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The economy of India is based in part on
planning through there five-year plans,
developed, executed and monitored by the
Planning Commission.

Montek Singh Ahluwalia is currently the

Deputy Chairman of the Commission.
First plan (1951-1956)
Second plan (1956-1961)
Third plan (1961-1966)
Fourth plan (1969-1974)
Fifth plan (1974-1979)
Sixth plan (1980-1985)
Seventh plan (1985-1989)
Eighth plan (1992-1997)
Ninth plan (1997-2002)
Tenth plan (2002-2007)
Eleventh plan (2007-2012)
Growth rate of National income-5.7 % to 6.1
% in eighth & ninth plan periods.
Percentage of population living in poverty has
continued to decline.
Population growth has gone below 2 percent
for the first time in four decades.
Literacy rate – 52 % (1991)to 65 % (2001).
Sectors such as software services and
information technology have emerged as new
sources of strength.
Number of unemployed persons is quite high.
More than half of the children in the age
group 1-5 years in rural areas are under-
The girl children are suffering even more
severe malnutrition.
The infant mortality rate is still at 72 per
As many as 60 % of rural households and
about 20 % of urban households do not have
a power connection.
(1st April,2002-31st March,2007)
Total public investment proposed in the Tenth
Plan is Rs. 15,92,300 crore.
The Plan aims at achieving 8% growth rate
per annum.
The approach paper was cleared by the
National Development Council in September
The Cabinet approved the final document of
the plan in October,2002.
Rate of growth of National Income
Growth Rate of Per Capita Income
Improvement in Quality of Life
Reduction in Poverty
Provision in Gainful Employment
Provision of Universal Education
Reduction in Gender Gaps
Reduction in Growth Rate of Population
Increase in Literacy Rate
Reduction in Infant Mortality Rate
Reduction in Maternal Mortality Rate
Environmental Protection
Provision of Sales Drinking Water
Growth, Equity and Sustainability
Balanced Development in All States
Other Objectives (development of small,
village and cottage industries; Export
Promotion; Development of Agriculture,
Disinvestment will be Carried in the Public
Sector Industries
To Redefine the Role of the Government
Agricultural Development
High quality employment
Social Security for Women
Environmental conservation
Domestic reforms will be accelerated
The deficits in the central and state budgets
will be controlled
Hurdles in the way of the growth of small and
cottage industries will be removed.
Agriculture and Land Management
Industrial Policy Issues
Development of Foreign Trade
Poverty Alleviation Programme
Food Security an Public Distribution System
Health Care
Transport and communication
Irrigation and Flood Control
Science and Technology
Other Areas
National income increased by 7%
Per capita income increased by 5.3%
Industrial production increased by 7.3%
Rate of growth in export is 23.4% and in
import it is 36.6% in rupee terms.
Food grain production, increased by 2.3%
Inflation rate was 4.9% during the period of
Growth rate
Capital output ratio is 4.1:1
Foreign direct investment has shown hesitant
trend towards our economy.
Critical areas like infrastructure,
biotechnology, health care etc need to be
further strengthened.
It seems difficult to generate 20 million jobs
every year as targeted in tenth five year plan.
Agriculture and small-scale industry are still
at low performance level.