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PB 03-581-03 "Rules for design and safe operation of stationary compressor installati...

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GOSGO P T EX OVER RUSSIA ZOR Утверждены постановлением Госгортехнадзора России от 05.06.03 № 60 Registered in the Ministry of Justice of Russia 18 . 06 . 03 , reg . number 4702

PB 03-581-03

Moscow PIO OBT 2003 Rules for design and safe operation of stationary compressor installations, air and gas ( PB 03-581-03 ) are printed in the official text published in "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" on 21 . 06 . 03 № 120 / 1 ( 3234 / 1 ). I . GENERAL PROVISIONS 01.01 . These Rules of Construction and Safe Operation of stationary compressor installations, air and gas lines set out requirements to ensure industrial safety, accident prevention, occupational injuries in the operation of stationary compressor installations in hazardous sites that use compressed air and inert gases. 02.01 . Rules are developed in accordance with the Federal Law of 21.07.97 № 116-FZ"On industrial safety of hazardous production facilities" (Legislative Assembly of the Russian Federation. in 1997 . № 30, art. 3588 ), the Regulations of the Federal Mining Supervision of Russia, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation of 03 . 12 . 01 № 841 (Legislative Assembly of the Russian Federation . in 2001. number 50, Art. 4742 ) General rules for industrial safety organizations working in the field of industrial safety of hazardous production facilities approved by the Decree of the Russian Gosgortechnadzor 18.10 . 02 № 61 - A Russian Ministry of Justice registered 28.11.02 number 3968 ( "Rossiyskaya Gazeta» № 231 from 05 . 12 . 02 ), and are intended for use by all organizations regardless of their organizational-legal forms of ownership, working in the field of industrial safety and supervised by State of p t ehna Dr. zoru Russia. 03.01 . Rules are intended for use: a) the design, installation, operation, repair, reconstruction, technical re-equipment, conservation and liquidation of stationary compressor installations in industries that use compressed air and inert gases. Specificity of industries, as well as special requirements and restrictions on the objects are taken into account when developing the design, engineering and maintenance documentation on the compressor unit; b) for the examination of industrial safety of the compressor units. 01.04 . These rules apply to the projected, again produced and reconstructed stationary reciprocating, rotary screw oil-injected and s e, and dry compressed air systems, as well as existing stationary compressors with a capacity of 14 kW and above, air ducts and gas pipelines operating in air and inert gases at a pressure from 2 to 400 kgf / cm 2 . 1.5 The rules do not spread to tranyayutsya for refrigeration compressors and oxygen, as well as compressor systems operating in hazardous, toxic, radioactive gases and gases, acetylene series. 06.01 . In organizations with existing stationary compressor installations that do not meet the requirements of these Regulations, developed additional measures to ensure their safe operation. Additional activities are coordinated and approved in due course. 01.07 . User Guide stationary compressor system is being developed in conformity with the technical documentation, manufacturing plants, technological regulations, these Rules and other requirements of the regulations on industrial safety. II . BASIC REQUIREMENTS Compressor system 02.01 . In the premises the compressor units are not allowed to place equipment and machinery, technology, and not structurally related to the compressor. Two . 2 . Compressor not be placed on the premises if the premises are located adjacent to the explosive and chemically dangerous production, causing corrosion of equipment and harmful effects on the human body. Two . 3 . In some cases, compressor plants with capacity up to 10 m 3 / min with air pressure up to 8 kg / cm 2 can be mounted on the lower floors of multi-storey industrial buildings with sufficient design strength ceilings, the impossibility of ensuring their destruction in case of accidents. These units are separated from production areas deaf fireproof walls. Do not install compressor units for domestic, administrative and similar facilities. Two . 4 . The passages in the engine room must be capable of installation and maintenance of the compressor and motor and should not be less than 1.5 m, and the separation between equipment and walls of buildings (up to projecting parts) - not less than 1 m Two . 5 . Floors compressor room should be made ​of fireproof material is hard wearing, smooth with non-slip surface, masloustoychiv s mi. Two . 6 . Doors and windows compressor room should open outwards. Two . 7 . In the compressor room should provide a platform for the repair of compressors, auxiliary equipment and electrical equipment. To perform the repair work on the compressor unit area should be equipped with appropriate lifting devices and means of mechanization. Two . 