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Presentation of the Design Implementation of the New Preliminary Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Facilities
Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP
Topics Background Goals of the Project Design Criteria Objectives of the Design The Final Design Implementation / Cost 14.03.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 2 .
Start of operation through Degremont.03. France (1 year) 2000: Takeover and responsible Operation through Sana’a Water and Sanitation Local Corporation (SWSLC) Operational Problems right from the very beginning of operation: Overloading of WWTP due to high BOD5-concentration High operation costs due to high energy consumption Sludge not stabilized causing odor nuisance Odorous nuisance along the inlet trunk main sewer Utilization of treated wastewater and sludge for irrigation / agriculture had not been solved 14. as activated sludge process with simultaneous sludge stabilization 1999: Turn-Key Implementation of the new Sana‘a WWTP (Financing World Bank).1 Background 1994: Design of the new Sana‘a WWTP by Howard Humphreys.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 3 . UK.
2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 4 .03.1 Background Remedying Measure: Execution of a Feasibility Study (August 2000 until May 2001) Decision for Implementation of Sana‘a WWTP Upgrade (10/2002) Preparation of Final Design + Tender Documents according to FIDIC „Red Book“ Consultant: CONSULAQUA Hamburg GmbH 14.
2 Goals of the Project Implementation of technical measures for upgrade of Sana’a WWTP (design flow Q = 65.000 m³/d in 2020) Improvement of treatment efficiency + operational stability Reduction of external energy input Improvement of the quality of dried sludge to allow proper sludge marketing Implementation of technical measures to reduce massive odor problems to a tolerable level 14.03.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 5 .
2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 6 .Coliform Germs < 1.03.200 mg/l) Existing wastewater treatment stage will be fully able to fulfil effluent requirements if sludge problem is solved 14.100 mg/l) (inflow: SS = 1.000/100 ml .3 Design Criteria Effluent Requirements BOD5 < 30 mg/l SS < 30 mg/l pathogen removal: .Worm eggs < 1/Liter Avoidance of infections to those working on irrigated fields and those consuming vegetables grown on fields (inflow: BOD5 = 1.
1 . Aerobic Stab.1 1 11 1. 11 11 . 1 .1 1 1 . / Sim. 11 11 11 1 . 1 .1 1 .1 1 11 1.1 1 1 . 1 11 1 11 .1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 . 1 11 1 1.1 1 .1 1 1 .1 1 11 11 11 1 .1 1 11 11 .1 1 .1 1 11 11 .1 1 11 1.1 1 11 . 1 11 1 1.1 1 11 .1 1 11 11 1 1. 11 11 . 1 11 1 1 . 11 7 mg/l kg/d g/cap*d Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP . 11 .1 1. 1 . 1 11 1 1 .03.3 Design Criteria Wastewater Characteristics / Target Years Design Criteria Design Horizon / Target Year INFLOW Daily Wastewater Inflow Peak factor (max flow/average flow) Safety factor Maximum Treatment Capacity BOD1 mg/l BOD1 -concentration kg/d BOD1 -load g/cap*d Specific BOD1 -pollution load Pollution load (Population Equivalents) PE SUSPENDED SOLIDS SS-concentration SS-load Specific SS-pollution load 14.1 1 11 22 22 1 .2005 Unit m³/d m1 /d BOD-Elim. BOD1 -Elim.1 1 1.1 1 11 11 .1 1 .1 1 1. / Anaerobic Digestion Original Design Existing Situation Start of Operation Design Horizon 11 11 1 .1 1 1 11 . 1 11 1 1 1 1 11 1 1. 1 .1 1 11 11 .
equipment and consumables Minimization of investment costs Essential savings in operation costs Minimization of environmental impacts (odor.03.4 Objectives of the Design High safety of operation ( redundant systems. extension areas) 14. hydraulic crosswise connections) O & M-requirements ( easy handling & maintenance of treatment facilities) Staff requirements ( number and skills of staff degree and complexity of automation) Local availability of material. noises) Future extension possibilities ( modular structure of plant layout.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 8 .
