

-12

-25

Cut flowers and foliage (SITC Rev.3, 2927) a

0.5

0.4

0.4

14

21

14

...

Diamonds.excl.industrial (SITC Rev.3, 6672) a

5.8

6.1

5.7

49

18

...

Gold, Non Monetary, excl. ores (SITC Rev.3, 971)

1.3

3.0

1.0

-10

-27

-39

Trade by region

Memorandum Items:

82

7. Middle East
Table III.58

Table III.59

Merchandise trade of the Middle East, 2005

Merchandise trade of the Middle East by region and by


major product group, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)


Exports

Imports

Value

538

322

Share in world merchandise trade

5.3

3.1

Value

Share

Exports

World

Exports

Imports

538

100.0

100.0

66

12.3

10.6

0.6

2.0

87

16.1

38.0
3.3

Region

Annual percentage change


1980-85

-14

-3

1985-90

1990-95

1995-00

12

2000-05

15

North America
South and Central America
Europe
CIS

0.6

14

Africa

15

2.9

1.6

54

10.1

16.9

281

52.2

27.7

10.0

2003

22

14

Middle East

2004

32

31

Asia

2005

35

17

Product group
Agricultural products

12

2.3

Fuels and mining products

382

70.9

7.7

Manufactures

135

25.2

80.0

Trade by region

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Chart III. 15

Chart III.16

Merchandise trade of the Middle East, 1995-05

Share of the Middle East in world merchandise trade,


1995-05

(Billion dollars)

(Percentage based on value data)

550

5.5

500
Exports
450

5.0
4.5
Exports

400

4.0

350
3.5
300
3.0
250
2.5

200
Imports

Imports

150

2.0

100

1.5

50

1.0
95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

83

Table III.60

Merchandise exports of the Middle East by major product group and main destination, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

538.0

100.0

100.0

15

22

32

35

280.8

46.7

52.2

18

31

33

42

Europe

86.9

18.4

16.1

12

21

32

36

North America

66.3

14.5

12.3

11

24

29

21

Intra-Middle East

54.2

8.3

10.1

19

16

29

24

381.6

100.0

100.0

14

25

33

39

248.4

57.3

65.1

17

32

31

44

Europe

56.9

17.5

14.9

10

25

35

37

North America

43.1

12.1

11.3

13

38

35

19

135.4

100.0

100.0

17

14

30

25

Total merchandise
World
Asia

Fuels and mining products


World
Asia

Manufactures

Trade by region

World
Intra-Middle East

38.6

23.0

28.5

22

20

30

19

Europe

26.6

20.5

19.7

16

10

35

38

Asia

26.2

17.7

19.4

19

17

41

21

North America

22.3

23.3

16.4

17

26

12.4

100.0

100.0

13

10

16

16

Agricultural products
World

Table III.61

Merchandise exports of the Middle East by destination, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

World
Asia
Japan
China
Other Asia
Europe

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

538.0

100.0

100.0

15

22

32

35

280.8

46.7

52.2

18

31

33

42

78.7

13.6

14.6

17

29

24

40

27.5

3.3

5.1

25

63

51

43

174.6

29.9

32.5

17

28

35

42
36

86.9

18.4

16.1

12

21

32

77.7

16.8

14.4

12

23

33

37

North America

66.3

14.5

12.3

11

24

29

21

Intra-Middle East

54.2

8.3

10.1

19

16

29

24

Africa

15.5

3.7

2.9

18

39

24

3.1

0.7

0.6

11

-32

43

European Union (25)

South and Central America


Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Inter-regional trade

84

Annual percentage change

3.1

0.5

0.6

20

27

20

42

455.6

84.5

84.7

15

26

32

36

Table III.62

Imports of fuels of selected regions and economies from the Middle East, 2000 and 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Asia

Annual percentage change

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

111.5

244.6

17

32

31

44

Japan

34.9

76.0

17

30

24

41

Korea, Republic of

24.4

45.0

13

30

24

44

India

8.7

30.4

28

26

40

65

China

7.9

22.8

23

67

51

47

10.4

18.2

12

...

...

...

5.4

17.1

26

52

32

43

Thailand

5.5

13.6

20

...

48

45

Pakistan

3.5

4.9

10

15

36

Singapore
Taipei, Chinese

2.3

4.1

12

15

-16

128

North America

Indonesia

23.7

42.9

13

39

35

19

United States

23.1

41.5

12

40

35

19

1.1

2.5

18

30

17

40

33.8

55.8

11

26

35

38

31.6

51.2

10

24

37

37

2.2

3.7

...

47

19

...

Canada a

Europe
European Union (25)
Turkey b

Trade by region

a Imports are valued f.o.b.


b 2004 instead of 2005.

85

Table III.63

Leading merchandise exporters and importers in the Middle East, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

538.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

15

22

32

35

Saudi Arabia

181.4

51.4

32.1

28.9

33.7

19

29

35

44

United Arab Emirates

115.5

10.4

17.0

18.6

21.5

18

29

35

27

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

56.3

5.8

14.0

10.7

10.5

14

38

24

35

Kuwait

45.0

9.3

5.1

7.3

8.4

18

35

38

57

Israel

42.7

2.6

8.7

11.7

7.9

22

10
38

Exporters
Middle East

Qatar

25.8

2.7

2.8

4.3

4.8

17

22

40

Iraq

24.1

12.4

8.9

7.7

4.5

-21

83

35

Oman

18.7

1.8

4.0

4.2

3.5

11

14

40

Bahrain

9.9

1.7

2.7

2.3

1.8

10

14

13

31

Yemen

6.4

0.4

0.5

1.5

1.2

19

36

322.1

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

14

14

31

17

Importers

Trade by region

Middle East
United Arab Emirates

80.7

8.6

11.1

20.9

25.1

18

22

38

12

Saudi Arabia

59.4

29.7

23.8

18.1

18.4

14

14

21

33

Israel

47.1

9.6

16.6

22.5

14.6

18

10

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

35.9

12.1

20.1

8.3

11.1

21

20

29

12

Iraq

23.4

13.7

7.6

8.0

7.3

12

114

10

Kuwait

16.3

6.4

3.9

4.3

5.1

18

22

15

29

Jordan

10.5

2.4

2.6

2.7

3.3

18

13

42

29

Qatar

10.1

1.4

1.7

1.9

3.1

25

21

23

68

Lebanon

9.6

3.6

2.5

3.7

3.0

12

31

Oman

9.0

1.7

2.8

3.1

2.8

12

29

Note: Recent figures for a number of significant traders in the region have been estimated by the Secretariat.

86

8. Asia
Table III.64

Table III.65

Merchandise trade of Asia, 2005

Merchandise trade of Asia by region and by major


product group, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)


Exports

Imports

Value

2779

2599

Share in world merchandise trade

27.4

24.7

Annual percentage change

Value

Share

Exports

World

Exports

Imports

2779

100.0

100.0

608

21.9

11.1

51

1.9

1.9

498

17.9

13.6

Region
North America

Value
1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

5
13
12
5
11
18
25
16

2
14
12
4
12
19
27
16

South and Central America


Europe
CIS

37

1.3

1.6

Africa

54

1.9

2.0

Middle East
Asia

89

3.2

11.5

1424

51.2

58.3

154

5.6

7.5

253

9.1

22.9

2308

83.1

67.2

Product group

1980-85
1985-90
1990-95
1995-00
2000-05
2003
2004
2005

7.5
7.5
7.5
8.5
8.5
11.5
14.5
10.0

5.0
11.5
10.5
5.5
8.0
13.5
14.5
7.5

Agricultural products
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Trade by region

Volume

Chart III. 17

Chart III. 18

Merchandise trade of Asia, 1995-05

Share of Asia in world merchandise trade, 1995-05

(Billion dollars)

(Percentage based on value data)

50

4800

45
4000
40
35

3200

Exports
30

Exports
2400

25
20
Imports

1600
Imports

15
10

800
95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04 05

87

Table III.66

Merchandise exports of Asia by major product group and main destination, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

Share in total merchandise

Share in product group

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

2778.8

100.0

100.0

11

25

16

1423.9

49.1

51.2

12

25

15

China

287.5

7.4

10.3

19

24

13

Japan

244.8

9.6

8.8

20

16

Total merchandise
World
Intra-Asia

Other Asia

891.6

32.1

32.1

11

28

16

North America

607.5

26.3

21.9

20

14

Europe

498.5

17.6

17.9

11

26

15

European Union (25)

466.9

16.6

16.8

11

25

14

248.9

7.0

9.0

16

33

26

2308.0

84.2

83.1

100.0

100.0

11

25

14

1090.1

38.2

39.2

45.4

47.2

11

25

12

China

238.6

6.2

8.6

7.4

10.3

18

22

10

Japan

163.1

6.3

5.9

7.4

7.1

24

11

All other regions

Manufactures
World

Trade by region

Intra-Asia

Other Asia

688.4

25.7

24.8

30.5

29.8

10

27

14

North America

562.5

24.5

20.2

29.1

24.4

20

13

Europe

447.4

15.8

16.1

18.8

19.4

11

27

15

European Union (25)

420.1

15.0

15.1

17.8

18.2

11

27

14

207.9

5.7

7.5

6.7

9.0

17

34

27

252.6

7.6

9.1

100.0

100.0

15

33

38

Intra-Asia

209.5

6.1

7.5

80.5

82.9

16

30

39

Japan

52.9

2.0

1.9

26.4

21.0

10

46

China

32.7

0.7

1.2

9.1

13.0

24

43

35

123.8

3.4

4.5

45.1

49.0

17

40

36

16.5

0.5

0.6

6.6

6.5

15

39

29

15.6

0.5

0.6

6.3

6.2

15

39

29

All other regions

Fuels and mining products


World

Other Asia
Europe
European Union (25)
North America

14.2

0.5

0.5

6.9

5.6

10

49

37

All other regions

12.4

0.4

0.4

5.9

4.9

11

50

34

154.4

6.1

5.6

100.0

100.0

19

Intra-Asia

89.3

3.7

3.2

61.0

57.8

18

Japan

26.8

1.3

1.0

20.8

17.4

19

China

13.8

0.4

0.5

6.6

8.9

16

27

Other Asia

48.6

2.1

1.7

33.6

31.5

15

24.3

0.9

0.9

15.5

15.7

17

11

22.5

0.9

0.8

14.6

14.6

18

Agricultural products
World

Europe
European Union (25)

88

North America

22.4

0.9

0.8

13.9

14.5

10

20

All other regions

18.5

0.6

0.7

9.6

12.0

14

23

14

Table III.67

Merchandise exports of Asia by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in exports of Asia

Share in world exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2778.8

100.0

100.0

26.4

27.4

11

18

25

16

154.4

6.1

5.6

18.3

18.1

11

19

120.0

4.7

4.3

17.9

17.6

10

19

Fish

25.6

1.2

0.9

36.4

34.0

16

Other food products

94.4

3.5

3.4

15.3

15.5

10

11

19

34.5

1.4

1.2

19.8

20.5

14

19

11

252.6

7.6

9.1

14.5

14.4

15

21

33

38

40.6

1.0

1.5

25.4

27.3

19

23

42

39

171.0

5.2

6.2

12.9

12.2

15

22

28

43

41.1

1.3

1.5

17.5

20.6

13

15

45

18

2308.0

84.2

83.1

29.7

31.6

11

19

25

14

84.2

2.2

3.0

24.9

26.5

19

28

55

22

204.3

6.1

7.4

17.3

18.5

15

25

28

19

Pharmaceuticals

16.8

0.5

0.6

8.1

6.2

14

17

17

25

Other chemicals

187.6

5.6

6.7

19.4

22.5

15

26

29

19

Total merchandise exports


Agricultural products
Food

Raw materials

Fuels and mining products


Ores and other minerals
Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

Manufactures
Iron and steel
Chemicals

Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment

162.4

5.6

5.8

20.5

22.8

12

14

25

19

1350.6

51.2

48.6

32.2

35.1

10

19

25

12

700.1

27.5

25.2

47.2

54.9

19

24

12

EDP and office equipment

250.5

10.7

9.0

47.7

53.9

15

19

10

Telecommunications equipment

221.7

6.2

8.0

35.8

47.7

17

27

34

17

Integrated circuits

227.9

10.6

8.2

57.2

66.0

19

22

Transport equipment

284.8

10.2

10.2

20.3

21.9

11

17

21

13

194.7

6.9

7.0

19.8

21.3

11

17

20

12

90.1

3.3

3.2

21.3

23.2

11

17

23

15

365.7

13.4

13.2

26.7

28.7

10

21

30

14

Textiles

94.8

4.2

3.4

44.2

46.7

13

13

11

Clothing

131.5

5.5

4.7

46.4

47.7

14

13

10

Other manufactures

18

Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery

280.1

9.5

10.1

29.6

33.0

12

20

26

Personal and household goods

64.9

2.2

2.3

31.4

36.2

12

16

23

19

Scientific and controlling instruments

69.0

1.6

2.5

22.4

32.7

21

43

50

27

146.2

5.8

5.3

31.8

31.9

16

19

13

Miscellaneous manufactures

Trade by region

Value

89

Table III.68

Merchandise exports of Asia by destination, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value
2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

World

2778.8

100.0

100.0

11

18

25

16

Intra-Asia

1423.9

49.1

51.2

12

22

25

15

China

287.5

7.4

10.3

19

35

24

13

Japan

244.8

9.6

8.8

17

20

16

Australia and New Zealand

76.9

2.4

2.8

14

24

26

15

Other Asia

814.7

29.7

29.3

11

19

28

16

North America

607.5

26.3

21.9

20

14

547.8

24.1

19.7

19

13

59.7

2.2

2.1

11

29

16
15

United States
Other North America
Europe

498.5

17.6

17.9

11

25

26

466.9

16.6

16.8

11

24

25

14

31.6

1.0

1.1

14

46

28

21

Middle East

89.0

2.5

3.2

16

20

24

19

Africa

European Union (25)


Other Europe

54.1

1.3

1.9

19

25

40

22

South Africa

14.9

0.4

0.5

18

32

47

25

Other Africa

39.3

1.0

1.4

20

22

38

21

51.5

1.7

1.9

12

40

32

Brazil

15.0

0.5

0.5

13

53

35

Other South and Central America

36.5

1.3

1.3

12

35

31

Trade by region

South and Central America

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

36.9

0.5

1.3

37

66

46

46

Russian Federation

25.0

0.3

0.9

36

58

48

44

Other CIS (CIS11)

11.9

0.1

0.4

41

84

41

51

1337.5

50.0

48.1

10

16

24

16

Inter-regional trade

90

Annual percentage change

Table III.69

Leading merchandise exporters and importers in Asia, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Annual percentage change
Value

Value

Share

Volume

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2778.8

100.0

100.0

11

18

25

16

8.5

11.5

14.5

10.0

China

762.0

15.0

27.4

25

35

35

28

...

...

...

...

Japan

594.9

28.9

21.4

13

20

2.5

5.0

10.5

0.5

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

292.1
20.1
272.1

...
1.4
...

...
0.7
...

8
-3
9

13
7
14

16
2
17

10
0
11

8.5
-2.5
9.5

15.0
8.5
15.5

14.5
-1.5
16.5

8.5
-2.5
9.5

Asia

Korea, Republic of

284.4

10.4

10.2

11

19

31

12

12.5

17.0

22.5

9.0

Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports

229.6
124.5
105.1

8.3
4.7
3.6

8.3
4.5
3.8

8
8
9

15
19
10

24
23
25

16
17
14

9.5
9.0
10.0

16.0
22.5
9.5

20.0
18.0
23.0

12.0
11.0
13.5
4.0

Taipei, Chinese

197.8

9.1

7.1

11

21

1.5

3.5

7.5

Malaysia

140.9

5.9

5.1

11

21

11

...

...

...

...

Thailand

110.1

4.2

4.0

10

18

20

14

4.5

8.0

7.0

4.0

Australia

105.8

3.9

3.8

11

23

22

2.0

-1.5

4.5

3.5

India

95.1

2.6

3.4

18

16

32

26

...

2.5

...

...

Indonesia

86.2

3.9

3.1

10

22

...

...

...

...

Philippines

41.3

2.4

1.5

10

...

-1.0

...

...

Viet Nam

31.6

0.9

1.1

17

22

27

23

...

...

...

...

New Zealand

21.7

0.8

0.8

10

15

23

3.5

2.5

6.5

-0.5

Pakistan

15.9

0.5

0.6

12

20

12

19

...

12.5

5.0

...

2598.9

100.0

100.0

12

19

27

16

8.0

13.5

14.5

7.5

China

660.0

15.0

25.4

24

40

36

18

...

...

...

...

Japan

514.9

25.3

19.8

14

19

13

3.5

7.0

7.0

2.5

Hong Kong, China


retained imports

300.2
28.1

...
2.3

...
1.1

7
-4

12
-1

17
13

10
3

7.5
...

12.5
...

13.5
...

7.0
...

Korea, Republic of

261.2

10.7

10.1

10

18

26

16

7.0

7.5

12.0

6.5

Singapore
retained imports

200.0
94.9

9.0
5.0

7.7
3.7

7
5

10
9

27
30

15
16

5.0

6.5

22.0

9.5

2.5

Trade by region

Exporters

Importers
Asia

Taipei, Chinese

182.6

9.4

7.0

13

32

4.0

6.5

15.5

India

134.8

3.4

5.2

21

26

37

39

...

21.0

...

...

Australia

125.3

4.8

4.8

12

23

23

15

8.5

11.5

14.5

9.0

Thailand

118.2

4.1

4.5

14

17

25

25

6.0

12.0

10.0

8.0

Malaysia

114.6

5.5

4.4

26

...

...

...

...
...

Indonesia

69.5

2.9

2.7

10

10

30

27

...

...

...

Philippines

47.4

2.5

1.8

...

-1.0

...

...

Viet Nam

36.5

1.0

1.4

18

31

25

17

...

...

...

...

New Zealand

26.2

0.9

1.0

14

23

25

13

8.5

11.0

15.0

6.0

Pakistan

25.3

0.7

1.0

18

16

38

41

...

1.5

22.5

...

652.9
594.3

26.1
25.4

23.5
22.9

9
9

17
12

20
25

15
16

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

127.9
185.8

3.9
5.4

4.6
7.1

15
18

16
23

27
33

23
34

...
...

...
...

...
...

...
...

Memorandum items:
ASEAN
Exports
Imports

SAPTA
Exports
Imports

91

Table III.70

Merchandise trade of Japan by region and economy, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Destination

Annual
percentage
change

Share

Value
2005

2000

Imports

2005

Origin

2004 2005

Region
594.9

Asia

303.5

43.3

North America

151.7

Europe
Middle East

100.0 100.0

World

514.9

51.0

25

Asia

256.4

46.4

32.7

25.5

11

Middle East

87.5

93.5

17.8

15.7

18

-1

North America

16.5

2.0

2.8

12

14

Europe

9.4

1.7

1.6

26

15

South and Central America

7.0

0.9

1.2

36

5.2

0.2

0.9

72

38

Economy

Trade by region

92

2000

CIS

European Union (25)

2005

20

Africa

United States

Share

Value

2005

2004 2005

Region

World

South and Central America

Annual
percentage
change

100.0 100.0

19

13

49.8

21

13

13.0

17.0

22

40

76.7

22.0

14.9

65.5

13.9

12.7

16

12.1

2.2

2.4

36

16

Africa

9.9

1.3

1.9

34

14

CIS

6.8

1.3

1.3

34

10

Economy
135.9

30.0

22.9

China

87.6

16.8

14.7

18

-2

United States

108.5

14.5

21.1

25

15

65.3

19.1

12.7

China

80.1

6.3

13.5

29

European Union (25)

58.6

12.5

11.4

16

Korea, Republic of

46.6

6.4

7.8

27

Saudi Arabia

28.7

3.7

5.6

26

56

Taipei, Chinese

43.6

7.5

7.3

34

United Arab Emirates

25.3

3.9

4.9

28

38

393.8

67.1

66.2

19

286.4

53.8

55.6

18

13

Hong Kong, China

36.0

5.7

6.0

19

Australia

24.5

3.9

4.8

29

26

Thailand

22.5

2.8

3.8

26

11

Korea, Republic of

24.4

5.4

4.7

23

11

Singapore

18.4

4.3

3.1

21

Indonesia

20.8

4.3

4.0

14

11

Malaysia

12.5

2.9

2.1

12

Taipei, Chinese

18.1

4.7

3.5

17

Australia

12.4

1.8

2.1

19

Thailand

15.6

2.8

3.0

19

10

Indonesia

9.2

1.6

1.5

26

Malaysia

14.7

3.8

2.8

12

Philippines

9.1

2.1

1.5

-6

Qatar

10.7

1.5

2.1

21

35

Canada

8.8

1.6

1.5

15

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

10.3

1.4

2.0

11

25

Panama

7.4

1.3

1.2

11

21

Canada

8.9

2.3

1.7

12

Mexico

6.9

1.1

1.2

42

33

Philippines

7.7

1.9

1.5

17

-7

United Arab Emirates

4.8

0.5

0.8

27

Kuwait

7.6

1.3

1.5

26

33

Russian Federation

4.5

0.1

0.8

77

44

Singapore

6.7

1.7

1.3

16

Saudi Arabia

4.2

0.6

0.7

-1

14

Russian Federation

6.2

1.2

1.2

35

Viet Nam

3.6

0.4

0.6

21

13

South Africa

5.5

0.8

1.1

28

20

India

3.5

0.5

0.6

27

16

Chile

5.1

0.7

1.0

59

22

South Africa

3.3

0.4

0.6

43

13

Switzerland

5.0

0.9

1.0

25

Brazil

2.7

0.5

0.5

25

16

Viet Nam

4.5

0.7

0.9

25

18

New Zealand

2.4

0.3

0.4

26

Brazil

4.4

0.8

0.9

27

21

Turkey

2.2

0.3

0.4

37

14

India

3.2

0.7

0.6

20

22

Switzerland

2.2

0.4

0.4

12

-2

Oman

2.7

0.5

0.5

-36

68

Pakistan

1.5

0.1

0.3

37

22

Mexico

2.5

0.6

0.5

22

16

Oman

1.4

0.2

0.2

20

20

New Zealand

2.5

0.6

0.5

20

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

1.3

0.1

0.2

19

Brunei Darussalam

2.3

0.4

0.4

21

Israel

1.2

0.3

0.2

37

Sudan

1.8

0.1

0.4

151

42

Kuwait

1.2

0.1

0.2

-11

27

Hong Kong, China

1.6

0.4

0.3

21

-3

Above 30

577.0

97.2

97.0

503.8

97.4

97.8

Above 5

Above 5

Above 30

Table III.71

Merchandise exports of the United States, the European Union (25) and Japan to China by major product, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in economy's

Value

total merchandise
exports

total exports by
product group

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

Total merchandise exports

41.8

100.0

100.0

2.1

4.6

Agricultural products
Food
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures
Chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
Transport equipment
Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

7.5
3.4
4.6
29.0
5.1
1.4
18.7
6.5
5.7
1.0
4.7
6.5
0.4
0.0
3.0
0.1
1.7
1.2

14.7
9.3
6.3
77.6
14.3
4.9
49.6
19.8
12.2
1.3
10.9
17.7
0.7
0.0
7.6
0.6
3.6
3.3

17.8
8.2
11.0
69.4
12.1
3.4
44.6
15.6
13.6
2.3
11.3
15.5
0.9
0.1
7.3
0.3
4.1
2.9

3.3
2.8
3.7
1.9
2.8
1.7
2.0
2.1
1.7
0.3
3.4
2.1
1.1
0.1
1.5
1.6
1.8
1.3

9.0
5.5
9.1
4.0
4.2
2.6
4.3
5.2
3.8
1.1
7.3
4.1
2.9
0.8
3.2
2.0
4.4
2.4

21

29

22

20

26
18
35
18
17
12
18
15
23
36
22
18
25
39
20
4
24
17

113
154
60
13
22
10
7
20
-18
73
-26
16
35
-33
18
4
25
10

17
-1
39
22
31
33
20
15
-10
18
-16
44
15
72
30
0
34
28

3
-8
61
19
7
8
24
20
100
45
116
-4
25
32
15
29
9
22

Total merchandise exports

63.6

100.0

100.0

1.0

Agricultural products
Food
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures
Chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
Transport equipment
Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

2.8
1.0
3.5
56.6
6.4
3.6
37.9
5.3
9.6
3.9
5.7
23.0
0.7
0.9
4.0
0.4
2.1
1.4

5.2
2.0
3.7
89.8
9.6
7.2
64.3
20.3
11.1
5.4
5.7
32.8
1.2
0.2
5.5
0.5
2.6
2.4

4.4
1.6
5.5
88.9
10.1
5.7
59.6
8.4
15.0
6.1
8.9
36.2
1.0
1.4
6.3
0.7
3.4
2.3

0.5
0.3
0.6
1.0
0.7
0.8
1.4
1.7
0.6
0.4
1.1
2.0
0.5
0.1
0.6
0.2
1.3
0.4

1.6

22

41

30

0.8
0.3
1.1
1.7
1.1
1.0
2.3
1.5
1.4
0.8
3.0
3.9
1.0
1.1
1.1
0.5
2.6
0.7

19
16
32
22
24
17
21
2
30
25
34
25
19
81
26
31
29
21

34
28
37
42
35
35
42
25
63
84
35
38
28
27
36
89
46
13

43
30
59
28
30
20
30
36
12
-11
56
36
27
33
35
1
30
55

27
27
40
6
17
0
1
-2
10
-14
36
-2
13
652
4
23
10
-7

Total merchandise exports

98.4

100.0

100.0

Agricultural products
Food
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures
Chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
Transport equipment
Automotive products
Other transport equipment
Other machinery
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

1.5
0.3
4.7
92.0
12.7
4.1
55.0
21.3
6.0
4.8
1.2
27.7
3.1
0.2
10.6
0.2
5.6
4.8

2.0
0.6
3.4
94.3
12.8
4.5
54.8
22.8
5.0
3.6
1.4
27.0
6.9
0.5
7.7
0.0
3.0
4.7

1.5
0.3
4.8
93.5
12.9
4.1
55.9
21.6
6.1
4.9
1.3
28.2
3.2
0.2
10.8
0.2
5.7
4.9

8.9

16.5

18

39

28

19.1
12.1
19.6
8.9
15.5
9.6
7.1
9.0
1.9
1.7
2.3
10.7
41.6
40.9
7.7
3.7
8.5
7.4

25.0
10.4
31.5
16.8
24.1
15.9
14.4
21.7
3.9
3.9
3.7
21.8
45.5
31.8
20.4
20.4
28.5
15.3

12
3
26
18
18
16
19
17
23
26
15
19
1
-6
26
55
35
19

11
12
19
40
31
36
43
45
50
52
42
40
13
-12
69
157
96
41

17
8
55
27
37
31
24
15
22
19
33
33
15
-12
34
57
29
39

24
30
39
4
15
8
1
0
-9
-6
-17
4
-4
-16
10
19
7
12

European Union (25)

Trade by region

United States

Japan

Note: Export figures are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by region (Appendix table A2). See the Technical Notes for details.

93

Table III.72

Merchandise imports of the United States, the European Union (25) and Japan from China by major product, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in economy's

Value

total merchandise
imports

total imports by
product group

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

259.8

100.0

100.0

8.6

15.0

19

22

29

23

4.2
3.1
2.6
250.1
5.6
21.6
113.4
80.2
43.3
35.0
1.9
6.1
21.1
79.8
33.9
2.6
43.2

1.5
1.1
1.3
96.1
1.8
7.9
34.1
21.0
10.6
9.6
0.7
1.8
8.3
41.6
16.2
1.0
24.4

1.6
1.2
1.0
96.3
2.2
8.3
43.6
30.9
16.7
13.5
0.7
2.3
8.1
30.7
13.1
1.0
16.6

2.3
2.3
0.8
10.7
2.6
10.1
6.5
10.5
12.1
14.4
1.6
12.2
13.3
31.4
42.4
4.9
33.2

4.4
4.3
0.8
20.2
4.3
18.2
17.1
34.4
43.1
33.1
6.9
26.9
26.4
41.5
56.8
8.5
42.5

21
22
13
19
23
21
25
29
31
28
18
26
19
12
14
19
10

32
33
11
22
26
20
32
37
54
19
15
35
19
14
15
28
12

22
18
93
29
24
28
42
47
50
43
53
27
20
15
17
31
13

21
17
24
23
38
24
26
27
18
40
31
32
47
14
16
14
12

195.8

100.0

100.0

2.7

4.7

23

41

33

24

4.5
3.1
3.1
187.6
6.3
15.5
91.3
61.2
31.6
26.7
2.8
4.9
23.0
44.8
15.6
2.2
27.1

3.6
2.3
1.9
94.3
3.8
7.7
37.4
21.2
11.1
9.2
0.9
2.8
12.4
29.6
8.3
1.0
20.3

2.3
1.6
1.6
95.8
3.2
7.9
46.7
31.3
16.2
13.7
1.4
2.5
11.8
22.9
8.0
1.1
13.8

1.0
0.8
0.4
3.3
1.0
2.6
2.5
4.2
5.0
5.5
0.8
3.5
10.3
8.7
10.2
1.5
10.6

1.1
0.9
0.5
6.2
1.2
4.9
6.0
13.8
16.2
14.8
4.1
7.5
17.9
12.0
16.8
3.0
13.0

13
14
20
24
20
24
29
33
33
33
37
20
22
17
22
25
14

29
34
43
41
37
33
54
61
64
56
70
32
27
31
34
20
31

21
16
72
32
17
38
41
41
38
44
52
29
22
20
32
29
15

25
25
-1
24
26
30
19
22
21
25
13
25
43
23
36
37
16

108.4

100.0

100.0

14.5

21.1

14

22

25

15

8.9
8.0
5.7
93.0
4.2
6.6
40.7
24.9
14.3
8.9
1.8
3.0
18.2
18.6
6.9
1.9
9.8

12.8
10.8
5.9
80.5
2.9
5.1
23.6
11.6
5.5
5.1
1.1
3.7
26.7
17.5
7.8
0.8
8.9

8.3
7.4
5.2
85.8
3.8
6.1
37.5
22.9
13.2
8.2
1.6
2.8
16.8
17.2
6.4
1.8
9.0

11.3
12.3
3.3
20.9
6.1
18.2
12.2
10.5
11.0
20.8
3.0
41.2
74.7
26.1
44.1
5.3
26.5

13.6
14.9
3.5
33.7
11.0
31.4
30.7
37.1
51.5
49.2
8.2
52.2
80.9
37.5
56.0
14.9
40.1

5
6
12
16
21
19
26
31
36
26
24
8
4
14
10
33
15

4
4
33
24
27
23
35
39
53
22
25
13
13
18
12
66
18

19
21
38
25
35
29
32
35
30
37
82
14
13
20
15
41
19

5
7
8
17
39
20
20
21
19
25
16
9
4
19
13
19
23

United States
Total merchandise imports
Agricultural products
Food
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures
Chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
EDP and office equipment
Telecommunications equipment
Integrated circuits
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

Trade by region

European Union (25)


Total merchandise imports
Agricultural products
Food
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures
Chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
EDP and office equipment
Telecommunications equipment
Integrated circuits
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

Japan
Total merchandise imports
Agricultural products
Food
Fuels and mining products
Manufactures
Chemicals
Other semi-manufactures
Machinery and transport equipment
Office and telecom equipment
EDP and office equipment
Telecommunications equipment
Integrated circuits
Textiles
Clothing
Other manufactures
Personal and household goods
Scientific and controlling instruments
Miscellaneous manufactures

94

Table III.73

Merchandise exports of ASEAN countries by region, 1990-05


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Destination

All other regions

ASEAN (10)

Origin

Total

Asia

World
Other regions

1990
2000
2004
2005

2.57
11.46
13.00
15.82

23.11
53.95
57.77
70.40

15.31
28.36
27.86
42.66

7.80
25.59
29.92
27.74

25.68
65.40
70.77
86.23

Malaysia

1990
2000
2004
2005

8.62
26.06
31.74
36.84

20.83
72.17
94.77
104.11

9.65
32.93
46.53
50.36

11.18
39.24
48.24
53.75

29.45
98.23
126.51
140.95

Philippines

1990
2000
2004
2005

0.59
5.46
6.84
7.15

7.52
34.32
32.84
34.11

2.59
13.20
17.83
18.53

4.93
21.12
15.01
15.58

8.12
39.78
39.68
41.26

Singapore a

1990
2000
2004
2005

13.57
41.53
62.32
71.93

39.16
96.27
136.32
157.72

15.16
45.00
56.16
90.48

24.00
51.27
80.16
67.24

52.73
137.80
198.64
229.65

Thailand

1990
2000
2004
2005

2.75
13.38
21.18
23.97

20.32
55.68
75.07
86.14

6.78
23.44
35.05
42.12

13.54
32.24
40.02
44.02

23.07
69.06
96.25
110.11

ASEAN (10)

1990
2000
2004
2005

28.95
103.55
140.88
162.35

115.20
328.42
427.19
490.58

...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...

144.15
431.97
568.07
652.93

Indonesia

2000
2005

2.7
2.4

12.5
10.8

6.6
6.5

5.9
4.2

15.1
13.2

Malaysia

2000
2005

6.0
5.6

16.7
15.9

7.6
7.7

9.1
8.2

22.7
21.6

Philippines

2000
2005

1.3
1.1

7.9
5.2

3.1
2.8

4.9
2.4

9.2
6.3

Singapore a

2000
2005

9.6
11.0

22.3
24.2

10.4
13.9

11.9
10.3

31.9
35.2

Thailand

2000
2005

3.1
3.7

12.9
13.2

5.4
6.5

7.5
6.7

16.0
16.9

ASEAN (10)

2000
2005

24.0
24.9

76.0
75.1

...
...

...
...

100.0
100.0

Indonesia

2000-05
2004
2005

7
21
22

5
8
22

9
-6
53

2
26
-7

6
10
22

Malaysia

2000-05
2004
2005

7
22
16

8
20
10

9
21
8

6
20
11

7
21
11

Philippines

2000-05
2004
2005

6
4
5

0
11
4

7
16
4

-6
6
4

1
10
4

Singapore a

2000-05
2004
2005

12
20
15

10
26
16

15
32
61

6
23
-16

11
24
16

Thailand

2000-05
2004
2005

12
28
13

9
18
15

12
17
20

6
18
10

10
20
14

ASEAN (10)

2000-05
2004
2005

9
21
15

8
19
15

...
...
...

...
...
...

9
20
15

Share

Trade by region

Value
Indonesia

Annual percentage change

a Includes significant re-exports.

95

Table III.74

Merchandise imports of ASEAN countries by region, 1990-05


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Origin

All other regions

ASEAN (10)

Destination

Total

Asia

World
Other regions

Trade by region

Value
Indonesia

1990
2000
2004
2005

1.88
8.44
13.05
20.52

19.96
35.16
41.83
48.97

10.12
11.81
14.51
18.11

9.83
23.35
27.32
30.87

21.84
43.60
54.88
69.50

Malaysia

1990
2000
2004
2005

5.65
19.72
25.21
28.25

23.61
62.24
80.07
86.35

12.12
33.73
44.46
47.59

11.49
28.51
35.61
38.76

29.26
81.96
105.28
114.60

Philippines

1990
2000
2004
2005

1.37
5.46
8.35
9.08

11.67
31.56
35.69
38.33

5.22
14.55
19.28
19.92

6.45
17.02
16.41
18.42

13.04
37.03
44.04
47.42

Singapore a

1990
2000
2004
2005

12.45
39.82
47.02
52.12

48.32
94.72
126.57
147.93

20.78
41.83
50.80
73.46

27.54
52.89
75.77
74.46

60.77
134.55
173.59
200.05

Thailand

1990
2000
2004
2005

4.37
10.31
16.99
22.99

28.68
51.62
77.42
95.20

15.82
26.88
43.51
52.43

12.86
24.73
33.91
42.76

33.05
61.92
94.41
118.19

ASEAN (10)

1990
2000
2004
2005

26.31
89.49
120.35
144.21

136.02
291.18
390.26
450.12

...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...

162.33
380.67
510.60
594.33

Indonesia

2000
2005

2.2
3.5

9.2
8.2

3.1
3.0

6.1
5.2

11.5
11.7

Malaysia

2000
2005

5.2
4.8

16.4
14.5

8.9
8.0

7.5
6.5

21.5
19.3

Philippines

2000
2005

1.4
1.5

8.3
6.4

3.8
3.4

4.5
3.1

9.7
8.0

Singapore a

2000
2005

10.5
8.8

24.9
24.9

11.0
12.4

13.9
12.5

35.3
33.7

Thailand

2000
2005

2.7
3.9

13.6
16.0

7.1
8.8

6.5
7.2

16.3
19.9

ASEAN (10)

2000
2005

23.5
24.3

76.5
75.7

...
...

...
...

100.0
100.0

Indonesia

2000-05
2004
2005

19
30
57

7
30
17

9
42
25

6
24
13

10
30
27

Malaysia

2000-05
2004
2005

7
25
12

7
27
8

7
28
7

6
25
9

7
26
9

Philippines

2000-05
2004
2005

11
23
9

4
6
7

6
11
3

2
1
12

5
9
8

Singapore a

2000-05
2004
2005

6
19
11

9
31
17

12
38
45

7
27
-2

8
27
15

Thailand

2000-05
2004
2005

17
35
35

13
22
23

14
26
21

12
19
26

14
25
25

ASEAN (10)

2000-05
2004
2005

10
24
20

9
25
15

...
...
...

...
...
...

9
25
16

Share

Annual percentage change

a Includes significant imports for re-export.

96

Table III.75

Leading exporters and importers of commercial services in Asia, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value
2005

2000

Annual percentage change


2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

11

10

26

14

Asia

525.3

100.0

100.0

Japan

107.9

23.7

20.5

25

14

China

73.9

9.7

14.1

20

18

34

19

Hong Kong, China

62.2

13.0

11.8

18

13

India

56.1

...

10.7

...

21

...

...

Singapore

45.1

9.5

8.6

12

19

10

Korea, Republic of

43.9

9.6

8.4

16

28

Australia

27.7

6.0

5.3

18

19

Taipei, Chinese

25.6

6.4

4.9

11

Thailand

20.5

4.5

3.9

21

Malaysia

19.0

4.5

3.6

-9

24

14

Macao, China a

8.8

1.1

1.7

...

18

44

...

New Zealand

8.2

1.4

1.6

14

25

19

Indonesia a

7.5

1.6

1.4

...

-21

...

...

Philippines

4.5

1.1

0.8

-1

19

10

Viet Nam a

4.4

0.9

0.8

...

11

18

...

573.5

100.0

100.0

24

12

Japan

132.6

31.0

23.1

21

China

83.2

9.7

14.5

18

19

31

16

Korea, Republic of

57.7

9.0

10.1

12

11

24

17

India

52.2

...

9.1

...

23

...

...

Singapore

44.0

7.7

7.7

13

23

Hong Kong, China

32.4

6.7

5.6

19

Taipei, Chinese

31.4

6.9

5.5

20

Australia

28.9

5.0

5.0

10

18

26

Thailand

27.5

4.2

4.8

12

27

20

Indonesia a

23.2

4.2

4.0

...

...

...

Malaysia

21.6

4.5

3.8

15

New Zealand

7.8

1.2

1.4

12

20

24

14

Pakistan

7.2

...

1.3

28

48

...

...

Philippines

5.8

1.4

1.0

-1

Viet Nam a

5.3

0.9

0.9

...

10

17

...

Importers
Asia

Trade by region

Exporters

a Includes Secretariat estimates.

97

Table III.76

Trade in commercial services of Japan, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Imports
Share

Value

Share

Value

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

107.9

100.0

100.0

132.6

100.0

100.0

Transportation

35.8

34.9

33.2

40.3

29.3

30.4

Sea transport

25.5

22.9

23.7

26.0

16.9

19.6

Air transport

10.2

11.9

9.5

14.2

12.2

10.7

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.0

Travel

12.4

11.5

11.5

37.6

28.0

28.3

Other commercial services

59.7

53.6

55.3

54.7

42.8

41.2

Total commercial services

Other transport

Communications services

0.4

1.1

0.4

0.6

1.0

0.5

Construction services

7.2

8.0

6.7

4.8

3.5

3.6

Insurance services

0.9

0.2

0.8

1.9

1.8

1.4

Financial services

5.0

3.9

4.7

2.7

1.7

2.0

Computer and information services

1.1

2.1

1.0

2.4

2.7

1.8

Royalties and license fees

17.7

13.9

16.4

14.7

9.7

11.1

Other business services

27.3

24.1

25.3

26.5

21.3

20.0

0.1

0.2

0.1

1.1

1.1

0.8

Trade by region

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

Table III.77

Trade in commercial services of China, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Value

Share

Value

Share

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

Total commercial services

73.9

100.0

100.0

83.2

100.0

100.0

Transportation

15.4

12.2

20.9

28.4

29.0

34.2

Sea transport

8.9

5.1

12.0

21.8

17.1

26.2

Air transport

3.9

3.5

5.3

4.8

4.4

5.7

Other transport

2.7

3.6

3.6

1.9

7.5

2.3

Travel

29.3

53.8

39.6

21.8

36.6

26.2

Other commercial services

29.2

34.0

39.5

33.0

34.4

39.6

Communications services

0.5

4.5

0.7

0.6

0.7

0.7

Construction services

2.6

2.0

3.5

1.6

2.8

1.9

Insurance services

0.5

0.4

0.7

7.2

6.9

8.7

Financial services

0.1

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.2

Computer and information services

1.8

1.2

2.5

1.6

0.7

2.0

Royalties and license fees


Other business services
Personal, cultural, and recreational services

98

Imports

0.2

0.3

0.2

5.3

3.6

6.4

23.3

25.4

31.5

16.3

19.4

19.6

0.1

0.0

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.2

Table III.78

Trade in commercial services of Taipei, Chinese, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Value

Imports
Share

Value

Share

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

25.6

100.0

100.0

31.4

100.0

100.0

Transportation

5.9

20.7

23.1

8.4

24.5

26.9

Sea transport

2.8

11.5

10.9

6.1

15.1

19.3

Air transport

3.1

9.2

12.2

2.4

9.4

7.5

Other transport

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

5.0

18.8

19.7

8.7

31.8

27.6

14.7

60.5

57.2

14.3

43.7

45.5

Communications services

0.3

1.5

1.2

0.5

2.1

1.6

Construction services

0.1

0.6

0.5

0.4

1.7

1.2

Insurance services

0.4

3.1

1.4

1.0

2.3

3.1

Financial services

1.5

4.0

5.9

1.4

4.1

4.4

Computer and information services

0.1

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.9

1.0

Total commercial services

Travel
Other commercial services

Royalties and license fees


Other business services

0.2

1.9

0.9

1.8

7.2

5.7

12.0

48.7

46.6

8.7

24.9

27.6

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.6

1.0

Trade by region

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

Table III.79

Trade in commercial services of Korea, Republic of, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports

Imports
Share

Value

Share

Value

2005

2000

2005

2005

2000

2005

Total commercial services

43.9

100.0

100.0

57.7

100.0

100.0

Transportation

23.9

46.0

54.4

20.0

33.5

34.6

Sea transport

...

...

...

...

...

...

Air transport

...

...

...

...

...

...

Other transport

...

...

...

...

...

...

5.7

23.0

12.9

15.3

21.6

26.5

14.4

31.0

32.7

22.5

44.8

38.9

Communications services

0.4

1.3

1.0

0.7

1.9

1.2

Construction services

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

Insurance services

0.4

0.2

0.9

0.6

0.4

1.1

Financial services

1.6

2.4

3.7

0.2

0.6

0.3

Computer and information services

0.1

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.3

Royalties and license fees

1.8

2.3

4.2

4.4

9.8

7.6

Other business services

9.7

24.2

22.1

15.9

31.3

27.5

Personal, cultural, and recreational services

0.3

0.5

0.6

0.5

0.5

0.8

Travel
Other commercial services

99

9. Least-developed countries
Table III.80

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of least-developed countries, 2004
(Million dollars and percentage)
Ratio to GDP

Value
GDP

Trade by region

Least developed countries


Afghanistan
Angola
Bangladesh
Benin
Bhutan
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gambia
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Haiti
Kiribati
Lao People's Dem. Rep.
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Maldives
Mali
Mauritania
Mozambique
Myanmar
Nepal
Niger
Rwanda
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Sudan
Tanzania
Timor Leste
Togo
Tuvalu
Uganda
Vanuatu
Yemen
Zambia

Goods and commercial services

Goods

Commercial services

2004

2000

2004

2000

2004

2000

2004

242500

25

30

21

26

5761
19493
56585
4075
673
4824
657
4884
948
1307
4221
367
6628
663
3235
925
8003
415
3870
280
3530
62
2452
1312
492
4364
1879
753
4863
1534
6086
6405
6707
3081
1845
375
62
7775
1075
258
...
21098
10851
339
2061
...
6822
316
12834
5402

...
90
15
23
27
9
8
50
26
18
15
24
22
18
94
14
13
45
22
31
13
...
27
29
...
29
25
73
26
36
18
22
22
18
6
...
34
28
8
40
...
15
14
...
31
...
11
59
42
27

...
71
15
19
28
11
...
69
34
...
...
16
30
19
151
...
18
49
20
29
14
...
...
58
...
...
29
91
25
...
29
49
17
17
...
28
...
27
20
50
...
18
20
...
35
...
16
46
39
37

...
87
14
17
23
8
7
38
7
17
13
6
21
6
93
6
7
30
21
29
9
...
19
25
...
21
23
17
23
33
10
17
14
16
4
...
6
21
2
23
...
15
7
...
27
...
8
11
40
23

...
69
14
14
23
10
...
53
6
...
...
6
27
6
150
...
8
31
19
27
11
...
...
54
...
...
27
24
20
29
25
46
11
14
...
3
...
19
14
38
...
18
12
...
29
...
10
12
36
33

...
3
1
6
4
1
0
12
19
1
2
18
2
12
1
9
6
15
1
2
4
...
8
4
...
8
2
55
4
3
9
5
7
2
2
...
28
8
6
16
...
0
6
...
3
...
3
48
2
4

...
2
1
5
5
1
...
16
28
...
...
10
3
13
1
...
10
18
1
2
3
...
...
4
...
...
2
67
5
...
4
4
5
3
...
25
...
8
6
12
...
0
8
...
6
...
6
34
2
4

41290400

25

27

20

22

Memorandum item:
World

Note: Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report. Data are estimated for
most countries. See the Technical Notes.

