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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
Chapter 6
Leadership : Dynamics of Managerial Leadership, leadership styles Trait approach Behavioral approaches Managerial Grid.

Parveen Kaur

Agenda
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Dynamics of Managerial Leadership: Leadership styles Trait approach Behavioral approaches Managerial Grid.

CH 6 LEADERSHIP

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TGhz4OA6W gg

Trust: The Foundation of Leadership

Trust and Leadership

Leadership

TRUST and INTEGRITY

Leadership in Organizations

Leadership
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The process whereby one individual influences other group members toward the attainment of defined group or organizational goals.

Leadership Process

Leaders vs. Managers

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Successful Leader Characteristics

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Leadership Theories
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Leadership Styles Trait approach Behavioral approaches Managerial Grid.

Charismatic Leadership
Key Characteristics: 1. Vision and articulation 2. Personal risk 3. Environmental sensitivity 4. Sensitivity to follower needs 5. Unconventional behavior

Charismatic Leader Qualities


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Self-Confidence A Vision Extraordinary Behavior Recognized as Change Agent Environmental Sensitivity

Key Characteristics of Charismatic Leaders

Characteristics of Transactional Leaders

Characteristics of Transformational Leaders

Transactional and Transformational Leadership

Contingent Reward Management by Exception (active) Management by Exception (passive) Laissez-Faire

Charisma Inspiration Intellectual Stimulation Individual Consideration

Visionary Leadership

Qualities of a Vision:
Inspiration that is valuecentered Is realizable

Evokes superior imagery


Well-articulated

Qualities of a Visionary Leader


Has the ability to explain the vision to others.
Uses own behavior to express the vision. Is able to extend the vision to different leadership contexts.

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Charismatic Leader Reactions

Above-Normal Performance Levels High Devotion, Loyalty, and Reverence Levels Toward Leader Enthusiasm For and Excitement About Leader and Ideas Generally, Reactions Tend to Be Highly Polarized Either Love or Hate Them

BEHAVIORAL LEADERSHIP THEORIES


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OHIO STATE STUDIES MICHIGAN STUDIES THE MANAGERIAL GRID

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Behavioral theories of leadership


Theories

that attempt to isolate behaviors that differentiate effective leaders from ineffective leaders Behavioral studies focus on identifying critical behavioral determinants of leadership that, in turn, could be used to train people to become leaders

Ohio state leadership theories


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Initiating Structure
Leader organizes & structures work Defines follower roles & schedules work activities Followers do what theyre told

Consideration
Leader builds rapport, trust, & respect Nurtures followers & is collaborative Followers participate in making decisions

Michigan studies
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A well-known series of leadership studies that commenced at the University of Michigan in the 1950s, with the objective of identifying the principles and types of leadership styles that led to greater productivity and enhanced job satisfaction among workers. The studies identified two broad leadership styles - an employee orientation and a production orientation. They also identified three critical characteristics of effective leaders - taskoriented behavior, relationship-oriented

Michigan studies
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Production Orientation
Leader

emphasizes technical aspects of work Utilitarian view of followers they are merely the tools for completing the work

Employee Orientation
Leader

emphasizes the personal aspects of work Views followers as unique, attends to their personal needs

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Leadership Behavior Dimensions

The Managerial Grid

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The Managerial Grid


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8 1,9 Country club management Thoughtful attention needs of people for satisfying relationships leads to A comfortable, friendly organization atmosphere and work tempo 9,9 Team management Work accomplishment is from committed people, interdependence through a common stake in organization purpose leads to relationship of trust and respect

Concern for people

5 4

5,5 Organization Man Management Adequate organization performance possible through balancing the necessity to get out work with maintaining morale of the people at a satisfactory level 1,1 Impoverished Management Exertion of minimum effort to get required work done is appropriate to sustain organization membership 9,1 Authority-Obedience Efficiency in operations results from arranging conditions of work in such a way that human elements interfere to a minimal degree 5 6 7 8 9

Low 1
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Low

Concern for production

High

Leadership Development
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Networking Mentoring Job Assignments

Action Learning

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Lets watch a movie!!!

Lessons in Leadership - THE LAGAAN Way -