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Philippine Biodiversity

What is Biodiversity?

The variety of all living things on earth!

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

Which of the following environments on our planet are too harsh to support life?
A. Boiling sulfur springs (temp 100C)

D. None of the Above

B. Deep-sea hydrothermal vents (temp 350C)

C. Frigid ice of the Arctic and Antarctic (temp up to -70C)

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

If we gave a prize for the strongest creature for its size, which animal would win?
A D

B C

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

Which of the following would we have to do without if there were no bees?


A B

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

What is the only mammal capable of true flight?


A. Flying lemur C. Flying squirrel

B. Bat

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

What is the fastest flying bird?


A. Philippine Eagle

B. Peregrine Falcon

C. Pallid Swift

D. Ostrich

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

Biodiversity includes which of the following?

A. The color of our skin

C. The different types of forests

B. The stripes on a zebra

D. The different species of frogs

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

What is the biggest threat to biodiversity?


C. Pollution

A. Specimen collection

B. Habitat Loss

D. Tourism

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

Which has the biggest biodiversity?

A. Tundra

C. Tropical Forest

B. Temperate Forest

D. Grassland

What's Your Biodiversity IQ?

Among the three, which country has the highest percentage of endemic terrestrial vertebrate species?

B C

Philippine Biodiversity
And the winner is...

vs
PHILIPPINES
TOTAL TERRESTRIAL VERTEBRATE SPECIES ENDEMIC SPECIES 1,139

vs
SPAIN
435

BRAZIL
3,131

558

25

788

% ENDEMIC TOTAL LAND AREA (km2)

49
300,780

6
451,171

25
8,511,165

Philippine Biodiversity

MAMMALS
206+ species of terrestrial mammals, 117 species (57%) endemic 27 species of marine mammals
* Heaney et al. 2010

Do you know what a healthy sea cow like me likes to eat so I can grow big and strong? SEA GRASS!!!

Hi! I'm a Philippine mouse deer, one of the smallest deer in the world. You can't find me anywhere except in Palawan.

Philippine Biodiversity

BIRDS
576+ species, 195 endemic

I'm a Phlippine Eagle, the King of Birds! I'm a top forest predator and the largest raptor in the world!

I'm not really bleeding, but my heart looks like it is so they call me a bleeding heart pigeon. You can find me nesting in Luzon.

Philippine Biodiversity

REPTILES
258+ species, 170 (66%) endemic
* Diesmos et al. 2002

I'm a leatherback, the largest sea turtle in the world. I can grow up to 7ft long and weigh over 2,000 lbs! I can also dive deeper than any other sea turtle up to 4,200 feet! Awesome, dude.

I may look like a meanie, but I'm a very good parent to my kids so please don't be mean to me and my kind. There are less than 200 of us Philippine crocodiles in the wild.

Philippine Biodiversity

AMPHIBIANS
101+ species, 78 (77%) endemics
* Diesmos et al. 2002

No, I'm not a worm nor am I a snake. I'm a legless amphibian called a caecilian. Very few people know about me because I burrow into the ground and am very hard to find.

They call me pygmy forest frog because I'm the smallest frog in the Philippines! I live in the Cordillera and Sierra Madre mountains and in Sibuyan Island.

Philippine Biodiversity

FISH
About 4,050 species in the Indo-Pacific region 2,228 coral reef fish species in the Coral Triangle (37% World; 56% Indo-Pacific)
People call me Nemo these days, which is short for anemonefish. I make my home among the stinging tentacles of a sea anemone.
Yes, I'm a fish! I'm a young batfish and I'm mimicking a toxic flatworm so predators won't eat me. I'm a whale shark, the largest fish in the sea! But I'm not a whale, I'm a shark. You'll often see me swimming in Donsol, Sorsogon.

Philippine Biodiversity

INVERTEBRATES
Mollusks: 22,000 species Insects: 20,940+ species, 70% endemic Corals: At least 484 hard coral species
I'm not called flamboyant cuttlefish for nothing! I change color very quickly when I'm disturbed or attacked. You wouldn't want to eat me though because I'm poisonous!

I'm called Palawan birdwing because I have a very large wingspan for a butterfly. I can fly really high and for long distances. You can only find me in Palawan.

Do I remind you of something? A brain perhaps? That's why I'm called brain coral! I can grow up to 6ft and live up to 900 years!

Philippine Biodiversity

INVERTEBRATES
Mollusks: 22,000 species Insects: 20,940+ species, 70% endemic Corals: At least 484 hard coral species
Did you know? Philippine Coral Reefs are considered to be the center of the center of marine biodiversity!

Philippine Biodiversity

INVERTEBRATES
Mollusks: 22,000 species Insects: 20,940+ species, 70% endemic Corals: At least 484 hard coral species
Throughout the world's ocens, coral reefs cover approximately 617,000 km2. Philippine coral reefs cover an estimated area of about 30,000 km 2 .

Philippine Biodiversity

PLANTS
15,000+ kinds of plants, 50% endemic
I'm called Rafflesia and I'm a parasitic plant. I have the largest flower of any plant, but don't come too close because it stinks! I'm a Philippine Ironwood, the hardest hardwood species in the Philippines. If my trunk was 70cm in diameter, it would take you 2-4 days to cut it!

I'm Apitong, and I belong to a family of trees that are important sources of timber. Please don't cut me down though because I am already critically endangered.

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Giant Clam The largest clam in the world

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Whale Shark The largest fish in the sea

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Philippine Pygmy Forest Frog The smallest frog in the Philippines

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Philippine Crocodile The most endangered crocodile in the world.

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Leatherback Sea Turtle The largest sea turtle in the world

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA! Philippine Eagle The largest raptor in the world

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Golden-Crowned Flying Fox and Large Flying Fox The largest bats in the world

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Rafflesia The largest single flower in the world

Pilipinas: Ang Paraisong PINAKA!

Philippine Ironwood The hardest hardwood tree species in the Philippines

It's Rare, It's Endangered, It's FOR SALE!

It's Rare, It's Endangered, It's FOR SALE!


How would you like it if we placed you in a cage even when you've done nothing wrong?

What Have You Done for the Forest Today?

I NEED A HERO!

Remember the 4Rs!


Eat less red meat!

Spread the word!

Plant a Tree!

www.haribon.org.ph