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NMS Connectivity Basics

NECI-Technical Center

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256 28

128 27

64 26

32 16 8 4 2 1 25 24 23 22 22 20
Subnet Subnet available IP No.of Subnets

00000000 : 00000000 : 0000000 : 00000000 8 : 8 : 8 : 8 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000000 : 0/0000000 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000000 : 00/000000 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000000 : 000/00000 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000000 : 0000/0000 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000/000 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000000 : 000000/00 00000000 : 00000000 : 00000000 : 0000000/0

/24 /25 /26 /27 /28 /29 /30 /31

X.X.X.000 /24 X.X.X.128 /25 X.X.X.192 /26 X.X.X.224 /27 X.X.X.240 /28 X.X.X.248 /29 X.X.X.252 /30 X.X.X.254 /31

-256*1 -128 *2 -64 *4 -32 *8 -16 *16 -08 *32 -04 *64 -02 *128

CLASS A 1-126/8 === Networks 28 & Hosts 224 CLASS B 128-191/16 === Networks 216 & Hosts 216 CLASS C 192-223/24 ==Networks 224 & Hosts 28 Ex : 192.168.1.0/24 Network address 192.168.1.0 Valid Hosts : 192.168.1.1 254 Broadcast address : 192.168.1.255 Mask : 255.255.255.0
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Ex : 192.168.1.0/25 Network address 192.168.1.0 Valid Hosts : 192.168.1.1 126 Broadcast address : 192.168.1.127 Mask : 255.255.255.128

EX: 192.168.1.128.0/25 N/W A : 192.168.1.128 Valid Hosts : 192.168.1.129-254 Broad Cast Address : 192.168.1.255 Mask : 255.255.255.128

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Ex : 192.168.1.0/26 Network address 192.168.1.0 Valid Hosts : 192.168.1.1 62 Broadcast address : 192.168.1.63 Mask : 255.255.255.192

EX: 192.168.1.128.0/26 N/W A : 192.168.1.64 Valid Hosts : 192.168.1.65 -126 Broad Cast Address : 192.168.1.127 Mask : 255.255.255.192

Ex : 192.168.1.0/26 Network address 192.168.1.128 Valid Hosts : 192.168.1.129 -190 Broadcast address : 192.168.1.191 Mask : 255.255.255.192

EX: 192.168.1.128.0/26 N/W A : 192.168.1.192 Valid Hosts : 192.168.1.193 -254 Broad Cast Address : 192.168.1.255 Mask : 255.255.255.192

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Basic Concepts IP address Classes :


IP address are divided into 5 CLASSES A to E

Class D address are used for Multicasting Class CLASS CALSS CLASS CLASS CLASS A address are reserved for testing & some mysterious future use. A 0 to 127 B 128 to 191 C 192 to 223 D 224 to 239 E 240 to 255

For Private Addressing


Class A 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255 ----- 1 Class A network Class B 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255 ------ 16 Contiguous Class B Networks Class C 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255 -----255 contiguous Class C networks Why Subnetting :

Network administrators sometimes need to divide networks, particularly large networks, into smaller networks,
called subnetworks,in order to provide extra flexibility. The primary reason for using a subnet is to reduce the size of a broadcast domain. Broadcast are sent to all hosts on a network or subnetwork. When broadcast traffic begins to consume too much of the available bandwidth, network administrator may choose to reduce the size of the broadcast domain.

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Class A Subnet Masks


Subnet Mask No.of 1 Bits in Mask No.of Subnets Number of Hosts per subnet

255.0.0.0

16777216-2=16,777,214

255.192.0.0
255.240.0.0 255.255.0.0 255.255.128.0 255.255.240.0

10
12 16 17 20

4
16 256 512 4096 131072 1048576

4194304-2 = 4,194,302
1048576-2 = 10,485,74 65536-2 = 65534 32768-2=32766 4096-2 = 4094 128-2=126 16-2=14

255.255.255.255.128 25 255.255.255.255.240 28

255.255.255.255.252 30
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4194304
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4-2 = 2

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Class B Subnet Masks


Subnet Mask No.of 1 Bits No.of in Mask Subnets Number of Hosts per subnet Binary Subnet Mask

255.255.0.0

16

65536-2=65534

111111111.11111111.00000000.00000000

255.255.192.0

18

32768-2=32766

111111111.11111111.11000000.00000000

255.255.240.0

20

16

4096-2=4094

111111111.11111111.11110000.00000000

255.255.255.0

24

256

256-2=254

111111111.11111111.11111111.00000000

255.255.255.240 28

4096

16-2=14

111111111.11111111.11111111.11110000

255.255.255.252 30

16384

4-2=2

111111111.11111111.11111111.11111100

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Class C Subnet Masks


Subnet Mask No.of 1 Bits in Mask No.of Subnets Number of Hosts per subnet Binary Subnet Mask

