You are on page 1of 49

Form

The physical manifestation of


an idea.
Form refers to the height, width,
and depth of an object and its
enclosed volume.

For example, a triangle, which is


two-dimensional, is a shape…

but a pyramid, which is three-


dimensional, is a form.

Cubes, spheres, ovoids, pyramids,


cone, and cylinders are examples of
Types of
Form
Mass
A solid Three-dimensional form.

Mass refers to the bulk, density,


and weight of matter in space.

The area occupied by a form such


as a building or sculpture.
 
As opposed to plane (a flat level or
surface), mass is three-
Henri Moore, Locking Piece,
1963-64
Colossal Head
1300-800 B.C. , Stone
Olmec Culture, Jalapa, Veracruz,
Mexico
Volume
Refers to the space within a
form.

The amount of space an object


occupies; volume refers to an
enclosed area of three-
dimensional space.

In architecture, volume refers


When considering volume to define
a space, it is important to consider
structural integrity. If the structure
fails, the volume will collapse and
the space will be lost.
Folding, Weaving, and slotting can
be used when creating volume.
Plane

A plane is a three dimensional form


that has length and width, but minimal
thickness.

Depending on the material used,


planes can be transparent or opaque,
rigid or flexible.

Complex surfaces and enclosures can


be constructed using folded or bent
Alexander Calder La Grande
Vitesse 1969

Painted Steel Plate 43’ x 55’


Alexander Calder,
Untitled 1976
Painted Aluminum and Tempered Steel, 29’
10.5” x 76’
Antoine Pevsner, Torso,
1924-26
Construction in Plastic and Copper
Positive Form and Negative
Space

Form is generally seen as occupying


space, but sometimes it is seen as
blank space surrounded by occupied
space.

When it is seen as occupying space,


we call it positive form.

When it is perceived as blank space


Geometric Form

A three-dimensional form
derived from or suggestive of
geometry.

Examples include cubes,


spheres, tetrahedrons, etc.
Organic Forms

Forms that visually suggest


nature or natural forces.

They are often bounded by free


curves suggesting fluidity and
growth.
Static Forms

Forms that appear stable and


unmoving are static forms.

Ex. The great Pyramids of Giza


Dynamic Forms

Forms that imply movement


are dynamic forms.
Kinetic Forms

Forms that actually move are


kinetic forms.

Ex. Rube Goldberg Devices


Scale

A size relationship between two


separate objects.

Example: The relationship


between the Statue of Liberty
and a human visitor to the
monument.
Ron Mueck
Australian Hyperrealist
Sculptor
British artist Benedict Radcliffe
full-scale sculpture of a Subaru
Impreza