5 The Final Design Technical Measures to be implemented under the Sana’a WWTP Upgrade Project New Inlet Pumping Station with pre-applied Coarse Screens Fine Screens Primary Settling Tanks / New Distribution Chamber Retention Basin Primary Sludge Thickeners Anaerobic Digesters (incl.03.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP WWTP Upgrade Sludge Treatment Odor Control 9 . Auxiliary Building) Stabilized Sludge Thickeners Co-Generation Plant + Boiler Station Gasholders with gasflare Adaptation of Electrical Power Supply and Distribution Additional 44 Sludge Drying Beds Odor Control Measures 14.
03.2005 .The new plant layout in complete overview Arrangement of New Plant Layout (new structures in RED color) + 4 clearly defined operational areas: IPS/Mechanical Wastewater Treatment Biological Wastewater Treatment Sludge Treatment Gas Utilization + Connection of new with existing facilities is easy continuation of operation during construction Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP + Future Extension of Plant is very easy 10 + O & M requirements can be kept at 14.
easier unloading of screenings. Aerated Grit Chambers. Primary Settling Tanks and Magnetic Flow Meter + Logical and modular arrangement of Screens.03. Inlet PS. and better O & M conditions + New aerated grit chambers provide high grit removal efficiency (protection of new digesters) + The logical spatial arrangement of the mechanical treatment facilities allows for improved hydraulic conditions + Construction of the new mechanical treatment Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 11 facilities can be carried out in one take 14. Grit Chambers and Primary Settling Tanks allowing easy extension in quantity + Separate Coarse and Fine Screens result in higher efficiency.2005 .The new layout in detail Mechanical Wastewater Treatment New: Coarse / Fine Screens.
03.The new layout in detail Biological Wastewater Treatment Conversion of Simultaneous Sludge Stabilization to Activated Sludge Process (Carbon removal only) + All tanks and connecting pipes can be further used + Existing Inlet Pumping Station can be used as Return Sludge Pumping Station + Mixing of pre-treated wastewater and return sludge and the following distribution Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP on to 8 treatment lines can be 12 facilitated by 14.2005 .
000 m3. Gravity Thickeners for Primary Sludge & Digested Sludge (4 in total). 2 Gas Holders. Co-Generation Plant.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP + Gas Utilization allows for considerable reduction of specific energy supply from 13 .The new layout in detail Sludge Treatment 3 new Digesters @ 10. Boiler Station + Implementation of third Digester considerably improves operational and process safety + Expensive Polymers will not be needed anymore + Due to new spatial arrangement all sludge thickeners can be fed by gravity + Short distances between digester and thickeners allow for reduced pumping cost + Gas Utilization facilities are very close together 14.03.
2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 14 .The new Digesters (Profile) 14.03.
03.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 15 . and PS Thickeners + Easy to operate and maintain + Low running cost + High Efficiency 14. Return Sludge Pump Station.The new layout in detail Odor Control 3 Biological Filters close to the new Screen Building.
2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP of Sana‘a WWTP can be reduced by approx.000 PE. each rated @ 626 kW Balance of Total Power Requirement for future Sana‘a WWTP Maximum Power Reduction is 25% Considering the extended capacity (increase of treatment capacity from 450. 67% 16 .000 PE up to 1.) the specific power consumption 14.000.03.5 The Final Design Power Supply Concept Introduction of 4 gas generator sets.
USD (incl.6 Implementation & Cost Implementation (planned) 09/2005: Award of Contract 10/2007: Commencement of Operation under Responsibility of the Contractor + Start of Staff Training (1 Year) 10/2008: Takeover through SWSLC Investment Cost (estimated) Civil Works: Mechanical Works: Electrical Works: Incontingencies: Engineering: GRAND TOTAL 18.6 Mil. USD 1.0 Mil. USD 1.8 Mil.03. Sludge Drying Beds) 5.2 Mil.6 Mil. USD 14.8 Mil. USD 30. USD 2.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 17 .
Than kYou 14.03.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 18 .