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Oracle Database 11g Overview
Gary Quarles Sales Consultant

Oracle Database 11g
• Major new release of Oracle functionality
• In Beta since September 2006 • Production expected in 2007

• Furthers the adoption of Grid Computing
• Benefits • Unique scale-out technology with single database image • Lowers server and storage costs • Increases availability and scalability • Disruptive technology • Changes the game for the database industry • Changes the way data centers look and operate • Currently in rapid adoption phase

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Sustained Innovation – Grid Computing

SMP Dominance

RAC Clusters for Availability

Grids of low cost hardware and storage

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Well Proven Scalability
• RAC 8+ node customers
• • • • • • • • • • • • Citigroup Burlington Coat Factory J2 Global Communications Genworth Financial Amazon.com MSDS Mercado Libre Yahoo! Overture Babcock Engineering Ordnance Survey Dell Yahoo! • • • • • • • • • • • • SAIC Fairmont Hotels ADESLAS Evite.com Quelle AG Telstra Gas Natural MyTravel Thompson AOL Vivo Sagawa Kyubin

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Example: Amazon Data Warehouse
• 51 TB row data
• 71 TB of disk space
16 Node RAC Linux Cluster 4 CPUs per Node

• RAC and ASM
• Pure Scale-Out architecture • Both server and storage layer

• In top ten largest Warehouses in Winter Survey • 50x growth in data in 6 years • More than doubled in last year

8 SAN switches, 32 port each
Switch Switch Switch

84 HP MSA-1000 Arrays

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Benefits Achieved
•Scalability - Easily Expanded Original 10 Node Cluster to 18 Nodes •Improved Availability •Disaster Tolerance with Dataguard
18-node cluster IBM x-Series Oracle RAC 10gR2

•Better Performance - Large Queries – 50% Faster •Easier, Less Disruptive Storage Changes with ASM •Significant Cost Savings, Better IT Productivity

Data Center 1

Data Center 2

IBM xSeries – SUSE Linux

Oracle ASM – Two diskgroups, one SAN, one SATA

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Mark Beyer, Gartner December 2006

“Oracle customers are highly satisfied with its Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management when pursuing scaleout strategies.”

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Business and Technology Status 2007
• Global economy is more dependent on IT than ever before • Information management is THE major mission of the enterprise • Organizations are being pushed to ADAPT quickly to change
• Economic, Technologic, Regulatory • “At least two-thirds of all IT spending is just to sustain the business, not to change or transform the business.” - Gartner Group

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Oracle Database11g Big Message
• Increases business and IT agility and lowers overall costs!
• Enables change to happen while maintaining stability! • Takes management and diagnostic automation to the next level! • Freeing key personal for higher value tasks! • Simplifies your information infrastructure! • Provides the least expensive, most scalable, secure and highly available information management and rapid application development environment!

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Make Change Safe
Enabling Change While Maintaining Stability

Barriers to Change
• Proactive testing of upgrades is time consuming, costly, and often not as effective as needed
• Upgrades still risk disruption of production systems

• Many upgrades still require significant downtime • Still have to endure potentially long period of instability as bugs are found and fixed
• DBAs are asked to do too much to help, e.g., diagnostic patches that require more downtime • Software vendors take too long to fix bugs

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Database Replay

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The Need for Database Replay
• Businesses want to adopt new technology that adds value • Extensive testing and validation is expensive in time and cost • Despite expensive testing success rate low
• • Many issues go undetected System availability and performance negatively impacted

• Cause of low success rate
• Current tools provide inadequate testing • Simulate synthetic workload instead of replaying actual production workload • Provide partial workflow coverage

Database Replay makes real-world testing possible
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Database Replay
• Replay actual production database workload in test environment • Identify, analyze and fix potential instabilities before making changes to production • Capture Workload in Production
• • • • • • • • Capture full production workload with real load, timing & concurrency characteristics Move the captured workload to test system Make the desired changes in test system Replay workload with full production characteristics Honor commit ordering Errors Data divergence Performance divergence

• Replay Workload in Test

• Analyze & Report Analysis & Reporting

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Database Replay: Supported Changes
Client Client

Client

Changes Unsupported
Middle Tier

Changes Supported
•Database Upgrades, Patches •Schema, Parameters •RAC nodes, Interconnect

Recording of External Client Requests
Storage

•OS Platforms, OS Upgrades
•CPU, Memory •Storage •Etc.