8 . The room compressor must include specific storage in a closed form cleaning materials, tools, gaskets, etc. and to store weekly supply of oil. Two . 9 . Putting compressor should be equipped with ventilation in accordance with the requirements of normative documents on industrial safety. 2.10 . Kahn's formulas and the openings in the compressor room should be closed flush with the floor with removable plates. Openings, cavities and transitions that are not closed, it should be harmless railing height of at least 1 m from the bottom of the solid metal cladding height of 15 cm Floors, platforms and stair treads should be made ​of corrugated steel. 2.11 . All piping compressor unit must meet the requirements of normative documents on industrial safety. 2.12 . Computer room should be equipped with compressor operating funds, including the dispatch. In the engine room should provide availability of first aid kits and drinking water. Two . 13 . To reduce the effect of vibration caused by the compressor, you should observe the following conditions: a) The area between adjacent foundations compressors should be loose, free to build on the foundation; b) the piping attached to the machine should not be hard to mount Cons tr uktsiyam buildings, if necessary, the use of such fixtures should provide appropriate compensating devices; c) the pipeline connecting the cylinders of the compressor equipment (buffer tanks, intermediate coolers) should provide the compensation of deformations. 2.14 . The temperature of air after each compression stage compressor discharge pipe shall not exceed the maximum values ​specified in the manufacturer's instructions, and compressor manufacturing purposes shall comply with regulations pertaining to technology.


compressor lubrication and used oil must comply with the manufacturer's instructions or advice of a specialized organization. 41 . Each point of measurement of temperature should have a separate thermometer. 34 . compressors are equipped with special facilities bilge. Two . alarm and emergency shutdown pass verification (calibration) in accordance with the requirements of the Russian Federation of 27 . for each compressor should be possible to disable it (in case of repair) of the total suction pipe. Gauges should be used with such a scale that at an operating pressure of the arrow was in the middle third of the scale. 55 . refrigerators. Two . If you need to have a deep dry air. Oil filters in the system of forced lubrication and receiving the net to clear the oil pump within the terms stipulated schedule. 2. 53 . 43 . Delivery of oil in the engine room should be made ​in special containers for each type of oil (buckets and cans with lids. The design of the filter device should obespechivat b safe and convenient access to the filter for cleaning and disassembly. To unload the compressor motor when running at the injection lines to the gas collector and air collector (to check valves) should be installed with the individual branch closures to clear the air or gas. 25 . Oil and water are removed by blowing air collectors vlagomaslootdeliteley and shall be allocated in a specially-equipped device (collections). Filtering device must not deform and vibrate in the process of sucking the air compressor. In compressors. the temperature of compressed air or gas above the permissible and automatically stops the compressor at low pressure oil to lubricate the mechanism of movement below the permissible. Corps of compressors. Two . Temperature measurements should be made ​stationary mercury (in metal box). Two . Two . Used oil can be accepted for recycling only after his recovery and the positive results of laboratory analysis on the conformity of its physico-chemical properties of technical documentation for the oil. Combination refrigerator and in the limit L agomaslootdelitelya in one unit. 10 June. 04 . To smooth the pulsation pressure of compressed air or Mr. accuracy class 2 . b) thermometers or other sensors for temperature of compressed air or Mr. and L agomaslootdeliteley must be grounded. Two . If everyone has one compressor air collector and the discharge pipe absence station exists valves. All compressors must be controlled to supply eh but the instrumentation: a) pressure gauges to be installed after each compression stage and the discharge line after the compressor. Two . c) devices for measuring pressure and temperature of oil flowing to lubricate the mechanism of movement. To clean the air intake duct from dust suction compressor is equipped with a filter that is protected from being hit by rain. and between the air collectors and the wall of the building . Recombination e nduetsya use remote control devices of pressure and temperature with signaling deviations from the norms. Safety valves should be installed after each stage of the compressor in the cooling air or gas. Where necessary. Allowed in justified cases. To control the cooling system pipes. Two .or the gas collector. Air compressors with capacity more than 10 m 3 / min should be equipped with refrigerators and vlagomaslootdelitelyami end.drain funnel. In the discharge line to the air on . Two . determined by the project. Vessels should be kept clean and regularly cleaned of sediments. 