255.255.255.0 255.255.255.128

24 25

0 2

256-2=254 128-2=126

11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000

11111111.11111111.11111111.10000000

255.255.255.192
255.255.255.224 255.255.255.240 255.255.255.248 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.254

26
27 28 29 30 31

4
8 16 32 64 128

64-2=62
32-2=30 16-2=14 8-2=6 4-2=2 2-2=0

11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000

11111111.11111111.11111111.11100000

11111111.11111111.11111111.11110000

11111111.11111111.11111111.11111000

11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100

11111111.11111111.11111111.11111110

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PDH Rs232 NE1 NE2 V.11 NEOi All Ethernet Pas0+ Rs 422 Synch Rs 485 A synch PDH/SDH PDH/SDH PDH/SDH SDH SDH 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.248 255.255.255.240 255.255.255.224 255.255.255.192 4 - 2 8 - 6 16 - 14 32 - 30 64 - 62

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Before Implementation Check following Information:


1.IP Plan for EACH Element, NMS Server status(ON/OFF) & Sever IP . 2.DCN (Physical Connectivity) E1 Connectivity Between Server to Root NE. 3.Equipment availability at Root NE Location i.e. E1 to Ethernet converter/any Other equipment Like BG20,XDM 100 and Modem/Switch (to Connect multiple root NE) 4.Equipment availability at Server Location i.e. E1 to Ethernet converter/any Other equipment Like BG20,XDM 100 etc and Switch/Modem(to connect multiple Root NEs). 5. NEC idu NMS and NE Port(RJ45) type -Auto Negotiation / Auto MDI/MDIX-10base-T.(Full and Half duplex) 6.Check with TTSL E1 Readiness (Root NE to Server Location). 7.Carry following tools with implementation Engg. Laptop,RJ 45 Crimp tool,RJ 45 Connectors,Cat5 Cable. Login cables,IP Plan, Cable Tester.

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NMS PC

Root NE NEC IDU

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PNMS IP : 172.18.0.2 Mask : 255.255.255.0 Default GW : 172.18.0.1 192.168.30.0 IDU IP : 192.168.30.1 Mask : 255.255.255.0

172.18.0.0 255.255.255.0 NMS PC IP : 172.18.0.1 Mask : 255.255.255.0

E1 to Ethernet Converter or any Other Equipment(BG20,XDM 100 etc..)


Root NE NEC IDU

PNMS IP : 172.18.0.3 Mask : 255.255.255.0 Default GW : 172.18.0.1

Example Network
Root NE NEC IDU

192.168.18.0 IDU IP : 192.168.18.1 Mask : 255.255.255.0

PNMS IP : 172.18.0.4 Mask : 255.255.255.0 Default GW : 172.18.0.1 192.168.20.0 IDU IP : 192.168.20.1 Mask : 255.255.255.0

Add Routes in NMS PC Permanent -P 1.Route add 192.168.30.0 mask 255.255.255.0 172.18.0.2 2. Route add 192.168.18.0 mask 255.255.255.0 172.18.0.3 3. Route add 192.168.20.0 mask 255.255.255.0 172.18.0.4
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HOW to Check Connectivity Between Root NE to Server Location:1/4 1. Root NE and Server Location -- E1 to Ethernet Converters: 1.Server Location:
Connect Server to Ethernet converter by using Straight or Cross Cable .(RJ 45) .(Ex : Server equipped with IP 10.10.10.1 mask 255.255.255.0). 2.Root NE Location: Connect your Laptop to Ethernet converter port by using Straight or Cross Cable(RJ 45) and assign IP to your Laptop with in same subnet of Server IP (Laptop and Server IP with in same Subnet ) ( Ex. Laptop IP :10.10.10.2 mask 255.255.255.0) 3.Goto START>>RUN>>CMD>>Now your are in Command window (Below window Display )

4.Ping from Root NE Location to Server IP (Ex. Ping 10.10.10.1) if your are getting Reply from Server IP Your Connectivity Between Root NE to Server Ready to use VISE VERSA Check from Server to LAPTOP.

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5. Login to IDU Assign IP address as per IP Plan and Remove cable from your laptop connect to IDU NMS Port. 6. Ping from NMS PC to IDU IP you can get reply from IDU NMS IP after that add route Command as per Slide no 10.

7. Some times when you connected Laptop in Both ends you can get Reply from One end to another end . But when u connected to IDU your are not getting Reply. In this case follow below Flow Chart and check Following Configuration.