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Comparison of LoadRunner & DB Replay Testing e-Business Suite
80
80

Time Taken (Days)

60 40 20

24 4 0
Understand Application Usage

20 0
Identify Key Transactions

20 5 2
Generate Workload LoadRunner DB Replay

5
Run Test

0 Install & Setup

Total Testing Time DB Replay: 2 weeks LoadRunner: 30 weeks
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Why DB Replay?

From:
Artificial workloads Partial workflows Months of development Manual intensive 150 Days High risk

To:
Production workloads Complete workflows Days of development

Automated
Low risk 10 Days

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Database Replay Workflow
Production (10.2.0.4)
Clients

Test (11.1)
Replay Driver

Mid-Tier

Storage

Storage

Capture

Process

Replay

Analysis & Reporting

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Make Change Safe
• Major online upgrade enhancements
• Online database upgrades for Data Guard Physical Standby • Physical Standby is Data Guard’s high performance disaster recovery solution • Uses new Transient Logical Standby feature for online upgrades • Online Database Patching • For most one-off patches including diagnostic patches

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Automate Still More Administrative Functions
Freeing key personal for higher value tasks!

Why Automate?
• • • • Free key personal for higher value tasks! Increased DBA productivity Reduce risk of DBA errors Dramatically increase the QOS DBAs deliver
• More proactive management and planning • Continual optimized performance • Higher availability

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Long Term Project
• Goal: Automate all administrative functions • Over three releases
• Begun in Oracle9i • Major focus in Oracle Database 10g • Continued major focus in Oracle Database 11g

• Three step process
• Instrumentation – lays measurement infrastructure • Advisory – monitors the administrative function, identifies suboptimal behaviors, alerts DBA to problems, and advises on corrective actions • Automation – gives DBAs the option to turn on full automation

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Self Managing Database

Auto-Tuning

Advisory Instrumentation

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Self Managing Database

Auto-Tuning

Advisory Instrumentation

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ADDM for RAC
Database-Level ADDM 11g
Self-Diagnostic Engine

• •


Instance-Level ADDM

Automatic Database Diagnostics Managers (ADDM) for Real Applications Cluster (RAC) RAC expert in a box Identifies performance problems for the entire RAC cluster database Database-wide analysis of:
• • Global cache interconnect issues Global resource contention, e.g. IO bandwidth, hot blocks Globally high-load SQL Skew in instance response times

Inst 2

Inst 1
AWR 1

Inst 3

• •

AWR 2

AWR 3

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Automatic SQL Tuning
• Automatically captures highload SQL • Automatically tunes SQL by creating SQL Profiles • Automatically implements (optional) greatly improved SQL plans • Automatically reports analysis • Automatically runs during maintenance window

Packaged Apps

Custom Apps

Auto Capture High-Load SQL Nightly

Automatic SQL Tuning
SQL Profiles
SQL Analysis

Automatic implement

Report Manually implement

Well-tuned SQL

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Partitioning Advisor
Packaged Apps Custom Apps

SQL Workload SQL Advisor SQL SQL Plan Access Structure Tuning Analysis Analysis

New!

Partition Analysis

• Considers entire query workload to improve query performance • Advises on partitioning methods
• Range (equal-interval), range key and interval • Hash, hash key

SQL Profile

SQL Advice

Indexes & MVs

Partition Advice

Well-tuned SQL & Schema

• Integrated, non-conflicting advice with Indexes, MVs

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Automatic Memory Tuning
OS Memory OS Memory DB Shared Memory

DB Shared Memory

• Automatically adapts to workload changes • Maximize memory utilization • Single dynamic memory parameter • Helps eliminate out-of-memory errors

DB Process Memory
DB Process Memory

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Simplify Systems
Simplify Your Information Infrastructure For Maximum Agility and Lowest Cost!

