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Upgrade of the Sanaa Wastewater Treatment Plant

Presentation of the Design Implementation of the New Preliminary Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Facilities

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

Topics Background Goals of the Project Design Criteria Objectives of the Design The Final Design Implementation / Cost

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

1 Background
1994: Design of the new Sanaa WWTP by Howard Humphreys, UK, as activated sludge process with simultaneous sludge stabilization 1999: Turn-Key Implementation of the new Sanaa WWTP (Financing World Bank); Start of operation through Degremont, France (1 year) 2000: Takeover and responsible Operation through Sanaa Water and Sanitation Local Corporation (SWSLC) Operational Problems right from the very beginning of operation:
Overloading of WWTP due to high BOD5-concentration High operation costs due to high energy consumption Sludge not stabilized causing odor nuisance Odorous nuisance along the inlet trunk main sewer Utilization of treated wastewater and sludge for irrigation / agriculture had not been solved

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

1 Background
Remedying Measure: Execution of a Feasibility Study (August 2000 until May 2001) Decision for Implementation of Sanaa WWTP Upgrade (10/2002)
Preparation of Final Design + Tender Documents according to FIDIC Red Book Consultant: CONSULAQUA Hamburg GmbH

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

2 Goals of the Project

Implementation of technical measures for upgrade of Sanaa WWTP (design flow Q = 65,000 m/d in 2020) Improvement of treatment efficiency + operational stability Reduction of external energy input Improvement of the quality of dried sludge to allow proper sludge marketing Implementation of technical measures to reduce massive odor problems to a tolerable level

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

3 Design Criteria
Effluent Requirements
BOD5 < 30 mg/l SS < 30 mg/l pathogen removal:
- Coliform Germs < 1,000/100 ml - Worm eggs < 1/Liter Avoidance of infections to those working on irrigated fields and those consuming vegetables grown on fields

(inflow: BOD5 = 1,100 mg/l) (inflow: SS = 1,200 mg/l)

Existing wastewater treatment stage will be fully able to fulfil effluent requirements if sludge problem is solved

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

3 Design Criteria
Wastewater Characteristics / Target Years
Design Criteria
Design Horizon / Target Year INFLOW Daily Wastewater Inflow Peak factor (max flow/average flow) Safety factor Maximum Treatment Capacity BOD1 mg/l BOD1 -concentration kg/d BOD1 -load g/cap*d Specific BOD1 -pollution load Pollution load (Population Equivalents) PE SUSPENDED SOLIDS SS-concentration SS-load Specific SS-pollution load
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Unit
m/d m1 /d

BOD-Elim. / Sim. Aerobic Stab. BOD1 -Elim. / Anaerobic Digestion

Original Design

Existing Situation

Start of Operation

Design Horizon

11 11 1 .1 1 11 11 , 11 , 1 .1 1 11 11 1 1. 1 11 1 1 1 1 11 1 1. 1 11 1 1 .1 1 11 1, 11

11 11 1 .1 1 11 11 , 1 ,1 1 .1 1 11

22 22 1 .1 1 11 11 , 1 ,1 1 .1 1 11

11 11 1 .1 1 11 11 , 1 ,1 1. 1 11 1

11 .1 1 11 .1 1 11 .1 1 1 .1 1 11 1. 1 11 1 1 .1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 .1 1 1 .1 1 . 1 .1 1 .1 1 1 11 .1 1 1. 1 11 1 1, 11 11 .1 1 1. 1 11 1 1, 11 11 .1 1 1 .1 1 11 1, 11
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mg/l kg/d g/cap*d

Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

4 Objectives of the Design

High safety of operation ( redundant systems, hydraulic crosswise connections) O & M-requirements ( easy handling & maintenance of treatment facilities) Staff requirements ( number and skills of staff degree and complexity of automation) Local availability of material, equipment and consumables Minimization of investment costs Essential savings in operation costs Minimization of environmental impacts (odor, noises) Future extension possibilities ( modular structure of plant layout, extension areas)
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5 The Final Design


