RURAL URBAN DIVIDE IN CONTEMPORARY INDIA

Tathagato Chakraborty
BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PILANI Email: tathagato@bits-pilani.ac.in

INDIA A vast country with diversity The understanding of diversity is at an elementary level “UNITY IN DIVERSITY” A famous quote for understanding India as a nation School level to higher education : all have dealt with the issue of diversification in India in many forms .

ISSUES ON DIVERSITY ETHNIC SOCIAL NORMS AND VALUES ECONOMIC STATUS RELIGIOUS PRACTICES And many more to add to the list .

. Diversity is appreciable and disparity is to be removed.DIVERSITY or DISPARITY? An ever debatable context. Diversity is said to be horizontal and disparity is vertical Diversity is healthy and disparity is a disease.....

. Can be stated in two segments.INDIA : DIVERSITY AND DISPARITY On the basis of 1... RURAL AND URBAN . Socio-cultural 2. Economic ....

GRAMIN BHARAT (The Rural India)  Share of major part of GDP (agriculture as the main factor)  Economy is dependent on low productivity of agriculture  An agrarian economy with a high degree of vulnerability to collapse due to climatic factors  High indebtedness and poverty issue .

URBAN INDIA  Centres of growth  Trading and manufacturing and industrial advancement  Rapid economic growth  Distinguishable from rest of the Indian landscape .

.THE DISPARITY ISSUE Eventually what exists between rural and urban India is more like disparity than diversity.

ANALYSIS  Indicators of development can ascertain the whether divide or continuum is existing between rural and urban India .

MAJOR INDICATORS  SEX RATIO  LITERACY  EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT  MORTALITY AND FERTILITY FACTORS  GROWTH RATE  FEMALE WORKFORCE PARTICIPATION  POVERTY  CONSUMPTION PATTERN .

death rate and IMR Poverty Sex ration FWPR Will DECREASE from urban to rural Will INCREASE from urban to rural Literacy Growth rate Educational attainment Consumption pattern .GENERAL ASSUMPTION  Indicators will show a decreasing or increasing trend in rural and urban areas respectively. Life expectancy Birth rate.

3 M 30.1 7.9 78.8 31.8 35 54 260.8 12.7 18.FACTS AND FIGURES ITEMS URBAN INDIA MALE SEX RATION LITERACY BIRTH RATE DEATH RATE GROWTH RATE IMR POVERTY FWPR 32 67.6 24.3 5.1M 11.98 926 79.7 FEMALE .55 89.2 56 FEMALE RURAL INDIA MALE 947 58.

..  Theoretically. This can be examined statistically by creating a composite index. The status is said to be DIVIDE  If the indicators decline smooth. The status is said to CONTINUUM...DIVIDE OR CONTINUUM?  If the indicators decline sharp.....

HYPOTHETICAL GRAPH .

.EXTERNAL FACTORS A transport network  An industrial establishment  Creation of growth pole Can help reducing the divide factor.

CONCLUSION  This can be used to assess the regional imbalance  Can be understood as the indicators for development  Can help crating an even development .

THANK YOU .

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