Old Pre-Grid Infrastructure
DSS HR HR Standby DSS Standby

Finance

Finance Standby

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The Cost of Same Old Approach
• Poor Resource Utilization
• Built for peak periods • Gartner estimates average server utilization rate at 5-10%!

• Standby hardware and software costs virtually double the investment and further reduce useful utilization • Management happens in silos
• Uneven process maturity across managed silos • Availability, security, performance • Increased staff • Proliferation of tools that have overlapping capabilities • Software patching/testing, upgrade tasks are multiplied

• Increases information complexity and lowers agility
• More data movement required (i.e. increased latency, increased storage, increased integrity issues)

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Oracle Database 10g Database Grid

HR

Financials

DSS

Consolidate Workloads to a Single…

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Oracle Database 10g Storage Grid
HR Financials DSS

Automatic Storage Management

Low Cost Module Storage

Monolithic Storage

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Oracle Database 11g Data Guard
• Fundamentally changes the value of redundant infrastructure • Can now use Physical Standby for:
• Reporting • Read only Physical Standby • Online Upgrades • Transient Logical Standby • Testing • Snapshot Stanby • Backups • Fast incremental backups

• Major performance enhancements too

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Oracle Database 11g SecureFiles
• SecureFiles
• Eliminates need for file systems • Just as fast as file systems with all the capabilities of the Oracle Database • Store all your data in the database with one consistent: • Security and auditing model • Backup & recovery mechanism • Storage management mechanism (ASM) • Transaction and concurrency model • Interface and protocol • Value added services like encryption, compression, and de-duplication

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Oracle Database 11g Partitioning
• Major New Partitioning Enhancements
• One consistent way to manage all your data • Not just for data warehouse and high-end OLTP any more • New referential, virtual column, composite, and interval partitioning features bring partitioning to mainstream • Easier management of today’s rapidly growing datasets • Improved performance • Partition elimination speeds table scans • Reduced costs • Automatically place less used data on lower cost storage

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Oracle Database 11g Partitioning
• Major New Partitioning Enhancements
• Partition by parent / child reference
• e.g., partition orders and order_lines together

• Virtual column partitioning
• e.g., partition on “virtual” order status “active”, “less active”, etc. derived from multiple status fields in order record

• More composite partitioning options • List/Range, Range/Range, List/Hash, List/List
• e.g., Order Status/Month, Month/Day

• Automatic interval partitioning
• e.g., create new partition every month

• Single partition transportable tablespace

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Oracle Database 11g Flashback Data Archive
• Flashback Data Archive
• Easy, practical way to add “time dimension” to your data • For change tracking, ILM, auditing, compliance, … • Query data “AS OF” any time in the past • Efficient storage / retrieval of undo data • Fast query access to very old data • Can specified retention policy to automatically purge old data
Select * from orders AS OF ‘Midnight 31-Dec2003’ ORDERS

Archive Tables

User Tablespaces

Flashback Data Archive

Total Recall

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Flashback for Rapid Recovery from Human Error

Flashback Query

Flashback Tables

Flashback Database

Flashback Data Archive and Transaction

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Enhance Performance
Major New Performance Innovations

Advanced Compression in Oracle Database 11g

Storage Challenges
• Volume of managed data has exploded recently
• Government regulations (Sarbanes-Oxley, HIPPA, etc) • User generated content (Web 2.0) • Mass adoption of rich multimedia content (audio, video, etc)

• IT managers expected to reduce technology budgets
• Need to optimize storage consumption • Also maintain acceptable application performance

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Introducing Advanced Compression
• Advanced compression in Oracle Database 11g
• • • • Structured data compression Unstructured data compression Compression for backup data Network transport compression

• Reduces resource requirements and costs
• Storage System • Network Bandwidth • Memory Usage

Redo Logs Standby Backups
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Structured Data Compression
For OLTP and Data Warehousing Applications
• Oracle introduced table compression in Oracle9i Database
• Support for bulk load operations

• Oracle Database 11g extends compression for OLTP data
• Support for conventional DML Operations • Support for add/drop columns on compressed tables