100

Table III.81

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries by selected country grouping, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
Exports
Value

Least developed countries

Imports

Annual percentage change

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

81327

18

14

32

33

85724

15

21

18

20

23400
7177
6380
4824
3065

24
46
9
22
76

14
26
7
30
225

42
64
19
49
256

74
56
36
28
43

8150
2035
4260
6757
770

22
35
13
34
19

46
144
26
18
-52

6
24
8
41
-3

40
33
7
66
0

9294
3100
2925
850
760
649
510
470

8
17
12
1
-2
24
9
8

14
10
-18
17
76
29
21
24

19
32
-4
14
14
47
0
13

12
11
23
12
-22
-8
41
20

13839
3700
2250
1820
1550
1390
745
1454

9
14
-1
3
9
11
7
7

21
10
-11
24
84
38
12
5

15
25
5
7
32
28
5
10

15
16
2
-3
6
-3
47
11

2050
1745
1720
1641
1481
1109
890
883
853
569
565
561
560
520
502
493
300
250
200
162
158
128
125
111
102
101
40
38
18
12
12
10
8
5
1
0
...

20
37
21
12
17
15
6
13
13
9
10
7
25
7
12
19
9
19
-9
8
65
-4
19
17
8
10
5
8
10
-3
-3
-23
-12
11
-24
44
...

21
29
6
18
25
6
-14
3
17
40
-5
21
40
29
26
30
-25
18
15
13
90
-13
-3
120
28
20
5
35
21
53
7
-87
-33
33
-7
-31
...

35
44
49
20
18
5
19
37
25
1
20
2
20
-8
24
50
35
38
-13
21
50
-2
57
26
31
17
2
37
18
-34
-27
36
25
-46
-33
41
...

11
16
18
9
11
14
23
30
21
-5
54
1
33
8
15
3
0
37
-15
-10
14
2
26
34
5
33
5
3
17
-37
8
11
-20
42
-50
-54
...

2175
2408
2750
3190
2659
1612
820
4127
1779
895
750
894
3200
1165
871
1305
610
395
1190
744
345
151
403
267
143
119
320
150
438
95
187
495
235
49
55
13
...

26
16
23
16
12
15
6
27
3
10
19
8
42
17
17
16
12
18
12
14
18
5
14
13
9
15
9
12
14
17
12
1
5
10
7
21
...

47
7
26
20
28
34
-4
31
18
31
8
23
53
13
33
24
14
27
15
20
15
-2
4
21
24
10
21
17
27
32
1
-20
-3
31
-7
40
...

25
10
28
20
18
3
8
46
19
14
44
0
17
19
21
38
18
65
41
36
-6
25
10
13
2
28
10
22
10
23
23
11
46
2
20
-27
...

9
25
36
12
6
25
19
34
20
2
34
0
19
25
16
3
0
-4
19
16
20
3
41
52
68
43
22
17
13
10
11
3
3
18
15
13
...

10431000

10

17

21

13

10783000

10

17

22

13

Oil exporters
Angola
Equatorial Guinea
Yemen
Sudan
Chad
Exporters of manufactures
Bangladesh
Cambodia
Myanmar
Nepal
Madagascar
Lesotho
Lao People's Dem. Rep.
Haiti

Congo, Dem. Rep. of


Mozambique
Zambia
Senegal
Tanzania
Mali
Guinea
Ethiopia
Uganda
Togo
Mauritania
Benin
Afghanistan
Malawi
Niger
Burkina Faso
Somalia
Bhutan
Liberia
Maldives
Sierra Leone
Central African Republic
Rwanda
Burundi
Solomon Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Djibouti
Vanuatu
Cape Verde
Comoros
Samoa
Eritrea
Gambia
Sao Tome and Principe
Kiribati
Tuvalu
Timor Leste

Trade by region

Exporters of commodities

Memorandum item:
World a
a Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export.
Note: Data for 2005 are largely estimated.

101

Chart III.19

Merchandise exports of least-developed countries by selected product group and destination, 2004
(Percentage)

Manufactures

Agricultural products

Asia
10%

Europe
33%

Asia
41%

North
America
35%

Others
19%

North
America
7%

Others
7%

Europe
48%

Clothing

Food

Trade by region

Asia
3%

Asia
28%

Europe
38%

Europe
50%
North
America
46%

Others
25%
North
America
9%

All products

Fuels

Asia
35%

Asia
60%
Europe
25%

Europe
8%
North
America
27%

North
America
22%
Others
5%

Note: Estimates are based on import statistics of partners

102

18%

Others
1%

Chart III. 20

Exports of least-developed countries by major product, 2004


(Percentage of total value)

Fuels

Clothing

Food
2000
2004

Raw materials

Other semi-manufactures

Others

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

Trade by region

Textiles

103

Table III.82
Imports of agricultural products, fuels and manufactures of the European Union (25), Asia and North America from leastdeveloped countries, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (25)

Value

Asia a

North America
Annual
percentage
change

Annual
percentage
change

Annual
percentage
change

2005

2004

2005

2004

2003

2004

2005

2004

2005

3542

12

11

20

679

13

-8

Uganda

356

24

Myanmar

873

-2

Tanzania

346

17

Tanzania

214

31

12

Bangladesh

158

108

-17

Liberia

107

58

Senegal

303

-7

-3

Benin

194

88

13

38

Malawi

100

-36

144

Ethiopia

268

20

42

Burkina Faso

174

Madagascar

267

-29

Mali

142

100

149

Ethiopia

61

26

42

100

82

Madagascar

45

-20

-71

A. Agricultural products

Trade by region

Total LDCs

Total LDCs

3121

Total LDCs

Bangladesh

250

-6

Solomon Islands

125

28

29

Cambodia

29

...

-38

Malawi

210

-14

Mauritania

120

56

35

Sudan

25

-14

32

Sudan

166

23

15

Sudan

103

154

85

Uganda

23

-36

-8

Mozambique

154

27

Mozambique

98

-18

14

Haiti

21

17

Togo

136

22

106

Ethiopia

96

52

Tanzania

20

-6

25

Mauritania

118

-7

Bangladesh

90

-12

13

Chad

16

40

129

Others (39)

968

15

Others (39)

892

Others (39)

74

-27

-4

Total LDCs

7157

23

71

Total LDCs

14705

31

67

Total LDCs

13214

21

80

Angola

2696

155

Angola

6046

42

78

Angola

9054

90

Equatorial Guinea

1836

-5

115

Sudan

3180

32

56

Equatorial Guinea

1959

20

39

Mozambique

1088

65

18

Yemen

2072

39

-14

Chad

1559

...

91

Mauritania

430

30

41

Equatorial Guinea

1646

-7

346

Yemen

309

-8

415

Guinea

375

18

27

Zambia

524

19

173

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

142

-25

33

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

298

-5

32

Rwanda

298

-1

287

Guinea

92

-14

14

Chad

159

...

-22

Chad

222

...

...

Niger

61

...

144

Zambia

118

80

17

Guinea

150

-25

11

Zambia

30

180

Others (42)

157

...

-25

Others (42)

567

-21

168

...

-79

9379

16

1632

-1

25

6965

14

B. Fuels and mining products

Others (42)

C. Manufactures
Total LDCs
Bangladesh

Total LDCs

Total LDCs

4840

30

-4

Bangladesh

478

16

Bangladesh

3167

12

18

Liberia

681

-33

-5

Nepal

266

28

Cambodia

1961

19

18

Cambodia

651

31

-12

Myanmar

197

13

22

Haiti

458

14

21

Angola

546

-48

277

Cambodia

176

-37

10

Lesotho

432

18

-14
-14

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

488

-5

-3

Senegal

164

-10

19

Senegal

316

132

445

Liberia

72

...

790

Madagascar

309

63

Equatorial Guinea

162

-4

Madagascar

278

32

13

Niger

63

200

2000

57

Nepal

130

-13

-22

Myanmar

270

34

-46

Bhutan

52

37

Equatorial Guinea

169

-13

15

Vanuatu

42

42

41

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

120

-41

445

56

Angola

58

57

Lao People's Dem. Rep.

165

20

Zambia

23

-15

76

28

Afghanistan

25

-17

400

Niger

144

63

Tanzania

21

89

-38

Sierra Leone

131

21

Ethiopia

14

49

134

Malawi

24

20

-20

Tanzania

17

Nepal

109

18

-4

Madagascar

11

-11

36

31

Guinea

14

-36

100

Others (37)

591

25

Others (37)

52

-38

Others (37)

88

-59

-50

a Australia, China, Hong Kong, China; India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea Rep. of , Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore and Taipei Chinese.

104

Table III.83

Exports of commercial services of least-developed countries by category, 2004


(Million dollars and percentage)
Share in commercial services

Commercial
services

Least developed countries


Afghanistan
Angola
Bangladesh
Benin
Bhutan
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gambia
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Haiti
Kiribati
Lao People's Dem. Rep.
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Maldives
Mali
Mauritania
Mozambique
Myanmar
Nepal
Niger
Rwanda
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Sudan
Tanzania
Timor Leste
Togo
Tuvalu
Uganda
Vanuatu
Yemen
Zambia

Transport

Travel

Other services

2004

2000

2004

2000

2004

2000

2004

9000

20

21

47

51

33

28

...
323
420
210
31
65
...
784
266
...
...
36
172
87
35
...
800
75
31
6
114
...
...
56
...
...
41
504
227
...
246
232
356
87
...
94
...
598
61
31
...
35
845
...
122
...
402
107
292
232

...
6
32
14
...
13
43
17
44
4
2
13
...
76
3
18
56
...
58
12
...
...
15
2
...
16
26
6
36
1
30
17
15
24
34
...
2
10
46
2
...
63
10
...
23
...
15
24
12
37

...
5
18
16
...
19
...
13
48
...
...
20
...
78
...
...
46
...
22
23
...
...
...
1
...
...
41
5
14
...
32
37
9
8
...
5
...
16
2
4
...
27
9
...
38
...
12
22
16
...

...
...
18
61
...
67
37
72
40
51
65
81
...
12
50
64
15
76
7
...
81
...
85
67
...
39
74
93
44
20
23
35
38
64
57
...
76
44
27
8
...
22
65
...
18
...
81
47
42
58

...
20
16
56
...
62
...
77
37
...
...
63
...
8
...
...
22
77
...
16
...
...
...
60
...
...
59
93
62
...
39
36
65
36
...
74
...
35
95
11
...
61
70
...
16
...
64
60
48
...

...
94
50
25
...
20
20
11
16
45
33
6
...
12
47
18
30
...
34
...
...
...
0
31
...
45
0
1
20
79
47
48
47
12
8
...
22
47
27
90
...
15
25
...
59
...
4
28
46
5

...
74
66
28
...
19
...
10
15
...
...
17
...
14
...
...
32
...
78
61
...
...
...
39
...
...
0
2
25
...
29
27
26
56
...
21
...
49
3
85
...
12
21
...
46
...
24
18
37
...

2185800

23

23

32

29

45

48

Trade by region

Value

Memorandum item:
World

Note: Data are estimated for most countries. The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of
commercial services by category of services. See the Technical Notes.

105

106

Trade by region

IV. Trade by sector


1. Overview
Chart IV.1

World merchandise exports by product, 2000 and 2005


(Percentage of total value)

Fuels and mining products


Machinery and transport
equipmenta
Office and telecom
equipment
Chemicals
Automotive products
Agricultural products
Other manufactures
Other semi-manufactures

2000
2005

Iron and steel


Clothing
Textiles
0

10

15

20

Trade by sector

a Excluding automotive products and office and telecom equipment (throughout this report they are included with machinery and transport equipment, unless otherwise noted).

107

Table IV.1

World merchandise exports by product, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share

Value
2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Total merchandise a

10159

100.0

100.0

10

22

13

Agricultural products

852

8.8

8.4

15

683

6.9

6.7

10

15

75

0.9

0.7

14

Food
Fish
Other food products
Raw materials

Fuels and mining products


Ores and other minerals
Fuels
Non-ferrous metals

Manufactures
Iron and steel
Chemicals
Pharmaceuticals
Other chemicals
Other semi-manufactures

6.0

6.0

10

15

1.9

1.7

18

1748

13.7

17.2

15

33

36

149

1.1

1.5

17

49

26

1400

10.7

13.8

16

31

41

199

2.0

2.0

10

37

16

7312

74.9

72.0

21

10

318

2.3

3.1

17

48

18

1104

9.3

10.9

14

22

12

272

1.7

2.7

20

21

10

832

7.6

8.2

12

23

13

711

7.2

7.0

10

20

10

3851

42.0

37.9

20

Office and telecom equipment

1275

15.4

12.6

20

11

EDP and office equipment

465

5.9

4.6

16

Telecommunications equipment

465

4.6

4.6

10

26

19
5

Integrated circuits and electronic components

Trade by sector

608
169

Machinery and transport equipment

345

4.9

3.4

18

1302

13.3

12.8

18

Automotive products

914

9.2

9.0

10

17

Other transport equipment

388

4.1

3.8

18

Transport equipment

1274

13.3

12.5

22

Textiles

Other machinery

203

2.5

2.0

12

Clothing

276

3.2

2.7

11

Other manufactures

848

8.5

8.4

10

19

10

Personal and household goods

179

1.8

1.8

17

Scientific and controlling instruments

211

1.9

2.1

12

27

12

Miscellaneous manufactures

458

4.8

4.5

17

10

a Includes unspecified products. They accounted for 2 per cent of world merchandise exports in 2005.

108

Annual percentage change

Chart IV.2

World exports of commercial services by category, 1990, 2000 and 2005


(Percentage of total value)

1990
2000

Transportation

2005

Travel

Other commercial services

10

20

30

40

50

Trade by sector

Table IV.2

World exports of commercial services by category, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value

All commercial services


Transportation
Travel
Other commercial services

Share

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2415

100.0

100.0

10

14

20

10

570

23.3

23.6

10

13

24

12

685

32.1

28.4

10

18

1160

44.6

48.1

12

18

18

11

Note: Exports of transportation services are significantly under-reported. See the Technical Notes.

109

2. Agricultural products
Table IV.3

Table IV.4

World trade in agricultural products, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of agricultural


products, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

852

Value

Annual percentage change

2000-05

2004

2005

320.3

11

15

Intra-Asia

89.3

18

Intra-North America

63.4

13

North America to Asia

40.8

South and Central America to Europe

27.9

16

Asia to Europe

24.3

17

11

Asia to North America

22.4

10

20

-2

1985-90

Intra-Europe

1990-95

1995-00

-1

2000-05

2003

16

2004

15

2005

8.4

Share in world exports of primary products

Trade by sector

2005

1980-85

Share in world merchandise trade

32.8

Table IV.5

Chart IV.3

Share of agricultural products in trade in total


merchandise and in primary products by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in agricultural products,


2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

Share of agricultural products in total


merchandise
World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Europe
8.4

8.4

9.2
26.4
9.1
7.8
10.9
2.3
5.6

6.0
8.9
9.4
13.2
13.9
10.0
7.5

World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Asia

North America
Exports
Imports

South and Central


America

Share of agricultural products in primary


products
32.8

32.8

43.3
41.6
49.4
11.5
14.3
3.1
37.9

26.8
31.0
39.0
53.1
50.2
56.5
24.6

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Africa
Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
Middle East
0

110

Annual percentage change

10

20

30

40

50

60

Table IV.6

Exports of agricultural products by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in

World
Europe
World
Europe
Asia
North America
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Middle East
South and Central America

Asia
World
Asia
Europe
North America
Middle East
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
South and Central America

North America
World
North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
Africa
Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

South and Central America


World
Europe
Asia
North America
South and Central America
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Middle East

Africa
World
Europe
Africa
Asia
North America
Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
South and Central America

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


World
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Europe
Asia
Middle East
Africa
North America
South and Central America

Middle East
World
Middle East
Europe
Asia
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
North America
South and Central America

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

851.8

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

15

396.1
320.3
21.3
20.2
10.8
10.4
8.5
3.4

100.0
78.9
6.1
5.4
3.3
2.0
2.5
1.2

100.0
80.9
5.4
5.1
2.7
2.6
2.1
0.8

44.3
34.9
2.7
2.4
1.4
0.9
1.1
0.6

46.5
37.6
2.5
2.4
1.3
1.2
1.0
0.4

154.4
89.3
24.3
22.4
7.8
6.0
2.8
1.7

100.0
61.0
15.5
13.9
4.3
2.9
1.1
1.0

100.0
57.8
15.7
14.5
5.0
3.9
1.8
1.1

18.3
11.2
2.8
2.5
0.8
0.5
0.2
0.2

18.1
10.5
2.9
2.6
0.9
0.7
0.3
0.2

136.6
63.4
40.8
16.5
7.9
3.7
2.6
1.4

100.0
42.6
31.6
13.7
5.4
2.8
2.7
0.9

100.0
46.4
29.9
12.1
5.8
2.7
1.9
1.1

20.9
8.9
6.6
2.9
1.1
0.6
0.6
0.2

16.0
7.4
4.8
1.9
0.9
0.4
0.3
0.2

93.5
27.9
18.6
17.4
13.5
5.3
5.3
4.5

100.0
33.9
15.9
21.8
18.7
3.1
2.1
3.8

100.0
29.8
19.9
18.6
14.5
5.7
5.7
4.8

9.5
3.2
1.5
2.1
1.8
0.3
0.2
0.4

11.0
3.3
2.2
2.0
1.6
0.6
0.6
0.5

10
11
7
9
6
16
7
2

15
15
19
10
11
23
7
4

7
6
7
6
3
14
16
15

9
8
9
10
12
15
21
10

19
18
17
20
27
26
7
19

8
6
11
9
6
19
28
18

3
5
2
1
5
3
-4
7

9
13
4
3
13
13
11
47

4
7
2
4
5
-1
-4
15

12
9
17
9
7
27
37
17

21
16
22
16
22
57
24
25

16
7
18
17
17
21
64
18

32.3
15.2
5.5
5.0
2.0
1.5
0.7
0.2

100.0
50.1
18.7
18.2
5.0
5.5
1.0
1.0

100.0
47.2
17.1
15.3
6.3
4.5
2.2
0.6

3.5
1.8
0.7
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0

3.8
1.8
0.7
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0

11
9
9
7
16
7
30
-1

22
15
14
25
45
23
12
5

8
6
0
4
11
19
58
2

26.5
8.3
6.5
6.5
1.5
1.3
0.6
0.0

100.0
27.8
34.1
27.4
2.4
1.7
3.2
0.3

100.0
31.3
24.7
24.4
5.6
4.8
2.4
0.1

2.4
0.7
0.8
0.7
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0

3.1
1.0
0.8
0.8
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0

15
18
8
12
36
42
9
-11

18
24
10
24
1
32
3
141

19
9
11
11
64
102
23
-57

12.4
6.0
2.3
1.2
0.6
0.6
0.3
0.0

100.0
44.3
24.2
10.0
3.5
4.3
3.0
0.6

100.0
48.8
18.3
9.3
5.1
4.5
2.6
0.4

1.2
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0

1.5
0.7
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

13
15
7
12
22
14
10
2

16
21
-9
9
49
22
5
-9

16
16
6
33
6
33
-3
13

Trade by sector

Region's exports

Value

111

Table IV.7

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
Canada a

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World
North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
Africa
CIS
Middle East

Trade by sector

Above 5

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

21456

100.0

11

13395
2766
2736
2053
347
97
60

62.4
12.9
12.8
9.6
1.6
0.5
0.3

6
12
8
10
10
13
8

6
15
8
8
16
19
4

9
16
15
19
-4
-1
9

World
North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
Africa
CIS
Middle East

95803

100.0

14

35910
21503
18622
17002
1855
549
362

37
22
19
18
2
1
0

5
9
8
7
9
6
10

17
16
9
12
8
3
4

6
9
10
11
16
28
1

25899
17347
10007
4182
3625

27.0
18.1
10.4
4.4
3.8

4
8
9
21
10

18
9
14
22
16

4
10
14
21
10

Suppliers
12793
2523
734
553
535

59.6
11.8
3.4
2.6
2.5

5
9
27
15
12

6
8
39
11
2

8
14
35
20
26

Canada
European Union (25)
Mexico
China
Brazil

17139

79.9

11

61060

64

15

Chile
Australia
Thailand
New Zealand
Colombia

387
385
376
311
242

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.4
1.1

15
7
5
12
8

22
-8
0
2
2

14
19
8
10
35

Chile
Thailand
Indonesia
Australia
New Zealand

3419
2918
2694
2618
2027

3.6
3.0
2.8
2.7
2.1

9
1
11
8
8

15
5
27
17
23

9
7
15
-1
1

Indonesia
Costa Rica
Guatemala
India
Argentina

205
157
142
141
136

1.0
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6

13
12
7
9
3

24
-1
32
18
-9

9
16
30
7
42

Colombia
India
Ecuador
Viet Nam
Costa Rica

1673
1325
1315
1155
1111

1.7
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2

5
3
6
16
1

9
11
0
-2
-2

20
2
7
12
2

Viet Nam
South Africa
Malaysia
Peru
Russian Federation

128
127
107
105
87

0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.4

18
8
11
13
11

68
20
61
15
23

11
-3
13
18
-3

Guatemala
Argentina
Philippines
Malaysia
Japan

1078
1006
924
914
787

1.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.8

6
4
5
14
2

2
16
11
48
7

16
21
5
11
10

Korea, Republic of
Ecuador
Cte d'Ivoire
Switzerland
Philippines

87
85
84
75
71

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3

12
2
19
14
9

23
-11
22
23
24

4
1
-2
38
4

Peru
Cte d'Ivoire
Korea, Republic of
Honduras
Uruguay

694
690
675
614
570

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6

17
18
10
5
40

25
20
10
16
181

20
31
26
8
39

Uruguay
Japan
Taipei, Chinese
Morocco
Turkey

71
66
63
57
56

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

7
4
7
6
19

-4
7
11
-3
25

-6
4
8
46
39

Dominican Republic
Russian Federation
Taipei, Chinese
Turkey
Nicaragua

514
506
492
475
305

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.3

2
6
-1
12
5

-1
3
11
6
25

2
29
9
22
8

Canada
Norway
Honduras
Hong Kong, China
Nicaragua

48
40
38
30
24

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

-4
29
-3
14

-9
32
-2
166

20
10
-10
-9

South Africa
Switzerland
Israel
Norway
Panama

299
239
229
214
191

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

3
1
10
0
4

14
13
13
-8
-5

7
-1
-10
13
21

El Salvador
Jamaica
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Israel
Singapore

23
22
22
21
18

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

12
-1
2
15
9

84
-11
-10
26
-12

59
21
1
7
25

El Salvador
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Iceland
Fiji
Bangladesh

186
171
167
155
153

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

-1
-7
-5
29
0

-3
45
6
35
109

53
-17
-9
25
-19

21172

98.7

93563

97.7

Above 40

112

Annual percentage
change

Region

Suppliers
United States
European Union (25)
China
Mexico
Brazil

Share

Above 5

Above 40

Table IV.7 (continued)

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

Japan

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

65939

100.0

12

27748
21508
8201
4882
1920
1540
140

42.1
32.6
12.4
7.4
2.9
2.3
0.2

3
-2
3
5
0
2
2

18
4
13
22
16
5
12

2
-1
-3
8
-4
9
39

United States
China
European Union (25)
Australia
Canada

16110
8945
7168
5311
4842

24.4
13.6
10.9
8.1
7.3

-2
5
3
6
-1

-1
19
14
38
18

0
5
-4
-1
-6

Above 5

Region
398883

100.0

10

14

301540
32214
24274
17079
15432
5595
2450

75.6
8.1
6.1
4.3
3.9
1.4
0.6

11
10
8
8
0
8
8

14
16
16
8
5
11
20

6
5
7
2
-2
11
6

European Union (25)


Brazil
United States
Argentina
China

285652
13115
11283
6126
4548

71.6
3.3
2.8
1.5
1.1

11
11
0
9
13

14
20
3
11
21

6
3
-2
0
25

Above 5

Europe
South and Central America
Asia
Africa
North America
CIS
Middle East

Annual percentage
change

Suppliers

World
Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
CIS
Africa
Middle East

Suppliers

320724

80.4

10

14

42376

64.3

12

-1

Turkey
Norway
Russian Federation
Canada
Indonesia

4005
3791
3579
3462
3171

1.0
1.0
0.9
0.9
0.8

15
5
7
-2
9

27
9
11
13
21

20
12
12
-6
8

Thailand
Russian Federation
Brazil
Chile
Indonesia

3288
1895
1888
1833
1560

5.0
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.4

3
0
9
6
-1

1
18
39
24
1

7
-4
8
10
3

Chile
New Zealand
South Africa
Switzerland
Malaysia

2822
2756
2711
2695
2558

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6

14
10
11
10
12

23
9
8
20
19

12
5
2
6
5

Korea, Republic of
New Zealand
Taipei, Chinese
Viet Nam
Malaysia

1509
1414
1265
1036
968

2.3
2.1
1.9
1.6
1.5

-5
3
0
11
-1

10
21
14
22
15

-5
5
-12
6
4

Thailand
Australia
Cte d'Ivoire
Morocco
India

2310
2217
2210
2113
1968

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5

4
2
6
13
6

13
18
-9
11
18

1
-13
-12
13
6

Philippines
South Africa
India
Mexico
Norway

964
748
617
557
525

1.5
1.1
0.9
0.8
0.8

4
10
-7
4
-4

14
14
28
19
5

6
10
7
6
-4

Colombia
Ecuador
Iceland
Israel
Costa Rica

1793
1789
1372
1337
1260

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

9
15
9
9
9

12
10
10
23
14

26
22
3
12
-4

Colombia
Singapore
Peru
Argentina
Ecuador

294
290
175
163
134

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2

6
0
9
-8
-9

28
16
26
-37
-5

38
16
-5
3
-6

Ukraine
Viet Nam
Peru
Cameroon
Kenya

1177
1169
1133
1118
1046

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

21
15
12
7
9

17
27
12
-1
17

10
24
29
11
7

Turkey
Iceland
Mauritania
Morocco
Guatemala

133
128
126
114
110

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

12
-2
10
-17
5

35
8
42
-59
18

1
10
12
58
51

Ghana
Romania
Bulgaria
Croatia
Mexico

1014
773
736
684
676

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

16
11
19
18
8

28
25
25
-12
7

-5
-5
16
38
21

Myanmar
Sri Lanka
Papua New Guinea
Ethiopia
Ghana

98
95
77
74
72

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5
-5
-11
5
10

29
-5
-3
63
-12

6
-7
-13
1
-27

645
629
603
592
586

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

12
9
23
13
17

139
1
20
23
-14

-19
9
17
-5
15

Greenland
Israel
Romania
Fiji
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of

69
66
59
55
54

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

-6
6
77
11
-15

-6
6
857
-1
-7

4
40
100
39
-36

382638

95.9

64829

98.3

Tunisia
Philippines
Serbia and Montenegro
Uruguay
Nigeria
Above 40

Above 40

Trade by sector

World

Share

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

113

Table IV.8

Leading exporters and importers of agricultural products, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value
2005

1980

1990

Annual percentage change

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

Exporters
European Union (25)

369.71

41.5

43.4

10

21

14

84.06

10.1

9.9

16

12

United States

82.67

17.0

14.3

12.9

9.7

11

Canada

41.18

5.0

5.4

6.3

4.8

19

Brazil

35.04

3.4

2.4

2.8

4.1

18

26

27

14

China

28.71

1.5

2.4

3.0

3.4

12

18

19

Australia

21.21

3.3

2.8

3.0

2.5

-5

35

-4

Argentina

19.18

1.9

1.8

2.2

2.3

10

24

13

12

Thailand

17.82

1.2

1.9

2.2

2.1

25

13

Russian Federation a

14.87

1.4

1.7

14

20

13

20

Indonesia

14.32

1.6

1.0

1.4

1.7

13

10

24

16

Malaysia

13.38

2.0

1.8

1.4

1.6

11

26

14

New Zealand

13.01

1.3

1.4

1.4

1.5

11

14

24

Mexico

12.72

0.8

0.8

1.6

1.5

12

12

14

India a

10.13

1.0

0.8

1.2

1.2

10

13

18

Chile

10.10

0.4

0.7

1.2

1.2

10

14

22

11

704.05

83.4

82.6

extra-EU (25) exports

Above 15

Importers
European Union (25)

Trade by sector

extra-EU (25) imports

42.3

44.0

10

22

14

13.3

12.5

17

13

United States

95.80

8.7

9.0

11.6

10.6

14

Japan

65.95

9.6

11.5

10.4

7.3

12

China

45.19

2.1

1.8

3.3

5.0

18

40

39

Canada b

21.46

1.8

2.0

2.6

2.4

10

11

Russian Federation a

19.29

1.6

2.1

15

14

11

23

Korea, Republic of

16.77

1.5

2.2

2.2

1.8

11

Mexico b

16.45

1.2

1.2

1.8

1.8

11

Hong Kong, China

11.09

-1

-1

7.31

1.0

1.0

1.1

0.8

Taipei, Chinese

9.48

1.1

1.4

1.3

1.0

10

13

Saudi Arabia a

9.07

1.5

0.8

0.9

1.0

10

14

19

22

Switzerland

8.25

1.2

1.3

1.0

0.9

20

India a

7.67

0.5

0.4

0.7

0.8

14

27

11

Malaysia

7.24

0.5

0.5

0.8

0.8

37

United Arab Emirates a, c

7.24

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.8

13

13

31

17

736.04

82.1

81.2

retained imports

Above 15
a Includes Secretariat estimates.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c 2004 instead of 2005.

114

398.88
113.23

Table IV.9

Exports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

1990

World
Argentina
Australia
Bangladesh
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cameroon b
Canada
Chile
China
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cte d'Ivoire b
Ecuador
Egypt b
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Ghana
Guatemala
Honduras b, c
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
Iceland
India b
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of b
Israel b
Japan
Kazakhstan b
Kenya b
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Mauritius b
Mexico
Moldova
Morocco
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Norway
Pakistan b
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports b
South Africa b
Sri Lanka b
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic b
Taipei, Chinese
Tanzania b
Thailand
Tunisia b
Turkey
Ukraine
United States
Uruguay
Viet Nam b
Zimbabwe b

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

2000

2003

2004

2005

414723 |

552989

683366

788084

851847

8.8

8.4

7482
11628
329
9779
... |
696
22339
2779
10060
2514
927
2374
1236
669
...
849
680
4556
821
3735
1274
3506
4154
601
1327
3298
559
2985
7500
388
3466
1228
5966
295
3077
1081
263
863
789
1683
184
...
4095
1183
2912
1691
758
2244
767
3732
...
7786
418
3300
59404
1025
...
754

11933
16446
426
15467
605
659
34789
6399
16384
3121
1812
2308
1948
613
229313
173280
56033
621
1622
782
5693
454
5240
1257
6401
7764
932
1182
4395
724
1062
4298
8015
283
9100
297
1746
7642
547
4244
1234
580
699
1911
2026
829
7764
389
3723
1202
2521
2366
1093
2521
621
3509
432
12242
548
3828
1585
71408
1278
3954
1146

15133
16337
611
24205
940
886
33694
7466
22158
3003
1965
3562
2798
945
304572
234518
70054
1221
1599
640
4788
446
4342
1550
7935
9942
1575
1819
4817
939
1291
4324
11511
485
9978
500
2039
9778
468
4509
1470
686
1066
2003
2385
1111
10973
662
3654
1537
2117
3274
1123
3140
977
3750
551
15081
619
5257
3091
76244
1401
5100
868

17082
22062
697
30853
1242
1066
40100
9124
24121
3510
2197
3651
2785
1331
348307
269897
78410
1357
1716
752
4634
517
4116
1778
8588
12366
1682
1520
5468
1007
1386
4984
13127
550
11142
595
2054
12157
591
5007
1570
757
1406
2676
2564
1381
12383
935
4293
1769
2524
3664
1252
3730
986
4346
618
17072
1137
6501
3908
79567
1860
4579
885

19182
21209
754
35039
1440
1105
41178
10098
28711
4569
2312
...
3150
...
369708
285652
84056
...
1996
858
4314
535
3779
1833
10134
14320
1703
1687
6007
814
1503
5285
13377
591
12721
642
2472
13006
677
5926
2155
820
1421
3162
2728
1458
14874
1020
4542
1879
2662
4245
1497
4007
1015
4468
775
17816
1015
8080
4734
82674
2129
...
...

45.3
25.7
8.5
28.1
12.6
36.0
12.6
33.3
6.6
23.7
30.9
59.4
39.5
11.8
9.4
10.5
7.1
37.2
60.2
21.2
2.8
1.9
2.9
66.1
14.1
12.5
3.2
3.8
0.9
8.2
61.3
2.5
8.2
18.2
5.5
62.9
23.5
57.6
84.8
7.1
13.7
67.5
80.4
27.2
5.1
8.0
7.4
22.6
2.7
1.5
4.3
7.9
20.1
3.1
13.4
2.4
65.2
17.7
9.4
13.8
10.9
9.1
55.7
27.4
59.6

47.9
20.0
8.7
29.6
12.3
39.1
11.5
24.9
3.8
21.6
32.8
52.8
31.2
15.4
9.2
10.7
6.3
54.6
37.1
19.6
1.5
2.7
1.4
59.4
10.1
16.7
3.0
4.0
1.0
2.9
45.6
1.9
9.5
27.6
6.0
58.8
23.2
59.9
78.9
5.7
13.5
81.1
84.2
18.4
6.6
5.3
6.1
20.1
2.0
1.5
2.5
8.2
23.6
3.1
17.6
2.4
52.3
16.2
9.7
11.0
13.8
9.1
62.5
17.9
46.9

|
|
|

2000

2005 a

Trade by sector

Value

a Or nearest year.
b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Shares include significant exports into processing zones.

115

Table IV.10

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

Trade by sector

Value

Algeria
Argentina
Australia b
Bangladesh
Belarus
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Canada b
Chile
China
Colombia
Croatia
Dominican Republic b, c
Egypt c
El Salvador
European Union (25) d
extra-EU (25) imports
Ghana c
Guatemala
Honduras e
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India c
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of c
Israel c
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan c
Kenya c
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait c
Lebanon
Malaysia
Mexico b
Morocco
New Zealand
Nigeria c
Norway
Oman c
Pakistan
Peru
Philippines
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia c
Senegal c
Singapore
retained imports c
South Africa b
Sri Lanka c
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic c
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia c
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates c
United States
Viet Nam c
a
b
c
d
e

116

1990

2000

2766
326
2707
835
...
...
2690
9009
461
7855
593
...
413
4793
158
123
196
108
8325
4591
1721
2126
3830
1565
314
50762
709
260
9531
589
...
2404
5374
1096
756
658
2090
506
1568
668
1665
1249
3487
372
4702
1789
1219
549
5920
791
6203
3230
819
2806
1726
39966
236

2815
1509
4234
1923
1227
1970
...
5162
15272
1421
19544
1736
777
964
4208
692
252288
79112
444
673 |
511
11728
6488
3900
5727
2943
2288
544
62185
942
509
474
12837
1312
1210
4610
10989
1941
1204
1212
2956
1158
1882
998
3104
1092
9589
5663
394
4890 |
2369 |
1650
934
5693
850
7899
4473
968
4133
1092
3857
69115
1269

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Shares include significant imports into processing zones.

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

3361
927
5180
2108
1607
1613
702
4517
17991
1642
30482
1899
1414
998
3221
869
332088
95654
570
1019
559
10814
6472
6426
5438
3113
2486
597
58457
1089
746
496
14421
1519
1404
5139
13850
2041
1668
2398
3823
1188
2116
1214
3158
1981
14160
6259
750
5410
3293
2199
948
7276
1185
7959
5719
1225
5265
2438
4748
77273
2376

4362
1144
5918
2364
2001
2435
1047
4446
19374
1922
42279
2119
1624
1066
3647
959
377563
107666
900
1150
613
11183
7067
6906
6638
3856
2920
664
65427
1500
930
572
16036
1558
1580
7027
15380
2478
1855
2706
4319
1213
2886
1481
3228
2422
15672
7429
858
6014
3490
2977
1042
7932
1456
9010
6400
1450
6059
2247
6206
88112
2411

4280
1247
6579
...
1843
2411
1313
4698
21456
2155
45189
2191
1785
1172
...
...
398883
113231
...
1267
715
11087
7308
7666
6648
3934
2825
752
65947
1547
1068
676
16773
1981
1602
7245
16454
2721
2200
...
4823
1263
3656
1654
3851
2843
19288
9065
950
6408
3745
3048
1132
8246
1621
9480
7120
1459
6464
3075
7241
95803
...

30.7
6.0
5.9
25.4
14.2
13.5
...
8.7
6.4
7.7
8.7
15.0
9.9
10.2
28.5
14.0
9.9
8.6
14.9
13.8
15.4
5.5
18.6
7.6
17.1
21.2
6
16.3
16.4
20.5
10.1
15.3
8.0
18.3
19.4
5.6
6.3
16.8
8.7
13.9
8.6
23.0
17.3
13.5
8.4
8.4
21.5
18.7
25.9
3.6
3.1
6.2
13.0
6.9
22.3
5.6
7.2
11.3
7.6
7.8
11.0
5.5
8.1

21.0
4.3
5.5
27.7
11.0
11.0
18.5
6.1
6.8
6.6
6.8
10.3
9.6
12.2
28.3
15.2
9.6
7.7
22.1
12.1
12.8
3.7
26.0
5.1
11.5
11.0
6.0
16.9
12.8
14.7
6.2
11.0
6.4
12.2
16.6
6.3
7.4
13.4
8.4
19.1
8.7
14.1
14.4
13.2
8.1
7.0
15.4
15.3
29.8
3.2
4.1
5.5
12.8
6.5
20.0
5.2
6.0
11.1
5.5
8.5
9.0
5.5
7.8

3. Fuels and mining products


Table IV.11

Table IV.12

World trade in fuels and mining products, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of fuels and


mining products, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

1748

Value

Annual percentage change


1980-85

-5

1985-90

1990-95

1995-00

10

2000-05

15

2003

24

2004

33

2005

36

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Intra-Europe

327.0

15

27

29

Middle East to Asia

248.4

17

31

44

Intra-Asia

209.5

16

30

39

Intra-North America

133.0

13

25

34

Commonwealth of Independent States


(CIS) to Europe

132.0

19

39

37

Share in world merchandise trade

17.2

Africa to Europe

74.2

14

30

43

Share in world exports of primary products

67.2

Middle East to Europe

56.9

10

35

37

Chart IV.4

Share of fuels and mining products in trade in total


merchandise and in primary products by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in fuels and mining


products, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

Europe

Share of mining products in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

17.2

17.2

12.1
37.1
9.3
60.1
65.2
70.9
9.1

16.5
19.8
14.7
11.6
13.8
7.7
22.9

North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Asia

North America
Exports
Imports

Share of fuels and mining products in primary


products
World

Trade by sector

Table IV.13

Middle East
67.2

67.2

56.7
58.4
50.6
88.5
85.7
96.9
62.1

73.2
69.0
61.0
46.9
49.8
43.5
75.4

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
Africa

South and Central


America
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

117

Table IV.14

Exports of fuels and mining products by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in
Region's exports

Value

World
Europe
World
Europe
North America
Asia
Africa
Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
South and Central America

Middle East
World
Asia
Europe
North America
Africa
Middle East
South and Central America
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Asia
World
Asia
Europe
North America
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Trade by sector

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


World
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Asia
North America
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa

Africa
World
Europe
North America
Asia
Africa
South and Central America
Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

North America
World
North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

South and Central America


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Asia
Africa
Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

118

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

1748.5

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

15

33

36

15
15
11
13
19
28
15
10

28
27
31
32
44
59
31
17

29
29
28
21
46
64
33
44

14
17
10
13
9
14
14
12

33
31
35
35
44
29
67
35

39
44
37
19
30
57
10
40

15
16
15
10
28
12
25
25

33
30
39
49
36
84
62
79

38
39
29
37
19
47
45
34

37
39
44
56
8
-12
57
260

39
37
16
27
51
56
2
-39

18
14
20
16
16
15
16
34

42
30
37
59
16
73
78
12

43
43
49
26
32
23
41
51

14
13
15
13
18
10
5
39

27
25
37
41
16
15
14
87

405.4
327.0
38.7
13.3
7.8
6.0
2.4
2.1

100.0
79.8
11.0
3.5
1.6
0.9
0.6
0.6

100.0
80.7
9.5
3.3
1.9
1.5
0.6
0.5

23.7
18.9
2.6
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.2

23.2
18.7
2.2
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1

381.6
248.4
56.9
43.1
11.5
9.1
2.1
0.1

100.0
57.3
17.5
12.1
3.8
2.4
0.6
0.0

100.0
65.1
14.9
11.3
3.0
2.4
0.6
0.0

22.9
13.1
4.0
2.8
0.9
0.6
0.1
0.0

21.8
14.2
3.3
2.5
0.7
0.5
0.1
0.0

252.6
209.5
16.5
14.2
3.9
3.4
2.1
0.7

100.0
80.5
6.6
6.9
0.9
1.5
0.5
0.2

100.0
82.9
6.5
5.6
1.6
1.3
0.8
0.3

14.5
11.7
1.0
1.0
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.0

14.4
12.0
0.9
0.8
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0

204.4
132.0
22.3
17.1
13.0
4.8
3.1
0.5

100.0
64.0
14.2
7.6
7.1
5.5
1.1
0.3

100.0
64.6
10.9
8.4
6.4
2.3
1.5
0.3

10.0
6.4
1.4
0.8
0.7
0.5
0.1
0.0

11.7
7.5
1.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.0

194.2
74.2
52.9
33.4
9.4
7.3
1.4
0.2

100.0
45.7
24.7
18.3
5.1
4.2
0.8
0.0

100.0
38.2
27.2
17.2
4.8
3.7
0.7
0.1

10.0
4.6
2.5
1.8
0.5
0.4
0.1
0.0

11.1
4.2
3.0
1.9
0.5
0.4
0.1
0.0

178.7
133.0
18.2
16.9
9.1
0.7
0.7
0.2

100.0
75.4
9.5
9.8
4.3
0.4
0.5
0.0

100.0
74.4
10.2
9.5
5.1
0.4
0.4
0.1

10.9
8.3
1.0
1.1
0.5
0.0
0.1
0.0

10.2
7.6
1.0
1.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0

19
19
13
21
16
0
27
16

34
34
34
37
39
18
46
190

131.5
50.4
31.0
23.0
20.0
1.1
0.7
0.1

100.0
47.6
24.2
14.2
10.2
0.5
0.7
0.1

100.0
38.3
23.5
17.5
15.2
0.8
0.5
0.1

7.9
3.8
1.9
1.1
0.8
0.0
0.1
0.0

7.5
2.9
1.8
1.3
1.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

14
9
13
19
23
27
9
17

44
35
41
49
66
39
29
11

37
45
28
33
31
77
22
57

3.1 Fuels
Table IV.15

Table IV.16

World trade in fuels, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of fuels, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

Value

1401

Annual percentage change


1980-85

-5

1985-90

1990-95

1995-00

12

2000-05

16

2003

26

2004

31

2005

41

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Middle East to Asia

244.6

17

31

44

Intra-Europe

232.3

16

24

38

Intra-Asia

143.7

15

24

43

Commonwealth of Independent States


(CIS) to Europe

118.0

22

37

42

Intra-North America

109.4

15

23

38

Share in world merchandise trade

13.8

Africa to Europe

68.0

14

29

47

Share in world exports of primary products

53.9

Middle East to Europe

55.8

11

35

38

Chart IV.5

Share of fuels in trade in total merchandise and in


primary products by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in fuels, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

13.8

13.8

8.9
24.2
6.6
51.8
59.4
69.3
6.2

14.1
17.7
11.4
9.5
11.8
5.7
17.8

Share of fuels in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Trade by sector

Table IV.17

Europe

Asia

North America
Exports

Share of fuels in primary products


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Imports
53.9

53.9

Middle East

41.5
38.1
35.8
76.3
78.1
94.7
42.0

62.4
61.6
47.2
38.1
42.7
32.2
58.6

Africa

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
South and Central
America
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

119

Table IV.18

Imports of fuels of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)

Value
2005

Annual percentage
change

Share
2005

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

2005

European Union (25)

CIS
Africa
Europe
Middle East
North America
Asia
South and Central America

Algeria
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Kazakhstan
Nigeria
Iraq
Above 10

488434

100.0

18

26

46

107873
65435
211099
51390
7957
7762
6778

22.1
13.4
43.2
10.5
1.6
1.6
1.4

24
14
17
10
15
31
18

32
20
26
35
64
51
32

52
45
38
41
34
37
71

156717
90433
49972
22755
22633

32.1
18.5
10.2
4.7
4.6

18
23
15
13
14

24
27
34
38
36

43
52
26
35
39

18992
12766
9806
9469
4426

3.9
2.6
2.0
1.9
0.9

11
14
34
12
-5

13
28
95
-8
80

39
46
46
68
41

397969

81.5

World

100.0

16

33

38

93180
59334
56136
43328
28514
9925
7622

31.3
19.9
18.8
14.5
9.6
3.3
2.6

16
15
21
12
15
61
10

21
39
50
30
33
46
54

33
42
53
23
34
76
36

Canada
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Saudi Arabia
Mexico
Nigeria

66606
32695
28133
26574
24993

22.3
11.0
9.4
8.9
8.4

16
13
15
15
18

18
46
16
27
57

34
38
29
31
46

European Union (25)


Algeria
Iraq
Angola
Russian Federation

22867
10814
9307
8779
8555

7.7
3.6
3.1
2.9
2.9

19
30
7
19
58

36
56
84
6
38

40
37
3
85
72

239323

80.3

North America
South and Central America
Africa
Middle East
Europe
CIS
Asia

Above 10

China

Trade by sector

Region
133069

100.0

11

23

34

85573
40007
3135
2083
2039
160
49

64.3
30.1
2.4
1.6
1.5
0.1
0.0

13
8
35
-1
50
9
2

23
18
69
45
61
-48
13

40
26
8
3
39
-14
-18

Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Australia
Indonesia
Qatar

28256
25039
12333
10734
10604

21.2
18.8
9.3
8.1
8.0

15
11
15
5
13

27
28
28
11
21

56
38
47
18
35

Iran, Islamic Rep. of


Kuwait
China
Oman
Brunei Darussalam

10253
7632
3360
2716
2286

7.7
5.7
2.5
2.0
1.7

14
9
9
6
7

11
26
29
-36
3

25
33
2
68
21

113213

85.1

Suppliers

Above 10

120

2005

Suppliers

Region

Middle East
Asia
Africa
North America
CIS
Europe
South and Central America

2004

298037

Japan

World

2000-05

Region

Suppliers
European Union (25)
Russian Federation
Norway
Saudi Arabia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

2005

United States

Region
World

Annual percentage
change

Share

World

63947

100.0

25

64

33

25212
14622
14567
7201
1491
471
384

39.4
22.9
22.8
11.3
2.3
0.7
0.6

24
32
17
51
77
36
-10

51
105
45
96
139
91
99

47
44
6
53
50
-5
-53

Saudi Arabia
Angola
Russian Federation
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Oman

9285
6576
6555
6065
4106

14.5
10.3
10.3
9.5
6.4

44
29
53
31
5

44
114
100
34
116

71
39
57
52
-4

Yemen
Sudan
Congo
Indonesia
United Arab Emirates

2664
2575
2058
2000
1743

4.2
4.0
3.2
3.1
2.7

29
29
48
13
37

-6
16
91
12
89

83
55
54
53
71

43627

68.2

Middle East
Africa
Asia
CIS
South and Central America
North America
Europe

Suppliers

Above 10

Table IV.19

Imports of fuels of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

1990
Argentina
Australia b
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cameroon c
Canada b
Chile
China
Costa Rica
Croatia
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
European Union (25) d
extra-EU (25) imports
FYR Macedonia
Guatemala
Honduras c, e
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India c
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of c
Israel c
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kenya
Korea, Republic of
Lebanon
Malaysia
Mauritius c
Mexico b
Morocco
New Zealand c
Nicaragua
Norway
Pakistan
Panama
Peru
Philippines
Romania
Russian Federation b
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
retained imports c
South Africa b
Sri Lanka c
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Tanzania
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United States
Uruguay
Viet Nam c
a
b
c
d
e

333
2170
1827
566
...
6045
... |
21
7313
1099
1259
219
...
38
243
140
...
278
153
1996
1567
6495
1937
...
1354
380
56777
471
424
11023
...
1487
127
1125
1168
727
121
1178
1529
244
327
1943
2906
...
9632
9545
88
333
3155
5953
...
3084
143
493
4622
68741
238
...

