By N.Saravanan, Grinding Technology Department, FLSmidth Pvt Ltd., Chennai.

Purpose of bucket elevators
* Bucket elevators are used to lift bulk material from one are a reliable and well-proven piece of equipment. * Bucket elevators are an ideal solution for vertical

height to another. They

transportation of bulk materials.

* Bucket elevators operate by using an endless belt or chain on which rectangular buckets are mounted. This belt or chain revolves between a top and bottom pulley and the buckets move with it. * At the bottom, the buckets pick up product fed into the elevator boot and at the top the product is discharged as the bucket turns downward over head pulley. * Along with each type of elevator, different styles of buckets have been developed which better suit the elevator or the materials to be handled.

Types of bucket elevators
Centrifugal discharge elevator (CE) : This is the most commonly used type with bucket mounted on belt or chain for handling of free flowing or small particle. Continuous discharge elevators (CO) :

This type pf elevators are used for handling large lumps and material that cannot be handled by centrifugal discharge. The slow speed and gentle method of loading & discharging is the main feature.
Positive discharge elevators (PO) : This is similar to centrifugal type except the bucket are end mounted with two strands of chain. Bucket speed is slower and suitable for light, aerated, sticky materials.

In addition.   For elevator service. size. The number. and projection of the buckets are critical factors in determining the correct belt for carrying the load and holding the buckets. spacing. you need to calculate the strength of the belt needed to support the weight of the bucket and the material being conveyed. weight. capacity. . size and location of the bolts are also important. you need to calculate the strength needed to handle the available horsepower. Standard Elevator Bucket Punching  The type.BELT BUCKET ELEVATOR INTRODUCION Bucket elevator belts and conveyor belts have different requirements. This is easy to accomplish. the weight of the material is the difference. Since the weight of the buckets is essentially the same on both sides of the leg.

Important advantages of belt bucket over chain bucket elevators * Lower wear and tear * Quiet operation * Higher specific conveying capacity * Lower power consumption * Most suitable for handling cement. raw meal. coal etc .

66 m/sec.9 T/M3 : Max.8 to 0. 120 0 C : 350 T/hr : 68.570 Mtrs : Steel Chord Belt 1050 mm width : 2000 kp/cm : 1.TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Equipment Material to be handled Bulk density Material Temperature Capacity (Design) C/C Distance Belt Belt strength Belt speed Bucket size : Belt Bucket elevator : Raw meal : 0. : 900*335*5 .

50 M lg.TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Belt size Breaking Load Working load Belt strength Safety factor Bucket quantity Distance between two buckets Head and Tail pulley Dia Installed motor Casing size : 1050 mm W * 141. : 185.500 KP : 2000 KP/CM : 12 : 306 : 460 mm : 1250 mm : 110 KW : 1310 W *2450 Box 780 .800 KP : 15.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION BOLT SIZE M 20 * 1.5 M 24 * 2 M 30 * 2 Torque 64 Nm/Bolt 1000 Nm/Bolt 2200 Nm/Bolt .

5 KW. 56 output RPM with spiral Jaw coupling Make : MARK AEC : Belt sway switch 220 V.Greaves make GM 095. 5.DRIVES Auxiliary drive : Geared motor. Safety Device Painting . 400 mA Electronic speed regulator : 2 coats of primer after Sand blasting and 1 coat of final finish synthetic enamel paint by spray painting.

IS:2062 .IS:2062 .Material of construction Buckets Head Casing Boot Casing : 5 mm thick plate : 10 mm thick plate : 16 mm thick plate – IS:2062 .IS:2062 Intermediate Casing : 5 mm thick plate .

No 01 02 03 04 05 06 Buckets Head shaft Bearing Boot shaft Bearing Belt Clamping device Bucket fixing bolt Item Qty per assly 306 Nos 2 Nos 2 Nos 1 Length 1 Set 2142 Nos 07 Tension Device Assly/ Bearing Bush 2 Nos .SPARE PARTS LIST S.

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS * Head casing * Lower head section * Head shaft assembly * Boot casing * Boot shaft assembly * special steel chord belt * Belt guide rollers * Buckets * Safety devices * Intermediate casing * Main drive ( Bevel Helical Gear box & Fluid coupling ) * Auxiliary drive * Maintenance platforms * Flanged inlet opening * Flanged dust collecting point at head casing .

Erection The following * Storage at site * Safety * Preparation at site * Workmanship * Foundation checking * Guide frames erection * Fastening the side frame to the platform * Drive unit tied into elevator casing * Mounting of elevator belt * Mounting the buckets .

