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Persidangan Teknologi Pendidikan Negeri Sabah kali ke-2

Penggunaan Teknologi Web 2.0 dalam Pendidikan

Dr. Sabariah Sharif Sekolah Pendidikan dan Pembangunan Sosial Universiti Malaysia Sabah

21st Century Realities


Changes in the work place Advances in digital technologies Global connections Changes in our understanding of learning

Requirements for Participation in Todays Society


Strong disciplinary knowledge deep conceptual understanding of complex concepts. Work creatively with concepts to generate new ideas, new theories, new products and new knowledge the capacity to uncover and clarify new problems, questions and phenomena. Critically evaluate what is read. Express ideas and thoughts verbally and in writing using a variety of media.

Connect and integrate ideas from a variety of disciplines turning that into usable knowledge -- the ability to integrate ideas from different disciplines or spheres into a coherent whole and to communicate that integration to others. Respectful awareness of and appreciation for differences among human beings and human groups. Self directed learn how to learn. Ethical Pondering the nature of your work in relationship to needs of the society in which you live.

CHANGES AFFECTING EDUCATION

Need To Make The World A Better Place

Paradigm Shift to st 21st Century Education


Social Social issues issues Technology Technology Explosion Explosion

Environmenta Environmenta l issues l issues

Health Health Issues Issues

21st Century Learning Environments

Bransford, Brown & Cocking, 2000

What Is 21st Century Education?


Students demonstrate : the three Cs: creativity, communication, and collaboration digital literacy as well as civic responsibility. Virtual tools and open-source software create borderless learning territories for students of all ages, anytime and anywhere (Barnett Berry, Founder and CEO, Center for Teaching Quality).

What Is 21st Century Education? (3)


Students learn in a global classroom and its not necessarily within four walls. Inclined to find information by accessing the Internet through cellphones and computers, or chatting with friends on a social networking site. Teachers monitor and issue assignments via virtual classrooms (Keith Moore, Director, Bureau of Indian Education, Department of Interior).

Change for 21st Century Learning


Shared values, beliefs, assumptions , expectations, & behaviors.
External architecture that influences student learning and the ability to improve student learning.

Culture of classroom s, schools, districts

Improving Teaching and Learning

Conditions of learning and teaching for students and adults

Competencies of adults

Skills and knowledge that impact and influence student learning.


Wagner, 2008

21st Century Education Curriculum


School Connect to knowledge in the world

Teacher

Orchestrator of learning

Resourceful learner Learner Prepared for life in the real world


thematic, projectbased and integrated

Curriculum

Survival Skills in the 21st Century Curriculum By Tony Wagner - The Global Achievement Gap
Critical thinking and problem solving Collaboration across networks Leading by influence, agility & adaptability

Initiative and entrepreneurialism Effective oral and written communication


Accessing and analyzing information

Curiosity and imagination

Stripling Inquiry Model

Choosing Web 2.0 Tools to Support Teaching and Learning in a Digital World, Pam Berger, Sally Trexler, Libraries Unlimited, 2010

Inquiry is a framework for learning

Stripling Inquiry Process


Connect Connect to self, previous knowledge Gain background knowledge to set context for new learning Observe, experience Wonder Develop questions Make predictions Investigate Find and evaluate information to answer questions, test hypotheses Think about the information to illuminate new questions and hypotheses
* Barbara Stripling, Inquiry-Based Learning in Curriculum Connections Through the Library. Libraries Unlimited

Stripling Inquiry Process


Construct Construct new understandings connected to previous knowledge Draw conclusions about questions and hypotheses Express Express new ideas to share learning with others Apply understandings to a new context, new situations Reflect Reflect on own process of learning and on new understandings gained from inquiry Ask new questions

Advances in Digital Technologies

Example: The Practice of Science

Internet Milestone

iCloud iPad
2011

iPhone
The World Wide Web
1994

2010

Social Media
2000+

2007

The Internet
1969

WEB 2.0
A simple definition of Web 2.0 is the Read/Write Web. The focus is on the ability for people to collaborate and share information online. Originally, the Internet was a place to locate information - mainly a "Read Only Web. As the Internet changed, web sites were developed allowing people "write" and share information.

