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Operability for GSM/EDGE MIgration Network Infrastructure (GEMINI)

Tampere February 2009

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Presentation / Author / Date

Agenda
Miscellaneous GEMINI issues GEMINI solution GEMINI Operability
Migration procedure Operability after migration

Configuration Management Fault Management Performance Management License Management SW Management User Management

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Miscellaneous GEMINI issues


GEMINI = GSM/EDGE MIgration Network Infrastructure BS2xx = Product family name for all BTSplus variants which
are supported by Flexi BSC Product Family BTSplus = Term used for BS2xx in user interfaces in NetAct and Flexi BSC Product Family Flexi BSC Product Family = From RG10 onwards Flexi BSC product family includes: Flexi BSC, BSC3i 1000/2000, BSC3i 660 GEMINI BCF = New BTS site type as seen in BSC RNW DB GEMINI is supported first time in OSS5.1 CD Set2 Priority CD and RG10 ED

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GEMINI as the Solution

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Solution Overview from BSS perspective


NetAct

EM Multiradio (FlexiEDGE)
LAPD multiplexing HO/PWCTRL bypass

Co-Siting

LMT
BSS Abis

Flexi BSC BS2xx

TCSM3i

Product Family

Mediation function (reuse of Flexi SW) Keep HO/PWCTRL preprocessing Reuse of BS2xx SW BS2xx U-Plane adapts to TCSM

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GEMINI Operability from NetAct perspective


External Systems External systems
NB mediation

Interoperability for Management Functionalities of CM, FM, PM, etc

3GPP/CORBA SB mediation

Q3 mediation GUIS

3GPP/CORBA

Radio Commander
Since OSS4.2(SEMI phase1) and OSS5.1 CD1

Q3

O-link

eBSC

Flexi BSC
Abis-BSS

Remote launch BTSManager, RC, BRLMT launching from NetAct GUI server using Q1 over TCP/IP (See next slide)

Abis-BR

BTSplus
Target for OSS5.1 CDSet2 Priority CD

Flexi Edge BTS

Abis-BSS

BTSplus

Abis-BR

Flexi Edge BTS BTS Manager -

BTSplus

BTSplus
BR -LMT
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LMT remote launch from NetAct via FlexiBSC


Address and connection database

Q1 over TCP/IP O&M Link OMUSIG Q1/OSI

BS2xx

FlexiBSC

Mediator

Communication Service (GCS)


Node Manager Server

LMT

NetAct

LMT commands inside BTS_TRANSMISSION_COM MAND message

Remote Node Manager connection routing of LMT messages between Q1/OSI and BSS Abis

LMT is running on the Node Manager Server (Windows 2000). LMT is launched from NetAct GUI using Citrix.
LMT messages transferred over OSI transport connection (over TCP/IP in BSS14)

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From BTSplus/eBSC/RC to BS2xx/FlexiBSC/NetAct Migration Procedure

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Migration procedure

Upgrade/Migration RC
LMT

NetAct OAM BR IP Mobile Core TCSM3i


eBSC BSC1 (e)TRAU
MSC SGSN

OAM BSS

Flexi BSC

External 2G/3G
PDH/SDH ATM Backhaul
LMT
RNC BSC

PDH/SDH ATM Backhaul


LMT BS2xx BS2xx

BS2xx

BS2xx

Mobile Radio BR

Upgrade/Migration

Mobile Radio BSS

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Network Elements and Interfaces involved in Upgrade and Migration


Flexi BSC TCSM3i 10. adapt routing
core networ k

9. Alignment by Flexi BSC

6. download and activate BS2xx site data

remote NetAct 5. licenses LMT

8. switch Abis link

3. control file + manual input mapping tool 2.export of database 1. upload database

4. import of BS2xx site data (RAML 2.0 format)

Data migration from eBSC/BSC1 to Flexi BSC is supported by tools in order to avoid error prone manual handling of bulk data as far as possible.