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

860
5898
2107
585
2585
...
8872
1680
345
12481
3014
20637
486
1145
281
1063
595
216323
147397
290
620
382
4533
4102
17839
6071
311
3587
586
77425
194
642
38077
1029
3940
244
5232
2039
1446
307
1193
3598
627
1156
4095
1583
1736
745
16219
16106
3826
551
3747
13030
294
7549
1068
902
9501
5997
139622
530
2113

478
6557
2130
662
3038
255
8014
428
250
15116
3315
29189
678
1555
669
563
622
265064
176344
322
922
519
4679
4343
22424
7664
1422
3759
768
81165
933
802
38630
1121
4610
260
5684
2216
1738
287
1769
3070
366
1457
3990
2619
1255
1210
18291
16948
4105
737
5195
15203
406
9009
1072
692
11575
7856
163252
481
2714

922
9500
2830
669
4525
550
12264
570
428
19360
4650
47993
759
1987
799
1104
700
335090
225277
377
1123
637
6418
5977
34146
11797
2131
4696
741
99469
1565
1108
50279
1981
6615
364
7536
2961
2426
420
2059
3903
523
1886
4723
3885
1633
1703
25805
23847
6878
1139
6314
21499
417
13206
1176
1306
14407
9755
216377
740
3740

1425
13185
4279
...
5519
914
14366
973
721
28881
6530
63947
988
2800
1154
...
...
488434
331717
618
1632
904
7967
7396
50877
17512
2494
5022
1060
133069
2416
1272
67501
...
9229
519
12162
4374
3167
445
2173
5299
737
2471
6532
5644
1591
1989
35494
32694
7846
1114
9049
28097
...
20943
...
...
15712
10661
298037
941
5455

3.4
8.3
45.5
7.7
29.9
...
15.0
25.8
23.2
5.2
16.3
9.2
7.6
14.5
7.5
7.2
12.0
8.4
16.0
13.9
12.7
11.6
2.1
11.8
34.7
18.1
2.2
9.5
17.6
20.4
4.2
20.7
23.7
16.5
4.8
11.7
3.0
17.7
10.4
17.0
3.5
33.1
18.6
15.6
11.1
12.1
3.9
20.1
12.1
21.3
14.3
7.7
4.5
9.3
18.5
12.2
32.3
10.5
17.4
43.0
11.1
15.3
13.5

5.0
11.1
55.3
7.8
33.0
12.9
18.5
5.4
25.0
9.2
20.1
9.7
10.1
15.1
11.2
8.6
11.1
11.8
22.7
19.2
15.6
16.2
2.7
26.3
33.9
30.3
7.0
10.7
23.8
25.8
23.0
20.7
25.9
21.1
8.1
16.4
5.5
21.5
12.1
17.1
3.9
20.9
17.7
19.8
13.8
13.9
1.3
17.1
17.7
35.5
14.3
12.6
7.2
15.4
16.5
17.7
24.2
10.2
13.5
29.5
17.2
24.3
15.0

|
|

Trade by sector

Value

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Shares include significant imports into processing zones.

121

4. Manufactures
Table IV.20

Table IV.21

World trade in manufactures, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of manufactures,


2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

7311

Value

Annual percentage change


1980-85

1985-90

15

1990-95

1995-00

2000-05

2003

16

2004

21

2005

10

Trade by sector

Share in world merchandise trade

72.0

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Intra-Europe

2505.6

10

20

Intra-Asia

1090.1

11

25

12

Intra-North America

599.2

12

Asia to North America

562.5

20

13

Asia to Europe

447.4

11

27

15

Europe to North America

331.5

13

Europe to Asia

291.8

11

22

Table IV.22

Chart IV.6

Share of manufactures in total merchandise trade by


region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in manufactures, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

72.0

72.0

North America

74.6

75.3

South and Central America

34.1

68.6

Europe

79.7

73.9

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

28.2

74.0

Africa

21.2

70.2

Middle East

25.2

80.0

Asia

83.1

67.2

World

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Europe

Asia

North America
Exports
Imports
Middle East

South and Central


America
Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
Africa
0

122

10

20

30

40

50

60

Table IV.23

Exports of manufactures by region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in

World
Europe
World
Europe
North America
Asia
Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
South and Central America

Asia
World
Asia
North America
Europe
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

North America
World
North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Middle East
World
Middle East
Europe
Asia
North America
Africa
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
South and Central America

South and Central America


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Asia
Africa
Middle East
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


World
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Europe
Asia
Middle East
North America
Africa
South and Central America

Africa
World
Europe
Africa
Asia
North America
Middle East
South and Central America
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

7311.5

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

21

10

10
10
7
11
16
29
12
5

19
20
13
22
24
38
19
21

6
5
5
6
13
23
13
14

11
11
7
11
17
11
20
40

25
25
20
27
24
40
41
51

14
12
13
15
21
32
23
48

3
2
2
3
4
13
10
17

13
12
13
14
20
24
32
34

10
8
7
8
20
43
21
24

.
3485.3
2505.6
331.5
291.8
105.3
94.5
92.1
51.9
.
2308.0
1090.1
562.5
447.4
75.1
43.7
43.5
33.2
.
1102.9
599.2
201.6
190.9
65.4
28.9
12.1
4.9

100.0
72.1
11.2
8.2
2.4
1.3
2.4
1.9

100.0
71.9
9.5
8.4
3.0
2.7
2.6
1.5

45.2
32.6
5.0
3.7
1.1
0.6
1.1
0.9

47.7
34.3
4.5
4.0
1.4
1.3
1.3
0.7

100.0
45.4
29.1
18.8
2.5
1.8
1.3
0.4

100.0
47.2
24.4
19.4
3.3
1.9
1.9
1.4

29.7
13.5
8.6
5.6
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.1

31.6
14.9
7.7
6.1
1.0
0.6
0.6
0.5

100.0
55.5
18.8
17.4
5.7
1.6
0.8
0.2

100.0
54.3
18.3
17.3
5.9
2.6
1.1
0.4

20.5
11.4
3.8
3.6
1.2
0.3
0.2
0.0

15.1
8.2
2.8
2.6
0.9
0.4
0.2
0.1

135.4
38.6
26.6
26.2
22.3
3.3
2.5
1.0

100.0
23.0
20.5
17.7
23.3
3.4
1.5
1.1

100.0
28.5
19.7
19.4
16.4
2.4
1.8
0.7

1.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0

1.9
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0

17
22
16
19
9
9
22
7

30
30
35
41
17
24
18
11

25
19
38
21
26
9
45
2

120.9
49.5
41.6
15.4
8.9
3.0
1.2
0.3

100.0
44.8
34.6
13.7
5.0
1.2
0.5
0.0

100.0
40.9
34.4
12.7
7.4
2.5
1.0
0.2

1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

1.7
0.7
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

11
9
11
9
20
30
31
55

27
18
40
39
9
40
11
63

21
13
30
11
29
41
66
48

95.9
30.2
29.5
15.5
5.9
5.4
3.1
2.1

100.0
30.1
31.9
18.3
5.3
8.3
3.1
2.4

100.0
31.5
30.7
16.2
6.1
5.6
3.2
2.1

0.9
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0

1.3
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

17
18
16
14
21
9
18
15

37
40
41
19
42
69
15
52

12
8
9
6
18
-13
43
22

16
11
17
30
23
24
6
106

12
12
17
8
-4
32
8
-67

63.0
34.5
11.4
7.7
5.1
2.2
0.8
0.1

100.0
60.1
16.2
9.8
8.6
3.3
1.3
0.2

100.0
54.7
18.1
12.2
8.1
3.5
1.2
0.1

0.8
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.9
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

11
9
13
16
10
12
10
-4

Trade by sector

Region's exports

Value

123

Table IV.24

Trade in manufactures of the United States, the European Union (25) and China by region, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Exports
Value
2005

Share
2000

Imports
Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Share

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

1239.3

100.0

100.0

15

297.0

27.2

24.0

12

42.2
17.2

3.1
1.0

3.4
1.4

7
12

18
26

8
10

276.9
257.4

21.6
20.2

22.3
20.8

6
6

11
11

7
7

5.4
3.6

0.4
0.3

0.4
0.3

6
6

47
42

-4
-15

6.6

0.4

0.5

11

24

-5

United States
732.5

100.0

100.0

13

10

272.8

38.0

34.1

12

World

54.7
13.5

7.5
2.2

6.5
1.7

2
-1

20
24

15
8

172.6
160.3

24.0
22.4

21.9
20.5

2
2

13
13

8
7

4.3
2.8

0.3
0.2

0.5
0.3

15
15

30
14

24
38

CIS

11.0

1.1

1.2

29

21

Africa

North America
South and Central America
Brazil
Europe
European Union (25)
Russian Federation

27.2

2.3

2.6

13

23

43

Middle East

189.8
29.0
39.8
88.8

26.8
1.9
7.2
13.6

24.5
3.3
5.3
11.7

2
18
-3
0

13
22
6
15

6
19
2
4

Asia
China
Japan
Six East Asian traders

19.9

1.5

1.6

14

14

591.3
250.1
135.8
148.3

45.7
10.7
14.9
15.3

47.7
20.2
11.0
12.0

6
19
-1
0

17
29
10
13

12
23
6
2

3042.2

100.0

100.0

19

193.2

9.4

6.4

10

21.9
10.1

0.7
0.3

0.7
0.3

11
9

23
27

10
13

2268.3
2116.7

72.4
68.0

74.6
69.6

10
10

19
19

5
5

23.9
15.2

0.5
0.4

0.8
0.5

18
17

42
39

14
18

37.3

1.1

1.2

11

15

13

Trade by sector

European Union (25)


3240.3

100.0

100.0

10

19

305.9

11.1

9.4

13

World

48.5
17.9

1.9
0.7

1.5
0.6

5
5

21
27

14
14

2340.3
2116.7

72.5
66.3

72.2
65.3

10
10

19
19

5
5

87.7
61.1

1.2
0.8

2.7
1.9

29
30

39
38

23
25

CIS

86.7

2.5

2.7

12

18

13

Africa

93.9

2.3

2.9

15

23

14

Middle East

268.3
56.6
45.1
84.5

8.1
1.0
1.7
3.3

8.3
1.7
1.4
2.6

11
22
5
5

23
28
17
18

6
6
1
-5

Asia
China
Japan
Six East Asian traders

North America
South and Central America
Brazil
Europe
European Union (25)
Russian Federation

26.2

0.7

0.9

14

29

35

468.6
187.6
88.4
108.6

14.6
3.3
4.3
5.3

15.4
6.2
2.9
3.6

11
24
1
1

22
32
13
25

10
24
-1
-22

493.1

100.0

100.0

24

30

15

41.6

11.8

8.4

16

26

11

3.6
1.7

0.3
0.2

0.7
0.3

44
36

5
-2

16
-2

71.4
67.0

17.5
16.5

14.5
13.6

19
19

27
27

3
3

6.1
4.3

1.9
1.4

1.2
0.9

14
13

-7
-12

3
9

1.7

0.2

0.3

32

33

14

China a
700.3

100.0

100.0

26

37

29

173.7

24.6

24.8

26

36

30

World
North America

16.5
4.4

2.5
0.5

2.4
0.6

25
31

55
75

39
44

South and Central America


Brazil

146.4
136.6

18.3
17.1

20.9
19.5

30
29

38
37

35
35

Europe
European Union (25)

20.0
12.3

1.3
0.9

2.9
1.8

47
44

52
56

56
47

CIS

17.3

2.0

2.5

32

37

37

Africa

Russian Federation

20.8

2.5

3.0

30

32

29

Middle East

305.5
84.7
190.8

48.8
15.7
27.9

43.6
12.1
27.2

23
20
25

35
27
38

24
15
25

Asia
Japan
Six East Asian traders

4.9

0.7

1.0

35

47

30

363.9
93.9
194.1

63.6
23.1
37.3

73.8
19.0
39.4

27
19
25

30
26
33

35
5
19

a In 2005, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 11 percent of its manufacture imports. For further information, see the Technical Notes.

124

Table IV.25

Imports of manufactures of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region

Europe
Asia
North America
Africa
Middle East
CIS
South and Central America

Above 5

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

1239320

100.0

15

591339
296978
276945
42185
19884
6557
5429

47.7
24.0
22.3
3.4
1.6
0.5
0.4

6
2
6
7
6
11
6

17
12
11
18
14
24
47

12
7
7
8
14
-5
-4

257392
250091
170264
135844
126712

20.8
20.2
13.7
11.0
10.2

6
19
2
-1
3

11
29
12
10
11

7
23
8
6
5

Region
3042165

100.0

19

2268330
469732
193239
37337
26191
23944
22342

74.6
15.4
6.4
1.2
0.9
0.8
0.7

10
11
1
11
14
18
11

19
22
10
15
29
42
23

5
10
0
13
35
14
12

2116686
187942
172173
88583
73369

69.6
6.2
5.7
2.9
2.4

10
24
1
1
8

19
32
10
13
16

5
25
-1
-1
9

Suppliers
European Union (25)
China
United States
Japan
Switzerland

Annual percentage
change

World
Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Suppliers
European Union (25)
China
Canada
Japan
Mexico

2638753

86.7

19

940302

75.9

15

11

Korea, Republic of
Turkey
Taipei, Chinese
Singapore
India

40323
35790
28999
21579
19801

1.3
1.2
1.0
0.7
0.7

11
21
3
8
15

30
32
16
27
27

9
6
0
4
14

Korea, Republic of
Taipei, Chinese
Malaysia
Thailand
India

41842
34064
32553
17688
17353

3.4
2.7
2.6
1.4
1.4

1
-3
6
4
12

24
9
9
18
20

-8
0
21
14
19

Malaysia
Romania
Russian Federation
Thailand
Norway

16847
16679
15207
13609
13281

0.6
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

5
20
17
6
7

10
25
39
20
13

-1
8
18
1
4

Brazil
Israel
Singapore
Switzerland
Indonesia

17175
15955
13786
11773
9531

1.4
1.3
1.1
1.0
0.8

12
5
-5
5
1

26
14
0
8
9

10
15
-3
11
12

Hong Kong, China


Canada
Brazil
South Africa
United Arab Emirates

12927
12583
10124
9942
9552

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

4
3
9
9
47

20
7
27
20
54

9
1
13
5
111

Philippines
Hong Kong, China
Viet Nam
Turkey
Dominican Republic

8455
8359
5362
4336
3940

0.7
0.7
0.4
0.4
0.3

-9
-5
86
10
0

-11
5
22
36
1

1
-7
25
-6
2

Israel
Indonesia
Morocco
Philippines
Mexico

9521
8223
8164
7382
7128

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

3
1
16
4
10

21
7
14
8
9

8
-2
46
-4
29

Russian Federation
Pakistan
Australia
Honduras
South Africa

3623
3407
3343
3154
3011

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

6
8
4
4
10

42
13
23
9
25

-15
13
0
2
-11

Tunisia
Viet Nam
Ukraine
Bangladesh
Bulgaria

6655
5643
5442
4840
4446

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

9
11
22
12
17

12
19
55
30
26

-1
2
6
-4
9

Bangladesh
Trinidad and Tobago
Costa Rica
Sri Lanka
Guatemala

2726
2445
2289
2139
2055

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2
25
-2
1
4

7
41
-2
7
9

20
30
2
7
-6

Saudi Arabia
Australia
Pakistan
Croatia
Botswana

4164
3737
3528
3467
2905

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

15
6
10
13
44

29
8
19
38
38

35
12
-8
-8
26

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela


Cambodia
El Salvador
Colombia
Norway

1902
1842
1793
1679
1526

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

8
16
0
6
4

49
16
0
23
18

1
19
-5
11
0

Costa Rica
Egypt
Sri Lanka
Cayman Islands
Bermuda

2513
2447
1709
1700
1644

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

15
14
1
15
19

31
29
24
54
32

4
7
1
-28
23

Argentina
Macao, China
Jordan
Peru
Romania

1350
1311
1276
1192
1097

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5
0
78
15
18

23
11
65
32
35

6
-16
15
24
26

3011255

99.0

19

1225637

98.9

15

Above 40

Above 5

Above 40

Trade by sector

World

Share

125

Table IV.25 (continued)

Imports of manufactures of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
China a

Value
2005

Share
2005

Japan
Annual percentage
change

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World
Asia
Europe
North America
CIS
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa

Trade by sector

Above 5

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

276354

100.0

17

168390
54282
48372
1993
1343
1204
770

60.9
19.6
17.5
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.3

8
5
-2
28
2
6
22

21
16
7
15
13
20
78

11
2
4
23
9
10
26

92996
49172
44983
18318
14917

33.7
17.8
16.3
6.6
5.4

16
5
-2
5
-1

25
16
7
24
15

17
2
3
12
8

Region
493141

100.0

24

30

15

World

363890
71387
41565
6080
4943
3591
1674

73.8
14.5
8.4
1.2
1.0
0.7
0.3

26
19
16
14
35
44
32

33
27
26
-7
47
5
33

18
3
11
3
30
16
14

Asia
Europe
North America
Africa
Middle East
South and Central America
CIS

93878
70971
70411
66951
53778

19.0
14.4
14.3
13.6
10.9

19
25
29
19
51

26
31
44
27
54

5
16
24
3
44

Suppliers
Japan
Taipei, Chinese
Korea, Republic of
European Union (25)
China

Annual percentage
change

Share

Suppliers
China
European Union (25)
United States
Korea, Republic of
Taipei, Chinese

355988

72.2

25

33

15

220386

79.7

18

United States
Malaysia
Singapore
Philippines
Thailand

36237
17035
14042
12215
11087

7.3
3.5
2.8
2.5
2.2

15
33
28
55
29

26
31
31
44
32

12
19
23
45
26

Thailand
Malaysia
Philippines
Indonesia
Switzerland

11005
8131
5912
5490
4436

4.0
2.9
2.1
2.0
1.6

9
-3
1
3
7

22
15
17
17
18

11
-4
-11
-4
6

Hong Kong, China


Russian Federation
Indonesia
Canada
Switzerland

10550
4307
3604
3549
3230

2.1
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7

4
13
13
12
21

4
-12
24
32
32

0
9
1
9
6

Singapore
Viet Nam
Canada
South Africa
India

4329
2652
1971
1818
1446

1.6
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.5

-4
14
0
31
6

6
24
-5
16
22

0
15
15
24
5

India
Saudi Arabia
Mexico
Brazil
Australia

2952
2854
1780
1674
1439

0.6
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.3

36
46
33
36
18

0
49
14
-2
8

24
41
7
-2
9

Mexico
Hong Kong, China
Israel
Australia
Brazil

1418
1118
748
740
608

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2

3
-4
-2
-2
4

16
10
14
-2
29

19
-2
4
10
11

South Africa
Israel
Costa Rica
Kazakhstan
Pakistan

1235
1023
915
734
682

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

29
25
155
18
8

31
38
14
31
-5

10
13
44
-6
34

New Zealand
Norway
Saudi Arabia
Russian Federation
Kazakhstan

513
410
363
342
318

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

2
6
6
16
36

17
4
6
47
116

-7
-7
11
15
41

Norway
Ukraine
Belarus
Viet Nam
Argentina

588
512
465
455
311

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

20
5
46
46
20

27
-19
72
53
-19

3
-47
221
13
10

Costa Rica
Chile
Bangladesh
Turkey
New Caledonia

181
175
122
122
117

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

3
25
8
15
13

-19
25
10
19
37

26
37
8
23
-13

Iran, Islamic Rep. of


Turkey
Qatar
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Kuwait

298
287
273
257
255

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

32
33
29
99
16

32
3
92
56
51

53
-21
31
39
12

Pakistan
Cambodia
Myanmar
French Polynesia
Romania

113
105
102
95
93

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

-10
19
32
-3
21

9
12
29
9
30

-9
6
17
6
27

New Zealand
Morocco
Macao, China
Romania
Colombia

253
252
231
226
186

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

7
37
20
47
85

33
33
8
-36
106

-12
35
21
-17
85

Sri Lanka
Jordan
Colombia
Qatar
Ukraine

80
80
67
65
65

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

-4
1
16
50
12

9
14
36
52
181

-10
15
-2
26
16

491981

99.8

24

30

15

275735

99.8

17

Above 40

Above 5

Above 40

a In 2005, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 11 per cent of its manufacture imports. For further information, see the Technical Notes.

126

Table IV.26

Leading exporters and importers of manufactures, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

3240.3

42.6

44.3

10

19

19

1123.6

14.4

15.4

11

17

20

United States

732.5

13.0

12.1

13.8

10.0

13

10

China a, b

700.3

0.8

1.9

4.7

9.6

26

36

37

29

Japan

546.4

11.2

11.5

9.6

7.5

13

19

Hong Kong, China

279.9

12

16

12

Exporters
European Union (25)
extra-EU (25) exports

domestic exports

16.1

1.2

1.1

0.5

0.2

-6

-8

re-exports

263.8

0.4

2.0

3.6

3.6

14

17

12

Korea, Republic of

258.2

1.4

2.5

3.3

3.5

11

19

30

12

Canada

206.1

2.7

3.1

3.7

2.8

14

Singapore

185.2

0.8

1.6

2.5

2.5

28

22

12

domestic exports

89.4

0.4

1.0

1.3

1.2

28

20

10

re-exports

95.8

0.3

0.6

1.2

1.3

12

27

25

14

Taipei, Chinese

171.7

1.6

2.6

3.0

2.3

10

19

Mexico a

164.4

0.4

1.1

3.0

2.2

-1

11

10

Switzerland

117.9

2.4

2.5

1.5

1.6

10

15

17

Malaysia a

104.9

0.2

0.7

1.7

1.4

19

10

Thailand

84.3

0.1

0.6

1.1

1.2

10

14

21

16

India c

69.8

0.5

0.5

0.7

1.0

15

22

21

21

Brazil

61.6

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.8

14

19

36

22

Above 15

6508.6

92.3

91.1

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports
United States

39.8

40.4

19

19

925.5

12.8

12.3

18

19

1239.3

11.2

15.4

19.8

16.5

15

China a, b

493.1

1.1

1.7

3.5

6.6

24

39

30

15

Japan

276.4

2.3

4.1

4.4

3.7

13

17

Hong Kong, China

275.0

12

17

11

11.2

1.1

0.9

0.5

0.1

-13

-10

16

-14

Canada d

248.1

3.7

3.8

4.1

3.3

13

12

Mexico a, d

184.7

1.5

1.3

3.1

2.5

14

11

Korea, Republic of

158.1

0.9

1.8

2.0

2.1

10

17

24

14

Singapore

152.3

1.2

1.8

2.3

2.0

17

26

11

56.5

0.8

1.2

1.1

0.8

27

Taipei, Chinese

131.0

0.9

1.5

2.3

1.7

11

31

Switzerland

103.4

2.3

2.4

1.4

1.4

15

16

Russian Federation c

100.5

0.6

1.3

27

29

32

31

Australia d

95.0

1.3

1.3

1.2

1.3

10

21

22

12

Malaysia a

90.5

0.6

0.9

1.4

1.2

23

Thailand

82.1

0.4

1.0

1.0

1.1

12

19

21

19

6464.4

88.4

88.4

retained imports

retained imports

Above 15
a
b
c
d

3042.2

Trade by sector

Importers

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


In 2005, China reported imports of manufactures from China amounting to $53.8 billion. For further information, see the Technical Notes.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
Imports are valued f.o.b.

127

Table IV.27

Exports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-05


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Value
1990

Trade by sector

World
Argentina
Australia
Bangladesh
Belarus
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cambodia b
Canada
Chile
China c
Colombia
Costa Rica c
Croatia
Dominican Republic c
Egypt b
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India b, d
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of b
Israel b, d
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan b
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia c
Mexico c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Norway
Pakistan b
Philippines b, c
Romania
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia b
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports b
South Africa b, d
Sri Lanka b
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia b
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates b
United States
Viet Nam b

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

2000

2003

2004

2005

2391.15 |

4699.02

5518.73

6650.86

7311.47

74.9

72.0

3.57
6.90
1.21
...
16.14
... |
...
73.31
0.83
44.31
1.70
0.39
...
1.51
1.47
0.28
75.64
27.41
48.23
12.52
9.04
0.69
10.43
275.15
0.59
60.60
15.82
25.26
2.21
2.39
11.13
4.39
5.59
3.60
3.66
37.49
23.20
14.28
8.32
1.02
59.59
62.03
14.58
0.56
2.42
8.78
2.86
290.49
...

8.49
15.16
4.59
4.88
2.72
31.80
2.74
1.33
175.64
2.79
219.86
4.26
3.98
3.21
4.42
2.19
2001.29
1325.87
675.42
0.87
192.50
22.14
170.35
34.59
35.24
1.98
29.55
449.69
0.95
1.60
154.90
78.93
138.65
4.76
3.99
13.32
7.64
34.77
7.95
25.48
5.96
117.68
63.28
54.40
20.23
4.14
72.43
141.04
51.76
1.23
4.50
22.52
9.77
17.74
648.91
6.18

7.97
17.21
5.45
6.37
3.07
37.19
4.96
2.04
164.79
3.13
396.99
4.49
4.07
4.42
4.23
2.39
2561.09
1703.89
857.20
2.63
215.54
14.59
200.94
48.00
31.61
2.90
29.38
438.83
2.03
2.12
177.68
80.35
134.65
5.87
5.20
17.16
10.14
32.52
14.50
36.16
10.82
135.03
67.96
67.08
22.54
3.60
94.01
134.77
60.08
1.44
5.99
39.78
15.42
31.05
589.17
10.67

9.84
19.37
6.35
8.24
4.29
50.57
6.19
2.72
188.22
3.97
542.37
6.08
3.86
5.81
4.30
3.07
3053.70
2022.28
1031.41
3.06
250.12
14.93
235.18
57.86
35.82
3.43
36.41
524.28
2.76
3.06
231.05
95.44
150.12
6.59
6.25
18.45
11.40
35.50
19.27
48.27
13.97
165.31
81.33
83.97
27.59
4.05
110.32
160.96
72.89
2.28
7.51
53.45
22.97
42.08
668.67
14.93

12.28
21.63
7.28
8.30
4.64
61.57
6.96
3.02
206.08
5.14
700.34
7.32
4.61
6.05
4.32
...
3240.27
2116.69
1123.59
3.05
279.91
16.11
263.80
69.75
40.17
3.77
40.16
546.42
3.08
3.80
258.20
104.86
164.40
6.55
6.60
18.79
13.03
36.72
21.97
56.49
18.12
185.20
89.42
95.78
30.66
4.33
117.86
171.74
84.30
...
8.02
59.77
23.46
48.04
732.47
17.75

32.2
23.7
91.1
66.6
8.8
57.7
56.7
95.6
63.5
14.5
88.2
32.4
67.8
72.5
77.0
42.4
82.1
80.6
85.3
32.1
95.0
94.1
95.1
76.5
56.7
6.9
94.1
93.8
50.2
18.1
89.9
80.4
83.3
64.1
30.0
22.2
84.7
87.4
76.7
24.1
7.7
85.4
80.4
92.0
67.5
76.3
90.0
95.1
75.0
28.8
77.0
81.1
67.1
35.6
83.0
42.7

30.7
20.4
84.1
51.9
8.4
52.0
59.3
97.4
57.3
12.7
91.9
34.6
65.5
68.7
70.5
35.6
81.0
79.2
84.6
56.7
95.8
80.3
97.0
69.4
46.9
6.7
94.1
91.9
71.5
13.6
90.7
74.4
76.9
61.6
30.4
18.1
81.8
89.0
79.2
23.2
10.0
80.6
73.5
88.6
59.1
68.2
90.0
90.7
76.6
35.9
76.4
81.4
68.4
41.6
81.0
56.1

|
|
|

2000

2005 a

a Or nearest year.
b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Includes significant exports from processing zones.
d Includes significant exports of diamonds. For the most recent year, the share of diamonds in exports of manufactures was 18 per cent for India , 38 per cent for Israel and 10 per
cent for South Africa.

128

Table IV.28

Imports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-05


(Billion dollars and percentage)

1990
Algeria
Argentina
Australia b
Bangladesh
Belarus
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada b
Chile
China c
Colombia
Costa Rica c
Croatia
Dominican Republic b, c, d
Ecuador
Egypt d
European Union (25) e
extra-EU (25) imports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India d, f
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of d
Israel d, f
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan d
Kenya d
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait d
Lebanon
Malaysia c
Mexico b, c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Nigeria d
Norway
Oman d
Pakistan
Peru
Philippines c
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia d
Serbia and Montenegro d
Singapore
retained imports d
South Africa d, f
Sri Lanka d
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic d
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia d
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates d
United States
Viet Nam d
a
b
c
d
e
f

6.66
3.10
31.61
1.92
...
12.62
... |
92.90
5.29
42.39
4.28
1.50
...
1.94
1.51
6.99
1.14
70.53
22.30
12.17
16.64
15.49
11.68
1.17
100.28
1.34
1.40
44.11
2.61
...
22.87
32.49
4.22
7.56
4.92
21.40
1.81
3.99
1.61
8.96
1.32
2.95
18.23
...
44.35
30.07
13.43
1.71
58.01
1.48
36.77
24.83
3.91
13.63
8.63
375.65
2.18

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

6.10
20.78
59.08
4.87
4.24
11.81
43.00
3.84
200.75
11.86
169.88
9.19
5.28
5.78
5.88
2.63
8.55
1943.40
622.74
3.52
192.66
22.31
22.03
20.48
9.96
29.04
1.96
212.67
2.65
3.79
1.72
98.16
5.55
3.48
68.13
149.80
7.25
10.81
4.36
27.48
3.46
5.09
5.21
25.64
2.75
9.82
30.58
22.05
2.35
109.78
55.39
19.21
4.90
67.65
2.47
110.41
46.57
6.46
38.20
5.74
29.47
968.21
11.38

8.73
11.84
69.32
5.71
6.34
6.43
36.64
7.42
196.15
12.11
328.57
11.26
6.25
10.96
5.20
5.09
5.91
2414.31
718.37
6.09
212.22
11.28
38.35
18.39
19.67
27.17
2.19
218.46
3.33
6.60
2.10
112.51
8.64
4.30
67.79
147.00
9.55
14.54
8.12
31.31
4.64
7.22
5.68
31.39
4.19
18.76
58.22
28.96
5.56
108.57
41.49
26.49
4.58
83.21
3.60
95.73
56.99
7.93
45.83
11.60
44.53
989.92
19.13

13.37
19.41
84.57
5.28
9.08
11.73
46.02
9.93
220.69
15.23
428.27
13.50
6.62
12.61
5.65
6.15
7.42
2878.27
855.99
7.07
248.28
13.10
51.24
26.36
25.08
32.37
2.27
256.04
4.67
9.85
2.51
139.13
9.57
5.28
83.61
166.94
11.84
17.31
10.70
37.21
6.56
10.25
6.63
34.95
5.31
25.42
76.77
34.81
8.03
136.74
52.77
35.75
5.32
96.18
4.51
125.42
68.72
9.62
67.42
15.17
61.52
1133.89
24.04

15.57
24.77
95.05
...
7.73
18.98
54.42
11.89
248.07
20.04
493.14
17.58
8.00
13.52
6.39
7.44
...
3042.17
925.48
7.48
275.03
11.23
72.76
31.60
28.34
36.12
2.54
276.35
6.03
14.23
3.39
158.10
12.67
4.86
90.51
184.71
12.42
20.07
...
43.11
6.82
14.81
8.25
35.33
8.98
30.75
100.51
47.61
7.54
152.26
56.48
41.70
5.71
103.40
4.74
131.00
82.10
9.57
77.83
20.61
68.30
1239.32
26.10

66.5
82.6
83.0
64.3
49.0
81.0
72.8
59.0
83.6
64.1
75.5
79.6
82.8
73.3
62.0
70.8
57.8
75.9
67.7
72.0
90.0
63.9
42.9
61.1
71.6
77.1
58.8
56.0
57.5
75.3
55.3
61.2
77.5
55.8
83.1
85.9
62.9
77.7
50.0
79.9
68.7
46.8
70.3
69.2
84.4
75.2
68.5
72.9
63.3
81.6
73.4
71.7
68.2
82.0
64.7
78.5
75.2
75.4
70.1
41.1
84.2
76.9
72.8

76.5
86.3
79.9
61.8
46.3
86.6
70.1
65.4
78.9
61.6
74.7
82.9
81.7
72.9
66.4
72.1
57.7
73.6
63.3
71.2
91.6
40.0
48.5
54.8
79.0
76.6
57.0
53.7
57.4
82.0
55.1
60.6
77.9
50.5
79.0
83.5
61.1
76.5
75.6
77.7
76.1
58.4
66.0
74.5
89.2
76.0
80.2
80.1
64.8
76.1
61.4
75.8
64.7
81.7
58.5
71.8
69.5
72.6
66.8
57.0
84.6
71.5
71.6

|
|

Trade by sector

Value

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Includes significant imports of diamonds. For the most recent year, the share of diamonds in total imports of manufactures was 18 per cent for India and 28 per cent for Israel.

129

4.1 Iron and steel


Table IV.29

Table IV.30

World trade in iron and steel, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of iron and steel,


2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

318

Value

Trade by sector

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

116.5

15

45

10

Intra-Asia

59.1

19

42

22

Intra-North America

15.8

12

41

23

48

Commonwealth of Independent States


(CIS) to Europe

11.8

25

75

18

18

Asia to North America

10.9

12

141

16

Europe to North America

10.4

10

81

21

Europe to Asia

10.1

27

16

39

1980-85

-2

1985-90

Intra-Europe

1990-95

1995-00

-2

2000-05

17

2003

26

2004
2005

Share in world merchandise trade

3.1

Share in world exports of manufactures

4.4

Table IV.31

Chart IV.7

Share of iron and steel in trade in total merchandise and


in manufactures by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in iron and steel, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)

Exports

Imports

3.1

3.1

1.4
4.5
3.5
10.7
2.2
0.6
3.0

2.2
2.7
3.2
3.9
4.2
5.4
3.5

Share of iron and steel in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Europe

Asia

North America
Exports

Share of iron and steel in manufactures


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

4.4

4.4

1.9
13.1
4.3
37.8
10.2
2.3
3.6

2.9
3.9
4.4
5.3
5.9
6.8
5.2

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Imports

Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
South and Central
America

Middle East

Africa
0

130

10

20

30

40

50

60

Table IV.32

Exports of iron and steel by principal region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in
Region's exports

Value

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

318.2

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

17

48

18

151.4

100.0

100.0

49.9

47.6

16

44

14

116.5

80.0

77.0

39.9

36.6

15

45

10

North America

10.4

8.9

6.9

4.4

3.3

10

81

21

Asia

10.1

4.4

6.7

2.2

3.2

27

16

39

6.3

2.4

4.2

1.2

2.0

30

37

25

Africa

4.0

2.1

2.7

1.1

1.3

21

30

20

South and Central America

1.9

1.2

1.2

0.6

0.6

16

37

47

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

1.8

0.8

1.2

0.4

0.6

27

47

32

22

World
Europe
World
Europe

Middle East

Asia
World

84.2

100.0

100.0

24.9

26.5

19

55

Asia

59.1

68.2

70.1

17.0

18.6

19

42

22

North America

10.9

17.1

12.9

4.3

3.4

12

141

16

Europe

7.0

7.9

8.3

2.0

2.2

20

113

21

Middle East

3.9

3.6

4.6

0.9

1.2

25

33

43

Africa

1.7

1.4

2.1

0.3

0.5

28

57

24

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

0.8

0.2

1.0

0.1

0.3

61

43

23

South and Central America

0.8

1.6

1.0

0.4

0.3

58

30

27.5

100.0

100.0

10.4

8.6

13

30

18

22.2

74.8

80.6

7.8

7.0

15

32

16

North America

2.3

13.7

8.5

1.4

0.7

35

28

Middle East

1.3

3.6

4.7

0.4

0.4

20

69

Europe

1.0

4.4

3.5

0.5

0.3

44

16

Africa

0.4

1.5

1.3

0.2

0.1

11

-9

42

World
Asia

South and Central America

0.2

1.8

0.9

0.2

0.1

-1

24

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

0.1

0.3

0.4

0.0

0.0

17

52

-60

56.7

100.0

100.0

14.6

17.8

22

72

24

36.9

63.4

65.1

9.2

11.6

23

51

26

North America

8.5

19.6

15.0

2.9

2.7

16

198

13

Europe

6.0

10.4

10.6

1.5

1.9

23

132

22

Middle East

2.6

3.6

4.6

0.5

0.8

28

50

32

Africa

1.4

1.4

2.4

0.2

0.4

37

87

20

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

0.7

0.1

1.3

0.0

0.2

89

38

73

South and Central America

0.6

1.4

1.0

0.2

0.2

15

99

33

36.3

100.0

100.0

9.8

11.4

21

55

18

11.8

28.1

32.7

2.7

3.7

25

75

18

Asia

8.2

30.8

22.5

3.0

2.6

14

27

-1

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

6.0

16.0

16.5

1.6

1.9

22

45

19

Trade by sector

Japan

Other economies in Asia


World
Asia

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


World
Europe

Middle East

4.1

8.1

11.4

0.8

1.3

30

31

34

Africa

2.3

6.1

6.2

0.6

0.7

22

42

46

North America

1.9

7.9

5.3

0.8

0.6

12

435

-15

South and Central America

0.7

2.8

1.8

0.3

0.2

11

180

39

131

Table IV.33

Imports of iron and steel of the European Union (25) and the United States by region and supplier, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World
Europe

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

30480

100.0

10

103

8
21

Region
126731

100.0

15

46

10

World

105167

83.0

14

43

Asia

8013

26.3

126

8701

6.9

29

98

16

Europe

7729

25.4

100

Asia

5029

4.0

15

78

20

North America

7641

25.1

12

53

14

South and Central America

2966

2.3

19

27

34

South and Central America

4233

13.9

14

109

Africa

2785

2.2

18

81

CIS

2042

6.7

349

-12

North America

1667

1.3

14

-9

75

Africa

769

2.5

137

-33

382

0.3

17

175

-9

Middle East

54

0.2

182

-40

22

Suppliers
European Union (25)

Suppliers
98795

78.0

14

41

Russian Federation

5067

4.0

26

81

24

Ukraine

2696

2.1

35

142

South Africa

2007

1.6

18

76

Mexico

2820

9.3

16

88

China

1753

1.4

35

128

66

China

2558

8.4

30

229

46

19685

64.6

12

82

20

1607

5.3

35

33

Above 5

Trade by sector

Annual percentage
change

CIS

Middle East

European Union (25)

6609

21.7

80

Canada

4821

15.8

11

37

18

Brazil

2878

9.4

15

125

11

110317

87.0

15

45

10

Turkey

1558

1.2

16

87

-21

Brazil

1309

1.0

15

15

33

Korea, Republic of

1481

4.9

99

33

Switzerland

1276

1.0

10

33

Russian Federation

1338

4.4

20

482

-24

Norway

1267

1.0

10

53

-5

Taipei, Chinese

783

2.6

264

-9

United States

1142

0.9

12

-9

46

India

759

2.5

12

191

-13

India

Above 5

-37

Japan

1028

0.8

33

168

Turkey

684

2.2

26

263

Romania

745

0.6

18

110

-2

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

650

2.1

13

92

-3

Japan

643

0.5

20

-1

South Africa

594

1.9

121

-27

Korea, Republic of

572

0.5

47

12

Ukraine

520

1.7

374

57

Bulgaria

571

0.5

14

64

12

Australia

299

1.0

60

-7

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

488

0.4

39

51

31

Romania

231

0.8

11

152

-17

FYR Macedonia

429

0.3

22

67

111

Argentina

218

0.7

51

-10

Taipei, Chinese

384

0.3

74

-20

Thailand

212

0.7

68

23

Kazakhstan

356

0.3

17

60

-7

Malaysia

176

0.6

20

516

Chile

355

0.3

105

253

226

Colombia

168

0.6

29

90

37

Serbia and Montenegro

354

0.3

40

112

110

Kazakhstan

149

0.5

-4

36

-13

Mexico

354

0.3

20

-26

892

Dominican Republic

142

0.5

14

58

-7

Colombia

329

0.3

13

40

Trinidad and Tobago

124

0.4

172

-49

Egypt

324

0.3

30

151

Egypt

109

0.4

55

224

-61

Argentina

307

0.2

13

-27

63

Norway

106

0.3

-3

136

-25

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

305

0.2

22

309

-6

Switzerland

53

0.2

44

26

Belarus

276

0.2

37

59

Zimbabwe

49

0.2

132

67

Armenia

235

0.2

103

284

305

New Zealand

47

0.2

135

-25

Indonesia

186

0.1

11

20

56

Bulgaria

45

0.1

40

179

-57

New Caledonia

177

0.1

30

Chile

40

0.1

18

-1

131

125288

98.9

30270

99.3

Above 30

132

Share

Above 30

Table IV.34

Leading exporters and importers of iron and steel, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value
2005

1980

1990

Annual percentage change

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

Exporters
European Union (25)

136.25

46.2

42.8

16

26

42

13

37.45

11.3

11.8

18

25

37

28

Japan

27.51

20.4

11.8

10.4

8.6

13

15

30

18

China a

19.28

0.3

1.2

3.1

6.1

34

45

188

39

Russian Federation b

18.93

5.1

5.9

21

37

62

12

Korea, Republic of

14.35

2.2

3.4

4.7

4.5

17

36

49

23

Ukraine

12.66

3.6

4.0

20

36

54

11

United States

extra-EU (25) exports

11.49

4.2

3.3

4.4

3.6

13

19

29

32

Brazil

9.07

1.1

3.4

2.5

2.8

20

29

42

28

Taipei, Chinese

8.77

0.4

0.8

3.2

2.8

14

26

32

14

South Africa

5.86

1.6

2.0

1.9

1.8

16

61

46

Turkey

5.82

0.0

1.4

1.3

1.8

26

20

80

-3

Canada

5.60

2.3

1.9

2.3

1.8

12

36

20

India b

5.30

0.1

0.2

0.9

1.7

32

33

67

11

Mexico

3.76

0.1

0.7

1.2

1.2

17

16

59

21

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

2.77
0.04
2.73

0.0
0.1

0.0
0.5

0.0
1.3

0.0
0.9

8
27
8

29
59
29

21
33
21

3
250
2

284.68

90.9

89.5

Above 15

European Union (25)

126.73

39.9

37.5

15

29

46

10

27.94

7.6

8.3

19

36

66

15

United States

30.48

10.1

9.5

12.4

9.0

10

-11

103

China a, b

26.34

2.7

2.5

6.2

7.8

22

62

13

Korea, Republic of

15.03

1.2

2.9

3.4

4.4

23

33

66

23

9.48

1.6

2.0

3.4

2.8

12

57

26
38

extra-EU (25) imports

Canada c
Thailand

8.71

0.6

2.4

1.8

2.6

26

21

55

Taipei, Chinese

8.61

1.4

2.5

3.0

2.5

13

28

75

-2

Japan

7.23

1.1

4.1

2.4

2.1

15

36

68

30

Turkey

6.73

0.4

1.1

1.5

2.0

23

52

62

26

Mexico c

6.25

2.2

1.0

2.6

1.8

10

39

21

Iran, Islamic Rep. of b

5.11

...