Technologies For Knowledge Building

Digital Technologies and 21st Century Learning

Scaffolding is Important

Sawyer, 2006; Greeno, 2006

How Web 2.0 Can Help In The Process Of Learning?


1. Develop Effective Communication Skills Web 2.0 tools allow students to create products, such as videos, podcasts, interactive posters, cartoons, and share them online with others

2. Building Strong Team Collaboration Skills Web 2.0 tools can help create collaborative learning environments. Diigo is a powerful collaborative research tool

3. Cultivating Creativity in the Classroom. Students to become multi-media content developers Animoto for creating MTV-style video Glogster for preparing interactive online posters smilebox for 21st Century digital storytelling

How Web 2.0 Can Help In The Process Of Learning?


4. Developing Critical Thinking Skills Students use deductive and inductive, to understand a situation. -Intel Visual Ranking Tool - Analyzing and Evaluating Answers Mind Mapping Tools: Bubbl.us - brain storming and creative thinking 5. Developing Information Literacy Skills Students able to access information, solve problems, make decisions, and work as part of a team. -Askkids - A search engine developing information literacy and critical thinking skills

6 Alternative Assessment Tools in the Classroom Assess students' critical-thinking and evaluation skills Vialogues use for formative assessment of students' comprehension E-portfolios demonstrate students' progress in learning and a reflection on their learning.

Effective ways of using Web 2.0

2.0 PENGGUNAAN FACEBOOK DALAM P&P A) Pengenalan Facebook Sebuah tapak web rangkaian sosial Satu perkhidmatan yang menumpukan rangkaian sosial dalam talian untuk satu komuniti yang berkongsi kegemaran dan aktiviti Berasaskan web Pelbagai cara interaksi seperti perbualan dalam talian, bertukar pesanan, e-mel, video, perbualan suara, perkongsian fail, blog, kumpulan perbincangan Ciri-ciri unik seperti papan buletin, pemesejan segera, kebolehan menyiarkan video dan gambar serta menyiarkan maklumat bekerjasama dalam lingkungan sistem Konsep paling utama ditekankan ialah INTERAKSI

B) Kelebihan Facebook dalam Proses P&P Menggalakkan penglibatan aktif pelajar Meningkatkan interaksi antara guru dan pelajar Menyediakan medan untuk berkongsi maklumat Mewujudkan peluang dan struktur kepada pengajar untuk meningkatkan tahap kerjasama di kalangan pelajar Pelbagaikan manfaat pedagogi lain kepada guru dan pelajar Membina komuniti pembelajaran Membantu pengajar berhubung dengan pelajar mereka mengenai tugasan, kegiatan akan datang dan contoh tugasan di luar kelas Menggalakkan pelaksanaan projek kumpulan Merapatkan hubungan pengajar dengan pelajar sekali gus dapat meningkatakan motivasi pelajar, pembelajaran berkesan dan iklim bilik darjah

C) Cara

Menggunakan Facebook Dalam Pendidikan Memperkenalkan rangkaian sosial kepada pelajar Langkah-langkah i) membuka akaun Facebook dan menjadi kawan kepada rakan sekelas ii) Pengajar menubuhkan kumpulan dengan memasukkan nama kumpulan yang sesuai iii) Memprivasikan kumpulan tersebut iv) Menambahkan kesemua pelajar dalam kumpulan tersebut v) Menuliskan topik untuk memulakan perbincangan vi) Pengajar boleh memuatkan gambar yang berkaitan dan maklumat tertentu untuk pengkongsian dan perbincangan vii) Pengajar juga boleh memilihkan pelbagai aktiviti lain dalam kumpulan untuk tujuan tertentu

LANGKAH-LANGKAH PENGGUNAAN TWITTER DALAM PENDIDIKAN


Mengenal pasti kegunaan twitter obahan-bahan untuk tujuan pendidikan boleh diperolehi melalui Englishfeed (http://twitter.com/englishfeed), ESL Time (http://twitter.com/esltime) Membuka akaun guru omenetapkan privacy dalam akaun ini dan menyatakan dalam profile sebagai kegunaan guru untuk mengelakkan pengikut yang tidak diperlukan turut serta