7. import,download and activate BSS Abis capable SW

RC

11. Remove BS2xx site data both from RC and eBSC


core network

eBSC
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eTRAU

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1. Rehoming of all BS2xx of one eBSC/BSC1 to Flexi BSC in a single step

eBSC/ BSC1

BS2xx

BS2xx

BS2xx

Flexi EDGE BTS

Flexi BSC

This adaptation can be done with existing NetAct rehoming functionality


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2. Rehoming of a group of BS2xx from several eBSC/BSC1 to Flexi BSC in a single step
BS2xx

eBSC/ BSC1

eBSC/ BSC1
BS2xx

No effects

BS2xx

BS2xx

BS2xx

BS2xx

Flexi EDGE BTS

Flexi BSC

Almost the same as 1st scenario as the migration can be done in several steps
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Migration procedure shortly


Preparation

Flexi BSC, TCSM3i and NetAct must exist in live network Download Flexi BSC compatible software to BS2xx from eBSC/BSC1 Export site data from eBSC/BSC1 covering all BS2xx BTSs that are under
upgrade

Convert data of the BS2xx BTSs from eBSC/BSC1 format to Flexi BSC format Create the BS2xx data into Flexi BSC RNW database via NetAct
Note: BS2xx is named as BTSplus in user interfaces both in NetAct and Flexi BSC

Taking into Service

Activate the software of each BS2xx from eBSC/BSC1 (start of outage time) Move Abis connection(s) physically from eBSC/BSC1 to Flexi BSC

Unlock BS2xx BTS site(s) in Flexi BSC (end of outage time)


Update NetAct databases (by uploading data from Flexi BSC) Remove data of moved BS2xx BTSs from eBSC/BSC1 and RC

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GEMINI Operability (After Migration) BTSplus Operability with FlexiBSC/NetAct

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How GEMINI is visible in Flexi BSC/NetAct


General

A new BTS site type is BTSplus


Three new BTSplus subtypes: Mainline, eMicro and Basic Multi-BCF segments are not possible

No changes to existing counters/measurements No changes to existing alarms


Some new external alarms

No changes to DX Error Codes nor DX Cause Codes


Two new error codes in alarm 7730

LAPD connections multiplexing is possible

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Configuration Management
A new BTS site type is BTSplus (handled as MO BCF in NetAct RNW DB)
Three new BTSplus subtypes; Mainline, eMicro and Basic Type of BCF shall be defined in creation. It is not allowed to modify the BCF
type of BTSplus to any other or any other BCF type to BTSplus BTSplus BTS works as like the Flexi EDGE BTS

BTSplus manages configuration changes similarly than UltraSite

(including BB unit type and supported modulation of it) BTSplus may consist up to 32 TRXs under BCF object, and up to 24 TRXs under BTS object It is not possible to define two or more BTSplus from different BCFs to one

It is possible to multiplex up to 16 simultaneous logical LAPD connections


(OMUSIG and/or TRXSIG) into a single 16, 32 or 64 kbps Abis timeslot LAPD multiplexing is allowed only when BTS type is BTSplus BTSplus can have max 11 PCM timeslots for LAPD signaling (number of TSLs
are not controlled by BSC, so this must be checked manually) There will be separate, predefined LAPD parameters set for BTSplus (separate because of LAPD multiplexing and different loading of LAPD links)

segment (Multi BCF segment is not possible with BTSplus)

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Fault Management
Generally from the BTSplus can get the same alarms as from
Flexi EDGE BTS
New alarm: CELL CONFIGURATION UPDATE OF BTS FAILED BTSplus has more external alarms than BSS. There are new external
alarms 7431...7457 for BTSplus.

Two new error codes in alarm 7730 when BTSplus


configuration failed
EDAP size mismatch Error defined by BTS

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Performance Management
BS2xx PM counters are updated as they are updated for Flexi
EDGE BTS, except:
Number of MS and BS power control commands in Power Control
Measurement are not updated because the Flexi BSC doesnt know when the BS2xx performs power control Counters of unsupported features are not updated Note that counters based on measurement reports/results are updated with a rate of 1/8 (configurable) between BS2xx and Flexi BSC. However, this is not visible in NetAct nor PM applications of it.

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License Management
BTSplus site type does not have any specific license Existing capacity based licenses works also with BTSplus
License limit is checked when BTSplus is unlocked

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Hardware Management
HW changes are not needed in BTSplus; functionality can be
applied with pure SW upgrade

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Software Management
BTSplus has separate software builds for each HW variant
subclass (Mainline, eMicro and Basic) This HW variant will be defined by the operator parameter Site Sub type in BCF creation Firmware build activation is not allowed from NetAct directly but from LMT Transferring software from NetAct is practical for mass downloads, for example, you can change the software of all target BTSplus BTS sites in the entire network in one operation.