...

1.0

1.5

26

80

33

31

India b

4.36

1.0

1.0

0.5

1.3

41

58

73

70

Malaysia

4.26

0.8

1.3

1.4

1.3

15

10

49

18

Russian Federation b

4.01

1.0

1.2

20

40

42

29

Indonesia

3.88

1.2

1.1

1.0

1.1

19

93

39

267.22

81.6

79.0

Above 15

Trade by sector

Importers

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Imports are valued f.o.b.

133

4.2 Chemicals
Table IV.35

Table IV.36

World trade in chemicals, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of chemicals, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

1104

Value

Trade by sector

Annual percentage change


1980-85

1985-90

14

1990-95

10

1995-00

2000-05

14

2003

20

2004

22

2005

12

Share in world merchandise trade

10.9

Share in world exports of manufactures

15.1

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Intra-Europe

479.8

15

21

11

Intra-Asia

133.8

15

33

19

Europe to North America

75.9

14

11

Intra-North America

61.0

18

14

Europe to Asia

50.6

12

24

North America to Europe

42.6

10

21

North America to Asia

33.4

22

Table IV.37

Chart IV.8

Share of chemicals in trade in total merchandise and in


manufactures by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in chemicals, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)

Share of chemicals in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Share of chemicals in manufactures


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia

Exports

Imports

10.9

10.9

Europe

10.4
5.8
15.2
5.9
3.1
6.1
7.4

8.3
13.5
13.0
10.4
10.0
8.2
9.8

Asia

North America
15.1

15.1

13.9
16.9
19.0
21.0
14.6
24.1
8.9

11.0
19.7
17.6
14.1
14.3
10.2
14.5

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Exports
Imports

South and Central


America

Middle East
Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
Africa
0

134

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

Table IV.38

Exports of chemicals by principal region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in
Region's exports

Value

World

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

1104.1

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

14

22

12

Europe
World

663.4

100.0

100.0

58.4

60.1

14

20

10

479.8

70.7

72.3

41.4

43.5

15

21

11

North America

75.9

11.7

11.4

6.9

6.9

14

11

Asia

50.6

8.4

7.6

4.9

4.6

12

24

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

15.9

1.4

2.4

0.8

1.4

27

34

28

Africa

13.4

2.2

2.0

1.3

1.2

12

19

Middle East

12.8

2.1

1.9

1.2

1.2

12

18

South and Central America

10.5

2.2

1.6

1.3

1.0

20

204.3

100.0

100.0

17.3

18.5

15

28

19

133.8

65.1

65.5

11.2

12.1

15

33

19

Europe

30.5

14.5

14.9

2.5

2.8

16

25

18

North America

18

Europe

Asia
World
Asia

24.7

14.3

12.1

2.5

2.2

11

Middle East

4.5

1.8

2.2

0.3

0.4

19

29

22

South and Central America

4.3

1.8

2.1

0.3

0.4

18

29

41

Africa

4.3

1.7

2.1

0.3

0.4

20

30

33

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

2.4

0.7

1.2

0.1

0.2

28

41

39

52.6

100.0

100.0

6.0

4.8

23

10

36.6

60.9

69.6

3.7

3.3

11

31

14

North America

8.0

21.1

15.3

1.3

0.7

-1

Europe

7.0

15.8

13.3

1.0

0.6

14

South and Central America

0.4

1.1

0.8

0.1

0.0

14

13

Middle East

0.3

0.6

0.6

0.0

0.0

10

21

Africa

0.2

0.4

0.3

0.0

0.0

26

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

23

33

41

23

World
Asia

Trade by sector

Japan

Other economies in Asia


World

151.7

100.0

100.0

11.3

13.7

18

30

Asia

97.2

67.4

64.1

7.6

8.8

17

34

20

Europe

23.5

13.8

15.5

1.6

2.1

21

30

23

North America

16.6

10.6

11.0

1.2

1.5

19

11

30

Middle East

4.1

2.5

2.7

0.3

0.4

20

31

22

Africa

4.1

2.4

2.7

0.3

0.4

21

31

33

South and Central America

3.8

2.2

2.5

0.3

0.3

21

31

44

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

2.3

1.0

1.5

0.1

0.2

29

41

39

153.9

100.0

100.0

17.6

13.9

21

61.0

39.1

39.6

6.9

5.5

18

14

Europe

42.6

25.3

27.7

4.4

3.9

10

21

Asia

33.4

23.3

21.7

4.1

3.0

22

South and Central America

13.4

10.0

8.7

1.8

1.2

26

Middle East

1.8

1.1

1.2

0.2

0.2

10

25

Africa

1.2

0.9

0.8

0.2

0.1

31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

0.5

0.3

0.3

0.1

0.0

10

-10

30

North America
World
North America

135

Table IV.39

Leading exporters and importers of chemicals, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) exports

607.50
206.09

53.9
18.9

55.0
18.7

14
13

22
20

20
18

10
8

United States

Exporters

119.91

14.8

13.3

14.1

10.9

13

20

Japan

52.64

4.7

5.3

6.0

4.8

17

23

10

Switzerland

43.89

4.0

4.7

3.7

4.0

15

17

19

10

China a

35.77

0.8

1.3

2.1

3.2

24

28

35

36

Korea, Republic of

27.75

0.5

0.8

2.4

2.5

15

23

37

20

Singapore

26.14

0.5

1.1

1.6

2.4

22

58

25

14

domestic exports
re-exports
Canada

20.74
5.39
26.05

0.2
0.3
2.5

0.7
0.4
2.2

1.1
0.6
2.5

1.9
0.5
2.4

27
10
12

69
29
12

27
18
27

13
14
20

Taipei, Chinese

19.91

0.4

0.9

1.6

1.8

17

20

35

23

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

14.12
1.07
13.05

0.1
-

0.3
-

0.1
-

0.1
-

6
6
6

12
10
12

20
15
21

8
25
7

Saudi Arabia b

13.70

0.1

0.8

0.7

1.2

27

51

35

31

Russian Federation b

13.23

1.2

1.2

13

29

28

16

India b

11.08

0.3

0.4

0.8

1.0

19

25

25

21

Thailand

8.91

...

0.2

0.7

0.8

17

22

31

29

Mexico

7.90

0.4

0.7

0.9

0.7

16

15

1015.44

92.5

92.0

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

520.46
119.05

44.5
10.8

46.0
10.5

14
13

22
19

20
20

10
9

United States

Above 15

Trade by sector

Importers

131.99

6.2

7.7

12.5

11.7

12

18

12

14

China a

77.73

2.0

2.2

5.0

6.9

21

25

34

19

Japan

37.85

4.1

5.0

4.3

3.3

15

17

10

Canada c

31.88

2.2

2.5

3.3

2.8

10

14

15

13

Switzerland

27.39

2.5

2.6

2.2

2.4

15

16

17

11

Korea, Republic of

24.50

1.3

2.4

2.2

2.2

13

16

25

19

Mexico c

24.47

1.5

1.2

2.5

2.2

10

11

16

15

Taipei, Chinese

22.88

1.3

2.3

2.6

2.0

17

31

11

Hong Kong, China

18.54

12

21

13

5.49

0.7

0.9

0.6

0.5

11

24

31

Turkey

16.41

0.8

0.9

1.2

1.5

17

32

36

15

Brazil

15.24

2.4

1.1

1.7

1.3

31

India b

14.28

...

1.0

0.8

1.3

25

30

33

46

retained imports

Russian Federation b

13.95

0.8

1.2

23

23

23

36

Australia c

13.54

1.2

1.2

1.3

1.2

11

21

24

13

978.06

85.6

86.5

Above 15

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Imports are valued f.o.b.

136

Table IV.40

Leading exporters and importers of pharmaceuticals, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
Value

exports/imports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

190.90
73.04

65.1
28.9

70.2
26.9

22
18

25
20

20
17

8
10

United States

25.95

12.1

9.5

15

19

25

Switzerland

25.13

9.6

9.2

19

18

23

12

Exporters
European Union (25)
extra-EU (25) exports

China a

3.78

1.6

1.4

16

23

13

17

Canada

3.48

1.1

1.3

23

51

28

17

Japan

3.33

2.5

1.2

13

11

-6

Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports

2.94
2.32
0.62

0.9
0.5
0.4

1.1
0.9
0.2

24
33
7

6
6
5

21
37
4

149
231
29

India b

2.81

1.2

1.0

18

15

13

23

Australia
Israel b
Mexico

2.46
1.97
1.40

1.1
0.4
0.8

0.9
0.7
0.5

16
36
10

37
3
7

32
42
14

29
45
-2

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

0.68
0.18
0.50

0.1
-

0.1
-

-1
12
-4

3
29
-4

-2
-13
1

6
24
1

Norway

0.53

0.2

0.2

17

25

18

20

Brazil

0.51

0.2

0.2

14

10

26

29

Korea, Republic of

0.51

0.3

0.2

20

10

265.88

97.3

97.8

155.92
38.06

51.3
15.3

57.2
14.0

22
18

23
15

20
25

6
3

United States

39.32

13.4

14.4

21

28

11

11

Switzerland

12.98

4.7

4.8

20

18

19

12

Japan

8.20

4.3

3.0

11

14

15

15

Canada c

7.81

3.4

2.9

15

26

13

13

Australia c

5.46

2.1

2.0

18

27

33

14

Russian Federation b

3.89

1.1

1.4

26

27

24

49

Turkey

3.18

1.2

1.2

19

34

32

Mexico a, c

2.83

1.3

1.0

15

17

17

11

Brazil

2.47

1.6

0.9

-2

17

12

China a

2.31

0.9

0.8

19

19

11

22

Saudi Arabia b

2.03

0.8

0.7

18

39

22

20

Korea, Republic of

1.97

0.7

0.7

19

15

25

15

Singapore
retained imports

1.58
0.96

0.6
0.2

0.6
0.4

17
29

2
-1

11
20

72
118

Taipei, Chinese

1.38

0.7

0.5

11

22

251.32

88.4

92.2

Above 15

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

Above 15

Trade by sector

Importers

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Imports are valued f.o.b.

137

4.3 Office machines and telecom equipment


Table IV.41

Table IV.42

World trade in office and telecom equipment, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of office and


telecom equipment, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

1275

Value

Trade by sector

Annual percentage change


1980-85

1985-90

18

1990-95

15

1995-00

10

2000-05

2003

13

2004

20

2005

11

Share in world merchandise trade

12.6

Share in world exports of manufactures

17.4

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Intra-Asia

357.4

10

21

10

Intra-Europe

271.7

17

Asia to North America

172.9

23

13

Asia to Europe

147.7

10

32

12

Intra-North America

80.4

-3

15

North America to Asia

53.8

-4

Europe to Asia

34.0

19

Table IV.43

Chart IV.9

Share of office and telecom equipment in trade in total


merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in office machines and


telecom equipment, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

12.6

12.6

12.0
1.8
8.5
0.3
0.5
3.4
25.2
13.8
29.2

13.3
8.8
10.3
7.9
6.4
9.9
18.3
12.4
20.3

Share in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

Asia

North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

North America
Exports
Imports
Middle East

Share in manufactures
World

Europe

17.4

17.4

16.1
5.4
10.6
0.9
2.5
13.5
30.3
17.4
34.6

17.6
12.8
14.0
10.7
9.1
12.3
27.3
20.6
29.2

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world

South and Central


America
Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
Africa

merchandise trade by product and region.

138

10

20

30

40

50

60

Table IV.44

Exports of office and telecom equipment by principal region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in
Region's exports

Value

World

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

1275.1

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

20

11

Asia
World

700.1

100.0

100.0

47.2

54.9

24

12

Asia

357.4

48.3

51.0

22.8

28.0

10

21

10

North America

172.9

29.5

24.7

13.9

13.6

23

13

Europe

147.7

20.0

21.1

9.5

11.6

10

32

12

South and Central America

7.5

0.9

1.1

0.4

0.6

14

55

40

Middle East

7.4

0.8

1.1

0.4

0.6

16

19

12

Africa

3.9

0.3

0.6

0.2

0.3

21

36

27

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

3.3

0.1

0.5

0.1

0.3

39

37

26

32

China
World

226.0

100.0

100.0

4.5

17.7

39

46

North America

76.7

34.2

33.9

1.5

6.0

39

46

31

Asia

74.6

37.3

33.0

1.7

5.9

36

40

27

Europe

65.9

25.3

29.2

1.1

5.2

43

54

35

South and Central America

2.7

1.4

1.2

0.1

0.2

35

61

55

Middle East

2.4

0.9

1.0

0.0

0.2

43

25

38

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

1.8

0.3

0.8

0.0

0.1

65

39

56

Africa

1.8

0.6

0.8

0.0

0.1

49

40

61

474.2

100.0

100.0

42.7

37.2

18

282.8

49.5

59.6

21.1

22.2

18

North America

96.2

29.0

20.3

12.4

7.5

-4

13

Europe

-2

World
Asia

81.8

19.5

17.2

8.3

6.4

22

Middle East

5.0

0.8

1.1

0.3

0.4

10

18

South and Central America

4.7

0.8

1.0

0.3

0.4

52

32

Africa

2.1

0.3

0.4

0.1

0.2

11

33

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

1.5

0.1

0.3

0.1

0.1

25

35

10

Trade by sector

Other economies in Asia

Europe
World
Europe
Asia

370.7

100.0

100.0

29.8

29.1

18

271.7

74.7

73.3

22.2

21.3

17

34.0

11.0

9.2

3.3

2.7

19

North America

20.4

7.7

5.5

2.3

1.6

-2

Middle East

17.7

1.8

4.8

0.5

1.4

29

31

63

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

13.2

1.0

3.6

0.3

1.0

36

48

34

Africa

9.7

1.9

2.6

0.6

0.8

12

27

26

South and Central America

3.6

0.9

1.0

0.3

0.3

55

21

North America
World

177.1

100.0

100.0

21.5

13.9

-3

10

North America

80.4

44.3

45.4

9.5

6.3

-3

15

Asia

53.8

31.2

30.4

6.7

4.2

-4

Europe

26.5

17.4

15.0

3.8

2.1

-6

South and Central America

12.7

5.4

7.2

1.2

1.0

22

33

Middle East

2.1

1.1

1.2

0.2

0.2

-1

30

Africa

1.1

0.4

0.6

0.1

0.1

37

16

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

0.4

0.1

0.2

0.0

0.0

53

-23

139

Table IV.45

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World

2005

233142

100.0

181086
34959
13850
1749
1362
118
18

2000-05

2004

2005

18

10

77.7
15.0
5.9
0.8
0.6
0.1
0.0

3
-4
-3
-1
-8
-7
-3

21
15
-2
-35
9
5
26

11
5
5
33
7
-14
-2

80181
27202
26941
22029
14772

34.4
11.7
11.6
9.4
6.3

29
0
6
-10
-6

47
16
7
9
25

27
2
24
-4
-23

171125

73.4

25

11

13331
12931
8835
7935
7757

5.7
5.5
3.8
3.4
3.3

-3
-8
-9
6
-13

-3
3
3
32
13

5
-4
-8
27
18

Region
100.0

22

251841
153531
27747
6975
2966
903
246

56.6
34.5
6.2
1.6
0.7
0.2
0.1

5
10
-7
27
17
11
10

23
23
3
45
37
25
8

8
9
2
140
7
10
16

243446
61218
24191
20550
17199

54.8
13.8
5.4
4.6
3.9

5
33
-7
-3
11

23
41
2
11
37

7
22
1
-4
18

366604

82.5

23

15628
11527
10776
5672
5223

3.5
2.6
2.4
1.3
1.2

3
5
0
110
4

12
4
22
79
4

-1
6
-5
257
-5

European Union (25)


Taipei, Chinese
Singapore
Thailand
Canada

Hong Kong, China


Thailand
Switzerland
Turkey
Costa Rica

4547
4310
4111
2965
2420

1.0
1.0
0.9
0.7
0.5

8
5
19
27
15

16
22
25
56
30

16
-3
138
12
6

Philippines
Indonesia
Israel
Hong Kong, China
Brazil

3952
1867
1346
1121
840

1.7
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.4

-15
-2
-8
-9
3

-22
17
9
12
-57

-1
5
7
-12
64

Canada
Indonesia
Mexico
Israel
Norway

1914
1673
1642
1058
625

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.1

-7
6
5
-10
-2

11
2
3
19
8

11
2
12
-3
-2

Costa Rica
Switzerland
Dominican Republic
Norway
India

630
286
236
206
200

0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

-10
-6
89
7
20

-12
52
199
12
64

-6
7
179
16
69

440695

99.1

232597

99.8

Suppliers
European Union (25)
China
United States
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Above 5
Taipei, Chinese
Malaysia
Singapore
United Arab Emirates
Philippines

Trade by sector

2005

Annual percentage
change

444611

Europe
Asia
North America
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa
CIS

140

Share

Above 20

World
Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Suppliers
China
Mexico
Malaysia
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Above 5

Above 20

Table IV.45 (continued)

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
China a

Value
2005

Share
2005

Japan
Annual percentage
change

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region

Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Above 5
Philippines
United States
Singapore
European Union (25)
Thailand
Hong Kong, China
Indonesia
Costa Rica
Mexico
Canada
Morocco
Israel
Switzerland
Viet Nam
Australia
Above 20

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

66955

100.0

18

54779
8918
2891
180
173
8
6

81.8
13.3
4.3
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.0

6
-10
-10
-4
6
-11
29

23
2
0
-20
73
17
64

5
-2
0
24
20
-17
4

24867
8097
7838
6754
4298

37.1
12.1
11.7
10.1
6.4

31
-11
-4
1
-8

35
2
14
15
15

21
-4
2
-5
-12

51853

77.4

20

3538
3411
2836
2789
820

5.3
5.1
4.2
4.2
1.2

7
-3
-10
-6
-1

23
24
-1
4
17

9
-18
0
0
-21

437
383
329
172
170

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.3

-3
-2
-9
6
2

1
2
3
73
-20

26
13
-5
20
22

99
32
19
14
12

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

29
-19
5
-24
34

6
36
0
-43
108

-5
-9
5
0
75

66915

99.9

18

Region
160468

100.0

29

34

25

142313
9187
7561
920
223
221
41

88.7
5.7
4.7
0.6
0.1
0.1
0.0

35
10
1
148
15
44
1

34
27
43
14
143
52
26

27
11
5
40
-22
38
8

28519
24952
24021
21722
13249

17.8
15.6
15.0
13.5
8.3

60
36
40
18
40

55
37
40
15
35

46
23
41
1
22

112463

70.1

36

34

26

11203
7689
7356
7350
6272

7.0
4.8
4.6
4.6
3.9

59
8
32
1
37

42
30
34
46
36

46
10
32
4
31

Thailand
Philippines
European Union (25)
Singapore
Indonesia

3562
1291
893
891
608

2.2
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4

9
36
156
26
14

0
43
13
2
28

3
13
43
12
25

Mexico
Canada
Hong Kong, China
Israel
Costa Rica

219
217
169
53
49

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

47
15
30
59
7

58
144
26
137
17

39
-23
53
27
-38

Viet Nam
Switzerland
Norway
Australia
Bangladesh

160285

99.9

29

34

25

Suppliers
China
Taipei, Chinese
Korea, Republic of
Japan
Malaysia

Annual percentage
change

World
Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Suppliers
China
United States
Taipei, Chinese
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
Above 5

Above 20

Trade by sector

World

Share

a In 2005, China reported imports from China accounting for 18 per cent of its office and telecom equipment imports. For further information, see the Technical Notes.

141

Table IV.46

Leading exporters and importers of office and telecom equipment, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

361.7
118.3

29.2
8.8

28.4
9.3

5
7

8
17

18
21

10
18
32

Exporters
European Union (25)
extra-EU (25) exports
China a, b

226.0

0.1

1.0

4.5

17.7

39

56

46

United States

125.7

19.5

17.3

15.9

9.9

-4

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

109.6
3.4
106.2

2.0
0.8

1.6
2.7

0.4
4.8

0.3
8.3

17
-3
18

22
-35
24

26
23
26

20
82
19

Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports

101.7
45.5
56.2

3.2
2.5
0.7

6.4
4.9
1.5

7.6
4.3
3.3

8.0
3.6
4.4

7
2
12

18
17
20

24
17
32

10
6
14

Japan

98.0

21.1

22.5

11.2

7.7

-2

11

14

-4

Korea, Republic of

83.0

2.0

4.8

6.1

6.5

21

29

Malaysia

60.1

1.4

2.7

5.4

4.7

13

Taipei, Chinese

56.6

3.2

4.7

6.0

4.4

13

Mexico

37.8

0.1

1.5

3.5

3.0

-3

16

Thailand

23.9

0.0

1.2

1.9

1.9

13

Philippines

23.9

0.8

0.6

2.6

1.9

-1

Canada

13.7

2.0

1.9

2.1

1.1

-8

-1

18

18

United Arab Emirates c, d

6.9

...

...

0.2

0.8

...

36

33

...

Indonesia

6.7

0.1

0.0

0.8

0.5

-2

-9

18

1228.9

97.4

96.6

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

444.6
201.2

34.6
15.1

34.5
15.6

5
6

9
18

22
20

9
11

United States

233.1

15.9

21.1

21.8

18.1

18

10

China a, b

160.5

0.6

1.3

4.5

12.5

29

45

34

25

Hong Kong, China


retained imports

112.1
5.9

1.7

1.4

1.3

0.5

14
-15

19
-15

26
20

15
-25

Singapore
retained imports

74.4
18.2

2.6
1.9

4.5
2.9

5.5
2.2

5.8
1.4

7
-4

17
10

28
19

12
6

Above 15

Trade by sector

Importers

Japan

67.0

2.6

3.7

6.2

5.2

11

18

Malaysia a

41.9

1.6

1.9

3.3

3.3

14

Taipei, Chinese

38.6

1.4

2.5

3.9

3.0

14

Korea, Republic of

37.6

1.3

2.6

3.4

2.9

14

10

Mexico e

35.9

0.9

1.5

2.9

2.8

-1

23

4
11

Canada e

27.6

4.1

3.5

3.1

2.1

-2

18

Philippines a

19.7

0.8

0.7

1.2

1.5

10

21

-7

Thailand

19.1

0.2

1.1

1.4

1.5

15

12

Australia e

14.1

1.5

1.4

1.1

1.1

19

29

Russian Federation c

11.9

0.3

0.9

32

35

35

26

1231.9

94.6

95.6

Above 15
a
b
c
d
e

142

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


In 2005, China reported imports of office and telecom equipment from China amounting to $28.5 billion. For further information, see the Technical Notes.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
2004 instead of 2005.
Imports are valued f.o.b.

Table IV.47

Exports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

1990

World
Argentina
Australia
Belarus
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
China b
Costa Rica b
Croatia
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India c
Indonesia
Israel c
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Macao, China
Malaysia b
Mauritius b, c
Mexico b
Morocco b
New Zealand
Norway
Pakistan
Philippines b, c
Romania
Russian Federation
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports c
South Africa
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates c
United States
Viet Nam c

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

298551 |

966474

958353

1151397

1275111

15.4

12.6

119
741
692
... |
5622
3126
0
...
12886
4772
8114
182
124
1226
67032
4
14339
14
8207
3
4535
306
95
655
4
1835
33
19235
14685
4549
...
1520
14105
3520
24
259
...
51658
...

93
1781
99
2376
33
20631
43498
1688
87
281895
196733
85162
50066
3997
46069
480
7280
6939
108179
36
58686
19
52382
2
34042
506
231
1142
6
25138
513
328
73820
41523
32297
409
2909
57821
18681
49
1008
94
1914
153399
652

68
1550
119
2124
112
9767
117939
1496
189
278356
195342
83014
72340
1510
70830
831
5573
4337
90050
73
63815
43
49678
42
31359
644
273
1080
8
23776
567
375
74315
36811
37505
472
2011
49841
19481
75
1980
270
5182
112524
775

75
1680
145
2019
121
11526
171782
1200
248
328210
227658
100552
91388
1851
89537
850
6570
5259
102363
120
82584
65
56172
45
36232
679
341
1189
34
23915
647
509
92465
43080
49385
598
2422
56529
21215
108
2930
363
6915
121295
955

76
1764
150
3711
149
13651
225964
1681
222
361723
243446
118277
109557
3377
106181
989
6745
5591
97950
139
82991
...
60091
285
37821
663
362
1319
77
23871
564
462
101683
45524
56159
607
3077
56580
23910
...
3211
184
...
125659
...

0.4
2.8
1.4
4.3
0.7
7.5
17.5
28.8
2.0
11.6
12.0
10.7
24.7
17.0
25.7
1.1
11.7
22.1
22.6
1.9
34.1
0.8
53.3
0.1
20.5
6.8
1.7
1.9
0.1
63.2
4.9
0.3
53.6
52.8
54.6
1.4
3.6
39.0
27.1
0.8
3.6
0.6
3.8
19.6
4.5

0.2
1.7
0.9
3.1
1.3
3.8
29.7
23.9
2.5
9.0
9.1
8.9
37.5
16.8
39.0
1.0
7.9
13.1
16.5
3.2
29.1
2.3
42.6
13.3
17.7
6.2
1.7
1.3
0.5
57.9
2.0
0.2
44.3
37.4
52.0
1.2
2.4
29.9
21.7
1.1
4.4
0.5
7.6
13.9
3.7

|
|
|
|

Trade by sector

Value

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.

143

Table IV.48

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Value

Trade by sector

1990
Algeria
Argentina
Australia b
Belarus
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada b
Chile
China c
Colombia
Costa Rica c
Croatia
Ecuador
Egypt
European Union (25) d
extra-EU (25) imports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India e
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of e
Israel e
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya e
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait e
Macao, China
Malaysia c
Mauritius e
Mexico b, c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan e
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines c, e
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia e
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
retained imports e
South Africa b
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates e
United States
Viet Nam e
a
b
c
d
e

144

253
305
4343
367
...
... |
10475
456
4058
364
84
...
57
226
61
12326
4212
662
892
...
939
11273
56
124
7741
128
64
5744
57
4640
306
905
...
1732
99
236
65
320
100
2044
52
211
811
...
13392
8842
...
4797
7438
3421
149
1234
698
63365
...

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Includes Secretariat estimates.

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

444
3371
10771
194
1189
7900
300
30418
1681
44427
1048
977
418
200
593
342530
148952
419
59370
13301
2708
705
530
4894
60866
201
261
142
34012
409
104
32405
111
29011
1212
1618
148
3352
176
372
244
224
656
11982
143
1258
2952
1242
145
54107
21810
3364
8045
38646
14055
318
5522
327
4002
215544
1038

879
975
10259
266
498
5104
627
21047
1295
96258
1518
1795
910
686
431
335652
149834
447
77425
6595
6009
1138
1295
3088
54538
312
434
152
32025
666
290
34403
131
28023
848
1734
715
3561
283
728
254
130
747
17414
223
1680
6989
1871
563
52004
14500
3571
7470
32059
14805
540
4166
639
6903
180548
1385

1246
2368
13205
377
1268
7137
749
24840
1788
128714
1717
1517
1040
841
439
408134
180476
594
97472
7935
7880
1796
1595
4197
64277
438
...
239
35348
747
409
39273
156
34352
1281
2089
...
4468
411
1350
284
256
873
21126
263
2257
9425
2143
814
66598
17213
5232
8599
36627
7053.12976606
6200
924
8825
212906
2324

1531
3330
14086
400
2579
9120
992
27555
2246
160468
2764
2078
1128
1068
...
444611
201165
625
112118
5937
10389
2088
1665
4419
66955
718
...
323
37613
900
...
41893
398
35875
1392
2468
...
4893
...
2151
367
500
1035
19708
499
2683
11914
2693
579
74365
18206
6190
9502
38615
19117
...
6970
1423
...
233142
...

4.8
13.4
15.1
2.2
8.2
13.4
4.6
12.7
9.1
19.7
9.1
15.3
5.3
5.4
4.0
13.4
16.2
8.6
27.7
38.1
5.3
2.1
3.8
13.0
16.0
4.4
5.2
4.6
21.2
5.7
4.6
39.5
5.3
16.6
10.5
11.6
1.7
9.7
3.5
3.4
7.2
10.2
8.9
32.4
4.4
9.6
6.6
4.1
3.9
40.2
28.9
12.6
9.7
27.5
22.7
3.7
10.1
2.3
11.4
17.1
6.6

7.5
11.6
11.8
2.4
11.8
11.8
5.5
8.8
6.9
24.3
13.0
21.2
6.1
10.4
3.4
10.8
13.8
6.0
37.4
21.1
6.9
3.6
4.6
9.4
13.0
6.8
5.2
5.3
14.4
5.5
11.8
36.6
12.6
16.2
6.8
9.4
6.6
8.8
4.8
8.5
8.8
13.5
8.3
41.6
5.0
6.6
9.5
4.5
5.0
37.2
19.8
11.2
7.5
21.2
16.2
4.8
6.0
3.9
12.2
13.5
7.5

|
|
|

Table IV.49

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region

Europe
Asia
North America
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Above 5

195094

100.0

20

108800
68295
15477
1605
608
172
62

55.8
35.0
7.9
0.8
0.3
0.1
0.0

5
8
-1
11
2
19
6

24
18
3
-25
19
37
-15

3
7
5
1945
19
43
13

107682
31647
14050
9169
7163

55.2
16.2
7.2
4.7
3.7

5
33
-2
-1
-7

24
38
5
2
4

2
21
4
-5
-3

169711

87.0

21

5664
4018
2981
2419
2208

2.9
2.1
1.5
1.2
1.1

0
2
-6
7
9

8
19
2
23
12

-2
10
-24
2
6

Philippines
Costa Rica
Mexico
Switzerland
Canada

2114
1479
803
760
624

1.1
0.8
0.4
0.4
0.3

-4
11
1
2
1

0
51
-16
10
-15

22
5100
8
28
15

601
316
211
156
107

0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

0
-7
24
-4
104

7
4
56
-4
31

-3
2
74
-12
91

194171

99.5

Above 20

100534

100.0

84944
9074
5716
475
316
7
2

2000-05

2004

2005

World

16

Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

84.5
9.0
5.7
0.5
0.3
0.0
0.0

3
-7
-6
-13
-5
-1
5

19
5
2
12
16
-59
64

7
-6
-2
143
26
-12
-7

43300
12903
9102
7096
6451

43.1
12.8
9.1
7.1
6.4

31
9
-11
-5
-9

50
12
3
3
-4

18
13
-4
-8
-10

Suppliers

Singapore
Malaysia
Korea, Republic of
Thailand
Hong Kong, China

Indonesia
Israel
United Arab Emirates
Norway
Viet Nam

2005

Region

Suppliers
European Union (25)
China
United States
Taipei, Chinese
Japan

2005

Annual percentage
change

China
Malaysia
Japan
Mexico
Singapore
Above 5

78852

78.4

23

European Union (25)


Taipei, Chinese
Korea, Republic of
Thailand
Canada

5587
4984
3235
2844
1978

5.6
5.0
3.2
2.8
2.0

-6
-14
-16
0
-12

2
-13
5
21
13

-3
-20
-20
14
5

Philippines
Indonesia
Israel
Costa Rica
Hong Kong, China

1220
466
310
256
219

1.2
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2

-15
-9
-5
-21
-10

-33
16
17
14
-7

-5
-12
25
111
-30

Dominican Republic
Viet Nam
Switzerland
Australia
India

169
112
87
44
39

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

329
433
-17
-2
11

4135
-19
15
13
30

612
119
28
4
23

100403

99.9

Above 20

Trade by sector

World

Share

145

Table IV.49 (continued)

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
China a

Value
2005

Share
2005

Japan
Annual percentage
change

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World
Asia
North America
Europe
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa
CIS

Above 5
Singapore
Taipei, Chinese
United States
European Union (25)
Malaysia

Trade by sector

Indonesia
Hong Kong, China
Mexico
Canada
Viet Nam
Israel
Switzerland
India
Australia
Norway
Above 20

2005

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

35790

100.0

27

22

21

World

2005

31410
2710
1639
27
3
1
0

87.8
7.6
4.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

31
6
15
5
27
97
-11

25
-1
30
24
-86
-71
70

22
14
12
-3
-50
552
-58

10789
4179
3524
2744
2437

30.1
11.7
9.8
7.7
6.8

57
20
38
35
44

44
19
28
40
21

27
9
40
23
49

23673

66.1

39

33

26

2408
2359
2184
1616
1440

6.7
6.6
6.1
4.5
4.0

22
17
4
15
15

16
-7
0
30
7

33
4
13
12
-10

Thailand
European Union (25)
Philippines
Malaysia
Indonesia

883
591
392
135
35

2.5
1.7
1.1
0.4
0.1

36
1
13
44
128

27
12
-12
14
290

21
9
6
61
76

Mexico
Canada
Hong Kong, China
Israel
Viet Nam

27
20
10
8
3

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

8
7
48
-9
14

25
35
45
22
-2

-3
11
236
-78
-37

35782

100.0

27

23

21

Asia
North America
Europe
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa
CIS

27683

100.0

12

22978
3220
1363
90
30
2
0

83.0
11.6
4.9
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0

4
-11
-12
6
-8
3
-34

15
-2
-1
110
71
-36
12

3
-4
3
2
136
158
-93

14265
2811
1691
1664
1524

51.5
10.2
6.1
6.0
5.5

36
-11
-21
-5
-9

30
-1
-19
-6
22

19
-8
-29
13
-22

21957

79.3

13

1434
1344
961
940
286

5.2
4.9
3.5
3.4
1.0

4
-12
-13
-17
6

26
-2
11
1
19

21
3
-42
-20
-8

231
178
166
90
30

0.8
0.6
0.6
0.3
0.1

0
-7
-3
6
33

-10
-10
-8
111
-37

50
19
19
2
3

24
13
8
6
5

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

-12
-30
-26
7
54

38
72
-16
-52
1513

144
-25
-21
31
98

27671

100.0

12

Suppliers
China
United States
Taipei, Chinese
Singapore
Korea, Republic of
Above 5

Costa Rica
Switzerland
Australia
Norway
Brazil
Above 20

a In 2005, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 30 per cent of its EDP and office equipment imports. For further information, see Technical Notes.

146

2004

Region

Suppliers
China
Japan
Thailand
Korea, Republic of
Philippines

2005

Share

Table IV.50

Leading exporters and importers of EDP and office equipment, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) exports

144.3
36.6

30.5
7.1

31.0
7.9

5
7

14
11

16
14

6
18

China a, b

27

Exporters

110.7

5.0

23.8

43

73

39

United States

46.9

15.5

10.1

-4

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

37.1
1.8
35.3

0.3
4.2

0.4
7.6

18
13
18

19
-6
20

16
7
17

31
160
28

Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports

32.2
20.9
11.4

8.4
6.0
2.4

6.9
4.5
2.4

1
-1
5

4
2
8

11
3
34

9
5
17

Japan

24.4

9.5

5.3

-7

-6

-5

Malaysia a

22.9

5.6

4.9

-6

20

14

Korea, Republic of

17.8

5.3

3.8

-2

10

19

-18

Taipei, Chinese

14.9

7.9

3.2

-13

-11

-7

-23

Mexico a

11.6

3.2

2.5

10

-17

Thailand

27

11.6

2.4

2.5

...

10

Philippines

7.9

1.9

1.7

-3

10

Canada

3.7

1.5

0.8

-8

11

Indonesia

2.9

0.8

0.6

-1

-16

46

United Arab Emirates c, d

2.5

0.2

0.6

...

77

31

...

456.1

97.9

98.1

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

195.1
87.4

40.9
18.0

42.5
19.0

5
6

14
17

20
15

5
9

United States

Above 15

100.5

25.4

21.9

16

China a, b

35.8

2.9

7.8

27

42

22

21

Hong Kong, China

32.2

12

18

13

20

retained imports
Japan

...
27.7

...
7.4

...
6.0

...
0

...
10

...
12

...
2

Singapore
retained imports

19.6
8.3

4.5
2.1

4.3
1.8

3
1

9
11

15
-3

13
9
11

Canada e

12.1

3.2

2.6

12

Mexico a, e

11.2

1.5

2.4

15

14

17

-6

Malaysia a

9.7

1.2

2.1

17

15

35

15

Korea, Republic of

7.0

2.1

1.5

-2

-1

20

Australia e

6.6

1.4

1.4

13

23

Thailand

5.7

1.0

1.2

...

10

19

Taipei, Chinese

5.5

2.8

1.2

-12

-20

-5

-10

Switzerland

4.7

1.2

1.0

Philippines a

4.0

0.7

0.9

11

-6

445.2

96.3

97.0

Above 15 f
a
b
c
d
e
f

Trade by sector

Importers

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


In 2005, China reported imports of EDP and office equipment from China amounting to $10.8 billion. For further information, see the Technical Notes.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
2004 instead of 2005.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Excludes retained imports of Hong Kong, China.

147

Table IV.51

Exports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Value
1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

...

371117

370401

430384

465010

5.9

4.6

114
494
172
...
...
375
...
...
3518
2086
1432
112
1
421
24832
2
2702
...
676
...
53
350
180
...
9205
8022
1183
...
...
617
6673
1562
2
20
...
27766
...

41
811
493
14
5516
18638
1628
11
113163
86937
26226
16402
937
15465
274
3041
902
35209
13
19633
12
20689
11757
82
460
7208
131
71
31118
22320
8799
141
...
1359
29309
8790
2
63
16
754
57595
486

22
872
271
38
3179
62506
1375
34
117307
90132
27175
24288
632
23655
424
1868
676
24157
19
18069
25
16855
13370
99
336
6943
66
59
26666
19416
7250
131
63
683
20953
8292
11
41
56
1931
41050
468

21
830
334
59
3544
87101
803
54
136139
105126
31013
28287
678
27609
388
2729
902
25832
28
21539
39
20188
13885
113
300
7605
57
89
29640
19921
9718
126
66
663
19430
9105
36
52
145
2534
43948
554

24
878
478
53
3686
110695
684
62
144324
107682
36642
37100
1764
35335
454
2936
1009
24418
27
17757
...
22920
11561
140
313
7900
125
78
32233
20866
11367
156
55
677
14931
11561
...
69
67
...
46882
...

0.2
1.3
0.9
0.3
2.0
7.5
27.8
0.2
4.6
5.3
3.3
8.1
4.0
8.6
0.6
4.9
2.9
7.3
0.7
11.4
0.5
21.1
7.1
0.6
0.8
18.1
1.3
0.1
22.6
28.4
14.9
0.5
...
1.7
19.8
12.7
0.0
0.2
0.1
1.5
7.4
3.4

0.1
0.8
0.4
0.5
1.0
14.5
9.7
0.7
3.6
4.0
2.8
12.7
8.8
13.0
0.5
3.4
2.4
4.1
0.6
6.2
1.4
16.3
5.4
0.6
0.3
19.1
0.5
0.0
14.0
17.2
10.5
0.3
0.9
0.5
7.9
10.5
0.4
0.1
0.2
2.8
5.2
2.2

Trade by sector

World
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
China b
Costa Rica b
Croatia
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India c
Indonesia
Israel c
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Macao, China
Malaysia b
Mexico b
New Zealand
Norway
Philippines b, c
Romania
Russian Federation
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports c
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates c
United States
Viet Nam c

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.

148

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

|
|
|

Table IV.52

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

Algeria
Argentina
Australia b
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada b
Chile
China c
Colombia
Costa Rica c
Croatia
Ecuador
Egypt
European Union (25) d
extra-EU (25) imports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India e
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of e
Israel e
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait e
Malaysia c
Mexico b, c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Norway
Pakistan e
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines c, e
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia e
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
retained imports e
South Africa b
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates e
United States
Viet Nam e
a
b
c
d
e

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

94
120
2697
191
469
...
5171
144
772
123
40
...
20
78
25
2278
...
237
246
...
436
5335
14
1813
...
686
...
70
446
1046
47
25
47
338
18
...
225
...
4352
3169
...
2823
1574
1114
58
471
...
27499
...

111
1150
5043
388
2055
128
12042
654
10858
420
175
191
84
206
151706
66710
130
18341
...
1482
215
155
1717
27551
65
7711
134
4450
5651
195
734
1710
204
114
278
2428
53
306
1316
381
67
16682
7883
1205
4568
10310
3821
135
1591
104
1276
94193
217

226
497
4893
164
1376
230
9679
506
24223
566
182
379
183
175
155118
70159
129
23679
...
2004
330
403
1290
24208
110
5434
250
6273
10182
236
905
1853
212
69
266
4276
96
569
2578
540
273
15061
7811
1616
4132
6414
4384
168
1212
196
2557
82433
457

282
777
6021
447
1635
290
10875
648
29632
506
260
441
213
187
185474
80348
142
26851
...
2637
401
460
1479
27104
124
5882
234
8442
11892
291
1048
2249
229
122
323
4020
99
742
2968
639
442
17296
7577
2327
4492
6085
4809
197
1766
172
3255
95643
1050

403
1034
6575
779
2124
385
12067
825
35790
687
295
460
270
...
195094
87412
176
32184
...
3446
514
496
1788
27683
162
7047
293
9676
11185
351
1207
2477
291
285
352
4001
192
1003
2977
907
279
19630
8263
2596
4743
5457
5710
...
2462
232
...
100534
...

1.2
4.6
7.1
2.7
3.5
2.0
5.0
3.5
4.8
3.6
2.7
2.4
2.3
1.4
5.9
7.3
2.7
8.6
...
2.9
0.6
1.1
4.6
7.3
1.4
4.8
1.9
5.4
3.2
1.7
5.3
5.0
1.9
5.2
3.7
6.6
1.6
2.3
2.9
1.3
1.8
12.4
10.4
4.5
5.5
7.3
6.2
1.6
2.9
0.7
3.6
7.5
1.4

2.0
3.6
5.5
3.6
2.7
2.1
3.8
2.5
5.4
3.2
3.0
2.5
2.6
1.5
4.7
6.0
1.7
10.7
...
2.3
0.9
1.4
3.8
5.4
1.5
2.7
1.8
8.4
5.1
1.7
4.6
4.5
1.1
7.7
2.8
8.4
1.9
2.5
2.4
1.5
2.4
9.8
9.0
4.7
3.7
3.0
4.8
1.5
2.1
0.6
4.5
5.8
3.4

|
|
|

Trade by sector

Value

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Includes Secretariat estimates.