Check IDU NMS IP and Server IP with in same subnet or NOT

Check Both ends Cable connectivity

Check E1 to Ethernet Converter Ports LED Blinking or NOT(Green & Orange)

Y
Check E1 Configuration

N
Check IP as per IP Plan or NOT and assign IP Proper

N
Replace Cables

N
E1 Configuration Problem: Check with E1 Provision Team as per Standard or Not

Y Y

By using auto discovery method now you can able to manage Route NE

Add route add command in Server as per slide no 10

You can get Reply from IDU NMS IP but not from Radio IP

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2.Root NE and Server Location BG20 , XDM 100 any other MUX:

3/4

1.Server Location : Connect Server to BG20 Port(Ethernet Port) by using Cross or Straight Cable (Server IP :10.10.10.1 mask 255.255.255.0. 2.Root NE Location : Connect Laptop to BG 20 Port(Ethernet Port) by using cross or Straight cable and assign IP to your laptop with in same subnet of Server IP (Laptop and Server IP with in same subnet)( Laptop IP : 10.10.10.2 mask 255.255.255.0) 3.Goto START>>RUN>>CMD>>Now your are in Command window (Below window Display )

4.Ping from Root NE Location to Server IP (Ex. Ping 10.10.10.1) if your are getting Reply from Server IP Your E1 Connectivity Between Root NE to Server Ready VISE VERSA Check from Server to LAPTOP.

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5. Login to IDU Assign IP address as per IP Plan and Remove cable from your laptop connect to IDU NMS Port. 6. Ping from NMS PC to IDU IP you can get reply from IDU NMS IP after that add route Command as per Slide no 10.

7. Some times when you connected Laptop in Both ends you can get Reply from One end to another end . But when u connected to IDU your are not getting Reply. In this case follow below Flow Chart and check Following Configuration.

Check IDU NMS IP and Server IP with in same subnet or NOT

Check Both ends Cable connectivity

Check BG 20 or XDM 100 Ethernet port LED Blinking or NOT(Green & RED)

N
Check IP as per IP Plan or NOT and assign IP Proper

N
Replace Cables

N
E1 Configuration Problem: Check with E1 Provision Team as per Standard or Not

Check E1 Configuration settings (Auto Negotiation / Auto MDI/MDIX10base-T,Full duplex)Confirm From Customer Provisioning Team

By using auto discovery method now you can able to manage Route NE

Add route add command in Server as per slide no 10

You can get Reply from IDU NMS IP but not from Radio IP

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How to assign IP in NEC IDU Manual


Login By Using PNMT Software >>Click on CTRL >>CTRL window open as per below

CTRL WINDOW

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CTRL Window Click on EQUIPMENT NETWORK SETTING>>Equipment Network Setting Window open as per below

Equipment Network Setting window

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ROOT NE IP Configuration
Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type ROOT NE

Root NE Parameters

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1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type ROOT NE 2.Go to Radio/EM2 Assign IP and Subnet mask As per IP Plan

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1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type ROOT NE. 2.Go to Radio/EM2 Assign IP and Subnet mask As per IP Plan. 3. Go to PNMS(EM1) Assign IP and subnet as per plan (PNMS IP and Server IP should be in same subnet).

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1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type ROOT NE. 2.Go to Radio/EM2 Assign IP and Subnet mask As per IP Plan. 3.Go to PNMS(EM1) Assign IP and subnet as per plan (PNMS IP and Server IP should be in same subnet). 4.Go to Routing Assign Routing IP (Server IP) and if you have Branch add Routing table according to Branch IP.

If you have Branch .Add routing table by using Add Button.

Route NE Configuration Completed


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Branch NE IP Configuration
1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type Branch NE:

Branch NE Parameters

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1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type Branch NE 2.Go to Radio Assign IP and Subnet mask As per IP Plan

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1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type Branch NE 2.Go to Radio Assign IP and Subnet mask As per IP Plan. 3.Go to EM2/EM1 assign IP as per branch NE Details

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1.Go 2.Go 3.Go 4.Go

to to to to

Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type Branch NE Radio Assign IP and Subnet mask As per IP Plan. EM2/EM1 assign IP as per branch NE Details. Routing assign Routing IP ( Route NE IP).

Branch NE Configuration Completed


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Normal NE IP Configuration
1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type Normal NE

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1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type Normal NE. 2.Go to Radio/EM1/EM2 assign IP as per IP Plan.

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1.Go to Equipment Network Setting >>General>>Select CTRL Type Normal NE. 2.Go to Radio/EM1/EM2 assign IP as per IP Plan. 3.Go to Routing assign Routing IP ( should be Root NE IP or Branch NE IP).

Normal NE Configuration Completed


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