Technical Measures to be implemented under the Sanaa WWTP Upgrade Project
New Inlet Pumping Station with pre-applied Coarse Screens Fine Screens Primary Settling Tanks / New Distribution Chamber Retention Basin Primary Sludge Thickeners Anaerobic Digesters (incl. Auxiliary Building) Stabilized Sludge Thickeners Co-Generation Plant + Boiler Station Gasholders with gasflare Adaptation of Electrical Power Supply and Distribution Additional 44 Sludge Drying Beds Odor Control Measures
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WWTP Upgrade

Sludge Treatment Odor Control


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The new plant layout in complete overview


Arrangement of New Plant Layout (new structures in RED color)
+ 4 clearly defined operational areas: IPS/Mechanical Wastewater Treatment Biological Wastewater Treatment Sludge Treatment Gas Utilization + Connection of new with existing facilities is easy continuation of operation during construction Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP + Future Extension of Plant is very easy 10 + O & M requirements can be kept at

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The new layout in detail

Mechanical Wastewater Treatment New: Coarse / Fine Screens, Inlet PS, Aerated Grit Chambers, Primary Settling Tanks and Magnetic Flow Meter
+ Logical and modular arrangement of Screens, Grit Chambers and Primary Settling Tanks allowing easy extension in quantity + Separate Coarse and Fine Screens result in higher efficiency, easier unloading of screenings, and better O & M conditions + New aerated grit chambers provide high grit removal efficiency (protection of new digesters) + The logical spatial arrangement of the mechanical treatment facilities allows for improved hydraulic conditions + Construction of the new mechanical treatment Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP 11 facilities can be carried out in one take

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The new layout in detail


Biological Wastewater Treatment Conversion of Simultaneous Sludge Stabilization to Activated Sludge Process (Carbon removal only)
+ All tanks and connecting pipes can be further used + Existing Inlet Pumping Station can be used as Return Sludge Pumping Station + Mixing of pre-treated wastewater and return sludge and the following distribution Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP on to 8 treatment lines can be 12 facilitated by

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The new layout in detail

Sludge Treatment 3 new Digesters @ 10.000 m3, Gravity Thickeners for Primary Sludge & Digested Sludge (4 in total), 2 Gas Holders, Co-Generation Plant, Boiler Station
+ Implementation of third Digester considerably improves operational and process safety + Expensive Polymers will not be needed anymore + Due to new spatial arrangement all sludge thickeners can be fed by gravity + Short distances between digester and thickeners allow for reduced pumping cost + Gas Utilization facilities are very close together 14.03.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP + Gas Utilization allows for considerable reduction of specific energy supply from

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The new Digesters (Profile)

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

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The new layout in detail


Odor Control 3 Biological Filters close to the new Screen Building, Return Sludge Pump Station, and PS Thickeners
+ Easy to operate and maintain + Low running cost + High Efficiency

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5 The Final Design


Power Supply Concept Introduction of 4 gas generator sets, each rated @ 626 kW Balance of Total Power Requirement for future Sanaa WWTP

Maximum Power Reduction is 25% Considering the extended capacity (increase of treatment capacity from 450,000 PE up to 1,000,000 PE,) the specific power consumption 14.03.2005 Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP of Sanaa WWTP can be reduced by approx. 67%

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6 Implementation & Cost


Implementation (planned)
09/2005: Award of Contract 10/2007: Commencement of Operation under Responsibility of the Contractor + Start of Staff Training (1 Year) 10/2008: Takeover through SWSLC

Investment Cost (estimated)


Civil Works: Mechanical Works: Electrical Works: Incontingencies: Engineering: GRAND TOTAL 18.2 Mil. USD (incl. Sludge Drying Beds) 5.8 Mil. USD 2.6 Mil. USD 1.6 Mil. USD 1.8 Mil. USD 30.0 Mil. USD

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

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Than kYou

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Upgrade of Sana'a WWTP

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