2. 30 . 29 . 35 . 2. Pumping equipment operating by the method of freezing water with refrigeration facilities must be arranged in isolated areas of the compressor unit. as well as the gas collector and air collector. but at least once every two months. located outside compressor unit. 811 ). a certificate indicating the physical and chemical properties of least 1 . etc. 36 . Compressor units should be equipped with a reliable system of air or water cooling. Pouring oil into lubricating device should be made ​through a funnel with a filter. 13/7/2012 . d) the glass is broken or there are other injuries gauge. 52 . 27 . as well as draining the water. Two . centralized oil supply.17 . 38 . which can affect the accuracy of his testimony. For businesses. The distance between the air tanks must be at least 1 . Two . Two . Haas to be established at each stage of the compressor. in 1993 . Two . 5 m. Two . or provide other reliable operating unit. Points are determined by measuring the project. should be provided vlagomaslootdeliteli on pipelines between the refrigerator and air collectors. Measurement tools that are included in the system of monitoring. Not allowed to use gauges in the following cases: a) there is no seal or stamp. Install safety valves shall meet the requirements of normative documents on industrial safety. The layout of cooling system piping in the room compressor is performed mainly in the channels (tunnels). Two . Waste oil must be drained into the tank. motors and other mechanisms to protect. The cooling system compressor stations should be equipped with water purifiers. The size and capacity of the relief valves are chosen so that there could be formed.18 . Pumping equipment operating according to the method of absorption of moisture and solid sorbents with non-toxic and non-hazardous refrigerants can be placed in the engine room compressor. Two . 50 . Two . Two . b) in an open circulating cooling system .. Two . Cowl and gas collector should be installed outside the building on the foundation of the compressor unit and hold. N o t i c e . at an altitude of more than one . 0 m Enclosure air collector shall be located not less than two meters from vozduhosbor nickname in the direction of travel or pass. Tension nut spring safety valves are sealed. Two . 24 . c) the pressure gauge when it is turned off does not return to a zero indication on the scale of magnitude greater than half the margin of error for this gauge. Intake (suction) air air compressor should be done outdoors compressor station at a height of not less than three meters from ground level. or electrical thermometers and recorder. 31 . 42 . equipped with end refrigerators. excluding contamination of production areas. compressor units are equipped with devices. Two . Haas in the compressor unit should include air tanks or gas collector (buffer capacity). in addition to end refrigerators. On the air collector and gas collector pressure gauges should be used with a diameter not less than 150 mm. 46 . In the water cooling system compressor units are not allowed to plant maintenance and solids in excess of 40 mg / l. Two .16 . Two . Two . Two .). Two . 26 . 48 . Two . Two . 45 .PB 03-581-03 "Rules for design and safe operation of stationary compressor installati.. b) the term has expired test gauge. control . The oil pump and lubricator should be cleaned at least once a month and a half. 93 № 4871 -1.15 . 21 . 5 kgf / cm 2 at an operating pressure of 3 kgf / cm 2 inclusive. as well as the accidental discharge of oil. at a pressure in the final compression stage 300 kg / cm 2 or higher must be installed two gauges. 47 . 33 . 2. Each compressor should be equipped with crash protection system that provides sound and light alarm at the termination of the cooling water. with air filters on the machine is allowed to make the air intake of the compressor station facilities. 8 meters should be provided for the convenience of the device and secure his services. Two . 32 . and weights are fixed lever safety valves are closed and sealed with metal housings. The filter unit can be individual or shared by multiple compressors. Two . To carry out periodic inspections and repairs of air collectors to provide for disconnection from the network each of them. At pressures above 25 kgf / cm 2 instead of the three-way valve may be mounted separate from the nozzle shut-off device for connecting the second pressure gauge. in prominent places should be established: a) in a closed cooling system . Two . pressure relief valve when the compressor can be installed only on the air on the . Art. where possible large dust intake air compressors should be equipped with filters and other special equipment in accordance with the design documentation. Two . as well as the use of recording devices. Two .or gas collector should be installed a check valve. Before using the oil from each batch is subjected to laboratory analysis. with a record of adjustments carried out in the operational documentation. Do not use for any other purpose vessels provided for the transportation and storage of compressor oil. which discharge heated water from the compressor and the refrigerator. a pressure of working for more than 0 . Do not use portable mercury thermometers for continuous (regular) temperature measurement. after the end of the intermediate and refrigerators. 