149

Table IV.53

Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World
Europe
Asia
North America
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa
CIS

Trade by sector

Above 5

150

2005

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

2005

Region
181087

100.0

26

19

106379
60480
6936
5978
499
369
144

58.7
33.4
3.8
3.3
0.3
0.2
0.1

7
19
-13
34
40
14
15

20
40
6
51
196
17
12

17
17
6
164
7
28
12

99767
26743
11421
9332
5179

55.1
14.8
6.3
5.2
2.9

7
33
31
3
-15

19
44
81
17
-1

16
25
45
-6
3

Suppliers
European Union (25)
China
Korea, Republic of
Japan
United States

2005

Share

World
Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

105887

100.0

23

18

75832
23073
5254
929
778
16
6

71.6
21.8
5.0
0.9
0.7
0.0
0.0

14
-2
4
7
-7
4
2

29
21
-5
-49
5
27
-2

21
9
19
51
17
-30
6

35031
18938
10564
9828
8448

33.1
17.9
10.0
9.3
8.0

28
3
15
-3
12

43
23
2
11
38

40
8
57
-2
-24

82809

78.2

11

27

17

5024
4413
4206
4135
1215

4.7
4.2
4.0
3.9
1.1

4
23
6
-16
3

-6
50
23
13
17

19
42
24
19
13

Suppliers
China
Mexico
Malaysia
Japan
Korea, Republic of

152442

84.2

24

17

United Arab Emirates


Taipei, Chinese
Turkey
Switzerland
Malaysia

5175
3740
2921
2880
2827

2.9
2.1
1.6
1.6
1.6

143
18
28
31
5

80
39
56
47
21

257
8
12
265
11

European Union (25)


Thailand
Taipei, Chinese
Canada
Indonesia

Hong Kong, China


Singapore
Thailand
Canada
Indonesia

1924
1457
1284
1107
997

1.1
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6

26
1
4
-6
12

28
110
33
43
-3

49
-19
-11
11
5

Singapore
Brazil
Israel
Hong Kong, China
Philippines

884
799
768
691
326

0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.3

2
5
-7
20
-6

50
-58
5
24
-17

-7
68
16
-1
15

650
648
396
385
354

0.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2

12
-12
3
-3
42

32
21
76
10
229

16
-3
-18
-4
-5

Norway
India
Dominican Republic
Switzerland
Australia

161
121
61
48
47

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

22
33
176
16
-9

27
79
146
45
52

12
142
10
49
-42

179187

99.0

105707

99.8

Mexico
Israel
Philippines
Norway
Brazil
Above 20

Above 5

Above 20

Table IV.53 (continued)

Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
China a

Value
2005

Share
2005

Japan
Annual percentage
change

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region

2005

2005

18003

100.0

15734
1571
613
79
3
3
1

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

2005

25

12

87.4
8.7
3.4
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0

13
-15
-15
18
-46
48
-6

31
0
-21
33
-68
59
-33

12
7
12
61
28
217
-38

8851
1785
1653
1326
1323

49.2
9.9
9.2
7.4
7.4

26
-3
9
-17
9

37
21
22
-2
32

25
-3
8
8
1

14938

83.0

27

15

856
782
590
318
174

4.8
4.3
3.3
1.8
1.0

21
10
-16
-5
29

49
28
-22
9
29

6
14
12
-36
18

Region
29362

100.0

19

26

19

25705
2428
1143
56
26
4
1

87.5
8.3
3.9
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0

34
-9
-13
-9
109
-34
-18

28
38
-13
3
30
-79
-60

26
-16
-10
-29
66
56
-25

10287
5209
4674
2346
1645

35.0
17.7
15.9
8.0
5.6

57
46
14
-10
26

59
7
13
47
29

65
15
-6
-17
1

24161

82.3

23

28

20

1061
952
941
705
560

3.6
3.2
3.2
2.4
1.9

15
23
-14
29
51

4
67
-12
86
92

24
20
-7
69
2

Philippines
Taipei, Chinese
European Union (25)
Indonesia
Mexico

Philippines
Indonesia
Canada
Mexico
Israel

397
186
117
85
56

1.4
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.2

55
34
-13
67
-9

98
66
-28
56
4

63
53
-37
11
-29

Israel
Canada
Hong Kong, China
Singapore
Viet Nam

78
71
64
47
44

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2

19
-2
3
-32
17

33
-10
1
28
48

61
-20
-1
-54
-28

Switzerland
Norway
Costa Rica
Brazil
Australia

51
25
13
12
12

0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

22
14
81
-8

-56
17
7
-39
-10

263
12
595
128
-46

Norway
Switzerland
Bangladesh
Australia
Brazil

13
9
5
5
2

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

3
7
54
-21
-48

43
12
3722
-75
-85

11
-10
76
70
193

29333

99.9

19

27

19

17996

100.0

25

12

Asia
Europe
North America
Middle East
South and Central America
CIS
Africa

Suppliers
China
Korea, Republic of
Japan
European Union (25)
Taipei, Chinese
Above 5
Hong Kong, China
Malaysia
United States
Singapore
Thailand

Above 20

World
Asia
North America
Europe
Middle East
South and Central America
CIS
Africa

Suppliers
China
Malaysia
Korea, Republic of
United States
Thailand
Above 5

Above 20

Trade by sector

World

Share

a In 2005, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 35 per cent of its telecommunications equipment imports. For further information, see the Technical Notes.

151

Table IV.54

Leading exporters and importers of telecommunications equipment, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

157.0
57.2

38.2
12.6

33.8
12.3

7
9

8
17

19
27

21
30

China a, b

94.9

6.8

20.4

37

41

52

38

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

41.9
0.1
41.8

0.2
6.6

0.0
9.0

16
-30
17

23
-46
24

30
-54
31

14
156
14

Korea, Republic of

37.7

5.0

8.1

21

32

37

Japan

33.6

10.6

7.2

24

17

-6

United States

30.5

11.5

6.6

-2

-5

18

Mexico a

24.0

6.7

5.2

-13

25

21

Singapore

15.6

2.9

3.4

14

36

35

domestic exports
re-exports
Malaysia a

5.3
10.3
13.4

1.3
1.6
4.5

1.1
2.2
2.9

7
18
1

31
38
-2

63
25
20

10
8
7

Taipei, Chinese

11.6

2.3

2.5

11

22

18

14

Canada

7.4

4.0

1.6

-9

-4

23

25

Thailand

5.8

1.4

1.2

...

19

United Arab Emirates c, d

4.2

0.4

1.1

...

18

35

...

Turkey

3.1

0.3

0.7

27

25

49

Israel c

3.1

1.5

0.7

-6

-5

19

442.1

96.3

95.3

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

181.1
81.3

39.2
14.6

41.0
18.4

9
14

12
25

26
37

19
24

United States

Exporters
European Union (25)
extra-EU (25) exports

Above 15

Trade by sector

Importers

105.9

24.3

24.0

23

18

Hong Kong, China


retained imports

38.0
...

...

...

13
...

16
...

26
...

12
...

China a, b

29.4

4.2

6.6

19

38

26

19

Japan

18.0

4.6

4.1

25

12

Mexico a, e
Singapore

13.2
13.0

3.2
2.3

3.0
2.9

7
14

3
30

33
42

24
8
10

retained imports

2.7

0.8

0.6

-18

196

11.1

3.4

2.5

19

Russian Federation c

8.1

0.5

1.8

41

38

48

43

Korea, Republic of

6.7

2.0

1.5

12

17

Australia e

6.6

1.6

1.5

24

37

India c

6.0

0.2

1.4

54

49

37

38

United Arab Emirates c, d

5.2

0.9

1.2

...

10

28

...

Taipei, Chinese

4.6

1.6

1.1

11

21

Malaysia a

4.3

1.2

1.0

-8

22

413.3

89.2

93.5

Canada e

Above 15 f
a
b
c
d
e
f

152

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


In 2005, China reported imports of telecommunications equipment from China amounting to $10.3 billion. For further information, see the Technical Notes.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
2004 instead of 2005.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Excludes retained imports of Hong Kong, China.

Table IV.55

Exports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

...

287830

309258

390815

464906

4.6

4.6

...
226
442
...
1642
2623
...
...
...
6806
2137
4669
31
105
662
28809
2
6273
3209
...
...
41
295
8
2
599
...
6355
3820
2535
...
672
4996
1057
21
238
...
9901
...

52
838
59
1648
12
11656
19508
8
9
73
109990
73584
36406
19618
540
19078
120
3500
4256
30516
19
14364
12965
1
19221
132
652
58
5
1267
337
156
8266
3770
4495
243
873
6745
4014
28
934
68
1114
32980
81

45
508
76
1640
53
4805
45032
19
26
109
109571
74756
34815
28220
77
28143
232
2984
2594
30638
51
26634
10418
36
15817
146
659
51
6
933
482
196
10611
2945
7666
268
759
8618
4882
46
1924
173
3123
23705
193

53
633
98
1474
39
5907
68497
29
139
136
130270
86228
44042
36824
35
36789
236
3079
3088
35879
90
36600
12484
39
19823
181
806
38
31
1124
545
238
14367
4802
9564
365
991
10177
5788
51
2859
201
4212
28073
250

51
654
99
3064
52
7356
94856
45
184
109
156987
99767
57220
41868
91
41777
293
3071
3102
33648
109
37746
13412
268
24040
164
883
...
74
969
389
253
15584
5278
10306
320
1563
11563
5811
...
3116
95
...
30536
...

0.2
1.3
0.8
3.0
0.2
4.2
7.8
0.1
0.2
1.7
4.5
4.5
4.6
9.7
2.3
10.6
0.3
5.6
13.6
6.4
1.0
8.3
13.2
0.0
11.6
1.0
1.1
0.5
0.1
3.2
3.2
0.1
6.0
4.8
7.6
0.8
1.1
4.5
5.8
0.5
3.4
0.5
2.2
4.2
0.6

0.1
0.6
0.6
2.6
0.4
2.0
12.4
0.2
2.6
1.2
3.9
3.7
4.3
14.3
0.5
15.4
0.3
3.6
7.3
5.7
2.5
13.3
9.5
12.5
11.2
0.8
0.9
0.3
0.5
2.3
1.4
0.1
6.8
4.3
9.5
0.6
1.2
6.1
5.3
0.5
4.2
0.3
4.6
3.4
1.0

World
Argentina
Australia
Belarus
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
China b
Colombia
Costa Rica b
Croatia
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India c
Indonesia
Israel c
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia b
Mauritius b
Mexico b
New Zealand
Norway
Oman
Pakistan c
Philippines b, c
Romania
Russian Federation
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports c
South Africa
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates c
United States
Viet Nam c

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

|
|
|
|

Trade by sector

Value

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.

153

Table IV.56

Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies , 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

Trade by sector

Value

Algeria
Argentina
Australia b
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada b
Chile
China c
Colombia
Croatia
Ecuador
Egypt
European Union (25) d
extra-EU (25) imports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India e
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of e
Israel e
Japan
Jordan
Kenya e
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait e
Malaysia c
Mauritius
Mexico b, c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Norway
Pakistan e
Peru
Philippines c, e
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia e
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
retained imports e
South Africa b
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates e
United States
Viet Nam e
a
b
c
d
e

154

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

131
123
1383
162
555
...
2972
303
2540
218
...
32
132
34
6343
...
173
490
...
304
2620
39
105
1368
...
1246
...
...
127
440
576
183
51
686
...
...
...
...
4551
2016
...
1597
1744
994
64
403
...
22727
...

298
2039
4862
760
3206
144
10062
960
12413
597
210
110
350
115743
43099
283
20742
...
701
403
256
1669
13470
131
95
5830
270
3442
62
9398
727
808
1425
158
367
1949
85
561
1476
811
60
6870
2374
1859
2512
4597
1868
148
2993
188
2626
71769
331

601
400
4569
315
1693
327
8522
715
19512
919
459
488
217
120678
48119
307
26925
...
3173
704
672
1080
12910
191
85
5486
410
3393
80
8033
399
731
1535
486
465
1425
108
717
3833
1303
240
8499
833
1723
2567
3471
2856
326
1530
357
4062
72510
568

877
1417
6243
793
2653
368
10182
1034
24627
1163
515
615
224
152052
65824
437
33966
...
4349
1215
888
1447
16082
296
150
6405
508
4151
97
10663
652
995
2014
1087
530
1388
144
1103
5663
1463
323
12027
2463
2612
3168
3837
3164
350
2501
646
5217
89442
714

1040
2009
6648
1758
3569
490
11119
1301
29362
1987
600
779
...
181087
81320
434
38021
...
6023
1402
911
1520
18003
518
203
6695
600
4296
330
13199
680
1136
2189
1793
660
1311
288
1353
8097
1737
268
13010
2704
3289
3872
4648
3887
...
2969
1032
...
105887
...

3.3
8.1
6.8
5.2
5.4
2.2
4.2
5.2
5.5
5.2
2.7
2.9
2.4
4.5
4.7
5.8
9.7
...
1.4
1.2
1.8
4.4
3.5
2.9
3.1
3.6
3.8
4.2
3.0
5.4
6.3
5.8
4.1
1.5
5.0
5.3
2.6
4.3
3.3
2.7
1.6
5.1
3.1
6.9
3.0
3.3
3.0
1.7
5.5
1.3
7.5
5.7
2.1

5.1
7.0
5.6
8.0
4.6
2.7
3.5
4.0
4.4
9.4
3.2
7.6
1.7
4.4
5.6
4.1
12.7
...
4.0
2.4
2.5
3.2
3.5
4.9
3.3
2.6
3.7
3.7
10.4
6.0
3.3
4.3
3.9
7.1
5.3
2.8
2.9
3.3
6.5
2.9
2.3
6.5
2.9
6.0
3.1
2.5
3.3
2.7
2.5
2.9
7.2
6.1
2.3

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Includes Secretariat estimates.

|
|
|

Table IV.57

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
100.0

-2

18

-3

36662
24756
5334
862
388
363
40

53.6
36.2
7.8
1.3
0.6
0.5
0.1

0
3
-10
20
30
6
2

28
10
-3
26
90
27
66

0
-2
-8
-61
188
-12
36

35997
4961
4682
4055
3654

52.6
7.3
6.8
5.9
5.3

0
-10
9
-7
1

28
-4
-11
12
20

-1
-9
0
0
-3

53350

78.0

-1

18

-2

2828
2798
2719
2713
836

4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
1.2

37
-1
5
14
25

52
14
27
1
28

13
-1
5
-18
-62

Thailand
Switzerland
Hong Kong, China
United Arab Emirates
Morocco

608
470
416
286
220

0.9
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.3

2
11
-16
131
-2

2
11
9
160
15

-2
38
-25
1501
-23

Mexico
Canada
India
Israel
Norway

190
182
137
94
83

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1

7
-24
35
0
18

34
-15
85
80
42

15
1
-7
-15
40

67931

99.3

Suppliers
European Union (25)
United States
Malaysia
Japan
Singapore
Above 5
China
Korea, Republic of
Taipei, Chinese
Philippines
Costa Rica

Above 20

2005

26721

100.0

20310
2881
2812
346
268
95
10

2000-05

2004

2005

-12

-4

76.0
10.8
10.5
1.3
1.0
0.4
0.0

-13
-6
-7
7
-12
-9
-6

11
-4
11
-23
12
15
42

-5
-2
9
-32
-24
-10
-5

3741
3474
3099
3089
2720

14.0
13.0
11.6
11.6
10.2

-6
-11
-19
-17
-6

23
1
18
17
-7

-1
-5
-7
-23
-2

16122

60.3

-13

10

-8

2406
1851
1644
1500
1168

9.0
6.9
6.2
5.6
4.4

-15
18
-5
-15
-9

-16
53
13
14
10

-1
31
37
1
-15

Thailand
Costa Rica
Israel
Hong Kong, China
Indonesia

678
331
268
211
186

2.5
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.7

-14
10
-12
-29
-8

8
-21
12
13
21

1
-33
-24
-21
8

Switzerland
Morocco
India
Australia
New Zealand

150
93
39
16
14

0.6
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1

-1
-8
8
12
15

78
14
84
-9
15

-9
-9
9
44
-3

26678

99.8

Region
68430

Europe
Asia
North America
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

2005

Annual percentage
change

World
Asia
Europe
North America
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Suppliers
Taipei, Chinese
Malaysia
Japan
Korea, Republic of
European Union (25)
Above 5
Philippines
China
Canada
Singapore
Mexico

Above 20

Trade by sector

World

Share

155

Table IV.57 (continued)

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005
(Million dollars and percentage)
China a

Value
2005

Share
2005

Singapore
Annual percentage
change

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World
Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Africa
Middle East
CIS

Trade by sector

Above 5

2005

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

2005

Region
95316

100.0

35

42

28

85199
5334
3495
892
220
140
37

89.4
5.6
3.7
0.9
0.2
0.1
0.0

38
29
9
155
47
123
32

39
73
56
21
56
858
85

29
16
22
40
39
-21
6

20949
16069
12868
10857
8369

22.0
16.9
13.5
11.4
8.8

42
39
19
49
65

47
63
14
39
48

27
57
1
28
44

Suppliers
Taipei, Chinese
Korea, Republic of
Japan
Malaysia
Philippines

2005

Share

World
Asia
Europe
North America
Africa
South and Central America
Middle East
CIS

41725

100.0

31

12

33445
3972
3816
275
141
74
2

80.2
9.5
9.1
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.0

9
2
-4
12
44
19
14

33
13
38
12
149
35
85

15
-5
7
31
14
-9
104

8860
7735
4352
4139
3479

21.2
18.5
10.4
9.9
8.3

3
23
15
-6
-5

9
53
65
22
40

2
37
31
0
6

28566

68.5

29

14

3189
3084
2572
969
937

7.6
7.4
6.2
2.3
2.2

5
6
45
6
8

12
66
63
41
38

-2
8
45
-3
2

Suppliers
Malaysia
Taipei, Chinese
Korea, Republic of
Japan
United States

69112

72.5

37

39

29

China
United States
Singapore
European Union (25)
Thailand

7442
4563
4244
3388
2189

7.8
4.8
4.5
3.6
2.3

70
27
41
8
32

73
76
41
55
36

57
13
26
22
27

European Union (25)


Philippines
China
Hong Kong, China
Thailand

Hong Kong, China


Costa Rica
Mexico
Canada
Indonesia

1910
880
414
357
222

2.0
0.9
0.4
0.4
0.2

9
159
44
44
35

-4
21
12
332
90

-8
42
19
65
-23

Switzerland
Indonesia
Morocco
Canada
Costa Rica

771
748
273
220
138

1.8
1.8
0.7
0.5
0.3

-7
...
12
15
71

14
18
12
-4
151

-14
-2
30
48
12

Morocco
Israel
Switzerland
Russian Federation
India

219
134
98
33
30

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

47
123
53
34
68

58
871
88
79
111

39
-24
25
7
89

Mexico
Israel
India
Australia
Macao, China

117
68
21
11
8

0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0

3
17
26
7
115

44
39
18
-30
344

-15
-10
100
170
474

95234

99.9

41691

99.9

Above 20

Above 5

Above 20

a In 2005, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 8 per cent of its integrated circuits and electronic components imports. For further information, see the Technical
Notes.

156

Table IV.58

Leading exporters and importers of integrated circuits and electronic components, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

60.4
24.4

19.1
7.3

17.5
7.1

1
2

-3
23

20
21

-2
-4

Singapore

53.9

11.2

15.6

26

31

11

domestic exports
re-exports
United States

19.4
34.5
48.2

5.0
6.2
20.4

5.6
10.0
14.0

5
13
-5

39
19
7

27
33
3

6
15
-2

Japan

39.9

13.8

11.6

-1

14

15

-2

Hong Kong, China

30.6

17

22

32

16

domestic exports
re-exports
Taipei, Chinese

1.5
29.1
30.1

0.8
3.7
7.1

0.4
8.4
8.7

-10
20
7

-47
29
19

42
32
33

34
16
12
12

Exporters
European Union (25)
extra-EU (25) exports

Korea, Republic of

27.5

8.0

8.0

19

28

Malaysia a

23.8

6.1

6.9

17

China a, b

20.4

1.7

5.9

31

43

56

26

Philippines a

15.0

5.4

4.3

-2

10

-4

-1

Thailand

6.5

1.9

1.9

...

Canada

2.6

1.1

0.8

-5

16

26

Mexico

2.2

1.0

0.6

-6

15

16

-12

Israel c

1.1

0.6

0.3

-9

-5

19

-10

Switzerland

0.8

0.2

0.2

17

35

334.0

98.5

96.8

Above 15

China a, b

95.3

6.5

24.6

35

49

42

28

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

68.4
32.4

23.2
12.1

17.7
8.4

-2
-4

-5
13

18
9

-3
-5

Hong Kong, China


retained imports

41.9
...

...

...

16
...

24
...

37
...

14
...

Singapore

41.7

9.5

10.8

18

31

12

7.2

3.6

1.9

-9

15

23

Taipei, Chinese

28.5

7.3

7.4

20

Malaysia a

27.9

7.6

7.2

United States

26.7

15.4

6.9

-12

-6

-4

Korea, Republic of

23.9

6.3

6.2

20

Japan

21.3

6.1

5.5

14

21

Philippines a

14.4

2.4

3.7

14

34

-8

Mexico d

11.5

4.3

3.0

-4

-15

20

-3

Thailand

9.5

2.6

2.5

...

20

Canada d

4.4

2.6

1.1

-12

-2

33

15

Brazil

3.4

0.8

0.9

11

40

20

Costa Rica a

1.6

0.2

0.4

18

20

-15

44

378.5

94.9

97.7

retained imports

Above 15 e
a
b
c
d
e

Trade by sector

Importers

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


In 2005, China reported imports of integrated circuits and electronic components from China amounting to $7.4 billion. For further information, see the Technical Notes.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Excludes retained imports of Hong Kong, China.

157

Table IV.59

Exports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Value
1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

...

307528

278694

330198

345195

4.9

3.4

20
79
...
...
128
...
...
2562
550
2012
39
18
143
13391
5364
...
4321
...
110
1
11
1053
...
3675
2844
830
...
...
231
2435
901
0
1
...
13991
...

132
33
234
7
3459
5352
51
3
58742
36212
22530
14046
2520
11525
86
739
1782
42454
24688
3
18729
3064
480
17
30
16663
45
102
34436
15433
19003
25
...
677
21767
5876
19
11
10
46
62824
85

171
34
213
20
1782
10401
95
46
51478
30454
21024
19832
801
19031
175
721
1067
35256
19111
3
22406
2172
601
28
86
15900
19
121
37039
14450
22589
74
3
569
20270
6307
19
15
41
129
47769
114

217
35
212
23
2074
16184
258
58
61801
36304
25497
26277
1138
25139
227
762
1269
40653
24446
5
23500
2523
630
47
84
15186
45
182
48459
18357
30102
107
3
768
26922
6322
21
19
17
169
49274
151

232
36
169
44
2609
20413
813
51
60412
35997
24415
30590
1522
29068
242
738
1139
39885
27488
...
23759
2220
621
58
122
15002
49
131
53866
19380
34486
130
4
838
30086
6538
...
25
23
...
48240
...

0.2
0.4
0.4
0.2
1.3
2.1
0.9
0.1
2.4
2.2
2.8
6.9
10.7
6.4
0.2
1.2
5.7
8.9
14.3
0.1
19.1
1.8
6.5
0.1
0.1
41.9
0.4
0.1
25.0
19.6
32.2
0.1
...
0.8
14.7
8.5
0.3
0.0
0.1
0.1
8.0
0.6

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.7
2.7
11.6
0.6
1.5
1.3
1.8
10.5
7.6
10.7
0.2
0.9
2.7
6.7
9.7
0.2
16.9
1.0
5.8
0.3
0.1
36.4
0.2
0.1
23.5
15.9
31.9
0.3
0.1
0.6
15.9
5.9
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.2
5.3
0.6

Trade by sector

World
Australia
Belarus
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
China b
Costa Rica b
Croatia
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India c
Indonesia
Israel c
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Macao, China
Malaysia b
Mexico b
Morocco b
New Zealand
Norway
Philippines b, c
Romania
Russian Federation
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports c
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates c
United States
Viet Nam c

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.

158

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

|
|
|

2000

2005 a

Table IV.60

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

Algeria
Argentina
Australia b
Belarus
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada b
Chile
China c
Colombia
Costa Rica c
Croatia
European Union (25) d
extra-EU (25) imports
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India e
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of e
Israel e
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia c
Mexico b, c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Norway
Pakistan e
Philippines c, e
Romania
Russian Federation b
Singapore
retained imports e
South Africa b
Sri Lanka
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates e
United States
Viet Nam e
a
b
c
d
e

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

27
62
263
490
...
2333
9
747
24
10
...
3705
...
251
156
...
198
3319
4560
3812
...
109
20
110
6
1021
...
4489
3659
...
3
377
4119
1313
27
361
...
13139
...

34
182
867
45
2639
28
8314
67
21156
31
688
17
75081
39143
20286
...
525
87
120
1508
19846
20470
24513
13961
291
75
216
9
7605
390
160
30556 |
11553 |
301
...
965 |
23740
8366
35
937
36
100
49581
490

53
79
797
63
2035
71
2845
74
52523
32
1283
72
59856
31556
26820
...
832
105
220
718
17420
21105
24736
9809
213
98
173
29
11713
394
577
28444
5855
232
17
772
22174
7566
46
1424
85
284
25605
359

87
174
941
122
2848
91
3784
106
74455
47
1086
85
70608
34304
36654
...
895
180
247
1271
21092
23061
26679
11796
339
46
205
34
15717
412
794
37275
7173
293
25
940
26706
9081
58
1934
107
353
27821
560

88
287
863
91
3427
117
4369
121
95316
89
1560
68
68430
32433
41913
...
920
172
259
1095
21269
23871
27921
11490
361
124
227
66
14396
327
840
41725
7238
305
40
887
28510
9521
...
1539
158
...
26721
...

0.4
0.7
1.2
0.5
4.5
0.4
3.5
0.4
9.4
0.3
10.8
0.2
2.9
4.3
9.5
...
1.0
0.3
0.9
4.0
5.2
12.8
29.9
8.0
2.5
0.5
0.6
0.1
20.5
3.0
0.4
22.7
15.3
1.1
...
1.2
16.9
13.5
0.4
1.7
0.3
0.3
3.9
3.1

0.4
1.0
0.7
0.5
4.4
0.6
1.4
0.4
14.4
0.4
15.9
0.4
1.7
2.2
14.0
...
0.6
0.3
0.7
2.3
4.1
9.1
24.4
5.2
1.8
0.5
0.4
0.3
30.4
0.8
0.7
20.9
7.9
0.6
0.4
0.7
15.6
8.1
0.5
1.3
0.4
0.5
1.5
1.8

Trade by sector

Value

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Includes Secretariat estimates.

159

4.4 Automotive products


Table IV.61

Table IV.62

World trade in automotive products, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of automotive


products, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

914

Value

Annual percentage change


1980-85

1985-90

14

2000-05

2004

2005

Intra-Europe

391.3

11

20

Intra-North America

156.8

1995-00

2000-05

10

Asia to North America

74.3

10

2003

16

Europe to North America

51.3

12

2004

17

2005

Intra-Asia

47.2

17

23

12

9.0

Asia to Europe

37.8

12

29

12.5

Europe to Asia

21.7

12

-1

Share in world exports of manufactures

Trade by sector

2005

1990-95

Share in world merchandise trade

Table IV.63

Chart IV.10

Share of automotive products in trade in total


merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in automotive products,


2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

9.0

9.0

12.7
4.6
11.4
1.3
1.4
1.0
7.0
17.5
3.3

13.7
8.1
10.1
8.3
9.3
10.7
3.2
5.1
2.5

Share of automotive products in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

Europe

World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

North America

Asia
Exports
Imports

South and Central


America

Share of automotive products in manufactures


12.5

12.5

17.1
13.5
14.4
4.8
6.7
4.0
8.4
22.0
3.9

18.2
11.8
13.7
11.2
13.3
13.4
4.7
8.5
3.6

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Middle East

Africa
Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
0

160

Annual percentage change

10

20

30

40

50

60

Table IV.64

Exports of automotive products by principal region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in
Region's exports

Value

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

913.6

100.0

100.0

10

17

500.2

100.0

100.0

50.3

54.7

11

19

391.3

80.0

78.2

40.3

42.8

11

20

North America

51.3

10.3

10.3

5.2

5.6

12

Asia

21.7

4.3

4.3

2.2

2.4

12

-1

Africa

11.6

1.9

2.3

0.9

1.3

16

23

12

World
Europe
World
Europe

Middle East

9.8

1.5

2.0

0.8

1.1

18

32

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

8.2

0.7

1.6

0.3

0.9

33

23

18

South and Central America

4.6

1.3

0.9

0.6

0.5

20

19

12

Asia
World

194.7

100.0

100.0

19.8

21.3

11

20

North America

74.3

49.5

38.2

9.8

8.1

10

Asia

47.2

19.1

24.2

3.8

5.2

17

23

12

Europe

37.8

18.5

19.4

3.7

4.1

12

29

Middle East

14.8

6.0

7.6

1.2

1.6

17

19

20

Africa

7.4

2.5

3.8

0.5

0.8

21

51

35

South and Central America

7.0

4.0

3.6

0.8

0.8

42

31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

6.0

0.4

3.1

0.1

0.7

72

117

67

World

122.8

100.0

100.0

15.3

13.4

13

North America

55.0

54.5

44.8

8.3

6.0

Asia

25.6

17.2

20.8

2.6

2.8

11

17

Europe

22.1

17.4

18.0

2.7

2.4

20

-5

Middle East

8.5

5.1

7.0

0.8

0.9

14

14

South and Central America

4.2

3.5

3.4

0.5

0.5

31

17

Africa

3.8

2.1

3.1

0.3

0.4

15

41

11

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

3.5

0.2

2.9

0.0

0.4

77

106

56

188.1

100.0

100.0

27.5

20.6

10

156.8

88.6

83.4

24.3

17.2

12.8

4.9

6.8

1.3

1.4

11

10

Asia

6.6

3.6

3.5

1.0

0.7

19

Middle East

5.4

1.0

2.8

0.3

0.6

29

52

78

South and Central America

4.4

1.7

2.3

0.5

0.5

10

36

63

All other regions

2.1

0.3

1.1

0.1

0.2

34

37

71

37

Trade by sector

Japan

North America
World
North America
Europe

South and Central America


World

16.4

100.0

100.0

1.3

1.8

16

36

South and Central America

8.2

56.5

49.8

0.8

0.9

13

79

45

North America

4.6

28.2

28.1

0.4

0.5

16

16

Europe

1.9

12.2

11.4

0.2

0.2

15

15

84

All other regions

1.7

3.1

10.5

0.0

0.2

49

23

34

161

Table IV.65

Imports of automotive products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)

Value
2005

Share
2005

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

2005

Canada a

North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
All other regions

China
Brazil
Canada
Taipei, Chinese
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Above 10

58581

100.0

48106
6968
3193
293
22

82.1
11.9
5.4
0.5
0.0

3
10
13
21
11

7
9
22
-2
19

8
18
11
29
15

44722
4690
3171
3140
1410

76.3
8.0
5.4
5.4
2.4

3
6
13
4
22

7
-4
22
1
26

6
22
11
23
1

597
249
240
148
25

1.0
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.0

58
18
14
61

264
-5
30
-2

41
23
7
107

58393

99.7

World
North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
All other regions

100.0

94284
65572
43323
1908
359

45.9
31.9
21.1
0.9
0.2

2
5
8
15
14

10
10
5
-5
14

4
6
3
19
-47

Canada
Japan
European Union (25)
Mexico
Korea, Republic of

64419
49367
43061
29864
10608

31.4
24.0
21.0
14.5
5.2

2
2
8
1
14

12
5
5
5
25

4
8
3
3
-6

China
Taipei, Chinese
Brazil
Australia
India

2687
1553
1546
421
317

1.3
0.8
0.8
0.2
0.2

35
11
19
-1
20

44
22
-9
76
51

37
9
23
-30
37

Above 10

203844

99.2

Mexico a

Trade by sector

Brazil
Mexico
South Africa
Thailand
Switzerland
Above 10
a Imports are valued f.o.b.

162

Region
407535

100.0

11

17

362999
31965
9184
1608
1769

89.1
7.8
2.3
0.4
0.4

11
9
7
12
10

17
20
5
11
9

1
3
-6
72
2

352628
19828
7574
6351
5840

86.5
4.9
1.9
1.6
1.4

10
5
7
11
38

17
12
6
47
61

0
-4
-9
-15
-9

United States
European Union (25)
Brazil
Japan
Canada

1359
1185
1165
1026
967

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

13
7
11
6
9

13
-7
8
-8
22

82
12
0
-1
-5

Argentina
Korea, Republic of
China
India
Taipei, Chinese

397923

97.6

10

Suppliers
European Union (25)
Japan
United States
Korea, Republic of
Korea, Republic of

2005

Suppliers

Region

Europe
Asia
North America
South and Central America
All other regions

2004

205446

European Union (25)

World

2000-05

Region

Suppliers
United States
Japan
European Union (25)
Mexico
Korea, Republic of

2005

Annual percentage
change

United States

Region
World

Share

World
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Asia
All other regions

26319

100.0

16

17093
3487
3007
2715
12

64.9
13.2
11.4
10.3
0.0

1
9
24
18
62

5
2
17
44
201

12
16
24
34
83

15372
3371
2294
1968
1643

58.4
12.8
8.7
7.5
6.2

0
8
22
13
10

6
1
12
40
-5

9
15
24
37
48

539
230
215
136
87

2.0
0.9
0.8
0.5
0.3

64
27
103
85
14

41
-9
216
1166
24

15
17
86
3
7

25856

98.2

Suppliers

Above 10

Table IV.66

Leading exporters and importers of automotive products, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) exports

486.83
134.21

49.8
12.4

53.3
14.7

11
13

22
21

18
18

2
7

Japan

122.90

19.8

20.8

15.3

13.5

11

13

85.99

11.9

10.2

11.6

9.4

10

13

Exporters

United States
Canada

66.75

6.9

8.9

10.5

7.3

12

Korea, Republic of

37.75

0.1

0.7

2.6

4.1

20

33

40

17

Mexico a

35.38

0.3

1.4

5.3

3.9

-3

11

Brazil

11.97

1.1

0.6

0.8

1.3

21

33

33

38

China a

9.96

0.0

0.1

0.3

1.1

44

33

76

59

Turkey

9.36

0.0

0.0

0.3

1.0

43

57

59

16

Thailand

7.98

0.0

0.0

0.4

0.9

27

22

40

44

South Africa

4.35

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.5

21

29

19

18

Taipei, Chinese

3.82

...

0.3

0.4

0.4

11

22

23

Australia

3.52

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.4

10

18

12

14

Argentina

3.05

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.3

-9

44

39

United Arab Emirates b, c

2.97

...

0.0

0.2

0.3

...

14

31

...

892.60

...

...

98.6

97.7

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

407.54
54.91

41.8
5.4

44.1
5.9

11
11

24
27

17
20

1
5

United States

Above 15

205.45

20.3

24.7

28.8

22.2

Canada d

57.61

8.7

7.7

7.8

6.2

Mexico a, d

25.14

1.8

0.3

3.4

2.7

-5

16

Australia d

15.19

1.3

1.2

1.4

1.6

12

30

20

14

China a

13.55

0.6

0.6

0.6

1.5

29

84

13

-6

Japan

13.17

0.5

2.3

1.7

1.4

13

15

Russian Federation b

12.90

0.4

1.4

40

35

50

42

Turkey

11.96

...

0.4

1.0

1.3

15

122

85

Saudi Arabia b

11.64

2.7

0.9

0.6

1.3

25

11

24

55

South Africa d

9.27

...

...

0.4

1.0

31

41

45

30

Switzerland

8.52

1.8

1.9

1.1

0.9

12

11

United Arab Emirates b, c

6.05

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.7

...

32

36

...

Norway

5.25

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.6

15

18

32

15

Brazil

4.51

0.3

0.2

0.7

0.5

-5

16

30

Above 15

807.72

...

...

90.7

87.5

a
b
c
d

Trade by sector

Importers

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


Includes Secretariat estimates.
2004 instead of 2005.
Imports are valued f.o.b.

163

Table IV.67

Exports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Share in economy's total merchandise exports

Value
1990

Trade by sector

World
Argentina
Australia
Belarus
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
China b
Colombia
Croatia
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India c
Indonesia
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia b
Mexico b
Morocco b
New Zealand
Norway
Oman
Philippines b
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia c
Singapore
domestic exports c
re-exports c
South Africa
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates c
United States
Uruguay

318959 |
200
719
73
...
... |
28442
18
258
6
...
354
27
328
198
22
66195
19
2301
121
4383
28
49
305
119
23
32
354
229
348
82
266
249
591
829
108
30
153
1
32547
18

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.

164

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

576820

730213

857880

913606

9.2

9.0

2105
2151
740
223
4682
15
60656
203
1581
226
45
287190
215547
71643
764
23
741
640
369
88082
62
15194
307
30655
24
116
459
605
583
32
195
957
59
678 |
90
588 |
1708
772 |
2221
2401
63
1557
145
1253
67195
144

1516
2767
874
268
6530
28
56947
151
3571
117
85
403629
297365
106264
1788
13
1775
1318
583
102734
101
23116
392
30132
47
161
629
684
1106
61
465
1504
171
1482
161
1321
3103
1115
3039
3972
231
5112
126
2264
69245
27

2185
3088
1203
336
8679
35
63662
148
6272
406
131
476795
350904
125891
1542
6
1536
1863
857
115733
119
32320
554
31906
57
183
659
802
1351
78
764
2307
199
1951
234
1717
3702
1270
3743
5548
241
8103
223
2969
76417
47

3047
3525
1176
340
11970
57
66754
178
9957
645
161
486834
352628
134206
1549
9
1540
2588
1266
122903
110
37748
725
35382
53
198
698
...
1538
127
1357
2440
238
2310
273
2037
4352
1401
3820
7983
...
9360
308
...
85993
63

8.0
3.4
10.1
0.7
8.5
0.3
21.9
1.1
0.6
1.7
1.0
11.8
13.1
9.0
0.4
0.1
0.4
1.4
0.6
18.4
3.3
8.8
0.3
18.4
0.3
0.9
0.8
5.3
1.5
0.3
1.9
0.9
0.1
0.5
0.1
1.0
5.7
1.0
1.5
3.5
1.1
5.6
1.0
2.5
8.6
6.3

7.6
3.3
7.4
0.6
10.1
0.5
18.6
0.4
1.3
3.0
1.8
12.2
13.2
10.1
0.5
0.0
0.6
2.6
1.5
20.7
2.6
13.3
0.5
16.6
0.5
0.9
0.7
6.0
3.7
0.5
4.9
1.0
0.1
1.0
0.2
1.9
8.4
1.1
2.0
7.2
2.5
12.8
0.9
3.3
9.5
1.9

Table IV.68

Imports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

Algeria
Argentina
Australia b
Bahrain
Belarus
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada b
Chile
China c
Colombia
Croatia
Ecuador
Egypt
European Union (25) d
extra-EU (25) imports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
Iceland
India e
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of e
Israel e
Japan
Jordan
Kenya
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait e
Lebanon b
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Malaysia c
Mexico b, c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Peru
Philippines c
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia e
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
retained imports e
South Africa b, e
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates e
United States
Viet Nam e
a
b
c
d
e

1990

2000

658
183
3794
152
...
...
532
... |
24640
579
1796
416
...
157
416
117
994
666
107
260
1523
...
871
7327
108
255
929
453
...
518
1312
933
317
1012
1419
429
390
111
176
537
202
409
2839
...
1418
1152
...
6048
2565
2651
306
1177
964
79320
...

615
2678
8550
214
297
1451
...
4314
437
46276
1507
3798
590
831
184
514
246749
32138
481 |
2195
1455
229
370
1870
770
2298
9957
519
156
1773
1141
535
...
1833
20003
471
1480
2597
1109
324
332
510
974
409
427
2411
3815
294
2417 |
1829 |
2401
6222
2676
2084
595
5834
446
2384
170195
294

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

1054
1566
11101
593
673
600
217
2984
858
49102
1540
12778
1002
1491
719
344
344226
43664
692
2820
1044
263
670
1799
2279
1778
11130
401
253
3042
2202
582
621
2112
20194
686
2685
3462
1279
509
334
388
1126
610
1176
6072
6050
585
2624
1303
4924
7471
2571
3321
731
6209
1730
4439
181283
904

1781
3203
13324
488
981
1579
339
3464
1448
52848
2124
14428
1371
1585
812
408
403440
52536
820
2582
1045
376
988
2424
3436
2207
12802
590
317
3465
2421
800
633
2818
21731
914
3161
4576
1740
647
368
483
892
368
2526
9087
7505
858
3299
1582
7116
8328
3287
3871
934
11512
2317
6050
197000
1088

2244
4355
15186
475
494
3063
494
4506
1822
57614
3190
13545
1906
1614
1153
...
407535
54907
779
2429
889
640
1304
3140
3722
2695
13169
856
334
4096
3482
...
...
3395
25137
1154
3449
5247
...
1297
415
618
1024
1365
3686
12904
11637
677
3620
1583
9267
8519
3660
4322
...
11961
3112
...
205445
...

6.7
10.6
12.0
4.6
3.4
9.9
...
7.3
6.7
19.3
8.1
1.7
5.1
10.5
4.9
3.5
9.6
3.5
9.8
1.0
4.2
8.8
0.7
5.6
5.5
6.1
2.6
11.3
5.0
1.1
15.9
8.6
...
2.2
11.5
4.1
10.6
7.6
22.0
3.0
9.8
6.9
2.6
12.6
3.3
5.4
12.6
7.9
1.8
2.4
9.0
7.5
1.9
3.4
6.9
10.7
3.2
6.8
13.5
1.9

11.0
15.2
12.8
6.1
3.0
14.0
7.0
5.8
10.0
18.3
9.8
2.1
9.0
8.7
11.2
3.2
9.9
3.8
7.4
0.8
3.2
12.9
0.9
5.4
10.4
5.7
2.6
8.2
5.4
1.6
21.4
8.5
10.0
3.0
11.4
5.7
13.1
9.5
20.2
5.1
10.0
4.9
2.2
13.6
9.1
10.3
19.6
5.8
1.8
1.7
16.8
6.7
2.0
3.7
7.3
10.3
8.6
8.4
11.9
3.5

Trade by sector

Value

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Includes Secretariat estimates.