LANGKAH-LANGKAH PENGGUNAAN TWITTER DALAM PENDIDIKAN


Membuka akaun kelas oAkaun kelas boleh dibuka dengan menggunakan perkhidmatan pihak ketiga seperti kumpulan twitter (http://grouptweet.com) atau Tweet Party (http://tweetparty.com) omemudahkan guru yang ingin mengetahui dan memantau aktiviti pelajar

Menyediakan bahan pembelajaran untuk pelajar yang mudah diakses oGuru boleh berinteraksi dengan satu kumpulan pelajar dan memudahkan maklumat disalurkan melalui akaun twitter kelas omenyediakan bahan pembelajaran untuk penggunaan twitter yang mudah diakses oleh pelajar termasuklah video, blog atau laman web oGuru boleh mengarahkan pelajar meneroka twitter sebagai tugasan pertama atau melengkapkan aktiviti pengenalan kepada twitter

AKTIVITI PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN DENGTAN MENGGUNAKAN TWITTER


Aktiviti permulaan pengajaran dan pembelajaran omendedahkan pelajar kepada twittisphere dengan memberikan tugasan melalui twitter dan menetapkan tempoh masa untuk menyiapkan tugasan tersebut oGuru menghantar pesanan berkaitan dengan kehendak mereka seperti soalan, apa mereka buat, apa yang mereka sudah siapkan, telah baca dan telah lihat serta panduan untuk menyiapkan tugasan tersebut. oGuru juga boleh memuat naik artikel dalam twitter

Aktiviti karangan atau membuat rencana a.Cerita Pendek penulis kreatif dari Montreal iaitu Arjun Basu (http://twitter.com/arjunbasu) yang telah menguasai seni menulis cerita pendek yang tidak melebihi 140 aksara - Sean Hill (http://twitter.com/veryshortstories) Blog ini memberi manfaat kepada pelajar untuk menulis cerita pendek

b. Cerita Kolaboratif o menghasilkan cerita yang dibuat oleh beberapa orang dengan bekerjasama untuk menulis cerita tersebut melaui melalui laman Twittories (http://twittories.wikiispaces.com)

c. Puisi o Haika atau Tank (puisi pendek dengan sukukata dan gaya yang terhad) o John Hicks , contoh penulis Haiku dalam twitter beliau (http://twitter.com/blueheron) o Dirk Johnston penulis Tanka dalam (http://twitter.com/dirkjohnson) o Guru boleh mengggalakkan pelajar mengikuti penulis tersebut dan memilih puisi yang digemari untuk diterangkan dalam kelas o Guru boleh memilih tema puisi dan mengarahkan pelajar untuk menghasilkan puisi

Aktiviti Perbendaharaan Kata oMembina ayat dengan perkataan baharu pelajar boleh menghantar perkataan baharu yang mereka tahu dengan contoh ayat. Guru boleh membuat kuiz perbendaharaan kata berdasarkan setiap perkataan yang telah dihantar oleh pelajar dalam twitter oMengesan perkataan untuk mengetahui penggunaannya twitter mempunyai fungsi yang dipanggil tracking yang membolehkan pengguna mencari cara penggunaan kata tersebut. Dengan cara ini pelajar boleh mengetahui pelbagai cara yang berbeza untuk menggunakan sesuatu perkataan

Aktiviti Mendengar oPenggunaan audio-visual komponen dengan menggunakan Chitter.TV (http://chitter.tv) iaitu aplikasi twitter yang membolehkan pengguna mencari saluran Televisyen secara langsung dalam pelbagai sumber oBoleh melihat komen pengguna twitter berkaitan dengan rancangan tersebut. oMelatih pelajar untuk membuat ringkasan dan menerangkan apa yang mereka telah lihat dan dengar Aktiviti Penyelidikan a.Aktiviti lanjutan boleh dibuat untuk mengetahui sesuatu perkara dengan lebih lanjut dengan menggunakan Twitter Search (http://search.twitter.com) ataupun menggunakan aplikasi laman web seperti Twist (http://twist.flaptor.com)

dan Tweetmeme (http://tweetmeme.com) b. Pelajar juga boleh mengikuti pemimpin dan golongan profesional yang boleh dijadikan sebagai inspirasi untuk menuju kejayaan dengan mengikuti follow famous (http://www.folowfamous.com) c. Guru boleh menyoal soalan trivia dan mengarahkan pelajar untuk bekerjasama mencari jawapan. Guru boleh menggunakan akaun kelas atau menggunakan trivia (http://twitter.com/trivia) d. Mencipta sesi buzz mengenai sesuatu perkara seperti topik buku, berita, isu, produk. mengarahkan pelajar untuk mencari maklumat dan dibincangkan dalam twitter