56 . Pressure gauges should provide three-way stopcock. Mode of operation of the cooling system must meet the requirements of operational documentation. Adjustment of safety valves should be made on special stands by persons admitted to self-maintenance compressors.19 . Two . On the dial gauge should be marked red line on the division corresponding to the highest permissible operating pressure. All moving parts and rotating compressors. Two . Before the stop valve on the injection lines should be installed safety valves. Dimensions of channels (tunnels) should be comfortable to perform repairs and maintenance are located in the valves and piping the cooling system. To drain water from the cooling system and shirts compressor should provide appropriate drain devices. Page 2 of 4 2. water is necessary if there is no quality. № 23 . 23 . 28 . Total hardness of water should be no more than 7 mEq / l. 39 . 51 . When the location of equipment requiring the systematic maintenance. "On ensuring the unity of measurements" (Vedomosti of the Congress of People's Deputies and Supreme Soviet the Russian Federation. 37 . to 15 % at an operating pressure of 3 to 60 kgf / cm 2 and 10 % at an operating pressure of more than 60 kgf / cm 2 . 40 . 5. Each party of the incoming compressor oil must have a passport. 54 . Channels (tunnels) must have drainage. Air compressor with capacity up to 10 m 3 / min. Two . the walls of the building and surrounding area with oil. In the latter case.flow switch with glass inspection hatches or the control with a tap funnel. 44 . 22 . 20 . adherence to one of several compressors air collector with the installation of check valves in the injection lines and valves.

intermediate and end refrigerators.16 . d) Accounting Journal of the compressor. Three . and electrical cable diagrams.13 . as well as the emergence of extra effort to join up with his equipment.18 . Every change should be monitored for the lubrication oil consumption and cylinder seals compressor. 7 . air tanks or gas collector included in the compressor installation should be purged at least once per shift in the presence of the fridge and end vlagomaslootdelitelya and at least twice per shift during their absence. Three . We recommend cleaning air ducts and apparatus to produce 3% n s m sulphanol solution. During the compressor should be monitored: a) pressure and temperature of the compressed gas after each compression stage. vozduhogazosbornikov or other devices should be disconnected from the network corresponding plugs shank. Before starting each compressor operator shall inspect the installation. e) If the temperature of the air above the maximum permissible standards set by the manufacturer's passport. e) certificates. Do not store flammable liquids in the engine room space compressor. air collectors. 3. Three .15 . Note: compressor stations. 6 . 3. etc. which can lead to accidents. Page 3 of 4 III . should be checked daily by forcing them to open under pressure. b) the piping circuit (compressed air or gas. the scheme posted in a conspicuous place. with the interval of time to complete the period between cleanings of each cell does not exceed 1000 hours Three . In the absence of an automatic purge manually purge vlagomaslootdeliteley (intermediate and terminal) to produce two times per shift. if the factory manual does not provide for a short period of purging. Three . Three . should be thoroughly cleaned of accumulated dust and after drying oil vistsinov s m. procedure for organizing and carrying out maintenance and repair of equipment. . h) the burning smell or smoke from the compressor or motor. oil. Rinsing of the filter should be made ​in diesel fuel. in accordance with the requirements of normative-technical documentation for carrying out these works. compressor oil. Three . Three . or engine or found their faults. d) the sudden cessation of the cooling water or other emergency malfunction of the cooling system. gas. Worker to work within the machine must be equipped with protective clothing (overalls) and protective goggles. air collectors. Oil consumption at each point of the grease shall not exceed the specified in the original instructions. The device external injection vozduhogazoprovodov should exclude the possibility of internal freezing.01 . All safety valves for general industrial use compressor operating at pressures up to 12 kgf / cm 2 . 3. and all valve boxes should be thoroughly cleaned of sludge. or other similar oils. 9 . s) with a marked increase in the vibration of the compressor motor of other nodes. Three . 