• Significantly reduces disk space consumption
• Typically 2 to 3x

• Improves the performance of queries
• Up to 2x performance improvements for long running queries

• No uncompression required while reading compressed data • Completely transparent to applications

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Unstructured Data Compression
Oracle SecureFiles • • • • New feature in Oracle Database 11g Secure, high performance, storage optimized solution Documents, spreadsheets, images, multimedia, etc. SecureFile Compression
• • • • Automatically determines if SecureFile data is compressible 2 to 3x compression for typical files Industry standard compression algorithms Multiple compression levels optimize performance & space

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SecureFile De-duplication
• • • • Multiple copies of identical SecureFiles are stored once Faster performance for writes and copy operations May improve read performance Huge reduction in disk space usage
• Great for document management, email archiving etc.

Secure hash

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Backup & Network Data Compression
• Data Pump compression
• Compresses data unloaded from the database • Single step compression of both data and metadata

• Fast Recovery Manager (RMAN) compression
• 40% faster backup compression

• Data Guard network compression
• Compression of redo traffic over the network during redo gap resolution • Improves redo transport performance • Gap resolution is up to 2x faster

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Advanced Compression
in Oracle Database 11g • Comprehensive set of data compression capabilities
• Structured, unstructured, backup, network transport

• Reduces storage consumption by 2 – 3 times
• Savings cascades into test, dev, QA, backup, DR environments

• • • •

Improves application performance Enhances memory and network efficiency Complete application transparency Benefits diverse application workloads
• Transaction Processing • Data Warehousing • Content Management
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Major New Performance Innovations
• SecureFiles
• New generation LOBs just as fast as files

• Table Compression
• Now for OLTP as well as DW applications

• Next Generation RAC Cache Fusion
• Even more scalable

• Query Results caches
• Fast caching of query/function results for read-mostly data

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Major New Performance Innovations
• TimesTen
• Application tier in-memory database gets even more compatible with Oracle, more functional, and faster

• And much more …
• • • • • • • • Faster Data Guard and Streams replication Faster PL/SQL and Java (automatic native compilation) Faster triggers Faster simple SQL operations Faster NFS storage access (AutoNFS) Faster upgrades Faster backup/restore for large files Faster backup compression

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Enrich Information Management and Application Development
Across the board improvements in information management and application development tools

Information Management Highlights
• Security
• Transparent tablespace and LOB Encryption

• XML DB
• Binary XML storage • Enhanced XML indexing • Schema evolution

• Business Intelligence
• OLAP integration with materialized views • Simplified Data Mining

• interMedia
• Comprehensive DICOM medical imagery support • 3X faster image processing

• Integration
• Faster Gateways • New mainframe Gateways • Distributed Scheduler

• Spatial
• 3D support • Improved maps

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Application Development Highlights
• PL/SQL
• Automatic compilation

• Application Express
• Microsoft Access application migration • Reporting – BI Publisher • Flash charting • Declarative “Ajax” support • WYSIWYG editing

• Java and JDBC
• Automatic JIT compilation • “Like JDK” ease of use

• Windows and .NET
• Vista support • Windows backup (VSS)

• SQL Developer
• Version Control • Visual Query Builder • Migration Workbench integration

• PHP
• Database Resident Connection Pool

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Other Oracle Database 11g Highlights
• High Availability • Automatic Storage Management
• Snapshot Standby • Rolling upgrades • Logminer, Physical Standby, Streams • Automatic bad block repair support for XMLType, TDE • Fast disk array resync • Fast Start Failover with Async • Preferred read for geo clusters Propagation • Manageability and Diagnosability • Flashback Transaction • Automatic Health Monitoring • One step duplicate DB or create • PL/SQL standby over the network • Fine-grained dependency tracking • Security • Dynamic SQL enhancements • Secure By Default • Performance analysis aids • Comprehensive Enterprise Manager support • Content Management • Business Intelligence • Storage & Query of Semantic Content (RDF, OWL) • Comprehensive Enterprise Manager • Secure Enterprise Search connectors support • Text improvements • PIVOT/UNPIVOT operators

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QUESTIONS ANSWERS

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