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User Management
Subscriber trace functionality is available also with BTSplus
similarly as currently with e.g. UltraSite

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Back-up slides

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Configuration Management New/Modified parameters



New parameter Channel Type for LAPD New parameters for BCF;

Site Type BCF Abis PORT ID 0, BCF Abis PORT ID 1, , BCF Abis PORT ID 7

Modified parameter Site Sub type for BCF New parameters for SEG;

SDCCH Measurement report sending Measurement reports sending interval FACH Busy Threshold RACH Busy Threshold Repeated Sacch Rx Lev Threshold DL Repeated Sacch Rx Lev Threshold UL Enable R-SACCH in DL Enable R-SACCH in UL Enable Temporary Overpower Enable Repeated Facch Enable DL Repeated FACCH Enable Apply R-FACCH Carrier Unit Configuration Enable TX diversity timeshift, Enable Advanced compression Handover for AMR New parameters for POC; Max DL Power Reduction Max UL Power Reduction Derived Handover Power Security Margin Estimated downlink interference Enable Downlink Derived Handover Power Enable Uplink Derived Handover Power

New parameters for HOC;

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BSS features which are not supported with GEMINI



Dynamic Frequency and Channel Allocation (DFCA) Space Time Interference Rejection Combining (STIRC) EM usage for configuration of BTSplus IUO (Intelligent Unterlay Overlay) DFCA Measurement (optional) DFCA Assignment Measurement (optional) DFCA SAIC Measurement(optional) UTRAN Neighbouring Cell Signal Level Measurement (optional) Scaling of DL measurements by the MS (related to feature Enhanced Measurement Report) FlexiEDGE Abis TRS Grooming License Control FlexiEDGE TRS Loop Protection License Control FlexiEDGE Abis over IP/Ethernet FlexiEDGE Additional 2 E1, T1 IF License Control TRAU Bicasting in AMR FR/HR handover (Dual rate TRAU) Double Power TRX for Flexi EDGE BTS Autounlock allowed SPLIT_PG_CYCLE

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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI (after migration)
provision of external Interfaces available at RC RNA, OTS replaced by NetAct toolchain METRICA interface will be still available enables efficient usage of Global Reporter remote control of BSC from BTS site login to BSC with LMT from BTS site with full control of BSC seldom use case remote control of BTS HW from BSC (e.g. creation of boards) comissioning activities, configuration of HW parameters (link IF
parameters) settable at BTS local LMT, or remote with LMT at netAct

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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI (not directly mappable to BSS features)
smart carrier allocation network optimization by specific quality/level scanners service dependant channel allocation (support of service groups) designation of TRX to specific services and usage of specific HO and PWRC
parameters, eg. for FR, AMR, ASCI different AMR FR/HR/normal speech parameterization of HO/PWRC will be maintained

Abis configured as loop with direction switch redundant BTS/BSC connection with detection and bypass of single line failure online RFloopback online monitoring of UL/DL path loss to detect defective RF-equipment

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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI (not directly mappable to BSS features)
LCS: enhanced Timing Advance calculation in BTS for positioning algorithm,
TA is evaluated with increased ( bit) resolution

compression decompression (HR/FR) handover for AMR and normal speech calls quality based compression/decompression for normal calls BR: load based decompression of active calls --> BSS: load based decision only at call
setup

quality based Wideband-AMR to Narrowband-AMR change low rate NB-AMR codecs are more robust than low rate WB-AMR codecs, if needed for
quality reasons (link adaptation and PWRC capability exceeded) call is changed to NB AMR

link adaptation for transparent data services HSCSD call e.g. 2*14.4 can be changed to 3* 9.6 if MS allows this LMT Authentication at Network Entities BSC wide management of login/password of BTS management of LMT user at LMT will be still possible
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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI (Features of regional or customer specific interest)
GSM-R/ASCI

ASCI related features (VGCS, VBS, EMLPP)


Voice Group calls (point to multipoint), enhanced prioritization and preemption
mechanisms

used mainly in GSM-R networks support of GSM-R frequencies Management of standby TRX additional TRX can be installed and remain passive but actively monitored redundant TRX handling to meet GSM-R redundancy requirements

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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI (Features of regional or customer specific interest)
US: synchronized network with TruePosition TMU/LMU simultaneous power activation of all TRX to support FCC authority demand Enhanced Measurement Report (e.g. used for DL FER counters) dynamic MAIO allocation and admission control (soft blocking)
assignment of MAIO in synthesizer hopping scenarios interference based per channel
activation, measurement of quality to decide on additional traffic in use mainly in 1:1 frequency reuse scenarios with synthesizer hopping

