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BACKGROUND DETECTION AND ENHANCEMENT OF IMAGES WITH POOR LIGHTING USING MORPHOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION
By M.Papaiah M.Tech(DECS) RollNo:10121D3809
Under the guidance of Ms. H.D. PRAVEENA, M.Tech., ASSISTANT PROFESSOR Department of ECE, SVEC
Department of Electronics and communication Engineering
SREE VIDYANIKETHAN ENGINEERING COLLEGE
Existing Methods Proposed Method Block Diagram of proposed Method Morphological operations
Morphological Operations on image
Detection of image background by Using Block Analysis Simulation Results Image background Using opening by reconstruction References
OBJECTIVE The main objective of this project is to detect the background image and enhance the contrast in gray level image with poor lighting using some morphological transformations. First operator applies information from block analysis and second operator’s uses opening by reconstruction. .
communication field and radar imaging field. Contrast image enhancement has been carried out by the application of two operators based on the Weber’s law notion. This work deals with the detection of background in images with poor contrast. . Morphological transformations are used to detect the background in images characterized by poor lighting. satellite imaging field. In this poor lighting images it is difficult to know the actual information like back ground.INTRODUCTION The contrast enhancement problem in digital images occurs in many fields like medical field.
The main disadvantage of histogram equalization is that the global properties of the image can not be properly applied in local context and producing poor performance in detail preservation. such as the Global & Local Histogram equalization. .EXISTING METHODS There are number of existing systems based on the mathematical morphological methodologies. These existing methods are based on statistical analysis.
The first operator employs information from block analysis. while the second transformation utilizes the opening by reconstruction. which is employed to define the multi-background notion. .PROPOSED METHOD Contrast image enhancement has been carried out by the application of two operators based on the Weber’s law notion.
MATLAB simulation has to be carried out for the Proposed method . The contrast operators consists in normalizing the grey level of the input image with the purpose of avoiding abrupt changes in intensity among the different regions. the majority of them with poor lighting conditions. the performance of the proposed operators is illustrated through the processing of images with different backgrounds.
Block Diagram of Proposed Technique .
Morphological operations Erosion Every object pixel that is touching a background pixel is changed into a background pixel. Erosion makes the objects smaller Original Image Structuring Element Effect of Erosion 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 .
and can break a single object into multiple objects.Dilation Every background pixel that is touching an object pixel is changed into an object pixel. . Dilation makes the objects larger.. and can merge multiple objects into one.
Effect of dilation using a 3×3 square structuring element .
followed by dilation of the resulting image by B: . resulting in the light-blue square with round corners. The opening of A by B is obtained by the erosion of A by B.Opening The opening is an erosion followed by dilation. Opening removes small islands and thin filaments of object pixels. The opening of the dark-blue square by a disk.
Closing The closing operation is dilation followed by erosion. This technique is useful for handling noisy images where some pixels have wrong binary value. . Closing removes islands and thin filaments of background pixels.
MORPHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS ON IMAGE .
(a) Original image f and marker g = Ɛ (f) (b) original image f and marker g = δ (f) (c) Opening by reconstruction using erosion as maker (d) closing by reconstruction using dilation as marker .
Detection of image background by using block analysis Figure: Background condition obtained by block analysis The image ‘f’ is divided into ‘n’ blocks .
The minimum and maximum intensity values in each sub image are denoted as For each analyzed block. maximum and minimum values are used to determine the background criteria using . Each block is a sub image of the original image.
Expression to enhance the contrast is proposed: The background parameters depends on the value. If (f< ) (dark region). . Once ( ) is calculated. this value is used to select the background parameter associated with the analyzed block. The background parameter takes the value of maximum intensity and minimum intensity for clear region. The value of represents a division line between clear f ˃ ) and dark (f < ) intensity levels.
and Maximum and minimum intensity values and expression for and Values correspond to the morphological dilation and erosion. Then expression for Was substituted by Expression for contrast operator is .
SIMULATION RESULTS Fig: Erosion operation .
Dilation image Fig: Dilation operation .• qqqq -----.
Fig: Opening operation .
Fig: Closing operation .
(a) Original image (b) Block analysis (c) Output image .
Opening by reconstruction allows the modification of the altitude of regional maxima when the size of the structuring element increases. The effect can be used to detect background criteria .Image Background Using Opening by Reconstruction In opening by reconstruction image background is detected without dividing the original image into block and without using the morphological erosion and dilation. Morphological transformations generate new contours when the structuring element is increased.
Expression to enhance the contrast in image with poor lighting in opening by reconstruction .
morphological contrast enhancement transformations were introduced. therefore. that is based on the use of morphological connected transformations. a difficulty was detected when the morphological erosion and dilation were employed. Such operators are based on Weber’s law notion. a new proposal to detect the image background was propounded. However. Also.CONCLUSIONS First. This proposal was subsequently extended using mathematical morphology operators. . a methodology was introduced to compute an approximation to the background using blocks analysis.
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