165

4.5 Textiles
Table IV.69

Table IV.70

World trade in textiles, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of textiles, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

203

Value

Trade by sector

Annual percentage change


1980-85

-1

1985-90

15

1990-95

1995-00

2000-05

2003

13

2004

12

2005

Share in world merchandise trade

2.0

Share in world exports of manufactures

2.8

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Intra-Europe

59.2

11

-5

Intra-Asia

45.6

11

Asia to Europe

16.4

11

14

19

Asia to North America

15.5

11

13

20

Intra-North America

10.6

-1

Asia to Middle East

6.5

10

Asia to Africa

5.3

14

18

14

Table IV.71

Chart IV.11

Share of textiles in trade in total merchandise and in


manufactures by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in textiles, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

2.0

2.0

1.1
0.8
1.8
0.5
0.5
1.2
3.4
1.0
4.2

1.5
3.0
1.8
2.5
4.2
3.8
2.1
1.4
2.4

Share of textiles in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

Europe

World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

Asia

North America
Exports
Imports
Middle East

Share of textiles in manufactures


2.8

2.8

1.5
2.3
2.3
1.9
2.2
4.9
4.1
1.3
5.0

2.0
4.4
2.4
3.4
5.9
4.7
3.2
2.4
3.4

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

South and Central


America

Africa
Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
0

166

Annual percentage change

10

20

30

40

50

60

Table IV.72

Textile exports by principal region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in
Region's exports

Value

World

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

203.0

100.0

100.0

12

11

Asia
World

94.8

100.0

100.0

44.2

46.7

13

Asia

45.6

56.8

48.1

25.1

22.4

11

Europe

16.4

14.3

17.2

6.3

8.1

11

14

19

North America

20

15.5

13.1

16.3

5.8

7.6

11

13

Middle East

6.5

6.3

6.9

2.8

3.2

10

Africa

5.3

4.0

5.6

1.8

2.6

14

18

14

South and Central America

3.6

4.5

3.8

2.0

1.8

32

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

2.0

0.8

2.1

0.3

1.0

31

26

59

-3

Japan
World

6.9

100.0

100.0

4.5

3.4

11

Asia

5.4

76.2

78.7

3.4

2.7

11

-4

Europe

0.6

9.6

8.5

0.4

0.3

-3

11

-4

North America

0.6

9.1

8.1

0.4

0.3

-3

12

-3

Middle East

0.3

3.9

3.7

0.2

0.1

-1

All other regions

0.1

1.1

0.9

0.1

0.0

-4

12

World

87.9

100.0

100.0

39.7

43.3

13

Asia

40.1

54.7

45.7

21.7

19.8

10

Europe

15.8

14.8

17.9

5.9

7.8

11

14

20

North America

21

14.9

13.6

17.0

5.4

7.3

12

13

Middle East

6.2

6.6

7.1

2.6

3.1

10

Africa

5.2

4.4

6.0

1.8

2.6

14

18

14

South and Central America

3.6

4.9

4.1

2.0

1.8

32

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

2.0

0.8

2.3

0.3

1.0

31

26

59

78.5

100.0

100.0

39.7

38.7

12

-4

59.2

77.3

75.4

30.7

29.2

11

-5

Asia

4.9

5.8

6.2

2.3

2.4

14

-1

North America

4.7

6.3

6.0

2.5

2.3

15

Africa

4.2

5.4

5.3

2.2

2.1

-5

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

2.6

1.8

3.3

0.7

1.3

18

23

12

Middle East

1.7

1.9

2.1

0.8

0.8

22

South and Central America

0.5

1.0

0.7

0.4

0.3

-2

26

-3

17.0

100.0

100.0

10.0

8.4

10.6

69.0

62.3

6.9

5.2

-1

South and Central America

3.2

10.2

18.7

1.0

1.6

15

15

-2

Asia

1.6

9.3

9.5

0.9

0.8

10

Europe

1.3

9.9

7.9

1.0

0.7

-3

Middle East

0.2

1.0

0.9

0.1

0.1

All other regions

0.1

0.8

0.8

0.1

0.1

Trade by sector

Other economies in Asia

Europe
World
Europe

North America
World
North America

167

Table IV.73

Textile imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
Canada a

Value

Share

2005

2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

22538

100.0

13

13172
4013
3819
671
579
225
58

58.4
17.8
16.9
3.0
2.6
1.0
0.3

11
3
2
10
7
7
-7

17
12
6
14
14
-3
20

15
0
2
1
1
15
-26

6064
3164
2060
2036
1759

26.9
14.0
9.1
9.0
7.8

26
2
1
11
2

27
10
5
17
7

32
-1
1
14
4

15083

66.9

10

15

13

1704
1007
723
675
578

7.6
4.5
3.2
3.0
2.6

12
0
10
-3
-2

18
1
22
-1
12

15
-1
10
-6
-4

Region
100.0

2560
1165
481
57
41
14
3

59.3
27.0
11.1
1.3
0.9
0.3
0.1

-1
6
3
1
8
4
7

5
10
11
15
3
-1
-19

5
10
-3
-2
13
6
37

2415
579
407
169
126

55.9
13.4
9.4
3.9
2.9

-2
19
2
8
8

5
27
10
11
4

4
21
-4
4
4

3696

85.6

101
86
81
58
41

2.3
2.0
1.9
1.3
1.0

0
-8
-5
12
-1

-9
-10
5
22
16

15
-17
10
11
-10

Pakistan
Korea, Republic of
Turkey
Taipei, Chinese
Japan

Indonesia
Brazil
Israel
Bangladesh
Thailand

28
28
28
27
19

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.4

-10
1
23
31
-3

-10
15
22
2
-25

-2
-1
13
20
-5

Brazil
Israel
Thailand
Indonesia
Egypt

383
357
335
213
180

1.7
1.6
1.5
0.9
0.8

13
9
-2
1
9

14
15
18
16
-6

-4
3
-12
1
21

Canada
Switzerland
Egypt
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Colombia

19
11
10
9
9

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

2
11
-7
19

1
11
-36
25

-3
22
8
6

Iran, Islamic Rep. of


Bangladesh
Dominican Republic
Switzerland
Hong Kong, China

132
121
92
85
78

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3

2
3
21
-2
-20

-6
4
5
12
-11

5
-3
15
-6
-17

Viet Nam
Hong Kong, China
Malaysia
Haiti
Australia

8
5
5
5
5

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

11
-27
-1
23
-12

11
-43
-10
123
12

34
-29
27
-28
1

Philippines
Viet Nam
Malaysia
Colombia
Australia

66
64
61
53
42

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2

-13
114
-8
6
0

-9
75
-2
17
2

-37
-11
-11
-3
19

Uruguay
South Africa
Nepal
Philippines
New Zealand

4
3
3
3
3

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0
-6
13
1
13

-14
-20
37
43
15

-21
-23
47
-20
19

Nepal
Bahrain
Sri Lanka
South Africa
El Salvador

41
41
41
36
27

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

0
17
-20
1
-4

25
101
-20
1
-1

8
-18
-13
-5
-25

Norway
Chile
Peru
El Salvador
Honduras

2
2
2
1
1

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

-6
-13
-2
16
59

-25
-33
24
10
129

21
-21
37
13
157

Saudi Arabia
New Zealand
Peru
United Arab Emirates
Romania

24
24
23
22
21

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3
2
-1
1
8

39
10
30
-2
-16

16
12
38
0
8

United Arab Emirates


Romania
Sri Lanka
Russian Federation
Bulgaria

1
1
1
1
1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

1
-17
-17
-3
9

535
8
-58
-19
72

10
-29
91
27
-33

Turkmenistan
Guatemala
Cambodia
Bulgaria
Ukraine

19
18
15
12
12

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

42
6
20
11
21

62
5
9
7
810

-33
12
5
-71
4

4310

99.8

22408

99.4

Suppliers
United States
China
European Union (25)
India
Mexico
Above 5
Pakistan
Korea, Republic of
Taipei, Chinese
Turkey
Japan

Trade by sector

Annual percentage
change

4320

North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Above 40

168

Share

World
Asia
Europe
North America
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Suppliers
China
European Union (25)
Canada
India
Mexico
Above 5

Above 40

Table IV.73 (continued)

Textile imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
Mexico

Value

Share

2005

2005

European Union (25)


Annual percentage
change

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region

Annual percentage
change

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

65825

100

11

-4

50095
12249
1220
938
668
448
203

76.1
18.6
1.9
1.4
1.0
0.7
0.3

3
7
-6
4
-2
5
3

10
17
-5
17
7
10
-2

-6
5
1
-5
-10
-20
-16

44464
4904
3498
2474
1527

67.5
7.5
5.3
3.8
2.3

3
20
12
6
9

9
29
20
20
21

-7
25
3
3
-12

56868

86.4

12

-4

1125
1085
820
549
501

1.7
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.8

-2
-6
-4
-6
25

1
-6
-5
4
27

-8
1
-8
-7
5

Region
6016

100.0

4337
1060
392
204
15
5
4

72.1
17.6
6.5
3.4
0.2
0.1
0.1

-2
6
13
17
28
43
39

2
17
7
31
114
82
47

0
23
6
27
-6
9
121

4213
580
369
130
124

70.0
9.6
6.1
2.2
2.1

-2
39
13
-19
9

2
79
7
-39
17

0
40
4
5
16

5416

90.0

111
51
48
42
40

1.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7

-4
18
28
8
7

3
24
23
33
21

4
-3
21
31
23

Switzerland
United States
Korea, Republic of
Japan
Romania

India
Guatemala
Japan
Chile
Thailand

36
31
31
30
23

0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4

16
35
3
8
7

35
72
7
21
16

29
23
17
19
31

Indonesia
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Egypt
Israel

463
455
348
343
267

0.7
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.4

-5
-7
-1
3
4

-2
-9
11
13
7

-10
-3
1
2
8

Dominican Republic
Israel
Malaysia
Uruguay
Philippines

17
14
14
13
13

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

164
39
12
9
66

889
126
72
13
812

504
-7
15
4
60

Tunisia
Bulgaria
Bangladesh
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Malaysia

265
223
216
205
158

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2

11
27
12
-8
3

14
31
52
6
11

-6
4
1
-16
-5

Hong Kong, China


Turkey
El Salvador
Switzerland
Peru

12
10
9
8
6

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

-17
2
24
14
24

-60
5
87
9
58

-44
3
-7
77
25

Norway
Morocco
Russian Federation
Brazil
Viet Nam

150
136
132
126
113

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

5
7
-2
2
15

16
28
5
-4
26

2
-9
-31
-21
-7

Bangladesh
Costa Rica
Cambodia
Argentina
Viet Nam

6
5
4
4
3

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

2
11
8
37

69
39
-79
-38
255

39
14
6751
42
35

South Africa
Belarus
Croatia
Ukraine
Mexico

111
96
74
69
68

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

7
10
2
10
8

17
13
2
2
3

-7
-2
-15
-7
3

Ukraine
South Africa
Morocco
Bulgaria
Egypt

3
2
1
1
1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

114
54
137
82
30

17
36
5860
-6
46

129
42
43
-22
-8

Canada
Hong Kong, China
Syrian Arab Republic
Uzbekistan
United Arab Emirates

68
67
63
62
57

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

-8
-1
-5
1
0

12
17
-2
8
29

-6
-19
-38
-42
-13

Nepal
Sri Lanka
Singapore
Australia
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of

1
1
1
1
1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

29
-20
-23
6
-28

-29
-27
-38
227
549

151
-45
28
-61
-87

Nepal
Bahrain
Moldova
Philippines
Peru

56
41
39
36
30

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0

-11
-2
13
3
3

15
-10
39
21
35

-7
-14
6
-10
-1

6007

99.9

65485

99.5

North America
Asia
Europe
South and Central America
Middle East
Africa
CIS

Suppliers
United States
China
European Union (25)
Korea, Republic of
Canada
Above 5
Taipei, Chinese
Pakistan
Brazil
Indonesia
Colombia

Above 40

World
Europe
Asia
North America
Africa
Middle East
CIS
South and Central America

Suppliers
European Union (25)
China
Turkey
India
Pakistan
Above 5

Above 40

Trade by sector

World

Share

169

Table IV.73 (continued)

Textile imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
China b

Value

Share

2005

2005

Japan
Annual percentage
change

2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World
Asia
Europe
North America
Middle East
South and Central America
CIS
Africa

Trade by sector

Above 5

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

15503

100.0

14221
840
395
16
13
10
7

91.7
5.4
2.6
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0

3
19
21
26
44
-10
7

7
26
20
90
-47
30
-1

0
15
17
12
45
0
30

3205
3195
2732
2524
1168

20.7
20.6
17.6
16.3
7.5

2
1
17
-1
-3

15
3
8
3
-4

-4
-3
12
0
-9

World
Asia
Europe
North America
Middle East
South and Central America
Africa
CIS

5812

100.0

11

4693
772
281
26
22
11
8

80.8
13.3
4.8
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.1

5
1
-5
-9
-2
1
-10

12
8
5
22
2
4
-3

6
-4
-1
-8
-4
-7
-10

3037
721
349
328
302

52.3
12.4
6.0
5.6
5.2

8
1
2
-4
2

14
8
4
4
26

9
-4
-3
3
0

4737

81.5

12

264
178
157
128
75

4.5
3.1
2.7
2.2
1.3

-5
8
-2
6
-13

5
19
-4
22
14

-1
1
-7
12
-13

Suppliers
China
European Union (25)
Indonesia
Korea, Republic of
Taipei, Chinese

12825

82.7

European Union (25)


Pakistan
United States
Thailand
Indonesia

793
574
372
225
192

5.1
3.7
2.4
1.5
1.2

18
7
20
19
-1

25
-2
18
57
-7

16
28
20
3
-4

United States
Thailand
India
Viet Nam
Pakistan

India
Malaysia
Singapore
Viet Nam
Australia

142
111
44
31
29

0.9
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.2

-6
6
0
14
11

35
49
-12
10
14

-24
20
-15
14
4

Malaysia
Philippines
Switzerland
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Turkey

56
30
26
23
22

1.0
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4

-9
2
0
-8
1

-5
-13
25
30
-11

-1
6
-11
-9
13

25
18
16
15
13

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

33
25
28
29
-24

54
37
27
69
-30

5
-16
75
-19
-72

Hong Kong, China


Bangladesh
Brazil
Canada
Macao, China

15
13
12
10
10

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

4
0
-8
6
21

23
6
31
10
8

-27
12
-16
6
25

Mexico
Cambodia
Brazil
Israel
Bahrain

8
8
8
6
4

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

54
424
108
43
30

21
168
-72
157
137

0
-14
113
4
0

Australia
Mexico
Peru
Egypt
Uzbekistan

7
6
5
4
3

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

-4
-7
-2
-8
-24

2
6
-26
0
-12

-7
0
-19
-7
-37

Russian Federation
New Zealand
Belarus
South Africa
Saudi Arabia

4
4
3
3
3

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

-12
16
10
30
36

28
134
47
13
29

-16
-14
-19
48
25

South Africa
Argentina
Russian Federation
Sri Lanka
Singapore

3
3
2
2
2

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

18
165
18
-1
-6

-4
303
69
33
1

-25
191
32
37
5

Bangladesh
Norway
United Arab Emirates
Uruguay
Egypt

3
2
2
2
2

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

33
12
4
60
-3

77
10
6
-12
-48

29
73
48
113
79

New Zealand
Norway
Ukraine
Israel
Tanzania

2
2
2
2
1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

7
38
95
-7
-3

46
104
-17
-44
-7

-16
208
27
11
-3

Peru
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of
Ukraine
Nepal
Mongolia

2
2
1
1
1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

16
44
29
36
-31

-5
44
-33
39
-8

2
294
262
126
-77

Uruguay
Tunisia
Bulgaria
Myanmar
Nepal

1
1
1
1
1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

222
-56
82 12283
11
10
-2
-33
-5
-30

83
70
-5
21
23

15494

99.9

5808

99.9

Turkey
Switzerland
Philippines
Canada
Macao, China

Above 40

Above 5

Above 40

a Imports are valued f.o.b.


b In 2005, China reported imports from China accounting for 18 per cent of its textile imports. For further information, see the Technical Notes.

170

Annual percentage
change

Region

Suppliers
Japan
Taipei, Chinese
China
Korea, Republic of
Hong Kong, China

Share

Table IV.74

Leading exporters and importers of textiles, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

67.98
23.51

35.9
11.0

33.5
11.6

4
6

14
15

11
15

-6
-3

China a, b

41.05

4.6

6.9

10.3

20.2

21

31

24

23

Hong Kong, China


domestic exports
re-exports

13.83
0.60
13.23

1.7
1.6

2.1
5.8

0.7
7.8

0.3
6.5

1
-12
2

5
-23
8

9
-10
10

-3
-12
-3

United States

12.38

6.8

4.8

7.0

6.1

10

Korea, Republic of

10.39

4.0

5.8

8.1

5.1

-4

-2

-4

Taipei, Chinese

9.71

3.2

5.9

7.6

4.8

-4

-2

-3

India c

7.85

2.4

2.1

3.8

3.9

14

12

Pakistan

7.09

1.6

2.6

2.9

3.5

21

16

Turkey

7.07

0.6

1.4

2.3

3.5

14

24

22

10
-3

Exporters
European Union (25)
extra-EU (25) exports

Japan

6.91

9.3

5.6

4.5

3.4

11

Indonesia

3.45

0.1

1.2

2.2

1.7

Thailand

2.76

0.6

0.9

1.2

1.4

19

Canada

2.46

0.6

0.7

1.4

1.2

Mexico a

2.13

0.2

0.7

1.6

1.1

-4

-5

-1

United Arab Emirates c, d

1.70

0.1

0.0

0.8

0.9

...

11

45

...

183.52

...

...

90.5

90.5

European Union (25)


extra-EU (25) imports

65.83
21.36

33.2
9.8

30.8
10.0

4
6

14
15

11
14

-4
2

United States

22.54

4.5

6.2

9.6

10.5

13

China a, b

15.50

1.9

4.9

7.7

7.2

Hong Kong, China


retained imports

13.79
0.57

3.7

3.8

0.9

0.3

0
-17

7
-4

9
-17

-2
14

Mexico a, e

6.02

0.2

0.9

3.5

2.8

-2

Japan

5.81

2.9

3.8

3.0

2.7

11

11

Turkey

4.43

0.1

0.5

1.3

2.1

16

21

21

Above 15

Canada e

4.32

2.3

2.2

2.5

2.0

Korea, Republic of

3.54

0.7

1.8

2.0

1.7

-3

Viet Nam c

3.33

...

...

0.8

1.6

19

18

21

13
-1

Romania

3.31

...

0.1

1.0

1.5

14

21

16

United Arab Emirates c, d

3.22

0.8

0.9

1.2

1.6

...

11

36

...

Russian Federation c

2.68

0.8

1.3

17

31

18

19

India c

2.10

0.1

0.2

0.3

1.0

30

24

26

51

Thailand

1.99

0.3

0.8

1.0

0.9

13

145.19

...

...

68.8

67.9

Above 15
a
b
c
d
e

Trade by sector

Importers

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


In 2005, China reported imports of textiles from China amounting to $2.7 billion. For further information, see the Technical Notes.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
2004 instead of 2005.
Imports are valued f.o.b.

171

Table IV.75

Textile exports of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)
Value
1990

Trade by sector

World

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

104354 |

157060

173727

195378

202966

2.5

2.0

158
152
343
...
... |
687
33
7219
133
...
554
34
8213
2171
6042
2180
1241
510
270
5871
6076
136
343
35
713
203
82
135
2663
221
132
125
31
903
141
762
167
25
2557
555
6128
...
928
112
1440
6
5039
...

257
347
355
410
897
119
2204
114
16135
268
87
412
56456
39184
17272
53
13441
1176
12265
5998
3505
766
490
7023
12710
272
1270
81
2571
123
182
142
4532
128
297
196
437
114
907
293
614
240
244
1503
158
11891
11
1960
154
3672
127
1289
10952
299

154
309
128
449
1106
243
2264
87
26900
228
111
278
64893
43706
21187
115
13087
757
12330
6846
2923
800
606
6431
10779
303
1017
77
2096
129
107
222
5811
119
270
444
552
158
963
262
701
298
161
1550
241
9303
20
2161
268
5262
205
1172
10886
473

198
327
204
514
1244
310
2431
110
33428
314
118
274
72196
47889
24307
157
14296
684
13612
7009
3152
817
683
7138
10839
313
1227
83
2071
146
...
252
6125
149
257
562
633
186
977
260
717
301
149
1644
189
10038
38
2563
325
6428
227
1697
11989
534

212
329
221
474
1326
317
2464
120
41050
355
107
...
67977
44464
23513
175
13830
604
13226
7850
3447
848
694
6905
10391
275
1356
75
2133
144
...
257
7087
158
265
673
492
222
916
234
682
312
136
1546
...
9706
...
2764
305
7068
239
...
12379
...

1.0
0.5
7.1
5.6
1.6
2.5
0.8
0.6
6.5
2.0
2.0
8.0
2.3
2.4
2.2
2.0
6.6
5.0
6.8
13.3
5.6
2.7
1.6
1.5
7.4
10.7
1.3
5.2
1.5
1.7
22.7
1.1
50.2
1.8
0.7
1.9
0.4
0.1
0.7
0.4
1.0
0.8
4.5
1.9
3.4
8.0
1.7
2.8
2.6
13.2
0.9
2.6
1.4
2.1

0.5
0.3
2.6
3.0
1.1
2.7
0.7
0.3
5.4
1.7
1.2
3.2
1.7
1.7
1.8
3.3
4.7
3.0
4.9
7.8
4.0
1.5
1.6
1.2
3.6
11.1
1.0
3.5
1.0
1.3
16.2
1.2
44.5
0.9
0.6
2.4
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.2
0.6
0.6
2.1
1.2
3.5
5.1
2.8
2.5
2.9
9.6
0.7
1.9
1.4
2.1

Argentina
Australia
Bangladesh
Belarus
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
China b
Colombia
Croatia
Egypt
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India c
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of c
Israel c
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Macao, China
Malaysia b
Mauritius b, c
Mexico b
Morocco b
Nepal
New Zealand
Pakistan
Peru
Philippines b
Romania
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia c
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports c
South Africa
Sri Lanka c
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Taipei, Chinese
Tanzania
Thailand
Tunisia c
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United States
Viet Nam c
a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.

172

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

|
|
|

Table IV.76

Textile imports of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

Argentina
Australia b
Bangladesh c
Belarus
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cambodia b, c
Canada b
Chile
China d
Colombia
Costa Rica d
Croatia
Egypt c
El Salvador c, d
European Union (25) e
extra-EU (25) imports
FYR Macedonia
Guatemala
Honduras c, f
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India c
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of c
Israel c
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait c
Lebanon
Macao, China
Madagascar b, c
Malaysia d
Mauritius c
Mexico b, d
Morocco d
New Zealand
Norway
Pakistan
Peru
Philippines d
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia c
Singapore
retained imports c
South Africa b
Sri Lanka c
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia c
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United States
Viet Nam c
a
b
c
d
e
f

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

53
1442
452
112
...
... |
...
2325
203
5292
75
83
...
211
111
...
38
26
10182
4140
240
785
...
474
4133
107
1947
168
...
619
11
951
336
992
361
396
554
126
17
910
67
1312
1778
1016
561
412
1849
168
1013
898
790
567
983
6730
...

619
1632
1140
256
286
1110
506
432
4126
431
12832
558
184
249
567
364
55264
16224
27
59 |
510
13716
1451
575
1251
298
759
4935
172
3359
212
178
902
197
1114
411
5822
1364
369
509
130
165
1250
1715
1247
986
1275 |
661 |
570
1483
1326
399
1460
1630
1207
2124
450
2055
15985
1379

454
1662
1405
322
138
810
956
713
3849
359
14217
548
211
428
683
423
62236
18378
27
1142
1038
12931
601
1110
663
307
658
5031
471
3131
278
181
770
144
839
338
5458
1710
430
596
255
207
1070
2871
1904
1053
1049
348
640
1380
1499
341
1181
1629
1496
3441
644
2370
18251
2441

585
1825
1471
403
365
1084
1105
867
4115
421
15304
675
227
453
886
448
68881
20992
106
1361
1244
14110
498
1394
739
378
761
5599
646
3385
277
224
799
288
967
335
5752
1799
473
657
310
264
975
3329
2250
1207
1065
348
820
1534
1669
337
1251
1847
1665
4170
743
3220
20662
2948

725
1766
1750
351
504
1228
1097
1013
4320
461
15503
726
243
448
...
412
65825
21361
317
1169
1195
13793
567
2105
756
433
728
5812
681
3541
324
...
705
282
987
251
6016
1715
516
710
471
324
1092
3310
2684
1536
1037
356
872
1547
1682
...
1117
1986
1783
4434
900
...
22538
3332

2.5
2.3
15.1
3.0
2.0
1.9
7.8
30.0
1.7
2.3
5.7
4.8
2.9
3.2
3.8
7.4
2.2
1.8
1.3
1.2
15.4
6.4
4.2
1.1
3.7
2.1
2.0
1.3
3.7
2.1
3.0
2.9
40.0
19.8
1.4
19.6
3.3
11.8
2.7
1.5
1.2
2.2
3.4
13.1
2.8
3.3
0.9
0.9
2.1
20.7
1.6
10.5
1.0
2.6
14.1
3.9
3.2
5.9
1.3
8.8

2.5
1.5
17.0
2.1
2.3
1.6
6.0
27.4
1.4
1.4
2.3
3.4
2.5
2.4
6.9
6.1
1.6
1.5
9.8
11.1
21.4
4.6
2.0
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.5
1.1
6.5
1.4
2.0
2.4
18.0
18.2
0.9
8.0
2.7
8.4
2.0
1.3
1.9
2.6
2.3
8.2
2.1
2.6
0.5
0.4
1.6
17.5
1.3
4.8
0.6
1.7
13.5
3.8
2.5
4.5
1.3
9.1

Trade by sector

Value

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
Shares includes significant imports into processing zones.

173

4.6 Clothing
Table IV.77

Table IV.78

World trade in clothing, 2005

Major regional flows in world exports of clothing, 2005

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

276

Value

Trade by sector

Annual percentage change

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

Intra-Europe

83.7

13

Asia to North America

47.6

15

Asia to Europe

34.8

10

13

17

13

Intra-Asia

32.4

12

-6

2004

11

2005

South and Central America to North


America

12.0

-2

11.0

-4

-1

-2

7.3

34

55

27

1980-85

1985-90

18

1990-95

1995-00

2000-05

2003

Share in world merchandise trade

2.7

Intra-North America

Share in world exports of manufactures

3.8

Asia to Commonwealth of Independent


States (CIS)

Table IV.79

Chart IV.12

Share of clothing in trade in total merchandise and in


manufactures by region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in clothing, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)
Exports

Imports

2.7

2.7

1.0
3.7
2.4
0.5
2.8
0.7
4.7
0.1
6.3

3.8
1.8
2.9
5.0
1.9
2.4
1.6
3.9
0.8

Share of clothing in total merchandise


World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

Europe

World
North America
South and Central America
Europe
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Africa
Middle East
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
Other Asia

Asia

North America
Exports
Imports

South and Central


America

Share of clothing in manufactures


3.8

3.8

1.3
10.8
3.0
1.7
13.4
2.9
5.7
0.2
7.5

5.0
2.6
3.9
6.8
2.7
3.1
2.3
6.5
1.1

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world
merchandise trade by product and region.

Africa
Commonwealth of
Independent States
(CIS)
Middle East
0

174

Annual percentage change

10

20

30

40

50

60

Table IV.80

Clothing exports by principal region, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in
Value

World

Region's exports

World exports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

275.64

100.0

100.0

11

10

Asia
World

131.46

100.0

100.0

46.4

47.7

13

North America

47.64

39.6

36.2

18.4

17.3

15

Europe

34.82

24.0

26.5

11.1

12.6

10

13

17

Asia

32.39

29.1

24.6

13.5

11.8

12

-6

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

7.31

1.9

5.6

0.9

2.7

34

55

27

Middle East

4.30

2.7

3.3

1.2

1.6

12

17

South and Central America

2.60

1.7

2.0

0.8

0.9

11

34

25

Africa

2.38

1.1

1.8

0.5

0.9

18

25

17

102.97

100.0

100.0

32.7

37.4

10

13

83.71

82.6

81.3

27.0

30.4

13

Europe
World
Europe
North America

5.53

7.1

5.4

2.3

2.0

Asia

4.96

4.4

4.8

1.4

1.8

12

33

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

3.50

1.8

3.4

0.6

1.3

24

30

30

Middle East

2.36

1.7

2.3

0.5

0.9

17

19

53

Africa

1.68

1.7

1.6

0.6

0.6

21

South and Central America

0.44

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.2

88

14.13

100.0

100.0

9.8

5.1

-6

-2

-3

11.01

69.6

77.9

6.8

4.0

-4

-1

-2

South and Central America

1.69

23.8

12.0

2.3

0.6

-18

-17

-16

Asia

0.69

3.4

4.9

0.3

0.3

16

14

Europe

0.63

2.7

4.4

0.3

0.2

34

All other regions

0.11

0.5

0.8

0.0

0.0

35

11

13.06

100.0

100.0

5.5

4.7

-1

12.01

92.3

92.0

5.1

4.4

-2

South and Central America

0.70

5.7

5.3

0.3

0.3

36

23

Europe

0.24

1.7

1.8

0.1

0.1

35

-13

All other regions

0.04

0.2

0.3

0.0

0.0

16

19

8.45

100.0

100.0

3.6

3.1

-5

6.86

79.1

81.2

2.8

2.5

10

-5

North America

1.08

16.1

12.8

0.6

0.4

-1

-3

-15

Africa

0.37

3.2

4.4

0.1

0.1

11

-1

42

All other regions

0.09

1.0

1.1

0.0

0.0

World
North America

Trade by sector

North America

South and Central America


World
North America

Africa
World
Europe

175

Table IV.81

Clothing imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
Canada a

Value
2005

Share
2005

United States

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region
World

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

80071

100.0

52221
11613
7863
4031
2131
1921
290

65.2
14.5
9.8
5.0
2.7
2.4
0.4

7
1
-6
-1
10
5
-9

9
6
-3
-2
14
15
-23

15
-2
-10
-10
-13
-6
-52

21138
6374
3738
3376
3163

26.4
8.0
4.7
4.2
4.0

19
-6
-5
9
6

20
-3
4
10
12

47
-9
-9
33
20

Region
100.0

10

16

14

4468
739
470
188
59
26
15

74.8
12.4
7.9
3.1
1.0
0.4
0.3

12
1
10
14
14
1
-7

17
11
13
26
30
-9
-5

20
-1
2
8
9
8
-52

2797
450
366
338
315

46.8
7.5
6.1
5.7
5.3

25
-4
29
7
6

27
7
60
3
8

51
-6
5
8
-3

4267

71.4

16

22

29

37790

47.2

10

23

284
113
112
106
99

4.7
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.7

15
5
2
58
33

20
-7
-11
77
35

4
16
2
1
74

Viet Nam
Honduras
European Union (25)
Bangladesh
Thailand

2911
2745
2669
2537
2351

3.6
3.4
3.3
3.2
2.9

123
2
-1
2
1

8
7
0
7
3

6
-2
-6
20
0

Turkey
Hong Kong, China
Philippines
Pakistan
Malaysia

93
91
76
69
68

1.6
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.1

19
-23
4
3
-3

15
-4
13
0
-6

13
-60
-5
-1
-1

Philippines
Guatemala
Dominican Republic
Cambodia
Sri Lanka

1949
1892
1889
1818
1796

2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.2

-1
4
-5
16
2

-3
10
-3
16
8

2
-7
-10
20
6

Korea, Republic of
Taipei, Chinese
Honduras
Sri Lanka
Macao, China

61
54
52
52
28

1.0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.5

-22
-13
17
2
-7

-14
-14
37
14
13

-52
-41
-2
-6
-38

El Salvador
Canada
Pakistan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia

1658
1489
1447
1319
1300

2.1
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.6

0
-5
6
-13
-1

0
-2
10
1
2

-6
-13
9
-36
2

Bulgaria
Guatemala
Romania
Dominican Republic
El Salvador

24
24
23
22
21

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

38
29
32
0
14

61
43
66
17
4

-3
-6
37
15
4

Taipei, Chinese
Macao, China
Jordan
Turkey
Peru

1272
1267
1134
1026
835

1.6
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.0

-11
1
90
-2
16

-4
13
65
-8
35

-26
-17
13
-19
18

Peru
Colombia
Lesotho
Egypt
Tunisia

19
13
12
11
11

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

25
26
22
4
40

32
38
69
30
34

13
89
8
10
33

Nicaragua
Colombia
Costa Rica
Egypt
Haiti

736
596
492
470
415

0.9
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5

16
7
-10
2
9

23
19
-13
11
11

20
-3
-7
4
24

Haiti
Morocco
Israel
Madagascar
Japan

11
9
9
7
6

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

28
43
-2
51
-5

3
22
-6
124
-7

64
30
32
30
24

Lesotho
Israel
Madagascar
Kenya
United Arab Emirates

408
303
294
286
241

0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3

23
-9
21
44
-8

15
-14
63
47
-8

-15
-14
-15
-3
-6

5847

97.8

11

17

16

77337

96.6

Suppliers
China
United States
Bangladesh
India
European Union (25)
Above 5
Mexico
Indonesia
Thailand
Cambodia
Viet Nam

Trade by sector

Annual percentage
change

5976

Asia
North America
Europe
South and Central America
Africa
Middle East
CIS

Above 35

176

Share

World
Asia
South and Central America
North America
Europe
Africa
Middle East
CIS

Suppliers
China
Mexico
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Above 5

Above 35

Table IV.81 (continued)

Clothing imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2005


(Million dollars and percentage)
European Union (25)

Value
2005

Share
2005

Japan

Annual percentage
change
2000-05

2004

Value

2005

Region

Europe
Asia
Africa
CIS
North America
Middle East
South and Central America

Above 5

2005

2005

2000-05

2004

2005

22541

100.0

11

20368
1743
337
44
36
8
5

90.4
7.7
1.5
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0

3
2
-8
20
-2
3
13

12
6
6
34
6
29
45

5
-4
15
1
-2
33
20

18243
1598
610
436
296

80.9
7.1
2.7
1.9
1.3

4
1
1
-14
-9

13
5
14
-8
9

4
-6
8
38
14

21183

94.0

11

280
152
141
125
98

1.2
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.4

-1
0
0
-11
-3

7
10
15
-7
6

2
1
29
-2
1

Region
128702

100.0

16

75889
43300
7173
908
644
422
355

59.0
33.6
5.6
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.3

9
11
4
5
2
-7
4

15
19
7
12
18
19
27

0
16
-7
-5
9
-31
-14

57737
23010
10143
4534
4424

44.9
17.9
7.9
3.5
3.4

8
22
14
13
14

16
22
13
10
13

0
43
4
-6
27

Suppliers
European Union (25)
China
Turkey
Romania
India

Annual percentage
change

World
Asia
Europe
North America
Africa
South and Central America
Middle East
CIS

Suppliers
China
European Union (25)
Viet Nam
Korea, Republic of
United States

99847

77.6

12

16

Bangladesh
Tunisia
Morocco
Hong Kong, China
Indonesia

4389
3072
2829
2191
1543

3.4
2.4
2.2
1.7
1.2

13
5
5
-6
-2

31
4
7
2
8

-5
-6
-7
-13
-10

Thailand
Malaysia
India
Indonesia
Philippines

Bulgaria
Pakistan
Thailand
Sri Lanka
Viet Nam

1362
1228
1177
1050
882

1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7

13
8
4
5
3

18
20
15
25
32

2
-12
-9
-2
9

Taipei, Chinese
Hong Kong, China
Myanmar
Romania
Turkey

65
58
53
53
45

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

-10
-11
62
46
29

5
14
39
50
29

-4
-10
18
27
21

Malaysia
Switzerland
Cambodia
Mauritius
Ukraine

705
699
591
551
520

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

0
11
18
-3
9

4
9
35
3
15

0
-6
-9
-14
-4

Mexico
Tunisia
Bangladesh
Switzerland
Sri Lanka

24
23
23
21
20

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

-3
25
5
5
4

-10
48
15
-1
11

41
13
2
7
-16

Croatia
United States
Korea, Republic of
Egypt
Macao, China

520
479
437
409
399

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3

3
1
-13
9
-8

9
13
9
35
4

-10
18
-45
-3
-26

Canada
Macao, China
Bulgaria
Morocco
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of

18
16
15
14
13

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

-9
3
48
32
-27

-13
18
3
23
-30

9
-1
24
2
-48

FYR Macedonia
Taipei, Chinese
Philippines
Myanmar
Madagascar

355
309
279
240
225

0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

9
-10
-3
-3
-1

20
-7
26
35
36

10
-34
-34
-48
14

Cambodia
Pakistan
Honduras
Peru
Croatia

8
8
8
8
7

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

37
-11
2
7
35

15
3
12
30
29

-13
-1
-14
23
17

Serbia and Montenegro


United Arab Emirates
Lao People's Dem. Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Albania

208
157
148
143
136

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

14
-8
6
9
8

14
29
18
12
15

18
-44
1
1
-1

Israel
El Salvador
Brazil
Nepal
Australia

4
4
4
3
3

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

13
-9
-3
-33
1

84
12
18
-10
8

141
-5
18
13
6

Belarus
Japan
Israel
Moldova
Canada

135
127
122
113
105

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

1
-3
-13
11
7

1
10
14
18
43

-7
-3
-24
5
-16

Madagascar
Colombia
Singapore
New Zealand
Ukraine

3
3
3
3
2

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

19
1
-18
8
5

189
-5
19
35
75

-19
33
-40
-36
93

127681

99.2

16

22513

99.9

11

Above 40

Above 5

Above 40

Trade by sector

World

Share

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

177

Table IV.82

Leading exporters and importers of clothing, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
exports/imports

Value

Annual percentage change

2005

1980

1990

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

80.35

26.9

22.62

6.8

China a

74.16

4.0

8.9

Hong Kong, China

27.29

7.23

11.5

8.6

2005

29.2

18

12

8.2

11

13

11

18

18.2

26.9

16

26

19

20

5.0

2.6

-6

-2

-1

-11
18

Exporters
European Union (25)
extra-EU (25) exports

domestic exports

20.06

0.8

5.7

7.2

7.3

13

Turkey

re-exports

11.82

0.3

3.1

3.3

4.3

13

24

12

India b

8.29

1.7

2.3

3.1

3.0

10

25

Mexico a

7.27

0.0

0.5

4.4

2.6

-3

-5

-3

Bangladesh

6.42

0.0

0.6

2.0

2.3

10

16

13

Indonesia

5.11

0.2

1.5

2.4

1.9

15

United States

5.00

3.1

2.4

4.4

1.8

-10

-8

-9

-1

Viet Nam b

4.81

...

...

0.9

1.7

21

32

28

Romania

4.63

...

0.3

1.2

1.7

15

25

16

-2

Thailand

4.09

0.7

2.6

1.9

1.5

10

Pakistan

3.60

0.3

0.9

1.1

1.3

11

22

12

19

Tunisia

3.33

0.8

1.0

1.1

1.2

21

Sri Lanka

2.88

0.3

0.6

1.4

1.0

10

228.98

...

...

77.3

83.1

128.70

39.8

44.8

19

16

70.97

20.8

24.7

10

20

15

United States

80.07

16.4

24.0

32.3

27.9

Japan

22.54

3.6

7.8

9.5

7.8

11

11

Hong Kong, China

18.44

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

7.84

1.1

2.7

29

49

38

30
14

Above 15

Importers
European Union (25)

Trade by sector

extra-EU (25) imports

retained imports
Russian Federation b
Canada c

5.98

1.7

2.1

1.8

2.1

10

12

16

Switzerland

4.72

3.4

3.1

1.5

1.6

15

Australia c

3.12

0.8

0.6

0.9

1.1

11

20

22

17

Korea, Republic of

2.91

0.0

0.1

0.6

1.0

17

13

Mexico a, c

2.52

0.3

0.5

1.7

0.9

-7

-9

-15

-2

Singapore

2.13

0.3

0.8

0.9

0.7

16

-5

0.67

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.2

14

Norway

1.86

1.7

1.1

0.6

0.6

13

11

United Arab Emirates b, d

1.67

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.6

...

20

40

...

China a

1.63

0.1

0.0

0.6

0.6

Saudi Arabia b

1.57

1.6

0.7

0.4

0.5

14

13

10

39

267.26

...

...

92.1

93.1

retained imports

Above 15 e
a
b
c
d
e

178

Includes significant shipments through processing zones.


Includes Secretariat estimates.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
2004 instead of 2005.
Excludes retained imports of Hong Kong, China.

Table IV.83

Clothing exports of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

1990

World

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

2000

2003

2004

2005

108129 |

197782

232557

259147

275639

3.2

2.7

...
643
247
... |
...
328
9669
460
54
...
782
144
184
...
24
63
64
15406
9266
6140
2530
1646
...
482
11
7879
...
1111
7
1315
607
587
722
12
50
1014
120
1733
363
...
1588
995
593
85
638
686
3987
2817
1126
3331
146
2565
...

97
3907
262
282
701
970
2077
36071
520
660
469
2555
697
1673
53273
39729
13544
318
49
245
2324
24214
9935
14279
6178
4734
125
729
115
5027
261
1849
309
2257
948
8631
76
2401
800
209
2144
504
2536
2328
130
1825
504
1321
218
2812
607
3015
3757
2227
6533
417
464
8629
1821

153
4912
341
296
1500
1600
1966
52061
637
545
595
2196
743
1841
68447
51241
17206
409
1418
275
2487
23158
8202
14956
6625
4105
228
485
683
3640
290
1834
360
2057
980
7343
119
2847
692
226
2710
653
2250
4069
174
1927
386
1541
310
2513
1141
2102
3615
2722
9962
568
573
5537
3467

196
5686
401
350
1753
1981
1995
61856
853
476
631
2121
893
1815
76887
57759
19128
478
1651
303
2680
25097
8138
16960
6632
4454
222
525
1017
3391
235
1952
552
2326
939
7490
157
3023
568
...
3026
883
2157
4717
150
1972
360
1612
258
2776
1290
1951
3985
3289
11193
671
814
5059
4441

199
6418
330
348
1725
2199
1861
74163
904
473
570
1908
...
1702
80354
57737
22617
498
1506
335
2626
27292
7231
20061
8290
5106
273
447
1061
2581
...
1654
530
2479
745
7271
171
2783
331
...
3604
1057
2276
4627
246
1696
234
1462
173
2877
1305
1561
4085
3332
11818
689
...
4998
4805

37.1
77.6
3.6
0.5
14.5
69.8
0.8
14.5
4.0
11.2
10.6
44.5
13.5
56.9
2.2
2.4
1.7
24.1
1.8
76.9
63.0
11.9
42.2
8.0
13.7
7.6
0.4
2.3
6.1
2.9
77.7
72.8
37.4
2.3
60.9
5.2
16.0
32.3
48.6
26.0
23.8
7.2
6.4
22.5
7.6
1.3
0.6
2.2
0.7
51.8
0.8
2.0
5.4
38.1
23.5
2.9
0.9
1.1
12.6

30.0
74.2
2.1
0.3
14.7
70.9
0.5
9.7
4.3
6.7
6.5
31.1
10.4
50.2
2.0
2.2
1.7
24.4
28.0
71.2
59.9
9.3
36.1
7.4
8.2
6.0
0.5
1.0
24.7
0.9
32.4
66.8
69.7
1.8
34.7
3.4
15.7
26.2
11.3
34.1
22.6
6.1
5.5
16.7
4.9
0.7
0.2
1.4
0.3
45.3
1.0
0.8
3.7
31.8
16.1
2.0
0.9
0.6
15.2

Albania
Bangladesh
Belarus
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cambodia b
Canada
China c
Colombia
Costa Rica c
Croatia
Dominican Republic b, c
Egypt b
El Salvador b, c
European Union (25)
intra-EU (25) exports
extra-EU (25) exports
FYR Macedonia
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras b
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports
re-exports
India b
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. of b
Israel b
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Lesotho b
Macao, China
Madagascar b
Malaysia c
Mauritius b, c
Mexico c
Moldova
Morocco c
Myanmar
Nepal
Pakistan
Peru
Philippines c
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
domestic exports
re-exports b
South Africa
Sri Lanka b
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia b
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United States
Viet Nam b

|
|
|

2000

2005 a

Trade by sector

Value

a Or nearest year.
b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Includes significant exports from processing zones.

179

Table IV.84

Clothing imports of selected economies, 1990-05


(Million dollars and percentage)

Trade by sector

Value

Albania
Argentina
Australia b
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada b
Chile
China c
Costa Rica c
Croatia
Ecuador
El Salvador c, d
European Union (25) e
extra-EU (25) imports
Guatemala
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
Iceland
Israel d
Japan
Jordan
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait d
Lebanon
Macao, China
Malaysia c
Mexico b, c
Morocco c
New Zealand
Norway
Peru
Philippines c
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation b
Saudi Arabia d
Serbia and Montenegro
Singapore
retained imports d
South Africa b
Sri Lanka
Switzerland
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tunisia d
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United States
Viet Nam d
a
b
c
d
e

180

1990

2000

...
6
711
101
...
...
... |
2388
52
48
17
...
1
171
5
6913
...
75
61
8765
28
151
206
...
26
76
573
8
149
1231
1
14
29
26
833
...
920
328
108
11
3437
290
29
191
16
514
26977
...

68
316
1858
390
...
185
179
3690
501
1192
592
278
23
569
82699
43305
33 |
16008
...
88
471
19709
61
1307
317
171
214
148
3602
232
401
1287
59
75
54
322
2221
813
46
1881 |
560 |
223
...
3160
978
131
438
264
60
832
67115
450

Or nearest year.
Imports are valued f.o.b.
Includes significant imports into processing zones.
Includes Secretariat estimates.
See the Technical Notes for information on intra-EU (25) imports.

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

2003

2004

2005

2000

2005 a

126
70
2190
125
94
154
455
4501
502
1422
396
331
80
690
106865
57103
186
15950
...
104
541
19485
99
2547
397
263
306
172
3034
282
520
1542
108
83
80
581
4360
1026
139
2093
552
349
105
4237
823
156
540
422
128
1189
71277
369

143
119
2661
226
109
215
491
5223
666
1542
349
378
121
531
123622
65863
210
17129
...
117
625
21687
126
2747
428
296
400
244
2570
310
619
1666
92
78
91
645
6016
1128
181
2239
627
619
113
4630
993
197
631
651
124
1670
75731
323

148
156
3120
523
167
326
462
5976
791
1629
339
419
133
473
128702
70965
188
18437
...
145
690
22541
164
2913
553
...
425
283
2516
293
703
1855
112
97
138
714
7843
1567
153
2132
670
832
107
4722
1092
214
561
787
389
...
80071
...

