Introduction to weaving Preparation

Mohammad Hosain Reza. (Reference Book: WEAVING: Conversion of Yarn To Fabric. By: P.R.Lord and M.H. Mohamed)

are weft (picks) . • The yarns that run from selvedge to selvedge.Introduction • Woven fabrics generally consist of two sets of yarns that are interlaced and lie at right angles to each other. that is from one side to the other side of fabric. • The yarns that run along the length of the fabric are known as warp (ends).


• Picking: Weft insertion in the shed from one side to other.How Fabrics Are Woven? • The essential operations in the weaving of a cloth are: • Shedding: the separation of the warp threads into two (or more) sheets according to a pattern to allow for weft insertion. • Beating-up: Forcing the last inserted pick up to the fell of the cloth. .


• Yarn is not strong enough to be used as warp. • Yarn is not smooth. • Yarn is hairy. • Spinning mills deliver yarn to weaving mills in packages of different build and size. Sometimes in hanks. .Faults in Yarn from Spinning mills. • It contains thick and thin places.

Flow sheet of Weaving Yarn from Spinning Mill Warp Yarn Weft Yarn Winding ⇓ Winding Warping ⇓ ⇓ Sizing ⇓ Drawing-in/ Tying-in ⇓ Weaving .

• Second main purpose of warp winding is to make it possible to inspect the yarn and to remove any thick or thin places. neps or loose fibers. Warping requires as much yarn as possible on each package.Winding • Main purposes of warp winding is to transfer yarn from the spinner’s package to another suitable for use in the creel of a warping machine. . slubs.

Warping • The purpose of warping is to arrange a convenient number of warp yarns so that they can be collected on a single warper’s beam. • There are two main types of warping: (a) Beam warping (b) Section Warping .

Sizing • It is necessary to size the warp yarn for several reasons: • (a) To strengthen the yarn by causing the fibers to adhere together. • (b) To make the outer surface of the yarn smoother so that hairs protruding from one yarn in the warp should not entangle with hairs protruding from a neighboring yarn. . • Lubrication also reduces the friction between the yarns and the loom parts. • (c) To lubricate the yarns so that there is less friction when they rub together in the weaving process. The reduction of friction reduces the forces acting on the yarns during weaving.

Drawing-in • After sizing all threads required for the warp are brought together on the weaver’s beam. . healds and reed. • Tying-in is joining by knots the ends of the used warp with the ends of new warp. • Drawing-in is the consecutive passing of warp ends through droppers.

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