19 . Each compressor unit or group of similar compressor units equipped with the following technical documents: a) passport (form) to the compressor unit. intermediate and end refrigerators and air ducts at all levels of injection of oil deposits should be made ​ according to the instructions at least once in 5000 hours of compressor means.. MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF COMPRESSOR INSTALLATIONS. 27 . The compressor stops immediately if: a) in cases specifically provided for in the manufacturer's instructions. and other containers. air and gas 03. as well as if the air temperature in the air collector and air does not exceed 50 ° C. especially oil from entering the foundation.. 23 . and the results of his laboratory analysis. Three . When an internal inspection. g) The passports of all vessels working under pressure. water. the reason for the stop. Three . accounting overhauls compressor unit. 3 . 3. b) the temperature of the compressed z aza after coolers. are set by the technological regulations. Three . taking into account the specific conditions of its operation is determined by the design and operational documentation. and other equipment vlagomaslootdeliteley combustible and flammable liquids. periodic checks of safety valves and pressure gauges. 20 . Timing verification of safety valves operating at pressures above 12 kgf / cm 2 . Air filters should be checked within the time stipulated by the instruction manual compressor. preventing u ayuschego its deformation and decompression of compounds. passports. Structural changes of compressors. completely free from the left there is gas or air and blow clean air for 10 minutes (at least). Entrance to the compressor room to unauthorized persons is not permitted: outside the front door is set alarm for calling staff install and posted warning signs and posters. which should also record the results of testing of welded joints. e) if the audible knocks. and the temperature of not less than 50 ° C above the temperature of the gas in the pipeline. As the cleaning materials used cotton or linen material. After closing the valves should remain sealed. as well as unscheduled cleaning oil and air filters. 5 . Three . non-corrosive metal. valves in liters agomasloo m subgroups. On compressor units should be carried out every shift a record flow of lubricating oil. Not allowed to leave working compressors (except for fully automated) without the supervision of persons admitted to their service.power electric motor rotor. refrigeration and other equipment can be made ​after consultation with the manufacturer or a specialized organization of technical documentation. Must provide for the free thermal expansion of the pipeline. make sure it is working by testing the lubrication system and cooling systems and make start-up in accordance with the instructions. e) log (form). Three . After an emergency stop of compressor start-up it can be made ​with the permission of the person responsible for the safe operation of the compressor unit. 26 . Repair and cleaning of equipment and pipelines under pressure is not allowed. At the pipelines laid near heat-radiating devices should be applied insulation. inspection and cleaning of air collectors and duct made ​ at least once a year. followed by a hot water wash thoroughly. and cleaning obtirku its external surfaces of dust and dirt. and the whole apparatus is continuously ventilated. one of whom must be outside and will certainly monitor working inside. Air vistsinov s e filters after 1000 h of operation. Not allowed to use to clean the air collectors. The use of open flames indoors compressor station is not allowed. In the case of heavy carbon formation is necessary to clarify the cause and eliminate it. Three . e) The pressure and temperature of the oil. Results of repair work should be reflected in the operational documentation for the compressor installation. and operational documentation. Journal of regularly checked and signed daily by a person responsible for the safe operation of the compressor unit. Work inside the unit may be made only with the permission of the person responsible for the safe operation. a synchronous electric drive . Dry air filters should be cleaned according to the instructions of the plant . instrumentation. Three . g) the correctness of the lubricators and the oil level in them. The production installation and repair work using an open fire and electric compressor station in the premises. Inspection of valve boxes in the absence of an air compressor fouling is not less than after 1000 h of operation. holding the dripping and butter out of a liter agomaslootdeliteley. 25 . Note: We recommend cleaning and grease filter to produce cell vistsinovogo alternately.PB 03-581-03 "Rules for design and safe operation of stationary compressor installati. The log should record the time of starting and stopping the compressor. 13/7/2012 . Three . It should make a regular external inspection of compressor equipment. or in a weak solution of alkali.manufacturer of the filter. 