6.3
1.3
2.6
2.7
...
0.3
2.8
1.5
2.7
0.5
9.3
3.5
0.6
11.5
3.2
4.7
0.7
7.5
...
3.4
1.2
5.2
1.3
0.8
4.4
2.8
9.5
0.2
2.1
2.0
2.9
3.7
0.8
0.2
1.7
2.5
5.0
2.7
1.2
1.4
0.7
0.8
...
3.8
0.7
0.2
5.1
0.5
0.4
2.4
5.3
2.9

5.6
0.5
2.6
2.4
2.4
0.4
2.5
1.9
2.4
0.2
3.5
2.3
1.3
7.0
3.1
4.9
1.8
6.1
...
2.9
1.5
4.4
1.6
1.1
3.4
3.2
10.9
0.2
1.1
1.4
2.7
3.3
0.9
0.2
1.4
1.8
6.3
2.6
1.3
1.1
0.7
1.5
1.2
3.7
0.6
0.2
4.3
0.7
1.1
2.3
4.6
1.0

5. Commercial services
5.1 Transportation services
Table IV.85

Chart IV.13

World exports of transportation services, 2005

World exports of transportation services and share in


total commercial services, 1998-05

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

570

600

50

Annual percentage change


1990-95

1995-00

2000-05

10

2003

13

2004

24

2005

12

Share in world exports of commercial services

Share (right scale)

500

45

Value (left scale)


400

40

300

35

200

30

100

25

23.6

20
1998 1999

2000 2001

2002

2003

2004

Chart IV.14

Share of transportation services in total trade of


commercial services by selected region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in transportation


services, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)

Exports

Imports

North America

17.7

28.8

South and Central America

24.3

36.7

Europe

22.8

23.4

22.8

22.8

Africa

24.7

41.5

Asia

28.1

34.7

European Union (25)

Trade by sector

Table IV.86

2005

Europe

Asia

North America

Exports
Imports

All other
regions

10

20

30

40

50

60

181

Table IV.87

Leading exporters and importers of transportation services, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
Value

exports/imports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

United States

63.2

14.5

11.1

Germany

38.0

5.7

6.7

19

12

14

14

24

Japan

35.8

7.4

6.3

13

10

21

11

Exporters

United Kingdom

31.4

5.5

5.5

10

18

35

France

27.1

5.3

4.8

15

19

Denmark

26.2

4.1

4.6

...

22

18

...

Korea, Republic of

23.9

3.9

4.2

12

30

31

Netherlands

21.1

4.8

3.7

-6

17

Hong Kong, China

19.6

3.7

3.4

25

13

Greece

17.3

2.3

3.0

17

35

53

Norway

15.6

2.7

2.7

10

10

23

Italy

15.5

2.7

2.7

11

14

32

11

Singapore

15.5

3.4

2.7

17

China

15.4

1.1

2.7

33

38

53

28

Spain

15.3

2.4

2.7

13

23

20

Above 15

380.0

69.4

67.0

10

12

25

11

United States

88.2

15.7

13.3

12

19

13

Germany

43.6

6.1

6.6

11

20

18

Japan

40.3

8.0

6.1

23

Trade by sector

Importers

United Kingdom

36.5

5.8

5.5

11

22

France

28.6

4.3

4.3

10

19

26

6
16

China

28.4

2.5

4.3

22

34

35

Italy

21.4

3.1

3.2

10

22

21

Korea, Republic of

20.0

2.6

3.0

13

20

30

13

India

19.8

2.1

3.0

18

10

42

49

Denmark

18.5

2.7

2.8

...

22

16

...

Spain

17.7

2.4

2.7

12

22

23

10

Singapore

17.3

3.1

2.6

20

22

12

Canada

14.5

2.2

2.2

12

20

18

Netherlands

14.4

3.1

2.2

-2

Thailand

14.0

1.6

2.1

16

19

28

29

425.0

65.4

63.7

15

22

12

Above 15

182

5.2 Travel services


Table IV.88

Chart IV.15

World exports of travel services, 2005

World exports of travel services and share in total


commercial services, 1998-05

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

685

700

50

Annual percentage change

Share (right scale)


600

1990-95

1995-00

45

Value (left scale)

500

2000-05

400

2003

10

300

2004

18

2005

40
35
30

200

25

100
Share in world exports of commercial services

28.4

20

0
1998 1999 2000

2001 2002

2003

2004

2005

Chart IV.16

Share of travel services in total trade of commercial


services by selected region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in travel services, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)

Exports

Imports

North America

30.2

27.2

South and Central America

47.2

24.0

Europe

26.8

28.5

25.7

28.1

Africa

49.7

19.7

Asia

25.4

25.1

European Union (25)

Trade by sector

Table IV.89

Europe

Asia

North America

Exports
Imports

All other
regions

10

20

30

40

50

60

183

Table IV.90

Leading exporters and importers of travel services, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
Value

exports/imports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

Exporters
United States

102.0

20.5

14.9

-2

13

Spain

47.7

6.2

7.0

10

24

14

France

42.2

6.5

6.2

13

11

Italy

35.7

5.7

5.2

16

13

United Kingdom

30.3

4.5

4.4

10

24

China

29.3

3.4

4.3

13

-15

48

14

Germany

29.2

3.9

4.3

20

19

Turkey

18.2

1.6

2.7

19

56

20

14

Austria

15.6

2.1

2.3

24

11

Australia

14.9

1.9

2.2

11

21

21

Canada

13.6

2.3

2.0

-1

21

Greece

13.6

1.9

2.0

18

Japan a

12.4

1.8

1.8

27

10

Mexico

11.8

1.7

1.7

15

Switzerland

11.3

1.6

1.6

16

13

430.0

65.6

62.5

10

17

Above 15

Trade by sector

Importers
United States

73.6

15.1

11.4

-1

14

Germany

73.0

11.9

11.3

23

United Kingdom

59.5

8.6

9.2

15

18

Japan

37.6

7.2

5.8

32

-2

France

31.2

4.0

4.8

12

20

22

Italy

22.7

3.5

3.5

22

-1

11

China

21.8

3.0

3.4

11

-1

26

14

Canada

18.3

2.8

2.9

14

19

15

Russian Federation

17.8

2.0

2.8

15

14

22

13

Netherlands

16.1

2.8

2.5

12

12

-2

Korea, Republic of

15.3

1.6

2.4

17

-3

22

24

Spain

15.0

1.3

2.3

20

24

34

24

Belgium

14.8

2.3

20

14

Hong Kong, China

13.3

2.8

2.1

-8

16

Australia

11.5

1.4

1.8

13

20

41

12

440.0

68.6

11

17

Above 15

a Secretariat estimates for exports prior to 2003 are based on the new methodology applied by the Bank of Japan. See the Technical Notes.

184

5.3 Other commercial services


Table IV.91

Chart IV.17

World exports of other commercial services, 2005

World exports of other commercial services and share


in total commercial services, 1998-05

(Billion dollars and percentage)

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value

1160

1200

50

1000

45

800

40

600

35

400

30

Annual percentage change


1990-95

10

1995-00

2000-05

12

2003

18

2004

18

2005

11

Share in world trade in commercial services

Share (right scale)


200

25

48.1

Value (left scale)


0

20
1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Chart IV.18

Share of other commercial services in total trade of


commercial services by selected region, 2005

Regional shares in world trade in other commercial


services, 2005

(Percentage)

(Percentage)

Exports

Imports

North America

52.2

44.1

South and Central America

28.6

39.3

Europe

50.4

48.1

51.6

49.1

Africa

25.6

38.8

Asia

46.5

40.2

European Union (25)

Trade by sector

Table IV.92

Europe

Asia

North
America

Exports
Imports

All other
regions

10

20

30

40

50

60

185

Table IV.93

Leading exporters and importers of other commercial services, 2005


(Billion dollars and percentage)
Share in world
Value

exports/imports

Annual percentage change

2005

2000

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

United States

188.8

19.5

16.3

United Kingdom

127.1

11.7

10.9

12

10

10

15

21

81.4

6.2

7.0

15

22

13

10

Exporters

Germany
Japan

59.7

5.9

5.1

27

16

Ireland

46.1

2.2

4.0

26

44

27

France

45.7

4.6

3.9

16

Netherlands

45.1

3.7

3.9

13

22

17

India

43.8

...

3.8

...

19

...

...

Italy

42.2

2.9

3.6

17

23

15

27

Luxembourg

33.9

2.9

26

33

24

Hong Kong, China

32.3

3.3

2.8

13

12

Belgium

29.7

2.6

22

12

Spain

29.7

2.1

2.6

16

23

17

15

China

29.2

1.5

2.5

23

59

15

20

Canada

29.0

3.2

2.5

15

865.0

74.4

17

18

11

Above 15

Importers

Trade by sector

United States

119.4

12.2

11.5

10

15

Germany

84.8

9.3

8.2

15

15

United Kingdom

58.1

5.5

5.6

11

14

20

Ireland

58.0

4.2

5.6

17

29

19

Japan

54.7

7.9

5.3

-3

13

Italy

48.3

4.2

4.6

13

17

11

20

France

45.1

3.9

4.3

13

21

13

Netherlands

40.5

4.0

3.9

10

16

China

33.0

2.0

3.2

22

26

30

18

Spain

32.5

2.7

3.1

14

25

20

Canada

31.4

3.5

3.0

19

Austria

30.2

2.9

2.9

11

13

15

India

26.6

1.2

2.6

...

36

...

...

Belgium

23.4

2.3

21

10

Korea, Republic of

22.5

2.4

2.2

13

19

16

710.0

68.2

15

16

Above 15

186

Chart IV.19

World exports of other commercial services by component and selected region, 2004
(Percentage)

World

Communications services
Construction services

8%

12%
5%

Insurance services

14%

4%

Financial services

4%

3%

Computer and information services


50%

Royalties and license fees


Personal, cultural, and recreational
services
Other business services

Note: Excluding intra-EU(25) trade.

North America

Europe

5%

15%

13%

9%

7%
5%

28%

5%

9%

2%
4%

3%
Trade by sector

4%

48%

38%
5%

Note: Excluding intra-EU(15) trade.

Asia

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

10%
8%

19%

9%

3%

4%
4%

3%

2%

5%

3%
2%

10%

4%
59%

55%

187

188

Trade by sector

Appendix tables
Table A1

World merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product, 1950-05


(Index, 2000=100)
Volume

Exports

1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

Total a

Agricultural
products

1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
5
6
7
9
13
14
16
18
21
26
32
32
30
29
31
31
34
39
45
48
55
55
59
59
67
80
84
86
85
89
100
96
100
117
143
162

5
7
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
7
8
9
9
9
9
10
10
12
12
15
22
26
27
30
34
38
47
54
53
49
48
51
48
53
61
69
72
76
76
82
78
91
106
109
108
103
99
100
100
106
124
143
154

Exports

Fuels and
mining
products
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
6
7
8
11
25
24
28
31
32
47
67
65
58
53
53
51
39
43
44
50
58
54
54
52
55
63
72
74
58
68
100
91
90
112
149
203

Manufactures

Total a

Agricultural
products

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
5
5
7
10
10
12
14
16
20
23
23
22
22
24
25
30
36
42
45
51
53
57
57
66
79
82
86
88
91
100
96
101
117
142
156

5
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
10
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
18
20
22
24
25
29
30
28
31
33
34
36
37
37
36
37
40
41
43
45
49
52
54
56
59
61
67
71
75
83
87
91
100
99
103
108
119
126

17
18
18
19
19
21
21
23
24
27
28
30
30
31
32
34
35
36
38
40
41
42
45
46
43
44
47
49
52
55
58
61
60
60
62
61
60
64
65
67
68
70
74
75
82
85
89
94
96
97
100
102
105
109
113
119

Production

Fuels and
mining
products
12
13
15
16
17
18
19
21
20
21
26
27
28
30
32
33
35
39
44
46
52
53
56
62
61
54
57
59
62
66
62
55
52
52
54
54
58
59
63
66
68
70
73
76
81
84
87
93
96
96
100
99
100
106
111
114

Manufactures
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
8
9
9
10
12
13
15
16
18
20
22
21
24
25
26
28
29
30
30
31
35
36
38
40
44
47
50
52
55
57
63
69
72
80
84
88
100
99
103
108
120
128

Total
14
15
16
17
17
19
20
20
20
22
23
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
50
51
50
54
56
58
60
60
60
59
61
64
66
68
71
74
77
78
77
77
77
79
83
86
90
92
95
100
99
101
105
109
112

Agriculture
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
35
38
39
40
40
42
43
45
45
46
48
49
49
51
52
52
55
56
58
58
60
62
63
63
65
67
67
71
73
74
75
76
79
81
81
83
83
86
88
91
94
95
98
100
101
103
106
111
111

World GDP

Mining
25
27
28
29
29
32
34
34
34
35
38
41
44
46
49
51
54
55
59
61
65
68
70
74
75
71
77
79
80
87
85
78
73
72
75
74
76
77
81
85
86
85
86
88
89
91
94
97
98
96
100
100
100
104
108
109

Manufacturing
10
11
11
12
12
14
15
15
15
17
18
19
21
22
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
42
46
47
45
49
51
54
56
57
57
56
58
62
64
66
69
73
75
76
75
75
75
77
81
84
89
91
94
100
99
100
105
109
112

15
16
16
17
18
19
20
20
20
22
23
24
25
27
29
30
32
33
35
37
39
41
43
46
47
48
50
52
54
57
58
59
60
62
65
67
69
72
75
78
80
80
81
82
84
86
89
92
94
96
100
102
103
106
110
114

Appendix tables

Value

a Includes unspecified products.


Note : See the Technical Notes for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports, production and GDP.

189

Table A2

Network of world merchandise trade by region, 2003-05


(Billion dollars)

Destination

World a

South and Central


America

North America

Total

United
States

Europe

Total

EU (25)

CIS
Other
Europe

Total

Russian
Federation

Origin
World

2003
2004
2005

7369.00
8958.00
10159.00

1584.85
1849.82
2093.26

1206.50
1417.52
1607.79

190.74
243.69
300.97

3314.01
4001.06
4398.14

3040.80
3653.70
3998.61

273.21
347.35
399.54

131.25
180.51
223.55

74.46
101.35
128.28

North America

2003
2004
2005

1162.96
1323.36
1477.53

653.45
740.78
824.19

381.03
434.72
485.35

60.09
71.54
86.69

191.01
215.79
237.98

174.54
197.08
215.96

16.47
18.71
22.02

4.06
5.41
6.67

2.69
3.29
4.44

2003
2004
2005

724.77
818.78
904.38

267.67
300.64
331.97

51.48
60.73
71.54

168.92
188.84
205.41

154.63
173.04
186.50

14.29
15.80
18.91

3.70
4.83
5.87

2.45
2.96
3.94

South and Central America

2003
2004
2005

218.99
283.84
354.89

75.62
93.30
117.93

65.11
80.26
101.02

49.55
67.86
86.23

46.39
58.97
67.67

42.78
54.76
62.72

3.61
4.21
4.94

2.83
3.54
5.76

2.62
3.15
5.26

Europe

2003
2004
2005

3386.49
4050.86
4371.92

323.12
367.72
397.81

276.55
314.28
339.26

42.43
50.91
58.41

2500.25
2990.20
3201.27

2297.34
2735.29
2916.47

202.91
254.91
284.80

64.82
88.22
108.54

44.17
59.97
74.37

European Union (25)

2003
2004
2005

3123.73
3728.74
4001.14

295.46
335.53
359.79

253.71
288.48
308.82

39.47
47.30
54.34

2315.05
2760.15
2936.36

2125.01
2523.06
2672.86

190.04
237.09
263.50

59.22
80.77
99.35

41.22
56.02
69.53

Other Europe

2003
2004
2005

261.02
322.12
370.78

27.65
32.18
38.02

22.85
25.80
30.43

2.96
3.61
4.06

185.20
230.05
264.91

172.33
212.24
243.61

12.87
17.82
21.31

5.60
7.45
9.20

2.95
3.95
4.84

2003
2004
2005

194.60
265.49
340.20

12.30
15.54
19.32

7.98
13.49
16.55

4.58
4.79
6.83

97.70
137.45
178.08

80.44
109.51
141.79

17.26
27.94
36.29

39.78
55.13
61.66

12.42
16.56
17.80

2003
2004
2005

135.93
183.21
243.57

8.70
12.66
16.32

6.80
11.31
14.53

3.40
2.99
4.70

74.90
101.66
134.13

63.08
83.67
110.12

11.82
17.99
24.01

21.36
30.20
33.52

Africa

2003
2004
2005

176.68
230.02
297.70

31.55
42.72
60.22

28.33
38.78
54.45

4.28
6.82
8.22

84.63
100.78
127.80

77.74
92.28
117.10

6.89
8.50
10.70

0.58
0.74
0.92

0.45
0.54
0.65

Middle East

2003
2004
2005

302.54
399.08
538.01

42.46
54.57
66.27

41.07
52.33
63.37

2.04
2.91
3.12

48.46
63.73
86.87

42.75
56.68
77.65

5.71
7.05
9.22

1.82
2.18
3.10

0.36
0.46
0.78

Asia

2003
2004
2005

1926.96
2404.93
2778.83

446.35
535.19
607.53

406.43
483.67
547.80

27.77
38.86
51.47

345.57
434.15
498.48

325.21
408.11
466.91

20.37
26.04
31.57

17.36
25.31
36.91

11.76
17.40
24.98

Japan

2003
2004
2005

471.82
565.68
594.91

128.60
142.50
151.71

117.54
128.69
135.95

6.46
8.14
9.35

80.04
94.78
93.48

75.62
89.21
87.61

4.42
5.57
5.87

2.20
3.77
5.20

1.77
3.12
4.49

China

2003
2004
2005

438.23
593.33
761.95

130.39
176.18
225.97

119.16
159.73
204.88

8.44
13.02
17.72

100.75
140.39
186.78

95.84
132.97
176.45

4.91
7.42
10.32

9.29
13.82
21.36

6.03
9.10
13.21

Australia & New Zealand

2003
2004
2005

86.87
106.91
127.55

10.53
12.32
12.82

8.12
9.51
9.76

0.97
1.19
1.56

13.42
13.67
15.60

12.81
13.02
14.66

0.62
0.65
0.94

0.21
0.28
0.46

0.15
0.20
0.34

Other Asia

2003
2004
2005

930.04
1139.02
1294.42

176.84
204.18
217.03

161.61
185.74
197.20

11.91
16.51
22.84

151.36
185.31
202.63

140.94
172.91
188.20

10.42
12.41
14.43

5.66
7.44
9.89

3.82
4.99
6.93

United States

CIS

Appendix tables

Russian Federation

190

Table A2 (continued )

Network of world merchandise trade by region, 2003-05


(Billion dollars)

Total

Asia

Middle East

South Africa Other Africa

Total

Total

Destination

Australia/
New Zealand

Japan

Total

Other Asia
China

Other

Origin

162.05
203.55
240.06

34.15
46.28
55.55

127.90
157.28
184.51

213.31
266.97
321.36

1694.13
2108.37
2442.92

346.60
409.14
472.08

96.98
119.39
134.47

1250.55
1579.84
1836.37

328.72
418.47
485.78

921.84
1161.37
1350.59

2003
2004
2005

World

11.94
15.07
17.57

3.07
3.49
4.35

8.87
11.58
13.22

20.68
25.28
34.09

221.44
249.23
270.02

58.56
61.55
64.40

16.47
18.10
20.41

146.42
169.58
185.21

32.30
40.29
48.80

114.12
129.29
136.41

2003
2004
2005

North America

10.70
13.50
15.52

2.83
3.18
3.88

7.87
10.32
11.64

19.40
23.55
31.89

202.71
226.45
241.95

52.13
54.45
55.41

14.98
16.38
18.42

135.61
155.62
168.11

28.43
34.73
41.84

107.18
120.89
126.28

2003
2004
2005

4.84
7.26
9.57

1.15
1.74
2.60

3.70
5.53
6.97

4.16
5.11
6.42

28.48
38.01
47.53

5.97
8.29
10.11

0.69
0.78
0.94

21.82
28.94
36.48

10.12
13.36
17.21

11.70
15.58
19.28

2003
2004
2005

82.26
97.78
111.93

15.61
20.16
23.07

66.65
77.61
88.86

84.74
104.85
121.96

253.41
308.63
332.05

50.90
58.81
59.90

23.80
29.77
31.14

178.71
220.05
241.01

48.80
62.70
68.35

129.91
157.34
172.66

2003
2004
2005

Europe

77.62
91.86
105.24

15.03
19.44
22.20

62.59
72.42
83.04

75.30
91.99
107.12

231.00
282.60
303.61

45.38
52.58
53.18

22.53
28.09
29.24

163.09
201.94
221.20

45.19
58.61
63.61

117.90
143.33
157.59

2003
2004
2005

European Union (25)

4.65
5.91
6.69

0.59
0.73
0.87

4.06
5.19
5.82

9.44
12.86
14.84

22.40
26.02
28.43

5.51
6.24
6.72

1.27
1.68
1.91

15.62
18.11
19.81

3.62
4.10
4.74

12.01
14.01
15.07

2003
2004
2005

Other Europe

2.63
3.66
4.93

0.02
0.02
0.05

2.61
3.64
4.88

6.52
9.13
10.63

27.04
35.27
40.02

4.02
5.34
5.80

0.03
0.06
0.07

22.99
29.87
34.15

11.80
14.43
18.44

11.19
15.45
15.71

2003
2004
2005

1.25
1.83
2.29

0.00
0.01
0.02

1.25
1.82
2.27

3.39
4.18
4.74

21.44
27.98
31.89

3.81
5.13
5.56

0.02
0.05
0.05

17.61
22.80
26.28

8.75
10.88
14.25

8.85
11.92
12.03

2003
2004
2005

19.79
22.95
26.49

3.05
3.97
4.97

16.74
18.98
21.52

2.98
3.93
5.12

27.88
40.54
48.59

5.57
7.39
8.40

1.01
1.28
1.84

21.30
31.88
38.35

7.29
13.41
18.02

14.01
18.47
20.33

2003
2004
2005

Africa

8.98
12.46
15.46

3.17
5.01
5.65

5.82
7.45
9.81

33.94
43.74
54.17

149.06
198.26
280.79

45.45
56.37
78.66

2.21
2.76
3.17

101.39
139.13
198.97

12.73
19.17
27.49

88.67
119.97
171.48

2003
2004
2005

Middle East

31.61
44.38
54.13

8.08
11.89
14.86

23.53
32.49
39.26

60.28
74.94
88.97

986.83
1238.43
1423.94

176.14
211.39
244.83

52.76
66.64
76.90

757.92
960.40
1102.21

205.68
255.11
287.47

552.25
705.28
814.73

2003
2004
2005

Asia

4.85
6.60
6.99

2.03
2.91
3.27

2.81
3.69
3.72

12.88
14.47
16.52

231.33
288.94
303.51

11.75
14.10
14.86

219.58
274.84
288.65

72.86
92.91
98.36

146.72
181.93
190.29

2003
2004
2005

Japan

10.13
13.63
18.53

2.03
2.95
3.83

8.10
10.67
14.70

13.26
16.94
22.16

165.95
219.20
269.21

70.83
89.63
102.38

8.95
12.57
15.43

86.17
117.00
151.41

86.17
117.00
151.41

2003
2004
2005

China

1.81
2.80
3.07

0.92
1.25
1.54

0.89
1.55
1.53

3.59
4.49
4.46

55.22
70.79
87.75

14.62
18.58
23.89

8.87
10.68
11.52

31.73
41.53
52.35

6.71
9.21
13.33

25.02
32.32
39.01

2003
2004
2005

Australia & New Zealand

14.83
21.36
25.53

3.09
4.78
6.22

11.74
16.58
19.31

30.56
39.04
45.82

534.33
659.50
763.47

90.69
103.18
118.56

23.20
29.28
35.10

420.45
527.03
609.80

126.10
153.00
175.78

294.34
374.04
434.02

2003
2004
2005

Other Asia

United States

South and Central America

CIS

Russian Federation

Appendix tables

Africa

a Includes unspecified destinations.


Note: For sources and methods see the Technical Notes.

191

Table A3

Merchandise trade of selected regional integration arrangements, 1995-05


(Billion dollars)
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

European Union (25)


Total exports

2344

2437

2452

2618

3124

3729

4001

Intra-exports

1610

1645

1650

1764

2125

2523

2673

Extra-exports

735

792

802

854

999

1206

1328

Total imports

2403

2560

2525

2646

3179

3807

4135

Intra-imports

1607

1640

1644

1755

2115

2523

2673

Extra-imports

796

920

881

891

1064

1284

1463

NAFTA
Total exports

856

923

1014

1014

1071

1225

1148

1106

1163

1323

1477

Intra-exports

394

433

495

520

580

682

637

626

652

739

824

Extra-exports

462

489

519

494

491

543

510

480

511

584

654

Total imports a

1008

1082

1208

1271

1421

1679

1570

1591

1715

1996

2268

Intra-imports

380

422

482

512

574

664

620

609

632

705

782

Extra-imports

628

660

726

759

847

1014

950

982

1083

1290

1486

653

ASEAN
Total exports

321

341

356

331

362

432

388

409

475

568

Intra-exports

82

87

88

73

81

104

91

95

116

141

162

Extra-exports

240

254

268

259

281

328

297

313

359

427

491
594

Total imports

355

376

382

287

310

381

347

363

409

511

Intra-imports

67

74

76

64

70

89

78

86

97

120

144

Extra-imports

288

302

306

223

240

291

269

277

312

390

450

163

MERCOSUR
Total exports

70

75

83

81

74

85

88

89

106

136

Intra-exports

14

17

21

20

15

18

15

10

13

17

21

Extra-exports

56

58

63

61

59

67

73

79

93

118

142

Total imports

80

87

103

99

82

90

84

62

69

95

114

Intra-imports

14

18

21

21

16

18

16

11

13

18

22

Extra-imports

65

70

81

78

67

72

68

52

56

77

91

51

Andean Community

Appendix tables

Total exports

21

23

25

22

23

26

25

26

30

39

Intra-exports

Extra-exports

19

21

22

20

22

24

23

23

27

35

47
46

Total imports

27

28

31

30

23

25

27

28

31

37

Intra-imports

Extra-imports

25

26

28

28

21

22

25

26

27

33

42

a Imports of Canada and Mexico are valued f.o.b.


Note: The figures are not fully adjusted for differences in the way members of the arrangements in this table record their merchandise trade.

192

Table A4

Merchandise trade by selected groups of countries, 1995-05


(Billion dollars)
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

5163.5

5401.3

5589.2

5498.9

5709.5

6452.5

6185.6

6485.7

7578.3

9203.1

10431.2

125.4

131.3

126.5

121.2

127.8

142.5

143.4

153.6

175.5

208.3

237.8

...

...

...

...

2344.5

2437.4

2451.8

2618.0

3123.7

3728.7

4001.1

856.5

922.7

1014.0

1013.9

1070.6

1224.9

1147.5

1106.2

1162.9

1323.3

1477.5

21.0

22.8

24.8

21.9

23.2

26.2

25.3

26.0

30.0

38.7

51.1

8.9

9.3

11.1

12.7

13.2

13.5

12.3

14.3

15.6

16.9

18.4

Exports
World a
North America and Europe
EFTA
European Union (25)
NAFTA

South and Central America


Andean Community
CACM
CARICOM
MERCOSUR

5.8

5.8

6.3

5.8

6.4

8.1

7.8

7.3

9.0

10.9

14.0

70.5

75.0

83.2

81.4

74.3

84.6

87.8

88.8

106.1

135.6

163.4

23.1

Africa
CEMAC

6.1

6.9

7.4

5.8

6.7

8.4

8.5

9.0

11.3

16.5

COMESA

29.1

32.7

32.6

26.7

29.0

39.3

34.8

37.1

46.8

62.6

87.8

ECCAS

11.4

13.7

14.1

10.9

12.7

17.2

16.1

18.6

22.3

32.0

48.8

ECOWAS

22.3

26.7

25.3

20.4

24.4

30.3

27.0

26.6

35.8

46.3

58.6

SADC

44.1

48.0

49.9 |

42.4

44.0

50.3

48.4

51.4

62.0

79.0

96.7

6.6

7.4

7.3

7.6

7.7

6.7

7.0

8.7

9.8

11.6

12.6

ASEAN

321.4

340.7

355.9

331.1

362.1

432.0

387.6

407.2

474.8

568.1

652.9

GCC

105.0

129.4

133.0

96.0

118.2

176.0

160.2

167.9

212.7

284.8

396.2

46.5

51.4

53.9

52.6

55.0

64.2

64.4

70.8

82.1

104.1

127.9

ACP

91.5

101.8

103.3

88.0

95.2

112.8

106.6

109.4

135.2

173.3

216.7

Least-developed countries

24.0

27.1

27.7

25.7

28.8

36.1

36.3

40.6

46.5

61.1

81.3

4941.9

5137.8

5322.7

5293.2

5473.5

6106.6

5764.6

6042.7

7047.2

8522.7

9590.2

5283.9

5545.1

5738.1

5681.4

5919.6

6724.0

6481.1

6739.8

7856.6

9555.6

10783.4

114.9

115.9

113.7

120.1

116.5

119.5

119.3

124.3

143.1

168.0

187.0

...

...

...

...

2403.1

2560.2

2525.4

2646.3

3179.3

3807.0

4135.4

1015.1

1090.9

1214.7

1281.4

1425.7

1686.8

1582.7

1604.3

1726.6

2010.4

2283.7

WAEMU

Middle East and Asia

SAPTA

Memorandum:

WTO Members (149)

Imports
World a
North America and Europe
EFTA
European Union (25)
NAFTA

Andean Community

27.0

27.5

30.8

30.4

22.8

24.5

27.2

28.4

30.6

36.9

46.4

CACM

13.3

13.7

16.1

18.9

19.3

20.8

21.9

24.8

26.7

30.2

34.1

9.8

10.6

12.4

12.5

12.4

14.1

14.0

14.1

15.1

17.0

19.7

80.3

87.1

100.9

99.2

82.7

89.9

84.2

62.3

68.9

95.1

113.9

CARICOM
MERCOSUR

Africa
CEMAC

3.4

4.5

4.2

4.1

3.9

3.8

5.0

5.8

6.0

6.9

8.6

COMESA

36.4

40.6

41.9

44.3

41.8

39.4

40.5

40.6

44.9

55.7

73.8
19.7

ECCAS

6.3

8.0

8.0

7.7

7.9

8.0

9.4

11.0

13.6

15.3

ECOWAS

19.4

18.1

20.9

21.1

21.8

20.9

24.0

20.2

26.3

33.1

39.5

SADC

47.3

48.2

52.2 |

47.7

45.4

48.1

46.8

48.9

65.4

86.0

97.9

7.4

7.6

7.2

7.8

8.1

7.4

7.4

7.9

10.1

12.3

14.2

WAEMU

Appendix tables

South and Central America

Middle East and Asia


ASEAN

355.3

375.9

381.9

287.3

309.8

380.7

347.2

364.2

409.4

510.6

594.3

GCC

71.2

78.5

83.6

84.0

78.3

85.4

90.4

99.3

117.3

150.7

183.2

SAPTA

59.9

64.4

68.4

67.4

73.5

80.6

77.6

84.5

103.9

138.2

185.8

ACP

99.6

103.1

113.2

110.1

107.9

113.4

116.9

115.4

140.9

176.3

209.4

Least-developed countries

34.6

37.5

38.7

39.9

41.5

43.3

47.4

50.0

60.6

71.6

85.7

5082.3

5320.9

5513.0

5466.1

5733.7

6510.3

6113.2

6343.0

7387.0

8963.1

10098.6

Memorandum:

WTO Members (149)

a Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export.


Note: Breaks in the continuity of the value series for particular countries and regional groupings are indicated by an 'I'. See the Technical Notes.

193

Table A5

Trade in commercial services by selected groups of countries, 1995-05


(Billion dollars)
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1185.1

1270.7

1319.6

1349.7

1405.3

1491.0

1492.9

1600.5

1828.2

2185.8

2414.3

Exports
World
North America and Europe
EFTA

39.2

40.7

40.8

42.1

44.7

46.7

45.3

48.6

55.5

68.1

74.3

European Union (25)

537.6

566.6

570.5

613.4

634.2

646.2

669.7

733.8

873.9

1039.5

1120.8

NAFTA

233.5

255.8

274.6

283.1

305.9

330.9

317.1

325.2

338.3

383.7

422.3

Andean Group

3.5

4.3

4.4

4.4

4.3

4.4

4.5

4.3

4.6

5.2

5.9

CACM

2.2

2.3

2.6

3.0

3.5

3.9

4.1

4.3

4.5

5.1

5.7

South and Central America

CARICOM
MERCOSUR

5.7

5.9

6.3

6.5

7.1

7.3

6.8

7.1

7.6

8.5

9.1

11.6

10.7

12.0

13.7

13.2

15.6

14.8

13.3

15.1

18.4

22.9

Africa
CEMAC

0.6

0.6

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.9

...

...

COMESA

12.3

13.4

13.4

12.0

13.8

14.2

13.5

13.9

16.4

21.1

22.6

ECCAS

0.8

1.0

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.0

1.1

1.3

1.7

...

ECOWAS

2.1

2.3

2.4

2.8

2.9

3.7

3.8

4.8

6.1

6.5

...

SADC

7.7

8.5

8.8

8.9

8.9

8.7

8.4

8.4

12.2

14.3

16.0

WAEMU

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.1

1.3

1.4

1.6

1.9

...

64.3

73.2

73.0

58.4

64.2

69.4

68.9

75.3

76.8

93.7

103.0

...

...

8.3

9.1

9.9

9.9

10.5

10.9

12.7

14.5

10.3

10.7

12.6

14.3

17.3

19.3

20.4

22.8

27.1 I

43.1 I

22.3

24.4

25.7

26.5

28.2

29.5

28.6

29.8

37.0

41.8

...

5.3

5.6

5.9

5.7

6.0

6.2

6.2

6.5

7.3

9.0

9.7

1156.9

1236.2

1282.5

1314.2

1373.1

1456.5

1455.1

1555.0

1771.7

2117.7

2336.2

1200.7

1266.0

1301.4

1330.8

1385.1

1474.6

1491.2

1577.6

1795.5

2130.5

2347.4

Middle East and Asia


ASEAN
GCC
SAPTA

...
60.8

Memorandum:
ACP
Least-developed countries
WTO Members (149)

Imports
World
North America and Europe
EFTA

28.6

29.6

28.9

30.6

31.5

30.9

32.4

35.0

39.4

48.4

54.9

European Union (25)

521.9

543.0

543.2

594.7

614.0

628.8

650.7

703.4

834.1

970.3

1038.2

NAFTA

171.2

184.7

201.3

216.4

237.6

268.2

264.2

270.9

291.4

335.2

366.3

Andean Group

6.1

6.7

7.4

7.3

6.8

7.0

7.5

7.6

7.8

8.8

10.3

CACM

2.6

2.7

2.8

3.3

3.6

3.9

3.9

4.1

4.3

4.7

5.1

CARICOM

3.3

3.5

3.9

4.0

4.1

4.5

4.4

4.6

4.7

5.1

5.4

21.6

21.3

24.6

26.2

23.2

25.8

25.2

19.1

20.7

23.8

31.1

Appendix tables

South and Central America

MERCOSUR

Africa
CEMAC

2.5

2.9

2.9

3.2

3.1

3.2

3.4

4.1

4.4

...

...

COMESA

12.3

13.0

14.3

14.8

14.2

15.9

16.2

16.3

17.2

21.7

27.2

ECCAS

4.7

5.1

5.5

6.3

5.8

5.9

7.0

7.9

8.2

10.8

...

ECOWAS

8.0

8.3

8.3

8.0

7.3

6.6

8.2

8.7

10.7

10.8

...

12.5

12.5

12.8

13.1

12.5

12.5

13.0

13.1

16.6

21.3

24.9

2.7

2.8

2.7

2.8

2.8

2.5

2.6

2.9

3.6

4.2

...

74.1

82.1

84.4

66.5

74.4

85.5

86.1

89.5

96.8

114.8

129.7

...

...

29.7

24.5

24.3

26.7

24.2

25.8

29.3

35.9

15.3

16.5

17.5

19.0

22.0

24.5

25.5

26.1

32.3 I

47.8 I

SADC
WAEMU

Middle East and Asia


ASEAN
GCC
SAPTA

...
64.1

Memorandum:
ACP

31.6

32.8

34.0

34.4

32.6

33.3

35.2

36.9

43.2

50.5

...

Least-developed countries

11.5

11.8

12.1

13.0

12.4

13.1

14.7

15.3

17.3

21.4

26.2

1163.8

1227.8

1258.2

1291.3

1348.6

1431.8

1441.7

1517.1

1721.5

2038.8

2240.4

WTO Members (149)

194

Table A6

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)
1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

5164000

5401000

5589000

5499000

5709000

6452000

6186000

6486000

7578000

9203000 10431000

North America

856550

922775

1014095

1013975

1070690

1224975

1147545

1106240

1162965

1323360

Canada

192197

201633

214422

214327

238446

276635

259858

252394

272739

316547

359399

Mexico

79542

96000

110431

117460

136391

166367

158547

160682

165396

187999

213711

United States
South and Central America
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina

1477530

584743

625073

689182

682138

695797

781918

729100

693103

724771

818775

904383

148900

160700

175900

164400

164300

195800

188600

190700

219000

283800

354900

53

38

38

36

38

52

41

39

45

55

75

20967

23811

26370

26441

23333

26341

26543

25650

29566

34550

40044

Bahamas

176

180

181

300

462

576

423

446

425

477

523

Barbados

239

281

283

252

264

272

259

242

250

278

359

Belize

162

168

176

172

186

218

169

169

205

213

215

18457

23060

23871

17707

20963

33529

26667

26781

27170

38748

55487

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela


Bolivia

1100

1137

1167

1104

1051

1230

1285

1299

1598

2146

2671

Brazil

46506

47747

52994

51140

48011

55086

58223

60362

73084

96475

118308

Chile

16024

16627

17902

16323

17162

19210

18272

18180

21664

32215

40574

Colombia

10056

10587

11522

10852

11576

13040

12290

11911

13080

16224

21146

Costa Rica

3453

3730

4268

5511

6577

5865

5021

5264

6102

6297

7039

Cuba

1600

2015

1812

1512

1496

1676

1661

1402

1672

2181

2682

45

51

53

63

54

53

44

43

40

40

41

3780

4053

4614

4989

5137

5737

5276

5165

5471

5936

6133

Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador

4307

5199

5264

4203

4451

4927

4678

5042

6223

7753

10100

El Salvador

1652

1789

2416

2452

2510

2941

2864

2996

3128

3302

3390

22

20

23

35

36

48

43

38

38

30

40

2155

2031

2344

2582

2398

2696

2466

4162

4459

5036

5381

Guyana

455

546

596

484

523

498

478

487

523

593

551

Haiti

110

90

212

320

334

318

274

280

347

392

470

1220

1316

1446

1533

1164

1370

1324

1321

1321

1537

1695

Grenada
Guatemala

Honduras
Jamaica

1427

1383

1383

1312

1240

1304

1220

1114

1180

1390

1500

Netherlands Antilles

1522

1269

1488

1169

1451

2009

2398

1609

1161

1375

1790

Nicaragua

466

466

577

573

545

645

589

561

605

756

858

Panama

625

623

723

784

822

859

911

846

864

944

1010

Paraguay
Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

919

1044

1089

1014

741

869

990

951

1242

1626

1688

5575

5897

6841

5757

6113

7028

7013

7714

9091

12617

17206

19

22

41

28

28

33

31

27

48

47

50

109

80

61

62

56

43

44

44

62

93

120

42

46

46

50

49

47

41

38

38

37

38

477

433

701

436

342

399

403

469

638

895

950

Trinidad and Tobago

2455

2500

2542

2258

2804

4274

4280

3880

5178

6374

9035

Uruguay

2106

2397

2726

2771

2237

2295

2060

1861

2198

2950

3405
4371915

Suriname

Europe

2335635

2421095

2413005

2513200

2521695

2633930

2654555

2839440

3386495

4050855

Albania

202

211

139

208

351

258

307

340

448

605

658

Austria

57738

58222

59784

64085

66060

67711

70751

78673

97146

118376

123987
334298

Belgium

179148

188374

190349

216127

255617

306866

178265

177337

174531

181910

152

336

575

605

751

1069

1032

1005

1340

1790

2402

Bulgaria

5355

4890

4940

4300

3964

4809

5115

5749

7540

9931

11725

Croatia

4633

4643

3981

4517

4303

4432

4666

4904

6187

8024

8809

Cyprus

1229

1391

1250

1061

997

951

976

843

923

948

1459

Czech Republic

21335

22165

22360

25855

26556

29094

33324

38492

48702

68986

78246

Denmark

50906

51415

49273

49013

50295

51293

51705

57495

66512

77079

85137

Belgium-Luxembourg
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Estonia

1840

2078

2936

3245

3017

3830

4015

4336

5622

5932

7667

Finland

40490

41124

41471

43752

42243

46103

43237

45145

53171

61520

66016

France

301162

305509

302144

320631

325520

327616

323379

331719

392039

452106

460157

1204

1147

1237

1311

1191

1323

1158

1116

1367

1673

2041

FYR Macedonia

Appendix tables

World a

1995

195

Table A6 (continued)

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Germany
Greece

523461
11054

524649
11711

512891
11326

543752
10867

543529
11069

551818
11751

571645
10244

615831
10414

751560
13382

909887
15308

969858
17044

Hungary

12865

15705

19100

23005

25032

28192

30436

34517

43094

55567

62109

Iceland

1802

1897

1851

1931

2004

1901

2019

2229

2385

2896

3086

Ireland

44705

48339

53348

64330

71238

77414

82835

88265

92755

104788

109853
367200

Italy

233766

252293

240414

245801

235559

240521

244490

254427

299333

353782

Latvia

1305

1445

1670

1810

1723

1868

2001

2285

2893

4009

5161

Lithuania

2705

3355

3860

3710

3004

3810

4583

5475

7162

9302

11813
18390

Luxembourg

8203

8378

9759

10214

13297

16250

1914

1731

1641

1834

1978

2453

1822

2028

2252

2491

2276

203171

208999

207832

213977

218575

233133

230855

244058

296012

357417

402407

Norway

41992

49645

48541

40402

45479

60058

59191

59662

68321

82527

103780

Poland

22895

24440

25750

28230

27359

31747

35998

41133

53762

75047

89288

Portugal

22783

24618

23955

24793

24541

24364

24108

25908

31757

35787

38133
27730

Malta
Netherlands

Romania

7910

8085

8431

8300

8505

10367

11391

13876

17619

23485

Serbia and Montenegro

1531

2018

2677

2858

1498

1723

1903

2275

2650

3979

5065

Slovak Republic

8580

8830

9635

10724

10211

11832

12595

14405

21837

27548

31956

Slovenia

8316

8312

8372

9048

8560

8770

9267

10366

12766

16361

18633

Spain

97849

107243

100756

111973

104431

115252

116660

125687

156147

182623

187182

Sweden

80440

84916

82757

84767

84888

87134

75645

81499

102104

123267

130104

Switzerland

81641

79747

76150

78856

80300

80500

82144

91699

104822

122844

130898

Turkey

21637

23224

26261

26974

26588

27775

31334

36059

47253

63167

73414

237953

258527

280406

273949

272161

285429

272715

280195

305627

347493

382761

European Union (25) b

...

...

...

...

2344455

2437355

2451845

2617985

3123730

3728740

4001136

extra-EU(25) exports

...

...

...

...

734795

792245

802315

854445

998719

1205683

1328273

2083745

2154900

2140890

2233600

2237460

2316290

2318375

2466270

2926630

...

...

749850

795235

817790

822240

810200

870085

882840

942985

1108395

...

