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Aeronomy and Astrophysics Aeronomy, Space Physics, and Program Astrophysics Program

Vladimir Papitashvili Antarctic Sciences Section NSF/Office of Polar Programs

Antarctic Research
1. Research aimed at exploration of Antarctica Examples: – Aerogeophysics and geology – Sea-floor mapping – Long-term ecological research – Life sciences 3. 1. Research on Antarctica’s role in global systems Examples: – Ozone, greenhouse gases – Ocean circulation and sea level – Climate changes – Continental drift

Research using Antarctica as a platform Examples: Seismic studies Meteorite collection Aeronomy and upper atmosphere Space physics Astronomy and astrophysics

South Pole Station
– Neutrino astrophysics and radio astronomy to test cosmological models – Space physics and upper atmospheric studies to forecast space weather – Ozone depletion, monitoring of UV radiation to test global warming – Atmospheric constituents and pollution – Palaeoclimatic records from snow and ice – Human behavioral studies – Global seismology
U.S. Antarctic Program, New Investigators workshop 23 – 24 August 2004

Aeronomy, Space and Astrophysics Research
– high, dry, cold atmosphere with negligible variability — almost space-like conditions – clarity of the continental ice for the largest neutrino telescope – polar vortex permits long duration balloonborne experiments – geomagnetic focus of solar and cosmic particles and fields (aurora australis) – unique photochemistry creates the ozone hole

U.S. Antarctic Program, New Investigators workshop

23 – 24 August 2004

AMANDA - Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array
Neutrino telescopes look through the Earth to understand how Mother Nature can accelerate particles to very high energies (tera- and peta-electron volts)

U.S. Antarctic Program, New Investigators workshop

IceCube
A new neutrino telescope of 1-km3 scale

• To detect high-energy neutrinos from deep space
U.S. Antarctic Program, New Investigators workshop 23 – 24 • To probe new windowAugust 2004

Radio Astronomy (Sub-MM and Infrared) – AST/RO, ACBAR, SPARO, SPIREX, DASI
Temperature variations (µK) (inflationary model and data)

Cosmic Microwave Background Research
A new 10-m dish radio telescope – to test inflation of the Universe

45 m

16 m
SPT– SPT– FY07 FY07

NASA/NSF Long-Duration Balloons Program

Sun –Earth Connections

AURORA BOREALIS AND AURORA AUSTRALIS

U.S. Automatic Geophysical Observatories

Ozone Hole September 2000

U.S. Antarctic Program, New Investigators workshop

23 – 24 August 2004

Antarctic Aeronomy, Space Physics & Astrophysics
Funding Aeronomy New Proposals Space Physics New Proposals Astrophysics New proposals Total Funded/Declined FY01 $0.6M 0/2 $1.8M 5/0 $3.4M 3/4 $5.8M 8/6 FY02 $0.6M 0/2 $1.0M 4/1 $7.9M 4/2 $9.5M 8/5 FY03 $1.2M 4/0 $1.7M 3/0 $6.7M 3/6 $9.6M 10/6 FY04 $0.5M 3/2 $2.1M 12/5 $7.3M 7/3 $9.9M 22/10

Proposals deadline is around June 1 of each year OPP also holds funds for cross-directorate programs: ITR ($1.5M) and MRI ($1.1M)

Antarctic Aeronomy, Space Physics & Astrophysics – Budget Profile
$M
8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 Astrophysics Space Physics Aeronomy

FY05 commitments: 75% of the base budget ($9.9M)