22 . 4 . c) instruction (guidance) for the safe maintenance of the compressor unit. 2 . or in applications where a special treatment of compressed air from the oil droplet form. 10 . 12 . All hatches apparatus while being inside working to open. 21 . Three . As a filling material for the compounds of pipelines should use materials that are resistant to moisture. noticed a fault. but at least once every two months.. which are installed compressors without lubrication cavities of compression . but not less than two hours shall be recorded in the register of the compressor. 8 . c) Continuity of compressors and refrigeration cooling water. Not allowed leakage of oil and water. g) in case of fire. oil) showing the installation of valves.14 . Clean the air collectors in the l and r omaslootdeliteley. 17 . Three . After cleaning with compressed air is blowing over 30 minutes (at least). and) magazine test knowledge of staff. cleaning or repairing the unit should be made at least two employees. c) if the gauge lubrication mechanism of the movement shows the pressure below the acceptable lower limit. Three . b) if the pressure gauge at any stage of the compressor and the discharge line indicates the pressure above the permissible. h) the schedule of repairs compressor unit. Readings in the instruction set intervals. automation. 24 . which shall instruct employees in accordance with the requirements of normative documents on industrial safety. Three . 3. d) the temperature of cooling water entering and exiting the cooling system of points. Internal inspection. bumps in the compressor. Causes of leaks when found should be promptly addressed. cleaning or repairing vlagomaslootdeliteley. 11 ​. e) the magnitude of the stator current.

электропроводов и другого электрооборудования. the current inspection and repair. Air lines and gas pipelines should be laid with a slope of 0 . pipes. etc. Page 4 of 4 3. during the trial did not happen the pressure drop on the gauge.30 . on air ducts are not allowed to have blind bends and fittings anechoic contributing to congestion and possible spontaneous combustion of oil deposits.. Three . www. available for service. Three . fixtures. Three . tested in accordance with the requirements of normative-technical documentation. pipelines. 35 . Piping installed in a no-go channels and the pressure of more than 100 kgf / cm 2 .32 . 37 . The walls of the cylinders of the compressor can not be isolated. Basic requirements for compressor installations III . and in the welds. 33 . Technical examination and diagnosis of technical equipment should be carried out in accordance with the specifications and technical documentation. as well as the results of pneumatic and hydraulic testing of pipelines are logged (form) accounting repair compressor with drawing instruments (protocols). TABLE OF CONTENTS I . Valves. Three . gate valves. air lines and gas pipelines Copyright © 2009-2011. It should exclude the formation of stagnant zones and areas where condensate can accumulate or 13/7/2012 . 36 . Test pressure in the hydraulic testing of pipelines must be maintained for 5 min. Maintenance and repair of compressors. At negative temperatures outside air hydraulic tests carried out on the hot water drain it immediately after the test. buildings. 29 . steam or hot air. Three . valves must be in good repair and be capable of quick and reliable termination of air or gas. Three . The test results are considered satisfactory if. 005 in the direction of linear dehydrators. not detected signs of rupture. Apparatus and piping with surface temperatures above +45 ° C . 34 .. In the case of the freezing of these devices to be permitted to warming with hot water. where possible accumulation of water and oil water separator line should be installed with automatic or manual flushing. Three . Records held cleansing pipeline.28. Produced at an operating pressure of the pipeline inspection and testing of welds. The valves can be applied pronumerovyvat and clearly visible arrows indicate the direction of rotation of the flywheel and the arrow indicating the "open" and "closed".gostrf. The application for the purpose of open source of fire is not allowed. 38 . Трубопроводы следует прокладывать на расстоянии не менее 0.PB 03-581-03 "Rules for design and safe operation of stationary compressor installati. At selected sites. 31 . 3. Fitting that is installed on the pipelines shall be available for easy and safe maintenance and repair. General Provisions II . During the repair of the pipeline repaired portion shall be disconnected from the network on both sides and cleaned of accumulated rainfall oil. Three .5 м от электрокабелей. After repairs and cleaning to make sure that the pipe was left any foreign objects. 3. disposable workplaces and places of the main aisles should have thermal insulation. after which the pressure is reduced to the worker. All of the devices to remove accumulated in the duct oil and water must be regularly checked staff. leakage and fogging.