DEFINITION OF EDMODO
1. A free service that allows teachers to create and maintain their own safe and secure classroom communities across every type of PC and wireless device (www.crunchbase.com) 2. An online social learning and communications network for teachers and students K-12 schools (Leena Rao, 2012): Social Collaboration Platform For
Classrooms Edmodo Opens To Third-Party Developers With New API)

DEFINITION OF EDMODO (2)


3. A social network designed for teacher/student interaction with emphasis on quick communication, polling, assignment sharing and more. (Jason Fitzpatrick: Life Hacker Education)

WHY EDMODO IS GREAT FOR TEACHERS AND STUDENTS ?


Features that make Edmodo so great for teachers and students:
A place to assign and turn in work A parent connection: can connect with teacher Can upload files into their "digital backpack"
A place to post messages

A calendar to help students keep up with important dates


Groups for classes, parents, study

Teachers- students interaction only


Students safe and contains content only specific to certain groups.

A great way to help manage and organize your classroom activities. 2 ways that Edmodo small groups can be used in classroom are for: 1. project or team-based activities 2. organizing posts within your main group

HOW TO USE EDMODO SMALL GROUPS ?

Using small groups for project or team-based activities


1. All members of your group are divided into small groups. 2. They can discuss their thoughts, share resources and collaborate on classroom activities 3. Teacher can still oversee their activity 4 Examples of using small groups for project or team based activities include: Literature circle groups Project based learning Peer review groups

Lab groups

Using Small Groups To Organize Posts Within Your Main Group


1. Members of the main group are divided to each small group you create. 2. Discussion group - create a new small group to help keep posts related to that discussion organized 3. Tagging is another great option for this. 4. Course delivery - utilizing small groups and shared folders, to set up a course by week or module.

EXAMPLES OF WAY TO USE EDMODO


1. Writing Project
Tap individualism Build self-esteem
Understand key events by reenacting Develop skills communication, problem solving, self awareness & team work

2. Role playing

3.Backchannel Discussion

Real time discussion Extend learning beyond classroom

EXAMPLES OF WAY TO USE EDMODO


4. Communicate with parents 5. Reading Critique 6. Teacher Lounge
Keep parents updated on events of class and achievement of their children
Listen to audio files & students critique each other Promotes encouragement between students Online discussion Share content, contribute on their own time

OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

http://zaidlearn.blogspot.com/2012/06/oer-101-workshopat-usm-round-2.html

http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/2012/04/02/guest-post-being-openlyselfish-and-making-oer-work-for-you/

Web 3.0

http://futurepredictions.com/2011/07/future-predictions-thefuture-internet-service-web-3-0

http://www.elisesreview.com/2010/11/22/whenwill-we-shift-from-web-2-0-to-web-3-0/

http://www.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=%2F2010%2F3%2F25%2Fnation %2F5931577&sec=nation

Blended Learning

LEARNING

LEARNERS

21st. Century Teachers are Lifelong Learners

http://edtechsandyk.blogspot.com/2011/06/do-you-make-yourlearning-transparent.html

Assessment For Learning is Essential

for student learning

Leadership Matters
Leadership is second only to teaching and learning in its impact on student learning
(Leithwood et al, 2007)

What are you going to put into place so that you can lead 21st century learning in your school/s and/or school district?

http://www.openculture.com/freeonlinecourses

Acknowledgement
Prof. Dr. Zoraini Wati Prof. Dr. Mohamed Amin Embi http://www.scribd.com/doc/98946511 ZaidLearn
http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/using-twitter-to-transform-classroom-learning http://www.slideshare.net/zaid/using-facebook-and-twitter-for-learning-and-teaching-at-ncel-12793780

Pelajar-pelajar Sarjana UMS

Hp. No. : 013-8682425 Email : edpss@hotmail.com : sabariah@ums.edu.my