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BLOOM’S TAXONOMY
Adni Islamic School Testing Workshop

Introduction
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Taxonomy means classification. Taxonomy of learning objectives is an attempt within the behavioural paradigm to classify forms and levels of learning.

Domains of Learning
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Cognitive

Psychomotor

Affective

Bloom’s Taxonomy
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American educational psychologist Benjamin Bloom created a way to categorize reasoning skills with his Bloom's Taxonomy. According to the taxonomy, there are six levels of reasoning skills ranked in order from simplest to most complex.

Six Categories in the Cognitive Domain:
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Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge

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(Based on Pohl, 2000, Learning to Think, Thinking to Learn, p. 8)

KNOWLEDGE / REMEMBERING

• simplest level • direct recall of info • foundation for future learning

Remembering/Knowledge > Keywords
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recall, define, identify, tell, list label, name, who, what, when, where, define, describe, find, identify, label, list, locate, match, memorize, order, recall, record, relate, repeat, reproduce, select, state, underline, write

Remembering/Knowledge > Sample Questions
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Who chopped down the cherry tree? List the states that seceded from the union. Identify the prime numbers. When did Alexander Graham Bell invent the telephone?

COMPREHENSION / UNDERSTANDING

• show understanding • beyond parroting • not yet applying

Understanding/Comprehension > Keywords
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translate, understand, give examples, distinguish, estimate, explain, generalize, rewrite, interpret, outline, discuss, distinguish, predict, restate, translate, compare, describe, express, identify, translate, indicate, infer, locate, summarize

Understanding/Comprehension > Sample Questions
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Give an example of each of the states of matter. Explain in your own words how to bake a pan of brownies. Translate the preamble into your own words. Explain the law of inertia using an example from the real world.

APPLYING / APPLICATION

• beyond basic comprehension • students apply concepts in new situations • apply information to solving other

Applying/Application > Keywords
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apply, construct, demonstrate, manipulate, predict, show, solve, use, illustrate, complete examine, classify, dramatize, employ, draw sketch, prepare, produce

Applying/Application > Sample Questions
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Use a protractor to determine angles.  Predict what will happen to a candle if you put a bowl on top of it.  Apply the rule of 70 to determine how quickly your money will double at 6% interest.  Create a model of a medieval castle showing each of the parts learned about in class.

ANALYSIS / ANALYSING
• students use their own judgment • understand the underlying structure to knowledge • distinguish between fact and opinion • finding patterns in information • students become more active in their own learning at

Analysing/Analysis > Keywords
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compare, contrast, differentiate, relate, diagram, troubleshoot, analyse, distinguish, examine, investigate, categorise, identify, explain, separate, advertise, appraise, test, infer, experiment, illustrate

Analysing/Analysis > Sample Questions
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Analyze each statement to decide whether it is fact or opinion.  Illustrate the differences between the American alligator and the Nile crocodile.  Illustrate the difference between a moth and a butterfly.

EVALUATION / EVALUATING

• make judgments about the value of ideas, items, materials, etc. • bring in knowledge to make informed and sound evaluations • use their own insight in

Evaluating/Evaluation > Keywords
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evaluate, appraise, conclude, criticize, critique, judge, select, choose, decide, justify, debate, verify, argue, recommend, assess, discuss, rate, prioritise, determine, value, support, evaluate, judge, conclude, defend

Evaluating/Evaluation > Sample Questions
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Evaluate the Bill of Rights and determine which is the least necessary for a free society. Attend a local play and write a critique of the actor’s performance. Visit an art museum and offer suggestions on ways to improve a specific exhibit. Evaluate the accuracy of the Disney movie Pocahontas.

CREATING / SYNTHESIS

• put the parts together to create a new meaning or structure • create a new pattern of diverse elements from other curriculum areas • make predictions • no longer rely on information presented to them

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Creating/Synthesis > Keywords

synthesize, categorize, compile, compose, create, modify, organize, rearrange, reconstruct, reorganize, summarize, write, explain, create, invent, compose, predict, plan, construct, design, imagine, propose, devise, formulate, assemble, collect, combine, prepare, compose, rearrange, develop, create, generate

Creating/Synthesis > Sample Questions
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Create your own Shakespearean sonnet. Write a new ending to The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Explain how the Civil War would have been different if Stonewall Jackson would have lived. Create a haiku about one of the seasons.

The End
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Question and Answer Session

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