...
340205

United Kingdom

European Union (15)


extra-EU(15) exports
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

112545

123660

124860

106800

106460

145725

144315

153200

194595

265485

Armenia

271

290

233

221

232

294

343

505

686

715

950

Azerbaijan

635

630

780

605

929

1745

2314

2167

2590

3615

4347

Belarus

4803

5652

7301

7070

5909

7326

7451

8021

9946

13774

15977

Georgia

151

199

240

191

238

323

318

346

461

647

867

5250

5911

6497

5334

5872

8812

8639

9670

12927

20093

27849

Kyrgyz Republic

409

505

604

514

454

505

476

486

582

719

672

Moldova

745

795

875

630

465

472

568

644

790

985

1091

81095

88600

88330

74884

75665

105565

101884

107301

135929

183207

243569

750

770

745

595

690

785

650

738

797

915

909

1880

1695

1000

590

1187

2506

2700

2850

3632

3870

4935

13128

14401

14232

12637

11582

14573

16265

17957

23067

32666

34287

3430

4210

4025

3530

3235

2817

2708

2513

3189

4280

4749

112000

125400

127500

106000

116700

147800

137400

141100

176700

230000

297700

Algeria

10258

13220

13894

10209

12525

22031

19133

18799

23163

31304

46001

Angola

3642

5095

5007

3543

5157

7921

6534

8328

9508

13475

23400

Kazakhstan

Russian Federation
Tajikistan

Appendix tables

Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Uzbekistan
Africa

Benin

420

528

424

407

422

392

374

448

541

553

561

2142

2447

2842

2058

2644

2713

2510

2425

3159

3516

4425

Burkina Faso

276

233

232

319

255

209

223

247

321

479

493

Burundi

105

39

86

65

54

50

39

30

66

83

111

1651

1768

1860

1671

1601

1833

1749

1802

2246

2478

2829

Botswana

Cameroon
Cape Verde

13

14

10

11

11

10

11

13

15

18

Central African Republic

171

147

163

151

146

161

142

147

128

126

128

Chad

243

238

237

262

243

183

189

185

601

2141

3065

11

14

17

19

29

19

12

1172

1345

1668

1365

1560

2489

2055

2280

2677

3500

5000

Comoros
Congo

196

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

1563

1547

1449

1422

809

824

901

1132

1374

1850

2050

Cte d'Ivoire

3806

4446

4451

4606

4661

3888

3946

5275

5788

6919

7610

Table A6 (continued)

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1995-05

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

14
3450

29
3539

31
3921

28
3130

28
3559

32
4689

32
4128

36
4708

37
6161

38
7682

40
10654

127

232

497

439

709

1097

1834

2217

2801

4596

7177

86

98

57

28

21

37

19

52

10

Ethiopia

422

417

587

561

467

486

455

480

496

678

883

Gabon

2713

3184

3024

1916

2394

2602

2522

2411

2826

3620

4920

16

21

15

21

12

15

10

12

10

Ghana

1724

1669

1635

1795

1720

1671

1716

1850

2324

2485

2490

Guinea

702

709

685

693

636

666

731

709

609

726

890

24

28

48

27

51

62

63

54

65

76

101
3293

Djibouti
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea

Gambia

Guinea-Bissau
Kenya

1878

2067

2053

2008

1747

1734

1944

2116

2411

2684

Lesotho

160

187

196

194

172

220

280

373

480

707

649

Liberia

820

630

430

425

469

329

245

235

270

235

200

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

8975

9903

9656

6659

7947

13380

10892

9717

14525

20600

30110

Madagascar

507

509

516

538

584

824

928

486

856

980

760

Malawi

405

481

537

431

453

379

449

407

525

483

520

Mali

441

433

561

556

571

545

725

874

928

977

1109

Mauritania

499

491

406

350

373

358

348

322

306

368

565

Mauritius

1538

1802

1592

1645

1554

1557

1628

1801

1898

1993

2144

Morocco

6881

6881

7032

7153

7367

7432

7144

7849

8777

9925

10641

168

217

222

230

263

364

703

810

1045

1504

1745

1409

1418

1338

1232

1234

1320

1179

1072

1260

1829

2070

Mozambique
Namibia
Niger

288

325

272

334

287

283

272

279

352

437

502

12342

16153

15207

9855

13856

20975

17261

15107

22605

31148

42277

54

60

88

60

60

52

86

65

63

99

125

993

988

905

968

1027

920

1003

1067

1257

1509

1641

Seychelles

52

140

113

122

145

194

216

228

274

291

356

Sierra Leone

42

47

17

13

29

49

92

139

158

170

187

177

197

191

193

285

297

223

300

300

27853

29221

31027

26362

26707

29983

29258

29723

36482

46029

51876

Sudan

555

620

594

596

780

1807

1699

1949

2542

3778

4824

Swaziland

866

856

962

973

937

910

1054

1029

1588

1950

2020

Tanzania

682

784

753

589

543

663

776

902

1129

1336

1481

Togo

378

441

424

420

391

363

357

427

598

601

569

5475

5516

5559

5738

5872

5850

6631

6874

8027

9685

10494

Nigeria
Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal

Somalia
South Africa c

Tunisia
Uganda

460

587

555

501

519

460

456

481

563

705

853

Zambia

1040

1037

915

1032

1063

666

985

930

981

1461

1720

Zimbabwe

2118

2406

2541

2111

1887

1925

1207

2012

1670

1887

1820

Middle East

151000

182700

187300

144500

182300

268000

239800

248200

302500

399100

538000

Bahrain

4112

4700

4384

3270

4363

6195

5577

5794

6632

7519

9866

18360

22391

18381

13118

17128

28739

25689

24440

33750

41697

56252

Iran, Islamic Rep. of


Iraq

496

731

4600

5500

12800

20603

12872

12219

9711

17810

24096

Israel

19046

20610

22503

22993

25794

31404

29048

29347

31784

38618

42659

Jordan

1769

1816

1836

1802

1832

1899

2293

2770

3082

3922

4302

Kuwait

12785

14889

14224

9554

12164

19436

16203

15369

20678

28599

45011

816

1020

643

662

677

715

1093

1238

1813

2199

2337

6068

7346

7630

5508

7238

11319

11074

11172

11669

13342

18692

Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia

3651

4447

5570

5030

7214

11594

10871

10978

13382

18684

25762

50040

60729

60732

38822

50761

77583

68064

72453

93245

125997

181440

Syrian Arab Republic

3563

3999

3916

2890

3464

4634

5248

6536

5731

5383

5760

United Arab Emirates

28364

37334

40423

33837

36474

49835

48414

52163

67135

90638

115453

Yemen
Asia a
Afghanistan
Australia

1945

2675

2504

1496

2440

4079

3374

3684

3924

4676

6380

1446800

1464900

1546500

1450000

1547200

1836200

1673500

1806800

2136100

2650500

3050900

156

173

201

209

167

185

100

250

350

420

560

53111

60301

62910

55893

56080

63870

63387

65033

70342

86564

105825

Appendix tables

(Million dollars)

197

Table A6 (continued)

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Bangladesh
Bhutan

3501
103

4249
100

4832
118

5121
108

5497
116

6389
103

6080
106

6149
113

6990
133

8305
183

9294
250

Brunei Darussalam

2402

2481

2467

2058

2579

3903

3640

3702

4421

5057

6582

855

644

736

800

1129

1389

1500

1923

2118

2798

3100

148780

151048

182792

183712

194931

249203

266098

325596

438228

593326

761954

619

748

622

512

609

585

537

515

666

694

702

173871

180914

188195

174864

174403

202683

191066

201928

228708

265543

292119

Cambodia
China
Fiji
Hong Kong, China
domestic exports

29946

27431

27306

24588

22381

23536

20273

18327

19592

19978

20050

143925

153483

160889

150276

152022

179147

170793

183600

209117

245565

272069

India

30630

33105

35008

33437

35667

42379

43361

49250

57085

75562

95096

Indonesia

45417

49814

56298

50370

51243

65403

57361

59166

64108

70768

86226

443116

410901

420957

387927

417610

479249

403496

416726

471817

565675

594905

re-exports

Japan
Kiribati
Korea, Republic of
Lao People's Dem. Rep.

125058

129715

136164

132313

143686

172267

150439

162471

193817

253845

284419

311

323

359

370

311

330

331

298

359

361

510

1997

1996

2148

2141

2200

2539

2300

2356

2581

2812

2476

Malaysia

73914

78327

78740

73305

84455

98229

88005

94058

104705

126511

140949

Maldives

85

80

90

96

91

109

110

132

149

181

162

Mongolia

473

424

569

462

454

536

521

524

616

870

1054

Myanmar

860

754

874

1077

1136

1646

2381

3046

2483

2380

2925

Nepal

345

385

406

474

602

804

737

568

662

756

850

New Caledonia

565

535

543

378

468

604

443

492

785

1030

1085

Macao, China

New Zealand

13645

14360

14221

12070

12455

13272

13730

14383

16527

20344

21729

Pakistan

8029

9365

8758

8514

8424

9028

9238

9913

11930

13379

15917

Papua New Guinea

2654

2529

2163

1772

1875

2096

1805

1641

2207

2558

3192

17502

20408

24882

29414

36576

39783

32664

35208

36231

39681

41255

Philippines
Samoa

10

15

15

20

14

15

14

15

11

12

118268

125014

124985

109895

114680

137804

121751

125177

159902

198637

229649

domestic exports

69557

73466

72401

63381

68682

78703

66172

66836

86419

106663

124546

re-exports

48711

51548

52584

46514

45998

59101

55579

58341

73483

91974

105103

168

162

157

118

126

69

47

58

74

97

102

3798

4095

4639

4809

4594

5430

4816

4699

5125

5757

6347

113047

117331

123159

112467

123626

151357

125900

135080

150600

182424

197776

56439

55721

57374

54456

58440

69057

64968

68108

80324

96248

110110

Tonga

14

11

10

13

15

18

15

10

Tuvalu

28

30

35

34

26

26

20

20

27

37

38

5449

7255

9185

9361

11540

14449

15029

16530

20176

25625

31625

Singapore

Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand

Vanuatu
Viet Nam

Memorandum items:
Appendix tables

World excluding a
intra-EU (25) exports

...

...

...

...

4100000

4807000

4536000

4722000

5453000

6680000

7758000

intra-EU (15) exports

3830000

4042000

4266000

4088000

4282000

5006000

4750000

4962000

5760000

9203000

...

Europe excluding
intra-EU (25) exports

...

...

...

...

912030

988820

1005020

1075900

1261480

1527800

1699050

intra-EU (15) exports

1001750

1061430

1089910

1101840

1094440

1187720

1219020

1316150

1568260

4050850

...

a Includes significant re-exports.


b Prior to 2004, European Union (25) individual country data do not add up to the reported aggregate due to Eurostat's use of different methodologies for Cyprus, Estonia and
Lithuania.
c Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the South African Customs Union.
Note: Breaks in the continuity of the value series for particular countries and regional groupings are indicated by an 'I'. They result mainly from changes in the methods of collecting
and reporting merchandise trade statistics.
It should be noted that the World and Asia totals contain a significant element of double counting due to the use of the general system of recording merchandise trade statistics which
includes re-exports.
Recent figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat.

198

Table A7

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

World a

5284000

5545000

5738000

5681000

5920000

6724000

6481000

6740000

7857000

9556000 10783000

North America

1015760

1091500

1215425

1282060

1426495

1687580

1583440

1605140

1727465

2011405

Canada

168426

175158

200873

206066

220183

244786

227291

227499

245021

278785

319686

75858

93674

114846

130948

146084

182702

176185

176607

178503

206060

231670

770852

822025

899020

944353

1059440

1259300

1179180

1200230

1303050

1525516

1732348

176900

183300

212400

215600

186500

206300

204200

179500

189700

242700

297600

346

365

370

385

414

407

386

400

422

451

580

Argentina

20122

23762

30450

31404

25508

25154

20320

8990

13834

22445

28692

Bahamas

1243

1366

1666

1873

1757

2074

1912

1728

1762

1905

2149

Barbados

771

833

996

1010

1108

1156

1087

1039

1133

1413

1604

United States
South and Central America
Antigua and Barbuda

Belize
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

2005

2284735

257

255

286

295

370

524

517

525

552

514

593

12649

9880

14606

15817

14064

16213

18323

12963

9256

16828

24249

Bolivia

1424

1635

1851

1983

1755

1830

1708

1770

1616

1844

2341

Brazil

54137

56792

63291

61135

51909

59053

58640

49716

50845

66433

77585

Chile

15900

19199

20822

19880

15988

18507

17429

17091

19381

24871

32542

Colombia

13853

13683

15378

14635

10659

11539

12834

12711

13889

16746

21204

Costa Rica

4036

4300

4924

6230

6320

6372

6569

7188

7663

8268

9798

Cuba

2825

3205

3987

4197

4365

4843

4839

4129

4624

5286

7125

117

129

124

136

141

148

131

116

128

144

165

5170

5727

6609

7597

8041

9479

8779

8838

7627

7888

9614

Dominica
Dominican Republic b
Ecuador

4152

4284

4954

5576

3017

3721

5363

6431

6703

8226

10309

El Salvador

3329

3223

3739

3962

4095

4947

5027

5184

5754

6328

6766

124

152

173

200

202

239

212

199

253

270

330

3292

3146

3851

4651

4382

4791

5607

7659

8128

9478

10493

Guyana

527

597

630

540

480

573

584

563

571

692

786

Haiti

653

665

648

797

1025

1036

1013

1130

1188

1306

1454

Grenada
Guatemala

Honduras

1642

1839

2149

2535

2676

2855

2942

2981

3276

3916

4484

Jamaica

2818

2965

3132

3035

2899

3326

3360

3533

3642

3772

4460

Netherlands Antilles

1841

2519

2083

2062

1745

2862

2826

2268

2606

3050

3620

975

1154

1450

1492

1862

1805

1775

1754

1879

2212

2595

Panama

2510

2779

3002

3398

3516

3379

2964

2982

3086

3594

4155

Paraguay

3144

3204

3403

2897

1906

2193

2182

1672

2065

3097

3700

Peru

12502

Nicaragua

7584

7947

8588

8220

7404

7415

7316

7493

8414

10101

Saint Kitts and Nevis

133

149

147

149

153

196

189

201

205

200

205

Saint Lucia

307

313

332

328

355

355

355

309

403

437

530

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

135

131

188

193

201

163

186

174

200

228

241

Suriname

585

501

658

552

486

526

461

492

704

740

895

Trinidad and Tobago

1714

2144

2990

2999

2741

3308

3569

3643

3892

4858

5674

Uruguay

2867

3323

3727

3811

3357

3466

3061

1964

2190

3114

3879
4542675

Europe

2334760

2415465

2418600

2559180

2596400

2774755

2732435

2876095

3461555

4160880

Albania

714

937

646

842

1154

1090

1327

1504

1864

2309

2614

Austria

66237

68505

65739

69504

71319

72395

74633

78299

99532

119905

126179
318658

Belgium

164807

177514

178664

198311

234945

285621

164934

167914

161930

168995

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1082

1882

2333

2910

3305

3107

3354

3872

4801

5908

7097

Bulgaria

5660

5075

4930

4949

5453

6505

7263

7987

10902

14467

18181

Croatia

7510

7784

9101

8276

7799

7887

9147

10722

14209

16589

18547

Belgium-Luxembourg

Cyprus

3690

3979

3655

3685

3618

3846

3923

4086

4466

5502

6305

Czech Republic b

25085

27800

27105

28340

28463

31974

36297

40656

51728

69967

76707

Denmark

45939

45291

44902

46873

45753

45558

45322

50320

57429

68157

76018

2546

3224

4437

4787

4109

5052

5230

5863

7967

8336

10033

Estonia
Finland

29470

31422

31611

32960

32114

34443

32639

34218

42513

51443

58999

France

289391

294560

285027

307771

315743

338944

328608

329262

398840

470945

497853

1719

1627

1779

1915

1776

2094

1694

1995

2306

2932

3228

FYR Macedonia

Appendix tables

Mexico b

2004

199

Table A7 (continued)

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)

Germany

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

463872

459098

445731

471474

474038

497204

486119

490283

604612

715742

773804

25898

28238

26919

30293

30528

33480

28419

31570

44852

52760

53965

Hungary

15465

18145

21235

25705

28015

32172

33617

37755

47808

60538

66045

Iceland

1758

2042

2018

2482

2516

2589

2269

2275

2789

3710

4983

Ireland

32340

34320

37748

43191

46768

51042

50556

52399

53886

61814

68007
379772

205990

208263

210132

218465

220633

238760

236220

247015

297519

355301

Latvia

1815

2320

2720

3190

2954

3202

3506

4046

5234

7096

8696

Lithuania

3650

4560

5645

5795

4835

5457

6353

7709

9803

12387

15453
21708

Luxembourg

11218

11278

12331

12651

16165

20046

2890

2801

2552

2668

2843

3413

2531

2646

3227

3669

3597

185232

190923

190731

195639

206158

218270

208638

219265

264704

319669

359055

Norway

32968

35615

35708

37478

34173

34392

32955

34873

40055

48534

55495

Poland

29050

37135

42310

47055

45883

49029

50184

55299

68272

89696

100951

Portugal

32610

35202

35055

38435

39973

39953

39490

40156

47200

54948

61126

Romania

10278

11435

11280

11821

10392

13055

15561

17862

24003

32664

40463

Malta
Netherlands

Serbia and Montenegro

2666

4102

4799

4849

3296

3711

4837

6320

7952

11752

11635

Slovak Republic b

8770

11125

11725

13078

11318

12760

14760

16564

22523

29471

35337

Slovenia
Spain

9492

9423

9357

10110

10102

10147

10160

10944

13845

17759

20090

113537

121221

115670

136662

135343

156145

154650

165105

208602

258331

278825
111228

Sweden

65036

66930

65596

68403

68579

72881

63200

66955

83540

100433

Switzerland

80152

78224

75960

80094

79857

82521

84102

87189

100239

115799

126524

Turkey

35709

43627

48559

45921

40671

54503

41399

51554

69340

97540

116553

267250

287332

307518

321231

324893

343781

333003

346317

391964

470633

510237

...

...

...

...

2403135

2560175

2525405

2646279

3179339

3806969

4135379

United Kingdom
European Union (25)
extra-EU(25) imports
European Union (15)
extra-EU(15) imports
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

...

...

...

...

795750

919885

881045

891249

1064184

1283912

1462516

2050935

2101330

2089635

2212010

2262500

2404870

2360705

2463105

2946560

...

...

713195

737745

762720

796575

831120

954495

921030

935430

1123085

...

...

93820

108720

114405

95260

70570

81555

94440

103960

132280

172980

215960

Armenia

674

856

892

902

800

882

874

987

1280

1351

1768

Azerbaijan

668

961

794

1076

1036

1172

1431

1666

2626

3516

4200

5564

6939

8689

8549

6674

8646

8286

9092

11558

16491

16699

Belarus
Georgia
Kazakhstan

392

687

944

887

585

709

753

796

1141

1848

2491

3807

4241

4301

4314

3655

5040

6446

6584

8409

12781

17353
1108

Kyrgyz Republic

522

838

709

842

600

554

467

587

717

941

Moldova

840

1070

1170

1018

585

777

892

1038

1403

1769

2312

60945

68830

73615

58015

39537

44659

53764

60966

76070

97382

125303
1330

Russian Federation c
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Ukraine

Appendix tables

1996

Greece

Italy

Uzbekistan
Africa
Algeria

810

670

750

710

663

675

688

721

881

1191

1365

1315

1230

980

1478

1786

2250

2120

2512

3320

3588

15484

17603

17128

14676

11846

13956

15775

16977

23020

28996

36141

2750

4710

4185

3290

3110

2697

2814

2425

2662

3392

3666

126700

125600

132400

132900

128200

129400

134300

136000

163100

210200

249300

10100

9090

8688

9400

9162

9171

9940

11969

12380

18169

20357

1468

2040

2597

2079

3109

3040

3179

3760

5480

5832

8150

746

654

681

736

749

613

623

725

892

894

894

1911

1723

2258

2251

2198

2081

1809

1845

2594

3368

3272

Burkina Faso

455

647

587

732

678

611

656

739

920

1265

1305

Burundi

234

127

121

158

118

148

139

129

157

176

267

1199

1227

1359

1495

1318

1489

1852

1866

2021

2407

2885

Cape Verde

252

234

235

228

246

230

234

276

351

387

438

Central African Republic

175

141

141

146

131

117

107

120

118

147

151

Chad

365

332

334

356

316

317

679

1646

790

770

770

63

57

55

54

55

43

51

53

70

86

95

670

1551

926

680

821

465

682

675

830

864

1415

Angola b
Benin
Botswana

Cameroon

Comoros
Congo
Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Cte d'Ivoire

200

1995

871

1089

770

1102

568

697

807

1081

1594

1986

2175

2931

2902

2781

2991

3252

2785

2418

2456

3231

4291

5350

Table A7 (continued)

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)

Djibouti b

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

177

172

176

196

194

207

196

197

238

261

320

11760

13038

13211

16166

16022

14010

12756

12552

10893

12865

19819

Equatorial Guinea

121

292

358

317

425

451

813

507

1235

1529

2035

Eritrea

454

553

525

508

510

471

423

538

433

480

495

Ethiopia

1145

1401

1113

1517

1538

1262

1815

1622

2119

3087

4127

Gabon

882

957

1104

1103

841

994

859

942

1043

1216

1393

Gambia

182

258

278

228

192

187

134

161

156

229

235

Ghana

1906

2108

2326

2563

3480

2973

3154

2720

3210

4074

5005

Guinea

819

648

620

537

556

612

601

667

640

690

820

Guinea-Bissau

133

87

89

63

51

59

62

59

65

83

119

Kenya

2991

2949

3279

3197

2832

3105

3192

3245

3725

4553

6149

Lesotho

1107

1126

1140

941

866

809

743

808

1113

1430

1390

Liberia

510

555

610

470

520

668

620

620

710

1000

1190

Egypt

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

5392

5873

6123

5466

4158

3732

4397

4396

4330

6326

7000

Madagascar b

628

629

694

693

742

997

955

603

1109

1467

1550

Malawi

475

624

781

515

673

532

563

695

786

933

1165

Mali

772

772

739

761

824

806

990

928

1248

1291

1612

Mauritania

494

463

438

359

305

312

374

357

387

558

750

Mauritius

1976

2289

2189

2073

2247

2093

1987

2159

2363

2771

3160

Morocco

10023

9704

9525

10290

9925

11534

11038

11864

14250

17822

20332

704

759

739

790

1139

1158

1063

1640

1753

1927

2408

1616

1670

1753

1648

1610

1550

1547

1470

1980

2420

2520

374

448

374

471

410

395

412

468

622

751

871

Nigeria

8222

6438

9501

9211

8588

8721

11586

7547

10853

14164

17265

Rwanda

236

258

297

285

253

211

281

248

259

285

403

29

22

16

17

38

30

28

31

41

41

49

1412

1436

1335

1455

1564

1519

1730

1958

2357

2836

3190

Mozambique
Namibia
Niger

Sao Tome and Principe


Senegal
Seychelles

233

379

340

384

434

342

476

420

413

498

676

Sierra Leone

133

211

93

95

81

149

182

264

303

286

345

Somalia

268

295

313

280

340

343

449

454

517

610

610

30546

30182

32998

29242

26696

29695

28248

29267

39748

55210

62304

Sudan

1218

1547

1580

1925

1415

1553

1958

2446

2882

4075

6757

Swaziland

1008

1062

1066

1083

1068

1046

1129

955

1508

1928

2080

Tanzania

1675

1388

1337

1453

1556

1524

1712

1660

2125

2513

2659

594

664

645

588

597

562

553

591

775

880

895

Tunisia

7902

7700

7914

8350

8474

8567

9529

9526

10910

12738

13177

Uganda

1056

1191

1316

1416

1342

1536

1594

1053

1241

1478

1779

Zambia

700

835

819

1100

822

993

1307

1253

1574

2017

2750

2660

2803

3092

2701

2126

1863

1715

1751

1710

2204

2330

Middle East

132500

146700

150200

149000

147500

167400

175100

184300

210200

275700

322100

Bahrain

3716

4273

4026

3566

3698

4633

4306

5013

5657

6485

7740

13882

16274

14196

14323

13324

13898

16709

20617

24798

31976

35859

South Africa b d

Togo

Zimbabwe

Iran, Islamic Rep. of


Iraq

665

950

4000

4400

6900

13384

13120

9817

9934

21302

23430

Israel

29578

31620

30781

29342

33166

37686

35449

35517

36303

42864

47142

Jordan

3697

4293

4102

3828

3717

4597

4871

5076

5743

8128

10506

Kuwait

7790

8373

8246

8619

7617

7157

7869

9001

10987

12631

16275

Lebanon b

7278

7575

7464

7070

6207

6230

7380

6560

7315

9609

9633

Oman

4379

4728

5191

5826

4801

5131

5933

6296

6801

8796

8971

Qatar

3398

2868

3322

3409

2500

3252

3758

4052

4897

6005

10061
59409

Saudi Arabia

28091

27744

28732

30013

28011

30238

31223

32293

36915

44744

Syrian Arab Republic

4709

5380

4028

3895

3832

3815

4752

4488

5111

7049

8106

United Arab Emirates

23778

30563

34107

32588

31721

35009

37293

42652

52074

72082

80744

Yemen
Asia

1582

2038

2014

2167

2008

2324

2466

2921

3675

3986

4260

1403300

1473800

1494600

1247400

1364000

1677100

1557200

1654800

1972300

2481800

2871000

Afghanistan

368

500

436

373

411

550

1000

1500

2300

2700

3200

Australia b

61283

65427

65892

64630

69158

71529

63888

72690

89084

109384

125280

Appendix tables

1995

201

Table A7 (continued)

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)

Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia b
China
Fiji
Hong Kong, China
retained imports
India
Indonesia
Japan
Kiribati
Korea, Republic of
Lao People's Dem. Rep.

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

6694

7032

7263

7495

8331

8883

9018

8592

10434

12023

13839

112

128

137

134

182

175

191

197

249

411

395

2091

2494

2203

1552

1342

1107

1159

1556

1327

1422

1400

1187

1072

1064

1166

1591

1939

2094

2318

2560

3193

3700

132084

138833

142370

140237

165699

225094

243553

295170

412760

561229

660003

892

987

965

722

903

830

886

901

1205

1443

1610

196072

201284

213297

186759

180711

214042

202008

207969

233249

272893

300160

52147

47801

52408

36483

28689

34895

31215

24369

24132

27328

28091

34707

37942

41432

42980

46979

51523

50392

56517

71238

97331

134831

40630

42929

51304

35280

33321

43595

37534

38340

42246

54877

69498

335882

349152

338754

280484

309995

379511

349089

337194

382930

454542

514922

35

38

39

33

41

40

41

43

40

48

55

135119

150339

144616

93282

119752

160481

141098

152126

178827

224463

261238

589

690

706

553

525

535

528

431

482

506

745

2042

2000

2082

1955

2040

2255

2386

2530

2755

3478

3913

Malaysia

77691

78418

79030

58319

64966

81963

73866

79869

83300

105283

114602

Maldives

268

302

349

354

402

389

393

392

471

642

744

Mongolia

415

451

468

503

513

615

638

691

801

1021

1149

Myanmar

1348

1371

2056

2695

2323

2401

2877

2348

2091

2196

2250

Nepal

1333

1398

1693

1246

1422

1573

1473

1419

1754

1870

1820

Macao, China

New Caledonia

957

995

929

929

1006

924

931

1008

1541

1637

1774

New Zealand

13957

14724

14519

12495

14299

13906

13308

15047

18559

23195

26239

Pakistan

11515

12189

11650

9330

10207

10864

10191

11233

13038

17949

25331

1452

1741

1711

1240

1188

1151

1071

1137

1356

1680

1729

28341

34126

38622

31496

32568

37027

34921

39236

40470

44039

47418

Papua New Guinea


Philippines
Samoa

95

100

97

97

115

106

130

135

137

168

187

124507

131338

132437

101732

111060

134545

116000

116441

136218

173585

200047

75796

79790

79853

55218

65062

75444

60421

58100

62735

81611

94944

154

151

158

128

110

92

90

67

83

85

143

5306

5442

5864

5905

5961

7177

5973

6105

6672

7973

8834

103558

103079

114446

105442

111449

140642

107944

113331

128130

169322

182569

70786

72332

62854

42971

50342

61924

61962

64645

75824

94410

118191

Tonga

77

75

73

69

73

70

73

89

94

105

125

Tuvalu

10

11

16

11

13

95

98

94

93

98

87

90

90

105

128

150

8155

11144

11592

11500

11742

15638

16218

19000

24863

31091

36476

Singapore
retained imports
Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand

Vanuatu
Viet Nam
Memorandum items:

Appendix tables

World excluding a
intra-EU (25) imports

...

...

...

...

4312000

5084000

4837000

4985000

5741000

7033000

8111000

intra-EU (15) imports

3946000

4182000

4411000

4266000

4488000

5274000

5041000

5212000

6033000

9556000

...

Europe excluding

a
b
c
d

intra-EU (25) imports

...

...

...

...

989010

1134470

1088070

1121060

1346400

1637820

1869810

intra-EU (15) imports

997020

1051880

1091680

1143750

1165020

1324380

1292760

1348420

1638080

4160880

...

Includes significant imports for re-export.


Imports are valued f.o.b.
Beginning with 1998, imports are valued f.o.b.
Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the South African Customs Union.

Note: Breaks in the continuity of the value series for particular countries and regional groupings are indicated by an 'I'. They result mainly from changes in the methods of collecting
and reporting merchandise trade statistics.
It should be noted that the World and Asia totals contain a significant element of double counting due to the use of the general system of recording merchandise trade statistics which
includes re-exports.
Recent figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat.

202

Table A8

World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1995-05

World
North America
Canada
Mexico
United States
South and Central America
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Grenada
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay
Europe
Albania
Austria
Belgium
Belgium-Luxembourg
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Faeroe Islands
Finland
France
FYR Macedonia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1185100

1270700

1319600

1349700

1405300

1491000

1492900

1600500

1828200

2185800

2414300

233500

255800

274600

283100

305900

330900

317100

325200

338300

383700

422300

25425
9585
198501

28601
10516
216653

30724
10997
232865

33040
11534
238525

35229
11606
259049

39271
13567
278086

37862
12550
266661

39567
12474
273209

42748
12477
283063

47893
13931
321837

52193
16050
354020

34600

35700

38600

41900

42900

47100

46200

44900

49300

57200

68200

348
3676
626
1523
844
117
1529
174
6005
3249
1641
957
1528
61
1894
687
342
98
628
130
98
221
1568
1465
94
1298
566
1042
80
264
72
101
331
1309

363
4255
751
1558
901
125
1448
167
4453
3495
2133
1042
1929
67
2078
640
318
105
533
140
104
277
1574
1378
101
1390
581
1323
87
266
96
96
447
1388

402
4447
799
1573
933
124
1189
232
5488
3799
2096
1116
2151
80
2373
639
460
105
542
148
172
328
1672
1391
126
1515
634
1457
93
287
98
85
535
1413

424
4702
877
1517
995
122
1286
235
7083
3859
1892
1329
2592
84
2421
631
576
116
581
142
163
332
1743
1495
153
1757
606
1674
98
318
106
67
574
1309

430
4557
904
1778
997
135
1207
243
6873
3780
1876
1643
2855
97
2767
681
620
141
653
147
173
427
1949
1506
181
1747
554
1488
98
305
124
73
592
1235

408
4775
991
1946
1055
140
1057
207
8961
3995
1984
1911
3114
87
3143
793
673
146
702
169
158
429
1988
1592
187
1961
573
1420
95
320
124
85
543
1249

395
4469
975
1776
1032
134
1242
221
8718
4071
2123
1875
2954
74
3024
799
680
129
948
172
123
432
1867
1603
188
1958
525
1343
95
282
130
56
563
1099

388
3228
979
2036
1003
142
913
242
8790
4315
1799
1842
2836
78
2982
820
750
130
1053
172
132
473
1881
1577
191
2241
531
1415
86
257
135
35
598
727

416
4144
1034
2028
1124
163
791
349
9570
4906
1853
1996
3200
80
3401
814
811
137
954
157
116
537
2103
1653
222
2464
559
1576
103
326
130
52
672
777

470
5135
1228
2209
1181
187
1008
401
11615
5978
2185
2206
3680
90
3435
847
921
158
1063
164
114
658
2263
1810
250
2690
556
1795
130
377
143
129
918
1125

...
6141
1287
2452
1320
238
1240
439
14901
7078
2593
2574
...
85
3815
851
989
132
1149
127
130
716
2372
1834
272
3088
576
2058
143
409
151
183
884
1304

597100

627700

638800

687300

703400

721900

741000

808800

964900

1151300

1244800

94
31692
33619
...
1431
2223
3102
6638
15171
868
...
7334
83108
...
73575
9528
5086
588
4799
61173
718

123
33425
33064
...
1366
3193
3047
8071
16341
1099
...
7060
82585
151
77632
9262
5806
653
5562
64913
1121

253
30865
44073
461
1760
3708
3655
6928
19982
1486
56
6457
81439
249
80173
16464
5171
826
15526
58018
1020

429
31060
48556
448
2129
4056
3798
6751
23721
1458
54
6118
80330
290
79659
19181
5836
936
18326
55998
1131

495
33001
48970
495
2081
4883
4067
7034
25134
1576
57
5775
81775
198
84270
19384
6949
1004
23267
57098
1161

552
34835
36285
522
2324
5581
4218
7024
26667
1672
71
6399
85297
220
96781
20044
7336
1034
29666
59562
1221

695
42269
43291
714
3126
8568
5013
7754
31672
2189
78
7807
97968
306
115830
24202
8621
1281
41785
70602
1487

52
29214
34097
...
1307
3984
3022
7033
14044
1314
...
6569
79914
127
77525
9224 I
5744
725
6046 I
66409
1027

83
29225
36688
457
1766
3949
3297
7518
15212
1476
51
6632
84164
148
79967
10068 I
5361
847
16504
66621
1103

997
48297
50510
892
3959
9373
5886
9660
36304 I
2792
...
9792
108659
384
135153
32986
10708
1528
52158
82485
1752

1154
52623
53270
1010
4241
...
6164
10729
41160
3117
...
10111
114955
446
148540
34051
12302
1913
53350
93518
2131

Appendix tables

(Million dollars)

203

Table A8 (continued)

World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia and Montenegro
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom

482
1023
44646
13458
10637
8161
1476
...
2378
2016
40019
15336
25179
14475
76536

786
1050
46219
14600
9700
7868
1552
688
2060
2129
44075
16669
25476
12927
87048

1020
1082
47727
15503
8898
7591
1499
818
2151
2035
43333
17505
24589
19238
98002

1096
1159
48570
15379
10810
8735
1201
914
2275
2022
48124
17675
25893
23204
109064

1083
1198
50835
15702
8331
9144
1340
471
1886
1872
51982
19691
28138
16230
116889

1052
1074
48361
17134
10395
8896
1720
624
2218
1882
52112
20014
28620
19267
118271

1147
1077
50122
17468
9745
9251
2007
740
2489
1956
55292
21758
26789
15084
117369

1451
20138
1173
54700
18517
10030
10219
2326
829
2787
2311
59599
23757
29060
13981
130619

1864
25205
1346
61702
20781
11170
12188
3000
1130
3270
2786
73679
30337
33484
17909
149827

2431
32974
1362
71784
25354
13431
14646
3590
1678
3701
3449
85303
38320
41220
22706
184972

3075
40044
1398
76653
28457
16111
14940
4926
1909
4378
3985
92730
42761
43955
25550
188740

European Union (25)


Extra-EU (25) exports a

537600
...

566600
...

570500
...

613400
...

634200
...

646200
...

669700
...

733800
...

873900
368400

1039500
439300

1120800
480300

European Union (15)


Extra-EU (15) exports a

504700
221500

531700
239500

537200
252400

577200
265700

601500
272300

610600
277200

632500
286200

694600
309400

828400
370000

984300
443500

1057400
...

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Armenia
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova
Russian Federation
Ukraine

Appendix tables

Africa

204

Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Congo
Cte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Kenya
Lesotho
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nigeria
Rwanda
Senegal
Seychelles

...

...

22300

19700

16100

17200

19500

23400

27200

35000

42100

27
166
466
...
535
39
143
10568
2846

75
139
907
...
674
32
103
13283
4799

97
332
919
188
842
40
163
14080
4937

118
320
919
354
904
58
148
12372
3922

129
237
745
217
933
60
126
9067
3869

130
234
989
206
906
57
155
9565
3800

179
256
1124
299
1093
73
160
11215
3897

176
321
1317
354
1363
120
207
13451
4583

199
392
1477
403
1528
134
235
16088
5013

239
454
1729
492
1807
193
343
20164
7460

323
625
2043
628
2022
231
409
24337
8913

25700

28000

28200

28000

30400

31300

31300

33300

42100

50700

56900

793
113
160
236
4
242
58
15
62
426
28
8262
49
310
191
38
139
17
851
30
20
219
24
68
19
773
2020
242
301
608
11
364
261

763
226
123
145
5
...
65
13
60
473
31
9079
105
321
205
88
144
63
789
34
17
254
37
72
24
955
2433
253
325
733
13
315
223

753
139
102
187
3
...
79
12
86
502
31
9096
159
318
205
97
152
70
716
79
17
243
39
69
25
889
2203
279
367
786
34
329
245

973
122
127
240
3
...
75
9
112
533
61
7832
77
308
194
83
427
66
631
46
31
264
32
71
24
911
2558
286
315
884
32
366
237

1010
153
155
305
2
...
95
13
139
508
65
9276
44
392
249
78
454
36
721
37
50
290
49
94
25
1030
2803
295
311
980
36
351
261

927
267
126
306
2
...
101
9
130
415
69
9687
54
387
171
62
490
27
727
36
119
314
34
92
30
1066
2854
325
212
1833
41
330
281

884
203
133
326
2
365
120
9
137
510
74
8815
113
391
143
61
515
72
793
35
134
274
44
140
36
1218
3787
249
285
1653
45
345
282

1191
207
141
439
4
419
144
6
158
513
79
9127
118
450
131
61
539
43
737
30
275
158
49
150
46
1146
4098
336
276
2524
48
389
290

1287
201
163
647
2
524
211
6
137
560
87
10837
...
588
167
68
612
55
832
43
329
202
40
208
...
1274
5126
300
404
3473
...
488
311

1516
323
210
752
...
...
266
...
...
631
87
14046
...
800
...
75
684
31
1150
56
351
...
41
227
...
1449
6304
246
463
3336
...
598
307

...
...
...
839
...
...
298
...
...
...
95
14955
...
802
...
...
1129
...
...
...
...
...
43
...
...
1607
7592
316
397
4164
...
...
344

Table A8 (continued)

World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1995-05

Sierra Leone
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Middle East

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

71
4414
82
150
566
64
2401
104
...
467

46
4848
37
98
602
102
2527
145
...
575

20
5210
30
90
470
78
2518
165
112
622

13
5213
14
87
534
65
2607
176
102
595

18
5041
82 I
68
576
54
2769
188
107
585

39
4888
24
226
575
46
2680
205
114
311

47
4533
14
112
646
53
2829
214
144
228

38
4578
130
99
615
72
2603
222
136
196

66
7722
31
251
659
72
2842
286
165
189

61
8772
35 I
485
845
122
3520
402
232
...

...
9980
101
...
899
...
3636
389
...
...

...

...

24400

26800

29700

33100

31900

33800

42800

48800

54900

683
533
7741
1689
1143
13
3476
1632
141

666
743
7998
1830
1263
237
2769
1540
147

637
1018
8697
1717
1507
269
4251
1344
168

725
1380
9468
1810
1496
388
4723
1422
133

859
977
11600
1689
1298
413
5373
1415
141

934
1429
14620
1599
1571
452
4779
1480
174

950
2257
11951
1391
1399
486
5008
1566
130

1068
3740
11244
1736
1372
515
5177
1347
130

1260
4369
12621
1708
1765
646
5713
1181
245

1558
4886
15009
2036
2067
830
5852
2222
292

...
...
16835
2186
2773
944
5916
...
285

257800

281500

292700

262900

276900

309500

305900

331100

363600

459300

525300

15983
469
15
103
18430
524
34338
6763
5342
68803
22133
68
3154
11438
230
47
353
592
4400
1432
321
...
53
27739
35
800
14927
14652
23
75
2147

18439
223
10
152
20567
566
38295
7179
6462
72498
22648
79
3252
14966
286
43
421
680
4575
1546
432
...
62
29097
47
741
16154
16704
30
85
2243

18296
267
16
150
24504
616
38514
8926
6792
74624
25439
78
3163
15569
309
50
513
795
4180
1446
397
...
59
27988
64
850
17021
15619
31
81
2530

16064
252
15
173
23879
472
33790
11067
4340
67387
24828
116
2845
11400
329
75
618
433
3700
1303
318
...
58
23476
52
892
16660
13074
23
108
2616

17342
266
18
289
26165
505
35568
14006
4452
65403
25766
101
2710
11800
340
73
496
454
4326
1264
248
3468
47
26285
51
940
17037
14542
20
106
2493

18581
283
18
423
30146
452
40362
16030
5061
73370
29746
134
3280
13812
345
74
459
410
4363
1284
243
3377
...
29475
49
915
19890
13785
14
118
2702

17042
243
31
517
32901
427
41056
16799
5362
68625
28103
127
3768
14331
351
109
388
303
4323
1302
285
3072
...
28928
28
1334
19760
12932
18
112
2810

18247
305
29
596
39381
513
44546
19125
6519
70094
27345
152
4758
14753
360
179
403
192
5151
1496
164
3428
...
30737
17
1247
21501
15304
18
81
2948

World excluding
intra-EU (25) exports a
intra-EU (15) exports a

...
901900

...
978500

...
1034800

...
1038100

...
1076000

...
1157500

...
1146700

...
1215300

1322700
1369800

1585600
1645000

1773700
...

Europe excluding
intra-EU (25) exports a
intra-EU (15) exports a

...
313900

...
335500

...
354000

...
375700

...
374100

...
388400

...
394800

...
423600

459400
506500

551100
610500

604200
...

Bahrain
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Oman
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
Yemen
Asia
Australia
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Cambodia
China
Fiji
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Japan b
Korea, Republic of
Lao People's Dem. Rep.
Macao, China
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nepal
New Zealand
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Samoa
Singapore
Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka
Taipei, Chinese
Thailand
Tonga
Vanuatu
Viet Nam

21617
398
25
539
46375
629
46500
23092 I
5143
75886
31753
121
5605
13459
429
203
228
302
6452
1476
232
3389
...
34482
25
1389
23028
15694
24
96
3272

25722
420
31
784
62056
723
55101
38544 I
...
94923
40505
...
8063
16656
504
329
232
356
7707
1719
203
4043
94
41077
31
1506
25545
18932
22
107
3867

27684
477
46
1052
73909
850
62175
56094
...
107913
43927
...
...
18953
315
...
...
267
8222
2042
272
4462
108
45109
41
1518
25637
20495
...
124
...

Appendix tables

(Million dollars)

Memorandum items:

a See the Technical Notes for estimation of intra and extra-EU trade.
b Secretariat estimates for exports from 1995 to 2002 are based on the new methodology applied by the Bank of Japan. See the Technical Notes
Note: Due to frequent revisions to the services data, there are numerous breaks in the continuity of the data series at the country and regional levels. See the Technical Notes.

205

Table A9

World imports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1995-05


(Million dollars)

World
North America
Canada
Mexico
United States
South and Central America
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Grenada
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay

Appendix tables

Europe

206

Albania
Austria
Belgium
Belgium-Luxembourg
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Faeroe Islands
Finland
France
FYR Macedonia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1200700

1266000

1301400

1330800

1385100

1474600

1491200

1577600

1795500

2130500

2347400

171200

184700

201300

216400

237600

268200

264200

270900

291400

335200

366300

32985
9021
129227

35422
9994
139309

37528
11830
151956

37671
12569
166151

40060
14061
183509

43597
16718
207880

43236
16521
204477

44455
17031
209394

51544
17571
222257

58185
19250
257761

64170
20922
281168

45300

46000

50600

53200

50400

54600

54800

48700

50800

58200

70500

140
6992
207
605
347
88
4654
321
13161
3524
2813
895
683
40
957
1141
488
37
672
168
236
326
1073
563
207
1049
676
1781
51
118
53
146
223
814

153
7647
483
669
365
88
4625
337
12200
3484
3325
1019
556
43
1100
1071
481
44
638
154
241
326
1118
624
239
1001
624
1989
58
113
55
144
199
795

160
8701
557
790
389
87
3780
401
14447
3902
3596
975
632
49
1160
1198
615
54
627
165
321
359
1196
575
227
1247
630
2232
61
114
72
174
232
840

166
9079
528
939
409
94
3842
423
15743
4261
3354
1099
660
48
1300
1208
723
64
759
174
204
437
1258
611
253
1211
549
2299
58
121
74
174
235
831

171
8599
635
884
433
99
3982
436
13357
4474
3082
1185
692
54
1224
1141
800
76
760
178
222
491
1286
662
319
1102
463
2149
81
128
62
136
253
760

145
8960
623
969
460
116
4236
451
15574
4664
3240
1262
808
48
1340
1225
912
83
786
193
252
584
1391
730
327
1096
390
2108
72
117
56
177
363
842

162
8262
592
896
471
112
4509
382
15825
4848
3536
1156
640
47
1249
1395
938
78
891
192
234
613
1480
764
335
1053
362
2219
71
108
56
164
339
768

167
4705
577
929
466
122
3837
417
13496
4953
3234
1169
625
50
1271
1590
1007
84
1018
196
240
603
1552
764
318
1256
321
2350
74
119
57
152
340
575

178
5391
692
1009
492
130
3261
534
14350
5500
3298
1175
650
40
1179
1540
1018
79
1086
172
244
658
1538
801
340
1247
322
2424
76
132
62
188
335
601

186
6625
762
1159
520
138
4271
590
16112
6625
3870
1294
670
43
1168
1735
1056
89
1247
184
272
741
1677
821
363
1402
323
2628
78
139
70
251
325
748

198
7600
900
1260
608
148
5250
661
22296
7591
4701
1376
...
44
1342
1960
1112
101
1424
183
272
831
1690
840
402
1637
368
2959
88
145
77
339
256
857

560200

584400

586400

640800

660200

674100

695800

752300

891000

1041600

1120100

98
27552
32511
...
1278
1327
1294
4860
13945
420
...
9418
64523
...
130491
4003
3766
630
11252
54613
225
457

134
29195
31419
...
1246
1661
1389
6198
14642
525
...
8612
65617
300
132467
3830
3919
729
13416
57030
703
639

93
28431
31437
...
1157
2238
1374
5305
13727
649
...
8039
62597
266
128061
4196 I
3988
790
15158 I
58944
637
850

119
27271
34095
262
1398
1850
1476
5690
15779
814
90
7643
66432
202
133353
4976 I
4139
948
29459
62887
717
816

152
29306
38815
277
1473
2055
1537
5772
18402
829
95
7491
62478
223
139385
8831
4283
1012
26475
56240
628
747

413
29573
41444
256
1660
1783
1563
5364
21063
870
97
8323
59936
260
135810
10918
4708
1149
31212
54632
681
655

422
31373
42856
262
1705
1918
1592
5487
22121
949
105
7994
61781
253
140593
11189