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Activity – Based Learning Strategies

A variety of interactive activities designed to stimulate interest and

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involvement in a learning process with a positive outcome of seeing students actively participating in the construction of their own language rather than being

Advantages

The most important feature of activity based instruction is learning by doing.

Better understanding of a lesson among students as they learn the lesson by practicing the task themselves.

It inspires the students to apply their creative ideas, knowledge and minds in solving problems as well as

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Disadvantages

The teacher has to make sure that all students have sufficient knowledge and skills regarding the task they are going to perform.

Learners have varied levels of merit and understanding.

The activity based method is more suitable for branches of experimental

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f

Types of activity-based teaching strategies

Cooperative

Learning

(Lindauer & Petrie

19917)

principle

based

that

on

the

learners

work

with

each other

and are responsible for

not

only

their

own

knowledge but as

well

as

their

group

members.

Types of activity-based teaching strategies Cooperative Learning (Lindauer & Petrie 19917) principle based that on the

Types of Cooperative Learning Formal Cooperative Learning

Are more useful in academic setting rather than in service or patient education situation (e.g., assigning groups of students to develop a proposal for a clinical research study.

Informal Cooperative Learning

Can be used in any setting (e.g., teaching about the childbirth experience to a group of parents- to-be).

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Advantages

Group members learn to function as part of a team.

Working in a group for any length of time can teach or enhance social skills.

Cooperative learning groups can help to address individual learning needs and learning styles. (Huff, 1997)

Critical thinking is promoted (Zatufo,

1997)

Disdavantages

Sometimes the manipulation of groups maybe necessary.

Some students may not respond well in forced group situations.

Time consuming

It is important to be alert and promoting success.

Types of activity-based teaching strategies

Simulations

Are controlled representations of reality.

Are exercises that learners engage in to learn about the real world without the risks of the real world.

4 types of simulations:

Simulation exercises

A controlled representation of a piece of reality that learners manipulate to better understand the corresponding real situation.

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Simulation Game

A game that represent real-life situations in which learners compete according to a set of

• 7/30/12 Role playing A form of drama in which learners spontaneously act out roles on

• 7/30/12 Role playing A form of drama in which learners spontaneously act out roles on

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Role playing

A form of drama in which learners spontaneously act out roles on an interaction involving problems or challenges in human relations.

Case study

An analysis of an incident or situation in which characters and relationships are described, factual or hypothetical events transpire, and problems lead to be

Advantages Enjoyable, motivating activity

Element of reality is compatible with principle of constructivism

Enhances appreciation of the more subtle aspects of a concept/principle

Promotes critical thinking

Easier learning experience

Disadvantages

May be counter- productive Preparation time Cost can be an issue

Time consuming

Assessment is more complex than some traditional teaching methods

Time consuming

Types of activity-based teaching strategies

Problem- Based Learning

An approach to learning that involves confronting students with real life problems that provide a stimulus for critical thinking and self-taught content.

It is based on the premise that students, working together in small groups, will analyze a case, identify their own needs of information, and

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Types of activity-based teaching strategies

Self Learning Modules

Also Known as:

Ø self- directed learning modules self paced learning modules self learning packets individualized learning activity packages A self- learning module can be defined

Ø

Ø

Ø

as a self- contained unit or package of

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Self- directed learning is based on some principles:

Adults are self- motivated to learn material for which they see relevance

Adults’ prior experience is a resource for further learning.

Adults are problem focused and readily learn material they can use to solve problems

Advantages

Learner:

ü

Ability to learn independently at one’s own pace and in one’s own time.

Educator:

ü

Individualized approached.

ü

Makes it possible for a curriculum to be standardized.

Disadvantages

ü

Learners may missed learning with other people.

ü Learners missed the interaction that takes place in the classroom

ü

Individualized learning may lead to further procrastination due to lack of structure and deadlines

ü Learners may be come less than a less about the results.

ü

Modules take many hours to design and test

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Computer Teaching Strategies

One of the most significant teaching strategies nowadays is computer- based training (CBT)- the use of the personal computer as a training device. CBT is sometimes called computer-based instruction (CBI).

Computer Teaching Strategies One of the most significant teaching strategies nowadays is computer- based training (CBT)-

Computer Teaching Strategies

The personal computer or PC has revolutionized the way businesses function and promises the same for education and training. The new generation is as comfort- able with the PC as they are with the telephone. As a result, educators today are using personal computers as part of

educational programs of all types.

Types of computer teaching strategies

COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTIONS

Is the use of computer to present

instruction

to

the

students. It

is

the

interaction between a computer system

and student is designed to help

students

to

learn

new

material or

improve their knowledge of materials previously studied.

Types of computer teaching strategies

Computer Manage Instruction

Refers to a program that evaluate and diagnose students’ needs, guide them through the next step in their learning, and record their progress.

It can be used with little teacher intervention