CHINA: UTRAN Handover to TDD (relevant only in china) support of only one CCCH timeslot per cell only needed in very high load scenarios, problems encountered with legacy MS in some configurations -> used in china only

Various BTS hardware parameter RXLEVADJUST in BSC database CM interface requirement for specific tool chain
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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI


GPRS CS3, CS4 coding schemes only on ECU/FCU, not GCU/CU critical only in cells which have pure GCU/CU equipment as typically all
(E)GPRS can be served on ECU/FCU alone

restricted number of TRX in BTSE rack limited by COBA memory - planned number of supported TRX is 32 BTSone not supported

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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI


PM counters from BR not present, only counters of flexi BSC air interface quality/level/TA are collected like in BSS by using measurement

reports reporting rate for measurement reports reduced (1/8, adaptable), but shall be not an issue as statistically matter anyhow

32 GERAN+32 UTRAN neighbour cells per cell instead of 64 redefinition of frequency hopping sequence with service interruption calls may drop, but assumed to be a rare/ low load time operation BCCHextended not supported Specific way of scheduling of SI messages in BR, not used in BSS

detection of missing timeslots on Abis (based on statistics on remote

transcoder failures) statistics on remote transc. fail. are used to detect Abis or Asub as problematic IF Less needed as dynamic Abis is simpler to troubleshoot related to non working connections than flexible Abis
Presentation / Author / Date

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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI features with configuration limitations
In general configuration parameters are mapped from BR to BSS In exceptional cases the following measures have been applied:

UL/DL configuration attributes merged BR: enableMSPowercontrol, enableBSPowerControl. BSS: pcControlEnabled fixed values instead of configurable BR: timerFHO (time after a forced HO, a cell is excluded from PBGT HO),
using default 120S

present at object higher in hierarchy (e.g. ADJC->BTS) BR: timerInhibitFailHo(ADJC) BSS:


BSSMinIntBetweenUnsuccHoAttempt(HOC)

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BR BTS features which are not supported with GEMINI features with configuration limitations
In general configuration parameters are mapped from BR to BSS

Specific differences

fine tuning of quality thresholds for Handover and Power control

(BR supports C/I steps 0..20 instead RXQUAL 0..7) UTRAN handover configurable only for sufficient coverage only EC/NO reporting with optional minimum level to report criterea no hierarchical cell structures for UTRAN cells Concentric Cell (Intelligent Overlay Underlay) handover only with level, without distance criteria

number of supported cells in a BS2xx

BR: supports upto 12 BTS/cells/sectors BSS: 12 BTS might be mapped to 6 cells/sectors using 2 BTS for each frequency band could be handled by generating separate BTS without BCCH under same BCF

the number of configurable frequency hopping laws is limited

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New BSS features which are available after migration


(compared to BR BTS)

TFO for narrowband AMR

interference based channel assignment


support of BSS feature based on SDCCH measurement report

LAPD channels on Abis with 32Kbit/s


allows better optimization in BSS Abis allocation

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Features available with Flexi/Ultra BTS but not in BS2xx Candidates for further extensions of BS2xx@Flexi BSC (RG20)
MultipleBCF feature for BS2xx (Co-Siting)
Dual Rate TRAU
allows BS2xx to be used in same segment/cell as Ultra/Flexi switching between 8/16kbits TRAU resource during AMR FR/HR HO to shorten
speech break by allowing bicast during AMR FR<->HR HO

AMR signaling measurement

counters for repeated SACCH/FACCH execution

BCCH TRX energy saving, dummy burst and power reduction


BR11 feature

IMSI based handover

target cell selection process different for different IMSI under discussion for BR11
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SMS-CB DRX mode


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Example configuration of Abis for BS2xx@flexi BSC (3/3/3 with 40 EDAP slave timeslots)
64K/bits LAPD for OMUSIG and
TRXSIG (O&M + RSL link) each TRX occupies 2 PCM timeslots. BCCH, SDCCH are not using associated PCM resources and can be reused for e.g. additional LAPD (E)GPRS connection use TCH resource + 0..4 16 kbit/s slave channels from EDAP pool number of EDAP timeslots according (E)GPRS traffic model

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