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Dont blindly depends only on the

class notes, refer Text Book also.


Hooks Law
With in the elastic limit, the
applied stress() is directly
proportional to strain ().
The proportionality constant is
called Youngs Modulus
(E or Y)
TOUGHNESS: Energy absorbed
before failure; area under the curve
Type-1

Calculations to find the change in
length
Simple Cases
Formula to find the change in length


P = Applied Load
L = Length of the section in which the
change in length will be calculated
A = Area normal to the direction of the
application of the load
E = Youngs Modulus

E A
L P
l

= o
Category I
A = 1000 mm2,
E = 1.05 x 10e5 N/mm2
L = L AB + L BC + L CD
Finding the unknown force
Category II
Category III
Category IV
Recall: Formula to find the change in length


P = Applied Load
L = Length of the section in which the
change in length will be calculated
A = Area normal to the direction of the
application of the load
E = Youngs Modulus

E A
L P
l

= o
Category V
Category VI
Category VII
Category VIII
Category IX
ELONGATION OF
THE BAR DUE
TO ITS SELF
WEIGHT
Extension of taper rod/bar
Elongation of Circular Taper Bar
Problems
1) If a tension test bar is found to be taper from
(D + a) mm diameter to (D a) mm diameter,
prove that the error involved in using the mean
diameter to calculate the Youngs Modulus is
percent.

2) The bar A having width 4 mm through out its
length and thickness is 2 mm. The bar B
having constant thickness 2 mm but the width
taper from 6 mm to 2 mm for a axial tensile
load P. If both the bar elongate equally,
determine the ratio of their length assuming
both bars are made of same material.
2
10
(

D
a
ELONGATION OF TAPER BAR
b
a
b a Et
PL
L
e
log
) (
= A
BAR OF UNIFORM STRENGTH
o
eL
A
A
=
2
1
log
BARS OF COMPOSITE SECTION
Category composite
THREE BAR SYSTEM
Equivalent Area of Compound
Section
c
c
E E
o o
=
s
s
c s
mo o =
C
S
E
E
m =
Let A = Gross area of the column
A
s
= Area of the Steel
A
c
= Net area of concrete = (A A
s
)

s
and
c
are the stress in Steel
and Concrete
Strain in Steel = Strain in Concrete


or,
Where
called Modular Ratio
Total Load on column = Load taken by steel rods + Load taken by concrete
P A A
c c s s
= +o o
e s
c
A
P
A m A
P
=
+
=
) 1 (
o
Ae = Equivalent area of Concrete
TEMPERATURE STRESS



t l T T l l
i f
A = = A o o ) (
l = Length of the bar at the room temperature
l = Change in length
o = coefficient of thermal expansion in per oC.
Ti = Initial temperature of the body
Tf = Final temperature of the body
T = Change in temperature
If temperature deformation is permitted to occur freely, no load or
stress will be induced in the structure. If the deformation due to the
change of temperature is prevented then, an internal stress is
induced. The internal stress is termed as thermal stress.
http://www.mathalino.com/reviewer/mechanics-and-strength-of-
materials/thermal-stress
T
L
T L
L
l
temp
A =
A
=
A
= o
o
c
L
T L
L
l
temp
o o o
c
A
=
A
=
-
Problem:1
Diameter of steel rod= 15 mm
Diameter of Copper rod =
40 mm I. D. And 50 mm O. D.
Rise of Temp. is 60 degree
Calculate the stress developed in
each

2
5
2
5
10 05 . 1 ; 10 1 . 2
mm
N
E
mm
N
E
c s
= =
s c c s
C per C per o o o o ) = =

; 10 5 . 17 ; 10 12
0 6 0 6
Problem:2
T L
C
A o
o
T L
S
A o
Video Lecture Series 1

Introduction to Strength of Materials




By Prof. S. K. Bhattacharya, IIT Kgp.
Sunday 6.15 p.m. to 7.15 p.m. at
CDMM 404
QUIZ-I
10 marks,
Objective Type
24
TH
Jan 10 MONDAY
S. Q.- Ganga Xerox
137, 138 & 139
Extra Class
26
TH
JAN 2011
Attendance will be taken
11.00 A.M. to 1.00 P.M. for E1/E2 and
3.00 P.M. to 5.00 P.M. E2/E1
Doubt Clearing Class
Second and Fourth Saturday of every month at GDN 131; 11.00 A.M.
Study Tour
SAME DEUTZ-FAHR INDIA (P) LTD.
Website for govt. jobs
http://sarkari-naukri.blogspot.com/2006_09_11_archive.html