* Head and boot shafts must be parallel to each other and pulleys in line * Casing plumb to within given tolerances * All bolts joining sections properly tightened * Reducer filled with oil to proper level * Correct motor rotation * Tighten all bucket moving bolts * All lateral supports in place and secured * Bearing lubrication * Guards should be provided * Inspection door should be closed * Check for interlocking controls & safety controls .Operational procedure The following check points should be reviewed before initial operation.

Initial operation Particular attention should be directed to the following * Loud or unusual noise * Excess vibration * Bearing overheating * Drive unit overheating .

Heatup Alignment & Tightness of bolts Lubricants. Heatup Lubricants.No 01 Item DRIVE UNITS Motor Gear Box Lubricants. Heatup As per Manufactures Manuals Check point Frequency Coupling Geared motor Level switch Electrical function .MAJOR COMPONENTS MAINTENANCE CHECK LIST S.

MAJOR COMPONENTS MAINTENANCE CHECK LIST S. Shaft assembly Check for worn out Every 2 months parts .No 02 Head casing Baffle plate Pillow Block in Head Shaft Assembly Wear out Position/ Fit out condition Monthly Item Check point Frequency Grease in bearing Every 3 months General cleaning & Every 2 years Check for worn out of parts & replace if Required.

.MAJOR COMPONENTS MAINTENANCE CHECK LIST S.No 03 Take up Item Check point Tension in screw rods Frequency Every 3 months 04 Inspection hole at boot casing Material Weekly once accumulation during break down Foreign material in feed.

No 05 Item STUFFING BOX Check point Inspection of packing for wear & tear Tightness of glands screws 06 BELT & BUCKETS Tightness of Bolts & Nuts on Buckets Inspection of belt for damage Every 3 months Inspection of bolts & tightness & completeness Deformed and damaged buckets to be replaced First 100 hours of operation Frequency Monthly .MAJOR COMPONENTS MAINTENANCE CHECK LIST S.

MAJOR COMPONENTS MAINTENANCE CHECK LIST S.No Item Check point Frequency 07 Clamping Device Tightness of bolts with torque wrench After 50 hours of operation After another 2 weeks After another 6 weeks After another 3 months .

No Lubrication point Antifriction bearings in Plummer block Lubricant Specification or make of lubricant Grease Servogem 2 of Indian oil Qty Frequency Method of application 01 20 Gms 800 hours/ By Grease as and when Gun/ By required hand 02 Motor Grease Servogem 3 20 Gms Every year 10000 running hours 6 Months Grease Gun 03 Gear box Lubricati ng oil Lubricati ng oil Lubricati ng oil Servomesh SP 320 of Indian oil 100 Ltrs By pouring through oil plug 04 05 Fluid coupling Geared motor As per Manufacture’s Manuals .LUBRICATION CHART S.

Troubleshooting Please see the “ Troubleshooting.doc “ file for various troubleshooting methods. This file is given along with Belt bucket elevators presentation .

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OPERATION OF BELT BUCKET ELEVATORS .

HEAD PULLEY & BOOT CAGE Head pulley Boot cage .

BELT BUCKET ELEVATOR’S DRIVE .

inspection and test run Jaw clutch .INCHING DEVICE This is normally a low speed geared motor. It permits low speed drive for inching and turning of large size and high speed bucket elevators in case of maintenance.

BELT & BUCKETS .

TENSIONING DEVICE .

BELTS & BELT JOINING METHODS .

Bucket on belt attachment .

Various types of Buckets joints .

BUCKET SIZE & PUNCH STYLE .

BUCKET SIZE & PUNCH STYLE .

BUCKET SIZE & PUNCH STYLE .

BUCKET SIZE & PUNCH STYLE .

by blowing-off of fusible plug on coupling. Automatic unloading of prime mover in case of any sustained overload.      . Added protection for motor and driven machine by limiting torque to a predetermined safe value. Simple control of maximum or limiting torque by easy variation of oil filling. thus draining out oil. Motor peak torque utilized for machine acceleration. Saving on energy cost and capital cost. No-load start-up of motor irrespective of machine load.Advantages of Fluidomat Fluid Couplings:  Wear-free power transmission because of absence of mechanical connection between the input and output elements. Motor selection to operating HP rather than starting loads.

frequent load changes. Important for machines such as conveyors. load fluctuations and torsional vibrations. * Economy on machine and drive designs. * Step less speed variation in wide range obtained in scoop type fluid couplings. * Smooth and controlled acceleration of driven machines. startups and reversals.Advantages of Fluidomat Fluid Couplings: * Automatic synchronization and load sharing in case of multi-motor drives * Effective dampening of shocks. * Continuous clutching and declutching of large drives obtained from SC type couplings. Helpful in improving the drive duty conditions in machines subjected to shock loads. wire drawing and textile machines. * Energy saving .

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